Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. APRI
General Sir Hector McDonald CoM-!
mits Suicile in Paris.
COULD NOT FACE THE CHARGES.
The Distinguished Officer Stood
High in the British Service.
Was to be Tried on Seri
On Wednesday a dispatch from
Calambo, Ceylon, said charges of the
most serious nature have been brought
against Major General Sir Hector Mac
Donald, commanding the forces in
Ceylon. in consequence of which the
governor of that island, Sir Joseph
West Ridgeway, has been authorized
to convene a courtmartial to try
General MacDonald. The latter,
when the charges was filed sometime
ago, went to England from Ceylon to
confer with his friends and superior
officers and be started to return and
face the charges, which it is alleged,
are based on immoral acts.
But it seems be reared to face the
charges, as he committed suicide at
the Hotel Regima on Wednesday in
Paris. IBe shot himself in the right
temple shortly after nu:n and expired
a few minutes later. The general was
alone in his small chamber on the
mazzanine floor, of the hotel at the
time of the tragedy. One of the
female attendants heard the pistol
shot and opening the door saw the
general's ligure stretched out on tile
floor with blood gushing from a bullet
wound in the bead. She ran scream
ing to the balcony overlooking the
lobby of the hotel, where many guests,
including a number of ladies, were as
sembled. The proprietor of the hotel
was the irst to reach the expiring
The commissary of police was noti
fied, and, accompanied by a doctor.
proceede-i to a preliminary investiga
tion. No money or papers of any kind
were found in Sir Hector's baggage.
Two notes written in English were
found lying on a table in his room ano
these were taken possession of by the
authorities, but it is understood that
their contents have no bearing on the
suicide. In tne general's coat, lying
on the bed, were found some photo
graphs. The British embassy and
consulate were notitied later, and
Consul General Inglis visited the hotel
and took charge of the body.
Sir Bector MacDonald arrived in
Paris last Friday evening from Lon
don on his way back to Ceylon. where
it was understood that an immediate
court martial would be held to clear
up the charges made against him. On
reaching the hotel at 11 o'clock at
night he was told that only a small
and indifferent room was available.
He replied that that was quite suffi
cient. He was not accompanied by
any aid de camp or valet. He said
he only intended to stay a days or two
in Paris. Little was seer of him since
his arrival, Ie was, however, in the
lobby this morning about noon and il
is believed that a newspaper, printed
in English, containing a resume of the
grave charges brought against him
and embellished with the general's
portion in full uniform, came under
his attention. He left the lobby, go
ing to his room and the pistol shot
followed soon after. The general's
suicide has profoundly shocked the
British official here. Those about the
hotel who have conversed with -Sir
Hector MacDonald recently say he
showed no signs of excitement or men
A Wild Story.
An aged negro orator, A. J. Fre
mont, of Watertown, S. Dak.. a well
known representative of the colored
race, who, at the close of the civil
war, was president o1 the society that
sent 50,000 negroes back to Africa.
lectured on the " Race Problem," and
while there called on Congressman
Tawney and asked for a private inter
view. He stated he had a communi
cation which he desired the congres.+
man to convey to the president to the
effect that he had come into posses
sion of information that a plan hail
been made to attempt the life of
President Roosevelt on his western
trip, but that it had now been aban
doned and instead the plotters were
planning at some favorable point in
Montana o-r Colorado to capture Sec
retary of the Treasury Shaw, Secre
tary of War Root and Attorney Gen
eral* Knox and carry tnem to the
mountains to be held for suitable ran
som. Freemont refused to divulge
the source of his information, but in
sisted that it was correct.
Need or a Bureau.
The Columbia -Record says letters
are being received at the governor's
oftice almost daily which emphasize
the need of an agricnltural and immi
gration bureau, recommended in
Governor Heyward's message. The
following from-W. 0. Bacon~j~anville.
SMentor county, Pa., is a sample:
"Dear Sir: "Will you kindly cause
printed information to be sent me rel
ative to the agicultural products.
climate, resources and special ad van t
age of different sections of your state
for settlers from the North?" The
information sent inqluirers of this kind
is only of a general nature and cannot
ofcourse cover the ground thoroughly.
Let a Church Burn.
St. Joseph Italian Catholic Church
in Hazel tovwnship, just outside the
city limits, Hazeltown, Pa., was burn
ed down early Wednesday morning.
Mayor Rtenhardt refused to permit
tbe~ firemen to extinguish the tiames
owing to the residents' refusal to join
in an aneration movement some time
ago for a Greater Hazelton. The loss
is $20,000 and the cause incendiary.
A Club ofrSilence.
Thbere is in Paris a society of deaf
mutes who maintain a club called the
"Club of silence." The servants are
deaf and dumb, and are summoned, it
is said, by slight electric shocks in
stead of bells. When the club mem
bers are having a particularly gay
time the servants are so heavily
charged that the electric sparks drown:
th nonrieg of champagne corks.
O N CHEICCO STREET.
rhe Crusade Aggaint. Charleston Blind
Tigers are irrEarnest.
