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To One In Parfidi'-.
1r Emn AL.LEN OPOE.
Thou wast all that to me, love,
For which my soul did pine:
A green isle in the sea, love.
A fouSt e
owers, ~ ~ d
And allthe flowers were mine.
At! dream too bright to last:
h! starry Hope. that didst arise
t to be overcast:
voice from out the Future cries.
h, no!'-but o'er the Past
m gul)lf my spirit huvering iir
A , motionless. aghast.
o,salas: alas: with me
-Me light of Life is oCer
Ni ore-no more-no more
(Such language holds the soCmn
To thd sands uDon the shir
Sha4 bloom the thundr-. ted
Or th6terieken eagle soar.
And all nty day's alr? trances.
And ~ ?y rnightly dreams'
Are wh' thy gray eye glances,
And ere thy footstepgleams
In w' ethereal dances,
B at eternal streams.
T TWO ORPH 8.
or a t Jacques was almost
petrified astonishment. That
erre, the& r. spiritless cripple,
should thus. him, was past his
But only for oment did he re
main inactive, nd-- then he went to
ward the younggirls as if to separate
"Dare to laa hand on either of
them," shoute i rre. as he ran to
his wheel and therefrom a long
knife which he h en sharpening.
"and I will plunge iknif into your
Jacques recoil from before the
weapon, and Pi placed himself be
fore Henriette a Louise.who clasped
in each other's , were awaiting I
the result of the: ruggle which was
"Your life pay for this!" cried
ques, drawinghis cutlass and going
toward the brav ripple.
"Remember t yQu are brothers!"
cried the old wo n, who was now
Yes, broth' of old," saidi
Pierre, bitterly, he thought of the!
rotherly love that Jacques had ever
own towardthim,"the sons of Adam;
only this timethe parts are changed.
and Abel wi.ll Iiil Cain."
Very well. iff.ou will have it," ex
claimed Jacques savagely, as ne made
a -sat Pierre.
The struggleibad now commenced.
and for a few mo3tz nothing could
be heard but the c~hing of the steel,
and Jacques' fearfu aths.
But it was-not sible for the crip- I
ple to hold out log.
His brother's weapon was nearly
three. 60 g as hisa thd Jacques
in. the point of
siz, e adstrength
In a short time e had received
a blow on the shoul from which
the blood flowed f re
"He is woundedil" ~claimed Henri
ette, in a terriblemice.
"IKol" shouted~'ierre, hoping to de
ceive them as to. nis fast failing
"Isn't that enough, cripple?" asked
Jacques, in a mo~king tone, as he stop
ped for a moment~o gain breath.
"N~o!" shouted the brave boy, "cut
again, for while sfie is in danger you
may slash my fiesh in ribbons: I shall
Enraged by his words, Jacques
sprung upon him with the ferocity of a
tiger, and it -at once became apparent
tha~t, however brave the boy might be.
he could not.withstand. such a furious
assault,-and adhat in a very few mo
ments the ggls would again be in the
power of the viliainous Jacqutes, with
nneeodefend or protect them.
Hoping that De Vaudrey might
hear her, Henriette called in a loud,
The cry seemied to arouse La Fro
chard from the apathy into which she
had fallen, and rushing toward Henri
ette, she placed her hand over the
girs mouth to prevent a repetition of
But that one cry had reached the
ears of the man who would have rush
ed into certain death at the bidding of
~that voice, and just as Jacques had
-.borne Pierre to the ground, and was
about to run him through the heart,
the door was flung open, and De Vaud
rey entered in time to strike Jacques'
weapon up from its aim.
"Wht is this?" he exelaimied angri
y. "A ruffian attacking a cripple:
Donwith your weapon, you villian,
or by Heaven, I'll beat it out of your
h and, and spit you as I would a dog."
Jacques could read but very little
-mercy in the chevalier's countenance.
and he retreated out of the reach of
"What right have you to interfere"?"
he cried, savagely. " Tou shall pay for
As the chevalier entered, the old
woman, seeing that all was discovered,
had gone toward Louise. and was try
ing to drag her away, though for what
purpose, or what she could hope to el
fect by it, it would be impossible to
But Pierre, who had not allowed
Louise to escape from his sight a mo
ment, lest in nis rage at being bailied
Jacques should attempt to wreak his
vengeance on the young girl, now
sprung to her assistance, and forcedF
his mother to the further end of the
The chevalier turned his head for a
moment to discover the cause of the
disturbance, and Jacques, thinking
that he hadi an opportunity for re
venge, raised his sword to strike.
Another moment and De Vaudrey
would have received his death blow'
but a low, warning cry from HienrietteI
caused him to turn his head just in
time to ward off the blow.
Jacques sprung back to avoid a pass
that the chevalier made at him, and
thus escaped for the moment.
"Now, V-ilian~f, down with your wea
pon, I say, and permit tihese ladies to
leave this place before you compel me!
to punish you as you deserve."
As he spo'.e, De Vaudrey moved to
"Ha-ha:'" laughed Jacques. now
grown furious. "You punish mxe: So
yo nare the lover of the other one.
Well, take her and go; leave the little
one to me."
And Jacques placed himself beor
the door with uplifted weapon to pre-1
vent Louise frota leaving the housc.
"Scoundrel," cried De Vaudrey, ad
vancing toward him.
Again the clash of steel rung out in
that squalid hut; but this time it was
not Jacques who was the victor.
He was no match for the chevalier
in sword play, and a wvell directed blow
made an ugly gash on his wrist, arnd
sent his weapon flying out of his hand.
Almost at the same moment a noise
wes heard just outside of the door
la g to the river, and Picard's w.ell
known voice was heard. saying
"Open-open in tiae king's nme:
That cry, so appallng to crimmals,
seemed to strike terror to the heart of
Jacques and his mother.
Pierre ran to the door and was~ un
barring it when La Frochard sp'rungr
at him with a howl of rage.
Segrasped him by the throat, ana~
weak and exhausted as he was by thi
-of 'oQed, she had no dirhculty in
h~lrowinig himnfanlant he stairs\where
she held him tirmly. -
"hen in the king's name I will
Lopen it for you," again cried Picard,
and iurmediately sounds were beard as
if some heavy olwj"e w'. hein se-d tO
'oatie.r it doCwnl.
