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A LITTLE HEROINE
Who Refused to Sing the Song March
ing Through Georgia,
GIVEN A ROUSING WELCOME
In Augusta, Georgia, by the Old
Confederate Veterans, Whose
Honored Guest the Lit
tle Lady Was.
The Confederate Veterans at Au
gusta last week went wild over Miss
Laura Talbott Galt, of Louisville.
Ky., the little girl who refused to sing
"Marching Through Georgia" when
ordered to do so by her teacher last
year. She has been invited to Augusta
by the Veterans and arrived in the
city on Monday afternoon of last week.
The Augusta Chronicle says long be
fore the hour for the arrival of the
train hundreds of men, women and
children began to gather at the Union
depot, anxious to be the first to catch
a glimpse of the little heroine and
welcome her to the city.
Shortly before the scheduled hour
for the arrival of the train Camp 435
met at the monument on Broad street,
in full uniform, and marched to the
depot in a body, beaded by the Robin
son Carnival band. A carriage drawn
by four white horses, and driven by
Capt. Newt Heggie in person, was on
hand to drive the young lady to the
Albion. When the news reached the
depot that the train was pulling
through the yard into the station, the
old Veterans fell in line, the band
struck up "My Old Kentucky Home,"
and when the great engine of the train
pushed under the shed a mighty shout,
and a rebel shout at that, went up,
the crowd surging wildly to the train.
For a moment confusion reigned
A committee, composed of Captain
William Dunbar and Samuel Wilson,
had gone up the road and boarded the
train before it reached the city. When
they appeared at the door of the Pull
man, leading a beautiful young child,
dressed in gray and wearing a jaunty
gray cap, a mighty shout rent the air
and the band struck up "Dixie."
Again there was pandemonium. Miss
Galt was visibly affected by the
demonstration. Hundreds of hands
were stretched forward to grasp hers,
and it was with the utmost difficulty
that she could make her way down
the steps of the car. Slowly the party
had to work its way through the
massed people, few able to catch a
glimpse of the little heroine, owining
to the crush.
SALUTED THE VETERANS.
When Miss Galt stepped in front of
the line of old soldiers and gracefully
'doffed her little Confederate cap, a
third mighty shout went up and de
spite the cries of the officers the men
broke ranks and rushed about Miss
Galt, wild with enthusiasm, all anxi
ous to be the first to shake her by
the hand. By this time the little
lady had gained her composure, and
amid renewed enthusiasm smiled her
greeting to the right and left as she
walked to the head of the column.
From the lined up Confederate sol
J.--..iers to the grand entrance of the
depot Miss Gait received ovation after
ovation, the people, old and young,
were drawn up in line to see her. After
she had taken her seat in the carriage
ladies and gentlemen surged about it,
anxious to shake her hand and wel
come her to the city. ,
A procession was immediately form
ed, led by the Carnival band, Camp
435 following, and Miss Galt's carriage
bringing up the rear. The line of
march was out Campbell street to
Broad and down Broad to the main
entrance of the Albion. All along
the line the little lady was accorded
an ovation. A large crowd of people
were massed in front of the hotel
entrance, pushing and craning their
necks to catch a glimpse of her as she
passed into the hotel Tob)by. About
the carriage Camp 435 and other visit
ing camps were drawn up in line. As
Miss Gait arose to leave the carriage
she turned and gallantly doffed her
cap to the heroes of the. sixities. A
mighty shout went up and the band
began to play "Dixie." Miss Gait is
a mere child, fifteen years of age, but
'she holds a place dear in the hearts
of the Veterans of Augusta and the
South. She is exceedingly pretty.
On the trip to Augusta Miss Gait
is accompanied by her mother, who is
also an attractive woman. Mrs. Galt
wore a happy smile, and no wonder,
as her little daughter so graciously
received the ovations that were being
extended at almost every step. It is
safe to say that no young child from
another state ever received a warmer
welcome, or with a more enthusiastic
demonstration, by the people of
Augusta. It is an incident of life of
which any one might feel justly proud.
Miss Gait will remember her trip to
Augusta in the years to come, and in
the Providence of God, long after the
last of the heroes of the Confederacy
have stepped from the scene of action
and reunions are no more.
--Is ONLY A SAMPLE.
But yesterday's demonstration is
but a sample of the honors that have
been accorded to Miss Gait since her
memorable act in refusing to sing or
hear sung "Marching Through Geor
gia." All over the South Veterans'
camps have heaped honors on Miss
Gait, and her visits to reunions have
been in the nature of ovations. Prom
inent among those doing her honor is
Camp 435 of Augusta. She has been
elected an honorary members of the
camp, presented with a gold badge of
the Confederate Survivors' association,
and memoralized in resoutions, and
the last honor conferred was the invi
tation extended to visit the Georgia
reunion in this city as the guest of
the camp. While in the city she will
he accorded every honor possible for
the old soldiers to confer. Through
out yesterday afternoon and last night
Miss Gait and Mrs. Galt were kept
busy receiving ladies and gentlemen
who called at the hotel to welcome
them. Among the visitors were hun
dreds of veterans froma all over the
state. For all Miss Gait had a smile
and a loving word. Already she is es
tablished as a favorite.
ABOUT THE INCIDENT.
