Newspaper Page Text
do U DOLLARS.
This you can do by seeing and buying from our large stock of
of all styles and best quality. We have a house full of them and
must make room for our fall stock.
If it is A NICE BUGGY you want at a right price we have
it. If it is a serviceable FARM WAGON, we can supply you and
guarantee prices and quality.
In HARNESS nde bought the best- assortment ever shown
here and have the
Prices to Suit You.
We make good all we say, so you cannot afford to stay away
if in need of anything in our line.
A Host of Satisfied Customers,
and will make one of you if you but give us a chance.
Come to see us whether you buy or not, you will feel better.
W. P. HAWKINS & CO.
S. R. VENNING, Jeweler.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, SPECTACLES, EYE CLASSES AND
ALL KINDS OF FANCY NOVELTIES.
I make a specialty of WEDDING and HOLIDAY PIES
ENTS and always carry a handsome line of
Silverware, Hand-Painted China, Glassware
and numerous other articles suitable for Gifts of all kind.
COME AND SEE THEM.
All watcb, Clock and Jewelry Repairing done promptly and
L.VI BLOCK. - MANNING. 9. C.
Improve Your Homes.
I am making a specialty this season of putting within reach the material to
make the HOMES ATTRACTIVFE, and thereby increase the value of property.
The New Era Ready Mixed Paint
weighs 1S pounds to the gallon and is noted for its durability and for the vast
amount of space it will cover.
TIE HAM MAR BRAND
is another fine Paint, 1 gallon of Oil added, makes 2 gallons of very heavy
Paint. I want my customers to use these Paints and I am in position to give
them good prices.
Get my prices on Floor and Lubricating OILS, VARNISHES, etc.
For pastures and yards the best on the market, I buy by car load and will sell
at reasonable prices.
Always on hand the best Rubber and Canvass Belting and Machinery sup
My store is headquarters for STOVES, HARDWARE, CUTLERY, HAR
NESS and SADDLERY. CARRIAGE and WAGON MATERIAL, and
When you want anything in my line come to see or write to,
Sumter, S. C.
TO THE TINES OFFICE
"Our Needs and Prospects."
BY CIAI-'E E. BOYD.
(React before the Clarendonl County Teachers'
Association February :17 and published at
"A teacher plus a bit of chalk
is two teachers," is a statement I
recently met with. If I can
therefore make myself doubly
clear by the use of a little chalk
and a board, may I not indulge
this privilege? For in connec
tion with tbe idea of "Our Needs
and Prospects" as teachers, it
has occurred to me to present it
in the form of an acrostic. I be
lieve that our prospects-those
phases of education in South
Carolina which we are demand
ing, hoping, expecting to secure
at no distant day-are indeed our
present needs, and on the other
hand, I am glad to believe that
our needs-those phases of edu
cation in our State that are so
apparently lacking just now
are our prospects, our future at
tainments. Hence it is I use the
word "Prospects" as the bey, so
to speak, to our acrostic ar
P-ublic Sentiment Awakened,
R-emuneration of Teachers Increased,
0-ccupation Elevated. N
o S-pecial Preparation for Teaching, A 0 E
U P-ermanency of Employment, R U E
R E-ducation Compulsory, E R D
C-onsolidated Schools, S
T-horough Training Throughout.
S-uccess as Final Result.
Each idea here is in my opin
ion a present ideal, and there
fore a present need. Not one is
yet realized in the work of the
teaching profession in South
Carolina (for let us confine our
selves today to our own State).
And I believe the acrostic ar
rangement shows very nearly
the real order of our needs. That
is to say, final success in our ed
ucational work depends very
largely on a more interested at
titude from the standpoint of the
public and on a more substan
tial remuneration of teachers
than now .prevails among them 1
and that each need here indi
cated has a strong bearing and 1
reaction on the succeeding one.
This may appear as we proceed.
