Newspaper Page Text
THE PUBLIC TONEXrY
EContinued from page first. s
Salary. I.100: chief clerk. 1,400. book
keeper. 1,400: auditing clerk. 1.400
contingent fund, 250: st ationery and
stamps. 300: printing. 500: traveh n
State Treasurer--Salary. 1.400t
chief clerk, 1,500: bookkeeper ,
~ookkeeper loan department, :;50
contingent fund 250: stationery and
stamps, 200: printing bonds and J
Offlice superintendent of education
Salary. 1.900: clerk. 1,20: contmgent
fund, 200: stationery and stamps, :00:
books and blanks for public schoolS
1,000: expenses State board of edu
tion. 300: traveling expenses supermT1
tendent of education, :0o: stenno'ra
Ortice adiutant and inspector gener- t
al-Salary, 1,500: clerk. 1.2v0: State
armorer and help. 500i: contingent
fu:>d and armory rent. 500: stationery
and stamps, 150: expenses office and
collecting arms, 550: for maintenance
Ofimce of attorney general-Salary
1,900: assistant, 1,350: contingent
fund, 150: stationary and stamps, 75:
expenses litigation, 2.000: total 5.475.
Office of State librarian-Salary 1
800; contingent fund, 200: stationary
and stamp . 300: for purchasing and
binding books, 100.
Railroad commissioners-Salary, 5,
700: secretary, 1.200; rent. etc., 1,250:
printing, 250. (This appropriation is
advanced and is to be returned by the
railroads, express and telegraph com
Salary of four justices. $2.S50 each:
total, $11,400: salaries of eight circuit
judges, $24,000: salaries of eIht cr
cuit solicitors. S11,050;-code commis
sioner, $400: salaries of eight circuit
stenographers, $10.200: salary of
State reporter, $1,300: salary of clerk
of supreme court, $800; salary oif hbra- t
rian supreme court, 8soo; salary of j
stenographer supreme court, $400:
salary of messenger supreme co'.rt.
$200: salary of attendant supreme
cour S200: contingent fund, $500:
purchase -boks supreme court library
Expenses maintaining quarantine
station at Charleston, $1,000: salary
quarantine office, Charleston, $1,650:
salary quarantine office, Port Royal,
$700; expenses station at Port Royal,
$300; salary quarantine office St.
Helena, $700; expenses quarantine
station St. Helena, $150; salary quar
antine officer Georgetown. $450: ex
penses quarantine station at George
town, $150; salary keeper of Lazaret
to, $300; salary keeper hospital build
ings at Port Royal, $175; for the pur
pose of carrying out the act establ
ishing the State board of health,
$2,500; clerk hire, State board of
health, $500; to quarantine the State
_" agaiffSt contagious and infections dis- I
For the support of South Carolina
When the appropriation bill was
again taken up in the evening the
section relating to Winthrop College
was the first to be discussed. Mr.
Efird wanted to cut the proposed Win
throp appropriation from $52,000 to
$45,000. Mr. DeBruhl wanted to make
it $48,000. Mr. Laney thought it
fntile to discuss such appropriations
aftier the ways and means committee
had so carefully gone into the ques
- ticn. It would cripple the college and
do little good to the State treasury.
Mr. Holman opposed the bill. He
did not believ-e in lettiug the ways
axid means committee make all the
Mr. Mc~ain, of York, declared that
Winthrop has been getting no more
than she needs. They actually need
*$7,000 more than the ways and means
committee had reconimended. He
charged Mr. Efird with being an one.
my to Winthrop.
Mr. Efird hurled pack the insinua
tion. He was not an enemy to Win- I
throp, but a friend of the 52,000
white girls in the common schools.
Mr. Barron, of York, declared that
the trustees, honorable and capable
men, have made their recommenda
tion, and they ought to know more of
Winthrop's needs than Mr. Etird
Mr. Cooper last year had opposed ~
making Winthrop's appropriation $60,.
-000 and had succeeded in getting it ~
cut down to *52,000. He thought
further reduction would cripple the a
Mr. Bennett, of Colleton, thiought ~
the pruning knife should be put in,
but it should be done all along the I
line. As the South Carolina College C
appropriation had not been curtailed, a
he opposed starting in on Winthrop. ~
He urged that he was not inconsistent
in defending Winthrop.
Mr. Pollock .moved t> indefinitely
postpone Mr. Efird's amendment. ~
Thie, was carried by a vote of G4 to 43.
M~r. Lide offered an amendment that ~
the scholarships be paid out of the
regular appropriation. The bill re
commended that $5,456 be added for r
these scholarships. Mr. Beamguard g
moved to table the amendment. The y
house by a vote of 56 to 51 refused to
table the amendment.
Mr. McCain and Mr. Pollock then
appealed for the amendment to be re- a
jected. To cut $5,456 for scholarships
would be a serious blow to the college. ~
Mr Mosses showed that this would be
giving Winthrop $14,000 less than
she asked for-.
Mr. Dowling declared that the
house had passed the scholarship bill 5,
with the understanding that the ao
propriation for scholarships woulda
come out of the general fund.a
Mr. D). 0. Herbert openly attacked l
the college. It is not the only girl's
college in the State. This cut in the
appropriation would not seriously crip
ple the college. There are a number
of schools in this State doing splendid
work for the education of women and
they would be glad to get one-third of
.Mr. Sarratt, of Cherokee. spoke ear
nestly for Winthrop. South Carolina
College had paid for itself in giving s
Wade Hampton to South Carolina. I
Mr. Sarratt is a graduate of Clemson.
Mr. Sinkler, formerly a trustee, de-t
clared this amendment to be a Trojan Ia
horse. The expert testimony of the Ia
trustees is worth more than the gen- I
eral opinion of the outsiders.
Mr. Lide defended his amendment. s
He is no enemy to Withrop. The trus- 3j
tees of these colleges always ask for
more than they expect to get. c
The vote on the adoption ofl tihe
amendment was then taken. res..ulting s
in its favor 57 to50. K
THlE CITADEL. e:
The Citadel academy's appropria- 1.
tion was the first thing considlereda
when the approprition bill was taken C
up Wednesday morning.
