Newspaper Page Text
A STRANG5E STORY.
Mrs. John Hopkins Claims the For
tune of Charles Hill,
WHO DIED IN LOS ANGELES, COL.
Her Attorney is Now in Galvcston
Hunting Witnesses to the
Will, There Are Many
Several days ago there appeared in
the papers a statement that !rs. .1ohn
Hopkins and her son. C. C. Alexander.
now of Lancaster, had fallen heirs to
an estate of 814:3,000. left t1e1 by one
Chas. Hill alias 'Salem Charley" who
recently died in Los Angeles. Cal.
Wishing to ascertain if there was any
truth in it and if the wills now held
by Mrs. Hopkins. dated 24th Dac..
1878, and 24th May, 1892. the Union
Progiess wired The H1erald at thaz
place for information. The following
reply was received:
Merits of various claims to I1l1 es
tate set for trial May 12. Estate in
hands of public administrator and
amounts to $120,0o0. Two wilis
already produced. One of the worncn
elaims that her deceasd husband and
Hill were members of a gang of coun
ter-feiters operating in middle western
Sr'.tes, that Hill about 1S years ago
made a will, leaving his property to
the woman's infant daughter, who is
a variety actress, with her older sister.
The last phase of the case is tl
claim of the attorney for public a
ministration for fees held up ias cx
LooKNo.%( FOR WITNESSES.
V. E. Deasz, iN.. who is to re
ceive half of the aiount he secures oi
the will, also telegraphed to Los
Angeles, but the information was very
meagre, it simply said the amount in
volved was $142,000. Mr. DePass is
now in the city of Galveston, Texas,
in search of the two witnesses who
signed the last will and testament in
that city in 1892. J. A. Sawyer, who
is assisting Mr. DePass, . left for
Atlanta Tuesday and should the two
witnesses, Henry McNease and F. G.
Odell be found, May 1st Messrs. Dc
Pass and Sawyer will leave for Lo.
Angels to present the two wills now
held by them for Mrs. Hopkins and her
Mrs. John Hopkins lives at West
Springs and before marriag'e to Mr.
Hopkins was Mrs. R1obt. B. Alexander.
and it was to him the wills were made
but he having died Sept. 24, 18, at
Greenville the wills go to his widow
,and her sons. In 1864 Mrs- Alexander
was married to her present husband,
ho came here about eight years ago
from Kalamazoo, Mich. He first
worked at the carpenter's trade, build
ing Union cotton mills, No. 2. After
saving up a little money he bought a
2 place near West Springs and sent for
his son to come and help him work his
farm. The purchase of the farm and
a couple of horses took all the money
he and his son had saved. They there
fore gave .J. Q. Wray a mortgage on
the two animals to furnish them with
supplies for the year. it being a hard
year and 'knowing almost nothing
about farming as carried on in the
south, they did not more than make
expenses. however they tried again.
'During that year the father married
Mrs. Alexander and the next year he
went to gold mining at the then
Thompson gold mines, and has been
engaged in that business more or- less
ever since, scarcely making more than
a living for himself and family. His
son is now a mail carrier between this
place and West Springs, in addition to
whlich he peddles chickens and eggs
along the road. As-mail carrier he re~
ceives about $10 aimonth.
Several days ago Mrs. John P. Hop
kins came into the possession of a
scrap of newspaper which led to the
discovery that she and her son were
heirs to the estate.~ From where the
clipping came and the year is not
known, but it is evident that it was a
last year's clipping. It reads as fol
"Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 9.-An al
leged will of the late Chas. Hill alias
"Salem Charley," who left an estate
of $142,000 in cash, for whicif numer
ous claimants have appeared, was
filed today by Mrs. Gertrude Driggs.
The document is written in pencil on
a scrap of paper and bears the signa
tures of George Manning, a famous
counterfeiter, now dead. and U.
*Driggs, the former husbaud of the
woman. The will is dated Jan. 14.
1888, and leaves the entire Hill estate
to Gertrude Dciggs, said to be a varie
ty actress, the 15 year old daughter
of Mrs. Drigrgs."'
E As soon as Mrs. Hopkins read it she
remembered the name and thatr. she
had a will made by the same person.
She then found the two wills, one
dated before this alleged will and the
As soon as she had found them she
sent them to V. E. DePass and said
she would give him half of the estate
if he would collect it. After looking
into the matter fully he took as h~is
assistant J. A. Sawyer, and they pro
ceeded to West Springs to further in
vestigate and get power of attorneys
from Mrs. Hopkins. As soon as they
had secured it Mr. Del'ass left for
Galveston to hunt up the witnesses.
while Mr. Sawyer was to go direct to
Los Angeles. However, Mr. Sawyer
did not go any further than Atlanta,
Ga., where he will probably wait for
The will and deed first made was
drawn up here. and had as witnesses
Mr. Philip Dunn and Jiames Wall.
Mr. Dunn was wvell know here and his
widow, who is very wealthy, still re
it is said in the will that Mr. liii:
deeded and willed everything to Alex
ander for "*I, Chas. 1l111. having
never forgotten him as the only per
son that ever saved my life."
By the record of the Cincinnatti Ex
press-Gazette, it appears that there
were twenty-two train robberies in the
United States in 1902. In the past
thirteen years, according to the same
authority, 320 railroad trains have
been "held up" in this country, and
ninety-eight persons have been killed
and 107 injured, mostly by gunshot
wounds, in the perpetration of the
Sold His Head.
Arthur Jennings. age 2?, a resident
of Florerace. Cal.. has negotiated with~
an Eastern medical institute for the
purchase of his head. .Ienning's head
is almost twice the normal size. Ac
. cording to the information. the price
is 8100.000 down andI an additional
$1,000 to be paid to nis relatives at
the time of his death. Hlis hea-l
-measures thirty-six inches5 in circum
BILL ARPS LETrTER.
