Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 4 1902. 44
30.000 MAD STEERS
Frenzied by Fear They Make a
THE PERI, OF THE COWBOYS
Who Had en.ar e or Th(*'!w. what
Happ-ened when the Great
ed i ) o a Devp
Every on,_ who has lived in the West
or Southwest is more or less familiar
witli the fieakish tendency ( a large
body or l.erd of caftle to bec'ome
frightened an!d stampede, often upon
apparently slight. provocation. It is
also well known by "cow punchers'
that when a herd has once started on
its mad 1',i1,-t it is as irresistible and
dang.'r( us as a lasas eyclone. In
this conneC io Col. William P. Blount
of the Indian Territory. now in Wash
ington for the purpose of promoting
the cause of sirg!e Statehood for that
Territory and )klahoma, is authority
for the folhoving description of what
was in all probability the bigest and
most disastrous stampede of Texas
steers ever recorded.
"In the earlY summer ef 1S9."
said Col. Blount. "I was employed
with a dozen or more 'cow punchers'
from the Territory and Western Kan
sas by the Wilson Brothers. who were
noted Texas cattlemen. to assist in
driving upword of 30,000 head of the
big Texas steers from the rendezvous
in Northern Texas across the Indian
Territory t'o the vicinity of Dodge
City, Kan. The pace at which we
were oblige to travel was quite slow.
as a matter of course. for the reason
that we allowed the cattle to graze
along the entire route, and from eight
to ten miles were fair day's journey.
This immense herd was being taken
up to Kansas to pasture and other
wise fatten for the Eastern markets.
"We had been on our northward
journey for about two and a half or
three weeks. perhaps. and had crossed
into the indian Territory some seven
ty-ive miles, when one evening. just
dark, we encamped near a small stream
of water on a sort of rolling prairie,
where there was an abundance of
grass. In the distance to the west
about eight or ten miles could be seen
the shadowy outline of a low line of
hills, and between our camp and these
hills, abodt three miles distant, was
one of those canons peculiar to that
region, aid which was not visible un
til one approached within a half mile
of it, and even then no adequate idea
could be obtained of its width or depth.
All of the members of our party knew
of its existence and locality. and for
this reason we had given it. as we
thought. a sufficientiv wide berth.
This canon at the point nearest to our
camp that night was fully 150 feet
deep, and from 50 to 60i feet wvide, and
its walls were nearly perpendicular.
Its direction in that locality was near
lv north and south.
"During the entire* afternoon the
air had been hot and 'muggy,' with
not a suspicion cf breeze. The sky
was overcast with lowhanging, fog
like clotids, which in the distance ap
peared to touce the eartb. As dark
ness came on the cattle ceased feed
ing, and all lay down as quietly and
contentendly as so many milch cows.
and everything bade fair for a quiet
night. .The animals appeared to feel
the oppressive heat quite as much' as
we did. 1 had staked my horse some dis
tance from the herd, spread my blan
ket near him and 'gone to bed.' so to
speak, using my saddle for a pillow.
I couldn't go to sleep for some unac
countable reason, although it may
have been on account of the exh'ust
ing heat of the day's work. I was
:awake at 10 o'clock. when one of thec
Wilson boys came over where I was
'lying and said:
"Bill I don't exactly like this denath
ly quiet.. it makes me nervous, it
seems as if something out of the ordi
nary was going to happen. I've no
ticed a considerable amount of heat
lightening and it's beginning to make
the steers restless I woulden't be a
bit surnrised if there was a big thun
d1er storm here before morning, and if
there is there's going to be trouble
with them critters. I've tokd all the
boys to saddle their ponies and be
-ready at a moment's notice, if the
stee1's get on a rampage. to turn them
.eastward away from the big hole in
the ground over there, pointing in the
,direction of the canon.'
"The atmospheric eletricity, as I
'had already observed while Wilson
was talking to me. wa~s becoming moure
frequent and lighted up the smooth,
poli'shed horns of the reclining animals
with a sort of ghostly glow, producing
a decidedly weird eTfect. I could also
see that the steers were becoming
more and more unieasy, and here and
there I noticed a big steer rise up and
-act as is he snitted danger of e'me
sort. In the meantime I had saddled
my horse'and was waiting wvhatever
might turn up. The silence stil re
mained unbroken. except by the low.
intermittent. maulding grumtblinrgs
of a young Mexican half-breed. who
had, earlier in the evening, surreoti
tiously broken into the stores ini the
commnissary wagin and ihelped himi
self to an overload of red liquor, which
the Wilsons hadi brought along as an
antidote for snake bites.
"It is a fact well known to all cat
tle men that whenever animais stamn
pede there are always a sc*re or more
of steers known as '!eaders.' which
make the tirst break. the balance of
the herd blindly following their1 lead.
Every' man in. our party carrie I at
least one six-shooter. ana some had a
pair of thenm. and they were inistru't
ed, in tihe event of a .stampede to rile
alongslde these leaders, on the side
opposite te the direction in whit-h it
was d'esired to turn them. and to :ire
in the aro!:nd near their hioofs. in or
der to a rnm them fro~m their course.
''.J us; oefore miidnight we heard for
the tirst time a faint rumble of dis
tant thunder in the southwest. The
display of heat lightening also had in
crease'd in intensity and a slight south
westerly breeze sprang up. The hoarse
mntteringrs of thunder became louder
ana"' more NNem ne ew ui
orderd to get inlt our saddles a nid be
re!d or a StLam1,pede, whc in all
pr t~ lity 'would imIediately follow
theC !irst severe peal of thunlder.
