Newspaper Page Text
[Continued from page 1.]
near Gervais and Main streets. They
lived in the same direction. One of
the hot editorials had just appeared
in the State. Mitchell said:
"Mr. Gonzales, don't you think
that it is about time you would let
up on old Jim?"
"No," said Gonzales, 'he is a cur.
and I am going to light him as long
as he runs for office in South Car
Then.I said to him: "Well, you
know you can drive a dog to bay-"
Here there was objection by the
sttte on the ground that nothing was
competent except a threat. The point
was argued by Messrs. Thurmond and
Croft. The former contended that
only the statement of Gonzales and
none of the conversation leading up
to it was competent. Mr. Croft con
tended that all the facts surrounding
tie threat were admissible. The
court asked for authorities on the
question. No ruling was made and
tie question was changed.
Gonzales told him Tiliman was a
cur and that he Gonzales had poved it
on him on every occasion. Gonzales
said that he could slap Tillman's face
and he would not resent it. Gonzales
further stated that if Jim Tillman
ever batted his eyes at him he would
fill him so full of lead that he could
not tote it off.
Mitchell testified further that he
had told Tillman of the conversation
at some time between the first and
Having got the threat in evidence
Col. Croft then asked that the entire
conversation be repeated. The state
objected again, but this time J udge
Gary ruled that in order to get a full
understanding of the case the entire
conversation should be admitted.
Mitchell then recited the entire con
versation, which was in substance as
On the cross-examination Mitchell
said that he was a contract painter
and that he had done work as a detec
tive for the Southern railway. Mr.
Bellinger cross-examined the witness
to bring out the idea that Mitchell did
not have a sufficient acquaintance
with deceased to become a confidant.
Mitchell admitted that he bad never
talked to the dead editor but that one
time. He further admitted that he
had met Ambrose Gonzales after the
killing and said that "I understand
that Colonel Tillman shot your brother
in the back, and if so I am done with
SOME MORE TESTDIONY.
A. J. Flowers, of Darlington, who
l'ved in Columbia for three years. was
the uext witness. He was a conductor
on a street car for about two years.
He quit the company January 1st. be
cause he could not stand work on ac
count of rh ism. During sum
m -,Gonzales was a passenger
on his car. Gonzales was riding on
the rear seat of the car and there were
three other men with Gonzales. Gon
zxles and the party got on the car at
Lady street and rode around to Wav
erly and back.
The party was discussing politics
and he heard Gonzales say to the other
three men that if he did not succeed
ia defeating Tillman he would never
take his seat, for he wculd kill him.
One of the gentlemen told Gonzales
that he should not talk that way.
On the cross-exam~ination be said
t'iat at the time of the shooting he
was sick in Darlington, and that some
time after he had written to Col. Till
man, who was then in jail, telling him
of the threat. The letter was pro
duced in court and offered as evidence
by the defense. On cross-examination
it was brought out that the witness
told several~ employes of the street
railway company that he knew noth
ing of the case. On the redirect Mr.
Nelson brought out the fact that he
had warned the witness not to talk
with street railway people with whom
he was formerly familiar, because the
officers of that company were opposed
to Tillman. He became interested
in Tillman because he was in his regi
P. W. Hughes, truck farmer of War
renville, S. C., who was formerly a
resident of Edgefield, was sworn. He
was a deputy for Jones for the killing
of the Pressleys he first met N. G.
Gonzales. In July, 1902, he came to
Columbia and met N. G. Gonzales on
Main street, near McMallan's drug
store. Several men were with him.
Mr. Stroude, one of the party, spoke
to Gonzales. Gonzales asked Stroude
about the mill vote. Stroude told him
that it was mixed up and that Tillman
was in the lead. Hughes then asked
Gonzales if he did not think he had
done Jim Tillmnan a great injustice.
Gonzales replied: "That the black
legged gambler will get justice after
the election and it ought to be lead."
On the cross he said he had not told
of the conversation until a few months
ago. Hughes admitted that he had a
fight about Alliance matters when he
lived at Words. -Another tIme Hughes
was presecuted for selling liquor in
THE AXENDE HONORABLE.
Court took a five-minute recess- at
this time and Mr. Nelson asked per
mission to make a statement. Hie said
that counsel for both sides had talked
to him durig the recess and convinced
him that he had been too hasty in
taking up Mr. Bellinger's remarks
earlier in the morning. Personally
he would do nothing to offend Mr. Bel
linger, and regretted he had spoken so
hastily during the colloquy about the
admission of the State's editorial in
Angus Blalock, a grocery man. in
Columbia. He was one of the Hughes
party when the converaation with
Gonzales is alleged to have occurred.
-Knew Gonzales by sight. Hie is a son
in law of Hughes. He substantiated
in detail the testimony of H ughes..
- V. B. Cheshire, a resident of Ander
son, was the next witness. He is a
printer by trade and is employed on
the Anderson Intelligencer. Knew
Tillman first as a member of the South
Carolina regiment. He was to testify
concerning a threat that came to him
through a Mr. Geer. traveling man of
the State, to the effect that Gonzales
was carrying a gun for Tillman. A
great argument was precipitated by
this witness. The jury was retired
during the discussion. The argument
continued until dinner time.
