Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVII. S. C., WEDNE
SOME BAD NEWS.
President Roosevelt Has Surgical Op
eration On His Leg.
INJURY BY A TROLLEY CAR
Resulted in the Format ion of an Ab
scess on the Lea Which
Necessitated Use of
President Roosevelt's western trip
came to an untimely end in Indianap
olis, Indiana, on Tuesday, 23. instant.
le was found to be suffering from a
swelling in the left leg, between the
knee and the ankle, which requirec
immediate surgical attention and. in
stead of being taken to the train tc
continue his journey to Fort Wayr
and Milwaukee, he was conveyed tc
St. Vincent's hospital, where he was
operated on. The operation occurred
at 3:45 o'clock and lasted only a short
time. Then be was taken to a pri
Tate room in the hospital to rest. Af
ter taking a light luncheon at 7:30 p.
m. he was conveyed on a stretcher tt
his train, which had been backed up
on a "Y" near the hospital, and at 101
minutes before s o'clock the train left
The first intimation that anything
'was wrong came in the form of rumors
to the great crowd, which was pa
tiently waiting near the Columbia
club and the Soidiers' and Sailors
monument for the president to appear.
It was about 2:30 o'clock, half an
hour after the time set for the presi
dent to leave the city, that a few fav
ored ones in the crowd received inti
mations that the president was sick
and that the rest or the trip probably
would be abandoned. These state
ments were as promptly denied. as
fast as they gained currency, but soon
the rumors began to take on a more
"The president has burst a blood
vessel," was a whisper that went
around among the police otlicers and
"This cannot be true." said others,
"for the president is in the corridor
conversing with Senator Fairbanks."
Then it was said that the president
was sick, that he had fainted, and fi
nally a rumor was started that he had
been shot. These rumors, however.did
not appear to reach the crowd. A hall
hour or more passed, and finally it was
noticed that a movement of some kind
was on. The president's carriage stood
in front of the entrance of the club,
with Col. Wilson, the governor's pri
vate secretary,inside holding the large
bunch of-American beauty roses that
had been given the president in the
hall. The soldiers of the National
Guard were drawn up along the street
just in the rear. The secret service
men and the local police and detect
ives crowded the sidewalks in front of
the club, keeping back the people.
The command was given to "make
room," and a path was cleared fron
the club entrance to the carriage andl
as if in answer to the rumors of his
illness, the president, accompanied by
Senator Fairbanks, with a quick and
sturdy galt, came down the steps anc
hastily entered the carriage. Senabo2
Fairbanks, Secretary Cortelyou and
-Gov. Durbin took seats in the carriagE
with the president. The carriagE
-started immediately for St. Vincen1
hospital. Though the carriage was
closed, the crowds on the streets
cheered. At the hospit al the president
.alighted and walked with Senato:
Fairbanks and Gov. Durbin up th
steps of the hospital. A squad of po
lice formed a cordon about the build
After the president cntered the op
* erating room he sat down and waited
for instructions from the physician!
and surgeons, watching their prepara
tions with a keen interest.
"I am awfully sorry I cannot con
tinue my western trip," said he
"Can't you let me go ahead with il
after this thing is over?"
Several of the surgeons turned t<
him, and one said:
"It is my opinion that you- woub
be very indiscreet to continue on you
feet as would be necessary in you:
speechmaking trip after your opera
tion. This is by no means a seriou:
thing and there is absolutely no dan
.ger of serious conseqjuences from it i
.you are careful and stay off your fee
until the trouble is over. But yoi
should by all means. MIr. President
discontinue your tri p."
"Very well, then, it will have to b
that way," said the president resign
The operation was begun withou
'delay. The pain caused the presiden
to mutter several times in a low voice
but he said nothing that was distinct
except to ask for a glass of water be
~fore the needle had been removed
.After the operation was over, he mad<
~several laughing remarks.
After being taken to an upper roon
Trom the operating room. the presi
tient was served with a light luncheol
and chatted pleasantly to those in th
room. He made several kind remark
to the attending nurses about th
trouble he was causing, and shiftei
his position several times nervously.
At 7:45 P. in.. a white blanket wva
thrown around him and he was places
on the hospital stretcher and escorte<
by a company of infantry, was carrie<
to the car a block away by four negr
porters from the train.
The swelling of the president's leg
which made an operation necessary
was occasioned by a bruise he receivel
at the time of the trolley accident a
Besides being injured in the face an'
across the eye. the president at tha
time received a blow upon the inne
part of the left leg, between the anki
and the knee, but characteristicailly hi
paid no attention to it. ignoring ita
being a slight bruise, not worth tali
ing about. For several weeks he too
no heed of it. but tinally it began t
pain him so as to enforce his atter
tion. After starting on his wester
trip, he determined that Dr. Lung
who was aboard the train, should es
amine it. The doctor did so and prc
nounced it to be a serious mattel
When in Detroit, the doctor tinall
deared that something oust be dlonE
After consultiog with Dr. michardsou
another member of the party. it was
decided ghat, in order to avoid the
probability o blood poisoning. it prob
ably would be wise to have an opera
tion performed. The president was
very much averse to anything of the
kind, but nevertheless when Logans
p)ort, Ind., had been reached he had
been prevailed on to deliver the tariff
speech at Milwaukee. and which was
regarded as one of the most important
of his proposed speeches for the west.
