Newspaper Page Text
AVOL. XVII. MN~ NIMG S. (C., W 'j)NES-!DAY. 1)ECEMBR , 92.NOL
THE TMUTH AT LAST.
Roosevelfs Family Did Not Dine
With Booker Washington.
HE WAS SERVED WITH LUNCH
In a Private Room and Was
in No Sense a Guest on
Terms of Social
L-e Mem ph is Commerciai-A ppeail
publishes the following: Ikooker Wash
ington did not dine at the White
House table as the guest of President
Roosevelt and family. as has been
previously charged. is the starting
announcement made by Ge. Nar-:s
J. Wright. of the War Depart ment
at Washington. who has been visitin
in Memphis for a number of days.
This statement was made several
days ago by iGen. Wright in the oice
of a well known whole sale grocer
who was a companion-at-arms with
him during the late wvar. Seated
around the office were a number of
well known business men. who were
talkimg with Gen. Marcus Wright
o-:er happenings of the past.
The President was in Memphis that
day for tne purpose of doing hunor to
Gen. Luke E. Wright. and the subject
of the Washington incident, as it al
ways has in the South since the an
nouncement was iirst sent broadcast
over the land was broached by a num
be of those present.
"That statement was faise," replied
Gen. Wright immediately, to the in
tense astonishment of those present.
"Now as you all know. I am a Dem
ocrat.-and have never voted any othner
ticket in my life. For the past twen
ty-three years, however, I have been a
resident of Washington. and have had
no opportunity of exercising my fran
chise. But when a man has been so
wofully misunderstood, even if he is
my political opponent. I believe it a
duty to set the matter right before
"The whole truth of the matter is
this. President Roosevelt had been
anxious for some tine to obtain a
truthful light on the stiuation in the
South. Finally, at the suggestion of
a number of Southern and Northern
men of both great political parties, he
sent a message to Booker Washington
asking him to come to the capital for
conference regarding the negro. his
needs and his capabilities. Washing
ton came. and the conference, which
was started in the President's execu
tive office and was changed to his
private office because of repeated in
.terruptions, continued for tive hours.
"In the midst of the conference be
tween the President and Washington.
lunch was sent in to the chief execu
tive of the nation. Desiring to con
tinue the conversation, and rather
than lose the time necessary for Wash
ington to go to lunch, President
Roosevelt thereupon ordered that
lunch be seryed to the negro educator
in the same room.
"Now this is all there was to that
story. Washington did not dinc at the
White House table, did noat break
bread with the President's wife and
daughter, and was in no sense a guest
upon terms of social equality."
Asked as to why the president had
never seen ftt to have this statement
made public, Gen. Wright replied:
''Because he is too great a man. He
believed that it was beneath him to
deny a story so palpably false, and
that the truth would in time prevail.
It is his ambition to be President of
the whole people of the United States,
knowing no section or party, and his
visit here shows how fond he is of the
Southern people, lHe is an aristocrat
to the finger tips, and for that reason.
aside from the fact that he is th~e son
of a Southern woman would never be
willing to acknowledge the social
equality of the negro. A t the same
time he believes, as we all dio, that
everything possible should be done to
assist the members of that race in
their struggle for higher citizenship,
and will be their friend in all their
Their Throats Cut.
Lee Wigel and his wife were found
in their room at a hotel in Texaskana.
Ark., on last Wednesday with their;
throats cut. The woman was dead~
but Wigel was still alive. A bloody
razor lay on the tloor near the bed.
Wigel was taken to a sanitarium
where his wounds were dressed. lie
will probably recover. He is conscious
but refuses to make any statement.
About a week ago he went away say-1
ing he was going to get married. He
returned Tuesday accompanied by a
young woman whom he introduced as
his wife, formerly Miss Marie Quinn~
of Annat~on, Ala. The couple took a
room at the Cosmopolitan hotel
Tuesday afternoon and it seem neithter
left it ~again. An inquest is being
Hot Iron Flowes.
A sudden break in a furnace of the
Williamson Iron Company in Birming
ham, Ala. ,Wednesday morning caused
a mass of molten iron to gush forth.
Thomas J. Edwards, general manager.
was standing near. talkingr to a group
of men, and was burned to death. The
body wa's cov-ered with mo~lteni ironu
and debris. Jamues F . nalley. a
stove man. was fatally burned, as was
also Allen Mow. colored, a foundry
man. Chas. Simposon. a son of the
secretary of tihe company, was also
severely hurt. It is reported two
strangers, who were talkingr to Ed
wards at the time the break c.u re.
are missing. They may be *uder the~
debris. Edwardls was*1 very promnent
as ani iron manufacturer.
He Stole a F-ortune.
Lawrence Murphy,- formerl tras
urer of the journeymen Stonecutters'
association of New York wa's arre~sted
Thursday night charged with the lar
ceny of $:15.O00. There was a change
of otticers last week when Murphy was
asked to turn his funds over to the
new treasurer. It is alleged that 1ne
failed to doc so and that he then left
the city. Murphy' was suopposed to
have gone to England but Thursday
nigrht he entered the mneeting place of
the association and was arrested.
THE NEGRO GOING.
