Newspaper Page Text
VOL. ---- MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY AUGUST 5, 1908.
V--. -J---U .
CUT THEIR WAY OJT.
Thirteen Daring Prisoners Escape
trom Polsom Penitentiary.
GUARD CARTER CUT TO DEAT.
A Sanguinary Battle Wis Fought
Before the Officials Were Over
powered, Some Otlicers Taken
Away as Prisoners.
A special from Folsom says l:;
desperate prisoners contined in the
Folsom penitentiary made a success
ful break for liberty at the breakfast
hour Tuesday morning.
After a fierce fight in the captain's
office during which a turnkey was fa
tally stabbed, a guard was killed and
another officer was wounded, the con
victs seized arms and ammunition
and, using the warden and other
officers as shields escaped. Tuesday
night it is believed they are making
for the Bald mountain. State troops
ordered out by Gov. Pardee have gone
to the scene.
Win. L. Colter, a guard, cut in
abdomen, died five hours later.
C. J. Cochran. turnkey, stabbed in
back; will probably die.
W. C. Palmer, cub in the head.
The convicts made their break for
liberty about 7 a. m. They went to
the oflice of R. J. Murphy, captain of
the guard, and seized Warden Wilkin
son, Capt. Murphy and several other
officers and guards. A. desperate fight'
took place. The convicts were armed
with knives and razors, and with these
they assaulted Warden Wilkinson and
his officers. The warden's clothing
was slashed into shreds with a razor,
but the blade did not touch the flesh.
Turnkey Cochrane fought the convicts
with a chair, raining blows upon them
right and left. Finally he was felled
by a knife thrust in the back. Gua.rd
Carter was disemboweled by a cut in
the abdomen and he died about noon.
Palmer was severely cut in the head.
The floor of the office was covered
The officers were easily out-number
ed and were soon relieved of their
arms Then, using the officers as
shields, the convicts started for the
armory on the outskirts of the peni
tentiary grounds. They passed a Gat
ling gun on one of the walls, but the
guards were afraid to shoot at the
convicts for fear of killing the prison
When the armory was reached offi
cers there attempted to interfere but
were quickly overpowered and the
convicts after fortifying themselves
further with rifles, knives, pistols and
ammunition mace a dash for the coun
Convicts, each armed with rifles,
marched on either side of Warden
Wilkinson, who was threatened with
death if he attempted to escape, and
the officers were told that if any of
the pursuers took the life of one of
their number they would retaliate,
life for life.
At Mo:mon bridge, about a mile
from the penitentiary, the warden, his
grandson and Capt Murphy were re
leased and sent back. The others
were marehed along with the convicts.
Further on the convicts went to a
farmer's house, seize'd his four-horse
team and wagon, stripped the house
of all its portable valuables, took the
farmer with them as a driver and
headed for Bald mountain. Evident
ly it is their intention to reach
Alabaster cave, situated near this
mountain. All the convicts are still
at large. Among the officers carried
off by them is General Overseer Mc
Donough. Some fears are felt for his
safety as he bears the especial ill wil
of the convicts.
The several hundred remaining pris
oners made no atteemnpt to get awa
and were quietly returned to their
cells and locked up.
Warden Wilkinson was the first to
return to the penitentiary. The con
victs had taken his hat. Capt. Mur
phy appeared afterward, minus part
of his clothing, and later young Wil
kinson came in.
Folsom penitentiary is the prison
without walls. It is situated in a rocky
amphitheatre close to the American
river, about 20 miles from Sacramen
to. Nearly 1,500 men are confmned
there where it has been the practice
.to send the most desperate prisoners.
ONE CGNVICT KILLED.
The result of the tight between the
ceonvicts and the two otticers at 7
clock Wednesday night in Eldorado
county was the death of Fred Howard,
a convict killed outright, and the
wounding of another convict, a negro
named Seavis. The coroner at Placer
ville at the request of the pr-ison
offcials will hold an inquest on the
dead convict. When last seen the
convicts were in citizens' clothing,
while their prisoners v'ore stripes.
The latter appeared to be having a
hard time of it, as they were heavily
laden with bundles and amunition.
The latest information is to Ihe effect
that anoth( r encounter has taken
place between the fleeingr convicts and
their pursuers, resulting in the death
of John Addison. a convict and of an
other whose name is unknown. The
posse and militia are closing in on the
desperadoes. The capture or destruc
ton of the complete band is only a
matter of a short time.
At 10 o'clock Wednesday night the
convicts turned Bernard Schlottman.
Joe Foster and the following prison
.o fcials loose: J1. C. MlcIonough, ..
E. Jeter, J1. W. Dolan, \V. .J. Hop
tona and Thos. Seavy. They were
released in the brush about four miles
south of Diels place and came into
Jiels about t; o'clock Thursday morn
ing- John Kiendori, one of the
guards, tumbled out of the wagon
during the firing at Pilot lill andI
escaped unhurt. This makes all the
free men accounted for and sale.
