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CAREER OF CRIME
Of - Three Young Men Who Out
elassed in Murders the
NOTORIOUS JESSE JAMES GANG.
They Confess to Having Murdered
Nine Men. The Thriling Story
of Their Capture in
Chained wrist to wrist, their hands
matted with dried blood, their cloth
Ing covered with dust and dirt, two
beardless boys, Peter Neidermier and
Harvey Van Dine, sat Friday night
in the presence of Mayor Harrison
and Chief of Police O'Neill in the po
lice barracks in Chicago, camly con
fessing to their share in a three
month's'career of crime which has in
cluded nine murders, the wounding of
five other men and a long series of
robberies. The two young bandits,
neither of whom is 21 years of age, to
gether with their companion, Emil
Roeskie, who is no older, were cap
tured near Liverpool. Ind., Friday
after a fight in which they bAttled
against policemen, railroad detectives.
railroad laborers and farmers. One
man was killed, another fatally
wounded and all three of the young
bandits were wounded, but not seri
The dead: T. J. Sovea, brakeman
on the Pennsylvania railroad. Wound
ed: Joseph Driscoil, detective on
Chicago police force; shot through ab
domen and can live but a short time.
Matthew Zimmer, detective on Chica
go police force; shot in head and arm.
Neidermier was wounded in the band
by birdshot; Van Dine was similarly
injured and sustained in addition a
flesh wound in the left thigh. Roeskie
was shot in the right hip.
The three men were wanted'by the
police for complicity in the murders
at the car barns of the Chicago City
Railway company onEAug. 30, when
two men were killed, a third badly
wounded and $2,250 stolen. Gustave
Marx, who last Saturday night mur
dered Officer John Quinn when the
policeman endeavored to place him
under arrest, confessed after his cap
ture that he, in company with the
three men, had committed the crimes
at the barns.
The hunt for Van Dine, Neid
ermier and Roeskie has been hot ever
since. Although they knew that the
entire police force was looking for
them the three men remained in the
city until Wednesday morning. "We
were 'laying' for a fellow that was a
witness against Marx," said Van
Dine. On Wednesday they left
Chicago, going to a dugout made near
Millers Station, Ind., where they were
surprised by the police Friday morn
Both parties opened fire and Driscoll
fell. Van Dine and Roeskie rushed
out, followed a few minutes later by
Neidermier. The latter ran to the
tracks of the Michigan Central rail
road and throwing himself flat on the
roadbed steadied his arm on the rail
as he kept up a rapid firewith three
revolvers. Rueskie ran for the bush.
but Van Dine retreated slowly al
though the air around him was filled
with oullets and the snow at his feet
was kicked up by them. He is a splen
did marksman, and catching sight of
-Detective Zimmer, who was be
hind a tree, he fired, Zimmer
went down with a bullet in the head.
As he fell Van Dine fired again and
the second bullet tqre through Zim
The detectives fired constantly but
the bandits escaped. After running
about a mile across country they
came to the tracks of the Pennsylvania
railroad. A switch engnine with a
train of cars was close at hand and,
hurrying up to it, the men ordered
Brakeman Sovea to uncouple the train
from the locomotive He refused and
at-tempted to take Niedermier's revol
.ver from him. The latter instantly
sent a bullet through the breakman's
brain, laying him dead in the snow.
*Springing past Sovea's body the
bandits mounted the locomotive with
*revolvers in band and ordered the
engineer to move out In a hurry,
which he did, going in the direction
of Liverpool, Ind. After two miles
had been covered the men ordered the
engineer to slow down and leaping to
b te ground disappeared in the woods.
After the train had carried Van
.Dine and Niedermier away Detective
Sheehan hurried to the nearest tele
graph station and wired Chief of Po
lice O'Neil, asking that men be sent
out with rifles. The message met
with a prompt response, and in a
short time Assistant Chief of Police
Schuettler and 50 officers, armed with
-rifles, were on the way to Miller's by
special train. Gapt. Briggs of the
*detective service of the Pennsylvania
railway was given orders to get . the
three men dead or alive. He and his
men were off toward Liverpool.
When the bandits left the train
they were nearly exhausted and un
able to travel. It was easy to track
them in the new fallen snow and the
hunt was speedily closed. The men
were seen as they dodged about the
farmers, most of whom were armed
with double barreled shotguns, opened
fire on them. Niedermnier received a
charge full in the bead and the blood
streamed down his face and Into his
eyes, blinding him so that he could
hardly see. A shot grazed Van Dine's
-head, and his wounded leg was weak
ening. The posse was closing in on
all sides. There was no escape and it
was evident to both men that the
time had come either to surrender or
to fight it to the death, Van Dine said
in discussing his surrender: "The jig
was up for us, no matter how many
we killed. I says to Pete: 'Well,
what do you think?' He nodded his
head and dropped his guns and that
shows how they got us."
The men were at once handcuffed,
placed upon a train and hurried to
Chicago, the city police officers wast
ing not a minu& in rushing them
over the line into Illinois in order to
avoid possible conflict with Indiana
police, who might have demanded the
men on account of the murder of
Sovea. This fear was not justified as
Gov. Durbin of Indiana has said be
* approved of their action. They were
taken into the office of Chief of Police
O'Neil and there, in the presence of
Mayor Harrison and a throng of offi
cers, they discussed the eventspf the
day as calmly as if it had been noth
* in i unusual for them. None of the
prisoners showed any bravado and did
no boasting. They showed nut the
slightest hesitation in confessing to
their crimes. Their demeanor was
more that of boys who bad been
Van Dine sat upright, talked freely,
showing In word and bearing the cour
age that he has revealed throughout.
iIedermIer sat with his head on his
hands. When Van Dine said: "Pete,
hae shot Driscoll," 1'iedermier looked
up, smiled slightly and remarked:
"Yes, I shot Driscoll and the brake
man," and then sank back to listen to
Both men admitted that Marx bad
told essentially the truth in connect
ing them with the various crimes
charged up againtt them, and said
that they did the killing at the car
THIRTEEN MINERS KTTLE.
