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If Bill Was Thete.
If Bill was there- k
There where the~ i :d .'lss
Are raisin such a tus
The ca bles wld l be ;:i.":11 1l"
A-tellin of the tight; they foh:.
For Bill--he's gut t- 1 ut1:1 Panned
And just how rither cui. b e.
.Aud, with no t rick at ,ll. coul win.
There would ie trot- int he air (
ii Billws there.
If Bill was there
He'd take his submiarines
And rapid-lire machine
A.nd tow 'em slowl.,:tfi er ek.
Right up to where he" flt a t .t
Near that there ,ni - it s....
Runs out somi' tiftee iile 1
And then you bet t1em ,m ::
He'd fight beliw 'e.i:i1 III
And -oue one sire w- 1 : 'd
It Rtill Was ;ihere.f
If Bill was ther
He's stck a donct l'in"
To iark the out- in"i 1i
Of how'd he'd toareb a nulitn men
Aer.ss the land :td b.ck au
And put the foreman iI th.e Ut'i.
Whose nen' Whi .s;'c Ile ,ion't care which
he says ometi Iitst - he ,'irly l .ches
'o see how both sid-- liaike tsta.Lks.
There w Ild be ihe in' evrywhere
If Bill was there.
If Bill was there
But he's at 3Mll-r's store
Him and a dozen m, re .
Of our towns' keenest strategists
With stubby pencils iii their fists.
Concoctin' battles and camptaignIls
That take in all the seas.- and plains,
If either vne-the Russ or Jap
Is lookin' for a likely chart
To run the war w ith tact :nd skill.
They'd send for Bill.
THE ARMY ROLLS
Of the South Carolina Patriots Who
Fought the British Under
ARION, PICKENS AND SUMTER.
A Document that Should Be of Great
Interest to the Descendants of
the Gallant Men Led by
The Columbia State from week to
week publishes the names of the sol
diers in the Revolutionary war, as
they have been culled from the quan
tity of loose documents discovered by
Secretary of State Gantt in the State
house. We publish these rolls from
week to week as they appear in The
State. The fourth installment fol
The rolls, continued from last week,
are as follows:
Michael Deale, Capt. Moore's com
pany, Sumter's brigade.
William Deal (No. =i under Maj.
Noble in Charleston, before fall of
city: Capt. Joseph Calhoun's company.
Abner Dean, in Capt. Arranmanus
Liles' company: under Maj. Pearson
at Congaree's in '$1, Maj. Wallis, at
Orangeburg, in '82, and Col. Bratton,
at Four Holes in '82.
Robert Darlington, Col. Richard
son's regiment, Marion's brigade.
George Dean, sergeant, Pickens'
Julius Dean (or Druggers), lieuten
ant, Picken's brigade.
William Dean, Pickens' brigade.
Simeon Deas, Marion's brigade.
Enoch Deason, Capt. Williant Dea
son's company, Niarshall's ieg.zent.
John Deason, Capt. William Dea
son's company, Col. John Marshall's
Quillan Deason, under Cols. Kim
ball and Marshall.
William Deason, captain: from June
1st, 1780, as private in Capt. Fred
SKimball's company, Sumter's brigade:
Oct. 20, 1780, promoted to captain in
Samter's brigade; from August 15,
1781, served under Gen. Marion 30
Jeremiah Dally, lost horse on ex
pedition to Cherokee nation.
Zachariah Dellay, served during
John Delsh, Capt. Ross' company,
George Delaughter, Pickens' bri
James Delaney, at Sumter's defeat:
desperately wounded in action, dur
ing year 1781.
Robert Delay (?) served during
Zachariah Delaney, served as as
sistant commissary on special service,
attached to Gen. Green's army.
Hardo Delotch, served during 1781
John Deloach, served during 1781
Michael Deloach (Delstoche'.X serv
e3 during 1779 and 1780.
Samuel Deloach, Pickens' brigade.
William Delougb, Roebuck's regi
William Delwood, Pickens' brigade.
Peter D.amatez, served on the Fri
gate "South Carolina."
Dennis Demsey, sergeant, Col.
Edward Denny, sergeant, served
prior to fall of Charleston under Col.
Brandon: afterwards in Col. Waters'
John Denning, under Capts. Berry
and Gray, of Pickens' brigade.
Wiliam Dennis, with Col. John
Laurens at "Chynaw" June 13, 1782.
John Denling, served during 1782.
Francis Dennis, served under Com
modore Gillon, on the Frigate "South
- Simeral Denness.
John Densler, Capt. Jacob Rumph's
company, Gen. Henderson's brigade.
John Henry Densler, dragoon, Ma
James Densmore. served during
James Denton (widow, Mary): dead
at close of Revolution: collector of
grain for the armry.
Reuben Denton, corporal, Capt.
Tutt's independent company, during
years 1779 and 1780.
Samuel Depree, Capt. Bowie's inde
John Deramit, Capt. Jacob Rumph.
John Derry, wounded in action and
attended by Dr. Carter.
Daniel DeSaussure, Faq.. paymaster
general of militia.
Jobn La B. DeTreville 1777 to 1782.
captain, Fourth regiment of artillery.
Henry Desheizer, Capt. Jolly and
Capt. Hughes' company Brandon's
James Denling. served during 1782.
Charles Devant, Pickens' brigade.
James Devant, served during '81
and '82: also prior to fall of Charles
Lewis Devaul, captain.
Francis Deveaus, Pick-ens' brigade.
Joseph DeLespine. surgeon.
Peter Deverney M
Charles Dewitt. served duringr 1781:
employed collecting cattle under Wil
11am Hart, State commissary during
Harris Dewitt, 2nd S. C. regiment.
prior to fall of Charleston.
