Newspaper Page Text
A GREAT SOtLD-11R.
Ch.riea Francis Ads= on -Geu.
Robert Edward Lee.
SAYS HIS HUMANITY IN ARMS
* ,.Ani His ScruuuS izezard rar cn
Mot Advanced lnt- orme'vit
ized Warn-re Entitle iim
= ~to Enlduing~. Famie.
Tlhe lion (:has. !-'ianeos Adaml S
Boston. Mass.. i! his addres. at k
Cot federate banquet in New Yoik 1~
cently. on the life and ehi.nrater Of
Gen. liobt. Edward Lee. sa :
"MIr. Commiander, I.cersand Mem
bers of the teonfe1r-a.te \ e eran Camp
of New York: A New Englander. by
birth. descent, tradition, name and en
vironinent closely associated with
Massachusetts, I was a Union soldier
from 1861 to 165. and the one boast I
make in life was, and is, and will ever
be that I also bore arms and confront
ed the Confederacy. and helped to des
trcy it Formerly of the Army of the
Potomac, through long years I was in
tent on the overthrow of the Aronv of
Northern Virginia. "So far, more
over as that great past is concerned.
having nothing to regret. to excuse or
to extenuate, I am yet here on this
day to respond to a sentiment in honor
of the military leader once opposed to
us-a Virginian and a Confederate.
Nor, all tnis being thus and so. if
asked why I am here, would the an
swer be far to seek. Primarily. as a
Massachusetts man, I confess to a feel
ing of special kindliness towards two
other states of the Union-two of the
originial thirteen, above all tihe other
present forty and rive-South Carolina
and Virginia. Those. with _Massa
chusetts. I hold to have been. essern
tially, pivotal states. Communimties
peculiarly prolitic of men the ex
ponents of ideas-ftom them have
g)ne forth those migrating columns
which met in fierce grapple fot the
maintenance and the ascend.ncy of
t in which they believed.
"So, if I may be permitted first to
say a word personal to myself: when,
the other dav-scarcely a month ago
I was called ~on to speak in Charleston
to an audience cf South -Carolinians.
I responded at once: and 1 did so be
cause my heart went out to them as
those of my countrymen to whom 1 had
once been most bitterly opposed
countrymen still. trough I had come
to know that, as foemen, they were
men of whom it behooved us most to
take heed. As exponents of their
ideas-right and wrong-Mlassachu
setts and South Carolina were peers.
They had not followed: they had led.
"And so-as I told them-fully con
scious that I was walking on ashes
still hot, in the very creater of what
had within all our memories been the
most terrific volcano of a century
walking there amid sulphurous mem
Ssr my theme the con
stitf6J et ics of secession. ID a
wholly dispassionate spirit, 1 address
ed myself to it as a purely academic
question; but I wanted, to know
whether the time had indeed come
when the old friendly feeling was re
stor'ed, and the foes of a former genera
tion could- again talk together calmly
and as brethren over issues once burn
ing. The reception of what I said
justified my faith in those to whome 1
said it. Never have I met with more
cordial welcome-never did I receive a
more fraternal response.
"Next came the Confederate vet
erans of New York: they called, and
1 am here. At this banquet given Inl
honor of the memory of ijobert E. Lee
I am asked to respond to a sentiment
in his honor, and, without reservation,
I do so; for, as a Massachusetts man. 1
see in him 'exemplified those lofty ele
ments of personal character, which,
typifying Vlirginia. mrade Washimgton
possible. The possession of such
* ualities by an opponent cannot bt
cause a thrill of satisfaction from the
sense that we also, as foe no less than
as country-men, were worthy of him,
and of those whom he typitied. it was
a great company, that old, original
.tiiteen; and in the front rank of that
company Virginia, Massachusetts and
South Carolina stood conspicuous. So
1 recognize a peculiar fellowship be
tween them--the fellowship of those
who have both contended shoulder to
shoulder, and fought face to face.
"This, however, is of the past. .Its
issues are settled never to be raised
- i.- But, no matter how we may~
discuss the ~rights and the wrongs of!
a day that is dead-its victories and
defeats-one thing is clear beyond dis
pute-victor and vanqished-Confed
erate and Unionist--the descendants
of those who between 1861i and 186;5,
wore the gray and of those who wore
the blue-enter as essential and as
equal factors into the national life
which now is. and in future is to be.
Not more so Puritan and Cavalier in
Englad-theoifsprino of Cromwell
andStrffod'sdescendants. With us,
as with them, the individual exponents
of either side became in time common
pro erty, and equally the glory of ail.
"bo 1 am here tais evening-as I
--have said, a Massachusetts man as
well as amember of the Loyal Legion
to do honor to the memory of him who
was chief among those once set in
array against us. Of him. what shatll
I say? Essentially a solidlier, as a
soldier Robert E. Lee was a many-sided
man. I might speak of him as a
strategist; but, of this aspect of the
man, enough has perhaps been said. I
might refer to the respect, the conti
deuce and love with which he inspired
those under his command. 1 might.
dilate on his restraint in victory: his
resource and patient endurance mn the
face of adverse fortune: the serene
dignity with which he, in the end,
triumphed over defeat. But, passing
~over all these well-worn themes. .1
shall confine myself to that one attri
bute of his which, recognized in a
soldier by an opponent, 1 cannot but
regard as his surest anil loftiest title
to enduring fame. I refer to his
humanity in arms, and his sc.upuous
regard for the most advanced rules of
"On this point, two views 1 am well
aware have been taken from the be
ginning, and still are advanced. On
the one side it is contended t hat war
fare should be strictly confined to comn
batants, and its horrors and devasta-:
tio~ brought within the narrowest
lmits-that private propert y should be
respected, and devastation and viol
ence limited to that necessary to over
come armed opposition at the vital
points of conflict. This by some. But.
on the other hand, it is insisted that
such a method of procedure is mer-e
cruelty in disguise-that war at best
is hell, and that true humanity lies
in exaggerating that hell to such an
extent as to make it unendurable. B
so doing, it is forced to a speedy end.
