Newspaper Page Text
[continued from page I.]
once more to the cheering of the candi
date, shouting "Roosevelt.," "Roose
velt," "Roosevelt," "New York,'
over and over again.
A NZIGiER HAULED IN.
A small negro boy, James Blain Cas
lun of Georgia, with long curly hair
was hoisted on the piatfurm and h
waved in frantic fashion a small na
tional flag. Louise Roberts, the youni
girl who had caused the enthusiast]
In the California delegation, was nex
borne high on the shoulders of a stal
wart delegate from Indiana. Sh
created a new furor of enthusiasm a
she tossed her flag to and fro. Lit
tle Naomi Defoe, of Alpena, Mich.
followed for a brief period and whet
she had waved her tiag but a fei
minutes, Chairman Cannon pushed t,
the front and saying 'Please let me in
my dear," rapped vigorously for or
der, The applause at this time hai
continued almost twenty-three mit
utes. It required fully five minute
and several more raps by the chair
man and the strenuous work of nun:
erous police and sergeants at arms t
get the delegates once more into thei
When Chairman Cannon had finall,
secured order the secretary read a hiE
tory of the flag which Mr. Cannon ha,
Cheers followed and were increase
when Mr. Cannon recognized Senato
Beveridge, of Indiana, Mr. Beveridge
voice was probably the easiest hear
of any of the speakers. Shouts, cheer
and catcalls resounded through th
hall when the Senator sarcasticall
said: "No mystery was ever electe
President and never will be."
Long before he had concluded hi
speech his collar was a welted ban
and the perspiration was streaminj
down his face but his voice lost non
of its carrying power, and his manne
none of its energy. Senator Bever
idge's.concluding words, "Indianasec
onds the name of Roosevelt," releasei
the waiting cheer, the band and th
It was short lived, however, and oi
der was soon restored.
When the convention had expresse
its appreciation of Indiana's second t
the nomination, Chairman Cannon ar
nounced that George A. Knight, c
Califorr.Ia, would second the nomina
The California delegation showe
that it was prepared for the cecasior
The old stage coach long drawn ye
"WahoQ" was echoed through the ha
and a California banner, followed by
huge wreath of flowers, was born
through the hall as Mr. Knight wa
proceeding to the platform.
Mr. Knight was introduced b
Chairman Cannon. He had a voic
which penetrated the furthest reces.
es of the hal and rolled back in echoe
from the arched iron roof.
THE SOUTH BARELY PIP'ES.
Mr. Knight was surrounded by a
enthusiastic throng as he left the pla1
form, Senator Scott, of West Virginii
throwing his arms around and hug
ging him enthusiastically. Chairma
Cannzai announced the next speaker a
"Mr. Stillwell, of Georgia." Ther
were loud cries of "Edwards," and Ma
Cannon was informed that the nam
of the speaker was Harry Stillwel
Mr. Edwards, who is a man of sligh
physique, is not gifted with a pene
trating voice like that of Gov. Black
Mr. Beveridge and Mr. Knight, an'
for this reason he was unable to com:
mand the absorbing attention that hal
been given to those who spoke befor
him. Mr. Edwards' speech was eml
nently satisfactory, however, to thos
within range of his voice and he wa
frequently interrupted by applause.
"The chair recognizes ex-Gov. Brad
icy, of Kentucky," said Mr. Cannon a
Mr. Edwards concluded, and he cam
forward leading the compact form c
Gov. Bradley. Gov'. Bradley is th
equal of the first three sreakers in th
carrying power -of his voice. He in
stantly riveted attention, and held i
throughout. His appeal for aid for th
"disfranchised Republicans of th
South" and his announcement tha
they looked to President Roosevelt a
the man who had refused to close tb
door of hope in their faces, raised th
hearers once more to enthusiasm.
Cheers geeeted Chairman Oannon'
announcement: "The chair recognize
Joseph B. Cotton, of Minnesota," an<
increased as he added: "I take pleas
urc in introducing to you one of these
young men of the republic who arn
doing things." His was another of th4
speecnes that was heard in the re
motest nook of the hall and the fad1
that they were able to hear the speak
er caused the galleries to cheer re
EVERY VOTE FOR ROOSEVELT.
Mr. Cannon then advanced to thE
front of the Iostrum and at 1.09 an
nounced the roll call for nominatior
The clerk began calling the roll bI
States. When Alabama responded
with her entire vote for Rossevell
there was a cheer. As the States fol
lowed in alphabetical order and
each response ended with the wordi
"Theodore Roosevelt" the cheer wai
An effort was made by New Jersey
to suspend further calling of the roll,
but the convention protested loudly.
Senator Platt, of New York, had beer
on his feet to make the annoucmenent
for his State, and when his State was
called next the convention became en
thousiastic at the announcement.
Texas also got a cheer as C. A.
Boynton made the announcement foi
Oklahoma's response was six vote
'frm the next star in the banner of
Chairman Cannon announcedi at the
conclusion of the roll call that Theo
dore Roosevelt-had received the entire
vote of the convention, 9)94, and i1
only remained for him to announce
his nomination for the Presidency by
the Republican party.
The enthusiam following the an
nouncement of the chairman was 01
muchbriefer duration than that whicl
followed the first call, the cheers not
lasting over two minutes.
Mr. Cannon then announced: "The
clerk will call the roll for presentations
for candidates for Vice President.
"Alabama," called the clerk.
Mr.Hundley, of Alabama, as before
on the Presidential roll call, announc
ed that his State desired to waive
its right in favor of the State of
This meant Senator Dolliver, who
was to deliver the first nominating
speech in favor of Senator Fairbanks.
