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VOL. XVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. OC
TILLIMAN ON TRIAL.
The Arra'r ment of the Man Who
Killed Editor Gonzales.
THE JURY QUICKLY SECURED.
The Prisoner. When Placed in the
Box, Pleads "Not Guilty" to
the Charge of Murder
in a Firm Voice.
James H. Tillman. some time
liestenant governor of South Carolina
ar.d charged with the murder of N.
6. Gonzales, editor of The State, on
the 15th of January last. a few days
before the expiration of his term of
oice, was Monday placed on trial for
his life, at Lexington, S. C.
The assemblage in the court room,
which far from crowding, scarcely
realized for a moment that the trial
would actually begin, so freundt have
been the predictions of further delay.
Two sessions courts have intervened
in Richland since the homicide, the
defense obtaining continuances at
both and a change of venue at the1
last. Again the spectators were agee
able disappointed when a jury was
secured by 1.15 p. m. from the origi
nal panel. It would have been secur
ed in half an hour save for the con
test over Murray Parnell.
When the court convened at 10 a. m.
the counsel for the prisoner were pres
ent as follows: G. IN. Croft. P. 11. Nel
son. 0. W. Buchanan, George John
stone, Efird & Dreher. W. H. Sharpe
G. T. Graham. G. R. Rembert and C.
L. Blease. For the State, besides
Solieitor Thurmond, were G. D. Bel
linger. Andrew Crawford, Wm. Eliott.
Jr . A.."shill and L. T. Stiirkie.
The prisoner's mother, Mrs. D. D.
' a~a. u lie anu several laay
friends, were in the court room most
of the day. Senator Tillman was pres
THE FIRST MOVE.
Attorney Graham. as soon as the
judge entered, rose with a copy of
The State in hand and said. "I think
it my duty to call to the court's atten
tion an article entitled 'Jugglery
With the Courts.' 'I object," inter
polated the solicitor. We are here for
the trial of this case and such matter
is not proper nor relevant to it."
Judge Gary said: "My impression is
that Mr. Graham desires to make a
statement in behalf of the Lexington
bar, and as such I think it proper to
Mr Asbill of the State's counsel ad
dress the court and said; "I consider
myself a member of the Lexington bar
and I have heard nothing of a state
ment on the part of the bar."
Judge Gary-It would not be proper
to hear the statement unless it comes
from-the whole bar. I so rule.
Mr. Sharpe remarked that it came
"from the majority of the Lexington
SWEARING THE JURY.
Nearly if not all the jurymen were
placed on their voir dires, and, with
out exception, they swore that they
had expressed no.opmior's and were
conscious of no bias for or against the
prisoner, an attitude remarked by
sone as singular in its unanimity, con
sidering the wide publicity the case
has received. After Parnell had an
swered the usual questions the solicitor
inquired if he had a registration cer
titicate. He replied attirmatively. The
solicitor swore Clerk of Court George
and introduced the county registra
tion books and on them Parnell's
name did not appear.
A lengthysargument ensued. The
defense presented testimony that the
original registration books had been
lost or not returned when used in an
election concerning the annexation of
a part of rhis county to Richland
Messrs. Croft and Johnstone argued
that the name might have been omitt
ed from the books and the State hav
ing propounded the question on the
vior dire had waved the right to ap
peal ta. thie books as the highest evi
STOOD HIM AsIDE.
Judge Gary held, however, that to
be a legal juror one must be a quali tied
elector and directed the inquiry to
that point. He was about to allow
Parnell to go to his home 12 miles dis
tant and search for the certificate when
Mr. Thurmond consented to accept
Shis ruling with the evidence at hand.
His honor ruled that taking Par
nell's positive statement in connection
with the apparent irregularity of the
books he would admit him to be
swo)rn, whereupon the solicitor excused
Parnell ana so yielded one of his five
challenges. Parnell was the second
man drawn, and after his case was dis
posed of the remaining 11 jurymen
~were rapidly secured.
The State had exhausted its chal
lenges when eight or nine had been
sworn and the defense had utilized all
of its ten before the jury box was full.
Four of the 36, A. D. Fallow, Joel H.
Geiger, T. WV. Dreher and Simon Cor
ley were excused by the court for one
or another cause.
Of the jurymen selected Saylor, Ris
inger, Leitzsey, Koon, Sharpe, Shealey
and Price are farmers; Wood, Ly brand,
Corley and .Jumnper are cotton mill
operatives, and Hicks is a carpenter.
Wood is a boss of a weave room.
The following jurors drawn were
challenged by the defense: M. M.
Kieckly, Eugene C. Williams, Luther
J. Hook. J. Laurence Jumper, John B.
Stack, L. 0. Wil-on, G. M. Lewis,
Thos. J. Roof. Geo. W. Derrick.
The following wvere challenged by
the State: John B. Reed, John J.
Younginer. Noah H. Taylor, Murray
Parnell and J. Eugene Lorick.
THE PRISONER BROUGHT IN.
A recess of half an hour was taken
at the solicitors request during which
the prisoner was brought in by Sheriff
Caughmnan. When the solicitor an
nounced the State ready, Mr. Croft in
quired. "1s~ Mr. A mbrose E. Gonzales
in court" and if in response to a sub
poena duces tecum issued for the de
fense had he brought the tiles of the
Columbia State from April 15, 1902, toI
September 15, 1903. Counsel for the
State replied attirmatively, and Mr.
Croft declared that though some of his
witnesses were still absent they would
be here and he could safely announce
the defense ready.
Tne prisoner entered the small semi
octagonal dock, which is elevated
about 12 inches from the floor, and
stood in it for arraignment. On one
side stood Mr. Croft and on the other
Mr. Nelso. Clerk of Court George
read the indictment ina matter of
fact way and the prisoner replying to
the ususal quest ion, said. "not guilty"
in a voice audible throughout the room.
