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How much7 would I care for it, could I know
That when I am under the grass and snow
The ravelled garment of Earth's brief day
Folded and quietly laid away.
The spirit let loose from mortal b..rs.
And somewhere away among the stars
How much do you think it would matter, then,
What praise was lavished on me. or when,
-Whatever might be its stint or store,
if it neither could help or harm me more?
If, while I was toiling, they had but thought
To stretch a finger, I would have caught
Gladly such aid to buoy me through
Some bitter duty 1 had to do,
Though when it was done, they said, maybe,
To others-they never said to me
The word of praise, so craved, whose worth
Had been the supremest joy on earth.
If giv'n me then: "We are proud to know
That one of ourselves has triumphed so."
What use for the rope. if it be not flung
Till the swimmer's grasp to the rock has
What herp in a comrade's baglebiut
When the perils G*-upule height is past?
What weta the spurring paeon roll
When the runner is safe beyond the goal?
What worth is eulogy's blandest breath
When whispered in ears that are hushed in
Oh, friends, if you have but a word of cheer,
Speak, while the ear is alive to hear.
A GOOD MEETING.
The Baptists Meet in Annual Con
vention at Sumter.
IT WAS LARGELY ATTENDED.
Three Hundred Delegates Present
from All Parts of the State.
Convention Meets Next
Year in Chester.
The Baptist State Convention held
its 83rd annual sessison in the city of
Sumter beginning Wednesday night,
Dec. 2nd, and ending the following
Sunday night. The convention ser
mon was preached by Rev. W. J.
Langston, of Greenville, and his
theme was "Ministerial Education."
The convention was organized by
the election of Mr. Charles A. Smith,
of Timmonsville, president; Rev. L.
c. Ezell, of Woodruff, and Rev. C. A.
Stiles, of Eastover, vice presidents;
Rev. C. P. Ervin, of Campobello, and
Rev. V. I. Masters, of Greenville,
secretaries; Rev. J. L. Vass, of Green
Prof. John R. Sampey, of the
Southern Baptist Theological semin
ary, made an address upon the work
of the seminary and $900 was pledged
for the students fund.
Devotional exercises were conducted
Thursday morning by Rev. J. N.
Prestridge, of Louisville, Ky., editor
of the Baptist Argus. An address of
welcome was made by Rev. C. C.
Brown, of Sumter, and the response
was by Rev. John Bass Shelton, of
Dr. A. J. Rowland, of the Ameri
can Baptist Publication society, spoke
upon the work of this society, which
is the largest Baptist publishing house
in the world, and the Bible is printed
by the society in many foreign langu
Rev. T. M. Bailey, D. D., made the
report of State mission work as fol
lows: One liundred and seven mis
sionaries, six women missionaries, 136
stations, 40 of these in factory towns,
7,599 sermons have been preached,
70,661 miles traveled, added to
churches 2,624. The total amount
collected for this work was 815,530.
Be reports a deficit of little more than
$2,000. Eighteen thousand dollars
was the basis on which the last con
vention ordered this work done, but
the unusual and pressing interest
taken, especially in the last two
months, in the endowment fund for
Furman University cut down receipts
temporarily. The total membership'
of mission churches is 8,585. Forty-!
one Sundayschools were organized dur-I
ing the year, making a total of 138
on mission fields. The mission
churches Qontributed $8,591 to mis
- sioniary a.nd benevolent objects. A
State evangelisa was employed by the
board, H. P. Fditch, at a salary of
$1,200 a year. He has preached 378
times and made 22 addresses, and 357
conversions are reported'at his meet
The twelfth annual report of Con
nie Maxwell o-'phanage was read by
the superintendent, Rev. A. T. Jami
son. .During the year one new home
has been built with room for thirt~y
immates. The Maxwell home in
Greenwood has been sold for $8,250,
and this amount will be put into the
the erection of a new brick school
-house. In the parlor of this school
house will be placed pictures of Dr.
'and Mrs. Maxwell and their little
daughter, Connie. There are now in
the 'orphanage 151 children, with
room for 160. -Special mention is
made of the gift of $3,000 by Mrs. I.
G. McKissick for the erection of the
E. P. McKissick Memorial library.
The churches had contributed, this
year, for the orphange $13,700, which
is $1,200 more than the convention
apportioned for this work. On mo
tion of Rev. J. D. Bailey the conven
tion voted thanks to Mrs. McKissick
for her generous gift.
:Dr. C. C. Brown, secretary and
treasurer of the Aged Ministers' Re
lief fund, read a report of this work.
There are thirty-fotir beneficiaries,
and there has been paid into the
treasury for their support the sum of
The report of the women's central
committee was read by Rev. T. L.
Smith, pastor at Society Hill. The
Woman's Missionary society and chil
dren's bands have contributed through
the central co'mmittee $9,046.
Dr. W. J. Langston made his re
port as president of the board of min
isterial education. This board is now
looking after the interests of twenty
three. ministerial students. For one
year the expenses have been $3,015.71.
As a report on temperance a very
ela' rate paper was read by Rev.
Vernonl I'Anson which he followed
with a speech. In both speech and
paper he related again the sorrow and
crimest that follow drunkenness, and
also ctodemned the dispensary sys
tem. 11e recommended the Law and
Order league, and hoped that the con
vention would pass resolutions endors
LProf. Stiles R. Mellichamp offei-ed
resolutions of co-operation with the
Woman's Christian Temperance work
ers and the Law and Order league.
Mr. Baggott's relation of the facts
of the tyranny of the dispensary in
the town of Saluda aroused the inter
est of the Baptist convention on the
temperance subject more than it has
been for a number of years. The
Mellipchamp resolutions were adopted
with a' hearty unanimity, the vote
being taken by rising.