"Th bree had now perceptible
fre.hned 'id we could hear the roar
of ra i apidly appronching. The
teers all about us .1ere tetting on
teir feet aind uneaIily; mOVin abOLIt.
The suspenise was beconing painiful.
uddenly a1 blindin;: :lZiaSh lit ip the
eire s. .e , almostiinstantl dfollowed
hv a crai of thunder,; which rmn
iieai directly overhald and slowly died
awa. U' (?r(ps of rain came 'lown
nd1 pres1ly 'it fell in torrents. 1 iler
and thcre througu th lie big bunch
Sof cattle could ite heardI a1 "i-erce bel!
)ow, ending in a vicious snort.
't as t The expe Cted! ha ppened
\when a blnding !liash. ocen i'ied simul
i T:ineously witih a report hke1a.' a cannon. i
A movemient amn 11 a num1e: (1 steers
on the edire of the herd h Iiu An
tither lash of lightenin sow ed fortv
or ifty leaders runnin g at full speed
westwnrd. followed by the entire
h;erd. It was a magniticent spectacle.
T1he ilashes of lighltningwr ams
n a the were alnio .
steers could he plainly s(sn as thev
madh- tore a:eross the prairie. ther
nead. ! vedti. t nguC's protruding
and tht iails nearly erect and sway
ing from side to side. and the ear th
trembling beneatli their tread.
'A1 the first break of t he leadrs
every man had put spurs to his horse
and with drawn revolver was in pur
suit of the rlying column. As we siow
ly gained upon thei we drew closer
to their sides. and the first man abrest
of the half dozen steers in the ext rene
lead began tiring at the ground. close
to their hoofs. The others now drew
near and a generai fusiliade coimene
ed. The leaders began to swerve to
the right or n'o'thward until the
course of the frantic aninals had been
turned almost to a right angle from
their original direction. and it looking
as if further danger from the canon
had been passed.
"But we had not included the fool
Mexican in our calculations. Instead
of com:ng with the rest of the party.
he had evidently become confused,
and had worked around on the oppo
site and wrong side of the leaders, and
the first thing we were aware of was
the crack: crack: crack: of his gun
somewhere on the other side of the
leaders. This attack on the part of
the 'greaser' counteracted all our pre
vious efforts. The steers turned ab
ruptly toward us and straight toward
the canon. We were utterly power
less to stem the tide of the maddened
brutes, and it was nothing but sheer
luck that prevented half a dozen of us
from being knocked down, horses and
all, and tramr.led to death.
"As soon as possible we got out of
the thickest of the steers and followed
them toward the canon. which we
knew must be near at hand. The
frequent flashes of lightning still con
tinued, and we could see the scanty
line of sage brush not twenty rods in
front of the swiftly moving sea of
surging steers. On they vwent with
earful momentum, a 1]ying. resistless
mass. We reined in our horses, and
before they had fully stopped the ad
vance guard of steers had gone over
the brink and disappeared. Over fol
lowed the others by hundreds, until it
seemed as if the entire herd were
doomed to destruction. Forttunately,
however, the greater bulk of the steers
seemed to scent the danger ahead and
slackened their speed, which gave
some of those, nearest to the brink of
the canon au opportunity to turn,
and the remainder of the herd dividad
a part going north and the remaaind 3r
south along the bank of the canon.
"It was an awful sight to look upon
and when I saw those steers by the
hundreds shooting over the edge of
that Death's Valley like a hue missile
fired from a cata put I was forcibly re
minded of Victor H ugto's famous word
nicture' in 'Les Miserables' of the fatal
dash of the French cavalry brigade
into the hollow road of Ohain at the
battle of Waterloo.
"In the morning we began round
ing~ up the scattered1 survivors of our
herd. and it was almost four days be
fore weC inished the work. The young
Mexican who caused all the 'vamosed'
onl thle nighlt or early morning of theC
disaster and was never heard of again.
Beore we left the vicinity of the
canon In visited ie pa where the
steers plunged over. The air was
fairly black with biunards. and when
1 leaned over the brink of the rocky
wall of the canon and looked down
upon the results of the stampede 1
c'id see a strange jumble of hoofs.
horns and carcasses, completely block
ing the narrow channel of the stream.
'A few weeks later we arrived at
our dlestiniation and .when we had
mae a careful count of the herd we
found a little more than 3.000) steers
Should oe Caught.
Last Thursday niight some miscre
ant tired fromt the roadside into the
Southern railway's eveningr train from
Charleston at a p~ at one mile South
Iof Kingville. The bullet crashed
tirou-gh a window of coiachl 1088 and
passed all the way through thle win
low on the opposite side. smashingr
bth panes of glase. It occurred at
9. 10 p. m. Mr. Erank. Wilkhinson,
who is a freight tlagman on the' South
em between Perry and Hard evlle,
was sitting with his wife by the win
dow. returning fro'm the exositson.
The bullet bairely missed~ his head: and
Ihis face was painfully lacer'ated by the
broken glass. Mr. WVilkinson w'as at
tended by a physician at Columbia
Mrs. W'ilkinsoni's ear was also slightly
cut be the glass. The coach was tilled
with people returning from the exposi
tio. a large proport in beving hadies
Iwho avere nmuchi unnerived by the mei
dent. ann as one expressed it ''awful
ly glad to see the twinkling lights of
A -:eia l from Washington last
Thurs-lt. says under the decisioni of
th suu)reme courtlin thle case of Cap
till (>te i. l~emling. secretary
I ot lhas di recteA t hat 27 exmembiers5
iif volunteer'rganizations now serving:
seuten"e s hll be releasetd from con
tinement. 'Tea of the freciedme are
not. at the Fort Leavcnwiorth penfiteni
iary and tile ot her i a re at
Alcatrase island. Cal. They. are all
OBJECT TO TUTGE SPER.
