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treat and Retreat Disaster.
SAYS PRINCIPLE MUST GOVERN,
The Party Must Not Secure the Much
Demanded --Harmony" by Sur
reiidering to Trusts . situia
tion Bold!v Hantileui
Three hunred lI):ncrats ad ed -l
the J.esonian: i.:inq:-t ::t l~es~
The attenac nce wi':t- ' -fZtiVe of
the e party thr.gbiut the
State of Iwa.To ' rinci:pal speak
ers were W .!. r:a Former!
Vice Pre.identr .aiE. Stevenson.
William I a'ioig learst, of New
York. wio hai hen aunnunced as a
speaker. sent a letter in which he
urged continued devotion by Demo
crats to the principles of Jefferson.
Mr. Stevenson gave his views as to
the proper policy for the Democratic
party in the comin:g presidential cam
paign. He said in part:
"In the approaching struggle for
political supremacy appeal will be
made more earnestly than ever before
to Democrats to present an unbroken
front. An appeal to all, regardless
of past party atliliations, who con
demn favoritisml in legislation-that
favoritism which enriches the few at
the expense of the many: to all who.
by wise legislation. would curb the
power of the trusts. that constant
menace to honest business enterprise
-and to popular government: toall who
condemn extravagant and wasteful ex
penditures of the public money; to
all who condemn the latter clay policy
of foreign conquest: in a word. to all
who would restore the safe and econo
mical methods in government, estab
lished by the founders of the repub
esponding to the toa-t. "Demo
cracy," Mi-. Bryan spoke in part as
"While this banquet has not been
advertised as a 'harmony- feast it is
much more in the interest of harmony
than high priced banquets, which are
held for the purpose of securing a se
lect audience for the men who have
not recently appeared on the stump
in behalf of the Democratic party.
"Harmony, like happiness, is not
secured by seeking for it: it comes as
the reward cf right doing. Harmony
is a thing to be felt, not a thing to
be talked about. The .:ere mention
of harmony suggests differences that
need reconciliation, and the vocifer
ous talk about harmony among those
who disturbed it, left the party and
- - - lent their influence' to the enemy,
naturally recalls the issues that creat
ed the distubance and naturally sug
gests the inquiry whether the prodi
gals have repented or demand repen
tance or the party.
"The difference which existed on
the money question still exists, for
*while the Republicans5 are boasting
that the money qiuestion is settled,
money is tight in the great iinancial
centres and the tinanciers of this coun
try are resorting to extraordinary
methods to get enough money into
circulation to carry on business.
"On the trust question the same
line of cleavage ai ppears. The~ men
who threatened a patnie if siiver was
restored, now threaten a panic if the
trusts are disturbed, and the trust
magnates are casting aoout for a
Democratie candidate so much like a
Renublican that the trusts can rest
-easy. ne~ matter which candidate is
" Reorganization means retreat. and
retreat Ireans demoralization and dis
as'ter. Froma the low standpoint of
ecrpedience, retreat could not be justi
iied. The party polled nearly a mil
lion mofe votes in support of the
*Chicago and Kansas City platforms
than were polled by Mr. Cleveland,
even before his political crimes were
exposed. What would be the result
today if the standard were put in the
hands of men known to be unfaithful
to Democratic principles or even in
the hands of those that are known to
be faithful? But there is a sordid
ness about the arguments made by
the reorganizers which ought to dis
gust any well-meaning or high-mind
ed citizen. It is really insalting to a
man to intimate that b th'nks it is
more important that we get control
of the administration than that we,
administer power upon Democratic
principles and in the interest of the
people at large.
"To say that a right principle must
be dropped because the party has suf
fered defeat in support of the prin
ciple is as ridiculous as it is cowardly.
The D~emacratic party has been de
-feated more ioften on the tariff issue
- than any other issue, and yet that is
the issue that the reorganizers would
make the paramount one. The trust
question was an issue both in 1896
.and in 1900, and there is as much rea
son for declaring that the elections
vindicated private monopolies as to
say that they vindicated the gold
standard. In 1900, the trust ques
tion was more discussed than the
money question and yet the people
who wvant to drop the rnoney ques
tion pretend to feel an interest in the
trust question. Impe~ialism was the
paramount issue in 19J0 and over
shadowed all others and yet those
who opposed imperialism, would not
be willing to drop that issue.
"While circumstances determine
the emphasis that shoul-1 be placed
upon particular issues no partv can
afford to abandon a righteous position
once taken for fear that to maintain
it would be unpouliar.
Mr. Bryani referred to Gov-ernor
Cummins as at the head of a protest
*in iowa " agairnst the doninuation of
the Repulolicanl party by the coJrp:)ra-;
tions," and conind:ld
"He-is going to tr to en;;r-art the
Iowa idea on th nainal iiepublican
platform.. While i:e seems destined
to fail in his purp se and while he
may support the itepublicanl ticket.
no matter h-,w odious~ the domination
of his party by corporations may be
come, let us ecurag huo im for every
word that he spea.ks in favor of tariti
reform or anti-trmust legisliation will
have an educationa ii inence. His
words will go a n mkn, converts.
even: though he may recant rather
thani iave nis party. Governor Cum
mins c..ds himself- a tpuleani but
by showing syma by with~ the people
as against the co.~-r-'raions, he has
proven that heYi mu in--'rerth
D~emocratic party thman thi- men' wh
left us in 20sa- wo in1 1-~ boa'staic
ofI the support theiy ha 'ivn' - to tO
their return! to the party ~ cningent
upon the party's abadonmenit ti the
"G;overnor Lafllet~te ' . o c sU
!!t Republ!can nipthods. These are
udabS th e ilnluza e that are;
it rork aitA -ncitaes us to make
' appeaL to the awakened cone'i
Sof the p. A
A letter was rtaead from C. A. Wels,
of Ottumwa. seretary of the nationa
commitee,. in which he stated tLhat.M
the Kansas City plattfo.rm is to b'e
found a "Democratie expression 'f
Democratic prineiples made by Do
crats, without corporatiun dictation
and without corporat ion control.