The afternoon session of the court
was itself quite snappy. It led off
with a tilt over the Cueshire testi
mony, and continued pretty well
throughout the afternoon. Not only
did the lawyers indulge in debates,
but the witnesses also took a hand ini
Tne most interesting tilt took place
while Henry Head, of Augusta. was
on the stand. Hie was telling how he
was in Columbia with Col. Tillman, as
his attorney, trying to secure the
pardon of Will Goodwin. Mr. Belling
ger was popping questions at him
thick and fast and was getting
answers in rapid fire order. Suddenly
Mr. Bellinger said:
"What were you doing in Culum
"I was there to see that Jim Till
man was attending to the business for
which I was paying my good money
-So you were watching Jim, were~
vou?" asked dir. Bellinger.
This question brought forth a
strong protest from the defence. Col.
Croft said it might be just as well for
the gentleman not to drop into the
vernacular of the State (newspaper) in
alluding to the defendant.
Right here there wasa lively debate
as to nanners,etiquette. courtesy and
kindred topics. It grew heated as it
progres'ed and finally judge Gary had
to interpose and order the case to pro
ceed. In a few minutes Head alluded
to the defendant as Jim, and Mr. Bel
linger called him down. "I apolo
gize," responded Mr. Head, to the
great amusement of the court.
Mr. Head also caused a burst of
laughter in the room by alluring to
General U. Y. Gunter as the man
they called "X-Ray, or something
The pace was too swift for the sick
juror and about 4 o'clock he began to
show signs of weakening. At 4:30
Judge Gary saw that he could not
stand it any longer and ordered an
adjournment until 9:30 Friday morn
Two or three times during the trial
Wednesday Sheriff Caughman, who
carried a bottle and spoon, gave Mr.
1 Sharpe a dose of nedicine.
After a lengthy argument by coun
sel extending beyond the dinner re
cess, the court ruled that the Cheshire
testimony was competent when the
witness made the statement before
The representative of the State re
ferred to, he said, was Mr. Geer, sub
scription solictor for the paper, and
said the conversation with Mr. Geer
occurred on a train between Newberry
and Anderson. The witness was in
Col. Tilliman's regiment, and on cross
examination said he paid particular
attention to the statement, as he
wanted to tell Mr. Tillman what was
said. He said when he told the defen
dant that he looked as if it hurt him,
and that he mane no reply.
The witness detailed the conversa
tion which led up to what he stated
was said by Mr. Geer, and which be
said began with an inquiry as to
whether the "soldier boy s" were go
ing to support Mr. Tillman.
Henry S. head, of Augusta, Ga..
said he was i:n Columbia one year ago
this month. and that be was around
with 'Mr. Tiibran, and that after
parting with him and while in com
pany with ii. B. Sims, a man whom
he did not know, but whom he was
subsequently told was N. G. Gonzales,
met them, and that Mr. Gonzales ask
ed him if he was the man who was
out riding with Mr. Tillman.
"I told him I was," witness said,
"He asked me where be was at. I
told him I left him standing at the
H. B. Sims, of Graniteville, gave
R. S. Anderson. of Edgefield, an
employe of the United States senate,
after stating that he was in Edge
field during the summer of 1902.
denied that he bad held any con
versation with Mr. Tillman in a livery
stable in Edgefield, in which the ex
pression "get at him" was used, or
that he had engaged in any coversa
tion/ with Mr. Tillman regarding
Mr. Gonzales as testified to in this
Jame Davis, the last witness called,
had but begun on bis testimony when
Judge Gary ordered an adjournment,
that the juror might not be overtax
When adjournment was had Wed
nesday, James Davis was on the stand.
He was put up to contradict axid'avits
made by Black, the Southern railway
employe who is in an Augusta hospi
tal. He denied that on the occasion
Black referred to Tillman showed al
pistol and said he intended to kill
Gonzales. He said Gonzales' name
was not mentioned at all.
When Mr. Bellinger took up the
cross-examination, the witness showed
a disposition to be "sassy," but Mr.
Bellinger plainly informed him that he
must be respectful, and if he was he
would be treated in the same way.
After that the witness was pleasanter
in his demeanor.
The cross-examination brought out
some confusion as to dates and as to
who was present when the alleged con
versation took place. Last week wit
ness Terrell testified to the same
thing as Black, but Davis could not
say whether either Terrell or Black
came into the railroad car while he
and Tillman were conversing; he knew
neither of them. --
The next witness was Mfr. Cole L.
Blease, and attorney for Tillman and
a resident of Newberry. He told what
o1mcial positions he bad held. He said
he was with Tijlman nearly every day
during the camnpaign of 1902. H~e pro
duced a memorandum book, which he
said showed where be had been each
day of the year. Referring to the
campaign meeting at Columbia, he
said he stopped at Wright's hotel as
the guest of Col. John T. Sloan. lie
recalled the night Dr. E. C. L.
A dams called at Tillman's room. Wit
ness said he was reading some of the
editorials in The State newspaper to
Tillmnan at the latter's reqluest. He
said it was done to put Tillman in a
position to reply to them in his
speech. Referring to Dr. Adam's
testimony, he confirmed the latter's
testimony to the effect that he would
accompany Tillman to the otlice of
He differed as to Tillmnan's reply.
He said that Tillman replied, to
Adama proposition: "'That won't do;
I'll be imipeaciied as lieutenant gov
ernor. isut boys, you need'nt worry.