Two blows wke:I- sIumeienI lo ane
theC w~oim-aten i ites. and a te of
soldiers emPed wCi.%th Pica' atthi
The old woaian cow dNi u
. e %r~of-the rowm. :iu*d -tanin
sir ..- h):a-k "s a-s pos-ile from l '
-- n ine. Picard.
Iol. ,om *.,;?ards uind ihis
-oon bound. and not till
w ; i \audrey approach len
rie* c. and folding her in a loving cii
irac,. exc'aimed. in a voice i hat ccii
v'yed the world of love he felt for her:
"Henriezte, iny love, my owvn.
"A second time -1 owe iny life 10
you." said Henriette. in a voice chok
ing with emot ion.
"No not. to me. replied De Vaud
rey, unwilling to receive any praise
for what lie had done. "Thank Pie
ard, there. whose sellish bravery left
me to defend the end of the passage
where there were no foes, while lie
stormed the front of the eastle. Your
cries for help guided ie 1, the rescue.'
"Louise, gdrinhn sister." said
leniiette-iaking her by the hand and
leadifi her forward. "thank your pre
The blind iris eves iilled wit h
tears. as cIaspinger lhands an11d turn
ing her sightle's orbs 1owar!d Where
De Vaudrey sLOo. she said, in a
trenbling voice .which :arried greater
meaning with, it I!an! worris could:
"Ah. moieu. y(u do not know
from what a 'r'ghtful ate you have
While this conversltion was going
on. all eyes were turned toward the
orphans, and -Mother Frochard was
Tiis was her opport-unity, and she
resolved to embrace it.
She Ihad no wish to taste the reward
which justice had in stc-re for her. and
she resolved to escape.
Stealing cautiously past the soldiers.
she had reached the dojr in safety.
In another moment she would have
been free; but there vas one in the
room who had counted on taking this
same Mother Frochard under his care.
and that one was Picard.
Although his attention had been
diverted from her for a moment. his
eyes sought the place where she was
last standing, and to his surprise, sie
was not there.
A rapid glance around the room.
show-'i the old woman in the act of
1p ::g the door. and ih an instant
Patrd's hand was on her shoulder.
"Oh. no, you don't. old lady:" he
exclaimed. as he obliged her to com
back. "You must not run away froma
Your dutiful son because he is in a li
ile trouble. He'll need your motherly
care now, moie than ever."
Seein that escaupa wasm
and pu'nishnwnL for man' sns near at
hand, the old hag broke down most
pitiably. and in a most sorrowful voice,
"im a poor old woman. I don't
know anything about their evil ways."
But the appeal was lost on all save
poor Pierre. who stood bending over
his wheel in an attitude of deep grief.
As his mother spoke, lhe held out his
hands to her, as thoug~h lhe would bear
her troubles asbe had borne his own.
"Picard." said the chevalier. "take
charge of this worthy couple. mother
and son. 3Mv m. c he count, will see
to their onis unent. Ol with themn:'
Author'ity wats sweet to Picard. and
he made the most of it. Turning to
the guards. lie said, in thle most emp-j'
"Take that male. and likewise that
femiale villain, to the prision of La
Roquette, there to await the justice
of our lord. the king."
The guards closed around the nris
oners. an~d were about to march them
o, when the old woman. wit h a whline
that was more niatural than her habit
ual one. and withi the tears rolling
down her villainous face. said:
"Please, good gentlemen,.1. am only
a poor old woman:"
She had forgotten the many prayvers
for mere" that had been madie to her
by the ooor blind girl, and which she
h~ad answered only with blows: As
she had sowed, so must she rea p: but
in the time of sorrow she had forgot
ten the harvest that she must surely
gather, and she who had shown no
mercy when she would ruin body and
soul, now prayed for mercy.
To .Jacques' brutal nature such signs
of weakness were disgusting,. and ill
beitting a Frochard.
Hie turned upon her with a savage
"Stop your whining" he suid,
coarsely. "Remember that you are a
The appeal seemed to find a response
in the old woman's heart. Perhaps
she rememlbered that when her hus
band was led to the sealfold, not a
word of fear escaped him: but he met
his doom svith curses upon his lips un
til they were hushed by death.
Without another word. La Frochard
turned to go. and as she passed Pierre
he held out his hands imploringly. and
in the most piteous v-oice, said:
"Jacques, mother. one word before
~His mother did not notice his ap
peal. Her motherly lastinets were
long since driad up in' her b)osom. and
she did not deign to bestow one glance
Bunt Jtacques favored him w7ith a sav
age look, and ex(claimed, grani
"Not') one word: Go . to your tuC
fricnds. :end remember th-it vou: sent
your brotier to t he seaffld"
'As t iiough t hese words (lid noCt coni
vey enoug:1 of the ha1e tha was~ ra
ing~ in hils oosomI Jaeque-s sprunr to
ward his brot her and ben' hiln Uke
reed over Uhe whel
In another 1isaat t hte proor crippk'
would have recived hs death . as i
nadi his distorted lims, at I ;i 1ands
of his brother:- but Pcard, .ever watch
fl. interrupt'ed hi ir, andi lka wvii
beast battled of his re, Ja ZcquesC was
led. cursing. aw.a.
XV:h~ a lhy'm o' o'rais-e in hei- liea
(1id Louti5e leaein os ta d
bee I scene of 5'n muuh su'ri '"
er.- n' fe-rve n was 1 h silen1 u:-;.r
t a. 'i~nriette '1iikred, as. im e
arm~ arounda ier 5ist2 r.. nri btod clasp-,
ed" in t a the ch1 alI.sh e
fre.n 1 5:t nison piae to rea I) :2
rew'.ard of al he I er s
adr cjiaducted him. w:' t ' ret
tie par:.v. to lDe \Vaidrey.'s houe.
some plan of( actionfl r the beiee
that shouldit"h co s latn that lH'n
tempt to separa e' --'r flrm thle chev
in the muinister 51's eeings. andi 'ie
were soon to le it .
