Newspaper Page Text
Met in Convention on Monday in the
City of St. Louis.
DELEGATES FROM THIS STATE.
The Meeting is an important One.
and It is Hoped That All the
Delegates Named At
Governor Heyward, in response to a
request from Harvie Jordan, president
of the Farmers' 'ational Congress,
which convened simultaneously with
the Southern Cotton Growers Conven
tion in St. Louis on Monday, named a
complete list of delegates to these two
gatherings from this State. In nam
ing the delegates, the Governor,
realizing the great importance of these
gatherings this year, has, after con
ference with the commissioner of ag
riculture, commerce and immigration,
endeavored to select as far as possible
men from the different counties who
have large farming interests and are
much concerned in the cotton situa
South Carolina Agricultural Ex
periment Station-Prof. J. S. New
man, Clemson College.
Abbeville-Luther Hadden, Due
West; I. Kellock, Abbeville; M. B.
Clinkscales, Due West.
Anderson-J. C. Stribbling, Pendle
ton; B. F. Crayton, T. Q. Hammond.
U. E. Seybt, Anderson; R. W. Simp
Aiken-A. S. Seigler, Crofts; H. C.
Bamberg-W. J. Brabham, S. G.
Mayfield, E. B. Dowling, Bamberg.
Barnwell-L. W. Youmans, Fair
fax; J. S. Calhoun, Appleton; J. Allen
Beaufort-W. R. Eve, Thomas
Martin, Bluff ton.
Berkeley-J. B. Morrison, Monck's
Corner; Thomas Connor, Ferguson;
Fred Connor, Connor's Station.
Charleston-R. H. Harleston, Char
leston; W. G. Hinson, Charleston; J.
B. E. Sloan, Charleston.
Cherokee-S. S. Ross, Gaffney; J. I.
Chester-T. J. Cunningham, Ches
ter; J. S. Withers, Chester.
Chesterfield-A. R. Covington, Che
raw; W. D. Evans, Cheraw; E. L.
Clarendon-J. E. Tindal, Silver; D.
J. Bradham. Manning; H. E. Rich
ardson, Panola; Abraham Levi, Man
Colleton-C. D. May, Walterboro;
A. C. Sanders, Walterboro: W. B.
Darlington-E. M. Williamson, R.
. Howle, Darlington; John T. Rogers,
Dorchester-W. T. Connors, Geor
ges; C. M. Gavin, Georges.
Edgefield-Mark Toney, Johnston;
W. A. Strom, Self; T. H. Rainsford,
Fairfield-J. G. Mobley, Winns
boro; W. H. Flenniken, Winnsboro;
3. G. Wolling, Wolling's.
Florence-Nathan Gibson, Winona;
Dr. G. G. Palmer, Cartersville.
Georgetown-D. D. Rhem, Rem's;
J. C. Lynch, Lynch's J. H. Donaldson,
Greenville-J. W. McCullough,
Greenville; 3. A. McDavid, Pelzer.
Greenwood-B. S. Addison, 3. G.
Gilton; Ninety-Sir; R. W. Hayes,
Hampton-B. B. Causey, Hampton;
W. 3. Gooding, Hampton.
Horry-F. C. Burroughs, D. A.
Kershaw-J. G. Richards, J. A.
Thompson, Liberty Hill; B. H. Boy
Lancaster-LeRoy Springs, Stew
art Heath, Lancaster.
Laurens-3. D. M. Shaw, Mount
ville; 3. H. Wharton, Waterloo; 3.0O.
C. Fleming, Laurens; 3. D. W. Watts,
Lee-J. Harvey Wilson, Maystille;
Eli Cooper, Mayesville; Robert M.
Lexington-D. 3. Griffith, W. H.
Donly, Lewiedale; John J. Muller, 3.
H. Wolfe, Bakersville.
Marion-B. P?. Hamer, Jr., Hamer;
J. H. Manning, Little Bock; W. A.
Marlboro-C. S. McCall, A. S. Mat
theson, C. F. Moore, Bennettsville.
Newoerry-P. C. Smith, D. H.
Oeonee-W. 3. Stribling, Walhalla;
H. 3. Gignilliat, Seneca.
Orangeburg-J. E. Wannamaker,
0. H. Winges, W. T. C. Bates, St.
Matthew's;- 3. A. Peterkin, Fort
Pickens-D. F. Bradley, Pickens;
F. C. Smith, Basley.
Richland--L. T. Wilds, W. D. Star
Uing, C. W. Suber, Columbia; Rich
ard Singleton, Acton.
Saluda-R. B. Watson, Ridge
Sprmng; T. S. Wiliams Monetta;
Clinton Ward, Ward's.
Spartanburg-J. B. Stepp, Switzer;
E. L. Archer, Spartanburg; T. J.
Sumter-R. L. Manning, Sumter;
A. E. Aycock, Wedgefield; A. K. San
Union-J. T. Douglass, Union;
John A. Fant, Union; T. C. Dnan,
Willamsburg-J. M. Nexson,
Kingstree; Win. Cooper, Cooper's; F.
Rhem, Black Mingo.
York-J. D. Witherspoon, Indian
town; Jas. Barber, Smith's; T. 0.; W.
3. Roddey Rock Hill; W. 3. Miller,
The Killing of Ralph Wells.
Arcording to Mr. Johnstone Fo-wles,
who returned from Clyde Thursday,
feeling is intense there over the death
of Mr. Ralph Wells, the Columbia
traveling man who died there on Mon
day from blood poisoning following an
injury on his head from being struck
by a soda water bottle at Clyde the
week before. Claud Hill, a member
of a leading family there, will be ar
rested for Mr. Well's murder. It was
understood when Mr. Fowles left
Clyde that Hill would surrender this
week. Claud Hill and his brother,
Horace, and Wells were drinking at
the time in Herbert Smathers' ice
cream parlor. Horace Hill and Wells
became involved in a dispute about a
bottle of Peruna and Wells turned him
over and spanked him. Smathers
caught Wells in an endeavor to quell
the disturbance. Horace Hill then
ran out and as he did so Claud Hill
stepped out and struck Wells with a
bottle over Smathers' shoulder. Wells
bled profusely at the time, but it was
not thought then that he was serious
* ~ A P'atal Bolt.
