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'VOL. xvii. MANNLNG, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVE-MBE 810.N.
Earnest Men Attend the Tmmigratim
Convention in Cohimbia.
THE PLAN OF WORK ADOPTED
There Were Delegations from Nearli
Half of the Counties in the
State at the Meeting
The Columbia State says patrioti<
men of Suuth Carolina organized it
that city last Tuesday week what it
time may be one of thegreat agencies
for making the State as great com
mercially and agriculturally as it i;
in its manufacturing interests. This
object they hope to accomplish
through immigration, the engrafting
upon the citizenship of this State 01
sturdy settlers from the old country
who will populate the agricultural
section now being deprived of its citi
zens in order to give them employ
ment in the cotton mills.
MANY COUNTIES RERESENTED.
There were present representatives
from 18 counties when the delegates
assembled in the hall of the house of
representatives. Col. Knox Living
ston, of Bennettsville, was called to
the chair and Col. E. J. Wats)n was
made secretary. A committee on
nominations proposed the following
list of oficers which was adopted by
President-A. J. Matheson of Ben
Secretary-E. 3. Watson of Colum
Vice presidents from the congres
sional districts in the order named:
J. E. Tindal of Clarendon, T. S. Wil
liams of Aiken, Fred G. Brown of An
derson, J. T. Douglass of Union, Le
roy Springs of Lancaster, Dr. J. H.
David of Dillon, F. H. Hyatt of Co
The attendance was gratifying and
the personal interest of the delegates
inspires the belief that the meeting
together will not be In vain; that
there is a lofty purpose and that the
representative men who were present
will do what they can to bring to
South Carolina settlers who in the
years to come will become a part of
the State's best citizenship.
The original purpose was to discuss
the plan proposed by Mr. A. J. Mathe
son- of Bennettsville, who had sug
gested in a letter to The State that
an agent from South Carolina could
find in Scotland sturdy folk of thrifty
habits who would give new life to the
farm work wherever they might be
colonized if brought to South Carolina.
Mr. Matheson's idea was not acted
upon,.but all such concrete matters
were left to the general committee
which was appointed.
A com'mittee on resolutions was
then appointed and the convention
receded from business until 2 o'clock.
When the committee reported, there
was some confusion. Many of the
delegates wanted to digest the report,
but the Charleston delegation-want
ing to leave the city at 4.30-carried
its point and the convention remained
in session taking up the report para
graph by paragraph until it was dis
posed of. The feature of the day was
the strong and statesman-ilke speech
of Col Jno. P. Thomas. Col. Thomas
has been deeply interested and was
present as a delegate from Charleston.
When the report was presented he ex
pressed his disapproval because of its
A FATRIOTIC sPEECH.
The meeting was called for a high
purpose and that purpose had been
last sight of in the report. Be want
ed the document amended so that Mr.
Matheson's proposition would be
taken up in concrete form. Col.
Thomas then discussed the philoso
phy of this movement. As he spoke
a number of young men became deep
ly interested, for he brought to their
attention racial and economic ques
tions which they had regarded as but
secondary. 0ol. Thomas told of the
immigration in 1870 with Gen. John
son Hagood as the moving spirit. It
had been inaugurated by a prostrate
State. The movement now on foot
has a bright future. He thought the
matter deserving of more deliteration
and very careful thobght.
A number of others agreed with
Col. Thomas, but 0o1. Gadsden de
clared that all that is necessary at
this time is to organize, and then the
details can be worked out by the com
mittee. The convention then pro
ceeded to adopt the resolutions para
graph by paragraph. When the mat
ter of having a representative at St.
Louis was reached Mr. McMahan of
fered opposition. He preferred to
send a man to Scotland. The tide of
immigration cannot be turned back
from the west, but we should catch it
before the tide comes in. Mr. E. J.
Watson disagreed with Mr. McMahan.
It has been shown by 'Mississippi val
ley States that immigrants can be
brought this way from the west.
At this point Mr. J. C. Hemphill,
editor of The News and Courier, pre
sented Mr. M. V. Richards, land and
industrial agent of the Southern and
a delegate through the courtesy
of the Columbia Chamber of Com
merce. Mr. Richards spoke earnestly
in favor of having a man at St. Louis.
The best returns will come from the
/northwest. A great many people
there are dissatisfied. The effort is
being made to bring them to the
south and is succeeding.
The Southern railway has colonized
600 families from the northwest or
one branch of the Southere in Vir
ginia and every now and then this
colony brings in a good family from
the old country. It is better to bring
from the west dissatisfied people wh(
will learn to love the south than tc
bring in raw emigrants who have
never learned our tongue. This was
the only point in the resolutions whict
occasioned debate and the paper was
then adopted, first by paragraphs anc
then as a whole. Following is the
report of the committee:
Resolved, That this convention rec
commend the establishment by thE
State of a department of immigratiot
which shall have charge of all matter:
pertaining to securing immigrants anc
placing them throughout the State.
nesolved 2, That it is the duty oj
the general assembIly o this State to
make ample provision for and give
liberal support to said depart ment of
imm irat ion.