Mr. Efird moved to cut the appro- 1:
priation from $25.000 to $22;000. f
Mr. Kibler warmly opposed the mo- n
aakei no -e-xtravagant demands. It is
un economically. It is the. only in
titution run for the'poor people, for
his appropri'ation go Io the scholar
C1,. D. O. U irt -howI d:iow \v W
he szalary list at the Ct I s
:,re'd with ther tte cllges. 3.
lerbert diclaimed "aiakng"Wn
ro - a' :d liCen ilishe in The
eeuwry xpenm~e. 31. leurifoy
n.i '1r. H.i ma: fared the appro
riation to Ie U 4.mel TheyV soke
0 the gIorious record of Citadel ca
ets. 10r. 'enrioy told of the good
one for p 4ir boys by the Citadel
T'he houe by a vote of 86 t 22 re
te C,31Mr. "E drd'i amme nt ..
TIE NEGRO COLLEGE.
Mr. Holman wanted to cut vt ap
ropriation for the nego State colle
o $2,500. The appropriation last
car vas $8.00o. the coninitteu re
ommended -5.000 this Yeair.
Mr. D. 0. flerbert of Orangeburg
aid he would not. attac;: this cleg.
it he callcd attention to the fact
hat this institution spends mnore
noney than the South Caroiina cul
ege. It gets enough from the Hatch
.d 'Morrill funds to run the appro
>riations up to $29A000. lie intimated
hat there are conditions there which
Mr. Moss also of Orangcburg be
ieved that $2.500 is all that they
keed. it will secure to them these
iorthern funds and will give them
.mple funds to run oin. LI might in
o:vcniece the artful and active
iresident of that college. but it would
tot cripple the institution. Ie told
tow the appropriations had been
ecured every year by representations
ade to the Orangeburg delegation.
ut the Orangeburg representatives
re better informed on conditions this
Mr. lRichaics and Mr. .leremiah
mith called attention to the fact that
lie Hatch and Morrill funds would be
eopartdized if this appropriation be
TOM MILLER OFFICIOUS.
Mr. Mauldin of Greenville declared
hat for years he had been in favor of
ifting up the negro to a higher plane
f citienship in return for his faith
ulness to the defenseless white wo
nen during the war. But recently
here was an incident which impelled
im t thi nk it better to shut the
loor to importunity, insolence and
mpertinence. Three physicians had
een appointed on a pension examin
ng board in Greenville-one a negro.
stir was created and an effort made
o force the negro off This man Tom
4iller wrote the United States dis
rit attorney and in a very otlicious
nanner tried to keep the negro doe
or on the board to the disgust of all
espectable white physicians. le did
tot believe in the white people keep
ng up a college if the president were
ermitted to behave that way, and
ie didn't think the Hatch fund for
3emson would be put in jeopardy.
Mr. Jno. P. Thomas, Jr., declared
~hat the committee recommendation
s entitled to some consideration.
L'he gentlemen from Orangeburg had
nade broad statements without show
g facts. The legislative examining
ommittee had made a good showing
or this college. The trustees had de
~lared the larger amount necessary.
M1r. Herbert agreed with M1r. Smith
~hat it would not do to wipe out the
ppropriation entirely. This college
vould have $2:.000 to run it next
ear. Ie declared tile annual report
s a jumble of tigures made up by
'Tom M1iller and his negroes. and you
.11 knowv Tom MIiller.'' He showed
vhere the expenses could be reduced
>y giving Tom Miller $l1,000 instead
>f $1,800 and cutting the salaries all
long tile line.
Mr. Dorroh declared his opposition
o giving approoriations to State col
eges and particularly to Tom MIiller,
he most vindictive enemy the white
nen had in 1876.
MIr. Lide protested against any im
ression that the trustees are not
areful men, and honorable men.
MIr. MIoss declared that seven arc
ngels could be deceived in a case of
Mr. Herbert: I think tihey asked
or just exactly what MIiller said he
Leeded-and Miller is just smart
nough to pull the wool over the eyes
f a good many of us. M1r. Herbert
greed that thlese trustees were hlonor
r. Tatum declared that the nme
roes pay at least 830,000 of the privi
ge tax and they are entitled to some
onsideration. Five thousand would
e a mere pittance. The white peo
le of Orangeburg are able to take
are of themselves. They can man
ge the negroes and there is no dan
er in the present college. This in
titution is no pet of hlis, nor is Tom
iller a friend of his. but he thought
simple justice to give these negroes
By a vote of 74 to 34 tihe house re
used to cut the appropriation.
To CUT TIIS PENsION FUND.
1r. Towill wanted to reduce the
ension appropriation from $200,000
I5,000. lie spoke eloquently of tile
alor of the Confederate soldiers, and
elingly of their stringent circunm
ances. But the pension appropria
ion fails to remedy their sufferings
nd there is need of economy.
Mr. Thomas believed that if tile
ension rolls are properly revised.
150000 would go as far as $200.000
-ith loose regulations. This is a busi
ess proposition against a sentimental
licy. lie declared further that there
now a statute requiring county
>mmissioners to giv-e financial assist
ne to needy soldiers.
Capt. Brooks wanted to know if the
w requires or empowers tile comnmis
oners to give aid.
Mr. Thomas insisted that no corn
iissioner who is a true Carolinian
-ould turn a deaf ear.
Mr. Tfoole called attention to MIr.
'homas' vote inl favor of liberal ap-I
ropriations to all State colleges and
is oppoition to this chlaritable pur
ose. ~e spurned thlat sympathy
"hich would culogize the Confederate
ldier and then take away a part ot
Mr. Jeremiah Smith contended that
ie needs of the Confederate survivors
re greater because the intirmities of
ge are coming over them. South
arolina can atford it. lie called this
icaunish statesmanship. The pen
on boards dont lavish this monev.
'hey exercise soime .iudgment.