A speical from Port Arthur, Tex.,I
says: During an electrical storm
Wednesday morning lightning struck
an oil tank of the Texas Oil refinery,
on which six men were at work, shell
ing the roof. The oil ignited, and in
the explosion which followed five of
the workmen were instantly killed
anr1 the other fatally injured. I
THE TBXAS nVYER
)fInterest'to Cattle Owners Through
out the State.
The following article on the Treat
nent of Cattle for Texas Fever, writ
ten by A. S. Sheally, D. V. M., of
Clemson College, for the Columbia
State, will be of interest to our read
ers who raise or keep cattle:
As there is such an increasing de
mand for the services of the State
veterinarian throughout the Stite, 1
take the opportunity to mention a few
facts In connection with the many
calls to which I have responded with
in the last six weeks. I was sum
moned, either by wire or by letter
saying: "Come at once; cattle are'
sick and dying." In every case, with,
one exception, I found the same dis
ease, which is the only one at present
that menaces the cattle industry of
the State, viz: Texas fever, distem
per in cattle, or southern cattle fever.
The deadly effects of this disease
have been discussed through the col
umns of the newspapers of this State,
at farmers' institvtes and in personal
conversation for the last four years
by Dr. G. E. Neom, my worthy
friend and coworker, who ju;t a little
over a month ago severed his connec
tion with Clemson and took up work
in a new field. His bulletins have
been universally distributed, yet there
continues to be considerable loss
throughout the State from the effects
of this disease. So much so, till I am
forced to believe that our people do
not retain facts as they should after
they have once been presented to
them. At any rate, there are con
tinual outbreaks of Texas fever, and
while I do not hope to be able to com
pletely eradicate it by simply saying a
few words to the cattle owners of the
State, yet if they should bear in mind
that the disease does not occur only
when it is produced in a mild form by
noculation, unless the common cattle
tick is present. Also should they re
member that a number of years ago,
when cattle were permitted to run at
large, the common cattle tick was
more or less prevalent on all cattle,
and there never was a case of the dis
ease noted, as well as the fact that a
number of farms throughout the State
have become free from ticks, and so
long as they remain so the disease
dos net occur on these tick free
farms. With these facts in mini,
they can't help but come to the con
clusion that cattle must have ticks
and then all the time or else never
have them at all.
To take measures to produce gen
eral infect-ion would be going back to
the same conditions as existed before
the "stock law" went into effect.
And as the environment of cattle at
present has a tendency to free them
from ticks, naturally it would only
take another period of 15 or 20 years
for us to gradually rise back to our
I realize the seeming impossibility
of freeing a farm of ticks, yet it can
be done by a systematic and thorough
cleaning of the cattle once every ten
days or two weeks during the sum-ner
months. And should there be any
cattle owners, whose farms are infest
ed, wishing to free their farms of
ticks, if they will address me I will
gladly take the matter up with them.
As I have already stated, this dis
ease never occurs unless the common
cattle tick is present, .and at this time
very little can be done to prevent the
furthe' spread of the disease except
to thoroughly' remove all the ticks
from the cattle and place them in a
pasture which is noninfested. In this
way possibly a number of the herd
will be taken out of the iested ter
ritory before they have become infect
ed and will be placed where it will be
impossible for them to contract the
disease, unless ticks gain access to
The medicinal treatment for ani
mas while suffering from the disease
Is very unsatisfactory, the morality
being at last90 percent~. Yet, Ial
ways advise to treat them sympto
matically and hope for good results.
I have had a few cases that recovered
under the following treatment, which
is the one I always recommend for
cattle suffering from the disease:
When the first symptoms of the dis
ease are noted ticks that are on the
animal should be thoroughly removed
and a good purgative given, viz.: Ep
som salts, in one or two pound doses,
according to- the size of the animal.
Within eight or ten hours after the
administration of the salts, commence
giving quinine sulphate in one-half
ounce doses dissolved in one-half pint
of whiskey three times a day. Con
tinue for at least three days. If the
salts have not acted In 24 hours, re
peat its administration, giving only
half as much as was given in the first
dose. The sick animals should be sep
erated from the herd and given the
benefit of comfortable quarters.
Very young cattle have the power
to withstand the disease without any
dangerous results, and cattle owners
can bring calves under four months
old to their tick infested farms with
practically no danger, provided these
calves become infested at once with
ticks. Though I always advise the
immune to Texas feyer when they are
to be introduced on a farm infested
with ticks. This inoculatio-1 can be
practiced suscessfully only wit~h cattle
that are under two years old, though
I have inoculated, and with good re
suts, cattle much older.
The traffic in cattle is very import
ant to the cattle owners of the State.
If he has a tick-free farm, no animal
that is infected can be permitted to
enter those premises without very
much endangering the lives of the cat
tle which are already on that farm.
And the life of an animal that has
never carried ticks is equally endan
gered when it is brought to a farm
where ticks are present.
I hope our cattle owners will bear
these facts in mind as the time is near
when our State fair will be on hand
and there will in all probability be a
sale at that time, both infected and
noninifected cattle, which, if bought
indiscriminately, may cause consider
able loss, This will not be the case,
however, if when you are making your
purchases you will inform yourself as
to whether you have bought an ani
mal that is immune or not immune to1
Texas fever, or whether you have
bought an Infected or noninfected an-1
il. If the animal has carried ticks
it is immune to this disease and you!
will take no char ces so far as Texas1
fever is concerned by taking it to an
infested farm. You will also be safe
in buying cattle which have never
carried ticks and are therefore not
immune to Texas fever and placing
them on your farm, provided it is free
from ticks. But if your farm is infest
ed such cattle should be inoculated
before exposing them. Also should the
animal purchased be infected and the
farm which Is to bo free from ticks,
they should be thoroughly cleansed of |
the paraste beoeriing them to
A SPICY BOOK.
kdmiral Schley Writes of His Service d
in the Navy. 1.
