Newspaper Page Text
he~i~res No i alting r.,at" taio
ina's Marc' of Progrs
50EIE INTERESTING TIGUEES
4rati fy iI teports is to the A nt
Inve-sted in -sm-all Ban
Cotton-- Seed Oil
As a rule the first quarter of the
year is not propitious for the 'ncor
poration of new industries and enter- L
prises, but this year the voiice of the'T
secretary of state has recorded the
rganizationl of a very large number
of companies which show that the
State knows no halting in the forward
march on the road of progress. There I
have been a great many banking in- i
stitutions set on foot-some of them h
companies of not very large capitaliza
tion, but still in the ield for the up
building of small communities. T.e
number of small cottton seed v;1 in-s i
is increasing so rapidly that the silua-r
tion becomes almost alarming. r il L
fear that they wili get in eacl thiers 1
way and be able to operate for only a!
small part (f th year (in account of
the fact that the. supply of totton
seed is restricted and the big orzania
tions will and must have seed in order:
t6 keep their plants runningT
is as much abuse of machinery idle
as there is in machinery in operatiin,
it is said.
There have been a few cotton millsI
organized and others ;hich 'have not
reported to the secretary of slate are
being projected. As a rule these are
small mills in sectiuns not- occupied
heretofore with , such industries
showing thai' the developement
of SQ.4t' r-olina is not contined to
one tction. The most siknitant t
f in connection with the cotton
mount expended in the increase of t
Wie capitalization of companies which 1
have been operated for some time.
The total amount of cotton mill
capitalization this year is 84.090.000:
in banking institutions, 81045,000; in
cotton seed oil mills, S30S,000: in
light, power and ice companies, ,$335,
000; and the total amount of al con
cerns chartered and commissioned
since the first of the year is $7.283,
Two other great corporations have
filed letters asking for commsiOnS
giving them authority to open boo'ks
of subscription-the Magnolia 'Mines
company of Charleston, 8300,000, and
the Columbia and Augusta Railroad
company, which shall be chartered at
an amount not to exceed -2o.000 per
Chartered--Gluck mills. Anderson.
$500:000: Ilamer mill. Dillon- $100
000: Maple Cot ton milis. Dillon, $100,
000: MIctee 31anufacturing company.
Greenville. 8100.000: Istaiuena mth
Centtat. 8200.000. Tlotal $1.000.000.
The Banna mill at Goldville was or
ganized as the sueussor of t be Gold-!
ville mill, $100,000: the lBamberg
mill was reorganiz'd, $140 000: thej
Miarlboro Cotton 3Mil1s ccmpany.
capitalization $1 .500,000, was organmz
ed with the mills at 31eColl as
nuclenes: mill at -lonesville was or
ganized with the Alpha and the
knitting , mill as nucleus. $250J,000.
Total reorganized m~lls (some of
which had si~ut down), 81.890,000.
Increase of capital stock-C!ear
water bleachery, 8300.000 to $4o0.000:
Branden mills, S300.000 to 450,000:
Liberty mills, 875.000 to 8175.000:
Orr mills. 8400.000 to 8800,000:
Gainesville (Ga.). $S500,000 to $850,
000. Total. $1,050,000.
The Morton Spinning company 0!
Clover is being organized $150,000,
Grand total cotton mills, $4,090.000.
BANK~ AN]) TRUsT Co3tPAXNtEs.
The amount of money invested in
bank and trust companies has also
been astonishing. The following
were chartered: Home bank, Lexing
ton, 830,000; Bank of Hlorry, Conway,
$25,000; Bank of Walhalla, $30,000;
Farmers bank, Belton, 850,000: Farm
ers and Merchants bank, Marion.
$100,000: Converse Savings bank, Con
verse, $10,000: Bank cf Saluda, $25,
000; Bank of Carlisle; 810,000: Ken
nedy Banking company, Blackstoks.
$20,000; Bank of Rock Hill, 875,000;
Gaffney Savings bank, $30,000: Bow
man Loan and Trust company. Pow
man, $5,000; Bank of Fountain inn,
$15,000 Easley Loan and Trust
company, 850,000: total amount oi. in
Increase in capitalization--Bank of
Marion, $25,000 to 850.000: 31 erchants
and Planters bank, Galiney, $50,000 to
$75,000: Bank of Dillon, $25,000 to $50,
000. Total increase: 835,000..
Comm issions issued to companies be
ing organized--William Coleman_ &
Co., Columbia, 850)0,000~: Timnmonmvlle
Loan and Trust company, S23>000:
Bank if Springtield, $2Q,000. 1otai,
-Grank total in organized and project
ed banking companies. $1,095,0:0
COTTON SEED OIL 31L Ls.
The following cotton seed oil mills,
have been chartered: Indepenaent
Cotton Oil company, the grea t riv 1 of
the Virginia-Carolina Chemica com
pany. $1,000. 000: Fort 3Iotte.~' 2000
Rowesville , 20; 000: Lydia, 300 A est
minister, 820,000, WXiliiamnsburg 7.0-I
000: Clarendonw 8.000: Eisnpvlle.
825000: Allendale,825.00.: Wa hrboro,
25,000: the total being $113.0) out-I
side of the consolidation? 0f t he severalI
companies into the lInde pendent.
In andition to the above the _follow~
ing are in process of organmzat ion:!
Prosperity, $20,000; Townvile. $25.0004;
Cameron, 820.00:- Edisto: at North.
820,000:. Donalds,~835n.000: Oconee, at
Wahalla, 820.000, and Pauline in Spi-r
tanburg county, 15.000. Total. $11>.
Increase--Kershaw. 825000 to $35.
Grand total of new eaita im mnius
organized and projectea this year.
RIEAL ESTATE DEV ELoPN.ENT.
Darlinigtoni Hotel comipany. C. g2540:
Summerland Hotel comnpa ny, e25.04 0 :
Summerland D~evelopment company.
