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tively refused to give up the keys.
The crowd brushed him aside as if he
v-ere a child and broke the lock on the
frail doors and brought the three
negroes, Johnson. Feldier and Iartwell
out, one after the uther. The negres
all expected to he lynched and their
fear was rreat. It was understood
that they knew of the acts of the
Evans boys and they were made to tell
what they knew. At first they did
this very. reluctantly. One by one
they were cowhided within an inch
of their lives and then they told their
stories. It is remarkable that ail
three of the negroes. who like all of
their kind lie in fear an-i lie under all
circumstances. should have told the
same tales. Charles Evans shot Mr.
Phillips. they all said. His brother
helped him to get ready for the crime
and went with him when he shot mto,
the Phillips household. That Jim
was an accessory to the crime they
urovEd by stories that tallid, absolute
ly. but each said that it was Charles
who tired the shot.
THE REAL WORK OF THE NIGHT.
After the negroes had been beaten
so that they will be marked for life
they were put back in the guard house
and then began the real work of the
night. Evans was taken out and car
ried to the outskirts of the town. le
was asked if he wished to make a
statement and in reply said that if
the crowd would only let him live un
til morning that he would tell them
who committed the crime. Ile was
denied this privilege and told that he
must die. Then he tried to place the
cri-ne on his brother. Ie was asked to
tell where his brother was. le said
that he did not know. but he knew
that he could tind him by morning or
some of his friends could. The mob,
with the thought of old Phillips and
his wounded children in their minds,
laughed in derision.
HUNGRY FOr% THEIR PREY.
"Take him out in the woods. We
will teach every negro within 1.000
miles of here to keep their guns away
from women and old men," cried the
ringleader of the mob of now mad
They lifted the negro his yellow face
shining in the lights of the lauterns,
bodily from the ground and carried
him out in a little woods beyond the
town -not very far, to be sure, not
more than 200 yards at the utmost,
from the house where the old soldier's
lifeblood was oozing out slowly, and
some of them would have carried him
further but for the fact that the
string of lies that he cried out on the
night air seemed to enrage them more
and more-at every step they took.
BURLED INTO ETERNITY.
nallyt y put him down on the
und a semi-circle of men stood
him-some with their riles
raised for fear that he, noted as a
fleet-footed negro, would escape- -and
the customary piece of rope was pro
duced. It took but a moment then
to put it about his neck and the co
wardly brute was told to make his
peace with his Goa. Insted he begged
"Ask Phillips," was the laconic re
ply, and the rope was made taut.
'Now stand back men and riddle
the brute, so that every negro thalt
comes this way Wednesday may have
Two hundred guns were fired at the
'word and when your correspondent
went to the scene Wednesday morn
there were just 12 wounds in the body.
THE AWFUL SIGHT A LESSON.
The negro made an ugly picture,
the sun steaming down on his copper
colored face and the blood dripping
from his wounds. But his dead face
was as nothing to the live ones of the
negroes about the scene. Despite the
-fact that they knew that there is dan
ger for every negro in the county, Un
til after Mr. Phillips dies, like a mur
.derer to the scene of his crime, they
hailed back and camped around the
spot. Up to late hour Wednesday
evening the body had not been cut
down, the towns-people leavinig it
-swinging from the limb of the tree all
2day, that it might teach the lesson
-that they said was so much desired in
the country and from which they
hoped much good effect would
Meantime down the hae country
lane but a short distance away there
is another picture. It is within the
vine-clad cottage of the Phillips. Since
the fatal wounding it has been prac
tically impossible to keep the old man
in bed. He half sits, half reclines in
a chair with his head on his arm, suf
tering the death agony that is only
the question of a few hours. The
room is on the verandah. The neigh
bors sit about and take turns doing
what they can to aleviate the fright
ful pain. When your correspondent
entered the room the wounded man
-had just passed though one of his
paroxysms of pain, In a moment of
consciouness he asked with sonie
pathos in his voice what any one could
have against him that could have
caused the deed. The two sons are
-half crazed over the suffering. that
they brought on their father; and
thus far the physicians have been un
able to relieve his pain. The fact
that he is alive at all is a mystery and
it is thought that he cannot possibly
live until morning.
.-A GooD comwINrrY.
Mr. Phillips was employed as the
overseer of Mr. II. L. Solomons, a
wealthy merchant and farmer of the
neighborhood. Mr. Solomons said
Thursday that in ten years' residence
in the community he had not seen a
half dozen drunken men of any
description, and that the citizens were
a peaceful, lawbiding people. The
assassination of his overseer he regards
as the most horrible thing that ever
occurred in the community, and al
though he had nothing to do with the
lynching he did not condemn it.
The inquest will be held Thursday
morning. It is not expected that any
thing will come of the inquest, how
ever, as the lynchers are sworn to
secrecy, and try as he would your cor
respondent could learn nothing of the
identy of any of them.
Information was received here late
this afternoon that Jim Evans had
given himself up in Orangeburg. The
consensus of opinion wa-, that it was'
:best thing that could happen to the
community if be had, as scooting par
ties had been out all day long and if
the other Evans boy had been captur
ed it would undoubtedly have fared
hard' with him. Neither of the
wounds to Mr. Philips' children were
at all serious and they were up and
about the village.
NO NEGiIOE IN NORwaY.