Hardly had :.'' centered. wihn a
servant hbrou: hta .Cette for the ee
aller, and frm i' sen he knew t1:a1
it was fromt his unPCe
Hte opened it, andi read a~oud ch' Eoi
Picard a sdis a gua:'d. You wvi I
coe' dlirctly o me as' soon00 as you
hav 1inished you wor'k, and brinog
with i you those ; yu~' ave reseed.
De Vaudey hlyl knewv how to in
tepette eo fi j th letter. Was
it written fra a frendl' spirit, or was
hs unlcle still incensed againit i' im
zinc ! . ts beyparty wer
6. ho tiofhe mii~r of plice. anti
i t V two orphns :a!l ierrf
I i :e, va let in n of. I e i ra vini2
rni.' tihe chevalireitered hi. Iun
e; u resrie.
T4hIle coInt! :ill rouine wer iIn
hih 1%~x 1 c iid. I .'a1ek i I n; I Inc
Which hle recived-1 froml i)oli; Ihwe
him" hlow id:e Were" hIi fear, I hla' hi.:
uncle hazd n1,1 r!l1"1d
"Llatve you ucedd " se 11: .
ithe conntess. in a voye which het
edall th e a-liatio .!le fell.
" replied his aunt,
De. \~atire:(. Cave hecr a waringih
1:mee .hib was observed byv the
'ithin ithe past hoIr, he said.
s he pressed the chevalier's
lhad. "-I hv -learned the truith. Thet
'i1icont ess asconflessed the secrei whichi
has clouded our married life."
De Vaudrey clasped Ihe hiards of
hoti. and was abont: 1() spek, when
the count pmt errl: im :!.
I ask your pardon. che'.ili for
all I have ie yol slieitr. I i.a e
done all il In my power to repair the
wrong I have done ound withi an
hoiur Hlenricette Girard will be here.
De Vandrev lociked at his uncle in
surpise. lie could not tel. the m:m
inV of hi., words: bat at Lit a K
brOke over him.
1-nder i he belief that Marianne was
lenrie t the count had sent for ie.
and the chevalier norw saw an oppor
tunitv of rewarding her for tie noble
sacrilice she had muade in behalf of the
womani he loved. -
"Mx child:' exclaimed the countess.
"ha you brougt my child im"
I have. and she will be here im
nA n ashe sooke De Vaudrev left the
room. and ret.urned, leading Louise by
Ovor the meeting between the
mother and the child from whom she
had been seperated so long we will
draw a veil.
Such scenes are too sacred for the
writer to profane by trying to describe
them through the cold medium of
While it was taking place The
chevalier explained to his uncle tihe
saeirin e which larianne had made.
and in a few moments all were assem
As soon as the dIrst burst of joy was
over, LouLse turned to the chevalier.
and .said, in a voice that, to Pierre's
hungry soul, sounded like music from
"xonsieur we are all so happy. yet
we must not forget poor Pierre. Noble.
brave Pierre: Pierre. Pierre-where is
"I remained. mademoiselle.' said
1 Pierre, coming forward. while tearI
bedewed 1is elek. and his voice h: -
fully iisky and trenulous.
to ask tle :rivilege of saying fare
wel. You r Igod Ieart wil! ino lOr
et the poor cripile?"
-Never -n ..er. Pierre:- replied
Louise. fervenTly. is she pressed his
hard, labor-staincd hands between her
thin. wasted ones.
"A mother thanks you with more
than words," said the countess in an
"Let his reward be my care." quick
Ilv added the chevalier. and then turn
iing to Picard. lie said: "I look to you
to see that Pierre wants for nothing
until 1 shall have time to provide for
We will leave the party to their
happiness, andl close our story by
brietiy relating a few incidents which
took ~place imnmediately afterward.
Louise was at once placed under the
care of thi.: good doctor who would
have cured her even when she was
only a charity patilent, had he not been
pre'v:nted by Mother Fro~chardl. and he
gave her mnorher every reason to hope
for her recovery.
.; last t he day came wvhen ie eopera
tion wvas to be performed which shouild
show wvheth~er she was to have the use
of her eyes or not. and the blind girl
bore the pa in. as 'she had borne her
sufferings in the home of the Froch
A few weeks passed swiftly away.
thanks to a kind mother's and H~en
riette's care. in a darkened room, and
when she emerged her sight was comn
pietely restored. Marianne. trembling
for fear that her deception was dis
covered, and that Hlenriette was to
be made tc* sutfer in her stead, was
brought hack by the gnards. and her
fears wvere change to Joy when sne
learned the joyful tidings of Louise's
restoration to her mother. andi Ien
IDe Vaudrev settled a comfortable
income upon'her. but she insisted on
serving Hlenriet te as maid until such
time as she went. to gladden thle homne
of a worthy mian.
Pierre-good, honest Pierre hadl h's
reward here on earth, as we knowv he
had it hereafter.
IThe Count de Linieres insist edcon be
Inlg allowed to provae for him, and
now the happy .cripple recived an
education such as fewvcouid boatst of in
those days, and rose to he oneC of t he
most noted advoct Cs in Paris.
For his sake the sentence of death
against his mfot her and Jaeques was
changed to exile, anti we will hope
that jal a new country they changed
their manner of living, and endeavor
ed to atone for the mnany' sins they had
commintted. Picard neover again oc
cupied the positioni of valet to Cheva
lier de V audrey
The chevalier pleaded so earnestlyx
wv''h his uncle for him, thtat within a
m on~th af. er the einsing"~ scenes at 1h
boa- se 1e recived( his emn m issio
aen::nofI hegad. and alt hangh
i.e nevIer oe any nighue.hei: paer I
Hi. very impci h ~eill after heo
conceived a v i. pss for iih
-,uva very li le i Lat ine en*'' :
no already inaind. Inini e
Deu Va~'s pr-e that s wul
oo Bsii. 1:: answere*n:.
