Newspaper Page Text
VOL. xvm. MAN.NLNGq S. C. WEDNASDAY. JANUA
FOR BETTER ROADS.
The Meeting in Columbia Was Well
Attended last Week.
SENATOR LATIMER'S ADDRESS,
In Which He Explained His Plan of
Working Up a Federal Appro
priat ion for the Pu rpose
of Better IRoads.
The Good Ibads Convention met in
Columbia on Tuesday, 19th instant.
and was calkd to order by President
F. H. Hyatt. After pr.ayer by Rev.
M. L. Carlisl-, the roll was called, and
it was found that thirty curunties were
represented. The address of welcome
was then delivered by Gov. Heyward,
wLo declared that the two most im
portant questions before the people
now are imprAving the highways and
bringirg immigration into the State.
Gov. Jeyward was present when this
orgarization was formed and he has
atteuded every meeting since. He
has seen the good accomplished by the
movement. H1e is glad that this
meeting is held while the legislature
is in session. The supervisors know
from experievce what is needed and
the association can suggast to the
legislature what is needed. The roads
must be improved and must be im-1
proved with the use of money. He
believes that wise legislation will be
enacted at this session and be pledged
his support to every measure and
any movement of the proper kind.
He had not attended as many good
roads meetings in the summer as he
had wished for the duties of his otfice
had not permitted it. The following
account of the proceedings is from
Senator Latimer was then present-:
ed by Mr. Hyatt who said that the
senator had broken two important en
gagements in the north in order to
make this appointment.
THE HERiTAGE OF BAD ROADs.
In explaining his interest in the!
improved roads movement Mr. Lati
mer said that no question is more im
portant, and none more neglected.
The system of road making here is
banded down from Great Britain,
where the roads were poor until the
government took up the matter of
road building. All history shows that
good roads are built by the govern
ment. Individuals cannot do it; rural
communities cannot do it for they feel;
too keenly the burden of taxation.
If ever we better our conditions, it
will be by the aid of the federal gov
. Under the proposed law it will be
necessary for the people whose inter
ests are affected to raise one-half be
fore the government will help. It
costs 25 cents per mile for every ton
hauled over the dirt roads. If the
cost of transportation is doubled, the
consumer pays that increased cost.
The government is asked to make an
appropriation which will help every
citizen. ie then suggested three
ways in which the farmers can raise
half the money in order to get the:
federal appropriation, by direct taxa
tion, by comnz:utation tax and issuing
THE TAX OF BAD ROADs.
He then endeavored to show that.
the farmer who pays $20 additional
taxes to secure good roads will get
back $50 a year in the saving of time
and cost of transportation. It will
give employm-ent to negroes in the
summer and will increase the value of
a farm $5 an acre to have a macad
am road through it. -This would take
money out of the federal tieasury and
will give it circulation in the rural
It will improve the rural conditions
and- will keep the young men and
young women in the country arnd will
help even seb ols and churches. But
it is useless t o multiply examples of
good effects which would result.
What is neede~d is a practical way to
get at paying for these roads. Jeffer
son himself r. commended federal ap
propriations ror good roads. Mr. Lat
imer suggested that there be a direct
tax, the revenue to be obtained tO be
doubled by an equivalent from the
The farmers will be required to
*maintain the highways and to give
the rights of way. Tnis will elimi
nate all ques:ion of eminent domamn
and federal juirisdiction. The city of
New York pays taxes on more money
than any three southern States com
bined, and the pro rata which would
be paid into this State from a federal
road fund would be greater than the
amount paid in, for Newv York uses so
much imported material that her pro
rata tax is heavy.
ALL GOES TO NATI0NAL BANKs.
Mr. Latimer declared that while
there is S300.000,000 lying idle in the
federal treasury, and millions are be
ing spent in the colonies and on rivers
and harbors, nothing is done for pub
lic roads. In the next few years
there will be $500,000,000 more in the
treasury. What is being done with
it? It is being loaned to national
banks at n-,, interest, taxing the
masses of the people that a few may
become immensely rich, It would
prove'a blessing to the people to put
it in the rural communities, whereas
it is wellnigh a curse now. The cost
of the canal. if the canal is ever built,
will be but a small part of. the sur
Hie declared that to give this to
good roads is no more local legislation
than to build dy kes on thbe Mississippi,
to irrigate the arid lands in the west.
$3,000,000 for good roads in the Phil
ippines and other millions for open
ing rivers and harbors. This surplus
will be wasted or squandered, why
not put it among the people?
He declared that he had made a
canvass of the senate and that two
thirds of the senators are in favor of
it, and all but three members ol
the agricultural committee favor it.
In the house two-thirds of the mem
bers are said to favor it. but it will
be ditticult to get a bill through the
house at this ses-sion, as Speaker Can
non will try to hOld it up. lIe wants
to tack a rider on the agricultural
bill and get it through the conference
commmittees- 'We want this le-gis
lation, and we will have it.- he said.
mis principal object in coming here i:
to get the legislature to endorse his!
SENATOR LATINER's PLANS.
On r quest, Mr. Latimer explained
that the appropriation of $24.000,000
would give South Carolina $421,000. 1
He prpo;es to have the appropriation
made in three annual payments. His
idea is to get $50.000.000 appropriated 1
at the expiration of three years. He
claims that it is Democratic in every
He claimed that the fund to be I
raised in a county is in lieu of com
mutation tax, and he declared that
the amount now paid tor roads andi
bri dges is more than enough to obtain
a federal appropriation.
