Newspaper Page Text
A Short but Interesting Sket;h of His
HE WAS A. SELF "MIADE XAN..
True Story that is Full ot Encoutr
ageuent to Every Poo
Young3 Man ini the
Narcisco Gecner Gonzales, editw ti!
the State. at Coltumba. who was hLti
by Lieut. Gov. Janes 11. Tillman. wa
born August 5. 1 5. at i ings'' le
He was the son (f Ambiomse Jose
Gonzales. a native of Matanzas. Cuba. 1
who with Nar-isco Lopez. betgan the 1
struggle for Cuban independence in
1848. The elder Gonzales was one of
the junta of five members who de
clared the independence of the island,
adopted the present Cuban flag, and I
organized the first tilibustering expedi
tion under Lopez. of which he was
second in command with the rank of
brigadier general. He was wounded
at Cardenas. May, 20. iS5o, after,
e was exiled under the sen- (
tence of death. In 18z56 he married
Harriet Rutledge Elliott, youngest
daughter of Hon. William Elliott. of
Beaufort. He served in the Confede
rate army as colonel and chief of
artillery for the department of South 1
Carolina,.Georgia and Florida. under
Beauregard, Hardee, Pemberton and
others, surrendering at Greensboro.
During 1865 he was in charge of the
artillery of Johnston's army.
N. G. Gonzales was taught at home
until he was 10 years of agie. When
he was 15 he attended a private school
in Virginia' for one year. le receiv
ed no further education, his family be
ing ruined by the war. He worked
as a laborer on a farm in Virginia,
and fQiseveral years at the family
,, oestead -plantation in Colleton
county. In 1875 he studied telegraphy, 1
and from theisummer of that year
until the summer of 1876 hle was em
ployed as a-telegraph operator at
Varneville, Hampton county.
In 1876ke organized the first Demo
cratic Club. on the line of the Port
Royal railroa46 and was a campaign
correspondentj'for the Charleston
Journal of Commerce, the straight out
Democratic organization of that time.
In the fall of 187- he obtained a posi
tion as night operator for the Atlan
tic Gulf railroad, later the Plant sys
tem, and now the Atlantic Coast
Line, at Savannah. A year later he
was made operator and railroad clerk
at Valdosta, Ga.
Heleft Valdosta in June, 1880. on
invitation of A. B. Williams,
who met, in the campaign of
1876, and who had then just assumed
charge of the Greenville Daily News.
to serve in the position of local report
er for that paper.
He left Greenville on August 5..
1880, to begin service with the Char
leston News and Courier as its regular
correspondent at Columbia. He con
tinued in this position until October,
1881, when he was sent to Washing
ion act as its-special correspondent in
the exciting year following the death
of President Garfield. He was present
at the Giteau trial and exe.cution and
the long session of the Forty-seventh
In Agust, 1882. he was transferred
to Charleston and placed on the edi
torialstdf of the News and Courier.
with the understanding that he was
~Altimnately to become the editor of
the paper. But a few months latter.
owing to a misunderstanding, he was
sent back to Columbia, where, in 1883,
he organized the News and Courier
bureau, and continued in charge of its
news and business departments until J
* the election of Benjamin Rt. Tillman 1
as Governor in 1890, reporting all thei
State campaigns and many famous<
trials in different parts of the State.
His personal and political antagon
ism to Gov. Tillman indisposing him
to have such relations with the State's
chief executive as the policy of the
News and Courier required, he resign-i
ed his position on that paper to takei
effect upon the close of thle ad
ministration of Gov. Richardson. 1
At that time he intended to leave
the State and thought of taking up
newspaper work in tne Hiawaiian Is
lands. He was, however, urged to re
:. main in Columbia and become the edi-4
tor of a paper representing the views I
of the opponents of Tillman. This h~e 1
agreed to do, and. with his brother.
Ambrose E. Gonzales, be secured the
necessary capital to start the State of
which newspaper he was elected edi
tor and manager.
-He purchased the plant, selected1
the force and organized the otlice of
the State, beginning publication on
February 18, 1891. After two years
he gave up the supervision of the busi
ness department, but, he continued in1
control of the nevws and editoria
departments of the State.
Though for a number of years one
of the foremost political figures in
South Carolina, Mr. Gonzales has
never held offlee.
His interest in the cause of the in
dependence ofhis father's native land
led him, soon after the opening of the
revolution, in 1895, to offer his serv
ices to the insurgents in the field.
~'~They ;vere declined on the ground
that he could be of greater aid to the
cause in his editorial position.
Before the declaration of war be
tween the United States and Spain he
sought the means of taking up Cuba's
cause on the soil of the island~but was
disappointed. A few days after the
declaration of war he vrent to Tampa.
where he was appointed a first lieu
tenant on the staff of Gen. Emilio'
Nunez of the Cuban army. then pre
paring an expedition for the relief of
Gen. Maximo Gomez, in Central Cuba.
This expedition could not get trans
portation until June 20, when it sailed
from Tampa in two steamers, the
Florida and the Fanita. with a con
voy, the Peotia.
The expedition was two we.eks in
making a landing, being repulsed at
two points by the Spaniards, but on
July 3, 1898, succeeding in disembark
ing at Palo Alta, on the South Coast
of Cuba, a few miles West of the cen
tral trocha. The next day Gen.
Gomez was found and relieved.
After six weeks of extreme hard
ship and privation. camnpaigning
northward along the trocha, dariun
which he participated in the attack
of the fortified town of Motrn at h
northend of the trocha. Mr. Gonzales
learned that the war was over. Hea
once procured his discharge and em
barked for homne in an expeditionary'
schooner, which after various adven
tures reached Key West. F lorida. on
-September 1, 1898.
Mr. Gonzales was married to MEss
Lucy Barron. of Man:ung. on Novem
ber 1. 1901.
A STRONG PAPER.
(contleued rrom page drat.'!