He was then granted permission to
take a seat with his counsel.
-After the jury had been drawn and
cbarged .J udge ciary direc ted the sheriu
to have two of his const ables sworn, he
instructed to take charge of the jury
and keep them together In the recess
and to allow none to approach them
with regard to the case.
1r. P. ii. Nelson of prisoner's coun
sei here said: "While no literature
bearing on the case should go into the
jury's hands I think it proper to re
quest t hat in view of utterances in the
Columbia State last Saturday and to
day they be especially instructed not
to read that newspaper during this
"1 think that request proper," said
the judge. and he so instructed the
jury The court then adjourned until
The hearing of testimony by the
State was conmenced alter the recess.
It was mainly contined to Policeman
Boland's story of the arrest of Till
nan, to the identitication of Tillman's
pistols by Sheriff Coleman and Clerk
of Court Walker, together with the
bullet from the German magazine pis
tol which pierced Mr. Gonzales through
and through, and to the identitications
of clothing worn by him with its bullet
holes, on the day that he was mortal
ly struck. the latter being sworn to by
lessrs. Hovt. Wood and Wallace of
The State. The court then adjourned
Mr. Ambrose E. Gonzales, eldest
brother of the late editor, was present
throughout the day.
Such is an outline of the first day's
story. Every point was contested
closely as it arose. Brief delays were
not infrequent and the indications are
that the trial will be long drawn out.
At no time was the court room uncom
fortably crowded. At no time was the
least excitement manifest. A stranger
would scarcely infer, except. from the
great array of lawyers, that a case of
uncommon interest was engaging the
Lexington court. of sessions.
Some Things About Theni That
Parents Should Remember.
One of the greatest mistakes which
many boards of school trustees make.
says the Commoner, is to hire teach
ers with reference merely to the
amount of salary stipulated for. A
"cheap" teacher is generally an in
experienced one, to .ay the least, and
country children are thereby robbed
of the benefit they have a right to de
and from the money spent for their
instruction. The country school, in
too many instances, seems to be given
!ver to the "prentice hand" of young,
inexperienced boys and girls; who
should themselves be going to school
and the money apportinoned for the
maitenance of tue school is thus
worse than frittered away, because o;
the careless, unscholarly way in which
the school work is carried on. Coun
try children, like city children, should
bare the advantage of good teachers,
but we are sorry to say that in many
instances, the school is given to the
>ne who will take it for the least
noney, reiardless of fitness for the
place, when the acditional tax of a few
gents for each taxpayer will give a
sum that would hire a teacher who
would not only be a blessing in the
school room, but a power for untold
good among the young people of the
In selecting a man to care for the
stock, regard is had to his fitness for
the work, and he is usually under sur
veillance; neglect or treatment tend
ing to induce deterioration in value,
of the animals under his care, is at
once resented by the owner. The wise
farmer considers it poor economy to
let a good hand go because one of
interior qualitications can be had fo.r
a few dollars a month less on his
wages, and these wise precautions
should be exercized to a much greater
extent where our children are con-~
cerned. How many parents know
what is taking place in the school
room, or even on the grounds, cr
whether or not the teacher is even.
qualified to give oversight to the
moral deportment of the children in
his or her charge? What do the par
ents know, except by hearsay. (if even
that) of the amoiunt of intellectual
growth the child is making, or if it is
progressing at all? How of ten do they
visit the schools? What do the direc
tors know about the work of the
teacher they have given the people?
Whose business it it? Who makes it
A farmer who would leave the care
of the stock entirely to the hired man,
never going near it, bimself, would
be considered a very slack "hand,"'
but very few parents visit the schools
where their most precious belongings
are learning more than bdok lore. Do
you ever think that your indiffence
encourages any tendency the teacher
may have to slight or neglect the
school duties? Where visitors ate
frequent, the teacher, as well as the
pupils are anxious to have things in
shape to merit approval, and we may
not measure the good our presence
and oversight may do to both. Even
at the cost of a few additional dollars
to yourself and others, you should in
sist on giving your children the bene
fit of a teacher whose broad
knowledge, scholarly training and
ambition to earn the wages given
him, would result greatly to their ad
vantage. Children. as a rule, care
very little to yo to school, except for
the excitement of the play-ground,
and the ordinary "cheap"' teacher has
neither the mental ability, moral
capacity or scholarly attainments
with which to awaken the interest, or
arouse the mind of the little ones
placed in nis or her charge.
Found in a River.
The dead body of Robert Padget,
who has been missing for several days.
was found Wednesday fioating down
the river at Williamston, N. C. It was
in an upright position and people on a
passing steamer thought the man
ws alive until within a few feet of
the corpse. Severe bruists were found
on the forehead and indicated foul
play. If he was murdered it was not
for the purpose of robbery, as the
man's money was still in his pockets.
Killed by a Fall.
Mrs. M. D). Rowe, of Wecst Point,
Ga.. as guest or her daughter. Mrs. S.
T. Whitaker, in Columbus. Ga., had
the misfortune to stumble and fall
while going down the steps at their
ome, receiving injuries which proved
fatal one week after the accident
happened. She died in Columbus at
6.30) o'clock Wednesday night and her
remains were brought to West Point,
a, for interment this morning.
FJ(iHTS FOR LIFE.