By An lExplosion in the Mine at Bo
Thirteen miners were killed and
great damage was done by an accident
al explosion of gas Tuesday afternoon
in coal mine No. 20 at Bonanza, Ark ,
12 miles from this city. At nightfall
only six of the victims had been re
When the explosion occurred there
were about 175 men in the various
shafts. All escaped without injury ex
cept the 13 who were employed in en
try "K," tne scene of the explosion.
The force of the explosion was terri
tic and timbers were torn from the
walls of the passages for several hun
dred yards at the mouth of entry
"K." The passages were so complete
ly obstructed that the work of rescu
ing the entombed men was tedious in
the extreme and several hours were
consumed before the first body was
It is thought that the gas was acci
dentally ignited by a miners' lamp.,
The miners who escaped, with the id
of others summoned from nearby
shafts, immediately set about clearing
the passages in the hope that some of
the 13 entombed men might have sur
vived the esplosion. By nightfall six
bodies had been found and rescue work
was still in progress. It is now certain
that all of the entombed men have
De fended a Woman.
As San Francisco Major W. J. Mc
Clung, a well known broker and club
man, was shot and probably fatally
wounded Thursday night at the
Palace hotel by Alec Garnett. The
shooting took place in the rooms of
Mrs. Lillie Hitchcock Coit. Garnett
was her business agent in minor mat
ters and Mrs. Colt had a disagreement
with him a few days ago that resulted
in his dismissal from her employ.
Major McClung was visiting Mrs.
Coit last night when Garnett appear
ed in an intoxicated condition. He
drew a revolver and attempted to
shoot Mrs. Colt, when McClung
attempted to save her and received the
bullet intended fore the woman. The
police have not succeeded in arrest
ing Garnett. He is a native of Vir
ginia and fought through the civil
war in the Confederate army. Major
McClung, whom, it is believed, is
fatally shot, also served in the Con
federats army during the war.'
' Expensive Eggs. .
When the Republican-Populist can
didate for lieutenant governor of
North Carolina a few years ago was
about to board a train at Shelby he
was given a farewell consisting chiefly
of aged eggs. The candidate brought
suit against the railroad company for
damages, alleging that the attack oc
curred on the railroad's premises and
that its agent not only did not endeav
or to prevent it but entered gleefully
into the spirit of the occasion. He
got a verdict for nearly 85,000 and
the supreme court has now dismissed
the petition to rehear the case. That
was about the costliest cargo of eggs
the railroad will ever unload.-The
Ought wo Be Jiung.
At Harmony Grove, Ga., Chandler,
McGennis and Fitchpatrick, all white
men, went to the home of a negro wo
man after nightfall and at the point
of drawn weapons forced her to go In
to a nearby field, where they crimi
nally assaulted her. Neighbors of the
woman heard her screams and rushed
to the scene, but at the point of guns
they were kept from interfering. She
was finally left In a precarious condi
tion and was soon picked up by friends
and carried back to her house. War
rants have been sworn out for the
young-men, and every means possible
will be taken to capture them. It is
said that they were under the influ
ence of whiskey. The town has been
thrown Into a pit of excitement over
Took Him in.
"Willie" Robinson of Sandy Much,
Buncombe county, N. C., who went
to New York in answer to a "green
goods" advertisement on October 20
last, and was swindled out of $175,
appeared before Judge Newburger in
general sessions Tuesday against
Frederick IWilliams and Edward Wil
son. The prisoners pleaded guilty and
each was sentenced~o three years in
Sing Sing.- "Willie" was then tiold he
could go home. Since he arrived in
New York he had been in the house
of detention as a witness, Imagining
that the place was a hotel. He was
paid 50 cents a day, and Tuesday he
received $16.50. He had also $10 of
his own, and said he would take the
first train for Sandy Mush.
Let Them Rest.
A dispatch from Washington to
the St. Louis republican says John
Paul Jones, the first commodore of
the American navy, may be honored
il. a degree commensurate with his
service to the nation if the plans of
certain American historical and pa
triotic societies come to fruition. A
letter stating that the known resting
place of the bones -of John Paul
Jones was unmarked and unhonored
aused Secretary Moody to inquire
into the matter. He found that
Lieutenant Commander William
Sims, when naval attache of the
American embassy in Paris, invisti
gated it probably would be impossi
ble to identify the bones of Jones. It
is suggested 'that congress be asked
to appropiate $ 150,000 for the pur
pose of recovering the bones of John
Paul Jones, who was buried in Paris,
and bringing them back to this
country. This would be a waste of
money. It makes very little deffer
ene the bones of the grand old hero
is buried. If this nation wants to
honor the memory of its first naval
comander let it erect an orphan
asylum for the charldren of the men
>f our navy who may be killed in
battle or die leaving their children
in need, and call it the "John Paul
ones Orphan Asylum."
W. C. Dean, of Blainbridge, Ga.,
has just concluded a contract with the
Burnell Telegraphic and Electrical
ompany of New York whereby he re
eives $25,000 cash and a royalty of
82,000 for seventeen years for an in
rchangeable telegraphic keyboard
hih he inventerl
John White's Thankagiving.
"Thanksgiving! for what?"
And he muttered a curse
"For the plainest of food
And an empty pnrse,
For a life of hard work
And the shabbiest of clothes?
But 'tis idle to talk
Of a poor man's woes.
