Newspaper Page Text
My Ma, She Knows.'
mv, pa he scolds me jes becnz
e as I'm gettin' "to-;L
He savs my :ace is never clean.
My hans are always rough;
I'm not behavin' like l she.
An' goin' wrong. I s'pose.
But ma, she takes a%' pats n;y knUd
An smiles, becuz he kns.
My pa hain't 't no use ior boys,
He wants 'em always men;
I wonder if he's clean forgvt
The bov he must a' been;
Fer ma, she says they're al alike,
'Bout face, an' hands an' clothes,
An' sas l'l learn to be a man;
An mia, I guess she knows!
My pa, he says I rin't no good
At doin' anything;
I'd rather fool away the time
An whistle, play, and sin.:
But ma, she smiles an' says Il Yun
An' then she up an goes
And kisses me an shows Me how;
For mu, you bet. she knows
My pa' he says I'll ne'ver be
A business ma; like hi:.
Becuz I 'aia't got any "iv
An''get up,"-luck an 'im;"
But ma. she sus, so sole.u like,
A man's a boy that gro'S,
An' bovs must have their playin spells;
An' ma's a trump, an' knows!
My pa, he shakes his head an' sighs.
An' says he doesn't see
Where I got all my careless ways
That seems jest born in mae;
An' ma, she laughs, an' laughs, an' laughs,
Till pa's face crimson grows,
Al' then she says, "'Tis very queer"
But somehow, ma, she knows!
My ma, she knows 'most everything
'Bout boys and what they like.
She's never scoldin''bout the muss
I make with kites and bike;
She says she wants me to be good
An' conquer all my foes,
An' you 'jes' bet I'm goin' to be,
my sweet ma, :he knows!
.CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1.
This was practically Gov. Sheppard's
paper in tottidem verbis, very few
changes being made. The convention
sustained the committee in its un
favorable reports on a number of reso
The only talk of the entire conven
tion up to this point was over a reso
lution to favor no candidate for presi
dent who had not been loyal in 1896
and 1900. The resolution was rejected
by an almost unanimous vote, the con
vention preferring to let the delegates
act upon their own good judgment as
to that matter.
The unfavorable report on Senator
Goodwin's resolution commending the
idea of a State fertilizer factory was
adopted. All the resolutions which had
received. unfavorable reports were
with in summery manner.
The committee on constitution and
rules presented a favorable report on
the resolution sent up from Aiken
county permitting clubs to meet on
Monday after the forth Saturday in
May. Mr. Rainsford and Senator Till
man opposed the resolution. Mr. Saw
yer explained that the change in the
rule' is wanted for the benefit of' the
factory people who want to meet on
Monday. The objection seemed to be
that it would confuse matters too
much. Mr. Rucker argued Ithat the
town people would prefer to meet on
Monday. Senator Tillman thought
Saturday suits nine-tenths of the peo
ple, and let nine-tenths rule. Col. A.
G. Pinckray of Pelzer declared the
rule to be useless. ,&- McCuen of the
Managha~n mill at Gicenville agreed
-with 0ol. Pinckney. The report was<
tabled on motion of Mr. Bolt.
Capt.eSawyer, who had led a gal-.
lant but losing fight for the Monday
club meeting resolution, again champ- <
loned the resolution in regard to the
election of dispensers in the primary.
This had received an unfavorable re
TEE ELECTION OF DELEGATES.
The work of these committees hav
ing been concluded, the balloting for
delegates at large was commenced.
~There were six nominees, but 001.
Jno. C. Haskell withdrew his name.
The five to be voted for were Senators
Tillman and Latimer, Gov. Heyward,
Mayor Rhett of Charleston and Gen.
Wilie Jores of Columbia.4
On motion of Dr. Sawyerof George
-town Senator Tillman was declared
Selected by acclamations On motion of
Mr. Seeley of Berkeley Gov. Heyward
was declared elected by acclamation.
Quite a scene of confusion ensued
upon Mr. Mc~alla's motion to elect
Senator Latimer by acclamation. It
bad been felt that Senator Latimer
would be defeated and the friends of
Mr. Rhett and .Gen. Jones objected
~Finally Mr. Mc~alla withdrew his mo
tion after such parliamentarians as
Mr. Stevenson, Gov. Sheppard and
Mr. Moses bad endeavored to unravel
The vote as announced by the tel
lers was 326, of which Rhett received
272, Jones 235 and Lat-imer 146.
Necessary to a choice 164. Mr. Rhett
and Gen. Jones were declared elected.
No alternates were elected but the
-delegation was authorized to lookout1
for such a contingency.
The delegates from the several con
gressional districts were then elected
upon recommendation of the caucuses
from the respective districts. The
'following are the delegates.
First-E. St. Clair White of Berke
ley and J. E. Tindal of Clarendon.
Alternates, R. S. Whaley of Chaarles
ton and J. D. Bivens of Dorchester. 1
Second-Jno. C. Sheppard of Edge
field and Claude E. Sawyer of Aiken.
N'o alternates designated.
Third-Dr. R. F. Smith of Pickens
and S. H. aicGhee of Greenwood. Al
ternates, E. H. Aull of Newberry and 1
L. C. Baker of Lowndesville.
-Fourth--J. J. Gentry of Spartanburg I
and J. A. Hoyt of Greenville. Alter- 1
nates, 0. B. Goodwin of Laurens and
B. G. Williams of Spartanburg.
Fifth-Leroy Springs of Lancaster
and A. M. Aiken of Chester. Alter
nates, T. B. Butler of Cherokee and
D. L. Stevenson of Fairfield.
Sixth-D. R. Coker of Darlington1
and D. D. Mc~oll, Jr., of Marlboro.
Alternates, James Stackhouse of Ma
rion and D). H. Traxier of Timmons
Seventh-Altamont Moses of Sum
ter and T. G. McLeod of Lee. Alter
nates, W. E. Gonzales and T. J. Lips
comb, Jr., of Columbia. noiae
Gov. McSweeney thennoiae
Senator Tillman for representative on
the national Democratic committee.
