Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MAYN
Sixty-Nine of the Sophomore Class
Quit the College.
TWO MORE ARE DISCHARGED.
An Attempt by the Faculty to Eu
Force a iule or the Cotege
Was the Canue of' the
Last Tuesday t9 of the 74 members
of the :ophomore class of Clemson col
lege quit and went home. Two of the
remair:ng five secured discharges and
left also. and it is understood that the
remaining three will leave Wednesday.
The action of the students in eay
ing was the result of the action of the
facutyz in suspending Cadet Thorn
well (.f Fort 'Mill a few days ag-o.
When Thornwell was suspended the
sopho(more class petitioned to have
him renstated. This the faculty re
tused to do and therefore the class
agreed to leave.
Tuesday afternoon this correspon
dent visited the college for the pui
pose of getting at the facts of the case.
lie talked with President IHartzog
a.id a number of members of the facul
ty and also with a great many of the
students. Both sides of the story
agree very closely though there are
TiE FACULTY NiET.
Wednesday afternoon after the stu
dents had gone there was-a meeting of
the faculty at the close of which the
following statement was given out.
It was was written by Col. R1. W.
Simpson, chairman of the board of
trustees. and was endorsed by Presi
dent Hartzog. It is as follows:
"The faculty last week awarded
punishment to a student of the sopho
more class by suspending him until
the end of the session. The sophomore
7 petitioned the faculty to rein
te the student. The faculty met,
again and heard a committee of the
class but saw no reason to grant their
request. Thereupon a number of the
class left and went to their several
homes. While the faculty regret this
action on the part of the students they
feel compelled to maintain discipline.
TOOK GLASS TUBEs.
The offense Cadet Thornwell was
guilty of was taking four glass test
tubes from the chemical laboratory
without pemission. The members of
the facuity say they have been trou
bled a great deal by action of this
kind and determined some time ago to
break up the practice. Notice was
given- that the next offender caught
would be severely dealt with. Cadet
Thornwell was caught and his suspen
sion followed. These tubes which are
small glass cylinders with little or no
value may not have been taken with
any wrong intent, the faculty say, but
the taking of them was a violation of
the rules. As a matter of fact the
faculty say the college has been an
noyed a great deal by the disappear
ance of a number of small articles
such as tools, wrenches, etc.. and it
was so considered absolutely necessary
to put an emphatic end to the busi
STATEXENT FROM STUDENTs.
The students side of the question is
this. They admit that there is a rule
that no test tubes or other college ap
paratus shall be taken for use by any
of the students without the consent
of the professors, but they say it has
not been observed generally. Cadet
Thornwell did take four of the tubes
from the general store to his desk or
:stand, as it is called, in the building
but that he took them for use in class
work and they consider his suspen
sion an outrage, as no wrong was in
'tended. The students say they thought
the facts had been' misrepresented or
exaggerated to the faculty and peti
tioned for a rehearing of the case in
order that all the circumstances might
be brought out. When the faculty
refused their request they felt that
loyalty to their classmate demanded
that they should leave the college In a
body and this was done.
The main point urged by the stu
dents is that the punishment intlicted
on young Thornwell is in excess of
that warranted by the case. For in
stance they say there is a college rule
that a student found with mess hrLll
property in his room shall be given 10
aemerits, yet here was a student who
simply violated a rule and unwitting
ly took certain college property for
use in his class work, without remov
ing it from the building and was sus
This correspondent Wed nesdayv af
ternoon talked wvith a great many col
lege students on the campus. The
.students are very much wrought up
and are overwhelmingly in sympathy
with the sophomores. The senior
class met Wednesday morning and
adopted a resolution of sympathy for
the sophomores. endorsing their ac
tion. A copy of the resolutions will
be sent to the family o.f each of the
students wvho left. Who~ the repor
ter was leaving the graands a notice
'was being sent around caliing a meet
ing of the senior class for the same
MONEY ADVANCED BY CoMRADES.
When the sophomores decided to
leave many of them did not have
money enough to get away on. Money
wvas furnished them by thle members
of the other classes and the college
societies exhausted their treasuries.
The departure of the cadets wvas con
ducted in a quiet anid orderly manner
and there was no demonstration or ex
citement but a great deal of feeling
President Ilartzog and the other
members of the facuty said Wednes
day afternoon that they regretted the
matter very much. but they felt that
they had simply discharged their d uty
as required by the circumstances. "It
was simply a question." said Col.
Simpson. "ais to who would run this
college, the faculty or the students.
The faculty felt that they wvere tihe
ones to run it and have proceeded ac
No aIEETIN; oF BoA BD.
"There will be no meeting of the
board of trustees," said Col. Simpson.
in idI while vry nnch deplored
hais occurred and has ended. and the
college 'will proceed as though noth
ing had happened. We deeply regret
ie lasty action of the students and
w helieve no one will regret it more
than, the student themselves when
ther realize what a mistake they have
TEXT OF COMPLAINT.