Though each one is itself an is
sue worthy of lengthy discus
sion, we can here only deal in a
general way with these aspects
of education rather than endeav
or to point out minutely the
phases and facts due each con- 1
South Carolina needs, first of i
all. a real awakening along the ]
line of educational development. ]
She needs to realize more fully
than she does the great respon- i
sibility resting on her present
efforts at educating the boys and
girls living within her bounda
ies. It is true we as a State are
andicapped, to a large extent,
by the negro majority in ouri
population, but this does not
free us from making more earn
est endeavors than are - being
made, toward the betterment of
ur educational facilities. South
Carolina has long stood for col
egiate education and in this re<
spect doubtless will bear very
fair comparison with otheri
States, but she has been derelicti
in attention to the education
given through the common
schools. 'Tis true an encour
ging increase is to be seen by ai
omparison with the record of
en and twenty years ago. Stilli
the truth remains that there is a,
woeful deficiency in public sen
timent in educational matters in<
this State- This is typified, to a
ertain degree, by the views ex
pressed in the .General Assem
bly and the reception accorded1
to various worthy bills zelating1
to educational questions. Dur-1
ing the recent session a bill;
which called for only a few feat-1
res of compulsory education
could not gain sufficient support]
to be enacted as law. The Unit-<
ed States census of 1900 says<
that in the South Atlantic divis-1
ion composed of Delaware, Ma
ryland, District of Columbia,Vir
ginia, West Virginia, North Car-]
olina, South Carolina, Georgiai
and Florida, the largest amount
of illiteracy is in South Carolina,i
Georgia and North Carolina and<
in the order named. In South]
Carolina in 1900 the native white1
population ten years of age and
over was 399,540 and of this num-1
ber 54,375 or 13.6 per cent. were;
illiterate. The total white vot
ing population of the State in
1900, native born and foreign
born, was 130,365 of which num
ber 15,865 were illiterate. A
uickening of desire to amelior
ate this condition is one of our
necessities just now. A few1
days ago in one of the daily pa
pers a trustee presented a letter:
in which he showed that in hisi
district recently a school with all
necessary :provisions was opened
for pupils but not one was pres
ent to receive its benefits. Even,
when transportation to school
was furnished, the parents did
not sufficiently appreciate this to1
send their children to the school.1
This is one incident of hundredsi
pointing to the utter lack of ap
preciation of educational oppor
unities on the part of some citi-1
zens of our commonwealth. This<
seems the obstacle that is in the,
way of other things in need of<
improvement -- better teachers,
better salaries, better teaching,
In discountenancing the inade
uacy of the pay now prevailing<
for teachers, I am mindful of the ]
fact that this view is easily criti
cized though as easily defendedi
and that it may not seem to1
ome with the best grace from a
representative of the teaching<
profession. Yet I feel somewhat<
the sentiment of that honored
educator of a few generations]
ago who well expressed himself
about as follows: "If I am not
for myself, who is? If I am only]
for myself, what am I? If not
now, when?" The magazine,
strong advocate of better educa
tion in the South recently mad
this inquiry of the Superinten
dents of Public Instruction o
the various States. "What is thi
greatest difficulty in the way o
general education and how ma;
it be overcome?" gave in its Jan
uary issue the replies from elev
en of these officers. It is worti
noting that ten of this numbe
state either one of both of th<
following difficulties: Inadequac:
of school funds; lack of prope:
appreciation of education an(
its benefits. Seven of the tee
give the former as the chief ob
stacle. The eleventh a lad;
superintendent of Colorado
thinks the greatest difficulty i
the way of general education i:
that of keeping children i2
school, which is, after all, a lacl
of the right kind of sentiment
The superintendent of Pennsyl
vania writes that the chief ob
stacle is the lack of proper ap
preciation of the real advantage;
of an education, but that "th<
best way to farther the progress
of the school is to show the peo
ple that money spent in the righ
education of children is the bes
investment of public money eve:
made 'and that if the people be
lieve this proposition they wil
pay for all the educational facili
ties of which their children wil
It is hardly necessary to inser
here statistics as to the salary o:
men and women teachers ir
South Carolina. Too well wt
know already conceiving the re
muneration ordinarily received
by them-too well we know the
insufficiency of these salaries t<
grant any luxuries of life and
oftentimes many pressing needs
Df life. While the pay received
by our town and city teachers is
it best only moderate that of the
rural teachers is in many case;
The summers of not less that
three months to be bridged over,
bhe need of educational journals,
periodicals and books, the ina
ility to pursue higher courses
)f study before such ambitior
;hall have faded away, these as
.nstances of many, are consider
tions bearing on the salary
luestion which make the demand
Eor better pay so reasonable.
