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YO_ :-I. ANNING, S. C, WEI)N:SI)AY JU
l0l NTE!U ON sTUE1:( 'N.
County (Chairman Iainisford. forei
bly. gracefully, with no reference t(
fruit cilture. made appropriate re
marks. stated his platform and-an
nounced as tirst speaker Ol. Gunter
candidate for the ottice rg attorney
general. Col. Gunter paid tribute
hrieily to the historic record of Edge
neld county. mole briefly referred to
his record. then used his 10 minutes
to the discussion of some issues con
cerning his candidacy. All otlicial
acts are fair subjects for criticism.
Mr. Stevenson was not in proper atti
rude to ask your suffrage. As usual
he presented his position strongly.
This is a speciality in detining the
. rmer "corporatlun attorney's record
of his opponent. No man can serve
two masters. Ile repeated his charge:
concerning the Newberry incident ir
detail: explanation made by. N ewberr
bar not natcrially changin1g the facts.
lRenewed charges of 3Mr. Stevenson
appearing as speaker of huase, before
wa' s and means comnmittee. Ile way
clhisely heard by a crowded court house
with some hurrahs for Gunter.
STEVENSON READS VINDiCATION.
The Ion. W. F. Stevenson cam<
next and would waste no words in com
plimeuting a great ' untry: great
enough to stand alone. At once 1:.
began his reply to Mr. Gunter's speci
tic charges. Will prove his ritness foi
ottice out of his opponent's mouth
The issue is between Mr. Gunter anc
the ways and means committee-not
with him. Ile read a statement fron:
committee, explaining that he (ir
Stevenson) was sent for to appear be
fore them. "Charges unjust to com
mittee and to Mr. Stevenson" -so saic
letter. (Cheers and applause.) Any
charge relating to this is untrne: m
mani can establish it nor assert it to
my face. Newberry bar's act'on suit:
me. Issue now between them and
le has defied me to attack his re
cord. He forgets he was paid assis
taut attorney general last winter.
What did he do? Appeared before
committee on claims urging payment
of claims, as an individual attorney
advocating payment of claims against
the State of South Carolina.
Interrupted by MIr. Gunter. saying
they were elections.
I am not running my campaign at
expense of State of South Carolina.
Time up, called down, having had en
After the somewhat strong debate,
Mr. Stevenson having been warmly re
ceived, the tree was more gently han
dled. Candidates for office of secretary
of state were the instructions now,
Mr. Gantt leading, his good speech
being will received.
Col. J. Harvey Wilson came nex1
and his firm speech warmed up hip
Edgefield hearers. Ile was interrupt
ed with cheers and applause, whici
were vehemently renewed at its close.
Col. J. Thomas Austin came. briefl3
and with dignity, presenting hi:
claims and was well received.
31R. 3IARTIN ILLUSTRATES.
The letter of Treasurer Jennings
who has his plum and "gone on," wa!
now read, after which candidates for
the otlice of Superintendent of Educa
tion spoke. Mr. Martin leading ant
finding a very responsive audience
Mr. Martin made his speech, thougi
Ihot wreather had made his opponen1
warm up and discussed issues. Chan
ing books and the election of CountV
superintendents. His speech and hil
illustrations pleased the crowd and h<
closed, having been well listened to
ending with applause.
Supt. J. J. McMahan spoke next
wth brief reference to necessity 03
having a clown along to give us men.
tal rest. We need clear headed, cour
ageous purpose-not jokes. Mr. Mc
Mahan then gave his closely listenint
hearers some facts well worth con.
sideration. Then recorded his par
pose and his work, independently- anm
resolutely defending his position.
taken solelv.for advancement of need:
of the ottice which he held. Mr. Mc
Mahan had time only for a brie
statement regarding his limited rc
spnsiility for issues charged by hi:
opponent. Mr. McMahan was earn
esl itned to and closed witi
Again the plum tree was more gentl:
shaken as candidates for the ottice c
comptroller general sought-four c
them-to reach only one plum. Sena
tor Sharpe spoke first, followed b:
Messrs. Walker. Itrooker and .Jones
Edgetie-ld greeting to all, Senato
No ladders were placed for plun
harvesting when candidates for oflict
of adjutant general came forward
These candidate fired clear,. straigh
rifle shot at the plum on their side c
the tree. Col. Boyd spoke first. fol
lowed by Messrs. Frost and Patrick
candidacy of Messrs. Rouse and Aye:
being again announced in their al.
Mayor Asbill of Johnston sent a
urgent invitation to addi-ess the cit
zeus of that section on Thursday, a
ott day, very much needed for rest
especially when there are thorny plur
trees to elimb.
THlE TEN TO ONE sHoT.
Ther-e is a jui-y, patent-expansiO
plum. automatically reappearing at
Inually for six years. Teln engineer
ran against the tree on a straigh
track >eeking this pltim when cand
dates for- the otlice of railroad commi:
sioner appeared. " Canskcr of Tirzah
soke first. charging every opponer
with having bee~n bought. by fre
psss used or. legislative trips t
Charxleftn. M1essrs. C a ui g h m ar
Eans Jonnson, Kinard, Wollin1
W ilborn and Mobley spoke. Messr:
Prince and~c Berry- were absent.
- ITE CHoleEST FRUIT.