The first mention of Senator Fair
banks' name was the signal for cheers,
which were renewed when he formnaliy
presented the name of the Indiana
When the applause sudsided Mr
Cannon recognized Seuator Depew,
whose appearance on the platfrm wit,
Chairman Cannon grasping l1s haiid
was the inspiration for an outburst oX
Senator Depew made~ a ,.peech~ whic
found muec fav.or with tis audience.
He was followcd by Senat-r Foraker,
of Ohio, and then by ex-Senator Car
ter. of Montana, in seconding speeches.
When Illinois was reachbd Senator
Cullom announced the withdrawal of
the name of Representative Iitt, for
whom the delegation had been in
structed by the State convention.
At the conclusion of the speeches it
was resolved to dispense with the roll
call, and Fairbanks was nominated for I
Vice President by acclamation.
At 2:25 the convention adjourned.
IN DEFENSE OF THE BIRDS.
Mr. Woods Protests Against a Pro
posed Live Pigeon Shoot.
To the Editor of The State:
I "Wanted- A thousand old pigeons,
good, strong flyers and no squabs.
Apply at once to H. M. Cleveland,
Spartan burg, S. C."
r The above advertisement, taken
from the columns of The State. ex
F plains itself; it being very evident
that the birds are wanted for a shoot
I ing match, and it is against such a
cruel and useless sport, if it can be
called by such a name, that the writer,
I as he has done several times before
r this wishes to enter an emphatic pro
test. It is hard to conceive how any
one with the least spark of humanity
in his heart can inflict so much suffer
ing on these beautiful and helpless
birds. Everything that partakes of
3 cruelty is in itself brutalizing, and no
man can indulge in acts of this kind
and not tecome lower and more bru
I tal in his nature.
The man who has no compunctions
in regard to shedding, without cause,
the blood of the lower creatures, will
not hesitate, under some supposed
provocation and provided he could do
I so with impunity, to stain his hands
with the blood of his fellowman; for
it is very certain that no noble or
generous impulse would restrain him
from the commission of this crime.
Exhibitions of this kind ought to
be against the law, but it is perfectly
possible to put a sop-to them by the
f force of public opinion. The cultured
and Christian people of Spartanburg
owe it to themselves to make a pro
I test against sport, or rather cruelty,
of this kind and unless they take some
1 measures to express their disapprob-i
I tion they cannot reasonably complain
if some of the odium attached to this
brutality is put upon them.
s This is not, by any means, the
writer's first protest against this so
called sport, and it won't be the last,
for he proposes to keep up the tight
against it until it is no longer in
s dulged in, at least in South Carolina.
The Indian, in his savage state, did
not hesitate to wear the scalp of his
Sfallen enemy on his belt, but he never
-tortured bird or beast: this particular
,form of cruelty having originated with
the cultured Anglo-Saxon.
WV. D. Woods.
SDarlington, June 20, 1904.
Eastern War Hero Drowned.
eNews received at Waterton, N. Y.,
.Wednesday shows that almost conclu
sively that Corporal Joseph Burt, pri
tvate Peter Benson and Artificer John
Powers of Company T., Ninth United
States Infantry, were drowned on Sat
3turday while sailing from garrison bar
racks to the govetnment rifle range at
IStoney Point. Tneir small boat, filled
Swith water and with rifles lashed in
-side, was found by bathers off Bull
SRock Point, and the boat's rudder was
Spicked up by a yacht. The theory ad
vanced by some that the men deserted
-and turned the waterlogged boat adrift
sis generally regarded as absurd. All the
Smen had excellent records. Burt was
tone of the heroes of Tientsin. When
SCol. Regan was wounded there, Burt
carried him from the field and receiv
ed a certificate of merit from the war
tdepartment. He was to leave at the
Sexpiration of his services in about a
Smonth, to visit his relatives in Nor
SA destructive cloudburst occured in
the Linderman neighborhood of Green
ville County on Wednesday. The water
came from two clouds that met be
tween Lmnderman and St. Albans, one
of the finest farming sections in the
country. Rain fell in solid sheets for
an hour, the storm covering an area of
six to eight miles square. Corn and
cotton was washed up by the roots
Reedy Fork creek threw a great del
uge of water into Grittin's mill pond
and bottoms thereabouts and formed
one great lake extending over miles
and miles of growing corn.
An idea of the extent of the rain
fall may be gotten fromthe statement
of R. H. Jenkins, a farmer, who re
ports that an empty tub stood in a
nearby field with dry bottom before
the storm while afterwards it was full
to the brim, containing 18 inches of
water. It is impossible at this titre
to estimate the extent of the damage.
Robbed of Her Money.
At Chicago Mrs. Annie Brzobohata.
an aged widow, has been robbed of $1,
700, which she had been accumulating
during 16 years to be used as part re
compense for a wrong committed by
her husband. The money was kept
beneath a cupboard in the home
Through nearly two decades Mrs Brzo
bobata struggled and suffered to raise
a fund which at her death might be
left to Mss Marie Cross, whose father
was killed by Brzobohata. in a quarrel
years ago, and who for several years
has made her home with Mrs. Brzobo
hata. Brzobohata was c nvicted and
sent to the penitentiary, but on his
release he joined his wife in .the plans 1
to care for Cross' daughter. After 1
Brzobohata's death two years ago theI
widow redoubled her efforts and made
more rigd her econy, as she was
nearing 70 years. But a thief has un
done the work of years. and friends of
the widow fear the loss will have a
serious effect upon her.
Meeting of R. F. D. Carriers.
IThere will be a meeting of rutal II
letter carriels at Columbia on July' 1
4th. Let all organized counties send 1i
delegates from their association: and1
all counties that are not organized be
represented by as many carriers as can
come. All carriers are invited to bel1
present. As it is a holiday for us letil
us enjoy it by meeting and forming a<
State association and try to get in tine<
national association. Let's have a i
good attendance, and we will have a i
good meeting that will be a benenit to<
us all. Meet at postollce at 10 a. m.