AmPon I h er speakers was Gen.
James B. eavcr.
it rr w:s announced
as nL trig )f l *im.r; s without
re1ar1 Z !e ec o opd ini as to
arty pv l, but inl the afternroon a
meeting of Kansas City piat forn d
ireznts was a1id at vhich an org:nni
zation vas forn -d an i a central m
miittee eretted t >.work to place in the
next State platform the principles of
the N:iasas Citv ulatform.
Mr. Bryan attended the meetin
and endorsed the movement. "The
l)emocracy of America does not want
'harmony' he told those present. It
wants the triumph of Democratic
TEACHERS PAST AND PRESENT
Some or His misadvantages and sole
of His Compensations.
"Ichabud Crane." says Southern
Education, "taught school in Sleepy
Iollow. but he was forced to give
singing lessons and board around with
his pupils in order to keep from starv
ing. in a commuiity in Lincoln
county. North Carolina, in the early
40's the public school trustees had a
ustom of advertising the need of a
teacher and also informing the public
at the same time that the school
would be "let out" on a certain day
to the lowest bidder. For several
years the teacher of that -school
received eig'it dollars per month and
boarded himself. Iis qualifications,
as stated by himself, were ability to
read and write and "to cipher to the
Rule of Two in Fowler's arithmetic."
"Crates of Mallos taught grammar
at Rome. Indeed, he was the very
tirst teacher on that subject in that
city, if we are to believe the records.
Tnis man had the misfortune to break
his leg by falling into a sewer. From
t iat Lime on he was considered good
;or nothing else but to be a .Zeacher.
Nero, the Roman emperor, had
Thrasea put to death because he had
a sour cast of countenance and resem
bled a school teacher. In the early
days of America the school teachers
always had some other occupation.
They were grave diggers. or horse
traders or farmers, as well as teachers.
In the south the pr~acher was often a
teacher and was thereby a person of
more importance than the teacher in
other sections of the country.
"But bow is it now'? The teacher
of a rural school, if he is a man,. is
looked- on more than otherwise with
pity and contempt, especially if he is
along toward middle or old age. if
e asa yo og man, he is likely pre
paring to le a lawyer or a doctor or a.
preacher. if the teacher is a young
woman she is ready to forsake her
work the moment a desirable otfer of1
marriage is n ade to her. Too often
the public does not respect the teach
ers' callmng, and the teachers look
upon their work in much the same
"lu irany communities the teacher
does not have much social standing,
neithdr has he any tinancial standing.
He is rnot usually noted for great in
tel-letual and morai qualities. There
is not enough remuneration in the
work to attract the men and the wo
men of the best brains. Such persons
enter other callings. Ecen in the
southern cities, where the remunera
tion is better, teachers are often the
footballs of politicians, and their ten
tire of otlice is uncertain. Only the
best can stand up in the face of such
blighting intluences and retain their
manliness and self respect. in addi
tion to all these things, the average
ntelligent citizen looks patronizingly
upon teachers. In fact, teachers would
not be teachers. in their eye. if they
oould possibly be anything else. And,
then. oftentimes the very highest
teacher's position in the state, the
ctlce of the state superintendent, is
iven away to some politician or in
competent teacher because he has
"1Ihe Great Teacher was despised-I
and rejected of men. but the best men
and women nowadays will not suffarI
themselves to be so despised and re
jected while other vocations as honor
able stand open to them. In the
spirit of the missionary and the
matyr, some may give their lives to
teaching. But what man, real, man
wants his children doomed to ascetic
ism, celibacy and social degradation?
Men and woman who are the chil
ren's social equals ought to be their
teachers-virile men and strong wo
men whom parents would like to meet
'The teacher who lacks ambition,
red blood, manly strength, social
standing, cannot be a real teacher and
a real leader. Mere goodness, the
poiitical " pull" the badge of charity
must disregarded and the selection of
the children's models and leaders put
on a professional basis, if wve are to
have a democracy realizing the highest
and best development of the race.'
A Gaood P'lan.
What the .Philadelphia Public
Ledger declares to be the most impor
tant act of the Pennsylvania legisla
ture is that providing for the systema
ti improvement of the public high
ways and the aid and engouragement!
of the counties and townships in
building and maintaining good roads.'
An appropriation of 8S5.750.000) is
made to put these provisions into ef
fet during~ the next six years, and as
the State is to hear but -one-half the
exense the measure looks to an ex
peniture of $ll.500,O00 on ro tds in
the period unmend. The act createsa
State highway department to exer
cise a general supervisio:n ov-er the
work. On an application from any
county this depart mnent will deter
mine the extent of roadway to be im
proved, prepare the plans andi speci
tications accrig to establ ished
standards. arnd see thatt thie wvork done
under the local authorities shall con
form to these standards. This at
not only ensures an equitable C istrib
tion of the State's aid but britrs the
counties and townships into effectiv
coeration upon a definite plan. wvih
the cost divided between the State
and the counties and townships.
