Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVII. MNIG .CWDEDY PI .93 O3
________I - - - - 9
Senator Ben. Tilman's Retact t
Senator Redfield Proctor.
ON THE FLOOR OF THE SEN TE
The Sprinattield. Muss., ItepublicaT
Stresses the Incident to the
Disadvantare oIfhe New
A remarkable episode is embedded
in the Congressional Record of Jan.
uary 29. Let us observe the scene &I
presents. The senator from Vermont
Mr. Proctor, had the floor. He is a
fair representative of New England.
Debating with him was the senatoi
from South Carolina, Mr. Tillman
who happens to be more associated it
the public mind with the defense o:
lynch law than any other senator
Senator Tillman has often justitiet
violent acts toward the negro race.
These facts tend to make the encoun
ter between New England and Souti
Carolina on the floor of the sen it(
impressive, for the subject under dis
cussion was peculiarly an issue of law
lessness and even savagery.
The senator from New Englavd hac
read to the senate the statement b3
Capt. Cornelius M. Brownell, late cap
tain of Co. K. 26th volunteer infantry
confessing and justifying his act ir
torturing to death the insurgent Fili
pino priest known as Father Augustin.
The statement was read in full, and
the remarks that followed were made
with full knowledge of Capt. Brown
ell's declarations. Brownell gave a
detailed description of the torture,
which is absolutely forbidden by the
articles of war under which the Uni
ted States army is governed during
hostilities, and which the world re
gards as a crime against civilization.
Some extracts may serve to show the
character of Capt. Brownell's opera
tions: C ,
Knowing that there was on deposit
in the city of Iloilo a large sitm of
money awaiting his order at the r
cantile house of Hoskyn & Co., the
banking houses of the Hong-kong and
Shanghai banking corporation, and
the Banquo Espanol, Iinsisted that he
would be obliged to deliver orders fox
this money to me.
The time given him having expired
without result, he was brought int(
my presence and that of other officer.
and ,enlisted men and told that he
would be blindfolded and the watei
cure administered until he acceded t(
The water cure was administered
for a short time.
He still insisted that it belonged tC
the pope at Rome..... The cure
Under this physical torture, whict
was applied three times, the priest fi
nally signed the orders for the paymen1
of the money which was in the variow
banks. But Capt. Brownell was not
satisfied. Be then demanded that the
priest disclose the hiding place of one
Quintin Salas. Now came the final
tragedy, which under any possible in
terpretation of military law was mur
He (the priest) was in a dejected
mood, despondent, thoroughly discour
aged. He told me that he had better
be dead, and wished he might die. .. .
I give him until a certain hour to con
sider whether he would disclose thih
hiding place or not. At the expira
tion of this time he declined to dis
close Salas' whereabouts.
I finally ordered that the cure b4
again administered tobim and stepped
into an adjoining room.
In a very short time .. . I was
warned by a disturbance in the roorn
where the prisoner was that some
thing was: wrong and upon entering
the room the man was dead.
Never, of course, was, there a cleare.
case for a physician in determining
the cause of a death. Father Augustir
died under torture. Yet, accordinj
to Capt. Brownell's statement, thi
post 'surgeon immediately came in
looked at the corpse, and decided that
the priest had died from "fatty de
generation of the beart, and frort
complete collapse and mental anguisi
over the exposure of his criminal life.'
That was the surgeon's little joke, bul
it was of the sort of humor that may
best be described as mockery.
Now, the United States senate
having healrd all these facts as related
by Brownell, was then a listener t<
this remarkably preverted or remark
ably impudent expression of the cap
tain's views on his own case:
The water cure was administerec
by my order several times to different
natives. . . . I do not and neve:
have believed it crutel or harbarous ir
any manner, and whenever it uecamn
necessary, in my judgment. to admin
ister it, the men chosen for that dut3
were chosen with a view to havini
- only intelligent, careful, humane mer
perform the operation.
Senator Redfield Proctor when thb
~reading had ended, stood on his fee
and said: "I propose to make a de
ifense of Capt. Brownell. In his posi
tion he was fully justified in taking
:any steps he saw proper for the sa~fet;
of his command. Father Augustli
might have been tried by a drumheat
courtmfartial and shot or hung." An<
that was New England speaking ii
defense of hideous torture, which re
sulted in murder, as a means of war
fare. Up arose-whomy The senr
tor from South Carolina, and he aimi
ed at the New Englander a thrus
that should have cut to his soul:
--If the senator will permit me,
have only to say that for the honor':
the American republic and the hono
of the American army. I would to Go
Father Augustin had been shot by cc
der of a drumhead courtmartial rathe
than be tortured to death to get tt
money from him."
It may be repeated that this was
remarkable scene in the United State
senate. A New Englander justifyin
both torture and lawlessness im tb
army: a South Carolinian. who cfte
defends lynch law at home, rebukin
with withering irony and crushin
force the New England "conscience.
31r. Proctor'sbold defense of Browne
was an abomination which assails to
wholetructure of law and order, nC
to say sim ple humanity, in his own
Scountry: and it seems like an inspira
tioln that of all senators Mr. Tilimuan
should have faced the Vermonter
with that terriic reto)rt.--Springtield
A BIG FEE.