HERO OF SANTIAGO TALKS OUT
And Establishes isii Rtight to the
Credit of Being in Com- r
imand in That I)e
Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley 1
is guilty of lese r aj .ste. President
Rjoevelt, whose province is the
whole tield of knowhdge, decided that
nobody was in commaLd of the Amer
ican fieet at the battle of Santiago
on July '_, 1898, when the entire
Spanish let was destroyed. And yet
bere comes Admiral Schley with a
book telling the story of his more than
two score years of honorable and dis
inguished service in the navy, in
which he contradicts the all-wise
President and says that he, Schley,
was in command at that battle. What
is more he proves it.
What will happe,n to the Admiral
for thus daring to assert himself and
guard his hard-won .ame there is no
telling. He may be court-martialled
or dismissed from service by executive
order-but hard!y oefore the Presi
This book, of which the advance
sheets have been received, will be
published on the 23inst. by Appleton
& Co. It is entitled "Forty-iive Years
Under the Flag," and covcrs the
career of the author. Naturally inter
est will centre upon the chapters
dealing with the Spanish-American
war, and especially the great sea tight
for winning which credit was claimzd
for Sampson, who was not' among
"In these chapters," says the au
thor, "the purpose has been to record
the events from the writer's own
viewpoint, to criticse in a spirit of
fairness, tut without malice." He
adds--and this casts an interesting
light on ex-Secretary of the Navy
Long-that "through the courtesy of
Secretary Moody recourse has been
had to official papers which were not
available b:fore his accession to
That Admiral Schley expcets things
to happen because of his book is evi
dent from the paragraph of his pre
face in which he remarks:
"In times of danger and duty the
writer endeavored to do the wcrk set
before him without fear of personal I
consequences. With this thought in
mind, he has felt moved, as a duty
to his wife, his children and his
ame, to leave a record of his long
professional life, which has not been
without some prestige at least for the
flag he has loved and under which he
has served." -
Admiral Schley has doie' his task
of truth-tellir g as thoroughly as a
man in his position could well ven
ture to do. He goes minutely into
all the movements of ti e squardron
under his command, and supplies t,
the historian of the future tne facts
upn which an impartial judgment of
his conduct can be formed.
It is not necessary here to follow
him into the details of his voyage
from Key West to Cienfuegos and
thence to Santiago. Nor is it need
ful to go withhim into the difficulties
attending coaling at s-a, or the rea
sons for the Brooklyn's loop at the
opening of the action of July 3. All
these matters were made much of by
Secretary Long and others of Samp
sons partisans, but interest the
public comparatively little now.
Time gises perspective and places
things in their right relative propor
tion. If Schley had been a cavalry
man instead of a sailor, and had led a
terrific, victorious charge against the
enemy, winning the war, criticism as
to his alleged carelessness about the
oat supply for his horses, or a failure
to gobble up a straggler or two
months previous to the glorious and
decisive charge would hardly find
listeners among the largeminded.- Yet
that sort of carping finds its perfect
parallel in the criticism of which
Scley has been made the victim-not
by petty busybodies merely, but by
Long, Secretary of the Navy, and
R~ooevelt, President of t~he United
On the morning of the great day,
Sampson, in obedience to orders from
Secretary Long, sailed away for Sibo
ney to confer with General Shafter,
flying the signal, "Disregard move
ments of the commander-in-chief."
And while Sampson was gone the
Spanish fleet came cut of Santiago and
Smashed by whom? Not by Samp
The Colon was the last of the
Spaniards to surrender, which she
did at 1.15 p. mn., and the New York,
with Admiral Sampson on board, did
not arrive on the scene till 2.23 p. in.,
cne hour and eight minutes after-)
During the three hours and forty]
minutes of this Immortal chase and
battle the Brooklyn, Schley's flag
ship, led the van. His vessels were
hit forty-two times by the Spanish
guns, and thirty of these hits were]
received by the Brooklyn. The only1
man killed and the only man wound
ed were on board the Brooklyn.
The Admiral does not by name
mention President R-:osevelt, who in
his decision denying thei appeal of
Schley from the majority report of
the Board of Inquiry asserted that
there was really no commander at
the battle-that it was a "captains'
fight." But the Admiral deals with
the point on page 298, when writing
of the departure of the New York
and Massachusetts on the morning of
"Where either ship had gone, or
for what purpose, had not been
vochsafed to the commander of the
Szcond Squadron (Scbley,) whose f1ag,
thus left on the blockading lines, in
accordance with the naval regulations,
constituted the commander of the
Second Squadron senior officer pres
ent in command. The regu'ations of
the navy settle that beyond any doubt.
by fixing the responsibility of such
officer when the service exigencies im
pose such duties upon him. * I
the battle had miscarried, or if
through mismanagement Ceverea or
any of his ships had escaped that day,
there would have b:en no dfliculty
whatever about who was in command,
or who would have had to bear the
censure. It is certain in that event
that there would have been no effort
to prove that the New York was with-a
in signal distance, no claim that it
was a captain's battle, nor any other
o~f the soptiistries that were invented
in the aftermath of controversy aboutI
this great victory. No instance is re- e
cale1 where great success was won rn
battle where every participant was I
at anxious to share in the glory, but a
2 instance is remembered where any I
subordinate ever desired to share with J
antiago alone would be unique as one
f the world's great battles won with
ut anybody being in command. If
efeat laad occurred, the commander
f the Second Squadron would have
Lad to take his medicine just the
"The unshakable facts that the
irooklyn was in the fight from start
o flnish; that she was nearer to the
nemy from the beginning to the end
f the action at every stage of the
attle; that she was struck by thirty
if the forty-two projectiles which
truck the American vessols engaged;
hat she inflicted quite 50 per cent.
