Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. MANIN, S. G., WEDNESDAY. APRIL 0 92
A LIVELY MEETING.
Senator Tillman Answered the Charges
of Editor Appelt
AND IS VOTED NOT GUILTY.
Editor Appelt In His Reply Says He
Is a Democrat and Will Grace
fully Submit to the
According to promise Senator Till
man spoke at Manning on last Friday.
The meeting was the result of an in
vitation to Tillman from nearly 500
citizens of Clarendon county to speak
in refutation of the charges made by
Senator Appelt. editor of the Man
ning Times. Senator Tillman was
well received. He was entertained at a
banquet at the Manning hotel, ten
dered by a committee of business men
and county ofticers. At 11 o'clock
Friday morning a committee of 50
citizens escorted the Senator to the
stand, which had been built, as was
the case when he spoke at Manning
eight years ago. on whiskey barrels.
Senator Tillman and Editor Appelt
were seate'i immediately on the left
and the right of Chairman Davis,
within two feet of each other. After
prayer by the Rev. P. 1. Wells. the
who was received with considerable
applause. He said he had come to
defend his private character and his
official actions. No prominent man
escaped 4buse and vituperation. He
had had his full share. Notwith
standing abuse and dirty insinuation
the people by unparalleled majority
had again and again signitied their
confidence in him. Not only was his
character attacked, but there were in
sidious enemies attacking the Diemo
cratic party of South Carolina and
him as the sentinel on guard.
Realizing he had been assaulted be
cause he had been protecting the
party he was here to face his accuser
and to answzr once for all these slan
ders. It is customary among Anglo
Saxon people, and we inherit it from
our English ancestors, though we are
not all English (laughter), that the
accused be confronted with the ac
cuser and the witnesses and that a copy
of the indictment be given him before
he goes to trial.
WRITES TO APPELT.
On April 16 he had written Appelt
that he would be in Manning today to
answer his charges, by invitation of
citizens. In that letter he said:
"I have seen copies of the Manning
Times of Jan. 15 and 22, and I pre
sume these issues of your paper con
tain the charges referred to. If I am
in error, and there are others, I desire
to have them in writinig. You are
the aggressor in this matter, and
prosecuting attorney in fact, either in
your own or McLaurin's interest and
under the rules of law and decency, I
am entitled to know of just what I am
accused. If the two issues of the
Manning Times do not contain all of
your charges, then I demand that you
give me any others, so that when I
speak I may be through with the mat
ter. A prompt response is request
ed." Under the circumstances he
would disregard the usual courtesy
that obtains among gentlemen and
read the "private" letter that Appelt
wrote him in reply, because he had no
right to answer ain otlicial "declaration
of war" with a private communica
tion. Here is the letter:
S'ENAToR APPELT's LETTER.
Manning. S. C., A pril 17, 1902.
Hon. B. R. Tihiman, Washington, D. C.I
Dear Sir: Yours of yesterday to hand.
Will say that 1 have no desire what
ever to appear in the role of "prose
cuting attornery" in this or any other
matter. 1 have sent you regularly
every week The Manning Times, and in
the issue of January 8 1 published your'
harsh letter to me, and replied to it in
I regreat very much that I have only
one copy of January S, which is my tile
copy, and 1 cannot send it. I will, how
ever, try to secure one for you. The
charges made by me and so stated.
were based upon newspaper reports,
certificates and your letter. I made
none against you from any personal
knowledge, because 1 know nothing
Your selecting the day (25) before
the clubs are to elect delegates to the
county convention I have no doubt is
very gratifying to my opponents. and
I may say yours also, because some who
will mak'e very demnonst rat iv~e p rofes
sions were among the set here who de
nounced you two years ago and even
scratched your name at the eeui on. I
was largely instrumental in defeatinug
them and because of that it is any t ing
to get even.
If vou had moditied your letter as I
requested 1 am sure your feelings to
wards me wouid~not be as they are now.
My purpose in writing you to modify
that letter was to avoid a tight and a
wrangle in our own ranks.
My sole object in the beginning was
to work against any attempt hemng
made to exclude a white man froinmh
primary who took t he oath to abide the
result and support the nominees of the
primary, and when 1 started on that
line 1 d'id not dream of any personal
est rangement from you.
So far as McLaurin is concerned. I
have never said 1 would vote for him.
Nor would I if it is shown convincingly
to me that he is not a D~emocrat. But
the place to show this is at the regular
campaign meetings. If he is not a
Democrat. not wit hstaniding my per
sonal feelings for him. I could not sujp
port him. even if lie were my brother.
You may regard it gratuitiouson my
part, but I will risk t he liberty of say
ing to von that some of those who will
play a prominent part in caringt for you
are not your friends and are hoping to
pretic hy your conungw.
If I can I will secure a cop)y of the
paper uf Januar'y 8, but simoould I fall
andl on y'our arrival von will send some
one to my ottice for it I will loan you
my file copy to read. I do not want to
beunfair or discourteous. In fact. I
have no malice in my heart for you.
and should you. as I hope you will.
prove that the certiticates in myI ips5
session are false von will tind ine domng
the maniy luhng by you.
' eyrespect fully'.