825000: Greenville Inmprovemenn Co.
25,000s:outh End Land Improvement
company, 31ullins.810.000: Stone Lane
Company. Green ville. 825.00: Bishop
vilie Real Estate comny, n 85,Gd00:.Cal
houn Fails Investmenti comipany, $3,
040. Tot al. $1t504).
The Hall's island farmls. 1:enofort:
(in, -ease from * 0.00 to $8;5.00o)
1 3,000: T( morttey plantationrs. I ;eau
fort countyI 50.00 l'aiuc rmorea
lub (August Belmut- hunting rec
servation.) Ham p1-n county. $t;.000.
Yorkville Bu:dingz andi L.'n ;s. -
120.000: Ecli pse. Ch a dest'm e l.Th
004: Homefl. Su:mter. 8200.000: Pru
dential, Winnirei. $30. 010: Enter
prise. tUion. $'5. 000. Totai. $54.
7.9% G atney Brick cornt'any,
M9: smhern 11dra'uli 1:Iekhl
:aernra o Florenc. 0 500 :
t. ' of parln ton. -l''.: Peo
- m 1. :r nters of
. heraw warehouse.
. ; larlboro. ar II io "nettsville,
,umter Ice. Light and Power con
ny, . tolumbia, Ice and Fuel
1inpany. -30;000: Rock Hill Water,
ht and Power com pany~. $50;000 to
,-.;ooo increase: Summerville Ice and
)Id Storage company; 30.(000: Marion
ght and Power company, 5100.000.
VARIED IN DUSTRIES;
Morgan Wood and Iron works, Spar
nburg, $10,000: Cummings Iron
orks. Walterboro. $10,000: Vulcan
ipply company (hardwoods,) Cam
-n, 35.000: Sumter Lumber company.
2,000 United Timber company, Darl
"aton, $10000: Black River Steain
>t t company.85,000: Campman-Mur
I' company (hardwoods,) $10.000
zit-ieSton ;ianning comnpany, *1.O000:
ranolithie Roofing company. Ander
,n, *1o 0.0: Tannopiline company,
alubia 823.00:Omega B4a)y Car
ge omupany, Union. ,,000: Buftalo
,le,' s pring.10.(114: St. Georges rele
hlone exchange.3000: Carolina and
eorgia Mining company. Columbia.
0.0H: Iarris ManuIfactiuming coih
mny. coul ing device. 12.0: Brooks
eam Valve company. $12,00: Ches
rtield Naval Stores company, Che
To which may b.e adde the Ander
.n Matt ress and Spring Bed company
increa'e from 32,500,) t22,500: Ander
n Spool and Bobbin company of
arleston (increase from -4.000 to
z.0) $16.O0-making a grand total
f varied industries o k.459.5o.-Co
An Honest Confession.
Mr. R'. -M. Larner, the Washington
uirespondent of The News and Cour
:r, says "in a very broad sense it is
rue that lavish expenditure of money
.as been a powerful factor in deter
aining the last four Presidential elec
i6ns. Generally the Republican par
y has had the sympathy and support
it great corporations, able to make
>ig campaign contributions. Presi
lent Harrison was undoubtedly elect
d by the use of money in 1838. Bul
*our years later, in 1892, when Mr.
.eveland came in on a ground swell,
he bulk of campaign funds was witL
he Denocratic party. Mr. Cleveland
night have been elected without th(
oney. but it nevertheless played ar
snpurtant part. Had it iot been foi
he tremendous campaign fund 01
Nt Mr. McKinley wouId have nevel
re the White House as Chief Magis
This is an honest as well as an im
2ortant confession on the part of the
orrespondent of a newspaper thal
as blindly worshipped at the shrinm
Grover Cleveland for many year
mnd which has never had any use fit
illiam Jcnnings Bryan. It will bi
roticedl that the admission is mad
hat the bulk of the cam paign fund
in 182 was nith Cleveland as~ agains
arrison, which indicates beyond
oubt that the trusts nanted 'hin
dected. In the face of an admis
sion of this kind is it anyv wonder tha
any people believe the charge mad
y Mr. Bryan and others that Cleve
land betrayed hi-; party. It will hI
nticed also that the admission i;
ade that "hrad it not beens ror th<
tremendous campaign fund of 1894
Mr. McKinley would have never seen
the White Hlouse as Chief Magistrate.'
n the face of an admission of thi;
kind how can it be maintained tha
M1r. Bryan's nomnination in 1896 de
featedi the Democratic party th~a
vearr Yet every once in a whiht
some light headed individual wh<
my happen to be editing a trust pa
per chirps ou,. t hat Bryan ruined thi
Democratic party. As a matter o
fact it took all the money the trust
ould raise and the desertion of a lo
uf so-called Democrats to the plunder
ns to keep Bryan out of the Whit
[iouse. Under these conditions it i
not strange that Grover Clevelan'
who was the candidate of the trust
in 1892 should support McKinley wh<
was the candidate of the . trusts ii
31r. Larner goes on to say that "il
business and tinancial circles therei
deep resentment at tbe prosecutior
of the trusts and the outcome of th
Northern Securities case. This deci
sion and a score of kindred matter
aae caused a widespread rage agains
President Roosevelt's administration
iis nomination next year is regardei
as a ces tainty, but it is very probable
if the Democrats are conservative ii
their candidate and their platform
that the millions of campaign con
tributions next year will go t>t
Democratic managers, in which even
there will surely be trouble, if not de
feat. for the Republicau candidates
n spite of all that can be said abou
President Roosevelt's unwonted popu
1-trity and the great prosperity of thi
This simply means that if thl
Democratic party will nominat'
Grover Cleveland or some other candi
date wh i is known to be in favor o
the trursts, that the millions of dol
lars raised by the trusts for compaigi
purposes will be turned over to thi
Democratic managers instead of th
Republican managers. Can the Deme
cratic party, afford to do any sue]
thing as that? Better for it to b
defeted a hundred times than to wi.
a hundred victories on any such tern~
if the Democratic party is to vie wiL:
the Repuolican party in tryiug ti
plese the trusts to secure camnpaig'
funds to debauch votes its missioni
ended, as there is no use for two par
ties aiming at the same thing. Ye
this is exactly what Cleveland and hi
followers advocate. Some of us ar
Democrats, not for the loaves ani
tishes, and we would rather see th
party defeated in a fight for th
masses than to be successful by th
aid of the trusts. Tnose so-callc
Democrats who believe in winning.
victory that way should go inro th
R~ubican party. The Democrati
party would be better oil withou
Disemlbowehed by Mule.