At the evening session Rev. W. T.
Tate, of Bolton, read the report of
the committee on State missions, and
George H. Edwards, of Darlington,
made an address, strongly appealing
f.> aid in this work. Evangelist
Fitch was called upon and his speech
was very appropriate. A. C. Wil-.
kins, of Batesburg, and E. T. Atkin
son, of Chester, also spoke on the sub
The report was adopted, and car
ries with ir a recommendation for the
mployment of an assistant secretary.
John Bass Shelton read the reportI
on home missions. b. D. Gray, secre
tary of the Home board of the South
ern Baptist Convention, spoke earn- <
estly and appealingly for help in evan
gelizing the Southern States.
Friday was a busy day in the Con
vention, and the opening exercises
were conducted by Rev. H. P. Fitch,
of Greenville. S. Y. Jamison, D. D.,
of Atlanta, secretary of State mis
5ions in Georgia, and Lansing Burrow,
D. D., of ,Nashville, representative of
the Sunday School board, were wel
:omed to the convention.
The special order was "Ministerial
Edu2tiC.na aud the report was read
by Rev. W. S. Dorsett, of Beaufort.
Ln a very few remarks following his
report, Mr. Dorsett emphasized the
great importance of contributing to
this work. Dr. H. P. Fitch made
quite a lenghty address on the report.
Prof. F. N. K. Bailey made a stimu
lating speech rather of a negative
character, which brought out more
interest than the report did. Many
of the members wers anxious to speak
at this point and the time had been
extended for two speakers, Prof.
Bailey and Rev. 0. E. Burts, but
having a program for the day the vote
was called for on the report. It was
adopted and the convention went on
to consideration of Sunday schools.
The report of Sunday school work
was offered by Rev. W. M. Jones, who
made a speech to his report. Rev. R.
W. Lide offered resolutions to the ef
feet that the convention undertake
field work in the interest of Sunday,
schools to be done by a field secretary
under the control of the State board.
Before the vote on this resolution was
taken the convention was addressed by
Dr. Lansing Burrows, who is a great
favorite in South Carolina and in his
address lost no ground.
Dr. B. W. Spillman, o0 Nashville
Sunday school field work secretary,
made his first appearance before the
convention and spoke helpfully con
cerning the importance of systematic
Sunday school work.
When the Lide resolutions provid
ing for a Sunday school field worker
came up again there was considerable
discussion, but an amendment to the
report, otiered by Dr. A. J. S.
Thomas, which carried all the main
features of the resolutions was accept
ed and the report was adopted. This
commits the State board to a new
and enlarged work, that of putting a
Sunday school field secretary into the
Rev. R. H. Burriss, for the com
mitte on time and place, reported for
Chester, with Rev. L. M. Roper to
pre:b the convention sermon and
Rev. C. E. Burts, alternate. Rev. F.
M. Satterwhite moved .o amend by
inserting Tuesday as the day of the
week for the meeting instead of Wed
nesday, which was adopted.
Mr. C. M. Douglass, of Columbia,
moved to strike out Chester and in
sert Columbia, and spoke earnestly in
favor of his motion.
He was followed in an earnest
speech by Rev. John Bass Shelton,
pastor of the Chester church, urging
the propriety of going to Chester.
When the vote was taken Chester
was the place, and Rev. W. E. Wil
kins, of Columoia, moved to make it
Rev. R. W. Lide, on behalf of the
committee to . nominate trustees of
Furman University, reported tecom
mending Charles A. Smith, of Tim
monsville: Joel L, Allen, of Dillon: H.
J. Haynsworth, of Greenville; J. Hart
well Edwards, of Ridge Spring, and
R. Y. Leavell, of Newberry, to suc
ceed those whose terms expire this
year, namely: W.. H. Runt, H. J.
Haynesworth. L. M. Roper, David M.
Ramsey and A. C. Wilkins. The re
port was adopted.
Dr. David M. Ramsey, president of
the board of trustees, read the report
of the board, officially annoucing the
acceptance of the nomes given by sub
scribers to the endow ment fund. Every
note accepted has b( en endorsed by a
reputable bank, through its president
r cashier. Dr. Ramsey made an im
Joel I. Allen, who traveled all over
South Carolina to raise $100,000 en
cownment for Furman, and succeeded
in getting $125,000, was called for,
and as he walked down the aisle the
Convention rose to' greet him Presi
dent Smith extended the hand of grati
tude to Mr. Allen on behalf of the
Baptists of the State.
Mr. Allen declared that he had been
but a figure-head in the matter; that
J. W. King, of Di'lon,. devised the
plan the Pee-Dee Association offered
the matter to the State Convention,
and that the Baptist of the State had
contributel the money. Mr. Allen is
a modest man, but the Convention
knows that his personal effort secured
Mr. Allen has been elected financial
agent of the University for the year
Dr. D. W. Key submitted a resolu
tion thanking Prof. C. H. Judson for
his gift of $20,000 to Furman's en
dowment, and J. D. Pitts was re
quested to lead in a prayer for the
preservation of the health of the
venerable professor of mathematics.
At the afternoon session several
boards were elected.
L. M. Roper moved that the cen
tral committee of the Women's Mis
sion Societies shall hereafter be elect
ed by the Women's Convention,
which motion was adopted.
At the night session the interests
of the Greenville Female Ccllege were
discussed by President E. C. James
and other members of the Convention.
The college is in a very prosperous
condition and its attendance is limit
ed only by its dormitory capacity;
$1,225 was pledged towards building
a new dormitory during the next Con
The Greenville churches made no
special pledges, but may be counted
on to do their full part ci the work.