Not a negro was seen in the place
Wednesday except a few old and trust
ed servants who condemn the action of
the Evans desperadoes as much as the
white people of the community. It
has been feared all Wednesday that
here might be trouble again that
"O;i.Ii iown' t~hat t~tU, gG
l at been. congregatg in the country
nearby here. The sheriff did hot seem
to entcrtain this fear and the request
of some of the citizens that Gov. Hey
ward b2 asked for troops was not re
garded. That the negroes are still
much stirred ul. however. cannot he
questioned. The saw mill near here
and the ulaning miii where some :0 or
40 Legras are employed had t" shut
down because they counld get. no uegro
labor. On the other hand a nugaber
or ne-groes just outside or the town are
workini- quietly in tie tields and the
hope. ifr not the expectation. is im the
hearts of all that the trouble is at an
COTTON MILL TAXES
Will be Fixed by the State Board of
The State board of equalization has
been called to meet in Columbia on
the 15th of July. This is a very im
portant commission, having for its
main object the assessment for taxa
tion of the property of cotton mills,
oil mills. etc. The chairman of the
board last year was Mr. W. W. Braa
ley. of Abbeville. The call for the
meeting was issued by the comptroller
general. ion. A. W. Jones, who would
have announced 'an earlier date but
for tie fact that the returns from a
reat many of the mills had to be sent
back to the county auditors for correc
The board has a number of new
members this year. and is constituted
Abbeville-W. W. Bradley. Abbe
Aiken-J. L. Quinby. Aiken.
Anderson-C. H. Bailey, Storeville.
Bamberg-S. D. Guess, Denmark.
Barn well-i. C. Griffin, itobbins.
beaufort-J. S. Claghorn. Graham
Berkeley-J. St. Clair White,
Charleston-M. Israel, Charleston.
Cherokee-T. M. Littlejohn, Star
Chester-C. E. Fant, Chester.
Chesterfield-). -M. Barrebting,
Clarendon-A. J. Richbourg, St.
Colleton-A E. Williams, Cottage
Darlington-W. J. Rogers, Darling
Dorchester-C. M. Gavin, St. Geor
Edgetield-11. 1H. Cochran, Reho
Fairfield-John 1i. Patrick. White
Florence-Alex McTaggert, Hawes.
Georgetown-Louis S. Erich, Geor
Greenville -W. D. Garrison, Green
Greenwood-J. W. Alton Green
Hamton-H. D. Mallingan, Mulli
Horr-J. P. Derham, Green Sea.
Kershaw-J. M. Sowell, Kershaw.
Lancaster-J. Wren Tillman, Lan
Laurens-R. P. Adair, Clinton.
Lee-T. Ed Baskins, Bishopville.
Lexington--F . Hendrix, Lees
Marion-L. B. Rogers, Latta.
Marlboro-A. J. Matheson, Ben
Newberry--H Hi. Folk, Newberry.
Oconee-C. WV. Pitchford, Wal
Orangeburg-J. D. Shuler, Felder
Pickens--Burl C. Johnson, Easley.
Rihland -J. A. Meetze, Columbia.
Saluda-J. C. H. Ranch, Wyse
Spartanburg -J. J. Vernon, Well
Sumter.-. L. McLauren, Sumter.
Union -R. u. Hill, Carlisle.
Williamsbrg-W. R. Funk, Kings
York-W. W. Boyce, Rock Hill.
NOB KILLED NEGRO.
Nobody Seems to Know Anything or
A dispatch from Anderson Thurs
day night says: Reuben Elrod, a re
spected old negro who lives near Pied
mont, was shot and killed in his own
home about 10 o'clock last night, and
three negro women, who were occu
pants of the same house were given a
severe whipping. Details of the affair
Magistrate Bowen held an inquest
over the body of the dead negro today.
The vedict of the jury was that he
came to his dleath at the hands of
parties unknown. The women who
testiied at -the inquest, said that
about 10 o'clock last night a crowd of
about 50 white men came to the house
and after shooting and gilling Elrod,
gave them a severe beating and warn
ed them to leave tbe county.
The women said they did not recog
onize any of their assailants, but that
they did not live in that community.
This is all that is definitely known.
The general supposition is that the
women were objectionable to the peo
pie of the community and that a posse
of citizens went to the house to chas
tise them and driv-e them away and
that Elrod~ resisted them and was
killed. The affair is strongly con
demned by the people in and around
Pied mont and a thorough investiga
tion will likely be had.
NE York girls who are employed
in otices and stores remotes from their
places and residences have petitioned
the elevated railroad management for
special cars for women. "Night af
ter night," says one of them, "have I
waited patiently for tive, ten or even
tfteen minutes on the very edge of
he platform in the hope of obtain
ing a place or a seat in an incoming
empty train, and then as the gates
were opened I and women around me
have been dragged aside and driven
back in a malestrom of ruttians striv
ing, it would seem, to crush us weaker
ones out of their way."~
TH honest, hard-working, law
abiding negroes, and there are plenty
of them. make a grave mistake when
they ally themselves with cowardly
muurderers like the man who brutally
assassinated Mr. Phillips, and who
was lynched for his dastardly crime.
Eans was not lynched because he
was a negro, but because be had as
sasinated a citizen in the presence of
his family, and no negro can afford to
defend that crime.
E Wilmington Star asks: "Why
does a man who discontinues his sub
sript ion to a newspaper when in
debted to it consider himself absolved
from all legal and moral .obligationl to
pay the 1honest debt?"'x Because he is
TIT"; STATE MMLITIA1
Greehiilc, Columbia and Anderson
Selected for Camps.
WORRIED BY TRANSPORTATION.
The Rtegimients. Companies anld
their Commanding Omficers.
Dates of the Encampment
Have Been Fixed.
The First regiment of Milita of.
the State will go into camp at Co
lumbia on the 20th of July, the Sec- I
ond regiment will be camped at Green
ville one week later and the Third
regiment will go to Anderson the first
week in August. The time and place
of encampment of the cavalry regi
ment has not yet been designated.