The Car seems evidently in earnes
in his new ref..rm decrees. having al
reay r'emitted $7.250.000 of overdue
taes that would otherwise have conme
fr-i the pocket of half-starved peaS
ants. And this is said to be only a
beggining. sc that a e tim~es really
Df Mr. Edward Strobel, 1Who is tO
Ee the Legal
ADVISER OF THE XING OF SIA1k1.
tie Has -lHeJld Many Posit ions) I f
Honor in t he lpeplomlatic SC:
vice of the United
tihe lispatch from Chet er anllO!Inc
ing Thursday that the iH(M. Edward
11. Strobel had bcen appointed lgal
advisor to the king "f Siam was a
source of gratification to those who
had watcher with interest the steady
rise of this brilliant South Carolinian
who is still a yonng man. The Colum
bia State says Mr. Strobel has held
important positions under the federal
government for the past 20 years and
in view of his eminent titness for such
positions of learning and responsibility
his friends are not surprised at the
last honor which has been conferred
Mr. Strobel is a native of Charleston
but his home has been in Chester
since the beginning of the war be
tween the States, for it was during
the time when Charleston was being
shelled by the enemy that his mother,
accompanied by her son and her
daughter. "refugeed" in Chester. The
family made their home there after
the death of Mr. Strobel which oc
curred before the end of the war. The
elder Mr. Strobel had ben a prosper
Edward Strobel attended the schools
in Chester until 1870 when he went to
Charleston and the tutelage of a cele
brated school master-Sach t.-Leban
was prepared for Harvard university.
In the summer of 1873 he passed
the entrance examinations with
hQnors and entered Harvard ifi the
celebrated class of 1877, of which the
late Governor Russell of Masssachu
setts was a most distinguished mem
ber. Congressman Littauer of New
York is another distinguished member
of that class. Strobel was very suc
cessful in his college career and carried
off a number of honors, graduating
with much distinction. After finish
ing collegiate course he traveled in
Europe, beginning the study of law.
Returning to Cambridge he graduated
from the Harvard law school in the
class of 1SS2.
Mr. Strobel's political career began in
1884. when he was appointed secretary
of the legation at Madrid when that
embassy was headed by the distin
guished Alabamian, Dr. J. L. M.
Curry, minister to Spain. In the ab
sences of Dr. Curry, Mr. Strobel fre
quently acted as charge daifaires, and
won some distinction in his work in
the diplomatie field.
When the Republicans returned to
power under President Harrison. Mr.
Strobel came back to this country and
practiced law in New York city.
On account of his distinguished ser
vices at Madrid, Mr. Str-obel was mad-f
first assist ant secretary of state when
Cleveland was elected thesecond i ime.
This was a position of great resp ansi
bility, and the honor was a great one
for so young a southern man. Later
he was appointed minister to Ecuador
and subsequently to Chili.
His services in the latter field were
of such a character that when the Ite
publicans again came into power and
he was relieved oif his post in Chili.
the people of the latter co.untry joined
with the people of the Argentine le
public in asking that Mr. Strobel be
kept there as the special commissioner
to settle the boundry dispute between
the two countries, a dispute which
threated to be followed by serious c ia
sequences. Hie won new laurels in
this ditlicult piece of work.
About that time the trustees of
Harvard decided to establish the pro
fessorship of international law in the
law school with the understanding
that the appointee should have had
experience in the diplomatic field.
Mr Strobel was considered by the
authorities of the univeristy to be the
>ne man among the Harvard gradu
ites who possesed all the qualitications
for this hard position. Tneir selec
rtion proved most satisfactory and Mr.
trobel has been a decided success in
he chair or international law at this
It may be of interest that Mr. Stro
bel with all of his ''globe-trotting"
las never gotton married. Hfis sister.
Mrs. David H-emphil, is still living in
hester and his cousin, Mrs. W. K.
Bachan, is a resident of Columbia.
apt. Wmn. A. Courtenay of Newry is
also a cousin. Mr. Strobel is proud to
claim South Carolina as his native
A Good Example.
Tile apprehensions of President
Roosevelt in regard to the alleged de
aline in the American birth rate,
bring into prominence some instances
which seem to prove that in Georgia,
xt least, "race suicide" is not making'
very formidable headway. The At
anta .Journal says a "notable example
of Mr. R. W. Josey. of Laurens Coun
ty, in that State, Mr. Josey is the
father of twenty children, all of them
living, Hie has been married twice.
He is a substantial farmer in that
neighborhood and his children are
sturdy and industrious young people.
Here is a spectacle to cheer the
sourcst cynic. It reminds you of
Bible times. There is something
patriarclal about it--sometiing noun
est, and vigorous, and "bless-you- my
childrn"-that is altoge.hler delight
ful. We have no disposition to
thrust unwelcome sympathy on
a man who is thus encompassed
with a small army of dcscendants.
lie is to be congratulated. 'The surip
tural idea that many chiildrern are a
blessing is tile true one. We can
imagine a family or' this size silting
down to dinner. What a veritble
daily barbecue that meat must iie.
