Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY.FEBRUARY 11.1903. NO. 28
A HARD FIGHT.
Railroads Must Stand by the Rate!
Stated in Bills of Lading,
AND TO PAY FOR LOST FREIGE1'
According to the Value Stated it
the Bill- of' Lading Within
Sixty Days Says the
On Tuesday of last week in tht
House 'Mr. J ohnson had a bill relativ
to the carrying outof rates on freights
He wanted it made mandatory tha1
the railroads recognize the rates placed
in a bill of lading, and that no mor
sh)uld be collected. Mr. Johnson in
sisted that the railroads had no right
to exact a cent more than is stipulatei
in the bill of lading. A clause in hil
bill required immediate payment foi
articles lost in transit. He said thern
was no suchAct now on the statut
books. The railroads collect, he in
sisted, thousands. and even millions,
in excess charges. and kept the money
from six months to two years. He
insisted that the Sullivan Act doe
not reach the case at all. These laws
are a nullity because of the penalty.
Mr. Johnson's bill is bitterly opposed
by the railroads, because they knows
it could be enforced. This bill pro
vides for a forfeit to the treasury and
half to the consignee.
Mr. Williams said he saw no use foz
the bill, or for so heavy a furfeit. He
knew of .several suits pending under
the Sullivan Act. The railroads
ought to be made to carry out thei.
contracts, but they ought not to be
crowded. The bill ought to be killed.
Mr. Toole, of Aiken. said he had
experience in getting freight claims
settled. He had spent a year in get
ting a settlement. When goods are
shipped freights have to be paid. I
we have enough law more will do nc
harm. The penalty now is not
Mr. Beamguard said last session he
had such a bill passed in the House,
but it was killed in the Senate. If the
penalty is not made large enough the
railroads will pay no attention to it.
Mr. Thomas said the bill under
took to take property without due
process of law, and proposes to hold a
South Carolina railroad responsible
for a loss that may have occurred in
some other State and line outside of
the State. The bill proposes that a
claim should be paid "upon demand"
regardless of its validity. At the last
session an Act was passed that the
railroads must pay or refuse to pay
within sixty days. The Act was held
to be constitutional, and is as far as
the laws can go.
Mr. Thomas knew where judgments
bad been recovered on the very Act
in question, and a judgment for 850
had been recovered for refusal to set
tle within sixty days.
Mr. Coggeshall said he never rep
resented a railroad, and came from a
section that was as much oppressed
by railroads as any in South Carolina,
but be opposed the bill as being un
Mr. W. J. Johnson said it was easy
to find out actual cost, so the rail
roa a can settle upon that basis. The
bill will show the cost. If the bills
do not give the cost then there can
be no arbitration. The Sullivan bill
is totaily ignored by the railroads.
There never was a more just measure
than this. There is a universal de
mand for such a bill'. He was asked
for a copy of the bill by the Columbia
Chamber of Commerce.
Mr. Cooper, of Laurens, favored re
quiring the railroads charging only
for what they delivered. The bill
simply imposes a tine of s200 because
the railroads say they do not owe the
claim and have thanatter settled in
the courts. The idea is simply to
impose a fine of $200 for daring to
contest a claim. If there were but
one railroad in the State' this bill
might do, but there are several rail
road systems and it is wrong to arbit
rarily bold one party responsible if it
wishes to test the matter. The bill
is unjust and unfair and unreason
Mr. Johnson insisted on a yea and
nay vote and the House was exactly
divided and therefore Mr. Cooper's
motion to kill failed. The vote stood:
Yeas-Speaker Smith, Aull, Bailey,
Banks, Barron, Bates, Black- Black
wood, Bomar, Brooks. Brown. Calli
son, Carey, Coggeshall, Colcock,
Cooper, Culler, DeVore, Dowling, Ed
wards, H~askell, Hendrix, Humphrey,
James, Logan, Mace, Magill, Middle
ton, Morgan, Parnell, Patterson,
Pearman, Pyatt, Quick, Rawlinson,
Sarratt, Seabrook, W. C. Smith,
Stackhouse, Tnomas, Towill, Walker,
Nays-Bass. Beamguard, Clifton,
DeBruhl, Donnald, Dorroh, Doyle,
Ford, Fraser. Gause. Gourdin, Hlaile,
Harrellson, D. 0. Herbert, Hlintomn,
Irby, Jarnegan, Johnson, Kelley, Kib
ler, King. Leaverett. Little. Lyles,
McCain, Mauldin, Mims, Nichols,
Peurifoy, Pollock, Rainsford, Rankin.
Ready, Richardson. Jeremiah Smith,
Tatum, Toole, Tribble, Wade, Webb,
Whaley, Wingard, Wingo, Wright
The bill was then ordered to its
third reading as follows:
TEXT OF THE BILL.
