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A REMARKABLE CASE.
How the Dead Body of a Woman in a
IN THE CITY OF LONDON, ENG.,
Unmasked the Most I ng e n i o u r
Wife Murderer Since the
Days of the Pirate
One husband with four wives all it
the same house, three living each it
ignorance of her husband's real rela
tions with the other two, and one
dead, murdered. and her body buries
in cement in a trunk in the cellar
this is the extraordinary domestic
situation revealed in the London su
burb of Kensal Rise through the sui
cide of George Albert Crossman whe1
his oily tongue could no longer satisf;
those who suspected him.
Only the strange fascinatitn whic1
he exercised over woman, his utte
lack of scruples and the persuasiv
powers of the bigamous murderer an
suicide made such a situation possible
And the criminal investigation ha
shown that at least four other wive
had become his victims before the ad
vent of those-making a total c
There was nothing Mormon abou
this household. Each of tl.e livini
wives believed herself to be the onl:
one and her husband faithful, al
though all lived under the sa me roof
When Crossman's persuasive tongue
was stilled by his. own hand it wa
only necessary for the three livinj
ones to speak freely to each other it
comparing notes, and the mystery wa
An account of this drama of com
plications properly begins before the
advent of living wife No. :3. Wife
No. 1, known to tradesman and all it
the neighborhood as Mrs. Crossman
as she truly was--occupied living ant
sleeping rooms with their child on th
second tloor of the house in Kensa
Rise known as "Sunnyside." Wife
No. 2 and her child-also Crossman'
child-were similiarly situated on the
third floor. She was known to wif
No. 1 and to the neighborhood a
Mrs. Clark, the widow of the lifelong
friend of Crossman, who, dying, has
made Crossman his executor an<
guardian of his child. When wife No
1 objected to his spending so mucd
time with "Mrs. Clark" he would ap
pease her with this explanation:
HIS INGENIOUS EXPLANATIONS.
"My dear wife, if I seem to you un
duly attentive to Mrs. Clard, upstairs
you must remember that I am fulfill.
ing a sacred trust reposed in rr - b3
my dear friend, her late husband, or
his death bed. Besides, the position
of executor in this case is lucrative
and, like many inexperienced woman
Mrs. Clark has a passion for going
into detail. As she is extremely se
cretive about her affairs, I beg tha
you will never appear curious."
And so Grossman was free to enjo:
"Mrs. Clark's" and their child's so
ciety, going and coming at his pleas
To satisfy wife No. 2 about the pub
lic recognition accorded to wife No
1 as Mrs. Grossman was easily withir
the limit of Crossman's ingenuity. He
"My darling wife, of course yot
know that the relations between Mrs.
Crossman and me are only what those
of brother-in-law and sister-in-lay
should be. Her husband is in India
and for reasons involving considerabl<
property it is necessary for her to b4
supposed to be living with her hus
band. That is the role I have to pa:
-distasteful though it is. Of course
you wont mention it. If the littli
deception should become known thi
result would practically mean ruin fo:
the poor woman, and, besides. the ar.
rangement is rather profitable to me
-something to be grateful for thess
There was no resisting the fascina.
tions of this man, and neither wifE
dreamed of doubting his word. Sc
Tverything went on smoothly, the
household expenses being paid out of
money Crossman's two brides brought
to him on the wedding day. There
was only one complaint from the twc
wives. This was a bad odor which
seemed to come from the cellar.
"I'll attend to that the first day I
have time,.' Grossman would say,
"The smell comes from a box full 01
cement left by the masons. I'll at
tend to it presently."
LOW FUNDS CALL FOR ANOTHER WIFE.
But funds were running low, and
Crossman had a more important task
before him, lie needed another wife
-one with money-and he was al
*ready advertising for her in t he name
of "Frank Seaton." Frequently he was
away for a day or two. At length he
announced to wives No. 1 an&d2, sep
arately, that he was about to install
on the first floor as housekeepers at
old and intimate friend of his sister
in Manchester, adding:
"It is enough for me to remind you
that she is my- sister's school chum,
that we are named in her will as heir
to all her property and that she will
trust no one but the brother of het
Seperately, wives No. 1 and 2 beg
ged him not to mention it. Together.
Mrs. Grossman and Mrs. Clark urged
him to go at once and bring home
Thereupon, grumblingly, Crossman
posted off, not to Manchester, but tc
Reading, where Miss Annie Welsh,
not especially attractive, but with a
neat savings bank account at the 10
cal post otlice, awaited her dashing
fiance, "Frank Seaton." For Crossmar
was only thirty-five, and in spite o;
four years spent in jail for bigamy,
presented a youthful and attractivE
They were immediately married al
St. George's Church in Reading, ani
proceeded to enjoy their honeymoor
with the assistance of "Mrs. Seaton's'
savings, which "Mr. Seaton" thought
fully withdrew from the bank aftel
the ceremony. They went to Man
chester, from which place Crossmai
prudently and dutifully wrote to witf
No. I and 2, and found a letter fron
"Mrs. Clark" telling him how mrcelj
their little boy was getting along witi
the whooping cough.
Coming across this letter, "Mrs.
Seaton," wife No. 3, asked questions.
Grossman was equal t( the emergency.
He was acting as g0,-between fora
husband and nife who were jangling.
This was q'.4ite satisfactory.
In good time Grossman and wife
No. 3 set .out for London and home.
Now he became doubly fascinating.
When he saw that wife No. 3 was
finding him perfectly irresistible hE
prepared her ror the somewyhat am
biguous state of things she would tind
at "Sunnyside," saying:
HE PREFARES HER FOR NO. 1 AND NO. 2.