Ho0v many loaves of bread and how
many pounds of butter and dishes of
potatoes, the company must con
sume: just like a perpetual hlouse par
tVr. The .Journal also states tha~t
large families are the rule in Georgia.
rat er than the exception. Whereby
the people of that state know that
theyV have, in some measure, the bless
ing arid approval of heaven. May
they continue thus virtuous, that
te~y may multiply. replenish the
Killed by a Trai.
A dispatch from Wedgefield says:
Coroner Sam Flowers (of Sumter came
over Friday afternoon to hold an in
qust over tile body of William Green,
colored, who was knocked off tile
Wateree trestle this morning by the
through freight, receimng injuriles
7: No1 e. i the s outh Than fin
: no3 witiniL froim Newport.
P.. to the New York Commercial
Advrtiser says: Last week there ap
a the Philadelphia papers an
using account of the selection by
mistake of one of Philadelphia's
diivinitv students--Mr. Brown-for
the past.orate of the Episcopal church
at Lompoe. Santa larbara county.
It seems that the aforesaid divin
ity student, desiring to go to Cali
furnia, wrote to Bisnop Jobuson of
that state, asking if he could place
him. The bishop had already been
requested to send a progressive clergy
man to the church at Lompoc, and,
being favorably impressed by the let
ter of Mr. Brown, he extended the in
vitation to him.
A week or two later the bishop was
sitting in the study of his Los Angeles
home when Rev. Mr. Brown of Phila
delphia was announced. He rose to
greet him, gasped with amazement
when he found himself confronted
with a negro. Reference to the let
ters explained the situation. Mr.
Brown had failed to inform him that
he was of the black race. "As the
Lompoc church is white, of course
it was impossible to send him there.
A place will be found for him in the
negro church circles of Los Angeles."
When the southern people begged
the president not to appoint a colored
man to the collectorship of Charles
ton, S. C. they were accused of hold
ing unreasonable prejudices, and the
p:-esident insisted on pushing the
Crum nomination up to the senate
during two sessions, with in
timation thatunless the senate took
some action on it he would appoint
Crum to the office during the recess
of that body.
The negro Bishop Walters at a
gathering in Philadelphia night be
fore last said: 'Pennsylvania has
51,000 negro voters, and yet there is
not a negro tilling a first-class place in
the state, and the Republican party
would have to go out of business if it
were not for black man's votes."
United States senator are the con
stitutional advisers of the president
on appointments affecting their states.
Is it to be imagined that New York
or MassacLusetts or any other of the
original states would have remained
in the union had Gen. Washington
made appointments of collectors of
ports and postmasters in opposition
to the advice and consent of her sena
tors? My opinion is tha, the senators
of each state, regardless of their at
titude to the ad ministration, are vest
ed with the inalienable right to dict
ate appointments-that the constitu
tional command that the president
shall, with, the advice and consent of
the senate, make appointments must
be obeyed, and that senatorial
courtesy from the first hour of our
union forbide opposition to that home
rule feature~ of t he confederation.
A GRtEAT INVENiTION
iy an Alabamxa Me.n that Enables
the Dealto Hear.
Miller Reese Hutchbimon, a young
Alabaman. has recently won fame be
cause of his elforts in behalf of the
deaf. The W'ashiing ton correspondent
of the Chicago Tribune says that by
means of invention. Mr. Hutchinson
enabled three children who were
(eaf. dumb. and blind to hear a pian
ist play Sousa's marches. A phono
graph repeated.the sounds. and sounds
of thier own voices uttering the words
"mamma" "papa" and "hello, "in
quavering childish treble. The ex
periments were made at the laboratory
of Mr. Hlutchinson and were witnessed
by many persons. The invention
consists, primarily, of a transmitter
an ear piece and a small electric bat
tery. By means of these instruments
sound is projected into the ear in a
manner to simulate the auditory
nerve. The volumn of sound has
nothing to do with the action of these
nstrume nts. 'The peniet rating quality
of the electric sound wav'e apparently
disregards the mechanism of the outer
ear and effects the inndr ear direct.
The tirst patient brought out to try
the effects of the invention was Orris
enson, who is blind. deaf,and dumb.
A ohysician tried to make him hear
in various ways but all his efforts
were in vain. The little instrument
was then clapped to the lad's ear, the
current switched on, and Mr. Hutch
inson said in an ordinary conversa
tional tone, "papa." Th~e youth work
ed his fingers rapidly in the sign lan
guage. The current we made strong
er. The youth's eyeballs were raised
and he smiled Thben he tried to re
peat the syllables and irn a weird tre
ble cried shrilly, "pah-pah.'
The Crop Reporter published by
the department of agriculture in its
current issue gives a long article on
the wonderful growthi of tobacco in
this state. It says: The remarkable
increase in the acreage, production
and value to the tobaicoo crop of the
Pee D~ee section of South Carolina are
important factors of the development
of this great industry. Ten years
ago this state could not be considered
as a tobacco producing state by any
means. butt now the value of the to
~acco cr' p annually amounts to over
$31. 000,000). The marked increase in
this rapidly growing industry will be
plainly seen by a few figures herewith
given. In 1889) there were only 304
acres of tobacco planted in this
tate, unamn which was produced a
crop of 222.Mu8 pounds, valued at
5:33.9O8. while in 1902. 314.912 acres
werie devotedl to the culture of' tobacco,
proucing 25.524.40S pounds wvhich is
vaue at, nwre than $Z0.0.00. Trhe
1ulity of tobacco, prodruced in this
tte~ is excellent and is enjoying a
m st enviable reputation onl both
dom resti and foreign markets. The
marked increase has been confined
to a limited portion in the Pee Dee
section. The fouri counties. Florence,
3arion. 10trlington~ and Hlorry pro
luce about 80 per cert of the total
crop raised in the state. The growth
of the tobaicco industry has been at
tended with great tinancia. benefit to
the farmer's in many sections where
cotton ihas heiretofore been attended
with great Iinanciatl benelit to the
farmers. In manyv sections where
cotton hias heretofore been the only
source of revenue to the farmer, to
bacco is now being grown to such an
extent that the money va:.ue of this
crop surpasses that of cotton. 1'his
result hats oeen attained without
materially lessen ing the volume of the
cotton crop, hence the annual indome
a rers is practicailly dou ble.
