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Open ne L)uomr oi -:' $c.rt
O)Lkfl t!ie i.,OI ( Ui'i i
To the angels of love and t rut h
When the world is full of unnumbert
in the beautiful dawn of ) -
('ast ing aside all the t hing .
Saying to wrog D
To the voices of 1hope _i .rY'
Open ihe (d0oo' ' turhea
Open the doorof ycr hart. , : i
To the t ings that sha a e
To the holy 1 hoghis Ihat til 1 u!
Like the stars at 've1tide.
Al! of the fadeless rowers t hat bloon
In the realms of song and art
Are yours if you'll only give them
Open the door of your heart.
Open the door of your irt
Heedless of class or creed.
When you hear the cry of ai
The cry of a child in aecti.
To the shining heaven I. t "
You need no map or ciart.
ltit only the love the Master gave.
Open the door of your heart.
-Moses Gage Shirley in Boston
A GILDED SIN.
BY CHARLCTTE M. BREAMIE
By the noon of the following day
peace and quietness reigned in the
house of death: the passionate weepig
and wailing, the first wild outbreak of
sorrow, were over. The doctors who
had been summoned in such hot haste
had given their decision--Si' 1asper
had died of disease of the heart. There
was no need whatever for the forml i
ty of an inquest-no need for exami ma
They had laid the illustrious states
man-the 'man whose heart had been
faithful to one passionate love-in state
in his own chamber with hangings of ,
black velvet and wax tapers and t he
fairest June flowers about him whose
hand should never more gather leaf or
blossom: and then with lingering look's
at the marble face, so grand in its
sculptured beauty, they had left him
to the silence that should never more
Veronica sat in her own room, a
pretty room that opened on to the
western terrace-a room where she
had all her books, her easel. her piano
-where she spent happy hours in study
and reading. It was half parlor. half
boudoir, as pretty as it could be made
by taste, by art, and by affection. It
was dark and gloomy now. with the
blinds drawn and the flowers all dead.
Veronica sat there silent, dazed. bewil
dered. She still wore her evening
dress of black lace-she had never
changed it: her dark hair hung overf1
her shoulders, the beautiful face with
its passionate sorrow, its untold story.
was pale and worn, her eyes looked
brighter and darker. What had she
not suffered sitting there-what emo
tion, what bitter pain, what untold.
"His daughter:'' She came hack
again and again-to these words--H is
daughter.'' The proud noble states
man whom all England revered was
her father. Oh, if she could but have
known it before: if she had but had
time to pour out the passionate love 0of
her heart to him: if there had but
been time to tell him how proud and
happy she was, and how. she valued
her b~irthright, how she rejoiced in tne
knowledge that he was her father: So
many things were clear to her now.
She had never understood his strange
manner toward her. half love, half
avoidance. One thing after another
unveiled itself. so that she almost5
wondered at last that she had not5
guessed the secret. And she was Vero
nica Brandon, heiress of Queen's Chase.5
She repeated the name over and over
again to herself-"eronic~a Brandon"
-and each time she liked it better.
She was heiress of the grand mansion.
of the fair domain, of the broad lands,
of all the wonders of wealth she saw
around her-she who had never known
the luxury of having one shilling to
spend! It was no great wonder if her
heart beat and every nerve thrilled
with the sudden sense of power and
wealth. Henceforth she could do as
she liked-she could make every one
happy, she could lavish wealth on the
things she loved best, she could do tin
She was roused from her reverie by
the entrance of Lady Brandon. Look
ing at her, Veronica realized what she
had suffered-her face was quite white.
with dark circles round the eyes. She
had wept almost incessantly since her'
husband's death, but now she seemed
calm with the calmness of despair.
She closed the door, and, coming up -to
Veroniea, took the girl's cold hands in
her own and looked earnestly into her
"Veronica," she asked, "have you
kept the secret?"
The young girl raisrd her head
"Did you think that I should bet ray
it?" she asked. "'I am not a traitor,
"I know-I know: forgive me for
speaking hastily. Veronica, I am al
most mad. You cannot realize what I.
have to suffer-you cannot understand I
my position. 1 would rather-theseI
are not wild words, but true ones--I I
would rather kill myself than that the
world should know how cruelly I(
have been deceived-that I had 'but I
the ashes of my husband's love, that t
he never caredf for me. that his heart,
hadc been given to another before me.
I could not bear it-I could not suir- t
vive such a downfall to my pride, nmy I
affection, my standing and positionm i
the world-I should not surv'ive it." I
"I am very sorry," said Veronica:
"I cannot help it. Lady Brandon: it is
not my fault, you know." 1
"Think, too, of Katherine, my beau- I
tiful child, brought up as her father's
heiress. All her life she has deemed
herself heiress of Queen's Chace-her
future secure. Oh. \'eronica, think
what a blow it will prove for her: It
will kill her!"' And tihe poor lady'sl
lips quivered again. "Then." she con
tinued, "you do not know my people,
the Valdoraines. They are the proiid
est people in England: they .would-1
dare not think what they will say 0or
do when they hear that iny child is
disinherited.~ I shall never look the ni
in the face again. 1 wish that I had
died before this da; came."
"I am very grieved,"' said Ve*ronca:
"but I cannot help it."
"Poor Katherine-SO happy mine
future: They called her heiress of
Queen's Chace when she lay in hei erd
dIe. My pretty child, it is not rgt, 1
it is not just. I have d~one nothing t o !I
deserve it. All imy life I was good and
faithful to my husba'nd. IIe has eft
me a legacy of sorrow andl shame. Poor'
Katherine, howv is she to bear it, \'ero
nica? W~ill it make her hate h'n and
dislike his memory"
"No, she is too noble for that. said
Veronica. "IIavevyou forgotten~ what'
he said to her on the evenmg' heiore
"iNo. Oh. \Veronica. my dear. I can- s
not tell her, I cannot indeed: Shie hasi
been so light-hearted. so happy a~ llhr
life. Until now she has never 1ad 'n
sorrowv.any care. 11ow can . her iwn
mother. go to her and t ellither tnt she
and I are to be driven ou11. away fromt
that wvhich we have always lieul to he
our Own? -How can 1 go to her and
say to her that she must lay down every
hope. every bright ness of her life. a nd
fereave.-n knows what"1
I 't 1 si l; ,..ah,ie, 1
I I' 4 i I X km 12111 iltljs
io.5ae rl\'e would oppos
a ar:to a di si'nherited( gill.