On this issue, I stand with Lee. Mote
over, looking back over the awfIul past
-replete with man's inhtmanmty to
man-I insist that the verdict of his
tory is distinct. That war is hell at
best, then make it hell indeed-that
cry is not original with us-fat from i.
it echoes down the ages. Take Eur ope.
for example. Let me cite two in
stances, separated by half a cent ury,
and two names which have come diow~n
to us loaded with execration andr
sunken deepi n infanmy-the instances
-the repeated and complete dlevasta
tion of what was known as t he P alat
nate, once during the war 0f Thirty
Years and against the order of Louis
Fourteenth-tne names Tily andl
"Youc have'heard of Tilly, andof the
sack of 31agdeburgf. Tilly fully .be
live in makeing war hiell--fast- furl
aua nbd bloody. lMii ordera were 5
kill anrd burn, burn and k gnd burtn
an.d kill again, He wanted no prison
ers-and none were made.. The more
his subordinates killed and the mo:e
they burned. the better he was
pleased. lie wished the Palatine to
be iade a howling wildernes. It is a
familiar- storv-zi lamentation and an
iancient tale of wrong: and You remem
1ide its~ outcoe. E~ven today, as we
Ted Owe st or*% Of :Ioehrosen
t. r1C ie on we' WO thrI i ll , ith .ndictive
.e we~ i hehm 1an Giust avuls
Sanit. tie arena. and
on n 'I !!'s mvocale im hopeless
--ain1. "if~tV yars later. the same
e ;W' I.wi proclaiied and en
orced. Once lu:ore the Palatinate is
i ataed byv sword and tire. War is
e I- &wnmakie it hell, indeed-and
ive !it over. They did make it hell
twas t over? Was it shortened
evenv A French general. Melae Iy
ie. act ing for Louis Xl I. repeated
illys work: he could not improve it.
lIe aso believed that to carry on war
disgiose it as we may, it is to be cruel.
It is to kill and burn. burn and kill:
and agati kill and burn. The 'great
Iolnarch' desired him also to bear
himself as to leave on the inhabitants
of the Palatinate all impression that
future genieations would know he 1ad
ben there. lie did so bear himself.
"What was Ihe result? Bell was in
ded let loose: hut so was hate. Was
the war made shorter' No: not by an
hour. It was sinpiy made needlessly
hit ter. brutal and harbarous. To this
dav the ruins of Hleidelberg remain
ci tla lonmllenlit. Remembered to
ihe cursedn-ilioried with Tilly-his
nane is in the Palatinate household
wor. six generations of men have
since passed. and. today. with those of
the sevent i. Melac is a name there
rivel to dogs. 'Many of you have
fdouht less stood. as have 1, on the still
shat tered and crumbling battlements
of lIeidelberg, looking out over the
peaceful valley of the Necker, and
listcning to its murmering ilow. Thir
tv years ago I was there. and I vividly
recall a litt le incident stria ingly illus
trative of the exact opposite of what I
am lhere today to say of Lee. A por
trait of Melac hung in the gallery of
the cast le. It iangs there now, or did
so not miore than a year or two ago:
but when 1 saw it first, in 1872, it bore
an inscription, an inscription eloquent
of hate. 31elac had. in March, l689),
blown up the'castle. burned the town,
and devastated the surrounding coun
try-given future generations to know
he had been there. A Frenchman, he
made war hell to the German. Near
lv two centuries later the turn of Ger
many came. Then, in 1870, devastat
ing France. thev inflicted on the
Fench the misery and shame of Sedan:
they besieged and ciptured Paris. Two
years afterwards, in 1872. I read this
inscription in letters large and black
beneath the portrait of Mfelac at Hei
delberg: '16S9. Vergolten. 1871.' They
had indeed been given cause to remem
ber: nor had they forgotten. The debt,
two centuries old. had been computed
with interest: and payment exacted in
blood and flame.
"As an American-as an ex-soldier
of the Union-as one who did his best
in honest, even fight, to destroy that
fragment of the army of the Confeder
acy to which he found himself opposed
-1 rejoice that no such hatred at
tacbes to the name of Lee. Reckless
of life to attain the legitimate ends of
war, he sought to mitigate its horrors.
Opposed to him at Gettysburg, I here,
forty years later, do him justice. No
more 'creditable order ever issuedjfrom
a commanding general than that for
mulated and signed by Robert E. Lee
as, at tile close of June, 1863, he ad
vanced Oin a war of invasion. 'No
-reater disgrace,' he then declared,
'can befall tihe army and through it
our whole people, than the perpetra
tion of barbarous outrages upon the
innocent and defenseless. Such pro
ceedings not only disgrace the perpe
trators and all connected with them.
but are subversive of the discipline
and einiciency of the army, and des
t ructive of tile ends of our movement.
It must be remembered that we make
war only on armed men.' Lee did not,
like Tilly and Melac,exhort his follow
ers to kill and burn;. and burn and kill,
and again kill and burn: to make war
hell. IhIe did not proclaim that he
wanted no prisoners. He did not en-[
join it upon his soldiers as a duty tot
cause the people of Pennsylvania to1
remember they had been there. I1
thank heaven he did rnot, ie at least,
though a Confederate in arms,was still
n American, and not a Tilly nor a
"And here, as a soldier of the Army
of the Potomac, let me bear my testi
mony to such of the Army of Northern
Virginia as may now be present.
While war at best is bad, yet its neces
sary and unavoidable badness was not
in that campaign enhanced. In scopeC
and spirit Lee's order was observed.
nd 1 Loubt if a h~ost ile force ever ad
vanced in anx enemy's country. or fell
back from it in retreat. leaving behind
it less cause ot hlate and bitterness
than did the Army of Northern Vir
ginia in that memiorable campaitgn
which culminated at Gettysburg. Be
cause he was a soldier. Lee did not I
feel it incumbent upon him to pro- 1
claim himself a brute, or to exhort his
followers to brutality.