Messrs Greene and Gaynor Wi!! Re
turn to the U. S. tor Trial.
A special from Washington says
MLessrs <;seene and Gay1aor, the Amer
can fuzitives nov In prison in e'30.
of their own choice. To avoidl extradi
tion t anse'er the charge of eIlbe:A.e
ment in connetion with the case of
Capt. u. 3.. (iler and the frauds in
the Savannah harbor conl racts L ave
notitiei the Aitoriiy (; neral that
they :1re willing to retu ln to the Kni
ted States and st and trial befoire anv
. udge' f a 'nlite Mttes Cour!x
epting 1 udge Emory Speer of -eor-ia.
This astonishing statement- was
made Friday by Andrew . I- e.
one o)f the leading co unsel in I he case
of Capt. Carter. and aftrward pr(mil
nent as one of the defeiid'rs of 31essrs
Greel! and Gayzior. MrC. li~searie
at Washigon Fridy i'I 01 "ok
say that he was in ca n'ad* a lst week
and saw essrs Greene and Gaynr.r
uiid they are wiing to stalnd trial in
this country before anv other Judge
than . Je Spcir.
WOl'LD P"ENHAl's LIKE LCM~InE.
They c!ai m that they canno t get
j'ustice from him. as le is prejudiced
against th -m i to strong to b e
c me yv any ev~iCe that i.ay be
resentc(l in their be'alif. Mr. Rose
stated further that Jtudge Speer h:id
been heard to make reiark s i n the
corridor of the De Sota Iitel. at Sa
vannah. which d(iiualiry him from sit
ting in judgement in this case. Mr.
Rose did niot say that he heard Judge
Speer make those remarks. but he said
that witnesses could be produeed to
These startling statements from the
counsel of 'Messrs Greene and Gaynor
were inade without any reservation
and with no restrictions. Mr. Rose
was comrnmcnting upon the Greene and
Gaynor case in an informal way.
A LAWYER'S EX PARTE STATEIEN'T.
le was saying that the Canadians
were greatly incensed at the United
States authorities in trying to appre
hend Messrs Greene and Gaynor by
ethods not in keeping with the Cana
dian laws. le denied that there has
been any understanding of any co-op
eration between the United States
authorities and the Canadian authori
ties to bring about the extradition of
Messrs Greene and Raynor. He added
further that the Canadian authorities
refuse to extradite Messrs Greene and
Gaynor on the charge of embezzle
ment. when the original indictment
charged them with conspiracy. All
the Courts that had passed upon the
ease, from the Supreme Court of the
State of New York to the Supreme
Court of the United States. had de
cided that the indictment was for
"conspiracy." How had the Attorney
General suddenly changed the charge
to one of embezzlement, thus overrul
ing the Courts? The Government
aight as well charge them with rape or
any other crime in the catalogue.
It was whlile Mr. Rose was protest
ing that tile innuocence of Messrs
Greene and Gaynor could be establised
before any fair tribunal that tile quies
tion was asked him: "Why do they
not return to the United States and
"They have informed the Attorney
General that they are willing to re
turn and be tried by an:. other .Judge
in the United States excepting .!udge
Just how this information was con
veyed to the Attornpy General. Mr.
ose did not state. The inference is
that it was made thlrough thle legal
dvisers (If Messrs Greene an~d Gaynor.
Weddings in Brittany.
Woman is held in great honor inl
that part of the French Rtepubic and
marriages have a solemnity that thley
possess in few other places. It is dif
tiult to trace the history of tile cus
toml that gives tihe taikir such high
rank at the wedding as the Britons
cord him. Ile is the marshal for
the groom, and if lhe be gifted inl thle
art of nmaking rihymle he may b~e asked
to participate ill tile comedy of for
mally woing tile bride by reciting
stilted verses in her presence. Ile
wears a red hose on his right leg and
purple one on thle lef t when lhe makes
his journey, while from the end of his
wand are suspended twvo little em
broidered hearts. W~hen the anuptials
are celebrated bread and wvine arc
~lessed and exchanged with the groom
by the bride's parents. Thie wedding
:olows immediately and tile 1bride
barricades heCr house preparatory to
receiving the groom. Tile lover ar-:
rives. accompanied by bagpipers. who1
play in fronlt (If the house wile the
mock parley continues. lie makes
formal demand for is wife anld her
relatives bring forward her grand
mother ori some other agedl person.
Meantime the smlell (If the viands
wich are being prepared for-the feast
foats on the air. Of course, tile agedi
womanl is politely set aside. P'erhaps
a baby may be tile nlext response to
his importunity. lHe must not lose
his temper or insult tile onle ,who pre
sents tile infant, hut wvithI rather ex
aggerated praise hle returns the child.
A widow and a married woman are
~erhaps the next to be offered, and it
is t until he hais refused them all
that tile brnide is broughlt ont. dressed
and ready for the ceremony.
Panic at Fort IDe Franlce.