Lesolved 3. That in furtherance of
the objects of this movement we urge
the appointment of a special agent of
the State to properly present the re
sources and inducements we- have to
offer to immigrants to be stationed at
St. Louis and remain there during the
whole term of the exposition.
Resolved 4, That in order further to
acccmplish the purpose for which we
are assembled a committee be elected,
to be designated as the "South Caroli
na Immigration Executive commit
tee," consisting of one frorn each coun
ty and each commercial body, of which
the president of this convention shall
be chairman, and have power to ap
First-To prepare a constitution for
the South Carolina Immigrat ion asso
ciation, and each county organization.
Second--To prepare in suitable form
all information relative to the re
sources, etc., of the State.
Third-To elect a general agent up
on whom shall devolve all the duties
appertaining to an immirration agent.
Fourth-To devise a plan by which
to raise the funds necessary to defray
the expenses necessarily incurred.
Fifth-To prepare and submit to the
general assembly such legislation as
may be proper to carry into efrect the
purposes of this convent ion.
Resolved 5, That in order to get the
work launched at once this convention
calls upon the different counties, mu
nicipalities and commercial and agri
cultural organizations in this State to
send subscriptions to the committee,
thus enabling said committee to meet
the expenses of the inauguration of
the movement and of the preparation
of such advertising matter as may be
"MXATHESON'S PLAN" ENDORSED.
Col. Thomas then offered a resolu
tion endorsing the Matheson plan.
This was adopted.
Mr. McMahan offered a resolution
to the Affect that the representatives
in congress be asked to secure a modi
fication of the United States statutes
which prohibit the prepayment of the
transportation oftimmigrants under
contract to work and prohibit the as
sistance or encouragement of such im
The original resolution wanted the
act "repealed," but after some debate
the word "modified" was substituted
and the resolution was adopted.
The delegations present suggested
the names of the members of the gen
eral committee and the president. Mr.
Matheson' was authorized to select
representative and interested members
in the counties not represented yester
day. The following compose the com
A. J. Matheson, Marlboro, chair
man; C. C. Langston, Anderson; E. S.
Addison, Greenwood; Hon. T. H.
Rainsford, Edgefield; Senator J. T.
Douglass, Union county; Mayor Mac
beth Young, city of Union; E. J.
Watson, Columbia; John Scott, New
berry: J. E. Tindal, Clarendon, J. C.
Hemphill and Mr. Hastie of Charles
ton; R. M. McCown, Florence; Bright
Williamson, Darlington; Dr. J. B.
David, Dillon; A. B. Watson, Saluda
county; J. Win. Mitchell, Batesburg;
Knox Livi-gston, Marlboro; J. Y.
Garlington, Laurens, who is the pres
ident of the chamber of commerce and
had sent a telegram of encouragement;
W. B. Moore, Yorkville; Pat. Mat
thew, Georgetown; T. H. Ketchin,
Fairfield, and E. W. Dabbs, Sumter.
These men are well known in South
Carolina and their enthusiasm will
carry the movement to success.
All of the State officers were invit
ed to seats on the floor and a commit
tee was sent down to invite Gov. Hey
ward to participate. When the gover
nor entered the hall he was called up
on for a word of encouragement and
this he gave earnestly. So the con
vention is assured of his cooperntion
in the matter of asking for legisla
Gov. Heyward said there is one
thing certain, the future of South
Carolina is assured when upon such an
occasion as this men will leave their
work and come together and seek to
find ways to build up the State. This
has been an agricultural State. Just
recently it has become a great manu
facturing State and white labor has
been taken from the farms. He gave
his hearty endorsement to Mr. Mathe
son's suggestions and advocated the
establishment of a bureau of immi
gration. His office is flooded with let
ters asking for information, and he
could do nothing in answering them
but for the assistance of Mr. E. J.
Watson of the Columbia Chamber of
Commerce. "I want to see you suc
ceed," he said, "and while in the of
ice of governor if there is anything 1
can do to help in this unselfish work
you will have my hearty cooperation."
The meeting adjourned without any
addresses or regular speech-making,
one of the most remarkable gather
ings in the history of the State. The
presiding otlicer is a man of work not
of words and the meeting yesterday
set the machinery in motion. The
talking will come hereafter. The
delegates present were:
The counties represented in the con
vention and the delegations present
were as follows:
Anderson-A. M. Carpenter, C. C.
Langston, Rev. H. Rt. Murchison,
from the chamber of commerce.
Charleston Chamber of Commerce
W. S. Hastie, J. P. Thomas, HI. R.
Jackson, F. Q. O'Neill. 0. E. Johnson.
Charleston Commercial Club--J. C.
Hemphill, C. S. Gadsden, H. A. Ma
loney. James Cosgrove. Clarence Cun
Clarendon-Rev. R. A. Sublett, J.
. Tindall, Rt. J. Alderman, W. D.
Columbia-Rt. W. Shand, A. C.