If Gonzales attempts to carry out. his
threat. l'il snuti his life out with
this," Tiiiman showing a pistol. Wit
ness gave another version of Tiliman's
remark about the editorial. "3Iock
theatricals." Witness said Tillman
said: "If he (Gonzales) attempts tol
carry out. his threat, there will be the
God damnedest tragedy that ever
shocked South Carolina."
Witness said he knew Gon tales and
Tillmnan were unfriendly Hie heard
Goczales say once that he did niot
want to be in the same room with
IT wAS BLEASE's PISTOL.
Witness declared that he knew Till
man did not carry a pistol daring the
campaign. He knew he did not have
one at the Gaffney meeting, where
Tillman and DeCamp bad a row, lie
knew it because they roomed together
most of the time. He did not me an
to say that Tillman did not have a
pistol at some ti me.
the truth or falsity of the editorial in
reference to the Gaffney meeting and,
objection being made, the question
was ruled out.
i :ess, continuing, said that on
various occasions during the campaign
Tillman was advised to go to Colum
bia and settle the troubles between
himself and Gonzales. Tillman inva
riably replied that he could not afford
to have a difficulty and he would avoid
it if possible.
On cross- examination, witness said
that nothing Adams had said was
false. le admitted that when Till
man in his room in the hotel at Co
lumbia had replied to Adams, he:
reached into his valise and drew out
Mr. Bellinger asked whether that
did not show that Tillman did carry a
pistol during the campaign.
Mr. Blease said the pistol had been
put in the valise and when asked who
put it there. he declined to answer at
first on the constitutional ground that
a witness cannot be compelled to in
Finally he said that it was his pistol
and admitted that tihat was the pistol
to "snuff out Gonzales's light."
Witness said that personally he was
friendly with Gonzales, but politically
he was far apart from him, and the
witness added that he was a Demo
On re-direct examination, he said
that pistol was put in the valise be
cause it was expected that Gonz.les
would attack Tillman in the opera
house in Columbia on the night of the
campaign meeting He said he ex
pected it because he knew "some
things would be said there that
night" and he knew Mr. Gonzales was
a fighting man.
Mr. Blease then retired.
GoZALES IN THE SENATE.
Geo. W. Lybrand and R. F. Sox
were put on the stand to show that
City Auditor Allen benind the lattice
work of his office could not see a man
smiling across the street.
Mr. Allen had testified that he saw
Gonzales with a smile on his face while
the latter was across the street.
These men had visited the city
auditor's oftice- and said they could
not recognize a smile under the
Senator Douglass, of Union, said
he saw Gonzales the day before the
shooting standing at the reporters'
desk in the senate chamber. Till
man soon after vacated his chair and
Senator Sheppard occupied it. After
leaving the reporters' desk, Gonzales
went to one of the pillars of the gal
lery and looked over the senate. There
was no cross-examination.
Mrs. M. A. Evans, of Newberry,
mother of the Hon. Hub Evans, state
dispensary director, was the next wit
ness. She was in Columbia on Janu
ary 15, 1903. Going from the state
house down Main street she met Mr.
Gonzales not far from the city railway
transfer station. She noticed Gon
zales's demeanor and exprssion. The
latter was vindictive; there was
tragedy in it. She noticed these
things from what she had heard in
the lobby of the senate. That was
why his attitude and expression were
so closely observed. Mr. Gonzales had
his hands in his pockets and itlooked to
her as if there was more in his pocket
than his bands. She passed on much
agitated and when she heard the shot
she threw up her hands with an ex
clamation, which she was not per
mitted to repeat.
On cross-examination she said she
heard two well dressed gentlemen,
seemingly men of intelligence and
whom she believed to be members of
the legislature, make remarks which
agitated her in connection with this
homicide. She said she did not know
the gentlemen and had not seen them
It was not developed in the testimo
ny what the remark was that so agi
tated Mrs. Evans, because the rules
of evidence would not admit it.
IT WAS A BOTTLE.
Jesse Mahaffey, a member of the
legislature, was put up to show that
on theiday Dr. Lancaster said he saw
a pistol in Tillman's overcoat pocket
it really was the neck of a whiskey
bottle, and tie proceeded to say that
he knew it was a bottle. On cross
examination the court had a good deal
of fun Out of Mr. Mahaffey in ques
tions put to him as to his expertness
as to bottles. Amongst other things
which created much merriment, he
said he would rather be "shot" with
a bottle than with a pistol.
J. A. White, a door-keeper of a sen
ate committee room, was the next
witness and Colonel Croft brought out
is Confederate record as a preliminary.
He testified that one day when the
senate was in session, Senator Shep
pard presiding, a man came up to the
door of the senate and, coming back,
asked witness: "Where is Lieutenant
Governor Tillman?" lie added in an
abrupt way: "I mean your boss."
Witness replied he had no boss, and
the man went on to say that he sup
posed the lieutenant governor was
neglecting his duty as usual.
Witness did not know the man, but
Dick Hoizenback told him the man
was Gonzales. Gonzales also, had
said he bad made Tillman show the
white feather, and would do it again.
Witness told Tillmnan about it soon
after in the room of the president of
Oin cross-examination he said Till
man had appointed him to the posi
tion. lie had never seen Gonzales be
fore. After Gonzales left he never
saw him again. When Gonzales ad
dressed him it was on the morning of
January 14, 1902.
DESCRtIBED THE SHOOTING.