Section 1. That from and after the
passage of this Act all railroad~s or
railroad companies doing husiness irj
this State shall protect the rate of
freight stipulated in the bill of lading
for the carriage of all freights, good:
wares and commodities of every kind
whether the said bill of lading be
foreign or domiestie, and for the failuri
or refusal of any railroad or railroat
companies or their agents to deliver al
such freights. goods, wares or ot he:
commodities upon demand, and pay
ment of freight charges equallimg thy
rate stated in thbe bill of lading. sax
railroad company shall be fined in the
sum of two hundred dollars. to be re
coveren for- each and every offence, ii
any Cout of competent .iurisdiction
one-half of which shall go to the con
signee aggrieved and the remamin
balance deposited in the county treas
urv as other public funds.
Section 2. That where any loss o
shortage occurs im any shipment u
goods, wares, mer-chandise or othe
.nmodities. as may be shown by tn'
original dinioivam ring the pan
rioad il of lading-. th.?, railroad,
railroad comipany delivermll t!le Pa
t ial shipment shall. upcn t he demal
of t be Consignee or consignees at ti
time of delivering the partial shi
ment. pay the consignee the full Co
value f all such goods. wares. me
chandise or other coamodities as mt
have been lost in transit. For ti
failure or refusal of any railroad or ra:
road company or their agents to cor
ply with the provisions of this sectio:
said railroad company shall be fine J
the sum of two hundred dollars fi
each and every offence. to be recoveri
in any Court of competent jurisdict io:
one-half of which shall be paid to 11
consignee agrieved. and the baian
placed in the county treasury whei
the oflence may I. ve been com:nitte
and used as other public funds.
Section 3. All &mage to good
wares. merchandise or commodities
every kind while in transit. caused bi
water, cai eless handling or otherwis
shall likewise be adjusted at the tin
of delivery by the railroad or railroa
company delivering tihe same. unc
fine and penalty of the preceding se
RAIL ROAD BILL KILLED.
The State Senate Refuse to Lim
the Hours of Labor.
On Wednesday Mr. Hydrick's bi
"to regulate the daily hours of servit
of employes of railroads and railwa
companies doing business in th:
State" with a majority unfavorab]
and a minority favorable report wit
amendments, was next taken up i
the Senate. The debate which er
sued was made principally on th
amendment to limit the hours to I
instead of 10 hours.
Mr. Hydrick explained why b
thought the measure necessary. The
employes are under great corporatior
and knowing that their daily bread
dependent upon their labor mw
necessarily bow to oppression. reali:
ing full well that on the slightes
complaint they swill be hustled ou
and other men put into their place.
"The bill," said Mr. Hydrick, "is sin
ply to provide that no railway efr
ploye shall work more than 12 houi
each day without extra compensatio
and in cases of emergency when hi
services are demanded there is a pr(
vision to collect his extra compensz
tion by suit necessary."
Mr. Sheppard said no bill introduce
deserved a more speedy rejection tha
this one. He characterized it a
paternalism in its worse shape. I
differs from the child labor bill in tha
it attempts to interfere with the con
tracts made between adults and coi
porations. These men knew full we]
the conditions that would be imposed
they are not in any way bound to rE
main in their psesent position an
more than that it is an immora
thing to advise a man to break hi
contract by bringing suit for th
overtime, besides giving the right t
annul that contract by suit Which hi
would be permitted to bring any tim
within six year::. As a matter of en
couraging litigatiou this bill has n
superior and would be grievous to th
railroads and he believed its rejectio:
a duty the senate owed to the peoplE
Mr. J. W. Ragsdlale said that he wa
undecided as to how he would vote o:
the bill until he had heard the argu
ments of Mr. Sheppard and now h
wa emphatically in fav'or of it. Mi
Ragsdale tol:i how- the train crew
were often sent out on duty at Floi
ence just after return from a long an'
tedious trip and he knew that thei
condition was such that they were no
capable of assuming the responsibili
ties devolving upon them. It is a dut;
the generally assembly owed to th
traveling public and the families de
pendent upon them.e There are ni
poiton lore trying than that oif
1ailroad man and to discharge his du
ties aright he should be in the bes
possible physical condition. Mr. Rags
dale also referred to the operator
along the line and the long hours the:
are often required to work.
Mr. Raysor thought it a dangerou
thing to attempt to interfere in con
tracts between adults and told of th'
differences between the hours of wori
in the busy and dull seasons. It woul<
be too much to keep two sets of mel
employed and as a general rule th
men would prefer to do the work thal
allow a green man to handle his book
if he is employed in the freight de
rartment. and besides if ieliefs ar
employed this would be nothing les
than a reduction of salaries. The bil
is not a protection nor will it reined,
the evils complained of.
Mr. Manning brought the length,
debate to an end by a motion to irn
The yeas and nays were demandel
and resulted as follows:
Yeas: Messrs. Blake. liutler. Den
nis, Douglass, Forrest, llardlin, Hay
Herndon, Hood. H ough. Man ning
Matleld. McCall, Melver, Raysom
Sharpe, Sheppard. von Kolnity
Nays: Messrs. Aldrich, Brice, Car
penter, Davis, G;oodwin. Hlydric~
. oh nson, Marshall. Mower, Peu rifoy
G W. Ragsdale, .1. W. Rtagsdal(
S tackhouse. Stanland--14.
So the bill was killed.
D~eath in a Storm.