On Auoril 22 Tillman wrote to A p
pelt demnanding that he furnish him
on his arrival in Manning with copies
of the afmdavits of which he spoke in
his paper on January 22 or that he
have them read on the stand. ie
furt her stated: "I propose to answer
YOU fulIl and every one of your lies al
ready published shall have my atten
tito, but I must know what the others
r e4' ee I can answer them. Sena
o Tilman then read the fo~owing
letter from Editor Appelt. which was
EDI)ToR APPELT'S SECOND LETTER.
MAN NIN4, S. C., Dec. 30. 1901.
Ion. B. R. Tillinan. Trenton., S. C.
D~ear Sir: Your letter reached me
this eveningr too late to give it space in
ml week. but if you in
sist upon it of course I shall publish it
in my.n next issue.
'So far as my meeting you before a
IClarendon audience, or any other
for that. matter. I would not be
so foolish, for the reason that I
haven't the ability to cope with
you. The matters which have of
fended you, and to which you refer, as
you kwii are altogether from state
11nents Which haZve appeaUled- inl thle
newspapers and with no pretense of
any personal knowledge. I regret ex
ceedong that you think 1 never was
a friend of yours. I was, and a most
faithful one, and my unyielding sup
port to your cause and to you personal
ly caused a rupture in my own family
which time has not healed. I was
your friend regardless of what you may
The right I am making is for a free
and open primary, one that will permit
any man to go into the primary and
dikcuss any issue he desires. and I take
it fiom wiat I can understand of your
acts that you will use your intlence to
prevent tuose who ditfer with you on
certain national questions from getting
in the primary. I have commented on
the charges that have been brought
out against you without ever once say
ing they were true and would not say
they are true unless I had the proof.
Probably in my zeal to keep the pri
mary free for all white men I may
have allowed myself to take for some
of my ammunition the charges of
newspapers and went beyond bounds.
Notwitnstanding this I- think your
language -towaras me is not merited,
but as I have punched you I suppose
you feel right to punch and banter me.
1 would much prefer not publishing
your characterizations of me, but will
do so if you insist, not because you de
mand it, but because I propose to per
mit any man to use my columns that
I have written about.
Now, senator, you are provoked.
You have a way of saying hard things.
I know you and I do not believe you
mean to be as offensive as your letter
appears. Your rough letter will not
drive me into the Republican party,
nor will any action you and those who
think like you take. I was born a
Democrat, raised one, and expect to
die one, and whatever action the State
convention takes I will submit to.
This I have said in my own paper and
elsewhere and neither will your harsh
language to a man who at Sumter
threw himself between you and a man
by the name of Villanean and saved
you from being disembowelled, cause a
I am a personal friend of Senator
McLaurin, and you goading him has
had something to do with iighting the
attitude you have assumed toward
him. I make no charge but refer to
what is said by others. and if you
want to come to Manning to make a
speech come ahead. I am certainly not
going to invite you to come here to
"cuss" me out, nor would I, if you
were to come, attempt to question you,
but if you want an invitation to come
here I have no doubt that there are
others who would invite you, especial
ly if you would make known your pur
And, then, I would not invite you to
abuse me, because I would not care to
stand by and~ hear language such as
you use in y.aar letter, and would not.
Therefore if you come you will have
to do so on the invitation of another,
and I certainly would not obligate my
self to be present.
It was no longer than this day that
I said to a friend: "I do not like the
recent developments at Washington,:
ai is SiLaurmin really means to go
over to the Ilepubticans 1 am done. 1
have stood to him and possibly gone
further than I would for any other
man,. but 1 cannot go with him into
the 11eptublican camp. I am going te
quit popping at old man Ben and let
him and Mac do their own scrapping."'
I regard your' letter a remarkable
strange coincidence. 1 shall await
yotur reply wih the hope you wi*ll
withdraw it. Yours, etc.,
Louis A ppelt.
SENATOR TILLMAN GOES ON.
Tillman said that TIhe Times of De
cember 7 contained slanders against
him to the etfect that he was a thief.
HeI had ignore'd similar accusations
from others. If jie took tinme to an
swer the thousands "1 lies against him
he might grow to the age of Methuse
lah without getting to the top of the
pile. A t Galiney he told McLaurin to
go befor'e the people because he want
ed to st amp ou t t reachery, and he knew
if he killed thle head of the snake the
ot her part would r t and die. Since
theni the little whipper-sna1poer news
papers that McLaurin had bought.
such as the Greenville News and the
Columnbia itecord --one with the post
olilce at Grijeenville anid thme other with
the collectorship~ at C lumbia-had
kept their columns tilled with abusive
charges against him.
it was only when my friend here.
who got your votes because he was the
biggest Tillmnanite in Clarendon. un
dertook to father these accusations that
I dkemed it worth my while to answer
t hem. 1 demanded that his slanders
cease. but he repliecd with four cul
umnus of slush and wit h the cunning of
thei devil reiterated them. So I am
here. i~it I want to sax' that I am
here' mor* particularly because as we
are aboumt t()or'anize the party it is well
that one of 'our le:lers come and tell
you some' things to assist you in main
t aining its~ purity and integrity. If
the pi'oscet ig attorney is ready to
procee with ':-se 1 will yield him
the klor for !!: j)ronft. 'The se.nator
then tookN his seat amid cries of "ilur
rah for T illman." ''Trot out A ppelt."'