To Carolinians to Perbetuate the.
Memory of Wale Hampton.
PLAN OUTLINED BY COMMISSION.
()rgauized Veterans an-d Others Are
Called Upon to Hurry Up
the Work in Their
The legislative commission to take
charge of the appropriation fur the
equestrian statue tu the memory of
Gen. Wade Hampton, and "also of all
voluntary contributions which may be
committed to them," has issued an
address calling upon the "men and
women of South Carolina" to aid ia
erecting this monument at the earllest
The address, after reciting the act
of 1903, which has already been print
In accordance with the terms of
this act we have been appointed by
his excellency, Governmr Heyward, a
commission to carry out its patriotic
purpose. We had hoped that the ex
callent and distinguished gentlemen
appointed by the association of Con
federate veterans to raise a fund for
the purpose of erecting a monumeit to
Wade Hampton would continue the
task they had so earnestly and suc
cessfully begun, but since they have
thought it best that both the collec
tion of the private fund necessary to
secure the public appropriation and
the er.ction of the statute should be
in our hands we heartily dnter upon
this labor of love, assured that we shall
have the cheerful cooperation of the
men and women of South Carolina
and that the pious work will soon be
"Mr. Robert W. Shand, in behalf
of the Hampton memorial committee,
has already placed in our hands the
sum of $960.50, raised by the I1p
ton Memorial association, to which
$249.10 has been added from contribu
tions made through Gen. Wilie Jones.
The sum of $8,795.60 must therefore
still be raised by subscription in order
to secure the appropriation from the
public, treasury and to justify us in
perfecting a contractfor the proposed
statue for which we are now prepar
ing to secure designs and estimates.
We are informed that other sums
have been subscribed, and we ask that
they be collected and forwarded to J.
Q. Marshall, treasurer of the commis
sion, at once.
"We have adopted the following
plan for raising the additional
amount: The Confederate camps in
each county are requested to recom
mend five suitable persons in their
respective counties to be appointed by
us a county committee to collect and
forward the quotas requesteQ from
the several counties. We feel that
this is a privilege rightly belonging to
the comrades of the deceased chief
"The sons of the veterans are urged
to unite with their fathers in this
work, for in honoring Hampton they
honor their parents. The .Daughiters
of the Confederacy and the rest of the
patriotic women of the State who
have ever been instant in ministering
to the heroes of the Lost -Cause when
living and commemorating their valor
when dead, and have in many ways
already testitied to their love for
Wade Hampton, need. not be uiged to
make this the crowning effort of their
"Thbe public at large will esteem it
a privilege to testify to their admira
tion for one who in war and peace
was the embodiment of the spirit and
genious of South Carolina.
A SPLENDID TRIBUTE.
"Wade Hampton's long life of more
than four score years was devoted to
the service of! his State. In early
manhood lhe was a safe counselor in
the general assembly. Wnen South
Carolina led in secession, it matters
not that this policy was not deemed
by him to be wise,.he was among the
first to draw his sabre and shed his
blood, bearing the name and honor of
nis native State far in the rorefront of
battle, achieving for her and himself
a reputation for valor that extended
throughout two continents, wherever
the story of the struggle was told.
"In the political revolution of 1876
it was Hampton's wisdom and prud
ence coupled with his determination
that gained the victory. As governor
of his State and as her senator in the
halls of congress he sho'wed himself a
statesman of the highest rank.
"Jn declining years he was the sage
offering counsel from the abundance
of his wisdom and experience.
"And at the last, when he had
fought the good tight and had finished
his course, he tranquilly yielded up
his life breathing the prayer, 'All my
people, black and white--God bless
"Th6iigh Wade Hampt.on lives in
history and in the hearts of his
countrymen and needs no monument
to remind them of his life and works.
they feel that they owe it to them
selves to erect a.- noble equestrian
statue in the capitol grounds so that
strangers seeing it may be reminded of
this son of South Carolina, who loved
her with heart and soul, who would like
Leonidas, have cheerfully fallen in
obedience to her laws and like Wash
ington lived to bring order from
Chaos, prosperity to her industry and
peace to her people."
The address is signed by Senator
C. S. McCall, chairman; Senator JT. Q.
Marshall and Representatives Alta
mont Moses. E. M. Scabrook and 1B. A.
The Crazy Elder.
The State says Dr. J. W. Babcock
reports littie change in the condition
of the Mormon elder who was given
severe treatment in Williamsburg
county a few days ago on account or
his oirending a lady of the Lake City
section. The demented elders travel
ing companion has called on him here.
These elders always go about in pairs.