Reuben Dewitt, dead at close of
evolution, 2nd S. C. regiment.
Edward Dial, Water's and Casey's Si
Garret 1 nal Pickens' brigade.
Nathaniel Dial, lieutenant, Bran
on's regiment: on duty as sentinel at JI
Phillip's Fort," in Georgia, under ci
apt. Wm. MIcColluch.
.]ohn lNial. sergeant.
William Dial, Pickens' brigade.
.John lDichtel, Capt. Rumph's com
>any. hIenderson's regiment.
JTosep-h Dick. 3;
John Dick, Capt. John Turner's
-ompany: also under Marion.
ilobert Diek. Marion's brigade.
Willliam Dick, lieutenant, during c
'61 and '82.
-James Dickun (?), Capt. N. Mar
tin's company, Sumter's reorganized
Michael Dickert, captain. James
Killey certifies (as his commanding
tticer) that "Michael Dickert did the
following duties in the State of South
Carolina, as quartermaster, under the
several commanders, viz: 1781, from
April 22d to May the 14th including t
2:3 days duty at the taking of the Fort
at the Congarecs. under the command
of Col. James Liles, deceased, Waters
regiment: 15th August, to 14 days
duty at Angromes at the Congarees, i
under the command of Col. Jonas
Aeard, Waters' regiment; 10th Oct.,
t.o 14 days duty in gitting of wagons
and provisions to supply Gen. Pick
ens' brigade at the Congareest 1782, f
May 7th, to one month's duty under
the command of Cl. David Glenn, in
Gen. Greene's camp."
John Dickey (of Black Swamp),
Capt. Kirkpatrick, Col. Neil.
Alexander Dickey, Col. Waters.
David Dickey, Lieutenant Hill
house. Capt. Kirkpatrick, Capt.
Woods, Col. Bratton.
Capt. Mouzon's company; sergeant
under Lieutenant McGill.
John Dickey, purchasing commis
John Dickey (of Black River) Mari
on during 1780 and 1781.
John Dickey, Capts. Jamison (James
and Francis), and Capt. Hillhouse,
Robert Dickey, Capt. Kirkpatrick.
David Dickson, Sumter's brigade.
Hugh Dickson, Capt. John Liles'
James Dickson, Capt. Anderson
James Dickson, Capt. Chestnut's
James Dickson, Capt. Lawson and
lickson's company, of Roebuck's regi
Jeremiah Dickson (see Dixon), cap
tain, Roebuck's regiment.
Joel Dickson, Capt. Anderson
John Dickson, sergeant, Capts. John
Wllson and Hugh Wardlaw.
John Dickson, Marion's brigade.
Matthew Dickson, Gen. Williamson.
Michael Dickson, Capt, Knox's com
Robert Dickson, Pickens' brigade.
William Dickson, commissary of
purchases, Sumter's brigade; also ser
vice as private.
John Digmon, Capt. Greene's troop
of horse, Marion's brigade.
Nicholas Dill, Capt. Jacob Rumph's
company. James Dillard, lieutenant
and captain nnder Pickens; lost gun
near Ninety-Six garrison in May, 1781.
James Dillard, lieutenant; captain
in command of 17 horses at Chas.
Crow's Jan. 5, 1781.
Nicholas Dillard, Col. LeRoy Ham
mond's regiment, Pickens' brigade.
Thomas Dillard, captain.
Robert Dingie, served during 1781
Jacob Dennard, lieutenant, 1781
John Dinnard, served during 1781.
John Dinnard, Jr., served during
William Dinnard, served during
Ralph Disse, served under Commo
dore Gillon on the Frigate "South
Jesse Disto, sergeant, Capt. Ross,
Sumter's reorganized brigade.
- Dixon, Col. Bratton's regiment.
Hugh Dixon, Col. Walters' regi
James Dixon. Roebuck's regiment.
Jeremiah Dixon (see Dickinson,)
captain, Roebuck's regiment.
William Dixon, served during 1779
and to 1782, under Capts. John Wil
son and Hugh Wardlaw..
Robert Dixon, served from '79 to.
William ~Dixon, lieutenant under
Col. Roebuck; also in Brandon's regi
Fortunatus Dobbsen, sergeant in
James Dodds. Capt. Edwrd Mar
tin (his commanding officer) certifies
his account as follows: "For personal
military services done in Gen. Wmson's
brigade, in Col. John Winn's regi
ment, in John Ellison's company, 38
days as horseman; in May 1782, 24
days Gen. Henderson's brigade, Col.
Richard Winn's regiment, Capt. Mar
tin's company, a footman."
John- Dodd, Brandon's regiment.
William Dodd, Brandon's regiment.
John Dods, Jr., Capt. Edward Mar
tin (his commanding officer) certifies
service as follows: "1781, June 1st, to
10 days service on horseback in Capt.
Martin's company, commencing June
1st and ending the 10th; to 70 days
duty on foot, commencing December
20th, 1781, and ending February 28th,
1782: 1782, June 1st, to 30 days duty
on foot conmencing June 1st and end
ing the 30th, 1782: August 1st, to 30
days duty on foot, commencing August
1st and ending the 30th, 1782."
John Dods, Capt. Jacob Cooper.
Thomas Doeck, Roebuck's regiment.
Thomas Douglass, dragoon, Col.
Thomas Douglass, continental ser
vice from '80 to '83.
John Douglass, lieutenant in Capt.
.John Irwin's company; sergeant un
4der Col. Anderson.
(To be continued.)
Sentenced for Life.
Emil Waltz, who has been on trial
at Detroit, for the past six weeks on
the charge of brutally murdering
little four-year-old Alphonse Welmes,
whose horibly mutilated body was
found August 18, among some mold
ing flasks in the rear of the Detroit
stove work's on Adair street, was
Thursday found guilty by a jury in
te recorders court. His trial has
been sensational in the extreme.