B. O. ErAN, Vice Pres.
D). C. HAYDEN, Secy. pro temn. I
By order Orangeburg County R. L.
THE EXPERT REPORTS
fir Berle, Government Engineer, Says
State House Dome Is Safe.
TAKES ISSUE WITH MR. WILSON
And States that the Girders Are Not
Serously Overloaded and Mr.
The dome of the State capitol is safe.
This is the report of the government
expert sent here to make an investiga
tion. Not only is the difme safe, but
from his report it appears that the
girders are n-t called upon to bear
any unreasonable load. The issue was
settled Friday by the report of Mr.
Kort Berle, chief structural engineer
in the office of the supervising archi
tect of the treasury department.
This expert investigation was made
necessary by the report of Mr. C. C.
Wils':n. the well-known engineer and
architect of Columbia. Mr. Wilson
bad been engaged by the committee
to repair tbe buildiug, and he reported
that the dome of the capitol is unsafe
and therefore it would not be advisa
ble to construct the heavy steel ceil
ing for the main lobby.
As so much surprise was created by
this report, which was accompanied
by calculations, Gov. Heyward decid
ed to get the best talent available to
investigate Mr. Wilson's charges.
Upon applying to the secretary of the
treasury, who has charge of all the
federal buildings in this country, Gov.
Heyward was given Mr. Berle as the
The report which he submitted Fri
day is entirely in oppcsition to the
statements of Mr. Wilson. Mr. Berle,
in addition to his otficial position, is a
member of the American Society of
Civil Engineers. Gov. Heyward for
warded the report tcgether with all
correspondence in the matter to Col.
J. Q. Marshall, chairman of the com
mittee to make repairs.
Following is the text of the "report
on the safety of the construction of
the dome, State House, Columb'a,
YR. BERLE'S REPORT.
Wash~ngton, D. C., June 20, 1904.
To His Excellency the Governor of
Sir: In response to your request
contained in 1L tter of the 14th instant,
that I make an examination of the
dome of the State House to determine
dAinitely whether construction of
same is within safe limits, and there
by verify or disprove certain alarming
statements set forth in report dated
June 3, 1904, by Mr. Carles C. Wil
son, architect, to Chairman Marshall
of the commission for the completion
of the State house, I have the honer
to submit the following report, to
gether with complete calculations of
the principal plate girders, etc.,
formiog the support of the dome.
As ver bally requested by you, I shall
endeavor in this report not only to
prove my statements by technical cal
culations, but also to interpret, as far
as possible, certain technical expres
sions in a popular way, that the true
situation might be more easily appre
ciated by all concerned, and it is my
earnest hope that the results of my
investigation shall leave no doubt
whatever in anyone's mind as to the
safety of the structure.
The conclusibns to which I come
in regard to Mr. Wilson's report are
that, aside from his own uncertain
standp >int, there is absolutely no
foundation for the statement that the
griders are "seriously overloaded." I
ind on the contrary that, while some
of these are loaded slightly beyond the
"safe limit" generally observed by en
gineers for the steel structure for
buildings, correct calculations bear out
the fact that the girders are all of
"Being loadel slightly beyond the
usual safe limit" must not be under
stood to mean what persons unfamiliar
with engineering rules would natural
ly infer from the expression, namely,
that once beyond this "sate limit" the
structure becomes unsafe. It simply
means that the "facto~r of safety" has
been more or less reduced, or, in other
words, the large margin unsually given
to the members has been encroached
upon. The factor of safety used for
steel in buildings is 4. This means
that one fourth of the ultimate tensile
strength of the material is counted on
in prcprotioning the different mem
bers of the structure, or that these
have to be loaded with four times the
calculated load before they would col
"The elastic limit" of the steel is
the point above which the external
forces will strain or distort the metal
permanently, so that after the exter
nal forces cease to act the body does
not return to its original dimensions.
Below this limit, when the distorting
force ceases to act, the body does not
return to its original shape, and the
rain, or distortion, and the stress, or
rternal force, are then always pro
portional. It is therefore observed in
good practice as of great importance
o keep all working stresses well with
n the elastic limit, which is required
bo be not less than one-half of the ul
imate strength of the steel. The ulti
ate teDsile strength of the steel here
ased, If in accordiance with the re
uirements of the specifications should
e from 54.000 pounds to 62,000
ounds per square inch. This being
he sequirement for soft steel it is
luite possible that tests have shown
he ultimate strength to be nearer thei
naximum than the minimum fiigure,1
s medium steal is more commonly
2sed for this kind of work, and the
ensile strength of such is from 60,
)00 to 68,000 pounds per square inch.
In the absence, however, of test rec
>rds I assume the average between thec
-equired maximum and minimum to
>e the nltimated tensile strength of
his material, namely 58,000 pounds
>er square inch.
On the sheets herewith submitted,
owing calculations. I have in large
igures given the actual stress per
quare Inch called upon by the various
dirders to resist, and also the factor e
As TO MiR. wILSON'S CA LCULATIONS.