Phelps, T. H. Wannamaaker, J1. .J. Mc
Mahan, E. W. Roberts;on, C. W. Mc
Creery, F. H. Hyatt, E. K. Palmer,
T. H. Gibbes, August Kohn, WV. M.
Shannon, D. Cardwell, E. B. Taylor,
J. A. Hoyt, Jr., J. P. Matthews, WV.
W. Lumpkin, A. M. Richardson, W.
A. Clark, E. J. Watson.
Darlington-J. E. Miller, T. J.
Drew and J. N. Parrott.
Edgefield-T. HI. Rainsford.
Fairfield-Rev. S. C. Byrd, T. II.
Ketchin, W. J. Johnson.
Florence-R. M. McCown.
Greenwood-E. S. Addlison.
-Lexington-J. Wm. Mitchell.
Marmo-J n. naedn for Marion:
and Dr. J. H. David and A. B. Gor
dan for Dillon.
Marlboro-A. J. Matheson, Charles
Crossland and Knox Livingston.
Saluda-A. B. Watson.
Sumter-E. W. Dabb, R. F. Hay
nesworth, R. I. Manning.
Union, City and County-Macbeth
Young, R. L. McNally, V. E. DePass,
B. F. Townsend, J. T. Douglass, R.
SERVED HIM RIGHT.
A Young Lady Leads a Masher to the
When a "masher" wants to see you
home you should, not treating him
with dainty and disdain, accept his
attentions. Then, instead of guiding
him to your abode, steer him to the
nearest police station. This is the
theory and practice of Miss Lizzie
Burgess, of No. 624 Foster street,
"Even flirt with him," she says.
Miss Burgess had a chance to put
her theory into practice with the re
sult that Charles Scott, who is said
to have attempted to flirt with her,
occupies a cell in the Evanston police
Miss. Burgess bad been visiting
friends and was walking home. A man
followed her. She gave no heed to the
man's remarks until she reached Sher
man avenue and Emerson street,
about two blocks from her home.
She waited until the "masher reach
"May I see you home?" asked the
"Certainly," said Miss. Burgess
sweetly, but instead of going north on
Sherman avenue toward her home,
she started south with the Evanston
police station as her destination.
The man waited outside while Miss.
Burgess entered the police station to
"see a friend."
There is a "masher' outside whom I
wish you would take care of," she
told Sergeant Waldron.
The policeman accompanied the
young woman outside and she intro
duced him to her escort. He took the
"masher" inside and placed him in a
THE RACE PROBLEM.
Bishop Balsey Wants Territory Set
Aside for Colored People.
Bishop Lucien Halsey, colored, of
the African Methodist Zion Church,
shocked some of the delegates to the
conference in session in Washington,
to consider the race problem in the
United States, by advocating the na
tional Government setting aside one
or more States for the exclusive resi
dence of the negro race.
A storm of protests followed the
reading of the paper. Several speak
ers declared it would mean a restric
tion f the rights of the colored man
which would forever prevent his eleva
tion. The paper was read at the
opening meeting in the Lincoln Tem
ple Congregational Churcn.
"The two races," said Bishop Hal
sey, "have never lived in harmony in
the southland, and I am of the opin
ion that it is impossible for them to
do so. We are told the South is a
white man's country, but if it is, that
race has shirked its responsibiiity in
caring for the negroes. The labor of
the South today is done by about half
colored men and half white laborers.
The colored labor has proven to be
the most expensive that was ever em
He went on- to say that the white
men were crowding the negro out of
employment in the -South, and that
the negro was going to the North and
West. He proceeded to speak of the
evil of the mixing of the white and
colored blood, delaring that it was
harmful to both races. An adjourn
ment was taken after the discussion,
but it 1s believed the Committee on
Resolutions will consider the paper,
and probably bring in a report on the
Your Opportunity To Do Good.
The Thornwell Orphanage is locat
ed in Clinton, South Carolina. It is
the property of the whole Southern
Presbyterian Church. It cared last
year for 216 orphans, with 28 teachers
and otlicers in charge. Of the ur
phans, 112 were from South Carolina,
46 from Georgia, 15 from Florida.
Every Southern State was represented.
And some, Northern. The support
of this family and their education
was provided altogether from volun
tary d.mnations. They do their best
toward self help. They cook their
own food, make their own clothing
and shoes, raise all the milk, butter
and vegetables used, and dispense
with all servants. They are worthy.
They are your own little brothers and
sisters. Thanksgiving day is coming.
Show your thankfulness by sending a
gift of money or provision to the foun
der and head of the Institution, Rev.
Win. P. Jacobs, Clinton, South Car
olina. Here is your opportunity to do
A Family Row.
A dispatch to The Sate says in a
ight near Mountville, Laurens
county, Wednesday Bob Pitts was
three times shot by J. Q. Williams,
his brother-in-law, and Williams'
throat was cut with a razor. Both
men are white farmers. It is said
that Pitts was drunk and beating his
wife. Williams' sister. Williams re
monstrated and Pitts slashed his neck.
Williams drew his pistol and fired,
the first ball striking Pitts near the
eye and ranging into the throat. The
second struck him in the right breast,
where it lodged, and the third, tired
as Williams was falling, struck him in
the arm. Pitts is expected to die. Wil
liams will recover. It is said that
Pitts' wife was considerably bruised.