Mr. Hyatt, in making his annaal
repourt, referred briefly to the work of t
the past year. The court house was
cold and the dinner hour was ap
proaching. He had been in the move
ment since it had started live or)
six years ago. It was slow work at I
tirst, the roads were so long and so
muddy. But the work was started a
little at a time, radiating from the I
coart house. and now in some counties 1b
there are 25 miles of permanent im- d
provements annually with repairs on I
500 miles additional. In only a few si
counties was there a special levy of one fi
mill last year. This great movement w
is here to stay, he declared, and even s:
now the annual expenditure an roads (e
and bridges is $300,000, and the State 8
does not feel it. C(
SENATOR LAIDIER THANKED. y
At the afternoon session the com
mittee on resolutions submitted a-re- P
oort in which the efforts of Mr. Lati-e
mer were commended very warmly a
and his plan endorsed.
There was a lot of complaint be- f
cause the railroads bad failed to no- 9
tifv agents of the reduced rates to r
the convention. Mr. Hyatt will en
deavor Tuesday to have the reductiona
made on the return coupons. 01
Mr. Hyatt, Senator Latimer, Mr. t
J. A. Banks of St. Matthews, Mr. i
Meiver Williamson of Darlington and q
Mr. . H. McCalla of Abbeville were I P
appointed a committee to attend the ai
meeting of the national association in d:
Washington next Monday to meet the
congressional committees now in
charge of Senator Latimer's bill. i
Mr. F. H. Hyatt was elected presi
dent and Mr. Earl Sloan secretary of
the State convention. Mr. J. M. Ma- r
jor of Greenwood was elected treas- ti
The convention will not meet until .
11 'clock Wednesday in order that,
the members may witness the work E
of roadbuilding machines at Hyatt
Nearly two-thirds of the county su- ti
pervisors of the State were presentI
and the meeting in the afternoon con
sisted principaily in the exchange of br
experiences, comparing notes as to tl
the cost of feeding convicts'and as to b
the relative merits of free labor and I b
NAMES OF DELEGATES.
The following delegates were pre- ti
Abbeville -G. N. Nickels, I. H. p
McCalla, R. Sondley, S. A. Shannon, 01
W. D. Mann.
Anderson-J. N. Vandiver, A. C.
Latimer, Oliver Bolt, G. P. Browne,
M. L. Bonham, H. H. Watkins, W. ei
C. Latimer, W. P. Wright, E. M. 33
Rucker, Jr., J. B. Leveritt, S. N. i
Pearman, Geo. E. Prince, J. T. Ash:- pl
ley, H. F. Celey, T. T. Wakefield, J.
E. G. Ashley and S. N. Browne. si
Beaufort-Jos. S. Claghorn. e
Berkley-J. H. Harvey, J. W. S. al
Breeland, L St. Clair White, 1). M.
heke-.V. Welchell. - I
Chester-John 0. Darby, J. T.
Brigham, Paul Hemphill, J. S. Mc- v
Keown, P. L. Hardin.c
Chesterield-Smith Oliver, G. K. 1
Laey, W. P. Pollock, Edward Mc- t
Clarendn-T. C. Owens, J. C. Lan
Colleton-J. E. Moore, Johr' Black,
D. L. Smith.
Darlington-W. A. Dowling, E. M.
Dorchester-Cyrus Mims. I
Edgefield-T, S. Rainsford. I
F,:irield-J. Q. Davis, Jano. D. Har-'a
Flrence-R. P. Byrd, A. H. Gas-b
que, W. B. Gause. r
Georgetown-J. H. Read. i.
Greenville- J.1 E. Speegle, T. P. t
Neves, J. H. Gaines, C. D. Smith, J. a
W. King, A. C oksey, G. H. Mahon,
T. L. Becknell, J. B. Marshall.
Greenwod-J. M. Major, Geo. E.
Dorn, Capt. J. H. Brooks.
Horry--J. L. Boyd, G. F. Stalvey,t
W. L. Mishoe. D. A. Spivey, F. A.
Burroughs, Jeremiah Smith. I
Kershaw -J. W. Floyd, W. K. a
Lancaster-L. J. Perry. ti
Marion-J. P. Stackhouse, Dr. J. c
I. David, E. L. Moore, A. B. Jordan. s
Marlboro-i). D). McColl, Jr., C. F. f
Moore. R. M. Pegues, A. J. Mathe- s
Newbrry-J, T. Perry and E. H. t
Orangeburg-O. M. Dantz'ler, D).
M. Westberry, A. F. Fairey, J1. A.
Banks. E. C. Hoover, Dr. W. T. C.
Bat s. Manly Hungerpiller, J. A. Sal
Riclan-S.H. Owens. W. A. V
Dougass, A. P. Haskell, W. D. Caugh
man, E. C. Tonchberry, WV. H. Sligh,t
D. H. Goble. i
Saluda-B. Matthews, D. B. Peuri- r
Spartanburg-K. D. Edivards, F.
C. B3tes, 1. C. Blackwood, D. M.
Sumter-W. 1]. Seale, F. E. Tiiom
as. E. W. Dabbs, J. M. Woodley.
Union-T. J. Bendenbaugh, J. M.
Mobley, W. F. Bobo, A. C. Lyles, J.
Williamsburg-J. J. Graham. K.
D. Blomliey, S. J. Singletary, P. S.
York-T. W. Boyd, F. H. Barber.
