Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVIII. ANNING, S. C., WEDNES)AY. MARC
rounds of attacking cotton boils. Dr
Spillman emphasized the fact tha
the pest is sure to spread and that it
three or four years it will take Sout
The way to exterminate the orai
nary pest is by tinding another bui
which will devour the weevil. as wa:
done in Caifornia when the orang<
trees were attacked b3 a scale louse
Tne comma.u "lady bug" was put ci
the trail of the scale vermin and in j
;hort tine the pest was driven out
But th.re is nothing known inscienc
which will exterminate the bill wee
ail. It cannot be reached with spray
or the r2al instrument of destruction
s within the boll where the poiso
vould ruin Lhe fibre as well as thi
The only hope of growing cottot
wih any success in an infected terra
OTy is to get a very early variety anc
:iant it very early, and even ther
iaif the bulls would be ruined by the
The price of cotton is driving farm
rs to inercase their acreage. The
ime may cone when cotton will be at
uch a high -rice that half a crop will
. The o .ject of this movement is
:1. tc displace cotton entirely, but tc
,ive the farmeer something additional
0 rely upon. The boll weevil cannot
>e fought with a spray, but a third of
he appropriation has been set aside
s a fund wi :h which to make experi
nents agairst the boll weevil. In
ouisiana an effort is being made by
he government to raise a crop despite
be boll weevil, the government ex
iecting to get half a crop developed
fore the weevil gets to - work and
hen to cut down every stalk and burn
t and plow up the land carefully.
he early varieties are not so good as
rule because they drop the fruit too
METHODS NOT EXPERDIENTS.
Dr. Weber, who has been conduct
ag bhbridization around Columbia
>r several years, will try to breed up
nproved varieties of early cotton.
'he department of entomology has
iscovered varieties which are not vul
erable to "root rot" and "wilt dis
ase," and is now working on "rust."
bhe "wilt" is caused by the water
eis in the plant being stopped up
y some kind of fnngus.
In regard to the work which Dr.
Veber has been doing here in connec
ion with Mr. R. C. Keenan and oth
rs, Dr. Spillman spoke in terms of
:mmendation, but that is an experi
lent farm and the new ;enture is a
irm to teach methods.
Dr. Spillman then told of the man
er in which the quarter of a million
ppropriation would be expended.
ne-third would be given to the de
artment of entomology to find some
ery early plant which could be made
igorous. Another third bas been set
side for the purpose of making ex
eriments to see if the pest can be ex
.rminated by the use of any other
ug or otherwise.
Of the remainder, $20,000 has been
t aside for the diversification of
uthern agriculture. This, in his
find, is the remedy for the boll wee
i. In order to induce men to let
e government have the use of a part
their farms, the seed and half of
be fertilizers will be furnished.
hese farms are not experiment sta
ons but are bei!'g iiun s lely for
rfit and to exhibit approved meth
3s. The government wants to take
vantage of local experience. He
ad not come here to tell Mr. Hyatt
'hat to do, but to get his neighbors
assist him, and for that reason they
ould have a board of directors.
There is a fine market for farm
roducts iight here in South Carolina
'here there are so many mills, but
om bleak and barren New England
iauv commodities are shipped into
be S'ate whereas they could be raised
er much cheaper and sold at better
roit than cotton.
He had looked over Mr. Hyatt's
tro and is very much pleased. Hie
oes not expect as much success from
ny other of these farms as he does
ro:-n this one in Columbia.
He then told that in the fall he will
stablish another diversification farm
2 this State, perhaps in Spartahburg,
here the character of the soil is dif
rent, and c uring the progress of the
ar work, he wants criticisms, com
lientary or otherwise, just so they
In order to exhibit the manner in
hich he vill go about operating
hese diversification farms, he' exhib
Led charts showing the work to be
ore on a :30-acre tract in Texas. Hie
ccunted for every item of cost and
stmated item of receipts, although
e declared that the estimates in the
at er case w ere really a little lower
han the receipts would be, judging
y past experince. lie accounted for
very pound of provender which would
>e ootained, showing the percentage
hich would be usedl and the part that
vould be sold.
AN EXAMIPLE CITED.
On this farm of :33 acres he would
1ave 10 dairy cjws, 2 young cattle, lC
logs and 2 mules. He would plant
ifalfa for the hogs, one acre support
ng 10 hogs, and 6 additional acres o1
bis succulent food for hay for the
attle, the hay being the best stoci
ood in the world, and entirely toc
rich before curing. His farm wouk
e divided into 11 acres for permanen1
3rops and 22 to be used alternately foi
summer and for winter crops. Of th'
11 acres for permanent crops the dis
Iribution would be 7 acres for aifalf;
id 4 for Bermuda. Of the summe
3rops the planting would be as fol
Lows: 19 acres in corn and peas,
acre in sorgbum and 1 acre in pea
alone. The winter distribution woul'
be oats and vetch 4 acres, barley I
acres and rape 3 acres. The estimat
ed income would be: milk, 2 gallon
daily from each of 10 cows, $810: hay
$120: 4 calves. $20 (a very low tigure
he declared); 15 hogs at 150 pound
each, $112: total, 91.062. lie cite<
this just to show what is possibli
when a man plans his crop to suit hi
In regard to the farm near Colum
bia, he said it would cost less to run i
in diversitied crops than it would i
cotton. There would be no chicken
or fruits raised on the diversitiel
farms for the first year or so. E1
gave an instance of wha; had bee
produced on 13 acres of lat?a on jus
such soil as Mr. Hyatt's place, an'
predicted an entire success for tu;
ne enture A another illustri
OLD aiN COTTON
Will Fall Under the Attacks of the
DIVERSIFICATION THE REMEDY.
