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VOL. XANN NG (.s. C.. W EDT)NESIDAY. JA"NUARY 90.N
THE EARI ID- YAWNN NE 1
And Swallowed Up Two Hotel d
Great Terror in the Ton of Oh
phant, Pa. W.:ch i% Built
over an Abandoned
Abar-doned workings of the Eddy
Creek colliery of the Delaware and
Hudson company, beneath the very
heart of the town of Olyphant. caved
in Friday evening and engulfed four
frame buildings covering an aggregate
ground space of six- thousand square
The settling was gradual and people
in the affected territory escaped with
out being immediately endangered. A
gang of men and boys who were at
work in the mine beyond the fall en
countered a flooded "dip" or depres
sion in a vein in making their way
-out by a circuitous route and had to
swm from one rise to the other. No
one either above or below ground,
however, sustained any injury.
At 3 o'clock the settling began. At
' 30 it was no longer perceptible. In
th intervening half hour. O'Brien's
three story hotel. 31iss Ann Evans'
-double dwelling, Mrs. Jane Ackerlv's
-double store building and a one-story
barber shop were a mound of debris in
the yawning pit with the uppermost
part of the mound 40 feet below the
surface. O'Brien's hotel. which
plunged first into the opening, has en
tirely disappeared. A few houses are
projecting over the edge of the pit.
The vein that caved in is 115 feet be
Low t.he surface.
The settling started in the street
just in front of the hotel property.
The brick street pavement was seen
to be working and the telegraph poles
and trees along the curb were ncticed
to be wobbling. The cause was at
once apparent and the alarm given to
all the neighborhood. Two sick
guests were removed from the hotel
aid taken two blocks away to a pri
vate house. Some attempt was made
at saving the contents of the 'ouild
ings, but the rapidly increasing size of
the opening in the street put a stop
to this and everyone fled fromr the
Twenty minutes after the disturb
ance was tirst noticed the opening had
widened until it reached all the way
across the street and half way beneath
the O'Brien hotel. Then with a ter
rific crash. the hotel pitched for
ward, turned completely about and
land on its roof in the bottom of the
abyss. A moment later the adjoining
double dwelling of. Mrs. Evans fell
over the edge and demolished itself on
the ruins of the hotel. The Ackerly
double store building and the Evans
barbershop property slid into the
chasm about the same time, and piled
themselves, broken and twisted on the
-It is contidently believed there will
be no further settling but no one went
to bed Friday night in any building
within fifty yards of the disturbed
erea. The preperty damage is esti
mated at $30,000. District Superin
tendent Bennett, of the Delaware
and Eudson company went into the
mine and with a party of other ott
cials, made an examination about 5
o'clock. They came out and reported
that the settling had ceased. The
workings which had settled vere in
the uppermost of the worked veins.
The timbers, it is explained by the
company otlicials. supported a thin
roof of rock, which in turn supported
stratas of quicksand and gravel ex
tending to the surface. The timbers
rotted, the roof gave way and all
-'bove then sunk into the pit. Up te
midnight no further disturbance had
Why the Sky is Blue.
The blue color of the sky has been
ributed to refraction of light
.'ust, or minute particles,
in the air. A different
.s been worked out by 3M.
* ILiege, who has made many
?ments with light rays under al
;sif ossible conditions, injecting
teminto agitated solutions and intc
glass tubes tilled with such limpid
solutions as chloride of aluminum.
h ile he could get red, yellow, violet.
tc., no blue appeared until by elec
ricity he obtained a perfectly pure
tmosphcre. Hlis conclusion is that
he sky's azure is purely electrical ir
rigin, and an essential quality of the
A Queen Case.
At Memphis, Tenn The suit of thE
dow of .Joel G..Wekh-~i-the federa
ur? known & riek ite" cast
- u insurance companies for
hi, was compromnised toda3
.apanies agreeing jointly t(
m of $6.000. Webb helc
olices for S35.00 each in t wt
isurance compaies. A lit
*han a year ago( Wew
~tick" while at his planta
Arkansas. lood poison de
aped from the bite andV Webb~ died
rne comnpanies refusedl to pay thi
olicies. alleging that the death ha
been a natural one.
A Toy that Kills.
A dispatch from Charleston to Th
tate says as a result of the use~o
heap toy pistols, -a numrber orf boy
ve sutie injuries caused by th
retngof heweapons. Two hav
~ed in the past few days. the cause
death being blood poison in on
and tetanus in :he other. Th
of such deadly toys should be prt
Enll Fight Panic.
Madrid, Spain. a panic wit!
esults occurrrd at a bull t1e i
t the equestrain circus Thursda.
ectarors became enragedi at on
matadors who was unabi: 1.
-bull anid threatened to destro
the circus. The manager relase<
two other bulls wvhich] stampede
Lhough the circus killing three ani
um iring liftv-two.