.J. B. Johnson, J1. Edgar Poag, J. E.
B~eamguard, WX. B. Moore, P. D). Bar
Lee-.J. 0. Durant. J. A. Rhamne,
W. McD). Green, J. P. Kilgore. Edwin
Wilson. T. J. Bell, Dr. L. A. Peebles,
P. W. McKenzie.
The Good Roads convention con
cluded its work Wednesday and ad-;
iurned. There were reports which
show that in each county the work
last year was double that of the year
before. and the prospect is that the;
year 1904 will witness even greater
prgrss Mcre machinery is being
ought and the supervisors are giving
2ore attention to the proper use of
haingang lator. A resolution was
assed favoring the sale of the State
arms. There was complaint in the
1ectiog that the salaries of supervis
rs are too meagre. There was also
iscussion of a ieed :f a change in the
:mmutation tax law. The meeting
ras one which will bear fruit, 1or the
change of ideas broadcns .rd er
THE DISPENSARY REPORT.
Vbat the Institution Faidl the Coun
ties and Schoo's Last Y. ar.
In its report to the governor Friday I
ie State board of dispensary Control
ives the following statement of the
usiness for the fiscal year euding
ov. 30th last:
'o His Excellency D. C. Heyward,
Governor of South Carolina:
We have the honor to submit here
ith a statement as the business done
7 the State and county dispensaries
aring the fiscal year ending Nov. 30,
)03. By referring to the several
atements attached hereto you will
ad that the total cost of liquors,
ines, beer, etc. for the year has been
,997,559.47, and that the total sales
xculsive of fresh beer) have been $2,
17,998.77. The net earnings for ac
>unt of the school fund for tiscal
ar, which have been placed to its
-edit amount to $126,266.00. The net
rotits that have accured to, and
ually divided between the counties
id towns amount to 8512.216.35.
rand total of earnings for the year
r school Tund and counties and
wns $638,482. 35. Increase over earn
gs of last year S71,584.02.
Two years ago the school fund
nounted to $611,354.38, and the act
Feb. 26, 1902, requires us to reduce
is sum to 8400.000.00, and within a
w days we will have met this re
iirment. As we said in our last re
rt $400,000.00 is an insuiicient
nount to conduct the business of the
spensary on a cash basis.
An Object Lesson.
The Columbia State says 3anitoba
a province in Canada not a great
al larger than South Carolina. It
Ls few railways and poor wagon
>ads. It is frozen up six months of
ie year, the temperature going to 50
low zero. Yet the commissioner of
amigration of the Dominion govern
enti reports that 122.141 immigrants
ttled in Manitoba during the nine
onths ending September 30th last.
id that 41,0o of these were from
e United States. During the same
onths the previous year 54.490 im
igrants settled in 31anitoba, 23,000
ing from this country. That was
ie result of "very energetic work"
r the Canadian government to induce
amigration. She secured the best
ass: people who had some money and
ho expect to work. What could not
ie south accomplish if the laws were
fo::ced and active effort made to
ople the waste places with industri
Settlers Ir Alabama.
Seven thousand acres of land situat
in Washington county, Alabama,
iles from MIobile, on the main
e of the Southern railway, has been
irchased for coloni::ation purposes.
be tract will be subdivided into
nal farms and sold to Italian farm
' The heads of 23 families have
ready reached the property and corn
.nced the erection of butldings.
arms will be opened up at once.
he settlers will engage in general
~rming, the growing of fruits and
~getables. From reports alreadly re
~ived, the indications are that fully
000 colonists will settle in Washing
)n county during the current year.
Fatal Hunting Accidt ni.
At Savannah. Ga., Henry G arwes.
eper of the city cemeter::. died
'hursay morning from a uunshot
ound in the abdomen, imlicted on
uesday morning accidentally by a
~iend, W. II. Kidweli, during a deer
unting expedition on Saint Catherine
~land. Garwe~i had left his stand
nd was making his way out of the
'oods. Kidwelk shot at a deer. One
ucksbot glanced] on a board fence and
cocheted forty feet, striking Garwes
the abdomen. He was brought t
e city on a tugz and died Thursday.
fter much suffering.
Murder on a Train.
A special fr. rn Graham, Va., says
at. in a row ox a Norfolk an:i Wes
arn passengzer train, near Blietield.
V. Va, Thuu ;day nigzht, Themas
eedy. a merchant of Gra ba-n, shot
nd, it is beiieved. fatally nounxded
Valter Ilarris, a Norfolk and We.stern
reman, who was riding in tihe day
ach. Leedy 3ad no ticket and re
isted the cond ictor's demand for his
ire. e drew a revolver and fired
veral shots, one of them taking ef
act near Ilarriks heart and passing
brough his body. Leedy was ar
Negroe~s on .Juries.
In the case of Rogers versus the
tate of Alabanma, the suprenme court
f te Uninted States sustained the
ight of a negro to serve as a juror in
riminial cases. Rogers was tried for
aurder. Negroes were not allowed
o sit on the jury, for no reason1, it
s alleged then that of race and color.
'he supreme court of the United
tates holds tils to be a denial of
qual rights u1nder the fourteent h
.mendment. Thue decision of the
labama supreme court against tihe
egro, Rogers, was, for the reason
Sixty Perso~ns Drowned.
It is now estimated that 50 perscus
vere drowned as a result of the burst
n of a reservoir at Bloemfonlteing.