"My angel bride, you know that
many people have family obligations 01
which not even a marriage ftr lc e
can relieve them. That is why 1 am
known as George Albert Cromm:m.
who is in India. He is my hal.-b t: .
and for prop:rty reas.ins his w ie- who
lives in my house and passes for i e.
must appear to be living with 2r iu
band. MIrs. Clark. who lives ith her
child on the top flour. is the wmow of 1
my dearest friend, and :he care f her
her child and her property is a trust
which he reposed in me while on his
death bed. These poor women and
their affairs take up much of my time:
but you mustn't mind. darling.
Mrs. Seaton was so deeply in love
that she was far past minding any
thing respectable that concerned her
new husband. So on their arrival all
was serene. Having learned about
"Mrs. Seaton's" property and the will
and about her suspicions and exacting
nature, wives, No. I and No. 2 even
urged Crossman to humor her m e'ery
way. And thus the new honeymoon
1 was not too rudely concluded.
But on the very day of their home
coming "Irs. Seateon" &bje ted
strongly to that strange odor from th
cellar, much more noticeable :: the
first floor, where she was istailld.
than on the others occupied by' wi
No. 1 and No. 2. Cros> man was sen
ously embarrassed. Ile could not
think how to safely dispose of the
trunk and its dreadful secret.
In the presence of that odor his fas
cinations lost their effect on wife No.
3. They had a quarrel about it, and
wife No. 3 was in a fair way to join
the dead wife in the cellar when she
suddenly packed a handbag and left.
saying she would return to her parents
and remain there until the cellar was
put in a respectable condition.
S!LaIICLUS OF THE ILL sNiE:LL.
This episode called anew the atten
tion of wives No. I and No. 2 to the
ill smelling trunk in the cellar. They
made Crossman take them down to
look at it. It was an old tin trunk
and stood in a little dark closet.
Crossman tried to say that old cement
usually smelled that way-but the wo
l men had flown to the upper regions.
And then the wife murderer would
go down into the cellar and tug at the
straps of the trunk in which the body
of one of his victims lay encased in ce
ment. trying to shut in the odor that
was making his living wives suspi
While Crossman was continually
I planning to take away the trunk and
t bury it in his mother's garden, in an
other part of the suburbs, wife No.:3
finding that absence made the heart
grow fonder. returned. Crossman
promised to have the trunk taken
away the next day without fail.
But several days elapsed with noth
ing done. Crossman seemed much
preoccupied, and when wife No. 3
hinted her suspicions he looked at her
so strangely that cold shivers ran
down her back. Was he thinking!
that it would be better to let her join
the dead wife in the cellar?
At last, on Saturday, Crossman call
ed at the shop of Messrs. iyden &
Sons, news agents, in Willesden lane,
in whose window was a notice to the
effect that light work was done with
a pony and van, He wanted a box
moved, he said.
Young Ryden, who is still under:
twenty years of age and who does the
van work, was out and Crossman re
fused to leave his name and address.
saying he would call again.
He called again that same evening,
but Ryden was again not in. On Tues
day he sent a telegram ordering the
van, but subsequently cancelled it.
Late the same evening he called at!
the shop, again ordering the cart for
the next day and saying he would
come for it.
On Wednesday evening he went to
the shop for the last time and asked
Ryden to get the van ready. It wa
then about 8:30, and he said that the
job would probably take until about'
Ryden suggested that he should take
a carman named Wicks to help, but
rossman insisited that he must go
alone. Ryden was suspicious at this
and told Wicks to follow on foot. Ie
and Grossman then drove to "Sunny
side," a drive of about eight or ten
DISCOVERED, HIE KILLs hIMSELF.
Before fetching the cart, however,
Crossman had moved the fateful box
from the cellar into garden. Ilis ac
tions were wvatched by a suspicious
neighbor, who, while Crossman was
away after the van, reported the mat
ter at the near-by police station.
The police sergeant and an otticer in,
plain clothes met the murderer when
he arrived with the van. Cri ssman
was completely taken by surprise, and
it was not until the sergeant had!
actually touched him that lie took to!
his heels and ran wildly down the
road. Luckilly, the plain-clothes man'
was young and an excellent runner.
He stuck close to Grossman's heels
down the length of Ladysmnithr road
and into the main road leading to
Kensal Rise station. Both pursued
and pursuer were winded by this time,
and the constable called out for assis
tance in the chase.
Finding himself corner, d in I f anover
road, Grossman suddenly stopped and
cut his throat with a razor. S~o
thoroughly did he do his work that
the windpipe and blood-vessels were
served to the backbone, anid he died
practically at once.
Grossman being dead, then came
the mystery of the trunk. Four police
men managed with great trouble to
lift the box into the van. while from
it oozed a thick and evil-smeelg'
liquid. It was taken to the yard of
the police station in Salisbury tooad
and there it was broken open a::d thre
horrible discovery made.
A woMvANS BoDY Ex;cassa IN (i:NT.
When the lid was forced lack t e
box was found to be tiled with solid
cement. A few blows broke thre
crust, revealing the body of a woman!
in an advanced stage of decomposi
tion. Owing to a lack of evidence
Ithat violence had been used in killin~g
the woman, the police assumed that
she had died of poison.
U pon Crossman's body., soaked in*
blood, was a death certiticate of ar
woman named as his wife and letters
and other papers, shrowi ng that he
had married at least eight womnr
through the mediation of mat rimiafl
agencies. Fu rthI er investigation shrow
ed that practically Ihis whole soeurce
of income had been these bigamous~
wives and the money they br.u lit
As already told, it was onrly neces
sary for wives No. 1 No. 2 and N.
to frankly compare notes to m'a!<eth
whole mystery plain of Crosma's
ability to live with thir e wiveos in b
same house without excitiLn:; tire su
picion of any of them.
