Newspaper Page Text
GIVES HIS PROOFS.h
Eon. T. E. Watson Makes Reply to
Hon. Grover Cleveland.
MAKES OUT A VERY CLEAR CASE.
Says He Made His Charges on
Statements Made in a Book
Written by Fred Douglass
Nine Years Ago.
Representative Bartlett, of Georgia,
has received the following letter from
Grover Cleveland, blistering Thomas
E. Watson for his charges concerning
Cleveland's attitude on the negro ques
PRINcETON, March 4, 1904.
To Hon. Chas. L. Bartlett, Washing
ton, D. C.
My Dear Mr. Bartlett-I have re
ceived a number of inquiries similar
to yours touching my invitation of
Fred Douglas to a wedding reception
and signing, while governor of New
York, of a bill providing for mixed
schools. I do not suppose that Mr.
Thomas E. Watson believed, or had
any reason to believe, either of the
allegations when he made them. At
any rate, they are both utterly and
absolutely false. I cannot afford to
devote a great deal of time to deny
ing such foolish tales. I shall, there
fore, attempt to cover every phase of
the subject now for all. It so hap
pens that I have never in my otlicial
positions, either when sleeping or
waking, alive or dead, on my head or
on my heels, dined, lunched or supped
- or invited to a wedding reception any
colored man, woman or child. If,
however, I had desired to do any of
these things, neither the fear of Mr.
Watsoa or any one else would have
prevcnted me. When I was governor
of New York a movement was made
in the legislature to abolish seperate
colored schools in New York city. I
opposed this measure and it failed. I
do not find that I interposed a veto
and I have forgotten the course the
matter took, but I know that what- 1
ever I did was in favor of maintain
ing separate colored schools instead of
having them mixed.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) GROvER CLEVELAND.
WATSON IN REPLY.
The following letter from Hon.
Thos. E. Watson in reply to the above
is hot stuff and will be read with in
'rt TaOMsoN, Ga., April 5.
To the Editor of the Augusta Chroni
SIR: In your issue of yesterday you
publish a letter written by Mr. Cleve
land to my friend Hon. Charles Bart
This letter is dated March 4th.
Just why it was kept from the press
for an entire month, is not stated.
Mr. Cleveland says that he does not
suppose that I believed, or had any
reason to believe, that my charges
were true when they were made.
The intimation that I would wilful
ly charge upon him things which I
knew to be false, does both himself
and me an injustice.
To publicly make against a man so
prominent as Mr. Cleveland serious
accusations which were known to be
untrue, could only be the act of ,a
knave who was at the same time a
fool. A slanderer who is simply a
knave may whisper falsehoods which
he knows to be falsehoods; but such
slanders are never published over the
signature of the man who makes
them, unless the author is a fool a.s
well as a knave.
When Grover Clevelan~I assumes
that I am either a knave or a fool te
will find no respectable man who
knows me to agree with him. The
gentleman to whom he addressed his
letter would tell him quickly enough
that any such construction put upon
my act, or any such imputation cast
upon my character, would be repudi
ated by both the Democratic senators
from Georgia, and by at least a ma
jority of the Democratic delegation
from this state to the lower house.
People of the state in which my life
has been passed do not endorse my
politics, but they do not doubt the
honesty of my convictions nor the
purity of my character; and Mr. Cleve
land will not strengthen himself in
this state by refiedting upon either.
Now let us see what Mr. Cleveland's
letter amounts to, as a reply to my
I beg to remind your readers that
the issue arose out of the controversy
which raged around the Booker Wash
A Republican member of congress,
to offset Mr. Roosevelt's treatment of
Booker, had alleged that Mr. Cleve
land dined C. H. J. Taylor at the
white house. Mr. Cleveland denied
the statement; and his card, when
published, was headlined in such a
way as to carry the impression that he
had never practiced social equality at
the white house.
In an article which was published
in the Atlanta News, I pointed out
that Mr. Cleveland had confined his
denial to the negro Taylor, and that
the head lines went further than the
letter-as is often the case.
Furthermore, I added that Mr.
Cleveland had practiced social equali
ty in three particulars:
1. In appointing a negro to be min
ister to one of the South American re
2. By signing the bill for mixed
schools in New York.
3. By inviting Fred Douglass and
wife to his wedding reception at the
Upon what grounds were these
Necessarily, they were based upon
current and contemporaneous news
paper reports which were not con
tradicted. How else is a citizen to
have knowledge of public affairs? The
newspapers are the source of our in
formation; and if a public man allows
the newspapers to make gneral and
repeated statements about his con
duct, he must expect such statements
to be credited, unless denied.
How do I know that Mr. Roosevelt
dined Booker Washington? I was not
there. I did not see it. 1 have not
spoken to any one who did see it. But
the newspapers made the charge, and
it was not denied--hence I believe it.
How do I know that Grover Cleve
land made a private and almost
secret sale of United States bonds to
J. Pierpont Morgan, and by this
private deal made it possible for the
varacious Wall street tinanciers to
pocket about ten million dollars of
the money of the tax-payers of this
I was not there; yet I know it hap
pened, because the newspapers made
such a row about it that Cleveland
was afraid to sell any more bonds that
In like manner, I beli eved he signed1
the bill for mixed schools in New York 1
beause it was so charged in the news-I
>apers, and he never denied it at the
As to the White House reception.
had precisely the same grounds for
>elief that the public hay in the case
>f B.oker Washington. It was so
har.ed: and no denial was made.
It has nut only bteea charged in
newspapers. but appeared in book
The book to which I refer is "The
Life and Tinesof Frederick Douglass."
rue author was Douglass himself. In
,his book Douglass glorifies Mr.
leveland for the reason that Cleve
and treated him and "Mrs. Douglass"
Ls social equals.