The Naval Reserves will not take part
in this encampment, the government
making other provisions for them.
This is the outcome of the delibera
tion of the "war college board' of the
State militia, if such a designation is
apropos for the commission which
met in Columbia Wednesday. At
this meeting there were present Gov.
fleyward, Gen. Frost, Assistant
General Patrick, Gen. Wilie Jo.es,
Col. J. C. Boyd, of Greenville, Col.
D. 0. Herbert, of Orangeburg, Col.
Henry Scbachte, of Charleston, and
Col. Sparkman, of Georgetown, com
manding the cavalry regiment.
Rock Hill, Camden, Sumter, Char
leston, Anderson, Greenville and Co
lumbia submitted bids for the en
campment of all or of part of the
troops. Each of these places offered
in writing to furnish camp sites, drill
grounds, water, lights, fuel and free
transportation of baggage. Camden
made an attractive offer of the polo
grounds, and may yet be selected as
the place for the cavalry regiment to
go into camp. It was decided to
limit the number of each company to
CENTRAL CA31P NEXT YEAR.
A resolution was passed to the ef
fect that: "It is the sense of this
committee that a central drill ground
be located and that the regiments be
ordered in turn to encamp at that
central drill ground."
It was also decided to have a seven
days' encampment on five days' pay.
In fact the matter of tinances worried
the committee no little. As suggest
ed in The State the appropriation
would hardly hold out if the plans
then in view should have been carried
out, for the troops from the up coun
try wanted to go to' Charleston and
the troops from the coast wanted to go
IIGB TIDE INTERFERED.
But after investigation it was-found
that the hour in the afternoon most
suited to drill work and to inspection
would find the beach at the Isle of
Palms covered with water, and that
most attractive camp site was ruled
out, and the First regiment was or
dered so Columbia instead, saving
the encampment fund several hun
dred dollars. The matter of pans
portation worried the committee no
little, and the resolution practically
ixing Columbia as the place of en
campment for all of the militia here
after is regarded as the only solution
of the transportation problem.
The following companies compose
Col. Boyd's regiment, which will camp
in Columbia on the 20th of July:
First regiment, Col. .J. C. Boyd,
Greenville Light Intantry, Greenville,
Capt. E. M. Blythe.
Liberty Hill Rifles. Liberty Hill,
Capt. J. G. Richards, Jr.
-Smyth Rifles, Pelzer, Capt. J. Adger
Greenwood Guards, Greenwood,
Capt. Ira B. Taylor.
Anderson Rifles, Anderson, Capt.
Jno. M. Patrick.
Morgan Rifles, Clinton, Capt. Jno.
Hlaselwood Rifles, Chester, Capt.
M. J. Wallace.
Catawba Rifles, Rock Hill, Capt. H.
Lee Light Infantry, Chester, Capt.
R. G. Mills.
Fort Mill Light Infantry, Fort
Mill, Capt T. B. Spratt.
Jasper Light Infantry, Yorkville,
Capt. W. B. Moore.
Jonesville Guards, Jonesville, Capt.
R. W. Scott.
Col. Herbert's regiment, which-will
go to Greenville the week following
will consist of the following com
Kershaw Guards, Camden, Capt.
S. C. Zemp.
Richland Volunteers, Columbia,
Capt. L. W. Haskell.
Governor's Guards, Columbia, Capt.
Geo. R. Rembert.
Columbia Light Infantry, Colum
bia, Capt. Chas. T. Lipscomb.
'llman Volunteers, O)rangeburg,
Capt. J. H. Claffy.
Edisto Rifles, Orangeburg, Capt. J.
Bamberg Guards, Bamberg, Ca pt.
W. R. Wright.
Fort Motte Guards, Fort Motte,
Capt. A. T. Darby.
Timmonsville Guards, Trimmons
ville, Capt W. H. Keith.
Darlington Guards, D)arlington,
Capt. E. R. Cox.
Sumter Light Infantry, Sumter,
Capt. C. B. Yeadon.
Brookland Light Infantry, Brook
land, Capt.. Shuler..
Bishopville Light Infantry, Capt.
G. F. Parrott.
THI RD RE-IMENT.
The Third regiment, Col. Schachte's
fine body of troops from Charleston,
received a special in vitation from An
derson and will go there August 3rd.
The following are the companies of
Sumter Guards, Charleston, Capt.
T. T. Hyde.
Washington Light Infantry. Char
leston, Capt. F. E. Robson.
Irish Volunteers, Charleston, Capt.
D. F. Kearney.
German Fusileers, Charleston. Capt.
H. B. Schroder.
Palmetto Guards, Charleston, Capt.
J. . E . Stelling.
Georgetown Rifles, Georgetown
Capt. S. M. Ward.
Santee Rifles, Elloree, Capt. S. C.
Calhoun Light Infantry, Florence.
Capt. C. E. Johnson.
Iartsville Light Infantry, Harts
vile Capt. C. W. Coker.-The State.
Ten Lives Lost.
A special from Austin says a meag
er telephone report from Beeville at 1
o'clock says a cloudburst occurred
Thursday and that ten lives were lost.
All wires are down to Beeville. Wash
outs are reported on the Arkansas
Tmoights Cool'and Favorable t Cot
Section Director Bauer has issued
the following crop bulletin: The
week ending 8 a. m. Monday, Jine 2).
19o:3. had a mean temperature of T
iegrees which is about 4 degrees below
normal. The nights continue too cool
or the favorable development of cot
ton. There was more than the usnal
imount of cloudiness, aid there is an
indicated need of more sunshine for
-orn, cotton and melons. There were
local high winds accompanying thun
erstorms that caused slight damage
ver limited areas.