It is feared that 47 went to thei
death in the storm which struck Sag
iaw Bay Tuesday night, says a die
patch to the Tribune from Bay Cit3
Mich. The men were living in shar
ties built on the ice. The storm burs
without warning. It was accompanie
by a blinding swirl of sn~ow and th
waves crushed the ice in the bay upo
which the ti:;hermen's huts wer
standing into a grinding. crun':hin
mass. Nothling! has been seen of me
or shantie~s since. It is known tha
to were drowned and little hope i
expressed for the others.
Th~e safe of the Pendleton Manufar
turing company at Autun. nea
Pendhleton' was bilownl openl wit
dyn amie by three robb~ers on TIuesda
morning before daylight and $100 wt
Istolen. Robbers also hlew open th
safe of W. P'. C;ook at Iva. And~erso
cony onTedymrning at 2::2
and gvt.8:'. A el.rk~ in the store wr
waked by the explosion and0 tire'd:
the robbers, hut missed them.
Give a wonan a rope of pearls an
ad some furs and she wvill manage i
dress to her satisfaction in any cliin
and for any occasion.
AN 0I1 INSPECTOR.
p- The State Senate Passes an Act Pro
viding for the
CREATION OF SUCH AN OFFICE
And That All Illurninating Oils Sold
d in This State Shall St.and
a Certain Fire
The "bill to create the office of oil
f inspector: to prescribe the amount of
Y his salary; to establish the fees for in
spectors of oils and to provide for thE
d disposition of such fees" was the tirst
- business taken up in the Senate on
As soon as the bill was read Mr.
Brice moved to strike out the enact
ing clause and gave as his reasons that
the measure had the appearance of
t creating a fat job for somebody, that
it is useless and expensive and the ap
pointee, should the bill become a law,
would cost the State as much for his
i expenses as his salary would amount
e to; that it would be impr icticable in
that no one man could go all over this
State and accomplish all the duties
S that would be required of him.
e Mr. -Good win stated that he had in
troduced a crude bill at the last ses
sion looking to the remedy of the evils
here to be corrected and it had been
referred to the judiciary committee
e and this is the ,ne that they had for
2 mulated in conformity to the one now
in successful operation in Georgia.
e "Greenwood," said Senator Goodwin,
e "has long been the dumping ground
s for the refuse cl of the Standard Oil
s Company," and the complaints had
t become so general that he determined
to give the people some relief from the
t great imposition that was being prac
t ticed upon them. He read extensively
from the reports of the Georgia in
spector to show that the people had
- been benetitted by its operations.
s True the cost of I cent a gallon comes
a out of the consumer, but as a return
s they get a purer and more lasting
Mr. Butler thought that the evil
complained of could be regulated by
i statute just as the sale of the toy pis
2 tol had been made a misdemeanor and
s agreed with the position taken by Mr.
t Mr. Manning is opposed to the mul
tiplication of offices, but when an evil
exists ard it is necessary to correct it
by the establishment of an additional
office he would assent. Other States
have tried it, and are satistied, and
from the evidence before the commit
1 tee he is constrained to believe that
the Standard Oil Company has taken
& South Carolina as a dumping ground
3 for the rejected oil shipped into other
Mr. Marshall said that the bill orig
inally proposed to establish one inspec
3 tor in each congressional district, but
i he deemed this unnecessary and
I thought the better plan to pay him a
- stated salary and expenses. True, he
a could not do all the work required of
2 him at one, but he believed that the
- retailers would assist him by sending
a samples and reporting special cases
-which needed immediate investiga
s tion. Mr. Marshall further stated that
- the committee was unanimous in its
Sfavorable report with the proposed
t Mr. Hlydrick gave his "experience"
- in a summer resort hotel and thought
the punishment should be extended to
3 the retailer as well as the wholesaler.
Mr. Mayfield also advocated the
>measure and said that the Standard
iOil Company has various reposits es
Stablished all over the State and it
t would be, as a general rule, only nec
-essary to test their contests.
A lie spoke of the superiority of the
I oil received from Savannah over that
purchased in Blackville. "I ncreased
S cost to the consumer is an old song al
-ways conveniently sung by the oppon
Sents of any measure."
C Mr. Hood stated that the greater
I portion of the oil brought into this
SState comes in tugs to Charleston and
from there is shipped to all points in
the State. Hie suggested that if the
inspector spent the greater portion of
'his time there that he could be of effi
cient service to the people. He be
lieved that the retailers would give
him a cordial support and thus help
to relieve the people from the imposi
tioni now thrust upon them.
i Mr. Johnson said that he would be
- the last man to impose an unnecessary
tax upon the people, but that the evil
complained of was real and not imagi
nary, and to his own knowledge a
- shipment of oil which had been re
,jected in G;eorgia had been then sent
Sto Aiken County.
Mr. Heradon stated that the loss of
the condemned. oil would ultimately
fall on the Standard Oil Company.
-Mr. Sheppard also favored the mecas
On motion of Mr. Manning the bill
passed to a third reading with notice
of several amendments.
PROVISIONs OF THE ACT.
.Section two of the bill provides that
r no illuminating oil or burning fluid to
be used in lamps, stoves or heaters
shall be sold, offered or kept for sale
within tis State with fire test of less
than 125 degrees and with a fiash test
of less than 100 degree fahrenheit.
