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VOL. XVIIL MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. JULY
THE FARMER'S BOY
Who Rose to be the Leader of i
HOW THE DEMOCRATIC NOXINE
Studied at Nights, Taught School
Took up Law and Pabhed
His Way to the Front
1 Born on a farm, living on a farm,
the son of a farmer, married to the
daugater of a farmer; plodding school
teacher, shrewd country lawyer,
stt adily successful politic'an, ctief
judicial ofticer of the greatest State in
the Union. These, in two scare words,
are the two sides to the life and char
acter of Alton Brooks Parker, the
base and elevation of the man chosen
by the Demccrats as nominee for
President of the United States.
It is the typical American story
that has been broadened into a hun
dred biographical libraries and. whcse
features are so similar that they might
Judge Parker comes from close to
the American soil and he comes, tco,
from old American stock-for there
was a Private Parker in one of Wash
ington's New York regiments, and
that private was the great-grandfather
of the present Chief Judge of the New
York Court of Appeals.
HE BELIEVES IN ANCESTRY.
It is to be noted here that while
Judge Parker might not hand down a
dissenting opinion if the much-abused
term "self-made man" were applied to
him, he puts a god deal of trust in
ancestry as a man-maker, and in the
library of his house at Esopus hangs
a framed emblazonment of the Parker
coat of arms. It is not on record that
the warrior spirit of the Parkers dis
turbed any of the Judge's forebears
after the days of the Colonial private.
At any rate Alton B. 's father, John
Brooks Parker, was a farmer who lived
a little way out of Cortland, N.
Y. There Alton B. was born May 14,
1852, which would make him just past
the fifty-two year mark.
The elder Parker bad married Har
riett Stratton, and the old mother, she
is past eighty, by her vigorous frame
and strong mentality shows that her
son came of good stock on both sides
of the family. She is now enjoying
the mother's supreme triumph of see
ing her boy a famous man. The sud
denness of his later rise has somewhat
overpowered her, but in the estimates
that she has been induced to give of
her son's early years there is no incli
nation to make him a prodigy.
A PASSION FOR BOOKS.
"Alton was a strong boy and a good
boy," the mother says, "but he was
not so good a boy that I did not think
1 cculd make a better one of him.
So when he needed it I switched him
and switched him soundly. He help
ed his father about the farm after
hours when he came home from the
district schcol which he attended.
He had his chores to do in the morn
ing and in the evening. During the
Summer time he worked in the fields
according to his years and in his youth
he did a big day's wark without a
murmur. Yes, he was a cheerful and
It was his father's wish that his son
should be a farmer and grow up to
work the homestead, but while Alton
liked a farmer's life tbe could not limit
his ambition to the field fences. He
always wanted to learn things. His
chores over he sought his bxcks, p:'r
ing over them so long and late that
his parents were obliged to drive him
away from them and to bed, and when
he outgrew the books of the district
school he took up those of the Acade
my in Cortiand.
Then he thought he would like to
open books to others, and so attended
the State Normal School, where he
studied to te a teacher.
THRASHED SCHOOL BULLY.
His ye:ars of hard work in the open
fields and the good stcck tefore re
ferred to made young Alton a strap
ping youth and when he was sixteen
he was almost as big as he is now, and
he stands over six feet high, and has
shoulders like a Columbia oarsman.
The school committee of Ulster, N.
Y., had a district school at Naoanoch,
where the older boys were in the habit
of making it so extremely interesting
for the teacher that he usually found
one term suffciently exciting to last a
lifetime. The committeemen loolrg d
at young Parker's inches and solidity
and gave him the distinction of being
schoolmaster for the troublesome dis
trict and three dollars a week to boot.
The troubleseme pupils also looked
over their young teacher and, though
one or two of the bolder tried to keep
up the reputation of the district, it
was a failure. The bully of the school
was smashed and the school teacher
was a success.
He tried teaching for two years and
at the end of that time, though tne
committee raised his salary to the
princely sum of $20 a month, y-oung
Parker concluded that he had had
enough oi school boys and school books
and would take up those of the law.
There was a tender side to this deter
mination, it must be confessed. The
last schcol in which he taught was at
Accord, and in Accord lived Moses I.
Shoonmaker, and Shoonmaker had a
COURTs AND CoURTsHIP.
The Schoonmakers are of the early
Dutch settler period and trace back
their ancestry as far as the Rocsevelts
or Stuyvesanfts or DePeysters, and
those of Moses I. Schoonmaker branch
have been yeomen gentry for genera
tions. School teaching may be an em
inently respectable occupation, but it
is not surpassingly remunerative in the
country district grades. Trhere is
more money in law, and one of Mary
Schoonmaker's relatives, Augustus by
name, had a law oflce in Kingston,
and oddly enough, a vacancy was
found there for young Parker, and
when young Parker began to do well
at law, after his admission to the bar,
in 1872. Moses I. Schoonmaker, as
well as Mary, smiled on him. And so
the young folks were marrIed.
Parker tok another partner-a law
partner--and the firm of Parker &
Kenyon opened for business in King
ston. But the Parker member of the
firm had aspirations beyond practice.
His tastes were judicial, what might
e called the politically judicial, and
his Urst opportunity came iu 1677
when he defeated a popular Republi
can candidate for the otlice of Surro
gate of Ulster County. and when hi
term expired he was re-elected, 1879.
IE TAKES U.P PoLITICS.