At Logansport Senator Beveridge
boarded the train and after a consul
tatiun with him. it was decided that
he should summon several of the best
physicians of Irdianapolis to meet the
president. When the train pulled into
the station the doctors were taken by
the senator immediately into the pres
ident's car. A\ hen the president rose
to acknowledge the reception given
him at the hall, and also when he rose
to make his address. it was noticed by
those near him in front of the hall
that he stood with all his weight on
his right leg, and the posture seemed
so awkward and so much like a pose
that it caused comment. When the
president was taken to the Columbia
club for luncheon he was made the
subject of a serious consultation by
the physicians. His leg was bared.
and the swelling examined. After a
considerable time the physicians ar
rived at the verdict.
Said Dr. Oliver: "In order to avoid
possible blood poisoning setting in, it
will be necessary for the president to
submit to a slight operation," and in
this view all the other doctors concur
red. The president wished that the
operation, since it was necessary
should be postponed until he reached
Washington, but the physicians again
proved obdurate. They gave it as their
opinion that tne bruises could not be
tritled with in its present condition.
and that no one could afford under
all the circumstances to take any
chances in postponing the needed sur
Hester's Cotton Statement.
Secretary Hester's weekly cotton
statement issued Friday shows an in
crease in round figures in the move
ment of cotton into sight for the
seven days of 149,000 over the same
seven days last year, an increase of
70.000 over the same time year before
The amount brought into sight for
the week ending Friday afternoon is
stated at 371,619 against 222,438 for
the same seven days ending this date
last year and 301.,707 year before last.
The total of the crop moved into
sight for the 26 days of the new sea
son is 1,017,232 against, 563,829 last
year and 714.512 year before last.
Receipts at all United States ports
since Sept. 1. have been 723,902
against 337,776 last year. Overland
across the Mississippi. Ohio and Poto
mac iivers to northern mills and
Canada 16,653 against 15,107 last
year; interior stocks in excess of Sept.
1, 125,197 against 75,546 last year;
and southern mill takings 151,500
against 135,400 last year.
Foreign exports since Sept. 1st have
been 406.682 against 227.981 last
Tue total takings of American
mills north and south and Canada
thus far for the season have been 237.
117 against 191,491 last year.
Stocks at American ports and the
29 leading southern interior centres
have increased 373,453 bales against
an increase for the same period last
season of 139,948.
Including amounts left over in
stocks at ports and interior towvns
from the last crop and the number of
bales brought into sight thus far for
the new crop the supply to date is
1232,326 against 923.516 for the same
period last year.
The Hampton Mounment.
The following circular which exi
plains itself is now being sent out:
To the Hampton Memorial Commit
Gentlemen: Having been appointed.
authorized and asked "to solicit and
receive subscriptions to a State monu
ment to Wade Hampton, soldier and
statesmnan"-it behooves us to try to
do this duty. The State has been
blessed with a good year. Food is
abundant. The money returns from
the market products are at least
above the average and comparative
prosperity prevails. Now is the time
to act. Each of you therefore is re
quested to call on the county chair
men and they or their local chairman
to canvass at once for the monument
fund. The prompt collection is urged
that the monument may be erected
while the memory we hallow is still
fresh in our hearts. It is desired that
each chairman report and remit by
the week. The amount received will
be published each week,' beginning
with the end of the first week in Octo
ber. The public is most earnestly
solicited to cooperate with us heart
H anmptonl Memorial Committee,
A. C. H askell, Chairman.
R I. W. Shand. Secretary.
The chairmen of the committcee in
Sthe seven congressional districts are
as follows. W. G. Hlinson, first: James
M. Moore. second: D. 1H. Russell.
third: Jas. A. Hoyt. fourth: JTas. F.
Hart, fifth: W. E. James. sixth: and
:A. C. Hlaskell, seventh.
Killed by a Train.
The Eastover correspondent of The
State says Tuesday morning of last
week while the rock train was mo)ving
throtigh Eastover, Charlie Sheppard,
colored. wvho had brought a bale ol
cotton to the gin for Mr. B. W. Hur
kett, was instantly killed by the train.
It seems that Sheppard was at the
gin house. wvhich is about 150 yards
frm the depct. and when he saw the
train coming ran t-> where the trair
wais and caught and swung on to the
Iside. ot the cars. As he passed a cross
ing at the depot a bridge railing
struck his head breaking his skull ir
useeral places. lIe fell from the trair
an 'd wa very much mutilated. The
verdct of the coroner's jury was that
he c'ame to his death byv misfortune
ad accident causedl by his own care
F our stockmen~i were killed and tw.'
seio'usly injured in a collisioni On th(
urington road near Malden, Ill.
eary T hursday. The Burlington pas
sengert train crashed into the stocl,
trin telesoping the caboose.