Colored Help i. Hein Rapidly Dis
iacedt in Washington.
Thze Washinzt'n correspondent of
th- Chicago J:urnal1 says at
one o. the intel!igence onice in
that city it was learned that
white servants are being brought
to Washington from New York
and other places in considerable
numbers. The small towns of Virgin
ia and North Carolina are being can
vassed for white as well as colored
girls who are willing to come North.
it is also declared that the colored
sorvants are being rapidly dispiacid
by the white people. The colore-i ser
Vant is rapidlv (ieclining in favor. and
many good lousekeepers declare that
thIev will nit have that kind in the
house. They ohjet to them because
they frequient ly are not clean. he-ausC
thi, live nlihts in questiona:le ulace.
biecause they almost universally steal
tood and carry it! home to amilies of
their own. and because they are n t
the courtecous race th-y o)ne were.
Whether or not this is a true hiil
against the colbred servants in Wash
ington as a class, the fact remains
that they are rapidly falling into dis
repute and being replaced by th
People who are interested in lookingr
for reasons for- such chang(-s ar dis
posed to attribute it to the education
of the race. The new generation which
has i-en reared .incc the war has had
the same educational advantages in
this city as the whites. They have
their grammar schools and high
schools, maintained at. public expense,
and they all go. and most of them go
with an ombition to hecome teachers
themselves, or to enter some profes
sion. They readily absorb ideas of
"equality" which is interpreted as su
periority to the kind of labor perform
ed by their mot hers and fathers.
Many become superior to work of any
kind, and are supported by hard-work
ing parents untir they get into trouble
and the workhouse. Seventy per cent.
of the crime of the District of Colum
bia is contributed by the colored pop
ulation. thou-rh they number but a
third of the city's residents.
There are no training schools where
the rising generation may learn to
cook or sew or to do any of the things
which might enable them to earn a
comfortable 'iving. They learn o')
read, and what they read in the news
papers of lynchings in the South and
West does not tend to make them any
more contented. The race antipathy
is secretly nurtured, and it manifests
itself at frequent intervals. in what
the house mistress calls -imperti
nence." It crops out also in little
rudenesses on street cars and in other
public places. and causes elderly peo
ple to remark on the change that has
come over the colored people since
they were young. People who come
up from the South are shocked. and
will discant eloquently on the differ
ence between the Southern and the
Northern "nigger." With ditliculty
ae the *olonels" restrained from
violent assaults upon occasion.
WONFT GET IT.
Crum's Color Councts Against Him in
The Washington Dispatch of the
Columbia State says President Roose
velt has suffered another change of
mind in regard to the appointment of
negroes in the south to federal ottices.
It was today learned that W. D.
Crum, the negro doctor whom he had
selected for the Charleston collector
ship, has been tur-ned down at the
White Hlouse, nominally on the charge
of political tricker-y, but his friends
say because of his c- lor. Crum, who
is now in the city. has been in con
sultation with the pr-esident and has
been informed his selection is impossi
ble. As stated in The State some
weeks agzo, the Charleston negro, ac
cording to oflicial information, had
been selec-ted to succeed the late col
lector, Wallace, before the president's
bear hunt in MIississippi.
He is much piqued over the ac-tion of
the administration and claims he has
been roughly handled in not being
alloed to defend himself before
punishment. It is stated that at the
national Republican convention of
192 in Minneappolis. Crum upon his
arrival alligned himsel with the anti
Harrison dielegates and was subse
quently won over to the other side by
the promise of federal reward. After
wards he received the appointment of
postmaster at Charleston. but the
senate refusing to confirm himhs
name w.as withdrawn.I
The presentation of this charge
against Crum is in respone to the r-e
ouest of the president. before leaving
for 3Mississippi, to the enemies of
Crum to advance reasons why he
should not be appointed. The con
vention story is the outcome and the
president appears well satistied to re
lieve himself of Crtum by acceptin
the facts alieged as sucb. Vital im
portance attaches to the downfah of
Crumn in view of its bear-ing on the
president's southern policy. It appears
that. influence of t he Payne-Clarkson
combine, as predlicted in Thc State
(Sunday.), is 'in the wane. Cruim has
not given up tho Iight but his fate is
believed to have beern finally dlecided.
Garvin thie nteiormer.
t seems that Dr. L. F-. C. Garvyin.
the lDemocr-atie eovernor-elect ot
Rhode Island. has been something ot
a l-formeri. 1He was dlenomiinatedia
crank. and the- liepublican paper
made fun of his bills. but ace rin g to
the Couier~-. iurn~al he was larel in
stuieinta. in oxtrthlrowing t. he itnd
ed proprty gilidention for foeg
v)trs and in chintfgiL the constit
toi as1 toproivide for the elecinof0
ste itmeers by a phluril-ty inste-at iif
a ma irty. lHe alsi iassist ed inth
pasg of a secrt-I ball it law, a law.
eretng a bureau of industrial stts
ries a iacry inspection law, a ten
trhon of Mr. (:arv.in r-ecalls th
it.r stat emeni of Lady Somerset
naeiy. thten one persin seYsa
ting' he is a Ianaue that whena
iuber see it, he. s merelyv an enthu
sas. a thtt .m enu& see it he i
A B01A) ROBBERY.