'To b nea Lto m5is. Lnd 10
*eya iesem to erei toj
secom;lies a; eve eums u
''jvor h ea. ofi inreniing iex c
b -.r. y Newhriy bu:as ;.reva ind
ia nd tai.mt reowd tsini te. ilLs
xxio~ x!it r. <h insr a n mia
.oh F~.. Joe. * fdGreenville. Texa
wi 'as eot andt kild a th aahote a
who wr lowi.ng* hornan onking
merry over''; the wiYear. Jones was
a on: m~m tr nd e..r* we'~ eus.'
rai nlra 'lire.h uul Iii1
ennsylvaia rai-oad wlsdeepitate
wiloe ridim' o the top ofv al heiht
ea othe ralbin.wh was sng Make
stre, werd ii hltolle wirehv
BILL ARPS LETTER.
( ristmII as zm I nd ' lea 's.
A i.t 9'0 VeaIrs aco there occUrred
i Ii blehem. a villago of Ju dea. the
meost notable -vent in the world's his
I-vr. An event that changed thc I
_atendar of time and eclipsed tie
creeds and faith of nations, and has
established the Christian religion in
all civilized countries. This event
was but the birth of a little child,.J
but no other child wyas ever heral'ded
by the an~els singing, "lory to God
in the highest. on earth peace and
good will to men." From the very
first that child was a suspect. and
Ilerod was alarmed.
11, was not a Jew. but was a con
vert to the Jewish religion, and it
was whisoered to him from many
sources that the child was the son of
God. and would grow up and rule the
people. and take his kingdom away
from him. le did not believe it. but
it alarmed him. for it came to him
from many wise men. and he deter
mined t.. put an end to it by killing
the child. In the meantirne the
angels came and spirited the child and
its mother away by night to Egypt.
Nobouy in I "ethilcen knew the child
or its mother. and so lerod's cruel
nurderers could not tind them. Herod
said they were hidden around there
among the poor people. and so to
make it sure he ordered the murder
ers to go from house to house and kill
every child under two years old, and
they did. Was there cver such bor
rible brutalityy It was worse than
Pharaoh. who ordered the midwives
to kill the male Infants of the fle
brews, but to leave the - females alive.
Is it not strange that men could be
found who would kill innocent little
children just to please a king? I
wonder how they killed them! Did
they cut their throats or smother
them or knock them '1 the head or
stab them to the heartY Did they
snatch them from their mothers' arms,
while she screamed and begged for
mercy Did they leave them there
in their blood or throw them :in
wagons and haul them away to the
potter's fieldY Historians say those
miurderers probably killed a thousand,
for i hey did not stop at Bethlehem,
but went all along the coast region
where the tishermen lived. What a
creatur-: that man Herud must have
been! No wonder that the Lord sent
worms to prey upon him and eat him
up while he was yet alive.
But the little enild escaped and
with .1oseph and its mother stayed in
i~gypt until Herod was dead. le
grew up to manhood and was crucified
by His own people and then they be
gan to persecute His followers. For
about 300 years the Christians were
pur.ed and d riven from place to place
and suffered martyrdom. for their
faith. They had no peace or protec
tion until Constantine the Great
came into power and took pity upon
them. Before that they had no
friend at court in any kingdom.
In the second century D~ioeletian
pretended to tolerate them, while
they were quiet and made no public
demonstrations, but one time they
secured the use of an old church and
all gathered there to have service and
commemorate the birth of their Sa
viour and start the Christian festival.
This madec Diocletian very mad, and
after the me-n and women and chil
dren were all inside and had begun
service. he sent some brutes there
and locked the doors and barred the
windows andl set the house on tire and
burned them all up. It is amazing
how Christianity could live and sur
vive its persecution for the first 500
llistory says it is impossibole to esti
mate the num'ber of those who suffer
ed martyrdom for their faith, but
there were thousands -and tens of
thousands. Some weie beheaded.
others burned, others scalded.- others
layedl alive. others thrown to wild1
beasts and others crucitied. Nero had]
some of them smeared with tar and
ired by night in the public streets.
Mfarcus Aurelius had them chained to
the seats of redc hot iron chairs. St.
Bandiaa and St. Felicitas, who were
noble Roman ladies. were compelled
to witness the torture and death of
their children and wvere then behead
d. These are only mentioned as ex
auuples of what thousands suffered.
lBut neither the wvorld. the tie-sh nor
the dlevil could stop the sure and
stead~y progress of Christianity. Chris
ianity has come to stay. it means a
eremony, a festival of love and loyal
ty to llim who was horn on that day.
n Protestant Germany it is called
the children's festival. and they are
taught that the Saviour loves them
and cares for them and said. " tSuffer
little children to come unto mae, for of
sum-h is the kingdom of heaven."
Christmas signilies a new er-a-ai
nev: date to time and chronolgy. The.
ligures on every letterhead and on
very n-te and account and receipt
prove the birth of Christ. Jews, Gen
.iles. atheists, infidels, skeptics, ever-y
ivilized nation and every man and
woman haveo to use these figures
whe; her theyv believe in theim or not.
t is won-iful, woniderful. And now.
.- re .:,ig the Cnristmnas wveek1
ic \ he'N ' ear iret lhancl. De
anb.r :3 m.t. iot b tie e-xact anni
-u- of t he aiur's bu'ih. and there
are n~e. lear-shephcrd's did not
;, ehz Owir li4eks~ by inigh:t in mid
ir' \'ril. D tht as it may, the
-.saso to- third centur-y.
Mr ors tfibe chu;-rch, met and
miile it -. ;iy ble ''-tival to be held'
in-.\r--. a VnMy But a hundor d
yer -.0 - C::-ri! had the P'.pe and
I'h -rh a-0od t1 miee and fix a dlay.