The Charleston correspondentoft The
state says Governor Tillman once
,rdered the dispensary constable to
raise hell on Chicco street." Sub
;titute "establishments" for the last
vord of the order and then some idea
nay be had of the raanner of the war
*re the constables :iave begun, start
fg irst with the E_st 1ay and Mar
et street places of the famous king
>f the blind tigers. It was stated that
tll the blind tigers are to be similarly
lealt with and the work was started
vith Chicco's establishments.
A gallon demijohn of corn whiskey
vas found in a room over Chicco's
-estaurant and bar and this was con
;idered ample evidence to ra:d and dis
nantle the places. Chicco indignant
y denied Thur.sday that "that 10-cent
orn whiskey" was his. He said that
t belonged to a boarder, and "every
)ody knows that I don't sell that sort
)f stuff. You get good goods here."
kt all events, when the dismantling
>rocess started, Chice-) asked that he
>e permitted to remove the fixtures
tnd furnishings himself, which was
llowed by Howie, and the sounds of
he saw and hammer took the place of
he clinking of the glasses and pop
>ing of corks at the weil known and
nuch frequented places Thursday.
rhe fixtures will be stored for future
ise. Chicco expressed his willingness
o quit the retail business, provided
he other tigers were similarly dealt
vith, and he said that Ckiief Howie
romised to dismantle all the other
>laces in the same way.
Chicco said that he would have left
arleston long ago if it were not for
iis holdings of property here. He
aid that even now he is willing to
eave. provided any one will purchase
tlI of his property. He is willing to
mnock off 20 per cent. of its value to
:ose out. Chicco declares that he has
Llways condcuted a decent place and
e can not understand why the con
tables should have swooped down on
1im in the manner that they did. His
ellow violators believe that Chicco's
orials are largely the result of his ap
)eal for leniency in the enforcement
if the act. attracting attention to his
>wn violation of the law. At all events,
ie wants the other dealers to si'are
he same fate, and the constables so'y
hat the raid is thz beginning of a
eneral dismantling of the bars over
LIFE OF YOUNG GIRL RUINED.
arried Man in Hartsville. S. C. Alter
Few Days Acquaintance.
The Charlotte Observer says at the
oarding house of Mrs. John Hender
on, in that city,-a pretty woman and
bride has waited a week for the re
urn of her husband. The woman,
Yho is quite young and penniless,
und that she was not a bride, and
hat the real wife of her husband is
till living. The following is the sad
tory as related by the Observer:
The girl is Miss Mary Mclnvaille of
~artsville, Darlington county, S. 0.
he thought until a day or so ago that
he was Mrs. Julius Manus Four
noths ago she met Manus in Harts
ille and became engaged to him, and
rhen her mother objected to the
natch she ran away to Kershaw, S.
3., and was married to Manus. That
was three weeks ago.
A fortnight ago the young couple
:ame here and engaged board and
odging at Mrs. Hlendlerson's Manus
:aimed that he had been a superin
;endent of a cotton mill and that he
'xpected to secure work in Chlarlotte.
Every morning during his stay here
je would leave the house early, taking
1s dinrer with him, and would not
eturn until the late afternoon. A
,eek ago-Saturday, the 14th inst,
tanus disappeared. Prior to his de
arture he had taken from the wo
nan he illegally married all the money
;he had, about .$25.
In a conversation with chief of po
ice Irwin and an Observer reporter
Wednesday afterna o Miss McI nvaille
tated that she would leave Thurs
lay morning for Hartsville, her former
jome. 11er mother had wired to Mr.
J. H. Weddington, chairman of the
ounty commissioners, asking that
der daughter be s.ent back home; and
the young woman said she would
Lever have another moment's peace
until she again saw her mother.
Manus not only left her penniless, but
failed to pay any part of the board bill
due by the couple.
"I want to make Mr. Manus suffer,"
said Miss McInvaille to the chief of
police. '"He must be arrested. Hie
has ruined my life completely."
"And I want my mother." said the
young girl, with a wail.
Shot Her Betroyer..
Etlie Waggy, daughter of William
Waggy, a prosperous farmer, of Wes
ton, Va., shot Ralph McDonald son of
ExSheriff McDonald Wednesday near
the Waggy homestead. Four years
ago Miss Waggy alleges that Mc
Donald, who studied medicine in a
Louisville, Ky., college, betrayed her.
She says she has been-watching her
chance ever since to kill him. She fired
ive shots, two of which took etiect in
his back and side. There is little
hope of his recovery. The woman has
not been arrested.
There were 6507,000,000 passengers
carried by the railroads of the United
States in 19U2. which means that, on
an average. every man, woman and
child rode eight time dluring the year,
notes an exchange. That's another
popular fallacy, like this thing of every
man, woman and child in the United
State havingr 829.95. As a matter of
fact we know a man who rode only
twice and has only 953 cents left.
A Fatal Trii.
The recent Ilood on the Mississippi
Valley has caused great loss of life
and property. One day last week a
skiff containing four drummers and
two negro oarsmen were swept under
the railroad track near Memphis,
Ten-. andal sn ix men were drowned.
AN EXPERT VIEW.
The Medical News, of New Yor]
on the Race Issue.