Dr. W. J. Spill:tan Ta'ks With Great
u:nthui:m::a 'lr the Pionct r
1s rk -- Started
The C Lm: a S:ae Wednesday
says as is .en aii nuu:ed in The
State. Dr. Spiima i to Colum
bia t: : diversitication
farm to be located near the -city on
the lands of Mr. F. ii. Hyatt. Dr.
Spiilman a;,nd his auditors became so
much engr .ssed :n the general discus
sioln of the i.we' vii anc its menace
to the south that te had very little to
say of the p>as c; i: which he will
work the farn nep C'lmbia. He is
very prou;. thi' u taking and
calls the :arm on M r. Iyatt's place
"Diversitica t ion Farm No. 1' because
Mr. Hyatt was the tie-st t) consent to
let a part of his fai m be used by the
government. Whlen the government 1
appropriated 250.ou fo - the exter
minatit n of the boil weevil by the in
direct method of starvii g it out, a
certain sunu was se.: aside for the con
duct of these pract. cal fa: ms to show 1
how crops may i.e dive:sitied with
profit. Dr. Spilla an was then given
the address ef a rumer of 'rominent
farrers of the wut', antd wrote to
each of them atking if :he govern
ment could be g vn the u e of a cer
tain portion of :is farm f"r the pur
pose named. As the boll wcevil is so
much more destructive in Texas than
anywhere else, it was decided to es- I
tablish in that great State 1t; of the
stations, anI as the pest ias made its
appeararce in western Louisiana there
will be five stations in that State.i
The others will be divided as fol- C
lows: Misi sippi'3, Alabama 3, Geor- r
gia 2, Suuth Qtrulina 2. and 1 in the e
cotton growing section tf Fl-rida.
This is the first station which Dr.
Spillman has visited and from here
hie goes to thie other places where the!
farmers will be given an *xemplifica
tiori of th~e doctrine preached by The
State for so many year.-that the e
South can get along without cotton c
as "the money crop."
GR.EAT Is THE SOUTHE13X CLIME.
in prefacing his remarks Dr. Spill- n
man said that agricuiture is the basis I a
of the wealth of this c, untry. The C
products annually amount to over five
billion dollars. Large business con- v
cerns employ the best talent obtaina
ble. It is not so w-ith agriculture a
where capital is not masst d. If agri
culture is to have the ben-tit of scien- t
tific research the gove:r:ment must b
bring-this benefit to the farmers.
At the risk of beinm considered ex- s;
travagant. but in all sincerity, he de- 1
clared that the southern half of the
United States has a climate which in v
time will enable it to becone the lead- t
ing agricultural section o; the world. o
The south will lead in igricultural -
production when' all of her opportuni- e
ties are improved. The soil here will
grow a great variety of crops and for
a longer period than any other section
of the country.
The government spends less than b
any other in encuragmng the farmers.
The present endeavors are not over
doingt the matter. Hei told how the
government had spent ha f a million
dollars in stamping out a disease
among the cattue. Recently it had
appropriat.ed 8250.000-niot to fight
the boil weeviI, for that is a useless,
hopeiess fight--out to provide other
meaL:s by w~hich the farmers may
BOLL WEEVIL HERE TO STAY.
There is not the slightest probabil
ity that the bull ;Nevil will be entire- d
ly eradicated. The governuient is a
fully justiti.d in specnding: millions of I
dollars tc meet the invas;ion of the
boll weevil and to teach the farmers e
of this section to engage in other
kinds of farming. . -
When .Dr. Spillnan took up the
question of the bAl weevil he was.
asked if the pest w ould get as far as
South Carolina. In giving enlight
ment on this subject the speaker de
parted from his regular line of
thought but gave same very interest
ing statements. MIost empha. ically
the boll weevil wil come into South
Carolina and will come to destroy.
Wherever it has made its appearance
the country has bE en blighted, and a
bale of cotton could nlot be gotten
from 25 acres of the most fertile land.
In reply to a quest-on he stated that
it would be unsafe to buy oats or any
thing else shipped from :he country
infected with the weevil, which has
now gotten into the southern part of
the indian: Territory and the western
part of Louisiana.
For a lung time the government
saw what was comning and endeavored
to get the legislature of Texas to pass
a law preventingr any cott~m from be
ing planted on a strip of land 200
miles wide along the Rito Grande river,
for the pest flad made its appearance
in M1exico and was devasting the cot
ton crops thee. IBut no precaution
ary meth~ods were adopted and now
the entire State of Texa is plague
ridden. It has been reported that
40,000O farmers are preparing to leave
the State 0' Texas and a.. on account
of the weevil.aic h has ruined their
crops. Ie cited an irs;tance of a
farmer in the very best of circum
stances~ wh had. been reduced to ab-'
ject poverty and would .ave suffered
but for a little poultry yard which his
providc'nt wife was ruumiag.
Ii'W THlE PEST wORKs.
The boll weevil stays under cover of
the wo'ods util in J uly, said Dr. Spill
man, and when the midsummer brings~
the "forms" of embryo boils to the
cotton plant the weevil begins his
depredations. The pest is about a
ouarter of an inch in length and has
a bill hail' as lonu a;gain as himself.