As stated to you verbally, It was
ny intention to make also compara
ive sheets of Mr. Volson's calcula
ions and my own, substituting only
he sizes of members which I, by ex-I
.ination of the shop detail drawings~
w. well as by actual measurement of
he work in place, found to be incor
'ectly assumed by Mr. Wilson's cal
:ulations. But I consider this not
mly unecessary but to no purpose, as
t appears that not only are the sizes
ised by Mr. Wilson wrong, but in his
alculations he has ignored important
'ules for the application of loads and r
tresses and it is very ditticult to ana- n
yze his computations. g
I shall therefore, for the sake of e
ompan_ nly show wherein Mr. ci
Filson differs from actual factz as to
;he sectional area of the difierent
irders. From what source he has
>btalned these sizes I cannot deter- j
mine. They correspond neither with
>riginal or revised designs nor with
he show drawings or with actual
measurements of the work in place. I
in this connection I beg to call atten
Lion to the fact, that I in every single
instance found that actual work in
place is strictly in accordance with
the shop detail drawings, but that
these have not been prepared in ac
ordance with the design furnished
the architect by the American Bridge
In the table attached I have thus
shown three different sets of sizes f.r
each of the main girders. It will be
seen that the siz s assumed and used
by Mr. Wilson in his calculations are
materially smaller than the actual
szes taken from measurements of the
work in place, which I have, of course,
used in my calculations.
NOT SERIOUSLY OVERLOADED.
Those tables alone are sulficient to
disprove the correctness of Mr. Wil
son's calculations, and show that he,
by nis own methods, would have ob
tained very different results had he
used the correct flange areas.
My calculations furthermo:e dis
prove, with no uncertainty, the state
ment that-the girders are seriously
overloaded and show conclusively that
in no case is the factor of safety less
than 3.13, in some cases more than 4;
and in every instance, therefore, are
the stresses well within the elastic
As regards the stone bearing blocks
under north end of girders No. 4 or
G1, these are the only parts of the
supports of the dome which warrant
criticism. And yet they are within
safe limits under ordinary circum
stances. The reaction at norLh end
of girders is 250,000 pounds. This
should be considered as uniformly dis
tributed load, because the base of the
grider is so wide that it nearly covers
the clear span of the stone, if this be
considered as a beam spanning the
flues. The stiffness of the girder base
make it even quite permissible to
assume that the load would act on the
stone in sheer rather than bending.
But considering the worst case that
under the circumstances could exist.
that of a beam with total load applied
as uniformly distributed, the calcula
tions show that the sound stone has a
factor of safety of over 2 1-2.
The possibity of danger on the side
where the cracked lintel occurs must
be said to have been entirely removed
by inserting the inclined steel braces.
I would recommend that similar
braces be placed on the opposite gir
der as a safeguard against possible dis
aster in case of unusual cyclonic
These bearing stones would have
been substituted by heavy grillage,
consisting of four 15 inch I beams 60
pounds spanning the flues, with ample
bearings on the adjoining masonry,
which construction would have left
the entire structure beyond criticism.
NO sIGNS OF WEAKNESS.
The fact remains, however, that in
no place in this whole construction
are there any signs of weakness, not
one crack of brickwork or other ma
sonry, no settlement or deflection of
any kind, and such would certainly
have appeared by this time, if weak
ness existed, especially to such degree
as was feared.
In conclusion I beg to state that
the government need have no hesita
tion in substituting the present ceiling
of lobby and the covering of the inner
dome by a permanent. fireproof and
suitable construction, provided the
weight of same shall not exceed 15 to
20 pounds per square fcot. This can
be best obtained by light angle or"T
iron framing covered by metal lathing
and hard plaster with the proper orn
If such changes be contemplated I
beg to recommend that the two short
er brackets, supporting the inner
dome on the ribs of the main dome,
be first removed and replaced by simi
lar but much longer brackets. It ap
pears that one of those main ribs is
bent, and I think this is due to the
fact that the bracket does not extend
far enough down on the steel rib.
The substitution of s'uch new brackets.
can be accomplished without much
difficulty, proper shoring being first.
Attached to this report and forming
part of same are sketch showing lay
out of the girders and five sheets of
(Signed) KORT BERLE,
M. Am. Soc. C. E.,
Chief Structural Engineer,
00ce of the Supervising Architect,
U. S. Treas'ury Department.
A Fatal Fall.
Commander A. G. Kellogg, U. S..
., fell from a fourth story window in.
the Monroe hotel in Portsmouth, at 6
'clock Thursday night, to the side
walk below, sustaining injuries from:
which he died an hour and a half later
t the naval hospital. He had been.
n bad health for some time. It is
hought that Commander Kellogg
luring an attack of' vertigo lost his.
>alance and fell from the window at
bhich he was sitting. His, wife and
narried daughter were with him
wvhen he died.
Held Up By a Lone Bandit.
A lone bandit with a shotgun held.
ip the outgoing stage to Murphy,.
1ear the suomit, a few miles from]
ilver City, Idaho. Nine passengers
were forced to alight and give up their.
raluables. Toe robber then demand
id the mail sack, which he ransacked.i
[he stage driver was then ordered to
Irive on. The robber wore a black
nask and his shoes were covered with
:loth to prevent leaving tracks. A
heriff's posse is in pursuit.
Mr. D. H. Fairbanks, of Nashville,
'enn., was sent Wednesday a piece of .1
vo';d from a South Carolina oak which 1
vill be used in the gavel held by the 1
residing oflicer at the St. Louis Dem- I
cratic convention. Mr. Fairbanks
one time ago requested the governorj t
or a piece of South Carolina wood,1f
tating in his letter that the gavel
rould ontain a piece of wocd from~ I
very state in the Union. The request I
as granted as soon as possible..
A Close Call.
Who says the Southerners are notJ s
atient and forbearing? The man
rho at the Nashville reunion pro- [t
osed to change "Dixie" was allowed fi
escape uninjured, says the Balti- t
Struck a Snag.
The Columbia police have actually
sided a white gambling establish
lent and arrested nine white men for b
ambling. But the cases were dismiss- t
:l for want of sufficient evidence to a
)nirt a whiteo man._I
1OT IN PORT ARTIUR
.nd Was Fed on Russian Black
Bread and Water
WHILE HE WAS IN A PRISON.