Singularly revolting as is the case
Iof George Albert Crossmnan, it exhuibi
in a pronioun~ced form the cha~iracters
tis of thne typo of crimninal wh'ose
monomania seems to be thne lhunti
down preying upon and sla ughater 01
women. Like "Blue Beard" in th~e
ar:-y agamn and, murder till some
.o forrtunately opens the cupboard,
td tiie world is rid of them in due
md "aiutary course. Fog
Cro1ssinan's case has set the authori
ies to moralizing on the subject. He
tas been married eight times, and was
ookinig out for another victim when
:le cnd came to his loathsome career.
to ditiiculty in finding wives. lie'
ould have had as many as lie Ca
What is the explanation?
KILLING FROST PREVENTED
By l ains, Otherwise Damage Would
Have Been Great to Crops. gal
The State says the cold wave made th
a sudden and unexpected dip south
nard over the Appalachian mountains
Wednesday and Cclumbians and other da
Suth Carolians again hauled out abl
their overcoats and wraps and built H.
tires after making full preparations in
apparel and otherwise for summer.
There were light falls of snow at sev
erai points in the upper half of the ha
Sate. as far down as Newberry, and po
the clouds and rain and wind alone mi
saved thousands of dollars crop dam- th
ages all over the State. With clear, tal
calm weather Tuesday night, Section th
Director Bauer said, there would cer- lin
tai ly have been killing frosts practi- wi
cahv over the entire State, which ab
would have played havoc with the me
fruit crops, killing cotton and greatly co]
retarding corn. The night before
freezingz temperatures occurred in the m<
mountainous sections, but Wednes- M<
day's reports from the commercial to
peach orchards of this State and Geor- ch
gia indicated that though the crop he
had been damaged to some extent en
there stiii remained enough fruit on Rc
the trees to insure practically a full
crop. The reports from Georgia were on
particularly encouraging, and those 18
from South Carolina points were al- he
most as good. The North Carolina wi
fruit crop was seriously affected, nnt sir
over half a crop remaining. In Vir
ginia. where there was also clear Rc
weather killing frosts occurred all hi:
over the State, greatly damaging the th
trucking interests at Norfolk, where
the frost was heaviest. di<
The centre of the cold wave Wed- or
nesday was in northern Micbigan,
Pennsylvania, New York and the Be
New England States, with snow as th
far south as St. Louis and with tem- on
peratures from 6 to 10 degrees below
freezing, while in the central valleys fri
and on the eastern slope of the an
lbekies there were rises of from 10 to
-0 dLgrees on account of a storm fr(
originating in the Rockies. As the ro
western storm advances tne northerly
winds will change to the south and
this section will get a touch of spring ra
again Thursday or Friday, s> Mr.
Bauer says. Texas and Louisiana en
joyed seasonable warmth Wednesday, ills
but the central Texas farmers who
tried to get a jump on the boll weevil be
have been disappointed. Their
cotton was killed by the cold wave of he
a few days ago and they are now re- tag
In the northern half of the country ta
east of the Mississippi practically no
farming has been done on account of to
the lateness of the spring, and these th
sections have not suffered by yester- m
day's cold wave. The unreasonable th
has not extended into the spring ru
wheat districts of the Missouri valley,
where the crop is all in the ground, of
and the New York, Wisconsin and ou
Minnesota apple orchards are unaf- t
fected because the lateness of the
pring has prevented even the buds m
starting yet. So the prospects for w
full wealth and apple crops are still
g<.od. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __dis
CHECKS BEING SENT. an
Largest A pportionments of the Fund of
Go to Upper Counties. he
The State says the comptroller thi
general's ctlice force has completed be
bhe pensiou statistics and Saturday thb
the checks were sent to the various -
zounties. The appropriation is 8200,- bei
2300 this year and this sum had to be tal
apportioned in proportion to the de- liv
f the coun tics..
Fon this sum before it was appor- Rc
ioned was deducted $3,300 for the of
3xpenses of the county and State pen- liv:
ion boards, for the salary of the and
1erk. for printing, stamps, etc. The ma
Lmounts to be paid follow: thi
Abbeville............ ...S 3,411 97 all
Aiken.................. 6,375 61 dis
Xnderson.............. 10,915 09 jec
B~amberg........... .... 1,59~13 dis
Barnwell. ....... .... .. ..3,240 26 thi
Beaufort................. 684 87 hal
Berkeley...... .. ....... .. 2,453 95 ma
3arleston.. .. ....... .. 3,125 95 at
herokee...... ..... ..... 5,054 12 su<
hester... . .. .. .. 3,577 00 sid
Jhester deld.. ....... ... 5,810 99 tio
liarendon .. ..... .. ... .. 3,427 31 ma
31'eton. .. ........ .... 7.224 53
Darington............... 4,793 09 boi
Dorchester....... ....1515 72 wi'
.igeield............ .... 3,040 34
'airield.... ....... ..... 3,150 639
Elorence.... .. .... ..... 3726 70 .
eorgetown.. .. ....... 1001
reenville ............ ...10978
4ampton... ........... 4177
~aurens............ ..... 6,20
exinton...... ......... ,399m
Iarlboro............... 3502 e
ewberry............... 3,8 8 e
)raone................ 4,2 2H
[ckens............. .... 5094do
Willamsbrg......... 3,18 49lw
lurehas ad pepard 3an 5wil soo reg
ssue FrmersBullein 58o 195 sen p
Rc~,hoad....t..... of... the3 02er wmi
enonstrutionof.. tbe.. andc..d.on
Wllamsbur The dae fo .p...t.n. .h.
;cedof ech o thevaritie e 25e its
:uirik.io. are. state in. the0 disus sa
ow toah pcis G en Foeral cu u o
Inoerto msuryte solrgempani- o
:rasnd transaningoreblston gie. Mr
latinbuloetin contiain plan flowrsheol
Uniteds Sades illsartedtfAgifty- dt
ure has had reredpies will bsoon the
sesu n Farmrsplatin to. 19 Senor p
tilepde"Ana oweerin Plan. pol
rbe or tiectary of thgbreruil the
raeWs.hedtons for plnin.he.