C~en Zn ( enerni i nterest Issued
T. ving circular recently is
the 1 f the Ii It
pa p mstmaster general by A. W. 'iE
Chen, general superinteudent of the
rural free delivery service. is of cspec
ial interest to the patrons 0f the vari
'us rural free delivery routes:
1. The department looks to the pa
trons of the iural free delivery service,
who are receiving the benetts of the
service. to use their utmost personat
endeavors, and also to exert their 1n
iluence with the road supervisors, or
with those officials who are responsible
for the condition of the highways. to
the end that the roads traveled by
the rural carriers may be always kept
open and in such passable shape that
the service can be regularly and
2. Should the regularity of the ser
vice be neediessly destroyed as the re
sult of inattention and lack of care
bestowed on the highways. the per
manent withdrawal of the delivery
will very likely result.
3. Rural letter carriers are required
to serve their routes at all seasons of
the year and in all kinds of weather
when it can be done without seriously
imperiling their lives or endangering
their conveyances or the United
States mail w:bich is in their custody.
4. Patrons should clear away the
snow drifts, so that carriers can drive
un to and reach boxes from their ve
hicles without dismounting.
5. It is not a part of the carrier's
duty to break out the roads after a
severe snow storm.
6. Rural carriers are expected to
energetically try to serve their routes
even though the conditions may be ex
tremely adverse, and any undue lac:k
of zeal on their part should be
promptly brought to the attention of
This office for such action as the m-r
its of the case require.
WOULD NOT TESTIFY.
And in Ceasequence Spent Seven
Years in the Penitentiary.
The Columbia Record says there is
a white woman in the penitentiary
who has been there seven years. and
all the facts go to show that she is
innocent. and.that from her religious
scruples about. taking an oath she was
convicted. I.r name is Plume Hail,
and with a maa named Ferrell she
was convicted in Marlboro county of
I killing Wasosn Hall, her husbard.
There i no doubt about the guilt of
the man. for he has esnfessed and ex
onerated the woman from all participa
tion in the murder of even any know
ledge of it. When the trial was had
a letter was produced from the woman
to the man in which she warned him
"not to do what he intended." This
was taken by the prosecution as evi
dence of her knowledge of the crime.
Her attorney. Mr. Clayton. of Flor
ence. got all of her correspondence
with Ferrell and he clams that it
would absolutely have proven her
innocence, but to his surprise, and
everybody else'i, she absolutely refu s
ed to take the stand. saying she was a
member of a sect known as ''Holiness
and Sanctified" people and that they
had told her that she should answer
her accusers neither aye nor nay, for
the Lord would take care of her and
bring her out of her trouble. It did :at
turn out that way, for a plain. ordi
nary, practical jury convicted her and
she was sentenced. All of these facts
have been brought out in a petition
for her pardon presented to the gover
nor, Hie has not yet acted on the
case, having it under consideration.
This is not the first time a petiton
has been presented in her behalf. but
the facts stated have just been made
The legislative committee, appoint
ed to look after the state's interest at
the state farm on the D~e Saussure
place. discharged that duty last week.
Last year 200 acres were placed in
cotton, from which 223 bales were
gathered. This produced 6,000
bushels of cotton seed. The other
crops were also good and were as fol
lows: 12,000 bushels of corn, 2,500
bushels of peas, 6,000) bushels of oats,
2,050 gallons syrup. 2,300, bushels
potatoes, 1,800 bushels wheat, 175
bushels rice. 636 bushels rye, 1,000
bushels turnips. :30 tons peavine hay.
50 tons shucks, 50 tons fodder. 200
tons shredded stover and pumpkins
galore, It will be noted that the 200
acres of land planted in cotton pro
duced nearly a bale and a quarter to
the acre. This is go.od farming and
shows what can be done with labor
tat c.an be controlled.
A di aspaitch from Santiag o. Cuba.
say~s Congressman Corona. editor of
e Cubano Libre, shot a no nostanjtlv
kiled Scnor insula, editor of the R~e
puic'a. at 11 o'clock Thursday rnii
nolitici~anYne leaders of rivalr arths
ueno Corona was1 driing in 'a caf
when Sena insu and? ai, parity
pit5ical isussio...'r.oa.iy a
tih with" ~ canles. dn ur wich "eno
shot Senor insula three times5. Senuti
orona then walked awayv. The
shooting has caused great excisment
iAm~ed in a Cus.
In1 N\ev'York an e:l'hrt to place thf.
responsibilty for the death of Cha4rles
W esel, the noted chemist and me
taurist, who dic'c cn the Ninti
avenue " Wed nesday even ingr dur
-Iing ai dense crush. Coroner Mose:
iakson~ ordered an aut.psy to h~
hed and he will appeal to the gran:
jur. should the facrs warrantI. tt
poiitsuen crownding of ears.
to we,-wlkncaon 'emu'
ek whe orl parlorer'ain u&
STOCK 1A INT.
Dr. Nesorm. the Clemson Veterintrian
W:ites of It
ITS GREAT POSSIBIIITIES.
Summary or' wihat ias Inecen Ily
Been Accoipblisied in Tii.
Direction. A U-"t of
The business of raising cattle in
South Carolina is not now what it
used to be. The editorials in The State 1
during the last few months have
shown that at one time cattle became:
so numerous in the State that it be
came necessary to kill them on the
range with no other object in view
than to lesson the increasing number.