"Giv e Ap a cup of tea amnd let the
meaisels bielk out'' lkiuit A p
EDITOR AI'PPELT T.\Es TH E sT .\NiD.
Editor Appelt at tirst see'med a lit
tle undecided. but tinally he arose and
began to spe:m k. I will ask. said lie.
that you take into conusideration the
posit ion I "icupy that you consider
the' u' werful ad(1versary that 1 unfort
una'telvhve t o conteud against.
Wh ile 1Im at homue still I realize
what ele I'ne.' enn do friom a mani
w..ith T ill nani~'s pwer'. I amun muac
customied to this sort of thiing.
At this~ point he was it'errupted by
the crowxd and Tillmnan camne forward
atnd said that lie was not here as a
Ibulldozer. but as a prisoner at the bar
on trial for thievery, and that he
waited Appelt to have fair play.
Senator Appelt then went on with
his presentation. Ie said he had sup
ported Tillman as faithfully and as
loyally as any man in South Carolina.
and with feeling said: "So help me
God. I've been bis friend and have
passed through a great deal for him
right here in this county." le insist
ed that he had not gone back on the
Reform 'Movement. Circumstances
brought about the present condItions
and he and Senator Tillman's differ
ence came about because of the primay
isystem and the restrictions that Till
Man favored, which he did not think
From the outset he stated that he
knew nothing, of his personal knowl
edge, against Tillman and that what
he charged was on written evidence or
circumstantial evidence. Ile thought
it proper to explain why he marked his
letters as private, and that he did so
because he did not believe them to be
public matters and he did not look up
on them as being "two-faced.' lie
insisted that he was a Democrat and
that if it was shown that McLaurin
was not a Democrat he certainly would
not support him. lie intended to re
main a Democrat as long as he lived.
No one had a right to charge that he
was an insidious enemy to the Demo
McLaurin had nothing to do with
his editorials. lie was a friend of Lic
Laurin long before he knew Tillman
and as much as he was a friend of 'Mc
Laurin he has already told him that
if he went into the Republican party
he certainly would not support him,
and MeLaurin has told him he has no
idea of going into the Republican
party, and he believed him. He has
always advocated the party pledge re
maining as it now reads, and he saw
no reason at this time why there
should be a change, and there was
especially no reason why Tillman
should favor change. as it was upon
this very primary pledge that Tillman
was selected as Governor and Uunited
States Senator. He saw no reason
why a small body of politicans should
prescribe a man's loyalty to the party,
and what he stood for was that the
people should have the chance of
judging a candidate's Democracy,
otherwise the primary was a failure,
Let the people judge of a man's fit
APPELT QUESTIO-S TILLMAN.
Editor Appelt then read .the follow
ing questions, which he suggested
might be considered as the charges
that he preferred, and that he really
had nothing further to add this time.
The list of questions follow:
1. Was not the primary system in
augurated to give every white man a
voice in the selection of candidates for
2. Does not our party pledge allow
every white man to be a candidate who
pledges himself that he is a Democrat
and will abide the result and support
the nominees of the primary? Then
why change it now?
3. Was not one of the main tenets of
the Reform movement to bring the
andidates face to face with the people
and that there should be free thought,
free speech, and free action?
4. Are you and some of your pre
ending friends not in favor of fixing
he party pledge so that a man who
oes not agree with you on certain
uestions, notwithstanding he claims
o be a Democrat, endeavoring now to
revent him from giving the people an
pportunity to decide whether or not
e is a Democrat?
5. When the dispensary system was
naugurated, did you not make large
urchases of the stock?
6. Did there not exist a: that time a
whiskey trust," and did you not make
arge purchases from a member of that
7. Did not the trust have an agree
ment to pay its purchasers a certain
8. D~uring several months of your ad
inistrat ion large quant ities of liquor
was purchased, was there any rebates
r~corded on the books of the institu
9. Why do not the rebates appear on
10. Did you ever get cotton seed meal
ad have it charged to the penitent ia
ry, and insist upon that institution
paying for it, and only paid ,after two
years and then by comprom~se?
11. What authority did you have t~o
buy for your private nse and have it
charged to the State?
12. Did youm not get brick for your
orivate use that belonged to the peo
ple. of the St ate. Would vou have offer
ed to pay for these brick had it not
been exposed through t he Neal investi
13. How many bushels of oats did you
get from the State farm and have ship
ed to you at your home in Tren
14. Did vou have the right to run a
private farm at the expense c-f the
15. By what right in lawv or morals
did you get the authority at Stat:e ex
penseto get wood, coal and vegetales?
16i. D)id you not. continue to rEceive
products f'rom the penitentiary at your
home in Trenton as late as 19, not
even paying t he express charges?
17. Did you not denounce your pre
deoessors in oflice and charge "rotten
ness" because of alleged pilfering froma
38. Was not a committee sent to in
vest igat e the dispensary transact ionls
refused the right to examine the bceks.
and did niot tihe members of the trust
refuse to be subjected to an examina
t ill On oath?
19;. Was not your dealings with the
trust qjuest ione'd. and did von ever de
mand of the trust that they permit an
in vest igtat ion of your t ransact ions?