RICH AND RACY. a
mer Congressman Gave Senational bea
Testimony on Morman Tenets. new
E SITUATIONS CONFLICTING
ise in Which Obligations to
Church Would Clash With to
Duties to the State
2ith the reopening of the investi- p
ion in the Reed Smoot case before tio1
senate committee on privileges n
I elections, at Washington Wednes- or
the prosecution devoted consider- vea
e time to drawing from, Brigha ten
Roberts the character of the oaths
ich are said to be necessary for a as
rmon official to take in order to I
e the support of the church for roi
itical office. Members of the com- enc
ttee showed an equal interest in oat
obligations which are said to be
ten by Mormons who "go through
a endowment house." Along both vet
es much evidence was brought out
ich is expected to have consider- act
le bearing on the fitness of a Mor
in chuch official to hold a seat in wa
[t was shown by Mr. Roberts' testi- p0
mny that without the consent of the
>rmon church he failed of election nol
a seat in congress and later with
arch recognition of his candidacy
was elected. In relation to the
:owment house obligation Mr. A3
berts was extremely reticent.
SIr. Roberts said he has three wives.
e married in 1877, the second in
36 and the third in 1890. He said sui
has had children by all of the are
yes and by the first plural v ife col
lce his election to congress. ME
Senator Overman inquired of Mr. th
berts whether his first wife and wi
second wife had consented to his ty
"No sir," said Mr. Roberts. "They tin
I not learn of the marriage for three del
four years." pr
"How was that?" asked Senator Ba
veridge. "Do you mean to say that ed
e marriage was not known to any
"It was known to some of my peg
ends but not to my wives," was the In
'Why was this marriage concealed a s
m them?" asked Chairman Bur- we
woULDN'T EMBARRASS THEM. co
"Because I did not want to embar- Ha
"How embarrass them?" Pr
"Well, we knew the marriage was ter
gal and it might be embarrassing i
them if they should for any reason
called on to testify." Gr
Er. Taylor asked Mr. Roberts why
thought it incumbent upon his to
re plural wives." "From boyhood," Ki
)lied the witness, "I had been D
ght the rightfulness o plural D.
riages and I believed this practice Br
be the law of God. I knew that l
s practice was contrary to the
ndates of congress but believed s
t the law of God was the highest s
e and I felt impelled to obey it." S
hairman Burrows asked a number
pointed questions which brought Ha
the confession from Mr. Roberts
it he still believes in and is pracpic. th
polygamy. He said that he be- C
es that the Woodrug manifesto
s divinely inspired and that now in
Lticing polygamy he knows he is
obeying both the laws of the land T.
i the laws of God. He was asked
ty he continued to disobey the laws Gr
God, if he believed them to be the
chest laws and with a resigned air, Ca
said: "Well, the manifesto left
in the midst of obligations to
mse wives. I am trying to do the N^
t I can to live within the laws but BO
mse obligations I cannot shirk."
at the afternoon session Mr. Ro
ts said no action had ever been
en by the church in respect to his
ing with more than one wife. in
Juestion were asked respecting Mr
berts' views regarding the manifesto
1890 against plural marriages and m
[ng in poloygamous cohabitation T
the witness said he regarded the
nifesto as an administrative act of
Schurch and of binding force uponco
members. He admitted that toco
obey any of those laws would sub
t the member to liability to church in
ipline. The witness was asked
m in regard to polygamous co
itation, and said that he and ~
ny others were living in polygamy in
the time the rule was made againstm
;h cohabitiation and that they con-D
ered themselves under moral obliga
to live with the wives they had
'Do you think you are morally
md to cohabit with all of your
es?" Chairman Burrows asked.
' do." ofit
AN UNL;.CKY NU.MBER- enin
'Ho0w many children have you?" bor
'Tirteen living." isst
'How many not living?" giv
'When was the last one born?" St
'About two or two and a half years Sou
,r. Van Cott in cross examination Sta
:ed in regard to the rule which per- tha
., officials of the church to enter- bai
o politics and the witness said he mal
arded it as merely a "leave of ab- in'1
ce from the church official duties 190
*ing incumbency of political office." vali
said he did not regard it as an en- coa:
sement by the Mormcn church. It due
brought out that in his first can- nit
s for office when he had not the whi
sent or leave of absence, he was has
eated. In his second canvass he cen
ained the "leave of absence" and an
enator Bailey asked a number of con
'stions regarding the witness' views con
his obligations as a citizen and the
ether there could be a religious ine
igation which would justify him in 190
tying his services to his State to but
;harge duties which would devolve of
m him by the - acceptance of a whi
ir. Roberts said the emergency stat
ht arise whereby an official should ed
gn his political office if the will of $57
constituents would not permit ovel
1 to erfect his duties in harmony nex
y with the church mandates. follt
enator Bailey asked the witness if of
ras not true that the political sup- rani
t of the Mormon church in Utah mir
isought by political parties the tuk:
ie as the Irish, German or Italian thal
e was sought in other communi- inc:
And the negro vote?" interrupted 88
I believe not," said Mr. Roberts. $3.
here may be individuals who trim Car<
ir sales that way, but not the lina
' belIeve," said Senator Bailey, 639,
tat the first election was carried by 190:
Republicans, the second by the eac]
norrts, the thirrl by the Rennh- 188(
ns. The next appears to be our
n. That appears to indicate that
le influence has been brought to
r on the church."
hairman Burrows asked the wit
s whether he ever had been
ough the endowme.t house.
Can you tell us in regard to this
mony?"asked Chairman Burrows.