A disoatch from Florence Sunda
nigh says: Information Of a horrib]
accident has been received from Sa,
age. in tihe lowver part of this county
Swintn Dozier. a well known resider
of that co)mmunity, was killed by tre
kick of a mule on Sunday af:terrnoor
The kick was so strong that the abd<
men iof Mr. Dozier wvas cuJt otpen an
his liver torn by the hoofs of th
amaL 1t. appears from wh-:t ca
he earned that the mfule was swk ani
M. lozier went up loehind b m an
tuned hi-n with a switch to maki
irl mo~ ve about and the mnule let 11
I o his heels. striking the man i
t:- p~it of the stomach with the abos
resut. . Mr. Dozier was a middle age
W 0 BhLE 6iUNTET
1r1-.&e 3LuIlfa' hile
Cotndin Ct-It. -
it is well knowu that thC iumber
of letters. words, verses. etc.. contain
ed in the Bible have been dount ed. but
by whom when or where is not gener
ally known, says The Boston flerald.
Treat's publication. entit lcd "Curio.
ties of the lible, speaks f the o
currence as being of Spani1 (riii,
and that the Prince of Granada, fear
ing usurpation, caused the arrest of
the supposed wouldbe usurper and by
order of the Spanish crown he wIs
thrown into an old prison called the
place of skulls, situated in Madrid,
where he was contined fur thirty-three P
years. with no other companion than w
the rats, mice and other vermin that
frequented his dismal cell. ti
Durirg his confinement he counted
the letters, etc, contained in the 01
Bible, and scratched the several num- in
bers on the stone walls with a nail- bi
Wi-en his work was discovered be was e
furnished with writing utensils and
ordered to make a copy of the results
of his long and tedious, task, and on K
its being completed he finaily receiv- l,
ed his liberty.
The following is a correcet copy o'
his great work:
7 The Biblecontains 3,566.48u letters, t<
773,746 words. 31.173 verses, 1,19 5
chapters and 66 books.
The word and cc.urs 10.684 times.
the word Lord 1.853 times, the word td
Jehovah 6.855 tines and the %vord
reverend but once, which is in the'N
ninth verse of the one huudred and
eleventh paslin. I
The middle verse is the eighth I
verse or the one hundred and eigh- t
teenth psalm. The twenty-first verse b
of the eleventh chapter of Ezra con a
tains all the letters of the alphabet h
except the letter j.
The tinest chapter to read is the t
twenty-sixth chapter of the Acts of in
Apostles. The most beautiful chap
ter is the twent-third psalm. The l
nineteenth chapter of 11 Kings and t
the thirty-seventh chapter of Isaiah t
are alike. t
The four most inspiring promises v
are to be found in the sixth chapter f
of St. John, thirty-seventh verse, and a
fourteenth chapter, second verse; also, t
eleventh chapter of St. Matthew, 3
twenty-fifth verse, and the thirty- C
seventh psalm, fourth verse.
The longest verse is the ninth verse, t
eighth chapter of Esther. The
shortest verse is the thirty-fifth verse, I
eleventh chapter of St. John.
There are ten chapters in the book
of Est her in which the words LordiC
and God do not occur. The eighth,
tifteenth. twenty-first and thirty-first
verses of the one hundred and.Seventh
psalm are alike. All the verses of the
one hundred and seventh psalm end
alike. The one hundred and seven
teenith psalm contains but two verses,
the one hundred and nineteenth ,
psalm contains i76 verses. There are
no words or names of more tha) six
It has ako been discovered by some
persons unknown that in .bwl,-i t hird
chapter. thtird v-erse. the word girl
occurs, and in the eighth chapter ul
Zichiariah, tifi.h verse, t he word girls
s mentioned for the only time in the-1
The eighth chapter of Esther. ninth
verse contains fifty-two ts. The word
now appears twenty-four timnes in 1i
the Old Testerment and three times 1
4in the New
JUSTICE AT LAST.
The Remuarkab~le Case of a Woman
I sent Up lhr LIfe.
Tne Columbia State of last Wed nes
day says frorm out or the portals of
the state prison will come a woman
this morning whose pale and furrowed
brow would excite pity in a hart of
stone. For the first time in seven
long years she will wear the garments
that are not striped and breathe the
air of freedom. The thoughts that
are hers in this new sunlight of 'liber
ty may never be known, but if ever
woman had cause to curse justice and
hold in high ridicule the majesty of
Sthe highest law it is Mrs. Plume Hall,
whom the- governor has pardoned.
In the annals of crime there are few
narratives like this woman's and per
haps criminal jurisprudence does not
record a more signal miscarriage of
justice. A little over seven years ago
Watson Hall, a well-to-do farmer and
machinist, was found dead, shot
through his head, in his home near
Mars Bluff in this state. He was
seated in a chair erect and a gun stood
near him, evidently placed there to
indicate that he had committed sui
cide. The effort to suggest sel f-de
struction was futile, however, and the
murderer. Aleck Ferrell, was arrested
and in due time convicted of the
crime and sentenced to life imprison
ment. Mrs. Hall, the dead. man's
wife, who also sentenced to life im
prisonment as an accessory before the
fact. There were several witnesses.
against her but none of them testified
-to any material point that would have
more than suggested conviction. The I
woman, on~ account of her belief in
the doctrine of "'swear not at all,"j
-being a member of a holiness society,
Srefused to testify in her own behalf
and allowed herself to be convicted.
