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THE ARMY ROLLS
Of the South Carolina Patriots Who
Fought the British Under
MARION, PICKENS AND SUMTER.
A Document that Should Be of Great
Interest to the Descendants of
the Gallant Men Led by
The Columbia State from week to
week publishes the names of the sol
diers in the Revolutionary war, as
they have been culled from the quan
tity of loose documents discovered by
Secretary of State Gantt in the State
house. We publish these rolls from
week to week as they appear in The
State. The second installment fol
Note-The names beginning with
"B" will be held for publication.
Capt. Henry Caffey (or Coffey); lieu
tenant at Jancksonborough in '79; un
der Maj. Robert Crawford at Hanging
Rock; commissary under Col. Davie:
captain under Sumter.
James Cain, sergeant; dead at close
Michael Cain, Capt. Wm. Baskin's
James Cain, Capt. John Cowan's
John Cains, dead at the close of
John Caine, given five years pay in
lieu of half pay for life by State; un
der Capt. Wm. McCullough, Col.
John Calcot, (of Georgetown) Ma
Robert Calder, under Capts. John
Cowan and Jas. Bouchillon.
David Caldwell, Capt. Norwood;
James Caldwell, sergeant, Col.
Capt. James Caldwell, Pickeus' brig
ade; from April 12, 1781, to Dec. 6,
1782, In Capt. John Norwood's com
pany; also service as lieutenant.
James Caldwell, (dead at close of
Bev->lution) "South Carolina Inde
John Caldwell, third, South Car
elina Continental regiment.
Dr. John Caldwell, physician at
Joseph Caldwell, Waters' regiment.
Joseph Caldwell, Col. Thomson's
William Caldwell, Col. Waters' regi
John Calhoun, dead at close of R.v
olution; Pickens'; Capts. Caldwell and
John Calhoun's company.
Capt. John Calhoun, Col. Robert
Anderson's regiment, Pickens' brig
Thomas Calhoun, Brandon's regi
-James Calhoun, Marion.
Capt. Joseph Calhoun; served 1779
aslieutenant; 1780 to 1783 as captain.
John Calhoun, Capt. John Carithers'
John Ewing Calhoun, aide-de-camnp
to Gen. Pickens from May 1, 1781, to
April 1, 1782.
Patrick Calhoun, Jr., and William
John Caloghan, saddler for State
John Calihan, Capt. Carithers, Pick
James Calvert, Capt. Jcseph Cal
John Calvert, clerk to commission
ers of the navy board.
Col. Cambray, "Lieutenant colonel
en Continental and full colonel on
Andrew and James Cameron.
John Cameron, Capt. Martin's com
pany, Sumter's brigade; lieutenant
~~under 001. Winn.
Joseph Cameron, lieutentant-, 00l.
Andrew Campbell; in Georgia un
der Col. Neel; under Sumter and
Angus and Anoren Campbell.
Carter Campbell; in 1779 took 600
pounds powder "from on board Capt.
Maitland in Georgia."
David and Duncan Campbell.
George Campbell, sergeant, Capt.
Ross, Col. Mydelton, Sumter.
Henry Campbell, Capt. John
James Campbell, Capt. John Irwin;
"house burned by Tories;" also under
Capt. John Wilson.
Janmes Campbell, Capt. John Cowan.
John Campbell, Col. Brandon.
Patrick Campbell, Pickens.
Robert Miss Campbell, first lieuten
ant, Second Regiment Light Dra
goons, Capt. Moore's company, Mydel
ton's regiment, Sumter's brigade; also
Robert Campbell, killed.
Thomas Campbell, under Col.
Thomas Neel in Georgia.
William Campbell; was at the bat
tle of King's Mountain; also in Capt.
Howe's company of Sumter's brigade.
George Cannon, Cob. McDonald's
regiment, Marion's brigade.
David Cannon, Col. Waters' regi
ment, Capt. McGaw's company.
Edward, Henry Williama, Robert,
James, John, Isaac and Adam Can
Willam Cannon, "fifer" South Caro
lina Continental line; trumpeter, Col.
Charles Cantey, 001. Win. Richard
James Canter, (brigadier?) Gen.
Josiah Cantey, lieutenant.
Samuel Cantey, Col. Richardson,
Zachariah Cantey, assistant to
State Commissary Thos. Wade; also
under Capt. Chestnut.
Andrew Capello, Continental line.
William Capers, lieutenant and cap
tain; dead at close of Revolution.
John Cappard, Continental line.
Larkin Carden, under Gens. Sumter
Benj. Carey. -
Francis Carlisle. private in Capt.
Noble's company; lieutenant in Capt
R. Carithers' company, Pick-ens.
William Carless, sergeant major.
Frederick Cara, Marion.
John Carne, apothecary at hospital.
Lewis Carns, Cob. Mahamn's regi
Robert Carnies, from June 25, 1780
uinder Capt. Hugh :White and Lieut.
Drenren: bost gun at Sumter's defeat
lost horse in "action at Broad River;
in 1781 under Lieut. Robinson guar
din; a jail "in C2ol. Kimball's regi
Abraham and Edmond Carr.
Joseph Carr, Capt. Goodwin's com
pany, Taylor's regiment. -
John, Jr., and Robert Carr.
William Carr. under Capts. -Jacob
Barnet and .ihumson. and Lieut. c
Wm. Carraway. corporal, Capt.
Moore's independent company.
Adam Carrick. Capt. Ross. Sumter. d
Mathew Carithers. Capt. R. Ander- I
son's company. Pickens.
