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Tlt- ar iC. c u~n1 il. ocart 01t
When the louse was tl of trolic a11
oft clildish laughter and tears.
They are left alone. the. iny 1 "e
Beglinning life ove'r aga~i in
Just as thev didl in the la1' of .Yo1*e
Before they were in( or t n.
And the table' is t for '.wo rse days:
The children went onei bV o1n
Away fro:m hone on their separate
When the cliliood days were done.
How healthily hungry they used to be:
What romping they used to do:
And mother-for weeping-can hardly
To set the table for two.
They used to gather around the ,'re
While some one would read aloud.
But whether at study or work or pi.a
'Twas a loving and merry crow o.
And now they are two that gatlei
At evening to read or po .
And it e 1t'.lit)S1. It toe much to bear
Wiwn they tin k of the long ago.
Ah, well--h. well. 'tis the way of the
Children stay but a little while
And then into other scenes are whirled.
Where other homes iegiin
But it matters not how far i hey roam
Their hearts are fondi and t rue.
And there's never a homi like the dear
Where the table is set for two.
A GILDED SIN.
BY CHARLOTTE M. BREAME.
Crushing the green leaves and sweet
blossoms under his feet. trampling
down the smiling liowers. beating aside
the trailing sprays, his heart beating.
his brain on tire, Sir Marc hastened
across the park. It seemed to him
that the whole world had suddenly
crumbled to ruins. ie muttered hit
ter, terrible words to himself. If the
stars had fallen from heaven it would
have surprised him less than the fact
that Veronica had done wrong-his
ideal, the one pure, noble, gentle soul
in whom he had placed alY his trust.
All that was beautiful, poetical. mai
denly an: charming seemed to be
vested in her and now his ideal had
been rudely destroyed.
"I will never believe in any human
being again while I live,' he said to
himself-"never: So fair, so beautiful,
so loving, so tender. yet so lost to all
sense of what is right: I will never
look again at woman's face!"
He reached the railway station at
Hurstwood and there. half hidden by
a long black veil, he saw Clara Morton.
She rose as he came up to her.
"It is well," he said, "that you are a
woman: if you were a man I would
horsewhip you:" There was such
tierce, hot anger in his eyes that she
shrunk back. "You need not fear."
he added scornfully. "Give me your
proofs, name your price. and then
never let your shadow fall across my
Dealing with a man was different
from frightening a delicate. refined
girl, Clara Morton found. She began
a whole string of excuses.
"Not one word,'' he said. "Simply
repeat the story. Let me hear all the
details, and then give mie your proofs
and name your price."
She told him the story. and then
"My proofs are charred remains of
the parchment that I took fromi the
fire, on which you will plainly see these
words, 'Last will and testament of Sir
"What do you want for it: T'lhe asked
"It is not for niyself, Sir Marc-it is
not indeed. I wanit five hiunidred
"You are mo~dest in your demands.
certainly, and you have ruined-But
why should I waste worcs upon such
as you? If I give you ihe sum you
name, you must not on'y surrender
what you are pleased to call your proofs.
but you must take an oath to call your
proofs, but you must take an oath to
keep 'the secret and leave England.
If you return-listen to my threat-if
youi dare to return and address by let
ter or by word of mouth that hapless
lady, I will have you indicted for con
spiracy, and your sentence will prob
ably be hard labor for life. As to your
conduct, it is so utterly, horribly base,
I have no patience to speak of it."
The woman murmured some words.
He did not even listen to them.
"I have no wish to hear more." he
said. "I will give you a check for five
hundred pounas on condition that you
give me your proofs and take the re
quired oath. Tremble if you dare to
break it-tremble if your false wicked
face is seen here again:"
He took out his check-book. and go
ing into one of the stationi oflices, made
out a check for the sum namied On
returning he placed it qutietly in her
hands, and she gave hiim 'the packet
containing the charred fragments of
the will, and took th~e oat h upon which
he had insisted. Silently he pointed
to the great open gates, and she passed
out of them. They never met again.
As she passed out of the gates, so she
passed out of his life. Whether the
punishment of her wickedness ever
came in this world he never knew.
Then Sir Marc went away to Lon
don. What to do with himself lie
could not tell. Hie felt that it was
impossible for him to take tip the
broken thread of his life. In the first
hot angry flush of his disappointment
he had not realized what life without
Veronica would be. Now that it
stretched out before him in all its
chill, terrible reality, he was at a loss
how 'to endure it. There were times
even when he almost wished that lie
had forgiven her. Then lhe recoiled
from the thought. How could he love
a woman to whom the word " honor"
was an empty sound?
Sir Marc was most unhappy. lie
read with a stony face all the para
graphs which said that there was no
oundation for the rumor of the ap
proaching marriage of Sir MIarc Carvyll
-that he was going abroad. lie miade
no complaint, no moan: but lie owned
to himself that his life was ended. lHe
would close Wervehiurst Manor. and
spend the remainder of his days where
nothing could remind him of the love
he had lost. There was to be no angel
in the house for him. Hie knew that
he must love Veronica until lie died
that no one else could ever take her
place-that no one else could ever be
to him what she had been. Had she
died, it seemed to him that his grief
would have been easier to bear. That
he would have retained all his love:
now his love must go. while lie was
stranded. Life had lost all its attrac
tion for him.
He had freed Veronica from her
bondage-of that lie w'as pleased to
think. No one could frighten her
now. She was quite safe. and the
terrible secret was dead and ouried.
He locked away thie charred fragments:
he did not detroy themi-he could never
fell why: and that one simple proceed
ing altered the whole destiny of his
life. Had there been a lire in his room
when he reached home. he would have
tossed the little packet into thelames:
as it was. the door of his iron safe was
open, and lie flung the packet into it.