The question now arises, "What
shall be done with this insane man's"
He is not a citizen of this State and 4
the lawv provides that the State of
South Carolina shall not take care of
parties in such a condition unless they
have been residents for two years
preceding. This was done in order to!
keep neighboring States from impos
ing upon South Carolina. As the elder
is a citizen of Utah it is thought that
he should be cared for by the people
of that State.4
At Chicago while jokeing with a
relative. Miss Nellie O'Day picked up
a small riule yesterday afternoon and
accidentally touched the trigger. The
weapon was discharged killing her
aunt, Mrs. Margaret O'Day. The cor-1
oner's jury acquitted the young wo-j
The Tamed President.
It begins to looc as i the Pres!dent
l been tamed by some body and we
atheruaspeot that Senator Mark t
Janna knows more a bout it thai he
4ill admit. As the Columbia State
;ays "the roaring lion of Noverber is
jhe meek and peaceful lamb of A pJ1l. S1
What a tranformation in the brief
span of six months!" The State goes N
>n to say that "the bold. brave talk of
President Roosevelt last fall caused It
the anti-trust people to applaud. The
pictorial papers represented the stren- s]
uouis chief executive as a Goliath.
brandishing a knotted club. and re
ducing all unlawful coimbires to their.
proper state. Yet it was ioticed that V
the trusts were exhibiting no signs of
mental anguish. Cases or nervous
prostration were not repo -ted in that
lass, and Hanna still smi.ed ch(er'. il- T
ly-doubtless winked ths t-ustfu, eye.
The great man who fries or t t'ie fat
fir the Republican campaign - xpenses
said nothing in public. He -t the
president set off his anti-trust tire- 1
works, but later, in heart to her-t I
talks, doubtless revealed the true
situation. The president's speech on
'The Trusts' Friday at Milwaukee
reveals a thorough knowledge of the
ituation from the 2tandpoint (f
Hanna and Pierpoint Morgan.
"Between almost every two lines of
Mr. Roosevelt's address there is
apology for the trusts or disapproba
tion of those who are fighting the un
lawful combines. The attempt is
made to burden all the honest trust
fighters with the indiscriminate
fanatical attacks on capital by social
ists. The president professes abso
lute satisfaction with the anti-trust
legislation of the last congress, when
it was well known early in the session
that he favored a more effective
method of combatting the immense
power of the monopolies. The presi
dent quotes at length and. with the
ighest appreciation, as demonstrat
ing the important work being accom
plished, the performances of the inter
state commerce commission and Attor
ney General Knox in preventing a
railroad deal here and equalizing a
freight rate there. While these re
strictions on the 'graft' of certain cor
porations in localities do not touch t he
rea-l trust evils affecting svery buyer
in the union as well as many of the
producers, the president has magni
bied them into accomplishments ful
flling the demands of the public. But L
he nieglects to furnish the important
information that the work be praises
was completed or well under way when
he made his demands last fall for ade
quate laws to control trusts.
"Great stress is laid on the effec
tiveness of 'the new 'publicitX' law,
when the department of commerce
is given the means of enforcing it. It d
seems that the wily Rebublicans ,
authorized an army and commissioned g
a general but failed to provide the
sinews of wrir, so even the benetits to ,
be derived by the public from pub- a
licity ,.vill be indefinitely postponed. n
The criminal weakness of this law is e;
that it leaves it to the discretion of
officials to decide what corporations
are to have their affairs made public.!
Even the ingenious Hanna could not,
have devised a more effective fat fry- d
ing scheme. It is not in the blood or
bone of Republican otlicials to kill
the goose that lays the golden eggs. h
and a. contribution of a million ~,
'r t~o.to the campaign fund will b
guarantee the secret conduct of
any kind of bighway robbery. Again.
the act declared by President Roose
velt to be admirable and all-sutlicient
applies only to those trusts formede
after said act goes into effect, thus
making immune the tre-mendous corn-n
binations already operating.
"Move cautiously," "go slowly,"- b
"take time." " avoid rashness," " don't b
cripple business," are the burdens of _
our erstwhile " trust buster's" speech.
IHe strenuously opposes a reduction of
the protective tarif on trust products.
That would be killing the patient to b
cure the disease, he says. What
sophistry! By such reasoning, by such^
ontentions, the Republican party isd
breeding socialists and anarchists as
foul, stagnant water breeds mnosqui
toes. The need of the oil of Democ
racy is most urgent. The people de
mand that the former leader-s in the
party which represents the people d
cease growling at each other and that
they face the common enemy. There h
is timber for a platform in President
Do Not Want Negroes.
The people of Brooklyn, like a good
many other people of Yankeedom,
lon't love the negro at close~ range. Y
rhe New York Sun says feeling ran
igh at a meeting of the residents and Y
property owners along Carlton avenue.
rooklyn, called to devise ways and
neans to prevent the Young Women's
Christian association from establhsh
ng a branch for colored women at 280
"I move you, Mr. Chairman," said a
esident, "that a shotgup- and rope
~ommittee be appointed."'
The motion was received with a
;mile by Chairman J. B. Boughton,
~vho, however, advised careful discus
ion of the best means to prevent the
~stablishment of the branch.
"We are always willing to con
3ribute to the higher education of the
segro," said one speaker, "but. we do
ot want niggers for neighbors."