By this time the young lawyer wa
recognized as a factor in the politic
of 1ULster County, ard in 1893 th
nomination for Secretary of State wa
offered him by the Democratic leaders,
In 1SS4 he was a delegate to thE
Demccratic National C o n v e n ti or
which nominated Cleveland for Presi
dent, and when elected Mr. Clevelanc
offered Parker the appointment o1
First Assistant Pjstmaster General.
In 1885 he was made Chairman of thE
Dzmccratic State Executive Commit
tee, which had charge of David B.
Hill's campaign for the Governorship,
and Mr. Hill wanted him to run fol
But Parker stuck 6rmly to his idea
of the bench as the proper step to
preferment. So when there came a
vacancy in the Supreme Court Judges,
by the death of Judge W stbrook,
Governor Hill nominated Parker to
the otice and he was nominated for
the full term of fourteen years in the
election of 16s6.
A curious thing happened at the
election, and one which illustrated the
quiet but powerful popularity of the
man. Judge Parker was only thirty
three years old, yet he was unanimous
I ly nominated for the Supreme Court
bench by the Democrats, and the Re
publicans felt st certain of his election
that they refused to nominate an
antagonist or to oppose him. So it
happened that not a vote was cast
against him, yet he was not elected
by a'1y plurality.
He served in the Supreme Court
until his election as Chief Judge of
the Court of Appleals, in 1897, by a
plurality of about 60,000. That elec
tion practically assured a judicial
position for twenty-two years, or
until the end of his life, for, recent
precedents prevailing, in the final year
of his fourteen-year-term of office in
1911, he would almcst surely be re
elected for a final term, which would
carry him over the retiring age of
seventy years, in 1921.
WHAT nIS DECISIONS SAY.
This brief record covers the politi
cal history of Judge Parker. It shows
him to be a man of tised ideas, of un
doubted popularity and as a political
manager of much executive ability.
So far as his political opinions are con
cerned he has always made his judical
position the excuse for not discussing
them. But in the decisions of Judge
Parker there is much that is political
and it is by the persual of these that
one may find how the nominee stands
on many of the great questions of the
day. On the vital issues of the rela
tions of labor and capital be holds
that "if an organzition strikes to
help its members the strike is law ful.
If its purpose be to injure non-mem
bers it is unlawlul."
He recognizes the right of cne man
to refuse to work for another on any
ground that he may rega-d as suftici
eat, and declares the employer has no
right to demand a reason for it.
He has ruled against contracts
which threaten a monopo'y whereby
trade in a useful article may be re
strained and its price unreasonably
enhanced, even if the price be so
moderately advanced that the sum
exacted is not burdensome.
All fanchises, he declares, come
from the State; the right to make
:ontracts is restircted by legislation,
public opinion and public policy; and
above all does he insist that the tbree
great departments of government
the executive, legislative and the
judical-should be confined each to its
own constituti Jnal faactions.
ON FRANCHIsEs AND LABOR.
With judicial ease and growing
means for comfort, Judge Parker's
first love reas~erted itself, and cue
of the g:eatest mome~nts of his
life was when he bought the old
ill farm, a mile or so out of the little
town of ELopus-onl the-Hudson. He
as named it Rjslmount, and there,
when his judicial duties do not re
uire his presenca in Albany, he
pends his days of pleasant labor and
his nights or quiet comfort. The es
ate is of ninety acres, an-1 in the
working of it Judge Parker actively
assists. Tue house, a pleasant and
and commodious old farm house,
overlooking the river, is hospitably
open to fxiends and acquaintances
from far an near.
Judge and Mrs. Parker had two
children, a son who died when seven
years old, and a daughter, Bertha, who
is the wife of the Rev. Charles Mercer
Hall, rector of the Church of the Holy
Cross at Kingston, to which church
the folks at Rosemount drive in Win
ter and sail in their launch during the
Summer months. Mr. and Mrs. Hall
have two child-en and the e twvo
grandchildren are as much at Rose
mount as at the rectory. Romping
with these little ones, galloping over
the country-side on one of his big
horses, sitting at the head of his long
dining room table, around which is
daily gathe: ed a welcome and jolly
company, helced by his devo ed wire
and counseled by his wise mother; lov
ing Nature and the hard work that is
needed to subdue her: a sun-browned,
wind-tanned man of huge build, firm
chin, high check bone and bright
brown eye-amid these surroundings
and in these queit, almost patriachial
pursuits judge Alton B. Parker waits
the will of tihe pe- ple.
The Slocum Wreck.
The total dead in the destruction of
the excursion steamer General Siccum
on JuLe15, isgiven in final report pre
sented to Police Commihsioner McAdoo
Wednesday, by the inspectors in
charge of the investigation by the
poiedprtment. unly 891 of the
dead1 were identitied, swrmiin
and 51 unidentitled, while 180 were
injured and only 22: out of nearly
1,400 on the steamer escaped uninjur
ed. Assuming that the unidentified
dead are among the missing, all but
one person has been accounted for.
Five Bathers Drowned.
A Warsaw, Va., special says Miss
Helen, aged 20 years; Miss Ada aged
19, and Harriet, aged 25 years, daugh
ters of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Kemmon
of Washington, together with Mrs.
James Hubbard and child, of Meter,
Va., were drowned at Edgewater, near
Meter, Westmoreland county, Thurs
Iday afternoon while bathing. Their
Meet at White Stone Springs in
ATLANTA EDITOR SPEAKS.
Many Expressions of Affection for
Late Col. Hoyt and Mr. Drew.