Then he set about mraking arr-ange
ments for going abroad: but lie found
that it would be imnpossible-that he
could not leave England until after
Christmas without neglect ing (jutieos
that his conscienee would not ailow
him to neglect. Hie said to himself
that he must be content. There was
no help for it. H~e mu1(st shut himself
Vl?1;1''. : < ~'1 1.+: N hll onc-er
1"t t : "' itl ' it'5 1e Q lI li \'e 011 eX- t
ieueet. A'yliting wold be better
ani ' .i in ,land. let by +
i' d b'- dax -despite all his stern
eit ,', \ eromiea-lhe wi
;S asking IiilSelfti whl she had (
auri nch the will -what her motive was
- what she Lad gained by it'.' Was it
ossible talit the Will took from her
some le_;acy or gift.
- Ii er iotght that she even cared
fo money." he said to himself over and
over again. "She s'e*med so free r0o1
all mercenary taint. ily did
destroy the will" I'lu more h
thougilt abuQt it the mIore~ lie wtas p
zied, the greater grew t he mystery. ie
drove himse?l almost mad with con
jecturiig: and he neve r even faintly
uessed 'e trut, i It never dawntd
acl roS him.
o tihe I ie wore away: he bore pa
t it it' i! comlments and remarks. It
was ii)o)tdc by the world in general
chit i.' had bee11 (isis'l by Miss di
'n 11t ha: no one had evil an imkiit of
i hie t rut i. 1 1: grew pale and thin ur
ling the': few months: but they passed
at iast. Two days before Christmas
day all his arrangen rts were made
and he was ready iesail. Ie betllught
himself then that it would only be
right to destroy the charred fragments
of the will. for if flthey fell into other
hands there would be danger and ono
wild day in December, when tho wild
was wailing and roaring round the
house. he went to the safe and took
from it the little parcel. The snow
was beating furiously against the win
dow. ; reat masses of cloud darkened
tlhe heavy - then cgme alull in the
storm. Never ulithl tlh day hie 'dies
will Sir Marc forget the hour aut the
scene. With some curiosity he went
to the window to examine the charred
fragments: quite distinctly he saw the
words Ihe last will and testament
of 'Sir Jser Brandon."
"Poor clil"' he mntiured to him
self. "What could ii:: prompted her
to do this most evil deed'.
A; i ~erbnrdbes fell with inut
tering wings on t ie window-sill, beaten
down by the snow and wind; it lay
there fluttering. gas ping with its little
life almost gone. le was tender of
heart, this man so stern in- morals; he
could not endure the sight of the little
bird's agonv. He droped the parch
ment and opened the window. le took
the lit'tle helpless creature, he warmed
it and fed it. and then bethought him
self of the will. lie Hasteped to pick
it up: it had opened as it full, and as he
raised it he saw words that be had not
seen befere. Ile took it to the window,
and as he examined it his face grew
white, great dark shadows came into
his eyes, and he cried
sG'reat Heaven: How is it that I
have never even thought of this be
Great had been the consternation at
Queen's Chace when Lady Brandon, in
few curt words, said that Miss di
Cyntha's wedding was postponed in
ditinitely. The worst of it was there
came no solution to the mystery
whether there had been a quarrel or
not no one could say. All that was
known was that Sir Marc had left
quite suddenly one day, and that two
or three days afterward those inter
ested had been told to cease all prepa
rations for the wedding.
No one was more astonished than
Katherine when her mother told her
the news: and at first she refused to
"There is some mistake, maraa," she
cried: "I would more readily believe
that Alton did dot care for me."
"Unfortunately there is no mistake,"
said Lady Brandon sadly.
"'Whose fatult is it?' inquired Kath
erine. '"Not Veronica's? I am qtiite
sure that Veronica loved Sir M1arc
more dearly than I can tell. It always
seemed to me that her love was her
life. It cannot be Sir MIare's for he
loved the very ground she stood on. 1
cannot understand it, mama. What
does Veronica say?"
"Nothing. Sh'e only looks unutter
ably sad and miserable, and begs of me
not'to talk about it4."
"I will go to her myself," said Kathe
"it is useless, Katherine," returned
Lady Brandon. "She will only be more
misrable than ever."
But Katherine would not be controll
ed. She hastened up to Veronica's
room and found her favorite standing
by the window.
"My darling, you have been ill!" she
cried. "MIama says that you fainted."
Then she started, for Veronica had
turned round to greet her, and the
change that had come over her was so
terrible that the young heiress was
shocked. Veronica's face was pale and
worn, the dark eyes were tearless, but
there was in them a look of fathomless
"Veronica," cried the girl. "it is
true then: I can see from your faze
that it is true; there is no need to ask a
question. You and Sir MIarc have
"Yes," she said drearily, "we have
parted. Katmerine-no't for an hour, a
day, or a yer. but forever.
"I will not believe it! What has
come between you who loved each
other so well?"
"1 cannot tell you," replied Veroni
ca, with a long low sigh.
"You must tell me," declarred
Katherine. "I want to help you. I
cotld not live and know that you were
unhappy. Veronica. I must follow
Sir M1are and bring him back."
"1 cannot tell you anything about
it, Katherine," said Veronica. "And
et 1 may tell yoti this. lie asked me
to do something for him, and I refused
he placed the alternative of parting
before me, and I took it. You will
ask me nothing more?"
"No," she replied musingly-"that
is. unless you like to trust me more
"I cannot," said Veronica. with a
shudder: "lie has gone, and we shall
not meet again in this world: yet 11
was worthy of his lov'e. To me it seems
that I have stood by him dead and
kissed him tor the last time."
Iher voice had in it a ring of weary
despondency, her eyes were fixed with
a str'ange dazed expression, her hands
were folded and lay on her knees. She
lokd pa Katherine.
" yt, ie me one promise." sheI
said-just one. Tell mec that you
will never renew this subject. To re
new it will be simply to give me bitter
pain. Promise mec that you will never~
I~rface had such an imploring look
rehatt teyoung heiress could not
Idopromise." she said: and then
for one innute the dreary calmness of
the beautiful face was bi'oken.
