Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNFSDAY. FEBRUARY 10.1.04. NO.21
SWEPT BY FIRE.
Flock After Bkck Destroyed in the
City of Baltimore.
THE LOSS IS VERY HEAVY.
The Conflagration Began in the
Heart of the City at
Eleven O'Clock Sunday
The most destructive cornagration
in the history of Baltimore occurred
Sunday in the wholesale dry goods
business district, raging practically
unchecked for hours, destroying scores
of the largest business houses in the
wholesale district, involving losses
which cannot be estimated, as the tire
was still burning fiercely when night
fell. Owing to the wide extent of the
calamity it will be some time before
even an approximate estimate can be
made, though it is certain that it has
already exceeded $25,000,000.
The fire broke out shortly before 11
o'clock Sunday morning in the whole
sale dry goods store of John E. Hurst
& Co., on Hopkins Place, in the heart
of the business district; with a series
cif loud explosions which were heard
in remote parts of the city, and spread
with fearful rapidity.
In half an hour there were a dozen
big warehouses in the wholesale dry
goods and notions district burning
fiercely. The entire city fire depart
ment was called out but was utterly
powerless to check the spread of the
flames, which were aided by high
winds, and by noon there were savage
fires in at least 3J big warehouses and
the conflagratien was steadily eaing
its way into successive blocks east,
north, west and south.
On Baltimore street the block be
tween Liberty and Sharp was soon
ablaze, then came the next block east
to Hanover, and after that the block on
the south side to Charles street broke
out into flames. The Consolidated
Gas company's building and Oehm's
Acme hall burning fiercely.
Meanwhile there were stores north!
of Baltimore street being similarly
consumed. Mullin's hotel caught and
other buildings near it. West of Lib
erty street on the south side of Balti
more the block was doomed, and the
big Baltimore Bargain House also
caught. Down in Hopkin's Place,
where the conflagration started,
Hurst's building and the other whole
sale houses on both sides of the street
crumbled and fell.
Though every bit of fire fighting
apparatus in the city was called into
requisition as the flames continued to
spread at 10 o'clock six engines ar
rived from Washington and four from
Philadelphia. Engines from stations
in Baltimore, Howard, Anne Arundel
and Harford counties also joined in
fighting the flames. It is roughly es
timated that there were 350 hose all
playing at one time upon different I
parts of the conflagration. With loud
roars wall after wall toppled into the
streets and firemen ran for their lives.
All kinds of wires had to be cut to
clear the way for the fighters. The
block bounded by Gorman, Liberty,
Sharp and Baltimore streets was early
found to be doomed and the firemen
turned their attention to saving the
buildings on Baltimore street, east of
Sharp, but the fire was beyond their
control. Red hot cinders ignited the
roof of Front Street theatre at least
half a mile from the main conflagra
tion, which shows to what distance
the frey rain fell. The blaze was ex
tinguished by the firemen, assisted by
At 3 o'clock a tremendous explosion
of about 150 barrels of whiskey stored
in the upper floors of 24 Hanover
street hurled tons of burning matter
across the street on the roofs of the
buildings opposite, which the firemen
were drenching with water in a vain
hope to make Hanover street the
eastern boundary line of the con
flagration. Here an engine was buried
by a falling wall, the firemen fleeing
for their lives.
The whole city was notified of the
conflagration by a terrific explosion
which occurred some minutes after 11
o'clock. A sharp, splitting roar
went up with reverberating thunder.
This was followed by a peculiar
whistling noise, like that made by a
At three o'clock Monday morning
the fire was still raging. The post
office building is burning, also the
84,000,000 court house. The Holli
day street theatre has been blown up
with dynamite and the United States
Express offices and central offices of
the Baltimore and Ohio railroad are
Bicycles and Automobiles.
After some discussion on Wednes
day the House of Representatives pass
ed the following bill to a third reading:
Section 1. Any person riding a bicy
cle, or automobile, or other like
vehicle propelled by steam or electri
city, upon any public highway or pub
lic road in this State, out of or beyond
the corporate limits of any city or
town, and meeting any person or per
sons riding in any of the following
named vehicles, to wit: a carriage,
sulky, wagon or cart, or anyone on
horseback, shall stop and dismount
from such bicycle or vehicle within
not less than twenty-five yards of said
vehicle and remain so dismounted un
til said conveyance has passed.
Section 2. Any person violating Sec
tion 1 of this Act, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and, upon conviction
thereof, be fined for the first offence
not more than one hundred dollars nor
less than ten dollars, or be imprisoned
for not more than thirty days nor less
than ten days on the chain gang or in
the county jail.
They Were Married.
Miss Emma Edinger, of Lancaster,
Pa., became the bride of J. Jay
Mundy, of Brooklyn, N. Y. A year
ago, while employed in a cigar factory,
Miss Edinger, in a spirit of mischief,
put her name and address in a box of
cigars, together with a note asking
the finder of the name to write to her.
Last summer the box of cigars found
its way to the business place of Mr.