A Pleasant Trip to Union.
The Columbia State's correspond
ent writing from White Stone Springs
Wednesday, where the State Press
Association is now in annual session,
says: The newspaper men of South
Carolina- a goodly number of *these
faithful workers, at least-bave laia
cumbering cares as:de and .nce more
assembled in fraternal communion.
These are good citizecs, they are in a
mcst charming retreat, they have a
fine programme and the prc-prietors
are leaving nothing undone that will
contribute to their pleasure.
Only one business meeting has been
held so far and this was a particularly
interesting occasion. On motion. the
following resolution was unanimously
"That this association, through its
president, convey to Judge A. B. Par
ker its hearty congratulations and ex
press our faith in the ticket and the
party in November."
Though only a brief sessic n has been
held, affectionate reference has many
times been made to the memory of
the late lamented J. A. HoyZ, one of
the ex-presidents of this association, a
prominent and honored member, a
useful and patriotic citizen.
President Aull read a letter to the
association from which this extract is
"Mrs. Jas. A. Hoyt and children
wish to extend to you, and through
you to the Scuth Carolina State Press
Association, their sincere thanks and
appreciation for the honor and atten
tion shown to their beloved dead.
The PrEss Association was very dear
to him and will ever be to us and their
last loving attention to him will never
be forgotten. The lovel) 1i3wers have
faded *** but the warm hearts and
loving hands that placed them on his
bier are still beating true to his mem
This breathes the spirit of him
whom the members have lost and their
words will be beard with grateful ap
preciatson by all.
The formal proceedings began this
morning with a full attendance. That
staunch and veteran newspaper man,
Mr. Charles Petty, who has wielded a
Spartan pen of influence for many hon
ored years, welcomed the members in
behalf of the proprietors of White
Stone. He also extended a broader
welcome for Spartanburg county and
was most happy in extending welcom
ing words that left no doubt of their
President Aull spoke in fitting re
sponse for his brethren and the 30th
annual meeting of the South Carolina
State Press association proceeded to
The annual report of President Aull
frst engaged the attention of the
brethren. This included mention of
the annual trip, paid feeling tribute
to the late Col. J. H. Hoyt and Mr. T.
I.J Drew, expressed gratification at the
ontinued interest manifested by the
members and expressed appreciation
f the continued honors bestowed upon
The new members received were as
follows: Rev. H. R. Murchison. South
rn Home; Geo. M. Kohn, The State;
A. W. Knight, Bamberg Herald, Riv.
. A. Freed, Lutheran Visitajr,
Messrs. J. C. Peurifoy, W. W. Colton,
aed P. H. Fike.
Tue courtesies of the asscciation
were unanimously extended to Mrs. J.
R. White of the Augusta Chronicle.
The president announced the follow
ing committees: A. P. Ford, E. J.
Lide, J. M. Knight, 0. A. Freed and
R. L. Freeman on programme.
To report suitable resolutions on the
:eath of Col. J. A. Hoyt: R. R.
Hemphill, J. B. Towill, A. Kohn, J.
M. Knight and W. K. Stringer.
(On death of T. J. Drew:- C. W.
Brichmore, J. C. Mace, N. G. Osteen,
J. L. Sims and J. E. Norment.
On officers' reports. Ed H. DeCamp,
A. W. Knight, J. L. Stpplebien, L.
W. Cheatham and J. 11. Buchanan. 2
IAt the afternoon sessio:, Secretary'
Langston read nis annual report. This
was full and interesting and ah o con
tained heartfelt reference to the loss
sustained by the association in the
death of the lamented Col. Hoyt, and
fitting reference to the recent death
of Editor T. J. Drew.
THE AFTERNOON sESSION.
At the afternoon session papers on
business subjects were read by Editor
A. W. Knight of the Bamberg Herald
and Editor R. L. Freeman of The Ad
vocate. Brother Knight's subject
was: "The Job Oftice in Conjunction
With a County Newspaper," and
Brother Freeman read a paper on
"The Nece.ssity of Having Fixed Ad
vertising Rates and Standing by
Them." These subjects were well
handled, familiarity with the subjzcts
being clearly shown in the strong,
terse speeches. Interesting discussion
followed the reading of these instruc
tive papers. Messrs. A. W. Knight.
N. G. Osteen, J. L. Sims and Ed. HI.
At 9 o'ckekc Wednesday night,
Hon. John Temple Graves, the dis
tinguished Georgian, delivered the
annual address before the members
and every guest of the hotel. Mr.
Graves has all the gifts of the ba.rn
orator and to these he adds a strong
personality. His subject, "The Piess
of America," was most appropriate
and was handled even as betitted the
reputation and fame of the gifted
speaker. From the discussion of
journalism in its multiform and varied
aspects: from the changes wrought by
the telegraph and cable; from the
power of news agencies and associated
press, the speaker came back to the
man behindfl the pen-the editor.