A word in reference to the incident
that made Miss Gait famous will not
be amiss. From Louisville corres
pondence the following information is
secured in reference to her refusal to
join in or even hear the singing of the
"Yankee" song when ordered by her
teacher in the Louisville public school
three years ago, which she was at
year-old school girl, has created a sen
sation in Louisville and set the town1
to talking by her refusal not only to.
sing "Marching Through Georgia,'
but to refuse to hear it sung by her
classmates. As a result of her breech
of discipline her passae to the high
school is endangered. The matter
has been taken up by friends, and will
be aired at the next meeting of the
board of school trustees. Confeder
ate Veterans and the Daughters of
the Confederacy have been aroused,
aud already tne agitation has resulted
in the possibility of reopening the ight
agaiust the teaching of Civil War
history in the public schools, because
of the alleged unfairness of the so
called popular histories.
" 'The little rebel,' Miss Laura Tal
bott Galt, is the grand-daughter of
Mrs. Laura.Talbott Ross, a member of
the Daughters of the American Rev
olution, and an ardent an.1 unrecon
structed member of the Albert Sydney
Johnson chapter of the Daughters of
Of the incident Miss Galt is quoted
as follows by the above correpondent:
"I am too loyal to my parents and
my ancestors to permit the South or
the cause for which her sons fought
to be slandered or misrepresented, and
I will not sing, nor will I listen to
the singing of such songs as 'March
ing Through Georgia,' which I hold
are unfair to the South, and are re
sented by all true Southerners. As
to my defense of Admiral Semmes, I
had a perfect right to do so, and was
backed by other histories every bit as
good.as Barnes'. He was a good ad
miral, a loyal Confederate, and is en
titled to all that can be said in his
behalf. I hope I will be promoted to
the high school. My record has been
good in all my studies and surely all
my good marks cannot be taken away
just because I refused to hear a song
which is an insult to my ears."
NOT SPOILED A BIT.
Another detailed account of the in
cident is the following, clipped from
the Lost Cause, a Confederate maga
zine published at Louisville:
"The father and the grandfather of
little Laura Galt were Confederate
soldiers. Both of them are dead.
Her grandfather, Dr. Galt, was the
first surgeon of the First Kentucky
calvary, which regiment was com
manded by the late Ben Hardin Helm.
There are those who remember Dr.
Galt when he wore a Confederate uni
form and defended the cause of the
South. There are others who remem
ber Dr. Galt when he was an honored
citizen of Davies county, Kentucky,
and both as citizen and soldier we all
respect his memory.
"His grand-daughter, little Laura
Galt, who declined to sing 'Marching
Through Georgia,' is a pupil in the
public school of the city of Louisville,
where she lives. She is obedient and
respectful to all those who are set in
authority over her. But when her
teacher requested .her to sing that
song she declined to do so, because its
sentiments are a reflection on the
honor and integrity of her dead an
"Little Miss Galt is a gracious little
maiden who seems not to have been
spoiled by all the attention and noto
riety given her.
THOUGHT IT A SHIAXE
A reporter asked her a few ques
tions and her responses, put together,
make the following explanation of her
school girl conduct:
"I have received many letters from
old soldiers from all over the country.
When I think of what those dear old
Confederates suffered for the cause
they loved so dearly, I feel how unde
served is all the praise they give me
for the little act of duty of mine. I
always keep these letters among my
treasures. I had read other histories
of the war and knew the truth about
the battle between the Kearsarge and
the Alabama. For this reason I
would not say, as my teacher tried to
force the class to say, that it was a
breach of honor in Admiral Semmes
to escape on the Deerhound instead of
giving his sword to Captain Winslow
when the Kearsage htd fired broad
side after broadside into the Confed
erate cruiser after the white fiag was
raised. As for putting my fingers
in my ears, I did that because I
would not listen to a song that de
clares such a tyran~t and coward as
Sherman and his disgraceful, and hor
rible march through Georgia and the
Carolinas to be glorious. I did not
think at the time that my teacher
would think it very bad. I felt that
forcing the Southern girls who were
in the room to sing or listen to such a
song was an insult that I could not
Can't Stop BoHl Weevil.
More than 500 delegates and about
2,000 lay visitors were present at the
opening session of the National Boll
Weevil and Cotton convention at
Dallas, Texas, on Thursday. The
most conspicuous figure was James
Wilson, the secretary of agriculture
in President Roosevelt's cabinet. Mr.
Wilson delivered the principal address
of the day. He said that he had come
to Texas more than a week ago to
look into the cotton situation. He
did not hesitate to call attention to
the defective methods of Texas farm
ing as he had observed them and to
declare that under them all the
money in the United States treasury
could not exterminate the boll weevil
pest. He advocated better methods
-particularly deep ploughing. The
United States government, Mr. Wil
son said, had spent this year more
than $100,000 in Texas to help the
farmers. He declared that the boll
weevil pest could not be exterminated.
He said: "You are here today in the
interest of the cotton crop of the
United States. As far as my observa
tion and information go we cannot
exterminate the boll weevil pest, and
you cannot keep it this side of the
Sabine and the Mississippi river
either. It is going across?
Murder and Suicide.
Dr. E. W. Light, a prominent den
tist committed suicide Sunday night
Nov. 8, at his home in Saginaw, Mich.
after fatally shooting his wife and
daughter, Ruby, a young girl of 18.
The tragedy was not discovered until
Wednesday. A friend in Bay City,
alarmed by a letter he received from
Dr. Light, went to Saginaw and en
tered the Light home. Mrs. Light
was found on her bed, with a bullet
through her head, but not quite dead,
while the daughter had escaped in her
oight dress, as far as the kitchen,
where she was shot down and killed
it the door. Dr. Light had then re
urned upstairs; and~ committed sui
ide. Hie left letters behind in which
e confesses the intended crime. He
;tated in the letters tbat he felt in
~anity coming on and that he dreaded
eing shut up, and leaving his loved
An Ugly Affair.