if the damage sustained by the ships
if the enemy, although she consti
uted but one-fifth of the attacking
terican force: that she and Oregon
ompleted the battle by capturing the
olon; that the only casualties on the
tmerican side occurred o. board the
3rocklyn-these facts are sufficient to
ix an unalterable judgment of the
And the finding of Admiral Dewey,
resident of the Board of Inquiry,
who will be admitted to be a reason
bly good author-ty in naval matters:
"Commodor Sctiley was the senior
>ffcer of the squadron off Santiago
Yben the Spanish squadron attempt
d to escape on the morning of July 3,
.89. e was in absolute command,
Ld is entitled to the credit due such
:omanding om1a er for the glorious
rictory which resulted in the total
lestruction of the Spanish ships."
In his pages Schley forbears from
lirect condemnatory comment upon
he behavior of Sampson. But the
acts speak for themselves. The dis
ppointment of Sampson at being ab
ent when the supreme hour came
vas as great as it was natural-but
e was not great enough to rise above
t ani do justics to a more fortunate
omrade. He refused rec, gnition of
hat comrade's gallant and brilliait
pervices and allowed his friends.
n and out of otflcial circles, to enter
ipon' a campaign of detract!oa which
ill forever stain the history of the
imerican Navy. The disappoint
nent killed Sampson, bat the detrac
Jion, the foul injustice to which he
ias been subjected, has not embitter
d Schley. He krows that history,
LS the vast majority of his fellow
ountrymen have done, will place the
aurel wreath where it belongs, and
hat his honest fame will shine all
be brighter as time clears away the
ouds with which envy has sought to
"Forty-five Years Under the Flag"
s a most readable book from the first
?age to the last-animated, cheerful,
nanly, the book cf a healthy-minded,
iigh-spirited ani chivalrous sailor.
"In penning these memoirs," he
;ays, in concluding, and his work
3ea-s him out, "There has been no
wish to detract from the services of
thers, no desire to utter unkind, un
lignified or rude words of those who
may have differed in their views, but
to set forth the facts and services of
life that has been clean in its devo
ion to home and to country and stead
fast in its purposes from ycuth to its
meridian in giving the best years of
luty conscieniticuisly done for all that
is near and dear to man-honor, home,
And the Volume, which is destined
to make a compelling appeal to the
mind and teart of all fair Americans,
:0 es thus:
"Neither the lapse of time nor the
hange of circumstances has ivrought
any change of faith in the expressit n
from tne heart penned in those first
moments after the great battle of
July 3, 1898:
" ' am glad that I had an oppor.
tunity to contribute in the least to a
victory that seems big enough for al
A special from Hawkinsvi~lle, Ga.,
says early Tuesday morning'messages
were received by the hardware stores
there to rush by express ammunition
and arms to Pitts, Wilcox county, in
anticipation of an expected outbreak~
among the negroes who live there In
large nnmbers. On Saturday night Ce
til Johnson, a white man, shot and
killed a negro and since that time the
negroes have been holding secret
meetings 250 strong, many quitting
their work to attend. Prominent citi
sens from Pitts were there preparing
for the matter and say the situation
is serious but that the white men of
hat whole section are resolved to hold
the situation in command at any cost.
Pitts citizens are armed and awake
ready for any emergency. Hawkins
ville, Pine View and Cordele have of.
fered their services.
Died from Her Injuries.
A special from Spartanburg to The
State says Mrs. G. W. Hodges died
Eriday morning, lingering in an al
most totally unconscious condition
since her fall down a flight of steps in
der home 14 days ago. During the
time, at brief intervals, she betrayed
oy sgns a recognition of those about
her, ut never did she speak nor was
onsciousness manifested for any
Length of time. The deceased was the
ldest daughter of Capt. R. L. Bow
len and wife of Mr. George Hodges, a
well known and popular business man
f the city. She was a woman of 35
rears of age, possessed of the best
raits of womanhood and Christain
An Object Lesson.
The State says "there are many
[armers in South Carolina who see the
otton in their fields whitening and
tnown they cannot get hands enough
o pick it in time, and yet some of
these farmers are doubtless opposed
to Immigration. They still want ne
ro labor althcugh they know that the
iegro is not to be depended on or that
me is leaving or that he will not work.
Why the negro refuses the chance now
set before him need not now he con
idered but It is a fact that in certain
ections of this State negro cotton
ickers cannot be hired in sufticient
uumbers to get in the crop."
What a Negro Says.
The Philadelphia Record says a col
Ired banker in last week's convention
d New York spoiled a good deal of
lepublican cratory by declaring that
ls race had no quarrel with the white
nan; that a colored man was respect
:d in the South as elsewhere in pro
>ortion as he respected himself, and
hat he found no color line
trawn in business or finances. The
1epublicans are appealing to the
Corthern voters to save the Southern
egroes from wholesale reenslavement
nd promiscuous incineration.
Chairman Tom Taggart, of the
)emocratic national committee, says
verybody is lovely for the Democrats
:2 the West and he sees no reason why
'arker should not carry Indiana. He
Iso tells his fellow citizens in the
loosir state that New York, New
ersey, Connecticut and West Virgin
a omIn fine sha for the party.
HOME CIRCLE COLUMN. si
Crude Thoughts as They Fall from
the Editorial Pen. hE
[A column dedicated to tired moth- at
ers as they join the Home Circle at tt
More severing cf tender cords and
more wounds that never heal, result b
from the mother's death than from
any other event that can take place
in any home.