A special from Fort De F rance says:
People live in thle utmost dread frioml
hour toi hour. and it needs but tihe
beginning (If a violent demonstration
Mot Pelee, to throw\ the peoiple im
t another panic. That this is recog
iized on every haind is show byi h the
secret (departure of tihe cruiser' Cincin
nati Friday nighlt wvithout a wordl 0f
warninrg. and hecr inteitbin wvas known
ti olyV very few. 5!e slipjped hr
cables and sailed for New Yo rk. Th
cautalin did tis to save hecr. fir. any
hour mig~ht have seen an overwaelm
in rush ofi peoiple to thle shilp.
iitn.e is the feeling growing that
tile criliser carried the govern ment
geolgt. 1I11i. away. i'eleet is smo1(k
mig and growling and imutteruig as if
gathering strength for all eruption
more trmenonus than ever before.
Decides on a Man to Appoint to the
IN THE COURT OF CLAIMS.
MIc auri :t Sem to Oi- the Winnlher
:,;%d i.- Supported by Political
Opponients. THIlman Won'r
Tie special corre sponni ot of the
CouiNa State fro:n Washington says
President Iloosevelt Thursday an
ninced that he had determined on a
in ior Iine vacamt jiigtShij) in the
oieL .;f climils. Senator MeLaurtin is
generalhy euarlded as the winner of
this juicy plum and his nomination
a be, sent to t!w ' sena e any day.
La rin's resignlation froi the sen
ate will pirohably follow very Shortly
the announcement of his appoint~meIIt.
Te ireds a passibilit that he will then
t:u:e occasion to review his enlreer
in the s--nate and his reason for re
signing. The vot e on the Philippine
&ver inmeni hiii having been been set
for next Tuesday. Senator Mc Lau rin
will hardlv resign from the senate be
fore casting his vote in support of that
measure. theeby comning to the aid of
the administration that has shown him
so many favors.
Shortly after the death of Judgei
Dav!s there was a great scrambling
among a number of senators to carry I
ol' the prize for some one of their con
.t ituents. Senators Scott and llkins.
of West Virginia. have been at the
White House a number of times to
urge the name of Former Gov. Atkin
son. Senator Platt of New York pre
sented the claims of Representative
Alexander of Buffalo, a personal fricnd
of his and in every may acapable man
for the place.- In order to "cinch"
matters for his candidate, it is said
that Senator Platt introduced some:
New York politics into the game. At
any rate President Roosevelt had de
cided in favor of "Boss" Platt's candi
date and Col. Alexander was receiving
the congratulations of his more in
timate friends when the preident's at
tention was called to the fact that
New York already had a man on the
court of claims bench. The prsident
therefore realized that partiality
would be charged if Col. Alexander,
another New Yorker. were appointed.
and he explained to Senator Platt that
he would have to recall his decision.
This left still a nun:ber of candidates t
in the field and ex-Gov. Atkinson ap
parently in the lead.
In the last few (lays though the list
of possibilities dwindled down to one
the junior senator from South Caro
lina. President Roosevelt's friendship
and regard for the senator are known.
and furthermnre he would be but car
rying out the wishes of President Mc
inlev in providing a comfortable
berth for Senator McLaurin. A judge
hip on. the court of cialms carries a.
alary of $4,300 and a lire tentre. Its
ocial ad vantages make the oti':e much
It has been suggested in case the
enator were nominated for the ottie.
that his colleague would endeavor to
prevent his confirmation by the sen
te. Friends of Senator Tilhinan de
lare that the suggestion is purely a
ratuitous one and that in the:r
pinion he would do nothing of the
kind, either directly or indirect y
through some of his friends in the sen
te. Because for personal reasons the
enator has seen lit to hold up certa n
federal appointments made in South
arolina at the instance of Senator
IeLaurin. is. they argue, no Indlica
ion that he would do the same by h is
olleague's appointment. The reasons
for which Senator Tillman has bern
eeping McLaurin appointees pn tie
'anxious bench" are not, it is thought
uch as would cause him to hold .ip
McLaurini's appointment to an ottee
that is entirely remote from South
In this connec'tion. it is known that.
number of personal friends of Sena
tr Mcbaurin in the senate, anmng
the Democrats. hav'e been exerting~
strong influence to have the senator
ppointed to the court of claims. The
Democratic senators who have been
docating Senator McLaurin for the
otice happen to be among his nmost
pronounced opponents on certain po
itical issues and are supporting him
ntirely hecause of their strong per
oal friendshipa for him.
lBnt what is of more vital interest in '
outh Carolina cireles is not the ap
ointment of the senator so much as
he consequences. It is believed that
Senator McLaurin will accept the
ugship. His senatorial termi ex
ires next March and as he is out of
he race for re-election there is r'eally
'erv little that he could ac--omplish be- I
twen no w a nd the end of his term.
Ji h is~ tenderedn the app' intment and
cptsa he ni f coarse resign his
it in tihe senaute. And t hen what?
It w.ill be, up to Gov. .\ceweeney. Ni
ne has sues~ited that the go'vernor'
vil 11ow anv reluctalnce this time
1bout '---lpt'ing reCsigna~tions from
eni1t 'rs Noi' could he v'ery well de
linre to ii arit a successor to till out
tle unexp id term of Senator McLau-I
rini as there w 1 be any numiber o1 im
portamt questiins comng up ne'xt Dec
eber whe:n congr'ess convenes.
Friends if the governor declarec t ha tI
he will meet thle issue and d eal with lilt
irmly wheu he is ollicially ititroduced
to it. lint furtner' than~ this they will
not discuss his possible course. The.
report that the G over'nor' is himself
hab' ring seniatorial aspi rations com-l
plicates the possible situation very'
greatly. Theli question Palmetto poli
ticians here ar'e tryving to decide is
'' Whlm wvill the governor appointy"
Buirglars Make a Raid.