The Convention instructed the
boari of trustees to push the work to
Rev. H. A. Bag~by read the report
on foreign missions, which shows that
work to be in a very prosperous con
dition. Rev. R. T. Bryan, for many
years a missionary to China, made a
ringing speech on foreign missions,
after which the Convention adjourned.
Rev. A. W. Larmar, a native of
Beech Island, who was secretary of
State missions for eight years, was
among the visitors after an absence of
twenty-two years from the State.
The contributions to mission work
in South Carolina last year amounted
to $10,580. This year it went beyond
President Chas. A. Smith is a good
presiding otficer, and is a handsome
Last year the membership of the
white Baptist churches in South Caro
ina was 101,077, and in the United
tates 4,269,06g. This shows that
:me in every ten of the total popula -
-very sixteen peeple of the United
;tates, is a Baptist.
The total contributions made by
3aptists of this country last year was
)14,138,195, or about enough to have
)aid France for the Louisiana pur
:hase at the Jeffersonian price.
CREATES A SENSATION.
President Roosevelt is Attacked by
a Leading Republican Paper'
A dispatch from Washington says
:he sensation of the hour, so far as
-he national capital is concerned, is
5he attack upon President Roosevelt
Yontained in an editorial of the Cin
3inati Commercial Tribune, the lead
ing Reiublican organ of the Buckeye
State. The publication of the edito
rial in the local papers has given rise
to a discussion which has completely
>vershadowed the Wood case, the
president's message and everything
The Commercial Tribune comes out
bodily for the nomination of some
ther man to be the Republican stand
ard bearer in the presidential contest,
pointing with brutal f rankness to the
weakness of President Roosevelt, the
party dissatisfaction with him, and
the extreme danger of going into the
ontest with him as a leader. Special
stress is laid upon the conditions in
New York, which, The Commercial
Tribune thinks, render i, practically
impossible for Roosevelt to carry that
State. There is no mention of any
other man in particular, though half
a dozen are named as more likely than
the prisident to unite his party.
More than ordinary interest is taken
in this attack because of the known
affiliations of the newspaper. It is re
garded the personal organ of George
B. Cox, the big Republican boss of
southern Ohio, who is very close in
deed to Senator Hanna, and suspicious
administration politicians are inclined
to see the fine Italian hand of Uncle
Marcus back of the whole thing. Some
of them construe it as simple a means
of forcing the president to let up on
his fight for General Wood, while oth
ers see in it the beginning of a syste
matic campaign in the interest of
At the white house the Commercial
Tribune is sneered at as of no conse
quence, but those who understand
Ohio politics and have a knowledge of
the interests which control that paper
are of the opinion that their may be
serious breakers ahead for Roosevelt.
So far Senator Scott, of West Vir
ginia, is about the only Republican of
ice-holder or prominence who has bad
the temerity to proclaim that he is for
Hanna above Roosevest-f but there are
a great many others who are anxious
for an opportunity to line up that
way. It is not too much to say that
the present indications are that they
may have the opportunity.
A COLORED CENSUS CLRK
Is Suspended for Writing a Letter to
a White Lady.
A special dispatch from Washing
ington to The State says William
Ferguson, a negro clerk in the census
office, who is put down as hailing from
Alabama, has been suspended by the
director of the census pendining the
investigation of the charge that he
wrote an entirely too friendly letter
to a white lady clerk serving in the
office with him.
Ferguson is a bright mulatto who
has been holding office about Wash
ington for a good many years. It is
not charged that there vwas anything
openly improper in the wording of the
communication sent the lady clerk in
question, but upon receipt of it, she
at once reported the matter to the
officials of the bureau and Ferguson
The letter contains a query as to
whether ti e lady would accept a small
piece of je welry from the negro. His
defense is that this lady had been
more civil to him than any other
clerks and that he simply wanted to
manifest h.s gratitude. She, however,
couldn't see it in that light and be
came most indignant at what she and
her friends consider an insult to her.
Particulir interest was given the
case by the statement that Ferguson
was a grad late of the Booker Wash
ington institute at Tuskagee. This
cannot be verified. On the contrary,
it is said that Ferguson left Alabama
some years ago. before the Tuskegee
institute had grown to anything like
its presence prominence.
Fergusur. has, however, distinction
in anater 1:ne. He has been quite ac
tive as a messenger about Republican
national conventions and the Republi
can national committee meetings and
in this way is well known to leading
Republicans throughout the country.
Five Children in a Year.
A Passaic special to the New York
Journal says: "Five children in one
year is the record of Mrs. William
Cheesman of 431 Paulison avenue.
Less than 12 months ago Mrs. Chees
man became the mother-of twins, and
now she has presented her husband
with triplets. One of the triplets
died soon after birth, but the other
two are strong and healthy babies.
The Cneesman children now number
six. William Cheesman, the father,
is a poor man, earning a living by
gardening, in summer and by doing
odd jobs in winter. The increase in
his family caused him no small amount
of anxiety at first, but his neighbors
have rallied to his aid and he has been
promised steady employment at good
wages for the winter."
All Were Lost.
Reports from Cape Fear life saving
station, at the mouth of Cape Fear
river, give particulars of the capsizing
of the schooner Clarence H., a small
coasting vessel bound from Shallotte,
N. C., to Wilmington, and the drown
ing of the captain and crew of two
men, and two passengers. The body
o one of the passengers, a local fisher
man, drifted ashore with the schooner
bottom up early Thursday. It is
supposed that the craft encountered a
heavy gale as she was attempting to
get over the bar late Wednesday
A dispatch from Gibson, Ga., to the
Augusta Chronicle says on Saturday
evening at Jewell's factory, in Warren
xunty, Miss. Peeley Adams, a young
woman of sixteen, while cleaning some
machinery, unintentionally started
the loom in motion and was drawn
theirin and her teeth torn from her
mouth, her skull crushed and neck
A Bold Thief.