A Young Kentucky Lawyer Who
Struck It Rich.
A young Kentucky lawyer, Captain
C. C. Calhoun of Lexington, has re
centlV grown rich from a single fee.
Captain Calhoun, as the special attor
ney for the state of Kentucky, recent
ly delivered to the state authorities a
certified check on the United States
treasury for $1,323.999.85. The Louis
ville correspondent of the Chicago
Chronicle says: 'He got the money
due to the state for equipping union
soldiers during the civil war. A year
ago Captain Calhoun. a poor. but
bright young lawyer, appeared before
Governor leckhan and said that
much money was due the state from
1 the government. The governor said:
All right, Calhoun, I'll appoint you
to represent the state and if you
collect you may get a fee of 10 per
cent. Young Calhoun was without
funds, but he set to work at his task
and spent many months in Washing
ton looking through musty records of
the-civil war claims. After weeks of
tedious work he secured facts and
guides which proved that the govern
ment did owe the commonwealth of
Kentucky the amount named. He
then set to work to have the claim al
lowed. The proof was so positive
that he succeeded in having the claim
included in the general deficiency bill,
which was passed by congress and
signed by the president last week. and
Captain Calhoun's fee, which will be
paid to him, amounts to $132.400.
Captain Calhoun has just married and
will purchase a big blue grass farm
near Lexington. He will continue to
practice law, however"
Torn Stamps Not Good.
The postoffice departmeut has un
der preparation a small book, to be is
sued to patrons of the postoffiles
throughout the country, which will
contain a great amount of information
regarding the business of the postotlice
which is not generally known. The
book will be. in a measure, a book of
instruction as to how to trausact busi
ness with the postoffice. One of the
things to be treated will be the use of
mutilated stamps on letters. It is
not generally known to users of post
age stamps that a torn or defaced
stamp cannot be used. Persons who
have torn stamps in their possession
have been in the habit of pasting the
two pieces together and thus placing
it on a letter. ?his is prohibited in
the postal regulations, and the person
who uses such a stamp runs the risk
of not having his or her letter deli ver
ed. Sometimes the stamps are so
well repaired that the tear escapes de
tection, but should the rent in the
stamp be found by the postal officials
it is of no value. The book will also
contain information regarding the
registry and money order syst'ems.
A New River Boar.
Mr. W. B. Smith Whaley and other
officers of the Olymphia, Granby and
Richland cottop mills and alsoG con
nected with the Columbia and Gecrge
town steaniboat company, have closed
a contract with the Stevens Merrill
engineering company of Jacksonville,
Fla.. for the construction of $40,000.
steel-hulled freight boat to be ready
by November 1. The boat will be
used for carrying cotton goods to
Georgetown for shipment to northern
oints and it is estimated that freight
rates will be reduced from 41 cents
per hundred to 30 cents per hundred.
The boat will be a double-decker, hav
ing a capacity of 200 bales and draw
three feet of water. The name will be
Washington A. Clark after the presi
dent of the Carolina National bank of
this city who has always been promi
nently identified with Columbia's
D. F. Bradly, president of the Iowa
college, submits to an Iowa papet two
questions, as follows: 1. if a Judge
may enjoin union labor from ordering
a strike, why may he not upon appli
cation enjoin capitalists against reduc
tion of wages, or other acts alleged to
be oppressive to labory' 2 If it is good
law for United States courts to inter
vene in behalf of interstate railroads
why is it not good law for the same
courts to redress grievan es of employ
es engaged in interstate commerce?
Tbe Sioux City Journal in reply to
these questions says that "the obvious
answer in both queries is that an in
junction in one case would be just as
logical as in the other." And yet we
do not recall an instance where a fed
eral judge has applied the writ of in
junction in this way to corporations.
A Cruel Practice.
Docking horses, cutting their tails
off, is an abominal habit among
fashionable people in the large cities.
The Societies for the prevention of
Cruelty to Animals often cause the
arrest of poor men dependent upon
their daily labor for a living, who are
found driving a bruised or sore horse
or witha too heavy a load on the wag
on, but we have never heard of their
causinar the arrest of a fashionable
man or woman for driving a bobtailed
horse, deprived of his best defense
against pestiferous tiles.
- They Can Strike.
A dispatch from St. Louis says the
injunction issued March 3, by J1udge
Elmer B. Adams of the United States
district court, at the instance of the
Wabash Railroad company otticials to
restrain the Brothierhoo.ds of Rallway
fTrainmen and Firemen from ordering
a strike on that system, was dissolved
Wednesday in a decision handed down
by .Judge Adarns, a week after the
hearing of arguments for and against
ethe removal of the legal obstacle.
A Big Strike.
Ten thousand bitumn ous coal
miners in ludiana are on strike Wed
nesday but the operaturs and the
miners' leaders believe a settlement
will oc reached before many hours
ithrougrh the intluence of .John
Mitchell, who will confer with the
1operators. The operators contend
ethat the miners should accept last
The Charleston People Receive Sena
tor Tillman With Open Arms
A BATCH OF YOUNG DOCTORS.