"I have p'.id my tribute. One word
more and I have done. Some six
months ago, in a certain academic ad-t
dress at Chicago, 1 called to mind theC
fact that a statue of Oliver Cromwell t
ov stood in tile yard of Parliamentc
ouse in London, close to that histor
ic hall of Westminster. from the roof
f which his severed head had once
looked down. Calling to mind the
strange changes of feeling evinced by
the memory of that grinning skul.1 and
the presence of that image of bronze
remembering that Cromwell. once
traitor and regicide, stood now con-- C
spicuous among England's worthiest S
nd most honored-1 asked, 'wily a
should it not also in time be so with a
Lee? Why should not his etligy, erect I
yn his char'ger and wvearing the insig- t
ia of his Confederate rank, gaze from
is pedestal across the Potomac at the
\irginia shore.'- andl his once dlearly'
loved home at A rlington? lie, too. is C
one of the precious possessions of what It
is an essential f'actor in thle nation e
that now is, and is to be.
"My suggest ion was met with an an-t
swer' to wvhich 1 would now make re
lv. 1t was objected that such a me
in'orial was to be provided from the
natonal treasury. and that Lee, edu- '0
cated at West P'oint. holding for years
tme commnissionl of tile United States, t
had borne arms against the nation. I
The rest. I wvill not here repeat. Thei
thing was pronounced impossible.
"Now let me heire explain myself. I
never supposed that Robert E. Lee's
statue in WXashinlgton would be provl
led for by an appropriation from tile
n~atonal treasury. .1 did not wish it: 1
:o not think it tittilng. Indeed, I do C
not rate high statutes erected by act
of congress. and paid for by public I
miony. They have small signiticance.r
Least of all would I suggest such at
one in tl( case of Lee. Nor was it so
with Cromwell. Ihis ettigy is a private 1
gift placed where it is by act of par
liament. So. when the time is ripe,
should it ibe withl Lee. amnd tihe time I
will come. When it does come, the
eligy, assigned to its place merely by I
act of congress. should bear some such
insc'iptionl as this:C
"ROBERT EDWARD7 LEE.,
Erected by Contribution.
Of those who
WXearing the Blue or Wearing the
G ray, ikceognize Brilliant Military
Achievements and Lofty Char-1
act er. Ilonoir G reatness and
Ilumnanity iin War, and
D~evotioni andi Dig
nity in D~e
LtaSised Vron Forty-$Xur Dollars to
One Hundred Dollars.
In the House on Friday Mr. Rich
irds' bill to increase the amount 4f'
:ach scholarship at Winthrop collegf
from $44 to $100 was taiefn up.
31r. Stuckev o17 Lee county favomvnl
the bill. It is a business propositiol.
The state has alrealy est.b.Aished the
scholarships. The questii is shaili
these scholarships be provided for in
)m ple manner.
Mr. Laney of Chesterfield while ad
initting that the scholarships at $44
xclude poor girls. vet lie could not
vote for the $100 scholarships unless
the bill be so amended that the poor
and needy girls are to be benefitted.
Mr. Towill believed in the hIgher
institutions (f learning and their
splendid work, but he could not vote
for this bill as Winthrop is asking for
a $60.000 appropriation this year and
he could not favor so many increased
Mr. Pollock introduced an amend
ment that not more than one from a
family can enjoy scholarships at Win
throp. He objected to some families
monopolizing all the scholarships at
Winthrop. His amendment (which
is identical with the provisions as to
the Citadel scholarships) was adopted.
In reply to Mr. Towill, Mr. Moses
tated that Winthrop colleite is not
asking for this legislation, but it is
recommended by friends of the college
Mr. Tatum offered an amendment
that this scholarship fund should be
included in the regular appropriation.
Mr. D. 0. Herbert declared that
there is a great deal of complaint that
the poorer people are littlebenetitted
by the appropriations to State col
Mr. Dowling of Bamberg warned
the house of last year's deficit of $300.
000 in the State treasury..
Mr. Barron advocated the bill on its
wn merits but opposed Mr. Tatum's
mendment as striking at the neces
sary appropriation for Winthrop.
Mr. Dorroh proposed an amendment
that all free scholarships in all State
institutions be considered as loans
from the State to be repaid in six
years. Mr. Dorrah said this would
top so much cant about charity. Let
the beneticiaries repay the State.
Mr. Pollock objected that the Win
throp girls expect to become married,
ind that if mortgaged to the college
for six years they would be embar
Mr. Dorroh's amendment was lost.
Mr. Tatum's amendment was adopt
d by a vote of 61 to 47. The com
ittee amendment was also adopted.
When the bill was amended in so many
?articulars, Mr. Cooper made the mo
:on to indefinitely postpone. This
was lost by a vote of 49 to 62 and the
All was then ordred to third reading.
Following are the main provisions
f the bill:
That the trustees shall have author
ity to assign the scholarships.
Each county shall have as many
scholarships as it has members of the
louse of representatives-thle aggre
rate being 124.
Each scholarship is valued at $100),
rnd is to be awarded upon competi
ive examination by the State board
The total amount for these scholar
;hips ($12,400) is to be paid out of the
Lnual appropriation for the college.
No person shall be permitted to ap
ply for nor shall receive any such
cholarship when any sister of said
pplicant shall have held such scholar
And the provision which, it is al
eged, proposes to keep girls whose
athers are financially responsible from
~tandng in the way of poor girls
eads: 'The applicants shall make to
,he board of trustees proof, upon cer
iticate of auditor and treasurer of
~heir respective counties, of their
inancial inability to attend college,
Ld shall receive from said board per
nission to enter the competitive ex
A Good Law.
In the State Senate last Friday
norning Mr. Stanland's toy pistol bill
ame up for a third reading. The bill
.s it passed the Senate prohibits the
ale or giving away oi toy pistol
artridges or caps. Senator Ragsdale,
if Florence, wanted to exempt pistols
ooting paper caps from zhe provi
ions of the bill. but Senator McLeod.
if Lee County. made a brief address
ull of good sense and with an eye to
he future. He said it was time
o instil in the minds of the boys that
pistol is somet'hing to be let alone.
t is an easy step from the toy pistol
o a 22 calibre, to a 32 calibre and so
n, and it is a good time now to cease
o encourage the formation of a most
angerous habit. The amendment
ras killed by practically a unanimous
ote and the bill passed and was sent
o the house, where it should be pass
:d without delay, as it is a good law.