Richard IH. Holzenback was the
next witness. He testitied that he
was in Columbia during the session of
1903 for the purpose of getting a posi
tion. He stayed in Columbia from
the 12th to the 17th. He knew Gon
tales by sight for two years. lie said
that on January 14 Gonzales walked
up to the senate door and looked in.
Gonzales turned back and spoke to
captain White, and witness proceeded
to tell the same story as the previous
Witness told White who Conzales
was. Later on the same day witness
told Tillman of the conversation.
ilolzenback went on to tell that *he
was walking'behind Tillmnan ann Sen
~tors Brown and Talbird on the day
:f the homicide. He saw Gonzales
:oming up the street. lie could have
passed Tillman on the outsi ie of the
pavement without touching him.
Gonzales had hiis hands in his pockets
:.nd started across the pavement.
[lonzales shoved his right hand down
in his pocket, and witness expected
Lonzales to shoot. Tillman fired.
Hlolzenback went to work to illus
trate the various positions taken. ris
ing from the witness chair to illus
trate his testimony. H~e was very
adept and had all the movements of
the participants well studie-d out ap
parently. Mr. Bellinger objec-ted anld I
witness proceeded to give his testi
mony in the ordinary way.
On coss examination he said Gun
zales had said he would make Tillman
show the white feather again when he
met him. He said maybe Captain
White didn't hear that. Witness said
that he thought Gonzales was going
to kill Tillman, but he failed to warn
Tillman on the day of the homicide.
He said that after the shooting he
heard Tillman say, "I got your mes
sage." He denies that he was walk
ing with anybody and that just as
Tillman pulled his pistol witness and
his companion dropped back. He de
nied that he had made such a state
ment to several individuals. He de
nied that on the 11th of January,
1903, that he had said to certain in
dividuals that he didn't expect to get
a job in the legislature, but that he
was going to Columbia for something
better. He denied that be had ex
hibited two $5 bills in substantiation
of his statement. He did say, however,
if he did not get the legislature job he
would get another job.
THE DEFENCE CLOSED.
After Col. Tillmnan finished his
testimony on Friday which is pub
lished elsewhere, the defence, examin
ed two or three unimportant witnesses
and then announced that they had no
more witnesses to examine.
The State then introduced several
witnesses to impeach Holsenback's
testimony and others. Col. Tillman
in his testimony said he had not been
on good terms with Mr. Gonzales for
years. In contradition of this state
ment Mr. H. N. Edmunds, who was
at one time an editor on The State,
testified that he saw Col. Tillman in
Mr. Gonzales private office chatting
and laughing with hint after the close
of the Spanish war.
M. W. Clark, J. J. Williams, T. R.
Denny, Mack Toney, Dr. J. Huiett,
Louis Holmes, William Toney, and
others testified that they would not
believe ialsenback on his oath.
Saturday the State put up August
Fischer, chief of police of Orangeburg,
John B. Livingston, of Orangeburg,
E. W. Parker and C. B. Simmons,
real estate dealers of Columbia, all of
whom testified that they would not
believe T. D. Mitchell on oath. J. A.
Salley, of Orangeourg, who was sum
moned by the defence to prove
Mitchell's good character, when put
on the stand swore that he would not
believe Mitchell on path. H. G.
Heidt, of Columbia, swore he would
not believe Mitchell on oath. Several
of the witnesses testitied that Mitchell
had beat them out of house rent.
Heidt said that Mitchell would rather
move than pay rent.
The following testified as to Holzen
back's good character: Captain S. M.
Smith. P. B. Mayson, J. A. Lott,
John R. Heidson, J. W. Hardy, John
A. Hester and several others, all be
ing from Edgefield.
Susprintendent Wallace of the Co
lumbia city railway company declared
that he would not believe witness
Flowers on his oath. Flowers is the
man who said he heard Gonzales say
in a car that Tillman would never
take his seat as governor even if he
was elected because Gonzales would
Before the jury came into the court
Saturday morning Judge Gary said
that he was satisfied that he had
made a mistake in his ruling Friday,
when be did not permit Mr. Edmunds
to testify as to Gonzales's eyesight,
and the fact that it was absolutely
necessary for him to wear glasses in
order to see. He said he made this
statement so that the prosecution
might take advantage of it if it
choose and not be prejudiced by his
All the testimony is now in and the
argument by the lawyers on the two
sides commenced Monday morning.
DAMAGE SUIT DROPPED.
The Case Against Harris and Morgan
Will be Stopped.
The following item, clipped from
the- La Porte (Ind. Daily Herald of
Sept. 28th, will be of interest to the
readers of The Herald:
"Norman Boyeson, son of the late
Janie Stewart Boyesen, whose death
at Asheville. N. C., as a result of in
suts and indignities suffered at the
hands of a Dr. Morgan of Augusta,
Ga., and Landlord Harris- of the
White Stone Lithia Springs at Spar
tanburg, '. C., is still fresh in the
minds oF the people, is a guest of
John H. Wilk.
The annouumcement was authorized
Wednesday that all proceedings rela
tive to the sad affair would be dropped,
the sons of the deceased Indiana liter
ary woman and musician having no
desire to incur the notoriety that the
pushing of the cases against the land
lord and the doctor would occasion.