1nally He Was Sent to Chefoo in
an Open Junk on the Prom
ise that He Would Not
The Indianapolis, Ind., News Wed
iesday received from its special war
)rrespondent, Hector Fuller, who
Lfected an entrance into Port Arthur,
where he was imprisoned five days
Defore he was ordered from the for
rrezs, a special cablegran dated
Dbefoo, June 21, in which Fuller gives
2is experienefs as follows:
"After being rowed across from the
Iiautao islands in an open boat by
wo Chinamen, I landed at Loui a bay.
he bay is near Port Arthur and is
sparated from it by range of bills.
The bay was occupied by a Russian
otilla of four torpedo boats, two
estroyers and two cruisers. 1 land-.d
at daybreak on the morning of June
10, without detection.
"With the full coming of the day,
I cou'd sze that every hill top near
the shore was alive with s ldiers,
busily engaged in strengthening the
uter fortilications, which occupied
every point of vantage. It looked at
drt a- though it would be impossible
to pass through the lines and make
my way over 'the hills .toward Port
Arthur, but by keeping down in the
narrow valleys, which were free of
sold-e-s, I gradually made my way intc
the interior of the peninsula. In this
way, after a day and night-of effort,
I succeeded in reaching Port 'Arthur.
"The hazard of my position became
so obvious that the same day, Satur
day, June 11, I set out on my return
to Louisa bay. I presently came in
sight of a large body of Russian in
fantry when I* took refuge in a
Chinese village, where I found a bid
Ing place until danger was over.
RAN INTO A REGIMENT.
"I had not proceeded far from this
village when I qame upon a small
party of sappers. In order to avoid
them I made a idash up a hill, only
to run into anotb er regiment, engag
ed in digging entrenchments. In
stantly I was surfounded. There was
no possibility of ts:ape.
"The officer iL. command d-tailed a
guard to take me to Pigeon bay.
There I was setarched. I was strip
ped to the skin and all my garment,
were subjected 1o the closest scrutiny.
My money was taken, and all the
papers in my possession were minutel3
examined. Thereupon I was blind
folded and marched to Port Arthur.
"The ronte taken was over the mill
tary road, wbich his recently beer
constructed. In spite of the bandage
over my eyes, I was able to note that
the road is ot admirable construction,
along which troops and artillery coulc
move easily a.nd rapidly.
"Port Arthur was full of life and
gayety, quite out of keeping with the
stories of distress that ha-i reachec
Chefoo. Indeed nothing of this sor1
was observed. There seemed to b<
an abu.ndance of supplies. And fres]
supplies were coming from Chines<
sources. The.Japanese blockade hal
not been effective. The harbor en
trance has been freed of obstructior s
the battleships have been repainte'
and forti5cations were constant'y be
ing made stronger. The garrison i
larger thana outside information ha!
led me to believe. The troops are u
excellent condition and the general
health. conditions of the city are good
There seemed to be no fear that th<
ci-ty was likely s~on to fall.
"The night I was marched int
Port Arthur, under guard, the city
was unusually lively, as the officers
were giving a ball. Three officer
were detailed to examine me and they
madis thorough work of it. After .
was examined I was lodged in prison,
Thi prison is directly opposite Golder
ii. From the window of my cell:]
had a good view of the inner bay and
could see distinctly the repaired
battleship lying at anchor.
"In the same prison were confined
100 Japanese who had been captured
from the blockading expedition. Sev.
eral or these had become insane.
" I myself, was kept on Russtaz
black bread and water for two days.
Then I was permitted by the authori
ties to purchase such food as I de
"While I was in the prison I was
subjected to seven different examina
tions. The thing that evidently
roused the greatest suspicion was the
passport that had been issued to me
at Tokio. It is pretty evident thai
that Russian officers more than half
suspected that I was a Japanese spy.
I demanded the opportunity of seeing
General Stoessel, the commandant at
Port Arthur, that'I might lay my case
directly before him. At least, after
five days in prison, my plea was al
lowed and I was taken before the com
mander-in-chief. I made a straight
forward statement of my purpose in
seeking to penetrate the Russian
lines and gave a detailed account of
my trip. At last he was convinced of
my good faith. He said:
" 'You Americans must be crazy.'
ALLOWED) TO LEAVE ON PROMIIE.
"As the result of this hearing of
my case Genera.l Stoessel decided that
I was to be allowed to leave Port
Arthur on condition that I promise
never to return. The promise was
"Thereupon I was again blindfold
md taken back under guard by the
lirect route to Louisa bay. Arrived
ahere, I was requested to point the
sxact spot at which I made my land
.ng. Immediately a sentry was placed
Ltt hat point.
"I was sent away then in a junk
w'ith a host of Chinese. These were
;he men of an entire village who were
>eing deported because the village
2d harbored some Japanese. The
nk was escorted outside of the bar
>or by Russian torpedo boats, and
ihen was left to make its way alone as
yest it could across the gulf. I was
vithout food for sixty . hours but
inally reached here, llttle the worse
or my ten days experiences.
"On the whole I may say that while
was in the hands of the Russians
was kindly treated.
"On the night of June 13 the .Jap
nese made another attack on Port
Lrthur both by land and by sea. I
aw disttinctly the firing from my cell
iindow. When the affair was over
he Russian officers returned laugh
ag to their quarters, reporting that
heeenemy had been easily repulsed.
"The talk is that General Kuropat
In is likely soon to take charge In
erson at Port Arthur."
BY the way, what right men who
ave been persistent bolters when
nings did not go to suit them to de
iand that there be no bolters when
hng rdo on to suit them?
FOR TH PUBLIC SCOOL
The Campaign Committee Has ut
lined its Plans for Werk.