"Kate. come and sit by me," she re
quested:' "let us talk of you-not of
ine-of you anid yotir bright life, your
happy love." She took the young
Iheiress caressingly into her arms.
"Some and tell me, dear, how happy
our ar-it will comfort me a little.
Yotu are all the world to me-it will
Icomfort me so much to hear that you
are really happy: talk to me about it."
It seemed to ihe luncl' desolate soul1
and the aching heart thiat there wvould
be some little support, some little
comfort in hearing that her great
sacritice had not been in vain-in
knowing that Katherine would gain
"It seems so seitish for me to talk of
hapiness while you are so sad. Ver'oni
"It will comfort ine," she pleaded
"yotu do not know wvhy, btit it wvill
"Then," salid thle you ng heiress, "I I
am happy. \'eronica. )Yv life is so .2
b'ight. so beati ful. that'I1 would nots
change it for any other life." Sihe
"Go on," requested Veronica.
amt rich."' said the young girl.
and-I am like a child-I love my'
psto. I -love my gi'and, beautiful
lien 1:=1i .na raised her head knd
faint sud" camte over her jite
"You are su : of I tt t"he t, ioin(l
di eagerly- niite sute
"Yes. indeed I a: retpilie dl hai b
ine. "No onet roul even gesh
learly I love the ChaC .
-Now tel lie aiuit (lii o u . sl:l
-- iWat cau I Ili you. (ear, saw i iat
1y love anmi my1 life are one that I
iaVte n ;tr. thouotgat, or wish. or (esire.
hat does not begin and end in Alton
'ow. has that comforted you?'
-Yes. more than anything you could
lave said. You could have thought of
iothing that would comfort me one
ialf so much. You will leave me now.
Kate--1 am the better for your com
ng. dear -and when ime meet again
1ll will he forgott en. except that we
ove each other."
"It had not been all in vain then: D
Lhe sun of her life had set in darkness 1
:nd gloom, but she had made one at a
least happy. So the past was mentien- s
3d nO iutoe. Slii I id lt 1)1ear her life. r
She never complained. She was like a
devoted daughter to Lady Brandon.
She was the most loving of sisters to '
she young heiress. But day by day
the grow iote and more sad; she grew
pale and thin: she began to hope that e
Heaven woul take pity on leer api I c
let her die soon. So t he winter mint hs d
canie round, itcl at Christ ma. pre
parations wer, begun for the murriage s
of the young heiress. Lady Brandon
had invited a large circle of guests.
and one of them, not knowing of the c
recent contretemps. having just, re- t
turned from Spain. spoke of Sir 3iare r
Caryll, and saitl t1it he was going to t
tar up h4 esidenict abroad, a
Veronica ov'rheard it, She did not
speak: the lovei' face grew paler, and
a mist of unshe 1 tears dimmed the t
beautiful eyes: but soon afterward she
went to Lady l:randon's room. her
marvelous self colt rol gone at last.
She stood before her with a look that
Lady Brandon neve forgot.
Yot m lit n i(3 Z0 go wa3 she
said: "I cannet leilain here. I can
not bear it, You must let me go lame 1
to Ven ice to die." C
Theia she wept a. she had r t
in her life before. as one wl ' I
hope-wept until Lady Bra,.ao was f
alarmed, and she herself was exhaust
ed. Then Latiy Brandon said to her
"You shall go: I will take you. You
shall go to Venice. or where you will:
only wait-wait, for my sake, until the
wedding is over."
So for the sake of the woman who
had influenced her so strongly she
waited, but it seemed to her and to
every one else that those days brought t
her nearer death.
'Do people ever die of a broken
heart?" she thought. "A year ago I
was strong and well. I had .color in
my face and light in my eyes: I had
strenth in my limbs and joy in- my
heart. Now my strength has left me:
people look grave when their eyes rest
on me; life is a heavy burden that 1
would fain lay down --an d why? What
has happened? I have lost my love:
The man who took my heart' from me
has left me, and--I may hide it as I
may-1 am pining for one look at his
face before Idie. Oh, Marc, my sweet- I
heart. could you not have trusted me
even ever so little? I shall send for
him when I am dying, and ask him to
hold me in his strong arms. Oh, Marc,
you might have trusted me. for you
were all I had in t' e world!"
So she wore her heart and her life
away, longing only for death, that,.
dying, she might see him again.
TO BE CONTINUED]
How to Secure Good Luck.
D~r. Henry Wallace gives the follow
ing plan as the best to bring good
luck. lie says: Go to sleep at ten,
wake at six, and get up when you
wake. Eat what is set before you
and dont grumble. Do the work that I
lies before you in the very best way 1
you can, all the wvhile thinking how
you can do it better. Until you arc
forty do more than you ask pay for:
after that you will get pay for more
than you do. Don't wobble either in
your walk or your purposes. Don't
learn to chew or smoke or drink.
Don't allow yourself to lie or swear or
take advantage of the necessities of
the unfortunate. Look habitually on
the bright side of things, but don't
fear to look on the dark side when it
is turned toward you. Believe that
God intended you to be a credit to
im and that nothing really bad can
happen you so long as you trust Him.
Be economical without being stingy,
plain spoken but not rude. Be as
shrewd as you can but honest by all
means. for no one wants to employ
shrewdness without honesty nor diplo
macy without sincerity. If misfor
tunes come, make the best of them
and don't cry over spilt milk. If you
do all these you will be lucky, for you
will be the sort of man always in de
mand everywhere in all this wide
world. A job will always be waiting
for you and the older you b~ecomne the
more protitable will be your job. We
want every b~oy who reads the above
to remember it as it contains good ad
vice, and is sure to bring success to
ay boy that follows it. -
A Groom and His Grip.
