Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV1. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY , 1902- NO.6.
A HOT TIM E.
Editor DeChamp Calls Col. Jim Till
man a Falsifier
AT THE GAFFNEY MEETING.
Correspondent With Tillm:n Stbma
ted: Disorder nec:rmze So Wi .
spread Thria Meet inu: Was A
journed. No B!ows Passed.
An orderly meeting of about -~h0
voters and some ladies en:led i <is
order at Gaffney Woeinesday. iiivol
ing the :mast eisatiolal incident of
campaign. Col. 'Tillian, as details
further on will show. was reading an
editorial from the Gafiney Ledger
chargsng him with "b:eing a gama bier.
a liar and a drunkard." lie was sar
castic in his collt'ntS and was inter
rupted by Editor I'eCain of the Leg
er, who assumed entire responsi bility
and defended with determination his
-charges. In the ensuing discussion
Mr. DeCamp offered 'to prove Col.
Tillman a liar over his own signature."
When asked to furnish this proof Mr.
DeCamp retired to his oflice. submit
ting upon his return the evidence be
low. The scene was most sensational.
Mr. DeCamp. with no excitement.
resolutely pressed his accusation amid
noise and confusion, many cheers for
'Tillman, no small amount for l>eCamp
and numerous remarks addressed to
either and both and sometimes neither.
All the gubernatorial candidates were
'well received, Tillman, Hleyward and
Talbert leading. Mr. Gary received
much cb'ering and applause, as did
Messrs. Sharpe, Martin and Frost.
The afternoon session had a full
house, this was true when the guber
natorial candidates were announced at
3 o'clock. Congressman Talbert was
the first speaker, and after trib:te to
ladies, he addressed the voters on re
sponsibilities of the ottice sought. Has
had some of the necessary experience
and has the manhood for requirements.
Trust and monopolies, labor and capi
tal discussed, and Commercial Dem
ocracy vigorously assaulted. Wants
good feeling .vith all classes. Educa
tional interest favored. Reiterated
white and colored tax scheme. (Cheers.)
Issues forcibly discussed. Col. Talbert
was heard most attentively. Inter
rupted with cheers, especiailly on tax
scheme closed with applause.
The next speaker was
who was warmly received. He came
here as a stranger, knowing but very
few of these South Carolinians and
was most grateful for such greeting.
This county destined to be one of the
greatest counties of South Carolina.
Payed a tribute to South Carolina
womanhood, then passed on to his
candidacy. All love feast issues dis
cussed, blend and centre in up-building
of our State. These issues discussed
in their exact meaning. Dispensary,]
education, good-roads, pensions dis
cussed. Tribute to Confederate sol
dier. Heard with closest interest and
applause: clored with applause.
MR. ANSEL CAME NEXT
with applause and unfortunately, with
a sore throat. He regretted this, but
mnade his speech. Coming from the
Pearl of the Piedmont portion of the
State to which Cherokee belonged;
ipaid his tribute to woman and her up
lifting influences. Comes with en
daxrsement of Greenville county, six
years in -legislature: comes with en
dorsement of five upper SouthCarolina
counties as solicitor for 12 years: otli
cial recard satisfactory, always, to his
constituents. Issues discussed and
Mr. Ansel's ,voice interferred not with
interest of his hearers. He was heard
throughout with close attention, in
troduced Bro. Crofford to the Cherokee
:audience; closed with applanse.
~was the next speak-er, claiming that
Ihe and Mr. Ansel, twice married, were
~the only true 'friends of the ladies.
.Has never had to medicate his private
'or official character. Col. Talbert re
fers to "timble rigging"~ in South Caro
lina politics. This is something un
~known to the speaker. Has wvhat no
'competitor can say, the endorsement
'of the people of South Carolina. At
home elected to the legislature. when
not a candidate and under his protest,
an honor not bestowed on any other
so far as he knew. He is standing in
his own shoes: running on his own
name. Object of government is pro
tection of society and issues so dis
cussed. As to when he was treasurer.
he did not have to borrow money. As
sailed Col. Talbert's white tax scheme:
this is dangerous. Closed with ap
LIEUT. Gov. TILLMAN
was the next and last :-peaker who
came forward with cheers and ap
plause and hurrahs for Tillman. lle
turned thanks for this and for past
support. Glad to see these people face
to face to let them see if he is the
man painted. Appeals to his country.
and by this to be judged: standing on
record. Referred again to the ruling
incident in the senate, then on to
sword affair. Finishing these in de
tail, he found it necessary to notice an
editorial in the Gaiiney Ledger pub
lished some weeks ago.
This editorial charged Col. Tillman
with "being a gambler, a liar andI a
drunkard."' Col. Tillman was readinig
the article, stopping for vigorous and
sarcastic characterization on its con
tents. The article stated that County
Chairman T. B. Butler and M1essrs.
McCrawv and Sarrat could substantiate
what was said. Turning to Mr. Butler
Col. Till man asked to hear from him.
Replying. Col. Butler said: "I know
absolutely nothing about thei state
ment and the man who wrote it did so
without my authority."
D'CAMP wAs TILERE.
Col. TillTnan was proceeding in vig
orous and sarcastic characterization of
the article when Editor DeCamp of
The Ledger stepped u pon the stage and
advancing directly to Col. Trillman.
whom he faced, said: "I am the man
who wrote the editorial ana am re
sponsible for it." Turning to Col.