Sectionn 3. Provides that for the
epurpose of enforcing the provisions of
this act the governor shall appoint
one inspector of oils 'for a term of two
years at a salary of $100 a month and
his actual expenses while engaged of
tiially, which shall be paid by the
sState treasurer upon a warrant drawn
by the comptroller general, provided
suc inspector shall furnish monthly
.on itemized sworn statement of h'e
rcepenses to the comptroller general.
[Se. 4. The inspector shall inspect
by test all such oils and fluids sold,
otered for sale, and kept for sale,
e within this State wheresoever found
and at the request of any person in
0 treted as informer or otherwise.
S ec. 5. Whenever'any such oils or
tuids fail to come up to the test here
in provided, it shall be seized.an$ sold
forc redistillation only to the highest
bider by the inspector after, giving
o. tive dav's notice of such sale on~court
ehouse dioor and the proceeds remitted
to eSa tre-wurer rnonthly.
Sec. 6. If such oil reaches, or sur
passes the tests herein provided, the
vessel containing the same shall be
branded, "South Carolina, Approved"
or "Surpasses," as the case may be,
with date of inspection followed by
the signature of the inspector.
Sec. 7. Upon refilling in whole or
part any vessel so branded such brand
shall be erased or cancelled by the
person having the same in possession
under penalty of not more than thirty
days imprisonment or one hundred
Sec. 8. For each inspection as here
in provided the inspector shall charge
a fee of one-half cent per gallon on
the whole lot or lots inspected and re
mit the same to the State treasurer.
of which he shall keep a full and cor
rect record, and at the end of each
month make his report to the compt
roller gen3ral of the amounts inspect
ed during the previous month, to
gether with his itemized expense ac
counts,both of which statements shall
be made under oath.
Sec. 9. The secretary of State shall
furnish said inspector the testing in
struments named in this act, or other
instrument as well defined. Also with
the necessary stencils and blanks for
monthly reports, and to pay therefor
shall draw his warrant on the State
Sec. 10. Any person interfering with
or obstructing any inspector in his ef
fort to discharge his offlicial duty,upon
conviction thereof shall pay a fine of
not more than $50 nor imprisonment
not more than thirty days.
Sec. 11. All such oils or fluids as
shall in any manner be so handled,
disposed of or used as to evade in any
way the provisions of this act shall be
forfeited and sold and the proceeds
paid to the State.
THE SHERIFFS MPET.
Well Attended Meeting of the Offi
cers of the Law.
The State says a number of sheriffs
from the different counties in the
State met in convention Thursday
night in the office of the sheriff of
Richland counzy. This meeting was
an effort to revive the sheriff's associa
tion of the State which has been al
lowed to become quiescent in the last
few years. The meeting was called
to order by Sheriff T. S. Burch of
Florence, and Sheriff J. E. Comwell
of Chester county acted as secretary.
The following sheriffs were among
Fairfield- -R. E. Elliton.
'Clarendon-J. Elbert Davis.
Abbeville-C. J. Lion.
Union-J. W. Sanders.
Greenville-J. D. Gilreath.
Newberry-M. M. Buford.
Berkeley-J. B. Morrison.
Richland-W. H. Coleman.
Pickens-J. H. McDaniel.
Lancaster-J. P. Hunter.
Sumter-H. W. Scarborough.
Lee-J. M. Smith.
Beaufort-H. H. Porter.
Orangeburg-John H. Dukes.
Kershaw-J. S. Tranthamn.
Bamberg -John B. Hunter..
Colleton--L. G. Owens.
The organization was perfected by
the election of the following officers:
President-T. S. Burch of Florence.
Vice President-W. H. Coleman of
Secretary--J. E. Comawell of Ches
The sheriffs first discussed the prop
osition to have the general assembly
provide a reasonable salary for the
deputy. Then they discussed a re
quest to the general assembly to re
peal the law prohibiting the railroads
from allowing the sheriffs passes on
The body decided that the organiza
tion should be permanent and should
meet from year to year to discuss mat
ters of special interest to such othei
A committee consisting of Sheriffs
Porter. Coleman, Lio~n and Scarbor
ough was appointed --o draft resolu
tions to be presented to the general
assembly. The president and vice
president were appointed a committee
to see that these resolutions are
properly presented to the general as
Murder and Suicide.
At Winston-Salem, N. C., on Wed
nesday night Banks Miller, a young
man shot his wife and then killed him
self. Both died in a few minutes.
Miller and his wife had a dispute and
decided to separate. She left her hus
band, taking their two children to
the home of relatives. Miller called
to see his wife and. after talking over
their misunderstanding, the wife con
sented to live with her husband again.
As he started to leave the room he
asked his wife to come to the door and
kiss him good-night. She complied
with the request. Miller immediately
thereafter turned around and iired at
her, the ball taking effect in her right
breast. The husband then placed the
pistol to his head and fired. When
the officers arrived at the house, Mil
er and his wife were lying on the floor:
dead. There were two eye-witnesses
to the tragedy.
Digging for Gold.
