Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 28, 1902. NO.48
Of the Santh Carolin,.aeraey
Held in Columbia.
A TWO RING C'R U ADTT:.
Simple Rzesoinuion oin m o7 Me
Lanvin. Wadei U'amipn a
giZed. Cnndidaz!- U Aid
The Denweratic State ';ention
met in Colminbia en Wednesdtay. and
harmuniously transaeted its business
and adjourned. It was 12.o0 when Stat
Chairman Wilie .lonesi rappe :or orde
and announced that the convention:
would be opened with paayer by Bishop
Ellison Cer.The hall wastild
botn th X tiyrs and in the Ptliis.
B*islhop Caper. mad a brief oat most
appropriate prayer. invoking the
Divine guidance upon the bodly.
He asked that all things rest
upon the foundation iof peace and
honor. Pe concluded with the Lord's
The roll was called, having been
prepared by the seeretary. was read
2nd some substitutions were inade.
Mr. Blease of Newberry then nomi
nated the Hon. Wille .Jones flor presi
dent of the convention. CoL. Crewi
nominated Gov. McSweeney. I ho
promptly declined the nomination, see
onding that of Col. .lunes. Mr. Georg4e
Douglas Rouse of Charleston. in ,low
ing terms. seconded Col. Jones' noni
nation. 3r. llease put the motion and
Col. Jones was unanimously elected.
Col. Jons thanked the body for the
honor in a brief speech.
Col. T. C. Hamer was nominated for
one of the secretaries of the conven
tion and was unanimously elected.
Mr. J. T. Parks of Orangeburg was
elected the seeond secretary.
Col. F. M1. Nixson was made ser
The temporary organization was
made permanent and the vice presi
dents were chosen as follows:
First District-J. W. Dunn.
Second-W. C. Smith.
Third-J. A. Sligh.
Fourth-W. L. Mauldin.
Fifth-J. E. McDonnald.
Sixth-A. 11. Williams.
Seventh-W. ). Scarborough.
The rules of the house of representa
tives were adopted to govern the body.
Senator 1). L. Henderson of Aiken
introduced the following resolution:
Resolved. That a committee be ap
pointed to be known as the committee
on resolutions and constitution 'to
whom shall be referred all resolutions
without debate, and that said commit
tee in reporting on said resolutions
shall have leave to report any special
matter. It shall consist or one from
each county delegat ion to be chosen by
the delegation and reported to the
Mr. W. D. Evans offered as a sub
stitute to the above the followving, say
ine there ought to oe two committees:,
Resolved. That two- committees be'
api. ',ted-one on platform and resolu
tio' . - d the other on constitution and
rules, said committee to be composed
of one member from each delegation.
All resolutions to be referred to appro
priate committee without debate.
After some discussion the substitute
was adopted and two committees were
appointed in accordance therewith.
Senator Gruber called attention to
the fact that there was no treasurer.
Mr. J1. E. Boggs of Pickens was elected:
while he was asking what the question
The roll of the members of the State~
Democratic executive committee was
then called and the elections made by
the county conventions were confirm-'
ed, en motion of Mr. Buist of Charles
Resolutions were then called for and
a number were presented and several
were read from the desk hefore b'eing'
referred to the proper committees.
Senator Tillman was designated to
act as chairman of the committee (on
constitution and rules and Col. J. A.
Hoyt to act as chairman of the com
mittee on platform and resolut ions. It
was ann'ounced that both committees!
would meet in the afternoon. The con
vention then took a reces until 8:30
THE cONVENrTON REAsSE31B3LEs.
At 8.30 o'clock the convention re
convened and Col. W. J1. Talbert gut
the tloor and offered the following
preamble and resolutions:
Whereas lion. Henry Mclver. at the
bidding of the D~emocratic party, has
served the whole people of South Car
olina for -15 yemers. flrst as asiociate juis
t ice and latterly as chief just ice, with
distinguished fidelity and ability. hav
ing in his tirst opinion in 1872 settled
tinally, and properly. as is now umive
sally'conceded. tlhe quest ion of the r~e-2
spect ive rights of 1). HI. Chamberlain
and wade H a mpton as t o t he governor
ship of this State. andl hav.ing Once f.;r
patriotic reasons dec-lined the ottice er
:hief just ice, his li felong ambit ion.t
which after years of pat lent service as
associate just ice. he was :inially elevat
ed by unanimously vote of the general
Wher-eas lhe is no0w suaferinug frau
disease which preventi' a1)resent I '
activaE sernvice whiebhe1i~1j hasben a'
customned to render. an ntets ac
suffering upon him: now be it
Resolved b y thei Demleerat leparty (0
South Carolina in conenion assemi
1. That :t hiereby, desires to express
the debt of grat itude of theu people of
this State to the Ilistingu~ishd chief
justice and to assure him of its warml
-est affection arnd sin-cerest symu oat by ir
his atllietion. and to express I hec hope
that hc may long he spa :d tou coune
and guide the great court of wieb' he
is the ornat ce ed: an -xaumple 01 mn
dustry. learn';ing. 1probily andl pa irimo
ism whli shou.mc 1e moth ant e.lnple
andi an ins-nira 'un to th men wnU Vo are
to assume from I ime to I ime_ the hur
denis anid re-.ponsbl i'0tics ol pllit ini
andI profesoa if ini hs ta t"
These re-.mion, w'1% presented by
Col. Talbert' with 1b1 apprpiate remarks.
He spoke felingly and effectively.
Col. Brooks seconrded the resolutions.