This was carried unanimously.
Col. Hoyt introduced resolutions
commending the leadership of John
Sharp Williams in the house of repre
sentatives and expressing the wish
that he will preside over a Democratic 1
body with a Democratic president.
This was received with applause and
was carried unanimously.
rLEDGING THlE DELEGATES. C
The convention was about to break
up at 11.30 wheh Col. Hoyt got the
foor and offered a motion that thet
members of the delegation declare
their position upon the aspirants forc
the nresidential nomination. The
convention had seen fit not to instruct
the delegates, but to prevent the re-'
sult of the meeting from being mis
stated the delegates should be calledI
upon to state their preferences. Mr.t
McCown moved to table. This wasC
voted down. tenvgruyo
Mr. Follockthnvgrul o-)
;osed the motion. This would be i
antamount to instructing the dele- K
ates and it may be that some other
andidate might come to the front C
ater on. Maj. Augustlne SmYth o 0
Tharleston declared that unlesssome- I
;hing be done as Col. Hoyt bad sug- i
,ested. the friends of one of the candi
lates would claim this as'a victory
>ecause the other candidate had not
'eea endorsed. Col. George John.
tonle declared this to be a Democratic 1
onvention and Democracy seeks pub.
icity and does not work in the dark.
.e called for an expression of opin
on. Mr. Ragsdale took the oppcsite
iew. While he is not a Hearst man
nc no delegate would have the hardi
iocd to advocate Hearst on the floor
U. -he convention, yet he didn't want
hE delegation restricted by such ac
2r. Pollock again argued at length
Lginst the motion of Col. Hoyt, and
erewed his motion to indefinitely
Mr. Johnstone arose and said that
ie knew the motion was not debat
ble, but scarcely thought after his
riend from Chesterfield had paid his
)orpliments to him (Johnstone) that
le would keep him from returning 1
he compliment. There were loud 1
ind repeated calls for Johnstone and 1
Ar. Pollock's motion was withdrawn.
Mr. Johnstone then again took up
ais argumeot for the motion to call
'or expressions from the delegates
elected. He said that all the conven
on wanted was to have the delegates
ay for whom they were. The con
rention had placed itself in the pre
icament in which it found Itself, and
ibe rejection of resolutions endorsing
Fudge Parker would be interpreted
broad as a repudiation of his candi
lacy. He spoke very strongly of the
mportance of the coming campaign
6nd said the delegates should not be
Mwilling to declare themselves. Mr.
ohnstone an. Mr. Pollock engaged
n frequent sallies which elicited
aughter. At the close of his strong
peech Mr. Johnstone was freely ap
After some further debate Col.
loyt secured the finor and said that
mder present conditions he was in
'avor of . the nomination of Judge
Parker but if after arriving at St.
Gouis he found the majority of the
lelegation in favor of some other
:andidate he would do as he did in
L876 when his personal choice was
romas F. Bayard but under the
init rule he voted for Samuel J. Tin
Col. Hoyt's voluntary expression for
Varker was well received by the con
rention, and as soon as he sat down
xov. Heyward took the floor and an
iounced in his clear, ringing voice.
hat with the present lights before
lm he favored the nomination of
Parker. This elicited more applause.
The opposition to Col. Hoyt's mo
;ion then seemed to disapear and it
as carried without objection.
SETOB TLLMAN SPEARS.
Chairman Henderson called upon
enator Tillman to address the con
rention first under the terms of the
The senator took the platform. He
aid that all knew he spoke in pain
md he knew that it was with some
langer. He wanted first to express
2is gratification at the evidence that.
he old antagonisms and bitterness
iad passed away, that the willingness:
f some members of the convention
who had sworn never to vote for m
r anything that he should be elect- 1
d by acclamation showed that it was I
,heir intention to vote for him had a
,allot been taken.
Taking up the subject of the nomi
lee, he said that if the convention
ranted to know for whom he would.
rote he wourld say, "I don't know."
s to Judge Parker he had already
;aid that he was nbjectionable. In
u interview which had been widely
yublshed and also at the Edgefield3
~ovention he had so expressed him-1
elf. However, Parker might yet
n.ke some expression which would.
hnge the situation. Because Gro
er Cleveland had endorsed Parker
was not ground for opposing him,1
ut if Parker endorsed Cleveland it
culd be a different matter. It Cleve-<
and wants to come back into the
a-ty after having voted twice for the]
.e publican ticket, why let him come!<
Senator Tillman said that he had!
>pposed instructions, believing that<
ihe convention could put its confi
lence in the delegation to select the
nost available man, that the delega
~Ion would do what the convention
wants done. But, said he, "if youi
want to know who I'm going to vote
r I'll say 'I don't know!'" This1
was delivered in the most perfect Ben1
('lllman drawl. .
Gov. Heyward was next .called to
.he platform. He took the opportu
lity to thank the convention for two1
,hings. First, for the endorsement1
>f his administration. He considered
t one of the highest honors he had
ver received to be thus endorsed by
uch a splendid convention of South
Jarolina Democrats. He spoke also 1
or the other State offcials, who had!1
abored with him to give the people a 1
rood, clean administration.
Secondly, he thanked the convention I
r the honor of being sent to the St.
atls cenvention. With the present
nformation, as he had already said,<
e favors Judge Parker. But higher
~han Judge Parker or any other man's ,
andidacy he holds the success of the<
arty. He regards this election as
he most important in years so far as:]
south Carolina and the South are con
erned. In vigorous words the gover
ior scored the president's attItude to
wards the South.
Mayor R. Goodwyn Rhett of Char
eston came next. Before saying any- 1
~hing on the subject of the nominee I
le wanted to say that he was pro.
roundly grateful and deeply touched
>y the testimonial of the convention's<
~onfidence in him and he appreciated
Lction also as an evidence that Char-1
eton had been restored once more to
he confdence of the State. He re- <
'erred to the time when tne metropo- 1
is had been torn asunder from the
'est of South Carolina, a condition 4
which, he said, had brought no little
rrow to many In that city who are
low rejoiced to see the situation as it
a now disclosed.