Tillman's Lawyers Wants to Exclude
the Dying Statement of
THE STATE'S DEAD EDITOR
From the Ears of the Jury Who e
are to Say Whether Till
man is Guilty or
The Tillman case is still being heard t
at Lexington. The first witness on I
Tuesday was Mr. Geo. M. Kchn. He
testitied as to how he got the bullet
which killed Gonzales. He took it
from a lad and turned it over to the
sheriff. Drs. Guerry. Taylor and Pope
were the next witnesses. Dr. Guerry
Said he did not have any hope for Gon
zales from the first as he regarded his
wound a fatal one. Dr. Taylor corrolo
'ated the above testimony. He de
scribed the course of the bullet. The
solicitor asked him a ques ion about
the position of the prisoner and the
dead man when the bullet was tired.
The lawyers had a long discussion as
to whether or not the witness was an
Expert in such matters and whether
the question should be answered.
Finally the witness was allowed to an
swer and he said from the direction of
the bullet it must have be n tired
downwards. and that it had been shot
at the side of the victim, and could t
n >t have been shot at the front. From
the very first the witness had recogniz- .1
ed that the wound was fatal, though t
he was not certain of it, until after the 1
FIRED FROM THE SIDE.
On cross examination he said from
the nature of the wound it must have
been tired from the side. In answer
to Mr. Nelson he said that the opera
tion on Mr. Gonzales was performed in
the hope of recovery. Mr. Nelson put
question so that it would appear that
Mr. Gonzales submitted to the opera
tion in the hope of recovery, and tn
redirect examination he said that the
operation was performed because
physician thought it was necessary
an21 Mr. Gonzales must have had that
hope. else he would not have consent
ed to the operation. The witness
testified however, that Mr. Gonzales
had said nothing to him and the only
reason he said that Gonzales had hope
was because he had consented to the
operation. All this was brought out
in order to prevent a declaration of t
Gonzales, after he was shot, that he
had sent no message to Tillman, being
introduced as evidence. The law re
quires that a dying declaration cannot
be admitted as evidence if the dying
man had hope or reason to believe he
Dr. Pope testified that he heard a
Gonzales make a statement after he
was taken to the hospital, a d Mr.
Nelson asked questions, endeavoring
to show that morphine duiled the I
mind and prevented one from having r
a clear understanding. The lawyers a
were in anotier wrangle as to whether
Dr. Pope could testify as to whether
death was imminent. The court de
cided that he could do so and Dr. .
Pope proceeded to try to tell what a
Gonzales said to him soon after the s
shooting while he was lying in the v
State otfice. I
CONTESTING A POINT. e
Lawyers for the defense objected at
nearly every point and the jury was i
sent out of the room while the ques
tion of admitting the dying declara
tion was discussed.
The admission of a declaration byr
the deceased editor is one of the chief
points in the case, because it directly
contradicts any su tement that Gon-t
zales sent any message I o Tillman and
also gives Gonzales' statement that he
as crossing the pavement in order
not to m et Ti,lmnan on lie day of the o.
tragedy and was not approaching himn
in a menacing way as tne prisoner had o
asserted. Under the circumstances
the lawyers fought most vigcorously ;or y
and against the admission of any dying a
declarati n. While the jury was outv
Dr. Pope was allowed to tell whatv
Gonzales said to him and that was, "I1
The defense argued genera ly that d
Gonzales was under the iniduence of s
morphine and that even were he noti
the fact was that he submitted to anv
operation because he had hopes of re
covery, and, ace rding to law, if hez
had any hope whatever, any declara- e.
tion made by him was incompetent.n
The prosecution argued that Gonzales'
st atement, I am dyi1 g," was positive
evidence that he had no hope and the
operation was performed not because
Gonzales had any hope, but as an act
of humanity by physicians, who, underr
such circumstances, will *do all they
can to save life.
Judge Gary finally admitted the tes- t
timony and Dr. Pope told the jury I
that Gonzalessaid to him in a low tonet
of voice-"I'm killed." Later, he saw
Gonzales making a statement tostenog- I
raphers at the hospital, the purportd
of which he did not know. At the
State ottice and at thc hospital, Gon
zales was in a citical condition, ands
the witnesses did not have any hope
br him. Gonzales' minia was clear onv
both occas ons. If the operation had
not been performed Gonzales wou~d
have died from bleeding in twenty-e
A. E. Gonzales, brother of t he later
N. G. Grnzales. then took the standi
and testified thlmt the relationship be-d
tween his brother and the defendant I
had not been pleasant.a
Mr. Nelson asked whether he hadd
not heard N. G. Gonzales refer to Till-d
man as a cur, a thief and a coward. t
The state objected, but. the court al-d
lowed the quest ion. The witness said her
could not remember that. but het
thought that all N. G. Gonzales saida
was said in the State newspaper. I~es
did not recall that he ever heard N.G
Gonzales discuss privately Tillmnan'se
Mr. Nelson asked whether as a mat
ter of fact he did not know that N. G.s
Gonzales entertained hostility and ma-i
lignit y towards James H. Tillman.
On objection being made. the court re
fused to permit the question. The wit
ness said that all he had ever heard 1
his brother say was expressed in the It
ed~torials. His brother was a man of
few worsd. Hie wrote more than he(
gossiped. It was a rare thing for him
to denounce any one.' IIe never made 4
a threat. If he thought it necessary
to denounce a man his brother w >uld
g to him to his face. lHe never so far .
as he knew denounced any body H
M r. Nelson tried to bring out that i
N. G. Gonzales has denounced Till-ii
mn before he was in public life. Tne
witnss sid he could not answer. Mr.