Mr. Lacot of Charleston seconded
the resolutions earnestly and hoped
that the vote would be a rising one.
r. evenson spok elo uenl y fo
G'ov. Mc, weene'y alowarmly se
Theno' the w.~ ere ada)ptedi by a rising
Col. .as.. A. I lovi Ihe presented
teL rport of the c'mIittee on plat
manr are res ilutions. The platform,
which was adopted. is printed inl
The committee also made the fol
aowin:.f t*ep)ort as to the otheri rSle
Zion-s reOferre( tI it as printed in the
jriceedings of the morninr sessio.n.
We, t he commit i et' on plat formni and
resolut ions. beg leave Io repo. thit re
have passed u poin all m"at te rs subminOit -
ted to us and recommend:
First. The aidoption of Ihe acIm
panying pla rm. markd - .
Se'on'.d. T,-at resolt ion N.". , mil ro
diieed Tb 31r. Blease. be an 'd.
Tii. That the resolu io im r'- ue
ed hy )ir. Croft. No. t. eii ki d wvith
the foliowing amniments. St rike out
Theo "tendei anid insert the
words -under 12 years of e
Fourth. That the resollut ion intr
duei by M r. "ogers. No. . be adopt ed.
iftl. Thati the resolution. -No. 1.
signed "On behalf of the Pickens dele
gal ion." he 1aid upon the iale.
Sixt h. That all icom pallIng papers
b0 laid up.on 1 tie table for t ho reason
ihat the subject matter is enIbracwed in
Ihe foregoing i*IrrIIt.
All of which is respc..t fully siiDlit ted.
.!as. A. Hoyt.
TiHE 1orSE ci:EEN T1tut'BLE.
The !'lease resolution relating to the
Horse Creek trouble, as given above.
was taken up. with the favorablo re
p't. and Senatir Gruber asked for
mnority i.report. The minority report
was5 read as follow.s:
We. I ue undersigncld nmemberson tihe
colmmitt eC on plait frmni and resolut ions
to whoi wis-reed the resolt ion
of NMr. Cole L. Blease wit h reference to
a certain lockout of cotton mill op
eratives in Aiken county. beg to sub
mit this as a minority report: That we
cannot concur with the views of the
majority report. as we have not suif
lfeient informal ion to orm a correct
opinion and because we believe 3%r.
Blease's resolution to be extreme.
George R. Ilembert.
A it amont 'Moses.
1D. 1. Cooper,
R. T. James.
J. H. Lesesne.
Chas. H. Henry.
J. L. Tribble.
There were 11 members of the com
mittee. M1r. Rem'bert said, who had
favored the minority report Mr. Rem
bert told why the minority had acted
as it did. The minority had no politi
cal thunder to turn louse. and they did
not wish to adopt haphazard resolu
tions affecting any citizen, no matter
whther that c.tizen be interested in
corporate enterprises cr not. Haphaz
ard reso'utions could never be avoid
ed until politicians seeking cheap
thunder were no more. Ile appealed
to calm. judgment and asked if it was
right to condemn without hearing. Mr.
Iembert dealt with the interests on
both sides. and referred to the votes to
Col. Talbert as a member of the
majority of the committee said he
hoped the minority report would be
consigned to oblivion. If there was
any law it was if advantage is to be
givern, it should be given the poor and
the weak. Where was the lack of
information? Have the majority not
read the newspapers in the last few
weeksY These people, good people,
had been locked out arbitrarily. There
should be no conflict between labor
and capital. The rich men had act
ed arbitrarily. It was a questior of
common sense, of humanity. The
Democratic party should act in such
a matter and not be so tender-footed
about it. (Applause.) H~e referred
to the aliusions to the candidates. lie
was a candidate. and was not afraid to
be a candidate. He was willing to
advocate what he thought was right
and take sides. Hie was not of the
kind who wore a standing collar high
enough to look like a whitewashed
fence about a lunatic asylum. His
young friend woiuld soon be a candi
date and was even now budding. He
would stand by these good people of
Horse Creek. .lt was a question of
corpratio'n rule vs. the people;
M1r. 1t. TI. .iames of Oconee said the
Democracy of Soul C (arolina wvas on
rial. (;reat issues should riot be
swept aside by jess. Equity and
justice should be done all-mill men
or workingmeni. HeI told (of Mr.
Curtenav's coming to Oconee and
buldig a cotton mill there. T1his
mil was not planted there by foreign
capital. It has been stated that the
capital in the mills here come from
the north. MIost. of' it comes from our
own people. There was nothing but
wild newspaper reports. Only this
mrining tihe chairman of this corn
mitee was announced as a candidate
for the United States senate. As
soon as he read it he said there's
"nothing in that."~ We cannot rely
on iresponsible newspaper repor'ts.
No such action should be iaken in the
bsence of detinite information.
Prof. W. N. Marchant saidl the
w:rd of the resolution were mild
'sls It he could have written the
- ,oluions they' would have been
m'ch st ronger. Ie knew all about
e t' on mis: he worked in the ib'anite
nefa'tory years ago lIe knew~ the
I o'.e Cre ek people. lThey wvere the
.'st peole tiat (everi lived on the faco
ofIs e nt th. Th hey i~ ha bee deniied
riice of earing thir da'ily bread.
a h~idsti:-edai as nothing had
n in3:3 -rs He- was. not a can
.-ce -Cu ~ithot ii Laughter.)
Prof.' Mare'hi'i't --1 wvill iot cut it
short. The'e 'augter.
Prof. \larchanit look a glasso w1~ater
ad spoke earnestly or tle lack of
in'u'r into the coinditioni of the pe
le oif ur milS. io youi dsuppose any
lody wouild take meC for an ignorant
many- i ughter.) Hle would chan''e
he zephyr-like wor~ds of the resolution
int a etutv cyclone. lIe haid
"e' dee of heroi4sm is G raniitevill
thait woukio excel I lobson when 1'"
sak the. \berima Sr. Croft asked
lIu. I. 1archa'mto yiel I to him for a
few Ommen :. ma- a'i moitionl. P'rof.
ar'lhant . (iei Mr. (:roft explain
ed the ii.stion. It was this: 0.00
indust rial people'' in .\ikeni coun:t '. who
had not stil ru! hi 'dben tu rn~edo t
b~ecause of tiouh ice ianother State.