Mundy and he was soon in correspon
dence with the pretty little factory
girl. Photographs were exchanged and
last Hlanoween Mr. Mundy met his
bride-to-be for the first time. Court
ship and matrimony followed.
BOGUS MONEY ORDERS.
How An Augusta Merchant Was
Worked by a Slick Rascal.
The Augusta Herald says a negro
operating under the names of George
Moore and Paul Austin. and supplied
with a number of postortice money or
der blanks or checks. made payable at
the Augusta postottice, worked a clev
er tim-clam game on C. H. Schneider
on Saturday night, Jan. 30, securing a
$10 bill of goods and forty dollars in
change, but later, in his attempt to
work the same game upon I. Silver,
lost his goods in his haste to get away
from the place when he saw that Mr.
Silver had grown suspicious.
Under the name of George Moore
the negro entered Mr. Schneiders
store and ordered $10 worth of goods.
which a clerk put up for him, and in
payment for the same the negro pres
ented the postottice money order is
sued at the Savannah postoffice and
signed by Postmaster Blount for $40.
Together with the order he presented
a letter, which, he said, was from his
father, who lived at Savannah, and the
letter stated that the father had sent
therewith the money order for the
sum named. Believing the order to be
genuine, Mr. Schneider accepted it.
and gave the negro the goods and $30
With the money and the goods the
negro then went to Mr. Silvers store,
and made a purchase. In payment for
the same he presented a money order
for $40, made out to Paul Austin,
stating to Mr. Silver that Austin was
his name. This order was also issued
at the Savannah postoflice. but ex
amining the order, Mr. Silver noticed
that there were two different speci
mens of handwriting on the order and
that the words "Augusta, Ga.," were
written in lead pencil, whereas the
other was in ink. It was also evident
that the amount of the order had been
raised to forty dollars from some
Telling the negro that he would not
accept the order in payment for the
goods, and also stating that he was
of the opinion that the negro was try
ing to work a flim-flam game, the ne
gro, then operating under the name
of Paul Austin, dropped the bundle
of goods he had secured from Schneid
ers place and bolted through the door,
losing himself in the crowd that
thronged the streets. Mr. Schneider
was not aware that he had been
"worked" until Monday morning
when he presented the order at the
postoffice for payment and was told by
the postoffice authorities that he evi
dently accepted a worthless piece of
paper in exchange for his money and
goods. Upon close examination it was
then discovered that the amount speci
fied on the order had been changed, as
had also the words: "Augusta, Ga."
Shortly after Mr. Schneider left the
postoffice Mr. Silver appeared with
the order that lie had secured from
the negro, and the two checks were
taken in charge by Postmaster Smythe.
The - matter has been reported to
Deputy United States Marshal Stal
naker, who is working up the case
and hopes to land the nearo. It is
not known -how the negro came into
possession of the money orders with
Postmaster Blcunt's signature attach
ed unless he hails from Savannah and
secured them at the postottice there,
making them payable to whatever
names he cared to operate under, and
afterwards altering them to his liking.
Burglars attempted to kill Samuel
Waler and his wife and burn tbeir
home in Phoenix City Ga., Friday
night. While the family were in the
dining-room some one entered the
house and ransacked every room. Mr.
Waller noticed a dim light in one of
the rooms, and taking a small lamp,
went in the main house to investi
gate. As he passed a window some
one shot at him from the outside. He
hurried down to the business part of
the city, about a mile distant, and
called for help, and while he was gone
his house was fired. Assistance ar
rived in time to save the house from
being totally destroyed, but the kitch
en was lost. After Mr. Waller went
for help one of the burglars shot at
Mrs. Wailer three times, one of the
shots breaking her spectacles.
The burglars fled, taking with them a
quantity of silverware, a gold watch
and some clothing. The authorities
in Columbus were requested to arn est
a negro named John Rush, who, they
thought, had something to do with
the crime, who lived in Columbus.
Negroes in Congress.
The Washington Post says: 'A
negro occupying a seat on the floor of
the house has become an unusual sight,
although in years gone by there have
been negro members galore. One of
the negro contestants from a Southern
district ventured in last week, con
testants being allowed the privilege.
He was a plantation negro and not
used to such things as the house of
representatives. The employes quick
ly detected his embarrassment, as he
insisted for a time in standing near
;he cloak room doors, along with the
iegro attendants. Fnalhy he was
coaxcd into taking a seat. The boys
nave been trying to persuade him that
it was his duty to sit a part of the
time by Mr. Payne, the floor leader,
as a matter of respect to the eminent
New Yorker, but tbe colored politician
is backward about accepting that
kind of advice."
R i. E. Thornton, a white man from
one of the cotton mills at A nderson,
was killed about nine miles from An.
derson Wednesday morning by either
falling or being thrown from a wagori
and the wheels passing over his neck.
le was moving to the country to farmx
this year and was on a wagon by him
self when the accident occurred, tc
which there were no witnesses. He
was said to have been drinking and
was driving very fast, and was evident
ly suddenly killed, as his body was
found only a short time after he had
passed a house by the roadside. lie
was 51 years of age and leaves twelve
Carnival of Siaughter.