The Senator Delivers the Annual Ad
dress at the Graduating Exer
cises to a Large and En
thusastic Audien cc.
Senator Tillman had a big time in
Charleston last week. He arrived
there Wednesday having gone for the
purpose of delivering the address at
the commencement excrciseF of the
South Carolina Medical college Thurs
day night at the academy of music.
Ile was met at the depot by Dr. F. L.
Parker, the dean of the faculty,
Mayor Smyth and Mr. Henry P. Wil
liams, cashier of the Carolina Savings
bank, who entertained him at his
handsome home on East Battery. The
senator was driven directly to Mr.
Williams' home. Lie received a num
of callers during the day and was
tken for a cdrive over the city and
suburbs by Mayor Smyth Wednesday
le was asked for a statement on the
issues of the day, especially the ap- I
pointment of the negro collector of the j
port and other matters on which he <
would be expected to talk, but he
turned the newspaper men down com- i
pletely, saying that he would have to :
be excused from being interviewed. I
He explained that he had come to i
Charleston in response to the invita- E
ion of the college, and the attention
which was being shown him was all
very much appreciated, but he pre
ferred not to make any public state- I
ments at this time. Senator Tillman E
was the guest of Mayor Smyth at a
private dinner Wednesday evening at
the Charleston hotel. Only a few i
specially invited friends and the mem- <
bers of city council were present.
Senator Tillman was taken in a
special t-rolley Thursday to the Char- z
leston navy yards, being accompanied
by the park commissioners and a num- E
ber of the aldermen and the mayor. t
He manifested much interest in the
work. He expressed the opinion,
however, that he did not think that
the contractors were making the pro- C
per progress but he added that they C
probably knew their business better t
than himself. The senator refused c
all other invitations for entertain- i
ments Thursday explaining that he N
needed rest to have him in tit condi- I
tion to speak.
On Thursday night the annual com- E
mencement exercises of the Medical C
College of South Carolina were held, c
when-tbe degree of doctor of medicine r
was conferred upon twenty men and 2
two women, doctor of pharmacy on s
one candidate anddiplomasof gradua- I
ion in pharmacy on twenty-two
young men. The exercises were of I
more than the usual interesting char- I
cter on account of Senator Tillman
delvering the annual address. 2
The Academy of Music seats 1,600 1
people, but the building was inade
qate to accommodate the crowd andC
many people were turned away from 1
he doors. The graduating classes
were not only very large this year, butC
were also noted for their excellente
cholarship. The exercises were op
ned with an invocation by Rev. Dr.
. A. B. Scherer of St. Andrew's
Lutheran church. The annual report t
f the dean, Dr. F. L. Parker, was
hen read, after which Maj. Theodore
x. Barker of the board of trustees,
oierre:1 the degrees, presenting the
:ertificates to the following graduates:
Graduates in medicine: Drs. G. P.
Ackerman, Cottageville; J. W. Burn.
Charleston; E. P. Carter, Ehrhardt;
H. M. Carter, Smnoaks; F. C. Clark,Co
lumbia City, Ind.; J. P. DuPre, Mt.
Pleasant; F. M. Duram, Blackstock;
W. E. Ehrich, Georgetown; T. F.
ogg, Thomas F. Johnson, Charles
ton; J. C. Lawson, Darlington; M. R.
McMilan, Charleston: M. 0. Mauldin,
Pickens; F. J. McKinley, Mount Pleas
nt; J. G. McMaster, Winnsboro; A.
K. Prentiss, Charleston; D. L. Smith,
Anderson; T. C. Stone, Greenville; J.
F. Townsend, Jr-., Edisto Island; A.
M. Wyle, Chester.
Graduates in pharmacy: Ralph H,
Bar, Anthony P. Beckman, Francis
H. Bold, David J. Burns and E. J..
Conner, Charleston: Alex Clyde El
lerbe, Conway; J. Leonard Hogan,
Ridgeway; Benjamin Franklin Mc
Leod, Chio; Crocket H. McMurray,
Lancaster; George D. Merritt and M.
B. Monsen, Charleston; Hughes A.
Moorer, St.Georges; Manning L.Nel
son and 0. L. Owens, Charleston;
Dan L. Shielder, St.Georges; Andrew
M. Smith and Ernest E. Smith, Char
leston: J1. Henry Stonecypher, West
minster: J. G. Wannamaker, Jr.,
Orangeburg; H. L. Wecker, Char
leston. and RI. Sumter Williams.
Doctor of pharmacy; J. Herbert
The college cup was then presented
to Dr. W. J. Smith by Prof. Forrest
and the medal for p.harmacy to Mr. C.
M. McMurray by Prof. Allard Mem
minger. The medal for practical work
in pharmacy was presented to Mr. R.
H. Baer. The valedictories were par
ticulary pleasing efforts, being deliv
ered by Messrs. McKinley and Lucas
of the medicine and pharmacy classes,
Senator Tillman then delivered the
annual address, speaklng on the medi
cal profession. His address was an
especially fine one and he was given
i teres ted and close attention through
out. He was well received and was
The first six honor men in medicime
are Drs. W. J. Smith. Clark. Acker-'
man. Ehrich, McMillan and Prentiss.