The western half of the State had
eneticial rains on the 22nd and 26th,
the latter heavy enough to stop culti
vation for the remainder of the week,
but the rain was needed to soften cruit
ed lands that had become too hard to
plow. The central and northeastern
ountries had rain nearly every day,
with some excessive rains that washed
lands and rendered all bnt hillsides too
wet to cultivate. In Barnwell, Bam
berg, Orangeburg. Berkeley, Williams
burg, Sum ter, Clauendon, Florence, 1
Darlington, Marion and Marlboro, and
parts of adjoining counties, crops are
suffering from lack of work and excess
of moisture. The immediate coast
counties had moderated and benefi
cial rains. The average rainfall for the
State was nearly two inches. Ilail
storms occurred in many counties,
serious damage by hail was reported
from Berkeley, Marlboro and Saluda
The general conditions of all crop is
better than any time this season, but
the improvement is comparatively
slight in many places, and all cultiva
ted tield crops need dry weather to
permit cultivation, and to rid them of
grass. They also need more suushine to
give them a healthier color, and
greater warmth to stimulate to more
The corn crop is fairly promising,
except in a few central counties where
lack of cultivation and an excess of
moisture has given it a sickle color
and a stunted growth. Early corn is
being laid by in the eastern and cen
tral counties, with mtny tields in
grassy condition. It is tasseling.
Bottom land corn has not recovered
from the effect of the recent floods and
is poor. There is general improve
ment in cotton over last week both in
color and growth. but the plants con
tinue small and in places still lack a
healthy color, while stands are broken
and irregular. Lice are less prevalent
than last week. First blooms are re
ported. since the 19lh. from the east
ern and central parts of the State, but
blooming is not general. Last year
cotton was in full bloom by the 1st of
July. The work of cleaning fields has
made rapid progress but many fields
are still grassy, and some have not
been chopped to stands. Sea island cot
ton is small, but vigorous and healthy.
Tobacco curing is in progress. The
tobacco crop has improved recently,
and now ranges from fair to exceed
ingly fine. Rice is doing well.
Cantalope ship-nents have begun.
Hay meadows, sweet potatoes and
cane look fine. The fruit prospects
are less promising, especially for ap
ples and grapes. Gardens are fine.
ANOTEE JOINT OF VIEW.
A Chicago Preacher Says Some Sensi
ble Things About Lynichings.
"I am no advocate of lynching or
of mob law, but I would rather see a
community wrought to the highest
pitch over crimes that would seem im
possible this side of hell than to re
main apathetic." was s;he declara
tion of the Rey. Dr. W. A. Bartlett
at the First Congregational church
of Chicogo on Sunday in a pre
lude on "Lynching from Another
Point of View."
Dr. Bartlett said among other
things: "I have seen so many ser
mons, editorials and resolutions de
nouncing lynching and mob law that
one gets the impression that the citi
zens who hang or t.urn the destroyer
of life and all that is held sacred by
womanhood are the race offenders
rather than the monster whom they
"We seem to be so absorbed with
the majesty of this vague term 'law'
that the notion appears to prevail
that the real criminals are those who
do not wait for legal processes, and
the violator of womanhood- is the
"'We shudder at the torture of the]
criminal who is burned, but apparent
ly forget to shudder for the innocent
girl whose mental and spiritual agony
is tenfold greater than that of the
tire. This is not a race probiem ex
eept so far as one race are the offend
ers. The white man who commits the
same crime is just as guilty.
-"The indignant uprising of a comn
munity and some of tne best men in
it to avenge a wrong of such awful
magnitude may be technically law
less, but the spirit which causes the
prising is tlpe reflection of a higher
iviization. There are~ crimes so
lreadful that the pure and the chiv
airous and the strong tind it well nigh]
impossible to endure the thought that
suchi a degenerate should pollute the
earth by his presence. It is easy to
theorize about the anarchy of mob
law, but the same hand which penned
the calm editorial might be the first
to grasp the torch if it was a mother.
wife or daughter who was the victim.
I say that when you look at a
lynching from another view point it is
imply the bursting forth of an indig
nation and loathing that will not be.
ahecked. In the Old Testament days
they made short work of such an of
"Lynching is certainly a bad method
and forms the habit of disorder and
makes men bloodthirsty. But if it is
to be avoided there certainly is called
for a more sure and speedy trial of
these wretches who often brazenly
ieny crime amid red tape o:f legal
processes, but confess abjectly when
fronted with determined men. It is1
useless to bring to trial men who rise
up to protect their tiresides. The
3mmunity wvill not bear it. If men
bject to be burned let them cease
rom crimes which make a nation
AT a mass meeting of negroes in
Chicago to denohunce the Bellcville1
lynching it was decided that the ne-i
ro in Illinois should arm himself.1
Strange that at these negro indigna-<
tion meetings it never occurs to the
orators and agitators to propose resolu-1
ions warning members of their race
against assaulting women and murder
ing white people in cold blood. By<
all means let the Illinois negro arm<
imself: the quicker the violent ele
ment makes the issue with law and
order the quicker well be rid of the1
A MAN ASSASSIN
shook Rands With His Victim. Then d
Shot Him to Death.