"But tomorrow brings back the man,"
be said. ''Tne great editor looms
once more upon the horiz:n. The
ruling force, the guiding intelligence,
the imperial mind that sways shall
once again be throned in the sanctum
rather than wrannarl In the stntmr7ziM
toga or magnified in the politician'
The editor grows with a growinj
world and the press leads the wor'd'
ad vance, the press heralds the world':
thought and the cumulative inflaenc
is bard to overestimate. The grea
- d tor is the great man of the worldi
future. If he but knew his tools, I:
he but comprehended hs power, if hi
but magnify his calling, if he sbal
always tell the truth and if, while h
looks with shining eyes upon magnifi
cent opportunity he be sobered alway
with a solemn sense of his splendid
Thus reasoning th3 distinguishe
editor and speaker argued thatbehin
all theory, back of all ideals and be
yond all editorial pages stands th(
The great editor will reach his full
statue and Influence when he lay
down forever the habit and the hopi
of h ling ulice. The press shall b:
faithful without b'ing fierce, loya:
without lying, true to its friends, jus1
to its enemies and as splendidly fail
as it shall be splendidly free.
Tbe brief synopsis but imperfectly
and fragmentarily outlines one of the
best and most eloquent addresses eve
made before this association and is a
rare and splendid tribute to idealE
that have been lived up to by some
South Carolina journals. The address
was listened to most attentively and
was most enthusiastically received.
The gathering now looks like a large
family affair and all seem to be enjoy
AMONG THOSE PRESENT.
Among thcse now present are: J. C.
Mace and wife, Miss Theodosia Jones,
Miss Lizz'e Ragsdale, A. W. Knight-,
wife and children, J. L. Sims, J. Izlar
Sims, H. R. Sims, H. S. Sims, N. G.
Osteen, Miss Moneta Osteen, Miss
Louise Murray, Mrs. R. 0. Bristow,
Miss Bristow, Miss McCullough, John
M. Knight, Mrs. John M. Knight, Ar
thur Knight, John B.ll Towill, Miss
Towill, C. W. Birchmore, wire and
children, James T. Bacon, L. W.
Cheatham, E. H. Aull, Mrs. E. H.
Aull, Jas. L. Aull, Miss Al'ce Aull,
Master Humbert Aull, Miss Sarah
Howseal R. L. Freeman, Miss Corrie
Freeman, Rice B. Harmon, Koel F.
Oswald, Robt. R. Hemphill, Miss
Grace Hemphill Chas. C. Langston,
Miss Norma Clinkscales, A. B. Cargile
wife and child, E. J. Lide, Charles
Petty, W. K. Stringer, Ed H. De
Camp, Jos. L. Stoppelbein, August
Kohn, Mrs. August Kohn, J. E. Nor
ment, Hugh R. MurchiEon, John H.
Buchanan, Mrs. W. A. Corkell, Mrs.
James Hamilton, W. K. Stringer, F.
H. McMaster of The State, L. G.
Young, Union Times; Mr. and Mrs.
C has. H. Henry, Spartanburg Journal,
and G. E. Moore of the Honea Path
THE UNION TRIP.
It required two trolly cars to carry
the party to Union, in response to an
invitation from the Union Business
league. This invitation and the man
ner in which It was carried out was
a genuine exponent of the life and
progress of one of the finest of the
thriving young South Carolina cities.
The Hon. R. L. McNally, mayor,
and Messrs. L. G. Young, B. F. Ar
thur, R. P. Harry and R. E. Browne
ame over to White Stone on a special
ar to escort the party over. Nearly
very me mnber went on the trip, which
was decidedly one of the most pleas
nt features of this annual meeting.
Souvenir invitations, gilt edged and
uique, carried the party to the hand.
ome store of the Union Drug Co.,
whe' e ices, cream and delicious sft
rinks were numerously served to all.
Union has done many thlngs well as
er record proves, but this trip of the
South Carolina State Press associ~ation
ill long be remembered by every
articipant as a crowning evidence of
he grace and finish of Union's hospi
ality and courtesy.
THE ELEGANT BANQUET.
The hanquet was indeed the fin'sh
ng touch to a most enjoy able meeting.
The handsome dining room was beau
ifually decorated and brilliant with
lght and b:auty. Not by any means
he least consideration, was the feast,
ts preparation, decorationand service.
Everything sped merrily and well,
al enjoyed the fraternal communion
and "blest be the tie that binds" was
he music in the air. The following
osts and responses brought forth ap
lause and added materially to the
pirit of the evening.
"The State of South Carolina"
ieut. Gov. J. T. Sloan.
"Our Associatin"-President E.
"Our Iests"'-Mr. A. Kohn.
"The Press"--Mr. J. M. Knight.
"Woman"-Mr. J. E. Norment.
The pleasures lasted until a late
our. The guests, friends and fellow
itiz:ns all enjoyed the moments so
swiftly speeding. Then came the de
srted festal board, pleasant dreams
and the anticipation of another pleas
Woman Shot to Death.
Information reached Dublin, Ga.,
f the killing Wednesday of Mrs.
[obert Floyd in Lowry district, that
ounty, by Malcom Currie, the 13
ear-old son of Mrs. Elmira Currie.
Crrie shot Mrs. Floyd six or seven
times and then shot Mrs. Thomas
Floyd, his sister-in-law, inflicting a
serious but not dangerous wound.
The row started by Mrs. Currie en
eavoring to get her child, which for
some years has been in the charge of
er son, who married a daughter of
Mrs. Floyd. It is said that Mrs.
Floyd starded toward Mrs. Carrie
with a knije, when the boy began
shooting, killing her instantly. No
rrests have yet been made. It is
said however, that Mrs. Currie and
er son Malcolm will be arrested.
Oldest Georgian Dead.
A special from Anniston, Ala., says
Wiley Davis, of Bremen, Haralson
ounty, Georgia, is dead here, at the
age of 115 years. He lived in Haral
son county nearly all of his life and
ad been a very active man until a
few years ago. He was considered
the oldest man in Georgia.