The convies are somewhat short of
ammunition and are without supplies,
having lost them in the tight at Pilot
lll. All of them had lunches in
their pockets, and when the shooting
began they threw them into a box lm
the wagon and a fewmiuelar
lied. Nearly all of them have a little
money. They debated whether to
kill their hostages or turn them :oose.
but tinally they decided to let them go
unharmed. About 100 shots were
exchanged in the battle at Pilot Hill.
The tigh;. at Pilot Hill Wednesday
night between the convicts and their
pursuers seems to have been a more
serious atfair than at tirst reported.
After they had looted a provision store
at Pilot Hill they were practically
surrounded by the sheriffs of Sacra
l mento and Piacers counties, each com
manding a strong posse. All four
horses on the convicts' wagon were
shot and one of the criminials was kill
ed outright. Then the outlaws raised
a white flag and marched up the road
with the guards and others whom
they had captured on each side of
them. A general volley was not or
dered. as it might have killed several
innocent men. In this deliberate
manner the second escape was made.
The pursuing otlicers have been in
structed to shoot the convicts on sight
and their death or capture in the near
future is expected.
TWO TRAINS CRASH.
A Fast Vestibule Dashes Into a Slow
Two people were killed and seven
injured in a rear-end collision between
the South-western Vestibule Limited
on the Southern railway and a work
train at Springtield, Va., seven miles
from Alexand-ria at 7.15 o'clock Sun
day morning. The engines and several
of the cars were badly damaged.
W. W. Woodward, Jonesville, Va.,
29 years old, a postal clerk.
Walter Meeks. fireman.
Benjamin tawings, Orange, Va.
postal clerk, both legs broken; may
Peter Harrington, engineer of the
passenger train, seriously injured
about head: may die.
John L. Thompson, Washington, D.
C., postal clerk, in charge of the mail
cars on the limited, wrist badly cut.
J. Frank Keller, postal clerk, Lant
zer's Mills, Va., right arm broken.
Fred J. Larrick, postal clerk, contu
sion of right leg and foot.
T. A. Fontaine of Bethel lIll, N.
C., badly bruised.
One unknown passenger,
The Southern is double tracking its
line between here and Atlanta and
the work train had been on a siding
at Springfield getting ballast out of a
pit. The brakes refused to work and
the train, beyond the control of its
crew, slipped out on to the main track.
I he limited, the crack train of the
Southern between here and New Or
leans, due in this city at 'J.42 o'clock,
was between half an hour late and was
running at a high rats, of speed. En
gineer Harington was unable to see
the work train until within 200 feet
of it. The collision occurred about
15 feet south of the siding and the
baggage, mail and express and several
passenger cars were thrown into a
ditch. The engine of the limited was
turned on its side and the other engine
was badly wrecked. The tracks were
made impassable for several hours.
Foritain, Keller and Rawlings were
brought to thiscity and treated at the
Emergency hospital.Engineer Arring
ton and the other injured were taken
-Blind Tiger Clubs.
The Columbia State says Gov. Hey
ward's attention has been called to the
fact that there is an increasing num
er of social clubs in the city, and it is
darkly hinted that some of these clubs
exists only for the purpose of selling
liquor- It is a very delicate question.
Recently one of these clubs on lower
Main street was raided and the consta
bles found an ice box in which were a
few bottles of beer and a large num
ber of bottles of soda water. The
proprietors of the club asked the con
stables to leave the "soft drinks."
Whereupon the constables became
suspicious and upon opening the bot
tles supposed to be tilled with sodo
water found instead that they wvere
loaded with real booze.
A Distiller in Trouble.
A Special to!The State from Pickens
says Chief Constable C. L. Cureton
of that division assisted by E. P.
McCravy and G. W. Coleman Thursday
set a watch over government distilery
No 239, operated by J. D). Stansell.
It was not long before they saw Stan
sell go into the cistern room and in a
few minutes he emerged with a
tin bucket containing two gallons of
whiskey and started with it toward
his house- The officers pursued and
soon captured him. They confiscated
the whiskey and brought Stansell to
the magistrate at Pickens before
whom he pleaded guilty on a charge
of transporting and paid the fine of
$100 an unusual price for two gallons
of whiskey. The distillery will
probably be broken up.
At New York three men are dead
and several injured as the direct result
)f the blowing out of a cylinder-head
of an engine attached to an ammonia
pump in the Jacob Ruppert Brewin
companies ice plant on Alexander
avenue early Tuesday. One hundred
and fifty men were at work at one
time anci as soon as the engine stopped
working the ammonia tiowed from the
pump. the fumes spreading to all parts
of the building. Patrolman David .J.
Goss was overcome by the fumes while
rescuing unconscious employes from
the building and his injuries may
A Fatal Row.
A tragedy occurred in Mason county.
Tenn. last week, in which three men
were killed and a fourth desperately
wounded. The trouble occurred in
the home of Miss Julia Bell while a
dance was in progress. Miss Bell, it
is said. had shown a preference for .J.
IFrets and Dick Mason. Tom Fields.