Wedded Son's Divorced Wife. I
Near Brankford, In Smyth county,
Va, lives Wesley Brickley, whose
wife died a number of years ago. His
sson Samuel recently obtained a
- divorce, whereupon the father took
Iout a license to marry his son's grass
swidow. To perform the ceremony,
ethe services of Rev. Winters London
Iwere engaged. The minister had been
etold by some one th-at it was unlawful
efor a man to marry his daughter-in
a hes t was with some reluctance
tan esd before the contracting
parties and paonounced them man and
ewife. However, he went through
cwith the ceremony and then shifted to
tthe other foot and said: "My friends.
I have been told that it is unlawful
for you to marry, I will keep this
lense until 1 learn how that is, and
if it is against the law, I will not call
eyou married and will return the
license to the clerk marked not eXe
uted." Brickey was arrested and his
ae is now pending in the county of
T en Men Killed.
STen wor-kmen engaged in making a
e tunnel on the Mexica~n Central's ex
n tension at Tuxham, in the state of
i .alisico, lost their lives in a cave-In
icaused by several earthquakes Coming
e in rapid succession. The first shock
y caused the falling of interior workings,
a and when the gang of workmen went
e to clear aw-ay the debris they were
icaught by a second cav-e-in. which re
sultd from fresh shocks.
MOR Tim LADIES
sonie iNacid A'boi.i ngd#6:uents
'at Will Interest Theni.
The longest. engagement on reco rd,
says the New York World, is 7-5 years
and it took place in Bohemia, where
engagemrJIts of 15 and even 20 years
are so corn mon as to cause no remark.
The namres of the wooer and wooed
were respectively Franz Rosner and
Anna llenner and they had been
courting coLtinUoLudy for 75 years,
but had repeatedly deferred the brida]
day. At last Franz became fatally
ill and was married on his death-bed
on the eve of his one hundredth birth
day, the age of the bride and widow
In Russia long ergagements are no1
relished by betrothed young men, al
though the ladies usually are not al
all averse to them. Indeed, thes(
latter not infrequently use all sorts o
artifices in order to stave off the wee
ding day to as distant a date as pos
sible. Perhaps the custom whict
decrees that the Russian bridegroom
elect must send his sweetheart a pres
ent every day, no matter whether thi
engagement Iast for ten week or tet
years, may have something to do wiLl
this anomalous state of affairs.
I The regularly recognized length o
a Siamese engagement is exactly oni
(Lontth. For the bride to ask for al
extension beyond that limit is hel
to savor of reprehensible prudery
, Mreover in Siam, old maids are u,
known, as all girls marry. The rea
son for this is probably to be found ih
the low estimation in which unmat
ried women are held. They are no
only looked down upon; they are at
solutely of no account whatever. A
soon as the marriage ceremony is per
formed, however, the hitlierto neglect
ed and despised little female atom be
comes distiuctly a "somebody." Pec
ple who would not have deigned t
even recognize her existence while i
the state of single "blessedness," no%
admit her willingly to their house
and even go out of their way to see
her friendship. Still, it is not unt:
she has become a mother that she j
held to have reached her highes
estate. Then she has attained tt
pinnacle of honor, can claim as
right presentation at court and is at
dressed by the coveted titled of ''T
In the Argentine Republic an ez
gaged man who dallies beyond a re,
sonable time ere leading his fiance 1
the altar is heavily fined; that is if 1
is over 2J. Moreover, he is not pe
mitted by the State after attainir
that age to enjoy tree the pleasur
of bao:ielorhood, even although I
may not have committed himself
far as to have promised marriage 1
any maiden. In other words eve
Argentine Jack must choose his Jill,
soon as he arrives at years Vf discr
tion. If he fails to do so the penal
is a payiment by the defauler of $5
month t, the national treasury, at
this is increased as the years go byt
to no fewer than $30 per nmuntl
UOnly when he has cel -.trated i eigi
tietnl brithday, if he ever doies so is I
held ex..-mpt,, the legislature probah
regarding him then as a "hoi'pele;
case" so far as the, matrimonial marki
is conc:erned. There is. h:,weve
evenl as a young man, onec looole
ecap-i provided fur him. If tie ca
pr')ave that he has proposed and bee
e used three times in one year he
held to have, as it were. done b
bat, and to have earned immunity.
-The [Truth Abtnat Tuskegee.
To the issue of Thursday last
thev Washinglol Pisr., a lawyer
M ont gomer y, Ala., Giraou Macdonail
2by name, contributed a long letter
which lie doilared that the onus
such appointment; to ofii:e of negro
1tat P-resident R >osevelt, has miad
lies er:tirely onf theC shoulders,
Brooker Washington, who instigatt
him in regard to thein: that the who
blame for the talked-to-death Wh;
House dinner is also due to B ok
Washington, who forced himself(
the Chief Executive's hospitality wil
an eye to his own glori fication: ar
lastly that Booker Washington's wo:
-at Tuskegee and the influence of th;
institution is greatly mnisunderstoo
not only by the easily gulled Nort
but even by many prominent Southe:
newspapers. Mr. Mcdonald declar
that dwelling in the adjoining coun
to that inwhich Tuskegee is situate
he knows whereof he speaks. Tb
so far from bestowing an "industri
education" upon .the blacks, thei
rstitution incites dreams of "sci
equality" both by precept and e
ample. and turns out ''soft-handi
negro dudes and loafers, who earn
precarious living by 'craps' and pel
larceny or exist on the hard-earne
wages of cooks and washerwoni
whose affections they have bei
enabled tcq~ensnare," and that tl
-girls are 'tanught music and pair
-ing and ".to rustle in fil
dresses in miserable imitations
white women." while their poor c
mothers labor over tub and cook sto
Sto support th~em in idleness. There
much more in the letter of an uncor
Splimentary natu:-e to Booker Was
-ington, but what we have quoted
sucient. The Augusta ChroniC
sas if Mr. Macdonald's accusatin
are well founded they constitute
Svery serious matter and it is due
Sthe philanthropists of the North al
Sthose in the South, who with lip al
Spe' have appladed and encouraged tl
work being done at Tuskegee, t~h
-the exact truth should be given to ti
-world1. In view of Mr. Macdonalt
Scharges and his standing and reliabi
~-ty, according to the Post, the tru
should be made plain. How that is
Sbe done thoroughly and satisfactoril
Swe do not pretend to say. It is u
edoubtedly a dittlcult undertaking, b
r Booker Washington owes it to hi:
self and his friends and the world
large to undertake it.