It has brought dest itut inn andl sailer
ing i is the worst kind of i trust
ineC tiat wz nt gi ve honest labor
empl.yment. lie "eferred to it :i a
'Conspiracy." le moved totable the
minority report but withdrew Ihe
Prof. larclant vielded for live miin
utes to Senator Henderson. who said
the Aiken county covention had
adopted such a resolution. le offer
ed to take home any subscriptiins to
help the suftferers. Syirpathy was as
little as they should give.
There was a general demiand for a
vote and considerable di'rder. Prof.
Marehant clainingr the fl-ir and i'
ting it for three minutes. Mr. Uinn't
linally got the flour. the audience de
clining practically to hear further
ron Prof. Marchant.
Mr. Ilembert said the minority were
ready and willing to extend sympathy
t) anyone. but this resolution was too
extreme for people of good judgment
to adopt. le proposed to stand for
what he considered right and just to
any man. ricl or poor. Be replied to
Congressman Talbert with a joke.
Mr. I. I. A. lohinson of .Lderson
thought this step unw Ile. le was op
posed to grinding down the mill presi
TH E imsoWLUTION PAsoE-.
The vote was taken and the chair
declared the .'aves" had it. There
were calls for a division and for a roll
call vote. Then Mr. Ashley asked for
the reading of the resolution. Mr. J.
W. Doar asked that his name 1be out
to the minority report. Mr. It. I-.
Cahdwell made the same request. The
vote was 112 to 72.
Mr. T. 1. Rlogers offered this as a
Rtsolved. That wesympathize with
all men in m usortune.
Tile minority report of the comn
mittee-the Bicase resolution--was
The child labor matter was then
taken up. Mr. Dorrah moved to strike
out the resolving words. The con
vention exceeded its authority. The
legislature composed of Democrats
should settle this issue.
Mr. Thurmond said Democrats. of
course, dillered about many matters,
but they never failed to act. This is
an important nlratter, a policy that
should be adopted. He discussed some
f the reasons and pictured th3 con
ditions of the children of the mills.
Mr. RZ. B. A. Robinsen thought that
the people of the State had a right to
say how they would work their chil
dren. He wanted peace in the party.
Mr. Harrison of Fairiield spoke ear
nestly in favor of the resolution. It
was wise in this convention to express
itself in this matter.
Senator Raysor of Orangeburg mov
ed that the resolution be indefinitely
postponed for the reason that the
natter should be discussed by the!
After several had tried to get the
oor the vote on the motion to in
etinitely postpone the whole matter
was taken. There was a had tangle.
which carried Senator Tillman to his
feet for the first time. The motion
was lost, 81 voting to indefintely post
>one. 145 to the contrary.
The resoluticn was then adopted.
C ONDE3INING 31'LAURtIN.
The resolution condemning McLau
tin was unalnmouisly adopted with ap
The rest of the report was adopted.
AS TO CUBA.
The following resolution offered by
'hairman Hoyt for the committee
was unanimously adopted.
The Democratic party, in convention
tssebled, felicitates the patriots of
uba upon the ha'ppy conclusion of
beir long and heroic struggle for in
eendence, and, greeting the new re
pubic with hearty wishes for iS pros
erit3 declares the gratification with
hich t L is State would welcome Cuba
hould she hereafter of her own free
will seek membership in the American
mion. Until that time shall come we
hold that the governmant of the tUnited
states, moved by considerations of
:luty, honor and expediency, should
iaitainl with the republic of Cuba a
oolicy of liberal commercial reciproc
TILLM1AN's TRIBUTE TO IIA31PTON.
Senator Tillman then came to the
Mr. President: This convent mc
nas paid fitting tribute toniht to a liv
ing South Carolinian. I think that
we should express ourselves in regard
to one who has crossed over the river.
therefore ask to offer the following
' solution: / -.
Wereas it has pleased God. in Ilis
vise Providence, to call to his eternal
rest our illustriohs fellow citizen.
Wade Hampton. aflid whereas, we. the
epresentatives of South Carolina, in
~ovent ion assembled. recal li ng hi s
rloriouzs examnle in wvar and in peace.
and especially'mindful e; his incalcul
ble sei vice t'2 the State as her great
ieaoer and eonselur in 1s9u, would put
n record our sense of his noble career
md our appreciation of his loss: there
for. be iti
lesolved. That in lie death of Gen.
Wade Hiampton,. Southl Carolina Ia
et the loss of one of her greatest
~itizens5 and most (list inguishedI sol
diers and a leader and comtselor in her
direst necessity. to whom she owes a
debt of lastinug venerat ion and love.
IIis name and fame are, a hierit age (!
which any people might be proud.
Mlr. Croft secondl the resolutions.
Col G;eorge Jlohnstone spoik' feelin: -
lv of the deceased Statesman aind re
cited incidents in his enreer. Hi
ri~ute was eloquent and beautiful.
'rom his ret irement Gen. !!ampt'n
had come forth in ISn and we iwe
his memory our igra*titude.
Senator Maytield offered the follow
lg -amendment: "And we fm!ther
recommend that a suitable stat te lbe
rected by the State and placed in the
State capitol." Thlis was adopt ed.
Th'le resolutions were thui unani
mously adopted by a rising vote.
The D~augrhters of the Confederacy
a a request for action (il tile llamp
tonu memorial. whiih was read and
the secretary was instructed to inform
them of the action taken.
IssUES QIETLY DISPOiSED Ol".