THE NEGRO VIEWED MEDICALL
The News Says Unless All tt
Facts Are Weighed, the
South May be Done
The Medical News, a widely know
journal published in New York cit;
is aroused by the recent discussio
of the race issue to comment upo
"Negro Supremacy from a Medic
Standpoint." In an editorial upc
that subject in its issue of Februar
2S the Medical News states that i
leading papers of the North an
South have appeared editorials L
great acumen and power, "but nor
seem as yet to have dealt, except in
superficial manner, with 'the rac
problem as seen from a biologica
ethnological or medical standpoint.
The News continues:
One cannot intelligently answ<
the question whether the negro ca
take a place in the social and econc
mic progress of the nation withou
being in possession of the main moi
phological differences between tb
Caucasian and the African, sinc
these are the fundamental bases fu
mental and moral discrepancies b
tween the races.
That the negro more nearly al
proaches in body to the quadrumar
or anthropoid apes is shown by th
following points: The arm is abnoi
mally long-in the erect position i
often reaches the knee-pans, and o
an averge exceeds that of the Cauca
sian by about two inches. The facih
angle, which is granted by all to hav
a definite ethnological bearing, eve
if the function of the frontal lobes i
still but little known, average 82 d(
grees in the Caucasian and 70 degree
in the black. Coincidentally witl
this is the fact that in brain weigh
the white man exceeds. the negro b
fully 10 ounces-almost as much a
he in turn exceeds the highest gorilla
Another point of difference anatomi
cally is seen in the lower extremity
this is not so well developed as th
white man's, the foot is broad ani
flat, the great toe prehensile an
divergent, the heel often projectinj
so far backward as to merit the terr
It is needless to dwell longer o
the wel known difference which ei
ists, or to urge that they demonstrat
a distinct race of mankind and sho,
conclusively 41n the negro an inferic
type. Among the fair-minded thi
Some years ago we were all alarme
over the "yellow peril." Now tb
"black peril" confronts us.
The article quotes the late Pro1
Ogden S. Rood, of Columbia, as as]
ing: "How can there be any que
tion of superiority or inferiority b(
tween two peoples who develop mer
tally are separated by a chasmC
20,000 years?" Eugene R. Corson, i
his contribution to the Wilder Qual
ter Century Book, states that as a re
sut of a most careful study of th
census, and dependent upon persone
observation in the city of Savannal
he is confident that tuberculosis an
alcoholism are madin stultifying it
roads on the making negro, pool
weakened product, that he is, of mit
Sir Spencer St. John says of the it
habitants of Hayti: "After a res:
dence of over twenty years in thi
island 1 am forced to the conclusic
that the negro is incapable of holc
ing an independent position. Hay1
shows no sign of improvement-On tb
other hand, it is constantly retrograc
ing, and without external influenc
the inhabitants will soon fall into ti
stage of the dwellers of the Congo.
The Medical News thus continues il
If it is true, as some have perhaj
well said, that the time is ripe for
recognition of the negro, in substanc
rather than in theory, earnest thougt
should be given by those who woul
liberally interpret our laws, and the
should he well versed in the opiniot
of such men of science as we has
quoted. They must know and recos
nize that profound differences do exh
--that one race is 20,000 years behir
the other. They must know the
ethnologically, physiologically, anat<
mically, the negro and Caucasia
must always be widely different.]
the negro is advancing, which, than].
to the noble efforts made at Tuskegt
and similar institutions, he surely i
what, meantime, is the Caucasian d<
ing? Advancing? Yes, with h
pliant brain case, capable of permi
ting progressive development . froi
birth to death, he is thundering abea
with a rush and a speed whichr
alien race can hope to follow.
Unless these facts are weighed in
true balance bitter injustice may 1
done the South. it Is no doubt trui
as Carson assumes that the irrevo<
able law of the "survival of the i
test" will wipe the negro away, bt
this will take centuries. There is
real and immediate peril, as the Sen
tor from North Carolina has well sal
Science. education, religion, phila
thropy may well focus their brigl
rays upon it, and unless our leade
follow where these trend the Sout
will surely suffer.
A Sad Accident.
At Cocoa, Fla., at a Charavari pa
ty given Mr. and Mrs. Leddon, an u:
cannon used in the serenade burs
Mrs. RI. B. Holmes' leg was so sha
tered that amputation below the kne
was necessary. A rthur Lapham's 1<
was fractured. The knee of W.3
Paterson, and the thigh of his wi
Iwere injured. George Whate, W!
Ransom and Hugh Connor were al:
hurt. The cannon was an old or
rescued frc:i? the wreck of the Br:
ish steamer off Sebastian.
Walter Chism, Luther Owen at
JTennie George were drowned in tl
Pemiscot Bayou, Ark-., while retur
ing from a prayer meeting in a cano
Miss George and Owens were to ha
ben marrierl within a fortnight.
NEGROES ON THE MOVE.
The Emigration from the Souther
States to Mexico Begun.