The Safe of the Enoree M6anufactur
ing Company Dynamited.
POSTOFFICE ALSO ROBBED.
Deeds. Insurance Peolicies and Other
Valuable Papers Also Stolen.
Bloodhounds Sent to the
There seems to be a great many
safe robberies in this State of late.
and it wouli behoove every me to be
(n their guard. The Spartanburg
.Journal says one of the boldest rob)
beries in this section occurred at an
early hour Wednesday m3ornin1)g when
Inknown robbers dynamited the safe
in the 1tice of the Enoree Manufac
turin g Com, ipany at. Enoree. twenty
miles distant from that city. securing
between $2.500 and i. in cold
cash. hesides a number of valuale
papers. The postorlice was also r
bed of about $200 in stamps and
T., first news (f the daring ron
hery was received here early Wednes
lay morning in the shane of a telb
phone ne.s;ige. Dloodhiiounds have
been sent for from Laurens and will
be put upon the trail of the robbers as
soon as they arrive. The exact hour
of the robbery is not known but it is
supposed to have taken place about 4
o'clock Wednesday morning. The sa fe
which was dynamited was located in
the mill otlice. The ollice was closed
and seenrely locked as usual last
nihzt. after the money, books and
ttiher valuable papers. had been secure
ly put in the safe.
The olieC was found open this
orning and the doorof the safe blown
ofT with dynamite. The door had
been carefully drilled, evidently by
proesionlat. and a stick of dynamite
inserted in the hcle thus made, and
the door blown off. An examination
this morning by the mill officials re
vealed the fact that everything in the
big safe of any value had been carried
off by the robbers.
I. L. Walker, superintendent at
the mill, estimates that between $2,
000 and $3.0010 was secured in cold
ash. In addition numerous papers
were stolen including deeds for pro
perty, insurance policies belonging to
Mr. Walker and to D. S. Cochrame of
the mill. The door of the mill olice
was found open Wednesday morning
also the windows were unfastened. It
is not known, however, by which
pening the robbers secured an en
trance. It is thought that the force
f the explosion caused the window
fasteniigs to break.
About ,100 worth of stamps were
taken. These were the property of
the government. About Z300 belong
ng to the postotice was also secured,
the postotlice money and stamps be
ng kept in the vault of the mill safe.
Sheriff Vernon of this city also receiv
d a telegram at an early hour Wed
1esday morning stating that $2.500 of
he mill's money was secured and $300
elonging to the postotlice. There is no
lue to the robbers. Much excitement
prevailed this morning at the scene of
he robbery. The Enoree Manufactur
ng Company hat today offered a re ward
f $500 for the arrest and conviction
f the party or parties who robbed the
safe of the company Wednesday morn
A NEEDED REFORM.
ew York to Regulate the Storage
and Sale of Matches.
It is proposed in New York to regu
late the storage and sale of matches
,ith a view to decreasing the enior
ous fire loss in that city. The value
f the property destroyed by fire in
the United States is far greater than
hat in any other country-greater
han that in any other two countries.
This is due largely to the greater
arelessness of our people with tire
and the recklessness with which they
use matches. The matches common
y sold in the United States are very
eadily ignited, and in the average
ome they are scattered almost every
here. so that children and servants
ave unrestricted access to them.
Every year a large number of conl
agrations in this country are directly
traceable to this habit, and it is not
~trage that the tire department of
ew York has taken hold of the mat
ter. It aims to suppress what is comn
nnly known as tue parlor match.
hich ignites with friction with any
rough surface, and tocompei the pub
ie to substitute therefor the safety
atch. which will not light unless
ecatched on its own box.
Effort.; have beeni ma.de for years
past to institute this and other re forms
hich would lessen the dlire loss, and
thereby reduce the rates of insurance,
hich are much higheir in this couna
try than in any of the great nations
f Europe. Thel readily combtistible
atch is. oie of the chief causes of the
"requencye' tires in our cities and the
nany consequentO disasters.
Ye'ar tr year underwriters have\
:mplained. protested aiid pleaded.
ithr thr"..gh periodicals devoted to
nsuace in terests or through the dlay
p es So long as people are free to
boose. however. they are compara
i'ely inditferent to these facts. A
onserablie inumber~l already use the
safety match in their households, but
hey constitute a small mi nority Ii
opliion could b~e resorted to un
tuetinably there would he great
.)enet a large saving of life and1
pr perty and a mist welcome redue
i'n o. (f the. present cotst of protection
ino loss by tire.
We believe that tihe time is near at
h and whieni every proessivye city i
the United States will regulate the
sale of matc~hes and require that thiey
shall be less datngrer~os than the aver
ae art icle o thiiis ch~aractcr no . iin
.s Mr. I )Oley would say..\ laoama'
'lily white" Republicans oucilt to
blackup if they hope to keep near the
AN IMPORTANT WORK
Being I)one by Prof. Chaimbliss as
A special from Clemson College to
The State says Prof. C. E. Chambliss
in addition to his duties at the col
lege is doing a great work for South
Carolina in the capacity of State ento
mologist. Ile has recently inspected
orchards in many parts of the State
and recommended remedies where
pests have already appeared. and sug
gested plans for preventing their ap
pearance. The great importance of
this work is never realized because it
is a work of prevention rather than a
work of tangible results. If the fruit
growers of the State will give this
work their cooperation just as South
Carolina is beginning to be a fruit
growing State. they may save them
selves the trouble and loss incident to
cutting down large orchards.
