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THE ARMY ROLLS
Of the South Carolina Patriots Who
Fought the British Under
MARION, PICKENS AND SUMTER
A Document that Should Be of Great
Interest to the Descendants of
The Gallant Men Led by
The Columbia State from week to
week publishes the names of the sol
diers in the Revolutionary war, as
they have been culled from the quan
tity of loose documents discovered by
Secretary of State Gantt in the State
house. The State says when the
work is finally done, it is hoped,
"that a comparatively complete list
of the men who fought under Marion,
Pickens and Sumter during the clos
ing years of the Revolution-that pe
riod which marked the bitterest frat
ricidal struggle that has taken place
in an American State, and of brilliant
and memorable achievements of sons
of South Carolina- will be preserved.
"Prior to the fall of Charleston, May
30, 1780, our State was removed from
the eentre of the conflict, and but for
the brilliant victory of Fort Moultrie
and a few desultory and almost blood
less invasions, engaged in little of the
fighting; but during the closing years,
when these men whose names we are
publishing were fighting, South Caro
lina bore the brunt of the conflict.
and these men drove the British from
our State and OoCnwallis' army to
Washington and Yorktown. But for
their deeds, and without their help,
Washington would have been like
Davis and Lee in latter years, the
leader of an unsuccessful revolution.
and South Carolina probably a British
proviJice." We shall publish these
rolls from week to week as they appear I
in The State. The first installment
Matthew Abbott, Capt. Anthony
Coulter's company, Roebuck's regi
Soloman Abbott, Capt. Mapp's com
pany, Roebuck's regiment.
William Abbott, Marion's brigade.
James Abernathy, Pickens' brigade.
Culbert Abele, forage master.
Geo. Abney, Pickens' brigade.
John Abney, Pickens' brigade.
Michael Abney, under Capts. John
Wallace and Joseph Towles of Pick
Dr. Nathaniel Abney, physician at
tending wounded men of Brandon's
regiment; also on duty in Sandhills
under Capt. Watson.
Paul Abney, Pickens' brigade; also
"making shoes for Samuel Hammond's
Samuel Abney, Jr., Pickens' brigade.
Dead at close of Revolution.
William Abney, first lieutenant and
then captain, under Gen. Pickens.
James Abraham, Colonel Brandon's
William Acker, in Capt. Gideon Du
pont's company (under Lieut. Geo.
Hipp, the "Oakley Creek company of
Alexander Adair, Pickens' brigade.
Isaac Adair, Pickens' brigade.
James Adair, Marion's brigade.
James Adair, Pickens' brigide; "re
covered horses lost at Briar Creek."
Joseph Adair, commissary.
John Adair, Pickens' brigade.
Robert Adair, dead at close of Revo
William Adair, lieutenant Sixth
regiment South Carolina Continental
line. Also, adjutant Coi. Lacey's regi
Andrew Adams, Second State troop.
Bryan Adams, dead at close of
o.Drury Adams, Col. Leroy Ham
Geo. Adams, Capt. Samuel Adams'
Godfrey Adams, captain; cn Briar
Creek campaign; at Edista under Gen.
Howell Adams, Col. Brandon.
James Adams, Capt. Dunlap's coin
pany, Sumter's brigade.
James Adams, Picken's brigade.
Col. Leroy Hammond's regiment.
Joel Adams, commissary, Captain
Goodwin's company, Taylor's regi
John Adams, Pickens' brigade; also
corporal S. C. line.
Joseph Adams, Capt. Martin's com-1
pany, Sumter's brigade.
Littleberry Adams, Pickens' bri
Richard Adams, Continental line.
Robert Adams, Capt. Samuel Ad
ams' company, Col. Lacey's regiment.
Thomas Adams, Pickens' brigade,
Capt. Rosamond's company.
Samuel Adams, captain, Col. Lacey's
William Adams, Pickens' brigade;
Capt. Daniel Murphy's company; Col.
Win. Hill's regiment; also as lieuten
ant, also under Capt. Wmn. Goodwin
at Orangeburg, and under Lieuts.
Jacob Xillingsworth and Reuben of
Col. Taylor's regiment.
John Addison, Continental line.
Richard Addis, under Capts. Benj.
Jolley and Hughes of Roebucks' regi
Joseph Addison, Pickcens' brigade.
James Addington, Waters' regi
John Adair, with Lacey at Houk's
Bartlett Adkins, Capt. James Jen
kins' company, Col. Sam Benton's
regiment, Marion's brigade.
James Addington, Brandon's regi
Geo. Agnew, under Lieut. Win.
Gray and Capt. Edward Martin.
George Airs, quartermaster, Major
Alex, Aiken, in Capt. Josep h Ilowe's
company, was at Ferguson's defeat,
and defeat of Sumter; under Gen.
Henderson at the "Congarees" from
June 1, '82, to July 11, '82; under
Gen. Williamson at Briar creek.
Archibald AikeD, under Capts. Mc
Bee and Mapp of Roebuck's regiment.1
Ezekiel Aiken, Brandon's regiment;
also Capt. McBee and Mapp's com
pany, Roebuck's regiment.
George Akins, Pickens' brigade.
John Aiken, in Brandon's regiment
before fall of Charleston.
Joseph Akin, Marion's brigade.
Peter Akin, Capt. Robert Montgom- '
ery's company, Brandon's regiment.
William Aiken, Capt. Edward Mar- 1
tin's company of Col. R. Winn's regi
ment; also service as lieutenant.
Francis Albert, mariner on frigate
John Albrittain, Capt. Palmer's
company of Brandon's regiment; also
in Capts. Jolley and Hughes' com
James Alcorn, in Capt. Thomson's
company, Sumter's brigade; lost horse
at Briar creek; dead at close of Revo
Aaron Alexander, Capt. Wm. B
sin's company, Waters' regiment.