Rather an uneque case was trieda
Monday at Newvberry. The Observer
says: "The court was engaged thet
greater part of the day in the trial oft
the ase of Rev. L. P. Boland of Betht
Eden, Mississippi, against the South- ~
mn railroad for 81,999.99 damages.
n the afternoor. of the 29th clay of t
May, 1901. Mr. Boland, who had just
:ompleted his course at the Luthern
:heological seminary in Charleston, t
.ent to the Southern depot in that d
3ity and left his valise, taking a check j
or the same and paying ten cents for
ts storage over night, it was to go n
Jut of the city the 30th on the early t
norning train, which was also to carry
Mr. Boland to Springfield. Orange- c
urg county, where he was to get mar- t
ried that afternoon. In the valise r
was his wedding suit. When Mr. Bo- b~
.and reached Springfield and presented
us chcck to the agent the valise was
ot forthcoming. and he had to get
arried in his second best suit. Hence p
:his suit. The valise came in all g
ghr the next day; but the damage s
ud then been done, and Mr. Boland t
~stiated the injury to his feeling at a
)ne cent less than $2.000. The jury I
ae the plaintiff 8130o damages. e
Four Teachers Murdered.l
The wvar department Wednesday re-d
,eivedl the following cablegram re
farding the school teachers who have ~
>een missing from Cebu, P 1., June
[0th John E Wells. 209 Montgo
nery avenue, Providence, R I , and I
1s cousin, Louis A Thompson, samet
tddreess: Earnest Jleger, ~1413 Vinet
treet, Cincinnati: Clyde A France, P
3ereas, Ohio, missing Cebu, murder:
d by Ladrones; bodies recovered: n
our murderers killed; eight others
~aptured by the constabulary
Killed Near Greenville. n
Bud Thomas shot and killed Will C
urton Wed.nesday near the Reedy tt
-ork~olored church, thirteen miles
outh of Greenville. The two negroes "
iad been attending services at the la
hurch. but on their return becamea
volved in a quarrel. Burton floored
Thomas with a stick, and a-s Thomas
ained his feet he tired a bullet which a
A GODU) MEETI NTG.
andidates for State Officers Speak
HEY WARD HAD THE CROWD.
ine Thousand Or More Voter: ijs
ten l Attentively to What
the Candidates Had
Ieyward had the crowd at the meet
1g Wednesday. le received much
lore applause both at the beginning
nd end of his speech than any other
peaker and was several times Inter
upted with loud applause.
Although he spoke in the afternoon
nd near the end of the meeting the
rowd was larger during his speech
han at any other time during the
ntire moting. le received more
lose attention than any other can
idate and there was no leaving the
rounds or shifting about during his
All the newspaper men present con
eded that lie hid the crowd and all
he papors will so state. His cordial
eception much exceeded the expecta
ions even of hip most sanguine friends
.nd it is generally conceded that he
vi11 carry Spartanburg County.
The lateness of the hour prevents
he speeches of the candidates for
overnor being given.
About 1.000 persons attended the
tate campaign meeting in Trim
ier's grove on Kennedy street.
lose attention was given each speaker,
ut there was very little demonstra
ion as to the candidates for the minor
,ices. As soon as they had spoken
he candidates descended from the
latform and iningled with the voters
or the real work of the day. The
peakers have been speaking for about
month and alp had their speeches
vell in hand and delivered them with
ase and facility.
County Chairman Stanyarne Wilson
)resided and introduced each speaker
n a courteous and happy manner.
[he order of speaking is arranged by
,he candidates themselves through an
>rganization which they maintain.
tev. W. A. Rogers offered a fervent
LDJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GFNERAL.
Col. Jno. 1). Frost of Richland
aid he had been associated with 225
partanburg boys in the Spanish war.
le told of his record and qualifica
ions. Colonel Frost has a magnifi
;ent voice and made himself easily
end clearly beard.
Col. Jno. C. Boyd of Greenville said
ie was not a graduate of any military
cademy but was it the civil war with
.ee and Jackson and was fully com
)etent to fill the office. le enlisted
n the war at 13 years of age. le
aw service in the days of radicalism.
le spoke of the regard in which he
tood before the people of Greenville.
olonel Boyd interested the crowd and
aused some amusement, lHe invited
he veterans to come to Greenville to
Capt. .J. M. Patrick of Anderson
aid he had never held public offce or
-n for one and did not know how to
sk for a vote, lie told of his record
Ls a military instructor and read a re
yort of General Lawton made upon
he Patrick Military Institute at An
R AILROAD COMDI~sSIONER.
J. C. Wilborn of York thanked his
1earers for previous support. lie
ould not reply to his nine opponents
Ls he had not sumfcient time. It was
ot good practice to turn men out of
uice. lie told of reductions in rail
oad rates made during his term of
J. G. Mobley of Fairfield said the
alroad laws were not enforced and
or that reason he was a candidate.
Vilborn had compared himself to cal
ioun and McDutle but hua doneC noth
H. .T. Kinard of Greenwood had
narried in Spartanburg County. He
ad had expeience in the legislature
,nd in dealing with railroads and bad
ntroduced a bill in the legislature
enalizing the railroad companies for
ot settling claims promptly. lie
ave tigures showing the high charges
A. C. Jepson of Florence said he
ad 40 years of experience in practical
ailroading. lie told of the functions
f the railroad 'commission and of his
ualiications for membership on it.
L practical railroad man was needed
n the board.
James Cansler of York County en
ertained the crowd with humorous
eferences to the other candidates.
Ie brought out uproarious laughter
nd held the closest attention.
W. l'yod Evans of Columbia said
here were unfair charges made by
he railroads and all the people have
o pay for It. lie told of other' mne
ualities. lie promised, if elected,
o stay in Columbia and attend to the
usiness of the office.
B. L. Caughman of Saluda said the
eople were discriminated against and
old of inequalities, lie had intro
uced and secured the passage of the
im Crow car law.
Mr. Wilborn replied to Mr. Caugh
ian's charge as to bonus required by.
J. G. Wolling of Fairfield made an
arnest and effective speech on the
roubles the people have with the rail
ads. lie made a tine impression by
is speech and manner.