20. Did von no: on the hust ings create
the impressioni uponi the minds of the
people t hat the cause of their oppressed
condit ion was largely duei to corporate
red. and that. the State of New .Jer
e was an incubator for fraudulent cor
21. A re vou not a member and a di
retor in a' New Jrer sey chartered corn
22. D id von not -denounce the inter
ference of'a Uniited States senator with
ouri ca mpaigns?
23. is it rnot against the law for you
to use a free pass. express or telegraph
frank, and do von use themi?
24. Did von'not. as governor of thle
State and.' as such. chia irman of. lie
board of dIirectors oft the State pen iten
ia ry. inst rue!t lhe b ookkeeper inef tiat
imstitmmt ion not to charge anyvting on1
te boks tO von or t0o open anm accounit
eOPI Es (OF (E|.TiF'ICATs.
Senator Appelt thlen reap the follow
n. with the stat emenrt that they were
cet itied copies of t he originals:
I hmerehy certify that during the year
lI~9 or 19M, while acting in the ca
yalt of yard policeman for South
I CONTINUED ON PAGE 4.]
A BRUTAL MURDER
Of a Young Married Lady XNear the
City of Charleston.
PEOPLE VERY XUCH EXCITED.
The Victim Felled With Club and
Her Throat Cut. Robbery
Was the Object. One
News comes from Charleston of a
brutal murder that was committed
near New Roads on the Charleston
and Savannah lHailway a few miles
from Charleston in Culleton County.
The murder. which was one of no.:*
extraordinary brutality. was commit
ted on Monday morning. the victim
being a young married lady. 'Mr. W.
W. Jones. a section master on the
railroad on returning to his home in
the forenoon found the body of his
wife in a doghouse near his home.
The throat of the young wife was et.
from ear to ear. and the head was al
most severed from the body. A blood
stained sickle, which lay near the
corpse, showed how the crime had
been committed. As several articles
were missing from the house, robbery
is suppossed to have been the main
object. Whether, as has been report
ed, there has been a more tiendish
crime will depend upon the reports
New Roads, where the shocking
crime was committed, is a Ilag station
between lHavenels and Adams Run, on
the road running from Charleston to
Savannah, and is about twelve miles
from the first named city. Mrs. J. E.
hinis, a neighbor, and a colored girl
went to call on Mrs. Jones. Walking
about the yard they saw M1rs, Jones
in a dog house with her throat cut
from ear to ear. It seerns that the
murderer used a club about three and
>ne-half feet long in knocking Mrs.
Jones down, and seeing a scythe lying
earby, used it and almost severed the
1ead from the body.
Cain Ford, a negro, was arrested
Aonday night en suspicion of complic
ty in the murder of Mrs. Jor.es and
vas Tuesday brought before Magis
:rate Behling. Never have the peo
ile in this section been more aroused
han they were Tuesday. About 150
>ersons were present at the coroner's
nquest over the remains of the dead
xoman and several times it seemed
hat the negro would be taken from
-he otficers and lynched, but cooler
leads prevented this, and Deputy
3heriff ArnetV was allowed to carry
bhe prisoner to jail at Walterboro. If
,he testimony against Ford had been
.t all positive he would have been
wung to a limab in a very few min
The object of the murder was clear
y robbery. 3r. Jones, the section
aster, had been paid off only a few
lays. After the crime the trunks in
he house were found broken open
.nd the robbers left with a pistol,
azor and a gold watch and chain. Dr.
. T. Taylor, in his testimony, declar
d that Mrs. Jones was not assaulted.
t is thought that Jim Black, a notori
)us negro in this community, 's the]
nurderer and that Ford knows some
hing of the crime. One witness testi
ed that he saw Jim Black near the
~cene of the murder, hurrying through
:he woods with a pistol. Deputy
heriff Arnett and the citizens of the
~ommunity will leave nothing undone
o capture the guilty parties. Mr. and
SIrs. Jones were married one year ago
Jonday, and before the former started
o his work in the morning, he gave
is wife the gold watch and chain.
THlE MUrRDERER ARRESTED.
MIr. Jones is distracted with grief
md shock at the terrible end of his
~vife. lie had left her MIonday morn
ing at their house to go about some
luty at a distance. Returning du
ring the day he went into the house
md found no trace of his wife. Call
ing for her and getting no reply. he
earched about the premises and was
orrified to tind the mangled body in
box which had been used as a dog
house. The bloody corpse had been
hrown into this receptacle by the
urderer. - Mr. JTones at once gave
the alarm and the trail of the brutes
were struck. Suspicion fastened upon
Black and Ford and they were follow
d across the country. Truesday morn
ing F~ord wa caught at Adam's Run
and confessed his participation in the
crime. The sheriff of Colleton county
is handling the case and the prisoner*
will be taken to Walterboro. Excite
Eent runs high throughout the coun
try and it is possible some difficulty
will be met in holding the men and in
bringing the other to jail safely.
Mrs. Jones was an estimable young
oman and had many friends in the
ountry abou: Ravenel's and in Char
leston. Hecr husband has been in the
mploy of the Plant system for sever
l years and is highly thought of.
Their dwellingz was near tie railr'oad.
nd there were few houses nearby and
the surrounding co untry is but sparse
l settled with white people.
NEGotIEs HUtNTING TROI'BLE.