The house of Mr. Jerough near
Iayesville was burned on Tuesday
reek ago. The fire was of incendiary
rigin. It seems that a negro hand
vas not satisfied with an account of
1s with Mr. Jerough. Mr. Jerough
s overseer for Dr. Banker. The negro
bhreatened to kill him and all of his
:amily and burned him out, and there
;eems to be no doubt of his doing the
atter, for he has dissappeared since
he fire. There have been no steps
aln to apprehend him.
NEGROES IN CONFERENCE.
Booker Washington as Usual Gives
the Leaders Good Advice.
At Washington on Tuesday of last
week Booker T. Washington spoke at
the conference of negro leaders on the
race problem. Despite the fact that
the special problems of the city negro
and rape and lynching were before the
conference for discussion, he carefully
avoided them, devoting his time to
general advice to the conference. "I
feel," he said, "if I had listened more
and talked less than I have done, I
should have accomplished more in the
work I have tried to do." He referred
to the need for harmony among organ
izations and repeated that the Nation
al Siocological society had a work to
do which no other organization could
Continuing, he said: "I am glad we
are getting to the point where we can
come together without regard to de
nomination, even to party, to discuss
these problems. There are two things
that I want to say to you. I hope
you will bear in mind that the great
body of your people live in the south.
There are 8,000,000 in the south and
they will be there for years. If vou
will help us you will keep in touch
with us who are striving to better the
conditions there. There are those of
us who expect to remain right in the
south and if our people suffer to suffer
with them. In the discussions of this
conference condemnations of wrong
should have a large part, but a very
large part should be given to bringing
out something constructive. There
are wrongs to be sure. Some of us
live in sections where we hear them
and eat them for breakfast, dinner
and supper. But along with condem
nation there is a demand for some
thing constructive. What can you
actually project or what relief can you
Before leaving the floor Prof. Wash
ington was asked by the Rev. Henry
Johnson of Baltimore if he saw any
tendency toward the adoption of his
own constructive theories, to which
the leader replied: "My own feeling
is that we must do our duty in the
light of human progress and if we find
immediate results or not we should
trust to God to help us out."
J. W. Lyons, the negro leader and
register of the treasury, also spoke,
advising the conference to ferret out
the crimes which had brought about
the numerous lynchings in order to
show the wrong done the race.
A committee was appointed to show
by the records the truth of the state
ment made by the Rev. Dr. Caruthers
of Washington that the white men of
Chicago bad been guilty of the social
crime more than the entire negro race
in the same length of time.
A XURDEROUS MINER
Shooti Into Crowd of People Coming
Out of Theatre.
At Wallace, Idaho, two persons
were killed and two wounded in a
shooting affray at the entrance of the
opera house last Tuesday night week.
The shootmng took place just as the
theatregoers were leaving the theatre.
Dr. W. F. Fims, shot through head.
William Cuff, miner, shot three
Chief of Police McGovern, shot
Opera House Policeman Rose, shot
The trouble across over Cuff insist
ing on smoking a cigar in the gallery.
House Policeman Rose ordered him
to stop, but he refused. The police
man took the cigar away from.Cuff,
after a struggle. Cuff left the theatre
vowing vengeance. He returned with
a revolver and waited until the per
formance was over. Rose was the
frst to leave the opera house. As he
stepped outside, Cuff began firing.
The first shot missed and Rose return
ed the fire. Dr. Fims, who was
escorting a lady, followel Rose out
and as be did so, a bullet presumbably
from Cuff's revolver, struck him in
the head, killing him instantly. Other
policemen appeared and a general
fusilade followed. Tbe panic stricken
theatre-goers rushed back into the
foyer, men and womeni~being trampled
upon in the mad rush to get away.
Cuff continued firing, wounding Chief
of Police McGovern and Special Officer
Rose. Cuff then started to escape
but was intercepted at a side exit by
Policeman Quinn, who kept up a run
ning fire, three bullets taking effect.
Cuff fell unconscious and died in 15
minutes. A number of people were
injured in the stampede. Cuff was a
miner and served in the Phillippines
with an Ohio regiment. Dr. Fims is
a well known surgeon of Wallace and
leaves a family.
Neighborly and Otherwise.
In a country near Atlanta when the
stock law was adpoted two adjoining
farmers fought against each other in
the election. The stock law crowd
won and shortly after the no-law
farmer's cattle got into the pro-law
fellow's crop. They were seized until
the owner came for them and asked
"Well," said the stock law farmer,
"I am a law-abiding citizen and as
there were 14 head of your stock in
my crop the bill is $7."
The bill was paid, but shortly after
about 20 head of the -pro-law man's
cattle got into the other man's field.
Pro-law went over to recover his cat
tle and took his wallet along.
"What are the damages?" he asked.
"Nothing at all," .said the no-law
".Because I'm neighbor and-not a
The Prise-Winning Crank.
The opening of congress brought
with it the usual number of cranks
that infest the capitol, but the prize
winner was Hon. George A. Lear who
was there with the claim that he had
been elected to congress by 1,000,000
majority. He sent a letter of notifi
cation to the clerk of the house to this
effect and he was duly gathered in by
the capitol police.
Fighting the Tobacco Trust.
Over 300 tobacco growers, repre
senting the white Burley districts of
Ohio and Kentucky, held a secret
meeting in New York on Thursday
for the purpose of arranging details
of a loan of $10,000,000 offered by the
New York Security Warehouse com
pany to handle the crop so as to wrest
the control of the product from the
A Valuable Dollar.