The law as recently established re
4uiires iurseryien outside of the
tat, doing business in the State to
tile with the State entomologist a cer
tilice of inspec;.iol, showing that
their goods are free from all diseases
and oests. If they fail to do this the
Stale entomologist has a right
.s ize the gooids. inspect them. release
thema1 it found free from insects and
discase. or if diseased. dei"troy I hea.
Transportation companies ma v
know wwti:er such goods have bee
inspected or not by the tags which
all inspected goods must bear, 'The
fruit growers of the State can eifec
tually assist in this work by report
ing all violations of the law.
Transportation companies amy r
know whether such goods have been
inspected or not by the tags wiich
all inspected goods must bear. The
fruit grower.; of the State can effec
tually assist in this work by report
inall violations of the law.
Prof. Chambliss has already si.mZed
thousands of trees and is holding them I
for inspection. Some have been re
leased. some destroyed. le has also
inspected and fumigated the stook of
two large nurseries-in this State. Nur
SErymen in this State cannot ship out
goods unless they have been personal
ly inspected by the State entomologist.
This leing the case others ought not
to be allowed to ship in without in
Col. .L L. Donaldson, who is chair
man of the South Carolina State
board of entomology, is very much in
terested in this matter, and is giving
Prof. Charnbliss much valuable aid in
the work, The railroads ard ex
press companies are cooperating with
A BIG FRAUD UNEARTHED.
Discovery of the Reason for the De
mand for Cancelled Stamps.
Many people in South Carolina as
sell as other States have received "an
mdless chain" of letters asking a quanz
tity of cancelled stamps. They were
uiso requested to send copies of the
etter to two or three of their friends,
naking by this scheme the return of
housands of answers to the one letter
md the receipt of probably hundreds
f thousands of stamps.
The letter was always one with a
ale of woe about some unfortunate
oy or girl who had to have an arm or
leg amputated or was trying to work
1s or her way through college. And
hen again the letter might solicit
~lms for some charitable institution.
[here was always an appeal to one's
ympathies in the subject matter.
Postollce authorities and detectives
ae been trying to locate the person
vho started this endless chain of let
ers-for, like all epistles of that na
ure, it is a violation of the postoltice
The postoilice inspector, J. L. Cor
elyon. and United States 3Iarshal
ohn Garside have arrested an old
nan named IHenry Bolssea, a French-C
nah, in New York City, Ie was an
nmate of the Ihome of the Little Sis-r
:ers of the Poor.
In his room was found a tub con
;aining fully 50,000 cancelled stamps
~oaking in a solution, ie could erase
:he cancel marks. regum them and
ispose of them in small quantities for
ash or merchandise. It is said he
~arried on quite a lucrative business.
eople who have wondered what in
me a person could do with cancelled
ostage stamps now see to what use
hey were put.
Life is Uncertain.
A peculiar instance of the uneer
ainty of life is the case of Ike Mce
Jowell, colored, a porter on train No.
5. which was wrecked on MIonday.
norning near Be~aumonmt in Spartan
urg County by three loose box cars
:liding with the locomotive of that
train. Ike MIeDoweli (scaped Uni
iarmed from this wreck. When
as derailed it required a number of
hours to place the coaches in proper
;hape, adjust the track and get a new1
ocomoive. The train left for Atlanta
rrom the Spartanburg depot .at 10.40
. ., Wednesday. At Easley. owing
:o the fact that the train was away
rrom schedule time. it was firced to
de track fur another train. Ike 3Me
o ell was engaged in adjusting the
;witch for the train to shift in a sid
g. In attempting to jumnpup on the
ul't (of the engine he slipp?(i. and was
rmshedl to death.
Volcano4 Released a Torrent.
Thrdys eruption of La Soufriere1
curred at the head of the dry riverj
Rabacci. where huge quantties of vol
anie deposits have blocked the water
:ILre since the eruptions last MIay
in spte of the subsequent heavy rain1
rall. After the eruption (of Thursday
raing.steaming torrent tlowed Trom
the base of La Suufriere and swept
own the Rabacci, completing the de
tructionl or the sugar works there.
Sand at the same time fell on George
town andl other places.
According to Law.
Calvin Elliott. colored, was hanged
at Lincointoni. Thursday for criminal
c assaulting Mirs. Caleb Browni. near
there about two months ago. After
several unsuccessful attempts at
lynching a special term of court was
c.ae .a the entence of dath npasl.
OUR COTTON MILLS.
The Rapid Growth of this Industry
in this State.
THIRTEEN COUNTIES ONLY
'Have No Cotton Manuf-acturing
Plants Within Their Borders.
The Mills in Operation
in the State.