Te last two are women. The honor
graduates in pharmacy are Messers.
MMurray, Williams and Baer.
Senator Tillman was entertained in
Charleston Friday night at one of the
most elaborate banquets ever given
in Charleston, at which he received a
tremendous ovation. He was most'
libraly applauded throughout his
speech, which like all his utterances,
was right to the point. As The News
an Crer, put it he to the bark
1. lie went back into recent pot
:al history and told of the conditions,
Nhich he considered so grave that it
was necessary to organize a farmers'
novement so that men who pld the ex
)enses of Ihe State should operate it,
ind then he turned tohis experiences.
)olitical and otherwise, with the peo
ple of Charleston.
Expressing great love and admira
ion for the town, he said it was neces
;ary for the younger element to pull
;ogether to regain the commerce
vhich i; now going to other ports.
[le took off the gloves in speaking of
he selfwhorship of the city and de
;1ared that if Charleston ever ad
vanced it would be through the effort
)> the men with whom he was dining
Friday night. Touching on the Crum
ppointment he said that it had been
nade. that the negro was put into
>ne of the most important Federal
)tices vnd that it was best to keep
iarpng on the matter and wait until
he next session of the Senate, when
ery power would be used to have
A DREADFUL ACCIDENT.
3y Which Two Men Are Killed by an
Count Elliot Zborowski of New York
vas killed Wednesay in an automobile
)ll climbing race between Nice and
,a Turbie in France. His chaffeur,
aron de Pallange, was seriously in
ured. The accident occurred during
mne of the trials along what is known
Ls the corniche stretch. Just at the
noment the vehicle reached an abrupt
ongle the car struck a small rock in
he pathway. causing a sudden swerve
vhich precipitated the two men
Lgainst a wall. Zborowski appears to
iave struck headfirst, as his skull was
mashed in by the violence of the
hock. Although the baron was also
irled against the wall he did not
trike on his bead. The body of Count
borowski was brought to the 'chapel
>f his chateau here and his wife was
iotified. When she arrived at the
hapel an affecting scene took place.
he trip Wednesday was the first
boowski had made over the route
nd he was not acquainted with its
langers. His machine was going at
speed of 90 kilometres an hour at
he time of the accident.
Baron de Pallange, who acted as
)ount Ziborowski's chaffeur, died
Yednesday night of the injuries he re
eived when he was thrown from the
ar. The witnesses of the start of
he race say that Zborowski showed
onsiderable nervousness while await
ng his turn. Imprudently, he wore
vite kid gloves, which prevented
i m from having a firm gra.sp of the
)reak. At the signal to go, he start
d at half speed, which was soon in
reased to full speed. The accident
ecurred at the first turning of the
oad. The shock was terrific and
borowski was shot from his car and
truck the wall beside the road with
is head about six feet from the
round. He fell to the ground dead
kis arms outstretched. Baron de
allange was thrown to the left.
At the same instant that Count
borowski and Baron de Pallenge met
heir death, another acciden t occurred
.t another point on the road. The
:bain of Baron Gasteux's automobile
roke and the car was cverturned
.gainst the rocks. The baron and his
haffeur were thrown out, but both
scaped wvith severe bruises.
A Marvelous Child..
The London Daily News tells about
he most precocious child that ever
ived. His name was Christian
einecker and he was born at Lubeck,
[2 years ago. At the age of ten
nonths he could repeat any word that
as said to him: when twelve months
d he knew by heart the principal
~vents narrated in the Pentateuch,
.nd in his second year he learned to
epeat the greater part of the Old and
sew Testaments. In his t;hird year
e seems to have known rather more
istory and geography than an average
abinet minister and before he was
our he was well read in church history
~d theology. It was at this tender
ge that Christian went to the Court
> Denmark, where he was bailed as a
vonder. On his return home writing
essons commenced, but this ordeal
vas too much for him and at the age
>f four and a half years he died.
A steamer Lost
A telegram was recei ve:1 at Jack
onville. Fla., Friday night from Capt.
ohns of the ill-fated steam er John J.
~1, who, with six of his crew were
rescued by the steamer Excelsior,
erities the report that the steamer
as lost together with five of her
:rew oft the coast of North Carolina
the night of April 1. The steamer
3elonged to the~Cook-Cumrmee Steam
;hio company and carried a crew to
ether with oiticers numbering 15.
The engineer and two of the crew
were picked up by the bark Lillian.
he captain of the Hill says the ship
was broken up and abandoned, but
loes not state the cause. She was
oaded with dressed pine lumber and
both steamer and cargo were insured.
Served Him Right.
Thc policemen. of Joplin, Mo., are
barged with the duty of enforcing a
aity law regarding the area of clocked
boisery that may be revealed in pro
tectin~g the skirts from- muddy streets.
9ne city guardian arrested Miss Flos
sie Russell for exceeding the legal
imit. She was taken by the officer
before the judge. Miss Flossie was
indignant. She proceeded to demou
trate to the solemn dignitary exact
ly how she crossed the street to pro
tect a pretty silk petticoat. Ever.
solemn judges may be appreciative,
even human, and there was but one
result possible. The policeman re
eeved a severe rebuke.