The following is the text of the
complaint by the sophomore class:
To the Faculty and President of Clem
The sophouiore class has asked for
a reconsideration of Cadet Thornwell's
case, and we herewith present our rea
Our action is based upon the belief
that we consider Cadet Thornwell's
punis hent greater than his offense
deserves. For example, it is obvious
that te faculty does not consider
Cadet Thornwells oiTense the same as
that of stealing, else they would have
expelled him. If not stealing. we con
sider that his punishment should not
be iade so much severer than that
intlicted for sinilar offenses.
Cadet Thornwell only took the test
tubes for use in the laboratory with
out the professor's permission. We
can cite no case of exact parallel. We
do know. however. that two years ago
when bottles and chemicals were taken
from the laboratory, not even were re
ports entered against the boys in
whose rooms they were found. In
cases where property taken from the
mess hall is found in the student's
possession, the penalty is not suspen
sion. but only ten demerits.
In both of these instances we con
sider the offense evidently worse than
that of Cadet Thornwell, inasmuch as
the articles taken were for private use,
and not for class work.
Cadet Thornwell is not guilty of an
unusual or peculiar crime. He simp
ly did what has been the practice of
the entire class during its course in
We, therefore. believe that the fac
ulty laboring under the misunderstand
ing, or has been led to regard with
great seriousness an offense which has
not been so regarded in the past.
We appreciate the positicn of the.
faculty. when it takes the stand that
the college should be protected. But
we do not believe that this position
should be maintained at the expense
of one cadet, when so many others
have committed similar offenses and
It is because. therefore, of a deep
conviction on the part of the sopho
more class that the faculty has been
led into some misunderstanding. pos
sibly through the failure of Cadet
Thornwell to present his case in the
proper manner that we ask for a re
V. 1. Hall.
0. M. Roberts.
THE JUNIORS' RESOLUTIONS.
These were the resolutions adopted
by the juniors:
We the members .of the junior class
do hereby resolve:
First that the sophomore class has
been treated unjustly by the faculty
and that the steps taken were taken in.
defense of their rights and honor.
Second, That after considering the
action of the sophomore class we hear
tily commend every step that they
Third, That we commend the sopho
more class on the gentlemanly manner
in which they acted on this occasion:
furthermore at no time was any mem
ber rash or ungentlemanly.
Fourth, That a copy of these resolu
tions be given each member of the
sophomore class. Class '(03.
To Be Held in 1904.
The following statement was giv
en Thursday by President David R.
Fraincis of the Louisiana Purchase Ex
position company: "'The sundry civil
bill which passed the house several
weeks ago and is now before the sen
ate. contains an appropriation of S1,
048,000 to provide for a government.
exhibit, a special Indian exhibit and.
the additional cost of the government.
building at the Louisiana Purchase.
exposition. It was deemed advisable.
to have the date of the fair definitely
ixed in that bill, in the ev-ent any
change from 1903 should be decided up
on. For many months past the fair
virtually has been postponed for one
year. A decided majority of the
directors prefer 1904 and have for six
ronths or more. The repeated re
quest of both domestic and foreign ex
hibitors for postponement. evidences
from foreign governments that they
had not sutticient time in which to
make preparation for a representative
exhibit in 1903, and the fact that the
general public have for months past
considered postponement a foregone
conclusion, were some or the reasons.
that moved the executive committee
to authorize me to inform the national
commissoner that any action of con
gress changing the time of the expo
sition from 1903 to 1904 would be ac
Tried to Kill Each Other.
Dr J M Spence has received informa
tion that his cousin: James Spence,
wa killed in a tight at Pine Bloom N.
C.. with a log contractor named Smith..
The two men had quarreiled some:
time ago. Wednesday morning they
met at Pine Bloom and each pulled a.
revolver and bega n shooting. Young
Spence was shot in the neck and died
almost instantly. Smith received one
or more bnllets through the stomach.
and is reported Wednesday night to
be dying. Spence was prominently
connected ini this State. Smith is a.
native of North Carolina and is con
nected with a large lumber company.
A Young womxar, ?nisppears.
A special from Lenoir. N. C.. saw
that Miss Cordie Childers who disap
peared from the home of her uncle
near Lenoir Wednesday riight under
ircumstances similar to those that
surrounidedi the death of Nellie Crop
sy of Elizatbeth City. has not been.
fond. It is said that. she was~ seen.
at Chesterricld a little, town between.
Leoir and Mo rganton Friday on her
way ti the .latter phece. Later it is.
said she was at the southiern railway
stationl in Morgantoni. wher'e she told.
some one that she was on her wayV t.
Iildebran, a village five milies west of~
T icory, where sho harl tought sc-hool..
A GOOD SPEECH.
Sibley, a Republican Roasts General
Jacob Smita and Says He Is
A BRUTE IN UNIFORM.
