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Elections Held in Legislative Joint
Assembly on Thursday.
NAXES OF THE LUCKY WINNERS
All of Theiml Are Good Men and They
Will Fill the Different Posi
tions to the Satisfac
tion of All.
The total work of the Legislature
Thursday is very nearly represented
by these elections:
Associate Justice. Chas. A. Woods.
Directors of the State Penitentiary.
J. 0. Wingo, of Greenville: D. B.
Peurifoy. of Saluda.
State librarian. Miss Lavinia 11.
Laborde, of Columbia.
State commissioner of the dispen
sary, William 0. Tatu n. of Orange
Chairman of the State board of con
trol, H1. H. Evans. of 3 ewberry.
Members of the State board of con
trol, (dispensary,) John, Bell Towill.
of Batesburg; L. W. icykin, of Cam
Members of the board of trustees
for the South Carojina College, C. E.
Spencer, of Yorkville; Robert P. Ba
mer, Jr., of Marion.
Trustees of Clemson Agricultural
College, G. Duncin Bellinger. of Co
lumbia: Jesse H. Hardin. of Chester;
Ivy N. Mauldin, of Pickens.
Trustees of the State Colored Col
lege, at Orangeburg. A. G. IPrice, of
Chester: J. W. Floyd, of Kershaw.
Trustees for Wintbrop Normal and
Industrial College, D. W. McLaurin,
of Marion: Dr. T. A. Crawford, of
Trustees for the Citadel. Col. C. S.
Gadsden, of Charleston: W. W. Lewis.
The final elections were for mem
bers of the board of visitors of th
Citadel. Col. C. S. Gadsden, of
Charleston, and W. W. Lewis, of
Yorkville, were nominated and re
elected without opposition.
Senator Hardin asked who were the
incumbents, so that another mistake
would not be made. The elections
were, for six years.
There was much confusion about
the elections of trustees for Clemson
and Winthrop colleges. In some way
Mr. Sease's name was not presented
.r re-election and he was not renam
ed, simply because hisnomination was
not presented, and a third trustee had
to be found in Mr. Mauldin.
When it came to the election of
trustees for Winthron College the
name of Mr. D. W. McLaurin was
presented, and followirg it Senator
Brice named Dr. T. A. Crawford, a
former valuable member of the board.
No one seemed to know whose terms
expired. It was known that Mr. Mc
Laurin had to be re-elected, but whose
term was otherwise to be tilled no one
knew. The election proceeded, and
then there was surprise when it was
suggested that Senator Tillman was
being dropped from the board in the
same accidental manner that Mr.
Sease had just been left off of the
In the case of the South Carolina
College, slips announcing the full sit
uation had been distributed among
the members and there was no con
After the vote had been sarted there
wrs no way to undo the trouble.Qjo
one seemed positive as to whether
Senator Tillman was being legislated
off of the board or not, but such
seemed to be the impression. There
seemed, however, to be no remedy, if
desired. After the er tire voting of
the evening had been concluded, Mr.
Bunch asked if a quorum had voted.
President Sloan stated that a quorum
had not voted for members of the
board of trustees of the Citadel, but
that the business of the joint assembly
having been concluded, it stood ad
IS IT sENATOR TILLMIAN?
- Thero were 81 votes cast for the
Winthrop trustees, and 8.3 would be a
quorum. The point (of no quorum
was not made at the timne or after the
election had been announced, as to
the Winthrop elections, but the rec
ords will show that 81 :.otes were cast
for Winthrop trustees. 1t is stated
that a quorum is not 'iecessary in a
joint assembly, but wtat the parlia
mentary law would be is not settled
now. Some say that the Journal
would show no quorum, and that the
elections will not stand on that ac
count. They have, however, been de
clared. Then, it is contended, that
the joint assembly having adjourned,
the question of the Winthrop vote can
only be raised in joint assembly, and
not in the Senate or the House.
It is suggested that another concur
rent resolution would have to be
passed calling for another joint assem
bly to take up the matter.
Although it ih said that Senator
Tillman is the member who has been
droppe-1 there seems to be no certain
ty about this matter.
Inquiry was made after the joint
assembly had adjourned and it de
velops here that in 1900 the .Journal
shows that there were seven mem
bers of the Winthrop board elected.
and that they were to draw lots for
their terms of office. Who drew the
different terms was never reported
here, and no commissions were ever
issued to the members of the board
so as to indicate their respective
terms. The South Carolina College
trustes are the only ones holding
commissions as required. The mini
utes of the board would show what
terms expire at this session, but there
is no record of it here. From what
can be understood Thursday the term
might be that of Senator Tillman, or
of Mr. Rtoddey, or of Dr. EdwaLrd S.
PRkOCEEDINGs IN DETAIL.
The joint assembWj was called to
order at 11 o'clock by Lieutenant Gov.
Sloan. Clerk Hemphill announced
the purpose of the joint assembly and
order of elections.
Mr. Sloan announced that the first
election was that of an Associate
Justice for eight years. to fill the
position now held by Associate Justice
Charles A. Woods, of Marion.
Senator Brown nominated Mr.
Woods for re-election and Senator
Stackhouse seconded the nomination.
The roll being called. showed that
every member and Senator present
voted for Mr. Charles A. Woods, and
having received the unanimous vote,
President Sloan announced the elec
tion of Mr. Charles A. Woods as Asso
ciate Justce for the term of eight
MANY wANT IT.
The next election was for two mem
bers of the bcard of directors of the
State!Penitentiary. Curiously, for an
rar-ac with so little oenation.
there were seven candidates, all of
whom are or have been members of
the General Assembly. The candi
dates presented were:
J. 0. Wingo, member from Green
ville. by Senator Dean aud Mr. R. S.