!:- w u:li in a! l )tl a ilt' lose her
t t' t h e rt e. i Ot. \~eroniica'. I
n~not e~s i!'' se dre nearer to
er. 'h:kn.'iwr \ urna. I knw -
t+ dot. Yaiu hatve Nahtl >t) a Imudtredt
nest". You, ;aid See. ! remlemtber ihet
f het ntteeded it , heraus lsp'w~ h
1st Io love 'u. Yo u mai lt,
i'ud tan between'' h01 ;nm ii ltV
10111(1 ;tail I ttl' 't '! !:0t ' '''
4o0w. thai an r :\' H 0'
eart sheobl r t-fl * .Vt'i"S
koul Said Ihat i. ee ic
--Yt ....:s 1 m.-::n i:. h ei ac n w -
lj.sc B :m~ i till neaurer to'
er. ~1; m-molit \ \eroica thiat the
"'lis lt w''i m U you lile. \ ero
e:t' ,ive it wo ill not serve her.
,ud-.- Wil eu let the i arrow meat
t'll - 1 t "orat hter heart wvoundl yours'"
\ es." said \'eroniea. "ynu know I
"'Will you "ve her youth, her love,
et ho'eX Will you~ keep her Iife
)right and unclouded? Will you keep
er happy, as she has been? Will you
erve her loyally. faithfully. as You
--es.she answered again: and IT eli
.. BrTldon(I re\ the girls face down
"You will (I ail this? Then. Vero
liea. in the wit - -burn it. and keep
Iie sec'ret lnT ti ilyou die.
Veronica drew back pale. tremibling.
-urn the will:" she repealed faint
v. "You cannot mean that': Iiow
a I I dTre nItI." She was bew l
red: no such idea I mOcclurred to her.
"Hurn the will:" she si id attain.
h( ii. Lady Br l andn. ho1w cal 1'?
" On11n1i do it easily ellloth. if you
isi i i vou will." declared Lade
;randIon. .\ 10 knows of it except
Ot 1 aum'? N one. W-ho knows the
ceit ,ave you and ile- No one. 0h.
* oniica. it you would be true to yout
r ise t u e to yourii word, burn the
vii and forget it."
"But that would be to disobey the
ishes of the dead." said Veronica.
it seells to me I aim not m1y own mis
ress. Myv-my father's omnmands.
is wislhes--surely ii must obey theni:
urel I muIst carry out his plans''"
Lady Brandon stood before her erect.
er face eloquent wit h the passion of
er v sords.
"Veronica. iake no scruples, raise
to doubts. Are you capable o: this
,reat sacritice for Katherine's sake. for
er love's sake? It is much to ask. I
Tnwn. Have you the generosity. the
obility. the grandeur of soul to make
t? You said you would die for her,
iv fair-haired darling. Would you
rie life, vet withhold this?"
" I am bewildered." replied Veronica.
I do not know how to answer you.
"Come with mue," said Lady Bran
Ion. "Step lightly. Veronica, my
laring is asleep. Come with me."
And the two ladies passed out of
Veronica's pretty room together.
Lady Brandon led the way to Kathe
'ine's room: she opened the door gent
y and they entered together. Kathie
ine had exhausted herself with weel
nl. Her father's death was the first
rouble of her life, the first cloud that
ad ever darkened her sky, the first
rrow that had brought burning tears
o her eyes. She had exhaust ed herself
vit h weeping, and t hen she had thrown
erself onto the pretty white bed and
as sleeding the sleep of titter' weari
ess. Hecr golden hair lay in pictures
que disorder over the pillows. one
hte round~ed arm was thrown abtovet
er head-even in profound slumber.
er lips quivered andi deep sobs came
omn thein. She was too exhausted for
niry sound to reach her now'. Lady
randon took Veronica's hand and led
t to the bedside.
"Look." she soid--V"\eronica, see
low young and how fair she is: see how
nnoent and helpless. Think howv she
as been loved and chue'ished. D~o not
hrow her onl th~e mercies of a cold
ord. Think of her life: do :iot blight
t. Think of her love: do not take it
'romn her. Veronica. if above this ten
er white breast y'ou sawv a swvord hang
ng. you would niot let it fall. If you
awv a hand clutching a dagger and
ointing it at that tender heal't. you
ould thrust it aside. Look at
ie, Veronica, so untconscious of this
.raedy. Will you wake her to tell
hat you are going to take her inherl
ance, her fortune. her happiness
h. even her love from her?"
Yeronica turned away with a shud
''Comec with me again.'' said Lady
randon-and t his time she led the
vay to the room where the dead states
an lay. She closed the door. and.
iolding' Veronica's hand tightly clasp
d in her own, she led her to his side.
' have brought you into the solemn
resence of the dead. ie who lies
here called this sin of his a gilded sin.
eronica, lie did not foresee, lhe could
iot know, the suffering and tihe sorrow
at would fall upon us. OY. Vero
ica. is it just? Is it fair? Why should
his disgrace fall now upon me? Have
deservecd it? Is it honorable that we
hold so suddenly bec deprived of our
wn-our posit ion, our inheritance, all
hat life holds most dear? Did you
ove him. \'eronica. this dear dead
"Yes." she replied. It seemed to
eronica that all power of speech had
eft her-that she could not ut ter the
vods that rose to her lipt
"You did love him: then spate him.
ou could do nothing so h~urt fm to his
emory as to let this secr'et be known.