A Good Suggestion.
The following from the Newberry
Observer is worthy of consideration by
the farmers and merchants: "Numer
ous suggestions have been made to
and by farmers relative to buying
fertilizers. It is to their interests to
get them as cheap as possible, but no
matter what the price may be it ought
to be so arranged that farmers will
-not have to pay for them 'before the
irst of .January. There are too many
claims against the farmer already fall
ing due early in the fall and compell
ingr him to rush his otton to market
ENDS HER LIFE
Because Her Shabby Clothing Had
Been Commented On
FALLS POISONED TO THE FLOOR
Extremely Pitifal Fate of a Young
Girl in New York Toiling
to Support an Aged
A girl killed herself Wednesday in
a big office in the big Constable build
ing, in New York, before the eyes of
dozens of other girls employed there
as stenographers like herself, before
the clerks and the managers.
Tenderly nurtured as a child in a
comfortable, happy home, when pret
ty, sentive Charlotte Thomas grew to
girlhood this home was swept away.
Her dead father's estate left a legal
tangle that when unravelled found
the family in possession of only a few
There were three brothers in the
family, but these had families, and
seemed able to do no more than take
care of themselves, so in a tiny 11at in
the Bronx, with her sorrowing, white
haired mother, the girl lived. The
girl doubtless meant to be very brave
and to go out in the workaday world
and make her way. But the world
was rude, hard and little interested
in her. It wounded and jostled her.
It was so cruelly different from the
softness of the home surroundings that
she had known.
On the eighth floor of the Constable
building are the offices of S. Anary
gros, cigarette manufacturer. There
are twenty or more girls employed
there. Most of them are said to have
comfortable homes and their salaries
to be only so much pinmoney to them
money to be expended in the purchase
of fashionable clothing and pretty
bits of adornment, dear to the hearts
of young women. The group is chic,
and every member of it quite pretty.
WAS OF GENTLE BIRTH.
Little Miss Thomas, who went to
work there four weeks ago, was pret
ty, too. She had the black eyes of the
South. The family come from
Georgia, and several of her ancestors
bore honored names in the history of
the Confederacy. The family had an
unfortunate business venture in which
the little money that had been left
by the father was swept away. Judge
Kellogg, formerly of the Court of
Claims, was Miss Thomas's guardian.
What little of her funds had been in
his hands was gone. Her brother, a
clerk in the Attorney-General's office
at Albany, had secured his sister the
place of stenographer at the Anary
gros offices. It is said that her gown
was shabby, and her black gloves
darned in may places, and that her
companions noticed it.
One day one of the young men in
the otlice asked the girl, thoughtlessly,
it is believed, why she didn't fix up a
little and dress like the other girls.
He was startled to see the girl's hands
go up to her eyes and her whole small
form shaken by sobs. Not knowing
quite what else to do, he merely felt
of his carefully arranged neckties and
walked away. The girl's employers,
however, are not to be misjudged in
the matter. It got to their ears and
they handed the young man his hat.
MIERELY THOUGHT HER "QUEER."
The white-haired, broken-hearted
mother of the girl Wednesday told
how the thoughtless remark of the
clerk had prayed upon her daughter's
mind. Nothing but absolnte necessi
ty of earning the money induced her
to return to the place. She kept to
herself at her work, and her comn
panions merely regarded her as
Wednesday Miss Thomas went to a
big department store at noon, and
the money that was to have purchased
her luncheon was spent' for a two
ounce bottle of carbolic acid. She
must have walked the streets for
awhile, brooding on what she meant
to do, for when she returned the
other girls were already there. She
lingered in the hallway, watching
them pass in front of her, raising
their hands to remove their stylish
hats. As the swish of the silk skirt
of the last of the girls sounded
through the doorway little Miss
Thomas swiftly raised the bottle to
She staggered through the doorway.
She held the bottle aloft. Her face
was livid. A strand of thick brcwn
hair had fallen across her brow. Her
little body swayed.
"I've done it!" she said in a whisper
that cut sharply through the room
where the amazed groups of girls and
clerks stood looking at her. "I've
done it. I wont suffer any more."
A MOST PITIFUL DEATH.
She fell and did not rise, a small,
huddled figure in a shabby gown of
black. Suddenly one of the girls
screamed. Others ran to corners of
the room, their hands to their eyes.
One girl moved swiftly to the pros
trate tigure and knelt beside her.
"Poor little thing," she said and
stoked the brown strand back from
the girl's forehead.. But the act of
kindness was unknown to Miss
Thomas. She was unconscious and
very near death. Fifteen minutes
later an ambulance surgeon stood
away from the cot on which she had
been laid and with a brief movement,
drew a white linen handkerchief across
the girlish features. dtd
A while afterward one of the girls
went to the little apartments at. No.
86i9 East One Hundred and Eightieth
street to tell the mother that her:
daughter was dead. But she saw the
white-haired Southern gentlewoman,
the girl could merely say that Miss
Thomas was very ill at the offices.
Mrs. Thomas went there. They left
her alon 3 for a time beside the lounge.