Sheritl J. Elmor'e Martin (If Char
leston County sent a posse of deputies
to I ;ulow's phosphate mines for the
protection (If the white people and
property. on acount of reports re
cived that the notorious nieg ro
:rim .uls of that section had die
termined to clean out the place. The
negoes were worked up over the re
ports of the white posses hunting for
the negro murderers of the wife (If
Section Master W. W. .Jones of the
Plant System. at Riavenel. The ill-*
ing ot' 's. Jones was a particulamriy
brutal tragedy and the white people
are naturally v'ery' mu'h worked up
over it and purpose to follow the mur
dcrers to their last stand.
A telegram was received in Charles
Ion stating that a negro named Cane
For d haid been captured. ie admit ted
compcity. but said t hat his only' Con
ne'tion[ was toJ w.atch while anothep1
nero bumtchered Mrs. .Jones and1
serched the house for the valuable,
~whch er carried off. Ford is safe
i' the tols but the feeling is said to
e running high and a ly'nching bee
may take place. The posses are close
on to the other suspected negroes and
it is no impm-anic that the whole
bunch will stretch hemp, if they are
caught. The Charleston authorities
aire mfaintain- a strict vigilance in the
suburbs for the suspects, and if caught.
they will be turned over to the Colle
ton county authorities.
The negroes in the bottom lands in
the suburbs of the city do not take
kindly to the search for the suspected
negroes of the RIavenel tragedy and
they are behaving ugly. Capt. Mar
tin is, however, the wrong man for
them to run against, as they have
found out in the prompt dispatch of
the posse to the phosphate settlement.
His instructions were positive and the
deputies have gone prepared to pre
serve the peace and do their full duty.
A SUsPECT KILLED.
A dispatch from Charleston to The
State says information was received
there Thursday that Ben Smith. a
negro supposed to have had part in the
killing of Mrs. W. W. Jones, near
1tavenel. was killed while attempting
to escape from the magistrate's con
stables. The negr' was handcuffed
when he made the break for liberty.
Ile refused to halt when ordered to do
so, and he was swifter of foot than
the constables, they opened lire upon
him and brought him to the ground.
It was was said here that the negro
would have been a very important
witness. le had preserved an air of
stolidity from the time he was cap
tured until Thursday morning when a
lady from the country passing by
where he was detained, exclaimed
that Ben Smith had been on her farm
the. day before and had had a watch
which corresponded with the descrip
tion of the section master.
A GRAND PARADE.
Old Confederate Veterans March to
Old Tdnes in Dallas.
The Confederate Veterans reunion
it Dallas, Texas, came to an end on
Thursday with one of the gieatest
parades ever held at a Confederate
reunion With their blood stirring to
the same old airs which bade them
lo and die for their cause two score
years ago, the veteran remnant of the
Donfederate army represented at the
Dallas reunion marched through the
;treets of the city Thursday, the ob
ect of wildly cheering throngs. .
The day was a holiday in the city,
ll public buildings being closed be
ween the hours when the parade was
>assing. Thousands of visitors. com
ng for the sole purpose of seeing the
ld soldiers were added to the multi
ude already on the streets.
That the weight of years was on
nost of them was apparent in furrowed
-eeks and snowy hair, in halting
;teps and rounded shoulders: but that
he old pride of achievement and duty
,vell one remained was also to be seen
n the dogged persistence with which
bey followed the old flag and threw
ff their years to the strains of
'Dixie." Many a veteran who in oth
r days exhibited a brilliance of exe
ution which added much to the suc
xss of the strategems of Confederate
eaders were compelled to drop out of
ine before the march was over. Many
rom the decrepitude due to advanc
ng age or wounds received in battle
vere unable to report, but they found
laces along the way and waved their
ats and screeched the famous rebel
rell to show that they were with the
narchers in spirit if not in actuality.1
The line of march, covering the
lowntown district, was a packed mass
>f humanity. The crowd was far and
way the largest that the city has1
Windows were bright with the faces
f women and girls waving handker-1
~hiefs and flags and sidewalks were
imost impassible by reason of the
:ongestion. The decorations by rea
son of the splendid weather recently
vere as bright as on the first day.
All the available police were kept
usy tryving to keep the crowd off the
treets but with ill success. The
hrong was far te> large to admit of
ontrol by any ordinary force. The
spectators were for the most part or
erly and many were forced into the
street by pressure behind them on the
The start was made at Main and
ustin streets at 11 o'clock. Maj.
~en. Van Zanat, marshal of the day
and staff, preceded by mounted police
to clear the way, led the parade. Fol
lowing him came Gen. Gordon and
staf. The erect, slender figure, the
alert eyes, the gray pointed beard of
the commander in chief were well
known to most of the spectators The
location of the g:ay horse wvhicn lie
bestrode could almost be told by the
increase in the volume of cheers pro
gressing like a wave. The general
started to acknowledge the plaudits
by taking off his hat but soon left it
ot entirely, bowing incessantly to
right and left.
The sponsors and maids of honor
of Forrest's cavalry rode with the
veterans on horses and were roundly
cheered all along the route.
Even greater was the cheering for
the rennlessee maidens who walked
sidec by side with the old soldiers whom
they had come to honor. The Ten
nesseeans made a tine appearance as
their dress was the uniform of gray of
the Confederacy and they wore army
caps and for the most part carried
muskets with bayonets tixed.