11l England rever's him now, all Eng
and does homage to him. lie is num
)ered amongst the greatest ones of the
lat on. Oh. \'eronica. how they would
lenutnice him. tllhose who have loved
iim best, if they knewv that in very
ruth he had left his wife and child to
)ear' the brun~t and the butrdenl of his
-ocealent' T.hey wvould blamei wvhere
hey have pt'aised. You will take a
icro from his pedestali. You will sha-I
low a grandl memory. detr'act fromn a
air fame if vou tell ils secret. And
OuI wVil gain-whaty A fortune tihat
ou wvill inever enjoy. an inheitance
hat wVill prove more a curse than a
)lessing. an inheritance that will be
liot a fraud. Veronica. b~urn that
"But other must know of it." shle
"No." asserted Lady Bi'andon: "the
wver niho drew tip that wvil is dead
lead. I tell you. I remember that Sir
asper went to a strange lawvyer' whose
one was Matthews, and thIat somle
avs afterward he said inat a strangelt
ig had h'appened. Ilie had askedi
Itiathews to 'at end to some lit tiC bus
ness for him, and i few days aft erward
.e had~ died suddenly. I remem'hber it
well. (>ne neve mCiss) es mu tch whlat
net. has niever had. Ver'onica. You
ave never been conidttered or treat edI
.s the heire~s of Quteen's Chace. You
vould nlot mi iss t he dis ic ion. Bt
athetini'e ia-..a terine has grown
p iIt the tho ughlt:' it has formedC'(
a't of lier life. My dear'. I plead to
u. I pray to youi -hurn that will.
01 kaTt' erine's sake.I by youri love flr
er, Iby your prom'ise to sild lher. for
our1 dleadfl liat he' sake. to saVe :li
inle 11rom rude' c.oim ment . t o shield hi
lemry from ll ain o~ 11(f reproach~. I,
tour1 fat he's. widow---I at hierinte'
atI wvhat I ask: and Ladi'y tran
on knelt before Veroic.a wVithI t- 1
Vertnica ros., sulbinnie in lieri emo1
ion: a lighut Ihat didt nit seemi to lie of
iis worldl shion' 01 he aci~e.
"Forii youri deaid fathe~rs sak' \'ert
urnii ne it'vi. and~ I XilI keep I it se
let ulliT I di'e-antd in death I wil
LeA' Bran~dtn rose and drew Ihe r
i-.,. it ht :. -Ie said - iay you!
: nds on his breast - above his liea rt
lcie. No\ sweIr to ine you will never
ak e athie rine's inuheritancwe froiii her
Ili at yoiu 'w ill iver |av cltifll i0 it -
hat y'oull never b1" el- ray' 1 hi secret of
Ii i rth:md a t:i. 1
-siss ~ ~ ~ \tt iit ?i. ere ;l Iranon
- i i het \een 1. ather." .she
., t 1. -- 1; h t i t s e e 1)of oul rs."
T hcni !i'lt started UP in alarm. The
Sr'le ha(d been tol miuch t for Lady
rirrdon -;he had fallen to the ground.
lie ser'vaits who caeio t o her help
hought she was ill fr'oml grief: andz
ieu bore her wit II pit ying words t1
!(r 1'chamliber, while Ve'ronlica w ent
aek to ler room like ou mov ing in a
rance. Not for long had she been
leiress of Queen's Chace--not for long
iad she called herseif Veronica lran
Ion. Sir .1asper's nuight er. All the
iller. higher. het ter part of her na
atunre hlad been roused by Lady
srandon's passionateappeal. She for
;ot in her ent husiasn all that tihe
acrifice woutld cost her. She remem
ereui only that she was securing
atherine's happiness and saving her
ather's fair name.
She sat quit e still and silent, while
lie birds sang outside her window. and
he sunlight brightened the whole
;lad world---how many hours she never
t)ew. She retlected that her golden
lrean was over, that she would be
eroiica di Cvntha now until she died.
Then she roused herself. The will
iust be burned before she saw Lady
raI(on again. She would not read
t. That would simply renew her pain.
ind could not benelit her. She must
lest roy it at once. She went to the
'ox in which she had put it away, and
ook it cut. She read. "-The last. will
mid testament of Sir .Jasper Brandon.
aron of 1l orst wood. etc." She kissed
he name. and her tears fell on it. How
:Oild she destroy it? Curiously, in
ntead of being written on paper. it was
iritten on thick parchment that she
:ould neither tear nor cut. On this
une day there was no tire anywhere.
,he could not go down to the servant's
)ices to burn it there. for she would
e not iced, and harm might come of
t. The only way was to have a tire
nade in her sittingroom, and burn it
:here. The bell was answered by
Tara Morton. a pretty girl whom Sir
Jasper had advised her to take as her
naid. She carefully placed the will
)lit of sight. and then, wlen the maid
entered, she asked her to light a tire
ii her room.
"'A tire." repeated Clara Morton-"a
ire here, miss?"
"Yes." said Veronica.
-But," objected the girl, "it is so
warm--it is quite a hot day, miss. I
im afraid the heat will be too much
"There is no warmth here." said
And the maid, seeing the shudder
that made her young mistress' grace
ul tigure tremble, thought perhaps
;he was really cold. Still it was a
strange thing to ask for on a June day;
tud more than once, as Clara Morton
lighted the fire, she said to herself
that it was unnatural, and that there
Must be some reason for it. Still she
beyed. But the tire would not light.
Three or four times it went out, and
.ach time Veronica had to 1ing again.
"H ow bent she is on it:" said the girl
to herself. "What can she want a lire
ory There is something mysterious
At last the lire burned brightly: and
then Veronica fastened the door and
ook out the will again. She held it
in her hands. looking tirst at the
parchment roll and then at the flames.
It seemed to her as though she held
;omet hing living. Wealth. honor; for
tune. position, the honor of a noble
ame-t hese would all perish with the
loment when she laid it on the
tames. Should she destr'oy it? Was
it not like taking the life of some liv
"I will do it." she said. "not by
balves. but generously. I make this
aciice. and Ileaven sees me. I make
it to secur]e my sister's happiness and
to save my father's memory. 1 make it
with all my hear't in return for their
love for me. and I shall nev'er regret
Then she parted the coals anid placed
the parchment between them. In a
few moments there was a thick smoke.
nd. seeing no more of the parchment,
;he thought it was destroyed. She
watched the thick smoke as it rose:
what did it bear with it of hers?
There was some one at the door: who
:ould it be? She cried out. "Who is
it?" And Clara MIorton answered:
"I want you very part iculary, if you
please. Mi1ss di Cyntha." Veronica
pened the door, and the girl looked
wonderingly into her pale face.
"I have brought you a cup of tea,
miss." she said: "I t hough t you want
yd something." IlIr qutick eye noted
the heavy smoke in the fireplace: she
withdrew without a word. In a few
moments she was back again. "MIiss
:i Cyntha," she cried, "I wish you
would come to my lady's room: I have
knocked at the door several times, and
-an get no answer. I am afraid there
is something wrong."