His speech Applauded by Demo
crats and Met With Eviden
ces of Approval from
Representative Sibley of Pennsylv;t
nia created something of a sensation
in the house Wednesday during the i
general debate on the agricultural bill
by severely denouncing Gen. Jacob II.
Smith for the orders he issued in the
Samar campaign. Mr. Sibley's speech
was enthusiastically applauded by the
Democrats and was received with some
fevidences of approval on the Rtepuhli
can side. The speech was considered
the more remarkable in that it came
from a Repuolican who left the Demo
cratic party on the issues raised by
the Spanish war and who has since
been an ardent supporter of expansion.
Mr. Wiliams, Democrat of Mississippi,
endorsed what Mr. Sibley had said.
fr. Sibley said he had been an ex
pansionist and defended the policy of
the administration in the acquisition
of the Philippines: that duty and lion
or justified our position there: that
the commercial welfare of the nation
demanded that we should control that
archipelago, which stands as the gate
way to the oriental world.
'A BRUTE IN UNIFORM."
He then continued:
"Therefore. when I am compelled
to xaud utterances contained in mili
tary orders that make the blood of men
run cold, when I have heard the state
ments made that we were cruel in the
conduct of that war. I have thought
perhaps the partisan was speaking.
But when I have read, as I have with
in the past 48 hours, that a general
wearing the uniform of the army of
the United States, one who stands
under the shadow of our tag, issues
orders, not to conciliate a province,
but to leave it a howling wilderness
and to kill all above 10 years of age,
tben it seems to me that humanity
must have marched backward for IS
centuries and that Ilerod again ap
pears. I have read of Timour, the
Tartar. I have read of Achilles. I
haue read of the Saracen scourge, but
I thank God that since the tragic scene
on Calvary, it has taken IS centuries
to produce a Smith, I have read of
the water cure. I believe that was
exaggeorated. Can any man whose
blood pounds in his pulses, any man
who had read his Bible or who has
been reared at the knee of a Christian
woman, justify the perpetuat ion of
such cruelties upon another man who
wears the guise and the image of his
Creator? And yet, we hear this man
attempting to justify acts by which
men are pumped so full of water to
I nearly drown them and then brought
back to life by thumping them over
the stomach with the butts of mus
ets. That is not civilization that is
not Christanizing the world. I am
thankful that these are sporadic
WILL NEVER PACIFY.
"'They will never pacify any race of
human beings on this earth by first
drowning them and then bringing
tem to life with the butt of a mus
ket: and against that, as a member
upon this side of the chamber, against
that, as a man who belongs, I hope,
not alone to the Republican ranks but
to the w.hole brotherhood of man the
wide world round, I want the mem
bers .o~ tis house on this side of the
chamberied on~that, to voice their
protest, and agairst all such meas
Iured. -(Apguse.) A friend of mine
said a few :mmutes ago, 'Oh, you had
better wait and bear his defence.' I
hope the presideztof the United States
will have the coua~e, upon what the
man admits, to disehrge him dishon
~orably from the serace that he had
EQUA LS KING HE99
"IIe admits that he issued itlhe order
to leave the province a howling waste
and to kill all above ten- years of age,
tahe innocent with the guilty. TWhat
man never ought to be permittd 14
stay in the service of the United Sotes
until thae sun goes down. ie la a dis
grace not alone to the party. but to
every xnm who ever wore the uniform
of the United States, and he is a- blot
and disgraee to our present civilization.
Wait and hear what his justitication
may be. That man does not live who
can justify sre orders. (Applause.)
There is no justificationl. 1 care not
how adroitly his kawyers may frame
their plea or how4uktle be their rea
soning. The fact adrtgtted by his own
mouth that he issue such orders is
sufcient for the hqpg that there is
"the courage atud npatgiordsm and the
humanity angle -,Christianity at the
other enti of the avenue .that will not
let him w.ear the faderal .ntiiormn :4
Mr. W'iliards of Missisippi heartily
endorsed Mr. Sibley's onsiaught upon
ten Smith -whom he described as a
"But I am a little afraid."~ he con
tinued, "that he does not strike the
ei in the right quarter'. It is the
sytemn which should be struck at not
the man who cons~ciously carries out
the spirit of the system. Wherever
there is a war of conquest against a
weak and Inferior colored people deeds
of brutality naturally occur. The
Schief danger is not the injury to the
Sweak race, but that the temptation to
tyranny will react uponl the strong
race and make brutes of its soldiers.
For that reason such wars should be
aoidl I agree with ahe gentleman
Ifrom Pennsylvania that there can be
no justficationa for a civ-ilized man to
issue an order to lay waste a whole
country~ and kill everybody, inucludinug
*child rin over ten years of age."
To Be Hanged.