rEXAS' COMPTROLLER IS SLAIN 01
Mne Assailant a Former Attache, r(
Who After the Crime. Acci- C
dentally Kills Himself, it
There was a terrible tragedy enact- t
d at Austin, Texas, on Tuesday b
norning of last week. Frenzied by a
;upposed wrongs. W. G. Hill, an ex
atache of the State comptroller's I
)tfce, Tuesday morning, a few A
ninutes past 10 o'clock, entered the tC
)rivate office of State Comptroller R. n
%L Love and killed him by means of a
wo well-directed shots from a large b
alibre revolver. As Hill turned to b
lee, he was intercepted by Chief k
1lerk Stevens of the department. who S(
ngaged him in a scuttle, during which b
dis revolver was accidentllay exploded. s1
rhe bullet entered Hill's abdomen
:ausing a wound from which he died a
it .3 o'clock in the afternoon, three
ours after the death of the man c
whose life he sought. Thus, in brief, fi
is told the story of the double tragedy, S
he first assassination ever cbronicled 0
in the Texas capital. The shooting
as thrown the town and State into a
ommotion, but the death of the d
assassin, as well as his victim, has v
losed the story in one chapter. sl
As to what caused the shooting none 8
an explain, other than that it was h
the act of a madman. Hill had been 6
an employe of the comptroller's office v
for 10 years preceding Love's term of a
oice. He was let out by Mr. Love I
when the latter took charge and it is k
presumed that this fact preyed upon b
his mind until he went insane. This b
morning he -went to the capitol, en- si
tered Mr. Love's private office, spoke b
to him cheerfully, shook hands, and r
handing him a letter to read, sat down :
at the invitation of the comptroller. v
o sooner had Mr. Love began to read s,
the letter than Hill sprang to his feet n
and fired two shot into the body of d
Mr. Love, one taking effect just above, r
and the other immediately below, the a
heart. Mr. Love screamed, dropped b
tne letter and sprang half forward to
wards his assassin, then gasped and
Hill, seeing that his purpose had
been accomplished, turned to make
for the door. Ht was intercepted by
Chief Clerk Stevens' who grapped
with him and was wrestling with him
when Hill's pistol was accidentally t
discharged the bullet entering Hill's t
abdomen. He fell a dead weight in i
Stevens' arms and was lowered gently
to the floor where he lay until taken
to the hospital. He died at 3 o'clock
this afternoon. Love was given all
medical attention possible but diedr
within an hour after the shooting.
The letter that Hill gave to Love
rea Is as follows:
Austin, Tex., xx, 1903.
Col. R. M. Love, State Comptroller.
Dear Sir: Public ofilce is a public
trust. Public oflices are created for
the service of the people and not for
the aggrandizement of a few Individ
uals. The practice of bartering de
partment clerkships for private gain
is a disgrace to the public service,
and in this nefarious traffic you are a
record breaker. You have robbed the
State employes and your incompetent
administration has prompted others
to rob the State. The man who,1
clamng to be a Christian, deprives
others of employment without cause,
is a base hypocrite and a tyrant. The
greatest mind that ever gave its wis
dom to the world; the mind of all
thers most capable of umpiring the
mutiny between right and wrong,'
said 'you take my life when you do
bake from me the means by which I
ive.' If that be true, you are a mur
erer of the deepest crime. Although
cannot help myself before laying
ife's burden down I shall strike a
blow-feeble though it be-for the
good of my deserving fellowmen.
For the right against the wrong.
For the weak against the strong.
W. G. Hill.
Mr. Hill was a quiet and gentleman
y person and was never known to
aave been addicted-to any bad habits.
At the time of the shooting he was
olding a good position in the city, s0
Ghat dire want could not have in
tigated the frenzy that prompted thet
shooting. It is the opinion of all that
t was the act of an insane man. Im-C
ediately af ter the shooting and while
Ril was still lying in the corridor, a
sottle of laudanum was taken from
ais pocket, and reaching fur it, he
said: ~Let me take that and die easy."
This had led many to believe that he
onteplated suicide following his
hooting of the comptroller. Both
nen have families surviving them.
30mptroler Love's remains were ship
ed to his old home in Limestone
:ounty for interment and Hill's re
nains will be buried Thursday.
An Illinois Exhibit. b
At a meeting held in Chicago Fri
ay night to protest againt the lynch
.ng of a negro in Bellevilfe, Ill., Sena- t
or Hopkins of that State exercised
ilmself chiefly with denunciation of
,he Southern States, which have dis
1ranchised the negro. Among other ~
ihings he said: "In my eighteen I
fears of service mn Congress it has t
een my pleasure to remark the ability C
f a score of negro Congreesmen, who 'l
-epresented at one time the States of 7
4ississippi, Alabama and Louisiana.r4
[t Is a shame and disgrace to these
States that there are no longer men of
olor in their Congressional delega- t
ions. It is a shame to the nation t
hat the hewers of wood and the
Irawers of water in those States are
2t represented by men of their own
ass, and, until public sentiment C
;hall he aroused and these States re
urn negroes to Congress, It will con-t
;inue to be a disgrace to the United
3tates. In the language of the
harleston Evening Post "what had t
his to do with the lynching of a f
iegro in Illinois? Not the least
:hing in the world, but the people
)f the South are not and the people Z
>f Belleville and Its vicinity are consti- t:
;uents o Senator Hopkins, and will C
lave something to say about his
soiltical future. It costs nothing to
enounce the South and it might be
xxpensive to go too strong or at too~ ti
great length upon the lawlessness of'
the citizens of Belleville. Therefore,
he Senator engaged himself vigorous- c:
yy with asubject far away from home." ~
Killed rny nown rarties.
An inquest over the body of ChId3
vans, who was lynched at Norway
i Tuesday night, was held on Thurs
y norning by Coroner Rickenbak
-. Six witnesses were examined.