And Veronica hastened away. not
not icing that she had left the gir'l in
lhe r'oom behind her'.
Ti) iE eoNTINUE)
Had a D~ouble Thuimb.
The Savannah MIorning News of
Friday says James D~oster. alias Elliot
Johnson, colored, r~n. escaped convict
from Columbia, S. C., was captur'ed
Friday by Dectective Mlose D~avis, who
by so doing secures $50, the reward
dered by the Carolina authorities for
Doser's arrest. "The negro. who ha~s
been working at the gas works since
Detober, denies 'that he is the man
wanted. but his description so closely
ggrees with that of the escaped con
vit that there is no doubt he is the
man. One of the principal marks of
identitication is a doatble thumb.
trange to say it was by a similar
malforation that D~etectivye Davis
was enabled to identify and arrest
iother man some time ago. "D)oster.
who is wanted for house-breaking and
arceny. was sent up in 1898, for a
three-year term, but escaped within a
hort time and remained at lar'ge un
89i9. H~e served a little over two
ears, and then escaped again. Aug.
0,. 1901. and remained at large until
irrestedl by D~etective Davis."
Protects Her Husbaind.
A special from Augusta says Thurs
Jay afternoon (Gus hood, a merchant
.n the mill district, in Augusta. shot
nd fatally wounded Frank Smith, a
:otton mill operative. Oper'atives
vere gather'ed around the store dis
:ussig the strike situation. Smith
as been trying to get operatives to
o( back to work. and in the discussion
;ome stron~g talk was directed at him.
I.od came out on the silewalk and
joined in when Smith knut'ked him
wni with a cl ub. Thwo others joined
n the scrap and held( Ihood while
mith hit him again. Hlood's wife
'ushcd out with a pistol and tired once
nto the crowd. Hood got up. natch
d the pilStol fromi his wife and tired
he fotur remaining shots at Smith. all
Laking effect in the atbdomen. Smith
vas taken to the city hospital and
:anot live. 1Hood was arr'ested and
akeni t'o jail.
S m: of our Northern exchanges
te relating as an excellent ''bull" the
epy of a neigro to the que.ry as to
vlerei he was going: ''Aint gwine
owhre: l'se dhone been where 1 was
Corrm'UED FZmi rAE 1.]
square he was ready. The chairian
did everything in his power ;m11d js ill
no wise to be censured fir such be
hav iIori.as the cro wld w1as ieleuri' bev\'n(1
1he onIio 1' of any 011'le 11ali.
TiLLMAN M.\"11ED (PIT.
When Col. Tillutian was carrini fnut
moiist of the audience dispersed. Dr.
Timrnerman briell announced his can
didary, as (lid Mesrs. Gary and Sloan.
Distant lonesome cries for Tall.ert and
Tillnmin broke on the sunset air. This
plum tree is siightly" distigured. but
with the tenipting fruit still hanging
on its branchcs was no t seriously dis
turbed and Edgetield was once more
CONVICT CAPTURES BOAT.
Forced Captain and Five Men-toCar
ry Him to Place of Safety.
Capt. Clark of the steam launch If.
& S. Friday gave a thrilling account
of the trip of himself and crew up the
sound Thursday in company with
Icarry Tracy, the escaped Oregon con
vict who, at the point of a rifle, forced
all hands to embark and pilot him
northward. For nearly ten hours
Tracy was commander of the craft by
virtue of force. finally abandoning it
and escaping into the woood.
Capt. Clark said:
We had been working at South
Point. I entered the company's house
in the morning and found a man with
a gun there. I supposed the boys
were playing some prank and paid no
further attention to him or to the
other men but proceeded to eat break
fast. I reached my hand Into my
pocket and then for the first time the
stranger spoke, 'Take your hands out
of your pockets. Captain,' said he.
"' You have a gun there. It is no
use for you to draw it."
"After ordering the cook to put him
up a launch he ordered four of us to
tie the other two men in the party and
then proceed to the launch. Arriving
at the launch he helped us to get un
der way, all the time keeping his
hands on his rifle.
"All day he exercised the most ex
asperating vigilance to prevent us from
getting the drop on him in any man
ner, or even from discussing the mat
ter ourselves, for the purpose of form
ing a plan for some sort of action. We
were all unarmed. On just one occa
sion during the day did there seem to
be for a single moment an opportunity
to take him at a disadvantage. That
was off Mc eill's island, when he
leaned over the side of the launch to
take a shot at the seals.
"As he was firing, the chance for
which I had been watching seemed to
present itself and I made a move to-.
wards him, thinking to push him over
while his back was turned. As I did
he raised up slightly, as though he
had an idea of shooting and in order
to elude any suspicion as to my inten
tions I turned my face away as though
to look after the boat. Hie tired. and
before I could return my attention to
him he had turned around and reload
ed his rifle."
Tracy is still at large. ie was cor
nered at Bothell, 22 miles north of
Seattle and a fight ensued. in which
tree men were shot. Tracy is report
A special train with an additional
posse on board has left here for
Bothell.lt is hoped to intersept Sheri f
Cudihoe of King county and have
him request Gov. Mc~yde. who is
ere, to call out the militia.
The Fowler Hill Explained.
The following short explanation of
the Fowler bill, which we take from
Thle Commoner, will be of interest to
our readers. The bill has three main
features: First, it provides for a re
deemable silver dollar: second, it pro
vides for an asset currency. and. third,
it provides for a branch bank. The
object of the provision to make the
silver dollar redeemable is to establish
the god standard more firmly, and the
ultimate aim is to retire the silver
dollars either by recoinage into subsid
iary silver or by the substitution of
bonds. The redeemable feature is
only a step toward the dther, for as
soon as the silver dollar is made re
deemable it will form an endless chain
and can be used for an indefinite drain
upon the treasury; and the fact that
it can be used to drain the treasury
will be the excuse given for its retire
nent. When the gold standard is
complete only gold will be standard
money and bank paper will be the
only paper money.
