Newspaper Page Text
A Speech on the Subject by Ex.
IT" WORTH READING.
He Presented His Views in a Way
Which Attracted Not a Little At
tention, and He was ApDlaud
ed Frequently by His
We publish below Ex-Senatcr Mc
LauriLS speech before the Cottor
Farmers Convention in.Columbia -last
"Ju;t a few years ago," he said.
"the f rnmers of Kansas and Nebraska
were turnirg grain to reduce a sur
plus, as we have heard recently o
burning cotton In Georgia and T.x:Ls.
For the few years past the crops ir
the west have been the largest oL
record and yet wheat is today sellinu
at nearly $1.20. the equivalent of 12
1-2 cent cotten, while oats, corn.
barley, rye and all otbr focdstuffa are
proportionately higb. There is a
striking analcgy between wheat and
cotton; they are the two great agri
culturad export crops of the United
States: more and more, the civilized
world is looking to oar country for
focd and clothing.
"It is interesting and instructive in
this crisis to find out why it is that
the wheat farmer has been able for
the past year to hold prices so high!
above the European parity. I haven't
made the comparison in some time,
but not long ago I did and while the
European farmers were getting about
-80 cents, the American farmer was
receiving about 81 per bushel. Right
across the border in Canada, wneat
was selling for much less than it wa
in Michigan. The wheat farmers
know that sooner or later Europeor
supplies will be exhausted and they
must draw on the United States.
Making due allowance for war, which
always makes provisions higher would
not answer the questien, for tba',
would mean that European price,"
should be higher than in the Unitec
"A shortage in the American crop
of 75,000,000 bushels from last year
is not 'sufficient explanation. The
great competitor of cotton is wool.
and trade iournals speak of the almost
complete failure of the wool srt p of
Australia, and it seems to me that
under the ordinary law of supply and
demand this should !)e a factor ii.
fixing the intrinsic value of cottAn.
but we fail to see the effect.
"Nature has given the cotton plan
ter a great advantage over the whea'
grower. While the south enjoys an
almost complete monopoly in the pro
dtijtion of cotton, wheat is producec
all over the world, from the Arctic to
lower temperate zones.
"There is but one answer to the
problem, the wheat farmer is organ
ized and has learned the lesson of how
to nianage his affairs on the busines
principles that govern the other in
dust ries of tne world.
"~A few years ago they were singing
him to sleep with that same old song
'ove -production,' coined by selfish
greei to -enable the privileged few tc
rob he many. He was pointed, as
you are, to the laws of supply and de
mar d--another ],pw of God that has
beer. prostituted and made to turn the
proc ucts of honest labor into the cof
- fers of those 'who toll not, neither dc
"The wheat farmers of the west re
plied to these doctrinaires. 'Away
with your devil's gospel of greed: we
donat believeit. Every grain of omn
wheat is consumed each year, and yet
we hear of famine in Ireland, India,
England and Russia; the wail of the
-hungry poor of New York, Londor
and Paris reaches our ears. There are
bread riots elsewhere, while we burr
corn and feed wheat to cattle. Y..um
economic theory is all a lie, for you
tell these millions that they starve
because there is no bread, while you
tell us that we starve because of its~
very abundance.' That is just what
is being told the cotton farmer today.
As Tom Watson said at New Orleans:
'If wem:akelno Crop, itis ruin f we
make r.crop, it is ruin, too.' It li
the devil, fellow citizens, not God,
who promulgated the creed, 'You car
and you can't, you will and you won't
you are damned if you do and you are
damned if you don't.'
"What did the wheat farmers do?
They first organized. They built
warehouses all over the west. When
the farmers can store their wheat
they get a certi~cate for this, and
they can go to any bank and .draw~
their money on it whenever needed.
He needn't force his wheat on the
market until the price is an induce
ment. The trade jtournals told as a
year and a half ago that the farmern
had passed the word around that they
wanted and intended to have .$1 per
bushel for their wheat, and in spite
of the combined efforts of the specu
lators more than a year ago wheat
went to $1 a bushel. For a few weeks
they forced the price under 90 cents.
but the farmers simply refused to sell
and today itsiquivalEnt in cotton
* would be 12 1.2 cents a pound. Even
in the far off Argentine they have
taken the cue, and tixed upon 80 cents
as the price they demand for wheat,
and at every shipping point there is a
warehouse where wheat is stored until
it brings the price. Fellow citizens,
cotton is the only prodtct in the world
where the price is fixed entirely by
the purchaser, and the man whc
makes the ar ticle has no voice in it.