The offieial statement prepared by
the State BIoard Equalization, which
is charged with the valuation of tex
tile manufacturing property for the
purposes of taxation, shows the name
of each mill by counties, the date of
its organization. the par and mai ket
value (if its common and preferred
stock and bonded debt, and the full
valuation fixed by the board on 60 per
cent. of whicn taxes are charged. The
list shows that there are 122 mills in
South Carolina. not Including those
yet building and those not now In
operation, and gives the investment
in each as valued by the board. The
total vauation th:;s reached is 832.
3:8.631. which means considerahle
more in actual investment. The
statement shows a:o that there are
1a (ountes in the State without mills.
This table plainiy states the case:
. ills Value.
Abbeville. ......8 5.1 50
Aiken...... .......5 2,897.000
Anderson, ........1 3.703.950
Bamberg .......,.. 1 39.9
Cherokee........... 5 1.297,100
Chester............. 4 599,195
Colleton............ 1 48.0 0:
Darlington.... ..... 2 442.500 1
Edgetield ...... .... 1 120.800
F:Iirtield... .......1 136.000
(reenvIlle.... .. 1..i J.3 6.365
Greenwood ....... 2 532,750
Kershaw ......2 346,430
Lancaster. ........1 143,940
Laurens............. 3 737.500
arion. 3 123.800
M1arlboro............ 6 697,500
Dconee.. ......... 4 773,710
Drangeburg......... 2 284,533
Pickens......... .. 3 408,335
Richland........... 0 3,074.250
partanburg...... 20 6.801.886
Sumter ...... .....1 38,540
Union.......... .... 8 2,599,925
Total...... ......122 832.388,931
The thirteen counties without mills
ire Barnwell, BeauTort, Berkeley,
Charleston, Chesterfield. Clarendon.
Dorchester, Florence, Georgetown,
Hampt->n, Horry, Saluda and Vil
liamsburg. The Columbia State makes
he following comment upon the facts
ind figures shown by the oilcial state
"It is noteworthy that the counties
if Spartanburg, Anderson and Rich
lana lead the procession in the order
,amed and that Spartanburg and
Richland combined have 26 of the 122
mills, nearly one-fourth, and $10,486,
13C of the investment. nearly one
third~while these counties with Aiken
ind Greenville have *20.453.451 capi
tal invested in 54 mills. nearly two
thirds of the total capital invested.
"They are therafore the typical
:ounties for .inspection by those seek
ing the example of the fullest devel
>pment of the Industry, and the
2)ympia here is worthy of an inspec
ion as the largest and thiest single
mill in existence.
"Speaking of the Olympia reminds
ne that South Carolina has the only
soman cotton mill president in the
world perhaps, MIrs. MIary Putnamt
Tridley, who presides over th~e for
unes of the Putnam mills of Bates
~ille, founded by her father. with
"Unfortunately the date of organi
ation of nineteen of the 122 mills
~ould not be obtained from the reports.
ent in, and the valuation of these
ineteen mills has to be omitted from
he stud~y in development given below. 1
[he dates for the others, however,.
ifford a very fair idea of the periods
a the State's history when the indlus
ry got its long lead in the race of
nanufacturing States of the South
"Coming down the years the first
purt of note seems to have come in
893 when three big mills got into 1
hape with 82.253,000 capital.
"There was a lull till ]895 when 1
hirteen mills with an aggregate of
3,:355.176 were started, our Rtichland
nill being among them.
"The year 1896 was a good one also.
:he capital of mills started that year.
'Then came 1898 with eight mills
md 147516, all still running and
[8was even a better year with eight '
nills aud *1,872.075.
"B~ut the banner year was 1900, the
:ear the O)lympia came on the stage.
[here were .twenty-fcur mills started
ip with a total investment of S5.410,
"The year 1901 brought another lull
s far as heavy investments were con
~erned and may very properly be
ermed the year of knitting and ho
iery- mills, seven enterprises, nearly t
11l of this class being put in ojgrat ion.
alued at 8125.700. neolyml
"Four the present year eonymlI
-eported as started in time for taxa-k
>! purposes is the Tyger in Spartan-s
urg c'ounty worth 896A00.a
"I is thus seen that the mills built I
rm 1893 to 189S and still running v
epresent 87.733.,295 in investments. e
shile from 1898 to 1902 the sum oft
8,258,009 was invested, making a 1
tal investment in less than a decadeI
f *15.991l.304. and showing at what I1
ime Carolina awakened from hers
etnargy and began to race. It ist
leasing to reilect that The State wast
ounded in 1891 and from the first
ang the siren song of the cotton mill
plidle. and kept it up in season and
>ut of season.
"South Carolina has had cotton
mille for over half a century. Anid
there are some such as the Saluda fac
tory that have dropped out of exist
once. There are others. however, I
till running, and doing wcll. The i
'edleton mill at Autun. Anderson
ounty, is entered in the oflicial listi
is having been organuized in 1838i: it
has its value placed at 850.000. Thenr
comes the famous old Granitevill
mill organized in 1845. now bein
valued at 81,008.00t: it has neve
ceased to run."