The Fowler hill converts about
$00,000,000 of real money into a
promise to pay real money, and to this,
extent narrows the base of our cur
rency and increases the strain upon
od. This necessarily weakens our
inancal system. instead of strength
ening it. The provision for an asset
:urrency enables banks to issue money
upon their assets: that is, upon the
deposits which have been received and
loaned out, and the system would In
crease the liability of the bank, it be
ing liable, first, to the depositors. and.
second, to the note holders. With out
increasing its assets it would very
mch exaggerate the severity of any
panic. In times of industrial depres
sion the uncertainty of the money
would be added to other uncertainties:
in fact, it would be greater than all
other uncertainties combined. In
good times the banks would reap lar
ger profits and in bad times th~e peo-.
pe would suffer greater loss.
The branch bank feature is the one
that is just now exciting alarm among
the srmall banks, for they are begin
ning to see that the Fowler bill is the
death warrant of the small banker.
A banker who supports- trusts and is
willing that small dealers should be
driven out of business cannot consis
tently oppose a bank trust merely be
cause the bank trust will drive the
small banker out of business, but a
Democrat who is opposed to the prin
ciple of private monopoly can oppose
the branch bank and the money trust
as well as other trusts. The Republi
cans do not dare tc pass this bill be-,
fore the congressional campaign. but
their plan is to pass both it and ship
subsidy bill at the second session, af
ter the election is over, If Ilepubli
cans were as wveil informed as they
ought to be they would seize the op
portunity ofl'ered by this fall's con
gressional election to administer su ch
a rebuke to the leaders of the party as
to save the partv from the disgrace
that such legislation would entail.
RECENT pension legislation ha~s1
brought to light the fact that 1.70 1,
904 pension claims have been grantedj I
out of 2.S24 41 I applications made onc
the ground of injury through services
in the union army. This wvould indi
cate that less than 600'.000 men who
from first to last served in the Con- 1
federate army in whatever capacity I
were for the most part very handy ini
W. BOYD EVANS
Endorsed by the Democratic Voters I
of Marion County
FOR RAILROAD COMMISSIONER.
le is Honoredl Where lie Wa.s Hornr
and Those Who Know Him
Rest Speak in Highest
Praise of Ilim.
Whereas, W. Boyd Evans is a can
lidate for Railroad Commissioner.
.esolved, That we. the Democracy
if MarIon County, in convention as
embled. endorse his candidacy and
ommend him to the voters of the
State as one qualified to perform the
luties of the office with credit to him
;elf and fidelity to the State.
Whereas, W. Boyd Evans is an
jounced as a candidate for Railroad
3ommissioner: and, whereas. we. the
Democratic voters of the township in
,hich he was born and reared, know
ng him to be qualified in every partic
lar to fill the office to which he as
>ires with credit to himself and honor S
:o the State; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we. the Democratic
oters of Ki:-by Township, in meeting
assembled, do endorse his candidacy, S
rnd instruct the delegates elected to o
he County Convention to offer suit- p
able resolutions commending him to 1
he cit!zens of this State for their sup
The above resolutions were passed n
To the Voters of South Carolina: n
\o public question of recent years has c
licited more common interest in South
,arolina, and, indeed, in the whole b
:ountry, than that of the regulation d
rnd restriction of great corporations t
md combinations within the bounds e
>f the law. t
Of these' great corporations none s
aave so close a connection with our s
treat material welfare and interests as t
to the railroads, as upon them depends
>ur intercourse and commerce with n
the outer world. They are, indeed,
the very fibre of our material growth s
and development as a State and a peo
ple. By the maintenance of just and t
equitable laws as between our people r
and the railroads-their public ser- t
vants-alone can these creatures of t
the law be rendered most serviceable a
to the State as a whole and assist in b
the progressive march which the State e
las begun., and at the same time, b
yields the best returns to those who t
>wn their stock.
In the light of these principles our b
State has enacted laws providing for a
Railroad Commission, composed of rep- a
resentative men to be elected from her V
people, whose duty is to regulate and t
adjust the passenger and freight rates b
>f the respective roads within the t
State with justice and impartiality, I
assuring to the people equal rights to a
ll and special privileges to none. b
That the spirit of this law may be
fulfilled it is expedient and necessary t
that this commission, in whose hands s
lies more of our material welfare and c
prosperity than in any other depart
ment of our government, should be
composed, not only of men of the
highest integrity, but of education.
experience and tried business capacit;:
men, who by profession and training, ~
are able to cope with the finest busi
ness and legai talent that money can
Realizing as we do the necessity and
utility of tbe most vigorous adminis- ~
tration of the affairs of this Commis- v
ion and its establishment upon a b
stable business basis, and, moreover, 3
that these great ends can only be ob- d
taed by maintaining the highest
standard in the personnel of its mem- d
bers, we. the undersigned citizens of ,
Marion County, present for your at- a
tention the name of Mr. W. Boyd 1
Evans. a man hailing from our midst p
and whom we believe possesses those e
high attributes which will qualify ri
him to meet the obligations of the o
ofice to which he aspires w.ith the rj
greatest efficiency and honor. We feel ri
that a word setting out what manner u
of man he is will not be amiss.