This book was published in 1895
ear where Mr. Cleveland lives, and
1obody has challenged its statements
;o far as I know.
Douglass was an ardent admirer of
sir. Cleveland. The Democratic presi
lent had, far a considerable time, al
'owed the Republican negro to con
tinue to hold one of the fattest offices
in Woshington City. But it was not
ror this that Douglass loved Cleve
What won the heart of the negro
was the fact that at a critical time
when both whites and blacks were
condemning Douglass for his marriage
with a white woman, Mr. Cleveland
was brave enough to defy public
opinion and to extend social recogni
tion to the negro and his white wife.
Some extracts from the Douglass
book were published last Saturday in
the Atlanta News, but as Mr. Cleve
and's letter was written a month ago,
t becomes necessary for me to go over
he same ground a second time.
Douglass says that his "false friends"
both colors were loading him with
.eproaches because he had recently
narried a white woman.
"Popular prejudice" among the
)lacks as well as the whites had been
Lroused by this act of miscegenation.
But Fred says that Mr. Cleveland,
n spite of all the clamor about the
hite wife, singled him, out for
What thes3 attentions were he, pro
;eds to state.
He says that Mr. Cleveland never
ailed to invite him and his wife to all
t the grand receptions; and Douglass
ays that "myself and my wife never
ailed to attend them."
At these receptions Douglass states
hat Mr. Cleveland showed to himself
Lnd "Mrs. Douglass" a bearing "not
ess cordial and courteous than that
>tended to the other ladies and
Douglass call this conduct of Mr.
3eveland a "manly defiance by a
Democratic president of the malignant
end time-honored prejudice."
What was the malignant prejudice
which Mr. Cleveland was defying in
o manly a manner?
Obviously, undeniably, Do u g l ass
neant to give Mr. Cleveland praise
or defying popular prejudice or the
subject of social equality. What else I
was Cleveland's "manly defiance"
Again, to show more clearly bow
Douglass understood the true meaning
>f Mr. Cleveland's conduct. the negro
oes on to say that the cordial and
~ourteous treatment accorded him and
Mrs. Douglass" by Mir. and Mrs.
1eveland was extended while he was
surrounded by distinguished men*
Lnd women from all parts of the coun
ry, and by diplomatic representatives
rom all parts of the world, and under
:he gaze of the late slaveholders."
Now, if there ever was anything
!ear in a book it is clear that in this
ook Fred Douglass meant to give
SHr. Cleveland credit and praise for
lefying malignant prejudice on the
ocial equality question, and for
Ireating himself and "Mrs. Doug
ass" as social equals in the presence
>f the representatives of the white
.ace throughout the world.
What made this "manly defiance of
malignant prejudice" the more exqui
itely gratifying to the negro was
hat it was done "under the gaze of
she late slave-owners." In other
'ords, Fred says, in effect, that
Souhern ladies and gentlemen were
resent and were compelled to witness
n silence the social triumph of him
elf and "Mrs. Douglass."
Oh, how full tbe cup of Fred's joy
nust have been! And what a sly
rleam of victorious insolence there
nust have been in the negro's eyes as
e looked at the late "slave-owners" to
whom Mr. Cleveland was giving his
That spirit is shown in his book,
Lnd I have no doubt it was shown on
ais countenance in those blissful
aours when he and "Mrs. Douglass"
were being treated just as "the other
;entlemen and ladies" were treated in
he white house.
Heaping up his gratitude and his
~raise, the negro goes on to say (page
348) that the Democrats cf the South
lercely and bitterly reproa::hed Mr.
leveland for his social recognition of
Douglass anid wife, but that he (Cleve
and) "never faltered or flinched," and
'c~ntinued to invite Mrs. Douglass
Lnd mys:lf" and "often wrote the in
ritations with his own hand."
Then, to show conclusively what
Douglss understood by Cleveland's
oenduct, he adds:
"Among my friends in Europe a fact
ike this will excite no comment.
here color does not decide the civil
Lnd social position of a man."
Now I~ask all impartial, intelligent.
nen if these extracts from Douglass'
0ook do not prove that he undertood
3rover Cleveland to have defied she
alignant prejudice of Southern
Democrats by treating him and his
white wife as social equals?
If it does not meran that. what in
;he name of common sensa does it
Douglass alludes to the newspaper
riticisms which were leveled at Cleve
and because of that very thing.
Did not Cleveland see them? If he
lid not, where were his eyes? If he
lid see them, why did not he deny
Douglass was alive then. Proofs
were easily accessible then. The1
Southern negro was still a political
power, then. The ballot which ought
aever have been promiscuously given
o him, had not been taken from him,
Why, oh why, did not Mr. Cleve
and say then that never on his head
yr his heels had be extended to any
aegro that buon of "social equality"
wvhich such negroes as Fred Douglass
:rave and which is denied themo by a
'malignant and time-honored preju
Some rathcr peculiar pictures pass
bhrough my mind as 1 try to fancy
vhat Mr. Cleveland means by stand
ng on his head, but, as the preachers
ay "I must not dwell."
Te noint is this: Did Feed D1,ug
s tell lies on Cleveland in that book ?
o had no motive for doing so.
e eidently did not intend to do so?
le a negro Republican, was praising
whte Democrat for conduct wbich
he black man considered heroic. He
id not mean to injure Cleveland or to
LAST WEEK' FROSTS.
Gardens Were Affected Curious1:
Plants Being Killed in Spots.