Advices received at the Mexica
embassy at Washington tell of the re
Y cent importation to that country fror
the United States of 100 negroes wh
will be employed along the line of th
e Vera Cruz and Pacific railroad. Thi
move is experimental and is beini
watched. with considerable interest
If.successful results ensue, it is saii
that large importations from tb
southern States will follow in the ef
fort to solve the present problem o
'n finding laborers in Mexico who ar
(' alike competent and willing to work
n 'lo an Alabama negro named McKel
n vin is given the credit for inducini
il members of his race to emigrate ti
n Mexico. McKelvin was at one tim
'Y employed on a large Alabama planta
n tion. but later went to Mexico, wher
d he claims to have found better wages
I le returned to Alabama and distribu
e ted large circulars among the negrce
a telling of the advantages of the Mexi
e can country and of the opportunitie
, it offered poor negroes who wantet
work in the 'ountry. His circular
also contained as an inducement th
r assurance that the negroes would no
n be subject to the order of "whit
1 trash." This last feature apparentl
t proved a drawing card for McKelvii
7 had no trouble in pursuading 100 ne
e groes to return to Mexico with him
e where he found work for them at $1.51
r a day. Most of this first importatio
have been employed on the La Junt;
plantation of George C. Sanborn,
So far the negroes, it is said, ar
a quite satistied and are in turn proving
e satisfactory to their employers. Mc
- Kelvin has made the claim that h
t will be able to induce a million of hi
n race now in the southern States t<
emigrate to Mexico and several rail
d road contractors are endeavoring t<
e arrange with him to return to th4
n States and canvass the south for la
S borers. McKelvin, it is understood
will make a return trip within tho
S next few months.
t TO BE HONORED.
* Rolls of the South Carolina Troops it
the Civil War.
Governor Heyward Wednesday sen1
the following letter to Hon. Elih:
Root, secretary of war:
"Absence from my office has pre
n vented my replying earlier to youi
communication of March 16th. I notA
e with much pleasure that it is the in
tention of your department to compilt
and publish, as a continuatiot
S of the publication known as "The
Official Records of the Union and Con
d federate Armies," a complete list 01
e roster of the officers and men wh(
served in these armies during tho
Civil war. I feel sure that this ac
tion on the part of the general govern
ment will meet with favor through
out the entire south, and that thos
who served in the Confederate armie
Sand. their descendants will appreciate
this opportunity of having thei:
names handed down to history, I shal
be glad to give to your departmen
whatever ccoperation lies in m3
"You request that I should desig
nate some one from this State to comn
municate with Brig. F. C. Ainsworth
'chief of the record and pension offca
of your department, relative to the
details of the work. I would respect
fully suggest Col. M. P. Tribble of An
Sderson, S. C. I will request Col. Trib
ble to correspond with you."
aThe governor also sent Col. Tribbli
aletter as follows:
"I have been notified by the Hon
e Elihu Root, secretary of war, to name
an omlcial from South Carolina to co
e oea '.m~ Brig. Get . F. C. Aiu..
worth, chief of the~ record and pensio:
ottice of the war department, in comn
spiling a full roster and list of the otii
cers and enlisted men who bore arm
sfor the Confederacy during the grea
a war. Tf.his roster and list of name
e will be compiled and published as
t continuation of the publication know.
d as "The Otlcial Records of the Unioe
yand Confederate Armies." In compli
sance with the request of Secretar:
eRoot, 1 have the pleasure of namin,
you for this imnport.'nt work. I fee
sure that with you the work will rc
ceive loving and faithful service, an<
t I a very glad to name so true an<
ntrien a citizen for the discharge of thi
duty which means so much for thi
. history of our State.
"cr~er Root req ues s that yol
~Ainsworth, chief of the record ani
spension offce at Washington, D). C
sand 1 have written him that you wil
d Dove Slaughter.
10 During the big Kansas City shoo
18,000 defenceless doves whose natura
a fleetness of wing had been dulled b;
ycoop life, were, to the disgrace c
e that city, thrown from traps and she
at "just for fun." As Longfello'
tsays: "A slaughter to be told i
igroans, not words." Many cripple
a birds escaped, to die a lingerini
death, with broken legs, beaks shc
away or bodies ripped open. For in
astance. I found near the gun clu
It grounds a dove with both legs shot o1
rsluttering helplessly about huntinj
hrood. Surely this dove was paying
dearly for somebody's "fun." I
causes pain, hardens the public con
science and above all cultivates cruel
r- ty in the hearts of the young, tha
Id which there is nothing more dange:
Cous to the future - appiness of ou
A Free Pass.
I. An exchange says that it has bee
fe oered four dollars for twenty-twi
ill dollars and fifty cents worth of advei
o tising arid will "note with interes
1e the number of brethren who accep
t- this munlicent offer." One of tb
hardships and actual losses of a new.
paper.is in doing a great deal of wor
for nothing, and there is no way
id estimating the cost to a newspaper
se the absolutely free advertising it doc
in the course of a year; But the sul
e prising thing is that it is often expec
ed by people who are liberal in othl
SETTLED AT LAST.
n Interesting Suit Against the Charles
ton and Seashore Railway.
SIX THOUSAND DOLLARS
Damages Awarded Miss Annie Car
s roll, Who Fell Through the
Company's Wharf and Was
Very Seriously Injured.