The Constit tion of our Stato, re
:ognizing the fact that our entire
duceational system is founded upon
:he common schoolS. has undertaken to
provide a liberal s:stem of free publi
sch for all children between th
nges of' and ." Thcere is no more
Impo tat consideration before the
oecole of South Carolina than is con
aine d i'n this cause of the Constitti
a meaning all its own-a
aii I .h which th~re can be no
b e a i commands and
e'nlj(d recoive i hearty and indivi
''-' nel 'cn of us all. Let there be
.IictSt C.01 conuen S-hoOls we can afford
n ery .om1i1ty and district., with
AI i; Mih sclools houses, longer school
erms. coimpetent and better paid
eacers, and in the work thus done
Mr State will reap a rich reward.
The framers of our organic law,
ealizing that wealthy and populous
ommunities could provide schools for
hemselves. while poorer and more
binly settlcd districts were not so
ortunate. made it the duty of the
\ssemlhy to supplement the school
unds of the latter, in order that all
he children of the State mLy have an
qual opportunity to acquire somewhat
nore than the rudiments of an educa
For years the State has fostered its
ligher inst itut ions of learning, and my I
niluence shall always be exerted to
ec that this is continued. The in
reased care and attention given to our
ommon school system. in years to
ome, will prove of incalculable value
o all of our higher insititutions of
earning. In Wiothrop. Clemson,
south Carolina College and the Cita
lel Academy-a royal galaxy-South'
,zarolina has much cause for pride, for
hese institutions in their equipment
md management are well worthy to
>e locked upon with pride by the peo
>le of any State. Our comprehensive
stem of education is. also, I am glad
Z say, admirably assisted and made
ore complete by the faithful work
,nnuaily accompshied in the various
enoiniiIlationtal colleges of our State.
TIUSTS MUST ;E REGULATED.
While it is true that one of the
reatest ditticulties we have had to
ontend with in the development of
he State has been our lack of capital,
nd while we should by legislation and
>ther means enconrage outside capital
o come into the State and assist in
>uilding up our industries and devel
>ping our resources, and in coming
hould make it feel assured that it will
-eceive every protection that it can
ightfully claim, still capital should be
nade to understand that it is welcome
mly when it comes for the purpose of
,arning its legitimate interest in a fair
Lnd legitimate manner. We should
ave it understood that it cannot seek
brough great combinations and by
er-capitalization to create monopo
ies by means of which it can stifle
ompetittion. paralyze individual effort,
educe wages and control prices to the
etriment of the public.
It is true that great industrial com
>nations and powerful corporations
re the order of the day and have be
ome tixtures in the business life of the
ountry capable of wielding an im
ense power for good -or for evil.
rrough skilled management, and pos
;essing the ability to open up wider
arkets for the sale of their products,
they are capable of doing much good;
evertheless, the fact remains that,
i usually conducted, their tendency
s decidedly harmful to the best inter
acts of the country, and their proper
regulation and control through legis
lation is one of the greatest problems
vhich to-day copfronts our lawmakers
both State and Federal.
A large majority of the States hav-e
enacted laws defining monopolies and
seeking to prevent their formation,
nd Congress has likewise passed anti
trust legislation, yet the subject is so
:omplex and information upon which
: base action so difficult to obtain
lone of the laws providing sufliciently
or the securing of information-that
he tendency towards centralization of
veath and combinations in trade
langerous to the public are becoming
nore and more marked each year.
In this State we have a constitu
ional article giving to the General
assembly the power to enact laws to
revent trusts, combinations, etc, and
o provide penalties "to the extent, if
iecssary for that purpose, of forfeiture
>f their franchises," and in 1897 an Act
vas passed carrying out the provisions
> this article. This Act being deem
d defective and not farreaching en
ugh by the Attorney General, at the
ast session of the General Assembly
mother Act was passed. amendatory
n it nature and going tnearer to the
oot of the trouble. 1'ower was also
iyen to the A ttorney General to secure
estimony in relation to the violation
f these~Acts, and it is to be hoped
hat this legislation will be found sutti
ient to protect the interests of the
eople from oppression by combined
apital. If not, it is the duty of the
reneral Assembly to amend our laws
pon this subject.from time to time as
he necessities of the case may demand.
ith a view always to give to capital
.11 of its legal priviieges and to restrict
n no way innocent associations among
ur citiz ns. and yet to see that cor
orations, t o which it has given life
und clothed with great powers, use
hose powers for the betterment and
lot to the detriment of the masses of
he people, to protect whom is the
irst duty of all governments.
CHILD) LABOR LAW FAVORED
There has been considerable discus
;ion throughout the State auring the
ast few years in regard to the em
>oyment of children in our textile
nanufactories and upon several occa
ions bills forbidding their employ
nent have been introduced in the1
reneral Assembly, but have failed of
pasae This is one of those ques
:ions' which will not be settled until it
s rightly settlao, and the civilization
>f to-day regards such employment of
hildren, no matter how favorable the
:onditions may be. as an evil, and one
hvhich is a menace to the future of our
State. Jn my judgment the General
Assembly should pass a law prohibit
ng their employment, but in doing so
time should be given for both manu
~acturers and operatives to adjust
hemselves to changed conditions.
This can be done by making prohibi
tion to take eifeet gradually with re
pect to the ages of the children.
It is certain in this question that
what appear to be conflicting interests
are here involved. Under these cir
eumstances the rights of all parties
oncernedi should be most carefully
considered and a just and equitable
adjustment-after full and generous
d iscussion-will reveal that to a great
extent. these apparently diverse inter
ests have much in common. Any radi
al or sudden change wvould inevitably
work hardship upon the interests of
all concerned, which can and should
be avoided. The end to be obtained is
the good of all concerned, and this
shold be borne in mind as the consid
erat ion which should receive ou r most
careful attention. I am unwilling,
however, to see an:y child in our State
deprived even for a time of educational
advant ages, and this fact, it seems to
me. deserves to be carefully borne in
mind in legislating upon this question.