\t the very tip top of this plui
tree there is a plum of dignit y an
honor. a revolving; light house var-iet:
~eng dazzling at times and totally il
.isble at others. iljis guber-natori;
plm as more than glanced at I
aspiants today. Candidate Ans
irt gave a lesson on fruit har-vestim
amd preservationi. Diinner h our- ha
inne1d 'lut the pupii and voter
but these h:l assembled again. M
Ane was~ tile hirst speaker. After
ok at ibe pluu:n tre-, lie paid tiibu
o women. lie was proud of Sout
(amlina. lie delivered his messag
-~tol his record: stated his platfor
and was closely heard. ie lookedi
the reaain, told of Br-other Ct-a
E tTEFIE LI) M EETi N.
Tillman and Talbert Factions Test
THE LADIES WITiDRAW.
Till marn Shouter Drowtni 1 he : '. e
oti' Talbe rt andl Tallwrt's F-ac
tion pre-e: Tiluun
The State of last Wednesday says
the campaigners have left the
State of South Carolina as it were.
and are now in "tie State of Edge
tield." They are likewise nlnger
"on the fence"-if sensitive ones will
pardon this expression, which only
means that they- are now on "The
Ridge." This is a famous fruit and
peach ridge, the fame of which has
spread far beyond the borlers of the
State. as has the patriotic and so'0u
times startling record contribuuted to
the universe in general by historic old
Edgefield. The candidates are not
seeking peaches on this peach ridge
they are earnestly seeking that other
juicy and delicious fruit for which this
centre-this vineyard-this orchard
is equally famous-"political plums.
The tree this season has only about
ten plums-even the fertile soil of old
Edgetield can do no more.
Plum seekers and plum dispensers
gathered in the old court house here
the scene of much Edgetield history
at 11 o'clock to hear discussions on
fruit harvesting, with especial ref
erence to securing plums. Promptly'
at 11 o'clock County Chairmau Rains
ford called the meeting to order, ap
propriate prayer being made by the
Rev. G. W. Davis. Ice water and
fans were among numerous evidences
of the thoughtful reception extended
Some of Col. Talbert's friends met
him at the station and made pleasant
cries for their particular favorite.
Liberal cheers in the audience at the
mention of John C. Sheppard's name.
Mention of old soldiers was always a
signal for cheers. Plums were eagerly
sought-sume of the brethren "shin
nying around" at a lively rate: others
placing a patent-extension step ladder
at the foot of the tree-a tree which
stretched in the wrong direction
even as fast as grew the tree of Jack
the Giant Killer.
County Chairman Thomas H1. Rain.
ford, with 3Messrs. J. S. Sheppard, N.
G. E. ans, W. W. Adams, J. T. Ba
con, ;. P. Ouzts, F. W. P. Butler and
several others, met the party at the
station and gave them another gener
ous Edgetield specimen of South Caro
lina hospitality. The court house
was full when the meeting began,
many Edgetleld's famous beauties be
ing present. The listeners heard with
that interest always shown on this
subject by an Edgetield audience.
THE GEORGIA THING LOOSE.
It was expected- by knowing ones
that this Edgetield meeting would not.
except in its reflex action, be a solemn
occasion. In genuine Edgetild spirit.
long conifined and non-riven assunder,
it surpassed, so the old campaigners
.afirm, anything ever seen even in
South Carolina. This was occasioned
by the mouthy and most vociferous
tempest war of mouths and of noise
between the rival factions of Talbert
and Tillman. For exactly 43 minu
tes after Col. Tillman was introduced,
this howling and yelling was so per
sistently maintained as to effectually
stop even attempts at speaking. MIany
times when the roar of howling voices
were at the utmost extreme of frenzied
shrieking it was perfectly patent that
what was once popularly su pposed to
have "broke loose in Georgia' had
-permanently established headquarters
in Edgeiield court house, South Caro
lina. The yelling began immediately
.at the close of Ansel's speech and for
some time cheers and counter cheers
for Talbert and Tillman prevented
Heyward, who was to follow, from
speaking. Hie did speak and when he
stopped and said, "ly honored friend
Talbert come to my town and spoke.
so did my distinguished friend Till
man, and no one yelled'for Hleyward"
-the cheers of the house greeted him.
Col. Talbert was received with most
cordial enthusiasm but the counter
cheering for Talbert and Tillman grew
so turbulent and confusing that not
one word could be heard before he
YELLED 43 MINUTEs.
Lieut. Gov. Tillman was received
*with long continued cheering and ap
plause. By this time. however. thc
rival factions were wrought to suell
frenzy that Chairman Rainsford. Tal.
bert and Tillman could do absolutely
nothing. No appeal had any effect.
The noise grew louder at frenzied in
tervals and then decreased wher
throats could no longer bear the strair
to yell again when renewed strenirti:
came. For exactly 43 minutes Cot.
Trillman faced the crowd and onh
stopped when it became easily ap
parent that the rival factions h~ad rn
idea of stopping their hooting anc
yelling. There were a few drunker
men in the crowd but not much ange
was visible, the reporter's chair anc
table were upset when Col. Tillman
friends rushed up with a cro
tiowers, put it on his head and bon
him in their arms OUt on the square
-The rivalry was so great that in a fev
* hinutes Talbert's friends came ui
and bore him out in similar manner
Your correspondent knows nothing 0
the men who made the disturbance
each side claims that the other pack
ed the house. both sides claim a vic
tory. Your correspondent saw a imol
of red. perspiring faces and wildl:
swinging arms: yeling mim a~ls wer
wide open in frenzy: iniane, d ist orte<
countenances were wildly sh out ing.
storm of incessant cheers. hurrahs an
cries for Talbert and Tillman wer.
heard with little or no cessation an
human beings presented the humiliat
ing spectacle of crazed inebriates.