Referring then to the resolution he
aid that at present it seemed to him
hat Judge Parker was the most
~vailable candidate, but his first de- I
ire was for the success of the party.
Gen. Wilie Jones, when called, de
lined to take the stand as the others I
ad done, and from the rear of the 1
all in a very few words. he thankedC
he convention for the honor done
iim and said that under the present
onditions Parker Is his choice.
One after another the district dele
ates were called and each one said
Parker." The hour was then veryc
3.te and the crowd had begun to a
eave, as all the big speeches had been
nade and everything was plainly going
From the first district Mr. J. El. C
arieniy. :euawr Jonu C. Sheppard
'r the second district said that he
vould go farther than the others had
lone and would say that he not only
avored Parker but thinks his nomf.
iation cannot be prevented. One
fter another the other delegates
vere called-Capt. C. E. Sawyer, alst
if the second, Dr. R.. P. Smith and
Ar. S. H. McGhee of the third, Col.
. A. Hoyt and Mr. J. J. Gentry of
ihe fourth, Col. Leroy Springs and
Ytr. A. M. Aiken of the fifth, Mr. D.
D. McColl, Jr., and Mr. D. R. Cokex
>f the sixth, and Messrs. Altamont
Aoses and T. G. MeLeod of the
eventh. Mr. Gentry's short speech
as very clear. Mr. McColl, very
haracteristically, announced emphat.
cally that he was for Parker, unlesf
2e were shown not to be a consistent
Democrat, and that he was against
Hearst; that, however, he would not
vote for any man who did not vote
-he party ticket in 1896 and 1900.
Th's wound up the fireworks. The
)pposition to extracting the senti
nent of the delegation had died hard
:ut it was good dead when all had
leclared for Parker.
Mr. Cosgrove of Charleston offerec
he customary resolution of thanks tc
he presiding officer and the secre
;aries, and then the convention a&
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS.
ew Grand Officers Elected at the
Meeting at Greenville.
The Grand Lodge of the Knights o:
hythias met in Greenville last weel
Lnd were royally entertained by the
ospitable people of that progressive
,ity. The following are the new offil
,ers elected for the ensuing year:
J. A. Summersett, grand chancelor
B. A. Morgan, grand vice chancel
M. Rutledge Rivers, grand prelate
S. H. Thronwell, grand keeper 0:
records and seals, Fort Mill.
Wilson G. Harvey, grand master o:
E. C. Doyle, grand master at arms
M. H. Witt, grand inner guard, Co
Douglas McIntyre, grand oute:
Mr. Summersett goes from the chai:
)f grand vice chancellor.
Grand Chancellor Summersett an
ounced the appointments for the fol
Judiciary-M. L. Smith, Camden
9. H. McGhee, Greenwood; Joe A
Ways and Means--C. D. Brown, Ab
)eville; W. P. Henry, Timmonsville
W. H. Dunkin, Charleston; J. I. Cope
and, Clinton; the Rev. F. 0. S. Our
Printing-J. A. Summersett, ex
3ficio, Columbia: J. H. Thornwell
x-Officio, Fort Mill; T. H. Gibbes
Credentials-J. G. Wardlaw, Gaff
aey; C. J. Rast, Cameron; W. R. Law
State of the Order-B. A. Morgai
a-ocio, Greenville; E. R. Cox, Dar
ington; G. K. Willis, Willmington
W. R. Bristol, Beaufort; D). Jennings
Grand Tribune, to serve for thre'
rears, J. F. Wdlia-ms, Columbia.
Deputy grand chancellors to be ap
sointed under the resolution dividini
he domain into nine districts, will be
elected and appointed at an earl2
ate by the grand chancellor.
AFT]!E THE MOSQUITO.
Marine Hospital is Ready to Batte
.With the Pest.
The marine hospital service has al
eady begun the battle on the Texas
order against the mosquito and al
>ther agencies 'jf yellow fever.' It
s proposed, if pcssible, to preven1
rellow fever crossing the Mexicar
order this year, and the marine
2osptal authorities are receiving th<
o-operation of the Mexican healthn
uthorities. Yellow fever reached
Garedo, Texas, late last year and
lidn't spread any further north than
San Antonio, where it was sooc
hecked by cool weather. It is fear
>d that if the disease crosses the
American border early this year there
will be great danger of fearful spread
>f the yellow peril. The chief fight
s against the mosquito. The Mexicar
lealth authorities are working with
,he Mexican people to make them
mderstand that the morquito conveys
die disease and that it must be exter
ninated. The marine hospital pub
ishes in its weekly report a transla
~ion of the instructions issued by the
nayor of the Mexican city of LaredC
'or the destruction of mosquitoes.
'hese instructions so thoroughly
~ducate those who read them the pub.
Ic health authorities In this country
,hink they ought to be read carefully
ey every American. They are as fol~
1. Mosquitoes breed only in depos*
t of clean water.
2. Mosquitoes live in the vicinity
where they breed. Invasions from a
istance is rare.
3. The larvae of the mosquito live
n the water from seven to twelve
lays. Notwithstanding that they are
atives of the water, the mosquxitc
arvae must rise to the surface tc
)reathe the free air.
4. If the surface of the water is
,overed with petroleum the larvae can
ot breathe and they die.
5. Destroy the water deposits where
,he mosquitoes breed and their breed
ng will be avoided.
6. Empty all tubs, buckets, flower.
ots, vases, etc., at lest every twc
7. All pools, ditches or wells, should
e filled with dirt o1 drained.
8. Water intended for beasts,
hickens, and all other animals, should
e renewed daily.
9. All water that can not be drain
d should be covered with petroleum
-30 grams to each square meter of
urface. The Oil does not injure the
ater intended for use if it is drawn
elow by means of a pump or other
10. All cisterns, wells or tanks of
water in daily use should be covered
vith wire screens.
11. Deposits that do not admit of
e use of petroleum, such as water
g places for animals, will require
he precaution of renewing the water
laily and cleaning the deposits.