There was a frost of freakish varie
ty last week. Its blight fell in spo
and Mr. J. W. Bauer, section directoi
of the weather bureau, is unable t<
I say just what damage has been done
Tuis all depends upon the amount o:
moisture. Plants surrounded by dr,
soil were not affected as seriously a
where there was dampness.
In gardens which came under Mr
Baueras observation the frost seeme<
to attack the young vegetables with
out any regularity. One plant appear
ed to be killed while those around i
were unhurt. No news from th
peach crop in the ridge section coult
be learned Tuesday, but as Lhe fros
was not altogether destructive here
it is hoped that the peach crop is no
hurt-and indeed a slight prunint
would not be harmful as there is suce
an abundance of blooms that if a]
should nature the trees would be un
able to bear the load.
Mr. Bauer last week issued the firs
of his weekly bulletins as to the grow
ing crop. This one, under date o
April 5th, says:
"The week ending 8 a. m., Apri
4th, had nearly normal temperature
having been cooler than usual during
the first and warmer than usual dux
ing the second half. There were ligh
frosts over the eastern portions o1
March 29th, increasing in severity t
killing, with thin ice, in the wester1
parts, but aside from causing som
corn that was up to yellow slightly
no injury resulted. The week close
with abnormally cold weather prevail
ing, and frost threatening the interio
"There was practically no precipi
tation during the week. On March 26
27th the rainfall was general over th
State, and was excessive in places
greatly delaying farm work. tnbrokel
lands are becoming hard in the north
ern counties, but generally the soil i
in fine condition for tillage.
"The preparation of lands is report
ed to be somewhat backward in a fet
western counties, but is generally nor
maly advanced, and made rapid pro
gress during the last week, especiall,
the preparation of lands for cotton
and the placing of fertilizers in th
"From one-half to three-fourths o
the proposed acreage to be planted t
corn has already been planted in th
eastern sections, the percentage de
creasing toward the northwester
counties, where this work has onl:
been begun. Corn planted early il
March is, with few exceptions, up ta
fair stands, and some has receiver
"A little short staple and consider
able sea island cotton has been plant
ed, but this work cannot be said to b
generally under way, although, sot
and weather permitting, will mak
rapid progress during the coming wee]
in all parts of the State.
"Rice planting has progressed fa
vorably in the Georgetown district ani
was impeded with heavy rains and;
freshet in the rivers in the Colletoi
district, where, previous to Marcl
26th, a considerable area had alread;
"Tobacco plants are small in th
beds, but look healthy and vigorous
none have as yet been transplanted.
"Wheat and oats continue small
but have improved, except that' oat
have thin stands in places. Spring
sown oats look well.
"Peach trees have about finishel
blooming in the eastern sections, an<
are now in full bloom in the wester1
counties. A pple trees are late i
blooming. The prospects for all kind
of fruit are excellent. Cabbage, beets
peas and strawberries are being shippet
from the coast truck farms, Pasturaga
is scant and does not afford grazing i
the western counties. There is wide
spread complaints of a scarcity of fart
We have received the followini
from the division of vital statistics c
the department of commerce and la
"Few social questions are asket
more frequently than, what is the in
crease of crime? The national censui
bureau is seeking an answer to thi:
inquiry. It is undertaking to securi
a record of all the persons who arl
sentenced to the various jails, peni
tentiaries and other prisons during
the year 1904. "The wardens of thi
state prisons and the sheriffs of the
counties are being requested to act al
special agents to report certain facti
concerning every person deliveret
into their custody. Some counties havy
not been heard from. In some, per
haps, there are no jails; in others
perhaps, the local jails are no lange
used; in still others the sheriff hay
possibly neglected the matter. Bu
the records of the census bureau anc
the resulting statistics will not be
complete until all are heard from, anc
it is hoped that the pressure of othel
business will not cause the sheriff a:
any county to block this most impor
tant inquiry." We trust that a]
South Carolina otticials will compl:
with this request. Such statistics art
matters of general public interest an!
are of much importance in show
ing the people their actual con
dition as to the number of crimes com.
mitted within their state boundaries
Had Whiskey in Safe.
The Charleston Post says wher
Sergt. Healey and his raiding squat
visited Jesse Barber's store on Blak(
street Thursday afternoon and asket
for the keys to his iron safe the re
quest was refused. A locksmith wa
engaged, and the safe opened and thin
teen quarts of whiskey confiscated
The raiding squad had reason to be.
lieve that whiskey was kept in th(
safe. When they searched the pre
mises they found that the outer dool
of the safe was unlocked, but th(
inner doors were fastened. The keys
were demanded, but refused. Sergt.
Healey sent for a locksmnith and afte1
working for some time with a numbei
of keys, one was found which lit th(
lock and the door wa swn open
exposing thirteen qunarts of "boze."
Located at Last.
Cleveland, Ohio, is still addicted tC
the Hlell habit. A minister in that
city recently declared from his pulpit
that there is no Hell. As soon as he~
had made his announcement about
iell. the congregation gathered ui
the hymnbooks and began to pelt the
reverendc gentleman in thle most un
heavenly manner.. We are not told
what effect thIis~ unusual argument
had upon him. but if lhe had any
doubts as to the existence of Hell be
fore, the action of his congregation
ought to have dissipated them per
manently. Hell seems to be very
dear to the hearts of the people ai
Cleveland. It may even be that
lveland is Hell.
that gentleman: he was showering
praise upon him; he was throwing bou
quets at him: he was singling him out
as the brave, manly Democrat who
defined the Southern race prejudice,
and who gave to him, the negro, the
same treatment which was accorded
him in Europe "where color does not
decide the social position of a man."