Adj utant and Inspector-General
Frost Wednesday issued instructions
to the captains of all the military
companies to have their uniforms and
supplies ready for the inspection of
the army officer who is expected here
shortly. H e also instructed them to
recruit the companies uo to their full
strength, 65 men, which is, thought
by the adjutant generals of many
states to be too large.
A BIG STRIKE.
Seventeen Thtusand Cotton Mill
Hands Quit Work.
WANTED A TEN PER CENT RAISE
Which Was Refused and the I
Strike Followed. The Cotton
!Industrv of Lowell is
A big cotton mill strike is on at
Lowell, Mass. A dispatch from that p
city to the Augusta Herald says Wed- t
nesday morning, for the first time in 0
many, many years, on working days, a
the bells of the mills have failed to v
ring out their morning call.- Streets
which are usually marked by the rush a
and bustle of thousands of people hur- a
rying to their work, are almost de
serted and a stillness pervades the y
mill district. Of the seven mills ii
which have shut down four had prac- r
tically no help with which to operate h
their plants Wednesday if their bells s
had pealed for the call of labor. t
Seven cotton mills closed by strike
of 17,000 operatives, who demand a
ten per cent increase in wages. Four t
of the mills are in good condition fi- a
nancially, while the others are not. a
These mills are in a combine with the t
others outside to keep down the wages. b
The operatives are proffered generous a
aid from the other mills in other cities I
and the American Federation of a
The progressive citizen would be 0
glad if the mills would go south and
never reopen here. They are the
curse of the city. The non-resident
owners' keep out the otber industries
by controlling the sites and the mag
nificent water power. The prospect
is for a long struggle. The state
board of arbitration has tried in vain
to effect a settlement and will make
another effort to compromise on five a
per cent increase if possible.
In preference to fighting the textile
uxns the agents of seven big cotton 1
mills ordered an entire suspension of b
work for an indefinite period. These d
agents have officially announced that m
a canvass of the help showed that up
ward of 80 per cent. were non-union, S
and were opposed to a striKe. This
sentiment changed Saturday, and r
when a second canvass was taken of r
the loom fixers, spinners, carders, a
nappers, weavers and beamers it was e
seer that the textile council was able ,
to fulfill its threat and strike in thes
Without delay notices of a shut- t
down, to take effect at once, were
posted on gates, and as piece hands a
completed their work they were told
to leave. When speed went down at
noon Saturday fully 17.000 operatives a
bad been forced into idleness. The a
length of theshutdown is problemati
cal, but is likely to last many weeks, y
as the unions have been promised fi
nancial support from the United Tex
tile Workers of America, the National
NIule Spinners' Associa'iion, the
American Federation of Labor, and t
from the local trades and labor coun
i, composed of 45 unions'.
Agent W. S. Southworth, of the d
Massachusetts mills, secretary of the
Manufacturers' Association, says that ~
if the mill people think that the shut- ~
down will be for a fortnight they are
greatly mistaken. It will last, he
says, until the agents are positivelyb
told that all the operatives want to
work, and when this time comes the r
agents will consider the matter of
resu mption. President Conroy, oft
the Textile Counci]; who stands as
the strike leader, says:
"The action of the mill agents sim
plifies matters. They have simply
anticipated us. If they had not de
clared a shut-down we would have e
tied them up, any way, and they
know it. This makes it easier for uss
to handle the men. I can't say what
will happen. There may be trouble
The shut-down will affect primarily
the 16,000 and more operativey In at
month many hundreds of operativesr
in small industries supplying materials
to the big mills will join the army of
the unemployed, and the longer ther
enforced idleness the greater the par
alysis of industry here.
The area covered by the Massachu
setts, Boott. Merrimac. Tremont, Suf-t
folk and Lawrence mills is about one
mile in length by three-eighths of a
mile in breadth, bordering on the Mer
rimac river. The Appleton and
Hamilton mills are nearer the geo
graphical center and are embraced in
an area about half a mile square. The
product of these mills ranges from the
coarsest of gray cotton to the finest of
dress goods, going through all grades
of print cloths, sheeting, shirting'
sateens, nainsook~s, dimites,. blankets,
toweling, table linen and silk-warp
goods. The weekly payroll is $138,
A Tangled Twine.t
In the court of common pleas at.
Charleston Monday week Judge Watts 1
issued an order requiring a negro law-1
yer named Twine to show cause why
he should not be debarred from prac
tice in the courts for unprofessional1
conduct. The attention of the court
was called to Twines methods in the
.ecent presentment of the grand jury.
It was charged that Twine had en
deavored to get a number of negroes
who were accused of stealing terrapin
o swear that the overseer of the ter
Irapin farm had stolen tile turtles.
Twine will have to show cause at the
opening of the next term of tile court
and if he cannot satisfactorily defend
himself there will be one colored law
yer less at tile Charleston bar.
A Battle Fought.