For older children. not to be affected
by any proposed law, a night school
shouki be arranged. if possible- Ad
vantages hitherto denied them would
1t~ hs be even to a certainl extent, at
east, and opportunities would be
paed wii hi n the reach of those who
are n earnlest in their desire to receive
THE!1 DI-iPENsA RY LA w.
As Governor or South Carolina it is
ny solemn duty to see that all of the
where enforced. For many reasons it
is best to emphasize this where the
dispensary law is concerned. This law
is now upon our statute books and has
the endorsement of a majority of our
people, and It is the duty of all law
abiding citizens to give that same
obedience to this law which they give
to all others. in the discharge of the
duties which may devolve upon me
I shall recognize the obligations which
are mine and shall expect and depend
upon the public spirit of all law-abic
ing people to sustain me. and I feel
sure that they will do so.
In the past few years. I am glad to
say, much of the friction formerly at
taching to this law has disappeared. I.
am aware of the fact, however. that in
certain localities it may be very hard
to restrain illegal tratlie in liquor andI
to prevent the violation of tnis law;
nevertheless, I shall seek to uphold the
law and to carry out its provisions
without favor to any locality in any
part of our State. - The details of I he
dispensary law are familiar to all of
our citizens, but perhaps its necessary
dificulties are not generally under
stood nor propperly appreciated. The
local authorities have a large share of
the responsibilities involved and with
their cooperation 1 shall hope for such
adin inist ration of this law as shall com
mand the respect of all patriotic citi
It is exceedingly gratifying to know1
that our General Assembly has, with
proper appreciation, shown that we
owe a great and lasting debt of grati
tude to the Confederate soldier. Most
of these surviving heroes, I rejoice to
say. have no need for aid. There are
others. however, who because of
wounds received in battle defending
their country and on account of age
and failing strength, need from us now
loving returns for the services they
gave us in the days of their peerless
and strong young manhood. These
heroes of our own Southland-men, as
yon monument says:
"Whom power could not corrupt.
Whom death could not terrify,
Whom defeat could not dishonor'
tnese men gave to the workd examples
of uatriotism which will live forever.
And in our hearts-we for whom they
struggled-their memories and the
glorious heritage they bequeathed to
us will be more deeply cherished year
by year because of their valor and their
patriotism. Let South Carclina, their
own State, see to it always that ten
derly and with truest affection these
gray knights of the Southern Confed
eracy are given some return, at least,
for the service they gave to their State.
GOOD ROADS ADVOCATED.
It has been said that there are
three things which make a State great
-"fertile lands, busy workshops and
easy lines of transportation." The
Almighty has blessed us in South Car
olina with a fertile soil. We have
been giving ourselves each year, as I
have already shown, busy workshops
and it now remains for us to pay more
attention to those lines of transporta
tion which are as indispensable to the
comfort and convenience of every class
of our people as they are to our indus
trial and commercial life.
Good Road Conventions at various
times have recently been held in our
State and there seems to have been an
awakening-of interest among our peo
ple upon this subject, as is evidenced
by the fact that some of our counties
are actively at work improving the
condition of their highways. .L feel
sure that our General Assembly will
oive to this subject all the attention it
Reserves and will, through wise legisla
tion, enable our different counties to
provide practical solution of this prob
lem so vital to their welfare.
THE DRAINAGE PROBLEM.
Another question before our people,
although it is often lOSt sight of, is the
drainage of our swamp and low lands.
This is an important question not only
to one section of our State, but to every
section. in 1900 amendment to the
Constitution was submitted to the
people of the State, by whom it was
adopted, making it mandatory upon
the General Assembly to provide by
law for the condemnation, through of
ficial channels, of all lands necessary
for the proper drainage of our swamp
and low lands and also for the equit
able assessment of all lands so drained
or the purpose of paying for such con
demnation and drainage. Nothing
has yet been done and, in my judg
ment, this amendment should not be
overlooked. Appropriations amount
ing to several millions of dollars have
been made by the National Govern
ment for reclaiming by irrigation arid
lands of the West. If it will pay to
expend millions for the irrigation of
deserts in the West, surely it is well
worth the attention of our lawmakers,
without permanent expense to the
State, to take steps to drain lands as
fertile as can be found anywhere and
which. in their present condition, are
not only valueless, but are a standing
menace to the health of South Car
olina. Additional importance attaches
to this subject when we remember
these now useless lands comprise fully
one-fifth of the area of our State.
THE PURE FOOD QUEsTION.
While considering subjects of gen
eral welfare to our State it would be
well for us to give attention to the
importation and sale of adulterated
ani impure food products. Other pro
gressive States give the greatest. at
tention to this very important qu'es
tion, which we cannot afford to let
pass without due consideration. It is
well to see that when our people pay
their money for pure food they should
have this, and not such adulterations
as are deleterious to their health.
The question of biennial sessions has
been much discussed for the past few
years and although they have been fa
vored by a majority of the General As
sembly, as yet two-thirds of the mem
bers have not consented, and hence a
constitutional amendment providing
for them has not been submitted to
the people. In my j idgment, were
sun an amendmient submitted, .t
would be adc pted, which I cannot but
believe would be to the intercst of the
State. Very few of the States of the
Union now have their Legislatures
meet annually and I know of no condi
tion peculiar to South Carolina which
necessitates our's doing so.
LIIT EXPENsEs TO INCO.ME.
I ca:rnot conclude without saying a
word about our tin:.nces. While the
bonded debt of the S~ ate is comipara
t:ely small and and its credit well
maintained, as evidenced by the pre
mium offered for its bonds in the tin
ancial markets, I nevertheless feel
that it is incumbent upon me to call
attent:on to the necessity the State is
under to boirow money to meet the
deficiency occasioned by its current
obligations exceeding its revenue.