Mr. Peter F. lollis, a former mem
ber from Chester. presented by Sena
tor Hardin and Mr. A. C. Lyles.
Mr. D. B. Peurifoy. member of the
House from Saluda, presented by Sen
ator Ready anl Mr. Herbert.
Mr. W. B. Love, of York, former
member and Senator from York, pre
sented by Mr. Beamguard and Senator
Mr. W. D. Mann, former member
from Abbeville, presented by Senator
Marshall and Mr. Haskell.
Mr. W. D. Kirby, member from
Cherokee, presented by Senator But
Mr. W. M. Brown, member from
Messrs Love and Mann are the
present members of the board who
stood for re-election.
The first ballot resulted as follows:
J. 0. Wingo, of Greenville, 69: Peter
J. Hollis, of Chester, 31: 1). 1. l'uri
foy. of Saluda. 66: W. B.- Love, of
York. 54: W. D. Mann, of Abbeville.
47; W. D. Kirby, of Cheraw, 3: W. M.
Brown. of Oconee, 16. Total vote
cast, 133. Necessary to elect, 77.
There was no election on the first
ballot. The names of Mr. Brown and
Mr. Kirby were withdrawn after the
The joint assembly then prepared
for the second ballot, which resulted:
J. 0. Wingo. of Greenville, 82: D. B.
Peurifey. of Saluda, 81: W. D.tMann.
of Aboeville. 53: W. B. Love. of
York. 52: Peter T. Hollis, of Chester,
38. Necessary to election 77.
Messrs J. 0. Wingo and B. D. Peu
rifoy were declared elected. Both are
now active members of the House of
Representatives and take the place of
Messrs Mann and Love, who were
ekcted when they were active mem
bers of the General Assembly.
ONE BALLOT EACH.
The next election was for State
librarian. The candidates were Miss
Lindie H. L-.Burde, of Richland, who
has tilled the position with credit arid
satisfaction: Miss Julia Tompkins, of
COlumbia; Miss Annie B. Dacus, of
Anderson; Mrs. J. A. Muller. of Lex
Miss LaBorde won in a walk against
the entire field. The vote resulted:
Miss Linnie H. LaBorde, 103; Miss
Jullia Tompkins, 21: Miss Annie B.
Dacus, 26; Mrs. .1. A. Miller. 6. Total
vote, 156. Necessary to elect, 714.
Miss Lavinia Hagood LaBorde was
declared elected for a term of two
years as State librarian.
The next election was that of State
dispensary commissioner-perhaps the
most profitable office in the State.
Senator Raysor nominated for the po
sition Mr. W. 0. Tatum, a member
of the House from Orangeburg Count
ty. During the early days of the ses
sion there were several candidates in
the field for the position, but it soon
became so appearent that Mr. Tatum
was a winner that all opposition to
him faded away and he was unani
mously elected without any opposi
tion. The term of office is for two
After the election of Mr. Tatum as
commissioner the next election was
that of chairman of the State board of
There were two nominees for the
position. Mr. H. H. Evans, of New
berry, who is now a member of the
present dispensary board of directors.
Opposed to him was Mr. .John A. Mc
Dermott, of Hlorry, a former Senator
from that county.
The vote for chairman of the board
of directors stood: Herbert H. Evans,
99: J. A. McIermott, 56. Vote cast,
155. Necessary to elect, 78.
Mr. H. H. Evans was, therefore, de
clared elected chairman of the board
for a term of two years.
Mr. Evans is the only member of
the board who stood for re-election,
and he was promoted to the chairman
NEW MEMBERS OF THE BOARD.
There was an interesting and tense
contest for the two additional mem
bers of the board of control. The nom
inees were: John Bell Towill, of Lex
ington: Joseph B. Wylie, of Chester;
Mr. L. Wittaker Boykin, of Camden:
R. H.-Walker, of Barnwell.
Mr. Towill is at present an active
member of the House of Representa
Mr. Wylie is a business man from
Mr. L. W. Boykin, of Camden, is a
successful farmer and business man
and has previously been a candidate
for this same position.
Mr. Walker, of Barnwell, is one of
the modest and retiring members ol'
the present House of Representatives,
who has little to say, never ma.kes a
speech and does not push himself in
It was not altogether expected that
there would be an election upon the
first ballot, but it resulted as follows:
John Bell Towill received 95 votes: L.
W. Boykin, S1: Josep.h B. Wylie, 70;~
Rt. H. - Walker, 62. Total votes cast,
154. Necessary to elect, 78.
Mr. Towill and Mr. Boykin wereI
therefore declared to be elected for
terms of two years each as members
of the State boards of directors of the
After this announcement the joint
assembly, under the terms of the reso
lution assembling that body, took a
recess until Thursday at S p. m.
THE NIGHT SEsSION.
When the joint assembly met again
at 8 o'clock the first elections were for
two trustees of the South Carolina
College. There were two positions on
the boardi to be filled. Mr. .Julian
Mitchell. of Charleston, who has ser
ved so efficiently as a trustee for eight
years, declined to stand for re-elec
tion. His service to the South Caro
lina College has been effective and
eicient, but he wished to retire and
the College reluctantly loses him as a
trustee. Mr. Robert P. Hlamer, .J.,
an alumnus of the College, and re-'
cently president of the Alumni Asso
ciation, was elected in Mr. Mitchelal
place. Mr. C. E. Spencer, of York,
was re-elected on the board without
Tne next election was for three
trustees for Clemson College. Mr.
Jesse H. Hardin was renominated.