Clay H~ouse and Mike .Johnson attack
ed Frets, who it is said. becgan to
shoot with the result that the three
irst named were killed and Jlohnson;
is thought to be mortally wounded.
F~ets, it is said, shot only four times.
gg~ing a main each time.
A FATAL ERROR.
Mistook Nitric Acid for Water ani
Poured it on Nitro Glycerine,
WHICH CAUSED AN EXPLOSI03
Of Powder which was Being Taker
From the Magazines and
Loaded on Wagons at
At Lowell. Mass., two small gun
powder magazines, situated in th
very midst of the humble residence
of 50 mill operatives, exploded Thurs
day with a frightful concussion, an(
the resultant wave of death cut off th
lives of more than a score of humat
being and injured nearly 50 others
Half a dozen mee who were ioadin.
kegs of powder from one of the maga
zines were blown to pieces: Sour boy!
200 yards were killed by the force o'
the explosion, and 14 frame house
within a radius of 40G yards wer
blown down as if they had been buill
of cards. Seven of these houses im.
mediately caught tire, probably fron
the kitchen stoves, and were complete
ly consumed. At least three persons
were caught in the ruins and burnec
to death1, while seven or eight other:
who were rescued died subsequently ol
It is estimated that 70 separate
pieces of property, including those al
ready mentioned, were destroyed,
while the force of the expipsion
wrecked windows for five or six mile.
around, and its thundor could be
heard distinctly more than 50 miles
The following is the list of those
known to be killea: George Finn.
John McMasters, Louis E. Richards
and James D. Grady, all employed by
the United States Cartridge company;
James B. Sullivan, Charles Moore,
Jean Roleau, all employed by the
Stanley Forwarding company; Gilbert
McDermott, 10 years; Michael McDer
mott, 1: years: Thomas louligan, 11
years: Joseph llouligan, 10 years; Wil
1iam Galloway and son Robert Gallo
way. Albert Lebrun, Mrs. Catherine
lRiggs, Eddie Rodgers. George A. Mc
lUermott, four years: Josephine Pe
russe, 11 years: Mrs. Victoria Perusse
and Septiriam Perusse (the nine last
named were killed by the fall of their
houses or burned to death): unknown
Four persons are missing, two car
penters, names unknown; John Riggs
and Patrick Spencer.
Those fatally injured are. Amader
Boulager, IS years; Clarendon Good
win, 60 years. both ensployes of car
tridge company;.. Mrs. Howard Bur
kett. Miss McDermott, Eliza Gallo
way and Clara Superna.
The magazines were the property of
the United States Cartridge company
of this city, but fortunately were sit
uated more than a mile away from
the factory itself. They were con
strcted some 30 years ago, in what
was then a broad, open tield on the
bans of the Concord river. During
the last decade small wooden dwell
ings have gradually sprung up in the
vicinity, crowding nearer and nearer
with fancied security to the two inno
ent-looking little buildings until they
were almost completely surrounded by
them, except on the river side, the
nearest house being scarcely 50 feet
Both magazines ordinarily contain
ed two or three tons of gunpowder in
tin kegs. The company has for some
time been desirous of strengthening
the floor of the magazirre nearesb the
sreet and this morning eight men,
three of them emiployes of the com
pany, three expressmen and two car
peuters, were sent there with three
large express teams .to take out the
powder and mend the floor. Two
of the teams had been loaded and the
other was almost full when, at six
minutes past 9 o'clock the explosion
It was discovered that a can of
nibro-glycerine,which was stored inthe
magazine, was leaking- Mr. Goodwin
picked up what he thought was a jug
of water and began to your it on the
nitro-glycerine with the idea of dilut
ing it and was washing it up. As
soon as the fluid from the jug struck
the floor, he found that it was nitric
acid. The floor at once began to
smoke, and when the men saw it they
rushed from the building, but had not
gone 10 feet when the explosion oc
This magazine was, therefore, the
irst to go up, followed immediately
by the gunpowder in the three teams
nd several seconds later by the
To those who heard the crash, it
seemed as if there were two distinct
explosions, with a continuous roar be
tween them. There are, however,
live holes in the ground, which clearly
indicate live explosions.
The entire catastrophe, however,
occupied the space of scarcely five sec
onds, but in that time the surround
ing property was' swept as if a small
volcano had broken forth In its midst.
Every house within 200 yards coleps
ed trees were blown down, the grass
within a hundred yards mowed as if
by a lawn mower, while bricks from
the two magazines were hurled far
across the river and all over the neigh
For several minutes afterwards thle
air was completely lilled with smoke
and dust. illuminated hy the glare
from the already burning houses.
The work of rescue began at once,
but in many ca.ses tile Ilames had al
ready gained full sway over the crum
bled ruins and several persons were
burned to death before the debris
which covered them could be remnov
The property is situated just over
the Lowell line, in Tewksbury, but
the Lowell tire department did most
of the work in caring for the wounded.
