Newspaper Page Text
The Society UP-' thn Mani- .w.
I reside at 'T'abia Monai::
I am not up to
And 'I tell in sim:pl.
about the r,,w
That broke up our s
But first I wculd rnca:?t, it a.
For any scientifie r:t t. n:..
And if a member di t agree wii pecub
To lay for that sane indube" r "t
head" on hi in.
Now nothing co.uld he ,i::e .. ::
Than the first six nouti:1 >:cu.
Till Brown of Calaverts hr--a
That he found wi:hin a :u:.::.1 : e: t'e:k"
ment of Jones.
Then Brown he real a p:i1,r. . . a
From those saute Lones, ai:ai tIt was
And Jones then ask t'. c:iir for a s.1.
sion of the ries
Till he could proye that tih .. en: wIas
one of his lost mules.
Then Brown he smiled :: titter s:::le :n sid
he was at fault.
It seemed he had been trespassi:: a::.J"nes
He was a uost sarca' stic m::. :is qi' Mr
And on several occasions he i:tat ci'a dea
Now I hold it is not decent for
To say another is an ass-at e.: :. n
Nor should the individual who i.tIen -
Reply by heaving rmcks at :a o a
Then Abner Dean of .\nrder-wh
Achunk of old red sain
And he smiled a sickly s
And the subse.i::e:t 1r ei I
him no tuore.
For, in less iime tiat I n i
ber did en::a:.:e
Ina warfare with :he r: .a,.. u -
And the wtzy they :eaved the, . . ,
anger was a Sim.
Till the skull of an oi Ma:inth: e:ved the
head of Tho:mso: it:.
And this is all I have to say of these improper
For live at Tablealou.ntain, and my n1.me is
And I've told in simple ian m ntge wht' I k
about the rcw
That broke up our seiz: ; a :-. :. w
THE ARMIY ROLLS
Ofthe South Carolina Patriots Who
Fought the British Under
MARION, PICKENS AND SUMT R.
A Document that Shonxd Be of Great
Interest to the Descendants of
the Gallant Men Led by
The Columbia State from w' eek 'o
week publishes the names of the s
diers in the Revolutionary war, as
they have been culled from the <ia
tity of loose documents discovered byi
Secretary of State Gantt in th e Stae
house. We publish these rolls from
week to week as they appear in Thie
State. The third instalmnent foi
Robt. Coulter, Capt. John Turner
Thomas Coulliette. Col. Richa
son's regiment of Marion's brigade.
.Archibald Coulter, Capt. .John Tar
ner, Winn's regiment.
Anthony Coulter. lintenat, 1-: 1
captain, 1782, Roebuck's regilme'.:
sergeant under Lieut. .Jamnes e
Georgia and Stono: lieutenant in Cap.
Jeremiah Dixon's company.
John Counts, second lieutenant,
Capt. John A. S'immers.
Lazare Courian, Capt. Jos. Bjuchil
Samuel Couney, ridinir express.
Alexander Couplin. Roebuck's regi
James Courtney, under Capt. Hugh
Bratton: was at Briar Creek.
James Coursey, lieutenant. Pickens'
Capt. William Coursey, killed, Pick
James Counsary. Lieut. John Me-;
Murray, Maj. Thomas Thomnpso.n.
Nathan Cousart. Capt. Codey. Sum
ter; under Wmn. Nesbitt, withC G-n
Greene, five days.
L Thomas Cousart.
Geo. Cousins, killed: widow, Mary.
Benjamin Couts, Roebuck's regi
Jesse Couts, Roebuck's regime~nt.
John Couts, Roebuck's regimnt.
Millington Couts, Ruebuck 's regi
William Couts. Roebuck're
Benjamin Covenho ver, serg'ennt.
John Covington,. Pieken' br.ae
William Covington. ileuteant,
Picken's brigade' nursed. byseca
direction of Gen. Picken. fi.awin'g
men taken with smaipx while 'n
camp before Aug'usta' C'apt. Wo.
Freeman and Barclay \h1artin:1 Thos.
Jones, Jacob Grier (."), Jo.el PerdueI
Anderson Cowen. Pickens' i.rgade.
Capt. John Cowan. served from
Sept. 14, 1779, to Feb. 20. in 1783, in
John Cowan. Cipt. N toods com
pany, Pickens' britrade.
James Cjwan, Catpt. John Cowan's,
Robt. Couden. lieutenant. under
Capt. Joseph H-owe of Sumter's;;ri
ade: was at Sumter's defeat. Fishdam
Thos. Cowa.n. :djutant.
Jeremiah Ctxde. C2u!. Hlopkins'
Robt. Cowley, Cs i. Iopkins: Capt.
Win. Cowley, Col. i~randon.
Christopher Cox. sergeant. (7. Lo
Roy Hammond's regiment, i'ickers.'
James Cox, third company. (harX>
ton Battalion of Artillery.
James Cox, Capt. Mc~aw's c.oti
John Cox, lieutenant and captain,
Col. Walter's regiment.
Samuel Cox. Lieut. Cchran's coti
W'm. Cox. Col. Lell ,' Ilamm~n's
John Cain. Capt. .is. Ilughetscm
pany, Brandon's regimer, ue ->
1781, to Sept. 16;. 'si.