The Columbia State says at a meet
ing Friday of the -ampaign committee T
of the educational conference it was
decided to issue a circular in advertise
ment of the coming conference at T
Winthrop college next month, at
which it is expected plans will be
definitely outlined for systematic
work for the betterment of the coun
try fchools. The interest and en
thusiasm which the committee's
solicitors aroused in their visits t) the ti
country schools last year were so e
great that the cmittee Thursday de
cided to extend this work to other
countiei. Solicitors were appointed t
for Chesterfield, Aiken, Abbeville, t
Darlington, Lee and Horry counties. t
The memb-rS of tbe committee are c
Gov. Heyward, Superintendent Mar- I C
tin and President Johnson. In their t
letter they say: "We are planning V
to have a conference on July 14th,
1904, at Winthrop college, Rock Hill 1
to discuss tt e d -fects and needs of our 1
public school system, and to devise k
plans for its betterment. At this
conference we hope to have cot only
school men and women but lawyers, d
editors, physicians, minhters, states
men, business men and, in fact, this l
invitation is extended to all who are a
interested in our schools and who are S
willing to help in their improvement. i
"This meeting will be called to 0
order at 10 o'clock a. m. The State c
summer school will be in session and t
the State Teachers' associations will
convene on the follow ing day. Reduc- 0
ed railroad rates-cne fare plus 25
cents for the round trip-have been
secured, and it is believe that there 1
will be a large and earnest gathering t
of prominent South Carolinane espe- I
cially interested in schools.
"The general subject of .the con- t
ference will be. 'The Greatest Needs
of Oar Pub'ic School System,' and it
will be disussed under the following
heads: 1, 'Necessary Physical Equip
ment;' 2, 'Qualified Teachers;' 3,
'Competent upervi -ion;' 4, 'Consolida
tion of School;' 5, 'Public High
Schools;' 6, 'Local Taxation;' 7,
'Libraries;' 8, 'Improvement in Course
of Study:' 9, 'Sentiment;' 10, 'Needed
"Some of the ablest men and wo
men in public and private life in the
Statehave asked to take part in the
programme, and it is hoped that much
good may reseult from thii meetii."
The committee decided to letd its
aid and encourage ment to a scheme
Supeiatendent Stevenson has devi -ed
for Fairfield county to run a summer
industrial school for boys with a mi'i
tar) feature attaced. It is prc sposed
eventually to turn tnis school into a
county high school with industrial
features, and the committee is of the
opinion that Mr. Stevenson's plan
might be adopted generally through
out the State. The committee gave
him $150 to which he willadd another
$150 and with other assistance he ex
pects to keep the school iunning two
months, beginning next month. The
details of his plan are test told in a
circular he is sending out to prospec
tive patrons. Mr. Sevenson thus ex
plains the plans:
"I have secured the cooperation of
the executive campaign committee of
the Southern E lucation boa.rd, who
have given me an appropriation to
aid in establishing a boys' manual and
industrial training school, with a mili
tary feature attacked, which we have
planned to open .July 11th at a point
to be decided upon by the patrons of
"I want you and everybody who is
interested to met with me in the court
house at Winnesboro, Saturday, July
2nd, at 10 o'clock a. in., for the pur-.
pose of comp'eting all neccess arrange
ments and for establishing a perma
nent location for this school.*
"1 can conceive of nothing of more
importance to the biys of this county
than a school of this kind, the purpose
of which will he to train the eye and
the hand, as well as the mind, result
ing in our boys learning to do some
thing as well as to say something. In
addition to the work in English and
mathematics, we hope to do some
practical work in wood carving, car
pentry, cabinet and metal work, chair
caning, etc. I sincerely hope that your
boy, and every other white boy in your
district over 15 years of age, will ap
ply for entrance at once.
Cut His Father's Throat.
The Greenville correspondent of
The State says a negro farmer, White1
by name, living three miles from the
city came to town to search for his
runaway son. The boy is under 15
years old, and his father, who is a
hardworking industrious negro, found 1
him loafing the streets. When found
by his father the boy flatly refused to
go back to the farm, whereupon hisj
father threatened to cause his arrest<
-but the boy was obstinate anda
seemed to look with favor on the jail
ing proposition. The old man per- 1
suaded, then decided to use force. He ~
caught hold of the boy and held him
for an hour when he broke away andi
made his escape. Wednesday morn- i
ing early the negro farmer located the t
negro youth again, and as he made a ]
break to catch him, the boy whipped i
out a long knife and cut his father I
across the throat and arms. Otficer i
Batson came upon the scene at this c
juncture, arrested the boy and sum- c
moned a physician to attend the in- t
ures of the farmer. The old negro e
presented a pathetic spectacle as he d
stood in the police station bleeding a
from wounds caused by his own son- t
a mere lad of less than 15~ years. s
Physicians say the old negro will re- e
cover from his wounds. 1
Sentenced to Two Years. t
For severely beating a negro woman 0
on the government reservation at Fort
Fremont near Beaufort recently, Pri
vate D. G. Braddy of the Sixteenth i
company of Coast artillary was tried j
by a general courtmartial at Fort f:
Screven and sentenced to two years' si
hard labor at Fort McPherson, Ga. It s)
has not been more than a year since c
Braddy was tried at Beaufort on the n
charge of cutting the throat of a com- a
rade while both men were lighting at s
a house a few miles outside of the g
United States grounds. For this rea- ,,
son he was brought to Beaufort for
trial, and by Mr. Tillinghast's able
management of the case Braddy's plea
of self defense was believed by a mer- l
clful jury. This time, however, it 01
was apparently the determination of hb
his military judges to punish him to w
the fullest extent. The fate of his hi
omrade was well remembered. After a
serving his time he will be dismissed s
from the army.
Let Them Come.
Commissioner of Immigration Wat- w
son, who is just back from New York, m
says he has secured a number of immi- di
grants for this state, who will be corn- m
STORIES OF ANTS.