"Palmv days" those must have been.
when the price of a whole beef was a
shot from a rifle.
Things have changed much since
then and now the breediA of cattle is
practically limited to famiily milk cows
with the oroduction of beef as a minor
and secondary consideration. The
farmer who keeps a few cows for milk
I may incidentally produce enough beef
to supply the needs of his family or
plantation. This condition of atfairi
niglt prove entirely satisfactory if,
the cntire population of the State wa
rural. but South Carolina is no longer
a commonwealth of farms and rural
comraunities. Railroadsconimerce and
manufactures have placed in the State
a large element of population who are
not producers of food stuffs ani must
buy in the markets what they con-,1
sume. The demand for meats is s'>
groat that the local supply becoas;
insignificanit, and this consuming class
is forced to rely on markets outside of
thje State for the bulk of beef : well
as pork. b-cun. lard. hams and canned!;
meats. This year beet has cost more
on an Pverage than it ever has before
within th memory of men, and it has
ibeen really a luxury in nany parts (f
I the S-ath where western bef is sold
after the :reight for a long haul as
been adde6 tio the origin-al cost. e
may think that the beef trust is re~
splnsilbe for this, but if you look at:
the last census you will at least tind
food-for thought. No one doubts that1
the days of the- ranch are drawing to
a close and that beef breeding must
come back to its legitimate home, the
farm. According to the last census
the entire west. from Kansas to the
Pacihie coast, contained coy about
20.oo 0,00 head of eatile outside of
Texas, which j n)lds the banner for a
rancbing State with 9.000.000 head.
All the rest of the South fr-,m Texas:
to Maryland and up to the Ohio River
contained only about 7.000,000 head.
Just think of that: and then think of
the thousands of little, thin cattle
that enter into the count to make even
in such a large territory. The South
cannot be looked upon as a producer
of beef. but must be regarded as a
Some say that beef cattle cannot be
raised here, and try to support the
argument with the assertion that the
climate is too warm, the soil too poor. j
or something else as wide of the mark- t~
The only real barrier in the way of<
the industry is the q1uestion of Texas
fever and the fact that Southern cat
te carrying ticks are quarantined out
of the Northern markets for ten
months of the year. If the people of
these States will take hold of this
problem and rid their cattle of ticks, t
buy better breeding stock. make real(
pastures out of what are now the
worn hillsides, gullies, briar patches
and plum thickets, there is no reason
why cattle raising can riot be made a
success in South Carolina or any other1
part of the South. Those who expect
to enter tht business and buy feed for
their catt' sould do well to consider
the priez c' feed stuffs in this coun-1
try and tir~n decide to stay out or go
into it on a farm where foods can be
produced. It is a fact long since re
cognized that home raised grain and
grass are absolu!ely essential to this
industry, and financial success in any
case depends on the ability to produce
them. Good soil, plenty of moisture.
and an abundance of sunshine wuill
make grain and grass in abuindanc.
Then what else is needed? True the
average Southern soil .is not as good as
the rich Western prairies. but land i
cheap and millions of acres producing
absoluteiy nothing. How can they be
improved faster than with cattle on:
the farm? As to moisture it is a mat
ter oif record that the South has an
average of nearly sixty inches of raini
annually against about thirty-two in
the best cattle raising section of the
United States as matters now stand.
Then when it comes to sunshine--well
this is, ''The Land of Sunshine.
Every sebool boyv knows that vegeta
tion is most abunidant andi luxuriant
in warmi climlates. and thiat the chief
wo rk of the Southern farmer is to
keep grass from growing' in the ields.
alongz fences and ro~ads. Mter battli
with it till crps are 'lid hy" it- :'l
late summer. and whe 'f e uL -
coul 'ut as much hayboe break-h
fast Corn fods-r is hay" pure:s
sipl anTC 'rd is ljue little het ter i"o.n
for unundp than erabo grass hi'y. To
*thin gs which narure for~ces~ on uii
N'o "rgument in favor iof aix pari
ular breed or class5 of cattlis ees
r I.Th laws 1f aiimai life aresu
tinat the modern 'domecstic auima's
of he sam.e species but of drierent
breds may*' be~ made tot.tv tica..
wel in ai' givenlclity if ai n brec
this snecies can Ue grown theire. Th
'oe1 agely a er::atire oif circum
stiae wyit hin the iontrol or h
form iif m~ ilk. iuitft andO eef ii pr
pot ion 1i. tod Uonsumed. Them di
* *'ed hve proen~ ,U-:ecssful in the
iout Iant rdet- great credit on th
m* iho hav'ie so nobiy espoused thir
.:ause. me dar for is almost dia
-eticalyi. oposed to the beef typ
- an't1 ewi ,- podction if beer
s wihte n.rv l~rce: is mn to im
possi I. Both have their sphere ana
1b suld) 1 be bre( to the excIusion
)f the other.