Governor Heyward Thursday re
ived a letter from WV. S. Crandall.
ecretary of the American Road Ma
:ers' Association, requesting him to
ppoint ten delegates to attend the
nternational Good Roads Congress,
o be held in connection with the an
*ual meeting of the American Road
akers' Association, in Detroit,Mich.,
n Feb. 13 and 14. In response to
his request the governor has appoint
d President F. H. Hyatt, of the
outh Carolina Good Roads Associa
ion. of Columbia; J1. E. Seegle,
ireenville: W. A. D~owling, Darling
o : H. W. Mitchell, Jr., Charleston;
ohn S. Bolt. Laurens: P. C. Jlohnson.
r., Georges; Col. T. J. Moore, Spar
anburg; B. [R. Mullins, Marion; C. R.
. Burns, Walhalla: [D. J1. G. L.
A Fatal Dispute.
Thomas Lynch, a resident of Brook
n, stabbed .James Golden to death
Thursday in Brooklyn. The men
uarreled over the conviction of Col.
~nch on the charge of treason.
synch, who is not related to the for
oer member of parliament, declared
he conviction of his namesake was an
utrage and that it would have been
etter to kill fifty Englishmen that
o carry out the sentence of death
>assed on C2ol. Lynch by the British
:ourt. Golden resented this and a
ight followed in which the former
as killed. Lynch was arrested. Gol
len was an Englishman.
A Warning Giveni.
Chief of Police Daly of Columbia
ias received a letter from the publish
:rs of "Judge" warning the public
gainst a swindler representing him
elf to be a subscription agent for
hat company. The fellow calls him
elf "H. Lindell" and has been operat
n in the southern cities. He is
tout medium height with black hair.
Ld moustache. Lindel! is also solicit
ng advstising, always with money
STEALII FROM MtE )FELD.
All Such Cases Turned ve; i ine
On Thursday Senator 11ugla, hili
to ma ke steali ig fr'an t h! ieid a mat
tel for .3iagistrate Cu -.ts wa -ak
up" in The ilo'use. . Lyeoxplaineqd.
t:it the chief purp-se waZs to sapv
farna-ers tobei on oCu
such small thits a!d ie lagist mi* es'
Courts could ( easily di(p.s., sich
3r. Laney explaint-i that t i ese
cases went befire the mugistraites un
til 18%4 and it was by a mere over
siaht that such cases were taken out
of the jurisdiction of magistrates.
Mr. Tatum and Mr. Dennis urged
that the negro thief who stole from
the field was not afrati i the Magis
trates' Courts and a thirty-day sent
ence, but they were afraid of waiting
in jail until Court mei anil then re
Ceiving a I lng senteice.
M1r. Moss. of m ramhrg. said the
farmers were willing t:i go to Court to
see that severe punishment was in
Ilicte( on those who stIle from the
field. The Magistrat es' Court is not
Mr. Lofton and Mr. DeVore opposed
the bill and wanted the law left un
Mr. Sarratt. of Cherokee. made a
clear argument in favor of the bill.
Mr. Ftorde said he was a farmer-.but
he wanted less trouble in getting after
the thieves from the tield, and favor
ed the bill.
Mr. Wingo favored the bill as a
matter of economy.
Mr. Peurifoy urged that tie produc
ers wanted the bill. What was want
ed was quick punishment. The bill
was on the right line and ought to
Mr. Banks. of Newberry. favored
the bill. le had five hushels of corn
stolen from his lield. but did not
bother to take the thief to Court. but
if the magistrate could have disposed
of the case he would have prosceuted
Mr. Jeremiah Smith opposed the
bill because it reduced the punish
ment. His people wanted the protec
tion of a high punishment.
Dr. Black said the present law was
a good one and it was unwise to tinker
with a good law.
Mr. Pollock moved to indefinitely
postpone the bill.
After an hour's discussion the House
reached a vote. Mr. Tatum asked for
the 3eas and nays. which resu~lted. by
49 to 59 in a refusal to kill the bill.
M:-. D. 0. Herbert urged that it
would be a great mistake to pass this
bill. It would be unwise to make any
changes in the present law. The
heavier the punishment the greater
the avoidance of the crime. The bill
seeks to reduce' the penalty from a
maximum of five years to thirty days.
the magistrates' jurisdiction. The
jurisdiction of the magistrates cannot
be increased without a constitutional
amendment. His people thought a
severe punishment would deter the
committing of the crime. This change
is unwise and unsafe.
There was another call for the yea
and nay v-ote, and again by a vote of
48 to 5S the H ouse refused to strike
out the enacting words of the bill.
The bill was amended so as to make
the punishment not less than the ex
treme limit. The idea was to impose
the full thirty days or one hundired
dollars' tine, and give no discretion to
the Magistrates' Court to reduce the
ine to less than the maximum of
thirty days or one huindred dollars'
The bill was, after more than an
hours consideration. ordezed to its
third reading. it provides that cases
of theft from the tield shall be tried
by the magistrates and not in the
Court of General Sessions. and under
the bill as adoptod the punishment is
to be fixed at thirty days or one hun
It Is Not Needed.
A bill recently introduce-1 in the
Pennsylvania Legislature "to provide
a commission and appropriation to
erect, in co-operation with the State
of Virginia, an equestrian statue of
General Robert E. Lee on the battle
field or G4ettysburg" has given the
three-for-a-quarter statesmen of that
State a chance to show their teeth
andabuse the Southern people. The
originator of the scheme was Col. A.
K. McClure. who was fir many years
editor oft tihe Philadelphia Times and
who was during the war a gallant
Union oflicer. We recognize the fact
that Col. McClure was actuated by
none save the purest motives, and
that his sole purpose was to give
the South and her great chieftain the
same place on the tield of Gettysburg
which they occupied when it was
swept by shot and shell, and when
brave men faced their brothers for a
ause each believed to be just. But
we dislike very much to see the name
f Lee so placed that an opportunity
is given to very small men to sneer at
the memory of a great man and to
show their shallow minds. We would
like to see a monument erected to the
immortal Lee on the tield of Gettys
~urg if it was put there as a free will
>lfering and paid for- by private funds
ontributed by those who wanted to
thus honor one of the greatest men
this country has ever produced. but
there is no need of a monument to
Lee at Gettysburg or elsewhere if it
is to he paid for out of public funds.