Aasaph Alexander, under Capt. N'
flood: also in Capt. Win. 3askii
Alexander Alexander. Sumter's u
gade. also Pickens.'
Charles Alexander: commandi
wagons at Col. Richardson's in 1781
Isaac Alexander, sergeant, Poll
regiment, Sumter's brigade.
George Alexander. Capt. Norwoci
xmpany, Sumter's brigade.
James Alexander, Roebuck's reg
went, Capt. Baskin's company.
John Alexander, at Four-Holes u
er Col. Winn: in Capt. John HendE
;on's company of Sumter's brigac
iso in Roebuck's regiment; also lie
Tenant in the Spartan regiment
.01. John Thomas, Jr.; also quart(
naster for Col. Kolb.
Joel Alexander, Capt. Martin's coi
>acy, Sumter's brigade.
Joseph Alexander, Roebuck's rei
Matthew Alexander, Roebuk's rei
Nathaniel Alexander, sergeant u
Rayne Alexander, under Cap1
rohnston and Womack.
William Alexander, under Capts.
?ickens, Strain and Turk of Col. Rc
,rt Anderson's regiment, Picket
George Alicorn, at Orangeburg
apt. Amos Davis company; also 1
Edisto expedition and under Liet
Nm. Vaughan of Col. D. Hopkit
Charles Allen, Pickens' brigade.
James Allen, Lieut. John Bel
ompany, Lacey's regiment.
James Allen, Pickens, brigade.
Jeremiah Allen, lieutenant.
John Allen, Pickens' brigade.
Joel Allen, Pickens' brigade; de;
t close of Revolution.
Josiah Allen, lieutenant, Picket
Robert Allen, Capt. Joseph Pic
ns' company, Pickens' brigade.
Robert Allen, Capt. Wilson's cot
)any, Pickens' brigade.
William Allen. Capt. Martin's cot
>any, Sumter's brigade; also Cal
Alexander Allison, Capt. Venable
.ompany, Col. Wm. Bratton's rei
nent, Sumter's brigade.
James Allison, Pickens' brigade.
James Allison, Pickens' brigade.
James A. Allison, lieutenant, de
tt close of Revolution.
Robert Allison, lieutenant.
Thomas Allison, Col. Wade Har
on's regiment. Sumter's brigade.
William Allison, Pickens' brigade
John Allston, captain.
John Alston, Capt. Gilbert Jot
on's company, Col. Taylor's regimes
n camp, Frazier's, May, 1781.
Josh Ammonds, Third Continen1
regiment: also in militia.
Thomas Ammons, sergeant, Cal
Dharnel Durham's company, C
Winn's regiment: at Orangeburg
1781, and Four-Hole bridge.
Aaron Anderson, Col. Waters' re
A bel Anderson, Jr., Capt. Jere 'V
lams' company, Waters' regimel
lso in Capt. John Lindsay's co
Abraham Anderson, C2ol. Wate
Bailey Anderson. under Capts. P:
ions anid Bridges of Thomas' and R<4
David Anderson, Roebuck's rej
nent: also quartermaster.
Drury Anderson, Roebuck's rej
Gabriel Anderson, Pickens'.
Capt. Henry Anderson, Col. Li
.asey's regiment; Pickens' brigac
Dol. Casey certifies that "Henry A
erson did bear a captain's comm
sion and commanded a militia co
pany in my regiment. **
lischarged the duty of a good offici
** * Hie was murdered by t
rory party the last of October, 171
)apt. Anderson's widow, 'Ruth,' dri
pay for his service. He also served
Henry Anderson, Jr., Waters' re
Jacob Anderson, Pickens'; widi
James Anderson, Marion: also t
er Lieut. John Piercey.
James A aderson, Col. Lacey's rel
ment; lieutenant in Capt. Thos. Rc
James Anderson, under Capt. Wai
Law in '79: under Capt. Joseph C
oun from 80 to '83; Pickens.
John Anderson, Roebuck's re:
John Anderson, Jr., Pickens.
John Anderson, Col. Wade Hanr
Capt. John Anderson; captain
militia in '79; private in Capt. Robi
Joshua Anderson, Roebuck's re.
Joseph Anderson, under Jacob Bi
son of Harden's regiment; al
Kellis Anderson, Pickens; dead
:lose of Revolution.
Levi Anderson, Pickens.
Phillip Anderson, sergeant and lii
senant, Col. Brandon's regiment; 1<
orse at Blackstock battle.
Col. Robert Anderson of Pickei
>rigade; captain from Jan. 14, 17'
m May 12, 1780: then in varic
apacities until April 18, 1781, wh
te was made colonel of the Upi
Sinety-Six regiment, which~ he co:
nanded until March 30, 1783.
Robert Anderson, Sr., private a
ieutenant under Pickens.
Robert Anderson, Jr., Pickens.
Samuel Anderson, Pickens.
Scarlet Anderson, Roebuck's rei
Capt. George Anderson of Ches1
~ounty; widow, Margaret; 214 days
~ervice as captain in Lowei- regimei
etween Broad and Saluda rivers, a
hen put to death by Tories; was r
ler Lieut. Col. John Lindsay.
Stephen Anderson, Pickens.
Thomas Anderson of Camden; (wi
>w, Margaret) dead at close of Re'
David Andrews, at Augusta in 17
mnder Col. H. Kirkland: with Sumi
t Hanging Rock; under Col. Winn,
Drury Andrews, Waters' regimei
Daniel Andrews, corporal, Secol
south Carolina Continental regime'
Jane Andrews, nurse in hospital.
John Andrews, adjutant, Col. Hic
Lnd Col. Benton.
.Jon Andrews, Col. Henry Hiar
Owen Andrews. during 1781 und
sumter, then under Gen. Hendersc
John Anguish, matross, regime
Eli1 Anahorn, lieutenant artillery
Capt. Hezekiah Anthony, servi
>rior to fall of Charleston.