At St. Louis, Mo., Thursday night
n unknown man hurled a stone
rhrough the window of the E. H.
ostkamp Jewelry company, on north
Broadway, seized a tray of diamond
LOAVES AND FISHES.
Some of the 1laces to Be Filled by the
POLITICAL POT IS SIEMERING.
Williams and C-um Will Retire and
There Are Several Who Ap
pear Very Anxious for
With the approach of thelegislative
session, which is only five weeks off,
the political pot will begin to boil,
though by even the widest stretch of
the imagination it can hardly be said
to be more than simmering so far.
This being an "off year" in elections
the vacancies which the legislature
will be called upon to fill will be few
in number and for the most part un
There is no promise of any heated
contest, though the endeavor to be
come members of the dispensary di
rectorate may develop some excite
ment. It is underst' od that the
chairman, Mr. L. J. Williams, will re
tire and that Mr. H. 11. Evans will
aspire to this place. General Wilie
Jones cannot offer for election, Gov.
Heyward having appointed him to fill
out the unexpired term of Mr. Dukes.
Among the candidates for represen
tation in the directorat ex-Mayor W.
McB. Slaan, of Columbia, Col. John
Bell Towill of Lexington. Representa
tive Walker of Barnwell, Representa
tive Gourdin of Williamsburg and ex
Senator MeDermont of Hlorry are
CRUE ALSO WILL RETIRE.
At this time it appears that the
fight for Commissioner Crum's place
will be between Representative Tatum
of Orangeburg and Capt. W. D. Black,
head bookkeeper at the penitentiary.
Mr. Crum will not stand for re-elec
The terms of two penitentiary di
rectors, Messrs. W. D. Mann of Abbe
ville and IV. B. Love of York, will
expire this winter. They are up for
re-election and Mr. P. T. Hollis of
Chester is an aspirant for a place on
the board. Superintendent Grittith's
term expires Jan. 20, 1905.
The office that lasts longest between
elections is that of member of the
supreme court, which term is for
eight years. The term of Associate
Justice Charles A. Wood -who was
chosen to :all out the unexpired term
of Chief Justice McIver-expires Au
gust 1, 1904. Mr. Justice Woods will
probably have no opposition next
month and - will be elected for eight
Miss Linnie LaBorde, who has
served so acceptably one term as libra
rian, will likely succeed herself with
dignified grace and ease. There may
be other applicants.
NO JUDGES TO BE ELECTED.
There are no places on the circuit
bench to be provided for this time,
unless new circuits are created, which
The dates to which the terms of the
present eight circuit judges extend
Judge Charles G. Dantzler, Feb. 16,
Judge James Aldrich, Feb. 16,
Judge R. 0. Pardy, Dec. 6, 1906.
Judge R. C. Watts, Feb. 16, 1906.
Judge Ernest Gary, June 5, 1905
Judge Geo. W. Gage, Feb. 15, 1906.
Judge D. A. Townsend, Dec. 15,
Judge 3. C. Klugh, Feb. 14, 1906.
LEFT OVER BILLS.
The "copy" for the senate calendar
has not yet been submitted for print
ing, and it is not kr.ov'n what bills
continued from last session will be
presented to that body on its conven
ing day. The house has on its calen
dar 106 bills which were contined from
last session. All these~ may be re
ferred to committees or may be taken
up at once. Some of the measures
are very important.
THE HAJIPTON M(NUMENT.
The Required Ten Thouisand Dollars
Comes in very 5.lowly.
The Hampton monument commis
sion, consisting of Senator J. Q.
Marshall of Richland and C. S. McCall
of Mariboro, and Representatives E.
M. Seabrook of Charleston, B. A.
Morgani of Greenville, A ltmont Moses
of Sun: ter met in Charleston Wednes
The Columbia State says all the
memb- rs of the commiss.ion were pres
ent ex~ept Mr. Morgan. The comn
Imission~ went to Charleston for the
purpose~ of conferring with the Char
leston delegation to tue legislalure
with referrenice to raising as large a
sum as possible in that county and to
receive reports on the amount of
money that has already been collect
ed, as they had not heard from Char
The conference was held at the St.
John hotel and was presided over by
Senator McCall, the chairman of the
commission. The Charleston delega
tion reported that $743 had been col
lected, which was very grafting to the
commission, for as no statement had
been submitted to Col. Marshall, the
treasurer of the commission, the mein
bers were of the opinion that nothing
had been done towards raising mo~ney
in that county for the Hampton monu
Col. Marshall reported that the
commission had collected and now had
in the bank $20,028.92, which was
given principally in Richland and
Sumter counties. Col. Marshall stated
that Darlington reported that $1,000
had been collected, but so far this sum
has not been turned over to him. The
Daughters of the Confederacy of
South Carolina reported that they had
collected $1,129.97, making a total of
$4,158.89 so far.
The board passed a resolution re
questing that all parties in the State
who had collections for the Hampton
monument sent the money to Col.
Marshall at Columbia by December
25, so that a report can be made to
the legislature in January.
The legislature at the last session
made an appropriation of $20,000 to
wards the Hampton monument fund
on condition that $10,000 be raised by
the citizens at large throughout the
State. The $20,000 will not be avail
able until the $10,000 is raised, and
the commission is anxious to make an
ncourageing report to the legislature
at its next session, by which time
they hope to' show that at least two
thirds of the money has been raised.
The Charlestown delegation to the
legislature assured the commission
that they vrould go to work and do
everything ini their power to raise as
much money in Charleston county for
the fund as possible. Col. Marshall re
urned to the city last night.