;outh Africa, Sunday, which also de
troyed 176 hiouses anld three hotels.
['here was a public funeral and inlter
nent Ionday of 23 of the bodies al
-eady recovered. Tile ceremonies
vere attended by all the local otlicials
nd 2,000 of tile inhlabitanlts. Tile
hps were closed and the town is il
Suing a Preacher.
3iss Agnes Justice of Venls gzrove.
. J., is suinlg Rev. .J. W. D~avis.
>aster of thle Batptist, chlurch at Ped
icktown, for $10.000 damlages for
>reach of pronuse of marriage. She
What Has Been Done During thi
SEVERAL BILLS ARE PASSER
The Leaislature Has Just Gt.er:
Down to Work in Good
Ernest Since the
After an adjcurnment since Satur
day Jan. 16. the house of representa
tives convened at 12 o'clock Wednes
day and spent an hour in session. At I
o'clock Hon. A C L'atimer, junior
United States senator from this S ate,
was accorded the privileges of thE
hall in accordance with the invitation
sent him last week, and for a quarter
of an hour he presented to the mem
bers of the general assembly strong
arguments in favor of his bill to have
government aid in behalf of good
There was only one third reading
bill on the calandar-Mr. Eiird's to
grant the Lexington Water Power
company the right to erect dams at
Dreber's and Rauch's shoals in Lex
ington county. This was passed and
sent to the senate.
Mr. T. F. Stackhouse introduced
the memorial from the State Temper
ance, Law and Order Lea:rue. Tbis
document was :-eceived as unformation
and was spread on the journal.
Unfavorable reports were made on
the following: Mr. Ford's marriage
license bill; Mr. Dorroh's garnishee
bill; bill to change the time for cOn
vening the general assembly until the
second Tuesday in May, and the bill
tc curtail the hunting season.
Mr. Sinkler's resolution to extend
the use of the hall to the State bar
association this afternoon and tomor
row afternoon and night was adopt
in making up the list of offices to
be filled by election Wednesday, two
vacancies in the Citadel board were
overlooked. This omission was correct
ed Wednesday by Mr. D. 0. Herbert's
WORK OF THE SENATE.
The senate session was short, Wed
nesday the body adjourning within
the hour and little being transacted
other than the introduction of several
new bills and the reading of the cal
Senator Brice introduced two peti
tions, asking that they be placed on
the calendar without reading. One
was from the State Law and Temper
ance league and the other from the
women of Yorkville and both were
along the line of changing the dispen
sary law so that, a dispensary might be
removed by popular vote.
Immediate consideration was asked
by Senator Hardin for his concurrent
resolution relating to the Columbia
Female college. It included a c' ange
f the name to the Columbia college
and also empowers the trustees to dis
pose of the present property if desired.
It was passed and sent to the house.
A concurrent resolution sent up by
Senator McCall proposing to grant a
special charter to the South Carolina
[mmigration society was also passed.
Senator liutler's bill to exempt Con.
federate soldiers from peddlers' and
awkers' licenses was sent to the
ouse as was Senator Douglass' bil]
pportioning a part of Union's share
f the dispensary funds for maintain
ing a public library. The Lanham ex
ess bagga~ge bill and Senator Ray
sors Orangeburg school election bill
were also given third reading. The
ose resolution of Mr. Lanbam to
rive Clarendon's couunty treasurer cer
ain funds in repayment was in
einitely postponed. The Gause bill
to prevent shipping shad out of the
State was made a special order for
Rev. .John Lake who made the
-pening prayer for Recv. Walter I 11er
bert was once a page in the senate
HeI is a South Carolinian and is nowa
missionary lately returned fron
FARM LABORERS CONTRACT.
There was a long debate on the bill
providing punishment for violatior
of labor contracts. This was a most
important measure, the object of thi
friends of the bill being to protect thb
armers form merchants as well as
from the laborers who violate con
tracts. It was argued that merch
ants swoop down on the laborers it
the mi-ldie of the year witl:out gis ina
notice to the farmner whose work sil:
be disconcerted by having 1:is laborer.
taken away. TLh-e bill as passed oro
vides that an.; laborer w:rlking 0r
shares of crop, or for wages in money
or other valuable considerat ion, uc del
a verbal or wriuten contrat ton f;arr
lands, who shall receive ad van :es
either in money or supp~lies. and
thereafter, wilfully and wirthout jus1
cause fail to perfomn the reasonable
service required of him by tbe' termi
of the said contract, shall be liable t<
prosecution for a misdeme anor: n nd
provided, the prosecutio;n shall b<
commenced within forty days aftel
the alleged violation. and, Ion convic
tion, shall be punised by imprison
ment of 30 days, or to be tined in th<
sum of not less than $50, nor more
than $100, in the discretion of the
court: provided, the verbal contrac
herein referred to shall be witnes.se<
by at least t wo disinterested witnesses
provide ihat the contract shall b
valid on1t between the original partie
thereto and any attempted transfer o
as.ignme'3t of any rights thercunide
shall be r ull and void.
TO PUBLIsH BANK REPORTs.
The house gave second reading t
Mr. Little's bill requiring privat
banking institutions to have thei
Istatements published as other banks
The old law requires all banks to pu
lish in a newspaper every quarter
report of the condition and busines
of the institution, the report to con
tan a statement under oath from th
president and the cashier of th
deposits, liabilities, discounts. capit~
stock and property of the institution
ths to be veritied by three directors
1r. Little's bill applies this law t
al private banking institutions
whether chartered or not, and to an.
person, lirm or partnership doini
business of lending money, and re
ceiving deposits. Failure to com p1
wil be reardend as a misdemeano]
and upon conviction in any court of
competcnt jurisdiction shall be fined
1 not less than .100 nor more than $1,
00o, or imprisonment for not less than E3
three months or more than one year.