Senatoir Tillman then presenm'ed the
tioowingz re piort il' the commit tee in
constitution and rules which was
adpted byi sections. withouit discus
sion ir op~pi lltin.
The comin te ion f conuusti tution andi
rtles heu. leave to report as follows:
F~irst: (n resolut ion o~lered by \ir.
3 heon pi~roposin1g a chanu~ge in thle
coustitu i iOn in regard to qu1aluheat ion
if oers inl thei primuary, wi reortil uni
ftvoraly and recommendl~ t hai it do
Se, ond ; . Nesoluti1i on by IVNr. .I.
Johns on roosing I ha t tprimalri1y be
held I wo weeks soiier. repori uniavor
ably and recommend that it do not
Third: In reference to the proposed
amendment of 3Mr. G. W. E. Sharpe.
voutr comu mittee recommend as follows:
A -te the word "masters" on next t
S a line. page 2. insert "but not.
for mnemb ers of 1 lie Counity board of
coit IoL of the dispensaries, nor for
counti y dis eIIsers," so t hat it will read
af folfows,: "Provided. That the coun
I"'elt ive commillit tee of any county
.! h1 ai libert y to order a primary
i- ioll for mira'.ist riat es and Iiasters.
i, i for meibers of the county
m of cotrol of the dispensaries,
1( fir count y di spensers."
The various resolutions offered by
.ssrs. I. 1. ,Manning. .1. W. Gaines
an .d DI1. Magill in regard to changes
in articl 6. we have considered them
all catrefulliv as well as he whole sub- 1 c
ject 'f a clange in the pedge o be giv
en h; eandidate's and we recommend .
n amendment to sid a rticle. as fol- r
os:.\fter "1he w rl "rnomination"
inearj ] tlw cnd ofsd 1; article, insert (
i *h I folwing: "anO eLcII candidate
f e I itedi *tates senate and for P
t he 'nitied States house of representa- I
tives s.!.a.. ll e an additional pledge
that he will support the political
principles and p (licies of the party e
during the term of oflice for which hel.
inay be elected, and work in arcold
wvith his Democratic associat-s *:) a
coIngress on) all party questions. All
pledges shall be tiled on or before 12
0 'lock m.. of the day preceding that
d d ixed bye the State executive cm
iittee for the first campaign m i j, .
Two RNIG CI RCI's ADOIF? E D.
senator Tillman also presented the v
follo'wing which likewise was adopt d
witout a word of diseussion or a vote p
against it. Thus was one the mat- I
ters supposed to he loaded disposed of: 1
Article X1, of the constitution he
I stircken out and the follmwling insert- a:
ed ill lieu thereof: . ,]
Article Xl. Before the election in 0:
1902. and each eleetion thereafter ex- k
cept as herein provided. the State P
Democratic executive committee shall
appoint and arrange for the campaign V
meetings to be held in each county.
not less than two weeks apart, one Ic
of which meetings shall be addressed p
only by candidates for State ottices. tl
and the other only by candidates for h
United States senator, United States b;
house of representativts ird circuit t
In addition to such campaign meet
ings the county chairman of the re- sl
spective congressional districts and a,
judicial circuits shall, when there is aL
more than one candidate for either of ai
said offices. arrange for and appoint g(
separate campaign meetings for their a
respetive districts or judicial circuits.
the time and place of such meetings PI
to be published in each county. at .
which only the candidates for said
ollices shall be invited to address the ai
people. Provided, That in any year ti
in which no candidate for United a
States senators is to be voted for. the hi
State executive committee may dis
pense with the second campaign meet- at
ing it is authorized to appoint under e
this article. P(
Senator Tillman moved the adop- tl
tion of the resolutions as he finished al
reading. There was nothing said by 4o
any one and the vote was taken. p
Then some one moved that the con
vent ion adjourn. Senator Maytield X
managed to get a resolution thanking
the otlicers of the convention. Col. P
Jones announced a meeting of the p1
State committee afterwards, and then ti
the convention adjourned sine die a ti
little before 11 o'clock. pC
TILLMIAN SPEAKS. P
There were cries for "Tillman," tC
and the senior senator took the stand a
and spoke for over half an hour, fre- ~
quently warming up to his work. Hie fa
was loudly applauded at times. His pi
spech was vigorous and devoted to ir
national issues and prospects for the fo
Democratic party in the next cam-j?
pign. ie gave also a hrief account1
of his stewardship in very plain Ian- cc
guage. Hie was given marked atten- hi
tion throughout and loudly applauded ot
when he inished. t
A Fool axnd His Money.
Several weeks ago a palmist went 1
to Augusta and hung out a shingle on ci
which appeared the name of "Prof. .J. pt
H. Done." For a time the women im
especially (If the city went wild and tc
the professor had all he could do. 3
About a wcek ago a nlegro pawnbr~ok~er ~
of somec wealth. by tile name of Paul I
Davis. decided that lie was -conjured'
by an enemy and went to Done to IP
have the spell removed. D~one work
ed on the negro's superstitionl aiid in
told him to bring all his mnondy to h<
his (lbone's) oilice with him the next re
morning. Tihe negro took something tI
like $5,000 to the "hoo-doo doctor'' C
who placed it-in hank notes of $50 and S
$100-in a long white envelope. seaN-s
ig it in the presence ofL the negro et
and putting it under the tablecloth at
to press the seal down. IIe told the ai
negro not upder any circumstances ei
to open the~ package until he was il
gien permission. but to bring it with ti
him every time :IC camne to the olhze' 11
Davis took tile envelope with hinm
several time untLil Thursday morning rc
it was found that l)one has jumped m
the town. l avis opened the envelope et.