A dispatch from Constantinople
dated Friday, April 3, says the Bul
garian bands and Turkish troops in
the Okbrida district have fought a
battle and that 1.000 men were killed
or wounded. The railroad bridge
over the Anista river, near Drama,
was blown up by Bulgarians during 1
Ithe night of April 1 and all the tele-c
graph wires in the vicinity have beenc
cut. Drama is about 30 miles from
eres Macerlnnia. 1
SHOT THE TEACER.
L Striking Object Lesson o(n Carry
ing Concealed Weapons.
A few weeks ago a teacher in a
:hool in Spartanburg County shot
nd killed on, of his pupils, and on
Lst Thursday a pupil in a school at
iawdesville in Anderson County shot
nd dangerously wounded the princi
al of the school. A dispatch from
Lndersor to The States gives the
articulars of the unfortunate affair.
he teacher, Mr. J. F. Harper, who
the principal of the school at
awdesville, was shot twice by a
upil named James Latimer. Itseems
hat the teacher had notice that some
f the large boys were going to absent
hemselves from school Wednesday on
ccount of it being All Fool's day and
rarned them not to do so.
The boys stayed away from schoof'
s they had threatened and Thursday
fternoon the teacher kept them in
fter school to punish them. He be
an on James Latimer, a boy of 17
ears, and Latimer produced a rod of
-on from his clothing and began to
asist. This was taken away from
im, when he pulled a Smith & Wes
2n pistol and opened tire on the
The first shot hit a button on Mr.
[arper's coat and the bullet and but
>n both penetrated the flesh. Then
second shot was ired which struck
rib indicting a flesh wound. It was
bought that Harper was mortallyhurt
ut the physicians say that his wounds
re not serious. Latimer fled. Young
,atimer is a son Mr. J. T. Latimer,
prominent merchant of Lawdesville
nd nephew of Senator Latimer.-Four
r five boys of about the same age
ere implicated in the affair.
BOUND TO A RASCAL.
he Sad Plight of a Young Lady in
The escapades of Nelson Foster
ias "Capt." A. N. Freeland obin
r created quite a sensition a few
ionths ago when it was reported that
e had married and subsequently had
eserted a wealthy New York young
oman. The sequel to that affair ap
ears in the following in the New York
un of Tuesday:
"Supreme Court Justice MacLean
fused Thursday to annul the mar
age of Miss Eliza Herriman Wickes,
niece of Augustus Van Wyck and
x-Mayor Van Wyck, to 'Capt.' A.
1. Freeland, otherwise known as Nel
"Mrs. Freeland met the man on a
ransatlantic liner and afterwards at
er home. She was impressed by his
ppearance of wealth and respectabili
and his own representations con
erning his antecedents. They were
iarried in Grace church a few months
fter meeting. Mayor Van Wyck
ras at the wedding. Rumors concern
2g Freeland's past reached Mrs. Free
Lnd's brother, and on investigation
e found them all well founded. An
aterview followed and Freeland disap
eared. It developed that he- had
een a railway roadmaster for years,
ras a widower with children and had
ecome a chevalier dlindustrie in
efault of better employment.
"Justice MacLean says that he can
ot find grounds on the evidence ad
uced which would warrant an annul
2ent. Freeland's actions, he says,
2ay have been those of a scamp-and a
typocrite. but do not come within
he provisions of the law under which
2arriagas may be annulled. Permis
ion is granted to renew the suit on
Cable dispatches told not long ago
ow the Ameer of Afghanistan by a
troke of his pen cut down the harems
f his subjects to four wives each. He
as been administering some very
wift justice, too. Not long ago a
neat-seller in Kabul abused another
nan and taunted him about his re
igion. The offender was brought be
ore the ameer who straightway sen
enced him to be blown from the
nouth of a cannon, which was done as
on as a nearby cannon could be load
:d. The same day four well-known
obbers were brought before him. He
iad them put into iron cages and
tung up in four prominent thorough
ares as a warning and at last account
hey-or what is left of them--were
Record of Births and Deaths.
The State says the governor has
eceived a persanal letter from ex
overnor Merriam, director of the
ensus, in which it is urged that
;outh Carolina should aid the nation
1government in the endeavor to keep
orrect and complete records of births
.nd deaths. Th~e mortality statistics
if the government are shamefully in
.ccuratjand the census department
n compliance vwith a recent act of
ongress has written the governors of
he States to aid in the effort to get
he data kept properly. The State
>oard of health has been working on
his line for some time and the local
)oards of health are said to have act
d in a very reprehensible manner.
['he collection of these statistics may
>e of great value in the years to come.
A terrible calamity was narrowly
Lverted at Lake Mills, Wis., Friday,
ven President Roosevelts tr ain pass
d through. A largze crowd was pre
ent, and the moment the train stop
ed there was a rush for the rear end
>f the car, from which the president
vas to speak. There was a jam on
he tracks, when the train began to
nove backwards. A yell of warning
ausedl the crowd to scatter and while
ome were slightly bruised in the
cramble, no one was seriously hurt.
A strike among the factory workers
t Colmar, Germany, Wednesday took
serious aspect. The strikers formed
procession and marched through the
treets. Soon a riot was rampant and
>efore the demonstrators could be
tueted the w-ol ice were forced to
tharge with swords and revolvers.
dIany of the strikers were wounded and
hr. e la edrs were arrested.