This being the case, the deficiency
naturally increases yearly and. if av
lowed to continue, will assume serious
proportions and becme a burden to
taxpayers. Reference to the Treas
urer's report discloses the fact that
the deficiency for the last year alone
amounted to .$12.5,000 in round num
bers. This should not be. We should
conduct our ti lances on a business
basis and, in order to do so, we must
make our apprcpriations and our reve
nue coirespond. To accomplish this.
wili require serious consideration. for
we cannot be parsimonious in the sup
port of our public institut ions, and at
the same time we must bear in mind
that the burden falls upon people
whose condition does not warrant mrore
taxation than is absolutely necessary
to conduct the affairs of the State as
our Commonwealth demands.
The situation has to be met and the
sooner it is met the better. in mak
ing appropriations for the present year
the General Assemnbly should bear the
foregoing condition in mind, and if
they are unable to reduce the appro
p-i.>tions withnout impairinge use- Ia
fulness of our puhLe institutions, then
they should provide. s may seem best.
for incroasing our revenue and tlhereby
put the State upon a cash bas:s a con
summation so desirable that it needs
no additional emphasis.
And now. my fellow workers, gentle
men of the General Assembly. mindful
Of our mutual responsibilities, and also
to you. my countrymen. who likewise
have your share in these responsibili
ties, together we enter upon our work.
together we take up the duties which
lie before us. As brethren with und
vided interests, with no diseordant
note. let us labor together for what
soever things are true. for whatsoever
things are honest. for wliatsoever
things are .inst. for whatsoever things
are of good report., for whatsoever
I ng rts re for I he wel aIre ci SoUth
Carolina: if tihere he within our hearts
patriotism and love of count-y. let us
iabor foi these things with this frater
nal spirit inspiring our la' ors an(1
blessed with the communion it alone
an give: with truth. just ice and the
Constitution guiding. uplifting and
helping. as fellow county i le bound
to each other by the sacred lies of
hearth and homec, we will together
journey onward and upward to Ihe
practical achievement of t l loft iest
ideals of a people.
A New MIilitia Law.
President Ioosevelt ias signed the
Dick military bill rec.:ntly passed by
Congress. The bill places the militia
under government supervision under
different conditions and regulations
than those now existing, without tak
ing from them the authority of the
Governor. Although the President
has signed the bill, it will not affect
the South Carolina troops until the
Legisl ture ratifies the act and the
Governor signs it. After this is done
the bill will become operative in this
State Th -re was much opposition
to the hill in its original shape. but
many of the generally <bnoxious fea
tures have been eliminated and the
militiamen generally over the coun
try seei to favor the measure.
The adoption of the measure means
the reduction of the numericil forces.
but a greater efliciency of the service.
Tne present status of the Slate mili
tia will be changed and the tandards
changed. The period of enlistment,
which is now two years for the first
term and one year each sr bsequent
term, in South Carolina. will be made
three years. A better physic:tl stand
ard in officers and men will be re
quired. The troops will be armed by
the government and regularly inspect
ed by Unit2d States army ollicer-.
The standards, the same for each
State, will have to be kept 1p by the
companies and regiments.
The bill also provides that the com
panies shall have a certain amount of
camp service and practice marches
each year and provides a fund out of
which the expcnses of the encamp
ments will be paid. Another feature
of the bill provides for rifle practice.
Every company must have a certain
amount of practice each year. In re
turn for these things enlisted men
are subject to the orders of the na
tioial government, through the Gov
ernor, for service when necessity de
mands. They may be used for repell
ing invasion, quelling mobs, and the
like, for a time not exceeding nine
months. At the expiration (if this
time the men are discharged and may
reenlist if they so desire. Trhe govern
mernt of the militie thus organized is
in the hands of an Adjutant General.
to whom the Adjutant General of the
different States will report.
A F'atal Fire.
Columbia had a most serious tire
early Friday morning, as a result of
which two ladies have been most pain
fully if not seriously injured, and Jas.
P. Moody, an invalid, bed-ridden for
nearly thirty years, is missin~g. It is
feared that lie has been ourned alive.
The fire seems to have orIginated
from an explosion of some kind.
which came with such force as to
awaken Messrs. W. A. Met:s and -J.
D. Miot. who reside oo the block be
low across the street. 1t jc.rred Mr.
Metts' bedroom door open. These
gentlemen say tnat by the ;.ime they
could get to the windows the flames
were bursting in sheets from the two.
story brick building on the block of
Main street behind the State house,
occupied by L. M. Reagan & Co., as a
grocery, and formerly by N. A. Burn
side. By the time the firemen could
get on the run the building was prac
tically destrrvecd. along with the smal
er place adjoining, kept by an Italian.
The tiremen made a dash to save life.
it being known that Mrs. D). E. Gol
nick, her daughter, Mis~s Alice, her
son, and her nephew, Mr. J1ames P.
Moody, an invalid, occupied the
rooms on the second hloor. Mr. Gol
nick was away from the city. Mrs.
Golnick and her daughiter were
awakened by Mr. Moody. and they
barely escaped wifthl their lives by
jumping from a irear window to a shed
and thence to the ground. Mrs. Gol
nick's back was badly wrenched and
Miss Golnick's ankle is painfully
sprained. Neither oif the ladies nor
any one else have seen anything of
the invalid, and it is feared that he
was burned alive. Dr. Gibbes was
quickly summoned and attended the
injured ladies, who lost all their ef
fects and had no insurance.
A Stricken City.
The olicial bulletin from Mazatlan,
Mexico, covering the twenty-four
hours endingat 6 P. M. F'ridav, gives
the number of deaths from the plague
as two in the city and throe in thie
hosital. There were eight new cases
during the period and seven patients
were reported to be in a dying co:ndi
tion. The streams~ (f emigrattio.n from
the stricken city continues and every
one who has the means and can -get
permission from the health authori
ties is leaving. Only a few families
of means remain and these are prepar;
ing to leave.
Tail End Colli,.ion.
Twelve men are dead and as many
more injured as the result of a tail
end collision that oiccured. on the
Great Northern five miles wvest of
Chiwakurm, Washington. An extra
from Skyshomish loaded wi :1 lumber
and there cars contaiiing laborers.
ran into a rotary snow plow killing or
injuring all of twenty-live workmen,
Ten c-ars are piled up in a heap with
nine victims of the wreck s-.ill under
neath. Only two escaped and they
were thrown bodily into the air, land
thirty feet away upon the emb~ank
ment. The men were in their bunks
asleep when the accident occurred.