Gen. G. Duncan Bellinger was named
for the vacancy occasioned by the
death of Mr. Garris. There was no
nomination for the third place. Presi
dent Sloan asked for nominations and
kept on asking, and finally Mr. Mor-1
gan jumped up and nominated his
friend. Capt. Ivy M. Mauldin. There
seemed to be absolutely no one in
charge of the matter and later on,
after it was too late for remedy. it
was found that Mr. L. A. Sease's term
had expired arnd that no one knew of
it. Mr. Sease was one of the tirst
graduates of Clemson. At first it was
urged there were only two places to
fill, but President Sloan said the reso
must have that many nominations
ud votes, and later on it was found
Ghat Mr. Sease had been unintention
illy legislated out of office.
The election had proceeded as it
iad started, and the trustees elected
were G.. Duncan Bellinger, Jesse H.
Hardin and Ivy M. Mauldin. Mr.
3ease was given two votes, although
The next elections were for the two
brustees of the State Normal and In
iustrial College, at Orangeburg.
There was no opposition to the re
Iection of the incumbents, A. G.
Brice, of Chester, and J. W. Floyd,-of
When the two trustees for Winth
rop were to be nominated there seem
ed to be no one who knew whose
terms expired. It was known that
Mr. 1). W. McLaurin's term expired,
but who the other trustee was whose
term expired no one knew.
Senator Brice nominated Dr. T. A.
Crawford, who was formerly on the
board. There were no further nomi
nations, and Dr. T. A. Crawford and
D. W. McLaruin received the entire
After the nominations had closed
there was inquiry as to whose terms
were being filled. No one seemed to
know. but the nearest that could be
learned was that the successor of
Senator Tillman was being elected on
the board. No one seemed to know
efinitely, but the advices were that
Senator Tillman had been dropped
from the Winthrop board in the same
way that Mr. Sease had been left of
the Clmson board. Messrs. McLaurin
nd Crawford were therefore elected
without opposition. This; ended the
elections and the joint assembly dis
SO)E SURPRISING FIGURES.
The Governor of Mississippi Says
Education Rains the Negro.
At Jackson, Miss., on Tuesday, 19th
instant, in his inaugural address
before a joint session of the Mississ
ippi legislature, Gov. James K. Vard
aman declared that the growing ten
dency of the negro to commit crimi
nal assault on white women is nothing
more or less than the manifestation
of the racial desire for social equality.
In strong terms he declared that edu
cation is the curse of the negro race.
and urged an amendment to the State
constitution that will place the dis
tribution of the common school fund
solely within the power of the legis
lature. Continuing his discussion of
the negro question Gov. Yardaman
'As a race he is deteriorating mor
ally every day. Time has demonstrat
ed that he is more criminal as a free
man than as a slave, that he is in
reasing in criminality with frightful
rapidity, being one-third more crimi
nal in 1890 than he was in 1880.
'The startling facts revealed by the
ensus show that those who can read
and write are more criminal than the
illiterates, which is true of no other
element of our population. I am ad
vised that the minimum illiteracy of
the negroes is found in New England,
where it is 21.7 per cent. The maxi
mum was found in the black belt
Louisiana, Mississippi and South Car
olina-where it is 67.7 per cent. A nd
yet the negro in New England is four
and one-half times more criminal, 100
for 100, than he is in the black belt.
.In the south, Mississippi particularly,
I know he is growing worse every
year. You can scarcely pick up a
newspaper whose pages ire not black
ened with the account of an unmen
tionable crime committed by a negro
brute, and this crime, I want to i~m
press upon you, is but the manifesta
tion of the negro's aspiration for so
cial equality, encouraged largely by
the character of free education in
vogue which the State is levying
tribute upon the white man to main
"The better class of negroes is not
responsible for tbis terrible condition
nor for the criminal tendency of their
race. Nor do I wish to be understood
as censuring them for it. I am not
censuring anybody, nor am I inspired
by ill-will for the negro, but Im
simply calling attention to a most un
fortunate and unendurable condition
of affairs. What shall be done about
"My idea is that the character of
the education for the negro ought to
be changed. If, after years of earnest
effort and the expenditure of fabulous
sums of money to educate his head,
we have only succeeded in making a
criminal out of him and imperiling his
usefulness and etticiency as a laborer,
wisdom would suggest that we make
another experiment and see if we can
not improve him by educating his
hand and heart. There must be a
moral substratum upon which to build
or you cannot make a desirable citi
The governor also declares that the
people of the nation should rise up
ind demand the repeal of the tifteenth
The Confederate Generals.
The late Lieut. Gen. James Long
treet was the highest in rank of all
te lieutenant generals on the South
arn side in the war between the
States. the date of his rank being
2jtober 9, 1862, while the last ap
pointment of the twenty-one sordiers
olding that rank was the late John
B. Gordon, the date of his rank being
1865. and near the close of the war .
There are still living four of the
twenty-one lieutenant generals of the
confederacy; Stephen D. Lee of Mis
issiopi, the thirteenth on the list,
ais rank dating from .June, 1864; A.
P. Stewart, Tennessee, now of Mis
;issippi, 'ranking from June 23 1804:
Joseph Wheeler of Alabama, rank
ing from February 28, 1865S. and S. B
Buckner of Kentucky, also ranking
Erom 1865. Gen. Stewart was sixteenth
n the list in point of rank. and was
appointed in place of Lieut. Gen.
Leonidas Polk. killed in battle June
14, 1864, on Pine Mountain. near
tarietta, Ga. The late Gen. Forrest
was made a lieutenant general on the
same date with Gen. Wheeler. but
was seventeenth on the list, while
en. Wheeler was twentieth. There
were eight generals in the Confederate
ervice all our ranking lieutenant
~enerals, viz: Samuel Cooper, Albert
3. Johnston, Robert E. Lee, .loseph
E. Johnston, P. G. T. lieauregzard,
Braxton Bragg, Edmund Kirby Smith
and John B. Hood, they ranking in
accordance with the list given. All
>f the generals are dead, as are seven
een of the lieutenants generals.