Let the rich give thanks;
It is they who can:
There is nothing in life
For a laboring man."
So said John White
To his good wife Jane,
And o'er her face
Stole a look of pain.
"Nothing, dear John?"
And he thought again;
And glanced more kindly
Down on Jane.
"I was wrong," he said;
"I'd forgotten you,
And I've my health,
And the baby too."
And the baby crowed
"Nas a bonncing boy,
And o'er Jane's face
Came a look of joy,
And she kissed her John
As he went away.
And he said to himself,
As he worked that day,
"I was wrong, very wrong,
I'll not grumble again;
I should surely be thankful
For baby and Jane."
BRYAN IN LON DUN
He Was Guest of Honor at a Thanks
GIVEN BY AMERICANISOCIETY,
The C Great Commoner Feels at
Home Among the Big Men
of England and Makes
Wm. Jennings Bryan is having a
big time over in London. Thanksgiv
Ing day was celebrated by the Ameri
can Society in London at a banquet
given at the Hotel Cecil Thursday
night. There were 400 covers. Wil
liam Jennings Bryan was the guest of
The speeches, while flavored by the
usual seasonal cheer and references to
Anglo-American friendliness, develop
ed particularly into a duel of repartee,
good natured, but almost subacid, be
tween Mr. Bryan and Ambassador
There were a number of notable
guests at the banquet, Including the
duke of Marlborough and all the am
bassadors in London.
The duke of Marlborough proposed
a toast to President Roosevelt, and
addressing himself to the interests
which England and the United States
have in common, referred in terms of
the highest praise to President Roose
Ambassador Choate, responding to
the toast to his health, which was
proposed in complimentary terms by
Lord Davey, took up the duke of
Marlborough's reference to the mutual
sympathies of the American and Brit
ish people and said that there had
been reason heretofore to suspect some
such sentiment on the part of the
duke, since he had set an example in
one form of the Anglo-American alli
ance, on whilch the people of both
countries were able to look with en
tire approval Turning to Mr. Bryan,
Mr. Choate said It was the custom of
Americans torn from their native
shores to gather annually and return
thanks. The American society in
London had now amnong them another
of those exiles, for whom personally
he, as ambassador, had been doing
the best he could. He bad taken
Mr. Bryan to visit the Bank of Eng
land, where he was able to study the
fscal question in its native lair. The
company would be edified, said Mr.
Choate, had they heard Mr. Bryan
cross examing the governor of the
Bank of England. The ambassador
said he had aided Mr. Bryan to In
terview Mr. Asquith, Mr. Chamber
lain, Lord Goshen and Lord Rosebery,
all within 48 hours, so if his views on
the fiscal question were not utterly
mixed they 'would appreciate at least
the quality of the man they had be
Thie speech of the ambassador was
followed by an ovation to Mr. Bryan
which lasted several minutes. Mr.
Bryan, In responding paid a graceful
tribute to the English gu~ests of the
society. He said the highest compli
ment he was. able to pay was that in
looking over the tables be was un
able to distinoguish the English from
the American women present. He
thanked the British nation for the
kindly forbearance It had shown in
receiving him-the protectionists for
letting him land at all, and the gold
bugs for not having deported him Im
mediately after his arrival. Mr. Bryan
said he had profited exceedingly by
his visit to the Bank .of England.
He wanted to call attention, however,
to the fact that the murderous attack
by an insane man with a revolver on
Kenneth Grahame, the secretary of
the hank, occurred the day before he
Touching the theme of Thanksgiv
ig day, Mr. Bryan spoke eloquently
of the natural resources and advan
tages of the United' States, for which
the people must return thanks to God,
and of the ideals of liberty and pro
gress for which they must thank their
English progenitors. He urged the
necessity of the present generation
bequeating to posterity some gift
commensurate with the blessings they
had received "rom their ancestors and
suggested that they bequeath the
ideal of International amity, of which
The Hague arbitration tribunal was
a lasting monument.
"flail to the nation," concluded
Mr. Bryan, "whatever her name, who
leads the world towards this higher
Ideal for the lasting good of all hu
Burned to Death.
After having enjoy ed almost perfect
ealth for over 100 years, Edith
Beecher, colored, died a horrible
-death Wednesday, and when found by
neighbors, was a screaming human
torch. The woman lived with her
daughter in Macon, Ga., and when
last seen by her daughter was sitting
before a great fire sipping a cup of cof
f'ee. A short time afterward the resi
dents in the vicinity of the house were
startled by piercing shrieks and rush
ig towards the Beecher house met
the aged woman wrapped in flames.
She ran as far as the front gate and
f'alling down groaned twice and ex
pired. Her clothes were completely
burned from her body and she was
burned to a crisp.
The State says "Republicans who
have a thought for the future are dis
turbed about the financial exhibit
made by the United States treasury.
The monthly expenditures exceed the
receipts by about 85,000,000, and it is
probable that, owning to our excessive
tariff, imports will still futher decline.
Senator Elkins regret, not that ex
penditure is so lavish, but that the
war taxes were repealed. The idea is
not to retrench but to get more
ony fenm the neonle.
FERTILIZERS BELOW GRADE.
The Attorney-General Will Prosecute
All Violators of the Law.
The Columbia State says the attor
ney general, Mr. 'U. X. Gunter, Jr.,
has returned from Pendleton and
Prosperity where he prosecuted two
companies delinquent in the matter
of violating the laws regulating the
standard of fertilizers. Preliminaries
were held in both cases and the de
fendants-Mosely Bros., of Prosperity
and the Pendleton Mfg. Co.-were
placed under bond to appear in the
circuit court, Smythe, Lee & Frost,
and Mr. Padgett represented the Pen
dleton firm and Felder & Roundtree
represented Mosely Bros.