Some negroes who live near the old
Carpenter's Mill in Anderson County,
are spending a good deal of time in
digging in a hill side across the creek
from the mill with the expectation of
finding buried treasure. One of the
negroes claims to have had a vision in
a dream not long ago In which he was
told that if he would dig at a certain
spot he would find *20,000 In gold.
He let two other negroes into the
secret, and they have spent several
nights in digging up the earth. So
far they have not found anfthing.
There has long been a tradition that
Mr. Robert Smith, who owned the
mill many years ago, buried some
money on the place, but nobody has
ever put much faith in it.
The Davis Hlome.
At a meeting on Tuesday at Jack
son, Miss, of the Beauvoir committee
of the Sous of Confederate Veterans,
the $10,000 for the purchase Beauvoir
was raised. The deed to the property
will be received from Mrs. Davis in a
STATE (rOOD ROADS
Convention Met in Columbia Las
THE ATTENDANCE WAS GOOD.
A Memorial to the Legislature Wa
Adopted, Officers Re-elected
and Other Business
The annual convention of the Soutl
Carolina Good Roads Association me
in Columbia on Tuesday of last wee]
and was in session two days. Thi
convention was opened with an im
pressive prayer by Rev. J. F. Beasley
An address of welcome was made b
Hon. Francis H. Weston and Governo
Heyward then spoke for a few minute
in an enthusiastic manner upon th
purposes of the convention and th
subject with which it was dealing
Governor Heyward believes that tho
success of the movement can be ac
complished through taxation and b]
the bond system. He assured th<
members that he would heartily ren
der them any aid in his power.
Mr. F. H. Hyatt, the president :
the association, then addressed th(
meeting chiefly upon the Brownlov
bill recently introduced in Congres
providing for a national appropriatior
for the good roads movement.
The roll was called by State Geolo
gist Earle Sloan, the secretary, and
about 40 members responded.
The minutes of the meeting held al
Greenville on Dec. 19 last were read
and the former officers were then re.
elected by acclamation. They are F
H. Hyatt, president; Earle Sloan o1
Charleston secretary, and B. F. Tallej
of Anderson, treasurer.
A committee of five was appointed
for the purpose of drawing up suitabl(
resolutions and memorials to be sub
mitted to the legislature. The mem
bers of the committee were J. 1
Major, Greenwood: C. D. Smith
Greenville; E. McI. Williamson, Dar
lington; S. H. Owens, Richland; W.
P. Cantwell, Charleston, and the
president, ex-otlicio, chairman.
The convention then took a recess
until 7:30 o'clock when the resolution.
prepared by the committee were sub
mitted and discussed. The resolution.
as adopted read as follows:
Whereas the development of the re
sources and industries and the ad
vancenient of the highest civilizatlor
of this State largely depend upon th(
facilities for intercourse and transpor
Whereas the constantly increasing
service imposed upon the highways
renders them extremely difficult of
travel,the improvement of these high
ways becomes an imperative necessity
for which the present statutory pro
visions are lamentably inadequate,
therefore be it
Resolved, That the honorable legis
lature now in session be earnestly me
morialized to enact such legislation a.
will relieve the oppressive burdens of
almost impossible travel to the mart,
of trade, to the school houses and tc
the churches. That this honorable
body be petitioned accordingly tc
rant the following prayers, to wit:
1. That the respective counties be
authorized to issue county bonds for
the betterment of their public high
ways and bridges, provided the major
ity of such qualitied electors as are
freeholders may so decide in an elec
ion to be called by the county corn
2. That the respective boards oi
ounty commissioners of this State be
authorized to institute a tax levy fo:
the improvement of their respective
roads and bridges.
3. That the honorable legislature
will enjoin upon our representatives it
ongress the importance of according
their earnest support to the measure
now pending before that body whict
provides for national cooperation .in
the improvement of the public high
ways the same being essential to the
ready transmission of the United
4. That the honorable senate be
rged to enact the measure approved
by the honorable house which provides
that all convicts under sentence tc
penal servitude for a period of 10 years
r less shall serve on the chaingang!
f the respective counties in whicb
they have been convicted.
5. Resolved, That the chairman
shall appoint a committ~ee, of whicb
e shall be ex-officio chairman, to ten
der a copy of these resolutions to the
appropriate committees of the senate
and house and to urge that they grant
the relief herein prayed.
The second section at first indicate1
that each township might be taxed at
the discretion of a majority of its free
olders but tbis was thought inadvis
able aud that section was so altered
s to force the richer townships te
help the poorer ones in case cf a tax
The following resolutions were
Resolved, That the most earnest ex
pression of grateful appreciation be
extended to his excellency, Governor
D. C. Heyward, for his warrm sympa
thies and very active cooperation with
the Good Roads Association of South
Carolina, and that we thank him for
his able address on the subject of
The president announced that the
ounty supervisors would then be
eard from in alphabetical order, as
to the progress of the good roads
movement in their respective counties.
Each gentleman's talk was brief but
f great interest to the members of
the convention. The su'>jects chiefly
dealt with were road material, fooc
for convicts, their shelter, the cost of
keeping them, the advantage of State
prisoners as compared with chaingang
prisoners, long term men as comparec
with short term men, free labor, hired
labor, road machinn~s. etc.