A special f'romu St. Petersburg says
HalshaneLt the man who assassinated
M. Sipiaguine. the Russian minister of
the interior, April 15. has been sen
.enri to rdenth. lie will be hanged
TO MEET IN CHARLESTON
A Call to the Parents of' the Sopho
The following letter, mailed t(
every parent of a member of the Clem
son sophomore classs whose address
could be ascertained, is self-explana
Charleston. S. C.. May 2. 1902.
iear Sir: You have doubtless beer
as much concerned at the unfortunatt
occurrence at Clemson college, as our
We take the liberty of addressing
you this letter.after considering all th(
circumstances of the case, believing
that it is equally to your interest as
ours, to take further steps in regarc
to this matter, and ascertain whether
the facts do not warrant the parents
of the members of the sophomore classi
asking for a hearing before the board
of trustees of the ollege.
We think you will agree with us that
for the members of the sophomore
(lass at this Important juncture of
their college course to be denied the
right of continuing their studies. will
involve not only a year's loss of time
to each man. hut also considerable ex
pense to them. which an investigation
may show to be unjust.
We notice by yesterday's paper that
the sentiment at the collere was sc
strong that.the members of the junior
and freshman classes had determined
to leave. and only after an address by
C03. Simpson, president of the board
of trustees, were they persuaded to re
main at college, upon'his promise that
the whole question would be taken up
by the board and thoroughly investi
We also note by today's paper that
Col. Simpson has stated that he ex
pects in a few days to publish an in
terview. setting forth the facts of the
case, and we believe that before this
statement is published, it is fair to the
members of the sophomore class as
well as to all the studeuts of the col
lege. that their side should. be heard.
and that any interview published
should be only after all the facts from
both sides have been placed before the
board of trustees.
Our suggestion is that a meeting of
all the parents or guard:ians of the
members of the sophomore class be
held at the earliest possible date, and
we further suggest that this meeting
he held in Charleston on Friday the 9th
We recommend this city for the
meeting because at prese at very low
rates can be obtained to Charleston on
Tuesdays and Thursdays cf each week,
and in order to give all parties ample
time to make their arragements to
come we have suggested the above
As we do not know your address we
have enclosed this letter to the cadet
whose name appears on the roll of the
college as a member of the sophomore
class, and who we understand was one
who left the college on Tuesday last.
requesting that he deliver it to you
As some of the adresses are not
known; the college catalogue only giv
ing the counties in which the cadet
lives, we have requested The Charles
ton News and Courier, The Columbia
State and The Greenville News to pub
lish this letter.
If therefore, any of the parents or
guardians of these cadets, for reasons
given above, have not re ceived one of
these letters, a reply to either of the
undersigned by such parties, stating
whether or not' they wil[l attend the
meeting in Charleston, will be appre
ciated. Yours truly,
G. Walter Mclver,
21 B::oad Street.
- 38 Broad Street.
184 We atworth St.
HT. HI. Muler,
55 Lau rens Street.
H. M. Manigault,
12 Hasell Street.
Read This, Boys.
"It is apparent," said a Charlotte
man a few days ago, "that a man
cant drink liquor and keep up with
the procession. Temperance is preach
ed from the platforms and pulpits, but
the ruthless, merciless tight on drink
ig ahd the dringking man is being
ade in the business world. In this
warfare there is no cant or sentiment.
The drinking man gradually lags be
hind and then he is shelved. Ten
years ago it might have been said that
all the young men in !Charlotte dranla
and the business world forgave occa
sional intoxication. Now the heads o1
commercial houses in this city, in their
reckonings, divide the sober men from~
those who drink, and no man in the
latter class escapes silent criticism 01
a judgment that will hurt him ii
it be put to the touch. Everybody in
Charlotte has seen the noiseless work
Ing of the system. The man whc
drinks simply steps down and out, and
a sober man takes his place. The
first might not have been a constant
drinker, but the later surely tinds the
highest premium placed on teetotal
lsmu. And you must notice that among
business men here drinking men are
becming more and mare marked and
hurt in reputation. The creed of the
business world demands the survival
of the fittest. and no cd rin king man ih
it for the fight. He simply can't keel
up with the procession."
The Governor Wednesday received
an application from a number of re
sidents of Colletyn county asking that
a reward be offered for the capture o1
one Jim Black, alias Bud Black, alia:
im rown. as the murderer of Mrs. W
. .Yones at Ravenel. The petitionert
say they are advised and believe tha1
a chain of proof almost conclusive lixe!
the crime upon Jim Black. It is be.
ieved that the fellow has left thE
State. for a thorough search has beer
made for him by the ottices. and thE
people of Colleton county are exceed
ingly anxious that this trutal crim'
not go unpunished. The governo:
promptly otfered a reward of $100
The negro is about 19 years old. i:
oal black, weighs about 170 pounds
has a "dragging" walk and frequentl:
fes the expression "natural born" it
J UMPED THE (GMlIE.
McLaurin Tells Why He Will Not
Run in the Primary.