'Walt w ho is a man of ungovernable
temper, a number of times during the
trial completely lost control of himself
nd fairly raved against the prosecu
or, the police officers, witnesses and
ee n his own attorneys who he has
declared, at times, were not making
the proper efforts in his behalf. Waltz
BUYING SCHOOL BOOKS.
perintendent Martin 1ssues iun
ortant Letter to school Trustees.
Superintendent of Education 0. B.
artin issued last week an important
rcular letter in regard to the pur
Lasing of books as follows:
o County superintendents of Educa
Gentlemen:-I desire to call your
special attention to section 25, page
t, Regulations of State Board, In 1
dhool ILaw. This section provides
Sat: "No public school supplies I
all be purchased by school oticers
)r use in the public schools of any
>unty in the State except such as
re authorized by the State board to
e sold." It also requires that sellers
adopted supplies shall sign a con
ract and that state board in conf r
ity with the law, requires a sufti
ient bond to protect the trustees and
cools. The contract states prices
nd requires samples to be filed and
oods must conform to samples, etc.
he regulation further provides that
ustees may draw warrants and the
ounty superintendent may counter
ign warrants for adopted suppies.
'he section closes as follows: "All
ersons purchasing any such warrants
efore the same have been counter
igned by the county superintendent
f education, do so at their own risk.
Ln agent cf the Union School Furn
hing Company, Chicago, stated be
re the state board Friday afternoon
hat his company "had been selling
ibraries in parts of this state for the
ist four years." Now, of course, if
be people have bought them with
rivate funds, I have nothing to say;
ut it is clear that trustees and coun
y superintendents have no right to
guy with public funds goods which are
Lot adopted and for which no con
ract has been signed and no bond
iven. In addition, I am reliably in
'ormed that the Union School Pub
ishing Company has been doing pi
atical work in other states and that
>ven now the state of Tennessee has
umerous lawsuits against said com
)any for false representations and
rregular work. This company made
bid for the library books and said
yid was refused. Their books cost
oo much even if there were no other
easons for refusal. I trust that you
vill guard these matters carefully,
nd see that no warrant is counter
;igned which is not in strict conform
.ty with the law.
0. B. Mi.uTIN, Supt.
On the Right Track.
The following article is taken from
the Home and Farm, written by Mr.
V. F. Turner, of Tennessee, in which
te gives some good advice in the way
)f getting the best results in poultry
raising: The poultry industry in this
rair Southland of ours is yet in its in
!ancy. We do not know the possibili
ties of the wonderful little money
makes, the American hen. A great
any things have been written about
er, in most cases true, and yet the
same things ought to be brought to
the attention of all raisers of poultry.
Every one has his favorite breed,
and it should be that way; yet all
breeds are profitable if properly
housed and cared for. That is where
the trouble begins. The farmers in
the South could make great advance
ments, get thoroughbred stock, house
them properly, and give them the at
tention that they give the cows, pigs,
sheep and horses. So many of. our
good farmers think that "the chick
ens" are just "for the women folks,"
in the way, and tolerated because
they are here. The hen picks up
what she can during the winter
months, sits on the fence or in some
friendly tree all night, and is expect
ed to shell the eggs out j .lst the same,
or she is a dead expense. Well, my
good farmer friend, suppose you give
your cows the same treatment and
see if you get plenty of milk and but
ter, or your hogs, etc. Build you a
modest house for your chickens of
lumber that is going to waste, make
It warm, but it .need not be expen
sive; keep it clean, have plenty of
grit, a dust box, fresh water, where
they can get to it at all times and
feed your grain in litters. Try this
next winter, and you will have been
pid three-fold for your time and ex
pense. The bulk of the winter that
has just passed has been continuously
cold since the middle of November
last but we have had no trouble in
getting eggs from our White Lang
shans and Single-comb White Leg
horns, but we had plenty of room for
scratching sheds, kept grit and fresh
water before them all the time, pro
vided a dust box in each scratching
shed, and it was music that delighted
the ear to hear them sing and see
them work for the grain scattered in
the litter, and when you brought in
te 25cent-a-dozenl eggs it made it a
pleasant and profitable business; but
the ouses must be kept clean. The
hatching season is approaching now,
and every farmer ought to improve
his flock, get stock, although it is late
now for that, but get pure-bred eggs
of yur choice breeds and next year
you will have a pen of your own.
Negro Girl Shot.
A shooting scrape occurred Monday
night on the Adams plantation near
Congaree. It seems that one Philip
Anderson, a lad of 19, and Annie
Jane, a negro girl just 16, had been
devoted to each other for some time
an Phillip was very particular about
whom Annie associated with and
when he found her at the home of a
neighbor he flew into a violent passion
and ordered her home. As she fled,
pursued by Philip armed with a blun
derbuss" intent upon mischief, she
turned around the corner of the house
and said to Philip "Peep Oo:" That
"iled" the noble Philip and he fired
at her, the shot taking effect in her
arm and lacerating the breast. The
wounded girl is now resting easily and
Phiip seems te be in hiding, but she
says she will forgive.
Two earthquake shocks were felt at
Seattle Wednesday night. A vibra
tion from east to west, severe enough
to rattle dishes, move chairs and
shake up the higher buildings, oc
cured. In the church of the Im
maculate Conception a big congrega
tion was assembled and a small panic
was caused by the earthquake. An
other shock was felt at Vicknia R. C.,
the severest felt in twenty years.
Clocks were stopped and invalids
screamed with terror. The seis
mographic recorder at the meterologi
cal office cannot be touched unti]
Saturday. The curator expect the
record will show a spasm of unusual
GE. Joe Wheeler, who knows
somehing about war, holds the
opinion that Russia is going to win
in th conflict with Japan. We have
held tis viewfrm the begimning
AFTER FOREIGN COTTON.