Nelon askedi whether witness did not
know tht his brother had bitter feel
ings5 ag~ainst Tillman, and the witness
said thaLt for several years the relation1
beteeun them were certainly not
friendlv. Mr. Nelson insisted oii a di
rect re~ply and the witness responded,
1tht. he rdr1 not 1:now whether he culd:
miswer. Mr. Nelson insisted on an an
wer. "Yes" or "No." Finally he re
>lied that he did not know that his
)rother's feeling were bitter or hostile
The witness said his brother has ab
olute control of the policy of the State
lewspaper, and notwithstanding the
elationship between him and his
)rot her, which were always pleasant,
)e could not say that his brother had
xpressed bitter feelings against Till
nan. He may have made bitter re
narks but all the witness knew of his
>pinions were derived from his edi
orials There was no occasion for N.
1. Gonzales to express his opinions to
he witness. It is poss ble, however,
hat he might have said to the witness
>rivately that Tillman was a thief, a
far, and a debaunchee.
TOOK HIS PISTOLS.
Chief of Police Daly of Columbia said
illman was delivered into his custody
>n the day of the tragedy. When
illman arrived in the police station.
oliceman Boland lad one pistol be
onging to Tillman, and witness took
muother from the prisoner, getting it
rom Tillman's hip pocket. He said
hat he could Io1 recall whether
Tillman had voluntarily given him the
)istol or not. He may have intended
o offer it, but the witness took it from
iis hip pocket. Deputy Sheriff Cath
art identified Tillman's pistols and
aid that he had turned them over to
he clerk of the court. This testimony
vas adduced to get the pistals in' evi
GOT THE PISTOLS FIXED.
W. F. Seights gunmaker of Colum
ias was put on the stand and was
hown the magazine pistol owned by
ames H. Tillman. It had been
>rought to him the day before Gonza
es was killed to be repaired. It was
rought by Fred Dominick who called
or it and received it on the morning
>f the tragedy. The bullet which had
seen previously introduced as evidence,
vas shown Mr. Seiglitz and he was
sked to say whether it was of t: e
ame calibre as one that might be
ired from tie pistol with which Till
nan shot Gonzales. He was allowed
o go out with the bullet and a cart
idge from Tillman's pistol in order to
veigh them. When he came back the
awyers kad much discussion as to
vhether or not Mr. Seiglitz was an ex
ert. Judge Gary decided that he
ould testify and Seiglitz testified that
he bullet was of the same calibre as
hat carried by Tillman's pistol and
ould have been fired from it.
SAW IS PISTOL.
Dr S. T. D. Lancaster, a member of
he legislature from Spartanburg, tes
itied that on the day previous to the
omicide he had seen a pistol in the
pocket of the overcoat of Tillman.
the latter was standing on the state
souse grounds, near Gervais street.
Vitness saw the handle of the pistol
istinctly protruding from the pocket
f Tillman's overcoat. On redirect ex
mination the witness insisted that he
ould not be mistaken about what he
aw in Tillman's coat tail pocket..
W. B. Gause. a member of the legis
.ture from Florence, was the next wit
ess. He said that during the last ses
ion of the legislature he met Col.
iliman in front of the "sky scraper,"
n Columbia. It was the first day of
he session. Tillman was in company
ith others and when they talked
bout where each was staying, Tillman
aid he had not told his wife where he
as going to stop, but that he had told
ier that he had putsome of the State's
ditorials in his pocket and he might
tay in the penitentiary.
H. D. Arthur. of Edgefield, said that
ist year in the month of October or
(ovember he passed a livery stable in
idgefield while Tillman and others
rere talking. He heard Gonzales'
tame mentioned and he heard Tillman
av, "if I had some way to get at him."
Vitness passed on and did not hear
he rest of the sentence.
THOUGHT HE WOULD DIE.
On Wednesday Dr. James McIntosh,
f t'olumbia. gave in detail the treat
ent administered and said before the
peration Gonzales' mind was clear.
e asked the witness: "Doctor I want
ou to state to me frankly whether I
m mortally wounded or not." The
'itness replied that he thought the
ound fatal and Gonzales said, "I
ink the fellow got me."
M. C. Wallace., foreman of the Job
epartment of the State newpaper,
ajw Tillman when he shot Gonzales.
Then he tirst saw Gonzales he was
alking as if he was about to turn
'rm Main into Gervais. Hesaw Gon
ales later in his oftice, and the de
eased had said to witness: "This is
ay death. I am shot through the
tomach and cannot live."
NR1. HOYTON THE sTAND.
James A. Hoyt, Jr., associate editor
the The State, was the next wit'
ss. He recited the scenes in the
tate ottice when he arrived there from
mis home. The principal portion of
mis testimony was what Mr. Gonzales
d said to hiim in regard to his condi
ion. It is as rollows:
"He said to me after his wife left
im: 'I was only afraid that I would
ie before my wife got here:
Then the prosecution sought to get
(r. Hoyt to give a description of the
ooting as Mr. Gonzales had given it
o him shortly after the shooting, and
vhile the wounded man was vet in the
tate oflice. Col. Croft objected, as
Ir. Gonzales was not at that time in
:trmis, and therefore this statement
Mr. Iloyt as a uying declaration
uld not be introduced.
Judge Gary ruled that a dying decla
ation must be muade while a man was
n extremuis, but still the books do not
eelare that he must die immediately.
[here ar'e cases where men lived four
.id rive days after' making their dying
leclaration. and one case where the
leponent lived tifty-two days. Hie held
at if' a man realized lie was going to
lie, a few days more or less living made
o difference. When a man is in ex
reiis and makes a statement and if
.fter war'ds hope is raised in him, the
lateient while he wa's in extremis is
ompetent. if Mr. Gonzales was in
xtremis and without hope of life when
e made the statement in the State
ice, and afterward he was given
ome hope of life, the statement made
n t he State ottice is competent.
TIHE sTATEMENT ADMITTED.
A fler considerable discussion among
he lawyers Mr. IHort was recalled to
e stand. lie said~ that Dr. Griflith
vas the first physician to reach Mr.