No LICENSE ON CERTAIXVETERANS.
Mr. Tribble's bill to exempt Confed
erate soldiers and'sailors from paying 01
license. which had received an unfa
I vorable report, came up fur discussion. w
Mr. Mauldin moved to strike out tle
1tenlacting w'rds. Mr. Tribble explained
that tire is a law exempting veter
an, froin lic.2nse in the counties, but
t.his dc-s not apply to towns. He ap
pealed for the old Con federate soldiers.
Mr. I nan and Mr. Barron appealed
to the seitiment of the house in re- I
gard to the penniless Confederate Sol.. gr
diers trying to make a living by ped- of
dling, but Mr. Muses rather embar
riszed the members from York by av
suggesting that the bill would exempt foL
from license tax the two richest men 19(
in Rock 1Ull. Mr. Mauldin disavowed th,
any unfrieedly spirit toward the Con- da
federate soldiers; he was one himself, ch
and would go as far as any other man do
toward helping them, but the bill mc
does not discriminate between rich ha
and por, and there are .x-Confeder
ates who are wealthy merehants. The shi
bill was amended to meet Mr. Maul- pr(
din's objections and was pissed to col
third reading. of
TIIS WAS KILLED.
The house Friday killed M. Webb's ye
bill to authorize and require * oe direc th
tors of the State penitentiar; to erect bu
and equip f rtilizer plants a~id ware- of
houses for dhe manufacture .nd sale ma
of commercial fertilizers. sta
A very imp->rtant matter among mO
the new bills was the presentation of
a memorial from the State Immigr.- 00
tion association. This was accom- ye:
panied by a bill presented by Mr. D. 19'
D. McColl. Jr., to have a bureau of S
commerce and immigration. Another
new bill wh:ch will attract attention ye
was presentrd by Mr. Wo. L. Maui- th
Oin of Greenville, which provides for qm
the establ shment of distilleries, o
breweries and blending plants in cities ab
of 10,000 inhabitants. as
THE DORCHESTER LYNCHING. 18
The Man Fung Had Been Guilty of
Former Attempt. re]
in regard to the recent lynching at de
Reevesville Sheriff Varnadoe of Dor
chester county has written Gov. Hey- 18
ward in detail. The letter was re- po
ceived Wednesday, although the crime 00
was committed last Thursday. th
"Hearing that there had been a cel
lyuching near Reevesville," said the tu
letter, "I immediately took such steps
as I deemed wise to apprehend the cu:
parties who participated in it. I went va
to Reevesville and interviewed both Ki
the white people and the negroes to $1
accomplish this purpose. I found the of
good white people of the town and ye
community, apparently willing to as- Us
sist me in discovering the guilty par- 00
ties,but none of these could give me any to
information leading to the arrest of $4
any party who took part in the lynch- Ri
ing. The negroes appeared indiffer- $8
ent and I could get no information 85
nor assistance from them. E
"It seems that 'General' Lee, the
negro lynched, was in bad standing ial
with the people of his own color, some pr
of them actually expressing surprise th
that he had not been dealt with like th
manner several years ago for attempt- bu
ed similar offenises. Notwithstanding pu
the fact that this negro has attempt- pr
ed several other assaults at different
times on white women of this county va
and has evaded the law, yet the white ye
people of Dorchester deeply regret St
this lynching. su
"O course I will do my duty in this th
case and will appreciate any sugges- co
tion from you. in this I have the: ne
moral support of our best citizens who m:
wish to make an example of the law- do
"The history of the case is this: A ha
widow living in Reevesville, who has wl
several little children to support, is 19
running a small store. For several
nights this negro had been hanging in
around her place of business act-ing in in
a suspicious manner. -She had noti- gi
lied some of her neighbors of his actions A)
and they were on the lookout for him. th
Last Sunday night he endeavored to ti
enter her home but was frightened of
away by her cries for help. Hie drop- 00
ped a pair of home-made knucks in
which were identified as those which $1
he had been carrying. There were rit
several other piecs of evidence against in
Lee, one of which was a paiir of legg- p,*
ing~s which lhe wyore wvhiich left a pect:- ar
Iar mark, to wit: a buckle fromi one of ti<
the straps marked every step of one di
of his feet. re
"~A warrant was sworn ot at the co
instanice of the iunjuredi lady. a con- cl'
stable wvas s-mit to arrest Lee. and af- Ct
ter lhe had secutred him and was oni to
his way to jail with his prisoner. lie Ipc
wvas held up by unknowvn parties who
forcibly too!: the prisoner. The con- St
stable was ordered to move on. which p
he did to save his owvn life, lHe had in
jproceeded some distance when lie
heard the shots which undoubtedly re- ti
sulted in thue death of the prisoner. tl
This arrest anid lynching took place on 10i
the night following the attempted as- m
A Good Bill. O
The Columbia-: State says "r
Bomar's bill to empower mayors and dc
Imagistrates in cit ies of over 5,000 in- sa
habitants to issue warrants author- tl:
izing police or constables to break b~i
opnadenter any closed doors or di
roomswherein it is suspected gaml- A
rbling is going on is a measure which C
the legislature shiould pass without $:.