W. Boyd Evans is the son of a gal- c
lant Confederate soldier. He is es- a
sentially a self-made man, for his 3
father lacking the means to bear the a
expense of his college education, he y
met those expenses himself unaided,i
by dint of hard work and untiring t
While still at college,Mr. Evans was
elected against sharp competition to n
ill the position of Secretary of the s
ludiciary' Committee of the Constitu- C
tional Convention of '9->, and in that b
position exhibited such marked ability
as to have attracted the attention of t
Win. II. Ellerbe, who afterwards, be- t
coming Governor of the State, ap- g
pointed buim as his p'rivate Secretary. 1<
Mr. Evans held this responsible po
sition wi th the utmost satisfaction to 11
his chief. and during the last des- G
perate illness of Governor Ellerbe. S
covering the greater part of a year. G
during which time the duties and b2
responsibilities of that high oflice de- d
vol ved almost entirely upon his should- ri
crs, he acquitted himself with ability t:
During the performance of these ~
rduous duties, however, he found:~
time to enter upon and complete the S
study of Law at the South Carolina t
ollege, and has since the expiration c
>f his term, practiced his profession in c
After the return of our regimentsa
~romn the war with Spain. -Mr. Evans,
iscovering that these soldiers could'.c
mder the National laws, claim furtherC
wards for their services, entered 0
~laims for about tifty thousand dollars r
vith the War Department in Wash
ngton for back pay to South Carolina
oliers: of this he collected and turn- d;
d over to them upwards ot twenty ii;
housand dollars. which, but for his t:
agacity and energy, would have been ri
ost to those brave fellows. na
For a period of nearly eight years Ji
r. Evans has been connected, in one 11
apacity or another, with the Legis- al
aive Department of our Government. t<
cting as Secreary to the various t:
lommittees of the f wo Ihouses. di
His residence In Columbia, the n<
1eadquarters of the Railroad Coin- o
nission, renders Mr. Evans a peculi- et
trly itting choice for the position to
vhich he aspires, inasmuch as It would A
ve the Commission a resident mem-T
yer at headquarters, thus keeping thew
)ice always accessible to those having w
usiness before it. Moreover, his resi- et
len-e-at headquarters would eliminate et
he matter of costs and expenses in .sc
iis case, which arc incurred by all ci
oio-residents, and must be incurred in
>y all of the other aspirants for this lil
osition. andl which, byno means, is an mr
neonsiderable item of the State's bc
i; the light of the iacts and reasons
::merated above, as we have no
tation in recommending. and do
'commend gladly. the candidacy of
r. W. IHovd Evans.
J. E. Ellerbe. Farmer.
.1. Lee Platt. Edcito)r Enterprise.
L. C. B~radd v. Farmer.
.I. 11. D)avid, 31. 1).
.. 1;. .1urdan. Editor Dillon
'1'. 1. Stackhouse. I ank of Dil
W. Stackhouse. Merchant and
E. 1. Berrv. Merchant and
.1. V. Smith. Cotton Buyer.
.1. II. 3anning, Farmer.
B. It. Mullins. Sheriff Marion
.Jas. Stackhouse, State Senator.
Douglass McIntyre, Merchant.
.1. C. Mace. Editor Marion Star.
L. M. Gasque, Merchant.
.. W. -Johnson, Attorney.
S. G. Miles. Merchant and
E. A. Gasque, ). ). S.
H. C. Graham. President
W. A. Brown, Member State
Hyman Witcover, Merchant.
Education That Educates
The improvement of our country
:hools is the foundation stone of
gricuitural progress. and other
)undation no man can lay. This is
ot theory, but a fact proved by
:atistics. Wherever the parcentage
f illiteracy is highest. there are the
rofits of farming smallest. And for
reason not far to seek-there has
past progress been made in the intro
uction of improved and scientific
We may live out our live dreaming
reams about the good work that
iight be done by our agricultural
allege, exeriments stations, and farm
apers, says the Progressive Farmer,
ut all this dreaming is a snare and a
elusion unless we realize that before
be college or paper will be appreciat
d, must come the public school,
aching the people to read and under
tand, just as surely as the foundation
tone must be laid before the rest of
he structure is worth considering.
We have lately made progress in the
1atter of public education, but much
pork yet remains to be done. And
ince such a large per cent of these
upils of the country schools are to
ke up farming as a life work, it is
ot unreasonable to demand that in
hem the principles of agriculture be
aught. We do teach these boys much
bout banking, selling and buying
onds, discounting, foreign exchange,
tc., things with which not one in ten
as anything to do in after life. Why
hen should it be thought strange
then one dares suggest that it would
e better to teach them something of
lant growth, animal life, plant and
nimal feeding, etc., subjects that
rould be equally useful in training
he mind and would be of continua'
enefit to the larger part of them it
heir life work? Let the farm boy
sarn a little less of foreign exchange
nd Greek histoy, need be, but teaci
im at the outset that farming is "not
rudgery, bat an intellectual pursuit'
hat, lIke other callings, pays hand
aie returns for intelligent, scientiti
are and management.
SAID TO BE DAN GOULD.
fade His Escape Twenty Years
The State of Thursday says more
han 20 years ago Dan Gould. con
icted of -murder and condemned tc
e hanged, escaped from the jail it
Iontgomery county. N. C.. before thE
av set for his execution.
A negro, known a~s Thomas Mad
ry. but supposed to be Dan Gould,
ras arrested in Georgetown recently,
nd the governor of North Carolina
as been asked to issue requisition pa
ers. Govejnor Aycock wired Gov
rnor McSweeney Wednesday that thE
quest had been honored and at
licer would go to Georgetown today,
he authorities in Georgetown have
plied that they will hold the suspect
ntil the officer arrives.
Gould killed a white man in Ansot
ounty, having beaten him to deatl:
rith a fence rail, lie was tried it
Iontgomery county, was convicted
nd sentence was passed upon him,
[e had not been heard of after mak
ag his escape until it was statec
hat he -had been captured in George
The negro under arrest strongly de
ed that he is the fugitive from An
an county, and refused to go to Nortl:
arolitia until xequisition papers had
Trhe North Carolina otticials inves
igated the case most carefully, anc
bey are of the opinion that the ne
ro is undoubtedly Gould, who has sc
mng escaped justice. The record ir
fontgomiery and Anson was hunted
p and formal application made tc
overnor Aycock for a requisition.
hould the suspect really be Dar
ould, when he is taken back it will
e Governor Aycock's duty to set a
ate for his execution. Ie has al
2ady been convicted and no further
rial can be held.
Not another case in the State 01
orth Carolina is recalled where a
ian has been convicted of murder,
mtenced, then escaped and recap
.red after 20 long years. There is a
ise, however, where a murderer was
ught 25 years after his crime, tried
nd convicted. Usually, though, it is
Imost impossible to get the witnesses
ter so long a time.
Gould will undoubtedly employ
>unsel and try to get a cummutation
a the ground that he has led a cor
ict life for the past 20 years.
Boat Sinks in Congaree.