He Is Right.
W. Q. Hammond, an Anderson far
er, gave his check for 8100 on Mon
iay for Anderson's share in the ex
enses of the State Immigration socie
;y. He says the immigration move
ient is the most important that has
een launched in the state since the
RUssIA and Japan are still growi
ngra orne anoither.
BLIND TIGERS SCARCE.
Governor Heyward Has About Bro- T
ken Them Up in Columbia.
Evidently visitors to Columbia feel
the same drought in the way of secur- A
ing strong drink that citizens experi- k
ence. Some one came down from h
Yorkville this week wanting a glass y
of beer and afterwards told his expe- M
rience to a reporter of the Yorkville
" 'Y;u may say what you please
about the enforcement of the dispen
sary law; but I'll tell you as a fact
tbat Governor Heyward has the tigers h
on the run in Columbia.' The speaker 1
was a Yorkville citizen who spent a s
part of last week at the capital.-f
'With a friend, who though not a u
resident knew more about the city
than I,' the gentleman continued, 'we r
made a search for a glass of beer. s
The first place at which we inquired, Y
was a restaurant where I had frequ- 1
ently bought beer. 'We don't keep s
it.' said the proprietor, and we re- t
newed our search. My friend led the t
way to a place of which he knew, and a
there the proprietor directed us to go r
through the back way and up a flight -
of stairs. After we had mounted the r
stairs about half way to the second
story we came to a lattice work door
securely locked. It was opened by a s
negro. Then we followed along a I
dark corridor winding about with con
fusing turns until we came to another t
locked door. There we rapped re- r
peatedly for fully a minutc, ant final
ly the door was unlocked by a white
man. We told the man what we
wanted and followed him through t
some more winding corridors in whicb 1
there were no lights, coming oat fin
ally into a large room, the door of E
which was unlocked. The room was C
tilled with people engaged in games of I
all kinds, principally poker and the
like. It was a regular gambling den. 1
We told our guide that we wanted
beer, and he turned us over to a negro
porter who declared that there was
but a single bottle in the place and 1
he would get it for us. He produced 1
the bottle. and poured out a glass for
each. After we emptied the glasses
my friend put down a dollar. The
n-orter declined to take the money,
ying that no beer was sold in the
place. We left by the same way we
had come in, and on reaching the out- I
side, my friend sought to pay the pro
prietor; but he also declared that
there was no charge, so the bill was
not settled. Of couse, I would not
pretend to say that -there are not doz
ens and dozens of tigers in Columbia
for people who know the ropes. In
deed, it is probable that the people
who own the den where we got the
beer make a business of selling whis
key and beer to people they know;
but if my own experience is to be
taken as any kind of an index to the
situation, buying such refreshments <
on the sly is rather up bill business
BOY SOMNAMBULIST'S FEAT. 1
With Arms Incumbered He Climbs
-a Tall Palm in Hawaii.
A peculiar case of somnambulism
occurred lately near Hanalei, on the
Island of Kauai, Hawaii. William
Williams, aged 12 years, disappeared
from his home one morning early.
When he did not return for his break
fast, nor later in the forenoon, his pa
rents- became anxious and search was
made for him. After some time a na
tive found him lyinging in the shadow1
of a great boulder in a place very diffi
cult of access.
When the native saw him he gave a
shout, partly to announce to the other
searchers that the boy was found and
partly to awaken the boy, who seemed
fast asleep. The shout woke the boy
suddenly, and seeing the natives black
eyes staring at him, as he afterwards
explained, he thought-a wild pig, num
bers of which are found in the region,
was about to attack him.
To escape the boy climed a tall co
coanut tree growing a hundred yards
away, and as he did not respond or
come down when called to, the native
climbed up after him, but was kept at
bay by the boy with a 12-inch knife.
Finally his father came and spoke to
him, and then he came down, still in
a dazed condition, nor did he fully re
cover consciousness until he had been
taken home and put to bed. 1
He then had but a very dim con
sciousness of his experience. All the 4
circumstances indicate that lie had
risen from bed early in the morning,
prit on his working clothes, taken
three books which had been presentedC
to him under his arm, and a long
knife used in cutting ferns, and start- I
ed for the woods; where he cut a 1
quantity of ferns, and carried them to
where he was found by the native. I
When startled by the shout of the lat-,
ter he still kept his books under his I
arm and his knife in his hand, and
climbed the cocoanut palm to the very ~
top, a distance of 40 or 50 feet, a most
ditlicult feat to perform, -even to the I
natives with their hands empty and ~
their arms free.
The boy was never known to walk a
in his sleep before, but is supposed tot
have been suffering from nervousness, ~
following an attack of dengue fever.
The boy had never climbed a cocoanut
palm before.-San Francisco Chroni
The Baltimore Sun says: "Ofi
Hampton and Gordon and many other
Confederate generals who preceded c
them to that boturne whence none t
return it can be said in all truth thati
they were without fear and without t
reproach. They were the best pro- f
ducts of Southern civilization-of a g
civilization which gave the country a C
Washington and a .Jefferson, Their s
fame will not perish with them. So I
long as the South is loyal to its noblest a
traditions 'it will cherish the memo- t
ries of the knightly men who led the a
armies of the Confederacy and made f
the term "Southern soldier" synony- r
mous with valor that never faltered r
and dlevotion that was unswerving.'' ti
They were great soldiers who battled f
for the rights of the South. Not only 3
the otlicers, but the private may be I
included in this category. No people b
ever fought better or endured hard- D
ship for a righteous cause more cheer- i
fully than the rank and file of the 'V
Confederate army. Like the gallant a
oficers who lead them, the privates t
were imbured with the noblest and t
loftiest sentiments of patriotism that b
ever inspired a people.