dlelay. It seems that some such legisla- st
tion is necessary to break up gai.. an
-bling in our towns and cities. Gaml- ti
Ibiing is already outlawed and gami- in
rbiers also. but it is not now possible, in
under the law. to raid gambuirg dens of
unless it is suspected that whiskey is m
sold therein." p<~~aabe
C1At IBarbourisviile. W. Va., Green a
CChilders, aged 71. is dead after a few. w
1hours illness. One week ago his b
brother, Lewis, 73, passed away. The
2 had been inseparable companions is
0from infancy, fought side by side in o1
the Confederacy. and, coming home' .:
from war, married the same day and es
lieved within a few yards of eaich di
other. On the death of Lewis, Green
Vremarked that his days on carth were f
:ports Last Year Greatest Ever
Xade in One Year.
E MILLION DOLLARS A DAY
ith a Continuous increase Dur
ing the Last Five Months
or the Year Ending
rhe Wasbiagton correspondent of
e State sa3 s King Cotten made his
atest record in the export figures
the calendt r year 1903.
F'rom 1883 to 1903 cotton exports
eraged a little more than three
rths of a million dollars a day. In
)3, however, they averaged more
mn one million dullars in value per
F: in the last three months of 1903
y averaged more than two million
lars per day, and in the closing
nth of the year nearly two and a
f million dollars per day.
Exports of cotton in December
)w a greater value than in any
ceding month in the history of
ton exportation, the total being
rhe total cotton exports for the
tr was $378,000,000. These are
preliminary figures on filt: at the
reau of statistics of th3 department
commerce, but they will not be
.terially changed by the revised
tement to be issued later in the
rhis total is an increase cf $64,
),000 over the preceding record
0r, 1900. In but three years, 1900,1
)1 and 1903 did the total exceed the
ut while the total value of the
rs's exports of cotton was greater
tn in any preceding year, the
ntity exported was not so great as
1898. That year there was sent
:oad a total of 4,178,000,000 pounds,
against 3,620,000,000 pounds last
r. The value of cotton exports in
)8 was, however, only about two
rds that of the past year, although
quantity was 13 per (ent. greater.
some idea of the value of cotton in
ation to the total agi icultural ex
ts is shown by this statement in a
>artment of commerce bulletin: I
During the entire period from
33 to 1903, the value f cotton ex- i
rted has aggregated over $5,000,
),000, and averaged 25 per cent, of
total exports, and about 38 per
it. of the total exports of agricul
rhe United Kingdom is the largest
tomer for our cotton. The total
ue of cotton sent to the United
ngdom in 1903 was, in round terms,
7,000,000, which was 39 per cent.
our total cotton exports for the
tr. Germany stood second on the,
of cotton consumers, btiying $111,
),000 of cotton from us. The sales
other countries were: To France,
7,000,000; to Italy, $21,000,000; to
issia, about $9,000,000; to Belgium,
000,000; to British North America,
000,000; to Japan, $4,500,000; to
xico, a little over 83,000,000.
While the United Ki:.gdom is the
gest purctaser, her increase 'over
~ceding yer rs is much less than
t of Germoany. The increase of
a United Kingdom over 1900 was
e about $5,000,000. while Germany's
rchase was $23,000,000 over th~e
vious recori year.
Dspite the marked increase in the
tue of raw cotton exported in recent
irs, the cotton mills of the United
Ltes have iuring that time con
med a larger quantity of our cotton
in ever before. Prior to 1898 the
iton mills cf the United States had
ver in a single year consumed so
ich as three million ba.les of the
mestic crop: since the beginning of
at year, the annual cnsumption
s ranged fr om 3,500,000 bales up
.r~d, exceeding 4,000,000 bales in
02 and 1903.
Some facts bearing upon the coin
rcial features of Corea, particularly
beresting in the light of the promise
ren by the emperor to Minister
en to open to foreign commerce
e port of Wiju, in the Yalu valley.
e been prepared by the statistican
the department of commerce. A c.
rding to his statement, the comn
tre of Corea amounts to about
5,000,000 annually, im ports mate
lly exceed exports, the imports be
about $10,000,000, while the ex
rts are approximately balt that
1unt. It is stated in this connec
>n that the conditions in Corea
ler from tho~e in China in this
pct: While in China the foreign
mmerce is carried on almst ex
sively through the treaty p )rts, in
*rea only about one-third of the
tal commerce goes through. those
rts formally opened by treaty.
The direct trade of the United
ates with Corea is small, but a fair
oportion of American goods gces
to the country by way of China and
pan, and American goodls are rela
ely popular. The figures show
at the direct trade with Coirea for
03 as approximately .'400,000, not
ch in itself, but even this small
tal shows a good proportionate in
ease, the A merican expirts direct to
prean ports in 1897 being only $509.
This, it must be borne in mind,
es not begin to represent the entire
le of American goods in the Land of
e Morning Calm-a "calm" which,
-tue way, is being vi ry seriously
sturbed these days. 'I he value of
erican petroleum consumed in
irea in 1901 is stated to be over
00000. Amnericar: m: chi nery and
pplies $250,000, and elcetrical goods
Ld lumber $236,000. It~ is presumed
at there has been a steady increase
these items during the two succeed
g years, due largely to the presence
Americans who have important
ining concessions in the northern
irtion of the empire.