A special from the State says Fri
ly night it was stated that a large
it used by Sub-contractor .Jeffords on
e government work on the Congaree
ver had over-turned late in the after
So while oag in the river with M[r.
fords and about 25 negroes aboard.
was further stated that MIr. Jeffords
ad many of the negroes had managed
>reach the shore. but it is -supposed
at about five of the negroes were
~owned. News of the accident was
t received in the city until about 10
clock Friday night and it was ex
~edingly diflicult by 'phone or other
ise to get any accurate information.
t night some details were secured.
he story was to the effect that there
ere about 18 men on the boat, which
as working near the coffer dam, load
I with sand when the accident oc
irred. Mlost of the negroes left as
on as rescued, before they could be
ecked up to see how many were inis
g. but it is considered more than
elv that from threce to live of the
en were drowned. None of the
dies had been recovered up to 11
zinr-1 Friday nigrht.
i the !uolowin from 'Te
Sat urday B'lade "f Chicago: .Judge
Edwai F. Dunne. of the cri minal
couirt of Ch11icag.o, has recentl vren
dered a decision t hat is of interest to
ever' iusiness: man in the cilitrv. It
Was the case of the state verisus
William (:. West. an em ploye oft he
pacrIing hrise of NelCon .Morris \ Co..
who w;s chargled by th::t aomimnv
W.a oi miarriel mai' :t')tci
:0 years of age. who vas Iivin with
and supp'rting a wife and two chil
dren. had charge of a meat car for I ie
firm. and each week loaded the car in
Chicago and then took it to Aurora.
making six or eight stops at small
towns along the way to make deliveries
to small dealers. West coileeted the
money for all his deliveries and twice
a week made a written report and
turned in his money, amounting some
times to as high as$3.000. Fur doing
all this work. and occupying a posi
tion of trust in which thousands of
dollars passed through his hands he
was paid $15 per week. The company
that employed him pushed the pro
secution and wanted him sent to the
penitentiary, but Judge Dunne found
him guilty of embezzling but $15. thus
saving him from the penitentiary, and
sentenced him to serve thirty days in
In rendering his decision Judge
Dunne told the employers of West
that when they asked a man to take
such a responsible position at such a
small salary and where he is called on
in the performance of his duty to col
lect such large amounts of money.
knowing that he has a wife and two
children to care for. "you are simply
inviting him to commit a crime, or at
least exposing him to tenptation. and
it is wrong."
The judge said he believed West. the
-prisoner, to be a good man, and that
had his salary been even as inuch as $5
more per week he would never have
been exposed to temptation. "if he
had been paid $25 a week as he should
have been paid, he would have had
$500 in the bank instead of being here
convicted of embezzlement." The
decision of Judge Dunne is well worth
serious consideration by all who give
employment to others.
A Toarist Party
To consist of 36 ladies and gentle
men is being organized to make a
month's tour, August 1st to 30th.
through the west, among the Rocky
mountains, -on to
"The land of flowers and gold and
fruit and snow."
The start will be made from Colum
bia August 1st, over the Southern
railway, going via Atlanta, Memphis,
Kansas City, Santa Fe, a side trip to
Grand Canyon of Colorado river, Ari
zona, thence to Los Angeles; spending
three or four days along the shores of
the great Pacific, reaching San Fran
cisco in time for the K. of P. Conven
tion. Leaving the Golden Gate. we
next make Sacrimento, t1ie Sierra Ne
vada Mountains, Glenwood Springs,
Denver, Colorado Springs, Pike's Peak,
Garden of the Gods, thus passing over
the grandest scenic route in the world.
The party for convenience will have
two chartered cars, Pullman sleeper.
and will make this trip, that ordinari
ly would cost $.250,00 for
$138.00 FOR ALL ENPENSES
Of railroad fare, sleeper, lodging.
board, meals en route, fruits. mauga
zines, stationery and care of baggage.
No time spent in looking up boarding
places: all your time for sight seeing.
Passengers relieved of all anxiety
about schedules, baggage. etc. Not a
hurried excursion, but time for pleas
ure, and the greatest opportunity of a
life time to see the Wonderland of
Further information and member
ship in the party may be obtained by
writing before .Jnly 15th to J. D.
Nunamaker. care M. L. Kinard,
Columbia. S. C., who will personally
conduct the party.
Million Dollar Fire.
By a fire which broke out in their
plant at the stock yards Saturday
night in Chicago, Swift & Co. suffered
a loss which is estimated by the offi
cials at $1,000,000. The fire was con
fined to one building standing at the
intersection of Packers avenue and
Broadway. -This structure was four
stories high, built of brick, and was
300 feet square. The first dioor was
occupied by the wholesale meat mark
et of the company, the second by the
shipping department and the third
and fourth by the general otfices of the
company. The latter are said to have
been the largest single otlices in the
United States, more than 800 em
plyes working on one of the floors in
a single room. The cause of the fire
is not known, but it was discovered
near the cngine room. It spread so
rapidly through the building that it
was found impossible to save anything
in the structure. The burned build
ing adjoins portions of the plants of
Armor & Co., and Libby, McNeil &
Libby. and for a time the fire depart
ment had a desperate fight to keep
these buildings from the tlames. W.
.J. McGonigle, the superintendent of
the plant, said that the loss will ag
gregate fully one million. The loss
is fully covered by insurance.
Suicide of an Editor.
Col. .J. E. Smithee of Denver, Col.,
was found dead in his room .at the
Merchants hotel in Little Rock. Ark.,
Saturday afternoon. A pistol clasped
in his right hand and a bullet hole
through his head explained the cause
of his death. A note nearby gave this
further explanation: "For cripples,
paupers, and mendicants I have no
use. Fearing that I may get in one
of these (lasses by reason of the in
jury with which I was recently visit
ed, I end the doubt." While in New
York several months ago Col. Smithee
severely injured his ankle by a fall.
He had been in Little Rock about
two months and was preparing to
leave for Denver in a few days.
The coroner held an inquest Saturday
afternoon and decided that his death
was caused by a gunshot wound self
inflicted. Col. Smnithee was a native
of Arkansas and was 60 years of age.
He served in the Confederate army
and after the war became connectedl
with the Arkansas Gazette of that
city. In 1874 he was elected State
land commissioner and was subse
quently chairman of the $tate D~emo
cratic central committee. In 1878 he
was an unsuccessful candidate for
governor of Arkansas. Hie then moved
to Colorado. but returned to Little
Rock in 18%i to become editor of The
IGazette. which place he held over two
years then returning Denver.
H[ad to Flee for Their Lives.