For nine years this book has been
in circulation. For nine years Cleve
land has been enjoying the credit for
all the good things his negro admirer
said of him. Doubtless there are thou
sands of people who have thrilled with
admiration as they read of the manner
in which Mr. Cleveland defied the ma
lignant race prejudice of the South,
wrote invitations with his own hand
to "Mr. and Mrs. Douglass," accorded
them the treatment due in one's house
to all ladies and gentlemen. and bold
ly conformed to that European stand
ard which disregards color in fixing
And now after nine years-after
Douglass has died, and after the
Southern negro has been disfranchis
ed, cometh the said Grover Cleveland
and declares that he is not the hera
Fred Douglass said he was.
Is there any sence in splitting hairs
about wedding receptions, and other
social receptions, or other social-equal
ity practices? None whatever. The
question at issue is: Did Mr. Cleveland
invite and receive Douglass and wife
upon terms of social equality? That
is the pith and marrow of the dispute.
If it be true, as Douglass says, that
Mr. Cleveland often wrote the invita
tions with his own hand, and that he
treated the negro and wife at all the
white house receptions as social
equals, defying the predjudice and the
criticism of the Southern accuracy of
my statement stands proved without
reference to any particular reception.
If Mr. Cleveland will condescend to
read pages 646, 647 and 648 of the
book referred to, and will then specify
to what extent the author lied, be
will clear up the atmosphere consider
Poor old Fred! What a lesson is
here, my brethren. In his day and
time, Fred Douglass was a power in
the land. White politicians courted
his support. The highest leaders in
the land made much of him. President
Grant petted him; Garfield petted
him; Harrison petted him; and Cleve
land-but that's another story.
Poor old Fred! He is dead now,
Pretty much everybody who wants to
kick him can come up and do it. Once
apon a time his voice, along the line
of battle, "were worth a thousand
men." In those days, he was a "dis
tinguished colored gentleman and
statesman." How have the mighty
slipped down hill! At present, he seems
&o be nothing more than "a d-d nig
ger," who never was invited anywhere
by anybody, whether on their heels or
on their heads, drunk or sober; and if
ever he got into the white house at all
he just "butted in."
Old Fred. will turn over in his
grave when he learns that the great
Democratic president whcm he so
much lauded for his manly defiance of
malignant prejudice has caught "the
damned nigger" fever, and shows a
rising pulse every time we take his
I will make further investigation
about the New York school law; but
if, in the meanwhile, Mr. Cleveland
has anything to say about appointing
that negro as minister to the white
republic in South America, he might
write Charley Barlett another "head
or heels" letter, while we wait.
Tros E. WATsoN.
A Warningr to All.
The Cotton Plant says the almanac
makers ought to insert this warning
the first of A pril: "Look out for the
oily tongued agent about this time."
Never sign any sort of paper present
ed by these sharp fellows. Do not
even write your name on the blank
page of a memorandum. Out West
one of these fellows went around
amongst the farmers ostensibly in
trouducing some machine that the
farmers were interested in. He was
not taking orders, but finding out
probable purchasers so as to have cir
culars sent by the house. For some
reason or other he could not write
and lie asked the farmer to write his
name and address. He managed so
the name would be on the lower right
hand corner of a blank page in his
memorandum, which page was about
the size and shape of a note. After
getting a few of these signatures he
filled out bankable notes above the
signature, and then cashed them.
Look out for the agents for lightning
rods, patent churns, farming imple
ments cooking stoves and deal very
cautiously with them. Always buy
such things from trustworthy mer
chants and manufacturers and you
will not be cheated.
Six End Their Lives.
In New York an. unusual number
of suicides, at least half of them due
to despondency because of inability to
:ecure employment, were reported to
the police last week.
Three of the six victims chose car
bolic acid as a means of ending their
troubles, one chose death by shooting,
another by hanging and the sixth ac
complished his purpose by turning on
The most youthful suicide was Eva
Pocker, a 17-year-old Brooklyn school
girl, who drank carbolic acid after
reading a letter, and the oldest, Jacob
Reiham, 65, of Manhattan, who had
been ill with rheumatism. His body
was found hanging in his lodgings.
The body of another suicide, a wo
man, who had ended her life at least
two weeks ago by inhaling chloroform,
was found in a hoirse on east Thirty
fifth street. A note found with the
body said the woman was so deeply in
debt that she saw no hope.
The other suicides reported were:
James Finney, fireman, who lost his
work through drink; Samuel Levy, no
work, carbolic acid; Egisto Bertone,
stone cutter, shooting, no work; J.
Bender, a crayon artist, gas.
Can't Pay More Rent.
General and concerted demands of
landlords on the lower East Side of
New York for more rent will send
thousands of people homeless into the
streets within a week. Unable to
meet the demand for increased rents
the tenants, who are the poorest of
the poor, tl~d the landlords that they
are unable to keep the miserable
hovels they cah home. Notices of an
increase of nearly thirty per cent
have beeni served. Severvl families
have alr-eady bean evicted and a hun
dred other eviction notices have been
secured from the municipal courts
and are re:idy for- serv'ice.
Overcome By Gas.
Oscar Severson, Ed ward H ammond
and Jacob Hlammond. young men in
their twenties, were alfound dead in
bed Wednesday morning at their
home, So. 505 Richmond street.
They were overcome with gas
SENATOR BURTON SENTENCE
With Bowed Head He Hears Judg
Say Verdict Is Just.