It will he recalled that Mrs. Boyesen
started a $50,000 damage suit in the
federal court at Charleston, S. C.,
shortly before her death, and of course
her passing away would necessitate
the filing of a new complaint, in
which the sons would be the plaintiffs,
but after consulting friiends and at
torneys it has been thought best to
drop the matter. They feel, as do
all who are conversant with the facts,
that there would be no trouble obtain
ing substantial damages from the
Southern landlord . and the Georgia
doctor but the gain would not, repay
them 'for the notoriety -and trouble
which they would have. They feel
also that their mother's name has been
fully vindicated through the newsp'
pers and by right minded people and
so the pushing of the damage suits
will not be necessary."
Mr. James T. Harris, proprietor of
the White Stone Springs Hotel, is
in the city. In speaking to a Herald
representative. Wednesday, he autho
rized the statement that not one of
the stolen articles of jewelry has been
Entire Crew Killed.
Three men were killed and an entire
crew injured by the explosion of the
boiler of a stave mill of the Standard
Oil Company ajt Crossville, Tenn.,
Thursday. Something got wrong with
the boiler and Fireman Polk was seek
ing to ascertain the .cause when the
boiler bust and he was instantly killed.
Walter Gilbert of Rising Pawn, Ga.,
a sawyer, was also killed and Foreman
Gooch of Waynesbory, K~y., died
Thursday morning as the result of a
fractured skull. A number of other
men were seriously in-jured, but will
Suicide in Bank.
At Massilion, 0., Albert M. Wet
ter, a prominent young business man,
proprietor of the Massillon Sand &
Stone Company, president of the
Massilon Steel Sand Company and a
director of the State Bank here, com
mitted suicide in his office at the
hank early Wednesday by shooting
himself through the herat. The body
was discovered by the janitress of the
buildirg a few minutes after the fatal
shot was fired. Intimate friends
know of no cause for the act. He was
onmariedn and lived with his parents.
DOES EDUCATION PAY?
Every Mother and Father Should
Read the Statistics Below.
The following article was published
in a recent number of the Southern
Cultivator. We hope every mother
and father will read it.
With all reasonable people, especial
ly those who have given the subject of
education any thought, the caption of
this article has long since ceased to be
a question. The fewest number of peo
ple there are who really believe, or
pretend to believe education does not
pay; and they are what are commonly
called cranks, (using the word in no
offensive sense, or slaves to prejudice
But while the intellectual assent,
that education does pay, is almost uni
versal, there is a large class of people
who, by their actions and. spirit of
indifference, manifest a decided lack
of faith in its utility. This is shown
in the small enrollment, and still
smaller attendance, in our schools. It
is shown in the general poor educa
tional facilities we are satisfied to give
our children. It is shown in the
stolid opposition to every step toward
improvement, especially if money is
required or any personal sacrifice de
manded. It is shown in a thousand
ways in a lack of sympathy and co
operation on the part of some patrons
towards those who are striving, even
against migbty odds, to better the edu
cational advantages of the children.
And this lack of interest, sad to re
late, is found almost wholly in the
rural districts. In the towns and
cities, where the .schools are largely
supported by local taxpayers, the work
is not so badly hampered. The peo
ple here are exempt frm a thousand
and one disadvantages that confront
people of the country, and their chil
dren attend school more regularly.
But these obstacles, apparently so
great, are by no means, impregnable.
If moved by an intense interest in the
cause; if inspired by an intelligent
comprehension of the true value of
education; and if drawn on by an
abiding and growing desire to have
their children properly prepared for
life, the people could and would easily
overcome these difficulties.
Bishop Caniler having been asked
if he thought education would benefit
a certain class of people, replied, "Yes
education will help an old hound dog."
Then, let us not despair, my country
men. Let us labor on. We give be
low a few statistics illustrating the
practical value of education:
According to an estimate made from
the latest census returns there are in
the United States 40,782,007 people
over twenty-one years old. These are
divided educationally about as follows:
Class 1. Without school training,
Class 2. With-only common school
Class 3. With common and high
school training, 2,165,357.
Class 4. With college or higher
education added, 1,091,201.
Who's Who in America gives a list
of 8,000 persons now living in the
United. States who have become
famous for some work of importance
to the people of the country at large
or of some considerable portion of it;
and an effort has been made to de
mine how many of these 8,000 dis
tinguished citizens belong to each of
The 4,682,498 of class 1 furnish 31.
The 32,862,591 of class 2 furnish
The 2,155,357 of class 3 furnish
The 1,371,201 of class 4 furnish
It thus appears:
1st. That an uneducated child
has one chance in 150.000 of attaining
distinction as a factor in the progress
of the age.
2nd. That a common school educa
tion will increase his chances nearly 4
3d. That a high school training
will increase the chances of the com
mon school boy 23 times, giving hiin
87 times the chance of the uneducated.
4th. That a college. education in
creases the chances of the high school
boy Dine times, giving him 219 times
the chances of the common school boy
and more than 800 times the chance
of the untrained.
It is a surprising fact that of 7,852
"notables" thus gathered together
4,810 proved to be full graduates of
colleges? M. B. DENNIs.
The Trusts Playing Ont.
The trusts went up like rockets.