=ne Most Remarkable Things About
This Busy Little Creature.
HEE ARE NO ANT HERITS. r
hey Are Social in Their Natures and
Live in Villages. They Have
Armies, Slaves, C o w s,
Farms and Pets.
Scientists declare that ants preceded
ie human race as Inhabitants of the
rth by millions of years. It has been
Lid that such is their Intelligence
2at the empire of the world would be
acirs if they had bodies comparable
) that of man. Their marvellous so
al organization, rivaling man's in
mplexity, have engaged the atten
ion of naturalists for centuri' s. With
bte ants all species live in communi
ies. There are no ant hermits. Social
.fe with certain varieties of the ants
; carried to the greatest extreme
nown in nature.
Ants have villages, armies, cows,
rms, pets and cemeteries. They have
emonstrated their power of recogniz
>g friends after long periods of ab
ence. In proportion to its size, the
nt possesses enormous fighting power.
tudies have been made of the weight
fting capacity of the ant which de
ionstrate the strength of the little
laws used in the useful slaughter of
he boll weevil.
An ant can hold suspended in his
ippers a weight amounting to from
ve to ten thousand times its own
reight. If a man of 150 pounds coula
ft as much as an ant in proportion
o his size he could hold up 1,500,000
iounds. There are more than two thou
and species of ants known to scien
,is. Some estimates state that there
xre probably as many as five thousand
pecies in existence. There is a mark
d uniformity of habits and working
rrangements in the ant colonies
roughout the world.
Oae of the most remarkable va
ieties is the Wood Ant, which mak
s a home rivaling the modern sky
craper in its elaborated arrangements.
rhe Wood Ants have been equipped
>y nature with a very effective set of
woodworking tools. The mandibles of
he Guatemala ants mentioned as dead
y enemies of the boll weevil make
nost serviceable weapons. With these,
n attacking an enemy, the ant seizes
he head of a foe between the curved
eapons and penetrates the brain at
Wherever ants are found In out-of
he-way parts of the world some evi
lence is always discovered of their
rift for original development. In the
&ast Indies, for instance, certain ants
)f rather small size have among them
piant ants, kept in slavery. These
iant ants, a hundred times as large
s themselves, the smaller animals use
ery much as the native East Indian
ses his trained elephants. Numbers
>f the little ants may often be seen
:iding about as human beings do on
lephants, -upon the backs and heads
>f their gigantic slaves.
Many instances showing the know
Ledge of cause and effect and constant
adapticns of means to order desired
mds seem to indicate faculties in the
ant which it is diffcult to differenti
ate from sense and reason. It has been
shown- that certain ants taken from
the nest and kept for two years were
ordially received on their return, and
their old comrades crowded around
them as if their homecoming were a
matter of much Interest. Strange ants
when put in a nest were invariably at
tacked and driven out or killed.
Many varieties of ants keep cows.
'hese -milch cows consist of in
ects belonging to the genus aphidae,
r plant lice. They are small, round,
pulpy little creatures. .When an ant
wishes to milk these cows, as is done
reguarly several times a day, it
raps it on the back with its antennae,
r feelers. This causes them to give
tt a species of milk, which the ant
nickly devours. The cows pasture
tn fresh, green leaves, and have been
mown to build little sheds of
leaves over them. Fighting ants
how great judgment in making
war. Tbey march in columns of regu
ar formation, and on the outside of
he main column may be seen single
mnts directing the movement of the
'orce, like militiary offcrs. Many ant
illages bury their dead in cemeteries
ot far from their colonies. When an
Lt dies two or more ants carry the
yody followed by a train of mourners.
[Che body is buried in an excavated
Quite as interesting as any other
peces of ant are the ordinary little
>rown ants, which are to be found
vherever there are loose stones and
oft soil. Experiments with these lit
nsects have shown that their favorite
olor is red; that old and young ants
vill not live together; that the female
,ts have much more influence than
he males, as well as possessing a
reater amount of intelligence. It is
.stonishing to find among these be
ngs s~cial conditions, industry and
stitutions appearently as complete as
hose of a well regulated republic.
"amily life, with its joys and Its la
ors, nay be observed in every detail.
louses are built, enlarged and cared
or; children are fed and carried from
ne place to another; there are bloody
ombats, prolonged wars, victories, or
reaties, with their new frontiers
stablished and respected. It is
eclared that the ants have a language
mong themselves which is thought
be a spoken language. The micro
>ope has revealed in them the pres
ne of certain organs which seem ca
able of producing sound. It is chiefly
y the touch of the antennae that
tey seem to communicate with each
Fatal Row at Picnic.
At a picnic at Adrian, Ga., Friday,
; Spivey of that place and Charles
[ilton of Vidalia became involved in a
'acas in which Syivey shot and in
~antly killed Hilton. Spivy claims he
iot in self defense. His clothes were
t and a knife was found in the dead1
Lan's hands. The trouble was brought
yut by Hilton occupying a seat which
pivey had vacated for a short time to
t some water. Both youug men bore
An Old Woman
A special to The State from Water
o says Phillis lial. a respectable col
ed woman 112 years old, died at her
>me near there Friday morning. She
as in perfect health up to the time of
r death and her sudden demise was
surprize to all. "Aunt Phillis," as
e was called, did general housework
d could thread and sew with the
lest campric needle.
CONSIDERABLE space is given this t
sek to a report of the first campaign s
eting at Sumter, as all of the can- 3
dates will not be present at the other 'I
eeting and the pec ple should know i
tt the cndiate have to say. I
WEATHER AID CROPS.
n Parts of the State Practically
Everything Suffering of Drought.