- The Greenville Mountaineer says
The foregoing interesting summari
by The State is followed by a list o
the mills save the nineteen whos
dates could not be astertained, show
ing when they began operations. Th(
mill at Autun, in Anderson County
is reported as being organized in 18-38
and stands at the head of the list. 11
was known for many years as th(
"Pendleton factory," and from it.
early years was owned and operatec
by Col. Benj. F. Sloan, a promineni
and wealthy citizen of Pendleton, wh(
was the father of Col. J. B. E. Sloan
of Charleston, Mr. B. F. Sloan, oJ
Seneca, and Dr. P. H. E, Sloan, o
Clemson College. Some years aftei
the war a corn pany was organized witli
Mr. William Perry as the president
and manager, aud it had a series of
successful years under his manage
ment. Mr. Perry is now a citizen of
Walhalla, and is in his 84th year.
Batesville is mentioned as being
the only mill in the world with a wo
man as the president, which is proba
bly true. but it is more than likely
that Batesville should also enjoy the
distinction of being the oldest mill
now being operated in South Carolina.
Mrs. Mary I. Gridlev of tli.s city, is
the onicient president. and is at her
lesk In the mill orlice for three days
in the week. She succeeded to the
position upon the death of her father,
but he was not the founder of the
mill at Batesville, as stated by our
contemporary. Jtev, Tbomazis iqtchl
ings, Methodist preacher Is accredi
ted with being the founder ot the
mill industry at that point, aw.l his
equipment consisted of two sniini
frames and one loom situated in a
mall house on the banks of Rocky
3reek in a beautiful and picturesque
location, which is exceedingly attraw
Live today. The house originally
used is still in a fair state of preser
vation. It Is hardly ascertainable
:ow as to the precise year that Mr.
Rutchins began his pioneer work, but
:he facts that are known indicate thal
ie was several years ahead of the will
.iear Pendleton. probably i-i 1832.
WEATHER FOR DECEMRER.
What Conqitions IMay Be as Inlica
ted By Past Records.
Foresast Official L. N. Jesunofsky
as compiled the following data, cov
ring a period of thirty-one years, as
;hown by records at the local weathei
Mean or normal temperature, 51 de
rees. - The warmest month was that
>f 1889, with an average ot 60 degrees;
he coldest month was that of 187M
ith an average of 44 degrees. The
ighest temperature was 78 degrees
>n December 11. 1889; the lowest tem
>erature was 13 degrees on Decembei
13, 1880. Average date on which first
illing frost occurred in autumn, No
ember 30; average date on which last
killing'" frost occurred in Spring,
Average precipitation for the month
1.18 inches; average number of days
vith .01 of an inch or more, 9. The
reatest monthly precipitation was
~.91 inches in 1887; the least monthly
>reciptation was 0.03 inch in 1889:
~he greatest amount of precipitation
ecorded In any twenty-four consecu
ve hours was 3.46 inches on Decem
er 9 and 10. 1885. The greatest
imount of snowfall recorded in any 24
:onsecutive hours (record extending to
rinter of 1884-1885 only) was 0.5
nch. on December 31. 1889.
Average number of clear days, 13;
yartly cloudy days, 10: cloudy days, 8.
The prevailing winds have been from
he northeast, 17 per cent. The high
st velocity of the wind was 50 miles
rom the southeast, on December 17.
The latest new county scheme is
ne to be carved out of portions of
~bbeville, Edgefield and Greenwood,
o be called Calhoun, with McCor
nick as the county seat. A petition
vas presented Wednesday to the gov
rnor asking that an election be or
ered, and it is numerously signed,
,nd is alleged to have the necessary
onstitutional number provided for.
'his and other constitutional require
nents will be looked into by the at
urney general and if everything is
ound correct the governor will order
he election. The petition states
hat it is proposed to cut off 159
(ouare miles from A bbeville. 62 from
reenwood and 185 from Edgetield,
naking in all 463 sqiuare miles-just
ree more than the constitutional re
uirement. The number of inhabi
ants in the proposed territory will be
53i4 and the taxable value of pro
itert is 81.723t.636. Should this
cheme go through all the territory
hat can be taken from Abbeville will
ave been cut oti., and th~e same may
e saId of Edgretield: in which case.
o, the idea of forming a county with
~orth Augusta as thiecounrty seal will
e ko'-ked out.
A Shooting Affray.
A shooting afl'ray occurred at May
fnton. Uuion County. on Wednesday
ornng between Dr. John F. Cole
2an. of Hlalsellville, and Mr. W. V.
2r1e3, of Maybintor. Mr. L'les
nocked Dr. Coleman down~ with a
tick. While down Dr. Col-man drew
pistol and shot .'.r. Lyles twice, one
al. entering the thigh. ran~ging up
'ard, and the other entering the low
r part of the bowels. Mr. Lyles re
urned the tire once, the bail striking
). Coleman in the left arm. Mr.
~yles was taken home and Is in a erit
al condition. Dr. Coleman was not
eriously- injured and returned to his
ome in Chester County. Both belong
o prominent families. No arrests have
'et been made.
mis Neck Broken.
Nelson Hirsch, editor of the Sun
Lay edition of the New York World,
vas instantly killed near his home at
Vest Brighton. Statern Island, being
rown from his buggy. Hie fell on
is head breaking his neck and fractur
ng his skull. Hirsch was driving
ume before daylight and the vehicle
an into a ditch which he could not
e. The body was taken to his resi
READS LIKE A ROMANCE.