The World May Soon Require Over
Fifteen Million Bales.
The Manufacturers' Record, in an
laborate review of cotton production
luring the last thirty years, gives
among .other facts the average yield
per acre for each year as a basis for
the discussion of questions affecting
the future, such as the claims which
have been made by some of the deter
ioration of seed by reason of selling
the best seed to the cotton oil mills,
the deterioration of the soil by reason
of the negro tenantry system, and the
insuflicient supply of farm labor, be
cause of the rapid growth of indus
trial employment, to enable the South
to materially increase its cotton yield.
Pointing out how the abnormally
low prices which prevailed from 1891,
tc 1898, aad been as unprofitable to
Souther farmers as the 1cw prices of
wheat ard corn some years ago, when
in some places it was more profitable
to burn corn as fuel than t ship it
east, were to Western farmers, the
Manufacturer's Record shows that
sioce the upward trend of cotton
prices a few years ago the total value
ol cotton and cotton seed for the last
fi ;e years has been $2,575,000,000
against $1,775,000,000 for the preced
irag five years, of a gain in the last five
years of $800,000,000 over the amount
r ceived by the South for its cotton
ciop in the preceding five-year period.
These stupendous figures indicate
s(metbirtg of what the higher price of
cotton means to the welfare of the
entire South. The value of the cot
ton crop of 1902-03, including seed,
was $565,000,000. The value of the
present crop, including seed, may be
safely estimated at $625,000,000; but
added to the very great increase in
the value of the South's cotton crop
is the fact that it raised probably the
largest corn crop which it ever pro
duced, the value of which is many
millions of dollsrs greater than the
corn crop of last year. The $800,000,
000 received by the South for its cot
ton crop during the last five years in
excess of what it received during the
preceding five years is nearly twice as
much as the entire capital investei in
all the cotton mills of the United
States in 1900, it is more than the
present market value of the entire
property of United States Steel Cor
poration, more than the market value
of the Standard Oil Company, and
more than the entire capital of all
the national banks of the United
States. For the first two or three
years of this five-year period the
Southern farmers used their increased
earnings to pay up debts; when they
began to accumulate a little, and this
year they will be in shape to spend
more freely than for many years.
In the last one hundred years there
have been only two periods, one from
1840 to 1845 and the other form 1891
to 1899, when the average price for
the ytar in New York was not over
10 cents a pound, except one year in
which it was a fraction less. Review
ing the average yield per acre in
three-year period, beginning with
1871 the Mrnufacturers' Record says:
"These figures showing the average
yield per acre indicate that for the
three-years period ending with the
crop of 1873-74 to the similar period
ending with 189 1-92, covering twenty
one years, there were no material
changes in the yield which would in
dicate any permanent increase or de
crease in the productivity of the soil.
The average yields for three-year peri
ods during that time fluctuated be
tween 191 pounds per acre and 158
pounds; but beginning with the three
years period from 1892 1893 to
1894 1895, when the average was 195
pounds per acre, or more than the
average for any similar period during
the preceding twenty-one years, there
was a very marked increase in the
yield per acre, reaching 223 pounds in
the three-year period 1895-96 to 1897
9, so fair above any yield prior to that
period, except for a single year since
1871-72, that it stands oul alone as a
period cf phenomenal production per
acre. The next three-year period
showed a small decrease, tut was still
ruch higher than in any preceding
three-year period since 1871-72. For
the two years ending with 1902-03 the
average was 188 pounds, a further
decline,ut still above the average for
the twerty-one years from 1871-72 to
1891-92. The yield for this year will
p -obably be much smaller than for
any years, but the weather condi
tions were so abnormal that no fair
d ductions as to the productivity of
the soil or seed can be based- on this.
"If w a look back for six years only
we see a. decline in the average yield
p sr acre-a decline that would by it
s f seem so alarming as to command
t e most serions attention o' the
c untry, but if weigc back of that for
twenty years we find that the high
averages between 1895-96 and 1900-01
were abnormal, and, therefore, the
decrease in the production per acre
may not be so serious as it looks on its
face. On the other hand, these high
averages for the whole South between
1892 and 1898 may in part be due to
the heavy opening up of new and fer
tile soil in Texas, Indian Territory
and Oklahoma, offsetting a decline
in the older sections. At any rate,
the cotton situation is one which de
mands the widest ivestigations by the
national government and the experts
of every agricultural college In the
South. The welfare of the whole
country, the vast foreign commerce
based on cotton, the enormous cotton
manufacting interests of America and
Europe are at stake. If there is no
danger, the world needs to know it
beyond the possibility of any error; if
if there Is danger, then no sum,
whether it be one million or. one hun
dred million, is too.large for the na
tional government to spend in over
coming it, for in the long run the
best interests of the South, as well as
of the world's textile interests, will
be advanced by a very great Increase
in the cotton production of the South
er States, and it is altogether pro
bable that with the next five or ten
years, with the growing consumptive
requirements of the world, there will
be need of a crop of 14,000,000 or 15,
000,000 bales in the South."
CHIEF Landvolgt, whose resigna
tion from the Postoffice was request
ed because his son was employed in
a firm which furnished supplies to
the department over which his father
presided, declares that the son
of Assistant Postmaster General Bris
tow Apent his vacations drawing a
salary from the Post Office where lie
did ~nothing but read detective sto
ries. Mr. B3ristow refused to be in
terviewed on the subject.
R1cnUCHx Do-Nothingismn is
well illustrated by the extra session
of Congress which ended without a
single act, not even a resolution to
HUGS RULE A CITY.
lhe Chicago People Are Stunned by
Wholesale Murders There.
13E BAMITS SEEM TO RULE.