They Get $10,000.
e Agent John Peterson, of the Uniti
-States E xpress company at Brit t, for
- miles west the city, was compelled1
s two Inasked and armed men to op,
sthe safe in his oilice Thursday mor
sing. and permit the robbers to take
f package containing $10,000. Th
r als' secured other packages of mone
e and after binding and gagging Pete
n son, they escaped. Two traveln
- medicine men have been arrested, b
Peterson was unable to identify ther
The $10,000 package was register
'and was to be transferred from tl
d Milwaukee to the Minneapolis and S
i Paul railway. Mr. Peterson place
ff the package in the shipping safe. I
e then worked at his desk until a t.
n on his shoulder startled him andI
s turned to be confronted by two revt
- vers. The men, after compelling hi
>to open the safe, tied him and gaggi
,I him secure'ly and placed him in a re
y room where his son found him hou
N-1I 3.N K IL t EIR
the txplosion of a Powder kil I j
'WAS FELT FIVE MILES AWAY.
tay ,,op - were s#-rtu;)i y in~jured
by jii::gC 1own1 Albout fihe
lCui'ling in Whieti They
The extensive plant of the Crescent
)wder company, at Ganister, Pa.,
s completely wrecked by a series of
ur explosions Friday morning. Of
e thirty employes, nine were killed
tright ana all the others were badly
jured by being blown about the
.ildings in which they were employ
The dead: Frank MeKernan, Ross
nnedy, George Fay, Andrew Garril
e. Charles Ross. William Lyons,
uiseppi Maleo. Frank Strass, .ohn
The ages of the dead ranged from 20
25 years. Seven of them were
merians and-two were Italians.
The list of injured includes Adam
agaart, of lPittbuyrg, the superin
ndent of the company, who was
und unconsei us in his oMiee by his
ife and was dragged :ut of the burn
g building by her -.t the peril of her
The first explosion Occurred amoi g
ie material in the mixing house.
owing that building to atoms and
so d(strnying the two punching
uses and the office. Nothing was
t of the structures. Fire arose in
te other buildings. The force of
e explosion was felt in towns five
tiles away and all houses. in the
cality were damaged. The bodies of
be dead are unrecognizable. The
re at the deserned plant continued
iroughout the day and no person
entured near the doomed structures,
aring additional explosions. There
re 2.240 boxes of dynamite stored in
he buildings and greater calamities
re predicted sh3uld another explosion
cur. Terror-stricken farmers and
mestone quarrymen have flocked int(
le town or Williamsburg for refuge.
The Crescent Powder company sup
lied the powder and dynamite used
n the large limestone quarries of the
nited States Corporatioin in this
Ou1ty and is ownUd by Pittsburn
apalists. T her, were eleven build
ngs in the plaut., of which number
ve are still standing. The estimated
alue of the plant was *35,UO.
STATE SUMMER SCHO3.
upt. MNartirn Gives S.nu Adilitiona:
Iiformatfio inl Re.ard Thereto.
The State fr Fridlay says the Statt
uperintendent of eduic 1in Ilon. C
. Martin. has returnl fd romu Rich
nond where lie attenoded the greal
~ducational con ference. Tnu rsda. he
aade additional ann~ouncement in re
ard toC the State Summer sc.hozil fo
eachers, which will he hield at Win
hrop college from .June 23rd to .Jul:
lst. Winthrop is an excellent plac<
or such a school because of th<
plendid equipment, accessible libra
'les, reading rooms and extensive ac
~ommodations. Arrangements havy
en made for boarding in the collegi
n this gives tI:e South Carolini
~ummer school giute an advaniage
ver some others becau~e the teachcj
re conrveniently locatted and can en
y better advantages.
Corses of .study have b~een provide<
a pda gogy, school super vision, el'cu
ion and reading. grammar, literature
rhetoric, library work. drawing, sigh
~inging, music, history, georgraphy
irithmetic, algebra, geometry, obser
dation work, nature study, botany ant
chool gardening, manual training an<
~indergarten principles. Some of th<
blest teachers of the State and na
ion will take parL in this work and
.arge attendance is anticipated.
A special feature of this school wil
e a series of addresses by some of th<
nost eliective platform speakers avail
ble and some work will be done look~
ng to the educational campaign whici
2as been planned for the summer. .2
neeting of county superintendent
Lnd other campaigners will be hel<
luring the session of the sum me
In addition to the regular courses o
'ork by the teacher students ther
'ill be lectures intended for svoc
;tudents as desire some recreation a
'ell as work. Quite a numer of teach
rs after a hard years's work do no
esire regular study, hence this ar
The prospectus, giving fu1l an:
2ouncements, will be issued as soon a:
ossibe from the otlice of the superin
;endent of education. County board!
re rapidly making recommendation:
S to instructors for the various coun
y summer schools and as soon as thesi
irrangements are perfected, the sched
iles will be published.