At St. Louis on Wednesday Unite
t States Senator J. R. Burton of Kar
r sas was sentenced to six months' in
prisonment in jail and a fine of $2, 50
for using his influence before the posi
office department in behalf of th
f Rialto Grain and Securities compan
of St. Louis, and for having receive
payment from, the company for h:
. When Senator Burton, accompanie
by his attorney, came into the Unite
I States district court Judge Adarr
. spoke of the motions that had bee
filed for a new trial and for arrest c
t judgment. The court, after briefly r
e viewing the motions, overruled the]
3 both. The court then said to the di
"Have you anything to say as 1
t why sentence should not be passe
Evidently suppressing his emotior
.1 with a strong effort, Senator Burtc
sto)d leaning with both hands on
chair back as he said:
t "Your honor will please allow me 1
respectfully decline to say anything.
,f The court room was almost empt;
with the exception of a few person
i who had remained out of curiosit;
and the silence was almost opppre
sive as Judge Adams, in a low ton
. began delivering the sentence. T1
t court said:
n "I am satisfied that the jury reac]
o ed the just and true result. The ev
a dence abundantly warranted the
e verdict and I find no reason, either;
the law governing the case or in ti
proceedings attending the trial, fi
. disturbing it.
r "Your exalted station in life at
the character of your offense, gi'
unusual significance. to your convi
tion. It demonstrates that the la
e of the land is equal to any emergent
and that it can be administered r
a gardless of -the personality and st
. tion of the accused. It also demo
s strates to all the people that publ
office cannot be prostituted to sel
serving purposes, and that public offii
v is not a sure or safe passport to pi
' The humiliation attending yoi
conviction and the statutory disqual
fications resulting therefrom whic
e forever incapacitate you from holdir
any office of honor, trust or prof
, under the government of the Unite
o States, are in themselves heavy pui
a ishment for your offenses and leas
but little in the way of severity whic
n could be added. It is neitber nr
y pleasure nor purpose to impose at
a unnecessary punishment.
o "I think the majesty of the la
3 will be sufficiently vindicated at
the public welfare sufficiently' saf<
guarded by imposing a single sei
tence, warranted as it is on any or
e of the six counts of the indictmen
. on which you were convicted.
e "This sentence will be that you I
k confined in the Iron county jail for
period of six months, and that yc
.pay a tine of two thousand five hui
3 dred dollars."
a, At the conclusion of the senten<
a Senator Burton, who had not take
a his eyes from the court and ,who he
y scarcely moved as he suppo'rted hin
self by the chair back, turned and si
e down, with his head bowed and h
eyes on the floor. Hlis attorne;
Judge Krum, immediately filed a bi
of exceptions in the case and offered
s bond of $10,000 which was accepte<
.Senator Burton declined to discu
the sentence. The case now will I
1 appealed to the United States distril
3 court appeals.
2 A MIystery Explained.
SThe Retailer and Advertiser sa:
even the casual observer who wall
Sthrough the retail districts of Ne
e York during the holiday season ca
2 scarcely fail to be impressed with ti
.almost phenomenal difference in ti
a amount of business done in the var
ous stores. Hie will notice that or
store seems to be constantly crowde
with customert, that the salespeop:
I are working to the limit of their ez
f durance and that the delivefy wagot
- are kept busy at night and day di
tributing the goods sold. In anothi
i store in the same block, perhaps neJ
- door, he will observe that there:
s practically "nothing doing." Th
S store is quite as attractive as tI
a other store. It handles the sanr
lines and qualities of goods, and pe
-haps they come from the same mai
i ufactories. The prices are equal:
low, and the clerks are courteous at
3 attentive. But there is a much sma
ler staff of salespeople employed, at
S even during the holiday rush they a:
i not kept busy. Why is there such
remarkable difference? I have take
-the trouble to investigate the proble;
,and have made careful observatiox
in a dozen or more cases. I have ii
a variably found that the merchan
I who were doing the business were got
Sadvertisers and that the ones wr
3 were apprently receiving but litt:
i benefit from the holiday trade mac
r no use of printer's ink.
.As to Breakfast Foods.
1 The Cotton Plant says in readin
the many advertisements of cere1
foods and their wonderful virtues it
I a matter of surprise that our ancesto:
-pulled through on corn bread, and th
three qualities of flour made at tt
old style mills. That was about tt
.extent of their cereal food. To thx
they added hog meat, game, fish an
a little grass fed beef in the fall of ti
1 -year. Those prepared cereals are ver
good and they taste well, but let a
remember that a pound of corn groun
at an old fashioned mill has just
-much nourishment as the pound pri
Spared in the most .scientific way. Th
same statement applies to whea1
.People who have money to gratil
their taste can pay 15 to 20 cents
Spound for the same food value in
-3-cent pound flour. Those prepare
cereals are very handy and healthfi
and their use is quite common amon
Stown people. With same of the oa
.or wheat preparations one can add t
can evening meal when company suc
denly comes in. But farmers in tlh
country have to depend on the pr<
ducts of the mills and the thinking
ingenious housekeeper can make a vw
riety of ca kes and mutlins and chang
the bill ofcereal fare somewhat ever
day in the week.
The Jews Cracilied.
Additional private advices frox
Lompalanka, Bulgaria, where tb
anti-Semite riots were reported Wec
nesday, state that the mob intlicte
injuries on the victims resemblin
those inflicted on Christ. They gasi
ed tue sides of the Jews, drove nai[
in their hands and feet and place
crowns of thorns on their heads. Tb
authorities took energetic measure
to crush tbe outbreak. The Bulgal
ian government suppressed the new
and is trying to prevent antagonizin
the Jewish financiers who frequentl
hnle Bulgarian loans.
TH SUNXn SCHOOL.
e Active Preparations are Being Made
for Its Opening.