He Discu3e Middle Men Politici
aid Ohei- Thi.M.
I was ruminating about the grand
army of maiddle mnca that it takes to
carry on the trade and coimlerce of:1
this country. I vriy believe that
they make i.re nwney than the
manufacturers and there are twice as
many ' them. A friend of mine re
CentIy viitC : large manufactory of
sewig nachines and the superinten
dent told him that the prime cost )f
a first-class machine was 9.0 and
they jobbed them oft at. 1l. The
loobers sold them fur t15 to agents.
Tie agents retail them at 83:5. for he
ha's to rent a store rooim and keep a
Ihorse and wagon an make repars
free anI sell on installnents cand
Sometimes has to take, a machine
back for non-paymezJt.. When lhe
original bill Arp moved to Texas he
took his wife's machin" with him and
left his note behind wil 12 10 unpaid.
Shortly after that a new agent was
sent here who not. actuainted with
the Arp familV and he came out t4
my house and wanted me to pay the
ntc. 1 had hard work o eonvinc
him that I was another Are. 'hle
note was sianed William Arp, his
mark, and Cindere!ia Arp. her mark.
y was very Omiint that shc
should b suspect-.d of making -er
Well. now you see how mCu monev
went to the middle men after toe
machine left. tile factory-$25--twice
as much as it cost to make it. .Just
so it is with thlusands of other things
that go thriiugh the hands of middle
A was ruminating about tills ie
eau-e i received a repoirt of 5(0 copies 1
f my new book t_at Mr. 'Byrd had
so. *The b kjk cost s cents to elee.
Sritype andi print and bind it and I
was to have 1:11haf the protits arisin'
f;om the sale. The price was $1.25.
postage paid. which was 11 cents.
Thirty copies had been sold here at
the book store for $:17.50. The book
store kept 25 per cent. or $9.37. Mr.
Byrd gct $28.13. The freight and
incidental expenses amount to 3 cents
a copy. So the cost was 88 cents and
it netted 93 cents and my half of the
ditference was 21 cents on a copy. The
puiisher and agent or middle men
get about ali there is in a bok. I
am not complaining at anybody but
myself. for Mr. Byrd told me that
the price would have to be 1.50 to
make anything. but I wasn't thii:k
ing about agents charging sol much
and I wanted the people to have it as
cheap as possible. lut it can't go on
this way. The publication must
st-np or the price b raisel to $1.30
and if an agent won't sell for 25 cents
a copy, he needn't' sell at all. The
books sell themselves on the counter. I
But Mr. Byrd can continue to sell on I
mail orders for $1.25 and 10 cents Z
more for postage. This will be a fair I
divide * all around and give the poor i
author about 15 cents a copy.
Senator Ihoar's speech at Chicago is
before me. Nothing since the war I
has so cheered me and impressed me
as that beautiful speech. Why doesnt t
every newspaper in the South copy it.
or that part of it that pays such a
tribute to the Southern people. WXhen
1 tinished reading it 1. would hai cec
hugged the old moan, if he ha~d been
near eniongh. Listen-"My life politi- t
cally has been a life of constant strife
with the leaders of the Southern peo-(
ple, yet as I grow older. I have learned
not only to respect and esteem them,.
but I love the great qualities which
belong to my countrymen of t.ae
Southern States... They are a noble
race. We may well take pattern from1
them in some of the virtues that give
stength and glory to a free people.
Their love of home; their~ chivalrous
respect for .woman-their courage
their delicate sense of honor-their
constancy which can abide by anopin
ion or a purpose through adversity]
and through years and generations.
And there is another thing-covetous- 1
ness, corruption and the low tempta- 1
tion of money has not yet fonlnd any I
place in Southern politics. I
"My friends, we cannot afford toi
ive in a state of estrangement from a
people who possess these qualities.
They are friends of ours, born of our I
borning, tiesh of our flesh, blood of(
our blood and if I have a right to
speak for M1assachusetts, wvill say.
'Entreat me not to leave thee or for
sake thee, where thou goest. 1 will go.
Thy people shall be my people. and
thy God my God.'
This is only a part of it. 1 have
placed it in my scrap book along with
the admirable editorial comment of
The Senator spoke truly when said
that corruption in national politics
had not yet reached the South. If the
case had been reversed our members1
would not have unseated Butler, but
with the Northern members the ends
justify the means. Yes. I remember
from away back how the old man
fought us. M~y father was brought up
in his State and mother in South
Carolina and when the Senator and I
were in our early manhood (wve were
born in the same year) the war began
bet ween those t wo States. Yes, more
than tifty years ago. and has been bit
ter and unrelenting ever since. This
is the trst sigr iof a returning senseC of
justice that has come from any greait
man of the Old Bay State and we re
joice that it has come from Senator
hoar. thenoblest Roman of them all
Its infl unence-will reach from Chicagro
to Boston and its generous sentimrents
will thrill every hreast in the South
I care nothing for Mr. li~oseve lt1
nor his late letter. I am too old toi
e deceived -by wordy parnagraphs
When lie retracts his slanders (on Jef
ferson D)avis and apologizes to Ih
widow 1 wil! ihave some coin tilenue in
his honor and( his professed goodi
tetions, but not until then. If he
is a genmtleiman he will do that. If he
isinot a gentleman he won't, and that
I is all there is in it. Thomas Nelson i
Page aii' hlarry Stillwell Edwards
and( tihe Methodist icacherC oh Cin'
cinati, ti the contrary notwithstand
ing. Senator lioar would not have(
uttered and puhlished those slanders 1
and if he had done it unwittingly. he
would have long ago made the amende
honoraole. "Slander is sharper thin
the sword. Its breath rides on tne
p~sting winds and its tongue out
v enoms all the worms of the Nile"k
Roosevelt is a stubborn. conceited
politician, IIe professes to he a i
friend to the South. when he is not. I
IIf we send a consul to a foreign coun- 1
try and they do not like him he is re
cled because he is "non grata per
ona. How much mo~re careful shoul'd
hc Pre.sident be to appoint no one to
otm i who is riot grateful to our own
eopl1 If Itousevelt is a friend what
nmkes him keep on shoving Dr. Crum(
on the people of a great city like
Chr lesa--n. Anad the negro is an ar
ogant. conceited Wool or ne wouldn't
.. k. it. 1
'I know that you say that you love
"ut why did von kick me do'vn -he
Some one asked T1:m ft-ed i ther
vas such a thing as an honest politi
:ian. lie said, 'Yes. An hones
>litician is one whorn you c:.n buy
and he will stay bought. but even
,bey are scaree." ILL Al.