Mr. D~orrohi declared this discussion
mes just one year too late. lie told
I last year's tight to increase the pen
on fund from. 8150.000 to $200.000.
nd he had then thought it inexpedi
at and thinks so vet. The pension
w has given rise to more fraud than
nthing else than the dispensary law.
on ederate veterans in Greenville had
,mmeded him for lighting the bill
Lst year. )l r. D orroh made a very
yrcible speechi in favor of the amend
dollars. lie wantect to see them ge
at least a decent appropriation. 11
does not believe the old soldiers on th
pen sion boards would connive a
Gen. James told h. Capt. Brook
ha "..ought into the house 1. w'o ye
.!- a bill to make the apor priat io
150,000 doilars. T['ne young me ..:i
taken the iatter into their hands na
had nade It 200.000 dollars. 1'
nately it dld not go into efctun
last. year on aicecount of a de-et in ,
appropriatioi act. Ile 1)iens th
people of South Carolina want it
stav at 200.000 dollars. Ile Paid a ii
tri'oeip to the Confederate so0ldic.'
Mr. rible. f .ndesonl. an'1
amnendmnt. ".r Tr iblje spok' froc
tle deptus of his heart. I paid
(rlowina tribute to the confedera
soildier and insisted d at thOse whd l
nit favor large aprillatins do n e
know of the hiardshi p.; of the Confet
erates. Tile poorel peol.ie Went ou
at iw irsL call. and they responde
th rouwh pat'Ityisi. There is no r(
cruiting of their shattered rank.
-lhey will nt be here long. and tak
rare of them while they are here. II
had iitroduceed a separate bill whic
would remedy defects in the pensii
The house by a vote of 96 to 10 rt
jected Mr. Towil's amendment. TI
ten were 'Messrs. BunchDorroh. Erlir
Jarnegan. Kibler. Stackhouse, Towij
Traylor, Williams and Wingard
THE STATE FAIl..
There was some objection to n
vancing the State fair associatio
2,500 dollars with which to pay p:'(
riums, but this amolunt was appr(
priated. (It is appropriated somewha
as a loan every year. and is always rt
paid by the association-)
It was getting past the hour fc
taking recess and the members wer
etting restive, but Speaker Smitl
seeing that the reading of tile entil
bill could be perfected in a very fe'
minutes. held the house down and t0
bill was finished and ordered to thir
reading. Had this not been done h
fore the night session, there migli
have been dilatory work.
The State Wednesday enumerate
the appropriations for the executiv<
judicial and health departments. Tli
following are the additional appropr
ations carried in the bill:
South Carolina College, 28,100 do
lars; Winthrop College, 52,000 dollar!
(out of which the scholarships are I
be paid); colored college at Orang
burg, 5,000 dollars; support of benel
ciary cadets at the Citadel 25,000 do
Isrs. Cedar Springs school for dea:
dumb and blind, 24,000 dollars. an
for furnishings and repairs. 500 do
State Hospital for the Insane-Sa
ary of superintendent and physicia
3,000 dollars; board of regents, ,p
diem and mileage $1,200: support o
$120,000; repairs and improvement
State Penitentiary-Salary of supe
intendent, $1,900; captain of tl
guard, $1,050; physician,$l1,050: chaj
lain, $600; clerk, $1,200.
Catawba Indians-Support o
1000: for schools, $200.
The following miscellaneous appr<
priations were passed:
Repairs on governor's mansioi
S.700. It is understood that th
settlesjtor the present the agitatic
for a new mansion in another part<
townl. Insurance on mansion, S27.
To pay claims approved at this se.
Pensions, $200,600. out of whic
62,000 is to be applied to the fund ft
Fuel for heating the State housi
1200; lighting public buildingsi
Columbia, $3,000: water for publ.
buildings, $2,000: installing sewerag
for South Carolina College, $7,300.
For paying for completion of Stal
Public printihg, $12,000 (includin
what has already been paid.)
Phosphate inspector, salary $1 ,20(
expenses of board. $300.
Cole commissioner, $400.
State board of equalization, $2.00(
South Carolina room Confederat
museum, Richmond, $100.
State Agricultural society, $2,300.
For committee to examine books c
State Colleges. 362 dollars: committe
to examine State treasurer's books
327 dollars; committee to examin
penal and charitable institutions, 42
dolars; claims of clerks in engrossin
department last year 378 dollars: spc
cial committee on the investigatiu
into the liquor bill sensation of las
session, 343 dollars.
An arithmometer or counting ma
chine, for State house accountants
373 dollars. Rent, ottice State supem
intendent of education, 270 dollars
For shel'es in State library, :100 do:
Salaries of supervisors of registra
tion, 6,130 dollars.
Salary of special clerk for indexin;
historical records, 750 dollars; salar;
of an electrician, 600 dollars and 40
dollars for electrical supplies for put
ic buildings in Columbia.
On Wednesday, under the call C
special order MIr. Hlood's joint resolu
tion to appoint a committee to in
vestigate the management of th'
State dispensary came up for a thirn
reading. Mfr. Raysor introduced;
resolution providing that the join
resolution be recommitted to the comn
mittee with power to send for person
nd papers, take testimony. employ
stenographer and tom report to thi
senate within the session with thi
testimony included with the full re
suIt of their tindings. This was adopt
TERE isn't aniy "'new woman.
The components of womanhood, an<(
especially of gentlewonmanhood, eve,
have been and must ever be the same
D~ifferent times, different places. dif
ferent social structures put to differ
ent tests ana uses the fundamenta
femininity, but the principle is alway
the same. She is the same good
truehearted woman whether shei
battling wi':h men in the busines
.orld, or tending to domestic affair
ALREADY ignorant negroes in th
South are being fleeced by swindler
i account of the ex-slave penisioi
ill. The Columbia Record says th
fact that MIark Hanna's name is at
tached to the bill makes it easier fo;
the swindlers. The negro is a fruit
ful source for such frauds. and he wil
ontinue to be as long as lie persist
believing that everything labelet
Republican, or Northern, is for hi
!EcENTLY in a speech Secretary o
War Root made the confession tha'
the experiment of giving the negr
the right to vote was a failure. Thi
Southern people knew it all the time
~ut we are glad that the truth if
begining to penetrate the dull Intel
lects of the so-called statesmen of thi
What ach County Will save to Pay
the Current Year.