The supreme court has lately affirm
ed a decision of the circuit court in
Orangeburg, awarding a verdict of
$6,000 t0 the plaintiff, in the case of
Z Annie B. Carroll vs. the Charleston
and Seashore Railroad company. This
case is quite an interesting one aud
has been thoroughly investigated un
der the law, having been three times
- brought to trial. in the lower court,
S and then appealed by the railway com
I On the 23rd of August, 1898, there
a was to be a dance at the Isle of Palms.
l Miss Carroll left Charleston, attend
I ed the dance and returned when it
was over. On the way back she alleges
1 that while leaving the Mount Pleasant
- wharf to board the ferryboat she fell
through a hole in the wharf and into
) the water and was rescued only with
I great difficulty. The complaint fur
L ther alleges that though it was at the
time of the accident about 1.30 a. m.
that there was no light on the wharf,
and thus It was that she failed to see
the hole In the planking.
Miss Carroll claimod that she suf
3 fered so from sickness and from shock,
> caused by her sudden plunge and from
remaining in her wet clothing until
y she got home, that she was practically
incapacitated from ever earning her
- living again. She asked from the
railway company for her disability
$10,000, and in addition $250, which
she had paid the physician who at
tended her. Five thousand dollars
was also demanded because of the
negligence of the company.
In answering the complaint the rail
way company said that Miss Carroll
had left the regular passageway and
climbed over a pile of lumber, placed
especially for the purpose of guarding
persons from the hole in the wharf.
The case was brought up in Charles
ton in November, 1899, before Judge
Gage, but resulted in a mistrial. It
was again brought up in November,
1900, in Charleston, before Judge Bu
chanan with the same result. It was
then transferred, on motion of the
plaintff's attorneys, to Orangeburg,
where it was heard in May, 1902, be
fore Judge Gage.
The jury at that time, after hear
ing the evidence, rendered a verdict
of $9,000 for Miss Carroll. The de
fense then asked -for a new trial on
the ground of excessive damages, and
Judge Gage sustained this motion,
recommending a new trial unless the
plaintiff should remit $3,000 of the
verdict rendered. The attorneys for
the defense appealed on the ground
that J u~dge Gage should have granted
a new trial without the option of the
reductilon of the verdict. The case
was heard by Judges Pope, Gary and
Jones, and the decision affirmed.
New Chief Constables.
,The matter of Governor Heyward's
Sappointments to the position of chief
e constables has been agitating a large
- number of office-seekers for some time.
- The governor has received hundreds
- of letters applying for positions on the
3 After much thought and a careful
selection he Wednesday made the fol
a 0. L. Cureton, Pickens.
-*J. C. Hall, Greenville.
- J. R. Fant, Spartanburg.
iA. S. Osborn, Columbia.
-S. Y. Delgar, Sumter.
- S. T. Howie, Charleston.
s W. F. Holmes, Beaufort.
c. Of the old force Constables Howie,
s Fant and Cureton are retained, the
t other appointees having never occupi
ed such positions before.
1 .J. C. Hall has been lirst sergeant of'
- the police force of Greenville, S. Y.
7 Delgar a business man of Sumter, and
SW. F. Holmes a farmer of Barnwell
-A. S. Osborn who will have .his
1 headquarters in Columbia is a mer
3 chant of Ninety- Six.
s The appointments become effective
SA pril 1, when the ollicers will take up
temporary headquarters at the places
indicated and proceed to enforce the
TeStarving in Finland.
1 TeBerlin Die Post states that the
famine in Finland is more acute daily.
The suffering of the populace is
more intense and has been aggravated
by entire lack of meat, milk and po
tatoes since October. The people are
barefooted and clothed in rags. In
Kegani and Uleaborg alone there are
a thousand peasants said to be starv
V ing, while the carcases of thousands of
cattle and corpses of human beings
ill the air with pollution. Epidemics
of various sorts has broken out. Am
E erican relief expeditions have reached
~ Haparalda, Sweeden, on the bay of
Botbina, opposite Uleaborgs.
Ended Thier Lives
SAt Milans. Texas, because of family
troubles D. E. Barmnore and S. HI.
. Wor;hington agreed to take morphine
to end thier lives. Barmore was the
. trst to take the dose and when dis
r covere.Worthington waz among those
who worked over him in the effort at
restoration. Barmore died. Wor
thington immediately went to his
l room and wrote a lett~er to his wife
from whom he was separated and took
-a large dose of poison. He was found
t shortly afterwards and every effort
*t was made to save him but the phy.
e sicians say it is hardly probable.
k Cut His Throat.
SA man believed to be Albert Ger
sola, a Spaniard, was found dead in
bed'in his room in the Union Square
hotel in New York. 'Thursday morn
ing His throat was cut and suicide
ris suspected. Little is known about
A TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE.
A Little Boy Fell Thirty Feet b
an Unused Well.
In an open well. 30 feet deep,
flfteen hours, without any means
escape, was the harrowing experiel
of Henry Miller, the seven-year
son of S. C. Miller, a machinist
the National Furniture company, %
lives at 42 Ponders avenue.