S State Superintendent of Education
Martin is busy just now in preparing
for the state summer school, which
0 convenes in Rock Hill on June 29th.
e The following letter was sent out
d To Superintendents and Teachers:
S We are preparing-for a much larger
state summer school than we had last
d year. To start with, the legislature
d made a special appropriation for this
s purpose and we are organizing an
n unusually strong faculty. We are
> preparing courses in the following sub
- jects: Educational psychology and
n child study, history and civics, city
- and country school problems, nature
study and bird life, geography and
o geography making, grammar, litera
d ture and library work, sight singing,
domestic science, drawing, arithmetic,
is algebra and geometry, manual train
n ing, nature study and botany, expres
a sion, kindergarten work, primary and
intermediate methods, lectures on
0 other school subjects of general inter
More than three-fourths of the in
1s structors have already accepted and
, just as soon as all the acceptances
are received the names of the faculty
3, will be announced. It is necessary
1e only to say that the faculty will be an
unusually strong one, and, in addi
I- tioa, there will be a series of in'struc
i- tive and entertaining lectures which
ir will be delivered to the whole school.
n Winthrop college offers most excel
1e lent advantages for a summer school.
r A low rate for board will be secured
and President Johnson and his staff
d will do everything possible for the
'e comfort and convenience of those in
w The State Teachers' association will
%y hold its annual meeting at Winthrop
3- during the Summer school. The dates
- and program will soon be announced
1- by President Eimunds of Sumter.
ic I have applied for low rates on the
f- railroads and think we shall get rate
%e of one fare for the round trip. I hope
i- you will' extend this notice and use
your influence to secure d large at
ir tendance at the State Summer school
i- and also at the State Teachers' asso
h ciation, as both of these meetings
g contribute largely to the advance
it ment of the educational interests of
;d the State.
1- Sincerely yours,
e 0. B. Martin,
h State Superintendent Education.
y Hiow to Advertise.
J. L. Mahlin of Mahlin's Avertising
W Agency, Chicago, says there is a great
d deal of talk about the mail order
houses, but do you know there is not
- one of them that can honestly say
e that it can sell goods cheaper than
S the home merchant? It is not the
price that sells the goods, but the
e plausible reason for the price-a
a plausible statement. You merchants
u can beat them out every time. Meet
Sthem with the same kind of advertis
ing. The oatmeal business is an
e illustration of what can be done to
nmake people to buy an article they
dnever intended to buy. People were
- opposed to oatmeal and said it was
t horse feed. The manufacturer had to
1 present the advantages of its health
fulness, and he invested oatmeal with
1 all the desirable qualities. There is
a a man In Battle Creek who, it is said,
-has created a market for corncobs,
and you people pay more for your
e postum cereal than you do for coffee.
t A mixture of corneobs and syrup is
made valuable by virtue of advertis
ing. A'n advertisement shotild always
show the individuality of the mer
r chant who puts it out. Avoid clever
S ness. An adverlisement which at
Vtracts attention to the way it is pre
n sented instead of the article advertised
Le it not fulfilling its purposes. Avoid
e appeal to prejudices. Don't lug in
- outside matter. The secret of the
esucces of the Spotless Town advertis
d ing is that it never loses sight of the
.e idea of cleanliness.
Fighting Paper Trust.
~The resolution of Representative
r Lilley instructing the secretary of
:t commerce and labor to investigate
the hign price and scarcity of news
- print paper and the causes which
.e have produced these conditions, was
.e the subject of discussion before
r- the house committee on judiciary.
1- Don 0. Seitz of the New York Worldi,
y and Jonln Norris, business manager of
d the New York Times, were heard.
1- Both covered practically the same
d ground in statements and the Inter
-e national Paper company and the Gen
a eral Paper company had divided the
n United States between them in the
n control of the news print paper. The
' International controlled all that sec
1- tion east of the Indiana line and the
General company the territory west
d of that line. This combination, it
was testified to, had raised the price
e of news paper during the last four
.e years $14 a ton and during the- past
year as much as $5 a ton; it was sell
ng paper in London, counting the
freight and insurance, at 30 per cent.
gless than it did in New York.
[s A Strange Death.
5 A dispath from Providence says that
e Addisn's disease has caused the
e death there of Miss Viola M. Potter,
C a beautiful young society woman, who
,t lived with her parents at 746 North
d Main street. Miss Potter had been a
e long and patient sufferer under her
y mysterious affliction and had seen
her delicate pink and white skin
d turn tirst to gray and then to the hue
s of a negro, as the black spots spread
-and ran into one another, finally coy
e ering her entire body. The first
-. symptoms of the ma-lady appeared
y about four years ago.
a A Good Law.
d The legislature of New Jersey has
Li done well in passing a bill making it
a crime to sell cigarettes to a child
under fourteen years of age. Though
it may be impossible to strictly en
eforce the law, as has usually been the
case with such statutes elsewhere, it
will doubtless do some good in the way
'of stopping the abominable habit of
children smoking cigarettes.
Y TENTY-four persons, including
some of the most prominent citizens,
in Charleston were arrested on Friday
Snight for riding on the pavements
without a light and they wcre all
e taken to the guard house in the
Black Maria''--some of them pro
testing strenuously against the in
-dignity. Small fines werelimposed.
sTEE largest single engine used at
Sthe St. Louis exposition will be an
e 8,000 horse-power steam turbine
s the largest yet in use. The largest
- steam engine in the Paris exposition
s was 4,000 horsepower.
IT will be easier to nominate Judge
Parker than to elect him.
About Working Crops.