A silver dollar coined in 1804 was
sold at Denver, Col., on Fridry by R.
. Parvin of Denver to H. G. of Port
land, Ore.. for $2,000. The coin was
bought by J1. W. Dexter of Denver in
1885 for $1,000. Since then a sale has
been made at $1,200, which was the
recor until to-day.
KILED BY HAZERS.
ik Medical Student Was Killed by
Savage ILitistion in Baltimore.
LAID NUBE ON BIG ICE CAKE.
I Relative of the Slain Youth Tells
of the Treatment the Victim
Received and Calls it
Martin Loew, twenty-seven years
ld. a dental student at the University
of Maryland Medical College, who
died on Sunday from the effects of
brutal bazing by fellowstudents at a
Greek letter society initiation, was a
New Yorker. He bad been a student
at the Maryland College for three
years, and was to have graduated in
The New York American says Dr.
Leopold Hitschmann, of No. 61 East
Eighty-sixth street, New York, a
cousin cf young Loew, was bitter in
his denunciations of the treatment
his relative received.
"A fellow student of Martin came
all the way from Baltimore and gave
me full details of the case," said Dr.
"He said that a week ago last
Saturday Martin received notice that
he was admitted into Phi Psi Chi
fraternity and was wanted immediate
ly at Mechanics' Hall, No. 100 North
Paca street. He hurried to the hall
and was met by twenty-five members
of the "frat."
DROPPED TWENTY-FIVE FEET.
"He was told to undress, and after
doing so was blindfolded and taken
into a room, where he was laid upon a
cake of ice.
"He was then carried upstairs to
the balcony and thrown over the rail,
a drop of twenty-five feet.
On the floor beneath stood a num
ber of students holding a sheet.
"When Martin fell into this he was
tossed up and down until he was un
conscious. After being revieved he
was beaten until his body was a mass
"That night he was in such a
wretched condition that his room
mate stayed up all night with him.
Whiskey and quinine were given to
him during the night, and in the
morning Martin said that he felt re
AFTER SECOND DEGREE -DEATH.
"The following Saturday. Martin
took the 'Second Degree,' while his
chum, Eph Stone, took the 'First
Degree.' Before starting for the hall
he said that he was afraid. Little is
known of what happened at this
"The following morning my cousin
was found dead and his chum was in
a serious condition.
"The latter has given out contradic
tory statements and the true facts of
the case may ever remain a mystery.
"I was a medical student and knew
all about hazing, but this case is ac
tual murder. He was a strong, athle
tic young man, of the best habits, and
neither drank nor smoked. The guilty
ones should be sent to the gallows.
They are murderers."
FOR A R AZORT1ESS SHAVE.
A Harmless Mixture That Will Do It
Better ThaD a Razor.
Dr. Wolfram E. Dreyf us, chief
chemist of the New York Department
of public Charities, has compounded a
little mixture which, if rubbed over
the face, will shave you as quickly and
as well as the finest Shefield razor.
This is the wonder-working com
Barrii sulphidl, 25 parts.
Saponis pulvis, 5 parts.
Talci, farinae, 35 parts.
Tritici farinae, 35 parts.
Benzaldehdi, quarter solution.
It appears in the new hospital
formulary which Dr. Dreyfus issued
recently. This formulary contains
38 formulas and is the most exten
tensive ever used by a hospital. Dr.
Dreyfus has been working for a long
time on this "pulvis depilatorius,"
or shaving powder, and after many
experiments he says that he has found
something that is satisfactory and
The several ingredients mentioned
above when mixed together make a
power. For the new scientific ra
zorless shave you take one teaspoon
ful of the powder and mix it with
three teaspoonfuls of water, making
a paste which you apply to the face
in a moderately thick and even layer
with a brush from your otherwise
discarded shaving outfit. After four
or five minutes moisten the lather
with a sponge, and in five minutes
more you can wash the mixture off,
leaving a breadless, gashless face.
As Dr. Dreyf us explained it, this
new shaving mixture didn't seem so
wonderful after all. The essential
ingredient is barium sulphide, which
is contained in all depilatory mix
tures and is also used extensively in
tanning. A solution in which the
barium sulphide is the chief ingre
dent is rubbed over the hide and the
bair can easily be scraped off imumedi
ately after. Barium suiphide, how
ever, is very powerful, and the trouble
with all depilatory powders, even
those which are used as an adjunct to
surgical operations, is that they are
injurious to the skin. Dr. Dreyf us
therefore looked around for something
hat would render the powerful sul
The ingredients which he found
would have that effect, and which
are set down in the formula given
above, have strange and impressive
names, but they are really our every
day friends. Saponis pulvis is plain
powdered soap which makes a lather
Talci veneti pulvis is talcum powder,
and Tritici farinae is wheat flour,
both of which are cosmetic in their
effects. Benzaldehyde is practically
an artificial almond oil, the pleasant
rdor of which neutralizes that of
the barium suiphide, which is not so
A dash of this over the face, a ten
ninute wait, a wash, and there you
are, looking as clean and feeling much
etter than if you had submitted to
>ne of the old-fashioned razor opera
ions with "Witch hazel or bay rum
ir?" accompaniments. The new
:air grows much more slowly, but
)therwise the effect is the same as
hat of a razor shave, except the cost
>f the new process which is hardly
Learning the Ropes.