Robe. Carithers. captain, Pickens'
brigade, service from 1779 to 1782 as A
private in the c(mpanies of Capts. -
Anthony Herd. John Calhoun and (
Wi. Freeran, probably succeeding .
the latter in the command.
Wm. Carithers, under Capts. An
derson and Carithers.
Alexander Carruth, sergeant. Capt.
Martin's company, Sumter's brigade.
Adam aid David Carson.
Wm. Carson (probably killed):
Daniel Carrol, Col. Brandon.
Edmund Carroll, driving cattle for
Continental army: also in militia.
John Carrol, probably killed at Sum
Joseph Carrol. CAl. Henry Hamp
Samuel. Thomas and Wi. Carrel.
Adam Carson, Capts. John McGaw
and Jos. Carson.
David Carson, Capt. Jos. Carson,
James Carson, lieutenant, Pickens:
commanding company on duty Aug. ]
John Carson, Capt. Jos. Carson's i
John Carson, Jr.
Capt. Joseph Carson, Pickens' brig
ade; private from Aug. 17, 1781, to
Nov. 15. 1781: then promoted to cap- I
Samuel Carson, under Capts. Joseph
Carlisle and Carithers, Pickens' brig
ade: also under Capt. Francis Carlisle.
Thos. Carson, Capt. Jos. Carson.
Wm. Carson, Capts. John and Wm.
Joseph 'Carswell, Capt. John Mc
Geo. Carswell, sergeant; Capts. Jos.
Calhoun and Wm. McGaw.
Dudley Carter, lieutenant.
James Carter lieutenant; dead at
close of Revolution.
John Carter, Marion; captain of the
"American Scout Company;" Nov. 22,
'82: had 70 men Nov. 24, '82.
John Carter, Capt. Ross, Sumter.
Robt. Carter, Capt. McCowan.
Robt. Carter, captain: dead at close
Robert William Carter.
William Carter Continential line;
Edmund Cartlidge, surgeon, Col.
Samuel Hammond's regiment.
Joseph Caryl, quartermaster, Col.
H. Hampton's regiment.
Wmn. Cassettee (?).
Aron Casey, Roebuck's regiment.
Abner Casey, Pickens.
Christer, Casey, Roebuck's regi
Levi Casey, captain and lieutenant
William Casey, Capt. Mapp's com
John Caskin, "artificer" to Colleton
John Caskey, Capt. Adams' com
Cannon, Willis and William Cason.
Benj. John and Henry, Casels.
Peter Cassity, Capt. Chestnut.
William Castleberry, sergeant, Roe
John Caston, Littleton's Bastion.
Aaron Cates, Water' regiment.
John Catterton, private and cap
John Carter, captiain the "Ewhaw
Henry Cato, lieutenant.
William Cato, probably Marion.
John Catterton, captain.
Abner, Catlet, George, John, Na
than, Richard, Sherard and Zachias
Benj. Cavil, Roebuck's regiment.
Burrell Cooke, Capt. Ross' com
pany. Sumter's brigade.
Cornelius Cook, Capt. Walker's comn
pany; probably killed at Sumter's
John Cooke, Pickens' brigade.
John Cook, sergeant, Capt. Rumph's
company, under Lieut. Col. W.
R. Thomson and Gen. Henderson;
also Col. Marshall's regimenT,.
Capt. John Cook, Col. Taylor's regi
ment, Henderson's brigade.
Nathaniel Cook, Capt. N. Martin's
company, Sumter's brigade.
Reuben Cook, Cols. Ely Kershaw
and John Marshall.
Robert Cook, before fall of Charles
ton in commands of Lieut. Col. Ely1
Kershaw and John Marshall, contin
uing in the command of the latter
during the year 1781.
Capt. Robert Cook, Marion's brig-I
Reuben Cook, Jr.
Thomas Cook, Cols. Brandon's and
Warmock P. C oke, Capt. Hughes'r
:opany, Brandon's regiment.
William Cook, sergeant, Co]. Bran
John Cooley, Capt. Joseph John- Ii
ston's company. t
Conrad Coon, Col. Taylor's regi- I
Henry Coon. Jr., Capt. Jacob Fol-|
mer's company, under Lieut. Col. (
John Lindsay and Col Waters. t
John Coon, Capt. JIohn A. Summers' S
Lewis Coon, Col. Taylor's regiment. I
Uriah Cooner. d
Ezekiel Cooper. Continental service.
Capt Ccioper (Jacoh): also served as
private in Capt. Geo. Neely's company.
under Maj. Adair and Gen. Sumter.
George Cooper, lieutenant: inS
charge of detail of six men. with four k
British prisoners, taken by C:>1. Irwin d
(at Santee) Aug. 16, 1781. 1
William James Coper, captured by r
James Cooper. special quarter- t
master. appointed by Gov. Rutledge '1
ldisto: served also as private horse
aan and in foot service.
James Cuoper. Capt. Adam's com
any. Lacey's regiment.
James Cooper: dead at close of Rev
.1 useph Cooper.
John Cooper, Roebuck's regiment:
>st horse at Sumter's defeat; was un- I
er Capts. Pagan, John Mills and
John Cooper, Capt. Mc Bee's com
any, Roebuck's regiment: also Capt.
dams' company, Lacey's regiment;
Iso prior to fall of Charleston under
'apt. .John James and Lieut. Samuel
ames: un-er Lieut. Wm. Dick and
Capt. .John Cooper, 1779.
Richard C oper, commissary to Mar
Capt. U bt. Cooper, under Col. La
Samuel Cooper, lieutenant, Maham's
Sylvester Cooper. quartermaster.
William Cooper, Capts. Mapp and
IcBee's company, Roebuck's regi
William Cooper, lieutenant.