The child fell in the well about
o'clock Saturday morning, and v
not found dntil 11 o'clock that nig!
cold, injured and almost unconscio
He had made despterate efforts to
out of the well, having dug steps
the dirt half way up to the surfL
only to fall back again.
The well into which the boy 1
fallen was on the property of t
Ware Furniture company, on W
Fourth street, about one hundred a
firty yards from the residence of t
boy's father. A building of the co
pany was burned some time ago, a
since that time there has been noi
ing on the property.
About 8 o'clock Saturday morni
whilq flying his kite, the boy fell it
the well. He was running backwE
at the time and did not know of t
opening. He stumbled backward a
fell to the bottom without anythi
to brake the force of the fall. Tb
happened to be no water in the w(
and the boy's fall, on the hard bott<
was one which rendered him unc<
Nothing was known of the bo
fall, and his father reported the mi
ter to the police and asketi them
help him in finding the lad. He stat
that the boy had left home to see t
cadavers which bad been deserted
the river line and had not been se
since. When found the boy was
a semi-conscious condition and alm<
frozen, the little water in the w
chilling him to the marrow.
When he was taken from the w
the little fellow could hardly spea
and it was some time before he v
resuscitated. He said that the f
bad rendered him unconscious a
regained his senses that afternoon. I
then began making desperate effoi
to get out of the well, digging ste
in the side of the well, using only I
bands to cut into the dirt. His hat
were bleeding and lacerated when r
cued. His efforts to escape, howev
had proven fruitless, the well havi
caved in about half way up, and.
could not pass the. caved-in-place
& Thrilling Escape.
A mother, father, infant and s
vant were rescued by firemen fr<
suffocation in a fire which occuri
at Richmond, Va., last Wednesd
morning. The family were all asle
at the time their lives were endangi
ed. The household consisted of R.
Charles, his wife and infant son, a
a servant named Rosa Carter Fi:
man E. H. Harris reached the thi
floor by means of a ladder. He fou
the room dense with smoke and t
family fast becoming suffocated. I
snatched up the baby, wrapped it
his coat and handed it to anothep-fi
man, then on the ladder, who carri
it to a place of safety. Returnii
the first tireman wrapped Mrs. Char
in a quilt and then carried her to 1
window and banded her to a th:
fireman, who landed her safely. 3
Charles was then awakened and
scended the ladder with the assistar
of the firemen. The servant, wi
aroused, became so excited that
started to climb down the ladder he
first, and would have been dashed
pieces on the ground below, but:
fireman No. 4, who set her right a
assisted her ini reaching the street.
Lost Her Hair -
Miss Eva Merrell, a pretty a
popular society girl of Carrollton, G
lost her beautifulhair Thursday ni
through the combination of a la1
light and a celluloid comb.
She was reading and became
inerested in her book she did not
that her head was nearly against1
lamp on the table. The flame of1
lamp heated the comb she wore inI
hair and before she was aware ofI
danger the comb had ignited and
head was enveloped in a mass of fi
She attempted to brush the flax
from her hair and badly burned
hands. Finally she conquered1
flames, but her magnificient suit
hair was gone and one side of her f
was badly burned.
What's the Use.
The Chattanooga Times says:"
have a communication from a "Soul
ern Gentleman" scoring New Yoi
400 for entertaining a negro actress
an evening function and skinni
alive the young dude who led a dai
with her. What's the use? Dh
"southern gentlemen" know thatt
same set entertained a monkey wit
lunchecn at Newport last summ
What are we going to do with a "s
(whose fathers were thieves) and tl
has nothing to do but kill?"
The Tillman Trial.
Solicitor Thurmond stated Frit
that the trial of James H. Tilln
would probably come up Monday A p
13. The first week of criminal co
would be taken up with minor cas
many of which would be disposed o:
a day and none of the important ca
would be reached until the sect
week. There were a large number
witnesses in the Tillman case,1
solicitor said, and the state would
ready for trial on Monday' of that we
At Oshkash, Wis., after yawn
without interruption for three ent
days despite every effort at stoppa
Mrs. Henry Jenner is dead. The pl
sicians decided that she was sufferi
from an obscure lesion of the hr
producing laryngial spasms. RE
edies and amusthetics were admmnist
ed without effect. She was unable
sleep and continued yawning until
longer able from lack of strength.
Killed by a Fall.
Chas. Marsch, 40 years old, d
Thursday in the yard of the Cons<
dated Gas company, Avenue A
Twenty-first street, New York, fr
the effects of a fall received wl
wrestling with a chum and lifelt
friend, Thomas J. l'owers. Povw
was detained at the police station,
CHARGE A STONE FORT.
ito The Anieriean Troops and the Fili
pinos Have a Fight.
fur A dispatch from Manila says two
of companies of Macabebe scouts signal
ice ly defeated the main body of San
old Miguel's forces Friday. It is believed
for San Miguel was killed. Lieut. Reese
was seriously wounded. The scouts
8 lost three men kiiled and eleven men
'It, The enemy occupied an entrenched
Ls- position- midway between Mariquina
et and San Francisco del Monte, and had
i erected a stone fort, which was gar
, risoned by 200 men. The First and
Fad ourth companies of Macabebes. com
ad manded by Lieuts. Reese and Nicker
ehe son, respectively, attacked the enemy's
est position, but as the scouts were ex
'he posed to the tire of the enemy in a
he inanner which placed th3 Macabebes
m- at a disadvantage, the lieutenants
.nd decided after an hour's fight to sur
Ih- round the position and charge. Af
ter having divided their companies
ng the two otlicers then led a gallant and
to successful charge during which Lieut.
rd Reese fell seriously wounded.
he The enemy then broke and ran,
nd leaving 49 men dead on the field, in
ng cluding a general officer, who is be
re lieved to be San Miguel, though his
' identification is incomplete. Lieut.