The secretary of the State fertilizer
board has reported a number of firms
who should be prosecuted, a list of
whom is appended. There are others
but evidence in these cases is difficult
The seller is protected from buying
low.grade fertilizers by the right to
bring suit or to withhold payment.
The penalty for violation of this law
is a fine of $1,000, one year's impris
onment or in same cases the combined
A list of the firms reporte- to the
attorney general follows:
The following is the complete list of
cases now in the hands of the attorney
general, the brand, the name of the
manufacturer and the percentage of
deficiency of the fertilizer being given:
Anderson Special-Chicora Manu
facturing company, 13 per cent. defi
Chicora Tobacco -J. L. and A. G.
Wise, Prosperity, 7 5-10 per cent.
Wando Dissolved Bone-A. B. Hut
to & Son, Perry, 7 8-10.
Navassa Acid with Potash-1. S.
Parr & Co., Yorkville, 10 per cent.
Georgia Bone with Potash-Garrett
& McKellar,' Fountain Inn, 4 9-10.
Paosphate and Potash-Banking
and Mercantile company, Leroy
Springs, Lancaster, 9 2-10 per cent.
Diamond Soluble Bone-G. A. & S.
W. Norwood, Marion, 4 per cent..
Imperial H. G. Tobacco-John
Frasier, Chester, 7 per cent.
Edisto Acid with Potash-Wm.
Kennedy, Camden, 6 per cent.
Chicora Acid with Potash-Moseley
Bros., Prosperity, 8 5-10 per cent.
Armour Acid with Potash-Moseley
Bros., Prosperity, 4 2-10 per cent.O
Davie & Whittle Owl Brand-J. M.
Carson & Co., Kershaw, 5,per cent.
Home Fertilizer Acid Phosphate--J.
M. Leech, Hickory Grove, 7 per cent.
Dissolved Bone Pbosphate-W. A.
Crosby, Ridgeland, 15 per cent.
Berkeley Dissolved Bone-W. S.
Cooler, Ridgeland, 10 per cent.
Standard Dissolved Bone-W. J.
Kearse, Ulmers. W. H. Gosbhraugh &
J. W. Rlount, 4 2-10 per cent.
Did You Plant Any Carnations?
Did y<?1 plant any hardy Icarnation
seeds last fall? Did you plant any last
spring? If not, writes Helen Watts
MeVey, in the Commoner, you have
missed much that is bea'tiful. The
early cold in October finished all that
the September breezes had left of the
ading summertime in my own garden,
but in the border, the hardy chrysan
themums, red, white, yellow 'and pur
ple, glow cheerfully in November's
sunshine, while the hardy carnations
bloom on undisturbed. Such bratve
and sturdy little blossoms, laughing
at threat of frost or frown of cloud.
They are like little soldiers keeping
guard over the remnant of the dying
year. Here and there, a petunia blos
som smiles out of its thrifty leaves,
and a belated rosebud bends a dis
couraged head from its swaying stem,
but there is no death in the carnation
bed; it has given freely of its wealth
all through the summer, and the
early snows will lie upon its bright,
The seeds are so cheap, and germi
nate so readily, that there is little ex
cuse for doing without them. If a bed
is prepared, even now, and the seeds,
sown, many plants will spring up this
witr, while others wililappear very
early next .spring, and you will have
many blossoms next year. Over the
bed, when the earth freezes, you
should scatter a coarse litter to pre
vent the alternate freezing and thaw
ing of the surface, which is what will
ruin your bed by throwing the young
plants out of the soil.
THE OLD STORY.
& Sister of Charity Renounces Her
Order to Get Married.
A dispatch from Holyoke, Mass.,
relates the following little romantic
story: Falling in love with Emery
Brault while she nursed his friend's
dying wife, Miss Jeanne Trenard, a
sister of the Franciscan Order, has
yielded to Brault's entreaty to leave
the sisterbood, and will wed him next
Brault boarded with the family of
his friend, Phydime Audet. Last
January Mrs. Audet was taken seri
ously ill and the services of a trained
nurse became imperative. Audet vis
ited the Frlanciscan Order, the sisters
of which nurse the sick and are recom
pensed according to the circumstances
of the patient.
A sister was sent to the Audet
home, and the case proving obstinate,
Brault. and the sister became well ac
quainted, in spite of the fact that the
friendship could progress but slowly
owing to the pretty sister's inability
to speak English.
Brault set to work to acquire a
knowledge of French, and mastered
the language sutliciently to facilitate
the interchange, of thought. He in
tends to continue his studies in order
to teach his future wife English.
Miss Trenard, who is twenty-three
years old, has been in the United
States fifteen months, coming to this
country because of a prenunciamento
exiling the order from France. She
has been in the order five years.
Whiskey Causes Tragedy.
Near Hoschton, Ga., John Cook, a
young white man, shot and mortally
wounded Don Ware, another young
white man, and the latter's death is
momentarily expected. The youngi
men called in their buggies at the
home of the Misses Williams and car
ried the young ladies for a drive.
Cook was drinking, it is said and after
the young people had driven some dis
tance the young Miss Williams, with1
Cook, got out of the bugay because of
his intoxicated condition and got into
the buggy of Ware and her sistr.
This greatly infuriated Cook and he
pulled a revolver and shot Ware, who
was in the buggy between the young
women, through the head. The
wounded young man was removed to
a near by house, where he was given
medical attention. Cook is being
held pending the result of Ware's.
THE negroes who immigrated from1
eorgia to Liberia last Feburary are
aow in a destitute condition, and are
petitioning the government to takec
ahele c home. 1
PLANTS WITH OILSKINS.