It is imniessible. unless wit b a hn
of dynamite and giant powder washe
down with a tabasco cockt ail to (10 Jus
tice to what transpired, but some dc
tails will be seen below. A cyclon
shook the plum tree which. howevel
is stil stndring.
ford ag-aii. was well (1ert'd and
THE RIVAL T's.
('beers and counter cheers for Tal
bert and Tillman now reigned. heersc
for Talbert predominating, in spite of
Chairman lHainsford's efforts to pro
duce order. Some semblance of order
was finally secured after continuous
pounding of the chairman's gavel.
The rivt 1 factions were very noisy.
Col. Talbert then got the floor and
asked for quiet and the continuance
of the piogramine.
Capt. Heyward was greeted with
cheers and enthusiasm: then again
cheers and counter cheers for Talbert
and Tillman with some few for H1ey
UPHILL FOR HEYwA RD.
Col. Taihert and the chairman again
asked for order. Col. Talbert asking
for Heyward. at this Col. Talbert's
1 home. the same courtesy and at tenl
ticn shown Col. Talbert at Waiter
boiw. Capt. Heyward spoke to a
tall- ative crowd, the two rival home
factions having much to say to each
other. Whenever the speaker was a p
plaided. there were cries for Talbert.
and Tillman. lleyward's allusion to
thl contrast between this and former
I meetings was greeted with genuine
Edge ield cheers. C pt. IIeyward.
continuing, held the au -ntion o his
hearers, winning apphuiob which was
always met by counter cheers for Till
man and Talbert.
Capt. Heyward made his speech.
was heard better and better by an au
dience that was noisy in persistent in
terruption .tdurin.ig the greater part of
his delivery. Ile defined his position
finally, amid close attention from
much the larger position of the audi
ence. Some one in the audience about
this time said. 'Talk forever."
Capt. H yward closing held the un
divided attention of his hearers and
was loudly cheered, some cries for Tal
bert mingling with cheers.
LISTENED TO TALBERT.
The house rang with cheers for Tal
bert when this speaker was announced
with some for Tillman. Quiet reigned
as soon as Col. Talbert began his
speech. He thanked the people of the
county of his birth for the magnificent
reception giveu him. Loves the peo
ple of South Carolina-grandest of
States: appreciated honors bestowed
upon him by the people of his home
best of all. Disdained to talk of de
merits of others: standing upon his
merits, record and manhood. Resorts
to no mean politics, disdains wire
pulling. An unusual outburst of ap
plause, even for this occasion, began
again, cries for Talbert and Tillman
mingling. it was explained in a few
moments by the appearance of Lieut.
Gov. Tillman, who came to the front,
as he was the next speaker.
STICK TO BLACK BARtBARIANS.
Col. Talbert made his usual speech
up to this point with more than usual
vigor and was enthusiastically cheered
at various intervals, these ringing out
loud and always mingled with some
cries for Tillman. The air rang with
cheers when Col. Talbert announced
his unalterable opposition to taxing
white men to educate negroes. Hats
were waved and cheers were redoubled.
IDROWNING OF A sPEECH.
Pandemonium reigned again. Tal
bert could not be heard amid counter
cheers for Talbert and Tillman. This
was the most persistently noisy de
monstration of the meeting up to this
time. Col. Talbert stopped his speech
amid this absolute babel of mixed
noises. lie was presented with flow
ers and retired.
THE FACTIONS YELLING.
Air splitting Edgetieled yells, loud
and continued greeted the appearance
of Col. Tillman. Again counter
cheers for Tillman and Talbert greeted
the ears with vehement roar. The
chairman's gavel was of no avail and
for a long time Col. Tillman fi.ced the
cheering, noisy crowd. The continu
ous beating of the chairman's gavel
added to this with no quieting effect.
At last silence reigned momentarily
and Col. Tillman thanked the friends
at his home who gave him such en
thusiastic welcome. He spoke of the
courteous greeting given him at the
home of Capt. Heyward and was sure
a similar one awaited them at Green
ville. He would not discuss the issues
ftoday: it was not necessary. What
-ever~ record he had made he would
stand or fall by it. Tremendous
cheers for Tillman, Talbert's friends
rjoining in for Talbert. Order with
extreme ditliculty was restoredi.
ITHE LADIES WITHDRAW.
At this junctu~re the ladles all left
building and audience was deaf to the
appeals of the chairman. Every ap
Speal was met by renewed cheers for
Tillman and Talbert. The chairman
appealed, saying: "I do not know
who you are yelling for, but I ask
-friends of each candidate to restore
order and let the speaking proceed in
a decent and proper manner."~ This
-had no effect whatever-the howling
continued. The crowd remained: so
did Col. Tillman, though his audience
nas nearly frenzied. Col. Tillman
appealed to his friends and Col. Tal
bert to his and for a few seconds
something like order was restoredl. In
na few moments the hats were in the
air. again perforted almost with air
splitting yells. The chairman again
Sappealed for order: "Won't you be
have?" answered by vells for Tillmnan
:and Talbert. Col. Tillman stood his
ground and friends who called on
.im" to go on were told he could
handle an Edgefield audience..