Such monuments mean nothing. As
the Newberry News and Herald well
says ''Lee's greatest monument is the
deep love and reverence which for him
will ever exist~ in the hearts of the
Southern people. What greater
onument, or more enduring, could
mortal wish? The very monuments
which crowd the field of G;ettysburg,
telling of the glorious deeds of the
Northern hosts, tell also of the hero
ism of those who wore the gray. Can
glorious deeds be performed in con
quering a weaker foe. unless a weaker
foe perform deeds more glorious? That
is the question that will spring to the
ips of each thoughtful person who
visits the battlelield of Gettysburg. '
This is true, and it is the only kind of
monument that would be appropri
ate to the great and glorious .Lee.
The bitterness exhibited by those
who oppose the bill serves only to show
the narrowness of spirit which still
prevails among some people who live
at the North and wvho call themselves
Americans. Such exhibitions ot hate
does not hurt the people of the South
r dim the fame that the civilized
world has longz since accorded to Gen.
Robt. E. Lee as a man, a soldier and
a Christian. His name will shine on
the pagres of A merican history when
the little men of the Pennsylvania
Legislature who now assail his mem
>ry are dead and forgotten.
TERE is not a negro in either
branch of the present general assem
bly. This is the first time that this
has been the case sice the negro en
tered poitical afairs in the state.
I AND MU DER.
A N-.'r Cook's Story of' A'o .zid
Tile BIritish steamer llrunsw.S ick.
Capt. 1;row-n. fron Maranham. lrazil,
a Funchal. Island of Madei ra. r
rived at: Liver1pal ThursdayV and latul
- live survivors of the Blritish 1ark
VoiNi Ci. Capt. Shav. Itao ii Ship
island. M iss.. 'cobr;. r'mr Montevi
do. 1ho wvi-' picked up at sea 1w the
"runi'ick befoi re arriving at M un
elml. The m11011 rNorPited that. the \Ve
rnica was bIrned at sea December
:d hut the police detainri Ifour of
theon isuspicion of having mulltin ied
jand midered Capt. Shaw and seven
I he Crew ,oif the \eronica. after
which they are alleged to have set
tire to t1ie 'ship.
The cooik of the Veronica. a colored
a'.n. wlo WaS anoing those who were
rescued by the Brunswick. made
statement to Capt. Brown which
caused hii to cable to Scotland Yard.
W'en questioned at Liverpool the
four saCen said the Veronica was
abandoned because she was on ire.
They added that the chief ollicer and
seaman died on board of her, that
Capt. Shaw and s-me of the crew left
in one boat, and that they (the met
brought here by the Brunswick) left
the bark in another boat nd succeed
ed in reaching Cajucira Island Decem
her 25, in a starving condition, after
drifting for live days. during which
time they subsisted on eleven biscuits
and'a small barrel of water. Thr( e
says later the men were picked up by
The cook, however, asserts that the
men, led by the boatswain, a German,
mutinied and murdered the captain,
chief officer and others. and threaten
ed to kilt him if he betrayed them.
After an investigati .n the four sem
men of the Veronica were formally
charged with murdering seven of their
shipmates. Three of the men in cus
tody are Germans. The fourth is an
American. William Smith, who ship
ped at a Mississippi port.
The Horrible Roads.
It is a sad commentary upon our
civilization that our roads should be
in their present condition. There can
scarcely be found a good road in this
county when the best of weather pre
vails. and during a rainy period like
that which has contineud for the past
several weeks. the roads are almost
impas.able. Something is radically
wrong when such a state of affairs
exists. The trouble lies in the law
under which the roads are worked.
We wish the Legislature could spend
a few days in this county just now
and attempt to drive over any road in
the county. We believe that every
member withodt exception would go
back to Coulmbia determined to take
some action looking towards road im
provement. There i*s nothing to be
gained by keeping up the present sys
tem. What we need and what the
people demand is a property tax that
shall be expended exclusively upon the
permanent improvement of the public
highways. We have been digging
ditches On either side anti piling soft
mud in the centre long enough, and
results have long since shown the
inadequacy of the barbarous practice.
Practically the only people who are
now kicking~ against a property tax
are those who have no taxes to pay.
There is neither pleasure nor profit in
highways such as we now have. There
is a great deal- of pleasure and more
proit in good roads. The only way
to secure good roads is to impose a
tax upon all property and use the
money exclusively in permanent work.
That is what we need and that is
what we demand and must have. In
view of this question, just now all
others fade into insignificance. Th.e
above from the Newberry News and
Herald is along the right line. Some
thing should be done to improve our
True Sympathy WVith Children.
There are many conscientious fathers
and mothers wvho make themselves
and their children miserable by taking
youthful foibles too seriously. It is
an innate propensity of a child posasess
ed of average good health and spirits
to make older people laugh with him,
not at him. but at the things that
seem amusing to his own sense. And
the nmother who has the blithe and
ready humor to enter into his fun be
comecs his most fascinating com panion.
He heeds her rebukes and bends to
her correction without ill feeling,
wheres sternness would arouse his
pride and ire, fo'r he is assured that
she is ready to share all his innocent:
pranks, and that her disapproval has.
no foundation in impatience or in
justice.. And when the day arrives:
that "childish things are put away,"
and the grown men and women look
backward to their early home. with
what a throb of pleasure they say, I
when things happen, "Mother would
appreciate this; she had the quickest
sense of humor of any woman you ever
saw!" And underneath these light I
wors is the thought, "How happy
that dear mother made me. and how
I love her"
"This Hand Never Struck Me."
The Rock Hill Herald says it recent
ly heard of the following touching in
ident, A little boy had died. Hlis
body wvas laid out in a darkened room
waiting to be laid in a cold, lone
grav'e. His amficted mother and
bereaved sister wvent to look at the<
sweet face of the precious sleeper, for1
it wa~s beautiful even in decath. Asi
they stood gazing on the face of one
so beloved and cherished, the little
girl asked to shake his hand. Trhet
mother at first did not think it best, I
ut the child repeated the request<
and seemed very anxious ab~out it.