The State says the speaker's lobby
n Washington has been furnished
with three elgant Persian rugs tbat
ost $2,000 apiece, and several new
nembers hesitated to walk upon them
mtil they saw pages throwing ciga
:ette stumps on them. There is
ithing like learning the ropes.
Cans'c Thou Forget?
Canst thou fo-get, beloved, our first awakening
From out the shadowy calms of doubts and
To know Love's perfect stulight round us
Bathing our beings in its glorious gleams
Canst thou forget?
A sky of rose and gold was o'er us glowing,
Around us was the morning breath of May:
Then met our soul-tides, thence together flow
Then kissed our thought-waves, mingling on
Caust thou forget?
Canst thou forget when first thy loving fingers
Laid gently back the locks upon my brow?
Ah, to my woman's thought that touch still
And softly glides along my forehead now.
Canst thou forget?
Canst thou forget when every twilight tender,
Mid dews and sweets, behold our slow steps
And when the nights, which come in starry
Seemed dim and pallid to our heaven of
Canst thou forget?
Canst thou forget the childlike heart-outpour
Of her whose fond faith knew no faltering
The lashes dropped to veil her eyes' adoring,
Her speaking silence, and her blissful tears?
Canst thou forget?
Canst thou forget the last mournful meeting.
The trembling form clasped to thy anguished
The heart against thine own now wildly beat
Now fluttering faint, grief-wrung, and fear
Canst thou forget?
Canst thou forget, though all love's spell be
The wild farewell which rent our souls apart?
And that last gift, Affection's holiest token,
The severed-tress, which lay upon thy heart
Canst thou forget?
Canst thou forget, belov'd:one-comes there
The angel of sweet visions to thy rest?
Brings she not back the fond hopes fled forever.
Wbile one last name thrills through thy
Canst thou forget?
A GRAND NONUENT.
President Davis' Tribute to the Wo
men of the South.
The Augusta Chronicle says, at a
dinner the other night in that city
the conversation naturally drifted to
the coming reunion, and things rela
tive to the Confederacy. For once,
the older members of the party
monopolized the conversation. For
once the younger ones were content to
be mere listeners.
"One thing is certain," said the
judge, as he put down his sherry glass,
"if I had anything to do with the
state school commission I would see
to it, that in every school throughout
the state there was a copy of The Rise
and Fall of the Confederacy. It's a
wonderful book, sir," he said address
ing himself to the Major, "a wonder
ful book. Not only is it full of his
torical data,to show that the~Southern
states had rightfully the power to
withdraw from a union into which they
had, as soverign communities, volun
tarily entered, but it proves beyond a
doubt, sir, misapprehensions created
by industriously circulated misrepre
sentations as to the acts and purposes
of the people, as well as the general
government of the Confederate states.
And it is as full of beautiful thoughts
as any epic poem ever written.
"Talk about a monument to the wo
men of the Confederacy," he continued
taking in the ladies of the party with
a wave 'of his hand, "you may rear a
shaft of costly marble, you may build
a college rich with the grace of ancient
architecture, but you will never get
anything more beautiful as a tribute
of love to the women of the Confeder
acy, than the dedication of Mr. Davis'
"Did you ever hear it?' No? Well,
listen! He says:
The Women of the Confederacy,
Whose pious ministrations to our
wounded soldiers soothed the last
hours of those Who died far from the
object of their tender love; whose do
Contributed much to supply the wants
of our defenders in the field;
Whose zealous faith in our cause
Shone a guiding star undimmed by the
darkest clouds of war,
Sustained them. under all the priva
tions to which they were subjected;
Whose annual tribute
expresses their enduring grief, love and
for our sacred dead.
t. Will teach their children
temulate tbe deeds of our revolution
These pages are dedicated
by their Countryman.
They Must Go.
At Gainesville, Ga., last week an in
dignation meeting, attended by 200 of
the best citizens of the city; was held
in the city hall for the purpt se of
adopting plans to suppress the sale of
whiskey and the operation of objec
tionable resort in the city. A Law
and Order league was formed before
the meeting adjourned and 100 prom
inent citizens volunteered to serve
on a committee to wait upon the per
sons operating the blind tigers and
other places and informing them that
they would be given only three days
in- which to get out of the city and
the county. Rev. J. W. Wynne, pas
tor of the First Baptist church, was
named as spokesman of the commit
A Negro's Sound Logic.
Brown Rodger, colored, was hanged
at Union on Friday for the murder of
Rodger Fant, white. The deed was
committed on April 5 of this year.
Deceased had two more hourse to live
but he declared himself ready. He
walked upon the trap at 12 o'clock
and live minutes were consumed in
tieing the knot and reading the death
sentence. At 12.21 he was declared
dead by Dr. J. M. Lawson, the coun
ty physician. Rodger was visited
Friday by Rev. A. G. Wardlaw, Rev.
Croswell McGee and others. He told
them he was ready to go. He also
said if he was hung all those who
have been let off on self-defense ought
to be brought up and hung.
Wireless Plays Queer Pranks.
Mrs. Langtry saw Sig. Marconi for
the tirst time the other evening, says
the Chicago Tribune, and the incident
caused her to tell her own peculiar ex
periences with wireless telegram.
"I had dined with a friend the
night before I left London," she said,
"and when we passed a vessel I tele
graphed by the new method, "The
ocean does not part us.'
"Ten days later I had a telegram
back from my friends with a request
to explain what it meant. It read:
"The ocean has no pantson.' "
Two Years Of Teddy.