When it is admitted on every
aand that there is no responsi
ility and no work, more impor
;ant in the upbuilding of human
ty, the inculcating of practica]
Knowledge and the imprinting o:
2igh principles than that inci
lent to the teachers' work. is if
got strange that the teacher does
iot receive a remuneration com
>aring more favorably with that
>f his fellow laborers in the
vorld of thought and action?
.side from the worthiness of
~he claim, would there not be as
i natural result of such increase,
i reaction in renewed energy. ii
mcouragement, in progressive
iess on the part of the teacher!
Though speaking to teachers
need not hesitate to say thai
ur profession-our occupatior
i I have called it-needs elevat
ng. It needs more dignity,
nore prestige, more first class
ibility than it now possesses. It
ther words, school. teaching
hile the nobleness of its work
s unapproached in any other
>rofession save that of preach
ng, does not somehow carry
-ith it the weight of other pro
~essions. Why? Is it not because
f the fact that too low ideals
iave- prevailed for it? Has it
1ot been too easy for persons tc
~et positions as teachers? Is not
~eaching too frequently the
neans to an end rather thar
eing the definite goal of thE
foung man or yonng woman en
~ering upon this work. As a
esult those who have tenacious
y adhered to it as a regular vo
ation have had to bear the
riticisms which may have beer
rought about by really unpre
ared so-called teachers. Dr.
. S. Joynes of the South Caro
ia College recently expressec
n a brief newspaper article his
Lppreciation of the fact that sc
nany conscientious, cultured,
3apable young ladies were wil
ing to accept uninviting posi
3ions as teachers in the State,
nany in the country communi
~ies, but remarked that few~
roung men of strong ability and
~enuine worth were to be found
ngaging themselves in this
work, comparatively speaking.
Por women, teaching is perhaps
>ne of the best forms of employ
nent, even with its' discourage
nents. but men-easily led or
y conventional as well as mon
tary considerations-have not
ret ranked pedagogy as a spec.
ally favorable field of action as
Now if the profession stood in
iigher esteem, and if salaries
ere better, a very special pre
>aration before teaching is be
;un could be and doubtless would
>e demanded of prospective
,eachers (college chairs not be
ug here included). By specia]
reparation I mean more than
ibility to pass county or State
oard examinations or even at
yrdinary college education. This
ould embrace, in fact, a thor
ughness in elementary princi
>les of school work and techni
al training for the various stud
es. The same relative prepa
ration could be expected in the
~ases of teachers as in those of
awyers, physicians, etc. This
ould tend of course to elevate
;eaching, but this elevating of
:eaching must come first to in
~pire confidence in attaining this
mnd. Even the special work~
one in our summer schools as
aow organized would have 'a
aigher claim on teacher-pupils
md receive considerably larger
patron age if such conditions as
ave been hinted at prevailed.
special summer university cour
es, or better, post-graduate
-core on speial lines would
then become much more popular.
e What I consider a serious
drawback- to our State's progress
f in education is the changeable
a ness of the personnel of the pro
f fession, the frequent changing
i of teachers from one school
- to another and the consequent
changing of school plans and
1 school management-a lack of
r permanence. Too often is teach
ing the proverbial "stepping
7 stone" to other spheres of labor
e for men, other lines of work
I holding out brighter prospects
i of a livelihood and higher posi
tions of honor-and for the wo
r men teachers so often is in a
temporary engagement preced
1 ing one which results in a defi
; nite change of her plans, and
i therefore a change of teachers.