She took the cold, bloodless hand of
er sleeping boy and placed it in the
hand of his weeping sister. The dear
hild looked at it a moment. caressed
it fondly, and then looked up at her
mother through tears of amfiction andi
love, and said, "MIother, this hand
ever struck me." What could be
rore touching and lovely. This is
the way for little boys ando girls to
The ('rooks Held.
Charles Howard. Thomas Nolan.j
Edward Dougan and Will McIinleyI(
the four men arrested some time agot
in Columbia charged with robbin gI(
postoffices in various parts ofth
State, were committed to jail in de'
ault of .S10,000 bail each to await
trial before United States Court.
hearing was before Commissioner
Verner and over lifty witnesses were
A Tidal Wave.
The fishing schooners arriving at
Mbile. Ala.. fr'om Campeche Banks
report that tin last Monday night a
tidal wave a5 feet high swvept over the I
banks and nearly every boat of the<
lieet was more or less damaged. No(
loss of life is reported. The wave was
from the- south and was felt all along
th oa st.
TO FIGHT LASOR UNIONS.
siat.1cant Letter pf Prealdent of
.A es9vaton Mr
The National Association of Manu
facturers of the United States of
America, through a circular letter be
ing mailed to every manufacturer in
this country, declares for war on or
ganized labor and its aims and objects.
Particular stress is laid on the efforts
of labor to secure the passage of an
eight hour day law before congress,
which is called "vicious." Recipients
of these etters are asked to become
members of this Manufacturers' asso
ciation, and the arguments advanced
are because the organization Is en
gaged in a "bitter uphill fight against
the unlawful demands of organized la
b or. "
The letters bear the signature of Da
vid M. Parry of Indianapolis, the presi
dent, and read:
Dear Sirs-I desire to call your attention
to the signiricant growth of the -National
A ssociaton of Manufacturers. During
e:voiths of June, July, August and
,t'.a&.ior. the most difficult months of
tie y- for new business, our association
has nade the gain of 22 new members.
This striling Increase is the result of the
profound belief that is growing in thf.9
country that there mast be a closer union
amor.g manufacturing employers or in a
few years we shall be so inmeshed in hos
tile legislature that our power to advance
will be practically destroyed.
There are now pending before congress
two bills either one of which Is a serious
menace to the manufacturing interests of
the United States. These bills are the
anticonspiracy and eight hour measures.
The first, imported to this country from
England, has been favorably reported in
the senate. It means that your establish
ment may be "picketed" out of existence
in case of labor trouble. The second is
Intended to be an opening wedge for a
general eight hour day throughout the
United States. This bill provides that any
manufacturer contracting with the gov
ernment shall not be permitted to work
his employees over eight hours without
subjecting himself to a fine of $5 for each
and every employee for each calendar day.
This monstrous measure has passed the
house three times without one word of de
bate. If forced through the senate this
session, It will be followed by similar
bills in each of the states. This Is the
What are the manufacturers of the
United States to do about this? Are we
to sit still and do nothing, or shall we
meet organization with organization? I
consider organization our only salvation.
What is your opinion? If 500 men In your
shop appeal to a congressman to vote for
a certain bill, what is your voice against
the 500 unless you have organization?
Shall there not be in this country one
great, compact organization of diversified
manufacturing interests which shall stand
together as a man against the encroach
ment of organized labor? Is It not time
to bury all feelings of clashing commer
cial policies and get together on a plat
form upon which we all can stand? Is
not our first duty self preservation? All
other questions that press upon us can in
the end be disposed of by the exercise of
wisdom, fair play and firmness of pur
I say to you that the time has come in
the United States when we have reached
the parting of the ways. You are either
to have the mastery of your own business
or you must turn part of its administra
tion over to your employees. Organized
labor claims 1,700,000 members. Each
member pays 6 cents yearly for the main
tenance of a powerful lobby at Washing
ton to secure the passage of measures op
posed to your interests. The total of this
fund, measured by the simplest arithmetic,
s $102,000 per year. What fund has the
manufacturers for defense of their inter
ests? None. Shall this continue?
The National Association of Manufac
urers has no ax to grind except that of
he protection of employers. No officer of
ur association receives a dollar In salary
except the secretary. The presidency
eans a personal expense to me of $5,000
each year. When the danger signal Is
lashed, the members of the legislative
ommittee hurry to Washington, paying
heir own expenses. We are fighting your
Yet to carry on the fight successfully
ve must grow in strength and power. We
nust have money for postage stamps, lit
rature, rent and to pay salaries of some
hirty employees of the association, who
earn money by the severest work. Do
'ou not feel that you should help us?
I inclose you subscription Di.. k filled
>t to myself. It requires your signature.
shall consider it a personal honor If you
ill sign and return It to me. Whether
'ou come with us or not, please let me
bar from you.
The "E. and E. Union."
Another solution of the labor ques
ion has been discovered. The latest
iscovery is by a manufacturer of a
ereal food that is warranted to put
ray matter into the heads of brain
orkers and put strength into the mus
les of athletes and workers. The so
ution is to be brought about by what
his manufacturer styles the "E. and
E union." In this "union" a contract
s entered into between the employer
ad the employee for six months or a
'ear at a rate mutually fixed. The
mployer deposits a satisfactory bond
n the hands of the treasurer of the
mion equal in amount to $23 for every
~mplyee, and each employee deposits
ach pay day 2 cents on the dollar of
ais pay until he has deposited with
he treasurer of the union the sum of
25. If the employer does not keep his
reement, he forfeits $25 to the em
~loye. and the employee likewise for
~eits out of the sum he may have on
leposit up to $25 If he fails to keep
What's the .Use?
What is the use of placing compul
;ory education laws upon the statute
ooks when necessity forces the child
o enter the factory and the mine?
Reessity knows no law, and laws will
e worthless as long as capitalism owns
e powers of government. Strike at
e ballot box for labor to receive
~verything that It earns, and the child
ii be in the school room striving to
~quip its brain instead, of dwarfing
s physical and moral nature In the
went hells of tyranny.-Miners' Ma
Due to U.nionlism.