Before a stream of water was start-ed
from the engines, the hose from all
the wagons was taken out and the
odies of th~e wounded were placed in
the wagons and hurried to the hos
pital. Ambulances soon1 appeared on
the scene and assisted the firemen,
.and all,.,eo ehicles were pressed
into the service. Nearly 40 persons
were taken to the two hospitals with
i in half an hour, while many more
whose injuries were slight had xheir
wounds dressed and remained on the
scene, where they assisted in caring
for the less fortunate.
The explosion shook the city and
within half an hour there were at
least 5.000 people on the scene of the
catastrophe. The crowd so badly
hindered the work of caring for the
wounded that the mayor sent out a
militia call. Three companies respond
ed and three hours later had thrown a
cordon of men around the district and
cared the place of every one except
those immediately engaged in quench
ing the flames and searching for vic
Two hundred yards further down
the river from the second magazine
the tiremen suddenly came across the
bodies of four little boys who were
about to have a swim. A fifth mem
ber of the part was in the river when
the explosion occurred, and escaped
Apparently the force from this sec
ond magazine was expended in two di
rections, north and south. On the
north it completely demolished the
house of William Riggs, about 5,0
yards away, almost burying Mrs.
Riggs, and badly injuring her little
son. Mrs. Riggs died before being
taken to the hospital.
On the other side of the magazine
was a grove of trees. through which
the explosion tore a path 50 feet wide
for a distance of nearly 300 yards.
The four little boys were caught in
the centre of this path, and three
were instantly killed, the body of one
of them being frightfully mutilated,
the head being completely blown off.
The fourth was alive when he was
discovered by the police and firemen
but did not long survive.
Most of the property destroyed con
sisted of small buildings constructed
of wood, and at a comparatively
small cost. The property loss, there
fore, will not be heavy.
The select men of the town of
Tewksbury believe that $75,000 will
cover the entire loss.
RAINFALL VERY LIGHT.
The Weekly Report of the Weather
Section Direetor J. W. ~Dauer has
issued his report on the weather and
crops for the week ending July 2S. It
is as follows:
The week ending 8 a. m., Monday,
July 27th, had a mean temperature of
81.5 degrees, which is practically nar
mal. there were no very cool nights,
nor hot days, making the temperature
conditions quite-favorable. The winds
were generally light, variable and
very dry. There was more than the
usual amount of bright sunshine. The
relative humidity was unusually low
throughout the week, that caused veg
etation to wilt considerably in the
day time, but it generaliy fresliened
during the nights. but this condition
was favorable for ridding fields of
grass by cultivation.
The week's rainfall was very light,
averaging only 0.4 inch for the State.
and consisted of widely scattered
showers. These showers were benefi
cial where they occurred. There is a
need of rain indicated for all parts of
the State, although early corn is the
only crop that has as yet suffered to
any material extent. The rain is
needed to counteract the severe work
ing that crops received in ridding them
of grass. Laying by is either finished
or well underway, and but few fields
remain grassy. The drought is most
severe in York and adjacent counties.
Corn is firing in the eastern coun
ties. In places old corn is safe, in
other places it is in a critical condition
for want of rain. Young corn is gen
eraly promising, but needs rain to
maintain this condition. Some fodder
has been pulled.
A general summary of the condition
of cotton shows that on clayey lands,
and over the western counties, the
crop has improved, but that on sandy
lands, and over the eastern counties,
exept parts of Hlampton, Barnwell,
Orangebarg, Sumter, Marion and
IMarlboro, the conditions are les~s prom
ising. The cotton crop would be ben
efitted by a general rain. Sea island
cotton is in excellent condition.
Tobaco curing is making iapid
progress, and-in places is nearly finish
ed, the crop is about half gathered
Soe is "burning" in the tields. Mar
keting is underway. and prices are un
Early and late plauted rice arc do
ing well, .whileir4ermnediate plantings
are poor and grassy in the Colleton
district. Peas are not doing wvell.
St5ole Safe and All.
A special dispatch from Salley's to
The State says last Friday night week.
robbers entered the room of Mr. Sulli
van Sawyer and stole a small iron safe
containing about $75 in cash and sev
eral valuable papers. It is not known
how the robbers entered the house but
the supposition is that while Mr. Saw
yer was eating supper the parties
went into his room and carried the
safe away. Saturday the safe was
found concealed in the woods near the
town but it had been opened and
everything carried away. Mr. Saw
yer is one of the most prosperous mer
chants of the thriving little town of
Perry. It is hoped that the guilty
partie; will soon be caught and speedy
justice meted out to them. This is
the second time that Mr. Sawyer has
been robbed in the last month and it
seems that the r bbers must be famil
ar with the place and where the
money is kept. This ought to be a
lesson to all who keep their money
and papers in such places that can lhe
A dispatch from Evansville, Ind..
says for twenty four hours many
strange negroes have been passing
through the city on their way to the
south. where they will seek homes.
Many of them came from Danville,
Ill., and points on the ilinois Central
railway. Two coaches tilled with
negroes passed through at one time.