It is a sal fact that when any one
in S(uI a C rolina wants a good cow
I the bieef breed ' h has to Lo north
)r s-olmwhere outside of the State to
ret it. Then c omes tihe difliculty of
tcclimating the animal. and as many
peipe have learned by. sad experi
snce northern cattle often die the first
ear after being brought south. But
his is a daiy of progress and veteri
ary medicine has been making very
api strides during the past ten or
welve years. Among other things
he true nature of Texas fever has
eCn wor ked out and a means of vac
inatinir cattle against it have been
ern-ted. Even threc years ago this
noirtant application of science to
lie eal tle industry of the south was
egarded as in the experimental stage.
)Ut today it is as positively demon
atrated that cattle can be vaccinated
ignlust this deadly disease as any
ther form of inoculation now prac
No herd can be established without
oundation stock. and when establish
d good blood must be constantly in
roduced or it will degenerate in a
en' years. The problem with the
tverage southern cattle man was and
s to get a start, and if the history
f the elTorts made to introduce beef
attle into this State is ever written
t will show that many men have
)raved the dangers, bought fine cat-!
le. and afterwards seen them die
ithout ever returning a cent of their
ost to the owner. Talk all you wish
md write more about an industry, but
vhen a man has demonstrated to his
wn satisfaction that he -annot ae
omplish a thing be will not attempt
One of two things must he done.
'he cattle tick which is responsible
or the death of northern cattle
rought south must be absolutely ex
erminated in all of that part of the
ountrv where such cattle are shipped
r the cattle must be inculeted to
ender them immune to aceilimati<n
r T-xas fever. The exterminati:
f the tick is a question whien wil!
1. he solved after years of popular
sincation which will produce prope.r
egislation ,bac ked by the necessary
iancial aid to accomplish the work%.
t must and will be done in time. as
lo intelligent people will always tol
rate on their heads a ilthy little
>arasite that is a badge of poverty to
he cattle industry and a rel.ect ion on
he business ability of stockmen.
:ntil then the other horn of the!
lemma must be taken. in fact.
'as been taken during the past two
ears by a number of enterprising
>reeders of the State. Innoculation
aust be done by a competent veteri
arian or some one specially trained
or the work, and at present is done
ratuitously at the experiment sta
ion. Not only this but the station
as during the past two years
>ouzht, inoculated and sold a
tumber of registered cattle and
ought many others on orders
rom citizens of the State who!
oun-] it very expensiveto make singie
hip-nents such long distances. The
ist carload was bought by the writer
.t Indianapolis about the middle 9f
)tober of the present year and arriv
d at the experiment station on Oct.
:2. On November 7th they all receiv
6 a laypodermic injection of 15 drops
f blood taken from an immune na
ive steer. They all took light cases
f fever and required careful treat
nent and feeding while sick. They
ave all recovered and are now being
hipped to the owners.
Our New Rlailroads.
According to returns collected by
.he ailway Gazette. 164,547 railroad
ars have been built in the United
states during the past twelve months.
[his does not include electric railway
:ars, which exceede:1 the output of
ast year by 25,542 and that of 1900
>v about 45.000. The number of
ocomotives constructed was 4.079, as
opared with :3,384 built last year.
Placing the average cost of a locomo
~ive at $12,000, the output of 1902
'epresents an expenditute of nearly
948.00.000. And the demand is
;till very heavy for bioth cars and lo
Found in Dock.
The Charleston Post says the body
f John Washington, colored, was
ound Iloating in the dock at Carolina
harf Wednesday nght. The body
ad evidently been in the water for
everal days. as the lesh had been
~atn by crabs and fish. The case was
coorted to Coroner O'Donnell. who
ad the body sent to t.he city hospital.
I burial certificate was issued. Wash
nuton was one of the crew of the
;hooer Olando Wooten and it is
;upposed that he fell overbaiard.
Washngton was last seen alive on
The Deadily Toy PistoL.
Six yotsna boys, four white and
to coloJred. have died in Norfolk
Va.. since Christmas of tetanus or
ekjaw, caused by burns recei ed in
h e liin g of toy pistols. chargred with
'lank cartridg~es. Thursday night
iCere Wright. emploiyed by Nrfk
:nluimingewspaerS :is Associa'tet
prs mnessenI)'r w ho wounde~d himscelf
lrstna orin, attacked by
pose toi prhibit the saiLe of the2
we* rlas in the future.
The( Law A!! ight.
J 1)g Dntzler lainKlled his d~ec1i'in
n h Lake City and Scranto2 dis
I 'n-ary c. Hie decides the law
costiut ional in its exemplun or
Wiimsurg from the operations of
te dispensary law, but iinds that the
prper ::ai proceedinfg to open the
iisp'-nsaries in the t vo tr'.wns had not
been comiplicl ;.ith. There may be
an appeal to the supreme court. but
i these townrs still w ant a dispensary
the-; wml have to start all )ver again.
-.r.H Lane. a wite L woman.
Thulda i shotpj aLnd killed a inegro
namied 101 m Walki as at the home of
her .ather. abOur a iaeiineas
il. Al. W Xatkins hadl ent. red the
o1. .uppoisedlly vwith the intention
t' roh.erv. DiscoIvered6 by Mms. Lane
he Ipr imn her but mrisse.d. Mr's.
LaneH then emptied both barrels into
Lu negr(J bodyJu kiling~ him instantly.
i 2a man was a former convict.