LISLAT2VE SUPPLY BIIL.
i v F'jtixtw a: -'ive Mini,
Wizich is in Adiion tt
1 h SChool Tax of
e ~i'u ose'of repr.eenta ive Thuras
dav sI't the general appropriatin bill
e o the senate and gave s:-cond reading
to t L egisat
and the supply bill or ill to, ix the
- State levy and the levy in each coun
ty. The State levy is left at 5 mills.
The following are the items as
dapted for the several counties in ad
ditiofn to the gencral levy of 5 mills
e and the :.i mill school tax.
Alhbeville- For ordinary county pur
3poses 21 mills: 1 mlii for roads: paSt in
debtediness, 1 1nill.
Aiken County--For ordinary county
tax and pist indebtedness. 3 mills.
enderson-rdinary county purpo
ses, 31 mills: past indebtedness, 1 mill.
Banberg-Ordinarily county pu rpo
ses 4 mills: past indebtedness i mill.
Barnwell-Ordinary county purposes
:1 mills:'to repay loani. . milD.
Beaufort-Ordinary county purposes
41 mills: sinking fund. I iil.
Berkeley--Ordiiiary county purposes
Charleston-(The Charleston delega
t tion imade no report.
Ch erokee-Ord inary county purposes
1 mill: for public roads I mill: for
r 1road river b:idge. 1 mill. and special
e provision for railroad bonds in certain
Chest er-Ordinary purposes.3i. mills:
int crest, c railroad bonds, 1 miill.
Ciiesterfield-iFor ordinary purposes,.
Clarendon--3 mills: for jail purposes.
t Golleton-Ordinary purposcs.5 mills:
past indebtedness, 1 mill: interest on
d railroad bonds, I of one mill: interest
on horrowed money. i mill.
Darlington-Ordi nary purposes 4
mills: past indebtedness. 1 mill.
Dorchester-Four and r mills: inter
est on county bonds. * * mill; interest
and sinking fund, Greenpond and Wal
- terboro railroad, LMill.
Edgetield-Ordinary purposes, 44
mills: past indebtedness, mill.
Fairtield-Ordi nary purposes and
past indebtedness 4 mills.
Florence-Ordinary purposes, .:1
Green ville-For ordinary county tax
3 1-2 mills: for interest on Air Line
k- railroad bonds, 3-4 of one mill; for in
terest on Greenville and Laurens rail
road bonds, 1-4 of one mill; for past
n indebtedness, 1-4 of one mill.
r reenwocd-Ordinary purposes, 3
mills: past indebtedness, 1-2 mill.
IHampton-Ordinary purposes, 4
Iorry-Ordinary purposes, 6 mills:
e and in Conway, Bayboro, Greensea and
- Simpson Creek townships. 4 mills to
pay interest on railroad bonds..
Kershaw-Orinary purposes. 4
mills: interest on railroad bonds. 2 1-2
Lancaster-Ordinary purposes, 4
.mills: for interest on railroaid hands
issuled in aid of Cherawx and Chester
railroads. :; mill: for ret iing honds
;ssued in aid of' the Chera a nd Ches
ster railroad, and to be usedl ifo no
n 01 her purpose. 1 mill: for thew payment
f of interest on railroatd boinds, sp)ecial
levey for reprective town ships.
- Laurens-(Or d inary purposes, : 3-4
mills: additional road purposes, 1 mili:
h interest on railroad bonds. and to re
tire railroad bonds. 2 1-2 mills.
Lexington-Ordinary purposes, :31-2
mills: past indebtedness, 1-2 of one
n Lee-Ordinary purposes and past in
C debtedness, 4 mills: to create a sink
e ing fund 1-2 mail]...
Marion-Ordinary purposes, :3 milhs:
for roads. 1 mill: for past indebted
eness. 1 1-4 mills. (The Marion dee
g ation had a diil'erence in regard to
wbether or no't to invest a clause re
stricting the county commissioners to
:the amounts appropriated. This pro
vision was tinally adopted1.) -mls
Marlboro-Ordinary purposes5 ils
roads and bridges 1-2 mill; past indebt
edness 1 mill.
eNewberry-Two 1-2 mills, and 1-2
mill to pay the interest on $10,000
which the county commissioners are
authorized to borrow.
e Oconee-Four and 1-2 mills.
,0O anteb~urg -Ordinary purposes. -
e 1-2 mills: past indebtrduess 1-4 mill.
7 icjkens-Ordinary purposes, 4 :l-4
mills: roads, 1 mill: past indebtedness.
1 -4 mi'Is: for sinking fund. 1 1-2 mills.
Richiand-For ordinary county tax.
1 14 mills.: in Columbia towiiship: for
t interest on railroad bonds. 1-2 of one
nill: for retiring railroad bonds, 1-4 of
-one mill: and in addition thereto there
,shall be levied a tax of 2 mills in the
shool district of the city of Columbia.
Saluda-For ordlinary county pur
posecs, 3 mills: for jurors and witnesses
and( patst indebtedness. 1 mill: for per
mnent improvemnents on public roads,
-4 of one mill.
Sparitanburg-For ordinary county
tax, 4 mills: for interest on railroad
bonds. 1 mill: for permanent improve
> ment 1- mill; for sinking fund, 1-2
.mill: for counity road tax. 1 mill.
Sumter-Three and 1-2 mills.
Urnion-Ordinary pur->oses, 4 mills:
interest on railroadl bonds. 2 mills:
sinking fund, 2 mills; roads, 1 mill.
- Williamsburg-Four mills.
3 ork--Four mills and additional
items. for townships to pay inte:est on
PER D)IEM OF sOLONs.