andl foundthat it was filled with strips ti
of newspaper. - -"
I'ass 11im3 Around. s
Several montlhs ago a book agent sl
went to .\ugusta calling on all the S
nroinenii~t anwvers and ministers to I
et the'n to suisc'ribe' t's a "Wor'id's ~
Ilistry."' the price of wichl was fromi
2 to $5. HeI took iln about all the oI
prominent people in the city who p
have libraries and collected t he cost of ei
the book in ad vance. the ho' k to be ol
delivered in 30o days. Sixty days i
have now passed and on investigationiJ
it is found that no such book is being I
published1. TheC po)lice ref used to gi ve
tle name' of thle swindler until th
auti'rities in all cities in this sectio n
lave b4en not ied to' l''ok oatfr
wrecked H1 i,. shop.-i
A (lisuatc'h from Newv York says nI
seven m hucdred wo men. men~i and chil!-t
rn at ac'kel thle shop or' a Norrolk
street butcher Friday night. The
Pbtcer had openedi his store for tihe ci
sale of meat. disregar'd'ng the edict ofa
the Eabst Side people that li)ni eat ai
sh'uld be sold. Trhe hut cher refused t i
ch' thle moJb that' rdered him n to close
andihefore the police reserves could hei
sum mond his place was a wreck. F'our e
Ldopted by the State Democratic
AS PRESENTED 3Y COL. HOYT.
'he Document Reaitiiris and En
dorses tne State Platfori of
Two Years Ago on All
The following is the full text of the
latform adopted by the State Demo
ratic Convention at Columbia last
Vednesday. It was presented by Col.
,A. Ioyt and was adopted unani
Resolved, by the Democracy of South
arolina in convention assembled:
1. That we rearlirm and endorse the
latform of principles enunciated by
be State Democratic convention of
3o, with especial stress upon the fol
"That we view with alarm the pow
r which the trusts through the Re
ublican party are exercising over leg
lat ion tpld iational polities and their
bility to control the price. of te
ecessities of life without regard to the
w of supply and deamand. We con
-nin the nypocritical attitude of the
enaUblicaii leaders who abuse trusts
nia combines while they use the money
,tained from them and extorted from
:e people to dCebauch the ignorant
sters of the country.
"That we denounce t iC iqpeierialistie
licy of tnIe IRepublican admuinistva
on as cuntrary to the letter and spir
of t he 1Declaration of Independencc
adi tho constitition of the United
Lates. and as dangerous tQ tne liberty
)d freedom not only of the people 6f
c Spanish islands. but of the citizens
t his country as well." Tne benevo
nt assimilation "of the Filipinos has
oven to be the benevolence of mur-:
:r and the assimilaticn of robbery.
e denounce it as an outrage upon the
sciences of liberty-loving Ameri
ms. Our free institutions cannot
ng survive the destruction of those
inciples upon which they rest, and
e spectacle of subject peoples being
ld down by the bayonet and robbea
the carpetbaggers but foreshadows
e fate of our country unless the peo
e are aroused to our danger. The un
st arid cruel war of subjugation now
ing carried on in the Philippines
iould be ended at once, with definite
id specific declarations to the natives
to the intentionsof this country to
d them in the establishment of a free
ivernment of their own choice under
protectorate by the United States."
That we reatlirm and endorse the
rrelated sections of the Kansas City
atform upon the subject of trusts
id imperialism as follows:
Private monopolies are indefensible
id intolerable. They destroy compe
tion. control the prices of material
id of the finished products, thus rob
ng both producer and consumer.
ey lessen the employment of labor
id arbitrarily tix the terms and con
tions thereof. and deprive individual
tergy and small capital of their op
>rtunity for betterment. They are
Le most efficient means devised for
propriating the fruits of industry
rthe beneit of the few at the ex
nse of the many, and unless their
satiate greed is chlecked all wealth
ill be aggregated i n afe w hands and
te republic destroyed. The dishon
t paltering with thetrusts evilby the
lp~Iialican party in State and national
atformns is conclusive proof of the
uth of the charges that trusts are
te legitimaie products of Republican
licies, that they are fostered Iby Re
iblican laws anti that they are pro
ted by Republican administration
return for campaign subscriptions
id polit ical support. We pledge the
emnocratic party to an unceasing war
re in nation, State and city against
-ivate monoply in every form. Exist
g laws against trusts must be en
rc:1 and more stringent ones must
enacted providing for publicity as
allairs of corporations.engaged in in
r'ate commerce and requiring all
rpoations5 to show. before doing
isiness outside of tile State of their
igin, that thley have no water in
eir stock and that they have not at
mpted and are not attempting to
onopolize any branch of'business or
le production of any article of mer
tandlise, and the whole constitutional
swer of congress over interstate comn
eree. t he mnails. andl all modes of in
rstate commlferce, shall be exercised
-the enactment of comprehensive
wvs ulpon the suibject of trusits. Tarili
ws shOuld be :nnended by put ting the
.oduct of trusts upon tile free list to
-event mnoiie :2 under the plea of
We are opposed to private monopoly
every form. and view with appre
msion the increasing p~ower and dis
gard of the interest of the people by
te combination of corporations,
pecially of those chartered by other
ates. It is the duty of the general
sembly of this State to pass more
ringent laws for the control of all
rp)oraitiOns. dlomest ic andi foreign.
d for the prevent ions of all trusts
dI combinat ionshbetween corporations
rrying on comnpet iti ce business. We
im tnh le right on t he puart oft lie St ate
control all corporations. whether
mestic or foreigzn. eng~agedl in busi
ss wvithini her borders. We deny that
ngrress his any legit imate power to
guate cornorations except aS thley
ay be engaged in foreign or interst ate e
mmuieree: and demand that the na
nal goverinment contine itself in
stowinug corporate exist ence to such
encies as arc required to exercise
eh fuebons as the constitution
eciilly confers upon the U'nited
tes.. We a re unialt erably opposedl to
aI aniendmen lt of t he fedleral conisti
t ion lookiing to any enlIargemenit of
i powers of conigress ini 'irlat ion to
i regu latilon of eont ract by citizens
the St ate. or in relation t~o the cor
rat ions. and we demand t hat laws tbe
acted further restrict ing the powver
federal courts to interfere wit h the
ternal affairs and administ ration of
stice in the State. We condemn tile
ingley tariff law is a trust 1breeding
easure skillfully devised to give the
w favors which they do not dleServe.