A number of the negroes who left
Evansville during the recent riots
have not returned. The feeling
against the negroes in the southern
Indiana towns has grown more intense
SOME PLAIN TALK.
Senator Tillman stirs Up a Wiscon
sin Audience by His
TALK ON THE NEGRO QUESTION.
Didn't LAke What ie Said at First
But When le Was Through
They Thonght Best of
Senator B. R. Tillman, of South
Carolina, matched his wig and sar
casm against the legal mind and wes
tern manners of Senator J. i. Burton,
of Kansas, Monday night of last week
in a joint debate on the negro ques
tion at Madison, Wis. The following
report of the meeting we take from
The News and Courier: Senator Till
man said the people of the North.
were as bad as those of the South in
their handling of the negroes who
committed "unspeakable crimes."
"When a negro up here shows the
outcroppings of the instincts of his
inferior race," said Senator Tillman,
"you mob, string, lynch, burn and
outrage humanity with him. It
makes a mighty big difference whose
family is struck, whose home is en
tered, whose wife or daughter is the
victim. You men in the North are
not slow to act when your women are
utragred. and I want to say you are
men to do it.
"If you bad as many niggers as we
have in South Carolina you would
feel as I do, and your people would
not sustain your anti-nigger senators
as my peop-le sustain me." The fiery
Southern senator was unpopular at
first with the audience of 8,000 peo
ple, but at the close of the debate the
impression seemed to prevail that be
had the better of th;e argument.
Senator Tillman said the colored
people owed all the progress they lad
made in America to the fact that
they were once in bondage, and that
the South ha1 nourished them into
whatever industry, virtue and Intel
ligence they ever attained; that the
North went to war to "free the nig
gers" first and to "save the union af
terward. The Republican party, he
said, played, the friend of the blacks
in order to get black votes. The
greatest disturbing element in the
problem was the fact that the people
of the North, affecting motives of
charity, Christianity and humanitar
ianism, were attempting to poke their
"great, long Yankee noses" into the
business of the Southern states, that
were equal to the problem that would
not be in danger of overwhelming
them unless the Northern influence
brought about t war of extermina
Senator Tillmaa said the negroes
were recognized in the South when
they deserved it, and sometimes when
they did not. mentioning the recipi
nts of the United States' executive
ppointments. The Southern sena
tor asked the audience to hold an af
ter meeting to form a negro emigrat
ing society, for the purpose of bring
ing to Wisconsin 300,000 negroes, the
roportionate share of this state of
the negro population of the whole
~ountry. The after meeting did not
Senator Burton agreed that the ne
;roshad apparently grown more de
4raded and criminal than they were
before the war, but he said it was the
~ault of the South, lack of schools,
d the "euchreing" of the negroes
,ut of their constitutional rights by
the Southern whites. B'e said in
~ducation lay the solution of the prob
Senator Tillman agreed with Sena
tor Burton in this but said the South
would take up arms rather than allow
Lhe north to forse an impossible so
ial or political eQuality between the
whites and negroes in the Southern
Senator Tillman said that the
nited States barred Chinese from
heir ga~tes because of the inferiority
f the Mongolian race and the inspos
~ibility of Chinese ever becoming the
ocial or political eqjuals of Ameri
"Trhe Inferiority is greater and the
mpossibility more impossible with
respect to the negroes and particular
.y the Southern negroes," Mr. Till
Senator Burton placed stress on the
reat possibilities which, he said, lay
n the negroes. Their capacity for
leveloment, he said, had been prov
d in every Northern state, and not
nly in the North, but in the very
ear6 of the South. At Tuskegee,
Ala., Booker T. Washington, a black
man, had demonstrated there for sev
ral years that the negro, when given
he advantages of properly adminis
tered education, could outstrip the
hites in the moral and industrial
Senators Tillman and Burton eon
~inued their debate on the negro ques
ion at Moline, Ill., on Thursday.
The Kansas speaker suggested an
~ducational standard as a remedy for
negro ignorance, and Senator Tillman
lelivered a striking speech. "God
ade a negro inferior to a white
man" said he, "as A frica proves. I
Would not put him back in slavery,
ut he shall never govern us. You
voudnt iet him. and we are as gzood
ts you arc, and we will sec him in hell
before we will permit it. We don't
intend ever te let him get on our
acks to govern us. When you hold
;acred the fifteenth amendment, that
;ays the races are equal, you ad1d fuel
L a rae war that is bound to come.
do not believe in lynching for any
:rime but one. When a negro as
;aults a white woman the only thing
Lo do is to hunt him down and put
im out of his miserabre existence as
;oon as possible. We are doing this
mud we are going to keep on doing it,
md if you dont like it you can lump
At Boston while Booker T. Wash
ngton was addressing a meeting of
olored people Thursday three persons
ere arrested and ejected for trying
o interrupt his remarks by hissing.
rwenty-ive policemen were called in
on quel th isturhatice.
A MEETING CALLED.
Colored Citizens to Discuss Lynch
ing and its Causes.