The first witness, Dr. C. H. Ables,
,stifled, as follows: "About 8 o'clock
sterday morning I was driving out
town when I saw a dead body bang
w to a tree about one mile out of
>wn, and about 100 yards from the
)ad. I went up to see what I could
arn. I found that it was the body of
has. Evans and saw many gunshot
ounds in the body. I beard no shoot
ig the night before. I saw strangers
i town but heard nothing that would
ad me to think there would be any
ing done Monday night."
The second witness, Mr. B S. Cog
urn, testified. as follows: "I was
sleep Tuesday night at home when I
as awakened during the night by the
ring of guns and as the firing ceased
did not go out to see where it was.
.fter I arose next morning and went
> my place of business I heard that a
gro had been lynched out of town,
ad with others I went out to where
ie body was hanging to an oak tree
y a rope around the neck and the
nds tied behind the back. I did nct
now who the negro was. I had never
-en him before. I saw great many
rangers In town the evening before,
at did not hear any one say anything
out lynching a negro that night."
Other witnesses examined testified
bout the same thing and after a short
Lk to the jury by Coroner Ricken
aker the jury came to a verdict
that the deceased came to his death
om the effect of gun shots and
rangulation at the hands of a party
r parties unknown to the jury."
A Terrible Tragedy.
A terrible tragedy occurred Thurs
ay night at the village of Leecy,
,hen Mrs. Wm. Baxter hanged her
lf and two children, Goodson, aged
years and Gladys, aged 3. When
er husband returned to the house at
o'clock he could not get in. He
aited for some time; then broke in
window and searched in the house.
a an unfinished attic over the
itchen, reached by a ladder, be saw
anging side by side from the rafters
is wife and two children. It is
bated that Mrs. Baxter handed her
usband a bottle of wine to drink.
[e took some of it and was so sick
hat he had to consult a physician.
'at the wine was drugged or poisoned
emed probable. The contents re
mining will be analyzed. From in
ications, the woman must have car
led the children up the ladder one at
time. The room was so low that the
oy's feet nearly touched the floor.
"Doing" Europe In Your Mind.
According to a Cairo contemporary,
ersons who wish to let their friends
:now that they are "doing" Europe on
princely scale the while they are liv
ng In retirement for a time need only
pply to an agency in Paris, which will
indertake to send your letters to prac
ically any place In Europe you may se
ect and there to have them posted for
'ou on any date you may choose. The
Lemand for such an institution. arose
't of the absolute horror the Parisian
if "high life" has of 1,eing suspected of
emaining in Paris or its environs In
he bathing season. One feature of the
oke s that you can not only get your
tters posted from some distant spot,
ut you can get answers received for
ou and reposted to your temporary hid
g place. There are great possibilities
or American travelers in this. Why
ot stay In America and "do" Europe?
-New York Tribune.
Insurance Has Its Humor.
An enterprising Insurance agent In
uced an Irishman to take out an acci
Lent policy for his wIfe. A few days
ater while conversing with a friend in
is office he. was startled to see the
rishman rush In, brandishing fiercely
"Ye rascal!" he yelled, springing to
r'ard the agent "Ye wanter cheat
Fortunately the enraged man was
isarmed and held fast by the agent's
riend, who was a powerfully built
nan. The Irishman, struggling to get
"Let me git at the spalp~een! Think
v It, chargin' me foive dollars fer an
.shident ticket fer me ole woman, an'
he jest broke her leg a-malli' down
htairs! Wot's the good of the ticket
One of the most Ill founded of all
'opular delusions Is that blushing Is
he special characteristic of the female
ex. As a matter of fact, except in the
ase of very young girls, men blush far
sore readily than women. The well
red woman never blushes at all, while
Is a matter of everyday experience
hat in the excitement of business or
litical discussions m.en's cheeks red
en with very little provocation. What
ver may have been the case a hun
red years ago, the mo4~rn woman
hows her emotion not by blushing, but
'y turning pale.-London Tatler.
Mathematics of Love.
"Margaret," he began, "I have $3,750
s the bank. I own half Interest in a
atent churn company that clears $1,.
00 a yes,r. .My salary. Is $20 a week,
rith prospects of a raise to $22. I have
n aunt who will leave me twenty-sev
shares of a railway stock now quot
d at 53. Tell me, Margaret, will you
"Wait," she replied, "till I get a pen
For she never had been good at men
il arithmetc.-Newar~k News.
The Baths of Caracalla.
The Romans appear to have been
rell off In the matter of' bathing places
:i the first and second centuries. In
be baths of' Caracalla 1,000 bathers
ould be accommodated at one time.
'he inclosed area was 300 square
ards, but it included a course for foot
acing. The bathing estnblishmnent was
40 yards In length by 124 wide. The
mains of the walls are 8-and 10 feet
tck and in some places as much as 50
eet high. -_ _ _ _ _ _ _
Love Above Par.
Towne - Poor fellow! He certainly
.oes love her for all, he's worth.
Browne -He loved her even more
ban that today.
Towne-How do you mean?
'Bowne - He sent her a ten dollar
.unch of roses and borrowed the price
Men are like sandwiches - there's
othing In some of them, and the more
here Is n others the worse they are.
For a woman to love some men Is like
asting a flower Into a sepulcher.-Hagy
As long as we have such atrocious
-ines as the assassination of Mr.
hillips we will have lynching bees.
he two things go hand in hand.
Te Lyncblrng Q.vuestIon.