William Cooper, Jr.
William Cooper, Capt. Adam's com
>any, Lacey's regiment.
William Cooper, Sr.
John Copeland, Pickens' regiment.
John C peland, Bratton's regiment.
Patrick Coppley; dead at close of
tevolut.ion: widow, Elizabeth.
Thomas Caram, engraver for mak
Arthur Corbin, wagon conductor
or Greene's army.
Robt. Corkshaddon, Capt. John
Ju.ingham's company of Col. Hill's
egiment; also under Lieut. Thos.
enderson, Capt. Garrison and Col.
James Cosby, Capt. Anderson.
James Costello, Cantinetal line.
Robt. Cosby, wounded.
Capt. Henry Cottey; was at Hang
ng Rock, under Maj. R. Crawford.
Daniel Cottingham, lieutenant.
Robert Coughran, Pickens' Brigade;
lead at close of Revolution.
William Coughran, Pickens' brig
(To BE CONTINUED.)
R miniscenceeofGen. Gordon.
In Aug'st. 1295. the writer heard
fhe late Gen. Gordon lecture upon
'The Last Days of the Confederacy"
tt Ocean Grove, N. J. There were
10,000 people present in the vast au
itorium, many of whom hardly knew
vhether to be friendly or hostile to
she great leader.
I shall never forget the opening re
marks. After the usual preliminaries
>f addresing an audience, he said, in
.n intensely attractive and thrilling
way: "My countrymen:" With those
words he captured his audience and
held it spell-bound for two hours. I
may say that of all the impressions
the lecturer made, that of intense de
votion to the cause for which he
stood, plus his love for the whole
united country, were lasting and deep.
In the vast audience were many of
he Blue and Grey, whose cheers and
yells were abundant. The closing
part of the speech I will never forget.
Some one evidently had questioned
he loyalty of the South to the flag.
It was an incident that fired the gal
ant soldier-lecturer. Then, too, there
might have been a little home-sickness
upon his part; for the tribute of un
:lying devotion to his native South
and, what she would do in case our:
ountry was attacked, satisfied the
most skeptic. It was an occasion of a
ife time for many of us. Long before
this incident the speaker had caught
the inspiration of his vast audience;
nd, it wil:. always seem to me unpre
meditated, seizing a large American
lag, amid tumultuous cheering, inter
spersed with the old tiger yell of many
a hard fought battlefield, he said:
"We lift aloft this proud banner of
reedom and bid universal humanity
:o catch its inspiration." -
The next time I heard Gen. Gordon
vas Brookville, Penn., during a coun
:y teachers' Institute. The subject
>f his lecture the same. During this
vening Gordon spoke of one batttle
ni whleh men were slain until the
lead were several feet high. He said
e believed more men were slain in
1is battle than any other battle dur
ng the war, according to the number
)f men engaged. He then said: "I
uppose there is no one here who was
n this battle." Up arose a tall gen
eman, Major MacMurray, and said:
General. I commanded the men you
eer to." Both were oblivious to the
undreds present, as they talked as
nen can who fought one another
iercely. It was graphic in the ex
:reme. The Major's comment after
ards was: "He (Gordon) was not
>lly a fine fellow, but a brave man."
Let r.ie close this narrative with an
musing incident of a Deacon of the
~hurch I was Dastor of in Brookville.
Deacon L. drew a large pension
ro the government. It was gener
lly conceded that the deacon's feel
ngs were hurt mcre during the war
han his body was injured. This good
nan approached his pastor and said:
I understand you have heard that
ebel Gordon." Now, the deacon was
lways in the front seat in church,
mtil I called upon him to pray. Ever
.fter lie was near the door, when he
cas at church. So my reply was:
Deacon, I have heard Gen. Gordon.
rou go and hear him, and if you are
ot satistied let me know and I will
efund your money.' He went, and
.s usual occupied the front seat. G3 en.
ordon spoke of some battles that
rere won by the Federals. Each in
idet increased the deacon's enthusi
sin until the audience was amusee' at
is actions. The lecturer then men
ioned battles which were won by the
lonfederates. It was a case of quiet,
iore quiet, then graveyard stillness
Ipon the part of the deacon. v.'ien
-ordon turned and slapping him fran
~caly upon the shoulder said:
Shout, comrade! Why don't you
In both of these cases the gallant
ldier made hosts of friends. His
evotion to his comrades of the '60's
id his country were uplifting to
any. All eagerly listened, laughed,
red ard cheered during his thrilling
ecture-Thie Last D)ays of the Con
Eight Hundred Kiled.
The Albanians who were besieging
hemshi Pasha, who with 2,500 Tur
ish troops and the guns, was Thurs
ay reported to be besieged by 20,000
.lbanians at Babajhosi, have beeni
uted, losing 800 men killed and1
ounded. The Turkish losses are said '
> be heavy. Fine additional battal- F
OS of troops have been ordered to I;
Except Those Where There is No t<
Element of Chance, it
ARE DEAD IN SOUTH CAROLIA A.
The Franchise Tax Bill Passed.
Several Other Bills Receive t(
Their Third Reading in
At the morning session of the sen
ate Wednesday two bills of much i in
portance were disposed of. The slot
machine bill provides with certain
amendments that no machines shall
be either operated or kept on any one's C
premises. The exemptions made are
as to machines in which the coin put T
in gets a certain and uniform return
and in which there is no element of
chance. The other bill is that to tax
the franchises of corporations, that is,
on a basis of the amount of business
done. Both of these bills were sent
to the house.