Frank B. Gary of Abbeville ex
laned the duties of the lieutenant
overnor and told of his record as
peaker of the house. H~e stood on
le dispensary as he stood two years
go. lie favored annual sessions.
Le said no member of his family had
ver been untrue to a trust reposed
n him, lie would not abuse or vil
fy his opponents. lie was a candi
ate on his own merits and fitness.
'actionalism had passed away and all
ow go hand in hand working for the
est interests of South Carolina.
Cole L. Blease of Newberry said he
ad the unanimous endorsement of
e people of his own county. lie at
eked Mr. Gary's position on the dis
nsary law. Mr. Sloan's position
as also criticised, lHe favored bien
lal sessions of the legislature. lie
scussed education and the old sol
Jno. TI. Sloan of Columbia compli
ented Spartanburg's exhibit at the
harleston Exposition. Hie referred
ti h vote he received two years ago.
e served in the house and senate and
tthe constitutional convention, lHe
an advocate of the dispensary law s
id favors education.
ATTORNEY GENERAL. 1t
U. X. Gunter, Jr., would not make s
speech in his ltcme county but would I
rae his canidracy with the popnle.
He said the relatM. between Mr.
Stevenson and hifnsif were friendly.
He introduced his cofmpetitur.
W. F. Stevenson also spoke of lie
friendly relation between Mr. (uu
ter and hiinself. lie said that if all
the ugly and red headed men could
vote for him he would be elected and
Maused considerable amusement. lie
was a lawyer and had been elected
speaker of the house. Ile had served
>n a committee to investigate the
sinking fund and he had introduced a
new sinking fund law. le gave some
facts and statistics concerning the
state finances. Ile told of his services
>n the penitenttiary investigation
:omrnittee. lie had helped to place
Thesteriield County on a fine financial
SECRETARY OF STATE.
J. T. Gantt told of the state's in
)ome and expenses and contended that
.ixes were too high. Other states
icrived a large part of their incomes
from indirect sources among which
many come from the secretary of
Mtate's otlice. That office in this state
bad largely increased in recent years.
Hle referred to the exhibit at the
Lharleston Exposition of property
froim the secretary of state's office.
J. Thoopas Austin of Greenville
said nis ancestors were buried in Spar
tanburg County. le would win the
the office, if at all, without attacking
his opponents. le discussed educa
tion. Ile told of his record in poli
J. II. Wilson of Sumter made a
pleasing address and greatly inter
ested his hearers, lie had enlisted in
the Confederate army. When he
came back from the war he had to
plough or perish and he ploughed. He
told of his part in the red shirt cam
paign of 1876 and record in politics: is
the chairman of the committee on
ways and means of the house. His
county has endorsed him.
SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
0. B. Martin of Greenville amused
the crowds with some jokes. le had
been engaged in public school work
for 14 years. le had supported Mr.
McMahan in many respects, but dif
fered as to taking the county superin
tendent out of politics. He replied to
an attack made on him in the Educa
tional. He had opposed changing the
John J. McMahan of Columbia re
plied to his opponent's criticisms and
stated the law regarding the adoption
of books. Roolks had to be adopted in
1900 and told of the ditliculty of choos
ing books, The state school board
was appointed by the governor and
made the book adoption in many
cases in opposition to him and he is
not responsible for it. A year was
given in which the change was to oc
cur. The legislature could have
stopped the adoption, but it did not.
Old books are taken back in exchange
for new ones. All books had to be sold
at the lowest price and lower, If the
price eves went lower. A new adop
tion was absolutely necessary in order
to have a uniform series. He was
disappointed at Mr. Martin's style of
campaigning. He hoped that the
schools could be improved.
W. HI. Sharp of Lexington spoke In
tine style and promised to execute the
lawvs if elected. His speech was well
A. W. Jones of Abbeville explained
the nature of the comptroller general's
office and said it was an important
place. ie gave his record.
N. W. Brooker of Columbia said
he had saved the the state $50,000 by
his work for the sinking fund commis
sion. He made a complaint about a
delay in the payment of some insur
J. Laurens Walker of Greenville
said he was a neighbor of Spartan
burg. He favored the assessment of
property at its full value, lHe had
been treasurer of Greenville County
until appointed as chief clerk to the
comptroller general. - - Spartanburg
A census bulletin relating to cotton
ginning has been issued covering the
industry up to 1900, when the census
There has been a universal demand
among the ginners for the collection
and publication of these statistics at
more frequent intervals during the
marketing season. In recognition of
this, there was incorporated in the
congressional enactment creating a
permanent census bureau a provision
for the collection and publication of
statistics of the cotton crop at Inter
vals during the ginning season. This
is now being done in South Carolina
and other cotton growing states. The
statistics have been compiled by Mr.
Daniel C. Roper, of this state, and
they convey some interesting infor
The number of ginneries in the
state last year were 3i,o18, being a
decrease of :30 as compared with
1899. Georgia has the largest num
ber, 4,793, being followed by Texas,
Alabama and Mississippi, this state
coming next. The average number
of bales ginned in each ginnery of the
state were 243, while Indian territory
had an average of 880. Texas 613.
Georgia 293, Mississippi 308, North
The cost of ginning a bale in South
Crolina was for a square bale $1.29
and a round bale $1. In Georgia the
cost for the square bale was $1.26
and the round bale 90 cents. The
average cost in the whole country was
32.:30 for square bale and $1.75 for
With 4,314 active ginneries in 1899,
>r 13.2 per cent. of the numberreport
ad for the United States, Texas handl
ad 27.6 per cent. of the entire Ameri
3an crop of 1899,.- expressed in com
Enercial bales, while Georgia, with 4,
729. or 16 per cent, of the entire
numbers of the United States. handl
ad only 13.4 per cent. of the crop.
Ihe ginneries east of the Mississippi
iver handled 54.9 per cent. from the
rop of 1899. 47.4 per cent. from the
~rop of 1900, and 53.2 per cent. from
;he crop of 1901.