They are coming down like rocket
sticks. The latest one to hit the
ground is the salt trust, which start
ed out with an alleged capital $12,
300,000, and has landed on the earth
with $37,500. There are more in the
ir headed the same way. It is stated
tat since January 1 of this year
forty-sour New Jersey trusts have
been placed in the hands of receivers
whose aggregate "authorized" capital
was $80,340,000, which managed to
et trusted by some body to the ex
ent of 817,572,333,51, for the pay
ent of which they are "estimated"
o hav.e assets or $1,564,684,28. That
is j ust anout enough to pay the re
eivers and lawyers for laying out the
orpses and burying them decently.
ncidentally, New Jerseyls trust boom
as collapsed with the trusts which it
promoted, the filling fees are rapidly
winding, and the inhabitants of
tat thrifty state are confronted with
he prospect of being once more com
pelled to pay taxes for the support of
heir own state government.
THREE of the Van Wormer broth
rs, who murdered their uncle, were
lectrocuted in the prison at Danne
oro, N. Y., Thursday. They were
no ordinary criminals, yet the crime
for which they paid the penalty was
ne of the most dastardly in the court
nnals of the State. It is rather grue
sme to think of a family being wip
d out in one day by the law. although
the Governor, knowing the evidence
as forced to decline the pitiable
plea sent forth in behalf of the prison
CoL. Leonidas Williams Sprat~t diedI
ecently in Jacksonville in the 82th
ear of his age. lie was the last sur
iving Charleston delegate to the se
ession convention and amoung the
last surviving six to sign the declara
tion of secession. Through the
olumns of The Southern Standard,
f which he assumed editorial charge
n 1S53, he strongly advocated seces
sion of the South, and was sent to
lorida to persuade that State to cast
its lot with South Carolina. He was a
first cousin of President James K.
A CRUEL MOTHER.
A Girl Chained to the Floor for Six
Chained to the floor of a room in
her ho:ne, within thirty miles of New
York city, a young woman has lived
a captive of her own mother for six
long weary years. During all that
time she has but once been beyond
the contines of that one little 'roomf
that serves as her prison, and that
was one day four years ago when she
made her escape for a few hours. The
girl's liberty is limited to the length
of a clanking chain, and that meas
ures just two and one half feet from
the point where it is padlocked around
her body to the end that is fastened
to the floor with heavy iron staples.
In all the years of her captivity she
has seen nothing of the world beyond
the little glimpses that may be bad
from two very small windows of her
From dawn to dark she sits on a
stout oaken chair. For six years she
has had no other, and the thick wood
en legs tell a pathetic story of the
captive's longing for liberty, for they
bave been worn down to stubby points
by being pushed back and forth over
the fluor. The girl's mother says that
probably two inches had been worn
off those chair legs in the last six
years. Within a radius of that two
and a half feet of chair the floor of
the room is deeply furrowed by the
legs of the oaken chair. The floor
itself is of heavy oak planks, and yet
these furrows are no less than a quar
ter of an inch in depth, cut in there
by the thousands of journeys taken in
that chair from the wall to the limit
of the chain.
The captive woman is Margaret
Ryan, and her mother is Anna Ryan.
Their home is a little frame house on
a steep hillside, just north of Crofton
Lake, where the family has lived al
most from the time they came to this
country from Ireland, more than
thirty years ago. Margaret is now 30
years old, but captivity has dealt un
kindly with her and she might easily
be taken for twice that age. About
seven years ago she displayed symp
toms of mild insanity. Her father,
John Ryan, a contractor in Westches
ter County, had died several years be
for-, leaving the little farm and some
money to the widow and daughter.
After his death the two lived in the
little cottage at the mouth of "Dis
For the first year after the girl's
mind became affected she gave her
mother no trouble, but finaliy she got
into the habit of running away from
home. It was then that the chain
was brought into use. Mrs. Ryan
had it forged at a smithy near by. and
bought a big padlock with which to
fasten it to the girl's body. Chain
and lock together weigh nearly - twen
ty pounds. One end of the chain was
securely fastened to the oak floor, just
where it meets the wall. Around the
gir's waist the mother put a heavy
piece of leather with an iron ring in
the middle, and to this the other end
of the chain was locked.
Only a few days ago the neighbors
were alarmed by the loud cries oi
"Murder!" coming from the Ryan
home. The screams could be heard
for a mile around in the Crofton val
ley, but no one dared to go to see what
was wrong. Mrs. Ryan explained that
the trouble had been caused by the
girl making a desperate attempt to
escape, "I was trying the lock to
see if it was all right," said Mrs.
Ryan. "Margaret spied the key in
my hand and grabbed for it I strug
gled with her and it was all I could
do to keep her from wresting it from
I punished her for that, and it caus
ed her to scream and cry "Murder"'
so that the neighbors heard her. I
used the gag on her till she promised
not to try that trick again." For
everal years the neighbo.rs have been
talking about taking some step to
put the girl in a public institution,
but no one has had the courage to
take the initi'ative. So if no one in
terferes, Margaret Ryan may spend
the rest of her days within the limits
of the chain that holds her to the
foor of that room in the "Disirnl
Advertising In the Church.
The wide-awake Methodist, and
progressive Presbyterians of Wiscon
sin, have reached the conclusion, as
the Chicago Record Herald expresses
lt, that "Christianity must go into
the advertising business or it will
This is probably an excited and ex
travagant way of stating the fact
that publicity is one of the agencies'
which might be used by the Church
or Meetinghouse to good advantage.