As said, the slot machine bill was
amended so as to exempt weighing,
measuring, musical and vending ma- t
chines and all machines which give for o
the coin a certain fair and uniform S
return and to which there is no ele- a
ment of chance. Thus it is seen that n
slot gas and electric meters, telephone p
booths, shoe lace, chewing gum ma- v
chines, weighing machines and those h
of a like kind will not be shut out. t
The exemptions were made through ']
amendments by Senators Hydrick and ii
Sheppard. The bill also provides that v
none of the machines not exempted v
shall be kept on anyone's premises.
There was a very lengthy debate on E
the bill, some senators wishing to I
exempt the slot machines indicated, n
others wishing to kill the use of all I
and others taking the position that p
the bill was striking against the rights I
of the individual. The matter of I
Chief Boyle's raiding the-machines in a
Charleston was closely linked with the 3
The immigration bill with its
amendments was received by the sen- c
ate, which concurred in the amend- g
The tax commission's house bill to I
require corporations to pay annual (
license fees and to report their sta- (
tistics to the secretary of state came in I
for discussion. Senator Raysor wishing s
the reports to be made to the comp- t
troller general. His amendment was 3
Senator Peurifoy opposed the one- I
half -mill tax on the property valuesof a
corporations as he was convinced that 6
it would keep out of the State foreign '
corporations and force some domestic 1,
ones to suspend business.
- Senator Walker made an expected 3
move when he proposed to kill the bill. 3
He did not think that the State should 3
enforce double taxation and that was c
what the bill amounted to. John
Smith, the merchant, cannot be taxed i
but if his firm is the John Smith corn- r
pany he is subject to taxatiou unless
protected by "limited liability" which c
Senator Walker thought was really g
meant by the constitutional convention y
as a help to corporate interests. He e
could understand the taxation of the c
intangible property of the express, I
telegraph and telephone companies, g
but the railroads own tangible proper- li
ty which could be taxed. a
Senator G. W. Ragsdale said he did c
not think this was the right way to a
raise money and that he agreed with
Senator Walker. He did not think it a
would be just to exempt merchantile .e
institutions. It is not right to make s
one pay a tax which his competitor s
does not and thus it is not right to ex- C
empt any. if money had not been ex- a
pended so extravagantly in the past 10 f
years there would be no need for the d
Senator Hood thought there were
some corporations which enjoyed such t
privileges that they should be taxed. t
Others, however, enjoyed no more f
privileges than individuals and they r
should be exempted. He wanted to i
strike out the section providing that v
all State corporations other than those i
of a quasi public nature be charged the c
one-half mill tax.n
Senator Raysor spoke against any s
distinction of this kind. He thought t
any corporation of any kind should be d
willing to pay the fee for the privilege t
of being incorporated, a
Senator McLeod announced that he t
was personally interested in mercan- S
tile concerns and that he thought it t:
perfectly fair for them to be required S
to pay this fee. They are not now re- s1
quired under the present laws to bear t:
their proper share of taxation. b
As a member of the committee si
which framed the bill, Senator Mower k
explained it purposes clearly m' .d in- f:
telligently. He said that Iu was n
merely a tax on the franchise of the ec
corporations. The line was drawn 1h
between quasi public corporations and f~
others. The committee had made the si
most equitable disposition that it a
could: nothing was taxed in the bill t:
which is untaxed under the laws of al
the State for the reason tnat this one- o1
half mill tax is placed on the right of ir
the corporations to do business and c4
the only tax now existing is a proper
ty tax such as on Pullman corn- c<
panies, etc. t
Senator Walker's motion to kill the b:
bill was reiected. Senator Hood's mo- al
tion to strike out section four of the al
act did not meet with favor. He then di
moved to reduce the tax on certain rr
companies, but this was also killed. al
Another amendment tabled was that ri
of Senator J. W. Ragsdale to include al
in the bill only corporations enjoying oj
condemnation and universal domain. p
Senator Hood sent in an amendment vi
to ang up the application of the bill it
until Jan. 1, 1905. The bill was then fa
readi a third time and sent to the
A t the night session several changes m
were made in the supply bill as fol- si
lows: Charleston, regularlevy changed ci
rom 24 to 11 mills; Darlington from b
tG to 4 mills, and i mill for court i
iouse bonds; Greenville from 3l to 4 t
mills, and i mill for convicts anda
roads: Newberry frorr 3 to 21 mills og
ind .} mill for indexing court house es
Senator Dean's vagrancy bill was so ot
Imended as to be satisfactory to its of
pponents and was sent to the house. Ce
[t now means that a vagrant can es- til
sape being jailed if hc. wishes by get- es
:ing a bondsman, who will stand in g
:he sum of 8500 for his good behavior T)
or a year. He cannot, however, be 'th
mployed by his bonds;man unless the m;
agistrate sees that a regular con- in
:ract is entered into. This is to pre- sa
The following third reading bills
were rad to allow Roert Stephenson
imons to apply for admission to the y
:,ar. Mr. Simons is a minor but will
>e of age in one month. To allow Of
:he State veterinarian to destroy andin
~egulate the care of animals with H
~oneu dieases. To raise the by
.lary of the adjutant general; to
nend the traveling expenses of the
>unty superintendent of Abbeville:
extend the deer hunting season in IT
arlington by beginning in January
stead or 1 February: relatint to
agistrates in Kershaw: to grant
,nds in Columbia, Spartaunur,. j
eorgetown and York to the govern
ent for federal buildings; to pay L.
Mahaffey past due school salary:
determine the county line between
imter and Lee.