On His Own Doorsteps by a Brutal
WHO IS CAUGHT AND KILLED.
The Murderer Was Caught by In
censed Citizens Who Sent to
Columbia for the Peniten
The Columbia State says Mr. Jim
Irby, one of the guards at the State
penitentiary, went to Newberry Wed
nesday to assist in the hunt for George
Caughman who in fiendish spirit
mnrderered a white farmer of that
county Tuesday morning.
News of the tragedy did not reach
Columbia until yesterday, although
the blood houndswere wired for Tues
day night. Mr. Cole L. Blease, who
v:as in the city yes:erday, gave the
details of the terrible crime for which
the negro is being hunted.
Caughman. who is known in New
berry city as an impudent negro. had
been picking cotton for a Mr. Smith,
a farmer who lives near Bush liver
church, near the Laurens county line.
Caughman's inamorata was also living
ou this fan. Monday night Caugh
man, while enraged for some cause,
administered a wbipping, and the
woman, fearing further violence, sent
a little boy to tell the farm overseer,
Mr. Ed. Adams.
As to what followed there is some
discrepancy in the reports. Some say
that Mr. Adams, accompanied by a
Mr. Poe, went to the house and gave
Caughman a severe thrashng and ran
him off the place. The other account
is to the effect that the white men did
not whip Caughman but ran him
The following morning, Tuesday,
Mr. Adams was called from his break
fast table by the negro Caughman who
declared that he wanted a settlement
for his time while picking cotton. Mr.
Adams went towards the gate and
was fired upon three times. Each
shot took effect in a vital spot. The
first struck him in the left side of the
abdomen, the second just below the
left nipple and the third entered the
brain just over the left eye.
Leaving his victim dead at his own
doorstep the assassin made his ecape.
The surrounding country was soon in
the saddle, but the negro could not be
found. The house of his wife was
surrounded and watched all night and
the posse drew away yesterday morn
ing confident that he was not in that
neighborhood. The woman says that
the pursueis had been gone less than
15 minutes when George came for some
clothes. Some discredited the wo
man's story, thinking she was trying
to throw the posse off of the scent,
but it was thought advisable to try
When Mr. Irby arrived in Newberry
with his string of blood hounds. he
went to the scene of the tragedy, and
was accompanied by the deputy sheriff.
Mr. Johnson, Mr. Tom Davenport and
Magistrate Chappelle. Sheriff Bedford
remained in his otice. It was report
ed here that the white people were
very much enraged and that if Caugh
man should be caught it would prob
ably mean a case for the coroner.
Wednesday night at 10.20 The State
received a dispatch from Newberry
stating that the negro had been
caught "and had shot himself fatal
ly." No particulars were given and
it is not known whether the negro was
caught by the agency of the dogs.
A dispatch from Newbarry, to The
State, under date of Thursday, gives
the following parti'culars of the negro
shooting himself: Caughman was cap
tured Wednesday afternoon. He was
trailed by bloodhounds to a point
about 100 yards behind his own home.
Being hotly pursued, he shot himself
early Wednesday morning,but did not
kil himself. When found he was al
most in a dying condition. About 100
men on horseback followed the dogs.
immediately upon the discovery of
Caughman, excitement ran to a fever
heat and a lynching was narrowly pre
vented. Caughman is at present in
the Newberry jail. It is hardly pos
sible that he will live more than a few
days. In his testimony taken while
he thought he was dying he implica
ted two other negroes in the crime,
who are also lodged in jail.
Lives Lost in Coal Mines.
The United States geological survey
has .iust made public a report contain
ing statistics of fatal and non-fatal
accidents occurring during 1901 in the
process of producing coal in the eigh
teen States and territories wherein
that product is mined. The total
number of lives lost in 1901 was 1,407,
and the total number of men injured
ws 3.643. The number of tons of
coal mined for each life lost varied
fromi 426,094 in Marylanil, to 49,424
in Indian Territory. The average
number of tons mined for each of the
l,467 lives lost svas 188.668. It is in
teresting to note that in Pennsylvania
the number of tons of bituminous coal
mined per life lost was a little more
than double the amount mined per
life lost in the anthracite mines of the
An Investigationl of Cotton.
A number of special agents of the
United States department of agricul
ture have left Washington for the
South for the purpose of investigating
certain features of the cotton move
ment. Statistican Ihyde's estimate of
cotton actually grown during the year
190102 and tile report of the census
(,tice as to the amount ginned during
the year both ditrer considerably from
the amount marketed according to
comeif al reports. The department
bliees the ditrerence is made up
lrgely of cotton carried over from
precedngr years and or linters and re
pcs. No expense will be spared. it
is aid in an investigation as to what
the commercial crop really amounted
to and what it cousisted of and a full
statemnt of the result will be made
A FIENDISHMAN BRAKEMAN.
Brutally Shot and Fatally Wounded
a Colored Boy.