The Louisiana Purchase.
M1r. Chirk s M. Ilarvey gives in thi
3urrent World's Work, some amazing
~tatistics as to the bigness and valui
jf our middle West and South-thi
'Louisiana Purchase" from Napoleon
'he thirteen original stat cover 820,
44 square miles: the purchase cov
rs 875,000 square miles. All Europ
xcept Russia and Scandinavia is oni
1,237,667 miles. Half a billion do1
lars worth of corn was raised on th
purchase in 1902, 48 per cent of th
product of the whole country. Mor
than half the wheat crop and 3$ pe
ent of its oat crop were raised on thi
tcrrit) y. Missouri alone has mor<
people than had the thirteen colonie
that revolted from Britan. Colorado
a part or the purchase, alone produc
dc last year $28.000,000 in gold, mor
than the entire territory of the Unit
ed States had produced from the land
ig of Cabot to the strike at Sutter
mills in 1884. Montana alone ha:
added $1,000,000,000 to the world
weal h of metals. The corn yield
one state. Iowa. for the single yea
1902 v:ould nay six times over th
price we paid Napoleon for fourtee
tates or parts ot states and terr
A Fatal Duel.
A fatal clue] with pistols occurre
iaross the Tennessee river fror
. amb's ferry. Alabama as a result
which J1. 11. Meltord and F. Osborn
are dead. A quarrel having arise:
between the two. Osborne went to hi
home nearby and returned with a pis
tol when1 he emptie~d. He turned t
run, but Mefford, mortally wounded
bed at the fleeing man with deadl
a efet lRrth died shortly afterward
Let tow Rot Fail to Hoioir tne Meniory
of Our Dead Heroes.
Next Saturday is Memorial Day,
and the graves of the dead heroes of
South Carolina who died for the Con
federacy will be decorated with sweet
flowers by our noble women. Once a t
year, for the past three decades, says a
the Atlanta Journal, the people of the h
southern states have observed a day 1
for the decoration of the last resting
places of the Confederate heroes, and 0
the recital of their valorous deeds.
And now the seasons have again shift
ed to springtime and the founts of
memory are unsealed on many a green 9
hill. Amid the strains of martial
music, thousands make their way to
the flowered mounds beneath which
lie the heroes of the south. Upon
those mounds they place their tributes
of affection and reverent regard; and
the lonesome grasses are brightened '
with fresh Ilowers. It is fitting, there- C
fore, that we should consider for a mo
ment what this day means, and why it
is observed, especially in reference to
the changed conditions of this century,
and the lo:g perspective whicti now
lies between the present generation
and tLhose who wore the gray.
Memorial day. as it is observed in
the south, is what its name irnplies
a day of memories. It is not designed t
to k.ep alive any feud or sectional
issue. It is revereit an I retrospective. t
The controversy which urged these
dead soldiers to lay down their lives
for their country has been buried with
them: and the silent monoliths which
tower heavenwaod wnere they rest are
symbols of peace. not of war. Memorial
day stands for all that was best, and
all that is best, in the south of the
past and of the present. The same
spirit which impelled Stonewall Jack
son, and at whose bidding the sword
or Lee flashed from its scabbard,
lives in the south today, changed only
as to object-the guiding star of that
region where patriotism never dies nor
1 The men who come from Appamat
tox, and their sons, lifted the south
t out of its ruins and rebuilt it into
e more than itsancient opulence. This
a task was not inferior to the one which
- lay before them when they marched
e out in 1861. If it was less perilous it
was more tedious. It called for all the
- resolution, all the moral courage, all
L- the faith, hope and energy which
0 could be summoned by the tinest Ango
.e Saxon stock which the world has ever
r- kno.vn P.Atiently unconplain ngly,
g they rebuilt, replanted, and ha'.e since
reharvested. O( stc.. fiber were the
e I PNople who fought for home ruie ii
o the south. Of sucii a forc-: and purity
o was thespirit which led forward thst
y who sleep tod.ay around the soldier'.
monuments. It is this spirit, dev.>id
- of sectional strife or issue, which in
,: r.>rm the ob,ervance of Mt-n >rial &Ly.
a To remembr, to reverence. and to re
d peat -these are the privileges of thos
who decorate the s'ldiers' graves and
.who gather near them,
But in this barying of sectio.ma:
stri:e. Memorial day has lost not one
a~:toml or its insistaince upon th-: right
eous p:itriotism of th"ose whose mn on
ry i~ t perpetuates. Not f.>r years
and never. we trust-will th- day h'
come a memorial of niisguid-ti f inat ic,
whol died for an unjust cause. Le~t t.he
sphraLse. "l'hey nlie:I f:>r what the3
i houzbjt was right," perish half utter
ed upon the feeble lips that would
frame it.. Let any suigeston that
those who wore the gray were retiels.
r led by rebel chie-fs, retnaia locked up
r in those distorted sectiomal histories,
, where they belong. With the mere
i abstract merits of' the controveyv
u1 Memorial day and the generation
es which n >w observes it has nothing to
,. do. -But that tnis was w as a str..ggle
.between sovereign and independlent
dstates, is a proposition which those
who decorate the graves of .s.uthern
esoldiers cad not afford to relinquish for
c one moment.
-aSnoling onzums and14 ways of 1iv
ig. Mr l.uigri VillarI in "Italian Life
lu ITown ,and 'utry" reveals a curl
ous statte of atrfaiirs. In Italian cities
there aire no slum districts. The poor
est of the paor may be lodged in the
same palace with people whose income
runs over $25.000 annually. The poor
l are packed away In the garrets or In
- the cellars, to be sure, and their mis
l ery must be rendered all the more
acute by the sight and scent of such
lavish living. High class Italians have
no objections whatever to dwelling over
it shop or place of business.