Prezewalsky, the noted Balkan his,
toian, who has just concluded a si:
months tour of Macedonia, assert!
that during the year 1903 Turkisl
regulars razed 300 villages and massa
cred 400,000 persons mostly aged men
men and children.
A FRANCHISE TAX.
Will Add Greatly to the Revenue of
By a vote of 89 to 18 the house Thurs
day passed the first of the revenue
bills submitted by the tax commission
appointed by the legislature last year
to find some measure to relieve the
State from its financial stringencies
which have become annoying of late
years. The bill referred to is the fran
chise tax measure introduced by Mr.
Moses. The result of the discussion
was evident from the beginning, but
regardless of the overwhelming ma
jority in opposition to him, Mr. Bo
mar made a strong fight against the
bill. His argument on the constitu
tional phase was very clear. The pre
sentation of the case by Mr. Moses,
and later by W. J. Johnson was very
c nvincing that the pace has been set
by other States, and that the revenue
to be obtained by South Carolina will
be in excess of the annual deficit of
the last three or four years.
The bill provides for a tax of three
mills on the gross receipts of the fol
lowing corporations, to be paid before
the first of June of each year: Any
railroad company, express company,
street railway company, navigation
company, water works company, pow
er company, light company, telephone
or telegraph comnpany, parlor; dining
and sleeping car company.
Upon companies which are not
public utilities-such as cotton mills,
banks, oil mills, and such institutions
chartered by the State-the tax is to
be one-half of one mill on the capital
stock. With the other concerns the
assessment is on the gross receipts.
With the companies not public utili
ties the payment of the franchise tax
must be made before the first~day of
April, and with the public utilities the
tax of three mills on the gross reciepts
of he preceding year is to be paid be
fore the first of June, the time of
year when the State is most in need
of "ready cash."
A COTTON PICKER.
An Illinois Man Has Invented One
Said to be a Success.
A correspondent in Illinois writes
the Charlotte Chronicle as follows:
"I have seen editorial reference in
your paper to the need of a cotton
picking machine and the vast sums it
would save the cotton planters. I
send you herewith photographs and
description of a cotton picking ma
chine invented by Mr. N. Bowditch of
"How it picks the cotton is thus
explained: The machine consists of
two large hollow wheels, five feet in
diameter and mace of Bessemer steel,
or other metal; within the rim of
these wheels are two cams inclined at
an angle, and between these cams are,
24 picker bars, which the revolution
of the two wheels causes to move from
the outer edge of the rim of the wheel
to the face or web of the wheel, about
ten inches. Attached to these picker
bars are a series of flexible, spiral
pickers, composed of two twisted
bands of steel with hair cloth inter
posed between. the edges being frayed
out, thus forming the picking points.
These spiral pickers are projected
through rows cf holes radially placed
in the sides of the wheels, the spaceI
betw-een the two wheels being about
twenty inches. The machine is driven
straddling the rows f cotton plants.
The spiral pickers are pressed into the
plants as they pass between -the
wheels, and the pickers rotating en
tangle the open,-fibrous cotton, and
winding it up on the pickers, It is pul
led out of the b .11, and as tehe wheel
continues to turn it Is brought to the
top of the wheels, where the pickers
are entirely withdrawv into the
wheel. There being nothing to sup
port the cotton thus cleaned off the
pickers, gravity makes it drop into a
hopper, where it is conveyed by an
endless belt into an elevator, at tbe
top of which is a sack which receives
the gathered cotton.
"From six'to ten acres can be cov
ered by this maci int in a day, the
quantity of cotton picked depending
entirely upon the amount of ripe cot
ton on tbe plants, as it requires no
more time or power to go over rows,
the Individual plants of which con
taining thirty or more ripe bolls of
cotton, than other plants with only
ten ripe bolls. The machine is a very
great labor saving device, and is apt
to work a rapid and complete revolu
tion in a field which has heretofore
successfully resisted the combined as
saults of capital, energy, mechanical
ingenuity and inventive skill."
In memory of the late JTohn McMas
ter, repre entative from Richland
county, the house of representatives
engaged In memorial session Wednes
day at noon. The members of the
ser ate attended as; a further token of
repect. Mr. Ravvlinson of Richland
offe.red resolutior.s of respect and of
re ret and made a beautiful speech in
bealf of the resolutions, which were
seconded by Mr. Ford of Fairfield, Mr.
Gaston of Chester, Mr. McColl of Marl
boro, Mr. Aycock, Mr. Thomas and
Mr. Haskell of Richland. The re
marks of each speaker were peculiarly
Three Burned to Death.
At Montreal, Canada, three persons
were burned to death in a fire in a
small dwelling house in Cableux street
Friday and four others probably were
fatally injured. Three of the inmates,
Mrs. Hogan, with her infant, and
Thomas Hare, jumped from the
second story of the burning house.