%onzales. Solicitor Thurmond then
'enewed the quest ion as to what Mr.
onzales had told Mr. hloyt as to the
nannr of the killing.
The defense objected again and
r udge Gary went into an exposition of
is understanding of the law in the
:ase. ~e summed up by saying that
n his opinion the conditions surround'
ng Mr. Gonzales at the time were
uch as to iully me sure up to the re
1uirements of the law of the state and
e would, therefore, rule that the
,vidence of Mr. Hoyt was admissable.
Colonel Croft again objeced, saying
bat there was a written dying decla
'at ion and the verb~al one to Mr. Hoyt
hould not be admittedi.
Judge Gary ruled that Mr. Hoyt's
-vicmflc w'-1 comnetent.
The afternoon session was stormy to
a great degree. It was battle after bat
tle over the admission of dying decla
rations made by Mr. Gonzales td sev
eral friends. So long and lasting were
these disputes that only three wit
nesses were heard. The jury was sent
out of the court room three different
times, while the lawyers argued over
the testimony. In all these instances
the evidence was given to the judge
and then the attorneys contended over
its admission or declaration. Then the
jury was brought back and the case
proceeded according to whatever was
the ruling of the court.
GONZALES' DY IN(G STATEMENT.
When court reconvened at 3 p. m.,
Mr. Hoyt proceeded to give his state
ment. Mr. Hoyt then said Mr. Gon
zales made the following statement to
"He said that he had left the State
office to go to dinner; he was walking
a ong Main street towards the state
capitol, and he got nearly to the city
railway transfer station when he saw
Jim Tillman coming from the capitol
with two men whom he didn't recog
nize; he said there were several people
standing around the corner, and that
he saw if he kept on his course along
t e edge of the pavement he would
brush against these men, and to avoid
them, be cut diagonally across the
pavement towards the corner of the
transfer station, and as he was going
across he saw Til man pull a big pistol
and shoot. He said that he turned and
faced him and exclaimed: Shoot again,
you coward. You have killed me.;
He looked Tillman in the face and
Tillman held the pistol at him, but
didn't shoot: he said that then some
gentlemen ran up and helpei him; he
said that just as he shot-just about
the time Tillman shot-that he (fill
man) exclaimed, 'I have done what
you said,' or 'I have taken you at your
word,' or something like that."
The statement, Hoyt said, was about
half an hour after the shooting. Mr.
Hoyt was questioned on cross-examina
tion by Mr. Ndlson as to his feelings
towards the defendant.
"Your feelings towards him are very
bitter, aren't they?" Don't you feel
very revengeful about him?"
"Well, I don't think I harbor ven
geance against anyb.dy."
"You don't feel hostile towards
"That hardly expresses it."
"Well, express it yourself," said Mr.
"I feel very indigant towards the
man who had killed my best - friend,
and I suppose if I harbor vengeance
towards anybody it would be toward
him," replied the witness.
Dr. C. W. Barron, of the Columbia
hospital, was present when Mr. Gon
zales was brought there from the State
Olice. He said be asked Mr. Gonzales
within ten or fifteen minutes after
he was carried into the hospital:
"1N. G., do you understand your con
"I do, doctor," Gonzales replied,
when witness said he asked him the
furthei question: "Do you understand,
N. G., that you will probably die?"
the reply being, witness testified: "I
The doctor said Mr,Gonzales had no
hope of recovery. He considered Gon
zales in extremis. Witness said Gon
zale., made a statement at the hospi
tal which the witness said Gonzales
said was a death statement.
Dr J. W. Babcock, superintendent
of the State Insane hospital, saw Gon
zales as he lay on the floor in the State
office. He described the, location of
the bullet wounds, and gave the opin
ion that it was indicated that the
body of a man receiving such wounds
was on the point of turning Dr.
Babcock also saw Gonzales at the hos
pital just after he was-received there.
Gonzales, he said, made a statement
to him which he said he took down in
notes. Reading from his notes, he
said the followmng were the words of
Gonzales as near as he could take it
"He had one man with him who was
a particular friend of his, Talbird; an
other man whose face I did not ob
serve. I started for the state house as
usual. As I got .o the corners of
Gervais street, I recognized Tillman.
I knew if I kept on I would collide
with him, as they were three abreast,
botih on the outside. I cut diagonally
aeross to the left, intending to turn
tbe corner into Gervais street, which
I couldi have done without touching
the inside man. As I got on the turn
two or tnree feet from the exact
corner, he said, pulling pistol (Or he
had it in his sleeve) tired, and made
some expression. Tue shock threw
me around against the pillar on A1ain
street. 1 faced him. He pointed the
pistol; I called him a coward. He
said. 'I took your advice,' or some
thing to that effect; he put the pistol
in his pocket and sauntered into the
street. I never sent him a message.
He said, 'I have taken you at your
word.' I suppose he referred to some
thing 1 said in an editorial in the
campaign. He said this after he tired.
I had no idea of meeting him. After
I had seen him two days before in the
lobby of the house. The thing was
tinished as far as I was concerned."
The statement was first given by
the witness in the absence of the jury,
the defense objecting to the introduc
tion of the latter part, but subsequent
ly withdrew the objection.
August Kohn, a newspaper writer,
who was at the hospital at the time
Dr. Babcock was there, said Mr. Gon
zales told him at that time in an an
swer to question that he (Gonzales)
had not sent a message to Mr. Till
A DULL DAY.
Thursday was a dull day in the trial.
Almost the entire time was consumed
in the reading of the editorials that
have appeared in the State criticising
Coonel Tillman. The files of this'
paper were put in evidence on the first
day of the trial by the prosecution and
such matters as that side of the con
troversy desired to use was read today.