THE BILL PASSED
o Establish the State Bureau of In- J
formation to Aid t
OMERCE AND AGRICULTURE. f
he Bill Provides for a Bureau of
Investigation With a Com- d
missioner of Certain
South Carolina will have a depart- t
lent of agriculture, immigration and t
f commerce. The bill establishing t
ne bureau was passed by the House
a Wednesday. The bill passed the
enate several days before and now a
waits the Governor's signature to t
ake it a law. After much discussion n
ro and con a motion to table this bill s
ras made on Tuesday before the bill
ad passed its second reading. On J
ris the vote was ayes 41, nays 64. c
'he bill then passed its second read
ig without further discussion. The
ote on the motion to table the bill
,as as follows:
Ayes-Messrs. Aull, Banks, Bates, I
lack, Blackwood, Brown, Carwile, c
)avis, DeBruhil, DesChamps, Don- s
ald, Dorroh, Edwards, Efird, Fox, s
[endrix, Hill, Hinton, Holman, Hum
hrey, Kirby, Laney, Lide, Little, f
,yles, Middleton, Nichols, Pearman, J
otts, Quick, Rankin, Ready, Rich- .
rdson, Russell, Stuckey, Tatum,
Vingard. Wingo, Wright, Jarnegan,
ailey and Youmans.
Nays: Speaker Smith; Messrs Ay
ock, Baker, Bass. Barron, Beam
uard, Bennett, Bomar, Brooks,
Lunch, Callison, Culler, Dennis De
ore, Dowling, Coggeshall, Colcock, s
ooper, Doar, Doyle. Ford, Gaston, a
ause, Gourdin, Haile. Harrelson.
askell, D. O. Herbert, .ames, John
on, Kelley, Kibbler, Leverett, Lof
on, Logan, McCain, McColl, Magill, .
auldin, Morgan, Mosses, Mims, Moss,
'arnell, Patterson, Peurifoy, Pollock.
yatt. Rainsford, Rawlinson, Rich- r
rds, Seabrook, Jeremiah Smith.
tackhouse, Strong, Toole, Towill,
'ribble, Wade, Walker, Webb, Wha
y, Williams and Wise.
The following pairs were announced: f
fr. King, aye, with Mr. Sinkler nay: a
r. Irby, aye, with Mr. Fraser nay: t
r. L. Lanham, nay, with Dr. Lan- S
When the bill came up Wednesday
t passed its third reading without
The bill provides for a department
f agriculture, commerce and immi
ration which shall be a bureau of
ublicity. The governor with the
onsent of the senate shall appoint a
ommissioner for a term of four years. 1
le shall have the qualifications of a
ood moral character, and competent
nowledge of matters of immigration,
griculture, manufactures, etc. The
ommissioner is authorized to appointa
clerk of similar qualifications.
The commissioner is to receivet
1.900 per annum and his clerk $1,000,s
2,000 is appropriated for expenses.
bationery and stamps. The commis
ioner is to make an annual- report.a
Ither State officials are required tot
ssist the commissioner by giving in-.
rmation for a handbook. The otherv
uties of the commissioner are set
>rth in the following paragraphs:
Sec. 6.. That the commissioner shall
e charged with all work looking to
e promotion of agriculture, manu
icturing and other industries, cattle
rising, and all matters tending to the
dustrial development of the State.
ith the collection and publication of
iformation in regard to localities,
baracter, accessibility, cost and
iodes of utilization of soils, and more
pecifically to the inducement of capi
al and desirable immigration by the
issemination of information relative
> the advantages of soil and climate,
nd to the natural resource and indus
rial opportunities offered in this
tate; that he shall also collect from
ne farmers and land-owners of the C
tate and list information as to lands,
sating the number of acres, location, r
me terms upon which they may be ~
ought, leased or shared to desirable t
attlers: that a land registry shall be I
ept and in connection therewith, ~
-om time to time publication shall be t
Lade, descriptive of such listed agri- C
1tural, mineral, forest and trucking 0
.nds and factory sites as may be of- t
med to the department for sale or c
lare, which publication shall be in
strative form~setting forth the coun
rtownship, number of acres, names p
ad addresses of owners, and such s<
~her information as may be helpful a
tplacing inquiring home-seekers in
>mmunication with land owners. s
Sec. 7. That the commissioner shall a
>llate in the form of a handbook of t
le State, to be issued when practica-A
e information showing the natural sn
ad industrial resources and advant- h
~es of the State of South Carolina,
~aling with soil, climate, raw and a
anufactu red products, agricultural i
ad horticultural products, textile fab- h
s, manufacturing, industries, mines l
id mining, native woods, means ri
transportation, cost of living, the o,
arket and all material and social ad- T~
Ltages for those seeking homes and I
vestments in agricultural or manu- si
turing industries. f
Sec. 8. That the commissioner be c;
powered to make such arrange- t
ents with oceanic and river steam
ip companies and immigration agen- al
s in this country and abroad as may w
St serve the interests of successful m
imigration, the necessary expendi- n
res being made within the annual dI
propriation for the general expense hi
this department: provided, how- m
er, nothing herein contained shall tI
rbid the commissioner acting with- a;
.t fee as the agent of such citizens bi
the State, who. through the South ti~
rolina immigration association and as
e department wish to meet excess at
penses of bringing desiraole immi- ed
ants to their farms or other lands.
at in the discharge of these duties
e commissioner or such person as he
ty- select, is empowered to visit such
imigration centres wherever neces-g
r to produce the best results. t
Will Join the Marines. ii
leter R. Horton, for the j.ast three Fi
ars city editor of the Greenville so
ws, has received the appointment a
lieutenant of marines through the se
luence of Congressmaa Joe Johnson- ea
s place on the News has been taken to
TORY OF A BATTLE.
he Whole Truth About the First
Fight at Port Arthur.