The safe of the reasur'er of H ardi
cute. at Koiuntze Texas, was blown i
open bl y urg lars Frlidayv night and all
the co unty money stilen. The exact
anount is no t kownvi. T[he buglar
and cit izenis hadi a battle at Silsbee.
ten mnils cast at daylight. One bur
lar was wounded b.ut all escaped into
a big t hit'ket. The sheritf of this
county. wVithi bloodhounitds. left for the
scne on an early moui'ning train. I
MEAT FAMINE EXPECTED.
Restaurants are Hard Pressed and
Trouble is Expected.
Chicago began to realize Friday
tirit a Meat famine was imminent.
Itutchers who have hought of the
packers Iighting the striking stock
vards teamsters lost their ice supply.
Resurants were in straights to pro
cure choice meats. The commodity
rose li pri'e and many shops shut
down in different parts of the city.
ilidav erowds blocke wagons anrd
chased tihe strikers. Albert Young
of the teamsters national unlion
declared that the strike was backed
by union labor and would win if it
t~ok fi ye years.
Dutcbers have pract.cally abandon
ed thc hauling of meat from the
yards. All passes issued by the
strikers have been ailled in and all
meat that goes out in cars is rollowed
and t raced. Except for the few
wagon; that leave the yards "under
heavy poilice protection early in the
day. no meat is being hauled out.
\Monday night a joint council of the
local tealmsiers union will be held to
determine whether all the union re
tail shop hutchers are to he called up
on t. stand by the teamsters and re
use to handle the mneats of "unfair"
At the leading hotels and restai
rants it was stated today that the sup
:lies would last three days longer. If
he strike is not settlcd by that time
the imnanagers do not know what they
will do. It might be possible to
et meat if they had only to dreal with
he packers' teamsters' hut the
taunch svmpatheti' s!nd of the Ie
men and coal teamsters leaves the
resauranteurs completely in the
abands of the strikers.
Irwin Bros. have equipped their
rivers with revolvers ;ind it j owing
o thi faut that a load oi beef was
Robert Ailing was taking ice to the
. M. C. A, building when three men
valaid his team. One of them seized
:he lines and the other tried to pull
,lling from his seat. The driver drew
revolver and a threat to shoot the
nan at the horses' heads released the
nimals. The driver then turned his
tttention to the men on the wagon.
vho also tied when he pointed the
evolver at them threatening to kill
hem if they did not get down.
After reaching the Y. M. C. A.
uilding the Irwin rosl and the
4arrison street police station were in
irmed by phone of the attack. Sev
ral policemen were hurried to the
cene, but they could not find any
race of the assailants.
Every. packing hoigse in the west
elongingto the "Big Six" is to be at
acked -by the Teamsters' union on
Joonday If the local companies do not
ecede from their position and sign
The 9fe Aup'in Chicago. which is de
lared complete, is to be carried to
)mala, Xansas City, St. Joseph and
t. Louis and the teamsters, whose
ational headquarters are in Chicago,
ave received assurance from their
ocals at those points that all the men
vill obey the summons and go out.
[his move will be natioual in its of
The decision to make the call was
eached today by the executive coun
1 of the National Teamsters' union
nd came after a conference with
~ouis F. Swift of Swift'.& Company,
.nd Edward Morris of Nelson Morris
Company, both of whom refused
yen to discuss the terms of the agree
nent the teamsters wished signed.
[he attitude of ten packers' repre
entatives took away the last hope of.
Ln immediate cettlement of the strike.
?OR RAILROAD 00MNTSSIONER.I
an.idacy of Hion. Jno. G. Wolling
Endorsed by Many Citizens of'
~airield News end Herald of May 7,
Editor News and Ilerald: The ottice
'f railroad commissioner is one of
:reat responsibility and it is highly
mportant that it be tilled with the
ight man. A railroad commissioner
hold- be possessed of' a broad and
iberal mind, trained in business
:rooves, whetted and sharpened by
riction with every-day business trans
ectiMns. Ie should be a man of sutli
ient moral courage to enforce his views
n toe interest of public safety as well
.s public welfare, and at the same
ime not jgnore the just interests of
ailroad corpc rations. Hie should have
lad a measure of-suecess in the con
lct of his own business before enter
g on the heavy duties connected
ith this oflire. .t man who meets
11 these requirements is lion. .Jno.
L Wolling, whose candidacy for rail
(lad commissioner we most heartily
ndors. Mr. Welling is now in the
>rmre of life, ile is one of the coun
vs largest and most successful farmn
vs. ie~ is a public-spirited man. as
s shown by his great interest in the
chool of his community, the sessin
f which has often. been extended by
is contributions, ie is deservedly
opular in his own community. having
eceived 1411 out of 150 votes cast. at
is home box in 1900. Ie is also
-ry popular in the county, having
w~ice headed the ticket for the house
I representatives. Then. too, Mr.
Ydling has had seven years experi
ne in practical railroading. having
een a machinist by tradle. serving in
he capacity of a locomotive engineer.
in asking you to support him, we
ccl sure that wherever he may be he
vill be found to be a man of the high
st type of Christian character, whose
-eputation is unsullied. whose ability
s unquestioned. and whose peculiar
itness for the (jtlice he seeks is recog
-ized by many. many citizens of F~air
Mr. Wolling, speaking of his candi
lacy, said: "If elected I will give
The otice my entire time, the benefit
f 25 xears' practical, successful buisi
iess c'xperiece,'C and in this way give
:he people of the State that service
he are~ entitled to expect from a rail
'oi 20omisioner. I also pledge my
lf to usc every elfort in my power to
eire juist andl equitable treatmnent of
il inm-tet inoried---The State.