(iah Prices Here Will Cause Cam
patition in Africa.
The Chicago Inter Ocean says on
lie day after raw cotton reached 18 1
ents on the New Orleans exchange ]
:ing Edward opened the British Par
lament with a speech containing this
The insuticiency of the supply of
aw material upon which the great
otton industry of this country de
)ends, has inspired me with deep con
;ern. I trust the efforts being made
n various parts of my empire to in
:rease the area of cultivation will be
Lttended with a large measure of suc
There is an old saying derived from
British political experience, that what
Lancashire thinks this year all Eng
land will do next year. In the light
>f that saying the signficance of that
speech from the throne is apparent.
Lancashire has been thinking as never
before how to escape from bondage to
American cotton, and the British
government has resolved to do what
it can to make Lancashire's thinking
effective. Nor are the Lancashire and
other European cotton manufacturer
es without hope of escape. There are
many regions which can grow cotton
and which will be made to grow it if
American delusions of the last year
as to cotton prices and American
manipulations of those prices are per
Egypt offers a case in point. Fifty
years ago the cotton plant was mere
ly a curiosity of the pasha's gardens
there. The American civil war start
ed cotton culture, which has steadily
increased. The present production
is nearly 2,000,000 American bales
and the equality is such that Ameri
can mills pay 2 cents per pound more
for it than for the domestic product.
Even with the additions made by the
Assouan dam the cotton area of Egypt
proper is limited, but in Nubia and
the Soudan are vast stretches, of river
lands which can be made white with
cotton in a few years. On the west
coast of Africa cotton is produced
which compares with the lower grade
American. Both Germany and France
are encouraging cotton planting in
their African possessions.
The little island of Barbodoes pro
duced 20,000 bales of cotton last year
and expects to make 100,000 within
three years. Considerable cotton is
grown in the Crimea and elsewhere
about the Black sea. India is grow
ing cotton, and several South Ameri
can countries are beginning to grow
it. In fact, the tropical and semi
tropical zones clear around the world
are full of possible cotton lands.
"Natural causes" had soanething to
do with the recent high prices which
are so stimulating the extension of
cotton culture outside of the United
States. That other causes by no means
"natural" operated is provided by the
simple fact that when the managers
of the recent speculation finally let
go prices went tff 4 cents in four
The recent successful manipulation
of the cotton crop may have given
the South "money to burn," but there
is the very serious danger that such
burning may prove a playing with the
fire that will consume the South in a
few years in the conflagration of a
world wide overproduction of cotton.
SENATORS IN SECRET.
Investigating the Game in Executive
A special to The State from Wash
ington says: With the paraphernalia
for playing -Jai Alai, a game which
figures conspicuously in the contest
against the confirmation of Gen. Leo
nard Wood to be major general, the
members of the United States senate
amused themselves for more than an
hour Thursday afternoon, protected
from the gaze of the public by the
closed doors of an executive session.
A lively interest was manifested in
the game. It was stated by members
of the committee that the game will
be introduced at the St. Louis exposi
tion. Senators Proctor, Oockrell,
Quarles, Foraker, Teller, Scott, Pet
tus, Blackburn and others who par
ticipated in the hearings before the
military affairs committee, where the
game was explained by experts, were
the exponent of Jai Alai. Senators
Cookrell and Foraker, who have paid
several visits to Cuba while the "Pe
lota" season was at its height, ex
plained that the gambling features of
the game are not essential to its adop
tion by the Cubans, while Senators
Blackburn, Scott and Teller contend
ed that without the betting privil ges
the Jai Alai company would not have
made application to Gen. Wood for
the concession to erect a buil~ling as
headquarters for the game.
The spectacle of senators clasp'ng
the basket racqjuets to their hands
and gesticulating in their efforts to
illustrate the manner of throwing the
"pelta" ball in real play was so un
usual that it came nearer holding a
quorum than have any of the fiery
speeches that have been made for or
against Gen. Wood's confirmation.
After the executive session had ad
j~urned a group of senators gathered
in the middle of the chamber, and
Senator Blackburn read from the
printed testimony given in the Wood
hearing to prove that the game is de
oted almost wholly to gambling and
that Gen. Wood knew this fact when
he granted the franchise to the com
pany. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
The Mileage Book Law.
The mileage book law will become
ffectie March 25th. This is the new
law to require the railroads to trans
port not only the purchaser of mile.
age books but members of his family.
The bill was introduced by Dr. S. T.
. Lancaster of Spartanburg anc
passed without a fight of consequence.
The act, which was approved by the
governor Feb. 25th, is quite specific
and will be agreeable to the traveling
public who use mileage books. "Be it
enacted by the general assembly of the
State of 'South Carolina, That from
and after the passage of this act every
mileage ticket sold by any railroad
doing business in this State shall be
valid and good for the carriage ovei
the lines of said r-ailroad, both for the
purchaser and the actual members of
his or her family living with the pur
chaser at the time of purchase: Pro
vided, That the name of any person
so entitled to use said ticket shall be
furnished in writing to the railroad
selling the same by the purchaser at
the time of the purchase, and shall
be inserted in the ticket: Provided,
That this act go into effect 30 days
after its approval by the governor."
Up to this time the railroads have not
given any intimation that they will
resist the enforcement of the act, but
it s probable that they will do so.