The other occupant, Edward Craw
ford, was carried out after he was
badly burned. The fire evidently
started from an ogerheated kitchen
stove on the lower floor and spread to
the sleeping apartments.
Killed His Wife and Himself.
J. W. Hodges, a farmer in the
southern part of Culman county, Ala.,
was found dead in his barn Wednes
day, hanging from a rafter, while in
the house was discovered the dead
body of his wife. The woman had
been brained with a blunt instrument.
Hodges was deeply in debt, it Is said,
and was being pressed by his creditors.
This is believed to have unbalanced
him mentally and caused him to com
mit murder and suicide.
Two Very Important Bills Passed by.
the House Thursday. t
ANTI-COMPACT LAW REPEALED
And a Law Enacted to Create the
Office of State Insurance s
Commissioner With a
The House of R"epresentatives pass
ed two important bills on Thursday. I
The Columbia State says: Three r
years ago the general assembly passed
a law prohibiting the Southeastern t
Tariff association from coming into c
the State to make rates on property I.
to be insured. This was known as
"the anti-compact law" and Mr. Wm. t
L. Mauldin of Greenville was the a
author. Thursday the house of rep
resentatives by a good majority pass
ed a bill which repeals that act. Mr. 0
Maulding is also the author of the S
repealing bill. The house passed the
Kibler bill providing for the office of
insurance commisioner. Each bill is I
dependent upon the other, for it is a
proposed that the insurance commis
sioner keep the companies from 9
runnning up the rates, and in return S
for removing the embargo against the 3
association the companies are to give
The insurance commission under a
the bill is to be charged with the ex- %,
ecution of all laws, is to be elected by p
the legislature, is to receive a salary g
of $1,800 a year and $100 for office l
e:penses, the funds for this expense f
to be aerived from a tax of one-fourth
of one mill on gross premiums in addi- n
tion to other taxes paid by insurance s
companies. The Mauldin bill provides c
that there shall be an examination by t
proper officials into the cause of fires. p
The companies which belong to an
association are permitted to conduct t
business in the State, provided that u
the purpose of the association is not g
to establish excessive or unreasonable ;
charges for insurance. Upon the com
plaint of citizens, the insurance com- a
missioner is authorized to order the ji
company to correct the rate and to q
rder restitution of over charges. tj
There was quite a discussion over the s,
Mr. Kibler said that wherever such
an act has been passed in other States m
it has been productive of great good. 'q
The people need protection, and the l
comptroller general's department is e
unable to keep up properly with this 0
vast business. The department of in- a
surance would not cost a dollar of ap- e
propriation, the insurance commission- v
er's salary would be paid by the in- t
surance companies and the amount on a
each policy would be so small that c
there would be no effect on the t
rates. In reply to Mr. Gaston, Mr.
Kibler said that lie is sure that the
omptroller general, who has the
whole tax business of the State to d
look after, cannot give the proper at- a
tention to the insurance department. e
Mr. Thomas favored the bill. The .
cmptroller general's department c
needs to be relieved of some of its S
uties, for that office is required to f
give a great deal of time to personal p
settlements with the treasurers and a
auditors in the several counties. In t
many of the counties thousands of a
dollars might be savesd if the settle- e
ments were made properly and the
comptroller general, who is entirely I
competent to attend to the duties of (
the insurance department, should be
permitted to give his entire time to d
the more important duties of the tax r
department. Mr. Thomas then direc- e
ted his remarks to the need of an in- e
surance department. .The anti-com-v
pact law is a failure according to an3
example which he cited. An agent
from St. Paul came here recently anda
raised the rate on a building from 1.15s
to 1.85 and all the local agents had
accepted the rate so made. Propertyt
owners should have an insurance coin-f
mission to whom they can appeal for
Mr. Gaston opposed the bill on the
ground that the companies are called I
upon to pay the expense and he sus
pected that there would be a tendency
for the commissioner to feel himself
an employe of the companies as well
Mr. DeVore opposed the bill. There
is no complaint from the comptroller
general that he is overworked or that
he wants to be relieved of the depart- 1
ment of insurance. It is wrong in
principle for the man who is to over
look and inspect the operations of in
surance companies to be paid by those
companies. The railroad commission
is not worth three straws to the State
today, and the office of insurance
comissioner would not be worth
three straws for the same reason that
it should be kept up by the State and
not by the insurance companies.
Mr. Rainsford wants the office of]
insurance commissioner merged with]
that of bank examiner created several 1
Mr. Beamguard favored the bill
but wanted to adjourn debate until
other insurance bills could be taken
up in connection with it.
THE ANTI-COMPACT LAW.
Mr. Mauldin spoke in favor of sepa
rating the work of the insurance de
partment from the other duties of the
comptroller general's ottlee. lie de
dared that the Southeastern Tariff
association is a monopoly and lhe had
introduced the bill which is now a law
forbidding them to operate in the
State. The Kibler bill and his own1
bill would put this State on the same
footing as North Carolina and Georgia.