Mr. Aos.es then pressed the legisla
ive su.ipply or aipproprinition bill which
ixest ihe per diem and ileage of t he
genra l assenmbly. For t he senators
3 880:0 (if so munch lie niecessairy) is ap
ropiaed, and 82 350 for the clerks:
for doorkeepers, porters. etc , 81,130;
-cont ingent fund $1'00.
F~or the per diem and mileage of the
house (if so much lbe necessary) $25.
.)100: for clerks $2,220: for doorkeepers,
laborers, et c.. $1'45O: cunt inogelt fiund
Thme engrossing department gets
4500 (if so much be necessary to pay
the per diem of the solicitors clerks,
This makes the t otal of all the items
as follows: Senate. $12,4 10: house S30,
Gio: engrossing department. $4.500.
Grand total, $57.580: based on the con
stitutional limit of 4) dlays.
It is a pleasure to note the success
of the Bobbitt Cnemieal Company, of
IBalimore, Md.. manufacturers or
Rheumacide. which is said to be a very
superior' remedy for rheumat ismi and.
othei blood diseases. This Company
has grown from a small beginn ing un
til :t is now one of the most extensive
ad ertisers- in the' Lnited States, using
news papers and other nmethods. also.
. loxi D. Rocke:'ellow, of the Stand
Sard Oil Co.. has made a direct appeal
Ito the senators of the United States
to oppose and do all in their power to
prevent antitrust laws. About six
senators received telegrams from
Rockefellowv stating that his counsel
wll see them.
THE~ anti-trust bill has passed the
national house unanimously, llepuoli
cans and l)2mocrats alike toting for
it. Somne people believe it is so con
structed that it will fail to accomplish
a.ythng. and we arc One of them.
The F'ivler Curretncy Bill.
During the recent campaign Repub
lican organs and orators persistently
denied that there was any serious In
tention of passing the Fowler bill. In
spe f the fact that the Fowler bill
was reported in the irst session of the
present congress by the Republican
inajiority of the house committee, RLe
publican newspapers and iii some in
Saces liepublican con;ressmni who
were candidates for re-election. assur
ed the people that the Fowler bill was
dead beyond all hope of resurrection,
and that Demcurats who referred to
that measure were merely employing
it as a scarecrojw. Notwithstanding
these denials the 1Fowler Hill is now
being pushed throulh Congress.
"It is true," as fhe Commoner say.w.
"therc is a difierence between tlie
Fowler bil as reported at the last se -
sion and the Fowler bill that is now
being pushed in the present session.
The change in the details of V e
measure does not imply any surrender
on the part of the mney trust. The
change has been made in response to
the protest on the part of Repulican
members that they dare not enact a
lawv contaiuing all the ill-adviserl pre -
visions contained in the Fowler bi 1.
The money trust, wihile.h not inaking
any surrender as to any of the so-call
ed 'reform. which they hope to bring
about. have yiekled zo the protests of
the Republican corgressmen to the
extent that they are willing to de
mand at this time the adoption of one
of the iniquitous features of the Fow
IeL bill, holding other features in
"The old Fowler bill authorized the
establishment of branch banks and
orovided also for the retirement of the
grenbacks. t-gethe- with other pro
visions contsEmplated by the policy
adopted by t:e so-called Indianapolis
monetai-r conference. Republican
cauglessmIlan pointed out to the back
ers of tiis measure that the time was
not yet ripe for the retirement of the
greenbacks: the people weresomewhat
partial to the greenbacks and it would
not be "good politics" to insist upon
their retirement at this time. With
respect to the branch bank feature,
the smaller bankers throughout. the
country made such a vigorous pro
test against this plan that 31r. Fow
ler and his associates thought it in
advisable to undertake at this mo
ment to push throug a measure pro
viding for the branch banks. But one
of the most important, if not the
most important, features of the old
Fowler bill relates to asset currency,
and the so-called new Fowler bill as it
was reported to the house by the Re
publican majority of the committee
on banking and currency on January
13. 1903. provides for the assett cur
HER FRENCH A FAILURE"
The Tragedy of a Blacdng Bottle
In the Latin Quarter.
She was spending her first month in
the Latin quarter of Paris. She spoke
English fluently, with a Boston accent.
also she spoke German, could make a
fair stagger at Italian and knew a few
words of Hindoostanee, but of French
not a syllable.
One morning she found herself in a
wrestling match with a bottle of
French shoe blacking. The pesky bot
tIe. understanding that It had to deal
with an alien, refused to give up Its
cork. She had no corkscrew of her
own and did not know how to ask for
one. even If she dared suspect that her
next door neighbor might be possessed
of the luxury. The tine of her pet fork
she had bent on the obstinate plug, the
point of her best penknife she had bro
ken off short, and nothing remained
except to throw the bottle out of a
window to get at Its contents. She de
cided as a last resort to try breaking
the neck off the bottle. With a "stove
lid lifter" she administered several
cautious taps In the region of the jugu
lar of the obstinate neck. "Nothin'
doin'." Then she tapped harder still,
and the blacking came. All over her
fingers it came, all over her light wool
en skirt and over much of the fioor and
She decided to have the skirt cleaned
and, packing It into a bundle, tripped
off to an establishment where she
found -embarrassment because she
could n'ot understand questions. Final
ly she got the drift of the conversation.
The cleaners wanted to know what
had caused the spot. Fortunately a
bottle of shoe blacking was standing
near by, and she pointed at this and
"oid" and "ouid" until she left in
heightened spirits, feeling that she was
not helpless and that she had made the
cleaners und'erstand. When the skirt
was duly returned the following week,
it was dyed bla ck.-New York Tribune..
Breton sheep are not much larger
than a fair sized hare.
The mandarin duck is one of the most
beautiful of aquatic birds.
The queen is always at the mercy of
the bees and is a slave instead of a
A beetle one-third the size of a horse
would be able to pull against more
than a dbzen horses.
The greyhound, which can cover a
mile in a minute and twenty-eight sec
onds, is the fastest of quadrupeds.