THE UNWRITTEN LAW. sa
pain Kelley Acquitted at Bisbopville
for Killing W. F. Creech. ar
The trial of Spain Kelley for the
:illing of W. F. Creech commenced at M
3ishopville last Friday and ended one tt
)'clock Sunday morning by the ac- be
luittal of Kelley. The killing, it
sill be remembered took place last Fall
ear Bishopville in the most tragic n
nanner. Spain and Creech up to the w
aight before the killing had been good c
friends, both being young men and a
associates. It will be recalled that t<
Kelley bunted Creech and when he ti
found him on the high road be pur- is
sued him and shot him to death in v
the coolest and mcst heartless man- h
ner. Mr. August Kohn in h is report b
of the case for The News and Courier n
says there was no intentional clouding t
of the issue, no plea of self-defence a
and no justification save the one idea
that Creech had seduced Miss Maud
Kelley. Young Kelley said on oath a
without reservation that be went out t
to find Creech; first to undertake to n
make him right the wrong he had b
done his sister, and, if he declined to
do so, he was going to kill him. It
was with him a marriage or a funeral, t
plain and simple. The cry of King a
to his friend. "Lookout, Creech!" (
was what, he said, broke the tension C
and made him-shoot.
Spain Kelley stated plainly that he 0
was behind Creech when he opened t
fire on him, and that there was not a t
word, exchanged between them. He
thought Creech turned slightly in his
buggy, but made no claim of self
defence, but he simply stood pat, as
the politicians says, upon the posi
tion that he, as the eldest son of a
family of eleven children, had under
taken to vindicate the honor of the
family and avenge the wrong done his
eldest sister. Why did he pursue for
miles the wounded' Creech? Spain
Kelley urged that he did not wish the
seducer of his sister to escape, but
that he did not know that he had
wounded him in his first shots, and' 2
that when King interfered at the
final meeting place he did not know
what he was doing, that he was ex- 1
cited and worried and that he fired
the two final loads from his gun in a
moment of excitment. What was
intimated Friday transpired Saturday.
The young woman in the case, Miss
Maud Kelley, told her story as best
she could. It was a sad story, and
perhaps there may be those who will
urge that it ought not to be printed.
But., it is a chapter of real life that
tells others convincingly of the pit
falls of life and the terrible conse
quences of such errors.
Miss Maud Kelley is no ordinary
woman. I take her to be of more
than average education; her family is
of the best. Her father for years was
in the General Assembly. He is
prospering and her relatives are in
positions of honor. Her form is rather
slender, but her attraction is in her
eyes and clear complexion.
The eyes of Miss Maud Kelley are
dark brown and large, shaded with
heavy black eyebrows, and altogether
the outline of her face is that of an
attractive young woman, except that.
her chin is rather large. Her hair is
deep black. She came into Court
accompanied by her father, mother
and two aunts. As the party took
their seats Spain Kelley crossed over
to his mother and kissed her, and then
he kissed the sister who was to go
through the ordeal of the law and
subsequently he greeted his two aunt s.
Miss Kelley, whatever may be her
strength, collapsed at the sight of the
witness stand. She sobbed and cried
as if hysterical for a long while, but
later in the day she calmed herself.
When asked to take the stand she
seemed deaf to the calls. On the
stand she answered as simply and as
briefly as she could, never raising her
head fully, but beseechingly casting
her deep brown eyes about as if to say.
" How much more of this must I
beart"' She told briefiy that Creech
was the father of her still-born child,
and yet she seemd to have leved and
trusted Creech until the very last.
From the evidence the trouble began
months before she finally told her
family, for her father testified that
the child was born in July, two
months after the tragedy. Never
before have I heard such a straight
statement as that of Spain Kelley.
He willingly assumed the full respon
sibility for what appears to be terribly
cold-blooded killing, without equivoca
tion he shouldered all possible burden
for the manner of the shooting and
unrelenting pursuit of the already
wounded Creech. And with him it
was plain that he went forth from
the family council to kill. There were
whisperings of sensations, but if there
were the breath of truth in them the
case stands absolutely upon the re
cord. That Spain Kelley first heard
of his sister's trouble the day before
the tragedy I am convinced, absolute
ly so. That he loved his sister is also
evident, as it is that he, with his
father's approval, undertook to deal
with Creech. The evidence showed
that Creech was a great favorite in
Bishopville, that he was introduced
into the Kelley family hy Spain
Kelley, and that Creech was the only
man who had ever had any improper
intercourse with Miss Maud Kelley.
SPAT KELLEY'S sTATEMENT.
Here is the statement of Spain Kel
ley, the defendant in the case. He
appeared fairly self-reliant and confi
dent. He answeredi the inquiries
quickly and with precision. There
was every evidence of truthfulness
and an almost brutal frankness about
his statements. He showed no feel
ing on the stand, but at other times
seemed very much affected at the hap
penings of the Court. He began by
saying that he was 25 years of age
and that he was the second of eleven
living children of his mother and
father, and that his sister was older
than himself and the oldest child.
He said that he had known Creech for
more than a year and regarded him as
a close and intimate friend, Hie liked
him so well that he introduced him
into his home, invited him to soci
ables and saw that he had invitations
to picnics and the like. They were
the best of friends up to the night be
fore the tragedy, when he first heard
of the trouble. He had been fishing
on the day of the revelation to him by
his sister, and om his way home he
had stopped and had a talk with
Creech at his stable, never for a mo
ment suspecting anything wrong.
Creech offered him two hundred dol
lars if he would get his horse into
first-class condition, and he drove off
with two young ladies who happened
to pass by the stable. That was the
last he saw of Creech until the killing.