''d;esian and1 af er'l1ng consul
h:. o h m ~ orty and the rest cn-ur
t m!vw.ld be- r suit the miasss
Hut. myyu fis. Christman
s a---i--n--fy -ite aniidiess. a timn
frpe::e.e :mdl gori wvill. It. is a timeI
to give -ltts and make little presents.
an d to bighidt en up the hoi;:zs of the
p)oor. This is better than lire-works
ndI noise. and is far more apprcpr-iate
o the day. keep your fireworks for.
lie I-our'th of Julmv. The wvlse men(
brouhit to thec inr(nnt Sav-iour gifts
osy !s-and". if we haIve nlothfing I
else to give. we cnn certainly givea
sm'iI leo ose we im-et and wish them
1 ut what about the New Year-- I
19 V Why does it begin with . an-1
-ay it look-s like that everytjhin
those~ old ILoimans did has come down
the corr-idors of time and sticks to us.
ald Janus was one of tiheir favoritei
gods. IHe had two faces, one to lookl
ack and the other forwa rd. E ntil I
250 years befoure Christ the Romans i
ad but eight months in the year, so
N uma: added twvo more and named
hem .hanuary and Fecbruary. Latei t
idded two more, and named them for
themselves-July and August. But
r.h& Christian world was not satistied
'o let January be the first month. and
imtil the eighteenth century they Ihe
ran the year with March 21 or April
t. when the spring opens up the earth
Lnd the sun crosses the line. It has Is
)een only 200 years since the leading I
Thristian nations agreed to the j
:hanges. It was a great mistake. and'1 a
hey should not have done it. The -e
New Year ought to begin with the U
;pring, when the.bg6 to' sing
tnd the flowers to bloom. ~~d
:hink so? Bill A .
STATE HOSPITAL CROWDED. s
rhe Board of Regents Makes an Ap- r
peal in its Behalf.
The board of regents of the hos
)ital for the insane held their annual
neeting Wednesday and prepared the a
report to the legislature. One very
mportant recommendation will be
;ubmitted to the general assembly.
The hospital is taxed to its utmost
ind the board feels more than ever the s
ecessity for economizing space.
There are many persons cared for as
patients who. properly belong else
where. They are indeed wards of the
State in their helplessness. but is this
the place for them? The regents
think that as .the county jail is re
lated to the State prison, so should
the county home be to the State Hos
pital for the Insane. -
There are in the latter institution
persons of depleted mentality, idiots,
imbeciles and others as harmless, who
:ould be cared forin thecounty homes
ind who should be in order to make
room for those more deserving of the
medical attention of tl-e State hos
pital. The natural antipathy toward
in asylum has been lessened In recent u
years and by the display of tact, it is
believed by the regents, that the coun
ty home will lose its repulsiveness to a
ome who now prefer the seclusion of
the State hospital.
The board endeavors to impress.
apon the general assembly that the
onstitution makes it mandatory for
each county to have a home for its
dependents. and it is urged that the
legislature take some steps. toward c
leveloping the several county institu
tions into places fit for the reception t
of harmless and helpless feeble mind
These recommendations are in keep
ing with the poiicy of the superinten
:ient. Dr. J. W. Babcock, whose ad
ministration has been mest success
rul and most satisfactory. He is
frequently placed in a very trying a
position. With the institution
rowded, he is constantly besought to
take "just one more," when some
time that one should be taken care of
by the county. t
During the year now ending, one of
the oldest and most useful members
f the board has passed away-Mr. 1
Anthony White or Sumter. He has
been succeeded by Dr. W. W. Ray of
Rihland county. The term of Dr.
B. W. Taylor of Columbia expires in
the year .at hand. lHe will be reap
pointed to continue his long and ap- ,
preciated service. The members ofc
the board of regents are not elected
by the legislature, but are appointed
by the governor.
THE HONOR ROLL.
Df the Men in South Carolina Who
First Favored Cattle Raising. a
This is an appropriate time and r
place to give an hon nor roll of the
ren in South Carolina who have first
stamped their approval on the beef
attle business, availed themselves of '
i new development ;n science, andt
backed their judgement with the price
necessary to buy the cattle listed be
T. W. Morton, Plum Branch, red t
short-horn bull Royal Victor 117909
calved Sept. 1900); Geo. W. Fairey,
Fort Motte, red Short-horn bull Red
Duke 172205 (Dec. 1900). and red
horthorn c'>w Golden Countess (Jrune,t
1901). Bryan Bros., Allendale, redt
Short-horn bull Son of Prize Cup
116006 (July, 1900); D. HI. Rush,
Elloree, red Short horn bull British e
Prince 1711906 (.July. 1900): W. R.i
Walker, Union, roan Short-horn bull t
Earl 11arry Smock 163610 (March.
1900), roan Short-horn cow Airdrier
Belle Bates (May 10. 1901). Polled e
Durham cow Gladys Royal (190)1) andi
aine grade Short-horn an'd Polled D)ur
ram heifers: Jno. L. Kennedy. Wide- t
mans, red Short-horn bull White
(Aug., 1900), and red Short-horn cow d
Royal Duchess .30th (Nov., 1901),.
esides he has the roan Short-horn cow
Annie Foster which he bought in a~
Kentucky; P. B. Day, Trenton, red t
mnd wvhite Short-horn bull Cherub of c
NIt. Aetna 2nd (Aug., 1900); Holder
S:. Alexander, Pick-ens, Ilereford bull' r
Sir William Cloud 116511 (April, t
1900): T. K. Elliott, Winnsboro. d
lereford bulClimax 110->11 Sept..
i00): A. Plummer Burgess, Summer- t
:on, Hereford bull Sampson 5th r
109916 (July, 1900: Redtearn Bros.. j
iIt. Croghan. Aberdeen Angus bulls I
Fairview .Justice 46:303 (.July, 190J0). 5
iairview lDuckeye (March. 1901l). and a
:berdeen Angus cow Jewess :34th b
July, 1900): .Jno. V. Wardliaw. San- u
over, red Shorthorn cow Semrinole
No. 1)01), besides he has the roan h
ort-horn bull Duke 2ndc and cow f;
Mavina lbght in Kent~ucky; B. H. t,
Brwn. Chbarlesion. red horr-horn a
ai Walde:r~a 18u-W>H (.July- 1931).