County Supervisors G. HI. Nickels,
of Abbeville, D. C. Bruce, of Bam
berg, J. 0. Darby, of Chester, Owen!
of Clarendon, J. B. McBride, of Flor
ence, J. HI. Read, of Georgetown, J.
. Speigel of Greenville. and J. M.
Major of Greenville spoke.
Among those in attendance upoc
the convention are the following:
Abbeville-G. H. Nickels.
Bamberg-D. C. Bruce.
Barnwe1-A. W. Barker.
Berkley-J. H. Hairly.
Charleston-W. P. Cantwell.
Chliokie-J. V. Whelchel.
Chester--J. 0. Darby.
Colleton-J. V. Moore.
Dorchester-J. H. Knight.
Fairfield-A. F. Hood.
Fiorence--J- B. McBride.
Georgetown-J. H. Read.
Greenville-J. E. Speigle.
S Greenwood-J. M. Major.
Lancaster-L. J. Boyd.
Marlboro-M. E. Coward.
Orange-.,urg-O. M. Dantzler.
Pickens-L. D. Stephens.
Richland-S. H. Owens.
I Sunter-W. H. Seal.
t Williamsburg-J. J. Graham.
C Lee-J. 0. DeRant.
e Darlington-E. M. Winson.
- Florence-D. I. Traxler.
Greenville-E. L. Walker. C. D.
r Oconee-G. F. Stalvey.
s Richland-D. C. Sontsburg and B.
3 M. Douglas.
3 Sumter-Q. T. McNeil.
3 A SWINDLER ARRESTED.
3 A Slick Negro Rascal Arrested for
The Spartanburg correspondent of
v The State says for several days past
3 there has been parading about the
I streets a portly negro man whose
rotundity of form bore evidence of
- easy living. Wednesday he was ar
I rested and tried in Magistrate Kirby's
court for assuming the role of emigra
tion agent without the necessary $500
license. He gave as his name William
White, and claims to be a janitor at
one of the national banks in Washing
ton, D. C. He has put in some profit,
able work among the credulous ne
groes of Spartanburg. He sets forth
to them the following kind of propo
sition-that upon the receipt of $1.
each person will be furnished ~free
transportation to Washington where
jobs paying from $20 to $35 per month
in the cooking, house keeping, hos
telry and other lines await them.
Next Monday evening was the date
fixed for the exodus: and the trans
I portation, according to his state
ments, would be sent from R. Jones,
1425 Main street, Washington, D. C.
White told the negroes that he mere
ly exacted the dollar as a guarantee
that each one would show up at the
Southern depot on next Monday even
ing at the appointed hour for depar
ture, and that once started on towards
Washington, he would refund the
coin. Wednesday morning he told-his
story once too often. His listener
was a wary negro, and offered to wager
-$5 producing the money, that White
could not furnish transpottation free
to Washington. This led to a discus
sion, the result of which was that the
negro John Young, appeared before
the magistrate and had a warrant is
sued for White. White was tried in
Magistrate Kirby's court Wednesday
afternoon. He had no license for his
line of business and was bound over
to the next term of sessions court.
He was lodged in jail in default of
PASSED THE SENATE.
The Railroad Employees Win Their
Fight After All.
The Senate Friday again devoted
much of its time to debate and held
two sessions in order to hasten the
work before it.
A surprise was in store for the
members when, as soon as the body
assembled Mr. Brown moved that the
vote taken the night before by which
the bill providing that members of
the railroad relief department be al
lowed the right to sue the raIlroad
companies for damages was killed be
reconsidered. The motion prevailed.
Mr. Hood stated that -he for one
wanted to change his vote of the
night previous, giving as his reason
that he did not think it right that
employees should be coerced by the
order issued by President Ervin that
membership in the relief department
was essential to securing employment
with the Atlantic Coast Line Com
pany; and further that he learnedi
that employes of said company could
secure insurance at the same or
cheaper rates in other fraternal or
ganizations and therefore he desired
to vote for the bill.
Mr. Maytield proposed making it a
special order for Monday but Mr. J.
W. Ragsdale objected. Mr. Mayfield
then proposed Tuesday and again Mr.
Ragsdale objected, with the proposi..
tion that he would be willing that
the votes of all absent senators who
voted against the bill the previous
night should be counted against it.
This propositlon was considered first
and the yeas and nays being demand
ed resulted as follows:
Yeas-Messrs. Blake, Carpenter,
-Davis, Douglass, Forrest, Goodwin,
Hlerdon, Hood, Bough, Hydrick,
Johnson, Manning, Marshall, McDer
mott, Peurifoy, Ragsdale, G. W.,
Ragsdale, J1. W., Raysor, Stackhouse,
Talbird, von Kolnitz-21.
Nays-Messrs. Aldrich, Brice,
Brown, Butler, Dennis, Gaines, Hiar
din, Hay, Mayfield, McCall, Mclver,
Mcbeod, Sharpe, Sheppard, Stanland.
Walker, Williams- 1.
So the bill passed third reading and
was sent to the house.
Death of a Teacher.