With this bili aria its point, which is.
lik-ea circular saw, the bug attacks
the tender it:.le b >lls. and after bor
irng a round~ hule into tue form de
posits an' eg which is covered with a'
kind of wax.1 The ega' in a very short*
*time produ es a worm which feeds
upona tne' interir of the cotton boll
until the vermin develops into a full-.
mege houi weevil and goes upon the
tion. he told of a "hog" farm which
L he has mapped out for a place in
i Texas. He would put 70 hogs on this
farm and expects an income of $1.231. H
All through his remarks Dr. Spill
- man was plied with questions, and in
concluding be called upon Dr. Nesom
to give bis views on the subject. Col. A
Newman, the head of the d.. partment
at Clemson, had been expect ed, but as
i he could not c'me the prese: ce of D:. T
L Nesom was gratifying.
Gov. Ileyward was then called upon
for some remarks. lie dec: ired that
- in his onicial capacity he would do
. everything he could to get t ,efarmers
interested in the diversifi :ation of
their crops and he thought that there m
is a demand for just such farms as ac
this. The DesChamps bi 1, which
was introduced in the legislature, pro
-vided :ur one of these farr:s in each a
county, but as it was seen lit not to
pass the bill he is glad th;:t the na- T
tional government will esta~lish some p
farms along about the same :ines. '.P
CHASED AND FIRED UPON. ve
A Lady from the North Instlted by a fr
Negro at Aiken.
A dispatch from Aiken to The State
says Sunday night about ten o'clock a Cc
negro man accosted a lady on South an
Boundary street, - and when she so
screamed and ran he chased her for
several hundred yards and also fired a le]
pistol at her twice. The lady is a
northerner-Miss Kirke-and is a G
trained n.rse who is treating a pa
tient in a family of Boston people ki
here for the season. The family have
rentcd the Williams cottage on South
Boundary street. Miss Kirke is spend- ro
ing the season at Mrs. Ashley's about
300 yards away, on the same street. W
Sunday evening was dark and rainy (
and after supper Miss Kirke left Mrs.
Ashley's for the home of the patient,
carrying a lantern to guide her. As
she entered the gate of the William's
place she saw a negro standing beside
the fence. Miss Kirke asked him if B.
he desired to see some one and the]
man replied that he was waiting for W'
his aunt, who was cooking for the
family. Miss Kirke pissed into the
house and left at about 10 o'clock to kit
return to Mrs. Ashley's, as usual. E
There are no buildings between the
two houses, but the ground is covered M.
with tall grass and some bushes. (
With the lady were two dogs, and as Bo
they passed a small clump oif bushes
they growled and barked. The lady W
turned out into the road acd as she Go
did so the light of her lantern reveal- ,T,
ed a negro peering from behind the
oushes. She screamed and ran and sto
the negro called "come here." She I
continued running and the negro I
called "come here" the second time. F.
When she did not stop he ran after I
her and tired twice with a pistol. S
The negro chased her for about 100
yards, and then a young man at the
house, hearing screams and the tiring I
ran out and shot at the man several Lo
times. When the matter was reprt- ?
ed to the police this morning the th
premises were searched and there
w. re found footsteps showing that ma
the negro had walked around the Wil
liams house and" then went and hid
behind the bushes and waited for the (
ady to return. Mc
Five miners were killed by a cave-in kir
of earth and rock in the Minnie Healy I
near Butts, Mon., Thursday after- Ba
noon. The accident occurred on the
sixth floor of the 1,000 foot level. Fo
Early in the~ day Foremani Joseph T
Kane was informed that the ground 3
in that place was very soft and in ke:
dange~r of falling. He withdrew all 1
the miners who were working there. 1
Thursday afternoon Shift Boss Hager- Co
ty took four men into tile place to
bulkhead and otherwise ,strengthen
the weak spots. Just how the fall
came will never be known, as not one be'
of the tive escaped. Only t'vo bodies O
haebeeni recovered. .
Burned to i~an bu
A dispatch from Andersoni to Th'le an
News~ and Courier says anout two cor
o'clock Wedinesday afternoon Mrs.. he
W Xilson. living with Mr. L. M. Wilson, lic
aprominenlt planter, at Hoiiea Path, in
was terribe burned and cannot re- pa
cover. Members of the family who
had left her alone in the room, re- sis
called by her screams, found her Onl ye
the floor, with her clothing all ablazed. fel
They extinguished the flame:;, but the of
doctors say that the extent of the on
burns and the shock preclude hope of sa
Burned to D)eath.
A two-year-old child of Mr. and t(
Mrs. Thomas La~nci, ot Pied :jont, was S
burned to death Tuesday naht. The
child was visiting next door and it is an
not known how it caught tire but itc
is thought that it was from a lantern. su
The children had been playing with jth
it when attracted by the screams of th
the child. A lantern was found'
scattered over the floor. They had m
placed it on the grate and it exploded, a
resuting as above stated. PC
Murder and suicide. p
A t Buffalo, N. Y., Henry Schwartz,'hi
a prominent attorney, was shot and p
fatally wounded in his private office ar
in the Marine Bank building Friday or
by H. A. Knowles, of the tirm of a to
large dry goods house. After holding pl
the police at bay a few moments di
Knowles turned the revolver on him- ut
self and blew out his brains. Ti
-Crushed to Death. D
William Brady, a farmer of Campo- pr
bello, Spartanburg County. was killed s
Thursdayv afternoon by a tree fallirngt
oni him and crushing his body. He
and several other men were out fell
ing trees on the lands of Benjamin i,
BowTig, near Campebello, when the A
tragic occurrence happened. Mr. a
s Idy is survived by a widow. p
Ab It Should Be.s
t Wa shington enThursday theb
house committee on elections No. 1e
e decided the Gudger-Moody contestt
from the Tenth North Carolina dis-j
trict in iavor of Gudger (Dem.) sitting~
member. and the Dantzler-Lever con
t test from the Seventh South Carolina0
district in favor of Lever, the sitting
S member. -- t
Leaves Six Widows.
nThe Greenville News says the Gor
trn:un elder who killed himself in Kan- a
sas City on Saturday did so because a t:
e younc convert refused to be his wife. It
~le leaves six widows.jV
CAPERS ON DECK.
e Is Sustained by the Republicans
South Caro ina.