A dispatch from Spartanburg to
The State says a 13-year-old boy died
at I o'clock Tuesday morning at the
lodging house of a colored man named
Adams, near the Southern depot,
in that city, from the effects of a
pistol shot received Saturday after
noon at Melrose on the Spartanburg
and Asheville railroad. From ac
counts the shooting was an act of
wanton brutality and the pistol was
tired by a negro, presumably an em
ploye of a freight train.
The boy, Yank Dooley, and his
brother John were walkintg from Mel
rose towards Spartanburg on the rail
road track. They stopped at Melrose
and seated themselves on a piece of
sewer pipe about 1 p. m. Saturday.
While there a freight train passed by
coming this way. As the train pass
ed, according to the testimony of John
Dooley. at the coroner's inquest a
negro brakeman brandishing a pistol
in one hand swung from the side of
the car next to the cab and fired, the
ball striking the boy Yank. The
negro then fires1 twice' more.
The boy was picked up and it was
discovered that he was dangerously
wounded. The agent at Melrose tele
graphed to Tryon, and further down
the line, to have the negro on the
freight train who did the shooting
captured. The scoundrel had made
his escape prior to the train reaching
Tryon. He has not been seen nor
heard from since.
The wounded boy and his brother
were carried on a train to Saluda, and
from there they were brought to Spar
tanburg on the passenger train Satur
day night. Yank Dooley lived until
1 a. m. Tuesday and died from his
wound. While his brother was the
only witness who testified at the coro
ner's iquest he gave his testimony in a
straigtforward manner, and, if it be
true, the negro who did the shooting
should be captured and dealt with to
the extreme end of the law.
SOME SLICK RASCALS
Who Swindled Several Farmers in
A dispatch from Laurens to The 1
State says recently several farmers in
that county have been swindled out of 1
sums of money ranging from $10 to 1
$50 by two well-dressed fellows of 1
gentlemanly bearing who represented 1
themselves as agents of a well-known <
supply company of Chicago.
H. M. Smith, a good citizen of High <
Point. has sworn out a warrant for
the men and the warrant has been
placed in the hands of the sheriff. <
Mr. Smith holds a receipt for $40
signed by B. F. Jones. He was duped 1
into paying this on the promise that
a high grade buggy would be shipped
to him within 12 days, considerably 1
under the listed prices in the cata
logue, etc., which they exhibited. ]
At the expiration of the 12 days, no C
buggy having come, Mr. Smith pro-<
ceeded to investigate the matter and
to his astonishment upon wiring the<
alleged Chicago house he was advised
that they employed no traveling
agents and the men were Imposters
In the meantime information
reaches here from a point in Georgia
that two men answering Jones' and
his companion's description had been
operating the same scheme there and
are badly wanted by the authorities
in that State also. They travel by
private conveyance and crossed this
country t wo weeks ago, traveling east
It is said that the same parties
worked the farmers of upper Richland
county and the Dutch fork of Lexing
ton county and that warrants have
been sworn out in those counties for
the arrest of the scamps.
A Bold Robbery.
Robbers tried to carry off the safe
in the railroad depot at Walterboro
one night last week, but were fright
ened away by some one who happened
to be passing. They had a handcar on
the track immediately in front of the
door, but left before they could get
the safe on it. The safe and the tools
were left In the middle of the room.
It seems that the robbers forced an
entrance in the waiting room and
pushed- a boy through the ticket hole
who opened the door from the inside.
The hat of Joe Teasdale, a negro boy
who has been working for Dr. Acker
man, was found just outside the door,
and Josh is now resting in jail charged
with the commission of the crime.
Other negroes in town are suspected
and more arrests will probably follow.
A Good Thing.
The novel invention of Prof. Arte
mieff gives security to workers In lab
oratories using high-tension electric
currents. It is a safety dress of tine
but closely woven wire gauze, weigh
ing 3.3 pounds, and completely enclos
ing the wearer, Including hands, feet,
and head. The cooling surface Is so
great that a powerful current passed
for several seconds from one hand to
the other without perceptible heating.
Clad in this armor, the inventor re
ceived discharges from currents of
5-000) to 150,000 volts and handled
live wires at pleasure, all without any
sensation of electric shock.
A Bad Wreck.
The worst wreck in the history of
the Bessemer road was occasIoned by
a head-on collision between two freight
trains at a point two miles east of
Mercer, Pa.. Thursday, in which four
were killed and three injured. The
wreck was caused by a cross order is
sued for the two freight trains. At
present the blame cannot be ascer
tained. Three engines and eight steel
cars are badly wrecked. The Injured
are In the Mercer Cottage Steel hospi
tal and will recover.
Becomes Active Again.
A dispatch from Rome says the vol
cano Stromboli island, off the north
coast of Sicily, has been active for
several days past. A large conical
mass has appeared on the edge of one
of the craters and a fissure at the cra
ter is pouring out lava, and jets of
tlme to a heig-ht of 300 yards.
[n Tariff Revision, and Light i:
Shining in the West.