A well ordered home, where the ci
personal rights of the members of the at
houseiold are observed, well governed M
children, a Christian home-this is a at
type of Heaven. ei
More hearts pine away in secret an- w
guish, for the want of kindness from e
those who should be their comforters 01
than from any other calamity in fife. b
A word of kindness is a seed which di
when dropped by chance springs up a
There is a true enjoyment in that bl
friendship which has its sourc3 in the ei
innocence and uprightness of a true hb
heart. A sympathizing heart iinds je
an echo in si mpathizing 1o .ums that
bring back cheering music to the
spirit of the loveliest. Be all hi nor
to true friendship and may it gather
yet more fragrant blossoms from the
dew-bathed meadows of social inter
course, to spread along the toil-worn
road of life.
With all the marvelous drapery in
thought, poetry and song, the worth
of mother love has never been told.
After the zenith of physical capacity 0:
has been reached we hold onto the
shattered body with a miser grasp. h
When mother comes how we love to t]
prepare the place for her, giving her f;
the easiest chair, how we love to make ]
the way pleasant before her aged feet. 1
The little children lay the first violets o:
of spring in the withered hands, their a
compensation being a loving smile. u
Some hearts never grow old and like A
wax they are easily impressed. A look
of appreciation or a loving word Is a
worth more than rubies. 0
As this is leap year it may be time
ly to give a few hints to the young
mei. We have known young men to
meet a pretty face in a ball-room, fall 3
in love with it, marries it, goes to
housekeeping with it and boasts of
having a home and a wife to grace it. t
The chances are he has neither. He i
has been "taken in." Her pretty face
gets to be an old story, or becomes
faded and as the face was all he paid a
attention to, all he swore to honor,
love and protect, he is sick of his bar- b
gain. Another young man becomes en
amored of a fortune. He waits upon it 0
to parties and balls, weds it and calls U
it wife, carries it home, introduces it c
to his friends and says he is married a
and has a home. He is not married. t
He has no home and soon finds it out. a
If a young man would escape these S
consequences let him shun the rocks ,
upon which so many have made ship
wreck. Let him learn to look into the
mind and heart of the woman her
thinks of marrying.t
We have just been thinking about
present day '-hobbies" and they create t
within us a longing for the return of p
tpe good old days of our forefather-; e
days when callous.d hands warmly i;
clasped each other and kid gloves were c
unknown; days when at eventide the e
family gathered at the old place and p
enjoyed the pleasures of home. How iF
different now. Take the average b
family today and the servant girl is 11
usually the only one at home af ter the t
evening meal. The father has gone g
to lodge, the mother to her club, a
Jane to the music circle, Kate to the t
card party, Robert has gone down c
town for a game of billiards, Peter to a
the reading rcom. If we drop into a b1
strictly religious home, where each
member of 'the family has been b
taught to fear God and keep His comn- t
mandments, a knock at the door t
brings only the servant, who tells us s1
the family is all absent. The father a
has gone to Prayer meeting, the il
mother to drill some young ladies for u
a church concert, Thomas to a meet- a
ing of the Epworth League, Harry to *i
the Junior Endeavor, Mary to the a
Young People's meeting and Sarah to fl
the choir practice. These are the il
most worthy places for members of
family to be, but even the most t
wothy societies that take the family v
from home two-thirds of the evenings i;
of the week do not build up that solid t
Christian character that is formed ii
around the old fire-place at home. a
Unless in these matters, we return to k
the good old days of our fathers and p
parents and children are educated to is
enjoy home and made to realize that n
there is no place like "Home, Sweet ti
Home," we can expect many to fall li
by the wayside and our daughters and el
brightest boys be ruined at the very a:
thresh-hold of life. ii
WORD PAINTING OF A HOME. p
We recently visited the home of one iE
of our subscribers and we will give
you a brief description of what we
saw and heard, and see If you can.
guess whose home it was. We called ~
about the time for the evening meal sI
as we desired to see the head of the ei
household whom we knew would be ,e:
there promptly for supper-.a
Upon entering and being seated Iny
a cozy room we awaited the coming of it
the husband and father. Th'e good bl
wife kept busy at her work and as the h
kitchen door was ajar we 1.eheld a a
picture that sealed itself in memory's t]
casket. It was evident that the day ti
had been full of active work for the ti
mother. The children, too, had been g
busy before and after school, helping tl
with the house work, taking care of 01
baby and running about witn cheery at
faces and laughter that brought happy al
smiles into the mother's eyes. The it
odor of good things cooking prevaded ai
the kitchen pleasantly. The night it
was closing in and baby was sleepy tl
and he crowed and whimpered as
mother undressed him before the fire,
stretching his tiny toes to the warm
blaze. Baby was soon sleeping in his
little crib. Then the merry talk com
menced and grew brighter as the chil
dren clustered about mother-s chair. pi
The girls had set the table, the chores ai
were all done. The oldest daughter e(
had a story book ready and mother
smiled happily at the eager faces as f
she began to read to the children.
This was the happiest half hour of a
the day. Then a heavy step sounds A
outside; a hand was on the knob and
mother closed the book with an un- d
finished sentence on her lips. d
A shadow fell upon the bright faces
as a tall, stern-featured man entered p3
the kitchen. He moved heavily and vi
seemed to have the effect of subduing w;
'the light of the lamp and even the tl
blazing fire as well as the children's rc
aes rThe mother4s mouth krent its m
eet smile as she greeted him, but
e general over shadowing fell across
r eyes and brow as she placed the T
pper on the table and bowed her
ad for the long grace. Any attempt
laughter or pleasant conversaticn
at rang through the house all day, t
is checked by mother' siLft, "Hush,
ther do's not like a noise."
Do you think this father who has w
,nished joy from his household, was hl
drunkard, a rascal or heard-hearted b2
retch. He was what the world calls b
good man. Bonest, a member of ai
te church, industrious and a good t
tizen, and yet his wife who loved ti
id respected him could never be her 0
tural, cheery self. in his presence T
id his children hated to see him P
iter the household. D
Now do you know whose home this t'
s? There are many such in every
mmunity. Life is too short to be
er shadowed by gloom. Let us live
avely and cheerfully as well as in- d
istriously. When we quench the
cocent joy of childhood by a word
a frown we destroy a part of the
)rld's most precious treasures. 4
ery husdand and father should leave d
isiness cares behind him when he S
iters his home at twilight and lend
mself freely to the merriment and c
y of the Home Circle.