THE VERY GREATEST.
The Columbia State Pays this High
THE LATE J. MARION SIMS, M. D.
Who Became a World Renowned
Surgeon. Dr. Sims Was a
Nattve of Lancaster
County. S. C.
"The visit of Prof. Lorenz to this
country and the appreciative welcome
tendered him by the medical profes
sion and the laity of the United States
in every city he has visited recall,"
says the New York Sun. "to those
who moved upon the scene a genera
tion age the tour made by the late
Dr. .1. Marion Sims throughout Great
Britain and the continent." This
com parison is apt, and it is interest
ing to recount in connection with Dr.
Lorenz's great work that of the great
er physician and surgeon, Dr. Sims,
a South Carolinian. The Sun pays
him a high but deserved tribute when
The special object of Dr. Sim's visit
was the deronstration of a method
of curing by operation a condition
which rendered the victim far more
helpless and hopeless than that which
exists in the unfortunate patients
with congenital dislocation at the hip.
Before the advent of this great man,
whose genius carried the fame of
American surgery throughout the civ
ilized world, no curative measures had
succeeded. and the -host of women suf
ferincg from the painful and loath
-ome ccndition which he had learned
to cure could up to that moment look
forward to no ielief from a life of suf
fering and isidation but that which
death alone would bring.
The scene witnessed on Tuesday in
the suigical ampitheatre of the New
York Polyelinie Medical School and
iHospital when thr- gifted Vienna sur
geon demonstrated to the physicians
in attendance at this institution, rep
resenting pracci'_ally every State in
the United State,. his original opera
tion for the correction of lameness
caused by a fault in development. re
calls the never- to-be- forgotten o.ca
sion at La Charite in Paris when. in
1l862, in the presence of Velpeau and
Nelation and a large audience com
posed of representative physicians from
all parts of France, "the country doc
tor from Alabama" successfully de
monstrated his method in the case of
a young woman upon whom more than
a dozen operations had been essayed
From this brilliant triamph Marion
Sims went forth to the professional
conquest of Europe. The journals of
the day heralded his advent, and the
gates of the capitals of kingdoms were
thrown open to his coming. From
place to place he journeyed, healing
the afflicted and teaching others how
to heal. Kings of the realm of.Sci
ence vied with each other to do him
honor, and kings and rulers of nations
were proud to confer upon him the
highest decorations in their power.
Upon the base of the pedestal which
his statue in Bsryant Park overlooks,.
the physicians of our time and of all
times may read witn encouragement
the epitome of his life.
Truthfully and loyally spoke our
distinguished citizen and surgeon, Dr.
T. Gaillard Thomas, when, in his ad
dress before the graduating class of
Cornell within a year, hesaid to those
who stood upon the threshold of a
medical career: "If I were asked to
name the men who in all time have
done most for the welfare of their fel
low men I would say, William Jenner,
George Washington and Marion
The genius which invents and estab
lishes a system, a method or an opera
tion, and thus saves life, lessens suf
fering or restores to usefulness the
stricken members of the human fami
ly, deserves the boundless gratitude of
mankind.' in the same spirit of ap
preciation shown to the immortal
Sims the American people of all
classes and professions, welcome this
modest, skilful and generous benefac
tor of the ailicted, Adolf Lorenz.
The Sun's brief narration of Dr.
Sims' service to humanity does him
no more than justice, although it
is hardly accurate to speak of him as
the country doctor from Alabama."
J. Marion Sims was born in Lan
caster county. South Carolina, in Jan
uarv. 1813. and it was there that he
grewv to manhood and there that he
began the practice of that profession
or which he eventually becamne the
most illustrious exemplar in America.
Not only was he born and reared in
this State but here he was educated.
I1e graduatea from the South Caro
lina college in 1832, and after study
ing medicine for awhile with a Lan
-aster physician entered the Charles
:on medical college when it was open
2 in Novemiber. 1833. lie then com
pieted his course at the .Jefferson
.-edical cle;. Philadelphia, receiv
na his degree in 1835. Mxter graduna
tin he locatedi at~ La ncaster. the
amily home. and practic-:d for some
time hut in a year or two removed to
Ai: bamfa. Theii Sm-;family. however,
i( S'ut C'1archliin of Soutih Car~olin
iis uio this day.
Of Dr. Sim's discoveries and
:*hievments in surgery book-s have
been wri ten. ll: t ame is so well tixed
iva there is hardiy need to recount
the several inuovations of practice
wih~ he inaugurated. Wonderful as
isDr Lorenz's skill, greatly t-o be ad~
mired as Is abilty. it can be said
witout detracting in the slightest
orm the credit and the praise he
deserves that the' Vienna surgreon's
ervic~e to his science and to humanity
is vet greatly inferior to that of our
South Carolina Sims. Dr. Lorenz's
'ame rests upon his great success in
one type of operation; Dr. Sim~s gave
the profession) improved methods in
sveral kinds of operationas. While
le wais still practicing in Alabama
'~r Sms published a treatise upon
te caus'e and proper mode of treat
ment of trismus rrascentium. or mn
anle tetanus. an-d while his views
were not then generally. accepted by
the profession a series of denonstra
tons :30 years later established thel
value. liefore this Dr-. Sims had beer
the pioucer among southern physicians
in Ihe treatment of what is technically
called strabismus, an affection of the
eye commonly known as "squint."