The history of the bricklayers of this
ountry furnishes a striking illustra
ion of what the trade union does for
s memblers and for the trade. In
77'; bricklayers received 50 cents for
urteen hours: in 1850. $1.73 for
weve hours; in 1002. $4.S0 for eight
Lours-from 4 cents an hour to 630
ents an hour. This union has spent
the past ten years $1,500,000 for
Worse than War.
According to figures recently made
ublic 845 personls were killed and 11.
62 injured on American railway lines
luring a period of three months. This
nay not be considered an excessive
ortality in view of the large number
f persons who daily travel these lines
t when it is contrasted with the
rther statement that during an en
ire year only one person suffered
Leath on the railways of Great ri
ain. one is forced to pause and in
uire the reason for so vast a differ
nce. The Atlanta .Journal thinks
ie reason plain, to-wit. that "'it is a
uh more serious matter to kill a
erson on an Englishl railroad than it
Thirteen Per Cent.
The Spartanburg .Journal says:,
. he absolute necessity for the high
rice of meat has been demonstrated
- he atnnouncmlent that one of the
ig packing concerns made a profit of
f 13~ per cent on a capital of $25,
20.000L last year. Had tile prices
en lower tile packers could not have
ade thd 13 per cent and that would
41% V;ntraneO Into and Hi. Wlaeo In
The spellbinder made his appear
ance coiacidently with the dude iD
the early eighties; at least, the names
arose at about that time. The two
types of men have existed since the
first spellbinder persuaded his brother
troglodytes to form the first tribal gov
ernment and the first dude distinguish.
ed himself from his fellows by scrap
ing the sea mud from his hairy limba
before gulping down the mollusks
whose high heaped shells were to be
the kitchen middens of the archmol
The young Republicans who went
forth converted to Democracy in the
Blaine campaign and with the zeal of
new converts held their audiences
spellbound as they wove chaplets of
rhetorical flowers about the head of
the Democratic candidate were the first
spellbinders. I think. to wear the title.
It was swiftly adopted, however. indis
criminately for all political speakers.
The spellhinders of !!4. rightly or
wrongly. at least left their party for
conscience's sake and gave their serv
ices to their cause. Even today a ma
jority of political speakers are abso
lutely unpaid. Of course one hears
stories of fees of $10,000 paid to a not
ed Democrat for campaign services
against Mr. Bryan in 196 and of fees
of $300 a night pa67 to a noted inde
pendent who opposed Mr. Harrison. In
addition. however. to congressmen and
senators and state and local olficehold
ers who give their services, there are
hundreds of speakers of various po
litical faiths who neither hold nor ex
pect to hold public office who would
regard the offer of payment for a po
litical speech as an insult, Neverthe
less, the spellbinder must get what
comforThe can from the triumph of his
cause, for the world will not credit him
with disinterestedness. and his best
friends. out of politics, think him hired.
The orator of an earlier generation
has had his day. The modern spell
binder, like the man of busingss, the
soldier, the Salvation Army evangelist
concerns himself more with results
than conventional methods. with mat
ter rather than form.-Colonel Curtis
Guild, Jr., in Scribner's.
"0 Rare Ben Jonson!"
A setting of Ben Jonson's "Drink tc
Me Only With Thine Eyes" was pub
lished recently by the Wa-Wan Presv
at Newton Center, Mass. In a few
weeks there came a letter from s
woman who had been a singer in ligh1
opera, but who quit the stage becaus(
she could make a better living popular.
izing songs by singing them into the
phonograph. She wrote from a smaI
New York town, addressing the lettei
to Mr. Ben Jonson, Nedton Center. Ii
Dear Sir-For $5 I will include youl
song, "Drink to Me Only With Thin
Eyes," in my new catalogue of phono
graph records and will also send you
record of the same.
The letter was answered by Arthw
Farwell, the composer, in this strain:
Dear Madam-As Jonson was a pal 01
Bill Shakespeare's he Isn't with us al
the present time. In any case, he would
not sanction this expe~nditure of a sun
which might be so much more satisfac
torily applied at the Mermaid tavern
We feel that the last three centuries havy
sunciently heralded his name abroad t<
make It unnecessary to resort to- the
phonograph in the present emergency.
-New York Tribune.
Two Frock CoatR.
The Paris Figaro thinks that the day
of frock coats is over, reasoning from
a circumstance which lately occurred
at Ostend. During the lnternational
race week King Leopold gave a- lunch
on party and invited a famous Eng
lish gentleman rider, one of the Van
derbilt family, M. de B.. an eminent
French turite and the consul of a great
power. The card of invitation bore in
the corner the words "In frock coat.'
Now, M. de B. had no frock coat with
him, so he went downstairs and, find
ing the manager, begged his frock coal
for a couple of hours. The manager
readily consented, but said, "I must
explain to M1. le Comte that this is not
my best frock coat, which I should
readily have placed at his disposal had
I not already lent it to M1. Vanderbilt.'
The explanation of the matter doubt
less is that the gentlemen did not think
they would need these garments of
form and ceremony on a racing trip to
"Private" John Allen's Feat.
Ex-Congressman John Allen, known
as "Private" Allen, because he was the
only private in the Confederate army,
was standing on Pennsylvania avenue,
Washington. .recently; watching the
Grand Army of the Republic parade.
With han were two ladies. As the
multitude of Grand Army men swept
b,. Private Allen was visibly im
pressed. After several hours had
elapsed Charles A. Edwards, secretary
of the Democratic congressional com
mittee, came along. Allen greeted him,
stopped him and said:
"Edwanis, how long has this parade
been going alongy'
"Four hours and a half," replied Mr.
Edwards after consulting his watch.
Mr. Allen heaved a sigh, turned to
the ladies and said in a tone of melan
"Just see what I held at bay for four
years."-New York Times.
Queen Alexandra's Dainty Fad.
Queen Alexandra's especial fad has
a daintiness well in keeping with her
personality. It is that of having her
pocket money made perfectly clean
nd bright before sbe fingers it. When
ever a check Is turned into hard cash
for her use the coins are scrubbed In a
lather of spirits of wine, water and.
soap before being placed in her purse,
ad any change that may be tendered
her when making purchasos is taken
harge of by the lady in waiting until
t has been subjected to a like process
f purification.-'Philadelphia Telegraph.