Joseph Cald well. :Sr., Water' e
John Calhoun. wZ;ultnea at ee
ton's defeat: Capt. W.. Frem"
company: captain Iromn May I .
to A pril. 178'J.
John Callaghan (known as -"Shoru)
lost horse saddle and bridle at Dun
~ " I ior~ .~ tienu wi'1]
i. ~,, . i*j~;rits well oi
:usas of his attach
Li" 1 ' . u::-e .f iijcrtv.
C p~i:ci tain bcfore fll
"1.'1 C * nmp. "R ebuck's regiment.
1 1t: Ca' phd!. lieuttcnant: prubabi
tile luring Revolution: sou of Capt.
11? ti m'~t-e:l: Sumter.
1.irtCampbeii1. First South Caru
ima Cuontine ntal.,. ir~;en't.
.1 chCa 1u n:htr Capt. "1 lr
~u.at A 'u'Liut. Da.vid Mc~
. rd at Mcrd,. 'et l'% and Lieu:.
1 ::cb Killin,. rt' at ):an~rebur..
3-1 . 3 ".)j7~ :.' N .".f' . i . Lu it. .: .~
_.. I J I?.'I 3L1Ut. \ le
* ~ rmreaT. ria!
*'c " '. I ~lervse;. i O unde Lieut. .Ja..
I' ~ ~ C'NO'v urie' ."Ihr
t : . " ' L : ;- a s u
* " Lu:L:! as j:llcdl *y accide'ni
. Joh Cat.~r~n Ct'r.].~e
:.": . (a:~ bfrei(It r l . W ubt
1.;""' ,c) Ier . 1, insrh
a " ::,: C1:s (*?:. I 'uten t Cati
eu~p thawd:," %'s coanyiiiil (.1 hurs
.Lhn t~imers.captai . ev Cas
Gi. IICI t uinder, Cat.in marsL at.
J "o n ( vtm hrs. ckabrire
James al;N. iunanLet. .a
o'eh as--r' -trip~ of u huirl(
...........to ug ..2
Didrr+ Caer. Wegat.rgm
Jsaac Ch andlepr..
.ae0 Candler. Waters regit
i)iee Cihan dr. Canttr rgitmentu
Davi Chandler. Wate'egim ent
.ias (_* ahnd. r Waters' reimen'nt.
Jesec Cianler at \Xatr:s' com
)':r ~ ~ ~ lvhnt. Sutul;bnrdS
.n Ciiilds, Jr., Capt. John Cal
i mth;anhilds. Capts. Armstrong
Ilerd, Jo;:n Caihoun and Wmn. Free
Amadents Chippell. "commissary of
bides," Southern army.
Jhnij Cl n, Roebuck's regiment.
. in:s taristopher, Pickens' bri
Wilii:' m Chri pes, major, Polk's regi
me:. Su:n -r's brigade.
Mi~chael Curch, dragoon.
Jo. Clackley. of Orangeburg.
Willia ci:tucev saddler.
.rny Clare: probably killed at
A athon; Clark. Capt. Jas. Howe:
wa i:iar Creek.
. l...:::.r Clark, .Jr., Capt. John
.. ndor Clark, Sr., Capt. Jos.
I:: jamir C:ark. fife major, Capt.
.ep : :s independent company;
tor Cpl. Anderson's regi
C. i.pher Clark: IToebuck's regi
ia id Cla:rk. Capt. John Cowan.
.d ard Clark, Col. Brandon's regi
Irancis Clark. Col. lrandon's regi
Gideon and Harmon Clark.
1a o'~Clark, Capt. Montgomery.
Col. -1rand; n.
.;as. :ark. Capt.. Mntgomery: also
C pt.aJ McCauley: was at seige of
Charlestr: was also in Capt. Mapp's
.:ues (':ark, Capt. James Steen's
: mpa:y. I randon's reiment.
ame~s Clrk. Capt. Waters.
i.c Clark. C.ipt. .Jos. Calhoun.
i esse Cla:e. sergeant, Capt. N.
John Clark. Col. Horry.
John Clark. C.pts. A. Liles and Ed
Jh.1n Clark. ad jutant, Sumter: pre
sented bill for "one mare killed under
him on a scout: to one saddle &
bridle lost at ye same time: to a rack
hunhe hatt. a cute, hunting shurt,
taken from him at ye same time as he
fell in ye 1nemys hands."
J,.nas Clarke. first lieutenant: Capt.
N. Martin's company, Sumter's bri
Joseph Clark, under Col. Neel (Maj.
Ross) at Briar Creek: Lieut.
.oln Forbes (Col. Wm. Bratton) at
Wright's 1;luT: C.pt. 1tobt. Thomson
unteri at Sumter's defeat: Capt.
Lewis Clark. Pickcns' brigade.
Moses Clark. Marion.
Nan Ci, k. Mi rign.
T . C-ark. Capt. Norwood. Pick
ene: also Cul. Hopkins.
Thomas Clark, Maham's regiment.
Tom Clark. captain; in command of
20 men at Col. James' July S. 1781.
William Clark, bailiff; in Capt. Jos.