ROOSEVELT ON THE TRUSTS
[s Doing Effective Work ior Demo
crats Because of Failure to
Suggest Plan For Their
"President Roosevelt is our strong
?st speaker in the field " This was
,he smiling remark of Chairman
fames M. Griggs of the Democratic
,ongressioual campaign committee,
;ays the Washington correspondent of
the State, when asked recently what he
;ought of the president's Cincinnati
speech in which the tariff question as
t relates to trusts, was dwelt on at
"The president is crystalizing the
>opular belief which is just at t.his
ime electrifying the mindsof the peo
le of this country that the trusts
should be regulated. At the same
ime that the president is crystalizing
his belief, he is telling the people in
Limost direct language that they can
xpect nothing from his party in the
way of remedial legislation, at least
iot for years.
"With this in mind, the people will
-ealize that the Democratic party is
;he party, and the only party ready
or action now. There is absolutely
o ground for the president's warning
hat the Democratic party would de
troy both the trusts that do ill and
he trusts that do good, as he terms
hem, as well as the general prosperi
y of the country. The Democratic
arty will be just as careful in admin
stering .its trust medicine as the
[epublican party can be. We shall
ieither destroy the business interests
)f the country nor injure the wage
arners. We are as patriotic as the
Republican party and we are not op
yosed to vested rights or to property
ts such. We simply favor giving every
nan an equal chance in the race of
ife, and whereever the tariff 'shelters
he trusts,' as we know it does, we
ropose to so modify it as to remedy
"The president admits that the re
noval of the tariff from some of the
rust products Would be a remedy, and
he more the president talks along
hese lines, the better will the Demo
;rats be satisfied."
In commenting on Chairman Bab
ock's confidence of Republican suc
ess in the fall elections, Mr. Griggs
aid that he could not exactly figure
ut Mr. Babcock's philosophy.
'Though he is confident that the Re
ublicans will control the fifty-eight
ongress," he at the same time pre
licts that they will lose some mem
ers. Mr. Babcock may know more
tbo'ut sliding down hill than I do, but
never yet have been able to under
tand how a man who begins to slide
own can know exactly the point
bove the bottom at which he will 01
WILL ATTrACK THE TARIFF.
Mr. Grlggs ascribes no other reasor
or Speaker Henderson's withdrawa]
rom the race in his home district
~han that assigned by the speaket
1imsel in his declination on the tariff.
"I regret very much that it should
ave been stated the Democratic cam
3aign managers have been contemplat
ng any personal attack on Speakel
Fenderson," continued Mr. Griggs.
Nothing has been further from ouw
ntentions. I believe Mr. Hendersor
etired from the race because of the
reasons he gave. To believe anything
lse, it seems to me, would be a re
lection upon his integrity as a mar
Lnd his standing as a Republican.]
elieve what he says, whether his pro
essed friends believe it or not.
"This only accentuates the fact
bhat tariff reform is coming in spite o0
nything the Republican leaders may
l or say. The people are tired ol
ostering industries, which, In th(
Language of Mr. Pou, 'treat us nol
anly worse than they do foreigners
but worse than they do savages' b)
:harging us higher prices for Ameni
::an made goods than they charg4
liens for the same class of goods.
This is creating a strong selitimen1
in favor of a proper revision of thi
Dingley tariff law, as it ought to do.'
Negroes Not Wanted.
Negroes are being driven out o
Illinois by the whites. The Adjutant
General of the State reports a senou:
ondition of affairs at Eldorado, and i1
was found necessary to detail a large1
force, the troops now there being un
ible to suppress nightly attacks upot
the negroes. Hie says the outrage!
tbave extended to the surroundini
:ountry and fifty-four negro families
some of them owning improved farms
have been compelled to sacrifice thel
property and leave. He reports that
no clew has been found to the per
petrators of the outrages, and thal
none can be found who is willing tc
talk because of fear of violence. Al
the request of the governor, Genera
Smith has arranged to keep the Mat
toon company of forty m~en at Eldo
rado for the winter.
Seven Sisters Meet.
The Columbia State makes note o
a remarkable gathering, which tool
place in that city one clay last week
Seven sisters long separated by marri
ge an~d otherwise, met together
They were the Misses Aycock of thi
famous Aycock family of North Car
olina, and are now Mesdames B3. L
Caughman, M4. W. Peurifoy. Johi
Denny, P. W. Barnes, J1. P. West, anc
Misses Lou and Sudie Aycock.
Makes a Good One.
Mrs. Kenyon of Monoroe, Neb., i
employed in the free delivery mai
service and makes her daily trip:
with promptness. no matter hov
much "weather" there may be. Shi
is no stranger to outdoor life. Wher
only 13 years old she aided in remov
ing the Pawnee Indians from Nebraski
to their reservation in Oklahoma
ang h ond trip on~ horsebak.
SLANDERING THIS STATE.
Some Resolutions Adopted by a La
bor Union In Maine.