~nd red ina.r.t-h',rn rowj~ Lady Golid
:ust. (August. 1901): J. Rhietc Cope- r
and Cliniton. 4 redShot-born bull- e
e'ny Ljrd Hlio (ui.. 1901): E. S. :
ddieni. N.inety Si. red road 1Polled e
:lrchi. 1901): W.V A. Ficking 1. *es, e
ma .rolled D uraii b ul A\lphons~o a
Kennedyv'i-. Tfroy. I ICIreford Gul Love- a
a's i~red 1.50t (.Jan.. 19:2)-. andla
ive grade~ k Heford lie; ers. Clemrson Isi
ollege. red Short-horn bull Nonesuch a
3:7017 (Aug. ]898). red and white c
hurt horn bull1 Mount Aetna Butter
forth 18:.5'7t (sept. 1900). A berdeen o
ngus ball Fairview Blucher -16340 b
Jiune. 1 900). H ereford bull Corretta Id
Boy :3rd 11:104:0 (March. 1902). red~
udm white Pdlled Durhlam cow .irair-I
10lm Rossamnond 10th (.July, 1901), tl
,nd red P'oiled Durham cow Princess li
lloom :3rd (July, 1901). The college ei
as also bought recently a choicely b
red young Jersey bull from Indiana. ej
All of the above listed cattle except jli
:w were inoculated at the Sout:. a
Jarolina experiment station before be
og shipped to the owners, and all
iave been or will be expossed to Te.xas mr
ever along with native cattle. B3e- e
ides these, sixty-seven grade cattle ti
!ave been inoculated, making 120 in f
11. and so far as is known only one or f
.wo of all of them have died of this 8I
EAD WIVES IN PLENTY.
'::r -e H ave Appeared to Claim Dai.
ages ior One Man's 1leat h.
A dispatch from Greenville to The
tate says the fearful accident that
efell train No. 39 on the Southern
'ailway not far from Spartanburg
bout a month atro is destined to be
ome memorible. not only on accoud
f the uumerous law suits tht i
t occgurof tcye een t
impson. the cojlrer man who was
illed in he accident. was an exten
[ve ai1 iberal patron of tile matri
njuLi ti:,tate. Lie was wet a multi
iillionaire liCe tile Ii te Setator Fair.
.hose e.,tate va mn litigatioa for
uite :.sile on account -or numerous
)atrli.uwnial alliances on his part. but
Lobert Simpson greatly resembled the
nator in the other particu!ar, and
cording to the latest disclosures he
as the reputed husband of three
:n, with several cojunties to hear
ro:v. His- worth from a pecuniary.
oint of view has largely increased
ince thc untimely and sud:!en exit
7as made by him from this mundane
pirere. and he will continue to grow
. hmportance as the lawyers make a
bree-cornered fight over his estate,
rhich is to be acquired from the cof
!rs of the Southern Railway. and is
come a bout in this way.
The departed Simpson was a citizen
i Greenville. and his remains were
rougnt here soon after the accident
>r burial, but the funeral pageant
as spoilt by reason of the fact that a
irther removal of the-dead body was
>ade to Pickens county. where the
iterment did actually take plaee, ahd
hereby hangr. a tale. McCullough &
IcSwain, attorneys of this city were
terviewed by a negro woman who
laimed to be the wife of Simpsoaand
rtavith an application was made to
udge John C. Bailey for letters of ad
inistration upon the estate -of the
foresaid Simpson of which due adver
isement was made according to law,
necessary prelude to bringing au
Aioln against the Southern Railway
Dr damages in such cases made and
The lawyers of Mrs. Simpson No. 1
id not suppose their client had any
ompetition In the procedure, and
ence regarded the letters of adminis
ration as a matter of course without
heir prompt attendance upon the
ourt of probate, but when they ap
eared before Judge Bailey to get the
atters issued to No. 1. they were as
onished to find that 1No. 2 from Pick
ns county, who is represented by Mr.
. F. Ansel, had secured the covete6
uthority and was duly quali tied as
dministratrix. This opened the way
or a legal light at once, but later in
rmation egave even greater zeSt to
he situation, when it was ascertained
hat through an attorney in Spartan
urg No. 3 had obtained letters of ad
inistration in that county, and a
laim of $20,000 had been died on ac
ount of the loss sustained by this in
onsolable relict of the muchly-mar
ed Simpson. When this complication
rose the attorneys with orig~inal
arisdiction served notice upon Mr.
hos. P. Cothran. counsel for the
huthern Railway. that No. 1-was the
nly and truly legal representative of
he lamented Simpson, and that all
thers from whatever ouarter they
ay come are spurious claimants and
,rrant imposters, who are seeking to
roit by a casual acquaintance with
he deceased. The triangultr battle
ril be fought on scientii. lines, and
L would not be surprising to find the
stute railroad attorney seeking to
rove that the aforesaid Simpson was
lever married at all.
Her Memory is Sacred.
Some Southern ladies living in
>hiladelphia and members of Grace
remple. the great Baptist church of
hat city, proposed that a memorial
ablet to Winnie Davis should be
laced in the church. The church
as a tablet to the late President Mc
Einley and these good women memn
ers, it is supposed, wishing to
mphasize the abolition of sectional
sm suggested a similar tablet to the
aughter of President Davis. A few
aembers objected, and the ladies
aaking the proposition requested the
ile committe of the church to allow
hem to withdraw it, which the comn
The tila committee is evidently
omposed of broad minded men, and
a allowing the ladies to withd raw
heir regnext to erect the mnemorial to
Vinnie D~avis rebuked s;everely the
arrow minded memnbcrs who object
d to it by the adoption of a resolution
a which they said "that the reqluest
f the Christian ladies to withdraw
heir offer to insert a tablet to the
aeory of MIiss Winnie IDavis in the
ecrations on the walls of the temple
,e granted. but that the commnittee
e instructed distinctly that no such
pplication to insert tile or tablet to
he memory of any respectable man
r woman shall ever be declined for
oitical, parental or social reasons,
or because of the locality in which
he deceased may have been born or
We think the ladies in withdrawing
be request to erect the tablet did the
ight thing. The memory of Winnie
)avis is sacred to the p'eople of tile
outh, and, as the Atlanta Constitu
ion says "a tablet to her memory in
ny location in Philadelphia would
e manifestly misplaced and tnose
ho knew her gentle nature, her
atriotisma as broad as the union and
er utter lack of resentment for the
te of the Lost C.. 'se. would be sorry
> have any graveu name of her se
p as the target of its spite anti
eers. It is wholly unnecessary to
spose the memory of the dead
)aughter of the Con ?ederacy to thle
tl spirits of those who are incapable
festimating her character as an ex
Iplar of American womanhood. All
ver the union, north and south, she
'ent freely and found among the men
-ho wore the blue and among wo:nenl
'ho had given their best beloved una
sacrifices for the union the wvarme~si
:miration aud the rimest friend
ips. The act of these objectors,
mong the Grace Temple flock of
ristians is exceptional. No sane
rson in the south will feel resentful
rer it. We oniy ask that no occasion
o given them to further demean a
oad woman's name."