After supper at home his younger sis
ter called him out of the room, and
after they had gotten away from the
main part of the house she threw he
arms around his neck and cried and .
sobted "Maud." That was all, he
id, he could get out of the younger
ter, and he told her to bring Maud
him. The elder sister, Maud, then
me in and she threw her arms
ound her oldest brother and began
ying bitterly. Spain Kelley insisted
knowing what was the trouble and
aud said that she would rather die
an tell, and she told him that she
Ld come to him for protection and
at she might as well-tell it all. She
d so and told her brother that Creech
as to have met her at home that
ght at 8.30 o'clock and righted the
rong, but that he had failed to
me, and that she had waited until
c'clock before she said anything to
iyone. She told him thatshe wanted
> be saved from disgrace and to save
ie family if she could, of the prom
es that Creech bad made her, of her
sit to town that day and how Creech
ad told her that if she told her
.other or father that he was a dead
ian. Alter his sister had told him
2e whole story he told her: "I will
ttend to it."
He said that he felt it his duty to
tt as he was the oldest brother, and
bat he had introduced the young
ian into the family. He then, called
is father out of the house and told
im of the trouble and, after consult
og with friends, it was decided that
he father should go for the minister
nd that Spain Kelley should go for
!reech. It was then about midnight.
)n the way to Bishopville the father
aid that Creech boarded at the home
f a maiden lady and that he did not
hink that it would be right to dis
urb her and have a diiculty there
*nd so the visit that night was aban
toned. - He went home and later on
ound that Creech had left Bishopville.
le drove across to the road to Cam
ten to try and intercept Creech, but
ound out early in the morning that
,reech had already passed. Then he
vent home and took a nap and next
lay started for Camden to find Creech,
vith the full knowledge and con
ent of his father. He said that
then he started out that it was
uis intention to intercept Creech
Lnd make him marry his sister,
End that while sitting by the roadside
vaiting he loaded two shells with
arge buckshot. He said that he took
he extra horse to pursue Creech if he
o'nd that he had left Camden. On his
wav to Camden, while going down a
ill, he was almost upon King before
ie saw him. All of the vehicles were
noving fast. He heard King call out.
Look out, Creech, here is Kelley-"
bout this time Creech threw the
ines to his companion and made a
turn in his seat as if to stoop down.
Re said nothing, but thought that
the light was on and that there was
3o time to lose, and he opened fire.
Re insisted that his hind buggy wheel
was just parallel with the hind buggy
wheel of the buggy in which Creech
was riding. He had to wait a little,
be said, as there were two between
him and Creech and he could not fire
until he had passed Creech. - As soon
as he fired Creech and his companion
jumped out. He jumped out of his
buggy also and about that time Creech
was getting up again, and he fired
into him again. He saw no effect from
either gunshot, and then Creech
began to run and he fired at him
twice with his pistol. Creech ran
towards King, who helped him into
the buggy, and they broke and ran in
their buggy as fast as they could. He
went back to get his buggy, picked up
his gun and followed the fleeing men.
He said that he followed them for
some time and, seeing that he was
not gaining on them, he unhitched
his horse, adjusted the saddle and
started in pursuit of the men, whom
he overtook in a three or four-mile
race. He said that they went in the
direction of Barnett's and not in the
direction of Bishopville, and that
made bim tbink tbat they were trying
to escape and that Creech had not
been hurt, because he was able to run
faster than he did out of the way of
the pistol balls. As he turned into
the Boykin place, where Creech and
King had gone, he wr~s met by King.
King came running out and he threw
his gun on King, as .he did not want
to be interfered with and did not
know what King was going to do.
After some words with King he shov
ed him out of the way and fired twice,
almost simultaneously, into Creech.
He said that he was all wrought up,
excited and worried at the time o1
the second shooting. He then got on
his horse and i-eturned to find his
buggy, which he turned over to a
friend, and then he left the county
to go to Monroe, N. C., as he did not
care to be arrested just then. He
assumed the name of Law and, after
sending his brother hereto look into
matters, he quietly returned to
Sumter, where he surrendered him
self. Up to the time of the disclosure
of his sister he had no intimation
that there was anything in the world
wrong. The home had been a happy
one and he had the highest regard
At midnight the jury asked Judge
Purdy for further instruction. He re
peated his charge in substance and
the jury returned to its deliberations.
After being out until 1 o'clock the
jury in the Kelley case retur'ned t0
Court with Its verdict of "not guilty.'
There was a murmur, no applause.
and no war a. g of applause by the
Judge. YoLug Kellev was forthwith
discharged and went home. An ac
ruittal was generally expected.
Engin~eers Narrow Escape.
A special to the State from Dillon
says Engineer A. Adams, in charge of
engine 416, used at Dillon and aeigh
borin~g towns for shifting purposes,
came near losing his life Wednesday
afternoon by the breaking of the con
necting rod of the right driving
wheels. The engine was running at
about 30 miles an hour when the acci
dent occurred. The longer portion of
the broken rod was left on the crank of
the wheel immediately under the cab.
With titanic force this huge flail-like
bar of steel began its work of demoli
tion as the wheel tiew around with
lightning sreed, reducing to atoms all
the heavy castings of the engine and
cab that it came in contact with,
bending and twisting the wrought
iron pipes and bars, knocking out the
base of the air pump from which
poured volumes of steam and hot wa
ter. The former completely envelop
ing everything in the cab so that the
tireman, whose post was on the oppo
site side of the cab, could see neither
the engineer nor conductor, both of
whom were on the same seat. So he
sashed himself througli the window
to the running board and leaped to
che ground. When the engine stopped
for want of steam it was found the
angineer had a badly sprained ankleyf
21s injuries otherwise being very
slight. How he escaped being pound
d to pulp is mbossible to conceive.
TE Democratic party has been
DAJ TZLER LOSES HIS SEAT.
.ever Remains Just as Though No
Question Had Been Raised.
A special from Washington to The
tate says the house was in session a
ittle over three hours Thursday, an .
arly adjournment being taaen to per
nit the members to make a trip to
he site of the proposed Jamestown
xposition. The house agreed to the
eport of the committee on elections
Yo. 1 declaring that Alexander D.