c Of course these removals from
the field of teaching must con
tinue to come and in the same
- old way; yet, were there more
- encouraging inducements t o
teachers of both sexes, one good
result would be the retention of
a more men of ability and worth
- in the line of teaching and less
t frequent changes on the part of
t the women continuing to teach.
e This in turn would result to the
good of the the school; its de
1 velopment and progress would
- move on more uninterruptedly.
I Further, it is quite clear that
this moving constantly has a de
b stroying effect on that ever pres
E ent ideal of home and the pleas
i ures attaching to the delights of
home, which is above all else
foreign to the idea of continual
change of residence, as well as
of friends. To the young men
or young women looking out on
l life's prospects is this the pleas
antest of reflections?
While compulsory education
is deserving o f considerable
treatment it can here be briefly
disposed of. It is sufficient here
to remark that South Carolina's
hope of final freedom from the
bondage of ignorance seems
clearly to lie in this solution-in
one form or another. She can
not wait altogether on the influ
ence of public sentiment. This
would never reach some parents
and many children. The State
sooner or later, has got to inter
pose, it would seem, and make
its demand upon this element of
society and do for it what it
seems loath to do for itself and
its posterity. While there are
genuine regrets at the failure of
the recent legislature to pass on
ly a mild form of compulsory ed
ucation, demanding that at least
eight weeks of schooling be re
quired within very reasonable
limits, sentiment was hardly
toned up sufficiently to set in
motion that beginning of a move
ment which must mean the
State's advancement and which
surely will be projected before
At present, even before com
pulsory education is arranged
for, an innovocation which has
been proved to be quite advan
tageous is the consolidation of
the weaker and smaller rural
schools into larger, even graded
schools. This ought to be advo
cated in every county.
.In this union strength can but
-result. Some of the superior
:advantage afforded by these con
solidated schools are described
as follows by the Superinten
dent of Education of Richland
county in his late report to the
State Superintendent: "First,
the course can -be strengthened
so as to include first and second
years of high school work.
Second, children remain longer
in school-not tardy, or absent
and get more days' schooling.
Third, require fewer, better
teachers, can be better super
vised, have its work better sys
tematized in grades, and can
give better instruction. Fourth,
pupils are better cared for from
storms or general bad weather,
the schoolhouse is better heated,
ventilated and lighted. Fifth,
the school is the center of inter
est, bringing the community to a
crystalized form, thereby expel
ling that loneliness which wars
against all of our better and
highsr impulses and instincts."
The plan of transporting to
such children as live at some dis
tance from the school is one not
hard to regulate as experience
in other States has shown.
As to thoroughness in the
work of schools. this will be
best secured only when the fore
going regulations shall have
Thoroughness is one of the
very best matters for work in
the school room. Its attain
ment however is dependent on
many favorable conditions. In
proportion as we obtain these
conditions, such as have been
mentioned, in our teaching. But
let us always strive for it.
Summing up, in conclusion, is
it not very logicol to affirm that
final success in our educational
efforts must depend pretty much
on the attainment of what we
have called our present pressing
Why not Take a Trip This Winier Through
FIorida to Cuba?
This beautiful State and Island has
been brought within easy reach by the
splendid through train service of the
Atlantic Coast Line, the great thor
oughfare to the tropics. Winter tour
ist rates are now on sale to all points in
Florida and to Havana.
For rates, maps, sleeping car and
steamship accommnodati.ons, write to
WV. J. CRAIG,
General Passenger Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
"What to Say in Spanish and How to
Say it," sent to any address upon re
ceipt of a two-cent stamp.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
DUELING IN AMERICA.