Wim, Clark. Capt John Henderson,
at Orangeburg and battle at Black
stocks under Col. Bratton; under
Capt. Bsenj. Cariison at "Fridig's
Fo:-t:" Lient. Henry Carswell of John
Henderson's companv, at Edisto.
Wurna Clark. sergeant, Capt.
Co an. Col. Wiun.
Wi lliam Clark. lieutenant, Brat
tan' reo imeat: also lIrandon's.
. h btr Ciarkson. Pickens' brigade.
Narthan C':ay, Picke ns' brigade.
Leonard Clayborne, Capt. Bowie's~
i ndependent company.
John Clayton, Raebuck's regiment.
Abroahamn Clayton, captain in Colle
ton countyv regiment: wounded in ac
Isaac Clayton, Marion.
John Clayton, Capt. Youngblood's
troopo of horse; also Roebuck's regi
Let dead at close of Revolution.
WXillamn Clayton. sergeant: Capt.
Y oungb.lood, lloebuck.
. Jhni (leg.. blacksmith.
John~ Clem, Pickeus' brigade
Zepih Clemons. Pickens' brigade.
Yardiman Clemens, Pickens' bri
Josiah Ciemnents, sergeant and lieu
teat arion'~s brigade.
Thomas Clemant, I:iiled.
Thomas Clendenen, Capt. Jas. Wal
Matthew Cli ndenen, Capt. Martin,
Wi . m Clifton, Col. Brandon's reg
James Cinton. Capt. Jas. Howe,
Sumter: with Col. Neel in Georgia:
probab~y at 11 enging Rock battle:,
Capt. luriel Murphy's company.
Rlohert Clinton. Pickens' brigade.
William C>inton, lieutenant.
NatersClokne, 'FriateS. C."
Samuel Clow n'y, Capts. Farns.
M rchew Patton, Hugh Means, Col.
ilrandlon: express rider.
(To be Continued.)
MLTRDER AT LAKE CITY.
'A White Man Shot and Killed by a
A spec'i dispatch to The News and
C urier from Lake City, Williamsburg
conty, says the peace of the town
was .:reatly disturbed Friday after
n'on as a resul t of the shooting about 2
o'clock 0f Thurston 0. McGee. the
pop. etor of a livery and sale stable
li're, by a negro, who gives his name
as karo Williamns. The circumstances
ce? Hn t here Ue stated surrounding the
killing. which resulted from t-he dis
sai acionl of the negro with a trade
hec l'ad made with McGee over a
T 'e ero |lrmed two shots, both of
w::' t ok etfect. one in the stomach
an rie whr in the right breast,
rim a ::2 oalibre pistol while with
M 1 hee in i.is stable and immediately
rn out:l- down tile street. all the
tiehodn the p:sto! (ut, as if to
;eaan.as he passed a dozen or
morem~m.Spveral immediately gave
~chs.ne dive or .six on h'>rseback.
and he w: overtakhen and gave up
ab'L a half-mil from town. With
com di. melty InteLdant Askins suc
*c. de n obta1ining control of the
ersonr. a \exctement was very high
n yaw ile a lynching seemed al
me~t ievt~ile.1i was taken to
e adhouse, securely tied and
ca ygardied. Sherill' Graham
ard nthe evening train and too k
tee oto Columbia for safe-kep
hewas shot Mr. McGee ran
v o huis house, whlich was
ards distant. but lived
Steen minutes. lie w~as
-m s oldl and leaves a wife.
childr,. besildes several
brothrs. of whom have the sym
pathy of the entire community in
A COURT SCENE.
How a Judge, Who Was No Respec
tor of Persons
DISPATCHED COURT BUSINESS.
He Was Not Seeking Compli
ments from the Bar. But
Was Bent on Doing
A few days ago we made some re
marks in this column descriptive of
the dilatory practices of our courts,
explaining the cause of the crowded
dockets and the apparent need
of more circuits. and contending
that the remedy is in the hand of our
judges, without increase of number.
We did not say that even a majority
of our present judges. however excel
lent men they may be, can apply the
remedy. We doubt that we could
ourself. If we had the necessary
legal qualitications: we hardly think
we could. But men should be elected
judges who cin answer the require
If they could not be found in the
state, then it might be necessary to
supplement quality with number.
In the article referred to we ex
pressed a purpose to refer in a subse
quent issue to examples we had seen
of the dispatch of business which were
complete proof ofour contention. Here
Court was coming on, and John
Doe was defendant in a case which
had been continued a time or two, and
Major .Jones was his attorney. The
latter wrote urgent -letter and sent
him messages by neighbors to come to
town at once. as he must see him on
important business. The client
promptly obeyed the summons and
hurried to his lawyer's otfice. Maj.
Jones laid down his pen, turned on
his chair and scarcely waited for an
exchange of greetings, said, .John, old
fellow, youil have to get up your wit
nesses in that case and have them all
here promptly at the opening of court.
Doe: What do you mean?
.ones: I mean that we've got to
go to trial with that case at this term
of court and if we don't take every
advantage possible you'll be breaking
rock down yonder at Raleigh before a
1 )oe: Why. you told me I need not
bother about it: that. you'd have it
put off again and let it rock along till
all the witnesses on ti ie other side were
dead or iii texas.