Dantzler, contestant, was not elected
o congress from the Seventh district
)f South Carolina. Also that Julius
Kahn, contestant, was not elected
rrom the Fourth California district:
also that James M. Moody, contest
int, was not elected from the Tenth
district of North Carolina. This con
firms the titles of Representatives
Lever, Livernash and Gudger in their
The house adjourned until Monday.
A NEGATIVE POSITION.
In making its report Thursday in
favor of Lever, in the Dantzler-Lever
contest from the Seventh South Caro
lin district, house committee on elec
tions No. 1 takes the ground that the
investigation shows that Dantzler, a
colored man, was not elected. At
the same time the committee refusEs
to say that Lever was elected and tie
report leaves h'm in the same pCsIta n
as if no contest had been made.
The basis of D tntz'er's claim was
that the constitution of South Caro
lina adopted in 1895 was contrary to
the reconst uction act of June 25,
1868, readmitting South Carolina and
other States to representation in con
gress, which contained no provision
as to educational and property qualiti
cation as fixed in the present con
stitution and laws passed under it.
He averred that if certain citizens of
his district had been allowed to vote
under . the provisions of the act of
1868 he would have been elected.
The report of the committee passed
over this claim by declaring it to be
plain that Dantzler was not elected,
but it goes on to say that if the house
should declare that there was no valid
election then there could be no one
chosen to fill the vacancy thus create d
until the constitution and election
laws of the State should be changed.
If the house should declare the seat
vacant, and thus set a precedent, the
report goes on to say that as practi
cally the same "fundamental condi
tions" exist in Virginia, North.Car
lina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mis.
sissippi, Louisiana, Texas and Arkan
sas, the house would be obliged to un
seat almost all of the membershil
from those States, until their consti
tutions should be changed so as t(
comply with the Reconstruction act
NOT A JUDICIAL BODY.
"However desirable it may be for
legislative body to retain control 0:
the decision as to the election anc
qualification of its members, it ii
quite certain that a legislative bod3
is not the ideal body to pass judicialll
upon the constitutionality of the en
actments of other bodies. We have
in this country a proper 'forum for thi
decision of constitutional and othe:
judicial questions. If any citizen o:
South Cirolina who was entitled t4
vote under the constitution of tha
State of 1868 is now deprived by thi
provision of the present constitutiol
from voting he has the right to tende:
himself for registration and for votini
and in case his right is denied, tc
bring suit in a proper court for thi
purpose of enforcing his right, or re
cover damage for its denial. Tha
suit can be carried by him, if neces
sary, to the 'supreme court of thi
United States. If the supreme couri
of the United States shall declare ii
such case 'that the fundamental con
ditions in the reconstruction acts weri
valid and constitutional and the Stat'
constitutions are in violation of thos<
acts and hence invalid and unconsti
tional, every State shall be compellei
to immediately bow in submission t
the dec~sion. On the contrary th
decision of the house of representa
tives upon this grave judicial que:
tion would not be considered as bind
ing or effective in any case except thi
one acted upon or as a precedent~ to
the future action in the house itself.
Opens Cage of Beasts.
Alfred .T. F. Perrino, the world ri
nowned lion tamer and hunter, ha
lost his mind entirely and is now i
the county jail in Jacksonville, Fla,
awaiting an agent from the state 1i:
sane asylum at Chattahoochee t
come for him. Perrino came to Jaci
sonville with the John H. Sparb
shows and left them here. Since the
he has been giving a side show wit
his three huge lions on 'West Ba
street. For several days he has bee
showing signs of insanity, and Wed
nesday, while giving one of his pe:
formances, he went into the cage an
came out and left the cage door oper
saying: "They will not come out, a
God is looking after them." He the
perched himself on a box and state
that he could restore sight to th
blind and cure any disease known t
medical science by his magnetic pois
er. Bystanders closed the door an
kept the lions from escaping. Th~
investigating committee decided tha
he has lost his mind on the subject C
reigion. He preached for some tim
to them and tried to explain wher
the Bible gave him power over beast
and humans. He will be taken t
the asylum in a few days. Perinc
hails from Lond~h, England, and say
that he had a world-wide prominenc
in the animal world. He has bee:
traveling with circuses for the pas
30 years, so he stated Wednesday.
Henry Williams, a negro, was hang
ed at Rtoanoke, Va,, Friday. TIh
execution was witnessed by severs
hundred persons in the jail yard
while thousands thronged the street
about the prison. As a precautionar;
measure a local military compan;
stayed in the armory during the nigh
and until after the execution. Th
crime for which he was hanged wa
pcommitted on .January 13. He en
tered the house of George Shields,
well-known young business man, an
after assaulting Mrs. Shields, cut he
throat, struck her little daughter wit:
a hatchet and robbed the house
There was great excitement and
strong movement was organized t
lynch the negro, which was defeatec
by the Governor ordering out a force
of militia to quell the disturbance.
2,000 Japs in Rospitals.
According to information receivei
from the Russians at Shanghai dur
ing the lighting at Port Arthur oi
February 10 and 11, the battleshij
Milkasa was struck by ten projectile
and seriously damaged. Two Japanes
battleships and cruisers have beer
docked for repairs at Nagasaki an<
Sisebo, and two thousand wounded
..n e reported in the hospitals.
PEACH CROP UNHURT.
But the Boy With the Gun is Getting .:
in His Deadly Work.
In the opinion of Mr. J. W. Bauer,
the section directior, the frosts of this
week did no damage whatever to the --
coming peach crops here or anywhere
else in the State, with the possible
exception of Edgefield county, where
ice formation of the 11th possibly de
stroyed some of the earlier varieties
wbich blcom early. The March cold
periods have not been severe enough
to injure the most delicate vegetables.