Killed in a Snow Slide.
A snow slide which occurred at
ark City, Utah. Wednesday killed
three miners outright and injured
several others. It swep~t down from
the highl mountain that overhangs
the Quincy shafthouse, carrying the
structure down the valley below, and
n its course wrought much other
amage. As soon as the alarm was
heard, work in the locality was sus
pended and the work of rescuing the
nfortunates was pushed energetical
ly. It is not thought there are many
ore persons covered by the slide. It
is feared, however, that more slides
will take place soon and excitement
in the city is great.
ON assuming the duties of the otlice
f Governor of South Carolina on last
ednesday Capt. Heyward delivered
n eloquent and patriotic address.
which will be found in full in another
part of this week's Times and Demo
crat, and we hope every reader of this
paper will read it. The add ress is an
excellent paper, and clearly shows
that the people need have no fear o
Gov. Hleyward coining up to all ex
pectations. Let us all give him our
support and sympathy in making his
Thq Cat ot 04l
The BritislI board of trade 'as uM
published some tables regarding tb
average price of coal at the pit's mouth
In the different great coal producing
countries as well as the number of
tons turned out by a single miner in a
year, which are of timely interest in
this country in view of the investiga
tions now being made by the anthra
cite arbitration commission.
Reducing. the British shillings and
pence to American dollars and cents,
we find the average cost of producing
a ton of coal at the pit's mouth in the
various countries as follows: India,
$1.05; United States, $1.33; Australia,
$1.52; Austria-Hungary, $1,7S; the Unit
ed Kingdom. $2.25; Germany, $2.25;
New Zealand, $2.40; France, $2.88, and
In considering these figures, which
place the average cost of mining per
ton in this country lower than any oth
er country save India. It should be re
mcmberd that the price for the Unit
ed States is the price of all coal. an.
thracite and bituminous, while thE
great bulk of the production in other
countries is soft coal. If the cost at
the pit's mouth of soft coal was taken
for the measure in the United States,
it would bring the figures almost down
to those for India.
Turning from cost at the pit's mouth
to tons per miner per annum, it. Is
shown that the United States leads
with an average of 548 tons. Then fol
low, but a long way behind. New Zea
land with 445 tons. Australia. 430; the
United Kingdom. 278; Germany, 264;
France. 206; Belgium, 177; Austria
iRungary. 163. and India, only 70.
Considering the facts that cost of
mining is less here than in any other
:ountry except India and that the out
put of each miner is greater than that
of any other country, and assuming
that coal in our market brings as high
a price as it does elsewhere, it wouald
seem that coal operators and carriers
have very little of which to complain
when compar!r'- their profits with
those of the people engaged in the
same enterprise abroad.
White Flour and Appendicitis.
The notion advanced by the humor
ists that appendicitis Is a- disease In
vented for the purpose of conferring
social distinction may have to be aban
doned if the theory of an Illinois phy
sician Is tenable.
This physician declares that appendi
citis was rare before the new processes
of rolling wheat were invented- He
says: "About the-date mentioned (1875)
there began to be a generalchange
from the old methods of grinding grain
to the present method of- roller mMs
and excessively fine bolting cloths.
This plan of milling began first in the
large cities, and appendicitis bega to
increase first there. Later the new
process crowded out the small mills In
the country, and the people could not.
get flour made by the old process.7
They bought products of the large
milling establishments, and then the
farmers began to have appendicitis."
He adds. "Experienced millers will tell
you that the fine flour is less desirable
flour than that made by the old proc
ess, but the trade demands it chiefly
on account of -Its whiteness."
.The Illinois doctor says-also that in
the last few years appendicitis has be
come one of the most common of dis
eases, and he regards the discovery of
the ca'use of its increase as of supreme
Importance. So it Is. but still one
physician's opinion does not settle i
"The main difference between the
New York and Chicago horse shows,"
says the Chicago Tribune, "is the -
amount of d'.amonds displayed. New -
York beats C'aicago about two barrels."Q
This causes the Kansas CIty Star to<:
observe tha'. the main difference be
tween the TKansas City horse show and
those in New York and Chicago is Ing
the figures on which to display dian
monds, and In this particular Knsas
City beats both of its rivals by a thou
IMr. Edison can do the traveling pub
lic a real service by dropping the stor
age battery for a few moments and
turning his ~attention to inventing some
system whereby the crew and passen
gers of a through express train may be
able to defend themselves against any
lone robber that may take a notion to
loot the train.
During a recent debate In the Span
Ish cortes General Weyler asserted
that he would have terminated the Cu
ban Insurrection if he had not been re
alled. Undoubtedly, but before this
was accomplished he would have ter
minated all the Cubans.
Connecticut goes New York one bet
ter and sentences a reckless automo
bile driver to a year's imprisonment,
The New York chauffeur who caused
the injury to a score or more of people
got off with six months' imprisonment
Whatever else may be the matter
with Mr. Schwab. he is evidently not
suffering with locomotor ataxia. After
having traveled over a good portion of~
Europe he is now qv~ for India.
The Cubans appear to think that it
would impair their independence to get
on really friendly terms " :h the Unit-.
-A Bank Robbed.
.'our men robbed the Citizen's Bank
of Waterloo early Wednesday and es-.
caped with 8:3,500 in cash, after ex
changing shots with citizens attract-~~
ed to the scene by the explosion. A.
dozen citizens appeared on the scene:
after the explosion, gathered at the
bank and opened tire on the robbers..
The fire was returned, one of the rob-'
bers on guard shouting to the citizens*
that they had come there to rob the
bank and intended to do it. Their
work finished, the robbers made a
dash into the darkness. Another fusi
lade of bullets was exchanged but no
body was hurt, the robbers finally get.
tin away in a stolen rig.
AL.TIIUR Lynch, Irish member of
the British parliment, was found .
guilty of treason on Friday for aiding
the Boers in their war against Eng
land and was sentenced to death. The
sentence will no doubt be commuted
SENATOR McLaurin has sold his
home in Bennettsville and it is
thought he will move to the up-coon
try, probably to Greenville.