Jones: Yes. I know, but when
I told you thiat I thought that
.Judge Blank was to preside, but
old Clark is to be the judge. and
that case is going to be t.ried as sure as
the sun rises on the first Monday in
October. I know it will put you to
some trouble to get ready but better
that tnan the penitentiary. Clark is
impartial and all right but he's not
the sort of a judge we need in our
business just now.
Doe had seen all his witnesses be
fore he got home and they all answer
ed wvhen called in court.
At the opening of Oourt the jurors
were called and one having failed to
answer. the crier was directed to call
him, Ie started for the door but
was promptly stopped by the judge.
who said firmly ''Stand within the
bar and call in a tone distinct enoughl
to be heard over the room. There
will be no calling from thle door or
windows. These seats are for the
accommodation of persons who have
business with thle court, and must be
reserved for thlem as far as necessary.
They must be here when called. They
are here to- attend to public business
and not to trade or lounge around
town. -Every moment of our time is
paid for and it is an injustic to the
county that one man be allowed to
detain the whole court while waiting
for him to be called in from the streets.
Mr. Sheriff, you will see that there is
no noise or confusion to interfere with
the dispatch of business.
The juror was called again as had
been directed, and having failed to
answer, the clerk was ordered to enter
"Judgment nisi" with a fine of $10.
Several spectators tip-toed out of
the room, evidently for the purpose,
as appeared later, of warning friends
who were witnesses or were otherwise
connected with the court, and soon a
dozen or more men entered, with the
tread of a cat, and took seats.
The electrical effect (if the judge's
little speech was seen in the calling of
wit nesses. It proceeded thus:
".John Johns-" "Hlerel" A n d
Johnson was out in tile aisle and rush
ing toward the bar by the time the
last sylable of his name was pronounc
ed. Before he got there, howvever.
another witness had answered anid
was chasing him down the aisle, and
a third was on thle move. Witnesses.
jurors, lawyers and all who had duties
to perform semedl to vie with one
another in expediting the business in
Even the defendants appeared as
if they had caught the spirit and
were content to compromise on get
ting even justic, some of them "sub
m itting" and th rowinzg ihemselvyes
upon the mercy of the court. It was
cheering to see how business went
through, and all parties seemed un
usually well satistied with results.
We add an incident or two. .lonas
Hoffmanl. the weali hiest man in the
townl and father of one of the leading
lawyers. was a jur~or or a witness. we
haveX forgotten wiclh. lIe kept a
h lotel. anid ihavinrg nmany guests at
that time. lie talrried a little too long
after thle recess for dlinner one day.
When lie fai led to answer i s name, a
ine of 810 was promrptly imposed, and
the judge refused to modify the sen
tece. at least up to the time of our
lat est information.
Cl. Sandifer had the largest prac
tice in the county. and was attorney
for one (of the parties to a suit which
was on trial at the tilre for the noon
recess on another day. It should be
said that .Judge Clark always reqluir
ed a clock to be placed in the court
roo, and when the time for the
order of the day arrived that meant
the prompt su~spension of everything
ese. and when the time for the rt gu
lar business arrived it was resumed on
the minute. On the day mentioned,
Col. Sandifer was not in his place at
the minute c.,urt was called to order.
The jodge directed that the trial pro
ceed. is attention was called to the
absence of the attorney who alone
r'presntedc~ cne if the parties. The
judize said that the bui:;iness of cour t
could not be delayed bcy the tardiness
of personis whose husirniss it was to be
there. That if those who o:cupied
pro~innt positi'ns were rnot rtuiuiredl
to be prom'et it would not be reason
able tic reqiire the less favored to be
in their places therefove they should
o on with the trial. The opposing
counsel thenr pleadi with the judge,
saying that is woul place him in a
very embarraing position, that Col.
Sandifer was in very delicate health
inded, nd lhe was sure he would be
there just as soon as he could. Just
then the missing attorney was seen
coming and the judge, somewhat
relucantly, consented to wait until be
got to his place.
It was creditably reported of Judge
Clark that on one occassion when he
went to Ruthertordton, perhaps it
was,. to hold court, he reached the
courthouse a few minutes late, on ac
count of a trains delay. His first act
on taking his seat was to direct the
clerk to enter a ine of $5u against
the presiding judge. The unanimous
voice of the bar was raised in his be
hal, but he promptly refused to hear
any appeals in his t ehalf. le said a
time was set for court to open and it
was the duty of every one who had
business there to be on time, and
above all the presiding judge. He
had taken the risk of depending on a
train's schedule. That was his con
cern, not the county's, and he must
pay the penalty as be would require
others to do.
Some uufeitunate persons felt that
Judge Clark imp ised hard ships, but
pershaps no judge ever gave more gen
eral satisfaction. yle put through the
work of two or thre average judges.
and it was done incomparai.ly bettcr.
Witnesses and j:arors Celt that they
were in an a tmuosphere where law was
supreme, where prevarication was
transparent and perjury dangerous.
It is worthy of remark that though
apparently not concerned.about "mak
ing a line impression" while on the
superior court bench. Judge Walter
Clark is today chief justice of North
The case of John Doe first above
related is an imaginary case based on
substantial facts. The incidents re
lated are actual facts with real names
and can be substantiated by numerous
living witnesses.-Chester Lantern.