At the last session he had voted to re
peal the anti-compact law, because he
believes that his bill in connection
with Mr. Kibler's would be better for
Mr. Bomar testified to change of
sentiment. He had opposed the bill
last year, but since that time the
Spartanburg chamber of commerce
had reported to him that the rates in
this State are one-third higher than
in North Carolina. He had investi-]
gated and had found this to be true.
The.department of'insurance is a side
issue now and should be given more
importance for the insurance business
in South Carolina is enormous, $1,400
00 premiums last year. This would
ae thoannds of dollars annually. I
3r. Gaston insisted that it woulc
)e better for the State to bear the
ost of the department and made a
trong argument along this line.
Mr. Lide declared that it is a mat
er of no small concern for the busi.
iess man to know that he is getting
ilt edge insurance. The value of an
nsurance policy is a mere promise to
ay without any security and it is
vise to have an insurance commis
SAW A TROJAN HORSE.
Mr. DeBruhl spoke against Mr.
Iauldin's bill on the ground that it
ives one man the right to say
hether or not a fire is incendiary.
le does not believe in sacrificing too
many rights to secure a reduction in
ates. He declared that it is strange
hat those who advocate this step get
heir statistics from the insurance
ompanies themselves. He wants the
,w let alone, and wants the comp
roller general to remain in control of
he department. It is better to pay
little more in premiums and get the
all amount of the policy.
Mr. Bomar said that the reduction
f a third in the rates would mean a
aving of $300,000 or $400,000 a year
rithout a cent of cost to the State.
'he manner of fixing the pay could be
xed later if it proves unsatisfactory
Mr. DeBruhl wants to know what
uarantee there is that the bill would
ive money to the State.
R. DEVORE SUSPECTED SOMETHING.
Mr. DeVore asked if this bill is fa
ored by the insurance companies,
nd pressed the question in such a
ray that it indicated that he sus
ected that the bill would do more
ood for the companies than for the
sured or the companies would not
Mr. Sinkler declared that there is
o Trojan horse in the bill. The in
urance companies favor the bill be
ause it would give them greater pro
ction-for which they are willing to
Dr. J. B. Black thinks that the du
ies of the department should be put
pon the comptroller general and he
iven the clerical help to enforce the
Dr. Mauldin admitted that this is
n "insurance company bill," and he
itroduced the bill last year at the re
uest of the companies, because as au
ior of the anti-compact law he had
.en that the law had served its pur
ose and had brought the insurance
eople to a condition where they are
illing to deal fairly with the people.
'here were practically no fires before
isurance companies came into exist
nee, but when a man is well insured,
r over insured, he becomes careless
nd filrs are of more frequent occur
nce. If laws can be passed to pre
ent such carelessness, it will be to
he interest of the companies. and
so of the people. That is why the
ompanies are willing to have a reduc
ion in premiums.
BOTH BILLS PASSED.
The previous question was then or
ered. Mr. Rainsford's proposed
mendment to have the office of bank
xaminer included was voted down.
Ir. Aycock's amendment to have the
ommissioner's salary paid by the
tate instead "4 out of the receipts
rom the companies levied for this
urpose was rejected. Mr. Johnson's
medment to have the office elective
y the general assembly instead of
ppointive by the govbrnor was adopt
d by a vote of 53 to 37.
By a vote of 75 to 33 the house re
used - to continue the bill on Mr.
Mr. Beamguard wanted to reconsi
er .the vote by which the office is
aade elective. The legislature has
nough of elections, and the governor
ould not -afford to appoint an un
rorthy man. The house voted down
Ir. Beamguard's motion.
The bill then passed second reading
nd will come up Friday for final con
ideration in the house.
Mr. Mauldin's bill was then taken
p and passed with but slight modi
Killed by a Trolley.
At Savannah, Ga., Adaline N'eus
ie, a white girl, 10 years old, was
:illed late Friday afternoon by a
teet car at the corner of West Broad
Lnd Broughton streets. Her head,
hest and arms were crushed and she
was instantly killed. The motorman
Lnd conductor or the car were arrest
d. It is said that the cars run too
apidly in rounding the curve. The
ecident is not the first serious one
;hat has occurred there. The mother
f the child Is an inmate of the
Widows' home. When she reached
,he drug store to) which the little one
lad been carriedi there was a pathetic
The Scoundrel Caught.
Goldstein Howard, a negro, is unde1
trrest at Bluetield, Va., suspecte1 o1
aving assaulted Mr. Shields, ol
Roanoke, on Saturday week. The
~oanoke authorities were notified 01
:he arrest, and, after getting a de.
~cription of Howard, wired the
Luthorities to hold him. On search
ng the prisoner a silver handle,
yroken-poited penknife, filling the
escription of the knife used in at
epting to cut Mrs. Shields' throat,
.'as found, as was also a whisk broorr
~upposed to be the broom missing
romn the Shields home. Howard
dmits having been in Roanoke on the
lay of the tragedy.