The giraffe, armadillo and porcupine
have no vocal cords and are therefore
mute. Whales and serpents are also
The glowworm lays eggs which are
themselves luminous. However, the
young hatched from them are not pos
sessed of those peculiar properties until
fter the first transformation.
To escape from dangers which men
ce them starfishes commit suicide.
This Instinct of self destruction Is
found only in the highest and lowest
scales of animal life.
Invited to St. Louis.
M1r. F. HI. Hyatt, president of the
Good Roads Association of South
Carolina has receiv-ed an invitation
from W. 11. MIoore. the president of
the National Good Roads association
to be present at the international and
national convention to be held in St.
Louis April 27 to Mlay 2, inclusive, be
ng in the dedicatory vreek of the
Louisiana Purchase exposition.
MIr. MIoore asks that Mir. Ihyatt ap
point ten delegates to the convention
and says that he has written to MIr.
E. S. Tessier, Jr., the vice president
f the association for South Carolina
equesting that he have live repre
entatives appointed from each county
hrough the road oflicials.
The invitation is very elaborate in
haracter and is signed by many prom-i
inent men of St. Louis, including Gov.
D~ockery and David R. Francis presi
dent of the exposition.
A JERsEY boy drew a revolver on
his teacher. " Teacher," insteaa of
trembling, promptly spanked him.
,hich was the very best kind of treat
nent for such a boy.
If to the pure all things are pure
the chronic kicker must be a rank
wpiman of humanity.
Develops in a Virginia Eoonshiner's
Case at Court.
JOIN D. GAULILEY SENTENCED.
Ii.-s "B1rother'' Apperr and Wants
il He!p Serve John's Sentence.
Te -"rother'' Proves to
be J nWi'i*.
Into thC sombre, prosae routine of
legal business in the United States
district court at Rornoke. Va., Friday
morning crept as pretty a :t, of ro
mance as was ever discovered outside
the pages of a modern Twentieth
century nove!. The old saying. toar
fact is stranoer than ficty)Fn." wS
demonstrated in the most remarkable
manner possible. and yet there were
few in the crowded court room who
realized, outside (if a few onlicials, that
the love of a woman for a man had
tempered the hand of justice in one
particular case. and that there had
been disclosed a tender story of devo
tion and self-sacritice that has few
parallels in the history of grim court
Arraigned before the bar, were twc
prisoners charged with a common of
fense against the United States reve
nue laws, viz., retaining moonshine
whiskey without a license. Their
names were respectively John 1). and
M. M. Gaultley. They were arrested
on a joint warrant served on them in
the mountains of Tazewell county.
On being arraigned in court they
were the-cynosure of all eyes. so great
was the contrast in their physical ap
pearance. John D. Gaultley, the tall
er of the two, is a man of fine propor
tions. a typical rugged mountaineer,
standing six feet five, weighing 28Z
pounds, and clad in the .picturesque
rough dress suggestive of the soil it
selr. His massive throat was guilt
less of a collar save one formed by thE
thicK woolen shirt he wore, and from
his heavy, mud-bespattered boots tc
his ruddy looking face, be was a uni
quo tigure. By his side, stood a
smaller figure, as straight as a shingle,
but so much more diminutive in fact.
as to arouse the immediate interest oi
all present. This was M. M. Gaultley,
presumably a brother of the man whc
The younger prisoner was dressed it
the same rough garb as the man above
described, even to the coarse woolen
shirt, big-legged trousers and red
topped boots. Bet there was some
thing in the bearing of the younger
of the two-perhaps it was the frail
ness of the figure, or perhaps it may
have been the plaintive, frightened
look turned. towards the begowned
judge-that riveted the attention o:
all present on the smaller prisoner
apparently abou t tive feet three inches
and weighing 125 pounds. Botu pri
soners, at the instigation of counsel,
pleaded guilty to the cha'rge against
them. .J udge Henry Clay McDowell,
in measured tones sentenced the larger
of the two, John D., to derve sis
months in jail, and pay a fine of $100.
A look of sympathy idashed from thE
younger prisoner, whose black eyes
and comely face still held the atten
tion of all. Something in the mannez
of the latter had aroused the sympa
thy of the prosecuting attorneys,who,
amid a breathless silence. :urned tc
the grave judge and asked that a nolle
prosse be entered against the smaller
prisoner, on account of apparent
youth fulness. The judge assented~and
after giving the prisoner a severe lec
tre, ordered that the papers for a
for.aal dismissal be prepared. The
prisoner turned to the judge. and in a
pleading manner, asked to be allowed
to serve a portion of "Brother John's'
sentence. This, the judge denied, and
ordered the prisoner removed. The
prisoner again begged the court to be
allowed to go to jail .with "Brother
John," and again the judge refused.
On being taken to -their cells, the
Gaulteys were visited by the jailer,
his intention being to release the
smaller prisoner on an order from the
court. Something in the behavior of
M. M. Gaultley, however, aroused the
suspicion of the wise keeper of the
bastile, and the awkward manner in
which some of the garments were ar
ranged, as well as a feminine air,
caused the jailer to put forth some in
quiries. So suspicious had the jailer
grown that he ordered an investiga
tion, which quickly revealed the fact
that M. M. Gaultley was a fully devel
oped woman. Then it was that the
young moonshiner stated that she was
the sister of John D. Gaultley. After
further questioning, however, she
broke down. and amid womanish tears
she told her story-that she was the
big man's wife, and not his sister
certainly not his brother, as the reve
nue ollicers had supposed; of bow she
had, more than a year ago, adopted
male attire, so as to be able to assist
her husband in his work: of the war
rant being sworn on them, when her
husband alone was guilty of the crime.
Asked why she had sought punish
ment when she bad been exonerated
by the court, the wr' man declared her
only object was to be by her husband's
side, and to work out with him, the
sentence imposed by the court.