THE DISPENSARY LAW
,!ust be EnftiOriced iin CharIeston the
sane as - Elsewihere.
Governor Jeyward says he depr
ates exceedinlyv the recurrence "f
he dispensary trouble inl Charleston.
le is empihatic in his opinion that it
s bad for a constable. or any other
licial to carelessly indulge in the
eLc of pitols. but at the same time he
S equally emphata- that the author
ty "f the constables wili be upheld.
d the disrespect shown to the law
ias made hin all the more determin
d that there sball be a proper enforce
Oento' the law in Charleston.
In speaking of the matterhe stated
hat it was not a question as to
rhether it was distateful or pleasant: I
t was simply a question as to wheter
r not violators of the law shall be al
wed to override the constituted au
horities. lie believes that he will he
ustained in his efforts to make the
iw respected by every self-respecti.
:w abiding citizen. irrespective of
vhether they personally favor tli law
r not. le has stated on several ow
asions in public interviews that it i.s
is purpose to carry outt the dispten
ary law in Charleston as elsewh1ere.
ithout. fear or favor to any section
f the State.
le also had stated that he would
ot persecute any section. and will en
eavor as far as pssihe in carrying
ut the law to he mlindful of the c a
[itions that existed. That he lad
urthermore stated is rcognit ion ol
be conition which existed in Chr
eston, and that it wouli he praci icntly
mpo sible to free the city rom all
iolators of the law, owning to its con
[itions and surroundings, but that he
roposed to make violators )f the law
ave a decent respect for the law.
hese views he entertained during the
ampaign and had so expressed hilt
elf, and has reiterated them after his
lection. and had practically repeated
hem in his inaugural. le stands
tpon that ground today and believes
iis eforts will bring him the iora.l
upport of all right-thinkirng citizens.
The (Pivernor reiterated his unviill
gness t make the law objecl tba! 'le
r to f' 're unpleasant conditiions upnI
ny community, and he sincr*ly
rusts that adlereice to the law mill
cake this unnecessary. -
A Rome Thrust.
The Rtichmond News-Leader makes
, forceful answer to the suggestion
hat if Virginia puts Lee's statue in
he national capitol Kansas may place
ohn Brown's there. The News
eader says: ")We are threatened that
f Virginia insists on a statue of Lee
n Washington, Kansas will insist on
lacing John Brown there. If Kansas
refers to go before posterity with
ohn Brown as her typical hero and
epresentative man, there is no reason
by Virginia should object. We are
ntireiv satistied to have Lee repre
ent us. and if Kansas is satishied with
irown we can consider the mat cr
ith equlanimty. especially as we bad
he pleasure of hanging that distin
'uished citizen of our sister Star~e.
'ome to think of it, however, we d
tot know but that lBrown is abotut as
rell as Kansas can do: and he may g.
nto statuary hall not as the demon
tratton of her malice hut as her hon
st eiort to present her best. The
wo other leading and famous Kansas
nen we recall at the moment are
ohn .J. Ingalls and Sock-less JTerry
simpson, and Brown seems to size eup
vel with any of them. And as to
be matter of juxtaposition of the
tatutes we are not sensitive. At
arpers Ferry. on a time forty-tive
'ears ago, Gen. Lee insisted on get
ing close to Brown, along with some
narines. and we have nio objection to
iaving Brown in the same hall with
im. In fact, for our part, we are
villing to make overtures to Kansas
,nd oropose that if we can get room
utugh and she will put up her Brown
tatute, we will put Gen. Lee. wholt
aught him, on one side, and Goy.
'Vise, who hanged. him on the other.
Vell said. "Dy their fruits ye shall
Jamiisoni Pushe~d the Button.
K. K. Jlamison. of Lockhart Shoals,
n Union County, wvent in comnpany
vith two friends, to the Insane Assy
umn at Columbia to visit an acquaint
ne. The three men are employees
if the Olympia mill and practically
trangers to the residue portion of the
ity. Arriving at the main gate of
he Assylum.Jamison inquired: "How
an we get into the b~uildhing when we
o up the step.;" "Ring the bell and
end in your names," directed the
:atekeeper. So up the walk the men
vent and meeting no one at the door
amison stepped jtust inside the lobby.
pened the d >or of a small red .hox
od pulled a lever. The indicators
n the engine hofuse rang and 4 t show
:d upon the d als. The liremto n jumpn
d for the machines <mdt~ the great
loors thirown wvide the a pparat us
aced away to the asyluitm. J1a misot
tad rung the bell. The dlepartmett
'ound no blaze and the matter was itn
ecstigated, with the result the unfoir
untett .Jamisonl was carried befoere thie
'ecorder. whose court was tn sessionI
t 9.5, when the alarm was sent in.
[he thre3 men swore they had never
ecu an alarm box before. thottgh
here are many oft them itn the btuild
g in the mill district. .lamisen
)mid $10 for h is innocettt diversion.