WHAT OTHERS SAY OF HIM.
Comments on the Candidacy of' Dr.
W. H. Timmerman, of Batesburg,
S. C.. for Governor.
1romi the Lexington I)ispatch: I)r.
V. II. Timnerinan, the most promi
nent Candidaie for Governor before
the people Loday, was in town Mon
The doctor is hale and hearty and is
fully identied with the people of Lex
ington among whom het has cast his
(,t for weal or woe. lie is doing a
go(,d parr ip the developmenv. of Lex
ington by 1 he investment (if his bra!ng.
energy and capital and Lex!ngtov ap
prec'iates his etTorts.
The Batesburg Advacate says of the
above. The Dispatch is exactly right
in the above case. There is not . man
living in South Carolina who would
add more honor and reflect, greater
(redit to the 8tzte than Pr; W. TI.
Timnierman. In every department
of life, he has acted his part well, and
stands before the people of th State.
as the2 noble Iuman whose best
thought and time has been given t-)
his pople. If there are those who
doubt the fact of Dr. Timmerman be
ing a formidable candidate, they had
better chapge their way of. thinking.
ije has friends in every section, who
are among t'he learlicg jpeople in in!!u
enc,, Weare bl."iking on Dr. Tim
merman as our next Governor.
From another: Ioth of the above
papers are right when they say that
Dr. Timmerman is an upright, clean,
able and pure man. le would reflect
the Idighecst cred it upon the state as its
chief Exeutive ounhimself and upon
his pait life. W\e know and have
heard nothing in his life which can be
urged against him and there is much
that is honorable and creditable. We
would be saitisfied if he were elected.
From the Edgefield Advertiser; W.
I L Timm rman, President of the First
National lank (if 11atesburg was in
Edgetield Monday, attending the An
nual Meeting of the Stocliholders of
the Farmers Bank. Though Dr. Tim
merman has moved beyond the confin
es of Edgefleld County, she is proud of
his clean public and official record.
Dr. Timmerman is an avowed candi
date for Gubernatorial honors.
From the Edgetield Chronicle: An
old and honored friend, the Hon. W.
H. Timmerman of latesburg has virt
ually announced himself as a candi
date for Governor of South Carolina.
Edgefield loves him well, and wel
comes him cordially into the field.
Edgetield has every cause to love and
honor W. 11. Timmerman. He has
served well and wisely in many public
positions with' clean hands and patri
otic heart, And as he has served
Edgeileld, so he has served South Car
From the Edgefield Monitor: Dr.
Timmerman has announced his inten
tion to be a candidate for Governor in
the primary this year., Dr Timmerman
is well known in this State as a cul
tured, refined and able man; not only
this, he has a reputation as being one
of the safest and best business men
and financiers in the State. He has a
record of many years of public service
which is clean and without stain-up
ight, honest and fearless. He will no
oubt make a close race.
From the Bamberg Times: :The
Baesburg Advocate announces, Dr.
W. H. Timmerman of that place who
was formerly Lieutenant Governor
nd late State Treasurer, has entered
he race for Governor and that he will
e in to the finish. Dr. 'Timmerman
s a good man and no doubt will re
eive a large vote.
From a Correspondent of the Flor
mee Times: We have just reviewed
he record of eminent services ren
ered his County and State in various
esponsible positions by Dr. Timmer
an, our former State Treasuer. We
re not surprised to hear calls for him
o the Governor's chair. Fully quali
ied by intelligence and experience,
fathful and efticient as his services
ave pi'oved, with a character above
uspicion and reproach, why should he
nt be called to this high otfice, and
till it in -that high-toned, dignified
anner that characterizes him and
fits him for the Omeie of Chief Magis
The Enerprise: Among all the
ublic men of South Carolina, we
know of none who have more of the
terling qualities that go to make up
eal character in a vigorous manhood
han can be found in Dr. W. H. Tim
erman, former State Treasurer.
You may tind better orators, better
ooking men and may be more pro
ound scholars, but none with more
'haracter If character is to be meas
ned by the injunction, " Do unto
thers as you would have others do
Killed by Mad Elephant.
"Tops." a female elephant of the
Forepaugh & Sells circus, killed a
an at the si- ow grounds of the cir
cus in Brmooklyn N. V. Thursday. The
victim was Jtoseph Blount of Fort
Wayne. Ind. lie went to the ele
hant's enclosure, where the animals
ere waiting for their breakfast, and
each stuck out his trunk to ''shake
hnds" as Blount passed down in front
f them. it being the custom of the
trainers to salute each elephant with
gentle tap. Blount had a beer' glass
n his hand and when lhe approached
Tps" he shoved it at her instead of'
giving the usual greeting. This act
seemed to offend the great beast. In
n instant she had seized the main
with her trunk. and after hurling
him violently to the ground, knelt on
him and crushed him to death.
Keepers came to the rescue too late.
They drove "Tops" back and re
moved the body.
Story or'a Rooster.
A wealthy woman named Silva re
etly dieci at Lisbon and left 1her
entire property to a "rooster." She
wvas a fervid spiritualist, a believer in
the transmigzration of souls, and im
agined that the soul of her dead hus
band had entered the "rooster." She
caused a special fowl house to be built
and ordered her servants to pay extra
attention to their "master's" wants.