12. Vegetation around pools or
yells of water should be destroyed as
t furnishes shelter for the adult
13. Absolute cleanliness should be
bserved in vacant blocks and lots,
nd all trash should be burned.
Ar the session of the Baptist Wo
2an's Missionary union at Nashville
n Friday a gift of $10,000 from "A
mitan Worker" wa announced.
CUTTING DOWN WEEDS
In the Vegetable Garden and in the
The following from the pen of Rev.
C. C. Brown, D. D., pastor of the
Baptist Church at Sumter, is so true
and beautiful that we want every
reader of tnis paper to read it, hence
we takeo it from the Baptist Courier
and reproduce it here. The doctor
I am just in from my garden. If
one should see me now he would be
apt to conclude that I am an honest
man, making my bread out of the
sweat of my noble brow, which just i
at this juncture is beeded with the
drops of a bumid exudation, common
ly looked upon as drops tuat are
honest and to be approved of. I have
had nothing to do with a garden for
twenty years until now. I. turned
that j-b over to my wife, 'vho duly
committed it to a man we hava, known
as our "maid of all work." He gar- I
dened in a deletante sort of way, do- 1
ing himself but little harm. and not
seeming to cherish much wrath
against the grass and weeds. -
But I am gardening this year. I
just could not help it. My study
looks down upon a plot of ground
which ought to be rich in possibilities,
and so I have been going. out morn
ing by morning, while the lazy and
luxurious were asleep, to "meet the
sun upon the upland lawn and brush
the dews from the hills away," except 1
that we have no hills down here. I
Please conceive of the picture with
the hills removed.
A sister good and faithful, who now
sits upon the throne where her saint
ed mother once sat in consumm st
grace, sent me a dozen fig bushes this
morning, and I've been out in my
garden to plant them. Having com
pleted this task, I turned to my musk
melon bed, which I had hoed over but
two days ago, and out of that bed
grew this sad story. The weeds I cut
down two days ago have sprouted
agair.. I must do my work over. But
a musk mellon plant, which I chanced
to cut down, has not come back to its
place. How mtuch easier it is to kill
a musk melon plant than it Is to kill
a weed! To get another melon vine I
shall have to sow another seed, to get
another weed I need do nothing at all.
It will come back of itself.
I chopped vigorously at the misera
ble weeds for a stroke or two, until
the honest drops began to fall, and
then I found myself here at my type
writer. I have been chopping weeds
all my life in the garden of my heart,
and I can't see where I've succeeded
in eradicating many of them. Will
the task never end? Am I to spend
all my days digging at weeds? Don't
you suppose I'll grow weary by and
by and give it all up as an unsstisfac
tory undertaking? Is there no way
of cutting them down to stay for
good and for all? I think I can call
up, some better deeds and ways I once
had, which I have by mistake or mis
fortune chopped down, and they do
not now come back any more. How
like my garden is my heart! May be
a time will come when I shall sigh for
sunset and the evening horn that calls
one in from labor. But then may be
also I was put here to .till this garden
and to chop these weeds out of my
life from season to season, and it was
never promised me that they should
not come back. If I can be assured of
this my sole duty is to keep chopping.
I wish I knew if others have this
same trouble. Do you have to chop
day by day? D3 you sometimes be
come weak and disheartened? Have*
you ever turned aside fromi your task
for a time and then found that your1
little garden was over grown .with
weeds, and the, better fruits were all
covered up and dying? Is this the
experience of everybody ? or am I just
a poor laborer upon whom a peculiar
burden has been put that sends me
staggering along the way of life? I1
wonder if my Master ever sees the
sweat upon my brow?
Does he know I am chopping? Does
he care? If sometimes he would come
to the garden gate and look upon me:
and say, "Well done!" how muchb
more carefully I could chop the weeds!
Alas, poor souls that we are! Chop,
chop! This is all, and yet 1 dare noti
stop! If sometime you do nct find mue1
when you call, may be I'll be out in
my garden chopping weeds. Chop!
chop! chop! Just chopping weeds!1
weeds that grow in the garden of my1
Farmers Pay It All.
A farmer votes for protection. In
turn the manufacturers of American
plows combine and advance the price1
of their product. The farmer pays
an excessive price for his plow-prob
ably a third more than it should cost 1
him. The manufacturer may have a I
surplus of stock. This is exported. 1
But it cannot be sold in foreign mar- I
kets at the domestic price, especially 1
in free trade markets. But it does
not need to be sold at tbat price. Its I
manufacture is so cheap, especially
under consolidated operation, that
the freight to Sonth America can be
paid and the plow may still be sold
there below the home price, and vastly
lower than the American price-al
though the latter is not affected by
marine freight charges. The farmerC
may honestly believe in protection, 1
but that does not alter the fact that I
all the benefits go to the manufactur
er of the plow, and the farmer pays it
A WThite Brute Thrashed. 1
Thomas Davis, an emnploye of the
Shenandoah division of the Norfolk
and Western railroad, while on a
drunken spree entered the home of
W. E. Pearson, near Ridgeway,
enry county, Va., and attempted a
criminal assault upon Mrs. 1'earson, ~
during the absence of her husband. ~
Mrs. Pearson's cries of distress at- ~
tracted the attention of William Coy- e
ington, a farmer who lived near the
Pearson bomne. Covington captured a
the man at the point of a gun and ~
lodged him in jail in Martiaeville.
Mrs. Pearson stated that Davis ap- a
proached her with improper proposals
and upon her refusal to comply with
his demands laid violent hands upon
ner. At midnight Tuesday night a
body of determined men forced the s
jail, took the prisoner out, adminis- 0
tered a sound thrashing to him and l
again placed bim in continement. ~
There was no attempt at lynching. * c
A Preacher Elopes.
Rev. J. F. Cordover, pastor of the h
Episcopal church at South River, N. c
.J., is rep:>rted as having eloped with S
Miss Julia Brown, eighteen. Cordo- a
ver leaves a wife and three children, s
aged twelve, seven and five. Miss ii
Browne was formerly a choir singer ~
in Cordover's church. The father of a
the girl chased them unsuccessfully in a
an automobile. The elopment created r
a eat senation.