Cries f rom Tillman were more numer
ous than e ver, something closeley re
sembling what is saidi to have broke
loose in Georgia, reigned here ab~so
lutely' now. "Give it to him, Jim,~
oices yelled, Col. Tillman's. voice not
beng hieard. The audience was now
absolutely beyond control and Col.
Tilman -wa~s speaking amid noise
lTILLN!AN REsENTs TALBmEIrS APPEAL.
Col. Talbert appealed to his friends
to be quiet. Col. Tillman retorted
5,with fire and vigor that his distin
gu~ished friend was again wvasit]ing hi'
a voie and his time and his request
C was not asked for nor was it needled.
1 Many crowded aroundi Col. Tillmmi
C.andi cheeredi him. Col. Tillman sa id
m if T1albert would dIiscuss issu~es in th'
PEACE (RA TE'.
The Unexpected Proclamation of the
ISSUES AMNESTY TO FILIPPINOS
The President ('ompliments the
Army on its Work Both in
Cuba and in the
The president has formally declared
the restoration of peace in the Philip
pine archipelago, has placed the
islands under complete civil control
and has extended general amnesty to
the yilippinos who have been in re
bellion. These three things, marking
one of the most important chapters in
Philippine his;ory, were accomplished.
through the issue of three separate or
ders and proclamations, one by the
president over llis own signature, ex
tending amnesty: one through Secre
tary ll'iot by the prosidents's order,
reiieving Gen. Chatfee from his duties
as military governor, and i third
Which takes the shape of a general
order, addressed to the entire army of
the United States, in which Secretary
Rlout takes opcasion to express the
president's high appreciation of the
work it has accomplished, both in
Cuba and in the Philippines.
The amnesty proclamation is as ful
By the president of the United States:
Whereas, many of the inhabitants
of the Philippine archipelago were in
insurrection against the authority and
sovereignty of the kingdom of Spain at
divers times from August, 1896. until
the cession of the archipelago by that
kingdom to the United States of
America and since such cession many
of the persons so engaged in insurrec
tion have until recently resisted the
authority and sovereignty of the
United States, and
Whereas. the insurrection against
the authority and sovereignty of the
United States is now at an end and
peace has been established in all parts
of the archipelago except in the coun
try inhabited by the Moro tribes, to
which this proclamation does -not ap
Whereas, during the course of the
insurrection against the kingdom of
Spain and against the government of
the United States, persons engaged
therein, or those in sympathy with
and abetting them committed many
acts in violation of the laws of civi
lized warfare, but it is believed that
such acts were generally committed in
ignorance of these laws, and under or
ders issued by the civil or military in
surrectionary leaders, and
Whereas, it is deemed to be wise
and humane, in accordance with the
beneficent purposes of the government
of the United States towards the Fili
pino people, and conducive to peace,
order and loyalty among them, that
the doers of such acts who have not
already suffered punishment shall not
be held criminally responsible, but
shall be relieved from punishment for
participation in these insurrections
and for unlawful acts committed dur
ing the course thereof by a general
mnesty and pardon.
Now, therefore, be it known that I,
Theodore Roosevelt, president of the
United States of America, by virtue
of the power and authority vested in
me by the constitution, do hereby pro
:laim and declare, without reserva
tion or condition, except as hereinaf
ter provided, a full and complete par
don and amnesty of all persons in the
Philippine archipelago who have par
ticipated in the insurrection afore
said, or who have given aid and com
fort to persons participating in said
insurrection, for the offenses o1 trea
son or sedition, and for all offenses
political in their character committed
in the course of such insurrections
pursuant to orders issued by the civil
or military insurrectionary authori
ties or which grow out of internal po
iticl feuds of dissensions between
Filipinos and Spaniards or the Spanish
authorities, or which resulted from
internal feuds. or dissensions among
the Filipinos themselves during either
of said insurrections:
Provided, however. That the par
don and amnesty hereby granted shall
no include such persons committing
crimes since May 1, 1902, in any pro
vince in the archipelago In which at
the time civil government was estab
lished, nor shall it include such per
sons as have been heretofore finally
convicted of the crimes of murder,
rape, arson or robbery by any mili
tary or civil tribunal organized under
the authority of Spain or the United
States, but special application may be
made to the proper authority for par
don by any person belonging to the
exempted classes, and such clemency
as is consistent with humanity and
justice will be liberally extended, and
Provided. That this amnesty and
pardon shall not affect the title or
right of the government of the United
States or that of the Philippine is
lands to any property or property
rights heretofore used or appropriated
by the miiitary or civil authorities of
the government of the United States
or the Philippine islands organized
under the authority of the United
States by way of contiscation or other
Provided further, That every per
son wvho shall seek to avail himselr of
this proclamation shall take and sub
scribe the followingz otath before any
authority in the Philippine archipel
ago authorized to administer oaths.
namely: "I ---, solemnly swear
(or atirm) that I recognize and accept
the suIpreme authority of the United
States of America in the Philippine
'islands and will maintain true faith
and allegiance thereto: that I impose
upon myself this obligation voluntarily
without mental reservation or pur
pose of evasion, so help me God."~
(iven under my hand at the city -of
Washington, this fourth day of July,
Iin the year of our Lord one- thous
and nine hundred and two. and in
the one hundred and twenty-seventh
year of :he independ~ence of the
Inited States. -'
By the president:
Secretary of War.