A t Rock Hill Miss Sophie D. Whil
den. a member of the faculty of the
music department of Winthrop Col
lege, died Tuesday morning at 5
oclock from an attack of pneumonia,
which first developed last Wednesday.
Miss Whilden was a nativ: of Charles
ton, but had lived and tauight in sev
eral other places, notably inl Green
ville, S. C., and for the past five years
The nomination of W. D. Crum,
colored, to be collector of the port at
Charleston, S. C., was discussed
Thursday by the senate committee on
commerce, but action again was posti
poned. There wis sutlicient expres
sion of opinion tc, lead members pres
ent to conclude that if a -:ote should
be taken the con-mittee w-ould record
itself in opposition to Crr:m's contirma
CHILD LABOR BILL.
Full Text of the Bill as it Passed the
The following is the full text of the
Child Labor Bill as it passed the
Senate and House:
Sec. 1. That from and after ie
first day of May, 1903, no child u ,'er
the age of 10 years shall be emph ed
in any factory, mine or textile m au
facturing establishment of this State;
and that from and after the first day
of May, 1904, no child under the age
of 11 shall be employed in any factory,
mine or textile manufacturing estab
lishment of this State; and that from
and after the first Jay of May, 1905,
no child under the age of 12 years
shall b2 employed in any factory, mine
or textile manufacturing establish
ment of this State, except as herein
Sec. 2. That from and after May
1st. 1903, no child under the age of 12
years shall be permitted to work be
tween the hours of 7 o'clock p. m. and
7 o'clok in the morning in any factory,
mine or tixtile manufactory of this
Sec. 3. That children of a widow
ed mother and that children of a to
tally disabled father who are depend
ent upon their own labor for their
support, and orphan children who are
dependent upon their ow- labor for
their support, may be permitted
to work in textile establishments of
this State for the purpose of earning
their support; Provided, That in
case of a child or children of a
widowed mother, or of a totally
disabled father, the said mother of
the said father, and in case of or
phan children, the guardian of said
children, or person standing in loco
parentis of said child or children,
shall furnish to any of the said per
sons named in Section 4 of this act,
an affidavit duly sworn to by him or
her, before some magistrate or clerk
of court of the county in which he
or she resides, stating that he or she
is unable to support the said children,
are. denpendent upon their own labor
for their support; then, and in that
cases, the said child or children of the
said widowed mother and the said
disabled father and said orphan chil
dren shal! not be effected by the pro
hibitions in Section 1 of this act, and
filling of said affidavit shall be full
justification for their employment.
Provided, further, that the officer be
fore whom the said affidavit shall be
subscribed shall endorse upon the
back there of his approval and his con
sent to the employment of said child
or children. Any person who shall swear
falsely to the facts set forth in said
act shall be guilty of perjury and shall
be indictable, as provided by law:
Provided further, That the employ
ment of said child or children shall be
subject to the hours of labor -herein
Sec. 4. That any owner, superin
tendent, manager or overseer of any
factory, or textile manufacturing es
tablishment or any other person in
charge thereof, or connected there
with, who shall employ any child con
trary to the provisions aZ this act,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and
for every such offense shall, upon con
viction thereof, be fined not less than
$10, nior more than $50, or to beim
prisoned not longer than 30 days, at
the discretion of the court.
Sec. 5. That any parent, guardian,
or other person having under his or
her control any child, who consents,
suffers or permits the employment of
his or her child or ward under the
ages as above provided, or who mis
represents the age of 'such child or
ward to any of the persons named in
Section 4 of this act, -in order to ob
tain employment for such child or
ward, shall be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor, and for every such offense
shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined
not less than $10 nor more than $50,
or be imprisoned not longer than 30
days, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 6. That any parent, guardian
or person standing in loco parentis,
who shall furnish to - the persons
named in Section 4 of this act a cer
tificate of a school teacher or school
trustee that their child or ward has
attended school for not less than four
months during the current school
year, and that said child or children
can read and write, may be permitted
to obtain employment for such child
or children in any of the textile estab
lishments of this State during the
months of June, July and A ugust, and
the employment of such child or chil
dren during said months upon the
proper certificate that such child or
children have attended school as afore
said, shall not be in conflict with the
provisions of this act.
Sec. 7. That in the.employment of
any child under the age of-12 years in
any factory, mine or textilt manufac
turing establishment, the owner or
superintendent of such factory, mine
or textile manufacturing establish
ment shall require the parent, guar
dian or person standing in loco paren
tis of such child, an affidavit, giving
the age of such child, which affidavit
shall be placed on file in the office of
the employer; and any person know
ingly furnishing a false statement of
the age of such child shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor, and for every such of
fense shall, upon conviction, be lined
not less than $10, or be imprisoned
not longer than 30 days, in the discre
tion of the court.
Sec. S. That all acts and parts of
acts in conflict with the provisions of
this act be, and the same are hereby,
Caught in The Act.