KD E RAYTON IS KNOCKED OW
te Principal Feature of the Repul
lican State Convention Was
the attack by Brayton
on J no. G. Capers.
The Republican State Cinventic
et in Coumbia on Wednesday, tran
ted its business and adjourne<
.ie complexion was mostly dark, wit
faintsprinkling of white-those wt
Id ofice or hope to bold an ottic
m make-up was very much like i
edecessois. A hurried glance ov
e temporary roll wi 1 show the con
sLion of the conv2ntion and ti
ry smal sprinkling of whit(
Ab)bvie-Rl. R. Tolb)ert, Jr.. A
c Ellison, S. .1. Donaldsor.
Aiken-lR. B. Perry. G. W. Raifori
Dickerson, J. G. Eubanks.
Anderson-E. F. Cochran. Joh
echran, Jr., A. E. .uick, J. S. Ac
w.and G. Wadsworth.
Bamberg--). ). J el er. C. P. Robin
Irnwell-W. S. Di:son, G. G. Bu
.J. A. Davidson.
Beaufort.-Robert Small, Samut
een. J. 1. Washington.
Berkeley-A. P. Prioleau. R H. Jet
s, F. S. Edwards.
Charleston-W. ). Crum, J. I
tchell, T. L. Gran, J. G. Capers. (
English, M. Caulfield, E. B. Bur
ighs, S. E. Smith.
herokee-W. M. Goodwin, J. 11
Jhester-C. Ross, J. C. Atkinson,.
hestertield-J. B. Highland, I
3larendon--R. A. Stewart, S. 11
ilker, Julius Durant.
olleton--W. F. 31yers, S. B. Butler
arlington-E. 11. Deas, Z. \
ines. WV. H. Smyrl.
orehester-.J. H. Abbey.
dgetield-P. Sinikins, A. W. Sim
airfield-I. S. Byrd, J. B. Williams
-'lorence-.J. R. Levy, W. C. Rusl
W. H arrall.
eorgetown-J. A. Baxter, J. W
Its; alternate, R. B. Anderson.
Frenville-J. A. Brier. A. A.Gate:
T. Smith, Thomas Brier, L. F
reenwood-J. R. Tolbert, J. W
bert, J. I. Reynolds.
lampton-W. A. Alston, G. W. A]
orry-G. C. Singleton, J. H. Goudy
ershaw-C. C. Scott, P. S. Brown
ancaster-F. R. Massey, W. F
aurens-P. S. Suber, L. W. C. Bla
k, J. D Adams.
ee-Job Toney, A. T. Butler.
exington-F. C. Aldridge, S. L
rick, G. W. Assman.
arion-W. H. Collier, N. E. Be
a. T. R. Alford.
Iarlboro-E. J. Sawyer, J. C. All
n, W. S. Thompson.
ewberry-R. E. Williams, J. C
ung, J. D. Eichelberger.
)conee-R. Q. Merrick, S. M. Smith
)rangeburg-J. II. Fordham, Jacol
orer, A. D). Webster, C. W. Cald
I. A. D. Dantzler.
ikens-R. K. Moon, WV. M. Wat
tichland-E. M. Brayton. R. W
lors, L. C. Scott, ;i. F. Lopez.
aluda-J. M. Jones, M. WV. Watson
.partanburg-B. F. Means, G. _
iter. Laban Moroan, S. T. Pomnier
Os. Rhodes, G. G. Page.
umter-G.'W. Murray, Z. E. Wal
,C. C. Jacobs.
Inon-J. C. Hunter,.J. P. Sartor.
Viliamsburg-James Tharpe. Z. R
oper, G. WV. McCullough.
fork-G. A. Wat, J. W. Satter
ite, A. W. Lee ,S. H. Harris.
L'ae work of the/cogventionl wa:
un by the election of E. H. Deas
D~arlington, as chairman, and J. H
mson, of Richiand, as secretary
J. Dickerson, of Aiken; threw
ch of bouquets at Chairman Deas
said: "You have won."' H
iratulated the convention on wha
called the reuniting of the Repub
in party. He whcoped things u
g>od style on the reuniting of th
. M. Brayton also rejoiced and irl
ted that this representative con
ation was an omen ')f success. H
t that it meant mu::b for the goo
t e State. He most heartily sec
led the nomination of Deas an
d he deserved all of the glory show
d on him.
Robert Smalls placed the nomine
n before the conventionl and pr(
Ited Cnairman Deas.
Deas spoke of the unity of the part
d expressed his surprise and gratit
tion at the selection. Politics
:h a~~peculiar thing, he remarked
at most folks do not know wlhet
ey will go to slee p.