Slew Wil'e and( Rtaie..
Adolph K rauss. a Gertnat farmer.
elec F'otta ie. Thu rsdayn ntightt k ilied
is wife and six child ren wit h a sledge
iammr. lie then k nocked hi mself
manscious with the hammnet. From
dl that catn ibe learned Adlol ph i~rauss
ntered the nounse some time 'Ttms
lax' afternoont armed with a sledge
iamer. Without warn ing h~e struck
is wife in the head. killingt her int
tatl. Then seizing his iirst chili
tged 12, he dealt a murderous blow.
Lhe other five children were killed
,iilarlv, the last being a ;-months
d baby. Krauss then placed the
even bodies side by side on the tloor
t \ne rootm. He then seized t:1c
tammer and dealt himself a blow on
,he skull, which fractured it and
nocked1 him unconsciouts. his body
aling almost in line xith those or
On t he IRise.
A motnth ago extract of peppermnt
ould be bought byv the druggist at
.80 per pound. atnd now it sells lor
5.50 per pOundi~. They say 1the crop is
falre. 'iut crops don't aiways have
.. fai fr prices to increas.
IN THE COURTS.
A I'ceiver Applied for in the Matter
(f* the Alliance Exchange.
The Columbia State says a petition
has been fied with .iudgre Ernest
Gary asking that a receiver he ap
Iointed for the 'Farmers Alliance
Exchange of South Carolina. Limited."
and in the meantime the judge has
issued an injunction forbiling that
exchange from using any of the sum
of $%l.000 which is now banked in
Columbia until the case is tried on the
II. E Brookshire. a stockholder.
brings the suit on behalf of himself
and on behalf of certain of the stock
loiilders of the Cash Mill sub-alliance
and on behalf of all other stockholders
of the first naniced association who are
willing to share the exp-.nses of the
The Farners Alliance was incorpo
rated Dec. 1 1. . with a ca pital
stock of '"0.000. divided int') L.000
sr it d5 each and with A. C.
Lyles. .i. L. Keitt. J. B. Douthit. .T.
F. Ashe. S. T. MoKeowvn. 0. P. Good
win. l. L. Dunaldson. J. C. Colt as
directiors, who wi be derendadts in
The complains alleges that ;he di
rectors Io longver use the funds of the
exchange~ lfor tlx purposes foir which
it was irgMized aId that the money
invested s"!Jou'rl Ib c returried to tme
stkholders for fear that it may be
dissipatedi: also there are severel
cinimns gainsi, tice finnd which ought
not to be- paid and t:ha.t some decision
as ti their validitv should he arrived
at. The complint is quite lengtrV
in charact er. but the chief poinm s have
beno em-re'. Tie plaint iff is repre
eie byI,- .1 mins Verner. G. Dun;cin
I elliner'-c and WY. Ii. Tfownrend.
Only a pol:ir sermon satisfies every
Adversity is the safety brake on
Gossip thrives only in a field ol
Those who have suffered are best
able to feel.
Clean politics will come when honest
men assume' control.
Troubl- is abiut all som ine ci curch
menmbers give the preacher.
Sat:m never wash ,.s tin;o- on the
ownier cf a well-thumbedl lile.
A corupt city "overnLeInt is pos
sible only in a city full oif hypo::rites.
From pretext to practice is sucb
a lon--distance that most men never
There is, too. plenty of room at thc
bottom, but the company is not nearly
Those who become tired at a 40
minute sermon can sit three bours in
When a man profits through wrongc
or fails through lack of effort hce is
very apt to talk about "destiny."
There is something wrong about
the christianity of the church moem
ber who takes no interest in p-ilities.
The longer a boy is' tied to hle
mothers apcoin-strings the nearer hce
is to success when hce does cut losse.
Some people think they are grow
ing sentimenctal whfenin truth they
are merely in need uif a liver regula
When men are as true to themselves
as their dogs are true to thceir masters
this wvill be a much better world tc
The best knowledge is knowing
hoiw to appreciate what we have and
how to get along without the things
we cannot possess.
If the Iiwers that grow on thE
graves of the dead had bloomed inc
their lives the world have been made
better and brighter.
Nothing makes a man fteel that he
is growing old like finding out for tirst
time that he can no longer "chin him
self!:" on a horizontal bar.
The man whose children are not
lad to see him when he comies homn
in the evening is not to be trusted any
further than you canc throw a barn
yard by the gate.-Will 31. Mlaupir
in Tihe Commoner.
Negro "Herb" Doetor
Charged with having poisoned hec
husband, Wmn. G. D~anze. who died 16
months ago, Catherine Danze was
committed to prison in Philiadelphia,
Pa., F"riday and George Hloossey,
negroi "herb doctor'' ancd fortune tel
Ier. who, it is charged, sold poison to
the woman. also was held as an ac
essory fLo the alleged crime. The
princiepal witness againit the woman
was a pci vate dletective who called or
"Dr." Iloossey. the detective feigning
illness. While he was being treated
for "kidney trouble" the detect ivc
told him he was having trou~ble with
a woman. andl the "doctor~ volun
teered to sell him a powder that would
kill the woman in three days. 'Dr.~
said he had civen a womaun some pow
der more than a year ago to get rid
of her hcusband. The woman promised
the "dcltor" 1l00. but only gave him
-5. A city detective then testified
tha t Ca thein Danze1* admittedi hay
in" seured adrug from Iloossey
wiich she nut in her husbcanfs cotfet
inc order to cure him o' the drinking
Ihabit. Sh fcurther aidmitted, the
detecive said. that s.he lad paid
loossey after she had ecllected .$3,000
insurance that was oni her husband's
lfe. A cihemist testified that thc
packaL'e the negroc intendell to cive
the p)-ivate detective to kill the licti
ticous woman cointaliced 100~ grainus o1
So.utiterni Unptist. Co nveticon.