T[he imports are chieily cotton and
Dolen goods, metals, kerosene, silk,
id machinery for the railways and
ines. The chief exports are rice,
:ans. hides, ginseng and copper.
The total cuirency of the country
stated as aggregating $22,000,000,
which $6.000,000 is copper cash,
4,000,000 nickle, $1 ,550,.00 Japan
coins, and $530,000 Corean silver
Eight ports of Corea are open to
reign commerce, and are now known
treaty ports. These are Chemulpo,
Fusan, Wunsan, Seoul, Chinampo,
Mokpo, Songehin, Masanpo and Kun
The trade between Corea and Japan
is growing more rapidly than that
with any other country, the importa
tion of cotton goods from Japan
amounting from two to three million
yen annually, the yen being approxi
mately half an American dollar. Cot
ton goods form the largest singler
article in the value of importations
into Corea, amounting t between 6,
000,000 and 7,000,000 yen a year.
Silk goods amount to about one and a
half million yen. Rice leads the export
list, approximating four and a half
million yen. Ber ns, hides and ginseng
follow in the order given.
The minerals 3f Corea are of consid
erable value. Copper, iron and coal
are reported to be abundant, and gold
and silver mines are being successful
ly operated. The most valuable gold
concession is held by an American
company headed by Leigh Hunt; con
cessions have also been granted to
Russian, German, Japanese and
Railroad, telegraph, telephones and
a postal system have been recently in
troduced into Corea. A' railway from
Cbemulpo to Seoul, the capital a dis
tance of 26 miles, was built by Ameri
can contractors. but is controlled by
the Japanese. The run is made in
one and three-quarter hours. The
Seoul Electric company, organized
chiefly by Americans an& with Ameri
can capital, has built and ope.rated an
electric railway in and near Seoul
which is much used by the natives,
who, like other Asiatics, delight in
travel. This is said to be the largest
single electrical plant in Asia. The
machinery is imported from the
United States, and the consulting en
gineer, a Japarese, is a graduate of
the Massachusetts School of Tech
The Japanese are pushing forward a
railroad from Seoul to Fusan, on the
southern coast. Not very much work
is being done on this, but the Japa
nese government recently appropriated
liberally for the completion of con
struction, and has, it is understood,
taken over the work itself. Other lines
are projected, but the line from the I
capital to Che:nulpo is the only one 1
-1 ransportation in the interior is I
chiefly carried on by porters, pack
horses and oxea, though small river I
steamers, owned principally by Japa
nese, run on such of the. streams as
are of sufficient size to justify this
mode of transportation.
Corea is about the size of the State
of Kansas. The population is various
ly estimated at from 8,000,C00 to 16,-- 1
000,000. The last figures show the for
eign population to consisb cf about 1
30,000 Japs, 5,000 Chinese, 300 Ameri
cans, 100 British, 100 French, 100 1
Russians, 50 Germans and about 5 of
various other nationalities.
The postal service is under French
directors, and has in addition to the I
central bureau at Seoul, 37 postal sta
tions in full operation and 326 substa
tions for registered correspondence.
- Beheaded Her Son.
Mrs. Arthur Oswald of Oakland in
a sudden fit of insanity beheaded her
four-year-old boy and pet dog, which
had defended him from the attack
from his m other with an axe. The
head of the son was completely sever-*
ed from the body and was carried
from the kitchen to the dining room
where it was placed in the center of
the floor beside which the woman laid
the dog's head. Arthur Oswald, hus
band of the woman and father of the
boy, upon returning home from work
Wednesday nlignt discovered the
horrible crime. He called to his wife
bt received no answer and going to
the upper part of the house he found
his wife. lying in bed fully clothed
with her dress besmeared with blood.
Beside her lay their six-months-Old
baby sleeping peacefully. In another
room adjoining Oswald found two
other children unharmed.
An~ier the Bo1l Wteeil.
Secretary Wilson is arranging the
details of the campaign authorized by
congress to be waged against the cot
ton boll weevil. A number of gov
ernment entomologists and scientists
are already en route to the ravaged
Texas fields and to the Sabine river
valley in Louisiana. the -pest having
been reported from three places in
that section. There will be 30 or 40
scientists at wvork against the pest be
fore long. They will organize the
farmers to tight the weevil and will
educate them in the best methods of
attack. Secretary Wilson expects to
make another trip to the districts in
volved while the fight is on and Drs.
Gallaway and Howard of the entomo
logical division will keep in close1
touch with the situation.
Advice to Farmers.
The Columbia State says: "With
cotton selling fcor 14 cents a pound
there is no use arguing against a tre
mendous acreage being planted this
spring: nor with a fair season is there
likelihood of the ,ield being less than
12000,000 bales. The South Carolina
farmer's wisest course is to plant as
early as is reasonably safe; to plant
the earliest maturing varieties of seed
obtainable and to use economy, mak
ing the greatest quantity with the
least outlay. Whatever the size of
the crop, high prices will be coin
manded by the Srst half million bales'
o~ the new crop that are put on the
Dr. Crawford Declines.
The State say s Dr. T. A. Crawford
has declined el.ection to the board of
trustees of Winthrop college. This
action on his part is regarded as more
than liberal, it is looked upon by some
as magnanimous, becuse Dr. Crawford
himself was legislated off of the board
about three years ago. It appears
that Di-. Crawford was elected Thurs
day night to fill the vacancy caused
by the expiration of the term of Sena
tor Tillmnan. Having declined, Dr.
Crawford leaves an opening for Sen a
Itor Tillman to be elected.I
Too Much Booze.