John Anthoney, Capt. Moore's co:
John Anthoney, Charelston batt
ion of Artillery.
eo. Antley, Capt. Smith's col
Geo. Antse, Col. Taylors regiment
Robert Archer, Capt. John Steel'
1'S Isaac Ardist, Pickens.
Anthony Argo, Pickens.
- ames Armor, Capt. Jas. Howe'
company: July and Agust, 1780, unde:
ig Sumter; on Briar Creek expedition un
- der Williamson.
's Arthur Armstrong. in '79 unde
Capts. Clinton and Hiolt.
Ps Edward Armstrong, Col. Brandon.
.James Armstrong, Jr., of Camden
Capt. Sadler's company.
James Armstrong, Jr.. Nov., 1780
n' to Aug., 1781, under Maj. Gamble o
r- Marion's brigade.
e; James Armstrong, 1780 at Fishdam
u- '81 at Granby under Capt. Hanna an<
of Lt. Joseph Steel; '82 at Edisto unde
r- Lieut. John Hanna: at Briar Creek ii
'79 under Williamson; also under Sum
n- ter at Congaree Fort and Quarte
. House, and at Edisto under Hender
>- son, in Capt. William Hanna's com
> John Armstrang. wagonmaster; cap
tain from 1780 to 1781.
- Edward Armstrong, Col. Brandon.
James Armstrong, Sr., Capt. Sad
- dler's company; Marion.
James Armstrong, Jr.
' John Armstrong, Capt. Water:
b- company, Sumte's regiment.
1s John Armstrong, wagonmaster il
Col. Robert Goodwin's reg. 1779.
Martin Armstrong, Roebuck's regi
t. Isaac Ardis, Pickens.
s- Jacob Arney.
Reddock Arnold, Pickens.
Benj. Arnold, second lieutenant
Col. Thos. Taylor's regiment.
Joshua Arnold, Casey's regiment
Reddick Arondale, Capt. McBee'
company, Roebuck's regiment; Pick
Ld William Arnold.
Joe Arthur. -
s' James Arthur, in Capt Gec
Neely's company, under Lieut. Wm
n John Ardis, Continental line.
James Ashberry, Pickens.
Philip Ashberry Col. Brandon.
t" Lindley Ashberry, private, sergean
and lieutenant, Brandon's regiment.
s Robert Ashe, on Georgia campaig
in 1778; under Capt. Bratton in 1741
Samuel Ashe, third company, Chai
leston battalion of artillery.
William Ashe, Jr., during '79 unde
Capt. William Bratton: '80 unde
ad Capt. John McConnell; '81 under Capi
Hugh Bratton; '82 under Capt. Jame
Wallace; was at Sumter's defeat.
William Ashe, Sr., during '78 unde
Capt. Brat.ton; '80 under Capt. Wal
lace; as sergeant under Lieut. Ale:
Moore; '82 under Capts. Wallace an
t: George Ashford, Capt. Pope's corn
pany, Col. Taylor's regiment.
Michael Ashford, Col. Brandon.
al Wm. Ashley, Capt. Robertson
company, Taylor's regiment; wa
> under Sumter at Congaree and at Big
l. gen's Church.
in John Ashley, "pabk-horseman,
Capt. Mapp's company, Roebuck's reg
Daniel Ayres, quartermaster.
l- Benj. Ashworth.
t: John Askew, Marion.
m- Alex. Asoph.
Geo. Askins, Pickens.
rs' Elisha Atkins, Wagoner in Winn
regiment; lieutenant in Capt. Job
ir- Watkins' company: probably killed a
>e- Sumter's defeab.
Joseph Atkins' authorized by Go'
;i- Rutledge to impress cattle on Daniel
island and send to Charleston durn
i investment of city.
Richard A tkins, under Lieut. Wn
vi Samuel Atkins.
. Ardwell Atkinson, Marion.
n: Frederick Atkinson, Marion.
is- Samuel Atterson, (Otterson?) Ma
deMarmaduke Atkinson, Marion.
r.-Timothy Atkinson, Pickens; probal
he ly killed.
3. Ralph Atmarr.
SWin. Atwood, Capt, John MEcGaw
George Andoley, Capt. Jaco
i- Rumph's company; under Lieut. Col
W. R. Thompson and Gen. Hende:
Charles Aubrey, sergent and liet
0- tenant under Co1, Brandon.
George Aubrey, adjutant of Co:
iBrandon's regiment; under comman
'- of Lieut. Col. Farr at Orangeburg
April 5, 1782, to May 15, 1782.
-d Capt. George Aubrey, Brandon
al- regiment; also private and lieutenan
in Capt. Gavin Gordon's company.
i Jesse Aubrey, Col. Brandon.
Philip Aubrey, Pickens; Brandon
p- Samuel Aubrey, Col. Brandon.
in Francis Austin, Capt. John Red
rt men's (Redmon's?) company; unde
Cois. Benj. Kilgore and Roebuck
i- also in Col. Casey's regiment.
John Austin, Picketrs.
SJohn Austin, South Carolina Conti
S nental line.
Capt. Nathaniel Austin, Picken:
at brigade; quartermasters sergeant C
-the Little River regiment command
ed by Col. James Williams from Ma
1- 22 to Aug. 27, 1799; serve.l unde
et Pickens after fall of Charleston.
Thomas Austin, Col. Levi Casey
regiment, Pickens' brigade.
i' John Avon. lieutenant.
9, William Axson, Capt. Darrel's (c
us Dorrill's) company; captured by th
ier Elijah Avert, Capt, McBee's compa
ny, Roebuck's regiment.
Daniel Ayres, Col. John Marshall
ad regiment Oct. 1, 1780, to June 20
Who Hie Was.