Ix the death of Mr. Gonzales the
South has lost one of her ablest
journalist. HIe was one of the most
brilliant and forceful writers inl the
entire country.- Personally, he was a
gentlema.n of many charing v traits
of character and was gieaity beloved
by all who knewv him intimately. In
disposition, lie was retiring and
modest. and seemed to be unconscious
of his greait ability as a writ er. These
were the characteristies 01 the mnn
that struck us most forcibly, in our
inercourse with him.
CHIEF JUSTICE POPE.
Re Wa. Elected to Succeed thme La.
mented Henry McIver.
CAPT. D. J. GRIFFITH REELECTED
And the Three Directors of Peniten
tiary Whose Terms Expire
Were Reelecred With
The House of Representatives met
at noon Tuesday. Immediately after C
assembling, the Senate carn over and
the Joint assembly proceeded to elect
certain Utlicers in accordance with a
resolution adopted last Saturday.
Hlon. Y. .1. Pope was elected chief
justice of the supreme court; Capt. D.
.. Gritlith was reelected superintend
ent of the penitentiary, and Messrs.
John G. Nobley, A. K. Saunders and
M. (. Rowland were reelected direc.
tirs of the penitentiary.
CHIEF JUSTTCE POPE.
When the joint assembly had been
convened by ex-Gov. John C. She -
pard, president of the Senate, Mr.
Adam H1. Moss. of Orangeburg, noini
nated 'one of our distinguished asso
ciate justices of the supreme court
Ilon-. Y. J. Pope. of Newberry." This
was seconded by Ion. E. H1. Aull, of
Newberry. The tellers were Senators
Davis and Marshall and Representa
tives Moses, Rainsford and Williams.
Judge Pope received all of the votes
cast-144--and was declared elected
Chief Justice of the supreme court of
CAPT. D. J. GRIFFITH.
For superintendent of the State
penitentiary there was only one nomi
nee. Capt. D. J. Grillith, of Lexing
ton. the incumbant. Capt. Grifith
was nominated by Senator Sharpe, of
Lexington. seconded by Senator
irown, of .Darlington. The tellers
were Senators Herndon and Mclver
and Representatives Towill, Cogges
hall and Patterson.
Capt. Gritith having received all of
the 143 votes, was declared elected.
There were three directors of the
penitentiary to be selected and there
were five nominations, the first named
being the incumbents:
Dr. M. 0. Rowlandof Spartanburg
nominated by Senator Hydrick and
Hon. John G. Mobley, of Fairtield,
nominated by Senator G. W. Rags
dale and Mr. J. B. Wingard.
Hon. A. K. Sanders, of Sumter, ]
nominated by Senator Raysor and Mr.
Mr. Everett P. Tyler, of Aiken,
nominated by Senator Blake and Mr.
J. 0. Patterson.
Mr. Peter Hollis, of Chester, nomi
nated by Senator Hardin and Mr. A.
On the first ballot 1.54 votes were <
cast-77 being necessary to elect. Mr. 1
Sanders received 105; Mr. Mobley 132: 1
Mr. R'wland S4; Mr. Hollis 76; Mr.
The tellers were Senators Gruber<
and Carpenter and Representatives
Bomar. Tratum and Beamguard.
The three incumbents were declared1
reelected. Mr. Mobley, for the second
time, received almost the entire vote
of the general assembly, and Mr.
Saunders also received a flattering
Some of Mr. Tyler's supporters be
gan to change to Mr. Hollis. and the
latter might have pushed Mr. Row
land for third place, but the rules of
the joint assembly forbade such
OTHER ELECTIONs sooN.
Before this session is over there will
be other important places to be filled.
In becoming chier justice to fill out
the unexpired term of Judge Mclver.
Judge Pope Tuesday resigned his
place as associate justice. This va
cancy must be filled at an-early date.]
The office of code commissioner will
also be vacant as Mr. Townsend will
resign to become assistant attorney
There are already many candidates
for both places. Among the promi
nent lawyers whose names have been
mentioned for the place on the su
rem'e bench are Col. J. L. Tribble, of
Anderson. Hion. G. Duncan Bellinger,
of Barnwell, Mr. Stobo J. Simpson, of
Sartanburg, Mr. Jos. A. McCullough.
of Greenville, former Judge James F.
Izlar, of Orangeburg,Mr. C.A. Woods,
of Marion, and Senator Robt. Aldrich,
The Columnbia Tragedy.
The shooting down of Mr. N. G.
Gonzales by Lieut.-Gov. Tillman on
Main Street in Columbia on last
Thursday is a most deplorable affair.
Not only has a valuable lire been
taken. but the sho'ting. having been1
done by a high State otticial under
the circumstances it was, brings the
State again into disgrace. The cir
cumstanices that led up to the awful
tragedy are pretty well known to the
people of this State. Last August, it
will be recalled, Mr. Gonzales was very
severe in his criticism of Mr. Tiliman,
who was then a candidate for Gover
nor. Yet Mr. Gonzales was not alone
in such attacks upon Mr. Tillman and1
his character. Other editors were
just as severe in their denun~ciationi,
if they were not as vigorous and as
constant in their condemnation of 1
him. Yet. perhaps, because of the
long enmity that hard existed, Mr.
Tillman singled out Mr. Gonzales as 1
the object of his resentment. and laidI
at his door all the blame for the pub- 1
li expose of his deeds arnd character.
IId Mr. Tillman resented at the time 4
these eciitorials were published the de
nunciation of him. the people of this 1
State would not have blamed him. for
lw or no law the peoiple expect and
believe if a marn's character has been
publicly assailed that he should resent 4
it. but. as The Columbia Record says,C
he did not resent it and they came to
the conclusion that Tillman's boasted
courge and bravery was a myth.I
Their minds are in no way changed
~y the dreadful event of Thursday.