Rev. M. G. Johnston, pastor of Lad
son Presbyterian church, Columbia,
S. C., has issued a call 'foi'a meeting
of colored citizens of this and ad
joining counties on Tuesday, August
25. 'Ihe following is the call:
To All Colored Citizens of Richland
and Adjacent Counties: You are in
vited and most earnestly. requested to
attend a convention to be held in this
city on Tuesday. August 25, for the
purpose of taking under consideration
lynchings, its causes and its remedy.
And also to consider ways and means
pertaining to higher moral elevation
of the race. We also note the sad
fact that every year hundreds of our
people leave their farms in the coun
try and crowd into the towns and
cities, where they get little or noth
ing to do and very often-some of them
commit crimes that are hurtful and
humiliating to us all. All the above
merits our most serious and prayerful
consideration, prompt and decided ac
If all we hear and read about the
race be tru , then we have a work to
do which can only be done by an hon
est, faithful and united effort on the
part of the best thinking people of our
While there no doubt will he some
among us who will not join in such
an effort for the moral up-lifting of
the race, I am satisfied that there are
thousands of men and women who
stand ready to do everything in their
power for a higher moral elefi.tion of
the race. Therefore we appeal to all
ministers of the pospel, teachers of
privato and public schools and lead
ers of the rate to attend this conven
tion, and let us see where you stand
and what side you are on.
A number of speakers will address
the cod vention and a number of papers
will be read. Nothing will be dis
cussed but the moral condition of the
race, lynchings, it: causes and its
curses. We expect to secure reduced
rates on all roads leading into Colum
bia. Names of speakers and rates to
the convention will be published later.
This call to the convention is endorsed
by the ministers' union of Columbia.
THE SOUTH AND THE NEGRO.
Remarkable Resolu tion. Adopted by
Negro Methodist Conferen ce
By denying the negro social equali
ty, Southern whites befriend him, de
clares a resolution adopted by the con
ference of the African Methodist
Episcopal church, recently in session
at Macon, Ga. The South is declared
the best place for the negro, and the
crimes which provoke lynching are
condemned. In part the resolutions
"We commend the Southern white
man becauses he refuses to let negroes
drink at his founts, eat at his cafes,
sleep in his hotels, for the following
eason's: It forces the negro to build.
is own resorts, teaches him business
ad turns a flood of money to negro
aults and bank accounts. It gives
is boy and girl work and establishes
hrift, inteistry and economy.
"We condemn the heinous crimes so
ften charged to our people. Such
rimes are brutal, vicious and deserve
he most severe punishment that the
aw is allowed to inflict. They mar
ur civilization, hinder our progress
ad stamp us as villains.
"We equally condemn and regret
hat it is evident that the mightiast,
ivilization on earth should resort to so
nhuman and bloody work as to lynch
fellow being witheat due process of
"We believe, after carefully recit
ng facts, that the negro is as safe, or
afer, in the South than in the North.
Safer, because hecan earn a living in
ny vocation in the South that he pos
esses ability to do. Safer, because no
Southern preacher is on record as hav
ng pleaded to 3,000 people to burn a
As to Watches.
Everybody carries a watch nowa
ays-men. women. girls and boys.
Prices range from $1 to as many thou
ands as one cares to expend in jew
lry settings. The $1 watch keeps
just as good time as the $5,000 one.
)id you ever consider tlee amount of
labor performed by a good wateh in
its life-time of 50 years? The balance
heel vibrates 18,000 times an hour,
.32,000 times a day or 157,680,000
imes a year. The hair spring makes
an equal number of vibrations, and
there is the same number of ticks
trom the escapemnent. Multiply 157,
80,000 by 50 and you have 7,884,090,
)00 pulsations. Yet the watch is in
good condition at the end of half a
etury of labor.
A Sad Death.
Th-i Anderson correspondent of the
3ate says Mr. Lamar Buford, a son
f Mr. D. Buford of Calhoun Falls,
as drowned at Jackson~ville, Florida,
ast Friday morning. The young man
vasa telegraph operator at Jackson
ille. The supposition is that he was
~rying to cross the St. .Johns river in
small boat and fell out. His body
vas recovered 36 hours later and was
uried in Jacksonville. Trhe young.
nan had many relatives and friends
n Anderson who will be grieved to
earn of his tragic death. ie was an
xpert telegraph operator and had a
nost promising career before him0
Ie was only 19 years old.
Bribe Takers sentenced.
At St. Louis, Mo, Wednesday Judge
yan passed sentence on five members
)f the house of delegates, four of
vhom were convicted of bribery and
ne of perjury in connection with
muoicipal franchise deals. Following
re those sentenced: John A. Sheri
an, bribery in connection with street
railway deal, five years: T. Edward
tibright. dribery, suburban d-eal. five
'ears: .Jerry J. Hanmigan, bribery,
~uburban deal, tive years: Louis
Decker, bribery, suburban deal. four~
i-ears; Emil Hartman, bribery, city
igting bill six years. All filed ap
eel bonrds in the sum of $10,000 each.