Very low temperatures during first
our days and rising temperature to
,early normal warmth during the last
hree. The extremes were a mini
aum of 51 at Florence, Greenville
nd Spartanburg on the 14th and 15th,
,nd a maximum of 95 at Blackville on
he 18th. The relative humidity was
.bnormally low until the 19th, and
he winds were fresh to brisk easterly
intil the last two days when they
hifted to southerly. The sunshine
,xceeded the normal, but with gener
L11y cloudy weather on the 18th and
L9th. The week was without rain, or
ivith only very light, scattered show
.rs, until the 18th, when showers set
in over the extreme west, and contin
aed duriing the 16tb, but confined to
tbe western and southwes*ern coun
ties, with a maximum fag._ of 2.44
inches at Spartanburg. 7?'& other'
western counties bad fronz-e-half
o one inch. In the other. parts of
the State the soil has agak become
very dry, and in places the rought is
very severe, especially in prtions of
York county. In most of the cefitral
ounties wels are failing and all but
the largest streams are dry, so that
water for domestic use and for cattle
The absnce of rain, and tbe-tAgnt
sunshine, and drying win'ls-were fa
vorable for ridding fields of g-;L% and
weeds, and most fields are cln and
well cultivated. These. grid ons
were also favorable for finishig wheat
and ots hirvest, ankd for beginnt-g
threshing, but the coO Pr L4ts and
dry weather checked the groi of all
crops, particularly cotton, - pstures
and gardt ns.
The condition of corn c.atinues
promising, but it needs rain M-bnos
sections as early corn is in tie tassel
ling st'ge. Much of it hasbeen laid
by. Worms in the tops are iamaglng
the crop in one county. 4asting
ears are available in-the soutirnmos
Cool nights ma'eriailly checled the
growth of cotton early in the-week,
but higher temperatures at Itt close
were more favorable. Lice idest
fields over practically the entire:State.
As a rule the plants are smAl bWnt
thrifty, and fields are clean and well
cultivated. Citton is fruiting well
on sandy lands,.and occasional. blooms
are repoted from the southern coun
ties. Sea island cotton is doing well.
Tobacco continues promising, but
needs rain. Rice planting is fnishe;
early rice has received its harvest
flooding. Melon vines are vigorous,
but late. It has been too dry to con
tinue to plant swe:t potato-slips, and
stands of those set out previously are
generally pior. The commercialpeach
crop is good, but in many localities
peaches. and apples are dropping ex
cessively. Pastures and gardens- are
parched, and in Deed of rain. Sowing
peas on stubble lands progressed slow
ly as the soil has been too dry
Lightning's Deadly Work.
A son of D. G. Smith of R!de
was illed by lightning on Tu
A colored woman was killed .
lightning at Moores, Spartanbi
county, on Sunday evening.
Lightning killed three cows belon
lng to Mr. Doty one mile fromW
boro on Tuesday af ternoon.
Ben Johnson, colored, was killd1
lightning at Rowesville, Orange9
county, on Tuesday afternoon. .s
John H. Pearson a farmer,
killed by lightning at Sum
Tuesday afternoon. He was 30
of age, and moved to Summe
year ago from Woodruff. He leaves
wife and several small children.
A Bad Record.
The State says: AttorneyGee
Guion of Louisiana has compiled tlJ
statistics of trials for murder
manslaughter in that State inthe ls
two years. There were 680 homicid
in the two years, an average for
year even higher than South
lna's bloody record of 222 In 1
The excess may be in partep -
by Louisiana's larger population.
In the proportion of convictionisL
iana offers us a wholesome lesson.
convictions for murder there were 1
acquittals for murder 140; convl
for man-laughter 148; acquittals
manslaughter 131. There are
cases pending. The proportion
convictions is encouraging and hi
out a prospect of bettered condli
of law and order in the near futu
'Tbe Augusta Chronicle says the At
lantic Coast Line has ordered tlt.
new Baldwin locomotives. Five o
them are to be "trailers" for the f~t
passenger trains south of Florence, S
C.; five "ten-wheelers" for passenge'
north of Florence five "switchers" and
fifteen of the large "cooper heads" for~
freight service between Charleston,
Augusta and South Rocky Mount. The
Coast Line has also placed an order
with the Pullman Palace Car compay
for thirty handsome vestibultepas
senger coaches, six of which have
ready- been received and now T~n
vice on the West Indian fast mailb
tween Jersey City and Tampa.
Killed Her Rival.
Tbe Greenville correspondent of T~
State says a victim of jealousy, 1le
sray, a negro woman, was shot and
stantly killed by Roxy Suggs, ano
solored woman. The affair
in the western suburbs of the city,
Suggs woman .going to the othe -
iouse and shooting her while aoi
er work. After the shootingth
suggs woman fled, and was pursued
Theriff Gilreath and two deputies O4
iorseback. The woman was captured
Lout three miles from the city and~
:ogether with her supposed husbazJ
im Suggs, has been jailed.
Killed Each Other.
At Marion, Ill , a pistol encounit'
aok place between two gamblem
uer Meredith and Johh Bath, who
iad been quarreling, they came upon3
mh other in a saloon. Meredith
egan firing on Bath, three shots tak- A
ng effect. Although in a dying con
lition Bath turned upon Meredith and
ired three rounds. One shot hit Mere
lith in the mouth, one went though
ls head just above the eyes, and an
ther through his heart, -
Killed by Lightning.
During a heavy thunder st'orm at
lloree Thursday a negro name Sank
ilmore, who was pioughing In his
eld, was struck by lightning. Both
tegro and mule were killed instantly. *
The Augusta Herald says James 3.
ill, the railroad magnate, asserts
hat ex-Attorney General Knox pre
anted his bill and received a fee of
600,000 as an attorney of the Steel
~rust. That method of "trust bust
g" Is even more effective than the