The sentiment about lyneblng haS
undergone a complete revolution at
the North. A few years ago the
Sam H se horror in Georgia produced
a long. fanatical howl of horror
throughout the toar-try. T(day the
burning of the black tiend. White. in
Delaware. becomes an incident (t
ethical controversy rather than a text
for lamentation and abuse. How
mightily sentiment has changed. Here
for instance, is a Northern Presbv
terian minister preaching a sermon so
powerful against the rapist as to be
creditel with having produced the
lynching. Here, for instance. is the
ministerial association of that dear.
sanctimonious city of Philadelphi -, re
fusing to pass resolutions condemuing
Here, again, is the pastor of the
First Congregational church of that
erstwhile howl-center of Chicago,
making in his pulpit the most logical.
coherent, and clear cut defense of
lynching that has ever been made in
any section of the republic, and de
claring: "I would rather see a ccm
munity wrought to the highest pitch
over crimes that would seem impos
sible this side of hell than to remain
apathetic undcr their commission."
Here is the fa.ous and eloquent Dr.
Lorimer, now of New York. but form
erly of the Tremont Temple in Bos
ton, speaking brave words, like these:
"Instead of holding meetings to de
nounce lynching, we should hold meet
ings with a view of forever stopping
birbarous assaults on the woren of
our land. They are too frequent
and what wonder human nature boils
over before such bloody deeds? We
should make it plain-tbat white men
w1l not tolerate attacks upon their
w.ves and dauglters. This is the
i-'perative duty of the hour and I
trust it may not be overlooked by our
colored citizens in their talk about
racial prejudice. The lynching is a
regrettable affair, but the wanton
murder of a defenseless woman is
more:o. This butchery of our women
must be blotted out some way or
Here is the radical Republican St.
Paul Pioneer-Press, declaring "we are
tired of negroes and the negro prob
lem, and we are outraged with negro
preachers denouncing lynching with
out a word of condemnation for the
negro beasts that cause them." Here
is the Minneapolis Trilune, equally
Republican saying: "The wave of
black horror that is creeping over the
country will soon or late be met and
topped and whelmed by a wave of red
horror that will leave the superior race
rid of everything of the inferior but
the brutal and barbarous passions and
habit the conflict has brea. The dark
horror that bangs over the South
is creeping across the Potom- c, the
Ohio, the Mississippi, and menacing
the North as well."
Here is the radical Kansas City
Journal, the organ of "bleeding Kan
sas," as it were, saying: "The negro
race is but one generation out of
slavery, and but a few generations out
of barbarism. When he reverts to
barbarism and commits a crime
against womankind the punishment
will be fully as swift and horrible in
the North as in the South." Here is
General Isaac Weston, one of the most
distinguished Republicans of P~hiladel
phia, who is not afraid to say in a,.ub
lic meeting: "If methods prescribed
by statute law, then since they are
necessary and will be had, you can de
pend on it that society will get them
by the short cut."'
And here are The Sun, and The
Herald, and The Times of New York,
and The Dispatch of Pittsburg, and
The Ledger of Philadelph~ia, and The
Record-Herald and even The Tribune
of Chicago, with a whole host of lesser
papers from Maine to California,
speaking bold, true, wise words of
stern and solemn warning to the nM
gro. Well, says the Atlanta News,
the times are changred. and it is to be
hoped that, "our brother in black"
will change-with them. Most of all
is the country : o be congratulated that
the tone of the press and the platform
has veered from an indiscriminate
condemnation of lynching to a stern
and wholesome denunciation of the
fearful crime that produces lynch law.
Upon this wholesome basis we may
at last hope better things.
Ancestry of shoemai1ng.
There is nothing vulgar about the
acestry of the shoemaking trade in
the United States. The first shoemak
er came over In the Mayflower. His
name was Thomas Beard, and he had
an income from the London company
of $100 a year and received fifty acres
of land on which to settle. Seven
years later the city of Lynn was
founded, and ever since it has been
making shoes for the world. Philip
Kertland, a native of Buckingham
shire, was the first shoemaker of the
city of Lynn. In George Washington's
day Lynn had 200 master workmen
and 600 journeymen shoemakers, turn
ing out every year no less than 300,000
pairs of fine shoes.
Navigating the Elbe.
A curious means of moving boats is
employed on the river Elbe-a chain
290 miles long at the bottom of the
stream, which is too swift to navigate
in the usual way. The boats are 180
feet long and provided with 200 horse
power steam engines which turn a
drum fastened on the deck. The chain
comes in over the bow, passing along
on rollers to the drum, around which
It is wound three times. The chain is
tuen carried to the stern, where it
drops back into the water. The steam
ers tow five barges containing 1,500
"I could have married either Whip
per or Snapper If'I'd wanted to, and
both of those men whom I refused
have since got rich, while you are still
as poor as a church mouse."
H-Of course. I'v-e been supporting
you anl these years. Ther havA't -
UDER the terms of the will of W.
T. Gill. recently admitted to probate,
the Epworth orphanage of Columbia
is left his entire real estate, after the
death of the widow, Mrs Gill, she be
ing given a life estate therein; with
the further provision that, in the
event the Epworth orphanage refuses
the devise then the real estate shall
go to the Methodist Church. This
real estate is very valuable, as it is re
ported that the annual rents hereto
fore received have footed ap $8,000 to
"I can't see what you find in me to
admire," said the lovelorn youth who
had recently blown himself for a
37.50 engagement ring. "Why,"
gurgled the fluffy-haired angel of his
domestic dreams, "that's just what
everybody else says." And immediate
ly the silence became oppressi ve.
THE Springfield Rlepublician says
"Mr. Payne has the heartfelt symnpa
thy of General Alger. who has been'
there under somewhat similar ci rum
stances. General Alger had to resign.