American Peaches for England.
England is in the American market
for peaches, and arrangemnents are
under way for the exportation of part
>f the large croip that has been pro
:uced here. The peaches from the
Ozark mountains seem to be most
favored for export. *
s TWENTY LIVES LOST.
Picnic and Freight Triin Come To-,
gether With a Crash.
Twenty persons were killed and
about twenty-five injured Wednesday
i night in a collision on the Chicago
and Eastern illinois railroad at Glenn
wood, Ills., 23 miles south of Chicago.
The collision occurred between a pic
nic train from Chicago, which was re
turning from Momence, Il!s., and a
freight train, into the rear end of
which the excursion train dashed at
high spied. The picnic train was
coming north and the freight train
was on the southbound track. A mis
placed switch threw the picnic train
over on the southbund track, and be- 1
for the engineer could apply the brakes
it ran at 40 miles an hoar into the
rear of the freight. The locomotive,
the baggage car and the first coach of
the picnic train were demolished, and
all of the killed and injured were on
the locomotive and in the two cars.
Tue picnic was the annual outing of
the members of Doremus. After
spending the day on the picnic
grounds at Momence, the train load
started on the return trip, running in
as the second section of the regular
passenger train, which is due in Chi- s
cago at 8 35 p. m.
GIVEN CLEAR TRACK. c
When the picnic train reached Chi- J
cago Heights four miles beyond Glen- a
wood, where the accident took place, v
it was switched to the regular south- t
bound track and although it was com- C
iog north, it was given a clear track a
by the operator at Chicago Heights t
until it should reach Glenwood, four r
miles away. The train, after leaving r
Chicago Heights, gradually increased I
its speed and when half the distance d
between the two stations it was
jumping along at the rate of 40 miles
an hour. Just half way between
Chicago Heights and G'enwood there
is a sharp curve. As the picnic train
tore around this on the southbound e
track, a freight train was backing i
from the southbound track to the e
northbound track. It was partly on
both tracks and no train could, have a
pasted it in either direction. The e
bend is so sharp that the engineer of
the picnic train did not see the freight fo
until he was almost on it. It was too
late to do anything but to set the
brakes, but before they could take
effect the passenger train smashed a
into the freight at full speed. The
locomotive and the baggage car of the
passenger train went through the
freight and were piled up in a heap of
wreckage. On the further side of the
CAUGHT UNDER DEBRIS.
The first coich of the picnic train S
plunged into the wreckage and buried n
itself in a mass of kindling wood. P
Nearly all of the passengers in the ti
first coach were caught beneath the al
mass of debris, and it ' was here that ci
the lois of life occurred. The people ci
in the rear coaches were hurled from t
their seats and many of them were ti
bruised, but all of the serious casual
ties ozcurred in the first car. The t)
uninjured passengers and trainmen at Ji
once hastened to the relief of those b4
who were pinned under the wreckage. e
The wreck was two miles from any- hi
where and much delay ensued before T
the injured, who were held down by TI
heavy timbers, could be extricated. ca
Nothing could be done for them until
lifting machinery came from Chicago
Heights. The first train to arrive
came from Chicago Heights, and it
carried six physicians. A short time i
afterward a second train arrived from B
Glenwood, bringing additional physi- b
cians and a number of nurses. Dark
ness had fallen, and rescue went on by E
the light of bonfires. A relief train n
was made up at Glenwood, and it p
b ought the dead and wounded to
PAUL KEUGEE DEAD. k
Transvaal's Ex President Succumbed si
to Heart Weakness. P.
Paul Kruger, former president of
the Transvaal republic, died at Clay-a
ens, Switzerland, 3 o'clock Thursday t
morning from pneumonia and super
vening heart weakness. Mr. Kruger
lost consciousness Monday. His daugh
ter and son-in-law were with him atd
the time of his death. He had been
out only once since his arrival here,
at the beginning of last month.
The ex-president's body was em
balmed and the remains were placed
in a vault pending funeral arrange- .
ments. Application will be made to
the British government for authority e
to transport the remains to the Trans
vaal. In the meantime they will beg
tempcrarily interred here.
Mr. Kruger, who was staying at the ~
Villa du Boichet, had been gradually
failing for a lo ng time but he was able
to attend to affairs, read the newspa
pers and receive visits until Saturday. s1
A change for the worst set in on Sun
day. He became unconscious Monday
and remained so until his death. b
Besides the Eloffs, Mr. Kruger was
attended by his own physician, Dr. ~
Heyman, and by his secretary, Mr.t
Redel. On several occasions Mr. Kru
ger had expressed a desire to be buried
beside his wife, in his own country.
The post mortem examination of the
body showed that Mr. Kruger died of v
senile pneumonia, caused by sclerosis
of the arteries, which made rapid ,
progress during the last few weeks. bi
The ex-president's state of health was
kept secret. ci
Woman is Poisoned. P
Minnie Bardorf, 27 years of age, a d
hair dresser, of N. Y., is dying from tI
the effects of poison alleged to have ti
been administered by an unknowng
woman. Miss Bardorf was brought
home by the mysterious woman who h
le!'t her on the steps of the house in a d
state of collapse. The woman called si
some children who were playing near- s
by and leaving her victim with them fi
hurried a way. d
Mrormons in Chattanooga.