The Louisiana sponsors were mount
ed and rode behind the tattered hag
of the old Fourteenth Louisiana.
1ehind the old soldiers came the
members of the Sons of Confederate
Vetras. They were proud to follow
their sires, as was stated by a speaker
at their meeting Thursday. "we could
do ro better than to (10 as they have
done--to show courage. fortitude and
devotion when the hour come." It
was estimated that 1:2,00)0 men were
in line, about :3.000 being veterans.
Gen. Gordon had great trouble in
getting back to his hotel. At every
op)ortunity the crowds were eager to
shake his hand. c rraled him and every
moment lie stopped thle crush about
him increased. A t the hotel a crowd
of sponsors and maids of honor cap
tured him and as many as could threw
their arms about him. Adjt. Gen.
Moorman rescued his chief by main
force an~d actually dragged him into
It was as line a parade as Ilever
aw at a reunion.' said Gen. Gordon
a an e.Morman echoed this expres
A STEAMER BURNED
To the Waters's Edge With Great
Loss of Human Life.
ONE EUNDRED PEOPLE PERISH.
The Passen gers Were all Fast Asleep
When the Fire Began and
Escape for Many Was
One of the worst disasters in the
history (f Ohio river navigation oc
curred shortly after 4 o'clock Monday
morning at Ogdents landing near
Cairo, Ill. While almist all aboard
were asleep, the steamer City of Pitts
burg was discovered to be o1 fire, and
in a few moments was burned to the
water's edge. The loss of over $80,
000 on the steamer does not include
the cargo. both being total loss, The
latest estimates are that 1 .10 porsons
were aboard and that not more than
50 of them were saved. many of the
latter were burned or injured. As the
register of t be steamer wa's burned, no
list can be given, either of ths victims
or of the survivors, and in the confu
sion it has I.een ipossible. to get com
plete lists. Capt. Phillips admits that
the death list may reach 100.
Most of the passenger were stIll in
bed when Second Clerk Oliver Phillips
ave the ulaim. The engineer at once
tarted all the pumping engines while
the crew had brought all the hose into
play. Amid the streams of water on
ill sides. the fiames from the lower
leck and dense clouds of smoke, the
passenger rushed from their state
rooms and a frightful paiic ensqed.
['he appeals of the officers and crew
ould not appease the terror-stricken
rowds that interfered with those
hrowing water on the flames as well
is those working with the life boats.
ew could adjust life preservers or do
inything for themselves. The smoke 1
Tas stifling. Great clouds floated
brough the blazing steamer, choking
he passengers and adding to the ter
or. Children cried pitifully, beggig i
hat they be saved. Lifeboats were 1
nanned and every effort was made to 1
ave the passengers from the floating I
c1g.iace of flames. Beats were sent
rom shore to help in the work of
escue. The steamer was quickly
leaded to the bank but passengers
ere forced to jump from the stern
nd trying to swim ashore through the
wift current many were drowned.
Iany also perished in the flames.
)nly one yawl was saved, without
ars, and about 20 or 30 women were
aken off in the yawl. The rest were
icked up out of the water. Help, ex
ept from people living nearby, did
ot arrive until 2.30 o'clock Monday t
fternoon and passengers with only t
might clothes, and without food, a
uffered terribly. S
CAUSE OF DELAY.
he State Boardj of Pensions Makes
an Official Statement.
The State pension board requests
he newspapers to give the following t
While the law provides that the C
ension money shall be disbursed on
he first Monday of April of each
ear, owing to the delay on the part i
f certain county pension boards and S
heir failure to make reports to the
tate board on the first Monday int
larch, as required by the rules of thet
tate board, the State board has been 2
nable to examine new applications
nd dispose of them until now-theirt
econd meeting. The reports from I
ome counties have been received since I
he 1st of April, and straggling appli-C
~ations from counties have been comn
ng in up to the present, some in fact
vere received by the board today.
['hie members composing the State
oard are anxious to disburse this fund
t the earliest date possible, and any
lelay in disbursing the same caanot
roperly be charged to them. It is a
act that if the board had held their
neeting the 5th day of April, for in
tance, which was beyond the date the
ast regular list was received and dis
epproved, all those applications that
~vere not in due form-several hundred
eserving people, who as it is, will
eceive pensions, would have been left
>if the list entirely: but the board hav
ng returned them for correction, the.
]elay caused has resulted in their be
ng on. The State pension board
vould like the various county papers
o publish this statement.
The State board is composed of J.
. Derham, comptroller general and
~hairman: G. H1. McMaster, W. D.
tarling. W. H. Harden, Dr. P. E.
ri1in. Miss Kate F. Maher is the
A "Dastard Villian."
Senator Rawlins got hot under the
he collar while discussing the Philip
ine question in the United States
enate on Thursday. He quoted the
rders issued by general otlicers in the
hilippines. lie was interrupted by
r. Carmack of Tennessee. who direct
d particular attention to this phrase
n one of G;en. Chaffee's orders:
"I do not urge inhuman conduct."
"It strikes me." suggested Mr. Car
nack, "that Gen. Chatfee should have
said: 'I forbid inhuman conduct.'"