Later, in 1845. he conceived a method
of treating vesicovaginal fistula and
after several years of experiments
achieved a success. which had been
sought in vain by the word's best,
physicians. For the carrying out of I
his ideas in this matter Dr. Sims had
established at his own home in Mont.
gomery a hospital where patients
were treated without charge. During v
the course of -his investigations he in
vented several instruments which
have proved to be of incalcubble value
to the surgical profession. It was at r
this time that he began to devote his
study to gynecology exclusively. On
account of his health he noved to
New York in 1852 and while his
I methods were at first not adopted by
the profession there it was not long
before he became the recognized
authority in this branch oi the prac
tize. When he visited Europe, tirst
to stddy hospital architecture and
later with his family, he was invited d
to give the clinics which The Sun has
compared to the demonstrations by a
Dr. Lorenz. In Paris the leading b
surgeons of London, Paris, Dublin .
and Edinburgh attended, and from ti
Paris he .went to Brussels tb demon- sl
strate his methods. n
During the War Between the States h
Dr. Sims practiced in Piris but later
returned to New York. During the ci
Franco-Prussian war, howevor, he or
ganized in Paris the Anglo-American j
ambulance corps, and as surgeon-in- X
chief treated. it is said, 1,600 French
and 1,000 German soldiers after the
battle of Sedan. Among his other r
conspicuous services was the found ing
of the Woman's hospital of New York,
to which be dovted much of his en
ergy and knowledge. Among his per
sonal benefactions was the remem
brance of his birthplace in the estab
lishing the J. Marion Sims asylum E
for the poor of Lancaster, which is
still in existence, supplanting the si
customary county aims house. "
These, in brief, are some of the
achievements of one of the greatest '
men South Carolina has ever produced u
--perhaps. if we measure greatness by
the usefulness to one's fellow man, he
is the very greatest. For, as The
Sun soappropriatelysays. "The genuis d
which invents and establishes a h
systom, a method or an operation, and
thus saves life, lessons suffering or re- d
stores to usefulness the stricken mem- e
bers of - the human family, deserves t
the boundless gratitude of mankind." c
Columbia State. n
M1urdered Her Husbard.
Mrs. Maud Kiehl and her mother, I
Mrs. Addie Fuener, were arrested at ct
their home in South Onondaga, N.Y., d;
Thursday, by the sheriff of Cortland %
county on a coroner's warrant charg- o1
ing them with Lhe murder of William w
Kiehl, husband of Mrs. Kiehl. This w
is the second time Mrs. Kiehl, the 18- rr
year-old girl has been arrested. 1N
Several months ago she was accused g<
of poisoning Adam Kiehl, her brother- 'N
in-law, the theory of the prosecution ti,
being that she killed him to prevent h
his marriage to another woman. She ol
was freed. The officials began an in
vestigation into the death of the girl's
husband, who died under suspicious .
circumstances. The result came when "
the warrants were issued for the ar
rest of both the girl and her mother. A
Tomahawked Him. el
At Memphis, Tenn.. "Creeping ~
Bear," a full-blooded Cheyenne Indi- '
an, is a prisoner at headquarters 0
awaiting the result of iniuries~inflict-n
ed upon George Millard, an ex-police- '
man. Thursday night "Creepingr
Bear" struck Millard with a toma -
hawk. The man wounded was taken
to the hospital where his life is des
paired of. The Indian claims that
Millard applied an irsilting epithet 0
to him, whereupon he struck him
with his tomahawk. "Creeping Bear"'
came to Memphis from a reservation ,
near El Reno,Oaklahoma, two months o
Ossified Woman Dead. s
Miss Stella Ewing, one of the ossi
fied women who for ten years have r
been living wonders to physicians and 14
scientists, died Wednesday at Rome, t
N. Y., aged 30 years. At an early ,
age she was afiiicted with inflamma- g
tory rheumatism, which physicians d
failed to relieve. At the age of 25 she r
lost the use of her limbs and eminent
specialists said she was gradually
turning to stone. During the last ten
years of her life, Miss Ewing was to- r
tally blind and unable to move a mus- e
ce. A sister, Mrs. Emma Ewing Pal- j
.mer, is afflicted in the same manner. c
The Standard oil company has gob
bled up the Texas and Louisiana oil ~
i.lds, there remaining but one or t 'o ~
companies independent and they are -
not strong enough to be competitors. -
It is not toldi what the Standard paid ~
for the shares of the various com
panies, and there will be some con
cern among Senator Tillman's friends
as to how he came out in the deal. He
was interested in one or two of the
companies bought out and it was said
that he had expected to become~ a t
millionaire through his ownership of
Murder and Suicide.