To Provide for Beieiciary Scholar
ships in Clemson Coillee.
The f Ilowing is the bill passed by
the Legislature providing free scholar
ships in the Clemson Agricultural
College. It was first introduced in
the House by Col. D. 0. Herbert, of
Section 1. That there are hereby
established and created one hundred
and twenty-four beneticiarv scholar
shios in the Clemson Agricultural
College of South Carolina. and each of
said scholarships shall be of the value
of one hundred dollars; per annum.
and shall be appointed and distributed
among the several counties of the
State in the same manner as the
members of the House of Representa
tives are appointed, so that each coun
ty shall have as many scholarships as
such county is entitled to members
in the House of Repersentatives.
Sec. 2. That the said scholarships
shall be awarded by the State Board
of Education, upon the recommenda
tion of the County Board of Education
of the several counties to the most
worthy and needy young men, of such
age as is tixed by the Board of Trus
tees of said college for other students
who shall have passed an approved en
trance examination upon the comraon
school branches and made at least 60)
per cent. upon such examination: and
preference shall be given to those
young men who desire to take the
Sec. 3. The questions for such e: -
aminations shall b2 prepared by the
President. or s me memrber or mem
-ers of the faculty of the said Clem
son Agricultural College, under the
direction of the President. and shall
be forwarded to the respective Coun
ty Boards of Education on or before
the 15th day of July in each year, to
gether with a statement showing the
nunmber of vscant scholarships to
which each county is entitled, and
the said County Boards of Education
shall hold the said examinations, arnd
thereafter read and grade the exami
nation papers of all applicants and
forward the same to the State Board
of Education, with their recommen
dations as to the award of the scholar
Sec. 4. That before applying for
the said scholarships applicants shall
make proof. under oath, to their re
spective County Boards of Edacatio~n,
as required by Irw for scholarships in
the South Carelina Military Academy,
of their financial inability to attend
cllege. before they shall receive from
said Board permission to stand such
Sec. 5. That the said schohrships
shall be paid from the regular income
of said Clemson Agricultural Cclil'ge.
as now provided by law. and shall
each continue for the term of four
years, or for such length or time as
the beneficiary shall be all to main
tain himself and comply with the
rles of the College: and the said sum
of one hund red dollars per annum shall
be pla:e-I to tihI credit of each of said
beheiciaries and applied towards the
payment of his board and othet neces
sary school expenses.
Sec. 6. That this Act shall go into
effect from arnd after the first day of
July. A. D). 1904.
Sprcial features of the new law are
that the applicants must be 16i years
of age. must be able to stand' the en
trance examication to the College:
and then the schchtrships must go to
the poorest boys who stand in great
est need of them. and preference is
given to those who wish to take the
- The Capito Burned.
A dispatch f rum Madison, Wis..
says fire starting at three o'clock Sun
day morning :ompletely gutted %a is
cosin beautiful capital building caus
ing a lass of %ilo.000. Insurance was
only %i0.000. The tire was not dis
covered untii it had gained consider
able headway ami had virtually burn
ed itself out. A id na; summoned from
Milwakee but it arrived too late.
Three S~tam-rs Capturzed.
A dispatch from Suez. says the
steamers laden with ecal for Japau
captured by Russian torpedo boat de
stroyers are reportedl to be the Brit
ish steamer Ettriekdale. from B~irry.
Feb. :1, for Sabing, the British steam
er Franskby. from I;rry. Fe~b. 3. for
il ongkoug, and the Norwegian steam
Ier Matida. from Pe~narth. Jan. 30, for
A St. Petersbuorg dispatch says the
Birhewaja Viedcmusti says that a tele
gram. just received from Hairon (Guis
burg. who has the coutrac; to supply
coal to the Itussian navy, asserts that
twelve armored Jlapanese ships are
nw in dock undergoing repairs for
ijuries in th~e baitles with the Ruts
WE- honestlv b~elie~ve that if the
D emorats wvere to onmintate Cleve
land for the presidenocy that the boo
le llepubileanos wvould endorse himt.
and that lhe would have a walk-over
A RINGIN~G LETTER.
To The Farmers on the Dangers or
Too Much Cotton.
To the Farmers of the South:
You are having a practical demon- a
stration of the fact that a- medium e
size crop of cotton will net more money a
to the farmers of the South than a
large one. The present crop of cot
tn will be about ten million bales,
and has bern marketed at an average
price of about 12 1-2 cents a pound to
the planters, which has yielded them r
Now, suppose the present crop bad I d
reached 15.000,000 bales. Then the j
price would have been forced down to
about six cents per pound, which would t
have yielded the planters $450,000.
000, or $175,000,000 less than the 10,
000.000 bale crop. t
Now, when you take into considera
tion the expenses of fertillizers, labor
in cultivating and picking, cost of
ginning, bagging and ties; cost of
haulling, freight and commissions, on a
the additional 5,000,000 bales, and
deduct the same from the $450,000,
000 for the 15.000,000 bale crop, you e
can then begin to appreciate the in
creased value of a moderate cotton
crip over a large one.