"The purpose was," said Mr. Raw
ins. "that the soldiers were left to
ractice with inpunity and without
isapproval inhuman conduct. That
s the only intelligent and reasonable
nterpretation that can be put upon
" That was the meaning ascribed to
t by the subordinate commanders
who practiced the most inhuman con
lut that the mind of man can con
Mr. Rawlins sharply criticised Gen.
haffee and denounced him as a "das
tard villian who had brought dishonor
pon the American name and the
Application was made last' week to
the secretary of State for a charter for
the Imperial Baking Powder company
f Charleston, with a capital stock of
id,000. The incorporators are all
LOVED THE MOSSES.
A Splendid Tribute to the Late Gov.
In opening his very elaborate ad
dress at the memorial meeting to
John P. Altgeld at the auditorium,
Chicago. on Sunday last, Clarence S.
"When the Irish patriot Robert
Emmet was condemned to death, he
begged his accusers and traducers -not
to write his epitaph, but to leave it to
a generation which could understand
his motives and do justice to his cause.
So. too, might John P. Altgeld have
asked the powerful and great of the
generation in which he lived, those
who hated, despised and reviled him,
to be content with destroying his repu
tation and his life and leave another
generation to.do justice to his namue.
Not until the present commercial age
shall have passed away, not until the
world knows and recognizes and wor
ships some other god than greed, can
John P, Altgeld and men like him take
the place they earn in the hearts of
the unwilling world the serve.
".When reason and justice and lib
erty shall once more control the minds
of men a rejuvenated world will look
back upon John P. Altgeld and and in
his humble birth, his patient work,
his heroic life, and his dramatic death
one of the greatest and highest exam
ples of devotion and righteousness
that has over been given to the world.
No man In this generation has been
more misunderstood and maligned I
than he in whose honor we have as- 1
;embled here. The measureless abuse
hat was heaped upon him while he I
ived was due almost wholly to the
act that he was a lover of his fellow I
nan. This has ever been the one un- t
ardonable sin that the rulers of the I
vorld cannot forgive. John P. Alt- c
eld was not the first martyr and will a
ot be the last to be crucitied for i
ighteousness' sake. Through all the u
.ges the form of martyrdom has been i
>ractically the same, but the cause s
ias shifted accordin to the prevail- c
ng sentiment of this day. In one age c
he martyr was the brave soul who t
ould cry out against religious intoler- 0
.nce; in another the man who fear
essly challenged political tyranny; and v
n the present age the man who dared p
o question the absolute right of gold v
o control the conscience and the judg- t
nent of the world. This was John P. s
Utgeld's crime. fe dared to place the d
ights and liberties of man above the f
ower of greed and wealth." d
Funston is Muzzled.
By direction of President Roosevelt, s
Lting Secretary of War Sanger has a
ddressed the following letter to Gen. 0
'rederick Funston: b
Washington, April 22, 1902. d
Sir: I am directed by the president e
o instruct you that he wishes you 0
o cease further public discussion of Ir
he situation in the Philippines; and I
so to express his regret that you a
ould make a senator of the United IN
tates the object of public criticism or t
iscussion. Very respectfully, a
Wm. Cary Sanger; ti
Acting Secretary of War. ti
rig. Gen. Funston, commiandir';, de- q
partmnent of the Colorado, Denver,
Colo. - al
At a banquet last Saturday night of v
e Colorado Sons of the Revolution, a
~en. Funst-n is reported to have said is
f Senator Hoar: hi
"I have only sympathy for the senior c0
eator from Massachusetts, who is tl
ffering from an overheated con- p
Probably what caused the issue of a:
is particular letter was an applica- P
on from Gen. Funston for leave <~ f a
bsence in order that he might attend q
e banquet to be given in Boston by e:
e Middlesex club. The request was s<
fused and the president telegraphed si
ren. Funston not to speak at the Mid- t1
lesex. A copy of Mr. Sanger's letter I
as forwarded to Senator Hoar. 0
Killed a Mad Dog.
A special from Anderson to The
tate says Mrs. Russell McGukin, t
iving on Orr street, killed a mad dog s
ith a rock Tuesday afternoon. The r
dy was at work in her garden when g
he animal ran in anid attacked her.
he picked up a good sized rock lying
n the ground and let drive. The
ock struck the dog full in the fore
tead and the animal's career was end- E
d. Mrs. McGukin is a rather frail t
dy, but she has exploded the old 2
heory that a woman cannot' throw a
ock with true aim.
To Be Treated Alike.
Representatives Meyer and Ransdell1
f Louisiana saw the president Thurs
lay in behalf of some Confederatec
'eterans employed in the census office.
fhese men have passed the. age limit
eyond which employes will not be re- 7
~ained, in -the permanent census
ureau, although an exception has beent
nade in the case of Union veterans.
he president indicated to them that
te had no discrimination to make ast
etween the two, and that he would
ake the matter up with Directior
A Sad Scene.
The three Van Wormer boys have ~
een convicted of murdering their un
le in New York and sentenced to be
~lectrocuted. "This is the saddest
noment of my career on the bench,"C
~vere the opening words of Justic Ches
:er as he passed sentence upon the c
outhful criminals. The boys carried ,
t off with bravado, and their attorney -
leclares they will get a new trial. -
Senator McLaurin of this State' c
ntroduced in the United States on
hursday a bill providing that after
he passage of the act, "there should
tot be collected any duty upon pork,
eal, mutton or beef imported into f
he United States from foreign coun- I
cries." The bill was referred to the C
~ommittee on finance.1
Casualties to Veterans. c
A. V. Winters, a veteran from r
facon, Ga., died from heart disease at t
the depot at Terrell, Texas while on 1
iis way to the Dallas reunion. An- I
ther veteran, whose name is un
mown, fell from the train at Elmo
ras, and will die. t'
A NOTE OF WARNING.