Mrs. Maine Denenhauer shot andr
kilLd herself at her home in Phila
delphia. Pa., on Thursday; after at- C
tempting to kill her husband, Charles
DTeneohauer. According to the hus
band's statement he and his wife hadt
been celebrating the advent of the
N 'ew Year and when about to retire,
the woman seized a revolver which 1a
was kept in the room and &ied a shot
at her husband. the bullet striking r
him in th e hand. The woman thent
shot herself. D.enenhaur was arrestedt
pending an investigation.
Kinled. the Mate.
Considerable excitement prevails at
Savanna Lamar on the southwest
coast of the island of Kingston caused':
by the shooting of a colored Jamaican.
scond mate of the American brig i
Sunlight by the tirst ottleer of the,
vessel. Hf. G. Gardner of Maine. . De
tails says the trouble is the result
thle color q1uestian aboard the Sun-!
light. The police had ditfiulty in
overpowering Gardner and guarded I
the building where he was contined all I
night to prevent mobs attacking it.
-NEGRO MUST HAI]LE XAIL
)r the People of Indianola, Miss.,
Will Go Without Letters.
A dispatch from Washington to The
tate says feeling ran high at the cab
net meeting Friday and as a result,
"resident Roosevelt has ordered the
losing of the postoffice'at Indianola;
liss., until that community accepts
Fith good grace the services of Minnie
1. Cox, a negro woman, as postmis
President Harrison first named Min
ie Cox as postmistress and she served
liree years in his administration.
'resident "3cKinley reappointed her
1 1897. In the White House state
-ent her praises are sung loudly and
rominence is given to the Tact that
ic and her husband are posses;sed of
>nsiderable wealth, though no reason
assigned as to why Minnie and her
usband received the appointment.
The citizens of Indianola recently
ecided that they had -had enough of
[innie and so plainly did they inti
iate this that the negro forwarded
er resignation to take effect Jan. 1.
'he administration claims that inves
gatio>n bhowed Minnie was about to
iffe'r bodily harm. To save her from
artyrdom, therefore, the president
as ordered that the office be closed
Inding the decision of the Indianola
.tizens as to whether they prefer
[innie or their mail. Meanwhile the
idianola mail goes to Greenville,some
iles d stant.
Postmaster General Payne laid the
ississippi case before the 'cabinet.
his brought up the entire Southern
estion. Secretary Moody, the most
atbusiastic friend of the negro in the
Lbinet. who gained notoriety in con
ress as a champion of "Crumpacker
m,"scored the South's attitude to
ard the negro with characterist-ic
oston narrowness. Postmaster Gen.
ayne pointed out the political neces
ty of the administration standing by
ie negro and other cabinet officers
>ined in the cheers of praise for the
lack man, each passing criticism
pon the South.
A New York Mystery.
A finely dressed young man who
iod in a room at Parkway Circle
otel, 110 street and 5th avenue, in
few York, and a beautiful and richly
ressed young woman, who disappear
I while the doctor was trying to save
ie young man's life, he being her
)mpanion, have given the police a
tystery to solve, as it has many fea
ires like the yet unsolved mystery of
7alter Brook's death, for which
lorence Burns was acquainted. The
uple registered at the hotel Thurs
y night as "James Wilson and
ife." The man died under mysteri
as circumstances. and the young
oman has not yet been found. It
as discovered Friday that the young
an was J. L. Manson, a well known
ew Yorker in the down town dry
ods' district. His father is Donald
unson, of the firm of Fred Butter
Ald & Co., who is suffering from
art disease as a result of the shock
his son's death.
A Wild Engine.
A wild engine, running from Burl
igton to Rutland on the Rutland
tilroad, crashed into the northbound
er from New York Friday night at
belburne, Vt. The crews of both
agines were killed and a brakeman
ho was riding on the wild engine was
robably fatally hurt and nearly every
oe of the flyer's crew were injured
iore or less seriously. No passengers
ere seriously hurt, although many
Iceived bruises. The impact of the
llision was terriffic and only the
eaviness of the flyer prevented a grea
er disaster. As it was, both engines
ere totally demolished, the boiler of
ne exploding with a terridc report.
Short on Rain.
Section Director Bauer of the
'eather bureau publishes a summary
fweather conditions during the
ionth of December. This summary
tows the mean temperature for the
ionth to have been 47 degrees, just
ne degree blow the normal, but the
ainfall for tne entire year was 1.35
mss than the normal. The lowest
emperature recorded in December
ras 18 degrees on the 27th. The
reatest range in temperature was 32
egrees on the 18th when the maxi
mm was as high as 71.
President Roosevelt's New Year's
eception was one of the most brilliant
vents in Washington's recent social
istory. All callers were afforded the
pportunity of greeting the president
nd Mrs. Roosevelt and exchanging
ith them the compliments of the
few Year. No distinctions were
ade except such as were rendered
ecessary for the preservation of or
er: and the greetings extended to all
-h'igh and low, .rich and poor, were
like cordial and sincere.
A Family Fight.
At Santiago de Cuba seven Ttalian
eddlers became involved in a drunken
rawl Friday night and fought des
erately with knives and revolvers.
wo of the men were killed instantly,
w died today in the hospital: the
*fth was fatally and the sixth man
eriously wounded. The seventh
an, who did most of the killing, was
ot hurt. Thirty revolver shots were
red in two minutes. The men con
erned were brothers and cousins.