1( to place upon thle manyii burmdenls
hiehi t hey should not hear.
We reaimlen our belief in a tariff for
venue only. and that taxation should
so regulated as to meet I le needs
an hlonest and economical govern
ent. We conde-mn all class legisla
on. such as the ship subsidy bill1.
hieh~ we helieve to be~ a rich man's
id on the puic coffer, and we also
>ndemn all sect ionc.l legislat ion. suchI
;t he Crumpacker bill, which we be
eve to be intended to( arouse sectional
We hell wviti l t e Unit ed States sur
rme cout that the declaration of
independence is I lhe spirit of our gov
nment. of which tihe constitut ion is
ic form nne lettr.
WI declre again. that all govern
meint institluted among men derive
their just powers from the consent of
the governed: that any government
not based upon the consent of the gov
erned is a tyranny, and that to im
pose upon any people the government
of force is to substitute a method of
imperialism for those of a republic. We
hold that the constitution follows the
flag, and denounce the doctrine that
an executive of congress, deriving their
existence and their powers from the
constitution, can exercise liwful
authority beyond it or in violation of
it. We assert that no nation can long
endure half republic and half empire,
and we warn the American people that
imperialism abroad will lead quickly
and inevitably to despotism at home.
We condemn and denounce the Phil
Ippine policy of the present adminis
tration. It has involved the republic
in an unnecssatry war. sacrificed the
lives of many of our noblest sons, and
placed the United States, previously
known and applauded throughout the
world as the champion of freedom,
in the false and unamerican position
of crushing with military force the
efforts of our former allies to achieve
liberty and self-government. The Fili
pinos cannot be citizens without en
dangering our civilization, they can
not be subjects without imperiling our
form of government; and as we are not
willing to surrender our civilization to
convert the republic into an empire,
we favor an immediate declaration of
the nation's purpose to give the Filipi
nos. first, a stable form of governpleit;
second. iidorteidence; 4n6 tilird, pro
tectiuri from-outside interference. We
are not opposed to territorial expan
sion when it takes in desirable terri
tory which can be erected into States
in the union. and whose people are not
willing and free to become American
citizens. We favor expansion by every
peaceful and legitimate nien, IUut
we are unalt:ru by opposed to the seiz
ing or purchasing of 'distant islands to
be governed outside the constitution,
and whose people can never become
citizens. We Ire in fayqrof extendirg
the re ublie's inluence among the na
tions. out believe that influence should
be extended not by force and violence,
but through persuasive power of a high
andi honorab Iexample, The burning
issue of iiperialism growing ou, of the
Spanish war involves the very exis
tence of the republic and the destruc
rion of our free institutions.
We regard it as the paramount issue
Df the campaign.
Tillman Hands Off.
The Washirgton correspondent of
The State says heretcfore the senior
enator has rempained strictly "hands
ff" in the senatorial tight though the
impression has been generally given
out that he is espousing the cause of
Rlepresentative Latimer. Friends of
he senator have taken occasion to
eny this emphatically and have allud
d to an incident said to have occurred
hortly after the McLaurin-Till man
;crap when Mr. Latimer was one of
;hose who refused to sign a statement
irculated among the South Carolina
elegation, the purport of which was
o show where the sympathies with
Democrats in that affair lay.
After Forty Years.,
There was a remarkable find near
ownville the other day, Full 40
rears ago Mrs. F. S. Browne, who was
Niss Mollie Lewis. but now the widow
>f the late Col. C. S. Mattison, lost
ier engagement ring about the prem
ses of her old home, now occupied by
Rev. J. Walter Dixon. After con
tinued search the ring was never
~ound. although Mrs. Mattison never
espai red of finding it. About a week
igo Mr. Dixon's ten year old child,
Elizabeth, ~stumbled upon the lost
breasure, about 100 yards from the
rouse. It was a plain gold emblem
>earing the initials "S. F. B. to M.
T. L., Feb. 13, 1859."
Col. Hoyt for Senator.
The Washington correspondent of
the Columbia State asks: Is Col.
James A. Hoyt, of Greenville, destined
so develop as a candidate for the sen
ite to succeed Senator McLaurin?"
The correspondent goes on to say that
here is considerable talk in Washing
on to that effect, anid adds: "Wheth
3r Col. Hoyt can be prevailed upon to
mter tne race is quite uncertain but
she suggestion of his name has served
o bring out the fact that he or one of
is friends would receive support from
nrexpected quarters in case he should
~ome out for the senate, and stand a
ood chance of being elected."
The Unloaded Pistol.
"Didn't know it was loaded." is the
tory of an unfortunate homcide which
>ccurred at Williston on Tiuesday of
ast week. A very respectable youngm
uegro. Kirk Moody, walked into the
ispensary and picked up a pistol
chich was supposed to be empty. Mr.
Alphonso Wise. the dispenser's week,
n a spilit of playfulness turned the
3arrel toward the negro and as he iin
Lended snapped it. But unfortunately
Mr Beard had loaded it a few hours
rviously and the negro fell dead,
hot through the heart. The coroner's
jury returned the verdiict of accidental
Appeal For Orphans.