The Newberry Observer says a man
who has been in Columbia a good por
tion of the time since the session of
the legislature began says he has seen
more drunken members this time than
ever before. T wo members have
especially distinguished themselves in
DEATH IN THE WIND.
rhirty-seven People Killed at und
vi le,- Ala., by Cyclone.
COWN COMPLETELY WIPED OUT.
Che Wind Monster Came- in the
Darkness. Several Have Thril
ling Escapes. Details of
A dispatch from Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
ays the most disastrous cyclone that
ver swept over that section visited
Ioundville, Ala., a town of 300 in
iabitants, 15 miles south of Tusca
oosa, Friday morning at 1 o'clock
ind as a result 37 persons were killed
ind more than 100 injured, and every
)usiness house with the exception of a
;mall drug store completely destroyed.
The cyclone struck the city from
he southwest, dealing death . and
lestruction as it made its path, a
luarter of a rrile wide, through the
:own' The following is a list of the
hite persons who. were killed:
E. P. Seymour of Nashville, Tenn.
Wvho accepted his position as operator
it the railroad station last evening.
A. W. Warren of Birmingham, em
ployed by the Alabama Grocery com
J. H. Redmond, superintendent
pumping station,'from Nashville.
Robert Powers of Tuscaloosa.
Miss Hettie Farley.
The negro dead are:
W. N. Miles, wife and six children.
Albert Holston, wife and three
Ike Holston, wife -nd threc chil
Iren . e .. ..................
Nine other negroes, yet unid
The following is a partial list o
he seriously wounded:
Mrs. W. A. Grubbs of Kentaeky
lislocated hip; R. L. Griffin, spran
ack; Mrs. R. L. Griffin, armb
ee Griffin, badly bruised; A.
Yriffin, eyes torn out; Mrs. Farley'
'ace cut and ankle broken; Mrs. Gaf
ey, badly cut; Mrs. F. T. Galley,
>adly lacerated; Mr. Farley, blinded;
k. B. Taylor, leg broken; Mrs. Mc
,aney, chest crushed.
The names of the injured negroes
iave not yet been procured.
Surgeons were rushed to Moundville
rom Greensboro and Tuscaloosa, and
1 poessible was done to alleviate the
ufferings of the injured.
By the force of the storm persons
ere blown hundreds of feet from
heir beds in the blackness of night.
Chrough terror, a father, m5ther and
iree children fled from their home t
eek refuge and in their excitement_-.-s
eft a five year old boy in bed. This
norning he *as pulled from beneath
ome timber anad thus far Itisimpos
ible to find any other member of the
Bedding, carpets and wearing appa
el are scattered a distance of ten
niles through what was a forest, but
vhich is now as clear as if it had beef
ut by the woodman's axe.
Freight cars are torn to splinters,
he trucks from them being. burled -
indreds of feet from the tradk.
The depot, the hotel, warehouses
rins, 30 homes, the store hofs'es ceca
ied by R. L. (Griffin, A. W. Wiggins
k Son, W. J. Dominick, A."D. Griffan
Ld W. P. Phifer, together with their
~tocks, were completely destroyed.
Where they stood it is impossible to
Ed even the pillars upon which these
Bales Of cotton, which were stored
in warehouses were torn to atomsi,
he fragments of lint together with
he debris lod ging in trees making it
lppear as if that section bad been
visited- by a snow storm. Heavy lrca
safes were carried by the storm, the
doors being torn from their hinges.
A young clerk employed by W.P.
Phifer, hearing thie terrible roaring of
the cyclone, let himself down Into a
well in the centre of the store. He
had no sooner found his place of saf
ty than the store was completely de
molished. Friday morning he was
drawn out uninjured.
An agrienltaal Hall.
The corner stone of the Hall of Ag
riculture was laid at Clemson College
on Tuesday, Jan. 19. Senator Till
man made an earnest address, giving
he history of causes that led up to
the founding of the college and a his
tory of the college since. He showed
how the college had been turned from
its intended course into a mechanical
direction by force of circumstances
and the demand of the people. He
aid it was a sad fact that the young
men were leaving the State to fnd po
iti""s. He hoped that the founding
of .s building would lead to giving
the ons of farmers an education that
would help them make an honorable
iving on the farm. Col. Newman
followed in an eloquent speech, deal
ing with the long'struggle for such a
building and expressing high hopes of
what this, the first agricultural hall
in the south, would do for South
An Awful Fate.
The Columbia State says Mr. B.
Meddaugh, an engineer for the Phoe- -
nix Bridge company, which Is putting
in a bridge for the Southern at Broad
river, near Shelton, was brought to
Columbia hospital Wednesday and
died Thursday night from injuries re
ceived in the shafting of an air comn
pressing machine. Mr. Meddaugh
was standing near the fly wheel of the
machine when his coat wascaught by
a key on the fly wheel shaft, and was
instantly wound up in the shafting,
whirling his body over and over. The
machine was stopped as quickly as
could be, and the mangled form ex
The Republicans are getting to
work early. The state convention
will be held on the 24th of February
on the call of the executive commitee
which met last week. The commit
tee endorsed Roosevelt, and- said they -
wanted him for four years-more.
On Short Time.
Eight large cotton mills at Con
cord, N. 0., operating 88,000 spIndles
and 3,300 looms, have cub down their
running time to four days a week on
account of the scarcity of cotton.
Two thousand hands are affected, by
the shorter time