THE OLD VETERANS.
the Annual Reunion of Confederate
Heroes i Charleston.
tHE CITY'S BEARTY WELCOME.
k Large Number of Veterans and
Thousands of Visitors Attend
ed the fReunion of the
The Confederate veterans captured
"harleston and lived over again the
lories of former times in the happy
-eunion of veterans from every section
f South Carolina. With the veterans
re many sons of veterans, sponsors,
naids of honor and Daughters of the
.onfederacy, and the best which
'harleston affords was placed at the.
lisposal of the visitors.
It was a glad reception which Char
eston tendered to the veterans and
he sons and daughters of the old
ldiers Tuesday morning at the Ger
nan Artillery hall, when the formal
mercises were held. The hal was
ery tastefully decorated with red and 1
white bunting, the colors of the Con
ederacy, pictures of old soldiers,
reen buntings and flags. The stage
vas especially beautiful in its decora
ions, and shortly after 10 o'clock when
en. Zimmerman Davis, the chair
nan of the executive committee and
he commander of the Charleston
rigade, entered the hall with Gen.
r. W. Carwile of the South Carolina
livision on his arm, there was the
ildest kind of enthusiasm manifest,
-d by near to 1,000 people who filled
,he hall. Following Gen. Carwile and
7en. Davis came Mayor Protem F. Q.
2'Neill, Judge W. H. Brawley, Mr.
W. Turner Logan and a number of
)ther prominent citizens and members
CALLED TO ORDER.
Gen. Davis called the meeting to or
ler. Rev. John Johnsdn offered the
>pening prayer and then Mayor Pro
em O'Neill, in the unavoidable ab
;ence of Mayor Rhett, welcomed the
reterans and the sons and daughters.
9r. Logan also delivered an address of
elcome. These addresses were re
;ponded to by Gen. Carwile and Mr.
T. J. McSwain of Greenville.
With the conclusion of the formal
mercises of welcome Chairman Davis
ade an eloquent address in turning
he gavel over to Gen. Carwile, and
1pon the general of the division tak
bng the chair, Col. H. P. Griffith of
laffney electrified the old -soldiers
with a speech.
The customary tribute to the de
parted members of the organization
as paid, followed by a fine tribute to
%he women of the Confederacy. A
etter was read . from Gov. Heyward,
,xpressing his thanks for the invita
ion to be present. A resolution of
sympathy was adopted to the gover
nor on the death of his uncle a few
lays ago. The ::onvention then ad
ourned to, meet again Wednesday
morning, when the business of th
alendar will be taken up.
At the conclusion of the veterans'
ession the sons held a meetl'ng, which
was more of a general conference than
AT CONFEDERATE HOME SCHOOL. ]
The sponsors, maids of honor and
Daughters of the Confederacy were
mtertaned Tuesday afternoon at the
Jonfederate Home school.
The remainder of the day was em
aloyed in taking in the various attrac
ons of the programme. "The Last
Days of Pompeii" attracted severall
housand people at the baseball, park
ruesday night. The ministrel show,
arbor excursions and other amuse
nents were all well patronized.
The headquarters of the veterans
ae at the German Artillery hail,
where about 700 old veterans signed
he registry T'nesday. Here the bureau
if Information Is maintained, badges
listributed and the veterans and
)ther visitors are supplied with infor
nation about accommodations, amuse
zents, etc. About 400 veterans are1
eing cared for at the expense of the I
The city is decorated with flags and
unting and the holiday spirit is in
;he air. The trains continue to bring
n the veterans and others who are t
~aking advantage of the low rates on t
he railroads and It is estimated that1
,here are between 2,000 and 3,000
risitors in Charleston for the reunion.
The big parade of the veterans,a
'scorted by the local militia, tookc
lace Wednesday. The programme f
hursday included a dress parade bya
,he United States troops on Sullivan's
:sland and a grand concert of war
ongs. A large reception was also
endered to the veterans Thursdaye
iight. Harbor excursions, receptions,c
heatre attractions, concerts, dress
arades, both by the United Statese
roops and the Citadel cadets, parade 1
,nd tournament of the fire depart- 1
ent and other features were providedc
or the entertainment of the visitors. *a
Shot as Spies-.
Details have been received hereI
rom Harbin of the execution on April d
1 of two Japanese officers for at- s
empting to dynamite a bridge and i:
estroy telegraphic comemunication of v
he eastern Chinese railway. The
risoners admitted that they were c
art of a detail of one hundred men, s
hose purpose was to destroy the rail- t
vay at various points. When told t
hey must be executed they were ex- y
,remely brave, they replied "Not at o
,; we are carrying out our duty and a
he order of the mikado." The pris- s
ners were executed in the presence of b
,large crowd, and were shot Instead s
f being hanged, by order of General i
uropatkin. The younger prisoner y
efused to allow the bandaging of his
yes. When told It was necessary, e
ccordng to the Russian law. He ask- r
d an exception be made in his favor. b
he elder Japanese, staff officer, wept b
d fainted, but finally allowed him- s
lf to be blindfolded. One was a t
atholic and made a last confession to I
Rusian priest, there being no Ro- g
ian Catholic priest in Harbin. I:
A Fatal Mistake.
Miss Nina Shepheard, the leading
*nger in the Congregational Church
f Cleveland Ohio.,took strychnine be
eing it..to be a headache powder. ca
'he fatal mistake was made by her 'T
tiumn, Miss Grace Sanborn, the daugh- b
ir of H. R. Sanborn, cashier of the ia
tate National Bank of Columbus. b
[iss Shepheard spent the night with g
[iss Sanborn at the latter's home and b
mplained of a severe headache, Miss nr
anborn sent the servant after head- it
he powders used by herself. The 'I
~rvant brought the strychnine and I
was Miss Sanborn who handed the ii
ison to her friend. Miss Shephead h
as seized with convulsions and died b
hour later. Her father and mother fi
sched her only a few minutes before Is<
THE NASHVILLE REUNION.