Butler, Mr. I~eCamnp said: "illave you
not been drinking with Col. Tillmnan
"Not more than with yu." reliled
r. Butler. Cheers.
;T+ , owd wa vxry noisy and vehe- I
aent no\w and the ladies left precipi
ta: , the scene being stormy and
thre tt nm. Cheers for Tillman and
s+ioe for I)eCamp: vario us cries and B
Su iggestiosll t: both and general inwve
i : im the audience. The chair
nan's 'ivci and ther l(ises were
hari.sir. i)eCamp stood lis ground
r:1t ely and again expressed with de- L(
termination his authorship and
I ien 'oiu a:re the author of some- t
t hin ' <+ which you should he asham
d." said C 1. Tillman. Mr. 1)eCalp's
cool reply md:Le a terrilie commiotion
when! he said: "Coi. Tillman. I canl
pro you a liar over you own signa
It nare. C +l. Tillman requ'sted hi In t '
ii so and Mr. Camp went to his u;ice
for t: e profof. In the neantimue Mr. M
Caug hman who had been absent, tried te
to speak but no one heard.
D'( XMI idINoS Hils I'lnOiF. I
C'".. TPill;la as ro 1 c edin~g wit-h
his sp'ech :hen Mr. I )Canp returned m(
procnin the two letters below, he. hi
hstated agaii that he could prove Cii. N
i llman a~ falsitiler and read the letter
which were in reply to hills sent from
time to time regarding an advertise- se
ing aceount which he had not been or
abile to colleet. Following is a ver- sii
batim copy of the letters: al:
Edgetie .d, Jan. 3. 19-02. 1T t
Mr. E. H1. DeCamp, Editor ;rit and tu
Stee!. Gafrney. S. C.: su
I have received several letters from ga
you. enclosing bill for advertising in te
Grit and Steel. I beg to say that I
think if you will refer to you books W
you will find that all these bills I made a
with Grit and Steel were promptly te
paid and in advance, to
Yours truly. sh
(Signed) .Ias. II. Tillman. sh
Replying to another bill from ir.
DeCamp, came the following letter. ga
Columbia. S. C.. Feb. 12. 1902. wi
Mr. E. H1. DeCamp. Business Manager in
Grit and Steel. Gaffney, S. C.:
While I am satisfied that I have al- Al
ready paid the bill which you sent to so
MIr. Shephard. I hand you under this Jc
cover In check for 84 in payment of Gi
same. Kindly acknowledge receipt. fo
Yours truly, pe
Jas. H. Tillnan. go
KNEW HE WAS LYING." ID
Mr. DeCamp maintained that Col. th
Tillman knew he owed the account an
when he denied it and he also insisted re
that the contents of the two letters t th
revealed this fact. 'Mr. DeCamp fur
ther remarked as he finished reading
the letters that Col. Tillman had Ti
never paid the bill and knew that he Ca
was lying when he wrote the letter. tie
Col. Tillman asked Mr. DeCamp to Cb
hand him the letters. Mr. DeCamp sh
refused to do so. Col. Tillman insist~ ]a,
ed. Mr. DeCamp again refusing, say- he
ing they were his property. Col. Till- fu
man said he only wanted to read them, hi
and Mr. DeCamp handed them to ri:
him, standing by Col. Tillman while
he read. After reading Col. Tillman Ai
"If I only had one matter on my th
mind at once I would have known, but fol
after consulting my books and finding tic
the error. I sent him the money due dis
Mr. DeCamp then wanted to know sit
if it took six letters to find out one
mistake in .a set of books. There was
much noise and excitement in the
audience, much cheering, some hiss
mng. Not a majority of the audience
by any means were cheering. M1ost of
the noise seemed to be in favor of Till- s
man, but Mr. DeCamp, who firmly
and aggressi-ely stood his ground, was co~
by no means without friends and sup- tr
porters. Finally Chairman Butler re
garding that Col. Tillman's time limit
had expired, adjourned the meeting..
WANTS A CAROLINA STONE. in
Hon. William J. Bryan Writes Letter in~
to State Geologist. o
Hion. W. .J. Brayan wants a stone
from this state. State Geologist Earle h
Sloan have received the following let- th
ter, which explains the matter more -ut
Lincoln, Neb., July 18th.
lon. Earle Sloan, State Geologist,
Charleston, S. C. t
MIy Dear Sir; I am going to have. h
just above the fireplace in the news- C.
paper room of my new home. a mosaic i
made up of stones from the states
which I carried in either campaign. J
I desire a piece of granite, or marble.
ir possible. I want a piece ten inches
square. polished on tihe face, and three
inches thick. The name of the State
will be carved here, so that the letters G(
will be uniform.
IC. you will pick out such a stone lie
and send it to me by fri eght I shal be
glad to reimnbuse you to the the extent t
,of any expense you may; incur.
W. J. Bryan.
In a letter t o the Charleston Post
Mr. Sloan says:
'This will afford some of our gran
ite quarries an excellent opportunity
to exhibit some of our very superior d
granite, and the privilege of honoring a
the distinguished statesman from
"'I beg to suggest that the block to h
be tendered be from some~ one of the m
monumental grades alt irding a pr~o
nounced relief. i order to prominent
ly set forth the name "South Car
oina" in the letters w ith which it i
to be carved at Lincoln. O
"The dark or Syenitie gran i
would probably show to thle best a--c
vantage. I should be pleased to re- M
Iceive tenders from f rom the respective. th
quarry owners.' to
As South Carolina gave her elci
toral vote to Mr. Bryan in both his
runs for the Presidency. he probably
has a double desire fo a block from
this state- to
Usc. thle Samie PistoI.