In the face of these facts, which
can not be gainsaid, you will find some
of our planters advising the planting
of all the cotton you possibly can
plant, cl.iiming that you cannot pro
d ace too much cotton. I have notic
ed that Mr. Massengale, of Nurwood,
Ga., has given this advice. In face
of this advice, I want to sound the e
alarm in time, and beg the planters r
of the South to stop-and consider be
fore it is too late. I want to tell you,
that you can
By neglecting- your cereal crops,
Or by reducing the acreage in same,
Or planting same on poorer land, so
as to allow you to increase the cotton
Or by planting cotton on all of your
Or neglecting the proper cultiva
tion of your corn, so as to enable you
to better cultivate your cotton,
Or neglect to fertilize your corn
crops, so as to enable you to use fer
tilizers more freely on your cotton
I say, without fear of successful
contradiction, that under these con
ditions you can produce too much cot
ton for your good. You 'an produce
sufficient cotton under these condi
tions to drag the price down again to
seven cents per pounds.
Stop and think over the situation.
Is it profitable, or wise to bring about
such a state of affasirs? Haven't you
had enough of cheap cotton and high
meat and bread? D3 yo'i want to re
turn to those days, through which we
passed only a few years ago, when
every farmer's face was shadowed in
gloom? Ilave ' you so soon forgotten
those terrible day.
. l'on't make the mistake of trying
to put every acre possible in cotton,
thinking that you are the only one
doing it, for every planter thinks
alike, and every planter is trying to
fool all the other planters, but at the
end, he will tind that he himself is1
the only one he has succeeded in fool
The only way to hold the price of
cotton up, is to hold the size ot the
crop down. If we can hold the crop
down to 11.000,000 bales, cotton will
be worth 12 1-2 cents all the time,
and this would be best for the spin
ners, as well as the farmers.
It is not cheap cotton that the
:ills are after, but~a regular market
on which they can base a regular
price for these goods. It is a fluctuat
ing market that works havoc among
the mills. Giv'e them a steady mar
ktL t for cotton and they can make the
price of their goods to correspond, and
go on making dividends for their stock
NO WISDOM IN BIG CROP.
There is no wisdom in trying to planti
a big crop of cotton; most especially
is it foolish to do so, at the expense ofJ
your food cropQ. 'The war between
Japan and Rut sia is now on, in dead<
earnest, and my last a couple of years;<
in fact, other nations may be drawn t
into the struggle. If so you will see
corn sell for $1.25 per bushel in the
South and flour at $8 per barrel, and
meat at 15 cents per pound during the 5
year 1905, while cotton will be de- 1
pressed to the lowest price possible. I
If this shiould be so, what will be 1
your condition with .a large cotton
crop to sell at a very low price, and
all of your food to buy at a very highi
I am not indulging in an idle
dream, for these conditions are just
as sure to come about if this war con
tinues and a large cotton crop is
made, at the expense of the food
crops, as we are living.
I tell you, that you can make too
much cotton under favorable circum
stances, in times of peace, if you re
duce the acreage in corn and other
food crops to do it; and when the
trade in cotton goods is depresed by
the effects of war, it is an easy matter
to produce too much cotton.
I want to appeal to you not to be
led off after this phantom of a large t
cotton crop, most especially now,
while this terrible war iu the Far
East is raging; but instead, increase i
your food crops, plant plenty of corn,
so as to be sure to raise enough to dot
you, even if you should have a badt
crop year; plant plenty of potatoes.
and sugar millet and raise your meat
at home. Your millet and potatoes
will not only- keep your hogs after
July 1st, but will fatten them ready
for killing. Sow peas for hay, plenty <
of them. Be sure that you raise a
plenty of corn, meat, patatoes and
feed to do your plantation and
then raise all the cotton you can, but i
don't neglect your other crops for cot
to. If you have been planting as
long as I have been, you have realiz
edi what it was to buy $1.23 corn and
15c meat with five cent cotton. How S
did you like it?0
I hope the planters of the South E
have gathered wisdom from their S
past experiences, and if they have, a
they will not make the fatal mistake C
of trying to raise a big cotton crop 0
this year, at the expense of their food ti
crop: if they have not gathered wis- r<
dena from their past experiences, then h1
the suffering and distress through u
which they have passed, has been in y;
1 make this appeal to my fellow ai
planters, because I see in a big cotton SC
crop raised at the expense of our food rs
crops, nothing but debts, mortgages &
and suffering, while on the the other b:
hand, from a moderate cotton crop yi
and plenty of provisions, I see pros- hi
perity and happiness. b
Which will you choose? a
Yours truly, R. M. Mixox. b1
A Severe Battle.
A battle occurred on Wednesday in
North Alabana between the Alaban-o
lans and the Turkish troops in which Ir
500) of the, former wei:e killed, the: F
T'.rksalso losing heavily. IcL
MARRIAGE LAWS ABROAD.
ow Breach of Promise Cases Are
Averted In Hungary.
"There are many curious and inter
sting facts regarding the marriage
nd divorce laws of foreign countries,"
tid R. J. Brown, who recently return
d from a trip abroad, where he made
study of the question.
"Breaches of promise are averted in
[ungary by an express declaration of
e civil marriage act that the relations
reated by a betrothal do not give the
[ght to command the conclusion of a
iarriage. but if either party with
raws from an engagement without
ist reasons he or she is bound to
rant compensation to the extent of
e outlay incurred. Divorce in the
nglish sense does not exist, but the
urts can decree the persnal separa
on of a married couple without dis
alving the bonds of matrimony.