Smalls said it seemed to be a hal
nious gathering and he moved the
committee on credentials be al
Capers then took the floor and i
ed to the attack recently made c
m by E. M. Birayton in a Charlesto
per. lie denied that he ever ha
y connection with lynching negrom
embezzled funds of anyone. Bra:
n replied and accused Capers<
ading the baby act. He said 1
d not want Capers elected to ti
ional convention as a delegat
ae convention then adjourned unt
.e evening when it reassemble<
uiring the morning session tv
eachers got into a fisticuff ovi
me discussion they were having ne;
Le cairmans desk. T he combatan
re Revs. A. P. Dunbar and E. I
'hite, members of the statl of a ca
ed paper published in Columbi
t the evening session the preacher
ho had the tight in the morning, e
ained their troubles, apologize
.id they were not delegates at
gged forgiveness. They were exo
ated by a formal vote.
Chairman Deas issued an ultim
im that the deficiency for hall re:
d expenses be raised.
Capt. Capers put up $25 and me
the candidates $5 each.
Chairman Deas is a wonder as a c<
tor. He utterly refused to g
3ings moving until the collectil
The platform endorsed Roosevt
nd his administration. It wasi
cduced by Capers. Another resol
ion protested against the manner
mic the dominant party is enfo:
ing the suffrage laws, which are not
only repugnant to the Federal Cn
stitution. but are enf-:rced in viola
tion of the laws of Scuth Carclina
itself. A separate resolution con
demned as unjust and nirrcw the act
of the State otlicers wht had refused
the use of h all of the 1 suue of Rep
Resoutior.s were adcpted on the!
- death C Marcus A. IIanna.
Ther were two prote:tis against the
allege: disfranchisemen; ,f the col
ored voters of the State. It was held
'hat 100.000 Republicans were dis
ranchiked, and aske I ti:e Republican
n party t) take the matte: u.
s- Geu. W. Murray we ited to take
:away the suggestin of nominations
h from ti-e national comrcitteemen and
put it in the hands of the cingress
o men or congressional no ninees.
Tneras were nom inatec for delegates
to the National Convet tion: L. W.
'r. Blalock, Laurens: 'V. D. Crum,
- Charleston: John G. Capers. Charles
e ton; E. H. Dea, of Da-lington;
:s tobert Smalls, Beauforl. R. R. Tol
hert,-Aobeville: G. W. Murray, Sum
ter; )r. V. T. Smitb, i;reenville; E.
. L..B iyton. Calumbia.
Afttr nominating speches of ten
n minutes each and second ng advertise
l- ments cf five minutes e ich the con
vention went into an Mlection, the
(delegates voting for ,f our as their
names were called under the direction
of three tellers. The cbtir announced
that t13 would be necessary to a choice,
there bein 125 delegates.
Capers voted for Blal:ck, Deas,
Crum and Smalls. Cruni voted for
Capers. Deas voted for Smith, Bla
lock, Small and.Capers.
A. A. Gates voted for Capers,
Smith, Smalls and Blalock. John R.
Tolbert voted for Daas, Tolbert.
Crum and Murray. Joe Tolbert voted
for Capers. Blalock voted for Capers,
. Smith, Deas and Crum.
United States 1arahal Adams voted
for Blalock, Capers. Deas and Smalls.
J. H. Fordhata voted for C.tpers, - Bla
lock, Smalls and Deas. Before Rich
land was reached Deas. Capers and
Blalock bad received a majority.
Brayton, by proxy, voted for himself,
- Deas, Smalls and Murray. Postmast
er Poinier, of Srartanburg, voted for
Capers, Crum, Smith and Blalock.
G. W. Murray voted for Tolbert,
Brayton, Smith and Crum.
The vote on the first ballot was:
" Blalock 80, Crum 43, Capers 102, Deas
107, Smalls 45, Talbert 4:3, Murray 47,
Smith 22, Brayton 10.
Great yelling and rushing about
- the ball followed the announcement
of the vote, and Chairman Daas
threatened to put a motion that Crum
be declared the fourth delegate if the
members did not take their seats and
maintain order. This finally restored
Brayton and Tolbert then withdrew
their names. Murray withdrew in
favor of Crum. Smalls followed suit
in withdrawing in Crum's favor.
Then after some more disorder
. Smith's name was withdrawn and
Crum was elected by acclamation.
- An attempt was. made to have the
four defeate- candidates chosen as al.
ternates, and- a motion to this effect
was put and dociared carried by the
chair, amid cries that Brayton be sent
- as one of the alternates.
IThe district delegates to the Na
!tional convention are elected by the
1 Served 1-im LRiht.
*A man in Philadelphia purposely
'fell in front of a trolley car and lost
'his leg ia order that he raight secure
- damages from the company. Two
friends who were to adt as his wit
nesses against the company were un
-able to udergo the ordeal of a severe
cross-exaLminationl and revealed the
scheme. The cripple was found guilty
of conspiracy and sentenced to two
years imprisonment. lie finished his
term. the other day and has returned
to his home, broken in health, maim
ed for life, a charge upon his relatives
and forever branded with the stigma
of his convict sentence. His was
indeed : n unprofitable a id even piti
able "get-rich-quick" s~heme.--The
L ntouched b~y Baltin ore Fire.
-The 1-uilding of the Bbbitt Chemi
-cal C. No. :316 West Lo. ibard Street,l
e Baltimcre, the proprietrs of "Rheu
3 nacide, the famous remedy for
.lRheu matism. was savd f rom the
3 meat fire that destroyed most of the
.business. section of theciBaltimore.
ime and again it wa;; threatened
.with destruction. But "Rheuma
.cide" is still being man~factured and I
~hipped in quantities from the same
Two Lives Lost.
s\t Colorado Springs, C d., two lives
e wee lost in a tire Friday morning
that destroyed three buildings and
.threatened the entire business section.
t The dea~d are Lela Smith. 15 years oid,
.and a man burned beyond recognm
-ion. The girl's mother escaped by
.jumping. Six horses were killed and
the loss is $10,000.
d A Family Traged..