The danger of freezes is not yet
over, however, though there is no
ground for any great alarm for the
future in this section-so far as tem
perature is concerned. The freeze
which occurred ' late in March, 1894,
and which practically wiped out the
orange and pineaple business : in -
Florida, was an extraordinary occur
rence which may not be expected to
come again in a quarter of a century l
or longer, if it ever comes again. The
general outlook for a full crop of all
kinds of fruit in this section is favor
able so far. What the insects will do
for these crops later, however, is a
matter that cannot be foretold.
"Insects," said Mr. Bauer, "are the .s
greatest of the farmer's enemies
worms, grubs and scale insects of va
rious kinds. This condition may be
said to be due to the steadily increas
ing prevalence of the small boy with
the gun. These boys who are out
shooting robbins ought to be spanked,
every one of them. Every robbin they
kill is worth from 85 to-$10 in the
number of insects it would destroy if
allowed to live. I mention the robbin
particularly because he is above all
others an insectiverous bird, thoughof
course all birds are more or less so.
Birds are, therefore, the farmer'sbest
friends, and unless more effective
means are adopted by the legislature
to protect them and encourage their
propagation the insects will become
increasingly victorious in their war on
the growing crops.
"If the birds had been let alone in '
the last decade there would be enough
of them here now to hold the army of
insects in'check. Nature is amply
able to take care of hereself. She had
provided birds to hold these insects In.
check. To see people interfere: with
the scheme of nature with their eyes
wide open and then to mourn. over the
consequences is one of the most'pathe
tic sights I know of." -
Reverting to the appearance of-frost
this week, Mr. Bauer said that the
freezing condition had not held an
hour and could not have harmedany
thing. Even as delicate a fruitas -the
banana could stand a temperature of
30 degrees over an hour without in
jury, and the lemon could see.sthe
banana one better both as to time and
degree of lo temperature.
Mr. Bauer was asked why it is that
forest growth as well as fruit trees.are
not killed outright by these protracted
freezes .,ch as occur, for instances, at
points as far south as North Carolina,
where temperature of 20 degrees below
zero is not unknown.
"That such disasters do not occur,"
Mr. Bauer answered, "Is due to the
wise provision of nature that there is
then no active sap in the trees. Yes,
no cutting into the'tree at thattime
'you wlll see the Ice ingrained as It
were into the very fibre of the wood,
but there is then nothing there but
the wood itself scarcely. If such a
freeze occured when the sap wasactive
-death would follow. ~Several years
ago a severe late spring freeze occurred
resulting in the death of forest trees
throughout this and other States.: On
the other hand when the sap is active
there is a certain amount of heat gen
erated by the activity of vegetable
life that is able to resist more or-lss
"As to the effect of freezes on the
budding fruit trees there is another
wise provision of nature which the
3 matter you directed my attention to
recalls. The buds are divided into
- several crops as If in-anticipation of a
-freeze. Nature does not allow all of
- the buds to mature at once, bultholds
others in reserve in' cas the first are
L ]dlled. Nature is thus genera3ly abeO
to reassert herself and bring out al.
most a full crop even If the first buds
are caught and killed."-The State.
Two Fair Examples.
a "Those two negro men are fakr
amples of what diversified farming
'will do for the people of. the south,"
said A. B. Saxon, of the firm of A. B.
3 Saxon & Bro., Augusta, Ga., Wednes.
day morning, pointing to Henry Jef
s ferson and Butler Gooding, who re
side near Edgefield, S. C. The two -
negroes bought each a load of country
V cured hams to the city and disposed
of them at handsome prices. Ito was
-simply the surplus crop of winter's
meat raised at home, an4. above what
d will be necessary to carry them
Sthrough the next crop-raising season.~
s Mr. Saxon verified their statement '
that they raise everything at home
i needed, meats, grains, stock -feed and
e garden truck. They are well to do,
0 both own farms free of debt, and from
- season to season never go in debt for
supplies. . The only thing they buy in
the city is clothing, shoes, coffee, su
tgar and smaller articles whichi cannot
be successfully raised in this climate.
Phil Evans, a third negro from- the
same district, brought in a bale of
cotton, sold it at 15 1-2 cents, and In
vested it in provisions. "The coun
r try would be a hundred times better.
off if every farmer, white and black,
B would pattern after Jefferson and
1 Gooding," said Mr. Saxon, as the two
Snegroes drove towards the bridge.
To Meet in Anderson. ~
The State correspondent from An
- derson say: The State convention of
the Baptist Young People's union will
1 meet in this city April 5th to 7th.
The Indications are that this will be
the largest convention that the or
ganization has eyer held.
Among the speakers will be Rev. C.
E. Burts of Edgefield, President F..
N. K. Bailey of Edgefield, Dr. J. A
Brown of Due West,-Rev. H. A. Bag
- by of Greenwood, Rev. L. J. Briatow
I of Marion, Rev. Will B. Oliver of
Florence, Rev. H. M. Fallow of St.
r Matthews, Rev. W. T. Tate of Belton
and Mr. -H. L. Erckmnann of Charles
-ton. The distinguished visitors from .
Soutside the State will include Dr.
Calley, ex-Gov. Northern, Mr. Bomar
and prchably Dr. Sampey. The rail
roads have granted for the occasion a
fare of one and one-third plus 25
cents. A through car will probably
be operated from the lower part of the
I State and will run through to Ander
son without change. It is very 1m
Sportant that those who expect to at
tend should signify their intention to
do so at the earliest possible moment,
Sin order that they may be fully in
formed as to rates, routes, etc. Mr.
John B. White of Cameron Is the
transportation leader, and Mr. W. W.
eys of Grenville is his aanIstantL