'I cannot. I do not feel a liberty
'I consider myself in trust and
at liberty to disclose what takes
Ir. Roberts said that the obliga
as were secret and he thought them
unlike the oaths of the Masonic
er or other secret societies.
'What would happen if you did re
.1 what took place within the
ple"? asked the chairman.
'I would lose caste and be regarded
betraying a trust. If I keep faith
annot disclose what takes place."
'Then," pursued Chairman Bur
's, any person who takes the
lowment house obligation is under
h not to reveal its nature?"
I think so."
'And Senator Smoot could not re
.1 his oath of that character?"
Che witness nodded his his head in
senator Bailey asked whether there
s anything in the ceiemony that
ridged a. man's freedom in any
itical or religious way.
the witness replied he thought
THE SUMMER SCHOOL.
nouncement by State Superinten
dent of Education Martin.
The arrangements for a.large state
nmer school at Winthrop college
being rapidly perfected, and a
nplete prospectus and announce
nts will be issued from the office of
a state superintendant of education
thin the next few days. The facul
thus far completed is as follows:
dministrative board-0. B. Mar
i, superintendant, state superinten
at of education; D. B. Johnson,
sident of Winthrop college; W. H.
,rton, chief clerk in department of
acation; C. B. Eirle, stenographer.
Pedagogy and library work-Prof.
tterson Wardlaw, professor of
:agogics, South Carolina college.
addition to his excellent course is
lagogy, Prof. Wardlaw will deliver
pecial series of lectures on library
rk, and a model rural school library
11 be maintained and operated is
mnection with his lectures.
Eistory and civics-Supt. W. H.
nd, Chester city schools.
ity and county school problems
of. Lawton B. Evans, city superin
ident of Augusta and county super
endent of Richmond county.
eography-Supt. E. L. Hughes,
eenville city schools.
English-Dr. H. N. Snyder, presi
ft of Wofford college; Dr. Jas. P.
ard, Winthrop college, and Prof.
W. Daniel, Clemson college.
uce R. Pane, Teachers college Co
bia Unoiversity, N. Y.
lgebra and Geometry-Prof. Mar.
L11 D. Earle, of Furman university.
rithmetic-Supt. S. H. Edmunds,
iter city schools.
Botany and School Gardening-Dr.
ven Metcalfe, of Clemson college.
Physics-Maj. 5. T. Coleman, of
a South Carolina Military academy,
b~atin and Greek-Prof. A. G. Rem
rt, of Wofford college.
Tature study and bird life-Prof.
Gilbert Pearson, North Carolina
irmal and Industrial c 011 e g e,
Ianual Training-Prof. F. R.
agh of California.
Epression-Miss Edith C o b u r r
yes, Emerson College of Oratory,
3rawing-Miss Elizabeth M. Getz,
minger Normal school, Charles
rimary and Intermediate Methods
diss Ellen Rieff, principal of Wash
ton Street school, Columbia.
pecial primary work in applied
nual training sud blackboard illus
tion-Miss Katherin Basch, of
bild study and Kindergarten work
iss Minnie Macfeat, of Winthrop
light Singing--Miss Margaret N.
ompson, teacher of sight singing
Greenville graded schools.
eneral Lectures-A number of
minent educators from this and
ter states will address the school
BVELOPET OF THE SOUTH.
eresting Figures Given in Current
Issue of Tradesman.
'A Quarter Century Development
he Mineral Resources of the South
States" is the subject of an ela
ate article presented in the current
e of The Tradesman, and in it are
en igures which tell the eloquent
cy of the wonderful progress of the
.th. A table on the value of the
ieral products of the Southern
tes in 1890, 1901 and 1902 shows
t with the exception of lead, salt,
iite, etc., mica and corundum and
ganese ores, there was an increase
:he value of all other mainerals in
2 as compared with 1880. The
.ie of some of the minerals such as
l, pig iron, petroleum, clay pro
ts coke, zine. phosphate rock and
uraljgas, show enormous gains,
le the total value of all minerals
increased $217,808,536, or 615 per
t. It is also shown that there was
ncrease of $35,640,372 in the value
all mindral products in 1902, as
pared with the previous year. A
parative statement is also given of
total value of all mineral products
ach of the Sothern states in 1880,
1 and 1902. Not a single state
shows immense gains in the value
its mineral products since 1880,
le in some of them a gain is
nishingly large, Alabama, for in
ie taking the lead, having increas
the value of its products by over
000,000 and West Virginia by
S$56,000,000. Virginia comes
t with an increase of $20,612,000,
wed by Tennessee with a net gain
$18, 788,000. Missouri, next in
k has increased the value of its
eral output $17,371,000, and Ken
y's gain is nearly $11,000,000, and
i of Maryland $9, 569,000. The
ease in all the other states, in
order named, is as follows: Texas,
'49,000; Indian Territory, $4,676,
Georgia, $4,054,000; Arkansas,
:90,000; Florida, $2,777,000; South
lina, $1,444,000, and North Caro
$1,019000. The value of the
ut of minerals in Louisina, $966,
and of Oklahoma, $431,000 in
, is all gain, as this industry in
n f them wa undeveloped in
They Paid the Penalty.