AN ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE.
He Is Unwill.ing to Take the
Pledge Required of Him
and Anticipates Action
of the Convention.
Senator McLaurin has Issued the
following address to the people of
My fellow citizens of South Carolina:
The great doctrine of representa
tive resonsibility is the foundation
stone upon which our republic rests.
a"d no one more keenly than I recog
nizes his accountability to the people
of South Carolina for all oflicial acts.
At the same time, no people who in
sist that their representatives adhere
to political policies and traditions long
since dead and declare them vital is
sues can ever become truly great.
Every advancement in the history of
our race has been the direct result of
independence of thought and action.
In most of the States of this union this
is secured by the presence of two politi
cal parties and the resultant discus
sion of every public <uestion before
the people, who are thus enabled to
form an intelligent opinion and give
a verdict at the ballot box. Unfor
tunately in SouthCarolina for nearly 40
years we have been unable to have two
parties for fear of negro domination,
and for 10 years, after the Hampton
revolution in 1876, our people took no
interest in public affairs, beyond main
taininga "whiteans government."
About the year 1900, however, began
what was known as the "farmers'
movement," which was nothing more
than an instinctive effort on the part
of the people to preserve the principle
of self government. Witb Shell,
Irby, Norris, Tillman, Donaldson and
others, I contributed what I could to
wards its success simply because I felt
that agitation was better than stagna
tion, and it is passing strange, in that
connection, that the leader of that
movement, B. R. Tillman, was then
denounced, as I am now denounced,
for attempting to Mahoneize the State.
The freedom of thought and action, a
however, which followed the "farm
ers' movement," opened the doors for
every white man and every negro who
voted fcr Hampton in 1876, and they
could advocate whatever views they
cared to express, provided only that
they took an oath to support the
nominees of the primary election.
Men who voted the national Republi
can ticket were allowed to vote in the
primary for State and county officers,
and I have heard from the same plat- t
form men claiming to be Democrats
advocating Cleveland and the gold
standard and others Weaver and free
silver. And since than no attempt
has ever been made to exclude those
who bolted with the independent r
Haskell movement, the Populist Row
den movement or the Republican Pope
I was elected to congress in 1892
after a heated canvass against able
opponents and yet on every stump in
the district, I proclaimed my indepen-]
dence and announced that upon na
tional questions I would follow my
own judgment and not be bound by
the caucus of any party. Although
my Democray was assailed at that
time, I was elected four times upon
the same declaration of principles.
Carrying out my pledges to the people.
I began a systematic study of the
questions of the day with the result
that 1 changed my views upon
many of them. The first marked
difference with my party associates
arose over the tariff question while
I was in the house and a member of ~
its ways and means committees.
Again, in 1897, when I was a candi
date for the senate, I was charged
with being a Republican, but I disre
garded the characterization, and
resolutely contended that the policies
which 1 advocated were for the
material advancement of the people,
regardless of how they were labeled.
My attitude was end ese' by SO
per cent. of those voting in the pri
mary, and I came to the senate.
The issues growing out of the Span-1
ish wvar widened the breach between
myself and the Democratic party
leaders for I could only follow the1
dictates of my conscience and stand by
American soldiers fighting upon a1
foreign soil. At that time the war was
not a party question and I hoped it
would not become so. In this I
was disappointed and was soon con
fronted by the alternative of retracing
my steps or finding myself in oppsi
tion to a majority of the Democratic
party leaders and excluded from their1
caucus, I concluded that not even a
seat in the United States senate was
worth a surrender of my convictions
and that opinion is unchanged. There
is not a speech or vote of mine upon any
question growing out of the Spanish
American war that I would change
even if I could and in which 1 do notI
take pride in thus proving my loyalty
to my country.
I have ever maintined this inde
pendence of thought and action. Last
Isummer. recognizing my responsibility1
to the people, there being no campaign
in the State, I announced my inten
tion of going before them for the pur
pose or discussing these national is-1
sues. I was immediately and violently
assailed for advocating Republican
doctrines and branded as a Repulican
in D)emocratic disguise. Thle State
Democratic executive committee met
and under the dictation of my col
league in the senate formerly declar
ed that I was not a Democrat which
formed the basis for similar action on
tepart of the D~emocratic caucus of
teUnited State senate. The policy
of my opponents has been to belittle
real issues into a personal quarrel be
tween "Tillman and McLaurin." This
issue I am not willing to accept as I
do not propose to be infiuenced in my
public course by personal spleen or
petty jealousy. The public interests
should never be subordinated to purely
Now the proposition of my political
enmest excludea me from the pri
DRAWING TO A CLOSE.
The Exposition Will Have Man
Attractionz this Month.