T'he disgust of her relatives over the
will caused the story to become public
and a law-suit might have followed
had not one of the heirs adopted the
simple expedient of having the wealthy
"rooster" killed, thus becoming him
sel tem next of kin.
THE CAMPAIGN SCHEDULE.
Candidates for the Senate and State
Officers Each Have a Day.
After a very full consideration of all
matters relating in any way to the
matter of tne arrangement of the two
series of campaign meetings to be held
throughout the State this summer,
giving due consideration to the tobac
co harvest time. the covenience of
candidates, the saving of mileage to
the travelers, the sub-committee of
the State Democratie executive com
mittee, .tor a session continuing for
several hours Monday night adopted
the campaign schedules for the two
campaigns-the one for the party of
senatorial and congressional candi
dates and the other for the ptrty of
candidates for State o*lices. Tie two
schedules are ag fullows.
1. Columbia, Tuesday, June 17.
2. Camden. Wednesday, June 18.
3. Chestetield. Friday, June 20.
4. Bennettsville. Monday, June 23.
5. Bishopville. Tuesday, June 24.
G. D)arlington, Wednesday, June 25.
7. Florence. Thursday, June 26.
8. Marion, Iriday, June 27.
9. Conway, Monday. June 30.
10. Georgetown, Wednesday, July 2.
11. Kingstree. Friday, July 4.
12' Monck's Corner, Monday, July 7.
13. Manning, Tuesday, July 8.
14. Sumter, Wednesday,'July 9.
15. Orangeburg, Thursday, July 10.
16. Bamberg, Friday, July 11
17. George's, Saturday, July 12. ]
18. Charleston; Tuesday, July 15.
19. Walterboro, Wednesday, July
20. Beaufort, Friday, July 18.
21. Hampton, Saturday. July 19.
22. Baruwell, Tuesday, July 22.
23. Aiken, Wednesday, July 23.
24. Edgefield, Thursday, July 24. 1
25. Saluda. Saturday, July 26.
26. Lexington, Monday, July 28.
27. Newberry, Tuesday, July 29.
28. Laurens, Thursday, July 31.
29. Greenville, Friday, August 1.
30. Pickens, Saturday, August 2.
31. Walhalla, Monday, August 4.
32. Anderson, Tuesday, August 5.
33. Abbeville, Friday, August 8.
34. Greenwood, Saturday, August
35. Union, Tuesday August 12.
36. Spartanburg, Wednesday Aug. 1
37. Gaffney, Thurday, August 14.
38. Yorkville, Saturday, August 16.
39. Lancaster, Tuesday, August 19.
40. Chester, Wednesday, August 20. c
41. Winnsboro, Thursday, August 1
1-Sumter, Tuesday, June 17.
2-Orangeburg, Wednesday, June
3-Bamberg, Thursday, June 19.
4-Georges, Friday, June 29.%
5-Charleston, Saturday, June 21.
6-Walterboro, Monday, June 23.
7-Beaufort, Wednesday, June 25.
8-Hampton, Thursday, June 26.
9-Barowell, Saturday, June 28.
10-Aiken, Tuesday, July 1.
1i-Edgefield, Wednesday, July 2.
12-Saluda, Friday, July 4.
13-Lexington, Saturday, July 5.
14-Newberry, Tuesday July 8.
15-Greenwood, Wednesday, July 9.
16-Abbeville, Thurday July 10.
17-Anderson, Friday, July 11.
18-Walhalla, Monday. July 14.
19-Pickens, Wednesday, July, 16.
20-Greenville, Thursday, July 17.
21-Laurens, Friday, July 18.
22-Union, Monday, July 21.
23-Spartanburg. Tuesday, July 22.
24-Gaffney, Wednesday, July 23.
25-Yorkville, Friday, July 25.
26--Chester, Saturday, July 26.
27-Winnsboro, Tuesday, July 29.
28--Lancaster, Wednesday, July 30.
29--Camden, Thursday, July 31. t
30-Chesterfield, Saturday, Aug. 2.t
31--Bennettsville, Tuesday, Aug. 5.t
32--Bishopville, Wednesday, Aug. 6
33--Darlirigton, Thursday, Aug. 7.
34-Florence, Friday, Aug. 8.
35--Marion, Saturday, Aug. 9.
36-Conway, Tuesday, Aug. 12.
37--Georgetown, Thursday, Aug. 14.
38 -Kingstree, Saturday, Aug. 16. 1
39-Monck's Corner, Tuesday, Aug.
40-Manning, Wednesday, Aug. 20.
41-Columbia, Thursday, Aug. 21.
A Bloody Duel.
T wo colored men fought a duel to
the death with knives Saturday night
at Twenty-second and Dearborn Sts.,t
Chicago. As they slashed and plungedt
the weapons into each other's bodies a
crowd of more than fifty people formed
a circle around them and cheered the
cmbatants when one or the other
drove the knife to the hilt. After ten
minutes' fierce lighting Alexander(
Shirley staggered and fell with hi's ad-t
versary's weapon sticking in his b~dy.
The long blade had pierced his heart.
I~e was dead when the police arrived.
His slayer, Chas. Thomas, was bleed
ing from several wounds. Shirley1
came to Chicago recently from Mis-'
sissippi. lie met Thomas last Mon
day and having known him in the
soth, tried to borrow money from
him. Thomas refused to give assist
ance and they quarrelled.
Defied the Order.1
When William E. Chandler was
Secretary of the Navy, he" issued an
order forbidding the wives of officers
to reside at the foreign stations to
which their husbands were attached.