CHAFFEE RELIEVED As NILITAIRY
(en. Chaffee is relieved of his civil
duties and the Philippine commission
is made the superior authority in the
"The insurrection against the sov
ereign authority in th% United States
in the Philippine archipelago having
ended, and provincial civil govern
ments laving been established
throughout the entire territory of the
archipelago not inhabited by Moro
tribes * * * The general com
manding the division of the Pihilip
pines is hereby relieved from the
further performance of the duties of
military governor, and the ofice of
military governor in said archipelago
is termiaited. The general com
manding the d!vision of the l'hilip
pines and all military oitteers in an
thority therein will continue to o'
serve the direction contained in the
aforesaid instructions of the president,
that the mili tary forces in the division
of the Philippines shall be at all tines
subject, under the orders o1 the mili
tary commander, to the call o1' the
civil authorities for the mi ntenance
of law and ord.r. and the enifP.>oe mt
of the authority."
Finally the president, through
Secretary Root. pronounces the fOl
lowing eulogy upon the Umnited States
A EULOGY UPON THE ARMY.
"The president upon this anniver
sary of national independence wishes
to express to the otlicers and enlisted
nmen of the United States army his
deep appreciation of the service they
have rendered to the country, in the
great and difficult up fdertakings which
they have brought to a successful con
clusion during the past year,
"He thanks the olicers and the en
listed men who have been maintaining
and carrying on the miliitary govern
ment in Cuba, because they have
faithfully given elrect to the humane
purposes of the American people.
They have with sincere kindness help
ed the Cuban people to take all the
:uccessive steps necessary to the es
tablishment of their own constitution
al government. During the time re
quired for that process they have gov
erned Cuba wisely, regarding justice
and respecting individual liberty; have
honestly collected and expended for
the best interests of the Cuban people
the revenues, amounting to over sixty
millions of dollars; have carried out
practical and thorough sanitary meas
ures, greatly improving the health
and lowering the death rate of the is
land. * * *
"They have borne themselves with
dignity and self-control, so that nearly
four years of military rule have passed
unmarred by injury, or insult to man
or woman. They have transferred
the government of Cuba to the Cuban
people amid universal expressions of
friendship and good will, and have
left a record of ordered justice and
liberty, of rapid improvement in ma
terial and moral conditions and prog
ress in the art of government which
reflects credit upon the people of the
"The president thanks the otticers
and enlisted men of the army in the
Philippines, both regular and volun
eers, for the courage and fortitude,
the indomnitable spirit and loyal de
votions with which th.ey have put down
and ended the great insurrection which
ias raged throughout the archipelago
against the lawful sovereignty and
just authority of the United States.
The task was peculiarly ditlicult and
rying. They were required at tirst
o overcome organized resistence of
uperior numbers, well equipped with
rodern arms of precision, in an unn
known country of mountain defiles,
jungless and swamps, apparently cap
able of interminable defense. When
this resistence had been overcome
they were required to crush out a
general system of guerrilla warfare
noducted among a people speak
ing unknown tongues, from whom
it was almost impossible to obtain the
information necessary for successful
pursuit or to guard against surprise
and ambush. The enemies by whom
they were surrounded were regardless
of all obligations of good faith and of
all the limitations which humanity
has imposed upon civilized warfare.
Bound themselves by the laws of war,
our soldiers were called upon to meet
every device oV unscrupulous treachery
and to contemplate without reprisal
the inflictions of barbarous cruelties
upon their comrades and friendly na
tives. * * * Widely scattered
over a great archipelago extending a
thousand miles from north to south.
the gravest responsibilities, involving
the life or death of their commands,
frequently developed upon young and
inexperienced otticers beyond the reach
of specific orders or advice.
MORE THAN 2,000 COMBATs.
"Under all these adverse circum
stances the army of the Phillippines
has accomplished its task rapidly and
completely. In more than two thous
and combats, great and small, within
three years, it has exhibited unvary
ing courage and resolution. It has
put an end to the system of intimida
tion and secret assassination by which
the peaceful natives prevented from
taking a genuine part in government
under American authority. It has
captured or forced to surrender sub
stantially all the leaders of the insur
rection. It has submitted to no dis
couragement andl lalted at no ob
stacle. Its officers have shown high
qualities of command. and its men
have shown devotion and disclipline.
Its splendid virile energy has been ae
companied by self control, patience
and magnanimity, with surprisingly
fewindividual exceptions its course has
been characterized by humanity and
kindness to the prisoner and the non
combatant. Individual liberty, pro
tection and personal rights, civil order.
public instruction and religious free
dom have followed it~s foot-step. It
has added honor to the llag which it
defeated, and has justified increased'
confidence in the future of the Ameri
can people. who se soldiers do not shrink
from labor or death, yet love liberty
The president feels that he expresses
the sentiments of all the loyal people
of the United States in doing honor to
the whole army which has joined in
the performance and shares in the
rei of these hoale services.
Geo. R. Koester no Longer Holds th
OF REVENUE COLLECTOR.