The special correspondent of th
expositlon bureau of the Columbi
State says the expositson is drawing t
a close. It is generally thought tha
the show will close on the 1st of Jun
although there has been no definit
action taken in regard to this mattei
The weather is getting very warm ani
the ventilation of the buildings is ng
such that it is conducive to comfor
in the summer. The success of th
month of 1,lay promises to be ver;
gratifying to the promoters of the ex
position. The trains coming into th
city Thursday were packed and hun
dreds of people had to stand in th
aisles. Since the beginning of th
new scheme of rates offered by th
railroads, the city of Florence ha
sent over 1.500 people to the show.
There is every indication that th
festivities of German Week will be at
tended by thousands of visitors. Th
occasion will come towards the clos
f the show and there will be a grea
many South Carolinians here for tha
reason. Then the visitors from a dis
ance wilrbe Germans come here to d
onor to Capt. F. W. Wagener, tb
president of the exposition company
Dapt. Wagener has shown himself to b
i man of nerve. le has held up th,
3rooping head of this exposition an(
as administered financial succor whei
therwise it would have perished. An(
this is not the only thing in which hi
progressive spirit has asserted itself
Look around and it will be hard to fin
n Charleston anything which has nol
elt the inspiration of his example an(
here are many industries which art
uccessful because of his connectiot
ith them. Even the militia of th
ity feels his influence, for he is th4
aptain of the German Artillery; ii
nercantile matters he is one of th(
nost progressive men in the city; he i
onnected with the management o:
eading banking institutions and is a1
he head of manufacturing enterprise.
Ele is a man of personal graces whici
nake him esteemed by all who knovi
im and the German people of' the
:ountry will come here to make Wag
mer day a great success. May 22d I
agener day and will be the great da3
>f the exposition.
Col. Averill is pleased with th
>rospects of the success of 'Wes1
[ndian Week."- The days set apart foi
,he trade convention to be held i
,hat on May 16 and 17. The prelimi
ary announcement of the conventior
1as attracted a great deal of attentiot
md the director general is now in re
eipt of a number of letters of inquiry
Che plans have not been matured, and
t is yet two weeks until the holding
)f the convention, but Col. Averill ex
>ects to have everything mapped ou
>y the first of next week.
Col. Averill came into his offic'
Chursday with a great bunch 01
rasses and other specimens of forage
rops. These he had gathered on thE
,vernment's grass "farm" nearby thE
outh Carolina building. Nobody
hould miss the opportunity to visit
his place. It will give farmers nev
mnd very valuable lessons in how t<
ake care of their lands by changing
ihe crops occasionally. The govern:
nent has spent lot of money here anc
dr. Beard, the gentleman in charge,
vill be delighted to explain the ex
ibit to visitors.
TRUSTEES MUST MEET.
1 Wholesale Rebellion at Clemson i:
A telephone message from Clemsor:
011ege Thursday afternoon said that
verything was quiet there but ther<
was a good deal of excitement thi:
norning. The junior and freshmer
lasses met last night and resolved t<
eave the college this morning in
tbody unless the faculty called for
neeting of the trustees and had the
ntire sophomore class includini
J adet Thornewell reinstated.
The college authorities got wins
of what was going on and got Col
I. W. Simpson, the chairman o:
the board of trustees, to deliver
talk to the students in one of thi
:lass rooins. Ccl. Simpson reasone'
with them and finally persuaded then
o defer action until the trustees bel!
i meeting and took action. It if
tated that there will not be a specla
neeting of the trustees, but that theil
oext regular meeting will be held earl:
n June. Col. Simpson has a greal
deal of influence with the students.
The outbreak at ClemIson, it ap
ears to those conversant with th4
facts, is the culmination of a trouble
which has been brewing ever since th(
pening of the present session and
ossibly longer. The students are
rery bitter againsit certain members o1
he faculty and openly charge thenr
vith vascillation and inconsistency
md unfairness in enforcing discipline.
This feeling is not confined to a fey
;tudents but practically the entire
;tudent body is involved.
Col. Simpson. aided by other cool
jeads, has succeeded in diverting
1urthr trouble for the present, bul
;he matter is no yet ended and 1
w'ill require a very thorough investiga
on by the trustees to satisfactorily
;ettle the ditliculty.
A Fire in Norfolk.
A special from Norfolk, Va., say:
ire started Thursday in the buildint
f the Virginia Candy company stor'
nl Commercial place and gained suel
oadway that at one time it wa
hought the entire block bounded b:
lommercial place and Water streel
Lnd Roanoke avenue would be destroy
3d. The losses aggregate $83.000
ully covered by insurance. The prin
ipal losers follow: Virginia Cand:
:ompany, $20.000: 1l. W. 31cIonald.