APS LOST THREE WAR YESSELS.
Chat an English CorrespondentSays
About the Losses of the Rus
sians and the Japanse
There has been a great deal written
bout the first battle between the
apanese and Russians at Port Arthur.
t was claimed that the Russians lost
hree vessels, while the Japanese loss
as nothing. These dispatches came
rom Japanese sources, as was censor
d to suit them. It now appears that
he Japanese lost more than the Rus
ians. The correspondent of the Lon
on Morning Post, which paper is op
osed to the Russians and in favor of
he Japanese, cabling from Manchuria
o his paper on Wednesday says:
'I have just reached here by special
rain from Port Arthur, and, to save
ime, have written my account while
raveling on a locomotive. About
aidnight on Monday. Feb. 8th, the
own was roused by the firing of big
uns. I hastened to a hill battery
nd saw that six Japanese torpedo
oats had approached within half a
ile of the Russian fleet and were
bowing lights, funnels and signals
ust like those of the Russians. The
apanese torpedo boats crept quite
lose to the Russian ships before they
ere discovered. -
Each of the Japanese boats dis
harged torpedoes, three of which
ook effect, striking the battleships
sarevitch and Retzivan and the
ruiser Pallada. The three damaged
hips returned to the harbor to avoid
Notwithstanding the continuous fire
rom the ships and forts, four of the
apanese torpedo boats escaped. One,
iowever, was sunk, and another,
which was in a sinking condition, was
leserted by her crew and was after
wards captured by the Russians.
The action ceased at 3 a. m. The
oss on the Russian ships was eight
:illed and twenty wounded. Apart
rom the disablement of three Russian
hips, the damage done to the fleet
.nd forts was not very great. There
vere many Russian torpedo boat de
troyers in the harbor, but they were
iot ready to resist the attack. The
rapanese, in fact, created a great deal
f surprise, not only by their unex
)ected onlslaught, but by the prompt
less and bravery with which they
On Tuesday morning, Feb. 9. news
arrived from Dalny that the Japanese
leet was steering westward, in attack
ormation. It came in sight about 11
. m. There were in all fifteen ships,
wo lines of battle-six battleships.
ix first-class cruisers and three sec
nd class cruisers. The Russians had
outside thirteen large vessels, under
kdmiral Stark, on the flagship Petro
>avlovak, and Rear Admiral Prince
doktompsky, on the fiagship Peres
~iet, excluding the Pallada and the
'sarevitch, the latter the flagship of
lear Admiral Mollas. and the Retvi
an, which was lying aground across
he inner harbor entrance. It was
The action was commenced by the
ig guns of the land battery. The
norning was dull, with a light wind.
nd the heavy smoke rendered it difti
ult to observe the details of the ac
ion, but I witnessed all that was pos
ible from Beacon Hill, opposite the
ntrance to the harbor, in line of the
ire. Two shells fell near us ana
bout twenty others fell in the old
own and the western harbor where
any steamers flying neutral flags
ere anchored. After the commence
ent of the action all of the people
ed toward a hill outside the town,
A little while after the first shell
ras fired a big 12-inch one exploded,
mashing the office fronts of the Suen
erg's Yalu Concessions Company,
nd the Russo-Chinese bank. The
treets were then entirely deserted
ut the local police kept splendid
rder. There was no looting; women
nd children were very brave. On
oth sides I encountered over 300
hells, few of which reached the mark.
)thers did not explode. During the
ction several merchant steamers out
ide the roads moved their position,
ut none was allowed to leave its an
orage in the harbor.
Regiments from the adjoining bar
acks and camps came pouring through
he town to take up defensive posi
ions in the event of the Japanese
mding. The Japanese warships
teamed slowly past, in line of battle,
o the westward and about four miles
if, each vessel beginning to fire when
pposite the Russian ships, which were
wo miles off shore. The action be
ime general. There was no maneu
ering, simply heavy and fast firing.
The firing ceased at noon, the Ja
anese ships withdrawing to the
)uthward, having lost one battleship
nd one large cruiser put out of action.
One small boat was chased and
ink by the Novik (Russian), which
fterward received a shell at the wa
r line, but reached port all right,
dmiral Stark signalling "Well done"
hile all the rest of the fleet cheered
Even the three Russian ships
ground fired during the action.
.terward the Tsarevitch got off at
igh water and was toweg1 into a
.rge basin, where she is now being
~paired- The Pallada effected her
,vn repairs and rejoined the fleet.
he Retvisan was still aground when
left. The casualties on the Russians
de were twenty-two killed and sixty
ur wounded. Nearly half of the
tsualties occurred on the Pallada and
The Japanese fleet sailed southward
S1 p. mn. and all was cuiet. The
ounded were brought ashore and re
oved to hospitals. After Monday
ight's action many Japanese torpe
yes were found floating outside the
irbor. They were secured and their
echanism was extracted. During
ie afternoon Viceroy Alexieff ordered
I the women, children and non-comn
tants to leave. The slow special
ains were crowdedI and ran as often
possible from D:alyn. The women
id children were i-tmediatly remov
I in an English steamer
They Want -o Die.
It is said Japanese oimcers from the
:neral staff downward are enthusias
ally patriotic, and the ra--k and file
sire to die fighting, ratho th-mw
re at home with their famrniiz.
iends and relatives of departing
lidiers say not good-by, but. "fare-1
all, for your sake I hope never to
a you again." Perilous posts are
gerly sought, and the opportunity
die is coveted. Life is regarded as'
noynomun writh dishono-r.