"A curious law prevailing in France
rovides that before being married
ildren of a family, although over
ge, shall seek in respectful and form
1 terms the advice of their father and
iother. It ma ies no difference, how
ver, whether the consent of parents is
iven, for the couple can be married a
ionth after under any circumstances.
'his is also the case in the Nether
inds. A divorce further entitles the
anocent party to recover all the pres
uts he or she may have made.
"According to the constitution of the
,etherlands, the civil marriage must
lways precede the religious ceremony.
'he latter, indeed, is left entirely to
be conscience of the parties concern
d. There Is also a law providing that
o man or woman under thirty can
carry without the consent of parents.
f the consent be refused, the couple
are to appear before a judge, who
dvises them as be thinks best.
"Many countries have now abolished
11 marriage fees. This is the case In
orway. while in the Netherlands cer
ain days in the week are set apart
rhen persons may be married without
BENTON AND BARNUM.
Low the showman Got a Free Ad.
From the Statesman.
James G. Blaine said that after Fre
aont became famous as a pathfinder
tenton, who had opposed his marriage
ith his daughter Jessie, became recon
lied with his son-in-law and took great
ride in his achievements as a western
The square on the southern side of
ennsylvania avenue, now occupied by
,enter market, was then used as a
how ground for circuses and gther
eripatetic exhibitions. About this tilie
>. T. Barnum was beginning his ca
eer as a showman, and as Colonel Ben
on was walking-down Pennsylvania
venue opposite this show ground he
vas attracted by the words "John C.
remont" uttered in a loud voice by a
howman standing at the door of a
mall tent, in front of which was a
arish caricature of a nondescript ant
gal supposed to. represent the "woolly
gorse" discovered by Fremont in the
ecesses of the Rocky mountains.
Benton stalked across the avenue and
istened with great disgust to the state
nent by Barnum, who was his own
Loorkeeper and solicitor, that Inside
he tent could be found the greatest
atural curiosity in the world, "the
oolly horse captured by General Fro.
not and now on exhibition!".
Benton denounced Barnum as an imn
ostor and denied that his son-in-law
md discovered any such animaL. Bar
Lum, who did not know Benton, told
mim lippantly to pay his quarter and
o izito the show or make less noise,
hereupon the indignant statesman
aled upon the police to arrest Bar
im, and a large crowd assembled to
ritness the extraordinary scene. The
olice refused to interfere, and Barnum
eceived a free advertisement, much to
ts gratification arnd prot-George G.
Test in Philadelphia Post.
L Problern For the Holland Traveler.
In passing through the narrow, crook
d little streets of Leeuwarden I
anced upon a sign that held my at
ention and compelled thought It read,
'L. v. d.. Zwaan, Morgen Wellker."
his is faultless Dutch for Morning
aker, and It signifies that L. v. sd.
waan will, for a paltry sum, leave his
ed in the frosty hours of early morn
a and, putting sweet sfeep behind
im, arouse his slumberous clien.
truly, a worthy calling! Yet, tell me,
'on who are versed in occult things,
rho or what In this somnolent land
rakes the morgen wekker?-Edward
enfield in Scribner's.
* His Advice.
"You're neglecting your business,"
he old man declared.
"I admit It." the young man replied
rankly. "The fact is, I'm engaged, and
taturally the girl gets my time 'and
"For heaven's sake, ugarry her," ad
'ised the old man. "Then you'll have
0 trouble keeping away from her."
"What do statistics show?" InquIred
he man who was warming up to his
"As a rule." answered the man who
always doubtful, "they don't show
inch except patience and industry on
he part of the man who collected
"I cannot sing the old songs," war
led the young woman at the piano.
lt this was small relIef, for'the new
nes she sang were even worse.-Chi
Don't judge a man by his failures in
Ife, for many a man falls because he
s too honest to succeed.
Killed by a Trolley Car.
A dispatch from Union to The
tate says as the result of a trial trip
a the Union and Glenn Springs
lectric railroad Wednesday Miss
allie Sprouse now lies dead at Buffalo
ad Seymour Gallman is badly hurt.
hief Election Wellburn was in charge
Ethe motor car and wa~s just making
ie tirst trial trip in changing the
>ad from steam to electricity. He
ad made the trip very successfully
atil he came within a few hundred
rds of his stop, where he had to
oss a trustle on which Miss Sprouse
d Mr. Gallman were crossing. As
on as th~ey saw the car coming, they
.n and in attempting to get off Miss
mrous's dress was caught -m the
idge and she was crushed almost be
md recognition. while Mr. Gallman
td a hole torn in his head. No
ae is attached to Mr. Wellborn,
he did all he could to stop the car
it the brakes failed to respond.
Killed in His Office.
George I;. Jennings, a prominent
erhant, was shot and killed in his
ee in New York on Thursday by
rank McNamara of Elgin, Ill. No
s of the shooting is known.
SOME NEW LAWS.
Matters of General Interest Which
Were Enacted by the Legislature.
BABY CARRIAGES OW BAGGAGE.