Xbo* hfas $ade Siapie Bg#
Ever since the IndJans in the ,
of Vermont now knowi W Fletchef
discovered "honey" in the mple trees
that district has been knoWn far and
wide as the heart of the Vermont sug
ar country. The way the red men ex
tracted the delicious compound was
somewhat slow as compared with the
present process. He used to cut a
slanting gash In the bark and Insert
In the lower end a gauge shaped piece
of wood, from which the sap ran and
dropped into a poplar or basswood
trough. At the end of the season
these troughs would be set up against
the trees and left until the following
season, by which time the troughs
would be thoroughly mildewed.
This materially added to the flavor
of the aboriginal sugar, but can hardly
be said to have improved it. The
-evaporator of those times consisted of
an iron kettle swung from a sapling
bent over a stump. By a slow and
tedious process the sap was first heat
ed and then boiled in this kettle, often
-taking two or three days' boiling be
fore it could be sugared off. bis was
the way in which the redskins and the
early Vermonters eked out a "sweet
uin" of their tea and Johnnycake.
A Clever French Captive.
A person who was supposed to be the
French General Mouton, count de Lo
bau,.was once captured by an English
vessel, but after a time the captain dis
covered that his prisoner was the
Count de Montrond. "Why did you'de
ceive me?" he demanded angrily of the
count. "I did not deceive you," replied
Montrond; "not at all. You thought I
was General Mouton. You told me so
You have a fifty gun frigate. Wasit
for me, who have only a pocket pistol,
to contradict you?"
The captain did not forgive Montrond
and took every opportunity to treat
him rudely. One evening at dinner
some one proposed the health of the
French. As Montrond rose to acknowl- -
edge it the captain cried: "They are all
cowards! I make no exceptions!"
When Montrond's turn came he gave
this sentiment: "The English-they are
all gentlemen. but I make exceptions."
How Green Turtles Feed.
The green turtles of southern Flor
Ida live in deep water and feed on sea
plants, mostly the kind called "turtle
grass," which they cut off near the
roots, eating the lower parts and leav
ing the tops floating SO that It collects
in great fields and marks the spots
where the animals are to be hunted
for by the fishermen. After browsing.
on such ocean pastures the green tur
ties go to the mouths of rivers for
baths of fresh water, which they seem
to need from time to time. The Floe
ida fishermen say the reptiles enter the
creeks and roll together masses of
grass, cementing them into balls with
clay. When the turn of the tide takes
the balls out to sea they follow them.
The fishermen watch for such balls
floating down the creeks, and when
they see them they stretch nets across
the mouths of the streams and always
catch the turtles.
How Pausanius Died.
Pausanius, the Greek general, died
by self administered poison. When.
hotly pursued by those sent to aipre
hend him on a charge of treason and
sacrilege he took refuge in the sane
tuary of a temple. Unable, to remove -.
him by force and also unwilling to
violate the sanctuary, the officers
walled up the entrance and began to__
unroof the building. When he could
be seen they noticed that he was chew
ing something which proved to be a
quIll filled with poison. By the time
the work had sufficiently advanced to
admit of their entrance he was in a
r": The Anger Fish.
The anger-fish, half fish, half crab,
is the terror of all vessels but Iron
clads that use the south seas. This
creature. which Is not bigger than an
almond. has a proboscis like an en
large gnat sting that can bore throg
even sheet iron. Anger fish frequent
many of the lagoons of the coral
Islands and' burrow holes for them
selves in the coral, but they have a
perverse habit of doing the same thing
to ships lying at anchor, and the dam
age generilly shows itself when next
the vessel is. at sea in bad weather
with disastrous results.
Molasses and Salt Poultice.
What is said to be an Infallible
remedy for sprains and bruises attend
ed with painful inflmmation Is a pou- .
tie of hot molasses and salt Stir the
molasses so stiff with salt that the
poultice can be held in place by a
muslin bandage and wrap the affected
parts well, so as to retain the heat as
long as possible. This Is good~ for
beasts as well as human-beings.
Very Nice Indeed..~
Mrs. Gadd-Woulldn't it be grand If
science should discover the moon to be
Inhabited and hit on some way to talk
with our lunar neighbors?.
Mrs. Gabb-Indeed it would. They
would be near enough to talk to, yet
not near enough to be runing In at all
hours of the day, you know.
The One Thing Free.
"He took some fine views with his
"Yes. There wa's nothing else he
could take without having it charged
up extra in the hotel bll."-Chicago
The Main Point.
Therese-It must have been a ter
rible shock for you when you heard of
the death of your aunt, was It not?
Helene-Oh no; I had still my new
black silk dress.--Lustige Blatter.
- Pleasant Old Gentleman--Have you
Ived here all your life, my little man?
Arthur (aged six)-Not yet
Serious PracticaL.Joke. - '
At York, Pa., with a bicycle pump
an unknown youth about 14 years old'
seriously injured 7-years old Md~lellan
Redkard Thursday night by pumping
air into him. Tne joker induced the
little fellow to hold the nozzel in his
mouth and was operating the pump
when a policeman came and the vic
tim was rescued. The latter was
already overcome and a physician was
required to revive him. The boy's
stomach was, distended beyond the
normal size, and It is thought he suf
fered internal injury. The youth
escaped while the policeman was giv
ing the victim attention.
IT Is said that when the postollice
department scandal is thoroughly stir- ~
red up it will bring to the surface
various and divers congressmen and
senators who thought they did not
participate in a'ny of the financial
s-vag, got large quantities of "pork"
in the shape of unauthorized appoint
ments and violation of the civil ser
vice law.- The vociferous depreciation
of the investigation in sonie quarters
indicates where certain of these states