The people of this State are brave
and~ true, fair minded and courageous 1
and believe in giving every man a
fair show. Hence, fur a man five
months after the provocation. to draw
a pistol and fire upon the defenseless
can~ of his anger without a word of
warning, they look upon that act as
assassination. No matter what their
feelings may be personally as to the
man shot down. whether they ad
mired or hated him, they cannot but
condemn with all tile outraged indig
nation their feelings canm express thisr
The announcement is made by the
dean and faculty of the South Caro
lina Medical College that the invita
tion to the Hion. B3. RI. Tillman to de
liver the annual commencement ad-i
dress to the graduating class of 1903i I
m ntid WomPxen -n.d Their E:|fees
Upon Pubiua Meetings.
Anmerican audiences are strangely
ke in some things and strangely dis
nilar in others. A good comiluIttee
[1a take as much pains In the ar
ngement of Its audience as of Its
eakers. An audience seated without
owding is seldom enthusiastic. Nei
er i)4 an audience whose hands are
cupied with bundles or umbrellas, an
idience largely composed of women
an audience in a cold room. The
siest audientCc to address, the most
spmsive and inspiring, are those
mposed of men crowded and packed
Iother and warm.
Women naturally do not applaud or
.ecr. They are by instinct more self
strained in the public expression of
cir (emotions than men. Every pubhle
eal:er is complimented by their pres
ce. knowing that their quiet word at
me is oftentimes more effective in
sults than the most enthusiastic
outing on the street corners by the
her sex. In a public meeting, how
-er, th'e audience gets its cue from
ose nearest the speaker. I remember
ell two audiences, both from the
.me social class, both crowded, both
large theaters and both largely at
nded by women. One happened to be
Colorado, one in Massachusetts. In
ic meeting the orchestra was re
rved for women. In the other meet
g the men had the orchestra and the
omen bad the lower gallery and all
e boxes. In both cases the audiences
ere entirely friendly to the speakers.
lie second meeting was marked by
ild enthusiasm, the first one by re
ectful attention. In the second case
e mass of men in the orchestra urged
i the speakers by continued applause.
the first case the men in the galler
s who started to applaud were
ecked because between them and
,e speakers was a mass of absolutely
lent femininity in the orchestrs. I do
>t say that one meeting was less ef
etive than the other, but the differ
ce in the scrain on the speaker was
arked.-From "The Spellbinder," by
lonel Curtis. Guild, Jr., In Scrib
A Supreme Court Coincidence.
While in session the associate justices
the United States supreme court are
ated on either side of the chief jus
e, in the order of their commissions,
e oldest in commission on his right,
e next oldest on his left; the third is
cond on the right and the fourth see
id on the left, and so on alternately,
e youngest in commission occupying
e seat on the extreme left.
When Justice Field was the senior
sociate, this arrangement produced
is curious result: The names of the
stices on the right had but a single
-lable-Field, Gray, Brown and White
while the names of those on the left
d two syllables-Harlan, Brewer,
liras and Peckham. All were mar
?d, but no one of the justices on the
-ht had ever had any children, while
ch of those on the left had both chil
en and grandchildren. The colors
ere all on the right-Gray, Brown and
'ite-while the left was colorless.
NJo Influence Above.
In Dr. John Hall's lime it was the
stom in his church to use the old
shioned, simple hymns, and the sing
g was congregational.
On one occasion William M. Evarts
scovered E. Delafield -Smith, then
>rporation counsel of New York city,
aging with all his heart and whis
~red to his friend:
"Why, there is Smith singing "I
ant to be an angel!' I knew he want
Lto be district attorney, but I didn't
iow he wanted to be an angel."
The remark was repeated to Mr.
nith, and quick as a fiash came the
"No, I have never mentioned the mat
r to Evarts, knowing that he had no
fluence in that direction."
Loammew Satan Down.
"Lightning knocked the church stee
Le down," some one said to Brother
dkey. "Yes; Satan's eyes always
Ish fire when he sees a church stee
.e gwine up." "And here's a colored
other killed another at a camp meet
ig." "Yes; Satan goes ter mneetin'
ng wid de res' er dem en sometimes
outs de loudes'." "And a preacher
as drowned In the river last week-."
)h, yes; Satan's In de water too. He
'leege ter go dar ter cool off." "So
,u lame everything on Satan, do
u?" "Bless God!" was the reply.
in't dat what he's fer?" -Atlanta
"Women are belittled and made of
>account In every possible way," ex
aimed the Indignant head of the fain.
7. "Even the geographers willfully
d deliberately slight her. How many
ally important towns In this country
-e named in honor of a woman?"
"Well, my dear," said her husband,
ratching his chin reflectively, "there's
nesvile, you know."-Chicago Trib
An Aiichor to Windward.
He-Let's get married on Friday.
She-Oh, George, Friday, you know,
e-Yes, I know it's unlucky, but,
en, if our marriage doesn't turn out
ell we shall always have something
blame it on.-Philadelphia Record.
Lift It High.
"Yo' kin allus tell er polite man,"
id Charcoal Eph. ruminatively, "by
way he lif' his hat t' de ladies, an'
he lif' it high, yo' kin also tell dat
ain't baldheaded. Mistahi Jackson."
A man who dares to waste an hour
time has not learned the value of
A Distressing Case.
Wednesday night the three-weeks
i baby of Mr. and Mrs. G. Y. Hiar
11, who live about two miles from
e mill town of Whitney, died. The
use of the child's death was the
ting of strychnine pills administer
I by a three-year-old sister. The
ler child in playing about the house
ednesday afternoon late found a
te box containing strychnine pills.
ithout being observed by the moth
who was busy with her household
ties, she opened the box and gave
eral of the little pellets to the
by near by. Both children began
tting the pills in their mouths-the
unger receiving the greatei- num
r. Subsequently the mother's at
ition was directed to the little ones,
d quickly the fearful state of affairs
as made evident to her. The infant
s seized withi convulsions, and after
gering in agony for several hours
d at 10 p. m. Wednesday night.
e older child was saved by applica
n of a stomach pump. by the use
which the poison was transmitted
BLIND ,T STICE.