President Bcnjamin E. Richards of
the Southern States mission of the
Mormon Church Friday purchased ir
subtantial buildings in that city for n
the permanent establishment of head- ai
quarters for the Mormon church in w
the south. All the southern States will ai
be in his jurisdiction and missionaries t<
will be sent out from there. There ti
head-quarters are moved from Atlan- ti
With a Loss of Thirty Thousand Men
by Land Mines
X FRONT OF PORT ARTHUR.
Ehis Terrible Disaster Is Said to Have
Discouraged the Japs Very
Much, and Elated the
A dispatch from a Russian corres
ondent at Eukden dated July 12 says:
'According to intelligence received
here the Japanese Friday night at
acked positions near Port Arthur and
vere repulsed with enormous losses,
aused by Russian mines." One esti
nate places them at 30,000.
The London Morning Post's Shang
ial correspondent says that the Japa
tese casualties by land mines at Port
Lrthur Sunday night are rumored to
ie 25,000, but none of the many other
var special dispatches mention a Jap
nese disaster at Port Arthur.
THE STORY REPEATED.
A dispatch from St. Petersburg
ays a special dispatch from Ta Tche
'iao dated July 14 repeats the ac
ounts of the storming of Port Arthur
uly 10 and saying that the Russians
,sumed the offensive and attacked
fith the bayonet. The Japanese re
lied in the wildest disorder. The
'hinese estimate the Japanese losses
t 22,000. The spirit of the Japanese, I
he dispatch says, is sinking as the
sult of the Port Arthur engage
ient. Dysentery is epidemic at Feng
Vang Cheng and there are many
A dispatch from St. Petersburg says
bat the Japanese were heavily de
ated is not doubted here, but in the
bsence of further information the
rtent of the disaster that befell them
beginning to be seriously question
1. Definite news has been received
om Viceroy Alexieff's headquarters
t Mukden that a week before the
ngagement at Port Arthur, Maj.
-en. Fork administered a severe de
at on the Japanese on July 4 and
uly 5, driving them from the heights
mmanding Lunsantan pass with a
s of 2,000. This is considered here 1
proof that there has been heavy
ghting before the fortress of Port
.rthur and as making the silence of
'kio regarding it all the more sig
THE NEWS CONFIEITED.
A dispatch to a news agency from
. Petersburg says the war office an
>unces the receipt of a dispatch from
rt Arthur confirming the report
iat the Japanese sustained consider
3le losses on July 11, the exact parti
ilars of which have not yet been as- r
,rtained. According to the dispatch C
ie Russians recaptured all the posi- r
ons lately taken by the Japanese. t
In the fighting at the right flank of f
ie line of defenses of Port Arthur, t
ily 3 to July 6, the Russians drove I
Lck the Japanese and occupied the 4
ist bank of the Lunsantan and the t
ights commanding Lunsantan pass. t
he Japanese losses were abont 2,000.
bose of the Russians were insignifi- a
A dispatch from Mukden says: "The
ipanese have withdrawn fro:n the
est side of the railroad and are mass
g their armies on the Russian left.
econnoissances in force carried ont
i Russian cavaly and artiliery Fri
Ly and Friday almost as far south as
ai Chou failed to disclose the Japa
~se. A division Is expected from Ta
ass. It is possible that some of the
panese have been withdrawn off to
ort Arthur to replace the terrible
sses of July 10.
The latest reports regarding the
orming of Port Arthur, July 10,s
Lace the Japanese losses in killed or 1
ounded at 25,000 and those of the
,ussians 5 500. The Japanese retirede
id the Russians occupied the posi
The Japanese have changed their
-ontal position and a big battle is ex-c
acted at the eastern portion of the
senses owing to the Japanese turn-(
Insane Man Released.
Silas Martin, white, 26 years of age, I
Columbus, Ohio, has just left thee
irginia State penitentiary, barelya
~caping a 13 year sentence thatd
pparently should never have been
ven him. Martin was received at
ie prison last N~ovember with two
stences of eight and five years eacht
tore him. He had been twice con
cted of car breaking in James City
>unty. Gov. Montague grantei
arin a conditional pardon on the ~
rong recommendation of the, au
iorities of the Ohio State insane I
ylum, at which institution he has ~
en under treatment with a fair I
rospect of being cured. Martin
caped from the asylum at Columbus ~
vo months before he was arrested in 2
Another Cab Mystery.
A special from New York says Chas. i
r. H. Carter, a wealthy manufactur- a
-, was found dead Thursday night C
ith circumstances surrounding which
~ar a resemblance to the recent death t
Caesar Young. He was in a r
b with a young woman, near Pros- '
et Park, Brooklyn, when the woman
lled for help and shortly afterward
sappeared. Investigation showed
at the man had been dead for some
me. The young woman insisted on C
tting out of the cab against the
toan's protest, after she had called
i attention to her companion's con
tion. She walked some distance be- ~
de the cab and at a dark corner,
iddenly vanished. Carter lived in a C
a house in IFlatbush. His wife and ~
Lughter bad just left for the summer
me on Shelter island.1
Tillhnan Not injured.
Senator Tillman arrived in Wash- ~
gton from St. Louis Monday after
>n. The report that he was in an
tomob~le collision in St. Louis in
ich he'is alleged to have had his
kle sprained, is denied by the Sena
>r. He is hale and hearty and none
ie worse for wear, despite the fact
iat he had only a few hours sleep
ENDS ER OWN LIF.
Woman's Dead Body Found in St.