Frank Peker, father of Charles F mn
and V J1 Peker. prominent business pl
men of Columbus. Ga , committed
suiide Wiednesday by shooting him
self in the right temple with a 38
alibre revolver at ine Peker Iron t
works. Mr P'eker was a Bohemian.
about 70 years of age. and had lived
in Colmbus ablout :2S wars. Ihis mind
had cbeen imupairedl to some extent for t
a year or two A bout four years ago"
his son. Joseph Peker, committed e
suicide in the same way and used the
EPUT1Y AI11 KILLEI
a Supposed Horse_Thief Named
)WER PART OF AIKEN COUNTY.
It Story ol'The AmiTir as Obtained I
f-om Different Sources. The
Fugitive a )esperate
n last Tuesday night week Gov. di
:Sweeney reccived the following h
Wagener, .J uly 22. 1I
i Gov. McSweeney. Columbia. S. C. G
.Jde'Ilcat found. Killed one of o-i.r
?n. Escaped to swamp. Send ti
)dhounds to Perry tonight on train s(
>. 29. .1. A. Picens. d
Deputy Sheriff. g
The gi "ernolr found it impossible to LF
t communication with Wagener S
to get bloodhounds, and wired the It
eriff of Aiken county to that effect, n
;o asking for further particulars. p
sere is a reward of $100 for the cap
re and delivery of Jeffcoat. as it is ti
pposed that he is at the head of a L
ng of horse thieves that have been a
rrorizing the whole county. 4
The governor heard nothing more v
ednesday of the affair. lie expected e3
reply from Sheriff Alderman to his
egram during the forenoon. but up V
2.30 o'cluck nothing came from the l'
riff. The governor then wired the cl
eriti again as follows: b
"Iave you any information in re- -M
rd to Jeffcoat matter at Wagner? I tl
red you last night to give me full h
ormation. Answer.' b<
The State's correspondent at
igusta sends the story below, giving 11
ne further information. Though C
(coat is claimed in the story as a et
iorgian, he is a South Carolinian un- ai
rtunately, and is known as a des- d<
rado. The facts presented to the si
vernor show that he has been operat- ti
? at the head of a gang of horse A
ieves in Aiken county for some time
d only last week the reward refer- b<
to above was offered. Here is what h
e correspondent says: ir
A GEORGIA ACCOUNT.
"Georgia has produced a veritable
acey, who has crossed over into
rolina and has worked the author- )
s of that State to a fever heat. e
arlie Jeffcoat was being chased by a
,riff in the southern part of Georgia h
t week for horse stealing and when
got too close for the welfare of the S
;itive Jeffcoat turned on him, shot at
n. The criminal then crossed the tl
er to Aiken county and the chase
s taken up by Sheriff Alderman of of
ken and Deputy Ahl with blood
unds. Tuesday morning some time at
ay struck the criminal's trail and al
lowed him to Jeffcoattown, a set
ment down the river. When they as
covered Jetfcoat and were closing in
him he turned and fired a broad- II
e at the two officers. Sheriff Alder- h,
n escaped the bullets, but Deputy w
1 was shot dead and the criminal ~
aped the second time about 5.30
esday afternoon, taking to the
ods. Sheriff Alderman immediate
organized a posse and notified thew
3rits of Orangeburg and Edgefield, l
.o have joined in the hunt for Jeff- t
t, bloodhounds still being used to
HE WANTED -ARMs.
Things rocked along until Wednes- hi
' night before the governor got any af
ormation from the officers in Aiken ca
- when it did come it was vague and fe
>ught no facts bearing on the kill- m
Sof the deputy. It was in the shape tt
the following telegram: u
Aiken. July 23. ti<
vernor McSweeney: mn
Palmetto rifles disbanded. Guns are fo
re but some parties refuse to give
m up. Wire instructions. My dep- G<
Sand posse still there. Will leave
>n as possible. S
Owen Alderman, Sheriff. nt
sovernor McSweeney pron-ptly sent ye
s reply: A
)wen Alderman, Sheriff, Aiken, S.
I said nothing about Palmnetto ri
. My advice was for you to organ
~ose and do your best to capture
icoat. Give me full jparticulars by he
re. M. ij. McSweeney, Governor. k-i
MIoRE MESSAGEs. i
WVagener, S. C., July 24. W
v. M. B. McSweeney: a
i'he people think -the parties are ht
ec in the swamp. Is there any ti
3ice for blood hounds. If so send A
cm. Scad me two boxes 38s and 40 ed
inchester rities to Perry tirst train. Tl
Owen Alderman, re
This reply was sent:
ven Alderman, SheritTf, Wagener, at
ave directed adjutant general's wl
part ment to ship two boxes of 38s Tl
d 40 Winchesters cartridges to wt
rry at once. Will scee if I can secure A
>od hounds from county authorities ze
re. Wire me fully as to your move- L<
mts and do your best to capture hi
Icoat. M. B. McSweeney, lu
Then came this from the sheriff: hi
Wagener. S. C.. July 24. w
v. M. II. McSweeney: hi
Parties here who are harboring Jeff- Ht
it are trying to keep us off him. ca
ist I arrest those parties and send at
mn to jail. Notify sheriff Lexing- a
a county to come and protect that sv
Ie cf river. Answer. hi
Owen Alderman Sheriff. di
This answer was dispatched: g
yen Alderman Sheritf. Wagener, di
S. C.: of
Telegram receiived. It is your duty re
arrest the parties who are interfer- 1:
with your efforts to capture ti:
ticoat. I would nA hesitate a mo- bt
nt to arrest every one of them and e
ice them in jail,.h
M. B. McSweeney t
Tue governor then wired to Lexing- w
ns sheriff as follows: 1 h<
Sheriff Lexinton County, Lexing- la
ton, S. C..