That was a terrible tragedy enacted
in Chicago last Friday, when three
young men were deprived of their
lives by due process of law because of
their many crimes. Never before
possibly have so many desperate b
crimes been crowded into so short a
time as was the case of Harvey Van en
Dine, Peter Niedemeier< Gustav at
Marx, the three young men alluded to gr
above. These young men committed te
all their crimes within a period of da
about five months, with the exception at
of small offenses of larceny. In that TI
time they killed seven men, wounded at
several others, robbed a dozen saloons, di
a railroad ticket office, the Chicago y
car barns, and attempted to dynamite tt
a train. Five of the murders were ty
committed within two months. Emil er
Roeski was a member of the band, of
but he secured a separate trial from
the other three, and is now confined d"
in the Chicago jail, where his three r,
partners were hung on Friday. Cl
So far as is told by police reports .p
and the confessions of the men, the of
first crime of note committed by them n
was the robbery of the Clybourn junc-. a]
tion station of the Northiestern rail- n;
way July 3 last. Niedermier and Roe- di
ski carried out this robbery. The gE
ticket agent and telegraph operator w
were in the station when the men S
pointed a revolver through the lattice a
work and demanded the money in the ci
drawer. The ticket agent reached w
for a revolver and was shot through
the body, but not mortally hurt. The ui
robbers secured $70. Lss than a it
week letter Van Dine, Roeski and b
Marx robbed a saloon in Ashland p
avenue, lining up the customers be- .w
fore the bar and shooting and killing bi
a young man named Otto Bauder who p:
started to run. The following night, a
July 10, Van Dine and Roeski went a
to a saloon in Addison avenue. Lu's
Cohen, the bartender, was alone, c
and the men had little trouble in c
securing $25. It was in this saloon g
that Marx later shot detective John g
Quinn. Two nights later Van Dine G
and Roeski held up the saloon of ij
Carles Alvin. There were five men G
besides the bartender in the place 'Z
when the youths entered with hand- R
kerchief over their faces. On-e hun
dred dollars was taken from the cash ij
Roeski and Van Dine ou July 20, b
found Peter Gorki alone in his saloon o;
in Milkwaukee avenue. When con- b
fronted by the robbers the saloon- S
keeper crouched behind the bar and o:
reached for a revolver. Before he
could secure it four shots had been p
fired at him, one of the_bullets strik- g
ing him in the head. The murder b
of Benjamin C. LaGross and Adolph p
Jensen on Aug. 1 in the former's a
saloon in West North avenue .came t
next. The saloon-keeper and Jensen
were playing cards when the robbers ,
entered. LaCross and his customer a
held up their hands when ordered to 0
do so, but both were shot LaCross t;
dying at once and Jensen a day later. t:
There was $64 in the till. .
The most desperate crime of the
youths was the car barn robbery on c:
Aug. 30. Marx and Roeski arranged S
the details, but Roeski was not an ac-p
tive party in the robbery. Two men fa
were killed and $2,250 was taken. sl
Marx, Van Dine and Niedermeier in- si
vaded the barn at 3 o'clock in the c
morning and began shooting without:
warning. Francis W. Stewart, a stu
dent at the Armour Institue, at work
at a desk in the cashier's office was a
shot through the body and died soon
af terward. William B. Edmond re
ceiving cashier, also was shot, but not
mortally. James B. Johnson, a motor- g
man, was killed as he rose' from a
bench on which he had been sleeping. y
The men made a failure of their
plan for dynamiting the limited trainb
of the Chicago and Northwestern rail
way. After the car barn murders two
of the gang went to cripple Creek to
buy dynamite for the purpose. Van r
Dine learned when a large sum of
money was to be carried, and on that
night Roeski flagged the train be
tween Jefferson and Des Plaines. The
engineer dlid not stop, but slowed up,
As the locomotive passed Roeski firedn
a shot, the bullet wounding the fir~.e
man in the thigh. When the traina
was brought to a stop it had passed
the point where the dynamite had
been concealed and the robbers hur
ried away. Soon after this the police
became hot on the trial of the youug
In an attempted capture Detective b
Quinn was shot and killed by Marx.
Tne desperadoes then fled from the ,
city and a few days later were brought E
to bay in a dugout just across the b
Indiana state line. A desperate en- ri
counter followed in which the youths al
were slightly wounded and two of the c
pursuing posse killed. Their trial, con
viction..and execution has set a new t
record for speed in the Cook county a
courts. The total cost of the trial is
estimated at $100,000, the most ex
pensive, with the exception of the
Luetgert trial, ever held in Chicago.p
Nedermeier was hanged first. He i
fought desperately against the guards
and had to be shackled before he could
be banged. The others did nc~t give s
nruch trouble. Neidemexer, when asked b
if he had any dying wish said: "Let
me swing so I can get to hell first and c
kick that squealer Marx in the face ci
when he gets three." In the trial n
Marx confessed the whole thing, and b
that is why Neldemeier wanted to o
kick him in the face. The parents of 'ti
these young men had tried to bring tl
them up right, but they wandered ~
away, and finally ended their yo ng or
lives on the gallows. No doubt tey ~
started their downward career at the a
gaming table. The fate of these young sv
men should be a warning to all young w
A Candidate's Expenses. S
A Georgia candidate figures out his tle
expenses in tlhe late primary in that gi
State as follows: n
"Lost 4 months and 23 days can- ti
vassing; 1,548 hours of thinking about pi
the election; 5 acres of cotton; 22 sa
acres of corn; a whole sweet potato ct
crop: 4 sheep; 5 shoats and 1 beef.
given to barbecue; 2 front teeth and a ju
considerable quantity of hair in a per- bc
sonal skirmish. Gave 97 plugs of to
bacco; 70 Sinday school books; 1 pair
of suspenders; 4 calico dresses; 7 dolls bt
and 13 baby rattles. fls
"Told 2,887 lies; shook hands 83,- Os
485 times; talked enough to have ha
made in print 1,000 large volumes bo
size of patent office reports; kissed 1,- 2
226 babies: kindled 14 kItchen fires; ce
cut 3 cords of word; pulled 474 bun- bc
dies of fodder; picked '174 pounds of
coton~; helped pull 7 wagon loads of
corn; dug 14 bushels of potatoes; d;
toted 27 buckets of water; put up 7 p
stoves; was dog bit 4 times; watch fe
broken by baby, cost $3 to have re- p
"Lnaned out 3 barrels of floor; 50 ofi
bushels of meal; 150 pounds of bacon:
37 pounds of butter; 12 dozen eggs, 3 :
umbrellas: 13 lead pencils: 1 BIble dic- ne:
tioary; 1 mnowing blade; 2 hoes: 1 bix
vercoat: 5 oxres paper collars-none Ti
f wh ich have been returned. jw
GOES FOR TEDDY.