The dead body of a fashionably
dressed woman was found in a room
of the St. Louis Hotel Milton, Wednes
day, where she registered July 7 as
"Mrs. M. Smith of New York." Two
empty bottles were found by the side
of the bed. One that contained some
drig that has not yet been Identified
and the other alcohol.
From statements made by Rev. Al
len K. Smith, rector of Christ's
Church cathedral, in whom the wo
man is said to have confided to some t
extent, her correct name is Mrs. M. I
K. Dantes of either New York or
Upon a promise of secrecy, the wo- I
man told the Rev. Mr. Smith that t
her mother's name is Mrs. Martha
Wiggins and that she lives at 111 K t
treet, N. W., Wasbington, D. C. s
When pressed by Mr. Smith for her t
reasons for using an assumed name,
Nrs. Smith or Mrs. Dantes refLsed tc
give any, remarking that she had per- d
onal reasons for not wishing to be t
inown by her correct name. V
INQUIRY XADE. I
Inquiry at 111 K street, where Mrs. a
Eartha Wiggins, the mother of Mrs. 11
9. K. Dantes, is said to have lived, a
lisclosed the fact that Mrs. Wiggins 1
mnd a daughter, Miss Kitty Wiggins. g
ived In the house for several years p
I'he daughter left there about a year p
tgo last November and the mother v
;he following April.
A neighbor says she believed Mrs.
Wiggins went to Kent, a suburb of f
gorfolk, Va., on leaving Washington. f
[t was understood that the daughter a
as going away to be married. P
LIVED IN NORFOLK.
Mrs. M. K. Dantes left here recent- s
y for St. Louis, where it was under- 3
itood she was to be married. She is
sister-in-law of E. C. Hathaway,
rice president and general manager of
he Norfolk Railway and Light com
>any, at whose house her mother,
Ers. Wiggins, lives. Mrs. Wiggins
s 84 years old and it is feared that 0
he news of the death of her daughter f
vill result fatally. The family here
re very reticent in regard to the
novements of Mrs. Dantes, the only -b
nformation obtainable from her
rother-in-law being that he had farn- n
shed her money for her trousseau and
he trip to St. Louis.
Asked whether his sister-in-law had f
)een married Mr. Hathaway said he I
lid not know but presumed she ha. a
Miss Wiggins, as she was known 1
iere before she is said to have been I
narried, was quite popular in society
ind was a reigning belle during the '
ast season. t
A Dying Stable Boy.
King Edward Thursday added one
ore to- the many informally demo
ratic incidents that have marked his e
elations with his poorer subjects since
te came to the throne. Slipping away
rom the crowded Newmarket race
rack London where he had been
atching his own horses run, the king f
rove to a neighboring poorhouse. In
he poorhouse hospital his majesty no
iced a mandolin on a bed where a
table boy lay dying of cancer. In
nswer to the king's question if he
muld play it, the boy said he would
ike to try the national anthem. "Let
s hear you," said the King Edward,
nd summoning all his remaining
trength the boy sat up in bed and
layed "God Save the King," His ma
esty stood by the bedside until thet
amiliar air was finished. What the
ing said to the dying boy is not
bronicled, but ,ewspapers say t'1at
rhen the king strode out and the hos
ital ward relapsed to its usual silence,
he stable boy lay back on his bed and
aid: "I can dIe happy now."
Cotton Growing Rapidly.
The Washington weather bureau's
eekly summary of crop conditionsa
ays: Cotton has grown rapidly 1
roughout the cotton belt, com
ilaints of too rapid growth being re
eived from portions of the central
istricts where the crop is suffering s
or cultivation, in portions of the 1
astern districts cotton is also in need 1
f cultivation and some shedding Is 1
eported from portions of Texas and b
larolina. Over the greater part of 0
exas, however, and in the eastern b
listricts, the crop is in a good state '
f cultivation, and comparatively '
Ittle damage from insects is reported, h
xcept In Texas, where boll weevils t
re increasing and becoming more
estructive in the southwestern coun-t
les. The weather conditions have C
een highly favorable for tobacco 0
hich Is In a tnrifty condition in all ~
he important tobacco States. *P
Doing Good Work. ij
The effectiveness of the G-uatemalan el
ts in checking the ravages of the ii
soll weevils in the cotton fields has oj
een tested and Mr. Cook, the expert se
f the department of agriculture, In a fj
elegram to Secretary Wilson Tuesday se
nounces that the ants promptly de- Ii
troyed the weevils and the Texas red 1:
ts as well. The telegram which was b
he subject of great satisfaction to 11
oth Secretary Wilson and Dr. Gal- la
way, the chief of the bureau of plant
dustry, Is dated Victoria, Texas,
d is as follows: "After four weeks
f captivity and of sugar diet the si
~uatemaian ants promptly destroyed A~
he Texas bull weevils; also the Texas tl
ed ants, the harmful species which it v
as feared they might resemble." h
Stuck Gun in His Face.
At Greenville Mr. P. S. Butler, who v
.as charge of the routes and carriers s
the Daily News, was held up by
ree negroes about 2.30 o'clock Sun- re
ay morning on the upper end of Pen- d
leton street and relieved of his watch a
nd his purse which contained a small 1c
mount of cash. Sunday afternoon sc
ne of the thieves was caught. He m
ave his name as Dan Wright, and1 a:
aid the other two negroes who took ei
art in the hold-up were Bruce Wil- cc
lams and Joe Bagby. They were em- 01
loyed as brakemen by the Southern t
ailway and lived in Gainesville, Ga. tt
Aged P'eople Drowned.