Owen Alderman, sherill Al ken coun- cc
. wires from Wageners as follows: UI
otify sheriff Lexington county to ti
m and protect that side of river." bi
>mply with Sheriff Alderman's re- h]
mot. Wire him at Wairrner. TDo:11l
?u can to assist in the arrest of .eff
M. . McSweeney.
About 2 o'clock SheritT Alderman
ho had gone to Perry's wired the
>vcrnor this report:
Perry, S. C. July 24.
ov. M. B. McSweeney. Columbia, S.
Last account Jeffcoat going back .to
rown's landing. G;ot posseC in pur
.TEFFCoATs GEORGIA RECORD.
The Savannah Morning News. re
rring to the killing of the Aiken
aputy by Jeffcoat. Wednesday gave
1e desperado's Georgia record as fol
"This makes .1effcoat's third killing.
e was wanted in Emanuel county,
a., for killing a man named Wilson,
-ar Ilerndon last winter. Ile went
lere under the name of Charlie John
>n. and it is said he and Wilson were
>ing an illicit liquor business to
ther. A fter killing Wilson he left
manuel, but recently returned.
eritT Flanders had made several ef
irs to apprehend him and on the
ight of July 1 undertook, with a
>sse to surround him in a swamp.
he man had escaped. however, and
le posse scattered to search for him. I
eputy Sheriff Curl and Joe Flanders,
brother of the sheriff, overtook Jeff
at and his wife on the road to Mid
lle at il p. m. The desperado was
pecting arrest and was sitting in
is buggy with his face t o the rear.
lhen ordered to surrender he shot
landers in the left breast with a Win
iester rifle, then jumped from the
ggy and fled to a swamp. Mrs.
!ffcoat, or Johnson, also took part in
i shooting and was wounded in the
,ad. She is now in jail at Swains
"JeiTcoat has sailed under a alias.
Emanuel county he was known as
harlie Johnson. The people of that
>unty have been greatly aroused, and
iy news of the man who killed Flan
rs is eagerly sought. This was
uown by the way in which informa
on was sought from Columbia and
"Rewards amounting tc $900 have
en offered for Jeffcoat. Dodgers
ive been printed and circilated, giv
g descriptions of him. These may
the means of running him to earth.
he rich prize his capture would bring
ill induce police and constabularies
mainta'n a strict watch for him.
e will find it a difficult task to
cape, and may yet meet death at the
>int of a Winchester as unerring as
"The wife of J. C. Flanders offers
!00 for the apprehension of Jeffcoat,
id Sheriff J. T. Flanders, brother of
e murdered man. offers $200 more.
addition. $200 is offered by friends
the Flanders, and the aggregate of
;00 is on deposit in the Citizens' bank
Swainsboro. In addition, there is
00 offered by the governor.
"Jeffcoat, or Johnson, is described
being between 27 and 30 years old,
highing about 135 or 140 pounds.
e is feet 8, or 10 inches high, and
is blue eyes and dark brown hair,
hich, at a distance, seems black.
e has a light mustache and features.
hen he left Emanuel county, he
is barefoot and in his shirt sleeves.
"Jetfeoat's occupation is that of a
od sawyer. lie has two brothers
.ing in Aiken and two living near
3MADE HIS EsCAPE.
The Columbia State says though it
s expected that news would reach
re Friday that some of the posse
ter Jeffcoat had managed either to
pture of kill him, that it seems the
low is an artful dodger and has
anaged to confuse and finally elude
te man hunters who were so close
yon his tracks. The only informa
n the governor received Friday was
ost discouraging. It came in this
Wagener, July 23.
>. M. B. McSweeney:
Have no definite trace of Jeffcoat.
me think he has gone; others say
t. Will stay here today. Have
ui beard from Pitner and Hlankinson.
Owen Alderman Sheriff.
Ho0w DEPUTY AHL WAS KILLED.
The State's correspondent at Aiken
.s sent thie follows ng details or the
Iling of l~eputy Sheriff Ahl by the
eig desperado: On Monday even
g, July 21, Chief of Police D. C.
eks of the city of Aiken received
telegram stating that the notoriou.s
>rse hiief Jeffocat was near Sei vern in
is county, and to go there at once.
L 11 o'clock that night he accompani
by Mr. 1). C. AhI. left for Seivern.
:e account of the chase and its sad
sut, your correspondent has gotten
am Chief Weeks upon his return.