The Columbia State says: "The
springfield Republican commends Mr
Bryan for telling a New; Jersey audi
mce that their State vras worse thar
L robber's roost, but Mr. Bryan car
say, and probably has said, some
qually appropriate things about Wall
;treet and perhaps Massachusetts thai
rhe Republican will not endorse
New Jersey has been stepping on hea
;ister's corns and The Republican 1h
not a New Jersey creation."
At Detroit, Mich., Jos. Meunler
alias Miller, who surrendered to the
police Wednesday and confessed the
murder of his paramour, Mrs. Jos
Beville, on Saturday afternoon, wal
Lrraigned before Justice Whelai
hursday morning, pleaded guilty
;entenced to Jackson Prison for lif4
nd taken there by train Thursda3
A GREAT CONVENTION.
Thinking men Will Meet in Spartan
burg for a Conference.
The city of Spartanburg, S. C. will
entertain the first inter-State Conven
tion of the Young Men's Christian
Associations of North and South
Carolina. The meeting will take
place February 20-23.
Heretofore each State met in sepa
rate convention, but the recent federa
tion of all the Associations in the
Carolinas with one Executive Com
mittee makes it possible to meet in
"Service," is the central theme o1
this significant gathering of young
mien. The convention is to be materi
ally strengthened by the presence of
some prominent Association workers
from other sections of the country.
Among those who have already con
sented to be present is Mr. Chas. R.
Towsen, of Philadelphia. Mr. Towson
is Secretary of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Department, Young Men's Chris
tian Association which is by the way,
the largest -Association of its kind in
the world. C. C. Michener, of New
York City, is another prominent
speaker. Mr. Michener is one of the
International Secretaries and is giv
ing practically all of hi? time to
Association work in great industrial
plants. Prior to the convention, Mr.
Michener and Secretary Knebel will
visit some of the large cotton mills
and confer with the presidents and
superintendents with reference to the
feasibility of erecting special build
ings with all the modern equipments
for the male operatives.
W. D. Weatherford, of Nashville,
who is the International Committee's
special Student Secretary for the
South, will also be a prominent figure
in the convention.
H. 0. Williams, one of the Interna
tional Railroad Secretaries is another
prominent speaker. Mr. Williams
and Mr. Michener will be the special
speakers on Monday night of the con
vention; this entire evening will be
devoted to a discussion of "Work
Among Indistrial Classes."
Rev. J. A. B. Scherer, Ph. D.,
president e ect of Newberry College,
will deliver four addresses on "Funda
mentals." Dr. Scherer is today the
leading man in his denomination a
broad scholar and a most attractive
Rev. M.. D. Hardin, pastor of the
Second Presbyterian church, Char
lotte, will deliver the Convention Ser
There will be a number of business
and professional men who will fill
places on the program. Altogether it
is going to be a most significant
gathering-some of the choicest men
in the Carolinas will thus be brought
together in a three day's conference;
they are coming from villages, from
cities, from railroad shops, from col
leges and universities, to plan to
gether how they may individually be
of great service to their fellows.
This paper is authorized to extend
a general invitation to any of its
readers who may be interested to at
tend this convention. There will be
reduced railroad rates, but all who
contemplate attending must first com
municate with the State Committee's
once and be supplied with the proper
credentials. For further information
address State Secretary, Young Men's
Christian Association, Charlotte, N.
Strangles Her Daughter.
IA special dispatch from Walterboro
to The State says about 4 o'clock
Snday morning Pasty Eligan, a negro
woman living on Mr. Josiah Hiatt's
place about eight miles from town,
went to the bed of her own daughter,
Anita Eligan, and clutching her by
the throat, choked her until she wat
(ead. There were two other negrC
girls In the room but they seemed tC
know very little - Jut the horrible
deed except that rhey helped carry
the dead body of .heir sister into the
adjoining room at the command 0:
their mother. Anita Eligan was
about 17 years of age. Magistrate J.
A. Ackerman of Cottageville held the
inquest, the jury finding that the de
ceased came to her death at the hand!
of her mother by choking. Patsy was
committed to jail Wednesday charges
with the murder of her own child.
Passed Bad Checks.
At Hot Springs, Ark., a young man
giving the name of J. H. Miller, i~
alleged to have cashed worthless draft!
to the amount of nearly $10,000 ii
that city in the last two days. Mille:
stopped at one of the most fashionablh
hotels, and it is claimed he helt
several drafts to merchants and clul
houses puporting to hav-e been issuec
by the bank of Rural Hill, Ills., anc
signed by D. C. Craig, cashier. In
vestigation shows that there is nC
such bank at Rural Hill. One con
cern here is reported to have $4,000 0:
the paper. Miller left the city Fri
day and his whereabouts are unknown,
Papers found in baggage left behinc
indicate that the man has operated
in Texas, Indian Territory and Cuba.
At New Orleans in attempting t<
save the life of a sailor named Pete:
Hansen, George Stadie, engineer o:
the oil steamer Northtown, from Por1
Arthur, lost his life Wednesday.