SA dispatch to The State says E
Rudlak is the name of the white mal
er whose body was found in a box car it
n the Southern yaris at Spartanburi
over a week ago while the car was be
ad ing unloaded of bales of cotton whici
-caught on fire while being shippe
through here from Mississippi to Gas
-tonia. After the inquest the body wa
d-carried to a local undertaker's estab
'~lishment where it was embalmed, ani
. has since been kept awaiting ident:
'fication. A juryman at the inques
er in searching in the overcoat pocket
of deceased found in the lining a let
t. er written in Russian characters an<
Id addressed to H. Rud iak, 206 Delanc:
it. street, New York. Hie wrote a lette
to that address and Wednesday receiv
ksed a reply from a friend of the deat
sman who states that deceased was
Pole and a Roman Catholic, and tha
P he has a family in Poland. Tb
writer will send money for the bod,
er to be buried decently by a Romar
eHill Terry, charged with the mnur
der of his son-in-law, George Tatt
n. Bland, last September, commnittel
suicide in his cell at Wilmington, N
a- C., Wednesday, by slashing his throa
with a case knife that had been glvern
n- him to use with his meals. His tria
THE NEXT STATE FAIR
Will Be Held in New Buildings on
FAIR LAST WEEK IN OCTOBER.
An Interesting Meeting of the South
Carolina Fair Society Held in
Columbia Last Week.
What Was Done.
At the Spring meeting of the South
Carolina Fair Society in Columbia on
Wednesday night. The Greater State
Fair proposition was endorsed and
commissioners were appointed to look
r to the transfer. The next fair will
be held the last week in October in
. the new buildings on the new grounds
at the State farm in the southern
suburbs of the city. Two bills now
pending in congress, the one endowing
_ annually in the sum of $20,000 a
school of mining ;in each agricultural
and mechanical college in the country
and the other appropriating 815,000
annually for experiment stations, were
unanimously endorsed. The execu
tive committee elected new depart
ment superintendents. The following
account of the proceedings is from The
The following new members were
nominated and elected: Capt. H. H.
Watkins, Anderson: Col. T. B. Butler,
Gaffney; J. D. Lowman, Selwood; W.
T. Martin, Columbia: Col. Edward
McIver, Cheraw: Geo. Holliday, Con
way; Jno. Fitzmaurice. Columbia; B.
H. Rawls, Clemson College, E. L.
Moore, Dillon; Knox Livingston, Ben
nettsville; Stevenson, Cheraw.
President Hamer spoke of the suc
cess of the last fair and said that the
people were evidently ready to fall in
line with the society for still greater
fairs in the future.
BILLS IN CONGRESS ENDORSED.
Col. D. B. Duncan offered the fol
lowing, whidh was adopted:
t Whereas, two bills are now pending
in the United States congress which
are of special importance to the farm
ers and to all friends of agricultural
education. One is a bill introduced
by Mr. Adams of Wisconsin. making
r an appropriation of $15,000 a year to
r each experiment station in the United
States for a still further endowment
s of research in subjects related to agri
culture and for the-specia. benefit of
The other bill was introduced by
- Mr. Mondell for the endowment of a
d school of mines and mining in connec
tion with the agricultural and me
- chanical collegestof the United States
and it carries an appropriation of $20,
000 a year for each college. This bill
S provides that the following subjects
s shall be taught, and upon which ex
periments and research shall be corif
ducted. not only for the benefit of the
students attending the colleges, but
- also for general utility to the people
of the State. Bulletins are to be is
The subjects are as follows: Min
ing machinery, with the application
of electricity: mining engineering,
mining exploitation. mettalurgy,
'5 chemistry, geology. forestry, agricul
2 tural engineering andl road making.
t irrigation engineering and the
branches of learning pertaining to
.said subjects in order to the promotion
s5 of a liberal and practical education
Z therein and to secure the most intelli
gent conservation, use and develop
. ment of the country.
The two bills are now in the hands
of the committee of the house-the
first before the agricultural commit
tee and the latter the committee of
- mines and mining.
It is needless to speak of the impor
tance of these two bills to the farm
- ing interests of Sorth Carolina, be
cause the fact is carried on the face of
the measures. Every legitimate ef
fort therefore should be put forward
by the friends of the farmers and
those iuterested in the natural re
sources of the State, to cause the en
-actment of these bills into law.
1st. Be it resolved therefore, by the
South. Carolhna Agricultural and Me
chanical society that it is the opinion
of these bodies that these bills should
become law, and that the delegates
here assembled strongly urge the rep
resentatives of the State in congress
to use all their influence to bring
these bills to a speedy hearing in the
hoube and senate and give the meas
ures a united support so that they
may become laws and thus materially
help the upbuilding of the agricultu
ral and mineral resources of South
2nd. That the secretary be and is
hereby instructed to transmit a copy
of this preamble and resolution to the
senators and representatives of this
State in the United States congress.
Col. Newman spoke in favor of the
resolution. The measures, which
'were now before the committees, had
[ been endorsed by the secretary of ag
. riculture, the national convention of
, representatives from agricultural col
e leges and experimental stations and by
practically every State in the union.
SThe finance committee's report read
by Mr. A. Gamewell Laa10tte showed
4 balance on hand Feb. J. 1904, of
r 2,459.75. The receipts from sale of
various kinds of tickets were $4,369. 60.
Mr. J. G. Mobley read a feeling
tribute to the late Maj. Thomas W.
NEW GROUNDS IN SOUTHERN sUBURBS.
"Mr. Alex Guignar:d read the execu
tive committee's steering committee
report as to the Greater State Fair
proposition. This was to the effect
that the ways and means committee
2of council had agreed to recommend
to council a resolution carrying out
Sthe plan of the joint Greater State
Fair committee from the Columbia
Chamber of Commerce and the execu
tive committee of the fair society.