The Story of a South Carolinian
Wrecked on Cuba's Coast.
Years ago the following item ap
peared in the columns of the Abbe
".In September last the "Annie
Freeman," a beautiful three-masted
schooner, sailed out of Cnar.leston
harbor for the Bermudas. Her sails
were filled with prosperous breezes
and her graceful pr6w ploughed the
briny deep leaving in her wake a glow
of phosphorescent light. Since that
day the sprightly ship with all her
sacred human freight has been un
heard of: her fate is wrapped in
mystery, a hidden horror of the deep.
Upon this vessel sailed James T.
Erwin of the good old Abbeville family
of Erwin, and of nis sad loss we now
wish to make a note. Mr. Erwin was
29 years of age, a very bright and
promising young man, just beginning
to see his way to business success. He
was on his way to the Bermudas to
purchase a cargo of choice West India
fruits, and in the prosecution of his
laudable enterprise fell at his post.
Mr.. Erwiun was a member of the Pres
byterian church and a correct and
exemplary Christian, Ils loss will be
deeply deplorcd by his numerous
friends in this county and the plognan
cy of their grief will be more deep
and lasting by the thought that to
them he will never come back again
until the sea given up her dead.
"A nd the stately ships go on
To their haven under the hill.
But 0 for a touch of a vanished hand
And the sound of a voice that isstill."
Years passed arnd the tate of Janes
rwin wa: uniknown and not a word
w;,s heard of him until a few months
ago. The Medium says in its last
issue. Then a letter came to one of
the Erwin family of Abbeville county
which revived interest in the whole
The story told was that. -James Er
win was not drowned but landed in
Cuba and engaged in the cultivation
of sugar. He amassed a great fortune,
for all his enterprises prospered and
made money for him. lie married a
beautiful and refined Cuban woman
ard to them a daughter was born who
promised to be as bright and beauti
ful as the mother. Time passed on
and both parents died about the same
time in Habana of yellow fever.
A rich and distinguished officer of
the Spanish army stationed in Cuba
fell in love with the beautiful heiress
thus bereft of both parents and left
alone in the world. The attachment
was mutual and they soon married.
A daughter was born of this union
and inherited the beauty of her moth
er and grandmother. The Spanish
otficer became so outraged at the
cruelties of Gen. Weyler that he re
signed from the army. le sent his
wife and daughter to his old home in
Spain and went to England himse] to
put his great fortune in a safe place.
The mother died and the daughter
was placed in a convent school in
Spain, and she is there now prosecut
in1 her studies, being the sole heir to
ani immense fortune.
The Spanish - officer then returned
to his old home in Spain and shortly
afterwafds was arrested through the
influence of the cruel Weyler and
thrown into prison. After much suf
fering he died. In his last hours he
received the consolations of religion
from a Roman Catholic priest. He
told the priest the story of his life and
about the South Carolina kin of his
daughter, so soon to be left alone in
the world. Hie knew of Malcolni Er
win, of Abbeville County, and of his
fondness for his nephew, James Er
win, who was supposed to have been
lost at sea. He -had not heard of the
death of Malcolm Erwin and wished
him to have the care of his little
daughter. He desired the priest to
see that his will was executed, and in
that will he left all his property to
the daughter, except a share to Mal
colm Erwin, for taking care of the
child, enough to make him an inde
Letters have been received by. Wil
lie m Erwin, son of Malcolm Erwin,
giving the interesting particulars set
forth above. Correspondence with par
ties in Spain is still going on, and
there is a pause in the drama. The
young woman is in school, cared for
by the nuns. She is the perfection of
beauty, and of brilliant mental attain
ments, with a fortune 'beyond the
dreams of avarice." The noble priest,.
still faithful to his trust, and watches
over the young woman.
Kimed the Post master.
Clint E. Osborne,assistant pastmas
ter and proprietor of a- general store
at Warren, Mich., was shot early
Wdnesday morning by one of a gang
of robbers that. entered the Warren.
bank- and blew open the safe. The
explosion aroused Osborne. who tele
phoned to one of the neighbors that
he thought robbers were at work in
either the bank or postofice. All the
telephones in the village are connect
ed at night and it is thought that the
cracksmenl heard the bell ring in the
bank and listened to the conversation.
Osborne then started down the street
and had gone but a short distance
when one of the robbers, acting as an
outside guard. shot him in the face
with. a chatrge of buckshot, killing him
instantly. Without securing anything
the burglars iled.
A Body Found.
A dispatch from Greenville to The
State says a sad case of drowning has
been discovered in the Enoree river,
two miles above the Pelham .mills,
where the body o:f JeIT Moore, a 12
I ear-old bouy, was found on the banks
~f the stream. a short distance from a
foot-log crossing, and it is conjectur
ed that he had attempted to cross the
river and lost his footing. The boy
was somewhat demented and left his
home several weeks ago. and when
last seen he was on the road to
Peham. Is parents are Mr. and
Mrs. J. D). Moore. who live at the
Victor mills. and on the disappearance
of their sun the fact was advertised
by circulars and in the newspapers,
but no tidinweercidbytm
untl M. L S.Brown found the body I
somr n on Friday afternoon. 1
MORE AND M E
The Pension Roll Grows Stil"Three
Billion Dollars Expend
OVER ONE MTT ON ONS.