Several other men were prostrated bI
the fumes, but were resuscitated
Hansen werit into the hold to repair
valve anid was overcome, and Stadi
volunteered to go to the assistance o
Hansen. He succeeded in tying
rope about the sailor and the latte:
was dragged to the deck, but Stadi
in the meantime fell unconscious an<(
died in a short time. One by ont
seven men went into the hold in the
effort to aid Stadie, but all were over
come by the fumes.
Showers 01 Hot Coals.
A dispatch from Amsterdam, Hol
land, says the colonial office received
dispatch from the governor of th(
East Indies, reporting the eruption o:
the volcano of Merapi, in the islan(
of Java, arid saying twelve personf
were burned to death and that twent'
were severely injured. The eruptior
'Iwas accompanied by showers of rec
HOPE OF THE PARTY.
Figure; Showing the Chance of the
Democracy in Next Election.
THE DEMOCRATS ARE HOPEFUL.
Forecast Made by an Expert on
the States to be Carried,
Disposition of the Doubt
Charles W. Dayton has sent out in
"Democracy" the following forecast
of general interest: The Democrats
are hopeful-more than hopeful -con
tident of carrying the presidential
election in the coming year is appar
ent to every observer of political
events. That they have reason on
which to base their confidence is as
plain to every one who has taken the
trouble to examine the figures in the
returns in recent presidential elections.
Examination of those figures will
show that of the 476 electoral votes.,, .
to be cast, the Democrats can safely
rely upon 215, while the Republicans
can at the utmost claim to be sure of
160. This is conceding that there
are thirteen doubtful states, with 101
votes. Now, of these 101 votes it
would be necessary for the Republi
cans to obtain 79 to possess the 239,
votes to elect their candidate, while
25 votes would ' be all that were
necessary to give the Democrats vi
Here is a table of the states the
Democrats claim, the states concded
to the Republicans,-and the doubtful
Alabama.. ............ 11 .
Arkansas .... .......... '
Colorado...... ......... 5
Delaware........ ...... 3
Florida... ........5...... .
Georgia.................. 13 y .
Illinois................... . ;
Kentucky............ .... 13
Maryland.. ....... 8
Michigan.. . ............ 14
Mississippi.. ..:.....'..... 10
M issouri................ 18
M ntana................ . 3
Nevada................ 3 ..
New Hampshire.......... 4
New York .............. 39 ...
North Carolina........... 12 .
North Dakota......... 4- -
Oregon ...... ..... ..
South Carolina........... 9 .
Tennessee .............. 12 r A
Virginia.................. 12 -,
Kansas....... ........... 10
New Jersey................. 12
Rhode Island................. 4
South Dakota.. .. .... ......... 4
Utah........... .......-.... 3
Now, to consider the donbtful
states in their order: In California
In 1896 McKinley had a plurality of
only 2,797; Cleveland carried the state '
in 1892. Connecticut was carried by
Cleveland in 1884, 1888 and 1892. In
diana was carried by Cleveland in
1892. Kansas was carried by Bryan
in -1896 and so was Nebraska. New
Jersey was carried by Cleveland in
1884, 1888 and 1892. Rhode Island is
debatable ground and has a Democra
tic governor. South Dakota was car
ried by Bryan in 1896. Utah was
carried by Bryan in 1896, and al
though it turned to McKinley in
1900, it was only by a plurality of
2,123. Washington went Democratic
In 1896. West Virginia was car
red by Cleveland- in 1884, 1888- and
1892. Wisconsin gave the electoral
vote to Cleveland in 1892. Wyoming
gave its vote to Bryan In 1896.
The people are ready, yes, anxious,
to repudiate the trust building, trust -
-protecting Republican party. Thous
ands of Republicans are alarmed by -
the vagaries of our "unsafe," spectac
ular president. Influential Demo
cratic leaders will guide the party
into ways pointed out by the lessons
of the past.
In looking over those facts and fig
ures, does it seem 'more probable that
the Republicans can gain the 79 votes
needed by them than the Democrats
shall obtain 25? Is there any cause
for wonder that the Democrats are
hopeful; any cause for wonder that
they are confident?
it may be objected that New York,
with its thirty-nine electoral votes,
should be placed in the column- of
doubtful states. Granting for the
moment that this should be so, the
table would give to the Democrats
175 votes, to the Republicans 160,
and the number of doubtful votes
would be 139. The Republicans
would still have to obtain 78 of the
doubtful votes, while the Democrats
w uld need but 63. But New York
this year is not a doubtful state, as
D& mocrats and Republicans alike
kr ow. With a candidate such as the
Dmocrats should nominate and a
pltform such as they should presea.,
it is sure to take its place in the
The Story of Leap Year.
One story says that St. Patrick de
creed that women should have the
right to propose in leap year; another
professes to refer the right to an act
of the Scottish parliament of 1228,
which gave it to "ilka maiden" during
the rein of her maist blessed maies
tie Margaret." There was no Queen
Margaret in Scotland in 1228, how
ever. A book entitled "Courtship,
Love and Marriage," published in 1606
is said to refer the right to the com
mon law of England, but the law
books say nothing of it. The real ori
gin s nnnownl.