Killing and Robbing at Will and
the Police Seem Powerless
to Check Spread of
Obicago seems to be in the bands
of a gang of robbers and bandits, who
kill and rob the people of that city
with impunity. The coroner's report
made last week shows 125 murders in
Chicago in the last year. Not one
person was hung. Measures for
checking of street and saloon mur
ders, holdups, burglaries and other
crime;, which have been boldly com
mitteri in the last month, was dis
cussed at a mass meeting. Among
the speakers at th gathering were
Alderman Mavor, State's Attorne5
Dineen, former Judge 0. H. Horton,
and ropresentatives of the Hamilton.
Marqiette and Lincoln Bicycle clubs.
These: clubs had nembers killed by
Chicago has at last awakened t
the fact that human life is the cheap
est er.mmodity within its borders. Of
ticials reluctantly admit that CoE
stantinople, Algiers, border cities o6
the Southwest and even Macedonit
afford more protec'ion to peacefu
citizens than the secord city in the
United States. Within the last 60
days 114 persons have been robbed
and eight murdered by robbers. It
all the other cases there was violene
-the victims were nut only robbed
The wanton murders by the car
barn bandits and their subsequeni
spectacular capture have awakened
the conscience of Chicago. Following
closely upon these stirring events was
the cruel murder of James Fullen
wider, a prominent attorney, who wa.
shot down in-cold blood while runaiu
away from 100 foot pads. These mur
derers have not yet been captured
perhaps never will be.
The reign of crime has reached
such a stage that sorely afflicted por
tions of the city are talking of vigi
lance committees. Mass meetings
were held last week in Eaglewood and
Hyde Park to form plans for vigor
ous warfare on the foot pads, thugs
and murderers. The chief of police
has formed "lying squadrons" o1
young, fearless officers, whose duty it
is to swoop down suddenly upon por
tions of the city hunted by the mur
derous gangs and drag them to the
station. This plan works well for
one raid. After that the saloon
keepers and managers of dives tele
phone to other resorts and the thieve,
and thugs scatter to points of safety.
To a stranger, Chicago must seem
like a desperate frontier post. Men
go armed and the windows of resi
dences are barred like jails. This
is an absolute necessity, learned
through bitter experience. There is
undoubtedly a burglars trust, and nI
house escapes a visit unless it is se
curely barred -r guarded by watch
men. In some cases one house has
been robbed as high as lifteen. times
within three years.
Women live in constant terror of
robbery and assault. The Chicago
thug is not content to despoil his
victim, but he must maim or kill in
addition. It avails nothing to give
up one's valuables cheerfully. The
sandbag, or knife or revolver will be
used just the same, the theory of the
robber being that then an unconsci
ous victim will tell no tales.
It is agreed that the parole system
and indeterminate sentence do more
than all other things to keep Chicago
infested with thugs;. Under the pa
role system a thug can get out 01
prison almost on the return train.
No "useful" man is permitted to
waste his time in jail. He is needed
for street work, an'd his friends see
that he gets out, it by any miracle
-the law is able to ccavict him.
To Pight the 30oi1 Weevil..
Gov. Heaed, of Louslana, in his
message to the special session of the
legislature which c:mnvened at Baton
Rouge Thursday ft r the purpose of
discusing the boll weevil situation
and passing necessairy laws to check
the evil, said: "The weevil first com
ing frm Mexico has now spread across
the State of Texas and this year has
injrd the cotton C.op of that State,
accoring to various estimates from
815,00.000 to 8$>3,000,000. If a
checki is not found it-is only a ques
tion of time when Louisiana and the
entire cotton belt w-ill become a prey
to its ravages. As to the law to be
passed by the speci~tl session, a sepa
rate board of co,nmissioners with
plenary powers may. be appointed or
the State board of agriculture may be
authorized to carry into effect any
laws that may be passed. My own
opinion is that the work may be done
by creating a board of commissioners
composed of the commissioner of
agriculture, the director of experi
ment stations, the State entomologist.
and two prominent and practical cot
ton planters." A bill carrying these
0uggestons into effect was intrduced
and will be passed. .
As to Cotton.
The following tabulated form shows
the highest and lowest price of mid-,
dling cotton in New York since 1890,
and also the crops for each year:
Yer High. Lowest. Crop.
1890-91. .10 3-4 8 cts. 8,652,597
1891-92..- 8 11-16 6 11-16 9,035,379
1892-93..- 9 7-8 7 5-16 6,700,365
1893-94..- 8 9-16 6 7-8 7,549,817
1894-95..- 8 3-16 5 9-16 9,901,250
1895-96.. 9 1-8 7 1-8 7,157,346
1896-97.. 8 5-8 7 cts. 8,757,964
1897-98.. 7 1-2 5 3-4 11,199,994
1898-99. . 6 5-8 5 5-16 11,274,840
1899-00. .10 1-4 6 3-8 9,436,416
1900-01. .10 3-4 8 cts. 10,383,422
1901-02.. 9 11-16 7 7-79 10,680,680
1902-03. .13 1-2 8 5-16 10,727,459
1903-04. .13 cts. 9 1-2 *9,662,039
T HE rumors of gigantic land
frauds were declared by the republi
can press to be exaggei-ations. The
President says in his message to
Congress: "By various frauds and
by forgeries and perjuries thousands
of acres of the public domain, em
bracing lands of different character
and extending through various see
tions of the country, have been di3
A Lynn shoe factory recently made
a pair of woman's shoes to see how
rapidly it could be done. The mak
ing required five operations, the use
of forty-two machines and of 100
pieces, and the shces were ready to
wear in thirteen mainutes after the
THE MOST DEADLY REPTILE.