Senator Rawlins Vigorously Attacks
Government's Philippine Policy.
THE COMMISSION'S POWERS.
It Can Make Peace or Declare Wa
Without Asking Congress.
Gen. Funston Given
Formal discussion of the bill tem
porarily to provide a government for
the Philippine islands was begun in
the United States Senate on Tuesday
of last week, Mr. Rawlins of Utah, the
leading minority member of the Phil
Ippine committee, opening the debate
with a speech in opposition to the
measure. He denounced the bill as an
inwarranted imposition upon the Fili
pinos, declaring that it would establish
>ne of the foulest oligarchies in the
istory of the world. He maintained
'hat the Philippine commission was
5iven too great power by the bill and
isserted that under its provisions, the
slands would be exploited for private
While he was speaking two efforts
vere made to, maintain a quorum, the
econd resulting in a lively tilt among
everal senators, Mr. Scott of West
irginia intimating that no argument -
hat could be made upon the subject
ould influence any senator.
"We seem to have arrived at that
iint in our history," said Mr. Rawlins
where there are those who affect to
elieve that it is sedition to think and
reason to talk. 'For Gtd's sake, let us
:eep silent until the war is over!' ex
laims a peripatetic hero and gradu
te from the Philippines who wants to
2ake frec speech treason and to cart
s away to the gallows, although he
aight give the senator from Massanhu
ftts the benefit of clergy on account "
f his sympathy for a 'superheated ;
nscience.' All, if we are to believe
im, with the approvalof the president
f the United States.
"Congress no longer has to declare
rar. An Otis or a Chaffee are pre
ared to attend to this any day in the.
eek. A few days ago a message came
us that Malvar, the last of the -in
irrectos, had surrendered. The next
ay it was announced .that Gen. Chaf
,e had declared a new war and had
ispatched an army to wage It against
wo millions of people In the Island of
[indanao. But mumisto be the word
>long as there Is any disturbance.
3ywhere within our borders or in any
ae of the more than thousand Islands
-yond the seas.
"This bill sticks its roots into and
rives its support from that excres
ice upon,the army appropriation, bill
1901, known as the Spooner amend
ent. The qualification of the abso
te power therein conferred, adopted
Sthe instance of the senator from
assachusetts, by this bill is elimina
d. All property rights In the islands
id the fate of their inhabitants are
trned over to the control and disposi
on of the commission, without any
aalification of Importance.
"The commission may declare war
id make peace; raise armies and pro
de navies; regulate commerce with
1 sorts of discriminations between
lands and ports; levy taxes withoub;
mit and without uniformity. It may
>inl money and regulate the value
1ereof; and may establish religionand
inish those who do not conform to
s tenets. It may destroy free speech,
3d punish as an act of sedition the
ablication of truth in regard to their
lministration. It can establish an in
isition; devise and apply methods of
tcruciating torture, compelling per
mns to be witnesses against them
Uves and disclose Information which
ie commission may desire to extort.
i may practice any or all of the acts
ltyranny which history has disclosed
r genius may devise.
"It is useless to say that this power
~ill not be abused. Attention willibe
ivited to some instancees in the his
ory of our relations with the Islands
aowing the extent to which our rep
esentatives have gone in acts of per
dy, injustice, oppression and cruelty."
A dispatch from Manila says two
ngagements have been fought be
ween the American troops and the
foros of the Island of Mindanao dur
ag the past twenty-four hours.
foore of the Twenty-seventh in
antry, while out with a small party
tunting for water, was fired upon at
>ng range. Lieut. Col Baldwin,
rith a battalion of troops and a
2ountain gun, went to the assistance
f Moore's party and drove off the
toros, who lost seven men. The fir
ag was at 1,100 yards' range. The
oro villages are flying red flags,
eaning that they intend to figit to
hie utmost. Later the Sultan of
'ualo and a force of natives attempt
d to re-occupy the ground gained by
he Americans but the Moros were
A dispatch from the city of Mexico
lys continued revelations in the mat
er of child stealing for Yucatan have
reatly excited the common people,
rom among whom a large number of
bildren have been lured away by a
and of professional kidnappers. The
bildren which were stolen have been
ant to Yucatan, some to work as
aves on the Honequin plantations,
thers to be servants. Enrique Iglesias,
ne of the alleged leaders of the kid
appers, has delivered himself up to
Le police and is in Relem prison in
An Editor's Schedule.
An Oklahoma editor announces the
>llowing cash-in-advance schedule:
'or telling that a man is a successful
itizen when everybody knows he is
tzier than a government mule, $2.75;
eferring to the deceased as one sin
erely mourned by the entire commu
ity when he will be missed only at
he poker circle, $1.08; referring to a
dy as one whom it is a pleasure to
eet when every business man hides
f he sees her coming, $3.19; sending
,tough to heaven, with poetry
hmown in, $5.