:itred Cufederate Veterans to M1eet '
There Jnne 14-16.
The Fo-union Committee sends the
outI hern Press the good news that all
mt nuigeients are perfected for enter
aluinz the United Confederate Vet- 'I
runs at Nashville, June 14-16.
The Camps of Veterans, the Sons of 0
eterans, and the. three Chapters of t
he Daughters of the Confederacy are q
qorking in harmony with the business
)rganizations of Nashville to furnish
Lml entertainment as nearly faultless p
The fact that these conventions had
)ecome so exDensive to cities enter- b
aining so deterred action that it was f
eft for Nashville to become host again
ooner than was expected. But the '
apital of the Volunteer State, aided t
>v adjacent communities, is ready. b
&II of the people are in hearty accord,
Lnd arrangements are such that this
nvitation, to Confederate Veterans v
,verywhere. is extended without mis
iving in any particular. Arrange
nents are far better than ever before
or Veterans to meet in their old com
nands-on the campus of the Vander
>!It University. ' b
The only variation from former rules P
)f entertainment is that of giving the t
'old soldiers" preference. This action Y
;ill be approved by every loyal, beau- t
:iful woman who comes to do them c
ionor. While sponsors and their mades
)f honor will be entertained by their de- .
>artment, Division and Brigade Com- P
nanders, provision is being made"for u
nany of them in the homes of our best t
people, so the committee is confident c
)f as perfectly delightful reunion as a
3as ever been held. The orator of the
ccasion will be Rev. S. McKim, of b
Washington, D. C., who served in the
trmy of Northern Virginia, a most
Loyal Confederate and a very eloquent
The Confederate Southern Memorial 1
Association-that of the "Mothers of I
he Confederacy" who never ceased a
hoir labors after caring for the sick e
ind wounded, but went right on erect
ing monuments for the dead-will hold
heir annual convention. The United
Sons of Codfederate Veterans will also
old their annual convention, with
prorfise of more active serviceand
real than ever before, hence. the impor- I
ance of this reunion is second to none c
in the history of the organization.
Reasons not heretofore appealing to
he heroes of the Confederacy should
bestir every Southern patriot. An
[mpression prevails that only a few
nore of these general reunions will C
e held, and as this meeting will be
,he first since the death of that ma- r
etic and matchless man, the only f
ommander in Chief while living,. a
en. John B. Gordon, it will be fitting i
io do his memory honor by the largest
ttendance possible. At this service
udge Thomas G. Jones, e:t-Governor
>f Alabama, has been selected. to pre
pare resolutions in honoring Gen. or- a
Don't let your bravest and best scl- e
iers fail to come from lack of means;
provide the small sum for their rail
oad fare, and when they arrive we
ill feed them and provide them lodg
ng absolutely free of expense.
While fiist. consideration isgiven the I
Veterans, as open-hearted hospitality a
Lo all, as was ever given a worrby, pa
riotic people, .will be extended. t
It is earnestly requested and urged t
hat all Camps report promptly to Sec
etary L. R. Eastman the number of
eterans for whom free entertainment
s to besupplied.
Remember the dates-June 14-16.
rhe low rate of one cent per mile each
way, plus 2.5 cents, with extensiona
privilege of several weeks upon thea
Dayment of 50 cents for the deposit andi
are of ticket by the roailroad agents,
as been given.
Committe: M. B. Pilcher, President
Frank Cheatham, Camp and Bivouac; I
liver J. Timothy, Merchant; S. A.
Junningham, Editor of Confederatee
Veteran; Edgar M. Foster, Managerr
>f the Nashville Banner.-t
General Committee: Chas. F. Friz
:ell, Chairman; L. R. Eastman, Secre
THEY MULTIPLY VERY FAST.
'he Pest 1s Likely to Advance Five
Hundred Miles Each Decade.
Some significant official predictions
:egarding the ravages of the cottona
oll weevil are made in a report soone
a be issued by the national depart- s
ne'nt of agriculture and written byE
W. D. Hunter, who has charge of the
>o1 weevil in ;estigation in which halt
6 hundred experts are now engaged.
Ir. Hunter says that conservative
uthorites agree that unless contin
encies at present unexpected occur, E
he pest soon will cause an increase in t
he price of cotton throughout the
By living within the fruit of the ,
lant the weevil is well protected from i
.ny poisons that might be applied; ii 2
ccupes but 14 days for development d
rom egg to adult and the progeny of a
single pair in a season may reach
.34.000,000 individuals; It adapts it
elf to climatic conditions and Is re
narkably tree from parasites and dis- -
ases, all combining to make efforts ate
The report estimates that the pres- ~
nce of the weevil practically doubles
he erea of land required to produce a e
pale of cotton and that the weevil ~
aused the Texas planters a lcss of ~
bout $15,000,000 in 1903. Assuming e
500,000,000 as the value of the nor
mal cotton crop of the country Mr.
lunter says the probable ultimate t
amage when the pest has become a
pread over the entire belt would ap
roximate $250,000,000 annually, pro- 5,
iding nothing were done to check it.
Planters, however, are adopting C
hanges in methods that tend to avoid
o much damage. The report predicts tl
bat the weevil eventually will be dis
ributed all over the cotton belt, ad- re
ancing into new territory at the rate 01
f approximately 500 miles a decade el
nd it probably always will be as de- t:
tructive in a series of years as it has r<
een in Texas sInce 1894. The report al
aggests that the probability of its be- be
ig carried to West Africa or else- y
rhere abroad is not at all remote. e
In case the seed happens to be sack- se
d or even shipped In bulk there is ,
othing to prevent the weevils from ha
eig carried long distances on ship- di
oard as they are able to adopt them- g
lves snccessfually to climatic condi- de
ons. It is pointed out, however, that ti
de danger could be avoided 'by fumi- di
ation or by leaving the seed sacked b<
1 store rooms, isolated from new cot- p
n for a year previous to ship
A Family Tragedy.