LABOR BILL KILLED
In the House of Representatives by
a Decisive Vote
AFTER A VERY LONG DEBATE.
The Bill Limited :the Hours of La
bor in the Cotton Mills in
South Carolina to Ten
Hours a Day.
Mr. Toole bad on the calendar a bill
numbered "23," showing that it had
been one of the very first introduced
last year. It was the first bill on the
calendar this year, and when Mr.
Toole called it up last night for the
purpose of adjourning the debate, the
house refused to adjourn the debate,
and forced action on the measure
upon Mr. Strong's motion to strike
out the enacting words.
Mr. Toole told of the hardships en
countered by the cotton mill employes.
He was taken somewhat unawares by
the action of the house in forcing the
fight, but made an earnest appeal for
the bill, basing his fight on sentiment.
Mr. Bunch of Marlboro, who speaks
rarely, but generally to the point,
made a strong speech against the bill.
There is a disposition to inject into
the legislation of this State a spirit
against the pet industry of South
Carolina. He declared that the mills
are passing through their darkest
days. Why does any one want to
throw obstacles in the way of the
kindly feeling between factory and
employe? He predicted that before
the year is out operatives will be beg
ging to work 12 hours a day, with
cotton as scarce as it is now. He
told how people of this county who
had not gone decently clad on the
farms are now working in the mills
and are the happiest people in the
Mr. Holman of Aiken, who styles
himself the old "warhorse," exhorted
in favor of the bill. He seemed to
feel sore because he had not been
noticed by mill presidents in the cam
paign, but he had received a telegram
from one of them declaring that his
bill would ruin the mills, and he in
veighed against the corporations.
Mr. Carey, editor of a labor organi
zation paper in Charhston, spoke
earnestly in' favor of the bill. He ap
pealed to the house to think of the
long hours. It was too long to work
from before the dawn until after
dark. He urged that this bill would
reduce the time one hour a day. It
would give employment for 11 men
for 10 hours instead of 10 men for 11
Mr. Williams-Who is back of this
demand for this so-called relief?
Mr. Carey-The people, particularly
the organized labor.
Mr. Williams-Where is there any
organized labor in this State outside
of a few cities? Is there any in the
great Piedmont country where there
are nine-tenths of the mills?
Mr. Carey-There may be none now,
but there will be.
Mr. Carey continued that if the
Democratic party does not grant such
mcderate demands as this, they will
see the time when there will be con
sequences which they will regret.
His remarks implied a threat of so
cialismn with the white man and the
negro combined. The negroes are be
Mr. Bennett asked if the 10-hour
day would not decrease the pay pro
Mr. CJarey replied that the laboring
people would rather have shorter days
of labor even if it entailed less pay.
Mr. Kirby of Cherokee opposed the
bill. He Is in favor of helping the
laboring class of people. He declared
that the bill would work a hardship
on the people in the wills in this sec
tion. They had begged him to fight
Mr. Mahaffey of Spartanburg added
his opposition to the bill. The mill
people there do not want It. The
Mills in Spartanburg have good
schools, they have good superinten
dents. He gave a picture of mill life
in Spartanburg which did not show
the need of any legislation. There
were some who had been kicked out of
the miil communities for worthless
ness who now blackguarded the wills.
Mr. Webb of Aiken declared it to be
a funny thing that operatives coming
from the Piedmont country to Aiken
county always declared themselves in
favor of the bill. All of the opera
tives in Aiken favor it. Some of the
mill presidents themselves favor it.
In reply to some questions from the
foor, he said that these presidents
could not afford to advocate the meas
ure more openly because the pressure
from other mills would be too heavy.
No other trades are worked over 10
hours a day. not even convicts, and
yet in some of the mills the operativcs
work 13 hours a. day, a violation of
the law. As to organized labor, he
declared that the operatives have the
same right to organize as have doc
tors and lawyers and merchants. In
the Piedmont section, in Spartanburg
county, numbers of operatives were
discharged for attempting to organ
ize. This was done in Spartanburg
and in Laurens, and yet the employers
have a right to organize. He de.
clared that an operative can work as~
m.uch in 10 hours when he is rested as
he can in 11 hours when he is jaded.
He declared that as perhaps the only
member of the house who had had ac
tual experience in a will he favored it
Mr. Dorroh declared that there is a
member of the Greenville delegatior
who has worked in a mill, one in the
Darlington delegation and one from:
Spartanburg, and all of them are op
posed to the bill.
Mr. Wingo declared that he hac
charged last year that the child labol
bill was the entering wedge to labo1
legislation and was no good to any
wan. Where will this end? In his
characteristic manner Mr. Wingo de
scribed his visits to these people and he
declared with vehemence that thel
want no interference.
Mr. Pearman stated that the mil:
people of Anderson want no legisla
tion. Mr. Pollock moved to continuE
the bill. This motion prevailed by
vote of 69 to 26, and the bill is dead.
The house then adjourned until 1(
or.1rocr Thursay orning.