A circular letter is being sent to the
riends of the Thornwell orphanage at
linton. Soliciting aid both in a tinan
ial and material way. This is truly
noble cause and thoroughly worthy
>f help. Five dollars will provide for
i child, its board for a month, or its
whooling for a year. The time has
:ome wvhen summer wants are multi
plying, and even bread is scarce and
Lard to get. Barrels of flour and other
:ontri butions should be sent to Thorn
well Orphanage. Clinton. S. C. Checks
nd financial aid may he addressed to
W\m. P. .Jacobs. Clinton. S. C.
Charles Norman. a prominent far
mer, of Sycomore. 111.. committed
suicide Wednesday af ternoon by taken
strychnine. 'The act was committed
in his front yard. The cause assign
ed for the deed is that his farm has
been badly damaged this week with
the heavy rains aiid many tields will
have to be replanted. This made him
despondent. The act was deliberate,
as was shown by four notes he left to
his wife and mother, telling them he
was tired of this world, lie was 33
ears of age. lie leaves a wife and
Two New BishoPS-.
The general conference of the
Metodist Episcopal church, south.
no(w in session at D~allas. Tex., Thurs
day. elected Dr. F'. E. Hoss of Ten
nessee and D~r. A. Coke Smith of
Virginia bishops. D~r. Hloss is the
editor of the otlicial paper of the
Mehdists published at Nashville.
Official Review of the Crop Condition
in this State.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops in the State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the climate and crop ser
vice of the United States weather bu
The first part of the week ending
Monday, May 19th, was warmer, the
latter part cooler than usual making
the average temperature nearly nor
mal at 73 degrees, with a maximum of
95 degrees at Gillisonville and Saluda
on the 14th, and a minimum of 50 de
grees at Heath Springs on the 16th.
There was less than the usual amount
of sunshine, as the last half of the
week was generally cloudy.
Unevenly distributed showers oc
curred throughout the week, and over
the entire State, whith the heaviest
rains In the lower Savannah valley
and the Pee Dee sections, and with a I
maximum fall of 4.50 inches at Shel
-on, Beaufort county. The showers
were local in character, and many lo
calties had only sprinkles, or no rain
at all, whi!c. nearby localties had copi- I
ous amounts. Hail was noted in
Berkeley, Greenville, Richland, Union
Marlboro, Marion, Newberry, Chester
field, Darliugton, Kershaw, Chesteri
and Williamsburg counties, but In only I
a few sections was the hail destruc- a
tive to crops, although it necessitated
considerable replanting in Union,
Marlboro and Marion counties.
Farm work was retarded by too r
much rain in a few localities, and by s
the dry and hard condition of the
ground in others, but generally it
made fair progress. It was too wet
in some of the eastern counties to kill r
grass although grassy fields are the,
exception. Most of the field crops are
clean and well cultivated. The need
of rain is especially indicated for
Chester, Edgefield and Saluda coun
ties, and generally for all the central
and western counties, except Oconee,
and there are many dry localties in
the eastern counties.
The stands of corn were badly bro
ken during the week by worms, neces
sitating much replanting. A consider
able portion of the bottom land crop t
remains to plant. Corn has a good t
color generally, and in most places c
is making rapid growth. It has re
ceived its second cultivation.
Cotton is doing well, with good
stands on sandy lands, while on ary
red lands the stands are not so good,
and some is not up, A little remains
to plant where the ground is too dry. t
Cut worms injured stand in a few
places. Chopping has make fair pro- d
ress and is nearly finished over the
eastern counties. Cultivation has
kept pace with the growth of the
plants, and only a few reports indi
:ate grassy fields. Lice have made
their appearance. The lattei half of
%he week was too cool for cotton.
ea-island cotton is in good condition.
Tobacco stands were broken by cut
worms, but the plants look strong and
ealthy, although undersized. Rice
s coming up to good stands, and has d
eceived its first hoeing. Preparations ~
re underway for June planting.
Wheat lost condition, owing to dry d
weather, and is beading low. Oats
ontinue to var:' 'reatly, but gener
ally stand in need of rain. Harvest
s still confined to the coast regions. ~
Peaches, cherries and apples are
ropping, but in places enough peaches
ill remain to ripen an average crop.
elons are doing well. Vegetables
are plentiful in the eastern counties,
nd truck shipments continue heavy.
Sweet potato slips are being set out.
Jar dens are generally poor. Pastures
Cost ofrRearing Boys.
Someone has figured that the aver- t
age boy who is dependent upon his i:
arents for a livelihood until he a
~eaches the age of 21, costs $4,000. 1:
he question naturally arises, does it
pay to raise boys; are there not other
~rops that would prove more profit
able:' If a boy turns out to be a'
igarette fiend, it is safe to say that
~he parent might have invested his
oney to a much better advantage.
But if the boy grows to manhood with
the lesson wvell learned that wealth
and success grow on bushes that areI
atered with the sweat of ones brow,
the parents need not begrudge what
Iver they have spent upon him, for he
ill be a souce of increasing joy and
pride of their hearts, and when they
row old and their hands tremble and
their steps are faltering, they will ~
ave strong arms to leau upon an~d a
aelp them over all rong a places that
ie in that twilight path of theirs. a
In a Bad Fix.
Penniless and with his dream of
Love, happiness and a home shattered'
. J. Kell. of Richmond, Va., applied
Friday to Charity Clerk Kelly of
tJswego N. Y. o work and funds to
:arry him back to the South, Kell ans
ered a matrimonial advertisement
td corresponded with a wealthy
idow of Oswego. Every mail carried
tnessagaes of affection to his sweet
iart, and he received pledges of un
ying love in return. Attracted by
vIsions of wealth and happiness he
bhrew up his job in Richmond and went
o Oswego to claim his bride, lie
stayed at a hotel until his funds were
~xhausted, and then the widow refused
o marry him. Kell says he will an
iwer no more matrimonial advertise
rnents. Clerk Kelly provided him with
transportation to Syracuse.