The First Fatal leeting Was Upo1
flistoric Boston Common.
The first fatal duel fought in whai
is now the United States was upon
Boston Common, between Benjamin
Woodbridge and Henry Phillips, on the
evening of July 3, 1728. These young
men had quarreled over cards at the
Royal Exchange tavern in King street,
now State street, and under the influ
ence of drink had agreed to settle theh
differences with swords in the public
grounds above named. They met at a
little after 8 o'clock in the evening, and
Woodbridge was mortally wounded
and was found dead the following
Both were gentlemen of good social
position. Phillips was a brother of
Gillam Phillips, who married Marie, the
sister of Peter Faneuil, the builder of
Boston's famous hall. Woodbridge had
not completed his twentieth year. He
was a young merchant who had re
cently been admitted to business as a
partner with Jonathan Sewall, one of
the most active merchants of the place.
Henry Phillips, a young graduate of
the college of Cambridge, was about
four years older than Woodbridge, hav
ing at the time of this melancholy af
fair completed his twenty-third year.
Woodbridge was the son of a gentle
man of some distinction in Barbados,
one of the magistrates there, who had
formerly been settled in the ministry
as pastor In Groton, Conn.
The place of meeting was on the ris
ing grounds of the Common, not far
from the great elm, near where in the
lden time a powder house stood.
Small swords were used. No one but
themselves participated. Woodbridge
fell mortally wounded and died on the
spot before the next morning. Phillips
was slightly wounded and at mid
night, by the aid of his brother Gillam
and Peter Faneuil, of famous memory,
made his escape to the Sheerness, a
British man-of-war then lying in the
harbor, and before the sun of the next
morning had fully discovered to inter
ested friends the miserable result of
the unfortunate meeting he was on
his way to France, where he died in
less than a year of grief and a broken
heart.-United Service Review.
A SHORT ANSWER.
The Reply That. Bismarek Made to
an Admirable Speech;
I like to think of old Bismarck as he
sat by the window that opens on the
windy park of Friedrichsruh in an old
gray shooting Jacket, a rug over his
knees, a pipe in his hand, simple as a
north German farmer, this man who
had almost held Europe in fee.
A little while before this February
day he had been deposed from power.
All the world knew that the old lion
was sulking in his den in no amiable
mood toward the young emperor who
had turned him out of doors. It was
known that his memoirs were written
and that his correspondence was set in
order. A New York publisher thought
he might secure the papers in which
Bismarck had told the real story of
the birth of the German empire-that
strange story of craft and heroism, lit
tleness and grandeur. It was on this
mission that I sailed for Hamburg. I
had two letters for Bismarck. One
was from a negligible ambassador.
The other had been given me by a Ger
man statesman of some note with
whom in other days I had been a stu
dent in the University of Jena. My
frend had been a familiar of Bis
marck's household and bespoke me a
kindly hearing. I sent the letters on
from Hamburg and followed the next
On the table at his elbow as he sat by
the window I noticed my letters. The
valet who had placed a chair for me
took his stand by the door. I said
what I had to say. It was (permit me
to affirm It) an admirable speech. For
ten days and nights I had rehearsed it
is I paced the deck of the stormy liner,
so n tolerable German I declaimed it.
[t was dignified; it was diplomatic.
When I had finished Bismarck took
the pipe from his lips, said "Nein"
and put the pipe back again.
'Twas the shortest answer I ever had
in my life. I wait~ed for a moment
he old man smoked and stared out
nto the park. I got up and bowed. I
bad rehearsed that bow and did not In
tend to waste It. I bowed to his old
bairless head, the flabby yellow jowls
and big -mustache, to the old gray
packet and the pipe. It was like sa
laaming to a stone wall. Then the
valet led me out In the park I re
gained my senses.-Vance Thompson
Miark: Twain Missed the Boat.