This plan provides for t;he issuance of
Snot more than $30),000 in 20 year 6
per cent. bonds to tinance the change.
One hundred acres of the State farm
-in the southern suburbs of the city
was the site chosen at a cost of $15,
000. This would be connected with
-the steam and electric railways and
water could be gotten from the Olym
pia mill people. The old grounds to
rbe sold, the proceeds to go to the
purchase of the bonds.
The committee hopes to realize fully
$20,000 for the old grounds. The so
Sciety binds itself annually to retire at
Sleast two bonds. in denomination of
not less than $500. The new property
1after being turned over to the council
Iwill he turned back over to the society
under the same reservation as the city
now holds on the old grounds-that
is, if the society fails any year to hold
a fair the property reverts to the city.
Mr. Guignard reported that the
State farm had been chosen after
a personal investigation by the whole
Iexecutive committee of the other sites
Ion which options are still held. The
Fowies plna can be hard for $150 an
icre, the Camp Fornance place for
S3oo an acre and the Davis place at
3125 an acre. None of the tract se
lected is within the city limits: it is
ibout a quarter of a mile outside.
The committee has already arranged
for the disposition of $20,000 of the
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE'S WORK.
The society then adjourned and the
executive committee met.
The committee adopted its subcom
mittee's report as to new grounds.
On motion the chair appointed as
commissioners on the part of the so
ciety Messrs. B. H. Boykin, Alex.
Guignard and Col. T. J. Cunningham.
On motion of Col. Love it was de
cided to hold the next fair on the
On motion of Mr. Wannamaker the
society's commission was added to the
standing committee on grounds to lay
out the new grounds and locate the
new buildings thereon. The combi
nation committee consists of Messrs.
B. H. Boykin, Alex Guignard, Col. T.
J. Cunningham, A. B. Haskell, B. F.
Williamson, R. M. Pegues, J. D. W.
On Mr. Wannamaker's motion the
secretary was directed to return the
the $2.500 borrowed last fall from the
Col. McIver moved that the present
legislature be asked for the gift of
Mr. Efird and other members of the
legislature thought the ligislature
would refuse this, this being election
year and the State being now $400,000
in the hole.
Mr. Wannamakers amendment that
a loan of $2,500 be asked for as here
tofore was carried.
A motion was then carried that the
legislature be asked for a gift of $5,000
for use at the new grounds.
NO POSTPONEMENT OF FAIR.
Mr. Haskell suggested that the next
fair be postponed to the first week in
December on account of the great
work to be done in getting the new
grounds in shape.
Secretary Love suggested that any
change of time would throw the South
Carolina fair out of the circuit of the
various other fairs to- be held in the
fall in this section, and our fair would
suffer from putting out the privilege
On motion of Col. McIver it was de
cided to bold the fair as usual on the
last week in October.
The committee voted down Dr. Ki
nard's motion to open the fair on
Monday instead of on Tuesday.
Prof. Colcock of the South Carolina
college appeared before the committee
to ask that the fair grounds gridiron
be conceded for the college football
game on the same terms as heretofore
-that the use of the gridiron be free
on condition that patrons of the game
be required to pay the entrance fee to
the grounds before seeing the game.
Referred to racing committee.
NEW DEPARTMENT SUPERINTENDENTS.
The committee elected the follow
ing department superintendents:
Field Crops-R. M. Pegues.
Horses, Mules and Asses-W. D.
Evans and G. A. Guignard, re-elected.
Horses-W. D. Evans and G. G.
Cattle-T. J. Kinard and A. P. Has
Sheep and Goats-C. F. Moore.
Cattle-T. J. Kinard and A. P.
Swine-J. G. Mobley.
Sheep and Goats-C. F. Moore.
Poultry-L. J. Browning.
Household-J. W. Dreher.
Needle and Fancy-Jno. Hi. Whar
Manufacturers-M. S. Donaldson.
Mechanical-J. W. Dunnovant.
Implements and Vehicles-B. HI.
Chemicals, Oils, etc.--J. W. D.
Fruit and Floral-B. F. Crayton
and R. B. Watson.
Fine Art-Capt. Iredell Jones.
WILL SUPPORT HE.ARST.
So Declares Mr. Phelps Stokes, a New
J. G. Phelps Stokes, the millionaire
clubman, who has devoted himself to
a life among the poor of .the city of
New York, has, in a letter printed in
the New York American, declared
himself for Representative William
Randolph Hearst as the Democratic
nominee for president.
Mr. Stokes' determination to sup
port Mr. Hearst is based upon the
knowledge he has acquired since he
has taken up his life among the poor
and suffering. He has learned the
pressure of the iniquitous trusts of
the country and the manner in which
they bear upon the poor and needy.
He has learned the exact effect of a
ive cent raise in the price of beef per
pound, an increase of three cents a
gallon in the price of oil and the in
crease of more than a hundred per
cent in the price of coal last winter.
Several years ago J. G. Phelps
Stokes went to live among those whose
conditions he wished to better and im
prove. He lived their lives with
them, came to know them. His re
nunciation was greater than that of
Tolstoi, and the result vastly better.
Two years ago, in speaking of his
work, Mr. Stokes said:
"This is the most interesting life I
have ever led.
"It is deep, whole-souled enjoyment
from beginning to end.
"Those who render the best social
service are those who have the great
est enjoyment of life.
"My work is based on ideals. They
are in tihe impelling forces which lead
"I look forward to the time when
the spirit of brotherhood shall become
so strong that we shall have a union
of all the people, not only in a politi
ca~l sense, but in a truly social sense
"Politically the United States is a
republic, socially it is not. Artificial
and wholly unjust barriers are set up
by some to separate them from the
rest of the people. Wealth, social
prominence, geneaological trees and
such things are used to create barriers
between man and man."