.00: M. Hlofheimer & Co.. 84,500
U. P. IRoberts & Co.. $5,000: Dispatcl
Printing company, S4.000: Old Domin
on Paper company, $ 1.500: other firs1
..>00 nnanage to buildings 844,000
m try as a candidate-and to exclude all
-andidates for office who entertain my
iews and thus prevent the people
rom hearing me and from hearing
ihem in justification of my course and
Li advocacy of the absorbing public
measures now confronting the Amer
:an people. I am absolutely convinced
tnd forewarned of this purpose to ex
:lude me and my friends because I
iave read the speech of Sentor Till
'nan, the acknowledged dictator of the
Democratic machine of South Caro
.ina, delivered at Manning in which he
lirects a revision of the rules and form
ind oath of the party for the purpose of
xcluding myself and friends from par
ticipating in the primary, I resent the
;uggested exception of myself, for of
)ourse I could not make my race for!
he senate or proclaim my views under
onditions which were not equally ap
licable to those who entertain and ad
ocate my views. I have an abiding
aith that it will yet be shown that
,he dictator of the machine is not the
xponent of the views of the -majority
f our people.
The primary system adopted in our
state through the "Farmers move
nent" has been prostituted and per
erted into a political machine for the
>urpose of excluding al1 candidates
Yho are not in full accord with the
iews and wishes of the dictator. The
ital question. therefore, is will the
>eople of the State submit to this dis
ranchising the intelligent people and
xcluding them from our elections?
With such a system I have no sym
aty and feel impelled by a strict
ense of duty to warn the people
Lgainst tyranny as it encourages and
stablishes. With these facts before
ne and my convictions as to the origi
ial purpose of the primary system, I
Lm driven to the conclusion that it
ias subserved its purposes and has out
ived its usefullnesss. It Is, therefore,
.matter of no concern to me what
nay be the action of the May conven
ion as to the rules of the primary and
revision of its pledges. The sup
>ression of free speech and independ
nce of action by voting such means
enders it impossible for any self-re
pecting citizen holding my views to
>ecome a candidate in the Democratic
rimary in South Carolina. It is ap
>arent that the system has been
varped and twisted so as to serve the
me purpose of throttling free speech,
ree thought and liberty of action.
he primary system in South Carolina
ias been sacrificed upon the altar of
artisanship and personal malignity,
nd has therefore becom3 unpatriotic
.nd useless, and should be ignored and
inally repudiated by our people, with
. purpose similar to my own, to look
topefully to the results of the fair,
ust and general election under our
itate and nationl laws.
A party yoke has been placed upon
ur peopleand It has become too gall
og for further endurance, and yet to
ealize that many of my loyal friends
7ould even once more hold in check
heir resolution not to again enter our
ystem of primary elections in order to
gain vote for me, but I have reacned
he point where I will not subject
hem to subscribing to an oath to sup
ort men and measures which do not
epresent their views upon the issues
wcing the American people today.
John Lowndes McLaurln.
Couldn't Stop Train.
An attempt was made at 9 o'clock
hursday to hold up the northbound 1
risco express No. 6, between Selig-1
aan and Washburn, Mo. T wo men
oarded the blind baggage car at the
ormer place and after the train pulled
ut climbed over the tender into the
ab and covered the engineer and fire
ten with revolvers. They ordered
he engineer to increase speed, but to
top when they gave the signal. Two
illes beyond Seligman they ordered
im to stop. Seven or eight men ap
eared at the spot designated as the
rain a'pproached. Meanwhile the en
'iner had pulled the throttle wide
pen and when ordered to stop was
aking more than a mile a minute
own grade. It was impossible to
top within half a mile. After leav
ng the confederates out of sight the
obbers abused the engineer for not
topping and ordered him to let them
f at Washburn, a way station. The
ngineer obeyed and the would-be
One Thousand Lives Lost.
News by cable received Friday says
hat over a thousand lives were lost
pril 18 by an earthquake in Gua
emala and over thirty thousand peo
>le were rendered homeless. a majori
y of whom lived in the town of
ueztenane. An appeal for aid has
>een made and merchants here have
irganized to contribute supplies. The
nerchants want assurance that the
upplies will be admitted to the coun
ry free of duty. The Guatemalan
onsul has cabled the president, and
he merchants are awaiting his an
wer before taking steps for donations.
'ollowing the shock came a fire and
torm and the populace is panic
Damaged by Hail.
A special from Savannah says a
eavy rainstorm, accompanied by hali,
assed over this section Wednesday
.fternoon. The precipitation was one
nch in about 30 minutes. Ihail fell
.t three separate times during the dis
urbance. There were frequent shocks
f lightening. Reports from the truck
arms tonight are to the effect that
onsidyrable damage was done by the
iail to young vegetables. The extent
f the damage cannot be ascertained I
efore Thursday. l)uring the se
rest part of the storm a negro far
nr named Post was struck by light
iing and instantly killed.
An Alston Mystery.
Thursday afternoon some children<
laying (in an old deserted farm near 1
lston found a newly made gravej
Chey immediately reported the grue-1
ome discovery and the coroner was
ummoned from his home 20 miles
Lway. The grave was opened only
,o find that it was empty. It could
>e readily seen. however, that a small
:otiin had been buried, but had been
removed. The entire police force of
lston. consisting of one man, is hot'
n the trail and determined to un
sart te mystry.-The State.