A Richmnond. Va., juduge has ruled
3at a man who has been called 'a
ar' has a right to strike back. provid
he can prove that he is not a liar.
ut when a man is called by such all
ithet, and it is shown that he isa;
ar. the nman in the tirst instance has
~iht to strike back.
THrE volcano Vesuvius rises on tile
ainland about 13 miles from thec
ast. It is encircled by a railway at:
le base. and up to tihe hleight of ].900O
et is covered with cities, villages,
.rmhouses and vineyards. At least
6000O people live in the midst of con
LEARN!NG A LANGUAGE.
it is CompnratSvely Easy to Acquire
a Working Vecabulary.
"It CD't require any great length
of timie to l1r 1:mn.uage if one.-ha:
patience." said a :i who- .
tered several lanua-:es. "
hear a man regret that he is not able
to speak French or Gerli's or spa aish
or some other la uunrown to
him 1 canno. armusement.
f ten I might say
n ho expres a reg:et of
this ort handle English very poorly
if that nappens to be their language.
"The abances are that their vocabu
larIes are extremely limited. and it
would probably surprise them to know
ihat despite the advantages of birth
and education they could not command
more than 600 or 700 words in English
if their livea depended upon it. Yet
they are a ble to carry on Intelligent con-;
versation. and many of-them may :e
come forcible and even axiomatic in
their savings, and they plunge into dis
cussions of literature, art, music and
other -subjects of such fune elegance
and do it rather successfully too.
"Now, how long ought it to take for
a raan to learn 600 or 700 or even 1.000
words. In any language? Certainly it
ought not to take any .great length of
time, and from my own experience I
know that it does not Of course I am
not speaking now of mastering so that
one can get the full benefit of all the
reflnements of speech in a particular
"But I have in mind the idet of
speal:Ing intelligibly in a given lan
guage and being able to understand
perfectly what is said in return. I have
a system which I have worked out, and
it has been of 'vast beneft to me and
has enabled me to learn a number of
languages. It occurred to me while I
was In Mexico a few years ago on im
"I could not speak a word of Spanish
and could not understand tie language.
I concluded that I would learn the lan
guage. My plan was simply this: I
made up my mind that I would not re
tire at the close of any day as long as
I was there without learnir at least
three words In Spanish, bow to pro
nounce them, and 'whast they mear.t.
That would g'.ve mc nind ty wor:s per
month, or sosthrg ovcr 1.000 I: i
year's time."-New Orleans Times
Look Out For Your Pate.
A contemporary says "pate" Is slang
for head- It Is, eh? Wherefore? Sure
ly the word Is used in a trivial or de
,rogatory sense, as noddle. noggin. cra
ninum. brainle.n, etc., but its origin Is
eminently respectable. Shakespeare
says "the learned pate ducks to the
golden fool." Pope's.epigram is good:
You beat your pate and fancy wit will
Enock as you please, there's nobody at
We have "bald pate" and "shave
pate." Why, the word Is used once In
the Bible, and by David, in Psalm vii.
16, "His mischief shall return upon Als
own head, and his violent dealing shall
come down upon his own pate." Ac
curately, pate does not mean the head.
but the crown of the head.-New York
A Forbidden Toptc.
"There Is one topic peremptorily for
bidden to all well bred, to all rational,
mortals," says Emerson, "namely,
their distempers. If you have not slept
or if you have slept or if you have
headache or sciatica or leprosy or thun
derstroke, I beseech you by all angels
to hold your peace and not pollute the
morning, to which all the housemates
1rng serene and pleasant thoughts, by1
corruption and groans. Come out of
the azure. Love the day."
The quotation suggests that, hard as
it is to be an invalid, it may prove al
most as painful to be an invalid's
Love and Ensiness.
"Dear," she said during aninterval
of comparative sanity. "promise me
"Anything," he answered, with the
recklessness of love.
"After we have been married a rea
sonable time if we decide a divoree is
desirable promise that my brothers,
who are struggling young lawyers,
shall represent us." - Philadelphia
Open Road to Famoe and Fortune
"My boy," said the old gentleman in
a kindly tone, "there's only one thing
that stands between you anid success."
"And what is that?" asked the youth.
"If you worked as hard at working,"
explained the old gentleman, "as you
do at trying to Snd some way to avoid
working, you would easily acquire
both fame and fortune." - Chicago
The One Quali*oation.
"What position wil our friend take
on this, momerntous question?" asked
the gradlloquent man.
"Position?" echoed Sentor Sor
ghum absentmindedly. "Oh. he'll take
pretty nearly any position that's open,
provided there's a salary attached to
"Oh. Major.Bloodgor'e," said girlish
gusher. "they say that during the war
you were always cool in action."
"Cooll" declared the maj~or. "Why,
my dear girl. I was so cool that when I
shivered people insinuated that I was
Sarh-Mr. Rippler says that he Is a
Susle-But he didn't say that every
girl in toin had aisted in confirming
him. did he?-Indianapolis News.