)m Col. Meyer of the Eleventh infantry
)- has been ordered to Surigao to assume
command of the troops there and di
y's rect the operations of the three de
t tachmeits which are pursuing the
e bandit band. Additional troops are
e to be sent to Surigao later on.
on A GEORGLA BOY.
en Lieut. Boss Reese, who was serious
in ly wounded Friday in the engagement
>st with San Miguel's forces in the Philip
ell pines, is the son of Col. Oscar Reese,
an attorney of Carrollton, Ga., and
ell nephew of Congressman W. C. Adam
,k, son. Fe is 22 years old. He served
as in the Secoz I Georgia regiment during
all the Spanisn war.
ad The Work Goes On.
The work of dismantling the bars
and fixtures was in progress Friday
is at many saloons in Charleston in re
ds sponse to orders from the constables,
and the word of Chief Howie to Vin
cent Chicco Thursday that his places
were not to be the only establishments
raided.and dismantled, is being made
good. The dealers are following the
example of the "King of the blind
tigers" in doing their own dismantl
ing, rather than have the work done
er- by the constables, in order to save
>m greater destruction of their property;
ed As was-stated, when Chicco was told
ay that his fixtures and effects were to
ep be moved, he asked permission to
ar- have the work done by carpenters and
L. the constables were glad to be ieliev-,
nd ed of it. They wanted the bar, fur
re- nishings and screen doors taken down,
rd and it was immaterial to them whether
nd the proprietor had the work done, or
he they themselves knocked the fixtures
Ele down. The constables remained on
in hand to see the work done. Now, they
re- have'served a similar notice upon the
ed bars at several hotels and many other
ig, places about the city and at these es
les tablishments the carpenters and ex
ihe perignced helped were at work, carry
ird ng out the orders of the officers. .Bot
r. tIes and glasses were being packed
e- away. Attention is also being given
ce of course to the better concealment of
en .the stock of liquors, in anticipation
he of any greater inspection and search
ad by the constables.
A Case of Torture.
d The public has been arcused by the
case of a private in the army named
Richter who was bound, gagged and'
tortured by his company Lieutenant
nd Sinclair in the Philippines till the sol
a., dier died. His mother appealed to
ht the president to have the lieutenant
mp retired and punished, but so far her
request has been disregarded. The
so war office publishes statements that
ice Richter was a hopeless case of drunken
he insolence and that his death while
he being punished resulted from drink.
ser A public meeting in Faneuil Hall,
aer Bostson, that historic hot bed of all
1er agitations has been held, where the
re president has been roundly denounced
tes for withholding from the public the
ier records of the coiirt,-martial that tried
he .Sinclair. This matter may yet ..be
of made an issue against Roosevelt in
ace politics. The claim is made that in
the far away Philippines many deeds
of horror and cruelty in the army and
We among the natives are perpetrated
h- and that only inkling of the facts ever
'reaches the public.
at Wanted to Cremate the Boy.
ng In Findlay,Ohio,school boys having
ice been to see "Tracy, the Outlaw," they
nt concluded that It would be a fine
his thing to reproduce. They fell upon
h a a plan to size one of their schoolmates
er? and make him the victim of the re
Ct" production.Ani account of the affair is
2at as follows: "On his way home from
school 8-years-old Clarence Hummell,
son of Mr. and Mrs. George Hummell,
aof East Front street, was captured by
afive schoolmates, forced to accompany
r them down the Blanchard river, out
ri'side the city limits and there, in a
urt secluded spot, was tied to a stake.
9 Preparations for his cremation were
.m being made when the little fellow's
ss cries attracted the attention of men
>n who were employed in the vicinity of
. e the Findlay Hydraulic Press Brick
e works, and he was rescued by them.
e. Young Hummell's captors had wit
enessed the production of "Tracey,
the Outlaw," and in talking it over
imade plans for the capture and the
ngburning at the stake."
ge .~ Killed by a Train.
y- J C.Bowling and W. A. Cooper,
ng farmers, were killed by the eastbound
an Southern railway train eight miles
n- west of Durham, N~. C., at Scarlet
er- crossing Thursday. The men were in
to a wagon, which was struck and were
no carried some distance. It is supposed
that because of a deep cut the men
did not hear the train.
F.1led the Bill.
ali- Lemuel Borden, lawyer and editor of
nd the Tribune of the People of Wood
om stock, Va., advertised for a wife.
ile She came in the person of Mrs. Aman
>ng da Deer, from Montazuma, Ind. Fri
ers day. Sbe was fully up to specifica
Lnd tions and in a few minutes they were
A GRAIN LOUSE
And Not the Hessian Fly is the
Thing That is
DESTROYING TEE OAT CROP.