(ing Cobra Is the Most Dangerous of
Snakes-venomous snakes-may be
divided Into two classes, the cobras
and the viperoids. The cobras, inhabi
tants of distant India, form a class
apart. To the viperoids belong all
other venomous species, including our
Dwn splendid rattler, the moccasin, the
fer de lance of the West Indies and
the deadly bushmaster of Venezuela
and the Gulanas.
Diametrically .opposite, though
equally fatal, are the effects of the
cobra and the viperoid poison. Dia
metrically opposite, also, are the two
methods of attack. The cobra at times
is aggressive, the king cobra being
said even to pursue man. Silent, with
out the least warning, and from a
place where you would least suspect.
the round head darts out of a thicket,
a sharp pain causes you to exclaim,
and the frightful fangs of the snake
are buried in your flesh. Like the grip
of a bulldog they hold fist while from
five to ten feet of animated cable
come stretching out of the thicket to
coil leisurely beneath the dread head.
For this eternal hold on the victim
there is a natural reason. Tne fAngsf
of the ten-foot cobra are but a third
of an inch long. It is impossible. there
fore, to squirt the venom deep in &
single stroke. In order to give the
venom time to absorb the snake must
retain Its hold. The fatal poison con
tains about 95 per cent. of nerve-de
stroying and about 5 per cent. of
blood-destroying elements. Within five
minutes the pain leaves the wound
and even the shock of the attack be
gins to wear off. There Is litle suf
fering, nor will there be to the re
lentless end. Only if by chance the
bite is one from a small snake or if a
fresh supply of antitoxin happens to
be at hand is there a chance for your
life. If one recovers from the imme
di.te effects-within a week one is as
healthy as ever. While the poison of
the cobra often kills within an hour,
there have been cases where the
"strike" of a rattlesnake and a bush
master have caused death within ten
minutes. Naturalists accept, however,
that the king cobra, owing to its great
size and the consequent quantity and
quality of poison emitted, is the most
dangerous of all the snakes.--Mc
An Andean Notion About Soroche.
On one occasion, crossing the Ta
cora Pass, abreast of Tacna, Peru, I
was severely attacked by mountain
sickness at an elevation of only about
7,000 feet above sea level. It com
pletely prostrated me, but my Indian
arriero told me that "the spot was
famous for soroche,h the name by
which mountain sickness is known to
all the Aymara and Quichna people
of the Andrean range. "and that if I
would continue my journey up the
Corcwlera it would leave me."
The following morning I was lifted
into my saddle and continued the as
cent of the pass, and within two hours
was nearly well again, and before I
reached the summit of the pass,
about 15.750 feet altitude, the soro
che had entirely left me.
The Indians among Ohe Andes have
frequently told me that "sorock is
not the effect of altitude, but," as
they put it, '-of mineral veins." It
may be that the geologicaI and atmos.
pheric conditions of certain localities
are to some extent the cause of it, in
addition to altitude, the former being
prhaps the principal factors, al
though imperfect digestion and consti
pation invite it.
During a long ride in southern Boll
'a at an elevation of from I3.000- feet
to 14,000 feet I noticed that, before
leaving the post houses, the Indians
rubbed garlid on the nose and breast
of my mule. They told me that this
was "to prevent soroche."-London
Particulars have just been published
of a wonderful series of underground
caves in the Stalden district of
Canton, Schwytz The existence of
these places had before been vaguely
known, but they have now for t.ie
first time been fully explored by a
party, which went down fully provided
with 5,000 yards of rope ladders, ace
tylene lamps, rugs and provisions for
eight days. They were underground
for two full days, penetrating for a
distance of 2,500 yards through vast
halls brilliant with stalactite and
other crystals, and with other recess
es branching from them. There were
also found swift subterranean tor
rents, powerful enough to work great
industrial undertakings.-London Tit
Lou Dillon arid Flora Temple.
I was very much interested In your
diagram on the sporting page of to.
day's paper representing the position
that various famous' trotters of the
past would be In if racing on the
same track with Lou Dillon. With no
desire to detract from Lou Dillon's
record-breaking feat, I want to call
your attention to the fact that Flora
Temple, whom I saw in her best days.
pulled an old-time, high-wheeled
sulky which weighed as much as four
sulkies of to-day. I feel convinced
that If Lou Dillon had to spull Flora
Temple's sulky she could not beat the
time of the old favorite. Those were
great days, when horse lesh had not
so many up-to-date, pneumatic-tired
paraphernalia to help thepn make great
BefittIng a Waitress.
Polk-She took part in your amateur
play, didn't she?
Jolk-Oh, yes; she took the part of
Polk-What sort of costume did she
Jolk-A fetching one, of course.
Robbed the Dead.
At Newport News, Va., the police
are on the trail of an organized band
of ghouls, who for many weeks, It is
believed, have been engaged in dese
crating the graves in Green Lawn cemn
tery and robbing the newly interred
bodies of their jewelry, shrouds and
From discoveries made it is'evident
tbat this practice has been carried on
but to what extent is not known. Two
bodies, that were exhumed for the pur
pose of removal to other lots, were dis
covered to be in a completely nude con
dition, notwithstanding the fact that
both bodies had been buried in hand
some and costly clothing. The bodeis
were those of Mrs. Edwin Thompson
and her father, John Nicholas, and
the discovery was made by Mr.
Thompson himself. Both bodies had
been embalmed before burial and were
in a good state of preservation when
the cof~ns were opened for the pur
pose of identification and the dis
QUAINT OLD WARE.
Pottery from England That Mystified
and Amused Milwaukeeans.