They heard first only a long, sharp
cry. Then there was silence. After
ward, the mother came Out to ask
in whispers of what had occurred.
Wednesday night the body of the
girl who had been so hurt and worn
by trouble was in her mother's hom'.
Many memhers of St. Paul's Episco
pal Church in the Bronx, where Miss
Thomas had been a constant atten
dant, called to comfort her parent,
but they went away knowing that
they had not succeeded, for one can
not speak to grief that sits with
silent, tearless eyes.--New York
When News of the Revolution Reach
ed Them They Were Wild.
The royal mail steamers Orinoco
arrived at Colon, bringing news of
Gen. Torres and the Colombian troops
he took from Panama, on Thursday,
after the proclamation of the republic
On the arrival of Gen. Torres and
his troops at Cartagena, news of the
events on the isthmus quickly spread
and caused excitement. Gen. Torres
and his officers were threatened with
arrest as traitors, but the threat was
not put into effect. The populace,
greatly excited, soon crowded the
streets crying "down with the Ameri
United States Consul Ingersoll, fear
ing violence, remained shut up in the
The excitement at Barranquilla in
creased with the spreading of the
news of the secession of the isthmus,
which was supplemented by exaggerat
ed accounts of the alleged part played
by the United States therein. Pana
ma's declaration of independence was
read from a newspaper by the prefect
to a crowd assembled in the plaza and
was greeted by furious cries and
shouts of "death to the Panamani
ans" and "death to the Americans."
The prefect followed the reading by
a speech, in which he declared that
the Colombian government would
never permit the secession of the isth
mus and would win back the lost ter
ritory at any cost. The crowd in the
plaza indulged in many extravagant
United States Vice Consul Lovelace
was sitting on a balcony of his house
at Barranquilla Thursday night when
several stones were thrown at hiM.
He retired indoors and was not further
molested by the Colombians.
Revolutionary talk began immedi
ately at Barranquilla and threats were
made againt congressmen responsible
for the non-ratification of the Hay
Herran canal treaty.
Fears are entertained for the safety
of Americans in Colombia, and of the
possibility of the anger of the popu
Lace being vented against foreigners
generally. The authorities at Savanil
la have mounted two obsolete guns
overing the wharf.
ieut. Curtin and His Men Save the
U. S. Lawrence.
A dispatch from Norfolk, Va., says
he heroism of Lieut. Curtin and sev
-ral seamen on board the torpedo boat
lestroyer Lawrence Wednesday saved
hat craft from destruction. A
ighted candle left by a workman on
L wooden box in the vessel's forward
ompartment, caused a fire which
3urned much of the Lawrence's wood
ork before it was extinguished by
Lieut. Curtin and some seamen just
)efore the flames reached the maga
:ine in which a quantity of explosives
were stored. In their battle against
;he flames Lieut. Curtin and his men
ere so overo:me by the smoke that
;hey lost consciousness after the fight
was won and were hurried on board
she cruiser Olympia for treatment.
rheir condition is not serious.
The fire occurred in a stuffy com
artment directly adjoining the maga
~ine and had gained considerable
2eadyway when it was discovered.
Phe place was filled with a dense
~moke that baffled the efforts of the
~rew and caused them to fall helpless
o the steel floor. Time and again
~he seam~en dived into the fire chain
er and emerged withi the unconscious
~orm of a seaman in his grasp. Af
~er a hurried resuscitation the sea
nan and his officer would return only
o again succumb to the smoke. A
alor plunged into the compartment
Ld a second later came out with the
.imp body of the officer in his arms.
Five seamen in a similar condition
were stretched out on the deck. All
vere hurried on board the Olympia
n dry dock, the surgeons soon
rought them to consciousness. The
lamage to the Lawrence was trifling.
The German Carp.
A few years ago we hailed the ad
rent of the German carp with open
Lrms, but to-day we are lamenting the
~act that they were brought to this
~ountry. In Wisconsin the fish ward
ms have begun to try and clear them
ut of the waters of the state, but it
s almost a hopeless task. The Ger
nan carp is not what we thought he
would be. He lives almost entirely on
regetable matter, with the result that
the moss, pond lilies and other growth
aave been almost entirely eaten up,
thus destroying the' protection to
young game fish. The latter are fast
isappearing, and tue carp are multi
plying at a frightful rate. Most peo
ple have a prejudice against carp and
will not eat them, and the public in
reneral are beginning to regret the
ay they were introduced into our
'On the Rtight Line.
The Columbia State says: "Negro
itizen of Boston in mass meeting have
issued a circular calling on all the col
red voters of the north to detach
themselves from the control of both
political parties and organize with an
lye single to the preservation of rights
guaranteed by the last three amend
ments. This would not be a bad step.
By means of it the nothern Rtepubli
ans may be compelled to give some
substantial proof of their alleged de
votion to the brother in black, or else
to cease their insincere pretentions.
He Was Insane.