Mr. Weeks says: When we arrived
Seivern we were informed that JIe1Y
at had moved from where lhe was
aen the telegram was sent to me.
a good citizens of Seivern went to
rk immediately to locate him. Mr.
h and myself with two other citi
us of Aiken county went over into
xington county, and there struck
s trail and followed him towards Co
mbia some four or five miles, then
ning toward Horse bridge we traced
m back again Into Aiken county, and
finally located him in the yard of
s mother's house near Horse bridge.
e saw us as we approached and I
lled to him to surrender, when he
once opened lire on our party with
shotgun, and then made for the
amt Our party separated and
adeu him off from the swamp and
ove him back again to higher
ound. Hie secreted himself In a
mse thicket In a little hollow and
ened fire again on us. which was
plied to by our party. About 10 or
shots were fired at this place. lie
ten ran off up the hollow and turned
tk toward the swamp, when I head
him off again. Mr. Ahl being be
nd me, did not notice his sudden
urn, and .Jeffcoat being concealed in
thicket shot Ahl in the hack as he
as passing him. AhI fell from his
Jrse mortally wounded and only lived
few moments after we reached him.
e who were left still pursued Jeff
it. he tiring at us and we at him.
e fell to the ground the last shot 1
red at him and we thought him dead.
t upon a thorough search we found
had gotten away.
"T carrierd A h's hbrdv to Wagener.
where an inquest, was held and then I
brought him to his family in Aiken
and finally he was laid to rest at Elko.
his old home."
Mr. Weeks says Mr. Ahl's death has
caused intense feeling and excitement
in this county and his friends are on
a fierce hunt after Jeftcoat. This all
happened on Tuesday, the 22d inst.
On Wednesday Sheriff Alderman to
gether with a posse took up the chase.
and they are still hunting for this des
THE FARMER'S ALLIANCE.
Flouirte e.n Counties Were Represent
ed at the State Meeting.
The State alliance, the organization
of which so much was heard a few
years back partiiularly in campaign
years is still alive and doing well ac
cording to President Elird, and he
does not think that its days of useful
ness arc over. The organis:ition met
in Co:labia Wednesday night and be
gun its annual session. reaching a
inal adjournment about midnight.
There were 14 of the forty-odd coun
ties in the State represented at the
At the opening of the session Presi
dent I). F. Etird of Lexington pre
sented his annual report.
The following appointments were
made for the present meeting:
Chaplain-.Jas. A. Lewis.
Steward--J. R. Thompson.
Doorkeeper-A. S. Frick.
Assistant Doorkeeper-O. P. Good
The oicers present were the follow
President-I). F. Elird.
Vice President and Lecturer-W.
Secretary-Treasurer-J. W. Reid.
Executive Committemen-Dr. J. L.
Shuler. .J. F. Nisbet and A. C. Lyles.
Committee on Credentials- J. R.
Thompson, James T. Reid, and W.
The following delegates from subor
dinate alliances were in attendance:
Anderson-J. B. Douthit.
Barnwell-W. II. Duncan.
Chester-S. T. McKeown.
Dorchester-W. N. Campbell.
Horry-Jas. A. Lewis.
Lancaster-J. R. Thompson.
Laurens-O. P. Goodwin.
Lexington-J. W. Dreher.
Marion-E. C. Edwards.
Newberry-J. L. Keitt.
Oconee--James T. Reid.
Pickens-W. W. F. Bright.
Spartanburg-J. W. Reid.
Union-A. C. Lyles.
York-J. F. Ashe.
Bounty Land-J. B. Pickett.
Ford-G. B. Wingard.
Rightwell-A. S. Frick.
St. Clair--J. A. Wessinger.
Summerville--James B. Addy.
There were Interesting and timely
talks on general alliance topics by Vice
President and Lecturer W. N. Eider,
A. C. Lyles, J. F. Nisbet, W. N.
Campbell, J. B. Pickett and J. W.
The report of the executive com
mittee in regard to the books of
secretary-treasurer being examined
and found correct was adopted.
A press committee was appointed
consisting of 0. P. Good win, J. F. Nis
bet and J. B. Pickett.
A telegram from Col. James A.
Hoyt published in The Cotton Plant,
explaining his absence was read before
the State alliance.
All the officers were then unani
mously reelected for the coming year.
The committee on good of the order
was chosen as follows: Dr. J.L. Shuler
J. B. Pick 3tt and J. B. Douthit.
The following offered by Jas. B.
Addy way adopted:
Resolved, That this alliance ask the
directors of the State alliance ex
change for a contribution from the
interest accruing from said exchange
fund for the benefit of the reorganiza
tion of the suspended alliances.
The usual resolution of thanks to
the railroads for reduced rates was
Columbia was chosen as place of
next meeting and the time is the
fourth Wednesday in July, 1903, at
8.30 p. m.
The committee on reorganization of
the alliance was continued as follows:
D. F. Etird, president: W. N. Elder,
vice president: A. C. Lyles, member of
A t midnight the alliance concluded
all its business and adjourned the an
nual session.--The State.
A Columbia Boy.
The Columbia State says some s ears
ago a tail, slender young man left his
home in Columbia determined to make
a name for himself in the far west. It
was James C. Sims, a son of the late
Col. R. M. Sims, and he was full of
determination, lie came back to his
old home a few days ago on a visit to
his relatives, and goes from Columbia
to Washington to visit his mother and
sisters. Hie is now a stout, tine look
ing man, lie is the present State
chairman of the Democratic party
in California. a leading lawyer in San
Francisco, and is the State senator
representing the county in which the
city of San Francisco is located. Mr.
Sims' scores of old fiends were de
lighted to see him once moure and to
congratulate him upon his success.