:s The daughter of Thos. Hess of
-Madison county. N. C.. eloped with a
fyoung man named liensley. Her
e father induced her to return home
eand then shot and killed, her, and he
.in turn was shot and icilled by the
il young lhusbandl. This happened on
- Monday night.
r Kined iy a Bear.
The body of Baron Martin Von
s Schosser. formerly an oflicer in the
- Germanl army and for many years a
-resident of P'ort A ngeles, Col. has been
found on the range south of the Hot
Springs, near the body of a dead bear.
The Baron undoubtedly had been
killed by the bear while hunting.
1- egiste r is. Han"aed.
a For the double murder of .Jesse
at Soles and Jim Stanley anid the burg
lary of their liouse. which was burned
st to conceal his crime, .Jalbul Register
was hanged l'riday at Whiteville, N.
.C. The father of the condemned man
et is serving a life sentence for instigat
ylig the crime.
t I Broke Her Heart.
n-M~ss Pearl Niedenthal, aged six
uteen, committed suicide in Baltimore
in on Sunday by swallowing carbolic acid
THE NEW LAWS %
List of the Acts of General Interes
Passed at the Late
MAETING OF THE LEGISLATURE
B: ice Bill, the Coggeshall Bill, the
Dog Tax Bill, the Immigra
tion Bureau Bill Among
Below 'vill be found a list of thi
nev laws >f general interest enacted
at the la ;e meeting of the Legisla
ture. Flom time to time we wil:
pu'>lish tt e full texts of these acts:
Senator Warren-To provide for bi.
en nial sessions of the general assem
Mr. Larlham-To require common
carriers of passengers to trausport
baggage o, sample trunks of two hun
dred pour ds weight or less, free o1
charge wi Ih any passenger.
Mr. Ric iardson-To require owners
and tenan ts to fence in or fill up aban
Mr. Sin kler-To punish malicious
and mischievous interference with fire
and police alarm boxes, wires and ap
Mr. Whaley-To empower cities of
over 40,00) inhabitants to impose and
collect a license upon certain condi
Mr. Wright-To provide punish
ment for safe-crackers.
Mr. DeBrubl-To amend the con
stitution, so as to permit the general
assembly to enact local and special
Mr. Haile-To grant electric light
ing and power companies all the rights,
powers and privileges conferred upon
telegraph and telephone companies.
Mr. DeBrubl-To make baby car
Mr. Walker-To pay Col. M. P.
Tribble $1,500 for compiling Confed
Mr. Tribble-To exempt soldiers
and sailors from paying license.
Mr. Gause-To prevent the ship
ping of shad beyond the limits of this
Mr. Smith-To allow persons to be
tried before magistrates to deposit a
sum of money in lieu of entering into
recognizance for their appearance for
Mr. Haile-To have constables for
industrial communities of 50 persons.
Mr. Toole-To provide or special
township road tax.
Senator von Kolnitz-To punish
malicious and mischievous interference
with tire and police alarm boxes,
wires and apparatus.
To provide for repairing the monu
ent erected by the State upon the
>attlefield of Chickamauga
To encourage the establishment of
ibraries in the public schools of the
Senator.Mclver-To amend the code
elating to the execution of mortgages
)f railroad companies.
Mr. Morgan -To amend the code, as
oo labor contracts.
Mr. D. U. Herbert-To amend the
node, as to mileage of members of the
eneral assembly, so as to make It con
orm to the provisions of the constitu
ion of 1895.
To amernd the code, concerning wit
esses' fees in court of general ses
[r. Whaley--To amend the .code
ao 3erning the lien of certain mort
fr. Doyie-To prevent treating on
le ;tion dl ys.
: r. Pya t-To prohibit the theft
f lectric current.
Mr. Little-To amend the code so
s cto include private banking institu
Mr. Doar-To authorize establish
nei-t of municipal courts in cities
la ing a >opulation of not less than
i,000 and not more than 20,000 in
Mr. DeVoe-To amand the' code
eltive to the counties exempt from
the general laws providing for cotton
Mr. Has kell-To amend the code as
o homestead exemption of persobs
ther thar- heads of families.
Senator Stackhouse-To guard
against thl introdution of the Mexi
can boll w sevil into the State.
Mr. For i-To fix the salaries of the
sheriffs in this State.
Mr. Mc~oll -To make the filing
own or o1 herwise altering of horses
nd mules teeth a misdemeanor.
Mr. Der nis-To prohibit the false
rarking, ~>randing, stamping or label
ing of food products.
Mr. Wale-Making it unlawful tC
perate any slot machine in this State.
Mr. Moses, for Tax Commissioner
To require the payment of annual
license fees of corporations doing busi
ness in this State and report to the
secretary of state.
Mr. Richards --Relating to the
scholarships at Winthrop, providing
$100 for each scholarship and prescrib
ing the conditions of competition.
Mr. D. 0. Herbert-TO provide fol
beneficiary scholarships in the Clem
son Agricultural College of Souti
Senator Manning-TO establish
Department of Commerce and Immi
gration and to provide for the ap
pointment; and compensation of a sec
Senator Hydrick-To give the rail
road commissioners jurisdiction ove:
all telephone lines In this State.
Senator Raysor-To fix the salariel
of county supervisors.