Andrew II. Green, the "father of
Greater New York" and one of the
city's oldest and morst remarkable
citizens, was shot and instantly killed
on the steps of his home, on Park
avenue, New York, Friday by Cor
nelius M1. Williams, a negro who is
believed to be insane. The shooting
was evidently the outcome of an in
sane delusion on the part of the ne
gro that Mr. Green had slandered
Advance reports indicate that the
returns of the recent census of the
Philippines when tabulated, will show
a population of 7,000,000, exclusive of
the wild tribes of the mountains,
which are estimated at less than I,
Sherman's Character and Talents
Shelled Warmly by Dr. yones.
ABOUT TEE BATTLE ABBEY.
Dr. Jones Explains the Object of
the Cause and What Will be
Done With the Institution
In an address Wednesday in Au
gusta, Ga., before the Confederate
convention of Georgia Dr. J. William
Jones, chaplain commander of the
general U. C. V. organization, and
at the head of the movement for the
erection of a battle abbey in the
South, scored President Roosevelt in
the harshest terms for his praise of
General Sherman and a wilful distor
tion of the facts of history. The ad
dress produced the wildest enthusiasm
among the old veterans of the lost
cause and was cheered to the echo.
Dr. Jones said:
DR. JOnES' SPEECH.
"Through the slackness of .the peo
ple in the South there has been allow
ed to stand as undisputed history
statements that are absolutely and
entirely untrue. This extends not
only to the ignorant, but to the
leaders of the land. The president
(Voice: I didn't know we had one)
-in his speech, made at the unvelling
of Sherman's monument, spoke of him
as the greatest leader in the civil war.
Sherman, who was routed at Manas
sas, at Shiloh, so badly defeated by
Stephen D. Lee at Vicksburg that he
was forced to board his transports and
return to Memphis; Sherman, who
was outgeneraled and defeated by the
noble Forest, who, with a much
smaller force, time and again sent
him flying. Sherman, who never
waged successful warfare until with
>verwhelming numbers he forced his
way South and made through Georgia,
leaving smoking ruins in his rear.
(Voice-Yes, waging war on women
nd children). Gentlemen, this is the
man that Theodore Roosevelt, presi
dent of the United States, character
izes as a brave and brilliant man.
Roosevelt has written a history of the
West, but when he comes to the story
>f the great conflict between the
North and the South his knowledge
is sadly deficient."
A veteran in the crowd mentioned
Booker Washington's name and Dr.
ones replied: 'Booker Washington
s a saint compared with him."
"Comrades, think of this man Sher
nan, who. lied on Wade Hampton in
is official report to the government
.bout the burning.of Columbia, and
rho, in a history written some years
ifter the war, which I always keep
3andy, for it is to me an exemplifica
Jion of that old proverb, 'Oh that
nine enemy would write a book,' ac
mnowledges that he lied, and said
,bat Hampton was a braggart, and
"hat he wished to injure him. with
:is own people.
"I saw a history written by a
F&orthern man which stated that
~here were 2,000,000 men in the Con
ederate army, when, as a matter of
'act, there were only 600,000. I won't
;ay where,*but at a Southern univer
;ity, there was a professor of history
ho made this statement, and I said
o him: If we had had 2.000,000 men
re would have run the Northern ar
nies beyond the Arctic Ocean. We
nly had a small number to fight our
attles and against them were array
d mercenaries of the world and the
egroes, who in the bloody crater at
?etersburg, were sacrificed by their
Dr. Jones opened his address in be
3alf of the Confederate Merrial As
;ociaton by paying a ma.nificent
ribute to Georgia Confederate sol
lers, relating many instances of valor
hat came to his notice during the 1
;ixties. To the convention he brought
ihe greetings of Virginia veterans to
the Georgia reunion.
As the representative of the Con-I
~ederate Memorial Association, better1
mown as the Battle Abbey movement,
Dr. Jones entered into a concise state
ent of its affairs. Charles Broad
way Rouse, a private in the Confeder
ahte army, deeded $100,000 for the
Brection of a Confederate memorial
haall, the proviso being that the U. C.
. supplement it by an equal amount,
they to select the site of the Battle
Dr. Jones announced that already
more than the required $100,000 had
been raised. The city of Richmond
ontributed $50,000 to the fund. The
aim is to greatly augment the present
amount on hand and build the Battle
Abbey oni a more magnificent scale
than at first planned. He wanted
Georgia to take a part in the erection|
of the abbey.
The idea is to establish a great li
brary -a library of true American
history. In the building will be pre
served all the historic records of the
onfederacy, where it can be consult
ed by the world in the generations to
In passing Dr. Jones scored the
public schools of Augusta for using
what he termed an infamous, lying
text book, Eggleston U. S. History.
The movement for the erection of the
Battle Abbey was endorsed amid the
wildest enthusiasm, and a large numa
er present pressed forward to con
tribute to the fund. Cards were dis
tributed and quite a large subscrip
tion list raised for future payment.
Beaten to Death.
Fleet Wilkins a merchant at Hicks
siding, two miles from Roxboro, N C.,
died Thursday morning from the
effects of an assault committed upon
him by a negro named Adam Hunt.
The negro had demanded money,
which being refused he literally beat
Mr. Wilkins to death. He was arrest
ed and loged in jail.
A Winning Issue.