You haul a load of cotton into town,
you go to a buyer; he ssays, 'Wait til:
Liverpool comes in.' In a few min
utes it is chalked up c-n the black
board, and you are told what yct
must take. Gentlemen, this coat ]
have on stayed on some merchant'i
shelf until I paid his pr ice for it. He
told me what he would take and ]
either had to pay his price or go with.
"I he coal trust, the meat trust, a!
fix ti-e price of their products and
they sen them until they get that
price Ycu may starve, you ma3
freez-, you may go naked, but you
must pay their price or go without.
"A 2l that the New Orleans pla;:
mean . is that we, the producers o:
the n at-erial that cloth is the world,
inten i now and heoceforth and for
ever to have a voice inl ising th-s
p rice of the p-oducts of our labor.
(Cheets.) To talk ab->ut the law o:
suppl! and demand to the planter is
unde1 present oonditions an insult tc
hi htelligenlce. Only a year agt
;otton that had been sod lor coa- i
umption and exCorted to Eur;pe was:
b-rrowed, rzimported into his coun
try and dumped on the mnarket. u ed
again and again. until Sully was
broken and prices given a blow from
which ti ey have never reccvered.
"The laws of supply an! demand!
Wha-. chance tave you to take advan- i
rage or the la ;s of supply and demand
when the g ivernment itself discrimi
nates against your product, when the
wheat farmer is given 25 cents a
bushel protection against wheat from
Canada and the Argentine and cotton
can be brought here free of duty and
used to depress the price of your pro
duct? Cotton is the only greatstaple
I product not protected. Wheat gets
25, corn 15, barley, oats, rye and
eoerything else have thrown ar-und
it the fostering care of tie govern
ment, while cotton is lef t to shift for
.tsef, and it is our fault. If we had
iad a dut-y of 5 cents a pound on cot
'on imports, Sully, Brown and Hayne
could have held the market until it
would have declined mater ally under
the influerce of a large cr; and this
crop would have averaged you 10 cent
"The laws of supply an i demand,
indeed: How much good are they to
you when the agricultural depart
ment spends $1 000.000 a year collect
ing accurate statistics on acreage and
conditions and before you ever get a
chance to market a bale the whole
consuming world knows to almost a
pound what you will make. What
chance did you have last fall after
the December report; In a few hcurs
cotton was below the cost of produc
"Wherever they can the benefit cf
the laws of supply and demand are
absolutply denied the cotton farmer,
while others glory in their beneficence.
Fellow citizens, the New Odleans con
vention calls upon you to organize for
self preservation. I have heard the
fneer, :Oh1 you can't get the farmers
to unite, the thing will fail.' To these
I reply the farmers of the west are
.rganized; they control the situation,
and toe s:uthern cotton planter, in
patriotism, intelligence, patient en
durance, self control and courage, is
,he peer of any man, anywhere in
this wide world. (Cheera.)
'"Will you seize the opportunity or
will you trample underfoot the ad van
tages given you by God and nature?
Let us b:gin, let us organiza for the
monopoly given us by God In the pro
duction of raw cotton; it is the first
step toward that time when within
our borders we shall spin all the cot
ton made and exporting nothing but
the tinished products make the s:cuth
rich beyond our wildest dreams.
Tiere is a fierce battle going on for
ommercial supremacy. This will
not stop with the addition of a cent
or two to the prica.of cotton; there
are issues of greater moment, it is a
dght for the supremacy of -he south
in the great industrial war -iow being
waged in this world. The watchfires
are lighted on the hilltops and the
ougle has sounded the call to arms;
.he tramp of the legions may be
-ieard from the Cape Fear to the Rio
"The convention at New Orleans
threw down the gauge of battle and
the captains of the tens and hundreds
are mustering Israel's hosts.
"I warn you that the fight will be
long, hard and bitter; if we fail it
means the world's contempt for a
people who could not use God given
,pportunities. It we succeed, 0, men,
and the sons of men, who followed
the starry cross over thebilis of Vir
giia and amid the - swamps of the
tfississippi, who rejoiced with Jack
son at Bull Run and wept with Lee at
Appomattox, it means, 0, Lord God
of battles, that thou hast reversed thy
verdict at Gettysburg and Appomat
tox, it means victory, victory for the
south without the shedding of a wi
dow's tear or the loss of a single drop
of human blood.