Washington King, member of the
legislature, from Florence, was the
next witness. He testified that on the
day before the shooting he saw James
1. Tillman with a pistol in his left hip
pocket. This was in the afternoon.
Tillman was either taking off or put
ting on his overcoafs at thle time in the
hotel~ H e could not remember wheth
er it was before or after dinner.
Immediately after the testimony of
Mr. King Mr. Elliot began reading~
from the tiles of the State and contin
ued four or five hours.
The evening session of the court was
consumed in continuation of the read
lg of editorials from the Columbia
SENATOR TUOMAS TALBIRD.
One of the most Important witnesses
for Friday afternoon was Senator
Thomas Talbird. of Beaufort County.
lie was a strong personal friend of Col.I
Tillman and had been a schoolmate of
Mr. Gonzales. He had been intimate
with Col. Tillman in recent years. and
it was evident that he tried all through
his evidence to be absolutely exact
and there was the highest commenda
tion of the tone and accuracy of his all
(Continnued on pagr .)
Jealousy and Dunk Caused an Awful
Homicid- and Sucide.
A MANW KILLS HIMSELF AND WIFE
Were Seperated but Were Recon
ciled and Seemed Happy in
Each Other's Company
Just Before Shooting.
Barnard Barnes, a young white man
about 25 years of age, in Augusta,
Ga., shot his wife to death Thursday
morning at tbe home of K. L. Horne,
on Gwinnett street, near the exposi
tion grounds, and then turned the
revolver to his temple and sent a bul
let crashing through his own brain.
During a married life of about five
years the couple have not lived hap
pily together, and especially during
the past twelve months have they
quarreled frequently because of the
husband's inebriety and a jealousy he
entertained toward his wife.
JEALOUSY AND SEPARATION.
About a week ago Mr. and Mrs. i
Barnes parted, the wife going to board I
with Mrs. Horne. It seems that the I
cause leading up to the separation was
the fact that Mrs. Barnes was of a
lively disposition and enjoyed pleasant
association, which angered her hus
band and created jealousy in the ex
treme. He would not remain for a
very long time in one position and
quite frequently came to his home in
a state of intoxication. When Barnes
was married he was a lineman, but I
shortly afterward was given a position
with the electic lighting company as
trimmer. After remaining in that
position for a time he went to work
in the cotton mills, but more recently
took a position with the car repairing
furce of the Central railroad. Satur
day be secured a position again as a
lineman and, it seems, had affected a i
reconciliation with his wife, and they
were to live together again.
DIFFERENCES PATCHED UP.
Wednesday he had an interview with
his wife at her boarding house and
their differences seemed to have been
patched up. Wednesday night he went
back, per engagement, and the two
seemed in quite a pleasant mood.
They retired to their room about 10
o'clock and were heard talking and
laughing together for some time.
There was not the faintest suspicion
that what was then a dead past was
to be unearthed, rather the horizon of
the future for the young folks ap
peared to be resplendent with a radi
ent bue. In the new position which
Barnes was to have accepted Thurs
day morning he would make a good
wage. He was forgiven for all that
bad gone before; for the time, any
way, the demon of jealousy had been
crushed and the love which they had
entertained for each other when they
made the vows to cleave unto each
ther until death was fully renewed.
The members of the houseuold be
lieved the couple were wrapped in 1
peaceful slumber and the rising of the
morning sun would open to them a
AWAKENED TO DIE.
Before seven o'clock Thursday
morning they arose and were heard
stirring about in their room. They
were heard talking earnestly for some
little time, when suddenly, about 7:30
'clock, a pistol shot rang through
the house and the woman screamed.
There were two other shots in quick
succession and the members of the
household rushed to the hallway just
in time to see Mrs. Barnes run out of
the bedroom in which she and her
husband had spent the night, slam
the door and start to turn out of the
front door, when she groaned, put her
band to her side and sank to the floor
almost over the front door-sill. Tu~c
bedroom door was thrown open by I
Barnes, and, as he saw his wife's body
prone upon the floor, there were two1
more shots in rapid succession, and he
bad launched his own spirit into
eternity as he had that of his wife.
Barnes and his wife had been talk
ing some time and were both fully
dressed when the shooting began,
Irs. Barnes having carefully arranged
her hair, while the husband was, to
all appearances, preparing to go out
to his work, having his hat on as
they sat talking.
He, at least, was extremely nervous
from the fact that the first shot tired
went into the ceilling, but his nerve 1
ame back to him and the next shot
took effect in his wife's left side in the
vicinity of the heart. As Barnes
turned the deadly weapon upon him
self his shooting was again bad. The
irst shot passed through his hat into
the celling, but the second fultilled
the mission intended for it. Passing 1
through the right temple, just above1
and back of the eye, it crashed
through his brain and he sank to the
floor, less thap 15 feet from his wife's
body, and died.-Augusta Herald.
Foundin a Lake.
The body of the woman found in1
East lake Sunday with three bulleti
holes in her head, was positively iden
tited today as Miss Nellie Shameld,<
aged 35, who resided in Bumming
am, Ala. Miss Shaffield left home1
Thursday and, it was supposed by
relatives, that she had gone to visit a
sister at Ensley. Miss Shaffeld was a
member or an excellent family and as
she was an invalid and seldom went
out, the mystery of her murder is in
A Man Shot.
Walter Byne shot and killed Tom
Canneley Friday afternoon on Mr.
Jim Daniel's place, about twelve miles
from Waynesboro. Both parties are
colored and had gone from Waynes
boro to pick cotton for Mr. Dainel.
Conneley was teasing Byne's sister, a
small negro girl, and Byne took the
matter up, Ibut claims the shooting
was an accident. Conneley was shot
close range with a shotgun, and died
instantly. Byne is in jail awaiting the
action of the grand jury next week.