Fifty Cents Must be Paid to
the State for the Priri
lege of Owning a Dog
of Any Kind.
One of the most interesting bills
which received the approval of the
general assembly was that introduced
by the Charleston delegation, propos
ing to allow boards of trustees to be
established in cites of more than 20,
000 inhabitants, for the purpose of
pensioning disabled and retired fire
The bill provides that the city coun
cil is authorized to create a board of
tru-tees by the appointment of five
members, as follows:
The chairman of the board of fire
commissioners or fire masters, the.
city treasurer, the chief of the fire
department and two citizens, to be ap
pointed by the mayor and confirmed
by city council, to hold office for such'
time as city council may elect. In
cities having no board of fire com
missioners the mayor shall be a mem
ber of the board of trustees of the
pension fund, the said board shall se
lect from their number a president ;
and secretary. The city treasurer is
to be treasurer of said board and cus
todian of the pension fund.
The funds shall be raised by levying
a tax of 1 per cent. of all gross re
ceipts for premiums received by for
eign fire insurance companies doing
business in the said cities. All for
feitures and fines imposed upon any -
member of the fire department and all
proceeds from sales from condemned
horses and other personal property in
use in the departments shall be paid
into the pension fund. ,C.~ -
Any member of the departnieni
who shall, while in the performance
of his duties, be-found, upon examina
tion by the department surgeon, to be
physically or mentally disabled by rea
son of service shall be retired-on one
The board of trustees, by a maj
ty vote of its members, and with the
approval of the surgeon, shall have
power to retire from service any mem
ber who. has become disabled by Egeorn
other cause, and who has performed
faithful service in the departinentfo
a period of not less than twenty years
twelve of which must have been con
In case a fireman is killed'his near
relative will receive $100. from the=
fund for funeral expenses. No.money.Y=
will be paid from the fund until-it
amounts to $1,000. Of course there
is no taxation upon'it.
A BATCH OF ACTS.
While there is an absence of -
thing like radical or strong legisla
tion, many of the new laws are of gen
eral interest. Baby carriages are-no
legal baggage and must be recognized
as such by the railroads. Steam fer
ries most provide "Jim Crow" corn
partments -as well as railway cornm -
panies. If you leave an abandoned
well open it will cost you $10.. A1l
municipal charters are perpetual un- -
less declared otherwise. 'Malicious,
wilful? or mischievous interference$
with a fire or police signal"' systernis.
punishable by imprisonment in .thd-9
penitentiary or on the chaingang fort
not less than three or more than ten
years, or a fine of $200 to $500.
Private banking institutions, as
well as those under government a --
State control, must make quarterlyg
statements of their condition by pub- -
lication in a newspaper. The crime
of assault with intent to ravish is1
punished by hard labor for 30 years in
the penitentiary. -
The TLanham baggage bill prodides5
that 200 pounds of baggage must be
carried free for each ticket. Formerly
the limit was 150 pounds.
Veterans (either ~soldiers or sailors)
of the War Between the -States may~
expose or sell through the streets-as
"hawker, peddler or butcher -any
goos. wares merchandise or meats;"1
without a license of any kind. Proof
must be madethat he-is a veteran and
he must receive exemption from the
No more shad can be'shipped out of
South Carolina. This is punishable
by $100 or 30 days' imprisonment. The
railroads or boats or any common car
rier handling any for outside points
will be fined not over $100 for each of
Fifty cents must be paid 'to. the -
State for each dog by his owner. This
tax will be given to the school-fund.
It has nothing to do' with the city
taxes on dogs.
Any safe cracker on conviction wll
be given a life sentence. The' act
reads: "Any person convicted of ius- -
ing explosive in or about a safe used
for keeping money or other valuables,
with intent to commit larceny or any
other crime. shall be, etc."
Recommendation to mercy means..a
sentence of not lees than ten years, at
the discretion of the court.
What it Will Cost. -
A dispatch from Chicago says three
hundred million dollars was comput
ed as being the probable ultimate cost
of the Panama canal, by Lyman -E
Cooley, the engineer, who has made a.
personal examination of the- proposed
route. He stated that it would take
from ten to fifteen years to completE.
the canal and thought that for some s
time it would be a commercial disap
pointment, though a necessity from a -
political and national defense_stand
point. ______ __
' In the same Grave.
The Greenville Mountaineer says
"one of the saddest occurences we
:have recorded in -a long time is the
.death of husband and wife within two
hours and a half of each other, as re
ported by our correspondent at Tyger,
in the upper section of the county.
Mr. R. C. Lister and his -wife died on
Saturday of pneumonia,. and were
buried in the same grave on Monday,
leaving two boys aged respectively six
and eleven years.
Tried To Get President.
An armed crank, who attempted to
get into the White House Monday
morning, was promptly captured and
hustled to police headquarters. He
identified himself as Edward Relglo
of 271 South Clark street, Chicago'.
A Big revolver and a box of cartridges
were found in his pockets. He was
committed to St. Elizabeth's Insane
Two Mail Cierks Killed.
Work has been receive at Ifirming
ham, Ala., that Alabama Great
Southern passenger train N~o. 2, was
held up by train robber at 1:30 o'clock
Monday morning and two railway
ma il clerkrs krilled.