Resolutions were adopted asking the
Ycoung Women's Christian association
x consider the feelings of the proper
.y owners and residents of the neigh
Jorhood. It was pointed out that
property had depreciated in value
urinig the last week. $200 less being
>Tered for houses than on the day be
ore the announcement of the signing
>f the lease by the association.
A t the close of the meeting the ninnf
sho asked that a shotgun committee
>e appointed strode up to the chair- -
nan and offered $25 toward defr-ay ing
~he expense of' carrying out his plan.
" I will contribute $25 worth oif rope thi
or the niggers if they come in the at
1eighborhood, or I will contribute the
amre sum toward defraying the ex- ,
)ense attached to any othei- method dr
>f ridding the neighborhood of them." dr
1e said. of
The man went from the meeting de
~laring that his drastic measures were t
he only feasible ones and he seemed t
nuch annoyed because his fellow resi- a
lents laughed at his proposition, a
The Late King of Yap-.- In
Acting Secretary Darling of the its
1avy has dir-ected Rear Admiral EvansW
~ommander-i n-chief of the Asiatic Sc
tation. to have the supply ship gi
ustin, while on its way to the Pacific dr
~oast, call at the Island of Yap and re<
eave there the attorney of the heirs au
f D~avid O'Keefe. the late king of or
hat island, who came from Savannah.
sa..- and on his death left a largre th
state, for the possession of which his st
eirs will make a tight. The navy S
lepartment has not agreed, however. da
:o provide a ship for the return of the da
imerican attorney on the completion tit
ta his missin.
HER SKATING LESSON.
yertainly thought her a beatuty
[ ti4et that :Mn' must be my fate.
,it!, nore for pleasurt than duty,
[,; 'd Ed intrue. Ier !V -ato.
v. .! , th. - i'OLUt- v'. l-i I told ner
I'd mant- for m.m r.oruiing a date!
f cam". I ind.:avo.d to hold her
And teach her 1the v::y she should skate.
y neck. in a manner most frantic.
3he clutched. I feeA called on to state
m!h. . have seemed vcry romantic
liad sie not been learning to skate.
ie fell, with a scream most despairing:
I know to a fraction her weight.
k-now. too, what hose she was wearing
The day that I taught her to skate.
e rose, and she said she would try it
Again-that she thought it was great.
myself was disposed to deny It,
But she seemed determined to skate.
boe next time together we tumbled
The ice nearly fractured my pate.
e meekest of saints would have grum
At teaching that damsel to skate.
think for her subsequent lesson
A mighty long time she will wait.
hadn't a well bustled dress on;
It hurt me, that learning to skate.
"Do you think," asks Willie Rahrab,
;hat a college education will pay?"
"No." answers Freddie Rushmore,
ut I know my father will."-Chicage
Not Borrowing Trouble.
"Remember." said the college presi
ant. who was trying to raise fnnds,
at the man who dies rich dies dis
"What of it?" answered the man who
,as trying to reach the $200,000,0X
ark. "The public always forgives a
ian after he's dead, anyway."-Chi
"What kind of tobacco do you smoke,
ivers?" asked the friend who had
River's hesitated-a momrent.
"As a rule," said Brooks, coming to
is relief. "lie smokes cut plug, e3:cept
hen I run out of it and happen to
ae sonme other kind in my desk."
An Easy Mlark.
Willie Softeleigh-I was quite ill aft
ethat poker gamle last night; very ill,
Sfic~. But 1 feel much easier this
Jack Sharpe-You're,. mistaken, my
y. It.i~s simply impossible for you to
e iliy easier than you were last night.
The Rentson Why.
Church-What in the world are they
ilding so many tunnels under the
orth river for?
Gotham-Oh, those are to accommo
ite the Kentuckians when they come
SNew York. It::rieves them to see so
.uch water.-Yonkers Statesman.
Mr. Urighton has a faint stmeak of
>wnl on his upper lip.
"When I get to be a man, papa," said
s little four-year-old. "I'm going to
tve a great big mustaiche like yours."
That boy has been feeding on candy
-er since.--Chicago Tribune.
Had to salute Her.
Mrs. Right-It isn't necessary to raise
>ur hat to the housemaid.
Mr. Right-Well, I can wink at her if
> prefer it.-Elizabeth Journal.
What wus de trubble at Jim's 'wed
Why. de only rice dey cud find to
w atter de happey couple wus made
in croquettes-an' dey frowed dem!"
Kew York Journal.
A dispatch from Charleston says
e largest audignee ever assembled
the Academy of Music was out
iday night to hear Senator B. R.
Ilman deliver the baccalaureate ad
ess to the graduating class of South
rolina Medical College. Hundreds
pople were una'ole to get within
ht of the authorium or the thea
. Every seat was taken; the aisles
Ire crowded with people who sat
d stood on the stairs and there was
mass of humanity. The graduat
class of the college was a large
i popular one and the flowers sent
members and Senator Tillman
uld have tilled several "wagons.
nator Tillman spoke for one hour
rng an appropriate and timely ad
ass to the young doctors. The
eption accorded him by the
ience was of the most enthusiastic
Lemuel Borden, lawyer and editor of
a Tribune of the People of Wood
>ck, Va., adv~ertised for a wife.
e came in the person of Mrs. Aman
Deer, from Montazuma. Ind. Fri
y. She was f'ully up to specifica
ns and in a rew minutes they were
Thets Ar Pive Waya, So Tau Wn3i
Hardly Get It Wrong.