The only Democrat elected in a cer
tain county in New York is a small
ma with seven children. He was run
c the Roosevelt platform of anti-race
suicide and the press called on the
public to vote for the little man with
the big family. The slogan caught
the public ear and changed a thous
THE COTTON BOLL WEEVIL
Destroyed Millions of Dollars Worth
of Cotton This Season.
The Columbia State's Washington
correspondent says representative
Slayden of Texas does not agree with
Secretary Wilson's conclusion that
the boll weevil cannot be exterminat
ed and that the only recoarse southern
cotton planters have is early planting.
In discussing the announced conclu
sions of the secretary of agriculture
Mr. Slayden says:
"I have profound respect for the
ability and character of Mr. Wilson,
and therefore I regret to have to differ
from him. What he suggests is not
practicable-at least not entirely so.
Whether cotton is planted early or
late in Texas does not, as a rule, de
pend upon the will of the planter.
The season regulates that, and the
season in Texas cannot be regulated.
The weevil did millions of dollars of
damage in south and south central
Texas this year in August and
September, during which months cot
ton continues to bloom and to fruit.
In my opinion, the State of Texas has
adopted the right course in offering a
reward for a complete remedy for this
distressing situation. Our state has
offered a reward of $50,000, open to
the world, for the discovery of any
practical method of destroying the
"Suppose the federal government
were to offer five times as much,
would it not stimulate men of science
to even greater exertion? I am told
that when the vineyards of France
were in danger from an insect a re
ward of $100,000 was iffered for the
finding of a remedy, and that it was
found. Whether that is true or not
I don't know. But it doesn't matter.
We can make precedents in this coun
"Such a course would not reflect on
the able corps of scientists in the de
partment of agriculture, whose time
is so fully occupied with other matters
hat what study they can give to the
:otton boll weevil is a mere incident.
Er. Hudson, president of the San An
bonio and Aransas Pass Railway com
pany, in Texas, and it is not one of the
very important cotton-hauling roads
Zold me a few days ago that approx
mately 100,000 bales of cotton had
been eaten up on the line of his road
ilone this year. That means a loss of
B5,000,000 to the farmers and propor
bionately large sums to the transporta
Jion lines, ginners and others.
"Half a million dollars would be a
trifling sum for the, government to
pay to exterminate this pest, and if
2o exterminator were found, no reward
Nould be paid. Then, by continued
scarcity and high prices in the United
tates the cultivation of cotton will
>e fostered In other parts of the world
Lnd we may lose a market we have
Llmost monopolized for so long. The
ituation is very serious."
He Is Too Shady.
The appointment of Gen. Robert
haw Oliver to be assistant secretary
f war will be fought, it seems. Oli
rer is from Albany, N. Y., and it is
aid that certain influential Republi
ans at Albany have filed a protest
gainst his selection for this place.
'Mr. Roosevelt," says the New York
un, "as governor of the State of
few York, was perfectly familiur at
ibany with the social life of Gsen.
)liver," and "as a matter of fact, the
>resident has been furnished with in
ormation concerning Gen. Oliver's
ocial relations, not only in~ Albany,
>ut In Florence, Italy." The Colum
>iia State says manifestly Bobby is a
ay boy. But a president who can
tand for Addicks and Orum and the
ike ought not to mind backing a fel
ow whose "social relations" are just
little off color.
A Firebug Captured.
A special to The News and Observer
rom Rockingham, N. C., says: It is
elieved that the incendiary who re
ently kindled two destructive fires
ere in which 10 or a dozen buildings
the business part of the town were
urned, is now in custody. A detec
:ive and his assistant sent from Ra
*eigh by State Fire Insurance Com
nissioner Young, it is alleged, saw
Eenry F. Smith, a white man of that
lace, make three attempts to fire a
iry goods store. Once the fire died
ut of itself and twice was extinguish
ad by the detectives. The arrest of
N. M. Brooks, Superintendent of
Foreign Mails, estimates that in the
last year $6,240,700 was received by
this Government as postage on ar
icles exchanged with all foreign
ountries. Ofiicial statistics -of the
postal service in eight leading coun
ries of the world shows that the
United States leads in the number of
post oilices and employes, and as to
the number of articles of mail matter
eceived by and sent tio each inhabi
ant. The United States also exceed
ad by $7,940,000 the amount expend
ed for posta] service by Germany, its
A Slap at the South.
Crumpacker has reintroduced in the
house his bill providing for a reduction
in the congressional representation of
those~ States which have discriminat
ed politically against the negro. He
has not decided whether he will press
measure for consideration this winter
or at, but he introduced it merely
that he might have it on the calendar
and be prepared to urge it if he deem
ed it desirable to do so. It is under
stood to be quite likely, however, that
no action will be taken on the bill, at
least prior to the presidential cam
Japan Hot for War.
A dispatch from Takeo says the en
tire Japanese nation is burning with a
desire for war with Russia. The peo
ple of all classes, government otficials,
as well as private citizens, feel that
only by an appeal to arms can the
question at issue between the two
governments be settled. Pacific dis
patches that have emnenated from Eu
ropean sources are discredited here.