Having overthrown civil service re
form, resurrected the negro question,
sown profound distrust among the
property interests of tbe East and giv
en the people administration spiced
with scandal, our officious little Presi
dent has taken a whack at interna
tional law and challenged Columbia
to battle. Congress will have to sit
non on the little man.
Dispensary Constables Arrested and
Put in Jail at the
INSTANCE OF A DIVE KEEPER,
Because They Refused to Allow Him
to Shoot Them When They
Raided His Blind Tiger
Den in Charleston.
Not content with the indictment
of the five dispensary constables in
the court of common pleas a few days
ago on the charge of assaulting him
in his place of business in the city of
Charleston last August, R. D. Wie
ters, who ran a blind tiger in Charles
ton, carried his case into the United
States court Saturday, securing an
order from Judge Simonton for the
arrest of State Constables Bateman,
Hay, Gidean, Grady and May. Two
of the constables were arrested by the
United States Marshal, and in de
fault of $6,000 bond each were sent to
jail. It is probable that three others
will be arrested on a similar proceed
ing, and the action of the prosecutors
has created quite a sensation.
CAUSE OF THE TROUBLE.
The Columbia State says "all the
trouble arises from a difficulty which
the constables had with law-breakers
by the name of Wieters, men who
claim that they are not naturalized
citizens, and have brought suit for
damages in the federal court and have
also instituted criminal proceedings
in the same court. Action of a crimi
nal nature has been brought in the
state courts and the grand jury has
returned a true bill on each of the
"Governor Heyward was annoyed
last week because in the case of Mr.
William Lykes against Chicco's driver;
the indictment was thrown out by the
grand jury, while on the other hand
true bills under several counts were
brought in against the constables,
who had the fight with the Wieters
people. The first action brought by
Wieters was a civil suit for $10,000
damages against the constables, and
in addition they have been arrested
by the United States marshal and are
now in jail in Charleston in default of
$5,000 bond each.
WAS AN OUTRAGE.
"The case of Mr. Lykes was con
sidered an outrage. He was run down
by one of Chicco's drivers and received
injuries which came near costing him
his life. Mr. Lykes is a farmer in
Richland county, and is - known as a
most honorable man. He would not
use his pistol in attempting to 'stop
Chicco's driver, and for this was com
mended by the governor. Orders have
been issued by the governor and by
Mr. Hammett that they would toler
ate no fighting on the part of the con
stables, and the Wieters- affray is the
first violation of that order. How
ever, Gov. Heyward must think the
provocation great, for he has not yet
discharged the men who are in trouble.
"Mr. Hammet was in Charleston
Saturday and hurried back to Colum
bia to consult with the governor and
the attorney general, thinking that
of more importance than to try to get
bond for the arrested men. Mr. Ham
mett's report 2f the facts in the case
gave the governor quite a surprise,
for the best men had been selected for
this work and they had been instruct
ed to be cautious and prudent. This
is the first serious unpleasantness
since the governor came into office."
GOV. BEYWARD TALES OUT.
In speaking of the matter Satur
day night Gov. Heyward said: "I
found the law upon the books and un
der my oath of offce it is my duty to
enforce it. Charleston is treated like
any other part of the state. The
only way to endeavor to enforce the
law in Charleston is to order the chief
to raid suspected places, for the juries
refuse to find true bills. At the pres
nt term of court the grand jury threw
out the bill against a negro driver in
Chicco's employ, who was charged
with assult in driving over one of the
constables acting in the discharge of
his duties. Mr. .Lykes was seriously
injured, and it was feared at one
time that he would die.
WILL EN~FORCE THE LAW.
"It is exasperating that the plain
tiff. in this case-a man whose place of
business, I understand, has been raid
ed frequently-should consider him
self immune from the laws of this
State, and when called upon to ob
serve the laws, institutes in the fed
eral courts civil proceedings against
the officers of the law. Wieters claim
ed damages on the ground that he is
not a citizen of the United States, bur,
owes his allegiance to a foreign pow
er and by virtue of such action has
the officers thrown into jail to await
release by giving bond for $5,000 each.
Such action shall not deter me in the
effort to enforce the dispensary law
In the enforcement of this law,
Chareston must be treated like any
other part of the State."
The matter has been referred to the
office of the attorney general to take
steps to secure the release of the con
stables. Mr. Gunter and the governor
discussed the matter at length last
Killed His Brother.
A snecial to The State says just
outside of the corporate limits of
Greenville a sad accident took place
on Tuesday, Ngov. 10, resulting in the
death of a young negro, the son of
Dink Walker, a respectable man who
lives on Geo. B. Thurston's palce. A
negro came to Walker's with a shot
gun and sat it down against a stump
in the field, where two of Walker's
sons were at work. One of. them
picked up the gun and raised.-it to
his shoulder, aiming as if to shoot,
when his brother passed in front of
the gun just as it was accidentally
tired. The load entered his head and
blew off one side of it. The boy that
was killed is 18 years old and the one
who fired the gun is 14 years old.
The white .friends of the family ex
press much regret at the unfortunate
Warned by a Dead Man.
The Salisbury, N. C., Sun relates
the following: Mr. J. S. Marable,
who died on Monday night related
several days before his death a re
markable esperience. IHe was covers
ing with his physician, Dr. W. W.
McKenzie, to whom he stated that he
had been warned of his death. "Some
weeks ago," said Mr. Marable, "when
I was walking home I became so weak
that I was compelled to sit upon a
rock to rest. While resting Tom
Sparnell (Mr. Sparnell has been dead
for several months) came to me and
said, "Well old fellow, your time is,
about up and you had better get
ready to die. I knew Tom Sparnell
was dead, but I could see and hear
FACE ROCKS OF NATURE.