Vft11 Mn t to the Penieatary im
Killing a S:ranger.
A fter being out all night the jury s
3 the case of Fred L. Stephenxon,
harged with the murder of J. 11 sp
'wing Thursday morning returned a er
erdict of voluntary manslaughter. L
udge Roan sentenced Stephenson to
5 years in the penitentiary. This is a
he way Atlanta deals with such cases. or
rephensiin was an employee of one of e
he railroads in Atlanta and Ewing re
as a newsboy on one of the trains c
oilug out of Atlanta. Stephenson was t
runk on the train, ilourishing a pist
ol. Ewing went to him and told him
o put up the pistol, when Steohenson
hot him. Ewing was a stranger in
Ltlanta and no one claimed his body
*d he was buried by the city. I
Soon after the verdict was read.
olicitor Hill stated to the court that ri
e wished to clear the character of sl
he (lead man, Ewing. of any imputa- 01
ion that he was a crook. No evidence el
ie said, was brought out in the trial t
hat be had robbed Stephenson. He ,
aid he desired to call the attention of
be court to these facts in fixing the ir
Attorneys Reuben Arnold and i
Iarvey Hill, for the defense, made a 0,
dea on behalf of their client, asking se
We court to be as light as possible. 5
rney said Stephenson had a wife and
laughter, the wife being an invaled, t
vho were depedent on him for support .
.nd who would be lest in dirt ressing T
ircumstances when the husband and W
ather was gone. It was stated that
t Stephenson's age a sentence of ten
ears would mean practically a life
Judge Roan then sentenced the e
risoner to 15 years which, he said.
vas the smallest sentence he relt that
le could impose, and that Stephenson
iad no cause fur complaint at thO
rerdict which had been returned.
stephenson received the verdict ei
tolidly, though apparently sta tisfied. M
Phe case will not be appealed. C
Cheapness of Human Life. nf
Human life is too cheap in South
)arolinaand unless a halt is called our
:ourts of justice will become a by- of
vord and reproach. In commenting SE
mn the address of Mr. C. A. Woods th
efore the Bar Associaticn on carry- ti
ng concealed weapons last week The SE
5ews and Courier well says "if any 0o
idence were desired as to the spirit tb
>f violence which controls our people t
t will be found in the conduct of the
ieutenant governor of the state, the as
econd highest executive officer of the t
;tate. One moment clad in the robes Jr
>f his office and presiding over the 33
;enate of South Carolina; the next, -
rmed with two pistols, carried upon
lis 'person in violation of the law, s:
hooting down an unarmed man in r'
me of the main streets of the capital "i
ity of the state, without giving'him e
he least chance to fight for his life. di
)ne hour the president-of the senate
if South Carolina in discharge of his '
luties, the next a prisoner in the
:ounty jail, awaiting the result of the
njuries inflicted upon his defenceless
ictim. Can it be said any longer
~hat we are 'singularly free from a el
~endency to crimes or treachery and i
leliberation?" What 'incredible plea i
>f selfdiefence' will be offered in this.
:ase? Is the pocket pistol always to d
prevail in South Carolina against the 9
aw? is the mob in this state so s
owerful that it will net 'allow the 9
~ou rts even concurrent jurisdiction'
with it in the punishment of offenders '
tgainst the law? 'Hardly anything *
s more valuable to a community,'
aid Mr. Woods, 'than an exalted
ense of personal dignity and self-re- S
~pect; but it is manifest that public ~
~entiment, which for this excuse con
lones the shedding of human blood in tE
efiance of the dignity and authority
f the commonwealth, is producing a
awless people.' " We agree with the
Jolumbia Record that "no man's life .
s safe in this state. It has become P
o now that it is not near so serious
Ln offence, in -its consequences, to kill i
tman as it is to steal a dollar from P
iim. In the former case not only is b:
1o punishment meted out, but the 3'
layer becomes little less than a hero 'l
n his own eyes and in those of a great s
nany citizens. It is a most fearful i
:ondition, and the only remedy that,
re can see is on the line suggested by '
Vr. Wood's address. and that is that -
yublic sentiment must be trained and ~
noulded so that murders shall not be
~ondoned and murderers shall not be C
Llowed to go free and unpunished."
Gov. McSweeney's message is prais
~d on all sides. The State savs "sum-n
ning up the message, we findl it to be I
he best Gov. McSweeney has ever
ent to the general assembly. His posi- r
ions are nearly all well taken and
vell sustained. As an occasional
ri tic of the governor we take pleasure
n acknowledging the fact that he has
crown in official stature during his
administration and that however
eakness has marred at times the
uality of his public service, he has
vith obvious sincerity labored for the
ublic welfare and has snown on the is
vhole a bread th of spirit not unworthy
he high office committed to his keep- tl
THE Richmond News says judging tc
y the fact that the slayer of Capt. F.
V. Dawson was acquitted, and many
imilar instances, "we are forced to
he deplorable conclusion that in all d
>robability Mr. Gonzales' death will e
ye unavenged. They do not convict h
thite people for murder in South ._
jarolina." This is a terrible indict
nent. but candor compels us to admit
hat it is true.
THE death of Mr. Gonzales is a i
~reat loss to the entire State, but to
~olumbia it is irreparable. That city
wes. the martyred editor a debt of
~ratitude that it can never repay. It ol
vas to his matchless energy and abil- y
ty that much of the prosperity that t
solumbia now enjoys is due.
THE Richmond News says the g
hooting of Mr. N. G. Gonzales looks Ie
ike cold-blooded and brutal murder.
,nd adds that it is a horrible addition Iol
o the long list of bloody crimes wh ich W
tains the history of this State. All lit
if which, we are sorry to be compelled .
o admit, is true. er
A Mlysterious Afrair. di.