At Wilmington, Del., the grand
jury today announced that they had
decided to ignore the bill against
those charged with burning at the
stake George White, the negro who
mrdred Miss. Helen Rishop.
MRS. JEFz R;ON DaV.S.
A Northern New-.w--r'a Tribute to a
Nub e Woman.
It is saddening newt that comes
from Buffalo. Mre. Jeffeison D.avi',
the widow of him wi o was the first, i
the last and the only Pre-idenst of the
Confederate States of An: rica, lies
at the point of death in a Northern
city. A spirit that has given not a
little strength and not a little gr ,c.j
to American womanhood is passing
from the life transient, through death,
to the life everlasting.
The event is one which, for reasons
)f weight, the world will not willing
.et pass unnoticed. It is well that it
s so. The life of Mrs. Jefferson- Davis
an not fail to awaken memories that
ire sacred and to revive hopes that
ire inspiriting. To her it was given
,o be one of the honorably conspicu
)us figures in a period that Americans
verywhere now contemplate with a
;ense of reverent pride. In the titanic
truggle of more than two-score years
Igo, American womanhood, as well as
merican manhood, was put to the
upreme test. Throughout this wide
ountry of ours, the women as weli as
he men, were then required to "de
end the right as God gave them to.
now the right;" and it is but uist
imple truth to state that, in an hour r
hat tried their souls, American wo
nen of the Southern Stri. as well
s American women of the Northern
Mtates, failed not.
Of these devoted and self-sacrifi.:ing i,
pirits, Mrs. Jefferson Davis was one.
he went through the struggle with t
>atience and courage, and returned to
ier home in the ashes of defeat to ad c
ust herself, in gentleness and in dig- e
ity, to a world of which she had not
ven dreamed. Like her noble coun
;rywomen of the South, she did not s
omplain; she did not cower before e
nisunderstanding. She acted as the d
trong always act. She worked and
)rayed, and waited. She put in the
rout of her consciousness the deter-]
ination to cherish the traditions of
ier race and her breeding. If, in mo
nents of success, her example had c
>een stimulating to her people, in the f
lour of disaster, it was little less than t
nnobling. In her modest home at s
Beauvoir," and elsewhere, she lived '
life that won the respect, the admi- o
ation and the love of all high-minded t
nen and of all high-minded women. t
suffering was hers, and sorrow was a
iers also. In the changes and chances r
f life, the gales of necessity blew piti
essly against her; yet through it all
bone the inextinguishable light of a t
;haracter glorified by grief.
It is right that the world know this.
t is right that Americans of the
orthern States completely recognize ,
t. And they do recognize it. The
ge of chivalry is not gone; the age of a
conomists and calculators has not
ucceeded, and the glory of America,
6t least, is not forever extinguished.
till may be beheld that "generous .
oyalty to sex," if not to rank, that a
'dignified obedience," if not that d
'proud submission," that "subordina
ion of the heart" which keeps all -
end not in servitude, "the spirit of at
alted freedom." "The ut.ught.
race of life, the nurse cf man y sen
ment and heroic enterprie," za ii.;
~one-no, nor can go a. long as a lift
s noble as is Mrs. J~iTrson Devi
all have power to bl::s and to .save.
he children of earth.-Piladlphia
TWiC3 ST312JD 'J
at Let Down to Pray and Wzite to
His Wirse. j
At Oxford, Ohio, on Thursday
tight, a mob broke open the jatil and t
ook Joseph Spivey to an elm tre out
quare away, on which Henry Corbit,
as lynched in 1892. Spivey wa
rung up and let down to pray. A
econd time he was strung up and let
lown and while he was pleading fu
ime to write to his wife, Deput3
3heriff Brennan and a few assistants,
ushed forward, cut the rope and
ushed down the street with the pris- ~
ner. He was rushed to the jail and ~
pirited out of town. John Spivey. ~
1s prother, is dying with a bullet r
brough his head. A stranger who d
ives at Monroe, 0., is also fatally.
vounded. Spivey was one of a band ~
f Kentuckians who shot and danger- ~
usly wounded five persons on the a
treet during a fair.
MIarshal Woodruff and his deputy,
acob Manrod, endeavored to arrest ~
~hem and were shot. Marshal Wood
uff in the right breast and Deput
ianrod in the left wrist. A crowd
tarted in pursuit of Spivey brothers t
mnd overtook them. Joseph Spi ye) t
vas shot in the right side with a load,
f buckshot and his brother was
mocked unconscious with a stone
brown by some one in the crowd ut a
ursuers. During the light a stranger,t
ho refused to give his name, was,
hot in the abdomen and is in a dan- -
The otlicers were successful in get
,ing the prisoners from the jail. The
arty took two hacks and drove rapid
y to Hamilton, a distance of twenty a
iles, where they arrived after mid- I
uight and securely lodged their pris- a
ners in the Butler county jail. The g
nob inally found they had been bea-t
en and quietly dispersed.t
Judge Crane, of one of the New a
ork police courts, testifies that
iinet-nine out of every hundred boys
rm 10 to 17 years of age who comef
efore him charged with crimes rang- I
ng from petty misdemeanors to t
urglary, highway robbery and mur- '
ler have their tingers stained by s
sigarettes. He is convinced that the I
acessive use of the cigarette by boys
ieakens their moral sense and makes
5hem easy victims of tbe passions
shat ind correction only in the
risons. "I would prefer," he says,
to see my boy given to the use of
iquors than to cigarettes."(
A Union Tragedy.