An array of curious yellow dishes,
with quaint, scraggy mottoes in un
familiar dialect, has lieen the centre
of attraction In the window of a china
store on Milwaukee s'reet for the last
few days, and many persons have stop
ped to spell out the adages and to
wonder where the curious stuff came
from. A few are familiar with it, but
most persons are unaware that the
"Aller Vale" ware, as it Is called
comes from Newton Abbot, In Devon
shire, England and that the mottoes
are in the Devonshire dialect. New
ton Abbot Is about twenty miles from
Exeter and the pottery is an old one.
The ware is a peculiarly rich, deep,
yellow faience, with simple but effec
tive decoration in dark green and a
deep brown-red, and the shapes are
delightfully quaint. - A cream jug
bears the inscrip-.ion, "Demshire
Craim. Tak and try et." A squat,
comfortable teapot holds fortH the
hospitable invitation, "Du ee mak yer
zel at 'ome," and another says, "We
all us be main glad to zee ee." An
other cream jug has the gratifying as
surance "Dawn't ee be 'fraid a'ut.
There's plainty more."
Doubtless originally the mottoes on
the dishes were all in the Devonshire,
but with the march of progress some
hackneyed English adages are seen,
and some Scotch. A cream jug with
the warning, "Be canny wi' the
cream," "is characteristically Scotch,
but the sugar bowl is more generous,
and says, "Help yerself and dinna be
Several of the "Devonshire dishes,
as the 'deep bowls of various shapes
are called, bear Burns's well-known
grace traced within:
Some hae meat and canna eat,
Some hae nae meat and wrant It;
But we hae meat and we can eat,
And so the Lord be thankit.
An eminent Congregational divine
of Milwaukee strolling past the china
store window saw the queer pottery
and wandered in. He was much
struck wi.h the bowls bearing this,
grace of Burns, and remar~ed
thoughtfully to the storekeepdr:
"Now, if I were to buy one of these
dishes for each of my family. I should
think I might thereby be relieved from
the duty of saying grace three times a
Besides the bowls and cream- jugs
and teapots, there are fat posset cups
and tall "tygs," as the three-handled
cups, soniething like'a'loving cup, are
called.-MIlwaukee Evening Wiscon
Her Essay on the Cat.
A 12-year-old Cathage miss has
written the following touching obitu
ary of her late cat, an animal, appar
ently of a somewhat contentious dis
position: "Nigereta died Thursday,
Aug. 27, 1903, at about 3.20 p.~m., 'at
his home on Grand avenue, Carthage,
Mo., U. S. A. He was a son of Mrs.
Sptfire and grandson of Mr. Nigger
Heels. He was the only living child.
of the deceased Mrs. Spittre. He
was born Aug. 12, 1901, and was 2
years and 15 days old at the time of
his death. His occupation was prize
fighting. He was a very -good cat,
peaceful and quiet in the daytime, .
but very -noisy and fightful at night.
His mother died when he iwas very
young. His sisters and brothers, thr.I '
in number, also died when they were
young, thus leaving Nigereta alone In
the world. He took up the occupation.
of prize fighting and was seemingly
very happy until Thursday afternoon.
It is thought that he was poisoned. So
ended the brave and true hearted
prizefighter, Nigereta Spitfire."-Han
sas City Journal.
Even in England the vile and terri
ble literary outpourings of Pere
Duchesne are a well known part of
the French Revolution. The foulness.
and violence of the denunciations
which appeared under that name are
beyond expression, and the Parisians
themselves pictured the writer .:as
a huge, big-bellied man, cholerice
with drink, a big swearer. and
fighter, a creature, In fact, equal
ly' formidable and furious. When
In 1794 Herbert who. roused the
lower classes of France to a state of
madness under the name of Pere
Duchesne appeared In his turn among
those on the way to the guillotine the
general surprise at his appearance al
most overpowered the rage which
bowled about him. This long-dreaded
Pere Duchesne, thought to be a regu
lar butcher in appearance as well as
trade, was a little person, pale-look
ing, refined, with delicate , white'
hands, and steeped in terror so great -
that he literally fell against his com
panions on the fateful journey.-T.
The Pennsylvania Forestry.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany has, it is stated, decided to raise
locust trees for use as railroad ties.
It is estimated that twenty years will'6
be required for them to grow suaffi
ciently for use. Prof. 3. T. Rothrock,
Commissioner of Forestry of the State
of Pennsylvania, will select land and
superintend the planting.-Exchange.
A Fool Wager.
A German is rolling abarr'elof wine
through Switzerland on a wager. He
bet that he could roll It from his
town, Waldkirch-en-Brisgaw, to Rome.
The barrel contains sixty gallons of
wine. The journey as mapped out
will take him through Zare, Munster,
Luzerne, Aitorf, St Gothard Pass, Lu.
gano Como and Milan.
First Housewife-Some days I undo
about everything the servant does.
Second Housewife-Gracious! HoV
de you dare?-Detroit Free Press.
CHARGES AGA.INST A PREACHE.
The Spartanburg correspondence of
the News and Courier says: "Mr.
Frierson, pastor of the Pacolet circuit,
was taken by surprise Sunday. He
stated to his congregation after they
had assembled that he bad received a
note from the presiding elder that
charges bad been preferred against
him for conduct unbecoming a minis
ter. These charges were not made by
any of the members of his church, but -
by a brother preacher in another part
ofthe state. Under the circumstances
Mr. Frierson did not preach. He does
not known what the specifications are.
Some of his friends say that he has
done a very good year's work and that
is conduct has appeared all right;
that Pacolet circ'iit has been in bad
shape several years." 'Mr. (Friersonl
has served in this county, and has
many friends, who feel that he will
be exonerated from all charsges.
Did Yon Ges Yours?
Last year if an average were made
every man, woman and child In the
United States received sixty-one let
ters, thirty-one newspapers or periodi
cals, and fourteen packages; and every