The Gaultleys moved to Tazewell
county, this State, from Alleghany
county, N. C.. a 'year ago, and have
passed as brothers ever since coming
to Virginia. Mrs. Gaultiey was re
leasedand will be furnished with pet
ticoats before leaving for her moun
tan home. The case will no doubt,
call to mind some of the experiences
f Little'' Bill Ihoward of the Dark
Corner of Greenville county.-Colum
Too much recreation fails to re
There has never been a reduction in
the wages of sin.
Most men enjoy being found out
>y the bill collector.
Fishes should get together and
adopt a uniform scale.
Its easier to make good resolutions
than to break bad habits.
An honest man would, rather be
nderrated than overrated.
Love has made many a young man
too near sighted for military service.
It is the auctioneer's hammer that
rivets atten tion and clinches bargains.
An innocent looking banana skin
is often the first step in a downward
Many a prominent man has ceased
o work at it after the votes were
A good workman is like a pair of*
hars: shuns up when he goes to,
W's Entraned into and Hs Pnce 1
Modern Polities. -
The spellbinder made his appear
i :.nce coincidently with the dude in
the early eighties; at least, the names
arose at about that time. The two
types of men have existed since the
first spellbinder persuaded his brothcr
troglodytes to form the first tii11.1 goV
ernment and the _rst duie dis!inu:s'
ed himself from his felows l. scrap
ing the sea mud from his h.iry -inil:
before gulping down the molus
whose high heaped sllls were to be
the kitchen middens of the archicol
The young Republicans who went
forth converted to Democracy in the
Blaine campaign and with the zoal of
new converts held their audiences
spellbound as they wove chaplets of
rhetorical flowers about the hcad of
the Democratic candidate were the first
spellbinders, I think. to wear the title.
It was swiftly adopted. however. ladis
criminately for all political speakers
The spellbinders of 1S04. rightly or t
wrongly, at least left their party for
conscience's sake and gave their serv
ices to their cause. Even today a ma
jority of political speakers are abso
lutely unpaid. Of course one hears
stories of fees of $10,000 paid to a not
ed Democrat for campaign services
against Mr. Bryan in 1896 and of fees
of $300 a night palu to a noted inde
pendent who opposed Mr. Harrison. In
addition, however. to congressmen and
senators and state and local ofiteehold
ers who give their services. there are
hundreds of speakers of various po
litical faiths who neither hold nor ex
pect to hold public office who would
regard the offer of payment for a po
litical speech. as an insult. Neverthe
less, the spellbinder must get what
comfort'he can from the triumph of his I
cause, for the world will not credit him
with disinterestedness, and his best
friends, out of politics, think him hired. o
The orator of an earlier generation
has had his day. The modern spell
binder, like the man of business, the
soldier, the Salvation Army evangelist, I
concerns himself more with results I
than conventional methods, with mat- i
ter rather than form.-Colonel Curtis I
Guild, Jr., in Scribner's.
"0 Rare Ben Jonson!"
A setting of Ben Jonson's "Drink to
Me Only With Thine Eyes" was pub
lished recently by the Wa-Wan Press
at Newton Center, Mass. In a few
weeks there came a letter from a
woman who had been a singer in light
opera, but who quit the stage because I
she could make a better living popular
izing songs by singing them into the g
phonograph. She wrote from a small I
New York town, addressing the letter
to Mr. Ben Jonson, Nedton Center. It
Dear Sir-For $5 I will include your 4
song, "Drink to Me Only With Thine
Eyes," in my new catalogue of phono
graph records and will also send you a
record of the same.
The letter was answered by Arthur
Farwell, the composer, in this strain:
Dear Madam-As Jonson was a pal of
BIl Shakespeare's he Isn't with us at
the present time. In any case, .he would -
not sanction this expenditure of a sum
which might be so much more satisfac
torily applied at the Mermaid tavern.I
We feel that the last three centuries have
sutficiently heralded his name abroad to
make it unnecessary to resort to the
phonograph in the present emergency.
-New York Tribune.
Two Frock Coats.
The Paris Figaro thinks that the day
of frock coats is over, reasoning from
a circumstance which lately occur'red
at Ostend. During the international
race w'eek King Leopold gave a lunch
eon party and invited a famous Eng
lish gentleman rider, one of the Yan
derbilt family, M. de B., an - eminent
French turfite and the consul of a great
power. The card of invitation bore in
the corner the words "In frock coat."
Now, M. de B. had no frock coat with
him, so he went downstairs and, find
ing the manager, begged his frock coat
for a couple of hours. The manager
readily consented, but said, "I mast
explain to M. le Comte that this Is not
my best frock coat, which' I should
readily have placed at his disposal had
I not already lent it to M. Vanderbilt."
The explanation of the matter doubt
less is that the gentlemen did not think
they would need these garments of
form and ceremony on a racing trip to
"Private" John Allen's 'eat.
Ex-Congressman John All T, known
as 'Private" Allen, because 1 was the
only private in the Confede- ste army, I
was standing on Pennsylvania'avenue,
Washington, recently, watching the
Grand Army of the Republic parade',
With hi-n were two ladies. As the
multitude of Grand Army men swept
by, Private Allen was visibly m
pressed. After several hours had
elapsed Charles A. Edwards, secretary
of the Democratic congressional. com
mttee, came along. Allen greeted him,
stopped him and said:
"Edwazqls, how long has this paradeI
been going along?"
"Four hours and a half," replied Mr.
Edwards after consulting his watch.
Mr. Allen heaved a sigh, turned to
the ladies and said in a tone of melan
"Just see what I held at bay for four
years."-New York Times.
Queen Alexandra's Dainty Fad.
Queen Alexandra's especial fad has ~
a daintiness well In keeping with her
personality. It is that of having her -
pocket money made perfectly clean
and bright before she fingers it. When
ever a check Is turned into hard cash
for her use the coins are scrubbed In a
lather of spirits of wine, water and
soap before being placed in her purse,
and any change that may be tendered
her when making purchases Is taken
charge of by the lady in waiting until
it has been subjected to a like process
of purification.- hiladelphia Telegraph
It is bad enough to know you are a
fool but it is far worse to let others
Thle highest-priced theater is the
one that giv-es a 10 cent show for ha~f
Somehow nearly everything a wo
man wants is on the other side of a
lHusbands and wives have to quarrel
a w times .n order to satisfy them- *
selves that it is foolish to quarrel.