Specimen Profiles in the California
All outdoors is a puzzle picture, like
those made for sharpening children's
Clouds pile themselves Into fantastic
shapes and cast weird shadows on the
ground. Trees and shrubs mimic
things of animal kind, and rocks as
sume forms so foreign to their sub
stance that It sees as if only the
hand of a master artist could have
made them so.
There are many people in the world
like Wordsworth's Peter Bell:
A primrise by the river's brim
A yellow primrose was to him,
And it was nothing more.
To Peter Bell a rock's a rock, a
tree's a tree, a cloud's a cloud, and it
is nothing more. However, we are not
all Peter Bells, and if we go to Mount
Tamalpals we find some astonishing
modellings by nature. Of these the
most familiar are the Veiled Prophet
ess and the Old Lady of Tamalpais.
On a ragged cliff so high that the se
quoias of Mill Valley seem like stunt
ed shrubs, the bowknot of Tamalpals
railway a narrow ribbon and the Gold,
en Gate but a shiny streak, sits the
Veiled Prophetess of Tamalpais. Im
mutable, Inscrutable, sphinx-like, the
faces of the seeress is turned ever to
ward San Francisco, and only the
winds from the ocean may gather
from her lips the secrets of the fut
A few minutes' walk from the tav
ern of Tamalpals on the trail that cir
cles the crest of the mountain brings
one to the Old Lady that guards the
path where It narrows on a rocky,
sheer-walled ledge. The profile is per
But Tamalpais has not the only col
lection of nature sculpture in Cali
fornia. There is the George Washing
ton rock, about thirty-five miles north
west of Los Angeles, in the Santa Su
sana Mountains. A chiselled monu
ment could hardly bear truer likeness
to George Washington than does this
With Squaw Rock comes a romance.
A. chiefs daughter loved a white hunt.
er. He died. She returned to her
father's wigwam. The chief turned
her out and she found a resting place
in Russian River. When the Indian
women went next day to the river for
water they saw engraved on the rock
where the river's course turns sharp.
ly the features of the chief's daugh
ter. The Great Spirit had fashioned ai
marker for her grave.
But nature is versatile. Her rock
pictures are not all alike. -The caves
of La Jolla clai a style of art, unique,
distinctive. Looking out from within
out of these great caves the entrance
forins a perfect silhoutte of a woman,
tall, stately, In trailing robes. Unlike
the people of the mountain, this fig
ure does not play at hide and seek.
Perhaps she is the image of constancy;
this White Lady of La Jolla.-Sunset
Indian Medicine Man.
Ernest Thompson-Seton was talking
about the Indian medicine man the
"Did you ever notice," said he, "that
the Indian doctor's two .prime reme
dies are to-day the prime remedies of
the most advanced medical science
also They are massage and the vapor
bath. The early explorers all ridiculed
these two features of the medicine
man's treatment as much as they did
any of the rest; but enlightened phy
sicians have adopted them now. 0f
course, the medical men practiced all
sorts of fraud and deception. But they
were shrewd judges of character, and
that was the reason of their holding
the positions they did. Here is an ex
ample of It:
"Running Deer and Lame Dog had
a quarrel. It was smoothed over and
forgotten. A year afterward Running
Deer was found dead one morning in
his tepee. The medicine man retired
and remained Invisible for two days.
Then he called a council
"When all were seated In order, he
said. 'I have fasted and had visions,
and knowledge has been granted ta
me. You see this knife. There are
three spots of blood on this side the
blade, three on the other side. I wipe
off the blood; this side Is clean, thi4
side is clean. I put the knife behind
me, so, In the council fire. Each ma~
shall stand In turn. When the bloo4
spots come back on the blade, tha
man will be the guilty one.
"'Storm Cloud, stand up. No blood
comes on the blade. Storm Cloud, sit
down; you are not guilty.'
"'Blue Buffalo, stand up. No blood
comes on the blade. Blue Buffalo, sit
down; you are not guilty. -
"'Lame Dog, stand up. See, the
blood comes back on the blade. Lam4
Dog is guilty.'
"Confronted by this supernatural
proof of his guilt, Lame Dog broke
down and confessed, and was thius
brought to -justice through shrewd
judgment and a simple trick of sleight
"Uncle" Russell Sage..
The wasteful "bulls" and "bears" of
Wall Street, who generally live fasil
and exhaust their capital of cash and
vitality in self-indulgence, are fond oi
jeering at "Uncle Russell" and callind
him "miser" and other opprobious
names. The "accommodation" he af.
fords them when in a "deal" fails to
excite their gratitude, especially since
they know he always gets back his
money with good interest, while they
often lose theirs. They are hardly
just. If they but imitated their "uin
cle's" moderation they hight hope per.
haps to live and prosper as long as hes
Whatever may be said of Mr. Sage'~
strong grip on the dollar, the figureo
his last birthday clearly demonstrated
the excellence of some points of his
PLAYING WITH FIEE.
The Republicans Mfessing With the
Race Problem in Congress.
The Washington correspondent of
The State says widespread comment
was aroused at the capitol Friday by
the action of Representative Dick of
Ohio introducing a resolution provid
ing for a congressional inquiry into
the alleged disfranchisement of vot
rs in the south and for the reduction
of congressional representations of
hose States wherein such conditions:
a~re found to exist.