SHE POISONED HIM.
A Georgia Woman Gives Her Hus
band Strychnine For Quinine.
Recently Sheriff Rogers was sum
moned to Gressten, 7 miles north of
Eastman, to make arrest. Upon ar
riving on the scene he found a mob of
over 500 threatening to lynch Robert
Cawthon, who they believe was in
conspiracy with Mrs. R. J. Tucker,
who gave her husband poison for
quinine in a capsule the night before,
Tucker dying in less t! an an hour
after taking the dose.
Cawthon has been working on the
farm for Tucker for a year or more,
and he and Mrs. Tuclier were exceed
ingly good friends. She says he ask
ed her to kiss him once. He says her
caresses were at his command. She
says some time ago Cawthon told her
he wanted to marry a rich widow, and
that she was the widow, or would be
if she would help him.
On June 22nd, it is said, he went
to Emprie and bought some strych
nine from Dr. Kimberly to poison
dogs. It is said they put the poison
in a drink of whiskey that Tucker
had, knowing that sooner or later he
would drink it. On July 18th Joel
Horn, a prosperous farmer, with his
wife was passing Mr. Tucker's home
and told Tucker he was not feeling
well and Tucker told him he had a
drink of whiskey and to drink it, and
it would probably do him good. Horn
drank the whiskey and died before he
had gotton a mile away.
Tuesday night Tucker took a cap
sule of supposed quinine and died of
poison in 30 minutes. Mrs. Tucker
says Cawthon gave it to him. Caw
thon says she did it. They both
have partly confessed and it is believ
ed they will fully confess before night.
Excitement is at fever heat, and it is
believed by many that an effort will
be made to lynch Cawthon Thursday.
The stomach was taken to Atlanta
Thursday morning for a chemical
analysis by Dr. Clarke. Had it not
been for the timely arrival of Sheriff
Rogers, Cawthon would have been
summarily dealt with at Gresston
Thursday. Both man and woman are
now in jail. An effort will be made to
have Judge Roberts hold a special
term of court for trial of this case as
public sentiment demands speedy
PLUCKY YANKEE GIRL
Punishes a Masher for His Insulting
Attentions to Her.
Armed with a whip which she took
with her from her pony carriage, Miss
Mary Reed, daughter of Police
Lieutenant John Reed, of Philadel
phia, followed a masher into the Lake
wood train at Winslow Junction
Thursday night and administered a
Bound thrashing. The man only
escaped worse punishment at the
hands of the father of the girl through
his train pulling out before the lieu
tenant knew what was going on.
Aceording to the story of eyewit
nesses, the man left the Atlantic City
train at the junction to make connec
tion with one to Lakewood. Miss
Reed was waiting~ for her father, who
had been to Atlantic City in charge
of one of the police pension fund ex
cursions,.-to drive him to their country
hon~e at Elm City.
While the young man and a party
of friends were waiting for their train
he amused himself by making insult
ing remarks to the young lady, who
sat in her pony carriage. She could
not resent his unwelcome atttentions.
on account of her horse being restive,
and he at last took h~old of the horse's
bridle and held it in spite of the girl's
Just as the Lakewood train pulled
into the station and the young man
ceased worrying the girl in order to
catch it, her father arrived on the
scene. Without telling him of her
intentions, the girl handed him the
lines, and seizing the whip from the
socket ran to the car which the young
man had entered, and, catching him
in the aisle, belabored him soundly
until he cried for mercy.
The atlair happened so quickly
that none of the friends of the matn
bad time to interfere and Miss Reed
ran out of the car and jumped from
tbe platform after the train had be
gum to move. When-her father heard
the sorty from her he was furious and
made an effort to have the man ar
rested further up the line, but did
not succeed. Miss Reed is twenty
three years of age and very pretty.
Peri'shed in the Flames.
The Sea View House, on the camp
round at Old Orchard, Maine, was
burned to the ground Thursday, and
two women guests, Mrs. A. E. Stevens
and Mrs. Helen Martin, both of East
iraf ton, N. H., are missing. The
alue of the property burned was
about $4,000. The body of one of
the missing women was found in the'
ruins this afteraoon. It was so badly
urned as to make recognition im
osible. Search is being continued
with energy, as the finding -of one
ody is taken to show that both wo
M~ardered His Wire.
A t Mount Vernon N. Y., Coronmer
Weisendaoger Wednesday afternoon
tonounced that Martin Ebelt, whose
wife's body was found in a sewer pipe
n Sunday with a shoe lace tightly
round the throat, bad confessed to
iim and to Chief of Police Foley that
he had murdered the woman. It is
aid that Ebelt had'complained to his
ister that his wife was constantly ap
lying to him for money. Hie told his
ister that he was tired of these ap
lications and that his wise was a
ontinual nuisance to him.
Jumped into a Creek.
Passenger train No. 2 on the Vir
rinia and Southwestern railway was
recked near Mendota, Va., Tuesday
The engine left the track and plung
d into a creek. carryinlg with it the
aggage and combination cars. Flag
an Chiarles Sproles was badly Injur
erd and several passengers were hurt.