The Georgia Mule.c
The Augusta Chroncile says the a
Georgia mule scored again Wednesdayf
when one of that species, while being a
led through the streets, of Columbus, ei
Ga.. kicked a tire alarm box off a post. e
This broke the circuit which turned
i an alarm and the fire department
was given a hard and useless run. g
Capt. W. J. Kirk, a well known (
civil engineer, died at his home in
Cukebrac ro n Moay.n I.
BRYAN IN RUSSIA.
he "Novoe Vremya" Quotes Him as i
the Democritic Leader. -
'Mr. William Bryan, the famous
merican politician and rival of the
te Mr. William icKinley in the two
.st, presidential campaigns. is now
isiting St. Petersburg. Mr. Bryan
ill not remain long in Russia. Ile
ill depart in a few days. Ile came f
ere as a tourist who is interested in
aussia and interviewed Count Leo
'olstoi. whose writings and teachings
fr. Bryan says have penetrated his
eart. The ex-candidate is of middle
eight. somewhat stout. with a hand
)me face and clever eyes. His big
>rehead and clean-shaven face remind
s a good deal of Napoleon I.
It is to be regretted that Mr. Bryan
efused to go into the question of
Dme sharp politics. In his early
outh, he says he became interested
a Russia. "When a schoolboy I read
Dme on Russia, and I was convinced
hat there awaits Russia a great fu
ure in Europe, as a great future
waits the United Stah s in the
We have mentioned in our paper
2ore than once that of late the A mer
an press denounces us very bitterly.
fr. Bryan, when asked to give us
nme explanation on this subject, re
lied in a very resigned tone:
"The United States are under en
irelv different conditions from the
est of the powers. They have no
riends nor enemies. Nor do they
ave any allies." And as to the
kmerican press, Mr. Bryan points out
hat our press often criticised the
nited Siates government, but that
t would be ridiculous to blame the
ntire nation therefor. Mr. Bryan re
alled that the czar, as the author of
>eace was tirst to call the conference
,t the Hague, and has set the founda
ion of peace in our times.
"Of course,' Mr. Bryan says. "we
annot harvest tomorrow what we
iave sown today," but he hopes that
he peace-loving tune of Russia poli
ics will not change. "At the pres
nt crisis in the far east," Mr. Bryan
ntinues, ";when the air is full of
var rumors, it is especially pleasing.
shall sympathetically regard Russia,
vhose future is very great, and also
apan, which stands in the road of
>rogress. and it would grieve me in
leed if these two conntries should
neet in collision. All measures should
>e taken to avoid this dreadful war,
)ut this, I fear. will not be done."
Mr. Bryan was interested to know
Lbout our new city administration.
e inquired about the parties in the
Ity hall, and whether we are satistied
vith the results of the election, and
hat we await from the new adminis
ration. He himself is a journalist
Lnd editor of a newspaper. The Com
noner, and its circulation is 150,000
:opies. The Commoner is devoted to
emocracy, as he is the leader of the
emocratic party in America. Mr.
3ryan is also known as the leader of
he silver-16 to 1-sentiment. The
merican embassy is giving a dinner
n honor of its distinguished guest.
t. Petersburg Novoe Vremya.
A STRANGE WILL.
lives His MIoney to the Church in
stead of His Family.
"I, William W. Kendall, Kansas
ity, being of sound mind and memo
*y, realizing my obligation to.-my
amily and my God, never forgetting
he debt of gratitude I owe my H~eav
~nly Father for the gift of his dear
on, Jesus Christ, who left His home
n heaven and came to earth, taking
pon Himself the sins of the whole
vorld, expiating them on the cross.
~hat whosoever believeth in Him
night not perish, but have everlast
ng life, and that includes me: hence
:make this, my last will and testa
William Worth Kendall, who -was
tshoe manufaturer of this city, pro
eeds after this prelude to his will
iled here for probate, to leave $3,000
sach to his wife, Emily C. Kendall.
Lmd his four children, and to the
dethodist church $250, 000, the resi
lue of his estate..
The will continues:
"It is my will that the balance of
fy estate, one quarter million dollars,
hall be held in trust as a sacred fund,
he income of which shall be used for
he building of Christ's Kingdom on
arth under the auspices of the Meth
~dist Episcopal church. The fund
hall be culled the William W. Ke
all fund of the Methodist Episcopal
"'It is my will that this fund shall
>e divided among the benevolent en
erprises of the Methodist Episcopal
hurch as follows: Ten twenty
ourthis the board of church extension
if the Methodist Episcopal Loan
und: three twenty-fourths. the Ma
ons' society or Southern Educatlonal
ociety: three twenty-fourths, educa
ional fund: three twenty-fourths,
ermanent fund for worn-out preach
A clause in the will directs that if
ny of the beneticiaries attempts to
reak it. his or her share shall be re
uced to 81.
The South Has Comupany.
The color line is as much in evi
ence in other parts of the country
s in the South, as daily occurrences
rove. This section has no m )nopoly
a that respect, and the people of the
orth and West are fast coming to a
lear and resonable understanding of
he Southern position, and are adoot
ag it as their own. We are indebted
o a friend for the following extract
rom The Newark News, a rapid Re
ublican paper. The incident oc
urred, as will be seen, in Iowa, the
trongest Republican State in the
nion, with one exception. The
rticle is beaded "Negress Won Prize,
ut Her Color Barred 11cr From it,"
nd is as follows: "Judges of piano
arte music, seated in an adjoining
oom in Des Moines, Ia.. and not per.