WEST POINT CADETSHIP. I
A Competitive Examination Ordered C
by Senator Tillman at Columbia.
I hereby give notice that an exami
nation will be held in the state house n
at Columbia, biignning at 9:30-o'clock s
Tuesday, March 8, 1904, under the L
directions of State Superintendent of d
Education 0. B. Martin. Superintend- h
ent Martin will select two other edu
cators to assist him. The examina- b
tion will be written ind will be by b
numbers, and the p' sicial examina
tion will preceded ti mental, and will
be conducted by . r. J. W. Babcock,
with the assistance of two pbysicians A
whom he will select.
Candidates in order to be admitted
to the academy must be well versed r
in the following prescribed subjects.
Reading, writing, spelling, En
glish grammar. English composi
tion, English literature, arithmetic, c
algebra through quadratic equations, t
olane geometry, descriptive geog-g
raphy, and the elements of physical s
geography, especially the geography 3
,f the United States, United States
history, the outlines of general history n
and the general principles of phys- 1
iology and hygiene.
The physicial requirements are: No
candidate will be admittet vho is un
der seventeen or over t ty-two
years of age, or who is deformed or a
afflicted with any disease or infirmi
ty which would render him unfit for
the military service, or who has at
the time of p-esenting himself ary c
disorder of an infectious or immoral
character. Accepted candidates if
between seventeen and eighteen years
if age, should not fall below five feet o
three inchs in height and one hun
dred pounds in weight; if between r
ighteen and nineteen years, live feet
three and one-half inches in height
md one hundred and five p',unds in
weight; if over nineteen, five feet four a
inches in height and one hundred and s
ten pounds in weight. t
Tne war dep rtment being anxious
to keep the academy full and guard a
against vacancies requests that one
principal and two alternates be nam
ed, so that in the event of the prin- e
cipal failing mentally or physically, c
the better qualified alternate may suc
ceeded to the vacancy.
Inasmuch as some-of the alternates s
whom I have appointed heretofore
have failed to put themselves to the I
necessary expense of appearing for ex
amination, I give notice that in this y
case, no bc.y will be permitted to
stand the examination who does not
pledge himself to comply with this re
quirement, should he be given the a
place as alternate.
After the selection of a principal
and two alternates by this examina
tion those selected will have to repprt
to Fort IcPherson on the first day
of May for mental and physical exam
ination by a board of army officers, t
who decide whether or not the candi
date nominated by me is eligible.
There is no need for a permit to
enter this examination, as all white
applicants will be permitted to stand
The Questions will be prepared by
the executive board and will be hand
ed out as - soon as the board begins
its work. If a candidate is turned ~
down by the medical examining board
it will be useless for him to stand the
Persons wishing the war depart
ment circular can obtain same by
writing to Mr. Martin at Columbia,
or to me here.
County papars will oblige me by
copying this notice.
B3. R. Tillman,
Washington, Feb. lot 1904.
CAUGHT IN CHART.ESTON.
A Negro Convict Who Escaped from
Orangeburg Chain Gang. d
The Chaarleston Post, of last Wed
"Catliph Hampton, alias John l1
Driggs, colored, convicted on the
charge of burglary at the May term t
of the court of session at Orangeburg, U
and sentenced to four years on the '?
county chain gang, but who escaped s
after having served only a short time, r
was arrested last Wednesday morning d
by constable Burton, of Magistrate t
O'Shaughnessy's court, and constable
Rast of Orangeburg, about six miles
from Charleston. He was brought to
the city and placed in jail for safeb
keeping until this afternoon when '
constable Rast will take him to Or
"Hampton or Driggs, as he is known
in Charleston, is a bad citizen. After
making his escape from Orangeburg,
he went to Sumter, where he was 1o- 0
cated by the deputy sheriff of that .~
county, and an effort was made to cap
ture him. He fired several shots atV
the offcer and took to the swamps,
and blood hounds were put on trailt
but by his cunning he managed to es- a
"beveral days ago Hampton was 1o-.
cated in Charleston, and the Orange
burg authorities were notified, con- b
stable Rast arrived in the city last ~
night, and he and constable Burton
went insearch of the escaped convict.b
All last night the offcers were out in
pursuit of the negro, but he was notg
located until this morning about six e:
miles from the city, Hampton made 0
an effort to escape but the constables
covered him with their pistols and he c
threw up his hands and surrendered.I
The negro will be taken back to Or- t
angeburg this afternoon to enter
again upon his sentence of fbur years.
It is probable that he will be sent to a:
Columbia to finish his term in the o
A School of Matrimony.
Young men and women desiring to g
enter the blessed state of matrimony e(
will soon be aff'orded an opportunity et
to take a course of instruction and re- li:
ceive a diploma showing that they are p'
in every wise eligible as husbands and it
wives, "sy a Des Moines dispatch. tC
Such is t he purport of a bill recently ~
introduceid in the Iowa State legisla- tl
ture by Representative Daniel, a phy- tI
sician. The bill provides for the ap- gi
pointment by the governor of a "state w
director of marriage reform instruc- tC
ion." His duties are to "formulate S1
course of instruction for candidates
for matrimony" and furnish the same
to every reputable physician in theT
tate. The proposition is meeting di
earty indorsement, and, strange as it di
nay seem, physicians are foremost in
THE extra session of Congress did w
lot one thing except pass a joint reso
ution granting 8250,000 In mileage
o members. Then they spent a day ki
ndoing it. The State Department ge
vas embarrassed by the law requir- gj
ng it to print in a seperate bound th
olur~je the acts of each session of bu
tgress: It was a volume of empty te,
IEGINNING OF JAPAN'S NAVY.
mnfederate Boat Stonewall Jackson
First of Its Modern Warships.