Actuated by such thoughts, im
pelled by such ideals, Mr. Stokes has
lived a life of abnegation of all the
:hings to which he was born, and for
everal years has known no other life
lan that led by those among whom
'e has cast his lot.
Cotton Goods Advancing.
The price of cotton goods is advanc
.ng, keeping pace with the increased
rice of cotton. The lower grades of
~otton cloth have for a long time been
oo cheap, and with everything else
nthe face of the globe that man or
roman eats, wears, sees or smells get
ing more expensive, there is no
reason why cloth made from the
outh's great stanle should not join
he procession, says the Columbia
A GOOD BILL.
The State Senate Discusses at Length tr
an Anti-Treating Law.
TO TREAT OR NOT TO TREAT. Co
It Would Be a Most Excellent Thing shi
If Such a Law Were to Be sol
Passed and Be Strictly de
"To treat or not to treat," was un- a
doubtedly the question in the senate po
Tuesday. The bill introduced by on
Representative Doyle of Oconee, which tA.
was threshed to a mass of pulp in the
house, was brought up after the calen- it
dar had been read, and after a good gr
hour and a half had been devoted to it
its merits and demerits. The bill T
provides that on electicn days no one be
shall give away or sell liquors within er
three miles of the polls. This is man- to
ifestly to prevent repetition of the pa
public scandals caused by the alleged ti
wholesale distribution of "booze" dur
ing the general and municipal elec- in
tions that have taken place in South be
Carolina within the last half a de- 01
Senator Hay provoked the down- tU
pour of verbiage that ensued, by mov- vi
ing to accept the majority report. It ni
seems that the committee on privi- -
leges and elections, with the excep- C<
tion of Senator Herndon, agreed to L
report the bill unfavorably. Senator pa
Herndon, in whose county the bill or
originated, aro-e immediately to de- a
fend the measure, saying that men C<
under the intluence of liquor could not tU
vote conscientiously, or if bribed were or
not fit to vote. Senator Stanland di
also favored the bill, having promised fa
some of his constituents that he would in
vote for it. He spoke of the amount tip
of whiskey circulated in the in
terest of certain candidates at the bi
last primary election, and cited this e'
as. an instance which showed the need si
for such a statute. st
Senator Brice was .-"other support- tc
er of the bill. "LIT'or used in an or
election is always used by the worst se
candidates, who show by its use that pi
they are unfit to hold office." Even pi
though the statute were not rigidly
enforced (though it should b:) the
moral effect of the State's condemna
tion would be salutary.
Senator Hay said that every time T'
that a law that it was known would
not be enforced was placed upon the
statute books, much more of the pub
lic's respect for the laws was destroyed. ct
As for the sale of liquor the dispensa- ti
ries are always closed on election days. de
and at no other place should it be ob
tainable, were all of the liquor laws s
rigidly enforced. To pass this law er
would be voting away a personal right tt
that ought not to be taken away. tt
After Senator McLeod had spoken m
in support of the bill the ayes and
nays were demanded on Senator Hay's ci
motion to adopt the maj ,rity report, be
which was rejected by a vote of119 to fe
10, which may be taken as an index of of
Those who voted "aye" were Sena- of
tors Aldrich, Hay, Hydrick, Marshall, U
M :Iver, Peurifoy, G. W. Ragsdale, bf
Sharpe, Sheppard, Walker. al
Those who voted "nay" were Sena- ox
tors, Blake, Brice, Butler, Carpenter, ra
Douglass, Gaines, Goodwin, Hardin, Tr
Herndon, Hough, Johnson, Manning, ce
Mayfield. McLeod, Mowe-, Raysor, hi
Stackhouse, Stanland, Williams. i
An amendment was offered by Sen- re
ator Raysor who wished to strike out st
the words "three miles," and insert st
"the immediate vicinity." This was di
vigorously opposed by Senators Her.n
don and Blake, because of alleged in- fa
definiteness. More discussion ensued, as
Senator G. W. Ragsdale speaking of
against the bill. Senator Brice spoke t
for the bill, Senator McLeod on the ti
same position, and Senator J. W. es
Ragsdale also. 'cr
Senator Sharpe thought that as to
the purification of the public morals sy
miracles would have to be wrought to E
Senator Brice: "Then you do a-d- ti
mit that the politics of the State are cc
Senator Sharpe: "So I have heard rc
on every side this morning. Not so ti
In my county." - r
This bill was finally kxlled. r
Hearst's Southern Kin. w
A dispatch from Greenville to The t
State says: "Mr. Wmn. H. Whitmire *
of this city has received information in
of the death of his cousin. Mrs. fe
Drusilla Whitmire Apperson, the er
grandmother of Congressman William
Randolph Hearst of New York, who
died recently at her home in Berkley, aj
Cal. Mrs. Appearson was the daugh- be
ter of Henry and Ruth Hill Woitmire, cl
and was born in Newberry county, S- cc
., Sept. 24th, 1816. Mr. W. H. p
Whitmire's father was William th
Whitmire, a twin brother of Henry, 01
and they married sisters, so that tj
there is a double relation between the cI
Whitruires and Mrs. A pperson, who l
was taken when a child to Missouri. -ju
On June 28, 1840, Mrs. Apperson was in
married to Randolph Walker A pper- th
son of Virginia, and they moved to "
California in the early '60s, making to5
their home ntear San Jose. Mrs. se:
Phoebe A. Hearst, the mother of the th
congressman and prospective candi- at
date for president, and Elbert C. m
A pperson are tnt. surviving chi!.dren it
of the deceased." t
A Special dispatch from Washing- 83
ton to The State says Columbia is to re
have a complete and up-to-date weath
er bureau observatory. Representative
Lever has taken the matter up with so
the chief of the weather bureau and i
has convinced both that offcial and co
the secretary of agriculture that Co-_g
lumbia possesses railway and mail of
facilities suffcient to warrant the es- In,
tablishment there of a meteorological un
obsevatory. Mr. Lever has received o
a letter from the secretary of agricul- se:
ture approving the construction of an e,
observatory building at Columbia. no
The building will cost between $10,- pa
000 and $15,000 and will be completely pa
equipped for purposes of observation. Ca
The agricultural department has not for
yet selected a site but this will prob- mne
ably be done on the recommendation
of Superintendent Bauer. This will
be the only building of its kind in the
Five Children Burned. mil
At Council Bluffd, Iowa, iire on ler
Wednesday morning destroyed the vil:
residence of Peter Christianson, and del
five children, from the babe in arms an<
to eleven years old, were burned to gol
death. MXrs. Christianson was burned der
so badly that she will die. It is not sal
WIN LHEOP COLLEGE.