Ti'hi fortyv-eigh th sessioni of thec
Sothr lcc-ia~pt ist Con vention. t he
larges-t deliberat- bode in the world,
wil i I hib in Savaincahc. G~a.. this
year ' bei-nin May s.- Its 5(ssion1 vill
Ib he'ld in the 1ir1st laptist Chia:rel:
there. It is anticipate'd that between~
(13.00 and (,50 people will be! icn at
tndanuce. lreparations for the carc
(f this im~mense gaithering are niOW in
corse of prepar-ation~ in Savanncah. A
oomi for tche secretar-ies has been
secure"d inc tile De Soto and all de
gat es will he ur-ged to register there as
s ion as poss-ibcle after theyv reach the
cit. One of tihe chlief matters of con
sderattion in Savannah is how to
11'ouse the' c enmus int iuOX of visitor..
A Big ul.
Chief Constable i atesman Wednes
day aftenocn fond an elegant-as
sortment of biooze in a negro house
near the river in Columbiai. Thle
house was uoccpiedc. but in it wvere
found 3~ kegs of whiskey contain
ing live gallons each. one box contain
20 iquart botties. and five barrels con
tining nOn half flinti.
SHOT FROM AMBUSH.
Mr. W. L. Crnft, of Fairf'ax. Was the
W. L. Croft. a white man ab;out 55
|Vears old. who resided in Fairfax. was
shot from ambush about a mile from
his home at a late hour "Monday night
and instantly killed. Circumstances
p'jint very strongly to Frank Strong.
a young negro. as the assassin. Strong
and his wife, Eila, had separated and
the latter had obtained shelter and
employment from Mr. Croft and his
wife in Fairfax. The evidence shows
that Mr. Croft and Ella Strong left
Fairfax about 8 o'clock Sunday night
to go to Frank Strong's house. a mile
and a half,distant, to get some furn!
ture that Ella claimed.
Mr. Croft stopped at his son's house.
which is about 200 yards from1
Strong's. Ella going on by herself.
After a stormy encounter with Frank
she returned to thez place where she
had left 'Mr. Croft where the two re
mained until after midnight when
they left on foot together for Fairfax.
When Aacy had proceeded a few hun
dred yards in a road that skirts around
a branch and at a spot where stands a
cluster of pihe trees, a loud report of
a gun rang out in the stillness of the
night and a few minutes later Ella
Strong was back at Mr. Lee Croft's
and reported that some one had shot
M r. W. L. Croft and tilat he was dy
ing. The younger Croft hastened to
the sp'ot and found his father in the
throes of death.having almost breath
ed his last breath.
The weapon used was a shot gun,
probably an old army musket as
Strongr had such a gun. and was load
ed with large slugs or buckshot, some
of which took efTect in the deceased's
right breast and some in his rriht
band. E.l: Strong dhclares that she
res not know w11 coimmitted the
deed. but she has told conflicti ng
stories and it is believed that she does
A posse has been hunting for Frank
Strong. but he has not yet been ap
prehended. His running away sug
gests his guilt. As might be s'opposed
from the above narrative the deceas
ed's character was morally bad but he
was not of a turbulent or combatative
disposition. Magistrate Googe of Al
lendale is holding the inquest at this
writing. The deceased leaves a wife
and two grown sons, and a brother.
BRIBERY IS COMMON.
Gov. Garvin, of Rhode Island, In
dulges in Plain Talk.
In a special message sent to the
Senate Governor Lucius F. C. Garvin,
of Rhode Island, declarges that bri
bery is common in many towns of the
State and that many members of the
legislature occupy seats obtained by
purchased votes. The Governor re
commeuds the appoiatment of a com
missioner to employ agents to' detect
bribery and bring offenders to justice.
Governor Garvin is the first Democra
tic Governor Rhode island has had in
a number of years. The Senate is
Republican. The Governor in his
That bribery exists to a g reat ex
tent in the elections of this State is a
matter of common knowledge. No
general election passes without, in
some section of the State, the pair
chase of votes by one or both of the
great political parties. It is true
that the results of the election may
not often be changed so far as .the
candidates on the State ticket are
concerned, but many assemblymen
occupy the seats they do by means of
In a considerable number of our
towns bribery is sco common and has
existed for so many years that the
awful nature of the crime has ceased
to impress. In some towns tpe bri
bery takes place openly, is not calied
bribery, nor considered a serious
matter. The money paid to the
voter; whether $2, 85 or $20, is spoken
of as a payment for his time.
The claim that the money paid to
the elector is not for the purpose of in
tiuencing his vote, but in compesation
for time lost in vsiting the polis, is
the merest sophistry, and should not
deceive any adult citizen or ordinary
intelleigence. It is well known that in
such towns, when one political party
is supiled with a~ corruption fund and
the other is without, the party so
provided invariably elects its assem
bly ticket, thus affording positive
proofs that the votes are bought and
the voters bribed.
South Carolina Potmasters.
The United States postotlice depart
ment, in a recent publication, gives
the salaries of the postmasters of the.
principal cities and towns in Soutl)
Carolina. The figures will be or gen
Aiken...... ......... ....1900
Anderson..... ............ 2.200
Beaufort ............ ...... 1,600
Ben nettsville..... ........... 1.600
Camden ......... ......... 1.700
Cheraw ... ...............1. 200
Cl:mson College .... ........ 1.100
Clinton...... ............. 1.400
Colmbia.... ............. .10)
Edgelield.. . ............ ... 1.200
Florence......... ......... 1.800
Georgetown ... ............100O
Greenzville. ..... .. ........ 2;00
Grenwid . . ... ...... ...... 1.'.00
Luirns .... ........ 1.700
M'anning........ .. ..........100
Orangeburg........ ....... 90
Pel.er........... .... ...... .00
lIoek lull. .............. .. 2.000
Sumter..... .............. 2.200
Uion... .... ..............1.700
Walterbor(....... ..... .... 1.100
Winnsboro.......... ...... 1.00
As to Rewards.