Senator Mayfield-To approp.riatt
300 to aid the D. A. R. in erectidg
monument to tbe partisan generals 01
the State house grounds.
Senator McCull-To incorporate
the South Carolina Immigration asso
Senator Sharpe-To amend the
code relating to education.
Senator Mayfield-To amend thi
code relating to the oath of apprais
Senator von Kolintz-To mark Jir
Crow apartments on ferry boats.
Senator Raysor--To secure the pu:
chase money of property sold by al
Senator Douglass-To protect ele<
tric lines, wires and appartences.
Senator Dean--To make the pena:
ty for assault with intent to ravisi
Sena'or Hard m-To provide for co
tonseed meal inspection.
Mr. Sinkler-To regulate the givir
t of security for loans under $25.
Mr. Moses-The new medical regul
Mr. Johnson-To declare all mun
cipal charters perpetual unless othe:
Senator Mayfield-To test tiL
e Southern's lease over the S. C. & C
by suit, conducted by the a'torne
Mr. Lancaster-To allow entire fan
ihe:.'the use of milage; tickets.
Judiciary Committee-Ceding !ar.i
in Richland, York, Spartanburg an
Georgetown to the govern ment f(
Mr. Logan-To create pension fur
for disabled and superannuated firs
Mr..Cooper-Relating to violatiu
of labor contracts.
Mr. Bomar-To allow city office]
to grant warrants to break into an
enter gambling dens in cities of 5,O
Mr. Mauldin-To provide for the it
vestigation of incendiary fires and fc
the better prevention of excessive fl
Mr. D. 0. Herbert-To tax dogs 5
cents each, for the school fund.
Ways and Means Committee-Gen
eral appropriation bill, supp'y bill.
Mr. Irby-Pay check system of lh
Mr. Dean-Relating to the manage
ment of ferries.
Mr. Coggesball -To prevent freigh
Mr. Youmans-Relating to count
courts in certain counties.
,Senator Sheppard-Change in gen
eral precinct bill.
the Voorhees Industrial school.
Senator McIver-To write certal
accounts off the books of the Stat
Senator Mclver-To provide for th
disposition of certain funds now I:
the State treasury.
Senator Warren-To ascertain tb
amount of phosphate in the waters 0
Senator Brice-To allow voting ou
of established dispensaries.
IN THE BEST OF HANDS.
Mr. E. J. Watson Appointed to th
Commissioner of Immigration.
Gov. Heyward announced Tuesda
night that he had appointed Mr. E
J. Watson commissioner of the nee
department of the State government
the bureau of commerce, agricultur
and immigration. In speaking of th
appointment The State says to thos
who know Mr. Watson, and they ar
not few. this is assurance that Gov
Heyward is determined to see tha
the department shall be a succe-s
Mr. Watson has been tried in work o:
a very similar nature and has beer
found eminently fitted for the wort
and for the responsibilities.
The new department of the govern
ment of the State is one of the mat
ters in which Gov. Heyward has beet
interested most deeply. Through thi:
medium he hopes to build up th<
State and bring money and settler
into South Carolina. He took a per
sonal interest in the work of th<
immigration convention here last fall
and seeing the opportunity for effec
tive work has chosen a man who 'ha!
had experience in promoting the inter
ests .of the State, and a man of un
bounded energy and enthusiasm.
The qualifications exacted by th'
law creating this office are that tha
commissioner shall have a. good mora
character, competent knowledge c
matters of commerce, shall be charg
ed with the work of promoting agricul
tue. manufacturing and other indus
tries and to prepare a handbook gis
ing a statement of the resources an
advantages of the State in such
way as to appeal to people who ar
dissatisfied elsewhere and are seekin
a fertile soil in a temperate climate
To these qualitications Gov. Heywar<
added that the commissioner must b
a business man not in politics an'
must devote his entire time to th
work. - It is declared wvithout reserva
tion that Mr. Watson tills I11 of - th
qualifications, and after some deliberr
tion has agreed to take the p lace wit
the added requirement of giving it hi~
The position came unsoli cited-fc
Mr. Watson was not an applicant
but was arranged through mutu;
friends who wishing to see the ne'
step taken successfully recommende
Mr. Watson to the considerationC
the governor who had witnessed til
successful efforts of Mr. Watson
managing the Columbia Chamber<
Commerce the hardest months of it
existence and was convinced thati
Mr. Watson's hands the departmer
of immigration would be -an entir
Mr. Watson stated that he woul
not establish the bureau before tr
1.5th of March, as he has in hand ti
opening of the navigation on the Go'
garee and he does not want to leas
the office of secretary of the Chiambt
t of Commerce until that work is ii
-augurated. He has had a consultatic
- with Gov. Heyward, and will carn
-out the wishes of the latter as to tl:
general policy of the office, althoug
-as yet he has no statement to make;i
to the manner in which he will pr<
ceed. Mr. Watson was secretary
Sthe immigration convention anca
member of the executive committ<
Sof that organization and his intere:
in the work has been of a purely ut
As -secretary of the Chamber
a Commerce, Mr. Watson became kno'u
personally to a great many people
in South Carolina on occount of ti
a way in which he managed the genet
preparations for the reunion ba
spring and for the last State tal
But before that time he had had
wide acquaintance on account oi h
work for ten years as city editor
The State. which position he held 1.
-to last March when he was promoti
- to the position -of news editor. II
retirement from The State will1
.regretted by his associates, and t~
members of the Chamber of Commer
.will find great difficulty in getting
1,efficient man to carry on the wo
hich Mr. Watson had established.