In this connection, there is a table
howing the qluantity of cotton ginned
n each county of the cotton states for
901. h ere are some of the facts as to
~his state: Orangeburg 53,980 Ander
on 40,68:3, Sumter 34,093. These are
he largest, the other counties ranging
rom 13,000 up. Georgetown ginned
mnly 1,212 bales. Bleaufort 2.761, liorry
.018. Richland 9,8318.
Fooled Several People.
The Columbia Record says the police
f that city are in possession of sever
1 bills that look exactly like United
urrency and have been passed on
everal parties. The old Mechanics
nd Farmers Loan association, issued
ome years ago, and also had a large
uantity of unsigned ones that in
ome manner have gotten out and are
oating around the city. Signed or
nsigned they are of no value, but
everal people have been "worked.'
lerchants would do well to watch out
THE COTTON BELT.
How the Crop Looke as the Hiarvesi
NORMAL DEVELOPMENTS NOTED
Much Depends on the Weather Dur
ing the Month of August.
The Crop Opening
The growing cotton continues tc
make normal development over the en
tire belt, except in limited localities
distributed throughout the dil'eren1
States, where local droughts, or pool
soils, insects and improper cultivatior
caused slight deterioration. Attentior
is called to the special and exhaustivt
report from Texas which indicates
condition seldom, if ever, excelled.
Since that report was issued, ther
have been heavy rains over westerr
and southwestern Texas, the region,
where drought prevailed, and thes(
rains may develop the plants in thos(
sections, as the season is not too fal
advanced to make an average crop.
Open bolls are no longer confined t<
Texas, but have been noted in a num
her of States. and the crop is openius
rapidly in Georgia where a "first hale
has already been marketed. While th<
past week, covered by the attache(
State reports, was an unusually ho'
one, the temperature has been muel
lower during the current week, and al
though not low enough to be harmful
it has generally been below normal
The earliness of the crop, evidenced b,
the fact of full grown bolls being note(
in every section of the belt, also indi
cates that the crop is heavily fruited
and the plants, no doubt, already bea
a fair sized crop, with a full month, o
more, of time during which the plant
can take on fruit without danger fron
frost, however early frost may occur
Whether it will be a record breaking
crop depends on the weather durin
In North Carolina very warm, dry
sunny weather prevailed during thi
greater portion of the past week, an(
drought appears again to be causini
some injury to crops, except at place
in the extreme eastern and westeri
portions of the State, where ligh
showers occurred on the 15th. Cottoi
stands the droght well; it looks greet
and healthy; has made good growth ii
the south portion, where the weed i
of good size and plants are fruitini
well; in the north portion and on stif
lands the plants are small and ar
shedding forms considerably; wher
poorest the crop is blooming to the top
In South Carolina showers occurret
in every county, but they were partia
and generally light, and at a fe'
points only did they supply enoug
moisture for the need of growing crops
Cotton improved in a number of locali
ties, but gsnerally it deteriorated dur
ing the week, depending on the rain
fall distribution. Over by far th<
greater portion of the State there art
reports of blooming to the top, o
shedding, of the plants turning yellow
and a few reports of rust. Generall:
the plants are small, but bloomin,
freely, and in a few sections there art
nearly full grown bolls. The crop a:
a whole is in a condition to be greatl:
benefited by rains, should they occu
within the next two weeks.
In Georgia the weather was gener
ally dry during the week in the north
western and portions of the middle
counties, and rain is badly needed it
those districts. Light to copious show
ers occu.rred elsewhere, with hig'
temperature in all sections. Cotto!
continues promising on the whole al
though it Is shedding, blooming t
top and being damaged by the bol
weevil in scattered localities. In the
majority of sections the plants mad<
vigorous growth during the week an'
are heavily fruited in the northerr
and middle counties, with nearly ful
grown bolls in some fields. The firs1
open bolls are reported in Burke and
In Florida cotton on uplands is suf
fering for rain and there is much rus1
and some shedding. The plant i
doing better on lowlands, where a fail
growth is maintained, although copi
ous rains at this time would do
great deal of good. A few bolls neal
the ground are opening.
In Alabama, scattered showers wert
received in many central, east cen
tral, and a few southern counties
with a few heavy local rains, but the
very long drought continues practicall3
unbroken in many western middle, and
northern counties. Cotton continue!
clean, and, while small, it is health3
and holding up remarkably well; ir
sections where moisture has been re
ceived, it is taking on new growth; as
a whole, it is well fruited through con
tinuing to bloom too heavily at the
top: there are several complaints oj
-shedding of leaves and bolls, anda
few complaints of rust.
In Mississippi as a rule, the partly
cloudy showery weather has kept cot
ton in a~ healthy growing condition,
and although the plant is small, it is
well formed, blooming freely and
fruiting satisfactorily, except in about
12 of the north-central and northeast
ern counties where it is greatly in need
of a good soaking rain. Blooming tc
the top and shedding are reported from
those counties having deilcient rain
fall. Laying by cotton is generally in
In Louisiana showery weather with:
frequent thunderstorms prevailed
throughout the week over the greater
portion of the State. Some rain oc
curred every day in the week in one
part or another of the State; the show
ers were local in character and ranged
from a mere sprinkle to a good rain.
The condition of cotton has been some
what improved by scattered showers,
although the rainfall has not been suf
ticient for the needs of the crop, except
in scattered localities. The plant is
generally small and growing very
slowly. hut has a healtyy appearance:
it is blooming to the top in many
localities, and in places it is shedding.
The crop is fruiting well in some sec
tions, while in others it is not doing
so well. Fields are generally clean
and the crop looks healthiest where it
has received the best cultivation.