At Believenou, Pa., jealous without ti
ise, Ciyyde Robinson. 21 years old, t
7ednesday shot and instantly killed a
is 19-year-old wife, then turning the
'eapon upon himself, put a bullet into
Is own brain. He died without re
aining consciousness. The crime th
ad no witness but the couple's two- F
onths-cld daughter, who was nurs- pC
ag when the first shot was tired. IR
hat the child is yet alive is a miracle. Ju
2 falling the mother plunged down a h
ight of stairs with the baby beneath rc
er. Robinson fell across the wife's t1i
>dy but when the child was rescued sp
-om its position it had not even a 0r
ratch. The people had a stormy co
arAe life. b(
INSECTS COSTLY TO FARWRRS.
'he Growing Crops Ruined by Hun
dri ds of Millions.
Twelve Insects will cost the
Tnlted States $350,000,000 this year.
!he chinchbug will draw $100;000,000
f this amount, the grasshopper- wil
ake $90,000,000 and the hessian fly
ill call for at least $50,000,000 more.
1hree worms that attack the cotton
lant will assess the farmers for a
ntal of $60,000,000, and the potat(
ug will eat $8,000,000 worth of its
ivorite kind of garden produce. Ter
illions of dollars is a moderate es
imate of the Injury that will be done
y the apple worm, and the caterpil
tr that makes cabbage Its specialty
Ill destroy $5,000,000 worth of cris
The chinchbug Is a disgusting littl(
beast" only a third of an inch long
)riginally it fed upon wild grasses
ut when civilized man arrived anc
lanted wheat the cereal suited it,
aste exactly and it soon became
rhat it is today, the' worst foe oJ
be most prized bread-producing
rops. It gets into the funnel
haped part of the leaf. where 11
Ains the stalk, and sucks the sal
.ntil the plant dies. The bugs mul
iplying at a rate almost Incon
eivable, attack a wheat field it
rmies which literally carpet thi
Tound, and when the wheat hai
een harvested they fly to the autum
Everybody knows the grasshopper
vhich in the east is a familiar bu1
armless insect. In parts of the west
owever, it is a serious menace t
griculture and in a "bad year" wil
asily do more than $100,000,00(
vorth. of damage. It is the tru
ocust, celebrated in biblical an
ither history, and in the Unite
tates ranks - as the worst enemy 0
nan, barring only the chinchbug. .I
s a foe most dreaded by farmer
iver extensive areas. Drouths the
nay combat by irrigation; from tor
adoes they may take refuge in suit
bly canstructed cellars, but befor
he march of the devastating swarm
if grasshoppers they are helpless
rhe plague arrives and lo, as if b:
nagic, the crops are swept from thi
ace of the earth, all vegetation dis
,ppearing and starvation stares then
a the face.
In the year 1776 the Hessian troops
gaged by. the British as auxilaries
anded on Long Island. They brough
, lot of straw with them for thel
torses and in it, undoubtedly, wer
ggs of the insect which has since be
ome known in the country as th
tessian fly. Three years later th
est began to make itself trouble
ome in the neighborhood of the land
g place and since then it has gradu
Tae army worm, which is one o
he most dreaded of the insect foes o
be farmer, is a naked, striped cater
illar an inch and a quarter long. * I
fay and June It makes its appearano
n immense- numbers, devourini
heat, oats and other grains an<
~rasses. It climbs up the seed stalk
nd cuts off the lands. With a favor
ble succession of seasons it multiplie
n geometrical ratio and at last be
omes so numerous asito necessitat
nigration in- search of food. Thel
he army worms travel and feed. duri
ng both day and night, inflictini
normous damage. It is from thei
node of marching in armies at sucl
imes that their popular name is de
The potato bug seems to hav,
een originally a native of Colorade
Lnd New Mexico. Various wild plant
urnished it with food, but nothin,
ems to have been so exactly suitel
o its requirements as the potatc
Tith the introduotion of the potati
ly settlers came the opportunity c
his objectionable insect to multipl:
*d infinitum. It began to .marc]
astward and northward, at firs
lowly, depending upon its power a
light, but later in great jumps, assist
d by the railroads, on which it;tooi
The Army of Pensioners.
At last the pension roll of the Unit
d States government has reache<
he 1,000,000 mark. That number o
ten and women are drawing states
umns monthly in return for their ser
ices or the services of their relatives
a the army. All the employes of al
merican railroads, from their presi
ents down to the track walkers
umber but few more. The annua
ay roll of the railroads Is $676,000,
00 a year; the pension payments are
137,000,000, f ally one-fifth as much
~he pensioners of all our other ware
ombined, iicluding the Spanish and
hilippine, culd occupy a city of 32,
00. The civil war pensioners woul(
iake a city of 964,000. Our penslir
ystem is a monument to the tremen
ousness of the struggle over seces
on and to the prowess of the Confed.
rate soldier. The pension payment
tom July 1, 1865. to June 30 of las1
ear have amounted to the enormoui
tal of $2,924,178,145.93; the cost 0:
ministering the law for the sami
eriod has been $95,647,934.71, malk
ig the total expenditure thus far or
ension account $3,037,826,080.64.
if course some of this money has
ane'to the pensioners of other wars
ian the civil war, but so trifling a
art in comparison that the gi-ateful
~public has paid out fully $3,000,.
)0,000 in pensions since the last gun
the civil war was fired. The na
onal debt on January 1, 1866, had
~ached nearly $2,750,000,000,000, or
bout $250,000,000 less than has since
en paid cut on pensions account.
uch of this debt, too, was contract
on the paper basis,' which repre
nted various degrees of inflation,
hereas pension payments since 1873
ive been on a gold basis.' The huge
bt which the government found
ied up at the close of the war was
estined to prove considerably less
ian the debt which had not been re
ced to written form either as notes,
nds or paper obligations, but de
~nded on the will of future congress.
.How the interest bearing debt
hich the government still owes
>rne on the treasury records at $918
0,000-compares with the obliga
ons which are to be met through
te pension ofice in coming years can
t be accurately estimated.