Deputy Collectors Changed.
Major Micah Jenkins. who has as
sumed charge of the collector's otlice.
has made no change in the ottice force.
and most of the clerks there have been
commissioned. Tw~o changes have
been made in the list of deputies,
however. George Washington Murray.
appointed by Collector Koester, has
been supplanted by E. W. Screven of
Columbia who is a staunch white Re
publican. Deputy Collector Harper,
appointed also by Collector Koester,
has been supplanted by Deputy Mar
shal Adams, who has been for some
time connected with the United States
marshal's otlice in Charleston.
An Awful Death.
While attempting to cross the track
in front of a passenger train Carrie
Meets, a colored girl, twelve years
Old, was run over and instantly killed
Wednesday morning near Helena, a
station on the Columbia and Green
vile division of the Southern. The
mangled remains were scattered for a
mile alnge the track.
rady to point to the wonderful "New
outh" that has sprung of the ashes
f that old South for which these
eroes fought. But is it not matter
>r serious reflection that this New
outh is hringing in its train the old,
torn-out, thoroughly discredited
buses that even the greed of Eastern
lanufacturers long ago relinquished
>r very shame? That in many cases
he descendants of the very men who
lunged the nation in warfare to abol
ih the institution of negro slavery,
re employing their capital to enslave
ur poor white children today?
The South has been apathetic be
ause, and only because, this thing
'as new to it; because it has crept in
liost unnoiced. and is still very
irgely unknown to it. A large ma
>rity of the citizens of Dallas are
'holly ignorant of the state of affairs
2 this respect within their own city
mits. The heart of the South is
>und wherever womnen and children
re concerned; quick to resent and to
rotect. "Thle Southern privilege of
mploying little children" for fifteen
ours a day in factories, is a privilege
'hich the South will denounce and
ir':id as soon as it wakes up to the
ituation, HUDSoN STUCK.
Dean of St. Matthew's.
AGAINST CHILD LABOR.
'exas Teachers Make an Appeal to
The Dallas, Texas, News says by
he invitation of Prof. Long, the su
erintendent of Dallas public schools,
)ean Stuck made an address to the
eachers of the city schools on the
abject of the legislative regulation of
hild labor in factories. There were
bout 100 teacher present, and much
2terest was displayed. Dean Stuck
noted from an article by Elbert
[ubbard, the author of "The Message.
o Garcia," in the current number of
The Philistine," as follows. "I
now the sweat shops of Hester street,
tew York; I am familiar with the
ice, depravity and degradation of the
Vhitechapel district in East. London;
have visited the Ghetto in Venice;
know the lot of the coal miners of
'ennsylvania, and I know something
f Siberian atrocities, but for misery,
roe, and hopeless suffering, I have
ever seen anything to equal the cot
on mill slavery of South Carolina
his in my own America, the land of
be free and the home of the brave!
'or the adult who accepts the life
f the mills I have no word to say
is his own business. My plea is in
efense of the innocent. I voice the
ry of the child whose sob is drowned
a the thunder of whirring wheels."
)ean Stuck insisted that the condi
ion of things in South Carolina
breatened Texas, too; that a begin
ing had already been made of the in
roduction of the system of child labor
hat now was the time to make a
rong fight for the enactment of a law
bat should forbid its extension, and
bat it was necessary to arouse public
mtiment in order that such a bill
fight have a chance of passing at the
ext session of the Legislature.
The following resolutions, moved by
rof. Morgan, were unanimously ad
"Whereas, The increase of factories
1 States where there is no regulaton
the employment of child labor has
asulted in certain grave evils to
ildhood, namely, first, an excessive
ngth of daily work, this being ex
mded at times into the night; second
r, the physicial, mental and moral
eakening of the children, owing to
tis confinement and the unhealthy
anditions of work;, and, thirdly, a
reat increase in the percentage of
literates owing to the loss to the
ildren of the opportunities of school.
"Whereas, Factories are rapidly in
ceasing in Texas, and these grave
vils are increasing with them. We,
de teachers of the Dallas public schools
i the name of the children of Texas,
o respectfully present to the legisla
>rs of Texas our earnest request that
ey take into consideration the mat
er of regulating child labor. We
rge that Texas profit by the bitter
rperience of the older cotton States
ud regulate these evils before they
ssume greater proportions. We be
eve that this regulation ought to
ame now, for it is statesmanship to
arn from others how to prevent these
vils rather 'than to learn in our turn
y sacriticting the lives of a genera
ion of children."
Agrees With Miller
Capt. Capers agrees with T. E.
iller about the appointment of negro
hysicians on the pension boards. He
rys that he had declimed to with
raw his recommendation of a colored
hysician on the pension examining
oard both at Greenville and at Colum
ia, and has advised the department
hat if the colored physicians recoin
ended are not retained that he will
ecline to make any further recom'
iendations In that particular matter,
apt Capers takes the position that it
not a social matter, but simply a
usiness proposition, and a just rec
gnition of merit in two unassuming
aputable, capable physicians of the
Killed Like Goebel.
Jonnes Cockrell was shot and killed
:om the court house window at Jack
>n Ky., at noon Wednesday by an
nknown assassin. Friends who ac
>mpanied the wounded man to Lex
igton say they fear his death will be
de signal for a prolonged and dis
strous warfare Cockrell was preparing
> leave Jackson to get out of a fued
hen the shots were fired. He was
wn marshal of Jackson.