HOLD COTTON SURPLUS.
e Farmers' Co-operative Union $
Organized in Anderson.
With the purpose of erecting large E
are houses all over the State of i
uth Carolina in which to store sur- t
us cotton, thereby in a measure con
olling the price of the staple, a 6
armers' Co Operative union has been S
ganized in the thriving county of s
nderson, and the organization now
as on its ro:ls the names of more c
ian live hundred of the substantial q
rmers of the county. Mr. Joseph J. f
retwell president of the People's
ank of Anderson, and a business man c
large experience in the cotton E
arket, has been employed by the I
aion as its selli.7g agent. Mr. Fret
ell was in Charleston recently and c
ben seen by a reporter of the News I
ad Courier courteously .consented to I
tline the plans of the new and
tuch-talked-of organization. t
"Suppose, for instance," said Mr.
'retwell when asked to make a plain
atement, 'the world demends eleven
illon bales of cotton for consump- t
on. This much cotton is necessary
)r the filling of contracts, etc., and
rie manufactorits are obliged to have
. Now suppose thirteen million
ales are produced-there is a demand
>r only eleven million, yet thirteen a
re produced and sold. It is nothing
ut natural that the surplus should
e sold at a low price for there is lit
Le active demand for it. Now the
bject of the Farmers' Co-operative
nion recently organized in Anderson
munty, is to have warehouses erected
[ over the state or maybe the South,
> carry the surplus cotton crop, and
each county organizes, let the in
itution be known as the Farmers' 1
o-operative union, for that is what it
.Let warehouses be erected at all
e impo -tant villages whose cotton e
aceipts warrant such action, and let
a entire crop be handled through g
ese house, a selling agent being em-r
loyed by the union.
"The purpose of the organization is
Splace the farmer in an independent
osition, regulating the amount of
tton to be sold each month and
ereby controlling the price. Of
urse, it is not Intended to hold the
atire crop, but we only want that
art of the crop held for which there
little demand-in other words, we
ope to regulate the price by regulat
ig the amount sold--don't sell merely
ecause you happen to have a balet
inned, but wait till the manufacturer
eeds it. If a man is obliged to sell
> provide the necessities of life, of|
urse he is at perfect liberty to sell
t the market quotation, but if possi
le don't sell too rapidly.:
"True it is that our organization Is
ut in its Infancy and it is probable
dat we shall meet with some opposi
ton at the beginning; but we hope to.
tow what can be done in this direction
d trust that other counties will fail
line, for the more extensive the
nion,' the more effectual will be its
lion in retaining the surplus crop.
e believe Andersn county alone
ill be able to carry her surplus as
gured out by the agriculture bureau
"Personally, I do not think that
ere is a farmer in that county who
ill not be able to carry his surplus
2s year and I believe with others,
at should the whole South take this
atter in hand and regulate the
mount of cotton placed on the mar
et and, force the surplus, that the
rice can be controlled. United effort
what we desire and we think that
o man, when he realizes the impor
meea of the movement, will treat it
ghtly. Anderson county has organiz
I a union, an offce h'as been opened
ad a seller employed. We are meet
ig with gratifying reports from all
ctions of the county and believe that
e will be successful in our enter
rise."-Charleston News and Cour
Boll Weevil Eating Ant.
The secretary of agriculture has
1st approved the plan for further s
udies of the "kelep," the boll weevil
ting ant. 0. F. Cook, who discov. C
ed the ant in Guatemala, and three
sistants are now In Texas making
reparations to establish the colonies
ir the winter. Two assistants will
sent to Guatemala to observe the
abits of the ant during the coming
inter and to send more colonies if
ie latter are required. It is during
ie winter season in this country that
ie cotton cr p in Guatemala is
:own. The secretary states that of
ie 89 colonies already imported only
e has been lost and that through an
:cident. The statement that the
its have died off or have been kIl'ed,
is announced, are erroneous. The
its are vigorous and are still active
destroying boll weevils and all of
ie colonies have increased in numa
rs since they were liberated. *
Hard on Army Oficters.
That no army offcer be permitted
marry until he has first secured the s
~rmission of the Secretary of War
id satisfied that official that his in- I
me is sufficient to support himself
id family, and that he is ent'rely c
ee from debt, is the recommendation
ade by Major Gen. Henry C. Corbin, 0
jutant general, commanding the
lantic division and department of ~
.e East, which was issued at the war
PRESIDENT Rtoosevelt promIses on I
oper occasion the tariff shall be re
sed by- its friends. Just about the S
sy the friends of corruption tried I
ie abortion Investigation of the g
tenness in the ost Offic Deart
NOBoDY CLAIMD TEIK
le State Treasurer Ras Written
Checks Off of His Books.
The Columbia Sta.e says the State
easurer has fluished writing off of
Le books all old checks for which
arrants have been issued and which
tve never been presented at the
nks. The banks of the State have
Ld this money on deposit for years
id at the last sezsion of the legisla
re it was decided to write all of
Lese old claims off an' turn the
oney bick into the general fund.
ne work ha; been going on for the
st two m.,nth-i and the books have
)w been ha'atced up to date with a
tal of $152 89 writen off. Following
: the items:
Carolina National bink, check No.
54, p -yab!e to W. M1B. Sloan, and
Lted March 21, 1884. tor $3 95 (inter
, on consos 54-100 doLars a..d in
rest on defieit $3 31)
Carolina Nstional bank, check No.