In Tennessee nearly all growing
crops were seriously affected by the
drought. No rain of any consequence
fell during the week, excepting a few
scattered showers on the 19th and
20th. Cotton is fruiting fairly well;
there are some complaints of blooming
at the top and of shedding. Tobacco
is checked in growth by the dry
weather; it is very irregular in some
In Texas on the 16th, the corres
pondents of this section. numbering
700. were requested to make special
report regarding the cotton crop: they
were advised to include in their re
ports information as to the develop
condition of tile soil as regards mois
ture, elect of the recent rains. extent
to which the boll weevil are prevalent,
whether or not there is rust or stied
ding. and the date when pickingz will
begin. if not already in progress. '1im
reports belw are representative ones.
and have ibeeni chosen with a view to
having as many as possible of the cot
ton-producing counties included in
the bulletin for last week. As regards
the condition of the cotton plant.
practically all correspondenls vast, of
a line running through Nueces, ice.
Karnes. Gonzales. Caldwell. 1strop;.
Lee. Williamson. IBurnet, Llano. San
Saba. Lampasas. Hamilton, Mills, and
thence westward to the upper Colo
rado valley, thence northward to Wise
county, and from Wise northward to
the border, the cotton crop is norma 1
ly developed. making rapid growth,
with moisture ample generally for
present needs. and in nearly all in
stances is fruiting very satisfactorily.
West of this line, the plant is general
ly very small, is scantily fruited and
in many sections has not had sufficient
moisture to give relief from the pro
longed drought. It seems that the
frequent showers of the past four
weeks has developed the usual num
ber of insect pests, and in scattered
sections shedding. In the lower
r Brazos valley the boll weevils are be
coming more numerous and are caus
ing considerable damage: elsewhere
_ this pest has not appeared in suffici
ently large numbers to cause much
apprehension. Boll worms and sharp
shooters have appeared in scattered
parts of the northern and south-cen
t tral portions of the State, but have
not caused material danfage. Shed
. ding is complained of by correspon
dents in the south-central portion of
the State and the lower Brazos valley.
and at scattered points in the north
ern portion. Cotton is opening as far
. north as Tarrant county and picking
is becoming general in the southern
counties. Picking will be general in
r the central portion between August
1st and 15th, and in the northern por
tion of the State between August 15th
and September 1st. The crop is al
most universally in a fine state of cul
The Destruction of Crops is Appall
1 ing in Many Places.
2 Millions of dollars worth of property
1 has been destroyed out West by great
2 floods of water. A dispatch from
S Keokuk, Iowa, says explorations of
? the flooded districts of the Mississ
I ippi river from Keokuk south, shows
a conditions beyond the appreciation of
e realization of any but those of long
experience with the Father of Waters
1 in its most destructive mood.
1 The situation is growing worse
? hourly and a great conflagration in a
1 great.city would not be more rapidly
- destructive of values. There is ab
~ solutely not the slightest chance of
- stopping this most costly flood in the
history of the great river about St.
e Louis. .A correspondent of the Asso
B cdated Press went over the worst dam
f aged area in the steamer Crescent and
found everywhere the greatest crops
V ever known under water deep enough
I to fioat a steamboat. People at the
e river cities give accounts of losses ag
s gregating many millions of dollars.
V Hundreds of farmers, rich ten days
r ago, the penniless and homeless.
NEARLY TEN SIILLION Loss.
.Careful estimates gathered from the
a statements of the best informed peo
a pie indicate the loss up to today is
. about six million dollars. with every
a prospect of two or three millions ad
2 ditonal by the rise above, not yet
. reaching the lower stretches of the
y rivers. Most of this loss is on the
SMissouri side of the river between
Keokuk and Hannibal. Passing the
water-lapped lumber yards of Keokuk,
jthe mouth of the Des Moines river is
Inearly two miles wide. Normally
1there are two mouths and an island
bdelta covered with farms, which are
Snow under raging torrents. Alexan
dria was protected to the last by the
-Egyptian levee, the breaking of which
b would send four feet of water all over
the town. Gregory. is submerged ex
r cept the White church, in which ser
vice was held Sunday, the congrega
Ltion from the country reaching the
r church by the railroad track, which is
still above the flood in a waste of
waters miles wide. Other towns and
cities on the islands are beyond the
DI~fENSE FIELDS IN A GREAT LAKE.
Immense fields are seen in a great
lake with the shore visible only with
a glass, where the high bluffs bound
the bottoms. Islands dotting the
1river at its normal stage have disap
peared. except for the tops of trees or
fringe of high shore willows, slightly
protruding like a circullar coral reef.
Occasionally a house on piles or stilts
is seen, but generally only roofs rise to
mark tihe center or farms of corn. In
the middle of the present river the
tracks of the St. Louis, Keokuk &
Northwestern railroad, normally on
the Missouri shore. are now a few
inches about tihe water and under it
in some stretches. Shore lights for
pilots are standing in the midst of a
waste of waters where steamboats can
rnn over them. The river is five to
ten miles wide, and another lake
seventy miles long is added to the
THOLSANDS OF ACREs OF CORN GONE.
All this territory was practically
covered with corn a fortnight ago,
estimated to make seventy-five to a
hundred bushels to the acre. Pre
vious estimates of the loss have been
greatly increased by the prospective
yield being found much greater than
ever before, experts telling of many
farms that were good for one hundred
bushels to the acre before the flood.
Tihe loss is total. Experience is that
if wvater stays forty-eight hours even
four inches under the surface it kills
corn and every stalk wet by waves
perishes f'rom rotting roots. The
height of the flood is indicated by an
incident at LaGrange. The steam
boat warehouse was well back from
the river bank and stands high. A
strong current and gale caused the
pilot to an imperfect landing and the
cornice of tihe roof of the ware-house
was torn off by the forward guards of
Silver Cresent. The river is rising all
the time, six inches during the day, in
the immense area of 700 square miles,
and the worst is to come.
WHERE THlE CHIEF FLOOD IS.