Still At Large.
Harry Tracey, the outlaw appeared
t Miller's logging camp, four miles
om Kansaskat, Wednesday. Tracey
not wounded, and looks fresh and
sted. Hie Is wearing a derby hat,
ut he had a slouch hat In his pocket.
[e still has his rifle and two revolvers
d has a good supply of ammuni
UNREQUITED love drove a young
ian to commit suicide in a St. Peters
urg hotel. It transpired that he had
ked a little girl in the street to
oose one of two pieces of paper which
e handed to her. On one was writ
in "Life," and on the other
Deth." The girl choose "Death."
SOME PLAIN TALK
Against Child Labor by the Rev.
"THE SOUTHERN PRIVILEGE." i
Declares That It li One Which i
the South Wi'l Denounce 0
and Forbid When
The Rcv. Iudson Stuck, Dean of
t. Matthews' Cathedral, publishes
the following letter on the question of
child labor in the Dallas, Texas, News.
It will be of interest to our readers 1.
just at this time: s
I am sorry to see that The News, i
its leading editorial o Tuesday, seems
disposed to put a damper upon the
attemps that are being made to pro
cure such legislation in Texas as shall.
prevent the employment of children in
factories. I had thought that if the S
world had arrived at one definite con
clusion in the whole wide realm of
economics, it was that such labor is
detrimental to the well-being of the
community. and is a proper object of,
It is not a theory that we are deal
ing with. We are not to be led from
the plain purpose before us by vague
considerations of the whole subject t
of the condition of children f
in homes and on farms through- I
out the State. It is one plain, t
notorious, indefensible abuse that we s
are seeking to abolish. "Some senti- c
mental reformers," says your article of a
Tuesday, "taking little note of prog- i
ress that has been made, and of the q
natural difficulties that must always I
remain in the way, would make the t
old-time crusade to free the little meek
slaves of London" (whatever that may l
mean) "a new-time fad, and would
run ol into lines that are not practi- S
cal, and that turn in the wrong direc- I
tion." Now that either means some- I
thing or it means nothing. It has I
either some application to Texas or it I
has none. The only movement on foot C
today in Texas, of which I know any- v
thing, is a movement to secure the r
passage and enforcement of a law to t
prohibit entirely the employment of t
children under 12 years of age in fac- t
tories, and to regulate the hours and I
conditions of employment of young C
persons up to 16 years of age. I
Is this a new-time fad? Is that d
running dff in lines that are not prac- c
tical, and that turn In the wrong di- I
rection? To call It a new-time fad is I
absurd. It is the the old struggle that t
was foughtout out in England many t
decader ago, that was fought out in r
New England soon after, that has t
been fought and won in every Euro- t
pean country, and that men had sup- s
posed would never have to be fought t
again. But if it be necessary to prove t
that two and two makes four in the s
South as well as in New England (and n
f such manifest simplicty I hold the n
economic problem in question to be)
why we must open the matter again, I
must re-address ourselves to the old o
The conditions existing in Dallas to- ii
ay are conditions that the British 0
Parliament forbade in England exact- r
y 100 years ago, in 1802; that were c
Corbidden by law in Massachusetts lb
sixty-six years ago, in 1836. tr
In one mill in this city there are be- 12
tween sixty and seventy children from V
or 6 years old to 12, working twelve t
aours a day. And this not all. Two c
r three times a week, whenever it g
suits the convenience of the mill, they iL
work tifteen hours a day. That is c
what the first English factory act for
ade, in 1802. Utterly ignoraat, not C
knowing their letters very often, even e
2p to good sized youth, these children t
are compelled to forego the night 1i
;chool to which they drag their weary d
eet, whenever it suits their employers t
to demand overtime.t
"At any rate," says youri leading t
article, 'if the child labor movement u
s to be kept along let the good work e
egin at once where it is most need- a
d." That is precisely the view of ia
hose wvho are beginning the agitation :1l
[or factory laws in Texas. We know C
no better place where the movement l1
may be "ke pt along" as you express it, e
than right here in our midst where t
uch outrages on childhood are per- t
Trhe Encycloped ia Britannica, in
summing up its article on factory,
laws, says " .By these various enact- 2
ments the State has emphatically ;
taken under its protection the whole s
:lass of children and young persons d
employed in manufacturing industries.
it has done this in the pamne of' the t
moral and physical health of the comn- t
munity." One would hardly accuse t
the ritannica of being a ''sentiment- r
Says Dr. Iladley, the president of r
Yale, in -his recent book "'Economics" .(
190.) " Prohibition of child labor is i:
Lanluestionably justitied on public t
jrounds, because if children go to 0
work in the factory at too early an r
age they are deprived of the chance C
>f health and education which would
nable them to make the most of
themselves." That is the case in a
nutshell. All observation, all experi- f
nce, show that children put to work s
arly in factories are ceprived of these U
two things-perhaps the two most c
valuable things that a human being 1~
can possess-the chance of health and t
the chance of education. a
Charles B. Spahr, in his late book t
entitled "America's Working People,"
ays: "When TJ went through the t
mills at New Bedford, I saw only two
:hildren who looked to me less than
13," and he was assured that they held
ertiicates that they were above that a
age. "In Massachusetts today," he
adds, 'I heard no manufacturer even
hint at a desire ror the Southern priv-r
ilege of employing little children."b
"The Southern privilege:" Does it
not make the blood of honest men and a
women boil to hear of this Southern
We are about to celebrate with every a
lircumstance o'f honor and dignity, b
pur undying memory of those who a
shed their blood in tihe Civil War. c
We are about to laud our heroes to
the skies once more. We have been t
accstmed since the time of Henry
AN AWFUL SCENE.