As a Result of the War Bet Uthe
States. Nearly Twice as Ma
as the Confederate Sol
In the course of his annual repo
Secretary Hitchcock presents the fol
lowing statement as to the bureau of
The report of the commissioner of
pensions shows that the total number
of pensioners on the roll during the
fiscal year ended June 30, 1902,. was
1,041,687. and the number remaining
on the roll at the close of the year was
999,446, a net gain over the previous
year of 1,711, and exceeding in nun
ber of pensioners any former year.
The gains in the rolls during the
year were 40,121 new pensioners and
3,831 renewals and restorations, a
total of 43.952. The losses to therolls
luring the year by death were 37,145,
and from other causes .5,096, a totalof
12,241, leaving a net gain of 1,711 for
The number of claims of all- classes
idjudicated during the year was 246,
353, which number 118,464 were re
The appropriation for t yment
>f pension:; for the fiscal yea
144,000,00. Repayments to the ap
propriation made the amount available
,or payment of pensions $144,004,
351,5.,The disbursements forarmy and
navy peusions during the year includ
ing the amount disbursed by treasury
ettlements. were $137,504,267.99,
leaving an unexpended balance to be
:overed into the treasury of $6,500,
D83.56. The expenditure for navy
pensions was $3,849,022.24.
The entire cost of the maintenance
3f the pensoin system since the
foundation of the government was
nearly $3,000,000,000. Of the amount
that has been expended for penslos
since the foundation of the govern
ment $70,000,000 was on account of
the war of the revolution; 845,025,
297 on -account of service in the war of
1812; $5,814,206 on account of service -
in the Indian wars (1832-1842); $31,
861,337 on account of service in the
Mexican war; $3,275,184 on account of
the war with Spain, and $2,728.873,
276 on account of the war of the re
The commissioner recommends the
passage of a law providing that any
person convicted in court of an irifa
mous crime shall forfeit his pension or.
his right to one. - I fully concur in
the commissioner's recommendation
in this matter; the pension roll Is a
roll of honor, and its high standard
should be ever maintained.
Information was received at the bu
reau of the death during the year of
50.128 old soldiers; Qf that number,
however, only 27,043 were on the pen
sion roll. It is estimated that the~
death rate among the pensioners for
the present year will approximate 40,
000, and the losses to thle roll from
other causes will probably equal 6,000.
The commissioner expresses the opin
ion, however, that owing to new legis
lation enacted by Congressthe number
on the pension roll at the end of the
present year will exceed 1,000,000.
Receipt for a Happy Day.
At the beginning of the day take a
large amount of good nature and
double the quantity of determination
to make the best of things, a heaping
measure of bodily vigor, and mix well
in the mortar of gratitude with the
pestle of remembrance of past mer
cies. A season of prayer and praise
is always necessary to the proper mix
ture of these ingredients. Then add___
to this a considerable, but not too
large, a slice of well regulated tongue,
a slice of charity that thinketh no
evil and is not easily provoked, a por
tion of hopefulness for the future, and
a large measure of faith in God and
fellow men. Season with the salt of
shrewdness and thrift, and sweeten
with plenty of sugar of love for all
ods creatures. Put in a large hand
ful of plums of parental or filial aflec
tion and a number of pieces of neigh
borly friendliness; and somewhere in
the day conceal a special service for
the poor. Slide this good deed into
the mixture without saying anything
bout it. Do not use any sour milk
>f disappointed hopes, or brooding
ares, for this will spoil the whole; and
while there should be a pinch of the
pepper of- fun and considerable sweet
>il of joviality, do not use any must
rd of back biting, or the table sauce
>f slander. Let the mixture boil gent
.y, but do not let it boil over, for the
felicate tiavor of the ingretients is in
ured by too much heat. This receipt
as been tried in a hundred thousand
ouseholds and has never been known
Boy Killed by Train.
Another fatal railroad accident
2apperied in Augusta on Wednesday
ight by which a lad lost his life. The
~ictim was a ten year old boy, Willie
dams. His father and mother are
lead and he wa-s living with his grand
!ather near the King mill on Broad
street. Near his home the C. and W.
i3. raiiroad has a shifting yard, and
>ovs make it a practice of jumping on
mnd off the cars, taking rides. With
ther boys young Adams were doing
his last evening, Hie-was riding on
i at car when in some way he fell
,f, the train passing over him. sever
ne his head fromn his body and hor
ifly multilatinig the upper portion of
is bodyv. For some time the authori
ies have been trying to break up this
labit among the boys and only a few
lays ago quite a number were arrest
d and fined by the recorder.
Northbound passenger train No. 4,
n route from Texarkana to St. Louis
n tue St. Louis. Iron Mountain and
outhern itailway was wvrecked at
resscott. Ark., Thursday. Engineer
trhibaldI was killed. Fireman Hays
aved his life by jumping. None of
hasngerm wa injured. -