Some men take pa!.ns naturally, and
some give them the same way.-Chi
(as rI'xm ibu:t a state whichaie
biory. ( . eokd fvirmers ' a
ik ofl this eniv in lie New Year.
l' pomiseri. as a' resu: l of ;Phe ingiry I
nev i.hmm en m c'mmiri. Coul. f
ic-pburn 'harge i''hat ' has b~een thet
r..tiec of th corvmission to make t
'aces a~ son of arm' -ad navy o:li-C
rs ' ''f ia rank and influenice. as S
vCi as~ s"Ins of s atoS and congrecss
nen. a. d. tLt se co'nnissionl is pay
TaifF Cleavelandi LeaderL s:jys it is
shocking to think that f'rty husn
Oirds were killed in ()io alone' dulrin't
e past seaison to supply adornmenfts~ w
r the head of women. Do the gentle le
yearers of stole~n plumage ever stop to cl
ihink what a sacrifiee of lire thew
tory Of a Turkti. or and
an in his hook. "The Sul
s Peopie," says that a Turk
physician was called to visit a man
who was very ill of typhus fever. The
doctor eonsidered the case hopeless,
but prescribed for the patient and took
his iea:e. The next day. in passing by.
he inquired of a servant at the door it
his master *ras dead.
"Dead!" was the reply. "No, he is
The doctor hastened upstairs to-ob
tain the solution of the miracle.
'Wiy.," said the convalescent, "I wav
consumed with thirst, and I drank a
pailful of the juice of pickled cab
"Wonderful!" quoth the doctor, and
out came the- tablets, on wiich he
made this inscription: "Cured of ty
phus fever, Mehemed Agha, an uphol
sterer, by drinking a pailful of pidkled
Soon after the doctor was'called to
another patient, a yaghlikgee, or dealer
in embroidered handkerchiefs, who was
suffering from the same malady.' He
forthwith prescribed "a pailful of ple
kled cabbage juice."
On calling the next day to congratu
late his patient on his recovery he was
astonished to be told that the manwas
In his bewildement at these. phe
nomena he came to the safe conclnsioun.
and duly noted it in his memoranda
that "althougiin cases of typhuis fever
pickled cabbage juice is a.' efficient 1
remedy it is not to be used inless the
patient be by profession an upholster
A Poor Compliment.
"People don't often insult you when
they mean to be gracious," said an art
ist the other day. "Insults are the cre
ptions of Ill nature and not mere mat
Lcs of words. But I had an experi
eicce that made me laugh and yet Irri
""co2ebody take one of your snow
see:-r. for a spring landscape' in
qu:cd an amiable friend.
"Nn." replied the artist;. "this was
not a matter Gf professional pride. A
tr::nman s=_:t me a bill in which he
uniutentially charged me only about a
third of what I owed him."
"Thought he stood a better chance
of getting it, I suppose," interrupted
the facetious friend.
"Now, hold on, Billy, and let me'tell
the story. Well, that was the second
time he had sent a bill for less than I
owed, and I wrote him a note calling
his attention to the .error. This morn
ing I got a letter from him in which
be 'thanked me for my honestjy.' A
man may thank you for your courtesy
or for your kindness; but when he
thanks you for beilng honest it is an
insult. One might as well praise a
man for not beating his-wife."
The Soil Was Not Congenial
It was Aunt Rebecca's- first visit to
her niece, a city girl who had mairled
a few years before and begun house
keeping in a pretty town In southern
"Myrtle," she said, looking out of the
kitchen window one morning, "you
hav'e a fine patch of ground here that
seens to be going to waste. Why don't
yon plant peach trees? They" grow
beautifully in this climate."
"No, aunty," replied the young wife;
the soil is too poor. I have tried it.
You remember those canned peaches
you sent me year before last? -They
were the finest I ever saw-finer than
any that grow here. Well, I saved the
stones, and, without saying anything
to tobert about it, I planted them out
there in the yard, but not one of themt
ever came up-not a single one!"
The Rloyal Color.
Purple has always been considered
the royal color. Tjie ill fated Charles
L was, however, at his own desire,
crowned in a robe of white. Although9
he was seriously reminded that of the
two exceptions to this rule, Richard II.
and Henry VIL, who wore white satin
robes at their coronations, both had
come -to a violent end, one at Ponte
ract castle and one in the Tower,
Charles I. was resolute in his decision,
and, when, twenty-three years after
ard, almost to a day, his body wats
conveyed to its grave through a heavy
snowstorm, the superstitious could not
help remarking that the third "white
king" bad suffered a .violent death.
St. Jamnes Gazette.
An Opimistic View..
The invalid looked out of the window
ust as a hearse went by, and he
"D'ye mind. Biddy." he said, "It's
worth the' dyin' to have a ride in a
thing like that, with the feathers on
top an' a man with a bug on his hat,
an' you bein' gr-reater an' more nicis
sary than the marshal iv a St. Path
rick's day parade. There's wanst in .
ye're life ye're the w'hole thing, an'
that's whin ye're dead."-Chicago Post
The Sensible Thing.
Schoolmaster -What is the meaning
f one twenty-flfth?.
Boy-I-I don't remember.
Schoolmaster-If you had twenty-five
friends visiting you and only one apple
for them. what would you do?
Boy-l'd wait till they'd gone and
t.hen 'at it mysell.
Von Blamer-I wonder what kind of
reenrie have taken the house across the
Mr's. Von Blumr-t don't know. 1
was out the day they moved in.-New
Why a Man Shouldn't.
There are two thiings that should
eep a man from worrying-if he have
o reason for worrying, there's no use
oor:ying: if he have a reason, there is
no use.-La s Angeles Hlerald.
U:.x.' : rr. a farmo~r living: nea r
:: t:'. Ird.. li:ves closer th-cn any
ter ma,' t' theL center of popuiai.on'
s rlv:-i I' the Cnited States ernasus.
\ snve slb merking this poirt has
e-mi placed in Marr's barn yard. !f
he ret urns are to be reliedl on. there
e-when1 the eensus was taken I8,
ii000~i people in each direction from
THlE polii'e of Was "nton are on
he lookouit for "'.iack th~e Spotter."
dho has becen :hrowing somne (dark
ui-d-ik Cr shoeC pol~ish--unf wonLin
he shopping dist ricts. Two years a go
he polie 'rre'sted a young foreign
r \vho minled in the theaters and
ha.pping crowds, slashedl numerous
e c'oats 'and dresses. and was styled
Jck thc Sl'asher."
Xt Charlotte, N. C.. on New Years
t~y. t. H. Madden, clerk at the Cer.
'i Hotel here. blew his brains out
tl a revolver. He. resided in Char
4ton for ten years. where he acted as
rk of the Charleston Hotel. He