2itted to see the performer, awarded
rst prize at the recent State Eistedd
d, held by the Welsh people of Des
toines and neighboring cities, to
larguerite Field. Marguerite was
orn with a black skin and the wise
ien of the eisteddfod called a meet
ig to discuss the race question. It
ras decided that according the rules
f the association the color line must
e drawn and that the prize that had
een awarded by the judges could not
e given to the colored girl
He Will Preach.
Chas. B. Bobo' a prominent mecr
ant of Laurens. has sold his hiome
id business and has gone with his
mily to Louisville, lKy., where lhe
'ill 'take a course inl thet Baptist
heolgical seminary preparatory to
tering the ministry.
Tired ot Life.
Col. .rohn II. Bacon. 75 years old,
rmer mayor of Colorado Springs,
h.. committed suicide by shooting
imself on Sunday because of bad
A REMARKABLE ASCENT.
'he Queer Thing an Elevator Did
to Robert Denning.
R1obert Denning, who runs the pas
enger elevator in the tive-story busi
ess building at 459 Broadway, had a
emarkable mishap Wednesday after
toon. Though le hung by the legs,
ead downward, in the elevator shaft
or nearly an hour, he was extricated
The elevator runs in a shaft which
s entirely enclosed from cellar to
'cof. The entrance to the elevator on
he ground floor is through the east
vall of the shaft, but on all the other
loors the entrance is through the
The ground floor door opens out
vard. Attached to it on the inside
s a rope by means of which the opera
or can pull it shut.
Denning was alone in the elevator
vhen lie started it up from the ground
loor and tried to close the door. He
nissed the rope and leaned forward
'or a second grab.
The top of the door frame hit him
mn the shoulder and caused him to fall
orward and the floor of the ascending
ar caught his feet and held him
lgainst the side of the shaft. The
;pace between the edge of the eleva
,or floor and the side of the shaft was
io small that Denning's feet could not
lip out, but not small enough to crush
In this manner, head downward and
earing. every instant that he would
3rop, Denning was carried up along
the smooth side of the shaft until the
levator reached the top floor. There
t stopped automatically.
Denning's yells drew everybody in
he building to the elevator shaft.
ome one telephoned to police head
uarters for an ambulance. Dr. Klea
man soon came from St. Vincent's
hospital, but owing to the boy's situa
ion could not afford him any relief.
Tnen the police notified fire head
quarters and truck 20 was sent to
the rescue. The firemen first placed
a ladder in the elevator shaft from
the fourth floor, resting its top
against the south wall and held it
while Dr. Kleaman ascended and gave
Denning a stimulant.
Then a fireman went up the ladder
and held Denning while another fire
man dug at the wall of the shaft and
chopped the elevator floor until the
imprisoned fe.etwere released.
They laid Denning out on the fourth
floor and Dr. Kleaman examined him.
To the surprise of everyone, including
Denning himself, none of his bones
were broken and he was scarcely hurt.
He was sent -home in a cab.-New
THE BOLL WEEVIL.
Dr. Cleveland, of Spartanburg, Dis
cusses the Destructive Insect.
The Spartanburg Journal says Dr.
J. F. Cleveland and J. B. Cleveland
returned from a trip to Texas a week
or more ago where they went to in
vestigate the cotton status in that
state. Dr. Cleveland was talking to
a reporter Wednesday concerning -his
visit, and seemed highiy pleased with
his stay in the "Lone Star State."
and there they made stops in Hous
ton While Dallas.
Dr. Cleveland spoke mainly con
cerning the boll weevil and the terri
ble destruction whichit has wrought.
He says that at a conservative esti
mate the crop is about a half million
bales short. This is felt most heavily
in western Texas where the weevil got
in its most destructive work. The
farmers all over the state, however,
are more or less annoyed by it and are
determined to suppress or destroy the
pest. The government has offered a
reward of $250,000 for an adequate
solution to this vexatious problem.
Dr. Cleveland said that the only
remedy which it was thought would
prove practical was this: Through the
winter months the lands are to be
plowed and replowed. Then "King
Cotton," an early variety, is to be
planted in the spring, along the last
of March. This will be from two to
three weeks earlier than usual. It is
hoped by this thorough mixing of the
soil that the larvae of this insect will
be buried in the earth and incubation
will not result. The boll weevil bores
its way into the -cotton boll and there
lays its eggs. When the larvae is in
cubated it consumes the lint of the
cotton and then goes into the ground.
It is thought that by plowing them
into the earth these insects can be
destroyed before the time comes for
them to pierce the boll and procreate.
If this experiment fails the cotton
growers will be in quite a dilemma.
There have been many solutions of
fered, but none seem practical. This
problem has engaged the attention of
agricultural and scientific men all
over the country. This year's curtail
ment in the cotton crop due to the
weevil is serious indeed and if this
destructive insect is not entirely ex
terminated or some impediment
placed to its growth, the results will
be so farreaching that it will be im
possible to determine them.
The Mail says tbat 1,200 gallons of
:oca-cola were sold in A'uderson last
year-ST,440 worth by the drink.
Senator Tillman has written to the
Spartanburg Journal defending him
self for opposing the Panama treaty.
James White, deputy, has been ap
pointed sheriff of Spartanburg to fill
ut the unexpired term of Sheriff Ver
The trustees of the Columbia Fe
nale college will move the college
from the city to Hyatt's Park, just
>utside the city limits.
John Yelding had his head blown
>ff on Tuesday with a shotgun in the
aands of Abram Laborde-both color
ad. It was an accident.
DURING the past year Governor
leyward granted only fifteen pardons
:o persons contined in the penziten
iary. Several of these were granted
to people who were very sick.
A majority of the qualified ~oters
f Yorkville have asked for an elec
jionl on the question of removing the
lispensary from that town, but they
tre refused the privilege of election.
Jas. T. Harris has leased the White
Stone Lithia Springs in Spartanburg
:ounty to Hodges & Co., experienced
iotel men of St. Louis, Mo., who will
eep the resort open the year round.