The governor is being embarassed
~y letters l'rom parties reqjuesting that
rewards be offered for those who hav e
committed some crime. Sometimes
Ithese letters come only a day or so af
ter the crime is committed, and the
law expressly states that no reward
should b)e oifered until the otllcers had
used every means in their power to
capu re the criminal. Consequently
the governor does not feel that he
would be justitied in ofiering a re
PROTEST OF NO AVAIL.
The Notorious Blind Tiger Chicco.
Calls Upon Governor Heyward.
Thursday Vincent Chicco, thc un
crowned king of East Bay street, paid
his respects to his excellency, the gov
ernor of South Carolina. This unex
pected honor came about by reason of
the fact that certain vessals of the
sovereign State of South Carolina had
committed depredations upon the ter
ritory of the impulsive keeper of the
famous resort for the bibulous in the
old city by the sea.
Chieco is unique. He made no efTort
at dissimulation, but approached Gov.
Heyward in a straightforward man
ner and protested against the deter
mination of the chief executive to en
force the dispensary law in Charlaes
ton. But he was unable to stir tte
governor from the firm and unequive
cal declaration that the law shall be
enforced. In vain Chicco protested
that it would be ruin to himself and
others like him.
Gov. Hcyward received Chicco in a
very kind and dignifiev manner and
gavehiim a considerate hearing. Tue
new chief State constable. Mr. Ham
mett was present, and Chicco gave
him the cordial greeting which Chicco
gives everybody. L'Chick" became
celebrated during the administration
of Gov. Tillman, and the maker of in
comparable spaghetti and mixer of
drinks divine declares that he has had
not less than $14,000 worth of fine
liquors seized from his establishment.
The raid most expensive to himself
was the one in which a large quantity
of imported liquors were captured in
eonin hoxes which had been used as a
Another visitor from Charleston
called upon the governor Thursday.
Maj. W. A. Bloyle. chief of the police
departiment. The police and the con
stables have had some d isputing lately.
it being alleged by the latter that
they.are not given proper support by
the police of Charleston. Maj. Bovle
presented a letter from Mayor Smyth
conveying his best wishes to the
governor. After a consultation with
the mayor. Chief Boyle had come to
discuss the situation -with the gover
nor and to present some facts from
the standpoint of the police depart
The governor was assured of the
support of the Charleston police de
partment. Furthermore it was prom
ised that when the police are notitied
that a wagon is suspected of convey
ing contraband they will give chase
and assist in making arrests. The
contingency of Chicco building a boat
did not come .up otlicially, but he
stated in Columbia that the mounted
constables could not catch his boat.
A Significant Admission.
The speech delivered by Secretary
of War Root before the Union League
club in New York, tends to confirm
the report that Mr. Roosevelt's advis
ers have warned him that he has gone
a bit too far on the negro question.
Mr. Root took occasion to say that it
extending White house courtesies t'>
the negroes. Mr. Roosevelt had gone
no further than any of his predeces
sors. Ie also invited special atten
tion to the fact that Mr. Roosevelt
has appointed fewer negroes to otlice
than did Harrison. H ayes or McKin
e. Mr. Root declared that the four
teenth and fifteenth amendments
have utterly failed to carry into effect
the plan formulated to elevate the
black man' by making him a citizen
and giving him the right to vote. Mr.
Root said that he believed that within
a few years the overwhelming domin
ant white .opinion in the south would
succeed in excluding the negro from
all offices in southern states and he
left upon his hearers the impression
that he did not regard it to be the
duty of the north to interfere with the
The Kansas City .Journal. one of the
leading Republican papers in the
west, commenting upon Mr. Root's
speech, says that because Mr. Roose
velt has had time to manifest his dis
approval, if he felt any, but has not
done so, "the speech must stand as
the latest and most up-to-date Re
publican doctrine as announced from
the White house." The Journal fur
ther says: "Tbis speech, where it
deals with the negro question, is so
absolutely contrary to the recoril of
the Republican party it is difficult to
realize that it could have been de
livered by one of the party's leaders
so eminent in authority and high in
position as Mr. Root is. If the atti
tude of the Republican party is chang
ing the negro has himself to blame.
In the border states between the
north and the south, and mn all the
larger ci tics, the negroes are no longer
loal adherents of the party that freed
them. Republican leaders are begin
ning to feel that they cannot rely on
the undivided support of the black
vote. and so it is not strange that their
sympathy should cool with this loss
o~ confidence. But Secretary Root,
f course, did not refer to this. lie
meant that the racial benefits which
were expected to ensue from clothing
the negro with. citizenship had not
materialized and that negro suffrage
had proved a disappointment from a
This will doubtless be interesting
reading to those who have imagined
that the Republican party was the
disinterested friend of the niegro. As
the Commoner says it will be observed
that this Republican paper says that
the negro has himself to blame if the
attitude of the Republican party is
changing. The fault of the negroes;
according to tnis Republican organ, is
that in the border states between the
north and the south and in all larger
cities the negroes are no longer loyal
adherents of the Republican party.
The fault, according to this Republi
can organ, is that tile negroes have
given Rlepublican leaders cause to feel
that they cannot rely on the undivided
support of the black vote.
"And so," says this Republican
organ. "it is not strange that their
sympathy should cool with this loss
of con tidence." The Journal ed itorial
in which this comment appears is en
titled "A Signiticant Admission.''
The Journal meant th~at the head-line
should apply to Secretary Root's ad
dress: and yet it is particularly ap
plicable to the admission made by the
Journal itself, which is. in effect, that
the ilepublican party is the friend of
the negro for political purposes only.