"Fellow citizens, the Issue was made
at New Orleans, It is Dixie avenue
against Wall street! The man who
falters and hesitates is the man who
would make a few paltry dollars, by
increasing his acreage at the expense
of his patriotic neighbor, is a coward
and a traitor to his own section and
"The New Orleans convention
found itself confronted by two pro
"First, to take care of the present
surplus of 2,000,000 bales.
"Second, to curtail the acreage of
the current year.
"Third, to find new markets by
1907, so as to put our industry on a
stable basis and prevent a recurrence
of preseot conditions;
"For the 2,000,000 bales of cotton
a pool has been formed with ample
capital to back it. If trusts are to be
the order of the day, we wiLl cease to
be the only victim, and we will have
a cotton trust, too; not a seciet, dark
lantern arrangement, but a trust
formed for self protection, in broad
open day, by the representatives of
25.000,000 people in 20 States of this
union, producing the crop upon which
the whole world relies for clothing
*"This is the most gigantic combi
ation ever dreamed of. Wbat the
reslt will be no man can tell.
"One thing is sure, if you carry it
out like every other trust It will be
effective. Refuse to sell your cotton,
but instead deposit it in a warehouse
and draw your money at the banking
agencies established by the cotton
trust, and in addition reduce your
acreage; it means that the men who
form this pool will have the consumers
and bear speculators at their mercy,
and you can dictate prices for the
next crop. Whether the power would
be abused or not is another question;
but I do say, that it makes you for
the time the complete masters of the
cotton world, and that you will have
to be consulted about the price of
your product. No one will tell you
what he will give, but will anxiously
inquire what you will take for your
"I say further, fellow citizens, that
conditions which force a whc ie people
to attempt the organization c f a trust,
which, like every other tru~st, has for
Iits object the overturning of the na
tural law of supply and demand,
brands as something false and wrong
the political and industrial conditions
under which its occurs. It presents a
problem that cries out for solution
along reasonable, natural lines. The
statesman who denies it is a fraud.
the political economist who shirks it
is a hypocrite, and the Christian who
passes it by is a traitor to his G3od
and country. As to whether such a
gigantic trust, with its millions of
members,Ucanl succeed, and its etLact
on public interests, constitute prob
lems too deep for me. There is no
other solution offered for the imme
diate situation, and it is your duty
and my duty to stand by the New Or
leans convention, and organize every
2county and precinct in the State. Tex
as and other States are thoroughly or
there when the long roll sounds, or
prove false to ali of her traditions. I
thought and said at the couvcnti'u
that the permauont sOlution of the
cotton prcblem w-uld come from tiod
ing wider markets for cotton goods.
No intelligent and concerted action
has ever been made on large scale in
"Among the 402,060,000 people of
China we cau tiiac. a ready market at
reasonable prices for all the surplus
cotton the world can produce. It has
been figuren out that the world can
use 42 600.000 balIs of cotton.
"There is anoder thing that is
being done on a co;nstantly increasirg
scale, nh! Chinese are importing yarns
from this c,.untry and weaving it into
cloth on the r hand looms, like those
our great grandmothers ased back in
s!avery days. What a tirld there Is
bere among these people, rich with
the htored up wealth of centuries
The cotton piant in China is a little
stunted thing, with almost no staple;
they can raise too many other cr,-ps
of greater value for them to make
cotton. Sell them our cotton goods
dire-ct and bring back their camphor,
hemp, spices and teas. I derived
most of my information ab ut China
from Minister Wu, and he ,aid the
south would find its salvation in the
China markets, and he should certain
Mr. McLaurin called attention to
the fact that while the merchant fixes
t'ie price on his wares and refuses to
sell until he gets a price satisfactory,
the cotton farmer must take what
ever price is uffered. He is the only
class in the world offering a cmmodi
ty for sale who has absolutely nothing
to do with the fixing nf the price of
that commodity. In 1898 when there
was a surplus crop. one firm opened a
new market in Onina and disposed of
$20,000,000 worth of manufactured
goods. He had been a member of the
committee to visit the president and
to appeal to congress. He had seen
the president Monday and had receiv
ed assurance that Mr. Roosevelt would
give the weight of his otlice to pro
moting the interests of the greatest
industry in the world. He declared
that the representatives at Washing
ton get far away from their people
sometimes until the people spank them
and teach them batter manners. This
being taken as a philosophical and
good natured acknowledgment of his
own political errors, was greeted with
laughter and applause. For the rea
son that the fepresentatives get so far
away, he argued, they should be ad
monished by just such an orgau.zation
In c nu-1ing Mr. McLaurin spoke
as ,.,aIj in refeeence to tariff re
"Why should the wheat farmer use
free twine to wrap his protected
wheat, while the cotton farmer uses
protected baggin;: to wrap his free
ctten?I He showed how the south
is discriminated azsinst in the tariff.