They Are Protected Equally Against
Damp and Drought.
Gather a sycamore bud just befcre
it bursts and look at it closely. You
will notice that it is enveloped in
tough scales. There are either twelve
or fourteen of these scales, which
make a close and complete covering
around every single individual bud.
Strip them off, and in the very heart
you come upon two pairs of what will
eventually be leaves tightly folded to
Some of these sycamore buds are
larger than others. These, on exami
nation, will be found to contain
bunches of flowers as well as leaves.
Sycamores, like all other trees, take
a long time to make their buds for
the following season. They begin new
growth, indeed, just as soon as they
have got rid of their old leaves in the
Autumn, and go on quietly working all
through the Winter. Hard frost would,
of course, kill the buds at once were
they not protected; while, even If there
were no frost, the cold rains and fogs
of winter would rob the tender begin
nings of the new leaf. Bud scales,
therefore, are grown by the sycamore
and other trees simply to protect the
buds from frost and damp. They- are,
in fact, a sort of combination over
coat and mackinosh. When the leaves
break forth In spring-generally about
the middle of April-the sycamore
buds shed their overcoats, which fall
off, and may be seen littering the
ground beneath the tree.
Every tree of the kind known as.
deciduous-that is, the trees which lose
their leaves in winter-acts in much
the same way as the sycamore; but
the form of overcoat is not always the
same. Beech buds have ver- tough
little brown overcoats, fringed with
white, silky hairs. The white willow
and some other trees also have hairy
or furry coats for their young leaves
and flower buds. These silky hairs
entangle air just as animal fur does,
and so keep the buds from the cold
winds of spring.
All trees do not get rid of their
bud protections. The hawthorn, for
instance, keeps them on all the sum
mer. They open into small green
leaves, which do not fall until the
other leaves do.
Trees are very careful, as a rule, not
to dispense with their overcoats too
soon: but yet they are occasionally
caught napping. In 1891, for instance,
there was a terribly sharp frost late
In the spring, and. the beech leaves,
which were almost fully out, were
caught and nipped. For weeks after
ward the beech trees had a brown and
withered look: but by the end of June
fresh leaves pushed out from younger
Regular ollskins are worn by the
horse-chestnut. Anyone who has
handled the bursting leaf buds of this
tree knows how gummy and sticky
they are. The use of the gum which
the coverings of chestnut buds exude
is to protect them from moisture as
well as from cold.
Later onin the year plants need pro
tection against the sun, which would
otherwise take up all the moisture in
their leaves nnd wilt them. The leaf
of a cabbage has a mealy look about
it-almost as if it had been dusted with
flour. Many grasses have a similar
appearance, and so have the leaves of
the Australian gum-tree. All these
leaves, if examined under the miscro
scope, will be found to be covered with
a bloom consisting of tiny needles of
wax. This stuff' has been exuded from
the leafpores In order to save the
Wanted to Sit In Statue's Lap.
Because he wanted to sit in the lap
of the statue of Morton McMichael,
Raymond Harrison, thirteen years old,
of Fourth and Dickinson streets, was
deprived of his liberty for a short time
yesterday.. Park Guard Barrett saw
the boy sitting in the lap of the figure
on Lemon Hill. He ordered him down
and brought him to Sedgely guard
house. When Secretary O'Neill asked
the diminutive prisoner why he had
climbed over the statue the boy re
plied: "I ;just wanted to be able to
say I had sat there." He was dis
charged, with a warning to keep away
from the statue in the future.-Phila
Value of Coins.
There seems to be a great deal of
misapprehension in regard to the
value of certain coins here in Amer
ica. The Columbian half dollar of
1902, which Is the rarest of the two
Columbia half-dollars struck, Is worth
to dealers only fifty-five cents. Occa
sionally dealers ask as high as sev
enty-five cents for them, but they will
not pay that much. The half-dollar of
120, if In what Is called the "mint
state," would perhaps be worth as
much as $1, not more. If the coin
is much worn by circulation the value
would be less.-Woman's Home Com
The Flood of Immigrants.
The remedy is to be found in a wid
er distribution of the flood. Scattered
throughout the union a milllion for
eigners would exert but little Influence,
and in the course of a few years theyw
would acquire a knowledge of Ameri
can ways and institutions. Their chil
dren would grow up in the midst of an
American environment, and, learning
the English language 'and attending
public schools, they would becomd
American in every sense. The coun'
try Is big enough and has sufficient re
sources to accommodate many more
people than will come, even though
they come at the rate of a million a
year for the next half century.-Den
Lots of people would rather die i
natural death than send for a doctor.
A Little Martyr.
At Asheville, N. C., Ernest Petit,
aged four, the son of Mr. and Mrs.
Will Petit, Wednesday received burns
hat will prove fatal, trying to save
Ihe life of bib sister Beatrice aged two.
he children were left alone in the
ouse and the little girl's clothing
aught fire. Her brother tried to
extinguish the flames. His clothing
aught and he was terribly burned all
ver the body, receiving internal in
uries as well. Neighbors discovered
,he fire and rushed in and it was soon
extinguished. The little girl died
He Is Right.
The State says "It Is stated that
speaker Cannon has requested Con
ressman Williams, the Democratic
eader, to name the minority members
>f the house committees. Usually tbe
peaker has made the minority as well
s the majority assignments but
peaker Cannon takes the position
hat the minority Is as much enti
led as the majority to say where its
nen shall be piaced to Its own advant
ge. Is it possible that a Republi
an speaker means to concede that
.e minority ha snme right?"