]BLACK AND WHITE.
Crap-Shooters Get Caught All Right,
but Poker Players Escape.
In a recent issue of the Rock Hill
Journal mention was made of the fact
that a squad of negro gamblers had
paid fines of nearly $50 into the city
treasury, with 23 days work on the
streets as a result of a raid made by
the police. In commenting on the
action of the council The Journal says
we are glad the police caught them
and that the mayor "laid it on heavy."
But what about "gambling in high
places?" We hear it whispered that
the little negroes and bad white boys
who are occasionally bagged dovn in
the "Blackjacks" are not the only sin
ners. Let the officers hunt for bigger
game, and the mayor will have-the op
portunity of paying off the city debt.
This thing (f clubbing the negroes
and a few trifling white people into in
sensibility because their evil natures
led them into wrong paths and letting
big scrapegraces go scott fre-is not
fair. Arrest some of the ''big fish"
you hear so much talk about, aaddV's
have a genuine seusation, and a heap
of it. We are making no charges
against the administration or the
police. It is the same everywhere.
The poor and friendless have to "toe
the mark," while some others do about
as they please. In justifacation of in
action, no one need come back at us
for the proof or f.>r names. -We are
not a detective. But if the adminis
tration is sincere, evidence can be got
ten and the city authorities will not
have to hunt far to get it. There are
other places besides Rock Hill that
the comments of The Journal fits.
A Newspaper Edited and Printed Ex
clusively by Women.
Cambridge, Mass., has the distinc
tion of publishing the only' yaper
claiming to be a newspaper In this
country owned and conducted exclu
sively by women. The Cambrige Press
a weekly, has been bought by Miss
Twenty one school girls, under a
special license from Mayor McNamee,
sell the paper on the street. Miss
Geddes bought the press from her for
mer employers, who conduct the
Chronicle. It is now in its fifty-eighth
year, and Miss Geddes Is showing -Tel
markable enterprise in getting it ,out
In new type, Illustrations and with
new ideas generally.
She has hired thirty-two women for
her circulation department (obtained
by advertising for them) to iMake a
house to house canvass for subscrp
tions, and some of the leading mer
chants are giving her advertising.
The first issue under the new man
agement was 3,800 copies, or double
what it had been under the old.
Miss Geddes is about twenty five
and lives with her grandmother in a
charming house on Massachusetts ave
nue. Her parents are in London.
She is a .graduate of Chauncy Hall
and of Radcliff, 99. After that she
joined her parents in England and
studied a year in Newnham college.
While in Radcliffe she did her first
newspaper work for the Chronicle and
was soon made editor of the woman's
department on that paper. She has
been the American correspondent of
the London -Ladies Field for several
years. On her return from England'
she resumed her position with the
Chronicle and in the year following
embarked upon a teaching and lectur
ing career as well.
The Cotton Crop. -
The census bureau Wednesday
made the first annual statement of
cotton production under the perman
ent organization of that bureau.
The statement is made by William M.
Stuat, chief statistcian of manufactur
ers. It places the cotton production,
exclusive of linters for the year at
11,078,882 commercial bales equival
ent to 10,630,945 bales 500 pounds
each. The total crop, Including lint
ers, was 11,275,.105 commercial bales
or 10,627.168 500-pounds .bales. The
difference in the figuers on commer
cial bales and 500-pound bales is due
to the fact that some of the commer
cial bales are round bales, which con
tain only 255 pounds, or little more
than half the weight of the square
-The explanation is made that the
figures are the result of personal visits
on the part of the census office agents
to 32,753 ginneries. The canvass ez
tended until March 28th, but at that
time there was still unginned a small
quantity of cotton. This is estamated
at 184,205 commercial bales, a~nd these
are included in the figures given.
The production by states In com
mercial bales is given as follows:
.labama, 1,CI1,335; Arkansas, 999
629: Florida, 67,287; Georgia, 1,
509,199; Indian Territory, 409,591;
Kansas, 45,000 Kentucky, 1,308;Louis
iana, 911,953; Mississippi, 1,451,626;
Missouri, 49,552; Norh Carolina, 586
744: Oklahoma, 218,390; South Car
olina, 948,200; Tennessee, 328,039;
Texas, 2,587,299; Virginia, 16,575.
Mr. J. W. Thurston and Mrs. Eliza
beth Tims, both inmates of the An
derson county home, were married at
that place Sunday afternoon by Mr.
W. T. Magill, the superintendent of
the institution, who is a notary pub
lic. The groom is 71 years old and
the bride has passed her 70th summer.
They have been enamored of each
other for some time, and a day or two
ago they told Supt. Magili their
secret and he agreed to marry them.
The event took place Sunday after
noon. They are as happy as two
larks and are spending their honey
moon at the home in each other's com
To Be Sold.
The Augusta Chronicle, which is
over a hundred years old, is to be sold
at auction by the receiver in whose1
hands it has been for some months,
at an upset price of $40,000, fixed by
the court. In the course of its long
life it has contrived to accumulate
debts of nearly $200,000. The figures
are referred to for the benefit of those
who think that the profession of
jonaism is one grand, sweet song.