Representative Dick is an intimate
riend of Senator Hlanna, a strong
man in the house, and one of the big
men in the Republican party. For
this reason there is rightly attached
a. faneaching significance to his reso
lution that others of the same charac
ter introduced by less prominent Re
publicans entirely lacked. The resolu
tion, after reciting the law regarding
the suffrage, says:
"Whereas, it is a matter of com
mon information and belief that the
right of some male citizens being 2]
yerso ge to vote at elections named
FAM NIMA L1IEES
Prevention Is Far Better Than
The Trouble of Cure. -
DISEASES OF THE SWINE
althful Food, Drink, Shelter and
Surroundings-Keep Animals VIg
orous and Thrifty-Look Out Care
fully for Digestion-Benefits of
We should endeavor to prevent the
ippearance of disease, rather than to
:ure it after it has come. Sanitation,
iot medication, is what will reduce
li1ease among farm animals to- tie'
minimum. Disease is by far the more
:ommon among swine than among*
yther farm animals in this country.
Annually above ten per cent. of our
swine die of disease. Yet there are
nen who have raised swine extensiveli
.or fifteen to twenty years with as little
iisease among them as among the
best-kept horses or cattle. These men
bave reared pure-bred swine, and some
Df them are in the region where corn
,s largely fed. It cannot, therefore, be
said that so much disease among swine
is due to in-breeding, or wholly to
the large feeding of corn. There Is
no reason why swine should be more
subject to disease than other farm anU.
mals. The fact that they are, is -be
cause they are treated differently.
Their quarters are alowed to become
more filthy; they are given drink that
other anima's would .not -be exp-cted
to -use; their leed is thrown in the
mud and their own manure;- and their
she:ters are of the poorest description
and devoid of all means of ventilatIon.
The men who have raised swine with
little disease, have given their swine
pure drink, a variety of clean, whole
some food, comfortable well-ventilated
shelters and clean, dry quarters.
It must not, however, be Inferred.
that therd is among other farm nimals
no more disease than there should be.
If more care were taken to provide
sheep, cattle and horses with only
healthful food, drink, shelter and suM
roundigs, it is safe to say that there
would be much less disease among -,
them. The investigations of European
veterinaries, and of Drs. Law, Giant
and others in this country, have shown-,-t
that bovine tuberculosis is most prey
alent among cows kept in damp, foul,
anventilated stables, or upon, wet land
where the air and food are contazti
pated. In other words, sanitation and
hygiene are opposed to bovine tuber'
culosis. Nor Is this disease an excep
tion. Sanitary measures are the best
preventive of every disease amicting
our farm animals.
The preponderance of evidence Is
that swin-plague, bovine -tuberculosis
Coot-rot, glanders, etc., are produced.
by a microbe.. However, it has been
established without doubt that those
conditions which are unwholesome to
higher animal life-are most favorable
to the microbes which are supposed to
produce these diseases. Thus, these
microbes flourish in water contami
nated with decaying organic matter,
or in damp, decomposing litter; and
while they are not Introduced Intothe
system through pure drink or food,
they are Introduced through foul,
dirty drink and food oftener than by
any other medium. -
The measures recommended for the -
prevention of disease would also be de
sirable were no disease to be feared. -
It is firmly established that animain
in low bodily condition are more sub.
ject to disease -than vigorous, thrifty
'anials. That which males the farm
animal thrifty and vigorous, and there.
fore les liable to disease, also makes it
rofitable. The more wholesome- the
food, drink and surroundings -of~the -
animal, the stronger Its 'appetite and
the more thorough its digestion,' It
eats well, the excess above the food
of support Is at the manimum and as
this measures the gain the profit Is
large. As digestion Is svigorous 'the
amount of food which escapes assImi
latIon is reduced to the mninimum,
Where "poor condition" Is not allowed -
to exist disease is scarcely known,
and at the same time the-animal makes
the largest return for the food con
sumned. While we have need for a --
hundred veterinaries to each one 'e
now have, their work, as that of the
physician of the human body, will be
largely in teaching sanitation.
A mixture of kerosene and lamp
black Is a good application to keep
steel surfaces bright. -
If the whiffletree breaks don't throw
it into a corner. Remove the irons.
They can be fitted to new wood. -
The farther- you are from market
the greater Is your need of condensing
products by feeding grain to anima
By keeping the cattle off the pas
ture one day longer in the Spring yoi
may keep them upon It two days long
er in the Fall.
A handy thing to have Is a box con
taining an assortment of bolts nuts,
rivets, nails, and a hammer, pinchers
The paint brush that proved to be a
bargain was cleaned in turpentine each
time Its work was done, dried, and
hung up by its handle.
Diogenes with his lantern could noU
have found a good excuse for dil
Perserverance Is not a bad substi.
tute for ateacherIn acquiringskll.
in said amendment to the constitu
tion named aforesaid, except for par
ticipation in the rebellion or other
crime, is denied and abridged in cer
tain States, therefore,
"Resolved, That the matter be re
ferred to the committee on election of
tbe president, vice-president and rep
resenmatives in congress, whose duty
it shall be and who shall have full
and ample power to investigate and
inquire into the validity of the elec
tion laws of tbe several States and
the manner of their enforcement, and
whether the right to vote at any elec
tion for the choice of electors for
president and vice-president of the
United States, representatives in con
gress or the members of the legisla
ture of any State is denied to the male
inhabitants of any of the States, be
ing 21 years of age and a citizen of
the United States, except for par
ticipation in the rebellion or other
Oca business with the Phillip
pines, imports and exports, amounts
to less than S 15 000( per soldier who
meets death in our "island posses