1 Forgot Eimself.
2n Mrs. Henpeck-We hey bin married
a twenty years today, Hiram.
Hiram (with a sigh)--Yes, fer twent3
a years we've tought
ofMrs. Henpeck (scowling) - What?
d You old wretch!
e Hiram (quickly)-Life's battle. to
a gether, Mirandy.-Juldge.
.Too Valuable to Loue.
s Mr. Grogan-Sure, Moike, an' what
e did yez do wit' yure dorg?
s MikeOh, he wuz wort' $10 an' 01
kep' t'inkin' if some wan sh'd stale
to um Oi could ill afford th' loss, so 01
3d gve umn away, b'gorra! -Chicago
at A willy Benighted.
iDasherly-Is he so very ignorant?
F lashierly-ignorant? Why, actually,
b e doesn't even know a cure for coldel
-Kansas City Independent.
Danger From Eating Unclean Food.
-The danger from eating unclean
ut vegetables has been emphasized re
cently by a number of investigations
which tend to show, writes A. S. A t
kinson, M. D., in Good Housekeep
ing, that typhoid fever and cancer
ys are often directly traceable to their
continued consumption. An eminent
y German physician was recenitly quoted
7y in the Medical Record as saying that
2n there was a close relationship between
n- uncleanly raw vegetables and cancer,
a and the editor of the journal adds
Vy that if it be granted that cancer Is of
, parasitic origin the germs of the dis
r- ease might be taken into the system
ig by the eating of such food. Dr.
t Lyons of Buffalo discovered that can
n cer was most frequent where the pop
ulation were notorious consumers in
~large quantities of uncooked
*t.vegetables. Raw vegetables are
dangerous because they carry the
elving germs of the disease directly
~into the system. The harm is done
IC through lack of cleanliness, and not
-through the consumption of the fruits.
1From ti me to time attempts have
been made to prove that cancer was
ar icaused by eating raw tomatoes and
s watercress, but it is generally believed
nthat the point has heen estab
HOS filAY HAUNT THP. UNITED 1
Story of Specters That Stalk At
.Night When the Halls of Legisla
tion Are Gloomy and Deserted, as
Told by One of the Old Guards.
Like most repositories of good stories. 3
2e ancient man who has spent dec
les as a guard in the capitol In Wash- 9
gton did not yield up the fullness of
is narratory riches without a struggle.
"It's unpleasant to be made a mock
r by the skeptical," he protested. "Do
on believe in ghosts, young man?"
"If answering in the affirmative be
ets an interesting tale, I do." returned
"Well, starting on the premise that
ou do believe to some extent in the
pernatural, I will admit.you to my
onfidence," resumed the old guard,
nd here goes for the authentic yarn
f the spooks that haunt the nation's
"In the long, monotonous watches of
tie night Innumerable are the spooks,
obgoblins and the eerie, vapory
ings which glide from the shadowy
ooks and crannies of the intangible
owhere to people the capitol's vast
tretches of darkness. Of course you
now of the extraordinary acoustic
reaks which obtain in many parts of
be great building-bow a whisper, a
reathed word at one particular point
; audible at another scores of feet dis
ant? Yes. Now, at night these acous
ic spirits simply go mad. Where they
y day were pygmies they expand into
:ants, and a whistle. a sudden sound,
footfall,. resolves itself into a pan
"Weird. terrifying noises beat upon
he eardrums of the watchmen as they
ursue their lonely patrols through the
eeming miles of corridors, and then
e spooks, the shades of the nation's
reat. the astral bodies of those that
oiled in obscurity for the nation's good,
lodge the watchmen's step, some
rand and awful In their speechless
lignity, some creeping humbly about
n apologetic silence, some laughing,
;ome sobbing, but all of them horrible
The old man paused to muse.
"Do you know," he said, Wreaking
nto his own reverie explosively. "Feb.
M is a date dreaded by many of the
:apitol night guards?' It was on this
lay, in 1848, that John Quincy Adams
lied in- the chamber of the house of
epresentatives. now Statuary hall,
where the exact spot is marked by a
rass tablet. Promptly at midnight
yn every anniversary of his death the
shade of John Quincy Adams appears
n a sort of phosphorescent glow over
hs brass tablet. Oh. dozens of guards
bave seen it from time to time as well
as . and I can refer you to niany of
them for affirmation of my assertions.
"Once over the spot the shade begins
to gesticulate. after the manner of a
member addressing the house. Then.
ll of a sudden. the fine face becomes
listorted and agonized. the gracefully
wviing arms fall convulsively, and
down sinks the shade with all the
movements of an expiring man. Then
the phosphorescent glow fades away.
ad the ethereal effigy dIssolves.
"But although lost sight of, its pres
enee is still made known by the 'clump,
flop clump, flop.' of invisible foot
falls departing down one of the long
-Stranger-than this is the ghost of
the entire congress of 1848. which .p
pears in vigorous if spooky 'session. ev
ery once in awhile in Statuary hal' the
old all of representatives, as I .iave
previously remarked. Inaudible, but
spirited, are the debates; energetic to
the bursting point of vehemence are
the silent political dissensions. Pro
voked by a doubting Thomas, a mem
ber of the capitol night watch several
years ago made affidavit that he had
seen this ghostly congress in session.
Yes, be was a sober man and true.
"The shade of General John A. Lo
gan is a frequent visitor at the capitol.
Almost every alternate night at half
past 12 o'clock this ghost materializes
at the door of the room occupied by
the senate committee on military and
militia. Silently the door swings open.
and out steps -the looming and lumi
nous presence, to stalk in stately dig
nity away Into the swallowing gloom,
This is a favorite phautom with the
guards. Its conduct is eremplary.
"Then there is the shade of Vice
President Wilson. who died in his room
in the senate end of the capitol, you
will recall. Its peregrinations are few
and desultory. When it does come,
there is always an expression of con
cern anad sellf absorption In the ghostly
face. The movements of the vapory
body are restless and hurried.