320, pa ab e to Mrs C. A. Adis, and
ated Oct. 24,. 1888, for $3.00 (pen
National L-an and Excbange bank,
beck No. 153 payable t, W. B. Low
mee, and dated DEc. 29, 1887, for
2.93 (consol interest).
National Loan and Exchange bink.
beck N. 370, payale to M. A Mit
We1l, and dated Oct. 16, 18s8, fur
3.00 (pension warrant). -
South Carolina Loan and Tru t Co.,
harleston, check No. 69, piyable to
. . Johnson, and dated Sept. 11,
888, for $15,00 (pension warrants,
First Nitional Bank of Charleqton,
beck No. 903. payable to D. O'Neill
, Son, and dated July 14, 1882, for
1.59 (cou-!ol interest).
First National Bank of C':arlezton,
heck No. 1931. payable to J. E. B
loan, Eror. Hill, dated July 16, 1886,
3r $32 26 (:onso! interes').
First National Bank of Charleqton
hEck Nu. 2,000, payable to A. H.'
elin, truptf--, and dated Nov. 23,
886, for $13 49 (consol Interet).
First Na; ional Batk (.f Chirleston,
heck No. 3032, payab!e to Mrs. Sarah
1. Carr, and dated June 25, 1890, for
1.50 (consol interest).
People's National Bank of Charles
on, check No. 2349, payable to Miss
Lnn R R -bartson, and dated D-c. 23
890, for $19.50 (interest on c -nsols).
People's National Bank of Charles
on, check No. 3928, payable to B ink
f Charleston. N. B. A., and dated
)ec. 28, 1893, for $4.76 (interest on
Bank of Charleston, N. B. A., check
To. 1614, payable to Mrs. M. L Orr.
.od dated Jane 28, 1886, for $2.77
Bank of Charleston, N B. A., check
To. 26663, payable to H. E Young,
,nd dated July 6, 1889, for $39 15
Bank of Charleston, N. B. A., check
o. 3431, payable to I S remmell,
Dor., and dated Aug. 11, 1891, for
6.39 (consol interes*).
The above, amonting to $152.89,
tas been carrled to tle general fund
,nd is subject to your warrant.
Palmetto Bank and Trust Co.,
heck No. 1123, payable to Walker,
vans & Cogsweli Co., and dated Aug.
9, 1897, for $3 25 (dispensary war ,
This item has been carried back to
~redt of dispensary fund.
'or the Normal'Classes of the South
The trrstees of the South Caralina
allege have awarded the normal
cholarships. Bach of these gives
ree tuition at the c allege and gives
he holder of the scholarship $40 in
ash with which to pay his board and
ther expenses. Tnere were no ap
licants from Chester, Abbeville.
besterfield, Clarendon, E igefield,
eorget own and Berkeley counties.
ollowng Is the list of appcintments
a announced Tuesday: -
Aiken-L H. Shellhouse, Oakwood;
rames D. Redd, Oakwood.
Anderson--C. L. Watkins, Ander
Bamberg-W. F. Hiers, Ehrhardt;
eorge McKenzie, Ehrhadt.
Barnwell--M. Rt. Wills, Williston;
Beaufort-R. T. W. Roberts, Coo
awhatchie; George Crocker, Beaufort.
Charleston-Aaron J. Huffman,
Cherokee-J. R. Jefferles, Gaffney;
D, S. McKown, Mercer.
Colleton-C. J. D. Caldwell, Bells;
silis DaTreville, Walterboro.
Darlington-C. W. Stuckey, Clyde;
. A. Hatchell, Darlington; D. R.
Uackmon, Darlidgton; Howard Black
non, Darlington; Laurernce E. Lunn,
Drchester-G. K. Way, R~sses
Fairfield-J. W. Coleman, Wood
ards; H. H. S'cott, Monticello.
Florence-David C. Hill, Timmons
thie; J. D. Rollins, Florence.
GreenvleVW. E. Rector, High.
md; W. S. Miller, Gnrenville.
Greenwood-J. Moore Mars, Rileys.
Hampton-Geddes G. Dowling,
Iampt~on; J. F. Dowling, Hampton.
Horry-Willite Singleton, Haskell;
Zola B. Lewis, Gallivant's Ferry.
Kershaw-J. A. Marshall, Bethune;
helby Truesdale, Westville.
Lancaster-Willie M. Duncan, Lan
aster; 0. B. Adams, Lancaster.
Laurens-C. W. Jones, Mt. Gallag
er; . C. Burdett, Lanford Station;
mith J. Martin, Lanford Station; J
I. Sullivan, Laurens; L. E. Reeder,
ross Hill; T. V. Farrow, Fountain
nn; J. A. Willis, Rapley.
Lee-H. H. Evans, Braun; J. 3.
haw, Jr., Bishpovllle.
Lexington -B. J. Wingard, Lexing
on; C. E. Wessinger, Lexington; C.
.Shealy, Summit; C. A. Shumpert,
Marion-S. 3. Wall, Eulonia; Step
en H. Moody, Dillon.
Marlboro-J. L. Bunch, McCall; H.
Newbbery-H. L. Boulware, New.
Oconee-J. S. Harris, Townville;
V. R. Craig, Stewart.
Orangeburg-K. R. Schoenberg,
forth; Wm. Smoak, Branchville; 3.
Pickens-W. T. Earle, Central; 0.
. Freeman, Easley.
Richland-C. B. Owens, Horrell;
ee t. Rawl, Blythewood.
Saluda-C. 3. Sawyer, Big Creek;
utber B. Wheeler, -Saluda; Ira B.
Spartanburg-C. T. Rainey, Camp
bello; . B. Cash, Cherokee.
Sumter-Louis C. Bryan, Sumter;
'rauk B. Sanders, H agood.
Union-Robert Beatty, Santuc.
Williamsburg-S. A. McCullough,
York-W. H. Johnston, Clover; W.
.Hutchinson, Ro~ck Hil!; G-eo. B.