The chief flood thus far is on the
Missouri side from Keokuk to Louis
iana with Canton and WXest Quincy as
centers of the country hurt worst. On
the Illinois side there are three con
tinuous levees for forty miles from
Warsaw to Quincy above the water.
which thlus far are safe but farmers.
are afrrid of crevasses from musk rat
holes, and every rod of the redoubt is
watehled day and night. The break
ing of these levees would flood 175
square miles in Illinois and Adestroy
"2,00.00U to 3.000,000 worth of corn.
The levees beluw Quincy are in the
same situation. except that they are
'jwer and less lirm.
TIE DEVAST.1\I'N APPALUNG.
O)pposite Quincy in Missouri. is still
San:tiwr renter of special devastation.
wlici is appalling. North 12 miles to
Lacrange and south to ilolton. large
prairiPs are well under water, reaching
fromn the Illinois ilutj to the Missouri
bluffs at ;east ten miles. Levers has
til, thrown around farms are disap
prating in a fierce current rushing
Iroam above through the dam of the
Burlington bridge, carrying everything
before it. Lone Tree.prairie. ten miles
square. is deserted. the population
having lied to Quincy, and the bluffs
on the Missouri side from which they
watch the complete destruction.
Around LaMotte. Silverton, Busch
station, Clemens. and Ashburg, north
of Hannibal. there is more wheat than
at other places and all in the shock
is washed away. The chief crop there
is corn, however, and there is the
same ruin as at other places.
In the vicinity of Quincy and
Hannibal there is much unnecessary
loss on account of the peculiar condi
tions of the flood. A smaller flood bf -
gan to subside, when warnings fr( m
the Keokuk weather bureau observer
were received unheeded, as being
after the fact, when actually it was
before the new and greater flood.
Levees protecting the Missouri bot
tom between Keokuk and Quincy
stood the strain of today's flood which
failed tooverflow them. The Egyptian
levee is still several inches above the
Des Moines river, which is nnw sta
tionary here at its mouth. Reports
from Ottumwa show a fall of two
feet. The only threatening indications
tonight are heavey clouds at Oska
loosa. Unless heavy rains shall come,
the Des Moines will begin to fall hele
to-morrow. The situation is much
brighter. The Mississippi here shows
a stage of 15.4 feet, the highest since
1897. and is still rising, but not as fast.
as it was this morning. The crest of
the Mississippi rise probably will pass
here tomorrow. Great damage has al
ready been done, but the worst prob
ably is over.
RAINS WOULD HELP CROPS
Should They Come Within the Next.
The following is the weekly bulletin .
of the condition of the weather and
the crops, issued last week by Direc
tor Bauer of the South Carolina sec
tion of the United States Weather
Bureau's Climate and Crop service:
The temperature was above norral
during the week ending Monday July
21st, with an average of about 84 de
grees. The highest was 103 degrees
at Heath Springs on the 17th and at
Seivern on the 18th, the lowest 6.2 de
grees at Santuc on the 17th. This,
the second hot wave of the month,
was of comparatively short duration,
for by the end of the week the ten
pe:ature was again normal or below.
The winds were generally light and
dry, but without the wilting effect so
noticable during the previous hot
Showers occurred in every county,
but they were partial and generally
light, and at a few points only did
they supply enough moisture for the
need of growing crops. The rainfall
was heaviest in the southeastern por
tions, but was not general in that sec
tion. Over the greater portion of the
State, crops are r.uffering for rain,.
se verely in places, and in others not
so much. This has caused a great,
diversity in the condition of crops, so.
that now there are places in every
county where they are doing well,.
and other places where they are partly
ruined. This applies particularly toi
corn and cotton, while other crops are:
affected in like manner, but in vary
ing degrees. Showery conditions pre
vailed at the close of the week.
Field crops have been laid by in.
clean condition, except some cotton:
that is receiving its last plowing, andi
stubble corn that is yet smanl.
Some early corn has reached ma
turity and is a fair crop, but hot.
weather and drought cut short alarge
portion of early corn, while late corn
is generally promising, and in a con
dition to be benetitted by timely
Cotton improved in a number of I10
calities, but generally it deteriorated!
during the week, depending on the
rainfall distribution. Over by far the
greater portion of the State there are
reports of blooming to the top, of.
shedding, of the plants turning yel
low, and a few reports of rust. Gen
erally the plants are small, but bloom
ing freely, and in a few sections there
are nearly full grown bolls. The crop.
as a whole is in a condition to be -
greatly benefitted by rains, should
they occur within the next two weeks.
Tobacco cutting is being rushed to
the neglect of other farm work, and
the crop is curing nicely. In a num
ber of localities this year's crop is the
best ever raised. while in other locali
ties it was badly damaged by heat and
drought. Rice is threatened. by salt
water in some districts. Caterpillars
have nearly all disappeared after
damaging young rice. Peas continue
to look well. The majority of reports
continue to indicate an inferior fruit
crop. with much premature ripening
and dropping, except grapes which
are fine where not rotting. Minor
crops. such as sweet potatoes, cane,
pastures. grass for hay, and gardens,
An Important Ruling.
The postmaster general Taas issued
an order providing that after October
1, 1902, each person desiring the rural
free delivery service must erect at his
cost and by the roadside, so that the
the carrier may have access to it with
out dismounting from lbis vehicle, a
mail box conforming to the specifica
tion approved and published by the
department. Such boxes as conform
to the requirements may be stamped
by the manufacturer, "Approved by
the postmaster general," and will
then come within the protection of
the law passed at the last session of'
congress, making it a criminal offence,
to tamper with mail receptacles on
rural free delivery routes. The order
provides that the same box must not
be used for more than one family,.
except in the case of near relatives or
those residing in the same house, and
rural carriers are directed not to serve
those who subsequent to October 1
have not complied with the require
ments of today's order. Agents, in
spectors and all other officers of the
postoffic department are prohibited
from becoming agents for the sale of
rural free delivery boxes.
DR. Harrison Randolph, president
of the Charleston college. was offered
the presidency of the Arkansas State
college, but declined. Dr. Hartzog