"The mistake that many farmers
make," says the Cotton Plant, "is that
they do not begin the cultivation of
their crops in time. They have an
idea that the main object in cultivat
ing crops is to keep weeds and grass
down. It they had land free from
grass seeds they would do little work
on the crop. The chief end to be ac
complished in cultivating any sort of
crop is to break the ground thorough
ly and pulverize it so that air and
sunlight may penetrate it. Tne plant
food is thus rendered available. As
soon as corn is up run round it with a
long tongue plow going close to the
corn and as deep as possible. That
will break the hard pan. In about
ten.days use the same plow, running
a little outside of first furrow. I
this way the corn will have a wel:
broken bed. two feet wide. Afte>
that the cultivation should be fre
quent and shallow. Some people have
an idea that three or four working.
are enough for corn. In some rict
bottom lands, planted late, two work
ings are enough. It is better to cul
tivate uplands planted early five of
six times. After every rain run the
cultivator over it and bream the crust
and prevent evaporation. The same
plan holds good in working cotton.
If land has been prepared well b3
breaking and hai rowing, the cultiva
tion should be shallow. Never wail
for the grass to grow before you begit
to work your crops. Another mi-taki
that many farmers make is in waiting
for a rain to fall between two consecu
tive workings. Never wait a day foi
a shower. The most valuable wor
is often done when land is gone ove:
twice between rins. It will do good
every time. -The dryer the season
cultivate the oftener. Never stop to
A Mysterious Shooting.
The Columbia State says a mysteri
ous shooting affray, in which a hand
some woman stylishly dressed figure
and also officiated' as target, tool
place Saturday afternoon on Sumte
street in front of the South Carolin:
college mess hall while some of the
students were at dinner, and was sees
by a dozen or more people. When firs1
noticed there were two men with ;
woman walking between them on th<
sidewalk. That they were quarrelini
was plain from their gesticulation
and facil performances. Presently on
of the men, who seemed to be con
ducting the offensive side of the inter
esting controversy, in pantomime a
it were, withdrew from the woma
and the .other man suddenly ant
quickly, and when he had reached
distance of about 30 feet in front o
them, witnesses say, he wheeled any
drawing a revolver from his hip pock
et fired at the woman five times il
rapid succession. She screamed ani
ran in the opposite direction, th
other man with her scutting off il
still another direction. The mari wit]
the revolver unbreached his.weapoi
and threw the shells out at his feet
Quickly 'read-justice it, he placed i
back in his pocket and departed hut
riedly in the directicn of the unio
station. N~obody could be found Sun
day who could identify any of th
strange and mysterious trio, and non
could be found who had seen an;
member of the little party after it
sudden dismemberment on the oc
casion of the shooting. Neither of the
parties appeared to have been hit
Nobody had broken the news at polic
headquarters Sunday night until a re
porter made injuairy, when a privat
recalled to the cbief that he did hav
a recollection of the matter being re
ported to him by some of the stil
As to Clemson Scholarships.
President Mell of Clemson and Mr
R. W. Simpson, president of the boar<
of trustees, have asked the attorne;
general through the State superir
tendent of education for an interpreta
tion of the-new act creating 12,
scholarships 'at the institution. Thb
point seems to be that Clemson doe
not want 124 free sch2lars at one
time, especially as they would prob
ably remain for four years. Tee ac1
give them $100 each year and tuition
If 124 free scholars entered Clemsor
in one year the places of many pa:
sudents would be taken up. It i
not known whetber or not the infer
ence Is that Clemson needs the money
Her income now amounts to abou
150,000. The Citadel also has man;
free scholarships but the full numbe
of beneficiaries do not come to tb
school every four years. What 1th
Clemson authorities wish t> know
if some of these scholarships can b
taken up in 1904 and some in 1905
The attorney general has not yet coD
sidered the matter.
Who Are They?
Senator Burton, of Kansas, wh
was convicted of accepting compensa
tion to further the interests of
fraudulent concern before the post
ofice department in his admission
made statements which must hav
brught consternation among th
other senatorial grafters, but to thei
intense relief he did not mention.an:
names. He said many of his sen
atoial brethren mad e large sums c
money "practicing before the depart
ments," some of them making a
much as $40,000 a year. We agre
with the Columbia Record that it Is
pity that the senator did not go moi
into detail and tell the country wb
these men are. What the people wanl
is to get those "hig up" in this graft
ing business at the national capita
A small beginning has been made
and for the good of the country ther,
should be no stopping until all thi
rascals are cleaned out.
A Heavy Loss.
At 2 o'clock Sunday morning fire
destroyed the barn and stables of TI
H. Auld, at Eastover, resulting in
loss of $5,000, with only $700 insur
ance. Six buildings adjacent to the
barn yard were also destroyed, includ
ing live horses, one mule, five cows
several fiae hogs, all hay, corn anc
farming implements. The fire is saic
to have been of Incendiary origin,
Sheriff Coleman was telegraphed foi
and he, together with Deputy Sheril
Cathcart, went to the scene wit]
bloodhounds, but the weather being
so dry the hounds could not accom
No Bolter Wanted.
Because he voted for McKinley ii
I 8t6 James R. Gordon, a leading busi
ness man of Richmond, Va., has beer
compelled by party pressure to with
draw from the race for mayor. Mr.
Gordon announced himself as a candi
date in response to the request of the
city's business interests. His oppon
ent asceptained that he had dechrned
to support Bryan and had warmly in
dorsed McKinley. This aroused such
a storm among the "regular" people
that Mr. Gordon is out in a letter an
nouncing his withdrawal and express
ing pleasure at being relieved from:
what he only undertook as a patriotic
WHO WAS SHE VICTIM?
Tragic Incident of Sherman's March
Through This State.
Most any Saturday or court day,
the Wythesville. Va.. correspondence
in the Richmond Times-Dispatch says,
there can be seen on the streets of
Wytheville two farmers, simple- and
retiring in their tastes and habits,
who were called upon to undergo as
trying ordeal during the War Between
the States as any soldier on either
side of that memorable struggle.