The Little Pest Has Done Much
Damage to the Growing Oat,
But Its Days Are
Prof. Charles E. Chambliss of Clem
son college, an experienced entomolo
gist, was in Orangeburg for a few
hours Wednesday and has encouraging
tidings for thefarmersof Orangeburg,
Bamberg, Clarendon, Sumter, Flor
(nce, Darlingt~n, Marlboro, Lee,
Richland and Salida- counties, where -
the so-called Hessian fly has been
playing wild havoc with the oats and
other small grain crops.
In some sections of these counties
the crop has been almost totally de
stroyed, and the plague is of such a
serious nature that the State board of
entomology sent Professor Chambliss -
out to study the destroyer and, if pos
sible, to advise some means of exter
minating it; and he has been success
ful in his research. Professor Cham
bliss has visited Darlington, Florence;
and Orangeburg counties so far,,and
finds the cause and conditions tie
same in each. Professor Chambll
says that the damage has been done,
not by the Hessian fly, but by a small
grain louse. This enemy obtains its
food by inserting its jointed-beak in
the stem and leaves of the oats, by
which it sucks the sap and If it does
not completely kill the plant, will
cause the grain to be severely injured
and shriveled. There is no practical
remedy, but this need not cause alarm
for, at preseit, the natural enemy of
the louse has checked its ravages,
These natural enemies will keep tLe
louse in bounds, Ind if there were-a
practical remedy there would be no
need of applying it. These natural
enemies of the louse are bugs of four
species, and not unlike the potato bug
These bugs feed on the louse and are
rapidly exterminating them. Iry5
3ool weather retards the work of the
louse, so that with favorable weather,
aided by the bugs, it is not thought
their ravages can continue longer.
The broaAcasting of air-slacked lime
when it strikes the insects will kill
them, but not In sufficient numbers to
make this remedy pay. The applic
tion of nitrate of soda at 75 pounds
per acre will unquestionably stimulate
the plant to vigorous growth which
might enable it to resist the attack of
the louse, but ho immediate results
could be obtained by its use and it
would prove a needless expense, as the
natural enemies have already so great
ly reduced the numbersof the louse as
to remove the fear of further injury.
Professor Chambliss says that all
volunteer oats should be destroyed,
and that in planting'next fall it must
be done on land not now infected.
However, full instructions for future
guidance will be given in the bulletin
to be issued this summer. Professor
Chambliss urges as much publicity in
the weekly papers as possible, so that
the farmers may be informed speedily,
thereby saving them expense and
Mid Cheers and Hisses.
A dispatch from Detroit recently
says: Senator Ben. R. Tillman of
South Carolina was greeted with al
ternate storms of cheers and kisses
when he delivered an impassioned ad
dress on race problem at the Light
Guard Armory', the audience being.
evidently divided between upholders
of his ideas and strenuous opponents
of them. He said the North demand
ed majority rule and with a sneer ad
ded that there were 235,000 more ne
groes than white people in South Car
olina. "It will mean that more blood
will flow than was shed in the civil
war if you persist In trying to subject
us to the domination of the blacks,"
he said. "You:batchered the Indians
and shut out the Chinamen, but had
it been known by the soldiers who sur
rendered with Lee that it was your
devilish Intent to set up the negro
over the white man we would have
fought you till now." Upon the sena
tor's reference to some of Sherman's
army as bummers, chicken thieves
and carpetbaggers, his northern audi- -
ence broke out into such violent hiss
ing that the speech was Interrupted
and some of the more timid ones in the
audience feared trouble.
A Singular Incident.
Rev. W. W. Waddell, a Presbyterian
missionary in Brazil, arrived in New
York on the 12th, having made a
journey of 6000 miles to be treated, as
he believed, for a cancer growth in
the jawbone. The patient was exa
mined by an eminent cancer specialist,
and to his astonishment and relief was
informed that the trouble was not a
cancer hut a decayed tooth. A visit
to a dentist confirmed the diagnosis of
the specialtist, and the missionary
was speedily relieved of pain and fears.
So the man had not only gone a vast
distance but had spent thesavingsof a
little sairy for years simply to have a
tcoth pulled. Between joy at know
ing he was not attacked by a deadly
disease, and chagrin at the expendi
ture of so much travel, time and money
merely to have a decayed tooth ex
tracted the state of mind of Rev. Mr.
Waddell may be imagined.
The States Claim.
The Columbia Record says there is
considerable misunderstanding among
the newspapers of the country in re
gard to that $89.126 war claim which
Senator Tillman secured recently from
the government and the Philadelphia
Press recently stated that the sum
grew out of a claim in.1812 on which
only 34 cents was due. This mis
understanding grew out of a statement
made by the auditor of the treasury
in regard to a claim which the govern
ment had against this state for destroy
ing government property in Charleston
at the beginning of the civil war. The
aditor stated that if this claim was
paid by the state a balance of 34 cents
would be due. No 'attention waso
npaid tn the laim however.