A 8EMIJVUS X1Jl
To The Dispensary Regarding
ures of Contraband Liquor.
LAINS OF EZVENUE OFFICERS
Over Half of the Confisca-ted Prop -;'
erty is Taken by the Repre
sentatives of the Federal
The Columbia State says dispensary
officials are wondering what will be
the result of the contention between
the State of South Carolina and the
federal government in regard to the
gizure of packages of contraband'
liquor. If the matter is allowed to
run on as it is now, the State will lose
over 50 per cent. of the liquor seized -
by the constables. In the month of
February, out of the seizures made by
the constables, $600 worth of liquor
was afterwards taken by the repre-^
sentatives of the federal government
Mr. H. H. Crum, the commissioner
of the State dispensary, Wednesday
xplained the situation to a repo~tern
of The State. Up to the time .when
aj. Jenkins became collector'of cus
toms, Mr. Crum had h2d an agreement
with the federal officials to the effect Z
that the State was to be a116
keep all liquor seized by the consta
nless the liquors so seized were evi
lently sold in violation of the Uiited
States revenue laws.
But under a recent ruling the gov
ernment's gauger at the dispensary
Hr. A. S. Trumbo, is ordered toin
pect every package shipped in bythe
:nstables and to seize all such as have
aot the names of well known and-rep
atable dealers as the parties from
whom the stuff had been obtaine. *
Hr. Crum thinks this has been a-very -
irbitrary position for the federalau
thorities to take-for it throws the
burden of proof on the State, when
he State is not interested in forster
iog violators of the revenue laws, but
is endeavoring to break up the opera
ions of law breakers.
During the month of Janu
federal government, through it
agents, relieved-the State dis rr
of $500 worth of contraband, for theJ
State.could not, under the rulling
the department, prove its own ight
to the packages. In February the
value of stuff turned over to
revenue officers was even more than
in the month preceding. If this is
kept up it will become a great hard
ship on the disnensary system, for not
only does the dispensarydese the pack
ages, but is not reimbursed for the
express charges paid on thes
liquors from the point of seizure .to6
the State dispensary; and furthermore---.
the State is but hir'ng constabulary
to work for the government.
The constabulary has for the past.
few years paid its expenses out of the -
value of the contraband turned into
the big vats at the State dispensary,
but the proportion of stuff taken by
the federal officers is 50 per - cent.of
the whole amount seized. Theattor- -
ney general's office is urging Crum's
claim for the return of the liquors *'
taken from the State by the revenue
officials. The dispensary commis
sioner does not censure Maj. Jenkins,
but says the latter is doing right 'to
enforce the orders of the treasury de
Ate Any Old Thing.
At Kalamazoo, Mich., six pounds of
nails, screws, lead, iron, cartridge
shells and other foreign substances
were taken from the stomach of Fre#
Cerrow, a Michigan asylum patient,
at post mortem examination. For
years Cerrow bad walked about swal
lowing metal, lumps of coal, small
stones and brick dust with great
avidity. The stomach-containled the
following articles: One twenty penny
spike, 4 inches long: 22 ten penny
nails; 79 eight penny nails; 23 shingle
nails, 180 bent nails of various assorted'
sizes, 29 pieces of wire, 1 iron washer,
4~ inches in diameter; 4 suspender
clasps; 17 assorted buttons; 126 small
stones; 12 pieces of tin, 8 screws, up
per halves of 3 twenty penny spikes,
three 32 caliber cartridges and 28 pins.
Many of the larger nails were partial
ly destroyed by the-acids of the stom
ach. One large 4 inch nail, - which
pierced the stomach, is believed to
have caused an abscess on his liver ..
which resulted in death.
Crushed Ini a Mine.
Four men were killed and several
injured at London mine, near Dubois,
Pa., Friday by a fall of rock and
earth. The dead are: Earl Waggett, -
Edward Faye, George Truax and
William. Pipps. One boy had a'leg
broken, another his back injured and
seveil others slightly injured. The
dead are well known young men of
this place and all were married except
Waggett. This mine has been con
sidered exceptionally safe to work in
and had been free from accidents for
a number of years.
A Great Change.
In speaking of Senator Til-lman's
visit to Charlest'on The Post of that
city says: "A year ago we were look
ing for Roosevelt and making ready to
do him honor. and all the time
muttering curses upon Tillman for his
unmannerliness which threatened to
cheat us of our high guest. Nohw we
are openly and loudly damning Roose
velt and are cooking fine dinners for
Tilman. So wags the world."
Six Men Killed.
A terrific explosion of gas occurred
late Tuesday at the coal mi-ne of L. P.
Marshal at Sandova Co. Ill., resulting .
in the death of six men and the terri
ble injury of five others. The dead
are Frank Deroe, Joseph Trioshco,
John Giacino, Jo.Bianco, Lafayette
Amy, William Newhouse. One of
the wouned, Henry Wheeler, is not ex
pected to recover.
-The Columbia State says: "The
presidents the preident's wife, the
president's daughter, the president's ~
on-all of them must be followed by
he newspaper men and their every
act reported to -an anxious country.
What a delightful inconsistent democ
racy of royalty-lovers we Americans