The Russians Give the Japanese a
Very Warm Reception,
AND FORCED THEN TO RETIRE
From Port Arthur, Which Place
They Attempted to Bottle Up
With Some Old Worn
A dispatch from Paris says the Rus
sian embassey in that city received a
communication to the effect that a
(Japanese squadron. during the night
of February 24, tried to bhck the en
trance of Port Arthur harbor. at the
same time attacking' Russian war
ships there with torpedo boats and
trying to set them on tire. The bat
'S tie ship Retvizan, supported by the
coast batteries, repelled this attack
0 forced the Japanese to retire and su
ceeded in sinking four of their vessels.
- The news of this Russian victory was
r posted in the lobbies of the hamber
e of Deputies and 'the Senate during the
sitting Wednesday and caused great
p enthusiasm. -i
FIVE SHIPS SUNK.
- A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram
Company from St. Petersburg, sent at -
- 11 o'clock Wednesday night, says that :-'
on February 23 the Japanese attempt
- ed to send four steamers tilled with ex
plosives among the Russian fleet in
t Port. Arthur harbor. These tire ships
did no damage and were themselves
r destroyed, two being sunk and two
going ashore. Two Japanese boats =
- escorting the tire ships were destroyed
by Russian guns.
A dispatch to the Central News
from St.. Petersburg gives another ver
n sion of the reported Japanese defeat
at Port Arthur, according to. W
the Japanese planned to sink
e barges in the strait leading frorot h i a r
iouter to tihe- inner har'bor of
Arthur, thus blocking the exit.t
e Russian gun fire, however, sun
barges before they arrived at the
t A EUSsIAN ACoUNT.
A Telegram from Viceroy Alexie=
to the Czar says: A. a quarter before -
3 in the morning of Feb 21, numer
ous Jz ptnese torpedo boats attempted '
to attack the battleship Retvizan' ands
sink large steamers loaded with. -ii
dammables. The Retvizan was.the
first to observe the torpedo boats-.and
opened a strong fire on them. She
was supported by the land batteries.;
She destroyed two steamers nearsthe
entrance of the harbor; they were
e! coming directly towards her. . Ope o
them went on the Peninsula and
other sank under Golden Hall:
Retvizan observed four steamers i
sinking condition and eight to
boats departing slowly to- rejoin e.
? waiting Japanese war ships. So 4
the sailors of the Japanese
were drowned. The grounded s
er is still burning.. The enemy is
served in the odiing of Port Arthur
two lines. The Japanese crews saved
themselves in boats; and it is possible
that some of them were picked up by .
the enemy's torpedo boats. --"I am .
prceigto examine the coasts. The
entrance of the harbor is open. I at- '
tribute the complete derangement of
the enemy's plan to the bril~ant ac
tion and destructive fire of the Ret
vizan. Floating mines are still visible
in the roadstead. I have recalled the
three cruisers sent in pursuit -of the
enemy in order, in the dirst place. to
clear the roadstead of floating mines.
We had no losses."
THE WEATEE FOR IMAECIL
fWhat It M1ay Be as Indicated by
Records of the Past.
-The following data. covering a pe
-riod of thirty-three years; have been
compiled from the weather bureau
records at Charleston, and are issued
to show the conditions that have pre"
vailed, during March, for the above
period of years, but must not be con
strued as a forecast of the weather
conditions for the coming month.
IMean or inormal temperature, 58,
degrees. The warmest month was that
of 1871, with an average of 61 de
rees; the coldest month was that of
1872, with an average of 52 degrees.
The highest temperature was 86 de
grees, on March 21, 1897; the 10oWest
temperature was 24 degrees, on Maref
r; 1895. The earliest date on whigh
i rst "killing" frost occured in autumn,
1 November 9, 1S86. 'A verage dat-s on
'1which first "killing" frost occured in
autumn. November 30; average date
'on which last "killing frost occured
in spring, March 3; the latest date on
which last "killing" frost occurred in
spring, April 2, 1l81.
Average precipitation for the
month, 3.75 inches. Averag6 number
of days with .01 pf as inch or more,
ten. The greatest monthly precipita
tion was .9.'78 inches. in 1872; the least
dmonthly precipitation was 0.50 inches
ein 1887. The greatest amount of pre
ecipitation recorded in any twenty-four ''
consecutive hours was 3.14 inches, on
eMarch 13-14, 1889. The greatest .
ramount of snow fall recorded in any
twenty-four consecutive bours (record
extended to winter of 1884-85 only),:
w as a trace on March 7, 1889. Average -
e number of clear days, eleven; partly
~cloudy days, twelve; cloudy days,
Ls eight. The prevailing winds have been
rom the southwest, twenty-five per
cnt. The average hourly velocity of
the wind is 11.4: the highest velocity
e of thec wind was firty-five miles, from
tthe rorth-east, on Marenh 29. 1903.
I Big Money for Clemsgon.
~t.dispatch from Columbia to the
nCharleston Post says the fertilizer -
privilege tax receipls to date are 821,
ec 00 in excess of tne receipts up to this
ii time last year and equivalent to the
t entire inic'me from that tax two
- years ago. The t.ral for all of last
a year was 8983,00, while to date the
- 1904 receipts are $80,000, with the
sales of' March expected to be quite
p heavy. As this is the principle source
dof revenue of Clemson College, the I
s friends of that institution will appre
e cate this vastly increased revenue.
e GL\'ANIED Republican is the
n ony kind of a carndidate certain so
kcalled Democrats want for the presi