Y Presidents of Mills in Horse Creek
a OPERATIVES IN DISTRESS.
e They Must stay Locked Out Until
e They Induce the King Mill
Gperatives to Call Off
t the Strike.
e No relief has yet come to the op
y pressed mill operatives in the Horse
- Creek Valley, in this State, and. it
e would appear that the lcckout will
. prove of equal duration with the strike
e at the King mill in Augusta, by rea
e son of which the lockout was declared.
The oneratives of all the mills in
e the valley are said to have notified the
s mill presidents that they did not in
tend to strike, no matter what the re
e sult in the King mill; and would be
glad to go bick at the same wages they
e were receiving when the mills closed.
8 The mill presidents refused to accept
t the terms. President Hickman, of the
a Graniteville Manufacturing company,
has stated that he does not see how
0 promises can be carried out "so long
as the lockedout operatives are mem
bers of a labor organization which is
e controlled by the authorities in Fall
e River, Mass., the mandates of whom
must be obeyed." Wnile he regrets
I the condition of things, he cannot see
I any hope for relief unless the men and
3 their superior officers bring their in
fluence to bear and induce the King
mill strikers to go back to work at the
Mr. G. W. Croft, of Aiken, attorney
for the employees, says the condition
in the Horse Creek Valley is bad and
seems to have been brought on by
want of feeling as well as judgment
on the part of the mill presidents.
"Many women and children are suf
ferine for bread and desire and ask to
be allowed to work. A large number
of people were induced to quit their
farmsand come to the mill under the
promise that they would have regular
work as long as they were orderly.
They promise has been brokeq by the
mill presidents without cause.
Many of the operatives are, moving
away, a number to North Carolina and
some to New Jersey. They will now
move more rapidly after they see they
have nothing to expect from the mini
presidents but oppression. In my
jugdment all of these corporations are
liable in suit for damages, which will
be brought in a few days. The dam
age should be exemplary in these cases.
"The mill operatives have done
everything in their power to settle
this trouble, and had they been met
half way by the mill presidents the
condition would have been relieved
and the mills at work.
"The cotton mill men do not seein
to be in any dread of the injunction
case that has been put against them
for conspiracy in closing the mills, but
Solicitor Thurmand says he is going
to make it warm for them."
She Smashed His Face.
Last Tuesday a genuine sensation
occurred at the Southern depot near
the baggage room, in Spartanburg.
IA comely looking young white woman .
by the name of Mrs. Fannie P. Good
son walked up to Mr. Sam. W. Wood,
who was standing near the- baggage
room, and struck him a very severe
blow in the face with -a bottle. The
man was fallen instantly and lay stun
ned for about a minute or more.
When he arose and attempted to de
part his assailant administered several
kicks u1 pon his person. Officer Mulli
gan, who was nearby, arrested the be
ligerent and she immediately gave
bond. The blow received by Mr. Wood
is a very painful one,a gash being in
flicted on his forehead over the eye.
and his head is considerably swollen.
The woman claims that Mr. Wood had
been talking about her, and thereby '
attempting to injure her. Mrs. Good
son came to this city from Greenville
some time ago and for a while resided
at Mr. Wood's, who runs a boarding
house near the depot on Magnolia
street. For a month or more she has
been boarding at Mr. Pearson's on
A New Invention.
A special to the Birmingham News
from Jackson, Miss., says: The first
regular contract ever made in the
world to to pick cotton my machinery
was closed in Greenville a few days
ago since, and the first experiment
with the machine will be made on a
plantation in Washington county next
fall. A Pittsburg -man is the inven
tor of the device and for the past ten
years has been conducting experiments
in the vicinity of Greenville. He now
claims that the device has been model
ed on a practical working basis and
feels confident that he will revolution
ize the cotton picking industry in the
south. *The machine, he admits, is
valueless except on the level, uplands,
low valleys and prairie grounds, but
even if it should prove successful with
this limit, its effect on the labor ques
tion in the south will be very marked.
--Honey Let Me in.".
A good story is told on the better
half of a couple who went from a cer
tain county to spend the honeymoon
in a large city. One day the bride, find
ing that she needed to purchase a few
small articles, left the young husband
and hotel to go shopping. She return
ed shortly and made her way upstairs
to the door she thought opened into
her own room. Knocking gently at
the door: "H1oney."' she called af
fectionately. " let me in." No re
sponse came and she knocked again
and called in insinuating tones,
"Honey please let mc in." "Madam,"
answered a gruff voice from within,
"This is no beehive, this is the bath
The railroads have decided to con
tinue the cheap rates to Charleston
during the month and have even im
proved on the situation a little. Dur
ing May the low rates will be in force
Son both Tuesday and Thursdays of