Kitchin Takes Fall Out of Roosevelt
a d Roasts Grosvenor.
WHAT REPURLICANS SWALLOW.
Unpalatable Quotations from Presi
dent's Writings Expressing
Opinion of His Present
President Roosevelt was assailed
bitterly in the house Friday by Claude
Kitchin of North Carolina, who in
cluded in his castigation Gen. Gros
venor, whom be charged with having
humiliated Theodcre Roosevelt, the
vice presidential candidate whom in a
recent speech in the house he had
glorified as the worthy successor of
McKinley, forgetting that during Mc
Kinley's last campaign as a contribu
tor to the New York Journal in' signed
articles he (Grosvenor) had referred to
the president, then governor of New
York, "as a brilliant, erratic and
curious sort of a man." Mr. Kitchin
charged that Mr. Roosevelt, as a
candidate for vice president, was dis
tasteful to McKinley and challenged
Mr. Grosvenor to deny it as well as
the statement that Mr. Roosevelt as
vice president was humiliated by the
friends of McKinley, including Gen.
Grosvenor himself. "And yet," he
said, "you men sit here and gulp down
everything Roosevelt says and not one
of you dares raise his hand in memory
of McKinley." McKinley had a right
to think that Roosevelt would be dis
tasteful to him. "Contemplate," he
said. "the amazing spectacle of any
Republican in the United States being
humiliated by Gen. Grosvenor and
contemplate this same man marshall
ing under his banner the hcsts of Re
publicans with Grcsvenor the chief
To say that Rcosevelt filled Mc
Kinley's place, he declared, was a
dessecration of McKinley's name. It
was, he said, a case of "the ant hill
taking the place of the mountain; the
owl's screech taking the place of the
tomb's symphonies; the minnow tak
ing the place of the whale."
HIS ATTACK ON MR. DAVIS.
The people of the south. he said,
knew that 25 years after Appomattox,
Roosevelt in one of his publications
bad declared that until out of the dic
tionary was stricken the word trea
son Jefferson Davis would be an arch
traitor. That, he said, was a strike at
the whole south and the Confederate
soldiers. He also referred to another
publication of Mr. Roosevelt's in which
he is quoted as saying that through
out southern character there ran a
streak of coarse and brutal barbarism.
He compared "the kind, loving words
of McKinley," in an address to Con
federate veterans, to "the insulting
words of Roosevelt." He said that in
one of his books President Roosevelt
"deliberately teaches and advocates
lynchings fur the stealing of a rag-tail
Texas pony." He asked if that book
did noti have something to do with
stimulating "the great people of the
north to lawlessness." The people of
the south, he said, condemn lynching
for all crimes, because the hand of
civilization and Christianity had been
lifted against it. No man the civilized
world over, he said, would condone
outrages against women "and yet we
don't preach lynching or teach it, but
knowing the weakness of human na
ture mobs cannot be controlled in
sparsely settled communities where
we cannot get suf~cient police force
on the spot at once." He believed
that every Democrat and RepublIcan
in the country would pause in shame.
that the president of the United
States had scattered books advocating
Reading from a speech made by Mr.
Roosevelt, governor of New York, he
declared Mr. Roosevelt had character
ized the congress of theUnited States
as a "herd of cattle." Laughter on
the Democratic side followe..
"The humiliating spectacle," he
continued, "is that since he has been
president of the United States he has
treatedV the Republican house as a
herd of cattle, and the most humiliat
ing thing about it was that the Re
publicans allowed *the president to
treat them as cattle and lay down be
fore him in his green pastures." He pro
oked laughter when he said the presi
dent looked upon congress "as his
great ranch" with the Republicans as
his "round-ups." Speaking deliber
ately, he declared that any man who
had such profound contempt for the
legislative branch of the government
was unfit to be its executive head and
was a dangerous man.
FOR GRosVENOR'S ENJOYMENT.
He closed by quoting from "Ameri
can Ideals" In which Mr. Roosevelt, he
alleged, had denounced Gen. Gros
venor by nam: as a champion of foul
government and dishonest politics."
Then turning to Gen. Grosvenor, he
added: "Read that and then read
your recent speech defending the presi
dent and tell the house that you feel
like 30 cents."
Gen. Grosvenor admitted that :our
years ago he opposed the nomination
of Mr. Roosevelt for vice president,
but said Mr. Roosevelt durin~g the
campaign had conducted himself in a
dignified manner and had won the
confidence and esteem of the people
by his acts from the time he was
elected to preside over the senate and
that he reached the supreme heights
when he declarezl at Buffalo that he
would carry out the policies of Mc
Kinley. Since theni the president had
grown to be one of the great men of
the country. The president, he said,
was more dangerous to the Democratic
party than any other man today. The
Democrats in New York, he said, had
launched a candidate for president
who didn't kown where he stoodi, on
his head or on his heels.
T HoUGH the University of Chicago
has lost Prof. Triggs, who annihilated
Shakespeare, is still has Dr. Albion
W. Small, professor of sociology, who
has proceeded to shelve dear old John
Bunyan. "Pilgrim Progress," he
says, "has done the world incalculable
harm. "From this distance it looks
as if the fool killer is badly needed in
Mns. Mary Dionne of Chicago re
cently entered suit against a young
man accused of hugging her, and she
wanted damages in the sum of five
thousand dollars. The bugs were
valued at $75 a pair and the ungallant
editor of the Greenville News says
"from the picture of the woman we
should imagine that the man should
ae been sent to the asylum."