This is a (lucrative Position ai ther
is Much Speculation as to Who
Will Get the Fat 1td
eral ,J< !l.
The Rtate says Mr, Geo. R. Ksoeste
Wednesday retired from the otiicc u
Unietd States revenue collector for th
district of South Carolina. As ha
been stated, the United states senat
failed to confirm the president's actiol
in nominating Mr. Koester. and ac
cording to liw his commission is of n
effect after the adjournment of th
It is stated that Maj. Micah Jen
kins will get the appointment. And i
is further stated, though not openly
that the old line llepubliraus wil
resist this probable action of the presi
dent. Some think that Major Jenkin
will not accept the position whil
others declare that if he is appointee
he will accept.
Since the death of Mr. E. A. Web
ster last October, the vacancy in thi:
otice has excited the cupidity of man;
politiciia in the Republican party
Ir. Wbster was called the "Jiepubli
,an boss," of this State, and this otfcl
gave him prestige in his party,
It was first annoupced that Leuina
W. Blalock of Laurens county woul
get the appointment. Being a Re
publican, it was thought that he as
pired to be the Republican dictator ii
this State. But onl tile heels of thij
statement came the announoemen1
that Blalock had been turned dowi
by the president-intemperance beini
the alleged reason.
The president, who had at that time
been in office but a few weeks, wa
startling the politicians with his un
expected movements. It was believe<
that Blalock's pull was due to the in.
luence of Senator McLaurin, so whet
the president announced that he hac
appointed Geo. R. Koester to fill the
vacancy caused by Mr. Webster',
death, the Republicans took it that
this action also was due to Senator Mc
Laurin's influence. Straightway the:
began a fight on this appointment ant
the senate failed to confirm the presi
ent'a action. The reasons have al
ready been given wide publicity.
The old line Republicans, who ac
3epted with ill grace the leadership o
Capt. John G. Capers who was b3
President McKinley appointed dis
rict attorney for South Carolina
have been aware for some time tha
Koester's appointment would not b
:onirmed, and quite a number of then
have applied for the position. The
will hardly let Maj. Jenkins become
:ollector until after a hard fight.
Mr. Geo. H. Huggins, who wai
hief clerk under Mi. Webster, wa:
cting collector during the inter
egnum preceding Mr. Koester's tak
ing charge of the office on Nov. 4t1
Last. Mr. Koester retained the offc<
orce and deputies appointed by Mr
Webster with the exception of E. H
Deas, colored, who resigned and wa:
ucceded by George Washington Mur
ray, colored, Koester also retained M
J. Johnson, colored, in his office an<
I. H. Fordham, colored, as a deput3
31R. Hl-GGINS IN cHARGE.
Mr. Hluggins is again the acting col
lector, having received telegraphic au
hority from Washington, and thi
transfer of the office was made Thurs
ay, A. C. Patterson of Greensboro, N
D., being the government's agent. Mr
Huggins is a Republican, but is highl:
esteemned by good Democrats in th
There has been a great deal of tall
ately about the ottice of collector 0
nternal revenue. The people generall:
ire not aware of the importance of thi.
~iice, because a regular Democrat wa
aot regarded as available for it, and ii
hese practical days an office does no
tempt much notice when it is so far re
moved from reach. In add ition to th
splendid salary, and to the poweri
;ives the incumbent, the offie is~
very important one.
All the revenue or tax paid out o
this State to the national governmen
passes through this offce, and thi
revenue collector is in other words th
tax collector of the federal govern
ment. T he otfice should require thi
ervices of experienced men, who ar
iquainted with the revenue laws ii
their frequent changes. This ottic
ollects revenues of all kinds-no
merely upon distilleries and tobacc
factories as is sometimes supposed.
A GOOD JOB.
The salary of the revenue collecto
is 3,500 per annum. In addition h
is allowed commnesion, not to excee
l .000 in the aggregate. On accoun
)f the building of a big distillery nea
dolumbia, the salary -and fees of thi
ttice will henceforth make it "'par
out" the limit. 84.500 a year. Thib
rovernor of the State and the stur
preme court justices get but 83,500
and congressmen with their heavy ex
pense get but 85.000.
In addition to this good " plum" ii
the way of pay, the ottice is one of in
luence and of direct power. The
revenue collector has the right to ap
point not less than 40 clerks and depu
ties, whose salaries will average abou
in the office in Columbia Mr. Georg
II. Hluggins is chief deputy. Th
other deputies are Capt. J. L. Littl
and Mr. L. M. Fouche. There is on
otice clerk. Rev. J. II. .Johnson, color
There are three divison deputies 10
cated in different parts of the State.
There are three gaugers and store
keepers appointed by the collector. I
is the duty of the gaugers to test th
alcoholic spirits dlistilledi in this StatE
Mr. A. S. Trumbo is the gauger a
the State dispensary, and a negro, YM
E. Bovkin. is the gauger at the Ri
land distillery. This is a very respor
sibic and very exacting position rt
,.ui.;ng edmifcut mathematical calculi
tions. J. H.' Dennis of Newberry is the
other gauger. The storekeepers and
gaugers are paid by the day. There
are in the State about 25 distilleries
e havin licenses from the federal govern
ment. Each one has a gauger and
storekeeper supplied by the govern
ment and appointed by the revenue
collector. The largest distillery in
the State is in Columbia, the next
largest at Camden.