In a ten round preliminary before
Le Central California Athletic club at
resno, Cal., Johnny Bryant was
unded into insensibility by Walter
binson, a negro, and received in
ri s from which he died in a few
urs. The fight ended in the ninth
und in wciich Bryant was floored six
nes. His seconds had thrown the
onge into ',the ring when the blow
the jaw that rendered Bryant un
nsious was struck. Robinson has
NEW DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE
Will Meet In Columbia This Wee-k to
The new State Democratic execu
tive committee will meet in Columbal
Thursday for the Purpose of arrang
ing for the approaching State cam
paign. Some of the members wanted
to leave this matter to a sub-commit
tee, as it is probable that there will
be no Itinerary from'cOunty to county,
but it was thought proper to have the
entire committee here In case contin
gencies should arise.
The following are the membars of
the new committee for the next two
Abbeville-A. W. Jones, Abbeville.
Alken-J. R. Cloy', Graniteville.
Anderson-J. P. Glenn, Equality.
Bamberg-C. B. Free, Bamberg.
Barnwell-W. D. Black, Columbia.
Beaufort-Thomas Martin, Blu
Berkeley-B. W. Haynes Oakley.
Charleston-Jao. F. Riy, Charles
Oherokee-W. S. Hall, Jr., Gaff
Chester-T. J. Cunningham, Clow
Chesterfield-W. F. Stevenson, Che
Clarendon-A. J. Richbourg, Sum
Colleton-J. W. Hill, Cottageville.
Darlington-J. B. Coggeshall, Dar
Dorchester-John D. Bivens, Rave.
Elgefeld-A. E. Padgett, Elge
Fairfield-Thos. H. Kitchens,
Florence-D. B. Traxler, Timmons-'
I Georgetown-J. W. Doar, George.
Greenville-Jno. T. Bramlett,
Greenwood -D. H. Migil Green
6 Hampton-J. C. Langford, Hamp
Horry-J. A. McDermott, Conway.
Kershaw-John G. Bichards, Jr.
Lancater-T. Y. Williams, Lancas.
Laurens-T. B. Crews, Liurensr
Lee-W. A. James, Blshopville.
Lexington-D. 3. Grimth, Colum
Marlon-W. A. Brown, Marion.
Marlboro-W. D. Evans, Collock. -
Newberry-C. L. Blesse, Newberry
Oconee-F. M. Cary, Walhalla.
Orangeburg-Bobert Lide, Orange
PickensW. T. Odell, Roanoke.
Richland-Wilie Jones, Columbia.
Saluda-J. C. H. Rauch Wyse's
Spartanburg- -L. X. BEanett, Spar
Sumter-Richard L Mnnin Su
Union-J.'M. Greer, Union.
Williamsburg-B. C. Scott, Lake
aYork-J. W. Ardrey, Fort Mill.
BGen. Wilie Jones is chairman 2ad.
J . T. Parks secretary of the commit
Stee. Senator Tillmanuisa memzberb
Svirtue of his being a member of. h
national executive committee. Sev
eral changes were made in th e
sonnel of the committee. The ma-a
Sjority of the members were re-ele::ted,
abut the following were not, some be
in lg left off at their own request: J
M. Polatty, Aiken; Dr. W. C. Smith
rBarnwell; JTno. Q Little,Ceree
iCapt. W. C. Davis, Manning; A. 3 A
Perritt, Darlington; L. 3. Willans
Edgefield-, W. H. Dorrill, Georgetown;
M. B. McSweeney,fampton; B. ?,
SCarnes, Lee; Senator Jas; Stackhouse,
SMarion; I. W. Shelor; Oconee; B. H
Moss, Orangeburg; A. H. Blackwell
Some of .these have-been coming to
SColumbia to the committee meetings,
for a number,of years.-The State
BLOODY NAVAL WZTODL
United States surgeon Describes the~
.Carnage on the Veag.
N~ever since the development of the
modern iron clad has the medical d&
partment of the Unifad States navy -
had so .perfect an opp tult t
study the terrific effects onshpor
of modern heavy gun fire as that ps
sented in the short and fatalstgle
Sfor life of the Russian crews ofth
IVariag and Korlete and thedeat
ment has been Waiting with . the ~
greatest interest for thie reportof Drd
IH. D. Wilson of the Vicksburg.
This was received -Weaaby
Surgeon General Bixey and It Is said
to be of the greatest value, not only
for the technical lesson it teaches but
also as conclusively sustaining tie
statements made by Commander
Marshall of the Vicksburg as to the
tender of assistance to the Busan.
crews: The report he'ring on that
incident is as follows:
"Immediately after thie Enasslan
cruser .Variag had retured from the
fight with the Japanese11eet, and had
anchored, I was directed bythe cap- -
tain of this ship (lkbg)to goeon
board and offer todo anythinfgpossible -
in assistingto take carp of thei wound
ed. The Busslan commander accept
ed the offer and .requested me to go
below where the wounded were beng'
"The medical officers from the
French, English and Italian ships
were on board at work, they having
arrived before me as their ships-were
anchored much nearer the Russan
"On deck were most of the dead as
they had been instantly killed at the
guns; below the wounded were being
cared for, each medical officer selec
ing a convenient place to dress them.
It was impracticable to do more than
apply dressing of a most temporary
nature as there were so -many cases
needing immediate attention, and
also it was not known but that the
Japanese would resume the fight at
any time as the Runsan ship had not
surrendered when she returned to the
"No attempt was made to perform
operations and as soon as dressings
were applied the wounded were put
in boats and taken to some of the for
eign ships as the Russan capain in
tended to leave his ship and sink her.
I offered to send any wounded on
board the United States ship Zafiro
(which was in port) as the command
ing ollcer of the Vicksburg had direct
ed me to proffer her services for the
"The offer was declined by both the
captain and the executive officer,
they Informing me there was sufficient
room on the other warships.
"I think the engagement showed
that it was impossible to attend the
wounded during an engagement be
tween modern ships, unless the num
ber of medical attendants is tremend
ously increased. With the present
allowance the wounded would be
obliged to take entire care of them
sles ntil the fig-ht wa over."