If the averagze man would quit ~
looking for soft snaps and stick to his
regular job hie would be better oit w
Easy won seldom lasts.
The fool never profits by his mis
Cheerupathy is the best schiool of i
A happy memory is the best staff p
for old age. f
If prayer alone saved heaven would
be easily won. - l
The home homelike means the it:
HOT FROM tEF~t
- War CorrespOfdent'snd Hls StOee
of a Gr'eat Etvent.
Newgathering, not fighting Is the -
:de of the war correspondent But
t is news at -ny personal cost, and a
ine unpremeditated heroism often goes
vith the gathering of it.
01e morning after the siege of Paris,
vhen the city was believed in London
:o be still in the hands of the com
nune. Sir Joha Robinson, manager of
he Daily News of London, reached
iis o!fice to find the late Archibald
"orbes lying on the floor asleep, his
tea en a postoffice directory, while
he printers were hard at work on his
nanuscript. the story of "Paris In
lames." a most vivid description of
he list days of the commune.
"Forbes had telegraphed from Dover
nuouncing his coming." said Sir John
lobinson, "the printers had been wait
ng, and thus the country heard of
hose terrible days for the first time.
"London was ablaze with excite
nent. Bouverie street was impassable
bh ough the newsboys shrieking for
opies. and in parliament Mr. Glad
tone w:as questioned that afternoon
ud ecul:1 orly say he hoped the story
-When Forbes wakened from his
lumber amid all this turmoil, what a
pectacle he was' His face Was black
vith powder. his eyes red and in
lamed. his clothes matted with clay
md (lust: lie was a dreadful picture.
le had been compelled to assist the
-omuniiists in defending a triangular
"ace pIon which three detachments
>f the Versailles troops were firing,
mnd had actually taught the citizens
iow to build a barricade."
By aid of dummy dispatches ad
ressed to Lord Granville and the
iueen. Forbes escaped from this
breatening triangle and wrote all the
vay to England. being the solitary
2ssenger on the mailboat. - Youth's 7:
The Apology Was Stil Worse.
A philanthropic lady visited the asy
un at Kingston, Canada. says Brook
yn Life, and displayed great interest
n the inmates. One old man partica
arly gained her compassion.
"And how long have you been here,
ny man?" she inquired.
"Twe-ve years," was the answer.
"Do they treat you well?"
"Do they feed you well?'
After addressing- a few more ques
Ions to him the visitor passed on. :She
ioticed a broad and broadening snul
m the face of her attendant and oa
Lsking the cause heard with conster
lation that the old man -wag none oth
r than Dr. Clark, the superintendent
She hurried back to.make apologles
low successful she was may be gath
red from these words: "I am very
;rry. Dr. Clark. I will never be gov
urned by appearances again."
Origin of the Cannon.
It is a curious fact that the first can
on was east at Venice. It was called
"bombard." and was invented and
mployed by General Pisani in a war
ainst the Genoese. The original.
>ombard. which bears the date of
330. is still preserved and stands at
he foot of Pisani's statue at the'ar
enai. The bombard threw a stone 100
>ounds in weight: but another Vene
ian general. Francisco Barde,i
>roved it until he was able to handle
Scharge of rock and bowlders weigh
ng 3,000 pounds. It proved disatrous
o him, however, for one day during
he siege of Zara, while he was oper
ting his terrible engine, he was hurled
>y it over the walls ,and instantly
The Lipari Islands.
From. the Lipari islands of mnytholo
y, the abode of Zolus, the ruler of
he winds, and the scene of.-his meet
ng with Ulysses. to the Lipari Islands
f today is a very far cry- Indeed.
['here are no hotels, and the islands
.re almost unknown to tourists, while
he 13.000 inhabitants are almost In a
tate of primitive and patriarchal sim
iicity. They tender their services vol
ntarily as guides and refuse payment,
egarding all visitors as their guests.
he donkey is the only means of loe
ation. Horses are unknown In the
A Cinnabar Mine.
A very curious old mine with many
omantic associations is that at Quin
*io, in the' United States of Colombia,
rhere cinnabar, the ore of mercury,
as been wrought from the time of
be earliest Spanish exp~lorers, almost
00 years ago, ag a spot 10,000 feet
bove the sea. Its locality is further
emarkable as teing one of the wet- f
est places on the globe. It Is excep-J
ional for the rain to cease throughout
be greater part of the year.
"Yes," said the soprano In the choir~
ft, "religion Is absolutely free and
"And yet," grumbled the basso pro
undo, "it isconsidered Qiite the thing
o make a cloak of that cheap mate
Clara-Didn't you find Charlie Cia
leton too fresh ?
Maud-I should say so. I didn't-mind
Is kissing me, but I thought it was to.
:ch when he asked me to be his~ wife.
As Soon as Possible.
Diner-Waiter, bring me a napkin.
Waiter-lu a moment, sir; give you
be first one that is vacant.-Bostonl
"I don't know whether she sings or
"You would if you heard her."
True Christianity does not work in
hL :our shifts.
Keep Trying wins before Keep
h[ig gets started.
People who denounce gossip should
fuse to listen to it.
Money will purchase pleasure. but
ppiness must be won.
A heart without faith is fertile
i for the seds of despair.
Yesterday is for regret. tomorrow
r rest, today for endeavor.
Show How leads a winning crusade
he Tell Hlow beats a hasty retreat.,
To many men do not learn how to
re until their time has come to die.
e who always looks on the bright
~e always enjoys good moral eye
Somec people sing "Jesus paid it all"1
id imagine that they have a receipt
Thie man who takes no interest in
litics is not easily aroused to work
r good government.
When a man complains about "yel
w journalism" it is pretty safe td
ame dark scheme.