The revenue collector is also custod
e ian of the government property in Co
lumbia and is responsible for the con
dition of the postoffice building. All
in all, this is a most lucrative posi
tion, and there is reason for it to be
,sQ much talied of.
r Special correspondent of the State
writing from Washington says: Before
leaving for Pittsburg Thursday Presi
I dent Roosevelt announced the nomina
s Lion of Maj. Micah S. Jenkins as cul
a lector of internal revenue for South
Carolina and W. L. Harris postmaster
at Charleston, also the renomination
~ of J. T. Richardson, postmaster at
a None of these nominations caused
surprise here as the president intimat
ed his probable action some days ago.
Maj. Jenkins called at tce White
Ilcuse this morning and was in confer
ence with the president for some little
I time. Upon signifying his willing
- ness to accept collectorship the presi
dent immediately announced his ap
a pointmeut which is to take effect as
i soon as the necessary pipers can be
made out. While the president decid
- ed spome time ago not to reappoint
11.oester, the definite determination
upon ;a- Jnkips as his successor oc
gurred bpt recently. It is hoped that
hia nomination will be popularly re
geived in South Carolina and the presi
dent desires it to be known that this
action was not induenoed by politi
I clans but was due to his high personal
- regard for Jenkins, It is but another
- of the many compliments which the
president has paid Maj. Jenkins, to
whom he presented a sword at the
Charleston exposition. Maj. Jenkins
will reach Columbia In a few days and
immediately assume charge of the
In the Greenville postmastership,
it is understood that the administra
- tion has intimated its desfre that Sena
tor Tillman shall not have renewed
cause for fighting the senate's con
t firmation of the appointment. Sena
tor Tillman has held up the confirma
tion because of alleged personal at
tacks made upon him by the publica
tion with which the Greenville post
master is connected.
TO M T IN GR VILLE.
The Annual Re-Union of Confeder
The State says the old veterans re
member what a great time they had
in Columbia last year at their annual
reunion. Their meeting this year will
1 be at Greenville, and while the atten
dance may not be as large there as it
was in Columbia, May 9, 1901, yet
there will be a tremendous crowd of
veterans and other visitors In the
Mountain city on the 6th of August.
Greenville has entertained the veterans
- before, and did it easily and gracious
ly. The hospitality of the city will
have no limit on the present occasion.
.Gen. C. I. Walker having succeeded
.Gen. Hampton in the command of a
Slarger division or portion of the gen
- eral organization of Confederate vet
erans, Gen. Thos. W Carwile of Edge
I ield will preside at this reunion until
a commander for the South Carolina
division can be elected.
YERY LOW RATEe.
A t the request of the Atlantic Coast
Line, Central of Georgia, Charleston
and Western Carolina, Georgia Rail
road, Plant System,. Columbia, New
berry and Laurens, and the Southern,
the southeastern Passenger associa
tion has issued special rates on ac
count of the reunion at Greenville
"A rate of one cent per mile im each
direction (minimum rate 50 cenW' to
Greenville and return, from all poiats
in the State of South Carolina; also
from Charlotte and intermediate
points in North Carolina, and Savan
nah, Macon, Atlanta and intermediate
points in Georgia." These tickets
will be sold August 5, 6 and 7, with
tinal limit August 10.
The following -rates on this basis
will govern .from junctional points
Abbeville $1.25; Athens, Ga., $2.70;
Barnwell, $3.25; Camden, $2.90; Char
leston, $4.80; Chester $1.85; Denmark,
$3.25; Greenwood, $1.20; Laurens, 75
cents: Milledgeville, Ga., $4.50; Pros
perity, $1.50: Spartanburg, 65 cents;
Yemasee, $4.35; Allendale, $3.75; An
derson 75 cents; Atlanta, $3.25: Au
gusta, $2.85; Blacksburg, $1.20; Ual
houn Falls, $1.40; Carlisle, $1.45; Ca
tawba, $2.25; Charlotte, $2.15; Che
raw, $4.00; Clinton, 95 cents; Colum
bia, $2.25; Elberton, $2.22; Fairfax,
$3.75: Hlardeeville, $4.90; Lancaster,
$2.90: Macon, $4.80; Madison, Ga.,
$3.35: Newberry, $1.35: Orangeburg,
$3 ,25: Roc k Hill, $2.25; Savannah,
$5.05: Sumter, $3.10; Tennille, $4.50;
Tornado in Wisconsin.
A special from Racine, Wis., says a
tornado swept across this county from
the town of Raymond east to Husher,
in the township of Caledonia, a dis
tanee of ten miles and about half a
mile wide, late Thursday. One man
.was killed and several persons injured.
-Forty houses and barns were wreck
ed, thirty or forty head of stock kinl
ed. hundreds of trees blown down,
hundreds of acres of grain ruined and
other damage done, estimated at $50,
|000. The fatal result reported is at
Sthe home of G. Thysen, of Caledonia.
- This house was completely blown away
and also the barns. The family was
- in the house at the time and all escap
ed serious injury except Mr. Thysen,
- who was instantly killed. A widow
t and 'seven children survive.
Five.Killed in a Collision.
t Five killed and 29 injured are giver
.in the list of casualties resulting froa
-a collision between two passengei
-trains on the Northern Pacific neat
-Staples Minn., at 1.45 o'clock Friday
I CONDITION OF COTTON.