Cwr. Win. IH. Green. assistant
general manager of the Southern, died
t his home in Washington on Fri
day night, aged 65 years. lHe was a
THE WEATHER AND OROVS.
Prof. Bauer Says Farm Work IEas
Made Rapid Progress.
Section Director Bauer's weekly crop
Iletin was issued last week as follows:
The mean temperature for the week
ding at 8 a. m., April 18th, was
out 58 degrees which is nearly 6 de
ees below normal, due to very low
mperatures during the first and last
,ys, and to moderately high temper
ures during the middle of the week.
2ere were light frosts on the 12th
d 13th in the western counties that
d no material injury. High, drying
nads prevailed during the middle of
e week, that intensified the drough
conditions prevailing over the great
part of the Spate. The percentage
sunshine was about normal.
The rainfall was extremely light,
iring that part of the week covered
r the correspondent's reports, and
ie surface soil became very dry in all
Lrts of the State, and unbroken lands
came hard and broke up cloddy in
owing. There was need of rain for
1 growing crops, and for the germi
tion of recently planted seeds. This
aughty cojndition was ialieved by a
neral rain at the close of the week,
hich was fairly heavy and fell so
awly that practically the,- whole
nount was absorbed by the soil, espe
ally on plowed ground. This rain '
ill prove very beredcial.
General farmwork made rapid and
iinterrupted progress, except that
the central counties the ground had
come too hard and dry to plow.
anting operations were pushed
here the soil was in fit condition,
it cotton planting was delayed in
Laces awaiting warmer weather and
Moisture, so as to assure quick ger
Corn planting is nearly fin'shed, ex
pt on bottom lands in the western
)unties. Early plantings are up to.
od stands, and have received their
rst cultivation. Later plantings are
>ming up to poor stands, and are be
ig damaged by birds and worms, -ne
essitating ccns'derable ieplantirg.
'he cool weather caused coin to yel
Cotton planting progressed slowly
i the 'centraL and western counties
wing to the dry soil and cool weather,
ut made fair progress in the eastern
aes, where about half the crop has
een planted and some is coming up.
ea-island cotton that is up is in need
A beginning was made in trans
anting tobacco, but this work is not
eneral, ard confined largely to Marl
ro anc Marion countiesr The
lants are plentiful, though small,
od will suffice for the small acreage
be devoted to tobacco this year.
Wheat is improving steadily. The
'eather was too cold and dry for oats,
'hich turned yellow in places. The
yndition of toe peach crop Is uncer
tin, but enough fruit remains on the
rees in most sections for a fair crop.
ear trees are blighting badly. Ap- _
les are uninjured. Tfie strawberry
rop has been damaged by droug it.
weet potatoes coming 'up. White
otatoes have good stands. Melons
tir stands. .Pastures are scant. Truck
aipments continue heavy, though -
sill confined to the southernmost
BOYS DEFEND A BRIDGE.7
hey Were in Charge of Their Teach
ers, Gray-Headed Ministers.
An order came from General Lee
yr every sick and wounded man who
'as able to report at Staunton River
!ridge, as General Cortz with 2,700
ien was advancing to burn '&he
ridge. I mounted my horse and
barted at once, says W. C. Marshall
f Morgantown, W. Va.,- in the Rich
iond Times-Dispatch. When I ar
ived I found Col. Farrington in corn
and and the artillery under an offi
ir who had never fired a gun and I
ight add that his men were in the.
Col. :Farrington put me in corn
and of the artillery. After telling
Lh man what I expected - him to do
ad how to do it, I received an order
~om Col Farrington to report at once
>his headquarters. I found he
ished to hold a council of war. Dur
~g our talk, two, and, I thinlk, three
d gray-headed ministers reported
at they were there with their school
pys to help save the bridge.
It occurred to me at once that this
as our chance, and I advfIed Col.
arrington to put the boys in 'the
reastworks on the other side of the
ver, the river being behind them
2d the enemy in front of them. The
olonel agreed at once. The minis
~rs began to protest on account..of.
ie age of the boys. The Colonel
~ked if they did not come to help
ive the bridge, and he insisted upon
ieir holding their, position. This.
emed fearfully cruel, but the result
coved to the satisfaction of the min
ters it was the right thing to do.
The rest of the command was~then.
aced in breastworks on the south
de of the river. I then went at once
ck to the artillei-y. I had scarcely
ached it when I saw the enemy
>me out and form in line of battle to
iarge the bridge, four times our
inber. My heart went out to these
>ys. I opened fire on the enemy at
ce with the four guns, and did all
ae harm I could. I tried to make
lemthink that we had a large force.
ttheir front. At this time the order
i other side was given to "Charge."
own came 2,500 men on those boys
id disabled soldiers. Not a word did
e hear from the boys until the enemy .
re within about 200 yards of them,
ben one of the lear old ministers
rang upon the works and gave the
der: Fire low and fast'" The lit
e fellows swarmed up from the
ound like "yellow jackets." I do
t know that they killed man3, but
e result was that the enemy was re
1sed and as badly frightened as Iever
w. They rallied and made a second
arge, with the same result.
The bridge was saved, and, in my
dgment, saved by the preachers and
"Called my opponent a peram
lating liar-doctor's bill $10. IHad
'e arguments with my wife-result:
ie flower vase smashei; 1 dish of
sh knocked cff the table; 1 shirt
so ruined; 1 broom nandle broken; -
handsful of whiskers pulled out;- 10
ts' worth of sticking plaster
ught. Besides spending $1,738."
A bill passE d the hou.re on Thaurs
ty appropriating $20,000 for "the
oper marking of the graves of Con
erate soldiers who died in northern
isons." The work of locating the
aes will be in charge of an army
5a3s. George Duckett, who lives
r.r Walhalla, Oconee county, gave
th to three boys on Wedoesday.
e mother and, children are doing