~atimer, Yorkville; Dudley C. Stur
The beneficiaries who will enter
ot their send ,year in this course
L FATAL ACCIDENT.
"en Little School Girls Are 'ufocated
in a' Vault.
ITHERS NAREOWLY ESCAPBD.
LH of the Victims Were From the
primary Grades. The Acci
dent Occurred at the
A. disp2tch from Cincinnati, Oh'o,
ays school c'osed Friday at Pleasant
lidge, seven miles north of Cincin
iati, with the first quar er of the ses
i'n when nine, possibly ten gi.ls
ere suffocated in a vault during the
orenooa recs;, and a -cire of others
2arrowly escapei the same horrible
leath. During the rest of the day
;tis suburb was wild with mingled
=e'te'ent, s-rrow and indignati )n
6nd Friday nigtt thos openly chaig
ng the calamity to official negli
;ence are making serious threats,
unong them being many women.
The large building is used for a
ligh school as well as for all lower de
partments. All the victiMis were
from ,primary grades. On opposite
ides of the spacious ground in the
rear of the school building are two
authouses. When ,recess was given
bout 30 of the smaller girls were in
the ou house assigned to them when
uddenly the flor. gave way, precipi
tating them Into the vault. This
vault is 12 feet deep and walled up
with stone like a well. There was in
it four feet of 'water that would have
been over the heads of the children
falliog in it singly, but these falling
foremost filled up the vault partially,
o that others wer- not entirely sub
Tue girls felt e'guit feet from the
fijoring and the bt.uggles, of those
who were on top kept at least nine
underneatlh uaii they were dpad
The frame s'ieds of these vaults were -
about 20 feet square without window
and only one narrow door way, so thit
only one girl escaped from the door.
She ran into the school building and
told the teachers what had happened
The principal and other teachers rsh
edtotheres'me.- The screams of the
girls were dimly heard while within
the vault and they were most of thrm
unab'e to speak when re cued. Tie
teachers were soon reinforced by the
entire population of the town, the
police and fire departments rendering
most effective service.
DRAINED THE VAULT.
The firemen drained the vault so as
to be sure that the rescue was com
Among the first to, come to-the
relief of Principal Ztmmerman were a
R.ev. I. D. Lambert of the Presbyter
ian church and Frank S. Johnson of
The Herald and Presbyter of Cincia
James Smith, aged 14, one of the
pupils climbad to the roof of the
school house, untidd the flag and ran
to the vault. By means of thia im
promptu rope several were rescued.
&Marsha'l Wood had great dimculty in
spi g the crowd back and fromn ia~
terferring with the rescuers. The Ini
portunisles of friends, especially of then
weeping mothers, were almost beyond
the-control of the offiers. Drs. U. G.
Senour and P. T. Snank, with- their
assistants, used the school building
is a hospital and a morgue until after
the dead and, the rescu..d were taken
to their hem s.
Frank S. Johnson said: "I was
standing across the street talking to
Dr. Lambert when a little girl acame
crying for help. We found Puincipal
Zimmerman saving lives. The smalle
girls were being forced to the bottom,
by the movements and terrtftc stug
clesof each other in the vault. Up the
adder climbed the little ones, drench.
-., gaping for breath and fainting as
soon as taken out Into the fresh air.
As fast as they cime within reach of
the door those who stood at the door
way reached down and lifted them
from the ladder and passe:1them out
to waiting.friends. It was not- possi
ble to go down into the vault at- first
for the reason that one would impede i
thelittle ones who were climbing out.
"Finally the last girl that could get
to the lader got out and then the-men
went in and rescued 'those who re
Win. J. Card of McCullough & Sonis
in Cincinnati had three daughters in
the placs, of .whom Cuarmian and.
Fausta lost their- lives. Rotha, the
twin sister. of Fausta,- narrowly
escaped death. When the. crowd of
girls rushed into the place Rotha was
knocked out of the door into the yard -
ust before the collapse of the fioor
Reports about the fioor having given
way last year are denied by the school
A corrected list of the deai folois:
Loretta Finke, aged 12; daughter
of Henry Fluke of the Schroth Pack
ing company, Cincinnati.
E-nma Steinkamp, aged 13; daugh
ter of John S~einkamp
AmelIa Hesse, aged 9: daughter o
Herman D. Hesse, dairyman.
Martha Buhr, aged 8, father dead;
mother, Ella Buhr.
Edna Thee, aged 10; daughter of
John Thee, blacksmitn.
Hazel Glover, aged 8, parents dead;
lived with grandmother, Mrs. Wolf.
Fausta Card, aged 11, and Onar
mian Card, aged 9; both daughters of
Win. Card of the firm of McCullough
& Sons, Cincinnati.
Lillian Withamn, aged 13; daughter
of W. A. Witbam, a farmer.
The Newberry Olnserver says the
family of Mr. Bossie Livingston of
near Pomaria came near being b~rned
up on Thursday night, the 15th in
stant. About o'clock mrs. Livingston
awoke and discovered a light in an ad
joining room. The family hurried to
the fire, and found a bureau, which
contained nearly all their clothing, in
a light blaze. With hard work tiue fire
was put out. This is said to to be the
work cf rats and matches, and should
be a caution to all to keep matches
where rats can't get to them. The
family lost the greater part of their
The bodies of Mary and Lizzie
Kerer, who lived alone on a small
farm near Bucyrus, Ohio, was found
Wednesday by section men on the
Ohio Central Railroad. The women
wrapped themselv~es in a bed spread
and laid down on the track Wednes
day night and were killed by a passeni- .
ger train. They had frequently de
clared that they were tired of the
struggle for life and wantEd to die.
are: hellhoxse, Watkins, Hairs,
Jefferics, Caldwell, Stuckey, Black
mon, Way, Coleman, Mrarshali, Jones,
Burlett, Evans, Wingard, Boulware,
Harris, Earle, R iney, McCullough
.ad Strgnr. *