Eistern monopoists have schemed
cunningly to pluncer the south. Nine
ty per cent. of the imports which are
admited t competition in this coun
try are competing with prcducts of
'Let us demand that in the com
ing revision of the tariff our represen
tatives see that the south gets her
share of all that is going, that we are
recognized as an integral part of this
union, ready to share its burdens and
if need be fight its battles, but de
manding in ~return a full share of all
the benefits of national life.
"Let us organize but keep our or
ganization ot of politics. Let the
watchword be "measures not men."
I have no ccnfidence in help coming
from any po'.itical party now in exis
tence, until we are strong enough to
force It from any party that may hap
pen to be in power. A man never gets
justice until he is strong enough to
force in with a 'b'g stick.'
"The great questions with which
we are confronted have no place in
the little cabals, factions and caucus
es of political parties, for-there petty
jealousies and selfish ambition ever
outweigh the country's good. -
"In conclusion, fellow citizens, I
give you this sentiment, God bless
South Carolina; if she is right I am
with her: if she is wrong, 'bone of
my bone, flesh of my flesh, God bless
her still I am with her.' "
CBXATED A SENSATIOJ.
A New York Congressman Dares the
House to Egpel Him.
Before a big vote was taken in the
house on the shipbuilding bill Wed
nesday. Mr. Baker of New Yorz, creat
ed a sensation by offering the follow
''That while this house views with
horror the beliberate destruction of
human lire, at all times and under all
circumstances, yet It declares as rep
rehensible as was the murder of
Grand Duke Sergius it was not more
wanton than the massacre perpetrat
ed by the Russian government onTan
ury 22, when thousands of unarmed
men, women and children were butch
ered in cold blood; and that It regards
the murder of those helpless, unof
fending men, women and children as
one of the most dastardly crimes ever
perpetrated; that, in refusing to ex
press the horror of the people of this
country at that fearful time, while
asserting that both the American gov
ernment and the people view the kill
ing of Grand Duke Sergi with ab
horrence, the president has not and
does not voice the real sentiment of
the people of the United States "
In an excited manner Mr Baker
asserted that he had been told that if
he introduced the resolution, a mo
tion would be made to expel him from
the house. Rushing down the aisle
and waving the resolution In his
hand, he deposited it in -a box pro
vided for such measures, and defied
any one to make a motion to expel
''Make it now :" hie shoutE d. "Ex
pel! expel! expel! I tell you to in
troduce your motio ai to expell!"
Previous to this MIr. Baker had pro
voked considerable dissention by con
demning the president's action in
sending a message of condolence to
Wants to b'e Juadge.
A dispatch from Washington says
Rpresentative Lever tied vwith the
president Wednesday the application
of Col. John C. Haskell to be onc of
the judges of railroad court to be
created when the rsilroad rate bill be
comes law, if -.n eve: does. The appli
cation mentiors tont Col. Haskell is a
brother-in-law of Wade Hampton and
personal frier~d of Hugh Thompson,
who was marny years a friend of toe
Giood for Nofrord.
The election of Geo. E. Prince
makes tive of the -circuit judges in
S,uth Carolina graduates of Wafford
college, and one of the supreme court
judges Is also a graduate of that in
A COTTON PICKER.
A Successful Machine Frought to At
tention of Government.
The Apparat as Was Tested Near
Mcatgomcry, Alabama. The
Tests Dully Described.
A dispatch from Washington says
report. reachi: g the department of ag
ricultLre indikate that a cotton pick
ing machine which will really pick
cotton has been invented and has stood
a practical test. The patent office is
tilled with designs of cotton picking
machines that have been filed in the
past, but no entirely satisfactory re
sults have ever been attained. Last
year an apparatus designed by C. A.