The House Agreed to Increase Value
of Each Scholarship.
The House of Representatives Thu 8
day disposed of Mr. Richardi' bill to
provide for an increase in Withrop
scholarship fund from $5,456 to $12,
400 a year in order to raise the value
of each scholarship from $44 to $100
a year. This matter was fought out
last year. Mr. Wibe moved to strike
out the enacting words. The bill as
it passed promises to do much good,
for it may bold out advantages to
young women to whom the smaller
scholarship would be but tantalizing,
as it is too small for a girl of very
Mr. Richards told of what had been
done for young men in the way of
scholarships and declared that little
has been done for the beneficiaries at
Winthrop. Mr. Richards declared that
the senate would not have killed his
bill last year had it not opposed tak
ing the scholarship found out of the
appropriation for the running expens
es. The bill under discussion provides
that the scholarship fund is in addi
tion to the appropriation for running
Mr. Webb 'avored the bill. He knew
of a poor girl who had won a scholar
ship and had been unable to take ad
vantage of it because she did not have
the money. He favored increasit.g the
scholarship fund and reducing the
Mr. Stuckey, a pay student at the
Citadel during his college course, told
)f the great discrepancy in the' value
of scholarships there and at Win
Mr. D. 0. Herbert declared that it:
is the policy of the State to maintain
scholarships at State colleges. He fav
ors economy in government but there
should be some intelligent discrimina
tion and he believes that the scholar
ships at Winthrop should be made
Mr. Moses favors the bill. The law
permits any girl to stand the examin
ation regardless of the wealth of her
father. The scholarship at $44 is of no
use to the very poor. He approves
this bill for it would favor the girls
of poor parents.
The house refused to strike out the
Mr. Dorrob offered an amendment
to have the scholarship fund comeout
of the appropriation for running ex
penses. This is the amendment which,
it.is said, killed the bill in the senate
last year. The amendment was voted
down by 63 to 30.
Mr. Pollock's amendment to require
girls to make affidavit that they are
unable to pay the amount of theschol
arships was adopted and the bill then
passed second reading.
ABOUT THE WEATHER.
According to Hicks February to be
a Regular Storm Period.
The forecasts of Rev. Irl E. Hicks
for the month of February are
ominous of a regular storm period, in
cluding rain, snow and sleet, cold
waves and disagreeable weather .gen
erally. A summary of his predictions
will prove interesting to 0or: readers,
who may watch them as the month
progresses, with the understanding
that the forecasts cover the entire
country. He starts out by saying
that storm areas will begin to .formc
by the 1st over the western parts sof
the country, and wide areas of rain.
artd snow will past eastwardly 'across
the country during the 1st to thes~th./
The disturbance continues until about.
the 10th, with cloudy, murky and~
sleety weather, and if heavy snow and
sleet storms do not appear duridg the -
first four days of the month; such
storms will almost certainly develop
from the 6th to the 9th. The first'ten
days of February are to be the most
general and destrustive sleet periods
of the winter.
General storms of rain and snow are
to occur about the 14th, 15th and
16th, culminating with the new moon
on the 16th, bringing storm of a trop
ical nature Southward, with change
to blizzard features In the west and
north, which will be .followed by a
high barometer and cold wave- from
the 20th to 22nd. The last regular
storm period for February Is set down
by Mr. Hicks as being central on the
24th with the disturbing Indluence
reaching from the 22nd to thes 27th.
As the month goes out generally fair
and colder weather will prevail, with
the barometer falling In advance of .
the reactionary storms due the lirst
three days in March. This Is a gloomy
prospect for early gardens. in the
spring, but it is possible that the cal
culations of Mr. Hicks may not prove
a certainty, and at any rate we would
not advise any of our readers to be
losing sleep this month on account of
the weather prophets.
Troubles That Never Come.
The story Is told of a lady who for
a time kept a list of Impending
troubles. It was a relief to see' them
down in black and white. Some
months later, in looking over the list,
she was surprised to find that nine
tenths of these troubles had never
materialized. They had an existence
only in her imagination. The troubles
that never come form the heaviest
part of our daily load. The worry and
the fear caused by these apprehended
miseries often work sad havoc with
brain and nerves. The actual sorrow,
the bereavement, the disapointmentse'
have their comfort and cure. But
there is no cure for troubles that
never come. They are haunting
ghosts, unsubstantial as mist, but
very real in their depressing -and
harmful power over us. There is tol
in our daily living; there is weariness;'
still blessed rest will follow. But-the
weariness of imagined burdens drags
the very heart and hope out of thole
who indulge in these unhealthful fan
cies. E iLch day comes as a fresh gift
from the hand of God. In it are just
the experience His loving wisdom has.
ordained. Meet with a brave heart
all that is in the day's portioni, but
shrink not from phantom lions or
from shadows that seem to blot out
Isolated by Storms.