Accoc-DING to the decision of the,
Rebraska court in the case of Senator
ietrich it appears to be laiwful to
eli a public otfice that you know you
ViLL have to dispense. but unlawful
o sell one that you already have on
iand. That may be law but it is poor
Rather than face his creditors,
larry S. Twambly. a Biddeford, Me.,
eweler. ended his life on Monday
DENOUNCES X03 LAW.
Gov. Heyward Appeals for More Ade
quate Law Against Lynching.
A few days ago The State announc
ed that Gov. Heyward had been moved
very strongly by the lynching in Dor
chester and that he would take some
steps to have the crime punished.
Just what he intended to do was not
known until Wednesday, when he pre
sented to the general assembly the
following special message, which made
a strong impression upon the mem
To the Honorable the Gentlemen of
the General Assembly:
In my annual message to your hon
orable body reference was made to
lawlessness in our State, the frequent
occurrence of lynchings being dealt
with particularly. The necessity of
respect being paid to the law by civil
ized communities was urged in this
connection. You, the law-makers,
had not been assembled here a week
when another evidence of this lawless
spirit is given )n the lynching at
The governor is popularly credited
with the power to prevent or punish
these outrages against the State. In
reality he is practically powerless.
When notified,. he may sometimf-4
frustrate the mob by the employment
of troops, but when the crime has
been committed his hands are practi
eally tied. The meagre rewards he
has been empowered- to offer out of
his contingent fund have proven inef
fectual. and this is as far as he is per
mitted to go. In the meantime the
spirit of lawlessness is unchecked. -
Any band of lawless. men may feel'
secure in taking the life of a fellow
being on almost any pretext. This
deplorable condition ought to be
remedied. To compel greater respect,
for the majesty of the law I recom
mend the enactment -of special legis
lation in reference to lynching, that
the great responsibility of offlcials di
rectly charged with enforcing the law
be brought home to them, and that
more effectual measures be taken for
the apprehension of persons who take
the law in their own hands.
In lieu of some such- legislation,
suggest that the governor be provided
with an adequate fund for the purpose
of suppressing lynching-a fund tha
may be used in offering suitabli re
wards or in obtaining evidence againsti
lynchers in such manner. as may-be
I sincerely regret the necessity fo
this and am not desirous of additional
responsibilities, but I will notsh
any duty that the general asseiby
may see fit t9 impose for the
and good name of South Carolina.
- D. C. HEYWARD
January 20, 1904. Governor. r
KILLED BY AN OVP.MPE1t
Tragedy on a Plantation About Sever
Miles from Aiken.
A dispatch to The State says a n
gro named Jim Stevens, living on
J. D. Prothro's place about seven mie - "
below Aiken, was shot and killed byr-.
Mr. Jackson Fanning, an overseer-for
Mr. Prothro, Tuesday afternoon .Tan.
19. Mr. Fanning was -here Tuesday
and stated that -the trouble arose over
a dispute with the negro about water
ing the stock. The negro was imper
tinent and Mr. Fanning reprimanded
him. The negro cursed Mr. Fanning -
and advanced upon him with an open
knife in his hand, and Mr. Fanning
drew his pistol but slipped it in his.
pocket and struck the negro with a
stick. The negro than ran. to his
house and others standing by -told
Mr. Fanning that he bad better be
careful for Stevens would kill him If
he had to waylay bimn.
Mr. Fanning did not believe- that
the negro would trouble him again, :
hut he went home and 'got his shot .
gun and came out to the gate. In
the meantime Stevens bad gotten his
shotgun and came bick to Mr.. Sti'
ens' place, stoppikng on the way and
trying to buy some buckshot. The
negro crouched behind a wagon shed
and tried to get a shot at Mr. Fan
ning who had dropped behind the
fence when he saw the negro comings
After -the negro came his wife,. who
screamed and begged him not to kill
Mr. Fanning. Mr. Fanning, think
ing that perhaps the womani was
maneuvering against him also, turned
his head towards her when Stevens
shot him and ran. Mr. Fanning's
face and head and hands were pep
pered with bird shot, but as the ne
gro ran off he shot him twice and
killed him almost instantly.
Mr. Fanning is a young man, un
married, and seems to be qniet and
orderly. and tells his story in straight
forward manner. He has been work->
ing for Mr. Prothro only a few months
but his employer speaks well of him.
His home is in Williston where he
bas many friends. And while he re
*rets getting into trouble there is no
doubt that he killed the negro in self
defense. The coroner's inquest was
held Tuesday but thd verdict is not
He Should Rebign.
P. D. Barron, wh~o misrepresents -
York County in the lower house of.
the legislature, seems to have a rather
unique idea of the rights, privileges,
and prerogatives or the representative
in the general assembly or .this com
mon wealth. He was taken up a few
days ago in Columbia for drunk and.
disorderly conduct arid carried to-te
station house by the police. Coming
up the next morning before the re
corder's court he was convicted and
fned. This was not only too great an
indignity to be perpetrated upon one
of the elect and set apart function
aries of the state; and not only 'this
but as Representative Barron saw it
it waspTositively against the law, and
he forthwith entered the plea that he,
being a member of the legislature was
not amenable to arrest and punish
ment. As a legislator it was his to
make laws, somebody else's to obey
them. Such a representative is a re
flction on the people he misrepre
sents, and they should forthwith re
quest him to vacate.
"Mas. Wiggs of the Cabbage
Patch" has just bought a $10,000 resi
dence in Louisville. This does not
mean that the famous lady who found
it impossible to be otber than cheerful
is to change her dwelling place among
the railroad tracks for one in a
fashionable section of Louisville. It.
means that Mrs. Alice Hegan Rice,
who brought "Mrs. Wiggs" before
the public, has invested a portion of
the goodly siums she has received in
royalties on her books and their dram
atization in a home.