PEEAG BUSINESS WOMEN'
Lots of Great L-dies are Suz
MANY IMMERSED IN TRADE
Every Year Sees New Recruits-Reg
istry for Servants-Laundry Busi
ness and Manicuring a Modern
Necessity and Several Smart
Women Have Adopted These Busi
England has been called a nation of
shopkeepers, and not without reason,
as a keen business instinct exrsts in
both men and women, and in every
class and every set in so:iety. Wo
men of the smart London -orld show
a special aptitude for commercial en
terprise, and at tle present time sev
eral members of the best-known fami
lies are immersed In successful trade
speculations; 1887 saw the commence
ment of this business era. The late
Lady Granville Gordon acted the part
of a praiseworthy pioneer. Her hat
shop in Park street, Grosvenor Square,
proved as profitable an investment as
did Mrs. Jack Cumming's more recent
dressmaking experiment in Dover
Every year sees new recruits to the
strong army of society traders. Some
time ago the Duchess of Abecorn start
ed a creamery near Baronscourt that
supplies customers in Belfast with the
best and freshest of Irish dairy aro
duce, and Lady Essex, an American,
.by the way, is partly responsible for a
flourishing laundry in the neighbor
hood of London. Lady Rachel Byng,
daughter of Lord S.rafford, has a mil
linery establishment not far from
New Bond street. The Hon. Mrs.
Turnour keeps a dressmaker's shop in
the same locality, and Mrs. "Bertie'
Dormer, cousin to Lord Dormer, has
recently started as a milliner Lnd
dressmaker under the pseudonym of
Mrs. Wellesley, a relation by 'nar
riage of the Duke of Wellington, once
owned a flower-shop In lower Grosve
nor place; and now Mrs. Patrick Her
on-Maxwell-another smart woman
runs a florist's business in Victoria
street. The servant question appeals
to many of us; Miss Edith Kerr keeps
a regis'ry for servants in lower Bel
grave street, Eaton Square. This -ady
is one of the unmarried daughters of
the late Lord Frederick Kerr; and she
is, of course, related to the present
Lord Lothian. Manicure is a modern
necessity, and several smart women
have adop'ed this delicate business.
The Hon. Mrs. Granville Knox bas
started as a manicurist in a shop not
far from Piccadilly. She is a daugh
ter of Harriet Lady Clifden, a cousin
of the Marquise d'Hautepoule, and is
married to Granville Knox, a relation
of Lord Ranfurly. She is a pretty,
fascinating woman, and rejoices in the
pet name of "Ducky," which, by the
way, she shares with the Grand Duch
ess of Hesse.
Several. tea shops are kept by Lon
don society women, notably one in
Bond street, which belongs to Mrs.
Robertson, wife of an army officer.
The house is arranged with great taste,
has a deep, Ivy-covered veranda, and
he neat-handed waitresses dress in
violet frocks, covered with white mus
lin aprons and long oversleeves. Lady
Warwick and Lady Duncannon have
both been shopkeepers in and near
Bond street; and although their names
are now less prominently before the
public, yet they remain equally inter
ested in their favorite industries
English-made lingerie and Irish hand
Some society women prefer not to
coquette with commerce, and instead
turn their attention to a serious pro
fessional career. The Hon. Mrs. Scar
lett-Synge, sister to Lord Abinger, has
become a fully qualified physician, and
practices at Bloemfontein, In South
Africa, where she holds the post of
medical officer to the Government
Normal Hospital. The South Africa
war left u~s a legacy of society nurses;
but years ago, Lady Hermione Black
wood, and-before her marriage-Lady
Griselda Cheape, both worked as
nurses in the London hospitals. Muslc
claims many gifted women. The Hon.
Mrs. ,Julian Clifford, sister to Lord
Henniker, is now a professional coa
cert singer;- and Mine. Lillian Eldee, a
pretty and successful vocalist, appears
in society as Mrs. "Bill" Duncombe,
whose husband is a nephew of Lord
Feversham.-M. A. P.
English Pie Crust.
The English cook has a knack of
keeping her pie crust crisp and deli
cate, Instead of growing soaked und
soggy, as the American crust Is apt to
be. The crust Is prepared In the
American style, but instead of lining
a pan or dish as we do they cover the
bottom and outside of the dish or pan,
pricking the crust closely to prevent
the formation of blisters. Then a lay
er-cake pan is covered with a sheet of
.rust, and both are baked a delicate
brown. When finished the pie pan is
removed from its cover of crust, and
the latter is filled with stewed or
sliced and sugared fruit The pie::e
baked in the layer pan Is used as a lid.
Meat filling can be used also.
The stiff ribbon or velvet cockade is
a favorite trimming for the tailor hat,
and the same cartwheel shape Is copied
In flowers for use upon more elaborate
ats. For example, a flat wheel of for.
getmenots surrounds a flat disk of gar
denias or roses, and the ornament sup
ports the lifted hatbrim as would a
Flounces and ruchings are as much
the rage as they were in 1830.
Burned Money In Stove.
Willis Radcliff, of North Alton,
burned $50 in currency a few days
ago when she started a fire in a stove
in which she placed the money to hide
it from theives. Mrs. Radcliff's hus
had left -$50 with her to. pay to a
quarryman, and to be safe until call
ed for she hid it in an urn on her
stove. She did not think of the
money until a few days later, when
the quarryman called for it, and she
found the purse and $50 inside it a
charred ruin. She has had the charred
remains sent to the Treasury D p irt
ment, in the hope that some of the
bills may be redeemed.
The Tide Turning.
The Columbia Record says wage re
ductions in mills in New England and
the closing down of a number of
manufacturing plants is taken as an
evidence tbat the industrial tide is
turning. While this is to be regret
ed how is the Republican party to
explan It, as it certainly will be call
ad on to do? It has claimed credit
or good crops and everything else that
nade the country prosperous. Epual
y then the party must be responsible
or existing depression and there w-ill
e some trouble In evnlainingr it.