"All of the older members of the
night watch are well acquainted with'
Vice President Wilson's apparition and
never fail to salute it, although, truth
to tell, the shade remains haughtily in
different to their deference. This spook
rarely fails to put in an appearance
wvhen the body of a dead legislator or
statesman of national renown is lying
in state in the capitol.
"Deep in the subcellar vaults spooks
of lesser magnitude revel in hordes.
Immediately beneath the hall of rep
resentatives every night is to be found
a tall, erect, gaunt specter, whose iden
tity has remained a mystery for years
in spite of._ensing efforts on the
part of the night watch to uncover
the secret of Its origin and anteced
ents. Its hands are clasped behind
Its transparent -back in a convulsive
clutch, and the face evinces a condi
tion of emotions prodigiously wrought
upon. Many attempts have been made
by guards with rubber sole on their
shoes to catch this wraith unawares,
but failure is the invariable result
Presto! It as blown Into thin air be
fore the sleuthing watchman Is within
forty feet of it."-New York Herald.
lished. But the large use of either
of these vegetables is dangerous unless
the consumer is exceptionally neat
and clean in handling them. More
typhoid fever has been carried about
in the leaves of lettuce, raddishes,
cress, tomatoes, and similar raw vege
tables, than in any other way, except
by drinking water. is the rather
alarming assertion of Bonn of Ger
many; but this statement is modified
by the explanation that it is in the
water used to cleanse the vegetables
of the dirt and grit rather than in
the leaves. Our table water is filtered
and boiled for table use when we have
any suspicion that typhoid lurks in
the neighborhood, but the servant is
allowed to wash the raw vegetables
with the suspected water. We eat
thus with our lettuce or tomatoes a
few thousand ty phoid germs, and then
wonder how we ever got typhoid. It
is not wonderful that we get it, hut
it is strange that it does not spread
more generally. Cooking vegetables
will destroy all typhyoid germs, and'
one is safe in using suspected water
in this way. If cancer be of parasi
tic origin, ~the spread of the disease
by vegetables would likewise be pre
vent ed hnoiing.
HER SK4ATING U ON'e&M
eertainly thought her a beautff
I thought that she must be my fate
Intil, more for pleasure than duty,
I said I'd Instruct her to skate.
)h, sad was the hour when I told be
I'd make for some morning a. date!
1he came. I endeavored to hold her
And teach her the way she should skatd.
Iy neck. in a manner most frantic,
She clutched. I feel called on to state
t might have seemed very romantic
Had she not been learning to skate.
he fell, with a scream most despairing;
I know to a fraction her weight.
know, too, what hose she was wearing
The day that I taught her to skate.
WVe rose, and she said she would try It
Again-that she thought it was great.
myself was disposed to deny It, -
But she seemed determined to skate.
Mhe next time together we tumbled
The ice nearly fractured my pate
he meekest of saints would have grUm
At teaching that damsel to skate.
think for her subsequent lesson
A mighty long time she will wait.
hadn't a well bustled dress On;
It hurt me, that learning to skate.
"Do you think," asks Willie Rabrah,
"that a college education will pay?'
"No." answers Freddie Rushmore.
"but I know my father will."-Chicago
Not Borrowing Trouble.
"Remember," said the college presi
dent, who was trying to raise funds,
"that the man who dies rich dies dis
"What of it?" answered the man who
ws trylug to reach the $200,000,000
mark. "The public always forgives a
man after he's dead. anyway."-Chi
"What kind of tobacco do you smoke
Rivers?" asked the- friend who had
Rivers hesitated a moment.
"As a rule," said Brooks, coming to
his relief, "he smokes cut plug, except
when I run out of It and happen to
have some other kind In my desk."
An Easy Mark.
Willie Softeleigh-I was quite ill aft1.
er that polker game last night; very ill,
in fact. But I feel much easier this
Jack Sharpe-You're mistaken, my
boy. It is simply impossible for you to
be any easier than you were'last night
The Reason Why.
Church-What In the world are they
building so many tunnels under the
North river for?
Gotham-Oh, those are to accommo
date the Kentuc'kians when they come
to New York. it giehves them to see so
fuh wa':tr.- Yonker's S a te'sman.
Mr. l~righton has a faint streak of
down onU his upper lip.
"Whn get to be.a man, papa," said
his little four-year-o!. -I'm going to
have a great big mustachsp like yours."
That boy has been feeding on candy
ever since.-Chicago Tribune.
Had to Salute Her.
Mrs. Right-It Isn't necessary to raise
your hat to the housemaid.
Mr. Right-Well, I can wink at her If
you prefer it.-Elizabeth Journal.
"What wus de trubble at Jim's wed
"Why, de only rice dey cud dind to.
row atter de happey couple wus made
up n croquettes-an' dey frowed dem!"
-New York .Tournal.
Three Suicides in a Day.
Three perso'ns committed suicide in
Washington on Wednesday. All used
carbolic acid as a medium of ending
lie. The three suicides were Leonard
H. Mangum, a former clerk in the
census office, Guy E. Padgett, a real
estate and insurance agent, and Mrs.
Sadie iPlummer, a young woman,
whose husband keeps a lunch room on
ensylvania avenue. Mr. Mangum
was a native of North Carolina, but
lived for many years in Arkansas. It
is said that be at one time was wealthy
but lost his money an 3 was compelled
t come to this city to seek employ
ment. He lost his position in the
census ottice last July and since then
had been unemployed. His body was
found beneath a tree in the reserva
ion south of the White House
RiotIng Sailors Killed.
t is reported that 15 of the crew
of the British second-class cruiser
Pllas were killed and a number in
jured during the rioting at Port of
Spain, Trinidad on Tuesdaiy. Tne
ollcials at the admiralty refused to
cofrm or dhe the reports.