Presiding Elder John, of the Oshkosh
District, declared at a Methodist Con
ference in Green Bay the other day,
that "the Methodist Church must
adopt new Methods for attracting
people or conversions would cease,"
and Dr. Sanderson, a Pressbyterian
minister, has offered "a prize for the
best plan suggested for advertising
In commenting on the above The
News and Courier hits the nail square
on the head when it says "there is
probably sormething in this view of
the matter, -but we doubt that the
ministers who spoke upon the subject
fully -uppreciated wbat they were
talking about. It is proper and neces
sary, we should think, for churches in
large cummunities to advertise the
regular church services in the local
newspapers, but the public would not
have much contidence in the sort of
Christianity which would go into the!
"advertising busin~ess" as a means of
convrting people to 5. religious life.
There ought to be no bargain counteri
methods in the Church, and we
should not have much faith in ai
Church which would seek the con- I
version of sinners in job lots, or in
any effort that Methodist presiding
elders and Presbyterian mm'risters
might make to do business by mark
ing down the price of salvation. The
sort of advertising that the churches;
need is not the methods employed by 1
progressive mercantile establish ments
but the advertising which would
come to them by sincere etforts to up- ,
lift humanity. What the ministersi
ought to do is to make their work in I
the pulpit and in the pastorate more
nearly approach the needs of the
people they are trying to serve. Sen
sational sermons rarely do any per-I
manent good. The idea of merchand
isingr the pulpit is a very bad ida.|
George W. Beaverx. For Many Years
In Uncle Sam's Employ.
George W. Beavers, ex-chief of the
salaries and allowances division of the
post office department, who resigned
bis position soon after the investiga
tion into the alleged postal frauds be
gan, and was indicted later, probably
GEORGE W. BEAVERS.
distributed more money during his
many years of service than any other
man in the employ of Uncle Sam.
As chief of the bureau of salaries and
allowances Mr. Beavers had control of
the salaries of all the postal employees
in the United States except the letter
carriers and railway mail clerks. Sal
aries of postmasters are fixed by law,
but Mr. Beavers exercised large dis
cretionary powers. and it is estimated
that he had control annually of $25,
Mr. Beavers had been twenty-four
years in the postal department, eleven
of them as post office inspector. When
he was allowed to resign 3,046 promo
tions, which he had recently made,
HARGIS OF KENTUCKY.
Judge Who I. Said to Be Leader of
Breathitt County Feudists.
Judge James Hargis, alleged leader
of the party of feudists of whom two
are said to be responsible for the
murder of Attorney James B. Marcum
of Breathitt county, Ky., wields a
political power second to no man in
Judge Hargis, it is alleged, owes his
power to his great skill as an organizer
and to the judicious use of wealth.
Only a little over forty, he is a Crce
.UDGE JAMEs HABGIS.
sus, judged by the standards of
Breathitt county, where the $150,000
that he has accumulated is equivalent
to twenty times that amount almost
Hargis is said to be anxious to save
Curtis Jett at his second trial for the
alleged murder of Marcum.
A HEAVENLY WANDERER.
How to Find Borelli's Two Tailed
Comet In the sky.
Quite the most important stellar at
traction seen In recent years is Borel
l's twin tailed comet, which Is speed
ing through space at the rate of tiwg
ty-five miles a second and Is about
26,000,000 miles from the earth. There
is no danger, however, that the earth
will meet it, because the comet Is
traveling away- from the earth.
Through a telescope, and evren by
the aid of strong field glasses, the ob
server can discover the two tails or,
rather, the forked tail of the comet
To find it one should follow the two
RoELtI'S COMET AYD ITS LOCATION IN
"pointer" stars in the Great Dipper In
a line northward to the north star.
he Borelli comet is ia the constellation
Draco. about half way between the
bowl of the Little Dipper and the han
de of the Great Dipper. The comet
will remain In sight until about Aug.
21. It was <liscovered by Borelli of
MarseIlles on June 21.
Che plain, simple old way is the best
va-certainly it could not be im
yroved by bargain counter rushes on
-en aiin occasions when the machinery
:1 s tivation is supposed to be doing
ts best work."
Mu. M. V. Richards, land and indus
rial agent of' the Southern railway,
vrires to the editor of The Charles
nrn Ecening Post that a number of
Sort hern people are conferring with
he Southern railway oflicials with re
ard to locating canning factories
r preserving works at or near Charles
on. This is very welcome news and
t is to be hoped that something
naterial will develop from the negotia
A PoSTM1ASTER of a small office in
.labama offered Postmaster General
ayne $50 if he would appoint him
ostmaster in a better town and as a
esult the man has been arrested for
ri bery and will face Uncle Sam's
FIFTEENt hundred republican orators
ave been invited to take part in the
)hio campaign. Senator Ilanna seems
o feel that reinforcements are nec
sscr to defeat Tom Johnson.
THE OFFICIAL FIGURES
)f the Great But indecisive Battle
Our esteemed contemporary in its
ocal department has printed a story
hat rivals Baron Munchausen in its
narveilous picture of the battle of
harpsburg, Md., on the 17th of Sep
ember, 1862. The reporter has in
erviewed a Confederate veteran who
nade a remark about the 41st anni
ersary of this battle taking place
ast week, and the veteran is quoted
is giving some interesting facs,
among other things stating that after
Ghis battle at Sharpsburg "there were
50,000 dead on the tield, the Confeder
te loss being 26,000 and the Union
This is an extraordinary statement
to come from a Confederate veteran,
f he was on the field of Sharpsburg,
and a charitable view is that. the re
porter misunderstood the figures,
which is not at all unlikely. The of
cial figures record the losses in both
armies as follows:
The Federal army had 2,108 killed;
),459 wounded; 753 captured, making
. total of 12,410.