MEN WHO LIVED LONG AGO.
Vespasian's Census Shows Many Over
One Hundred Years Old.
It is generally supposed that the
men and women of this age live long
er than those of ancient times, but cer- I
tain classical scholars of Europe are
of a different opinion and they point
to a census which was taken during
thp reign of the Emperor Vespasian'as
proof that they have good ground for
disagreeing with scientists on this
When this census was taken sev
eral persons were living wiio were
more than one hundred years old,
among them being two in Parma, each
one hundred and twenty years one in
Placentia, one hundred and thirty; a
woman In Faventia, one hundred and
thirty-five; L. Terentius, in Bo'lognie.
one hundred and forty; 31. Aponius
and Tertulla, the former beihg one
hundred and forty and the latter one
hundred and thirty-seven, and at
Velejacium, near Placentia. six per
sons who were one hundred and ten,
four one hundred and twenty and one
who was one hundred and forty.
Moreover, several historical per
sonages lived to a great age. Cato
Censorius transacted bus:ness until he
was nearly ninety and retained to the
end all his old time vigor. Terentius
Varro lived to be nearly one hundred,
and he continued to write up to the
day of his death. Pla:o died in his
eighty-third year, and his last hour
was devoted to intellectual work. Iso
crates was ninety-four years old when
he wrote his famous work "Panathe
Chrysippus began to write his work
on logic in his eightieth year. C.ean
thes taught his pupils up to his ninety
ninth year. Sophocles lived up to be
nearly one hundred, and during his
last days..he wrote the "Oelipus Col
oneus," one of the greatest tragedies
Quintus Fabius was appointed augur
when he was past middle age, and he
held the office for sixty-.wo years.
Livia, the wife of Rutilus, lived to be
ninety-seven; Terentia, Cicero's wife,
one hundred and three, and Clod'a,
the wife-of Aufldius, one hundred and
fifteen. . Hiero, King of Sicily, lived
to be ninety, and Masinissa lived to
be still older and ruled for sixty
years. Cicero, in his work oft old age,
says of the latter that nothing could
induce him to cover his head, no mat
ter how inclement the weather was.
Gorgias, of Leontium, the teacher
of Isocrates -and 'other distinguished
men, was in excellent health at the
age of one hundred and seven years.
Xenophilus, of Chalcis, the Pythagor
ean, lived to be almost as old as Gor
gias, and his later years are described
as being most happy. Finally ancient
records show that Arganthonius began
to rule when he was forty years old
and held power for eighty years, and
in the third book of his "History" AsL
nius Pollio tells us that he did not die
until he was-past his one hundred and
thirtieth year.-New York Herald. .
Fair-Haired Race -in Ancient Egypt.
Karl Blind, the anthropologist, has
long believed that the aboriginal in
habitants of Egypt were a fair-hair-ad
people,. allied by blood to the Trojaus,
who were driven out by the incoming
of the later black-haired, pyramind
The recent unearthing, he says, of'
the ancient burial place of a light
haired people at Fayum, and still later
of a reddish-haired corpse (not a mum
my), supposed to be 8,000 years old,
furnishes striking evidence in support
of this theory. -This race was related
by blood, speech, and customs to the
Teutonic and Scandinavian stock,
"therefore also with Englishment and
their descendants in Americ."~
The corpse above referred to now
lies In the mummy room'of the Brit
ish Museum. It was dug up on the
western bank of the Nile, In upper
Egypt. Some tufts of reddish hair are
still sticking to the 8,000-year-old
skull. The hands and feet-are small,
the head long and narrow. The sta
ture of this warrior must have been
about 5 feet 9 inches.
Careful of the Thermometer.
In a certain v'illage not very long
ago, a benevolent doctor offered to
give a thermometer to every cottage,
carefully explaining its use. Soon
after their arrival a district visitor en
tered one house where the new ther
mometer hung proudly In the middle
of the room, danging at the end of a
string. The visitor complimented the
owner upon It and inquired if she re
membered the instructions.
"Ay, that I do," was the reply; "I
'angs un there, and I watches 'un, un
til 'e gets above 60."
"Quite right Mrs -," said the lady,
much pleased that the directions giv
en had taken root; "and what do you
do when It gets above 60?'
"Why, then," was the unlooked-for
answer, "I takes 'un down from the
nail and puts 'un out in the garden,
and cools 'un down a biti"-Tit-BIts.
The Large Family of Jones.
Sixty-two years ago a man named
.ones moved from Kentucky to Dade
County, Mo., taking with him his fam
ily of ten children. At a reunion re
cently held at Everton,. 1,019 of his
descendants- were present, and there
are a few who were unable to attend.
Almost all of his descendanls have
married and settled In the same neigh
borhood In south-west Missouri, and
as they are clannish a stranger who
goes in there and talks unfavorably
about anybody he has met Is very like
ly to find he is talking to a relative
of the person who has Incurred his
displeasure, and that he has got him
self Into trouble. They are said to be.
the largest family living in a single
neighborhood in the United States.
Mhrgaret is Greek, a PearL
A Princess Elopes.
It now appears tbat the Princess
Alice, wife of Prince Victor Frederick1
Ernest of Schoenburg-Waldenburg,
left her home at Gaurnitz, Germany,
three months ago, taking her son,
eighteen months old. Her former
coachman, Emilio Materni also disap-1
pared -sometime ago. The princess
supposedly is in Italy. Prince and
Princess Victor Frederick Ernest of
Schoenburg-Waldenburg had lived
apart for some time. Princess Alice
is described as being small and pretty,
with bewitching eyes and of extreme
ly ardent temperament. The coach
man Materni, is reputed to be unusu
ally handsome. He was married to a
German girl, but the princess' liking
for him was well known at Gaurnltz,
where he occupied a position of confi
Great Forest Fires.