As a sample of the malicious false
hoods circulated in the North about
child labor in this state, secretary of
state recently received a copy of some
resolutions adopted at Portland. Mo.,
over 1,500 miles away. concerning the
working of children in mills.
The resolution was unanimously
adopted by. the Central Labor Union
of that city and a copy of them was 1
ordered sent to the legislatures of 1
South Carolina and Alabama. The
Iirst part of the resolutions refers par
ticularly to Alabama and is, compara
tively speaking. mild. South Carolina,
however, is severely denounced for
permitting '20.000 children half star
ved, too spiritless to laugh and too
dead to weep," to work in the mills.
The paper goes on to say that the
people of this state should be ashamed
to permit themselves to be so con
trolled by the capitalists, and winds
up with the hint that the national
government may take a hand in the
As a matter of fact, out of 26,000
employees in the cotton mills only
about 600 are children; and as a re
cent article published in The Record
taken from The Tradesman, a South
ern Industrial magazine, states, this
number will b': much reduced,
when the schools open.
The resolutions referred to above
have been adopted in one or two Mas
sachusetts towns, where the competi
tion of Southern mills is keenly felt,
and it is not likely the Southern oper
atives will take kindly to this inter
ference from the North.
Hanged for Murder.
Will Matthis, white. and Orlando t
Lester, colored, were hanged at Ox- S
ford, Miss., on Wednesday for the
murder of Deputy United States Mar
shals John A. and Hugh H. Montgom- C
ery. The crime was committed No- I
vember 16 last, 15 miles from Oxford I
at Matthis home, whither the officials
had gone to arfest him for illicit dis
tilling. Matthls escaped to the t
swamps of the Yocona river, where C
for three days he successfully eluded a I
large posse with blood hounds. He t
was flually forced to surrender and Or- t
landa Lester, the negro who was work- S
ing for Mattis at the time the murder I
occured, Bill Jackson, George Jackson C
Whit Owens, Mattbis' father-in-law, I
and Mrs. Matthis also were arrested 1
charged with the compliesty in the
crime. Matthis and Lester made con
fessions which they later reoudiated
but they were found guilty of murder
and sentenced to death. Whit Owens l
also was found guilty and will be
hanged October 24.
Waylaid by a Demon.
George Bundrick shot and killed
John J. Shrouder Wednesday morning <
while the latter with his wife was pro
ceeding in a buggy to their home near 1
Raines, Ga. Bundrick had claimed i
that a negro on Shrouder's place had
stolen his pocket knife and had under
taken to arrest three of Shrouder's 1
hands. Shrouder offered to pay for
the knife in order that his farm force
shouldenot be interferred with at this
time. Buncirick accused Shrouder of
siding with the negroes. Shrouder
said he would meet Bundrick as soon
as he could take his wife home. They
then parted. Bundrick went out on1
the road and waylaid the young mau
and his wife, sending a load of buck
shot into them. Shrouder fell dead
and the wife was mortally injured,
the horse running away and throwing
the wife violently to the ground.
Takes the Cake.
The following from the Columbia
State takes the cake. The State says
"two railroad men were discussing a
wreck on a northern road. One of
them cited the most remarkable wreck
on record. A freight train left the
making up point with 26 cars. Ar
riving at the destination the conduc
tor found that he had but 23 cars. It
was a through freight and none but
momentary stops had been made. In
vestigation developed the fact that a
car had jumped out of the middle of
the train, at the same time uncoup
ling itself from the severed sections.
The cars which had been following
were not derailed or even checked In
speed, but ran into the forward sec
tion and in some way coupled up. The
truant car was badly wrecked and no
one knew it until the search was
A dispatch received at Berlin, from
Tashkent, capital of Russian Turkes
tan, reports a terrible earthquake
August 22, the shocks continuing un
til September 3. One hundred persons
were killed at Kashgar, in eastern
Turkestan, 400 in the village of As
tyn, 20 at Jangi, while the tpwn of
Aksuksitche was completely destroy
ed. The disturbances also wrecked
many villages in the northern part of
the province, the total of persons kill
ed being 1,000. There were no pre
monitory signs, says the dispatch, but
a pronounced rise in temperature fol
lowed the principal shock. The tem
perature continued to rise during the
subsequent days, which were attend
ed by a repetition of slight quakes.
The dispatch says no Europeans lost
Big Piece of Express.
The State says the Columbia ex
press oflce Thursday received the
heaviest express package ever known
in this city. It was a piece of mas
sive electrical machinery for the new
glass factory, and weighing 2,025
pounds, the express fees upon the
shipment amounting to $128. It seems
Ithat this one piece of machinery
was all that was needed to get the
factory in condition tor operation,and
the management being desirous of
getting it home in a hurry ordered it
sent by express.
Used Our Flag.
A German merchant, who escaped
from Ciudad, Bolivar, Venezuela,made
a statement to otmcials that the Vene
zuelan man-of-war flying the Ameri
can ilag recently surprised and bom
barded Ciudad, Bolivar. The Navy
Department is investigating the re
Startling Statistics Given by the
Democratic Campaign Book.