A woman suspected that her hus
band was in the habit of . kissing the
servant girl and resolved to detect
him in the act. On Saturday night
she saw~ him quietly pass into the
kitchen. The servant gil was out and
the kitchen was dark. The jealous
wife took a few matches in her hand,
and, hastily placing a shawl over her
ead, as the girl often did, entered
the back door, and immediately she
was seized and kissed and embraced
in an ardent manner. With heart al
most bursting the wife prepared to
administer a terrible rebuke to the
faithless spouse. and, tearing herself
away from his fond embrace, she
struck a match and stood face to face
The Chief of Police of Bamberg Shot
Down by a
WHITh MAN IN COLD BLOOD.
Mr. King, the Chief, Had Gone to the
Home of Davis, the Murderer,
to Settle a Family
The killing of people in SouthCaro
lina goes on apace. Chief of Police
King, of Bamberg, was shot and :kill
ed on Wednesday by a white man
named Joe Davis, at the latters home
on Factory Hill. a suburb of the town
of Bamberg. It seems that Davis anid
his wife had been having a row Wed
nesday morning, and that Davis f6i&
been threatening her with punish
ment of a summary kind. She came
down with the avowed intentionidf
having her husband placed under a
Sheriff Hunter, to whom shicame
sent Chief of Police King up to itryto
settle the matter. When Mr. King
arrived at the house and ascended the
steps, Davis, who was in the front
room, itis said, called to himtostdp
Mr. King continued to advance to the.
front door, on which he tapped.
Whether he pushed the door open, or
whether it was opened -from, the i
side, is not clear, but as thie do'or
opened Davis, who was standingjt-:s
inside, fired on the omeer a
double-barrelled shot gun, loadedIM
small shot. King reeled from the
piazza and expired a few seconds
,Davis came down town and ave
himself up. As soon as the news was
known a great deal of excitementpre
vailed, but there was absolutely no
danger of any hasty action. .r. King
was origibally from Batesburg,. nd
was for some time in. business inoo.
lumbia, from which place e removed.
to Charleston, going fro.- that plaee
to Bamberg to take charge ofthe dry'
goods business of 3. A. Spann. e
was elected to his present oficeon the
force and took charge Ianuary 1st..
Ee was a most excellent gentleman,
trid leaves a wife but no children.
Tell Tale Snr.
A special to the J
bridge, IlL, says: The Frst National
Bank here was robbed of about $10,-"
)00 at 2 o'clock Wedneday. morning.
)y four men and within'a -few hairs
;he robbers were captured beti9nN
Lnd marched to the couniityjail, where
hey are now held pending an exami
2ation. No trace of the moneyibsa
ret been discovered, but iti believed
t will be found sbon, as the xobberas
tad practically no time for effective
oncealment of it. Whild:the.robbers
were working in the banisnwbega a
'alling. This increased folumeaud
t was an easy matter for the pose to
rack the robbers to a barn twimiles
ast of the city. The men were found
>uried beneath the straw and were
aken to the jail.
A Young Lady Dro
In attemping to drive t
swollen stream known as Founrdiy
aranch, near Oxford, N. C. Etheln
R~oyster and Mary Dean and a youngQ
nian named William Tillotson weres
~hrown into the water by the over
~urning of the buggy and Miss Boy-.
;ter of Oxford was caught beneath
he vehicle and drowned. Miss. Dean
eized a bush as she was swept, down
~he stream. Tillotson grasped her
kirt in passing, and both were resca
d a few minutes later by a 12-year
yld brother of young Tillotson, who
waded out to their assistance. The
sody of Miss Royster was found half
i mile further down the stream.
Dr. Nesom, of Clemson College, was
recently called to Greers to miake an
examination of a disease prevalent
imong the swine in and about -that
bown; he diagnosed this disease, after
a. careful examination of some of 4he
iogs, as hog cholera. It is thought
Ghat the epidemic originated with
mnd spread from a shipment of hogs
o Greers from Tennessee, some weeks
igo. About 400 head of hogs have
recently been sold within a radius of
i. few miles from Greers to Pelbam,
mud the purchasers, in the majority of
instances where persons who already
At the spring meeting of the State
E'air association held in Columbia on
W~ednesday night R. P. Hamer of
Kfarion county and A. W. Love of
Jhester county were elected president
Lnd secretary to succeed Fresident A.
El. White and Secretary Thos. W.
Elolloway, who both died the same
lay Jan. 20th.
At a meeting of the trustees of the
3ecil Rhodes estate it has been decid
d that the chancellor or preident of
he state university of each southern
~tate shall have the right to appoint
committee to select two young men
etween the ages of 19 and 24 for
cholarships in Oxford university;
Aged Veteran Murdered.
Samuel S. Hudson, a' Confederate
reteran, 78, years of age, was murder
id at his home four miles from
athens, Ga., one week ago, and the
xody was found Thursday afternoon
n the cottage where he had lived.
Death was caused by strangulation.
Rtobbery was the motive for the crime.
Many Cattle Die.
An unknown contagious disease is
yrevailing among the plantations
round Pine Bluff, Ark., causing the
leath of a number of herds of cattle.
[t affects them in the back and
auses death in thirty hours. One
lanter has lost all his cattle and an-*
)ther lost thirty within a few days.
Five Men Killed.
A special from El Pasco, Texas,
lays: A head-end collision between
~wo Rock Island freight trains early
?hursday near Tecolate, N. M. .
esulted in the death of five men4-.i
-he injury of several others.