The order was promptly rescinded on
the receipt of the following report
from Commander lFyffe. in command
of the Asiatic Squadron: "I1t becomes
my painful duty to report that my
wife. Elizta Fyffe, has, in disobedience
to my orders. and in the face of regula
tions of the department, taken up her
residence on the station, and persis
tently refuses to leave."
Summer Resort Folder. ;1
Much'valuable information; mailed
free to any address upon application
to agents Southern Railway. WV. H1.
Tayloe. assistant general passenger
agent, Atlanta, Ga.: R. W. Hunt,
di vison passenger agent Charleston,
S. C.;. J. C. Beaam, district passenger
agent. A tlanta, Ga..
A distinct earthquake shock was
felt in Greenville early Friday morn
ing. Tne tremor was accompanied
by a low rumbling sound, continuing
or sevral seconds.
THEY LOVE CUFFIE.
Negro Dear to the Northern Heart
WHEN HE STAYS AT THE SOUTH.
People of the Northwest Kick at the
Prospect or a Negro Regiment
Being Quartered in
Fort Snelling is in army post in
Minnesota. about eduidistant between
the cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis
and only a few miles from either. In
deed, the government reservation is
regarded as a suburb of each city, and
it has lately grown to be something of
a resort for the people of both. Some
few years ago the Twenty-fifth United
States infantry was stationed at Fort
Sneliing. Subsequently it was trans
ferred to another station. Now the
war department has determined to as
sign it to its former abiding place, in
view of which fact-St. Paul and Min
neapolis are vigorously protesting to
The reason for the protest is to be
found in the color of the soldiers of
the Twenty-fifth Inf.ay. They are
negroes. It is a ted by a news
paper representing the protestators
that the regiment is "one of the bra
vest as well as one of the best disci
plined in the service." But that does
niot suffice. The soldiers are negroes;
therefore the people of St. Paul and
Vinneapolis do no not desire them in
heir neigbdorhood. The -St. Paul
"Its (the regiment's) cdntinued stay
1ere in the past did not meet with ap
roval. Its advent in these cities will
iot be welcome. Fort Snelling is in
t great measure a popular resort. It
s unfortunately true that its desira
ility in this regard will be materially
essened by the presence' there of a
The paper goes on -to say that no
yody asked that the regiment be sent
here. and that there is neither social
ior business advantage to be derived
rom the presence of the black troops.
This is a candid statement. It
,ives the real reason why the Twenty
ifth infantry is not wanted at Fort
;nelling. But it appears that this is
iot the chief reason that is being
irged upon the war department to in
luce it to change its mind respecting
he assignment of the regiment. The
xgument that is brought to bear, is
hat the winter climate in Minnesota
s cold-too cold for colored men.
Chat is a thin subtifuge, and one that
ill not mislead anybody.
In this matter, by the way, we hae
mother illustration of how our north-.
,rn and western friends, who view,.
with complacency and approval the
illing of southern offices with col
red men, kick and fret ,when it is
roposed to quarter a few colored sol
liers among them.
WU TING FANG.
Put to Flight by a Georgia Lunatic
Who Yanks His Queue.
Minister Wu Ting Fang delivered
she commencement oration Thursday
o the graduating class of the Georgia
During the course of his speech ab
dilledgeville Thursday Minister Wn
iaid that all efforts made by Ameri
ans and other foreigners to guess the
:ause of the absolute loyalty and devo
,ion of the Chinese subjects in time of
rouble had been futile. He explained
hat it was due to. college training,
md was one of the five relations in
3red in Chinese children, viz.; to honor
ather and mother in life and after
leath; to preserve under all conditions
levotion to the sovereign power; to
espect age; to hallow the relation be
:ween husband and wife and also that
etween friend and friend. He said
1o Chinese merchant had ever de
rauded a man out of a pern'y in busi
1ess transactions, and no parent's will
ad ever been attacked in China. He'
~ays China does not have to be gov
~rned by the sword, because the princi
>es of loyalty and devotion are too
~horoughly instilled in the youth of
he land, and that this is due to col
ege training as well as to other causes.
He said the chief difference between
ollege education in America and in
hina is that her primary importance
s given to the mental training, and in
hina moral improvement is made of
Thursday afternoon at the State in
ane asylum an inmate suddenly be
:ame seized with a mania and caught.
dinister Wu by the queue which was
anging down his back. It was jerked '
Lnd pulled with great* force, causing
~xcruciating agony. The minister
truggled wildly, and when he was
reed from the crazy man's grasp he
ed from the buildings and got in -a
~arriage, demanding that he be driven
>ack to the city at once. He was
>vertaken by friends and his nerves
The South's Resource ..
Walter H. Page, editor -of - the
Worlds Work and a nati-ve- of North.
:arolina. says the potential wealth of
:he South is in the hands and minds
>f its people. The neglected wvhite
hild ren of our Southern State--partic
iarly in rural communities-are as
apable as the children of our race in
my part of the world, he says. They
ill not contribuite their share to the
ndustrial and intellectual and sociai
ealth of the nation, unless they are
rained. We hear much about South
arn natural resources and. Southern
.ndustrial developement, which is
aking long strides; but there is more
pot ential wealth in the urftrained
hands and minds of the forgotten
masses than in all of our other re
sources combined. This is true, and
we desire to impress it upon our peo
pe. Education is the greatest factor
in the world today, and the boy or girl
who fails to get his or her share will
be badly haiidicuffed in the race of
life. ~Parents remember this, and give
your boys and girls the very best
euatidonal advantaes possible.