Safe blowers cracked the safes of
the Atlanta onices of the Standard
Oil company early Friday morning
and secured 8500 in cash and $2,000
in checks. Nitro-glycerine was used
by the men in opening the safes.
Terhr s no clue to the robbers. |
The Cost of Coal Miniig
The British board of trade has Just
published some tables regarding the
average price of coal at the pit's mouth
In the didferent great coal producing
countries as well as the number of
tons turned out by a single miner in a
year, which are of timely interest in
this country in view of the investiga
tions now being umde by the anthra
cite arbitration commission.
Reducing the British shillings and
pence to American dollars and cents,
we find the average cost of producing
a ton of coal at the pit's mouth in the
various countries as follows: India,
$1.03: United States, $1.33; Australia,
$1.52; Austria-Hungary. $1,7S; the Unit
ed Kingdom, $2.25; Germany. $2.25;
New Zealand. $2.40; France, $2.SS,'and
In considering these figures, which
place the average cost of mining per
ton in this country lower than any oth
er country save India, it should be re
nicmbered that the price for the Unit
ed States is the price of all coal, an
thracite and bituminous, while the
great bulk of the production in other
c:untries is soft coal. If the cost at
the pit's mouth of soft coal was taken
for the measure in the United States,
it would bring the figures almost down
to those for India.
Turning from cost at the pit's mouth
to tons per miner per annum, it is
shown that the United States leads
with an average of 548 tons. Then fol
low, but a long way behind, New Zea
land with 445 tons, Australia. 430; the
United Iingdom, 27S; Germany, 264;
France. 206; Belgium, 177; Austria
Hungary, 163, and India, only 70.
Considering the facts that cost of
mining is less here than in any other
:ountry except India and that the-out
put of *each miner is greater than that
of any other country, and assuming
that coal in our market brings as high
a price as it does elsewhere, it would
seem that coal operators- and carriers
have very little of which to complain
when comparing their profits with
those of the people engaged in the
same enterprise abroad.
White Flour and Appendicitis.
The notion advanced by the humor
sts that appendicitis is a disease in
vented for the purpose of conferring
socizl distinction may have to be aban
doned if the theory of an Illinois phy
sician is tenable.
This physician declares that appendi
citis was rare before the new processes
of rolling wheat were invented. He
says: "About the date mentioned (1875)
there began to be a general change
from the old methods of grinding grain
to the present method 'of roller mills
and excessively fine bolting cloths.
This plan of milling began first in the
large cities, and appendicitis began to
increase first there. Later the new
process crowded out the small mills in
the country. and the people could not
get flour made by the old process.
They bought fproducts of the large
milling establishments, and then the
farmers began to have appendicitis."
He adds, "Experienced millers will tell
you that the fine flour is less desirable
four than that made by the old proc
ess, but the trade demands it chiefly
on account of its whiteness."~
The Illinois doctor says also that in
the last few years appendicitis has be
come one of the most common; of dis
eases, and he regards the discovery of
the cause of its increase as of supreme
importance. So it is, but still one
physician's opinion does not settle it
"The main difference between the
New York and Chicago horse shows,"
says the Chicago Tribune, "is the
amount of diamonds displayed- New
York beats Chicago about two barrels."
This causes the Kansas City Star to
olserve that the main difference be
tween the Kansas City horse show and
those in New York and Chicago is in
the figures on which to display dia
mo'nds, and in this particular Kansas
City beats both of its rivals by a thou
Mr. Edison can do the traveling pub
lic a real service by dropping the stor
age battery for a few moments and
turning his attention to inventing some
system whereby the crew and passen
gers of a through express train may be
able to defend themselves against any
lone robber that may take a notion to
loot the train
During a recent debate in the Span
ish cortes General Weyler asserted
that he would have terminated the Cu
ban insu~ection if he had not been re
caled. Undoubtedly, but before this
was accomplished he would have ter
minated all the Cubans.
Connecticut goes New York one bet
ter and sentences a reckless automo
bile driver to a year's imprisonment.
The New York chauffeur who caused
the injury to a score or more of people
got off with six months' Imprisonment
Whatever else may be the matter
with Mr. Sch'wab, he is evidently not
suffering with locomotor ataxia. After
having traveled ov-er a good portion of
Europe he is now q' for India.
The Cubans appear to think that it
would impair their independence to get
on really friendly terms with the Unit
Taught Them a Lesson.
Mrs. Annie McMahon. of Jersey
City, taught tl" gossipers of her
town a wholesome :asson a few days
ago. It is hard i r some people to
mind their own bu:,iIess. They tear
reputations to shreds: they discuss
things about whicli they know little.
and they make scandal. Mrs. Mc
Mahon is a handsome widow, and it
seemed to be the popular idea with
the Jersey City gossiners that she was
in search of a husband. and they set
their tongues to wogging. If she
had an escort. to the theater they
talked. If she spoke to a man on
the street. they talked. If she wore
ilowers, they talked.
In fact, they talked so-much about
her possible matrimonial affairs that
she sent Out invitations to a selec t
list of thirty women gossips. asking
their attendace at her marriage to one
Harry Widemann. Some of the guests
sent presents, and when the solemn
hour arrived the gossips were on:
hand. Harry was late. For full 45
minutes he kept the bride waiting.
How the women whispered. Oh, thrill
of those precious moments: Perhaps
he would riot come at all. What a
nly the bride was conmpnod.
PURE SUNLIGHT AND AIR.
Places Here 'Which Shame the Old
World's Fav-red Climes.
We havo cften h-:-1 of "sunny Its
Iy" ohr t110 I:a:,." of Egypt. says
Desrt; but. r~ile m. there is no
sunlight there compared with that
Which falls upi;n the upper peaks of
the Sierra Madre or the uninhabitable.
wastes of the Colorado desert.