In the entire Maryland campaign
Prom Sept. 12 to Sept. 20, inclusive,
Che Confederates lost 1,886 killed;
,348 wounded; 1,367 captured; mak
ng a total of 12,601. This loss was
incurred at Harper's Ferry, Cramp
ion's Gap, South Mountain, Sharps
burg and Shepherdstown, five distinct
tnd separate engagements.
The entire force of Gen. Lee did
not reach 40,000 on the field of Sharps
burg, even after the remainder of
Tackson's corps arrived from Harper's
Perry in the afternoon. Gen. Mc
lellan's army was estimated at 100,- -
D00 effective men, and Gen. Lee- in
reviewing the campaign Oct. 2,-1862,
while the troops were lying around
Winchester, Va., wrote as follows in
General Order No. 116: "On the field
)f Sharpsburg, with less than one
third his numbers, you resisted from
laylight until dark the whole army of
the enemy, and repulsed every attack
along his entire front of more than
four miles in extent."
The News quotes the veteran as
saying: "Both sides thought that
they were defeated and the Federals
began to withdraw." In J. D. Mc
Cabe's "Life of Gen. Lee" the follow
ing appears: "During the 18th the.
Confederate army occupied the posi
ion held on the previous day, except
in the centre, where the line was
drawn fin about two hundred yards.
Although not strong enough' to as
sume the offensive, Gen. Lee regarded
his ability to repel another attack as
certain, and held his lines during the
day without apprehension."
Edward A. Pollard's "Life and
Times of Lee" has the following:
"Gen. Lee always claimed Sharpsburg
as a victory. His force on that fieled,
all told, including the divisions which
came up in the evening, was less than %
40,000 men, and with these numbers
he had inflicted a loss upon the enemy
of 12,500 and had gained some ground."
The-Federals have always called.
this battle Antietam, from the fact
that this little stream divided the
two armies. Gen. Lee on arriving
there from South Mountain took posi
tion on a range of low hills near ~the
creek and in front of the little town
of Sharpsburg, which was almost 'in
the centre of his line, and which gave
the Confederate name to the battle
that ensued two days after his ar
It may be very well to remark in
this connection that the heaviest loss
in any battle was at Gettysburg,
where the Federals had 3,070 killed,
14,497 wounded, 5,434 captured, mak-,
ing a total of 23,001. The Confeder
tes had 2,592 kille~d, 12,706 wounded,
5,150 captured, making a total of 20,
148. The combined losses at Gettys-.
burg in killed, wounded and captured
were 43,449, and the battle lasted
three days.--Greenville Montaineer.
CROP VEEY SHORT.
Bo Top Crop on Upland Cotton, BaC
'Lint is Being Saved.
Section director Bauer Moday is
sued the last crop report of the season,,
The week ending 8 a. in., Monday,
October 5th, had a mean temperatures
f 69 degrees, which is practically nor
mnal. The sunsbine was greatly above
normal, with but little cloudiness.
The #inds were generally light east
There were very light, scattered
showers on Friday, in the central
sounties. Otherwise the week was:
without rain. Rain would be of great.
benefit to peas, potatoes, gardens, pas
tures, truck, and for preparing lands
for fall seeding. This work is practi
ally suspended owing to the dryness.
af the soil.
Early corn is about gathered; late
orn is fully ripe; the latter is a poor
Cotton opened freely generally, with;
reports of premature-opening in the
western counties, particularly in fields.
sfected by rust. ~he weather was-so
avorabe, that picking kept up with.
the opening. In the eastern counties.
three-fourths, or more, of the crop
bas been gathered, while in the west
arn ones less than one-fourth has been
picked, making the average of the
state about half the crop. Without.
xception, correspondents report the
rop a short one, and that the pros
pective yeilds will be less than last,
year, but the lint is being saved in
excellent condition. There will be no
top crop on upland cotton, but a small
top crop is indicated on sea island.
A few correspondents state that rain
would benetit late cotton by checking
premature opening of half grown
olls, but thie majority-state that sub- -
sequent weather conditions will not.
iffect the quantity of the crop. An
arly killing frost would reduce the
idicated yield in the central and
western counties owning to the late
-less of the crop in those sections.
A bout all early rice has been bar
rested in fine condition, and late rice
ripe. The rivers and tides are more
~avorable in C2olleton county, and no.
onger interfere with rice harvest.
M'uch hay was cured in the best con
lition possible. Sweet potatoes are
promising. Truck, gardens and minor
rops are suffering from drought.
Peas are not fruiting well.
Increased Death Rate.
An increase in the death rate of the
rmy from 13.96 a thousand in 1901
t 15.49 a thousand in 1902 is shown
n the annual report of Surgeon
;eneral O'Riley for the fiscal year
~oding June 30. The increase is at
~ributed to cholera, which caused
.94 deaths a thousand. The report
om mends the freedom from miscon
luct among the insular scouts. The
~pread of vice in the white troops is
lue to the loss of the canteens. The
white troops suffered less than the
,agroes and Filipino