MAJ. Henry A. Meetze died at his
home in Lexington a few days ago
aged 84. ]Ie was for many years in the
state legislature, most of the time as
senator, and was a member of the
fraud commission that investigated
and settled the debt of the State in
GEN. R. E. LEE.
)ne of the Greatest Men of A, y
Country or Age.
WHAT OTHER MEN SAY OF HIM.
rhe Great Generals of Germany
Ranked Him Above All the
Commanders of the
Tuesday, January 19, was the birth
:ay of Gen. Robert E. Lee, one of the
;reatest men the world ever produc
d. in this connection the following
from the Augusta Chronicle will be
read with interest:
The father of General Robert E.
Lee, the famous "Light Horse
Harry, " of the old revolution, was a
scholarly man, valiant of course, and,
Like most men of his day, fond of high
ating and drinking. when not engag
-d in war. le died on Cumberland
island. in this state. le had a quick
emper and generous qualities. His
istory of the Southern campaign of
:eieral Greene is the best of its kind
md it gave, as is not always the case
in military annals, due praise and
redit to hie courage of the enemy.
Ile did noi spare. when they deserved
it. the faults and weakness of his own
oldiery. Of his son Robert he said:
"Ie was a good boy. He was always
ood." And this was true to the end.
ilie had all his father's manly virtues
and none of his faults or irregular
We have all heard of Earl Wolseley's
tribute to Lee as the greatest soldier
nd man he had ever met in his event
ful life. An English scholar said:
"The most stainless of earthly com
manders, and except in fortune the
General Miles is no favorite in the
South because of his connection with
the imprisonment of President Davis0
yet he declared that, in Germany, the
great generals there ranked Lee above
all commanders, on either side, during
the interstate war. And was it not
Charles Francis Adams who said that
the time will come when "the bronze
effigy of Robert E. Lee, mounted on
his charger and with the insignia of
his Confederate rank will from its
pedestal in the nation's capitol gaze
across the Potomac at his old home at
Arlington, even as that of Cromwell
dominates the yard of Westminster,
upon which his skull once looked
But General Lee was a different
man from Cromwell and an inexpres
sibly better one, in all that exalts hu
man nature. In a lucid interval
Theodore Roosevelt wrote:
"The world has never seen better
soldiers than those who followed Lee,
and their leader will undoubtedly
rank as. without any exception, the
greatest of all great captains that the
English-speaking people have brought
General Beauregard, in Roman's
biography of that distinguished gen
eral, rather imputes that President
Davis planned the Pennsylvania cam
paign, and that General Lee did not
approve it; but there is authentic evi
dence that Lee himself conceived it,
that it was an imperative moment.
and he believed his army invincible.
Dr. Gaston once told us that the army
Lee led into Pennsylvania had not its
equal in the tide of times, that it was
"the best that ever stepped upon this
And yet it failed, because Stuart, it
is said. did not keep Lee informed of
the whereabouts of Meade and be
cause Early failed to take the com
manding heights after the first day's
victory, but allowed the enemy to
concentrate and occupy them. That
is what Lee, in our opinion, meant
when he said:
"If I had had Stor ewall Jackson at
Getsyburg I would have won that
battle, and a complete victory there
would have given us Washington and
Baltimore, if not Philadelphia, and
established the independence of the
Confederacy." General Lee died
belie ring this.
But Lee fought somie of his grandest
battles after the Getsysburg reverse.
It was the plan of Jackson, and it was
also that of Beauregard, to make a
quick and not a waiting contest; to
let the Seaboard go; to a large extent,
and concentrate two great armies East
and West for a miglty onest before
the enemy could perfect his navy,
organize superior forces, and bring
nearly 500,000 Hessians from Europe.
We were not beaten fairly, but
worn out. Even as it was, had a man
like Lee, after General Johnston's
death, commanded in the West, with
Forrest as his "Stonewall'' Jackson,
there might have been a different
sto. As D~r. J1. William Jones sums
up, "We old Confederates may well be
proud, andl we may look the world
in the face and confidently afliirm the
cause for which these men fought,
nd in the faith of wvhich they died,
cannot be wrong."
If the cause was right, and we be
lieve it, it is imperishable, If right,
it will wake the world to liberty
gain. If Win. Jennings Bryan's
arraignment of the present situation
at the North is true, and there is no
remedy politically, then the constitu-s
ion. true Republican freedom, local
self-government and the genuine
rights of man were overthrown with
the physicial vanquishment of the
outh. if. as even old Senator Hoar
now virtually says, the republic is
rlrifting to despotism, by imperial
paths and commercial dishonor, then
there can be no restoraion except by
a return of the people to the basic
principles of the Confederacy and to
the lofty ideal, the moral grandeur
mnd glorious example of Robert E.
One time, the eloquent L. Q. C.
Lamar wrote, in concluding a letter
nalyzing or paralleling Washington
md Lee, with the pen cf a Plutarch,
hat the latter belongs to civilization:
" Aye, he belongs to civilization!
But let it not be forgotten-for such
will be the record of impartial history
-that it was the Southern type of
ivilization which produced him.
" And now that a sublime self-im
molation has fixed him on the topmost
pinnacle of fame, let his immortal
image look down forever on the ages,
the perfect representative of the
mighty struggle, the glorious purpose
md the long-sustained moral principle
>f the heroic race from which lie
Never let us despair of the republic
vhile such a spirit shines "along the
roremost tiles of Time" and such
leroic blood and forces remain
We front the sun and on the purple
The virgin future lifts her veils of
Look backward, and an arch of splen
The gulf of lnge ao."