The engineer and tireman saved them
:01re by iumpim!g.
Are Declared Unlawful by the State
AN IMPORTANT DECISION.
Conductors Are Not Allowed Here.
after to Collect the Twenty
five Cents Excess on
Railroad companies have no right
to charge excess fares of persons who "
get on the trains without tickets
where they canbeobtained. Such is the
decision of the State supreme court in
a case which attracted much atten
tion. So important was the case con
sidered to be that the supreme court
called the judges of the circuit court to
sit upon the cast.
Railroads are accustomed to charge
passengers 25 cents when passengers
fail to get tickets. It is objection
able to railroads for conductors to re
ceive cash fares, and for that reason
the 25 cents excess is charged, but a
rebate check is given and the 25 cents
refunded to the passenger by the
agent of the company upon the ar
rival of the passenger at destination.
It is claimed that the custom is in
violation of the law limiting the rate
of fare to 3 cents per mile. This was
one of the main points in the two
cases heard by the court "en bane"
and decided in the opinion. filed Wed
The cases are Duncan against the
Southern, tried before Judge Benet
in Barnwell; and Fulmer against the i
Soushern, tried before Special Judge
Izlar at Newberry.
In each case the railroad.compan
won, and the losing plaintiff appea'
to the supreme court. After aruii
ment in that court it was otdr~'
that the case be rearg' before the y
court "en bane"--compri, of the
supreme court justices and ven of
the eight circuit judges.
The court "en bane" duly assem
bled, Judge Watts being retired is
the drawing of lots.
The leading opinion in each case is
delivered by Associate Justice Gary,
and it is concurred in by Chief
Justice Pope and- Judges Aldrich,9
'Klugh, Dantzler, Purdy and Er'
nest Gary, the last named filing a
separate opinion. The conclusion
reached is that under the existing
statute a railroad company is. limited
to the rate of passenger fare-3 cents r
per mile-fixed in the statute~ ands
that it cannot exceed that rate. Itt '
is further held that the 25 cents exa='.
cess fare is charge," notwithstanding -
the agreement of the railroad,-in its .
"rebate check," to refund the sum to
the holder of the check. Judge Er- -
nest Gary holds that the railroad
company may exclude from its pas
senger car any person not provided
with a ticket, .but having permitted _ 9
such a person not provided with a
ticket, to become a passenger with
ont a-ticket, the excess charge is -un- -
The dissenting opinion is written -
by Associate Justice Jones and con
urred in by Associate Justice Woods,
Judge Townsend and Judge Gary. It
olds that as the passenger paying the
25 cents excess, because he has not
procured a ticket may get back that
sum by presenting his "rebate check"
to the company's agent, there is no
e'xtra charge but simply a reasonable
regulation of the railroad company-in
the management of its passenger bust
In each case the judgemenit of tihe
circuit court is reversed and the case ~
sent back for a new trial.
In the Fulmer case the plaintiff was
represented by Messrs. Johnstone and
Welch and the company by Mr. B. L.
Abney and Mr. Thomas P. Cothran.
In the Duncan case Messrs. Davis and
Best and Mr. John S. Reynolds repre
sented the plaintiff, while Mr. B. E.
Abney and Mr. J. W. Barnwell ap
peared for the company.-The State.
Long Range Predictions. -
W. F. Foster, writing to the News
and Courier from Washington, says
August, September and October will
bring unusually severe and dangerous
storms to the east coasts of N~orth -
America and Asia, the Mississippi
rainage basin, along the northern
steamship routes of North Atlantic
ad North Pacific, East- Indies, West
ndies and Gulf of Mexico. Severe
storms may occur any time during
hese three months, but the danger
period seems to -hover around Augusti
1 and 25, September 7 and 20, Octo
er 5, 15 and 20. Voyages on water
hould be avoided about these dates,
nd precautions taken for safety on
and. Very low temperatures about
ugust 28, September 25 and 30. --
A Popular Governor.
The Pickens Sentinel-Journal says:
Gov. Heyward has proven himself
very inch a man and is faithfully
arrying out with the people the
romises he made to them on the
tump. He is a clean man and a true
oe and furthermore, he is a man that
s easily approached and lends a lis
ening ear gladly and willingly to any
ppeal that will help his State or his
eople. Pickens county people are
roud of tbe record he is making and
ill be ready to hold up his hands in
he discharge of his duty. Long life,
ood luck an~d several terms in the
ubernationlal chair, for the mantle
f state is on most worthy and excel
Pleased With Report.
The Columbia State says Gov Hey
ard is pleased with the verbal report
f State Constable Holmes of th~e
Carleston division. The constables
eclares that the sale of illicit liquor
n Charleston has materially decreased.
t an informal conference between
the governor, the attorney genera(1,
hief Hammett and Constable Holmes
t was decided to make war upon the
o-called chibs in that city who operate
blind tigers under the pretence of be
ng si oranizations.