A Nan Curses and Raves on the
JUST BEFORE BEING HUNG
Por a Brutal Murder. A Sad
Warning to Young. Men
to Let. Strong Drink
At forty-one minutes past eleven
o'clock Tuesday morning Ashley Cocke
and Tom Lauderdale, the murderers
of Engineer Wray, expiated their
crime upon the gallows at Greenville
Cooke died cursing everybody in
Greenville and the otlicers of thelaw.
Lauderdale met his fate calmly.
At early dawn great throngs of peo
ple began to arrive in the city and by
10 ,o'clock the place was crowded to
ite utmost capacity.
Sheriff Hunt had sworn in a large
number of deputies and every precau
tion was taken to prevent any possible
trouble. Cooke and Lauderdale, af
ter a good night's sleep, awoke at 7
o'clock. Breakfast was offered them
but both declined to eat.
Cooke was visited by Rev. Cunning
ham, who tried his utmost to induce
the doomed man to embrace religion,
but all to no purpose.
At 11 o'clock the two men were
brought into the corridors of the jail
where the last farewells were said.
They were then taken to the scat
fold and in-full view of thousands of
people both were banged. Lauderdale
remained firm and quiet throughout
but Cocke raved like a madman, curs
ing everything and everybody in
Greenville and finally when the black
cap was adjusted he uttered a fearful
oath at the sheriff and his deputies.
There was no semblance of trouble.
STORY OF THE CRIXE.
The crime for which Ashley Cooke
and Tom Lauderdale Tuesday paid the
death penalty on the gallows commit
ted on a Yazoo and Mississippi Valley
train about 3 o'clock on the morning
of December 30, 1901, between the
towns of Leland and Elizabeth in
Ashley Cooke, Tom Lauderdale,
Will Blackburn and G. M. Phipps, re
siding in Bolivar county, boarded
the northbound passenger train at 3
o'clock in the morning for the purpose
of returning to their home at Shelby.
G. M. Wray, an engineer, was a pas
senger on the car entered by Cooke and
his party. Cooke and his three com
panions were all more or less under
the influence of liquor. Phipps~ fell
against Wray who was asleep on seat in
the coach. Wray asked Phipps what
he meant and reply came from Cooke
that it meant that he (Wray) must
leave the coach. Wray having fully
awoke realized that the men were
drinking and told them that it was all
right and that he would'leave the car.
As Wray started to walk out Black
burn said to Cooke:
"What shall we do with that fellow?
He says that he has donenothing, but
is willing to apologize."
VOTED TO KILL BfIM.
"I vote to kill him!" replied Cocke.
Phipps at this time sank into a seat
and was not with his companions.
ICocke, Lauderdale and Blackburn
then began shooting at Wray as the
latter was trying to leave the coach.
Wray was riddled w~ith bullets and
fell dead in the aisle of the car. While
Conductor McLauchlin, who ha:1stop
ped the train, was looking for officers
to assist him in the arrest of the three
men, the trio got off and went to the
engine and forced the engineer to uin
couple the engine and proceed at once
to Shelby and the engineer obeyed the
instructions at the point of a gun.
At Shelby, Cooke, Lauderdale and
Blackburn were arrested and brought
to Greenville on a special train, every
precaution being taken to prevent a
lynching which was threatened by
many citizens. The men were indict
ed for murder in the first degree.
Cooke and Lauderdale essayed to be
tried together and after one of the
most bitter legal battles in the history
of the country, they were convicted
and sentenced to be hanged on March
21, 1902. Notice of an appeal was
filed, which stayed the execution.
Later Blackburn was tried found guil
ty. He was sentenced to imprison
ment' for life, his previous character
having been proven exceptionally good.
The supreme court reviewed the
case of Cocke and Lauderdale and aftet
an exhaustive examination of the
record affirmed the decision of the
lower court and fixed Tuesday, July
23, as the day for the execution.
GREAT LEGAL BATTLE.
Then began a mighty effort to save
the two men from the scaffold. In
fluential relatives and friends of Cocke
and Lauderdale, and especially Cocke,
who is highly connected in three or
more states, presented strong petitions
and earnest appeals to Governor
Longino to commute the death sent
ence to imprisonment for life, but the
governor deeply sympathized with the
family and relatives of the two men,
remained firm and declined to inter
fere. Attorneys at the last moment
went to Narragansett Pier, R. IL, with
a petition to Mr. Justice wbite of the
supreme court of the United States,
and begged that the execution be
stayed on constitutional grounds.
Justice White. after reviewing the
papers, also declined to interfere, and
the mandate of the law was carried
out, the two men dying on the same
A Poisoned Family.
Tuesday night the family of Cor
nelius McKenzie, colored. Society Hill,
was taken seriously ill from the effects
of poison administered in some
mysterious manner. At thE writing
two are dead, father and one son,
while three others are lying at the
point of death How the poision was
given is not known, yet it is most
generally believed that it was put in
water, from which they drank, by
some neighbors with whom they have
been at odds for some time As yet no
arrests have been made