At Portland, Oregon, ina cloudburst
ccompanied by 1css of life and great
amsage to property near Mitchell, in a
heeler county, Mrs. Bethune, aged R
0 years and Martn Smith, 91 years, y
rre drowned. Twenty-eight houses m
, Mitchell were destroyed.
arker Will Gain Strength as Cam
=TLXAN TO TAKE THE STUEP.
Washington Democrats Believe That
a Strong Ticket Has Been Named,
Which Will Appeal to Sober
Interests of the Country.
A special from Washington says sev
ral distinguished Democratic mem- -
ers of Congress have been in Wash
ngton this week en route from the
,reat Democratic gathering at St.
.ouis. Without exception all who
iave been seen speak in the highest
erms of the candidates, and of the
ilatfurm adopted by the party, and
hey declare that the outlook for party
uccess in November next is brighter
han it has been at any time since the
nemorable campaign of 1892, when
)leveland was triumphant over Presi
ent Harrison. Without exception
hey express the belief that New York
vill swing in line for Judge Parker on
Tovember 8th, and that Connecticut
nd New Jersey and Indiana will 101
)w the example of the Empire State,
nd that the result of the election will
ot be in doubt. Parker, they say, will
rain strength rather than lose sup
ort as the campaign progresses. . He
ossesses qualities, they declare, which
rill commend him to the sober judg
ient of the people.
The nomination of Senator Davis
Dr the Vice-Presidency Is very satis
actory to this section of the countr,
nd will beyond doubt result in the
lacing of both Maryland, his natie
ate, and West Virginia, his adopted
Date, in the Democratic column in
TILrMAN TO TAXF-STUXP.
Among Democrats in Washington
ack-from the St. Louis convention is
enator Tillman, of South Carolina.
'he Senator took a leading part in the
)nvention and is enthusiastically In.
Lvor of the ticket and platform nom
iated by the convention. He says that
1 his judgment Parker and Davis will
"It had been my intention to take
o part In the canvass, for my throat
in bad condition," said Senator
illman, "but now, unless the doctor
arbids it, and if the party wants me,
will work as hard as I did in 1896-.
nd 1900., Then I was a silver man;
ow I'll work for-well, work to beat
Woosevelt. 'Anti-Boosevelt' is my
latform. I am for a return to con
titutional government and law.. nr
[red of imperialism at home, as well
SENATOR CULBERSON CONFIENT.
Another prominent southern sena
)r, who was one of the so.uthern lead
rs at St. Louis, is Senator Culberson
t Texas. Senator Culberson has just
een re-nominated for another term
i the United States Senate, which is
ry pleasant news to his many
iends in this section of the country.
'he senator is one of those who have
ill confidence in the party's chances
>r victory in November.
GONE TO HIS KEWARD.
leath of'Venerable President of WU
liamaton College. -
A special to the The State from
lilliamston Thursday says never In
ze history of our town has'the death
Sany one caused such universal sor
>was pervades the hearts of our peo
le this morning over the deaba of Dr.
amuel Lander, the beloved president
Williamston Female College. Sur
>unlded by his entire family, with
ae exception of his son, Dr. John M.
under, who is en route for his mission
eld in Brazil, the end came quietly
ed peacefully at 1.30 Thursday morn
ag, and as calmly asa childfallinlgto
eep in Its mothers arms the life of
als grand man came to a close.
Although it had been known for
>me time that his condition was crit
al, no one was willing to reconcile
imself to the fact that we must give
im up. For 31 years Dr. Lander
as been actively engaged as president
SWilliamston Femnale college and his
essed influence is felt, not only here
SWilliamnston where we all delighted
>love and honor him; but in the
earts and lives of hundreds of women
iroughout the South, whose good
>rtune It was to be brought under
le saving Influence of this pure
bristian gentleman and born teacher
y oung women. Here In Williams
>n Female college he has left the im
ress of a Christian charater upon
undreds of girls who have gone out
ito the world to perpetuate his indun
2ce and bless his memory, and here
isociety his godly life has been one
Sthe -grandest and most eloquent
~rmons that has ever been preached
om any pulpit, and although the
~rmon is now closed, Its infiuence will
ye perpetually. Friday morning at
Lo'clock the funeral sevie were
ld In the Methodist church of Wil
amston, after which the remains were
Ad to rest In the city cemetery.
No Truth in Boll Weevil P.eport.
One of Section Director Bauer's
b-agents, Mr. J. Tupper Henry, at
nsel, in Greenville :,ounty, reports
1e probable presence there of an ad
ince guard of the Texas boll weevil.
[r. Baurer, however, is not alarmed.
e thinks it extremely unlikely that
ae boll weevil has appeared in Green
ile county or any where else in this
ate. Mr. Henry merely remarks
at "the neighbors sal" an insect
sembling the boll weevil is doing
image there. Mr. Bauer has for
arded Mr. Henery's card to Entomo
ist Charles E. Chambliss at Clem
n college that Prof. Chambliss
ight go to Ansel and make an ex
nination If he sees fit. He forward
i to Clemson a card from a Pickens
unty correspondent reporting the
meration there of the boll worm-not
ie boll weevil. Mr. Bauer thinks
ie oll worm report has substantial
undation in fact. *
Woman Stabs Another
Rose Morris cut Patsy Fair's throat
ith a razor Thursday night In New
ome, Ga. Both are negroes. The
air woman is dangerously cut and
ay not recover. Rose Morris made