Tavlor McCoombs was shot to death s
>y ll Asburst Wednesday night atc
Heal Shoals, on Board river, 12 miles,
~rom Union. Ashurst remonstrated
wilth McCoombs in an altercation he
.1ad with a one-legged man. This
;eemed to anger Mc~oombs and he be- 1
tan cursing and abusing Ashurst, 1
-.r then shot him. Ashurst esaped.
A SEROUS CHARGE.
A. White Yen Arestei for A ssa Iting
' White Woman.
WO 13 COMMIT J.D TO JAIE.
O The Sad Story of - Mill Village Girl
Who Avent to Greenville to
Ihunt -ro'lk in
A dispitch from Greenville to The
ate says Chan- Patterson, white, a.
'arried man who lives at the Mills mill
was arrested r?lursday . fternoon and
s now in jiil upon a charge of rape
pon the person of Ida Reeves, 20
rears old, daughter of E. W. Reeves
>f Pc:z:. Te girl ca'e here on
[uesday 2ternon in search cf work
,t the mi'ls and was-..k-l. by a former
quaintance in a hack to a house of
11 fame. w here she spent the might.
Wednesday af.ernoon he met at
nis house with two meu who to'd her
e get s- .ay from there, and if sh~e
r":iu take the cars for the Poe m='I
hey would find her work and a h'me.
Leting upon their advice she left the
ous - and went towards the trolley
ine, but met with Patterson on the -
ray, who sail he was going to the
mill and would takeher there.
The girl had never been in Green
ille before and accepted the ffer of
n entire siranger. 11er story is that
hey a ent past the Woodside mill into
- piece of woods, where the man ac
,.mpl!mned his ot j -et. He then went
a with the girl to a boarding house P,
t Monaghan wills, where he obtain
d l.edgings for the girl at midnight.,
ayiog she was his cIu in and had just
ome in (in the train. The facts were '
leveloped after Patterson lift the
cardngi hu.ne and Thursday there:
vas some agitation among the mil
eople at Monaghan, but no effort was
adeto find P.itterson.
Thursday afternoon the girl was in
ompany c -waman who was be
riending her and had nh d'to
be girl's father at Pedz r, when they
aw Patterson and spoke to ham. -
'he woman asked himto go with them
n the llugu^n'.t mil', and on
be way she went into a booe and
elephoned Chief Kennedy to send
policeman to the mill. Oa ar
iving there Patterson went on to the
ostoffice and in a short time the
oliceman came, wh. n it was trranged
bat the woman should follow P..tter
n and walk up to him wb ,h was a
ignal to the policeman, who speedily
pcured his man and took him to the
In the mean'ime the girl's father
rrived from Pz :r and swore out a
'arrant against Pattersor, when he
ras transferred to the jtil. Patw-_
)n deni.s his guilt and says he :aw
be girl at the house first mentioned
nd talked witn her on t me porch, but - -
id not go with her to the Monaghan
Ile is a young man and says he has
een liting for ei t5 or nine years in'
n. aroun i Greenrvile and Srpartan
urg. Tne news of hais ar rest a as not
enerally known and he was marched
ujetly to j &il uz:.der the escort of tw.
Winl G at a F"ma~ne..
William C. H1W ridge, who went to
hc Oaroline Ksi~~ last afay, in the
atei'ests of b!n. ''ath~rine O'Keefe,
~idow of David 1. O'Keefe, bias-ar
ived on the steanLer IDorice at San
caricisco. O'Kecf.. was known. as
he king of Yap. Hie left his wife
nid daughter in 'Savannah, Ga., In
he early '7 )o. wr"as wrecked on this
lanr. Being the 'irst white man the
ativyes ba-I ever seen' they treated
imn with every possilble reverence and
iinally made him kin;:. Over a year
go, after visiting liongkong on busi
ess, he sta raed to return on one of
is vessels andJ ,ia,. was the last ever
card ou nim. Although he had two
ives in the Caroes, hec always kept
is wife and daughter in Savannah
ell supplied with money. Upon
earing of his &ath, Lawyer Hart
idge was sent out to see how matters
tCod. He~ found a wvil! in 'Jongkong
istributi ; an estate valued at $1,
00.000 in prop--rty. all of which 1s
roductive. ile h-is let. qie a la'-e
mount to his daughter, Mrs. J. F.
Wutier of Savann'rii. and it is expected
..at the Asannaih wld.* will elatm
0 per er u. of the estate.
The T4 xas Fever.
While Texas is great State it seems
a have a great many dran~backs. One
here tney have the Mexican boll
rer ii, which is very destructived to
nie cotton crop, the Texts fever
mong cattle, and a great many other
hings. Sa far the Mexican boll
reevil has not reached us, but the
'cxas fever has. Recently Mr. J. A.
hilley, a well-known dairyman near
anderson has had several cows to die
mith this disease and several others
re sick. Hie sent to Clemson college
or a veterinarian, who went down
nid inspected the heard. This ofiicial
ave as his opinion that the cows had
een suffering from Tt ras fever, and
hat the disease had been caused by
icks. Hie says that a calf may have
icks on it without injury, but that if
cow grows to maturity without hay
og ticks and then acquires them, they
vill cause what is known as Texas
ever, which will nearly always prove
atal. It is said that no certain cure
as yet been found for the disease.
:he expert advised Mr. Shirley to get
omne wbiskey and give his cows a halt
mit at a time.
Henry Sam Floyd, machinist and
nd blacksmith, was accidentally kill
d at 6.30 o'clock Wednesday after
loon at Woodside cotton mili inl
treenville by falling on a large pulley
onnected with the main shafting of
he mill engine. His death was in
tanteneous. Floyd. was forty years
ld and a good lanorer. He leaves a
vife and three children.
Cheated the Gallows.
Elijah B ,li, in jail in Jaskson,
sy., on tha charge of murder, com
L itted su.cide on Manday by taking