Probably no officer of the American
Lvy has followed the development of
iat of Japan with greater interest,
ys The New York Tribune, than
ieut. Henry E. Rhoadcs, now On
ity at the-Brooklyn navy yard, for
was ctticially identified with the
!ginning of the navy of Japan as far
tck as 1868. A reporter of The Tri
we called on him Tuesday, but he
as disposed to express himself guard
ily, because of his official position.
Then asked if he was not one of the
merican navy officers who received
ppointments in 1868 to aid in the or
tmization of the Japanese navy, he
"I believe that the credit for the
apanese navy may be placed to the
merican navy officers. It really be
an with the purchase of the armor
lad Stonewall Jackson (later named
he Adzuma) from the United States
overnment in 1866, although thecon-.
Gruction of the naval dockyard at,
'okoska was commenced in 1865, un
er the supervision of a French engi
eer. This was not completed till
8i9. It cost nearly $2,500,000. The
tonewall Jackson was built in
'rance, under a contract with the
)anish government, and was to be
:nown as the Sphynx, but as this was
bout the time of the closing of the
chleswig Holstein war, and there
ras delay in the completion of the ves
al, Denmark became lukewarm in
arrying out the terms of the pur
base, and the boat passed into the
ossession of the Confederates.
She put to sea soon afterward, but
wing to some derangement of the -
teering machinery she ran into Fer
01, Spain, for repairs, in Feb., 1865,
.here were lying the American war
essels Niagara and Sacramento. The
ommander of the American vessels
flowed the Stonewall to escape, and
he went to Lisbon, and thence across
he Atlantic to Havana. Here she lay
ntil after the close of the civil war,
nd was then given up by Spain to the
inited States. Later the Stonewall
as sold to Japan, and she was sent
ver there by the~ United States under
ommand of Captain (now Rear Ad.
ilral) George Brown, and delivered to
okohoma in the latter part of the
pring of 1868."
IED AND RETURNED '10 IF.
esurrected Man Tells of the Happi
ness of Heaven.
The days of miracles are not passed,
ccording to those familiar with:the
eath and return to life of Ulysses-S.
toberts, a cigarmaker and musician.
Le had been afflicted with consump.
ion for nearly a year, says a Harris.
urg, Ill., special tc the Philadelphia
tecord. Two weeks ago his condition
ecame worse, and a few days later,
e called his wife and two children to
is bedside, and, kissing them good:
ye, told them of the fast approach-_
2g end. In the presence of the famil
r, his pastor, Rev. A. S. Maxey, of
he First Methodist Episcopal Church,
t that city: Attorney R. S. Marsh,
is family physician and - a number of
statives he died.
An undertaker was called. Twelve
ours had elapsed since the spirit
ad left the body, when suddenly the
gure lying on t-he cot smiled and
pened its eyes. Mr. R'.berts then
poke and asked them how long he had
een gone, and when told, he said:'
"That's strange; it seems to. me I
ave been gone 1,000 years. I have
een in heaven and I have been a
He told of his meeting his father,
rho had long preceded him and other
elatives and friends. Many questions
rere asked by the pastor, Rev. A. S.
axey, concerning heaven and the
escription given by him was won
"But," said he, "I have just seven
ays to remain on earth when I will
myve you until we meet up y, nder."
When asked by Rev. Maxey as to
ow Jesus appeared he said he was
iost always happy, except at timies
rhen he beheld this earth steeped in
En." Roberts expressed a desire to
aturn to heaven, and true to his pre
iction, on the seventh day, and at.
he very hour named he again died.
A Thoughtful Moth- r Says.
That if you want your children to
e courteous, you must treat them
That they will invariably copy your
anners, so you must take care that
2ey are the best.
That you should be as careful of
zeir feelings as you wish them to be
the feelings of others.
That when it is necessary to adn~i
ten reproof it should be given in.
That most children are sensitive on
>1s point; it injures their self-respect
ad they feel it acutely, though they
te not able to express it in words..
That to tell a child in public that
ihas been rude or lacking in good
reeding is as unwarrantable as It
ould be to tell a guest so.
That this can be accomplished much
atter if you take the child aside. at
is first convenient opportunity and
ntly but firmly point out what the
ror was, and what should be done
3 the next occasion.
That it is possible to callous a
iild's conscience by too rigid discip
ne, and this is a mistake made'by
>o many mothers.
Saved by Soldiers.
At Columbus, Ga., on Wednesday
ternoon the local military was called
it to prevent the lynching of Willie
udson, a negro who pleaded guilty
attempted criminal assault upon
mma Burton, a 12-year-old school
rI, a week ago, the piea being enter
I at a special term of the superior
sut today. Hudson was given the
:nit of the law-twenty years in the
mitentiary. As the negro was be
g taken back to the jail Martin Bur
in, the father of the young lady,
ade a desperate attempt to get to
is prisoner, but was overpowered by
te officers. The trial had caused
'eat excitement and fearing efforts
auld be made by friends of Burton
secure the negrc, a company of
ate troops was ordered out.
Death of a Rector.
Rev. Churchill Satterlee, rector of
inity Episcopal church of Columbia,
ed suddefily Tuesday night of heart
sease at Summervillie, near Augusta.
., where he bad gone for his health.
a was 35 years old and very highly
reemed-son of Bishop Satterlee of
ashington, D. 0.
lAMEs Bowman, aged 16, shot and
led his father at Roanoke. Va., on
uday. The father was beating his
fe, when the son interfered, with
e above resnlt. This is a sad case,
t who can blame the boy for pro
:ting his mother from his brutal