Mi:. liryan's Commoner is unkind
enough to call attention to the fact
that a negro schoolfhouse in Illinois -
111inois, mifnd you-has recently been
destroyed and teachers and pupils rom
pelled to flee for their lives.
When Lease Expires Bones Are
Thrown Outside of Inclosure.
Ancient Ground in Cuba Where
Bodies Are Placed in 'rohes in
the Wall Sealed by Exquis
ite Marble Tablets.
Behind the leper hospital in the San
Lazaro district of the city of Havana
there :les a:n old eemetery. Few of
the many visitors to that city know
a:< : re i.., sun, h a place; stil fewer
'.r p:s b:.cath it, vine-cvov r.d por
ta:. ih u uds visit the Colon ceme
t r%, %.:h its naa.-ive gateway and its
tt:: iii imonumne:ts; not one in a
thou-arti st-s that city of the dead
wie wa:s e ablished by Bishop Juan
De 1> pa d a in lsO3. Fo'r :5 years it has
stood urusai for burial purposes.
In ld Roman days. in the time of the
funnral pyre. it was customary to
gatheir the ashes of the incinerated
dead and place them in funeral urns.
The~e were sealed and deposited in
nicht s in the wails of special buildings
or inclosires, to which was applied the
name of columbaria, for the reason
that their appearance suggested a
d4veeute-. The general idea of theco
lIu:baria has been preserved and,
thnuh ur.usual, is far from unique.
The more modern system dispenses
w :h t. heiurning and deposits the cof
fired bo.ly in niches only differingfrom
those of tie Roman days essentially
in tit ir size. This is the system of
the &'ia:a cemetery in Havana, says
the New York Post.
The opening of a strongly-lockedand
heavi!y-barred iron gateway gives pas
sage into a high walled inclosure of
some three or four acres in extent.
Neither monument nor standing tomb
ste:ne brcal:s its fiat and grassy area.
A :w- ::n pa: hway :eads straight
aca a pin: to the mortuary chapel
upon its uorthern side. All around are
the walls. four to five yards in height,
showing four tiers of round-topped
niches. some open and some closed and
sealed. Midway the western wall a
gateway opens upon a second inclo
sure of similar area to the first, though
of dci'erfnt arrangement. A brick
paved wa:kway crosses it from east to
west. bisecting a series of interior walls
which extend through its greater
lergth. if my memory servesme, there
are six of these structures, alternately
open and arching the pathway. Here,
too. the surr'ounding walls and the in
terior structures show the four rows
of niches. A li ttle countingand a rough
caleuration gave the total number in
both inclosures at about 12,000.
The ground immediately around the
chapel. in the outer-yard. is largely oc
cupied by the horizontal slabs which
mark the resting place of those whose
rank. wealth or influence has secured
for them a special interment. Here lies
the body of a bishop. and there lies one
whose coroneted coat of arms, carved
in rehicf on the marble, indicates a
strain of royal blood. Many of the
stones are broken. all are weather
stained, bordered with untrimmed
grass and weeds. For the graves of
many who lie here there is. no
orne to care. Of Spanish birth, their
friends and kindred have returned to
their homes across the sea.
.\1ny of the wvall niches stand empty
by re ason of an established custom,
prevaient'in these countries, of rent
ing burial spaces for a time only. At
the expiration of that time the bones
are removed to a large uncovered re
eptaele along the southern .wall,
where ;he y constitute a ghastly heap.
seen only from the top of the wall.
The vacated space may then be filled
by surviving tenants or by one whose.
payment insures repose so long as the
p~ c continues as a burial ground. In
some of t hese now vacant niches beds
of dried grass and discarded clothing
indicate their use by the living. There
is no doubt that mnany of themwere oc
cupied as sleeping places during the
da vs of the reconcentration under Wey
Marble tablets, often exquisitely
carved, seal the openings of the niches,
t aking the place of the now more gen
eralIly used mausoleums, monuments
and he'adstones. Here and there some
wreath or other floral memento, at
tached to the tablet, shows that even
for a quarter of a century of sleep in
this unused burial ground some dead.
are lovingly and-actively remembkred.
Here and there an English name ap
pears. but they are very few.
In one of the walls of the western
section a niche is shown in which once
lay the body of a man who, in his life.
had grievously offended a group of
students in the University of Havana!
After his burial some of these students
manifested their hitterness by the
foolish prank of desecrating the tab
let which sealed the tomb of their en
emy. They were caught and sentenced
to death.~ A tablet on the face of a
building near La Punta, in Havana,
states that they were there executed.
shot by the bullets of Spanish sol- ~
diery. To-dav one of the specialsight-s
of Havana is t-he beautiful students'
monument in the Colon cemetery; and
the an niversary of their death is apub
lic holiday. _______
Two quarts onions, two quarts
cucumber pickles, two quarts cauli
flower, two quarts green tomatoes,
large and small peppers (green or
red); cho; and let stand in brine
over nignrt: then scald in vinegar
with a lump of alum until tender.
When cold pour off vinegar and add
two or three heads of celery if de
sired. For the dressing use one
pound ground mustard, half ounce
turmeric, one cupful flour, half ounce
celery seed and two cupfuls of sugar.
Stir ino one gallon boiling vinegar;
add pickles and let boil ten minutes.
-Ladies' World, New York.
THE Richmond News says "if Mr.
Bryan intends to warn away from the .
party all the Grover Cleveland Demo
crats and all those who refused to vote
for him and who reject his free silver
doctrines, it would be interesting to
know where he bases his hopes fora
party vieL~ory."' Mr. Bryan has noob
jection to Mr. Cleveland and other so
called D~emocrtats who bolted the ticket-.
in 189G and 1900 coming back into the
party, but he very rightly objects to
their coming back and taking entire
charge of the machines. of the party.
"T H E Ilominy Trust," says the
''Sun. "icorporated in New Jersey
asteAmerican Hominy company,
has gobbled"-that's the expressive
word-" the Indianapolis hominy mills
and cerealine works;" and then it
asks: "Is there a Hog Trust?"
There is, indeed: headquarters in the
Chicago slaughter houses; and Hog
and Homniny go together.
THtE general rain which visited
Texas last week came too late to save
the oorn crop. but in some sections.
farmers are replanting. Cotton was
not datuaagedl muchi by the fevere. E