-Pnre sunlight requires for its ex
istence pure air, and the old world has
Uttle of it left. When you 'are in
aoie again and stand upon that hill
where- all good Romanists go at sun
set. look out and see how dense.is the
atmosphere between you and St -Pe
ter's dolile. That same thick air is aUl
over Europe, all a:ound the Mediter
ranean, even over in Mesopotamia and
by tile banks of the Ganges. It has
been breathed and burned and battle
smoked for 10.000 years.
Ride up and over the high tablelands
of Montana-one can still ride there
for days without seeing ! trace of .hui
maanity--and how clear and scentless
how absoiutely intangible, that sky
blown, sunshot Atmosphere! - You
breathe it without feeling it, you see
through it a hundred miles, and the
picture is not blurred- by it. -Onc
more ride over the enchanted mesas of
Arizona at sunrise or sunset,,with the
ragged mountains of Mexico. to the
south of you and the broken spursoft
the great Sierra around about you,
all the glory of the old shall be
nothing to the gold and purple
burning crimson of this new world.
'iova'le Drops In Diamonds.
It has long been knovL that
monds., especially the ela known
"rose diamonds," are likely to exp
If subjected only to what would see
very ordinary degree of heat, such
strc-ig rays from the sun, etc. It
now believed that the explosions
the result of the raPid expansion o
certain volatile liquids inclosed in'cavi-.
ties near the center of these precious
stones. A great many diamonds. eve
though cut, mounted and worn as gems
of perfection, are still in an unfinmed
condition-that is, the liquid drop from
which the stone is being formed has
not as yet deposited all c :.s "pure
crystals of carbon." Thc-n movable
drops may occasionally be seen wit
the naked eye.
When this Is the case, 'a strong'ml
croscope will give the drop the appear
ance of a bubble in the fluid of a car
penter's level. It is also highly ,pr'ob- -
able that besides the liquid. mentioned
these cavities may contain gases under 17
great tension. This being the case, :! -%
one may readily comprehend how
very small amount of heat -oi51%
-cause the liquid and gas to expand to '
such a degree that the diamond woul& a
give way with all the characteristids
of a miniature explosion.
Something He. Edd Forgotten
"So you enjoyed your con
trip, did you?" inquired the simple
gentleman. "I haven't been-over.,-,
fifty years, but my recollectonsr
still vivid. I remember once standiE
on Mont Blanc. watching the suink
behind the blue waters-of the e
rene:mn. while to my right th-e noble~
flhine rushed onward'to' the ,Blacksaj
and the Pyrenees, still holding t
snows of winter, were on the left.. I'
remember while standing there"
"But. Mr. Grey," feebly interrupted
his listener, "I was on Mont -Blane
myself, and really-you'll excuseme
but you really must be mistakenin s
"Mistaken?' returned the'old mn
lightly. "Not a bit of it. But L-for
got; it's dill'erent now. You know my
dear boy, that since my day-the entire
map of Europe has been changed by
these awful wars, and so of course yon
can't appreciate what it was fifty years
"The Land of the Hereafter.
Some conscience stricken persoti
who about a year ago forwarded eigh
t-five dollars to Coil ctor Stranahan, .
of the New.York austom House, in
payment of duties he had defrauded
the United States, sent last week an
additional tif teen dollars for the same
purpose. In the letter accompanying
the last remittance the contrite one.
explains as follows: -N
.1" found that]. had probably for
gotten a few things and that I should
send you $15 more to clear my con
science of this matter. I was not
able to spare the money at the time
today I enclose $15 in United States
bill for which you will kindly send me
a recipt. I shall try and buy a
money order in town-as I live twen- -.
ty-tive miles west of town on a farm.
Kindly acknowledge rcceipt of thie
same. this will settle the matter to
my best knowledge. .When it hap
pened 1 was not a 'Christian, but now
I try to live up to the teachings of
the Bible, and walk on the road to the
and of the hereafter. ", .
We commnend tim example of this
enitent pers.on to all 'who have
wronged their fellow travelers "to the
land of' the hereafter" in any mann'er
whatever.. We are. all. walking on
this road with (outpenlitent brother,
and sooner or later the journey will
end. It i; not a matter..-of choice
with us. We must makethe journey
to that "mysterious country from
whose bourne no traveler returneth
whether we want to go or not, and
well for us when we get there if we
can -look every one there in the face
and say "I1 nev-er wrnz~ed any of you
while on the j(.urney to this land. We
fear that many who read this will
not be able to say this, because they
did not dc the square thing' by many
of their fellow travelers "to the land
of the hereafter."
Killed on the Rail.
Mr. Jas. E. McArthur, of Gaffney?
ws killeri in a railroad wreck at Dan-4
yille. Va..- abou t one o'clock on Wed--r
nesday. Hie was returning to .Gaffney
from Richmond. Va., where he had
purchased a carload of mules. The
deceased was :32 years of age arid uin
Many. Cattle Perish.
Reports of loss of cattle from star
vation continues to come from the'
plains of Western Kansas and Eastern
Colorado where the ranchinen had not.
provided their herds withi shelter and
food. Whole herds perished from cold'
and lack of food.
Finally, to slow music. Harry entered
on the arm of' the best man. The
groom was composed of half a bale of
straw, a suit of-clothes, a rag~ face. a
pug hat. with a bean pole for a spinal
column. and he didn't look a bit more
dumb than the average groom. The
guests were v'ery angry-but they saw
the point. They saw it incre plaitiy
when tihe bride explained that it had
becomec necessary to espouse some one
to silence the gossips. and added that
she would keep the wed ding presents.
It is interestinig to note that the
scandal makers are now leaving Mrs.
MMahon severely alone.