Investigation of conditions in the
"thumb" district of Michigan, that
part of the state north of Port Huron
to Saginaw by, comprising three coun
ties, made over the long distance tele
phone Friday, shows that there are
upwards of 100.000 people storm
bound in villages, towns and hamlets
of the district. All the towns north
from Port Huron to Port Austin and
Harbor Beach, except Bad Axe, a
junction point, report alarming shor
tage of coal with little or no wood
supply available. Fortunately .there
is no lack or provisions reported In
a~ny of the towns, but suffering for
want of fuel is inevitable In many
places unless the Pere Marquette suc
Seeds in opening it-s line in a few dasL.
A MODEL FALL.
fe National Department of Agricul
ire Will Establish Near Columbia.
The depertment of agriculture will
>bably establish a model farm near
lumbia upon one of the farms of
t. F. H. Hyatt for the purpose of
Dwing the farmers how to grow
nething else besides cotton. The
partnent of agriculture is laying
plans to meet the spread of the
Eton boll weevil. COngress has
propriated $250,000 for this pur
se and this sum is to be used not
ly in Texas, but in the various cot
n growing states.
The department not only proposes
deal with the weevil in Texas, but
proposes to teach the farmers to
ow something else than cotton, if
should appear to the department
at it is not able to control the pest.
this end diversification farms will
eastablished in each of the South
n states. Two of these farms are
be in South Carolina, and the de
rtment has about decided to place
em in the districts of Representa
ves Lever and Johnson.
These are not experimental ftrms
any sense of the word, but are to
model farms, under the supervision
'the experts of the agricultural de
rtment. The plan is for the depart
en to. furnish all the seed, one-half
te fertilizer and the expert super:
sion, while the individual is to fur.
sh the land and the labor.
The correspondent of the News and
>rier says of this idea that Mr.
ever has recommended to the de
rtment as a suitable man to carry
i this idea Mr. F. H. Hyatt, who is
most progressive citizen, living near
)lumbia, and within easy touch with
ie entire state. It is proposed not
ily to grow the various crops, but
iring the summer time to invite the
.rmers of the state to visit the farm!
order that they may see their prac
It is proposed not to plant cotton
it only to supplement it. Cotton is
:haustive to the soil, and this diver
fication idea is intended to demon
rate to the farmers that it is better
grow crops in rotation, in order-not
ily to maintain the fertilizer in the
il, but actually increase it. Great
actical good is expected by the -de.
trtment from this plan.
HAS COME TO STAY.
hat is What an Expert Says of the
W. D. Hunter, special agent in
large of cotton boll weevil investiga
ons for the division of entomology,
partment of agriculture, in a report
ys the work of his division for sev
al years "has demonstrated that
ere is not even a remote probability
lat the boll weevil ever will be exter
inated." The bulletin adds:
"Although the very large yields of
tton of former times may no longer
possible, it is nevertheless entirely
asible to produce cotton at a margin
profit that will compare favorably
ith that involved in the production
most 6T the staple crops of the
nited States by following what have
~come known generally as the cultur
methods, involving changes and
odifications of the system of cotton
~ising made nezessary by the weevil.
hey were originally suggested by a
,reful study of the life history and
bits of the pest, and naturally any
provements that may be made will
sut in the continuation of that
udy. They have now been tested
ccessfually on a large scale by the
vision of entomology, as well as by
any planters, during two very un
.vorable seasons. Of greatest advant
re is the reduction of the numbers
the weevils by the destruction of
ie plants in the fall. The advantage
is gained is followed up by bending
rery effort toward procuring an early
op the following season."
The changes in the cotton raising
'stem urgently recommended are:
arly plantin'g with seed from as far
orth as possible; thorough cultiva
on of the fields, which influences the
instant growth and consequent early
aturing of the crop; planting tbe
WS as far apart as feasible and
iorough thining out of plants in the
ws: destruction by plowing up wind
wing and burning of all the cotton
alks n the fields as soon as the
eevils become so numerous that prac
cally all the fruit is being pundtur
, thus destroying the very great
oportion of weevils developing late
the autumn; and extensive use of
rtilizers so as to procure earlier
In the State Senate on Tuesday it
peared as if there would be a de
ste over Senator Manning's bill to
ange the salary of the supreme
>urt justices from $2.850 to $3,500
r annum. One zealous guardian of
te State's finances moved to strike
Lt the enacting words, and the au
or of the bill urged that the circuit
urt judges are now paid higher re
uneration than the supreme court
stices. The cost of living is now
uch increased, since the time that
Le general salary bill was passed.
[t is easy to increase salaries and
make appropriations," said one
nator, "even though a deficit stares
e State in the face. When a vac
cy occurred in the supreme bench
any gentlemen were willing to accept
without question." Hie thought
at there was "no kick from the
peme court." An amendment was
ered to make the increased salary
,000 and the bill passed to third
ding.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Fire on a Steamer.
The steamer Iroquois, Capt. Wat
, arrived at Charlotte Tuesday
>rning. On Sunday lire was dis
vered in the after hold between
oks. Live steam and two streams
water were immediately brought
o effect and in an hour the fire was
der control. Some of the miscellan
s cargo was jettisoned. The yes
did not sustain any injury and pro
ded for Jacksonville. There was
t any sign of a panic among the
sengers. They held a meeting and
ssed resolutions complimenting
pt. Watson an" officers and crew
-the coolness ..nd excellent judg
Silver '[en Chosen.
A. dispatch from Pottsville, Pa.,
's the Democrats of the Schuylkill
igress district effected a comnpro
se Thursday. E. T. Kenney of But
and James A. Neocker of Potts
le, silver Democrats, were elected
egates to the St. Louis con ventijn
ex-Senator Charles F. King, a
d Democrat, was selected as Presi
itial elector. It is said that the
ne method of compromise will be
oedA throjrh t Pennsylvania.