Until the Democratic campaign text
book was published it was not gener
ally known how great the number of
trusts was. In that publication the
number is placed at '287, with a capi
talization of $6,972,448,951. Of this
number it is asserted that at least 16S
raving a capitalization of $5,096,894,
)12, are able to charge exhorbitant
>rices because of the protection they
receive from the tariff. Of the rest of
;he trusts it is estimated that at least
hirty-eight received more or less ben
-tits from the tariff. Under such a
ndition of affairs it is not to ie won
lered at that there is a strong and
)itter feeling against trusts-a feeling
,hat.will certainly show itself at the
)allot boxes this fall.
There is another matter of interest
n regard to trusts and their bold on
he people of the country, which,
vhile not a part of the subject mat
er of the Democratic text book, might
'ery well be considered in connection
with what has just been said, and this
s the matter of the insurance rates
,hat are charged, about which there
ias been such a howl from all parts
if a practically impotent country.
'he associated insurance companies
have raised their rates throughout the
ountry from 25 to 100 per cent. and
here is no provision anywhere to reg
late them. Insurance business has
rown wonderfully during -the past
ew years, but the number of compa
ies has not multiplied in anything
ike the proportion that the business
,as, and there are few reliable compa
es outside the combination and no
ace for the business that is refused
>y the combination.
The insurance compan'es, as an ex
use for raising rates, proclaimed that
hey had suffered heavy losses no less
um than $19,000,000 in 1901. But
committee of Philadelphia business
nen, after examining the books of the
ompanies; found that instead of such
osses there had been a profit of near
y $71,000,000, and that 1901 had been
year of profit instead of loss. There
eems to be a great discrepancy be
ween the statement of the insurance
ompanies and the Philadelphia com
nittee. What are the facts? It is up
o the insurance companies to explain
his difference. If they can, and sub
tantiate their statement, the public
must pay the piper. If the statement
f the business men is true, insurance
must be numbered with the squeezing
THE COTTON CROP.
Farmer Estimates of Its Being Short
The following is the weekly bulletin
>f the condition of the weather and
rops issued last week by Director
Sauer of the South Carolina section of
he United States weather bureau. It
s of special interest as the season is
apidly drawing to a close:
The week ending Monday Septem
>er 22, was decidedly cooler than usual,
ith a mean temperature of 66 degress,
1,maximum of 85 degrees at Green
vood on the 18th, and a minimum of
A degrees at Greenville on the 15th.
(here was a general deficiency in sun
hine, with more cloudness over the
~astern than over the western half of
he State. The winds were light
~asterly to northerly.
Over a large portion of the State,
Lmd the eastern half generally, there
w'as little or no rain during the week,
ihile in places over the western half
airly heavy showers occurred on the
18th and 19th. The rains were gener
l and-did not damage open cotton to
my great extent. In the northeastern
ounties-there is need of rain for fall
rops and to put the ground into con
lition for fall plowing.
The weather was favorable, on the
whole, for harvesting corn, cotton and
:ice and for farm work in general.
Reports on cotton are very full this
week, and cover every section of the
state, and they confirm previous es
Amates of a comparatively short crop.
[t appears that the promising condi
~ion near the close of June was irre par
bly injured by the hot dry weather
~rom June 28th to July 10th, which
ubsequently caused the plants to shed
cust and blight and to stop growing,
tnd while some fields in favorable
ocalities put on new growth late in
ugust that Las since bloomed and
~ruited, the majority of plants did not
rut well during August, and most of
hem apparently died. Cotton is from
Gwo-thirds to four-fifths open, and
ach of it has been picked; some fields
ave already been abandoned, but in
a number of counties pickers are scarce
td there a smaller percentage of the
3rop has been gathered. The yields
tre estimated below last year's by a
najority of the correspondents, al
rhough in five counties the yield is
stimated equal to or greater than
ast year's. Frost deferred until late
.n November will increase the crop
aterially In places. Boll worms have
1.peared on late unopened bolls in
Barnwell county. Sea island cotton is
netter than for a number of years, and
ears a fair top crop; picking well un
Corn is being housed. Minor crops
tre doing well. Truck is in fine grow
A young white man by the name of
[uther Dent, committed suicide on
uesday of last week by taking an
verdose of laudanum at his home in
olumbla. Mr. Dent was 23 years old
tnd married. He was the son of Mr.
Ihomas Dent, of Lexington. For
some time he had been in the employ
f the Virginia Life Insurance Com
pany. His wife was not at home at
he time of his death, having been ab
sent for three days on a visit to rela
tives in Lexington.
Slain by a Madman.
Polk Hill, a guard at the Davidson
sounty asylum, five miles from Chat
tanooga, Tenn., was killed Thursday
by Thomas Copely, an inmate of the
institution. Hill was about to serve
Copely with breakfast when the latter
eame up behind and stabbed the guard
below the heart with a knife. Hill
lie two hou rs later.
A QUEER CASE.
An Alleged Groom Who Denies that
He is Married.