"The terrapin enjoys one distinction
that Is rather unique," said a man who
3eeps his eye skinned for Curious
things. "and it is found precisely In
the fact that there are more ways to
spell the name of this creature of the
water thar; any other I have any
knowledge of. It is almost impossible
to spell it incorrectly, and this is some
thing you can say about very few
words in the English language. By
consulting the dictionary we will And
that there are five ways of spelling the
word, and they are these: Terrapin,
terapin, terrapen. terrapene, turapen.
The preference is given to the first way
of spelliug the word-that Is, terrapin
but if a man should happen to write It
in some other way he would not be
entirely wrong. There is not much
excuse for spelling this word incorrect
ly. Why, a fellow can shut his eyes
and hit the mark almost every time.
He can write it in the dark. The hard
er stunt would be to write it incorrect
ly. And yet it happens now and then
that men hit upon the wrong way of
spelling this very same word. I have
known men to spell it tarrypin, but not
in print. But the point I had in mind
was the curious fact that there are so
many correct ways of spelling the
word, and at this time I cannot recall
the *name of a single other creature
similarly circumstanced so far as the
dictionary is concerned."-New Orleans
Spanish dances have a certain resem
blance to the dances Of the east. In
our country one's idea of a dance is
something in which the movement is
due to the legs. In Japan and in Egypt
the legs have very little to do with the
dance. The exquisite rhythms of Jap
anese dances are produced by the sub
tle gesture of hands, the. manipulation
of scarfs, the delicate undulations of
the body. In Arab dances and in'the
danag'du ventre the legs are more near
ry rnotionless. The legs are only used:
to assist in producing the extraordi
nary movements of the stomach and
the hips in which so much of the dance
It is a dance in which the body sets
itself to Its own rhythm. Spanish
dancing, which no doubt derives its
eastern color from the Moors, is al
most equally a -dance of the whole
body, and its particular characteristic
-the action of the hips-is due to a
physical peculiarity of the -Spaniards,
whiose spir.es have a special and unique
curve of their own.
Hier Father's Strength.
Recently in a Sunday school the
teacher was telling her class of small
pupils the Interesting story of Samson,
of whom she spoke as being the Stron
gest man that ever lived.
Little thel, a golden haired new re
cruit, listened to the story with great
interest. -After the teacher had finished,
Ethel held up her chubby hand.
"Well, Ethel," asked the teacher.
"what is it?"
"Samson wusn't as strong as my
"Is -your father so strong?'" queried
the teacher, smiling.
"Oh, my papa's offul strong," replied -
Ethel with emphasis. "Why, I heard
mamma say that he had a ellyfant on
his hands."--ColulmbuIs Journal.
Barometers -and Dust.
When the barometer falls, the air
around expands into a .larger volume
and the air inside the cupbqard also
expands and forces itself out at every
minute crevice. When the barometer
rises again, the air inside the cupboard,
as well as outside, condenses and
shrinks and the air is forced back into
the cupboard to equalize the pressure,
and along with the air in goes the dust.
The smaller the crevice,. the stronger
the jet of air, the farther goes the dirt.
Witness the dirt tracks so often seen
in inperfectiy- framed engravings or
photographs. Remember, whenever
you see the barometer rising, that an
additional charge of dust is entering
your cupboard and drawers.
The belief in prophetic dreams is not
entirely a superstition, according to
the results obtained by two members
of the French institute. They point
out that at night when the senses are
at rest the brain is affected particuar
ly by organic feelings in various parts
of the body and that early symptoms
of advancing diseases give a particular -2
direction to the dreams. A familiar, in
stance is nightmare, which indicates a
dyspeptic condition. Immoderate drink
ers see rats, snakes and insects -in their
dreams before the actual outbreak of
delirium tremens, and so OE. --
In Her Debt. -
As a pleasant faced woman passed
the corner Jones touched his hat to her
and remarked feelingly to his com
"Ah, my boy, I owe a great deal tt
"Your mother?" was the query.
"No, my landlady."
Biggs-Windig is a nice fellow, but
he is given to exaggerating.
Diggs-Yes, but that fault is counter
balanced by one thing? '
Biggs-What Is that?
Diggs-The general indisposition of
people to believe him.-Chicago News.
Won In a Walkc.
"Say, how did you get off in the glee
"Made first bass on four bawls."
IThere are two sides to a jail, and it's
easier to get inside the outside than It
ito get outside the inside.-Baltimore
South Carolina Still Leads.
Among the evidences of progress
noted by The Manufacturers' Record
is t;he unusual degree of activity in the
south during the !past three months
in the erection of new cotton mills.,
During that period announcement has
been made of 287,780 spindles an4~
I6,243 looms in southern states, of
which 205,680 spindles and 3,903
looms are credited to enlargements be
ing made by established plants. The
igures by States are as follows:
States. Spindles. Looms.
North Carolina . ..0,0 2,165
Texas :... ........ 17,000 450
Georgia .. .. . ... .... .17,000 150
South Carolina .......145,580 3,048
Msssippi........ 5,000 230 -
Total.. ....... 87.680 6.243
Bisitor Derrick, of the African
Metodist Church, said, at a meeting
of negroe~s in New York recently that.
the slave pension bill introdvc:d in
Congress was an insult to the negroes.
Negroes like Bishop D 3rrick, who en
Ijoy good fat salaries. can afford to
Italk such nonsense. but the good, old
faithful slaves of the South need the
help of the government and should