The success achieved by Mark Twain
Iuring his beating days on the Misi
Ippl river was due not only to the fact
that he was a skillful p~lot, but that he
was an earnest one as welL. A man
who knew Mr. Clemens In those days
told how the genial humorist once
missed his boat Instead of inventing
rn excuse, as many of his companions
ld, he reported to his superior officer
"My boat left at 6:10. I arrived at
the landing at 6:20 and could not catch
As It Is Said.
Hoax-Do you know that thin fellow
Joax-Oh, yes; we are very thick.
Hoax-And do you know the big fat
Clara-Oh, hum! I wish the Lord
bad made me a man!
Mother-Perhaps he has, dear; only
ou haven't found him yet-New York
A fool may live with cultivated pee
,le all his life and never learn any
Bears the h Kilnd You Have Always BOUght
Rebuking an Emperor.
Once, so the story goes, Emperor
iicholas of Russia asked Liszt to play
In his presence. The musician com
plied, but during the performance the
zar started a conversation with an
id-de-camp. Liszt stopped playing at
nce. The czar asked what was the
matter. "When the emperor speaks,"
said Liszt "every one must be silent."
he czar smilingly. took-the'hInt, and
the playing proceeded.
"Are you sure," asked -the captain of
ndustry, a"that you love my daughter?"
"Come, I say(' replied the duke,.
"you're not going to be sentimental at
your time of life, are you?"-Chicago
Bears to Th Kind You Hane Always Bought
:D. HI RSC H MANN.
Can't be easily followed by others, simply because every year he is going
down in price instead of up as others do. It pays us to do it by gaining
more trade with this plan.
We are now ready with the finest line of
vlack Dress Goods
In the very latest weaves. Prices from the cheapest up the very finest.
The prettiest lot of that new WhiteShirt Waist. Goods from 12icup to
75e per yard.
A full line of Goods for your Easter Dresses-fuller than- ever before.
Come and see them.
Just received a fresh lot of Pereales in Remnants at the same old price,
although cotton is up.
Also beautiful Calicoes, Bleacbings, Long Clo t - Sheeting, Apron
Checks, White and Colored, Dress Ginghams, Madras, Curtain Goods,
White and Figured, Lace Curtains.
Also a full line of Gent's Furnishing and Clothing which we wil sell
at almost Cost Price now.
Stock is full and is guaranteed to be the best and cheapest. In this and
many other counties no matter how others try, as we have 'the secret of
how and whereto buy our goods and keeping our expenses low.
We also have a handsome line of
Laces and Embroideries
From the cheapest up to the very finest. See them, they are bargains.
D.H I SCHMANN
Next to Postoffice.
Dickson Hardware Company
We would have the FARMERS of Clarendon County to under
stand that we are headquarters for all kinds of Faruf Implements
Plow Stocks the latest and most improved.
Collars, Traces and Bridals.
Don't forget us when you need Shovels, Spades and Pitch
We intend to make it to the interest- of the FARMERS. this
season. to call to see us before buying as we have a large stock
and intend selling it.
Yours for business,
DICKSON HARDWIE CONPNY.
A- GOO.D OPPORTUNTY
The Manning Times.
IS CLUBBING WITH THE
Weekly News and Courier
Life and Letters,
A Southern Magazine.
We will send THE TIMES and the Twice-a-Week News.
and Courier for $2 per year;
Or we will send THlE TIEs and Life and Letters for $2;
Or both The News and Courier and Life and Letters with
THE TIMEs for $2.50 per year.
This is an excellent opportunity for the reading public.
The News and Courier is one of the best State newspa
pers in the country; it gives State, national and the news of
Life and Letters is a monthly magazine published at
Knoxville, Tenn., and has among its contributors some of the
fluest literary talent of the South. We regard THE TIMES
fortunate in being able to club with it.
and secure this magninecent Southern magazine with THE
TIMEs for $2 per year; or The Weekly News and Courier
with TUE TIEs for $2 per year; or all three, THE TIMES,
Weekly News and Courier and Life and Letters for $2.50 per