OTHE2.S CLAIMS THAT. HE IS.
It Is Said That the Courts Will
Have to Decide the Mat
ter. as the Parties Do
For sometime there has been con
siderable talk in Columbia about the
alleged marriage of Mr. Frederick
Schmidt. the proprietor of the Colum
bia Steam Laundry, and Miss Nora
Martiu, but The State says it has re
frained from mentioning the matter
understanding that it would be a
question for the courts to determine
whether the couple have entered into
a binding contract. The case is a
most peculiar and unusual one, and
for this reason has excited much corn
ment. The matter came to the pub
lic prints by means of the following
whic:i appeared in the classified ad
vertisement column of The State on
Tuesday morning Sept. 23:
Martin-Schmidt-September 13, by
Rev. W. W. Daniel, at the residence
of the bride's father, Miss Nora Mar
tin to Mr. Frederick Schmidt.
Wednesday morning, also in the ad
vertising columns of The State, ap
peared the following, which-paused
many to wonder:
TO THE PUBLIC.
The notice in this morning's State
announcing the marriage of Miss
Nora Martin to Fred Schmidt was in
serted without my knowledge or con
sent. Notice is hereby given that I
deny the marriage and refuse to re
cognize Miss Martin as my wife or to
be in any manner liable for her debts
or contracts. Fred Schmidt.
Sept. 23, 1902.
These notices being so completely
at variance the public- Interest be
came intensified, and inquiries were
made as to the issue involved. It de
veloped quite early in the investigation
that legal proceedings were in the air.
It is needless to give the various
stories that are in circulation. Mr.
Schmidt has employed Allen J. Green,
Esq., it is said, to represent him in
any develop.nents in the matter.
Wednesday night when Mr. Green
was seen he declined to have anything
whatever to say for publication. It
was stated, however, that Mr.
Schmidt claims that when the cere
mony was performed, between 1 and
2 o'clock in the day, that he was not
in mental condition to enter into
such a solemn and binding contract.
The lady in the case is highly es
teemed by all who know her, and the
matter is much regretted by her
Mr. Schmidt has lived here for
years and was an alderman of the city.
He is well known all over Columbia.
On account of the interest mani
fested by the public in this strange
case, Mr. W. Boyd Evans was asked
for a statement of the alleged bride's
side of the case. At the door of the
office the representative of The State
met Mr. Schinidt accompanied by
Mr. Jesse Martin, who is alleged to
be Mr. Schmidt's father-in-law. They
are quite good friends and want the
public to let the case alone.
Mr. Evans stated that Mr. Schmidt
had been paying attentions to the
young woman for some time. Recent
ly she received a hurt and was under
medical treatment. When hei' phy
sician, Dr. Kendall, called on the
Saturday of the alleged marriage, he
found Mr. Schmidt there. The sub
ject of marriage was brought up and
Dr. Kendall was delegated to go and
get the Rev. Dr. Daniel to perform
the ceremony. When Dr. Daniel
came in he inquired particularly if the
ceremony should -be proceeded with
and was given an affirmative answer.
The minister observed that Mr.
Schmidt was in a happy frame of
mind but did not appear to be in a
state of mental incapacity on account
of drugs or such influences.
The witnesses were Dr. Kendall
and a Mr. Riggins, who boards in the
house and is a rural free mail delivery
agent. Mrs. Martin and her other
daughter would not witness the cere
mony and Mr. Martin was in the
country. Mr. Schmidt .remained
around the house until late in the af
ternoon saying that he would be back
when he had paid off his workmen at
the laundry. He did not come back
Saturday night and Mrs. Schmidt be
gan to make inquiry. It was then
that she was informed that Mr.
Schimidit's family declared the marri
age a nullity on the ground that Mr.
Schmidt was irresponsible at the time.
Mr. Evans says that a member of Mr.
Schmidts fanuly called at the Martin
place, 1414 Pickens street, and con
gratulated the newly wedded pair
Saturday afternoon.-The State.
A trunk exploded in a baggage car
at the union station Thursday, and
the baggage master has a novel expe
rience to relate. Mr. Kirk Robinson
was the onicial who was in charge of
the car. The trunk was the property
of an elderly lady. and she stoutly de
nied that it contained explosives, but
the odor of powder was unmistakable
and the top and the bottom were
blown off. There is a hackneyed old
joke about baggage masters and port
ers handling trunks roughly, but Mr.
Robinson's narrow escape from being
blown up will no doubt guarantee
that no trunks are badly treated
An A bsurd Story.
Mr. Franklin P. Shumway of Bos
ton has written the secretary of State
asking for a statement as to the truth
of assertions that have recently been
made in the eastern States that in the
cotton mills of South Carolina "there
are thousands of little children, many
of them not over six years old, who
work fromn ' o'clock in the morning
till 7 o'clock in the evening," and that
when they go "t eat their pittance
of a lunch they fall asleep from sheer
exhaustionl. This gives an idea of
he extent to which the child labor
- iatian has one.