Two fissures in the earth about se
.ree feet deep and a few inches wide bai
-unning for the distance of a quarter Pt
>f a mile, are the only evidence of ay
ysterious explosion which shock be
Yhitman, Mass., just before daylight te
Chursday morning. The houses rock- at
A Fatal Cave In. hir
A cave in occurred in a mine breach di<
.t Natalie, Pa., Thursday night, kill- TI
ng Joseph Petros and his sons, John tic
.nd Joseph, and fatally injuring his of
dbest son. fr
TWO CASES OF TYPMUSf/
story at a Turkish Doctor 4
Mr. Oscanyan in his book, "The Sul
tan and His People," says that a Turk-.
ish physician was called to visit a man
who was very ill of typhus fever. The
doctor considered the case hopeless,
but prescribed for the patient and took
his leave. The next day, in passing by,
he inquired of a servant at the door if
his master was dead.
"Dead!" was the reply. "No, he Is
The doctor hastened upstairs to ob
tain the solution of the miracle.
"Why," said the convalescent, "I was
consumed with thirst, and I drank -a
pailful of the juice of pickled cab
"Wonderful!" quoth the doctor, and
out came the tablets, on wiich he
made this inscription: "Cured of ty
phus fever, Mehemed Agha, an uphol
sterer, by drinking a, pailful of pickled
Soon after the doctor was called to
another patient. a yaghllkgee, or dealer
in embroidered handkerchiefs, who was
suffering from the same malady. He
forthwith prescribed "a pailful of pie
kled cabbage juice."
On calling the next day to congratu
ate his patient on his recovery he was
astonished to be told that the man was
In his bewilderment at these phe
nomena he came to the safe conclusion
and duly noted it in his memoranda
that "although in cases of typhus.fever
pickled cabbage juice is an efficient
remedy it is not to be used unless the
patient be by profession an upholster
A Poor Compliment.
"People don't often insult you when
they mean to be gracious," said an art
1st the other day. "Insults are the cre
ations of M nature and not mere mat
ters of words. But I had -an,experi
ence that made me laugh and yet irri
"Somebody take one of your snow
scenes for a spring landscape?" in
quired an amiable friend.
"No." replied the artist; "this was
not a matter of professional pride. A
,tradesman sent me a bill In which he
unintentially charged me only about a
third of what I owed him."
"Thought he stood a better chance
of getting it, I suppose," interrupted
the facetious friend.
"Now, hold on, Billy, and let me tell
the story. Well, that was the second
time he had sent a bill for less than I
owed, and I wrote him a note Cal*in
his attention to the error. This morn
ing I got a letter from him In which
he 'thanked me for my honesty.' A
man may thank you for your courtesy
or. for your kindness, but when he
thanks you for being honest It seau
insult. One might as well praise a
man for not beating his wife."
The Soil Was Not CongenaL
It was Aunt Rebecca's first visit to
her niece, a city girl who had married
a few years before and begun house
keeping In a pretty town in southern
"Myrtle," she said, looking out of the
kitchen window one morning, "you
have a fine patch of ground here that
seems to be going to waste. Why don't
you plant peach trees? They grow
beautifully In this cenmate"
"No, aunty," replied'the young wife;
*the soil Is too poor. I have tried it.
You remember those canned peaches
you sent me year before last? They
were the finest I ever saw-finer than
any that grow here. Well, I saved the
stones, and, without saying anything
to Robert about it, I planted them out
there in the yard, but not one of them -
ever came up-not a single one!"
The Royal Color.
Purple has always been considered
the royal color. The ill fated Charles
L was, however, at his own desire,
crowned in a robe of white. Although
he was seriously reminded that of the
two exceptions to this rule, Richard II.
and Henr'y VI., who wore white satin
robes at their coronations, both had
ome to a violent end, one at Ponte
fract castle and one in the Tower,
Charles I. was resolute in his decision,
and, when, twenty-three years after
ward, almost to a day, his body was
conveyed to Its grave through a heavy
snowstcrm, the superstitious could not
help remarking that the third "white
king" had suffered a violent death.
St. James Gazette.
An Optimistic View. . -
The invalid looked out of the window
just as a hearse -'went by, and he
"'D'ye mind, Biddy," he said, "It's
worth the dyin' to have a ride in a
thing like that, with the feathers on
top an' a man with a bug on his hat,
an' you bein' gr-reater an' more nicis
sary than the marshal 1v a St. Path
rick's day parade. There's wanst in
ye're life ye're the whole thing; an'
that's whin ye're dead."-Chicago Post.
The Sensible Thing.
Schoolmaster -What is the meaning
of one twenty-fifth?
Boy-I-I don't remember.
Schoolmaster-If you had twenty-five
friends visiting you and only one apple
for them. what would you do?
Boy-I'd wait till they'd gone and
then eat it myself.
Von Blumer-I wonder what kind of
people have taken the house across the
Mirs. Von Blumner-I don't know. I
was out the day they moved In.-New
Why a Man Shouldn't.
There nre two things that should
ke.ep a man from worrying-if he have
no reason for worrying, there's no use
worrying; if he have a reason, there is
no use.-Los Angeles Herald.
Tm-:n News and Courier says "Gover
nor MIcSweeney will retire from otlce
with dignity and honor. He began -
with the prayer that peace and pros
perity might prevail; that the differ
ences among the people might be com
posed; that the spirit of factionalism
might be allayed: and in his last mes
sage to the General Assembly he ex
presses gratification that if he has "in
any measure contributed to the unifica
tion of sentiment among our people
and the wiping out of factional lines.,
He has succeeded far beyond general
public expectation in the administra
tion of his ollice."
A Richmond, Va., judge has ruled
that "a man who has been called a,
liar' has a right to strike back, provid
ed he can prove that he is not a ]iar,
but when a man is called by such an
epithet, and it is shown that he is a
liar, the man in the first instance has
a right to strike back.
Bam'Ns Commoner says "ijf south
ern papers will refrain from commen
ting on the latest Kansas lync:hing for
about six weeks longer the Republican
papers in the North will feel more
like throwing spasms of indignation