At the several Confederate reun
ions which have taken place in Wythe
ville during the past three years it
has been the pleasure and privilege of
these tillers of the soil to take an
humble and unpretentious part in the
exercises as "foot cayalrymen," and it
was by a mere accident that your cor
respondent learned of the notable
event which he narrates below:
The old Confeds to whom I refer:
are Mr. Joseph Headrick, as I have
stated, a farmer, who lives on and
owns a comfortable- country estate
lying on the waters of Stoney Fork,
nine miles west of Wytheville, and
Mr. Jackson Grubb, likewise the po
sessor of a goodly country home a few
miles south of town.
They, like thousands of other young
mountaineers of southwest Virginia,
answered promptly to Virginia's call
for volunteers in '61, and later becamne
menbers of the Sixty-third Virginia
regiment, which was afterwar 's as
signed to and became a part of Gen. -
Palmer's brigade in General Hood's
army, and while in that command
r they were captured by some of Gen.
W. T. Sherman's men at Midway Sta- -
tion, nine miles west of Branchville,
r in South Carolina. That was on:the
4th day of February, 1865.
Some days after their capture afed
eral soldier was found dead in the
swamps not far from Orangeburg, in
that State. There were marks upon
his person which indicated that he
had been beaten to death with .clubs.
A hasty conferenceof the federalof
ficers was held, and they determined
upon retaliation; so 103 of the 400
Confederate prisoners in their charge
were marched out, and Joseph Head
rick and Jackson Grubb were with
Three federal officers accompanied.:
them, and without any explanation
the prisoner: of war were lined up.
The threw federal officers took pcsitioa
at a short distance, one of them hold-,;
ing above his head a cigar box, while
the other two acted as guards. The
Confederate soldiers were then com
manded to March one by one between
the guards and by the one holding tne
cigar box, and draw therefrom a slip -
Then, for the first time, did it
drawn upon the prisoners. what was
being exacted of them.
The ordeal of that moment can bet
ter be imagined or pictured than4old.
Familiar scenes of dear old home! =
t many of them far away, and oflindlr
faces of loved ones came rapidly be
fore them, and with the possible, .
chance of ever being permitted to see
e fearful agony and strain which
99of the soldiers endured was soon. -
over with, for the orders were soon$
executed, and the "die was cast."Q
SJackson Grubb was fortunate in that
he was among the first to draw and
be drew a white ballot, which evident-'
ly-meant life, home and loved ones in.
eold Virginia again.
eJoseph Headrick wga.not quite so
fortunate, being late to draw. 75th in
number, but he drew a white ballot
The one who paid the awful- penal
ty was number 81 to dr.aw. -As soon
as he drew the black ballot be was
jhalted, told to step aside and the
,drawing ceased. He was at once~
-marched off. to Gen. Sherman's head
quarters and in an hour or so after
Swards gun shots were heard and the
efullest terms of war retaliation bad
Sbeen met and satisfied.
It is said that the prisoner who was
shot made a mnanly plea for his 'life
when he appeared before Gan. Sher
man to be sentenced, but tnat mercy
which bless -s twice, "Him that gives
Sand him that takes," was not meted
Sout to him, and as Robert .Emmet
'said: "The man dies but hiis memory
Mr. Headrick in speaking of the:;
event to the writer, said that le never
rlearned the name of the soldier who'
epaid the sacrifice with his life, for an
eact, the killing of a federal soldiern -
which was never proven to have -been'
ethat of a Confederate soldier, but
that he was from South Carolina, and
was the father of seven daughters.
When Mr. Headrick recalled to me'
the events of that moment tears came
into his eyes, and he said that he had -
ooften faced cannon loaded with all
of the deadly missiles of war; that for
Sfour days and nights he had been ex
-posed to the shot and-shell of the.fed
Serals before Nashville, but that none
eof them were as trying as when he
efaced that cigar box with its 100 bal
rlots on that spring morning in 3865.
He added that even to this day, now
-38 years have passed, that he never'
fsees a cigar box that memories of Or
angeburg are not vividly recalled.
5 Thes Cotton Crop.
eThe Cotton Plant says farmers who
are increasing their cotton adreage are
somewhat reticent. They make no
0boast of it. From what can be gath
ered from county papers there will be
a reduction of tobacco planting in the
eastern counties and a conisequent.ii
crease of the cotton crop. In thise
counties they will plant 10 to 15 per
cent more cotton than they did last
year. In the hill counties there will
be small increase-about 5 to 10 per
cent. We have talked with manyUp- -
country farmers, who claim that a
little increase in acreage may be ex-*
- pected but there is no increase in ia
bor. Tne white farmers of the up
country, who own their land, are
-working for an increased corn crop.
The quality of corn coming from the
West is about No. 4. No first-class
corn fit to make meal now comes i
on the train. There Is no corn for
sale in the hands of farmers. If a few
have s little to spare they can market
it at the crib door. It is very Impor
tant that an abundant supply of corn
be made this year.
Horrible Train Wreck.
A special to the Chronmcle fromn
Carroliton, Ga., says: A throu h.
freight on the Southern '
into the caboose of a lco reight train'
at Temple. Ga na afternoon,
burying Mrs.-red Dill and two chil
dren three carloads of coal. The
mother and one child were killed In
stanly and the second child cannot
WE agree with the Commoner thbt
the platform must be Democratic,
and the cardidates must be men w, o
may be depended upon to enfor e
the platform if they are elected. TI c
people have wearied of straddling,
oweassnn and elsertin.