The government is making every pos
sible preparation for war. Prime Min
ister Katsuira today made an appeal to
the people to stand together at the
WANTS AN EAR.
A Rich Western Man Offers Five
Thousand Dollars for One.
AID MANYARE OFFERED TOHIL
I Will Help This Earless Man
If He Makes Life Easy
for Me, Says the
The New York American says scores
of women and girls, men and boys,
all eager to sell their ears for $5,000,
came with a rush last week to Dr. A.
L. Nelden's office, in East Twenty
ninth street New York.
The doctor has a rich patient, a
Western mining man, who will pay
that sum for an ear which must be
grafted on his head in place of an ear
which he lost by accident. But the
ear must be perfect and of precise
dimensions, as described in the follow
ing advestisement printed in the
morning newsrapers, and which drew
the anxious persons who would barter
beauty for money:
$5,000.00 will be paid for right ear,
21 inches long, l inches wide, with
perfect curves and full lobe. The ear
may be from either male or femaleand
must be from a person in perfect
health. Offers by r...il considered.
Dr. A. L. Nelden, 13 East 29th St.
FILLED AT ALL HOURS.
The doctor's waiting room was filled
at all hours, and many stood outside.
Then they came singly, in twos and
threes, all the afternoon. At night
fall more than 100 ears had been er
amined, and the respective owners'
names and addresses written down.
Others !who came later were turned
away and asked to come again today.
Telegrams came by dozens front
men and women who live out of town
and who are willing to sell an ear for
$5,000. Letters will probAbly arrive in.
this morning's mail conta' ilar
offers. One telegram recived fro
woman in Buffalo read as follows:
To Dr. A. L. Nelden:' Read
your offer of $5,000 for an ear. I
have a perfect ear, but have rea
son to care no more for the ear or
other features upon which I once
prided myself. Let me know at
once if you want me to come on.
IT WAS A CHEERLESS GROUP.
~In pitiful contrast to the gay
parade of the Fifth avenue throngs in
the sunshine Sunday afternoon w
the odd assortment of men and wo
men who slipped through the proces
sion into the shadow-of Twenty-ninth
street to collect in a silent, unfriend
ly, cheerless group in front of the of
fice of Dr. A. L. Nelden.
To sell an ear for $5,000 these in
dividuals, representing all degrees of
life, came from all parts of the city
and outlying districts. That others
were apparently willing to have their
cars severed for a small fortune did
not lighten -th'e gloom of any who
stood waitiig at the doctor's door. It
simply added to the, bitterness of
Whatever -had been the object of
the surgeon in stating that he must
have a good ear to grat upon a rich
atient from the West and was will
ing to pay 85,000 to any man or wo
nan who would give up the needed
ar, it did not enter into the consid
~ration of the earnest men and women
who besieged his door. They- had
ead his advertisement in the newspa
ers and came ready to receive the -
noney and turn over the ear.
BRINGS A sHAPELY EAR.
One of the first of those to arrive
with ears to sell was ayoung woman
about twenty-eight years of age. She
was attired plainly, but evidently had
seen more prosperous days. Her eyes
lacked lustre, her shoulders were
slightly rounded, and her face was
prematurely marked with the lines
and wrinkles of worry and trouble. -
EHer ears, however, were small and
"Does the doctor live he're that
wants to buy an ear for $5,000?" she
timidly asked the girl who answered
her ring of the bell.
"You want the doctor to look at
your ear?" the girt asked, with a
tinge of curiosity in her tone, for up
to this time she had seen men only.
"Yes," the young woman answered,
and then she asked eagerly: "He
hasn't bought the ear yet, has he?" '
"No." answered the girl. '.You
may step in and wait for him," and
the young woman joined the throng
in the ante-room.
Murdered a Family.
A family of five persons, father,
mother and three children, have been
murdered in their home in Marianna
Fla. The bodies found by the mother
of the murdered wife. The family's
name was Caffney. They lived on the
outskirts of the town. They had not
been seen for over a week when the
wife's mother went to call on them.
She found the door fastened with a
padlock, and chains. Noticing blood
spots, she summoned neighbors. and
the door was forced. Lying on the bed
was Caffery, and his wife, their skulls
crushed with an axe. On this bed al
so lay the infant with its throat cut,
and the head almost severed. On
floor lay other children- with their
heads severed. There is no clue to the
Bryan Sails forE arope. -
Win. J. Bryan sailed for Europe
Wednesday from New York on the
White Star liner Majestic. He paid
his compliments to 'Grover Cleveland
in no uncertain terms. He says the
ex-president has no chance of the
nomination even with the help of
Wall Street interests. Even if nomi
nated he could not carry a single
state. Mr. Bryan affirms that the re
cent elections prove nothing and the
Kansas City platform democrats like
being defeated. They will keep the
money question paramount and wish
the submission of the minority. Hie
will return in six weeks for the fight.
The authorized capitalization of
scret car lines in the United States in
1902 amounted to $2,870,629,316,
while the gross earnings from opera
tions were 8247.553,999, and the next
income, after deducting all expenses,
both operating and fixed charges, was~