Few people are aware of the fact
hat last year the United States im
orted 8,000,000) bushels of potatoes
rom other countries to supply the
.ome demand for that good stuff. The
act is positively amazing when we
ecall the vast amount of farm land in
his country that might be used for
he production of the tubers in plenty
nd with large profit.
Fell From Train.
W. A. Byrd, of Ensley, Ala., fell
rom a moving train near Jacksonville,
~la., Thursday night and was killed.
he man was about 35-years old and
vas supposed to have been deaf and
Smb. Ife was on his way to Tampa.
A quantity of dynamite exploded in
mne of the gangways of the Oakhill
illiery one mile north of Minerville,
?a., Friday, instantly killing three
niner an inring- a dozen others.
In Pivotal. State Ofteu Gives
to the et blican
HOLDS THE FATLAXC O
In the States of New York, In
West Virginia, Delaware and -
Maryland His Vote
Snunber of Republican
are dip iting .the assertion
Democr.atic ariers for the
the negrO. vote -holds the.
power In the country, and
ways cast for the Repiblica
generally elects that
is true.tbat in 1896 an4
son of oe radical division
cratic ranks, McKinley -wou4
been elected withdutth
still the facts are -tatt
gives the Rep.bli
vantage over the. Ie
clean, square waf,-a1l
especially-in issue andue
of the negro for the e
swings the pendulum&
In the following States
all the Republican tes
having any considerabl
tion, and also ertain bor
now held by the Re
are considered sometimidou
which there is a he nye e
dian Territory and.
down because there is
ty hat they will
States. The total n
each State, by the ce
stated, 'and all colIed
cne years of .age and oer "
shown by the same'
persons of negro.descent azl
States. ladoa' 14
Massachusetts... 31 9
Rhode Island .... 9,09
Pennsylvania .... 56
)bio.... ...... 96|60I
[llinois.....:... 85,070 '.9:
Aichigan...... 15,818 6
[owa.. ..... . 1
Kissouri . ..161,
LTebraska. .. . 6,269
)klahoma.... .. 18,831
[ndian Territory.. 36,843
West Virginia .. . 43,.4991 "1.6:
nEALLY D!3OCRA T AC
It will be seen by the above
iine elections out of tent
!ns could not carry theS
New York, New Je ~ D -
Aaryland. Indiana or.- Wes.n
ivithout the aid of the negrov
vhese States, without the
ind Democratic Sa, would etes
president and carry the house
Wiilig to Make Amends. .
An amusing street incident s
pened recently. A young ladyjt~f
her husband's side to look in -a.wz~
sow. On leavingit she took, as se
thought, her husband's arm, and~con
tinued her conversation.
"You see," 'she. said, "you. don't -
even look at anything I want :yo to
see. You never care how I am dres
ed; you no longer love me. WhyL ydi.
have not even kissed me for a week,
"Madame, I am sorry, but that Is
my misfortune, not my fault," said -
the man, turning round.
The lady looked at him and gasped.
She had taken the arm of the wrong -
man.-London Spare Moments.
Cause of colds.
In these days of many,. colds that
are hard to cure it is unpleasant to 'e
reminded that influenza and volcanic
disturbances have some association,
though the relation may be only one
of coincidence. The tendency of the.
corn-volcanic eruptions was n'oted-in.
the eighteenth century'. In the fourth
volume of The New Wonderful Maga-.
zine Is a statement that the immens
volcanic eruptions in the northern
island of iceland in 1783 and the
earth-quakes in Calabria were accom
panied by the influenza-"a disorder
hitherto unaccounted for," states the
paper-which spread throughout Eu
rope.-New York Tribune.
mnarried an Indan. *-<
L. H. Wall. a fullblooded Ute In
dian, from Eufala, Indian Territory,
and Miss Lucy Ramsey, of Ah'nine,
Va.. daughter of Mrs. Susan Ramsey,
were married on Christmas day, and
are now en route to the Indian Terri
tory. The marriage was the-result-of
an advertisement in a Chicago matri
monial paper. When the Indian ar
rived tne young woman was disposed
at first to back out of the bargain,
but she finally decided to marry him,
and Rev. Mr. Wade performed the
ceremony. The groom has a laundry
at Eufala and seems to be in good
The annual report of the. State dis
pensary for the past-year will soon be
made. In round figures It is stated
that the report will show that the
business has paid $550,000 to -the
counties, towns and cities and the
school fund this year, over $400,000 of
this having been paid over to the
counties, towns and cities. The to
tal amount of profits paid to the
school fund is about $140,000, this In
cluding the last three quarterly pay~
ments required by the new act.
Clears the Mystery.
Mrs. Sadie Latimer, widow of Al
bert 0. Latimer. whose shooting by.
an unknown midnight intruder caused:
such a sensation lest July,- has told
the Brooklyn police the name of .the
man whom she suspects of being the
murderer of her husband. The sus
pect is father of the friend womaath
police regarded with suspicionai.t.
whom Mrs. Estmer since :bas-b~