Great forest fires are raging In theI
cotton belt region of West Mississippi1
and Arkansas. Large areas of timber
are burning while the fires have spread1
rapidly by attacking the dry under
growth. The advices from Little 1
Rock, Ark., state that the fires are 1
brning in ail recatinaond a nello I
Zecollections of a Woman
is Now a Grandmother.
krrival of the Bridegroom and Hi
Cavalcade-Journey of the Brid":
Procession to the Bride's NeW
Home-Three .Days of MerrymakW
ing as a Welcome.
"How did rich people marry inyou
time?" asked a young woman of
stately woman who is a gran
who, like herself, was a guest at'
recent noted wedding. And the gr.diR
mother, who comes from VirginIatol ;
"Your grandfather was ther
young man In the country ,and I -
a fortune of my own. The day of our.
marriage he came on horseback 'to
"He was attended by his~r-u
friends, each of whom rode a
horse. They wore high, white
white silk knee breeches andl,-w
silk hosiery. Their shoes werea
ed with great buckles.
"They came up the long lane -
led to the great lawn In fr
Lome and, their ceming was 1
a pageant. This calvalcade Wii;
lowed by a large unmber of.
the property. of your -
They were also mounted; .theze
one' slave for each of your
"When your grandfath
entrance to the lawn he d
and was met by my fathe A
attendant dismounted he .was
ed by your grandfathe to y
and the procession moved u t
walk to the wide portico o
There they were seated
with such refreshments asal
ern gentlemen dispense
"The attendants were cn&u't-d
various apartments to miake--, -
the, event of the day. W- 6
grandfather had been cared
special servant, he desc
great family room and paidilV
distinguished respects tomy
who, at that moment; bot
of her stateliness and spleo
have been a noticeable
any court function. -
"After this brief Intervew
ther withdrew and came to ''7
chamber. She was: -
my father. They- bestowei
their most affectioiatea
the., minister, the 'Bishog ofthe -
came in and laid his andsu
as he had done when I was -
by him, and as I kneltbefore
gave me his blessing.
"My bridesmaids were
ted, and after each had-.ssd m
hand all withdrew.- My b
sisters then came In and we
tle reunion. Then came my
old black mammy and her-d
the latter a vienerable hostler.f
"They bowedl before-me;
in those days were acutmed
before white people,'andlnle. ""
those dear old black people w
they never expected to seeme
Then came the other -lvs'&
plantation In couples, ,ingeu
The discarded wardrobes of h&~i
were seen in that procession.
"Then I was left alonie forkZ'
minutes-al alone. Inha-teZ.
bowed devoutly, and in that
my father came In and fouI e~
arose and he conducted moth
great salon below. ;'
"The cerem'ony of my arge
much the same as that osreit.
day. Our Church has not d1t
from Its cerimoniail' In such afli
however It may have been tempte&g
change some of Its ruibrics
"A wedding breakfast' followed.
There was no music before or ~fter~
the ceremonies: After. the breairfatiM
was conducted to my mother' ola
fly room and there under hier -eo
tion my wedding 'gown was ca
to a riding habit.
"As I passed out your,gent
met me and conducted me to thedio
stile block at the entrance of'thsAalii.
It was covered- with honeikie
Beside It stood the most 'beaiitifii
animal that money and a thoro
knowledge of blooded stockcoW
"The saddle was of white silkl
outfit was caparisoned fit for alqueen
My black mammy's old husband I
the hostler. I do not know .hielC
seemed to 'be the 'proudest, thutbol
slave or the beautiful horse .whil
awaited my coming.
"The attendants whom I bad watch-U
ed a short time before stood uncicN
ed while your grandfather lftekme
into the saddle as lightly as iftlida
been a feather. He was in his -ndd
a moment later, and then his fin
mounted with the iprecision oftr
cavalry. The .bridal procession began
-"It was several miles to the homne of
our grandfather. That journey came
as near being triumphal as' any of-j
which I ever dreamed. It-was a olIA
day all along the course. The roadI
was lined by slaves, most of Who3f
were dressed In white, and as We
passed they bent to the earth,'iic1-'
was scattered with flowers.
"That is how the rich people maW
red In my time, my child, in that~
blessed State which we call -the 01~
All-over embroidered morning &rep
is the latest concession to the rage fo"
elaboration, and, as the embroidery IS
ione in dull silk, it does not detraci
rom the idea of deep mourning.
rritating smoke bangs over the city.
Between Memphis and Little Rock OIL
he Choctaw Railroad, the woods are
)f fire on both sides of the railway
ine. At Gre 'nville, Miss., and other'
,oints in the Yazoo belt, great clouds
)f smoke seriously interfere with the ~
river traec. The inhabitants of th4
~otton belt are anxiously awaiting the
rst signs of rain, which will serve to.
~xtinguish the flames. NTo lives are"
ost so far as is knoown, bt itisre
orted live stock has St ifered severely.
Kicked in the Head.
A letter from Donnald's to Thl
tat-e says little DeWit, the 12-year- -
ld son of T. B. Blackwell, a promin
int citizen of that community, met -
ith a fearful accident on -Wednes"
lay afternoon. The Iittle fellow was 2
etting the stock out of the stalls to -
et water. When he opened-the door
>f one stall the horse ran out and
dcked the boy just above the left eyes
yreaking the skull Drs. Wideman
mnd Bell were summoned and removed
~he pieces of broken bone that were
~ressing on the brain. The little
ufferer Is standing it heroically, but
he physicians have but little hope%.