Gulf States and Especially Texas Suf
NET LOSS OF TEN POINTS
But Amounts to 22 Points in Loan
Star state. South Carolina
Well Up at the Top.
The monthly report of the statisti
cian of the department of agriculture
in Washington will show the average
condition of cotton on June 25 to have
been 84.7 as compared with 95.1 on
May 26, 1902; 81.1 on June 25, 1901,
75.8 on July 1, 1900, and a ten year
average of 85.6. With the exception
of North Carolina, where there seems
to have been a slight improvement,
and Virginia, where there is no ap
preciable change in cotton, every cot
ton producing State shows a decline
during the month, the decline being
greatest in Texas, where it amounts
to 22 points, and in Louisiana, Indian
Territory, Mississippi and Alabama,.
where it is 11, 10, 9 and 8 points re
spectively. The condition, is how
ever, still in excess of the ten year
average in the following States, by the
number of points stated in each case:
Virginia 3: North Carolina 6: South
Carolina and Florida 9; Georgia and
Arkansas 7; Tennessee 12; Oklahoma
2 and Missouri 10. On the other hand
it falls below therten year average by'
2 points in Louisiana and Indian
Territory; 1 point in Alabama and 13
points in Texas.
This report is made up to June 25
and no changes subsequent to that
date have been taken into account.
The department's statistical agent
for Texas, however, telegraped last
night that recent rains in that State
have been of little or no benefit to the
crop and that a further deterioration
may be looked for unless there is more
rain by July 10.
The condition in the principal States
is reported as follows:
North Carolina 93; South Carolina
95; Gxeorgla 91; Florida 96; Alabama
84; Mississippi 85; Louisiana 85;
Texas 73; Arkansas 94; Tennessee 98;
Oklahoma 90; Indian Territory 89.
Robbed Her Brothe-in Law.
Mrs. Ailene O'Malley, aged 24, wife
of Austin O'Malley professor of Eng
lish literature at Notre Dame Univer
sity, South Bend, Ind., and William
Hearin, -of New York, aged 20, were
arrested in Philadelphia on the charge
of stealing jewelry, valued at about
$300, the charge being preferred by
Mrs O'Malley's brother-in-law, " Dr.
Joseph O'Malley of this city. Both
Mrs. O'Malley and Hearin are said to
have come of prominent New York
families, the accused woman having
been a Miss Ellis before her marriage.
Prof. O'Malley, the woman's husband,
is in St. Agnes Hospital, this city suf
fering from paralysis, caused, it is be
lieved by ptomaine poisoning. Tae
couplehave been married only a few
months. The husband was poisoned
in South Bend, and as he did not Im
prove his brother had him brought to
this city, his wife accompanying him
here. -She was a guest at the broth
ers's house and a few days ago articles
of jewelery were missed. Suspicion
fell upon her and her friend, Hearin.
Pawn tickets were found upon Mrs.
O'Malley. At a bearing given the ac
cused this afternoon they were com
mitted to jail in default -of ball of
$1,200 for a hearing on July 10.
Murdered by a Burglar.
*Albert C. Latimer, a wealthy sta- -
tioner. of New York city, who lives in
Brooklyn, was fatally shot Thursday
at his borne in a struggle with a bur
glar. The burglar -escaped, leaving
his shoes and cap behind. Having
been awakened by his wife, who heard
a voice, Mr. Latimer started to make
a search. As he opened a closet door
the burglar, masked, dashed out and
Mr. Latimer grappled with him. In
the struggle the robber fired two shots
and after the second Mr, Latimer fell.
His assailant then leaped over him and
jumped through a kitchen window,
where he had entered the house. A
policeman, a block away, heard the
shots and the screams of Mrs. Latimer
and ran to the house. A thorough
search was made of the neighborhood,
but no trace of the burglar was found.
Mr. Latimer was taken to a hospital,
where the doctors, after an examina
tion, said he could not live.
A Prince Arrested.
Prince Joseph of Braganza London
a ]ieutenant in the Seventh Austrian
Hussars, a section of a former reign
ing house of Portugal and a member
of the Austro-Hungarian mission to
the coronation, appeared in the south
ward police court Wednesday, with
other men, charged with a criminal
offense. Strict secrecy was observed
ny the court otficials regarding the
nature of the charges. Formal evi
dence -vas given that certain informa
tion the possesslon of the magis
trate , .a true and the prisoners were
Prince Francis was alloyed to fur
nish bail for his appearance. His comn
panions were retained in custody.
It was said that the [.rince's defense
would be that an attempt was made
to blackmail him, that he resisted,
and that thereupon information was
given to the police, resulting in the
arrest of himself and the alleged black
Was Murdered on the Street.
About 9 o'clock Thursday morning
Dr. Stephen Jackson, one of the most
inoffensive colored men in Darlington,
was shot and killed by A. McNinch, a
man, who is a stone cutter by trade.
McNinch was under the influence of
whiskey and was on the sidewalk in
front of Jackson's place of business
near the old depot. After a few words
McNinch fired the fatal shot at Jack
son, and it is stated that Mr. C. C.
Beck, whose store is next to Jackson's.
came near being shot by the same
fellow. McNinch got inside of a build
ing and resisted the officers for a while
but was tinally arrested and lodged in