He Ought To Know. '2
Congressman. Littlefield of Maine
as that "if it were not for the news
papers the jobs which would go
hrough congress would be terrible to
ontemplate. If there were no news
papers at all I don't believe I would be r
willing to trust myself alone in the 5
ouse of representaties for 15 t
minutes." Mr. Littletield isa Republi- t
can, and no doubt known what he is ,
talking about. C
Father and Son Hanged.
Charner and George Wood, negroes, t
father and son, were hanged Friday p
morning at Talladega, Ala., for the s
murder of Jack and Reuben Boyd,y
white, near Childersburg last Christ
THE WORSE FEARED.
The Whole Island of Martinique In a
MOUNT PETEE AT IT AGAIN.
Lient McCarmick's Gallantry. United
States and Wo:-ships Render
Fine Service in Rescu
ing the Inhabitants.
A dispatch from Fort de France
says Thursday's eruption from.Mount
Pelee was violent in the extreme.
Colossal cloumns of volcanic matter
was ejected from the volcano, which
rained huge, readbot~ boulders, many
!eet in diameter on the ruins of St.
Pierre and the country near it from
mn enormous elevation and with fear
'ul velocity. The volcanic clouds ad
ranced until they reached Fort de
The spectacle was appalling and su
)lime and beyond description. The
vhole population of Fort de France
vas thrown into a frenzy of- panic,
luring which soldiers, police, men and
vomen, all terrified, frantic, weeping
nd praying, rushed - through the
treets, while overhead the glowing,
iery clouds rolled relentlessly and
ained down stones, still hot, amid the
RESCUING THE PEOPLE.
The steam launch of the United
rtates cruiser Cincinnati took some
efugees to the French cruiser Suchet
nd ne'4rly 100 persons sought refuge
n the Cincinnati and on the United
tates special steamer Potomac. At
o'clock the Potomac went to investi
ate matters, and reports agree that
Aieut, Benj. B. McCormick, the com
aander of the steamer, did great
rork. He went in close to St. Pierre
nd found that city had been bom
arded with.enormous stones from
he volcano and that the rulis let
tanding after the first great disaster
ad been nearly razed. Millions of
ons of ashes then covered the ruined
Further south smaller stones had
estroyed the houses of the brave vil
igers who had stuck to their homes.
ieut. McCormick took on board the
tomac 180 refugees, the oldest of
hom was 72 years and the youngest
bree days old. The lieutenant fed
hem and brought the party to Fort
e France. This work of rescue was
ifficult and dangerous. It is report
d that the whole population of the
sland is fleeing towards Fort de
'rance. The consternation prevail
2g is indescribable. Mont Pelee Is
ill very threatening.
ST. VINCE;T ALARMED.
A dispatch from Kingston, Island
f Kington, says another great erup
[on of the Soufriere occurred Thurs
ay night. While the worshippers
rere retdrning from church at 8:30 p.
., an alarming, luminous cloud sud
enly ascended many miles high, in
lie north of the island and drifted I
uggishly to the northeast. Incessnt
ghtning fell on the mountain and
ne severe flash seemed to strike about
bree miles from wingstown. Thunder
us rumblings in the craters lasted
or two hours and then diminished n
il they became merp murmurings.
he remainder of the night was clear.
Lshes fell from 10 o'clock until mid
ight. Inhabitants were frenzied
rith fear at the time of the outbreak,
reading a repetition of the catastro
he which caused such terrible loss
f life on this island. They ran from
he streets into the open country, cry
ng and praying for preservation from
,nother calamity. No one on the is
ind of St. Vincent slept that night.
STRAMS OF LAVA.
Reports received here from the dis
ricts in the vicinity of the volcano
aying that the rumblings of the cra
ers were appalling and that streams
f lava flowed down the mountain side.
[he continuous agitation of the vol
ano and the absence of rain has
aused the'vicinity of the afflicted vil
ges to look like portions of the des
rt of Sahara. A thick smoky clould
verpreads the island, all business is
uspended here, the streets are empty
nd every one is terror-stricken. The
eeling of suspense is painful. People
ass their time gazing at the northern
ky, where the thunder clouds gather
nd the mournful roaring of the vol
ano is heard. Ashes and pumpice
re falling showly in the out-districts.
hursday there was an alarming re
ort from a creditablesource that En
am mountain, near the Marria Quia
alley, an old and a'pparently extinct
reater. is showing signs of activity.
his volcano is only six miles from
A Threat to Lynch.
A crowd of prominent citizens of
llsberry Ohio, threatened to hang
~ev. Harris, the H~oly Band leader,
~riday but Brown county's deputy
ieriff and his assistants took Harris
:>Georgetown, where he nowis. It
;reported that Harris' tent will be
urned. The leader of the crowd said
hat if Harris ever returned he would
e lynched. Great excitement pre
ails in and around Ellsberry, and it
feared that there will be blood shed
the Holy Band people continue to
old meetings. The wife of John
~eeters and other Holy Band members
ere taken to the asylum Friday.
~eeters was taken Thursday, crazed
n account of the meetings.
A Fatal Flood.
heavy rains Friday caused a creek
unning through Perry Pa.,to overflow
s banks. Sei eral small houses along
he banks were washed away before
he occupants could escape. One
roman, name unknown was drowned.
everal women and children we rescu
d from trees and house roofs. One
amily was saved by cutting through
he rooting. G. W. Cooper, a hotel
roprietor. at the risk of his life,
wamn to a tree and rescued two
vomen and a baby. One bridge was
gashed away and others are in bad