Lowry, who invented the round bale
ginning machine, was brought to the
attention of the bureau of plant in
dustry of the department of agricul
ture, and the chief of that office, Pro
fessor B. T. Calloway, arranged to
have the operations of the device in
spEcted by J. F. Puggar, director of
the Alabama experiment station, and
C. H. Billingsley, an agent of the de
partment. The tests were made near
Montgomery. Mr. Billingsley's report
has reached Professor Calloway and
has been found to contain many points
of intere, t. It is as follows:
"Briefly stated, the machine con
sists of a frame on four wheels, two of
which are flanged traction or drive
wheels: a four-horsepower gasoline
engine which drives the sup
poroing wheels by means of spiocket
chain connections, thu.. cirrying the
entire machine forward at a rate which
is under the control of the operator.
The engine also drives the mechaniim
which carries the picking belts. The
essential part of the machine Is the
picking arms. There are eight of
these-one for each hand of the four
operators, whao ride on the machine
for the purpose of directing these pick
ing arms. Last, there is an engineer
to guide the machine and four men or
boys (preferably boys) to point th tips
of these p!cking arms at the open bolls
as the machine moves past the plant.
"Eich picking arm may be likened
to small tin trough closed on the sides
ani bottom and open on the top. This
trough is about 2 1-4 inches wide and
about the same deep. In its botton
runs an endless belt of cloth and rub
ber 2 inches wide and thickLy studden
with metal tacks bent upward, some
thing like the cards used in making
bats of wool and cotton. Tnese tacks
do the picking, the contact of even a
few fibers being sufficient to draw the
entire 3ontents of an open boll against
the be't; which carries the seed cotton
up 4 f -t into a receptac'e. This belt
travels at the rate of 360 feet per min
ute. The lower end of the trough has
no sides or bottom, ttus exposing
about Inches of the under side of the
studddA belt, as well as its lo*3r end
and upper side. This permits th a pIck
irg of a boll either from above or from
below or even makes possible th . pick
ing of .otton from the ground. I tried
the h.ndling of the arms and found
them so light, movable and nicely bal
anced ais to ma.ke the guiding of that
an eas:' task. .a -
"Wish cotton stems asbrittle as
those used in testing the machine, a
snall proportion of boils break off and
both burrs an~d seed cotton sts.rt up
the endless Delt. Most of these burrs
are knocked of and thrown out by a
loose email r.:ller and by a series of
wire pins in the sides of the trough
snd about hal' an inch above the out
er surf ace of t ie tacks or teeth of the
picking belt. An effective brush re
moves ahe seed cotton frr-m the endless
belt very thoroughly.
"I consider the principles on which
the machine operates- correct and
practical. In a few features it is In
an experimental stage. The cotton
grower will demand the following re
quiremnents of a cotton picker.
"1. Thoroughness of work; that is,
the picking of a largz percentage of
the total seed cotton in the field, leav
ing little adhering to the plant or on
"2 A product in p~cked seed cot
ton, not excessively..trashy or contain
ing much trash beyond the possibility
of removal of clearing machinery at
"3 Durability of const; uction, with
such simplicity and lightness as to
bring its cost within reach without
much expense for interest on the in
"4. Ezonomical operation; not re
quiring excessive labor or fuel, and no
great degree of technical skill on the
part of the chief aperator.
"5. The capacity to pick muck more
coton per day than could be picked
by field hands equal In number to the
crew required for the machine.
The conditions under wh~ch the
test were made are described by Mr.
Biliingsley as follows:
"Cotton plants: Entirely dead, near
ly all of the leaves d rpped; picked
~once before and now onl about three
and one half bolls to the plant. The
plants were small, about 20 or 22 Inch
es high, in 4 foot rows, thick In the
drill, poorly thinned so there were
many plants together In many cases.
The variety was Pet.'rin, which has
very smnall bc'lls. and. In this case,
contained a large percentage ol' Im
,mature frosted balls only partially
"Soil: Sandy or sandy loam, quite
dry, in which the machine moved
easily. In places crab grass was thick
ly entangled with the open cotton, but
this condition did not prevent satis
factory work, although increasing the
"To test the thorcughness of the
work, samples were taken of all the
seed cotton left unpicked or on the
ground on a definite number of plants.
This was done wtere the machine had
operate L, and, for comparsson, where
the usu Li hand picking had been :lone.
I found by comparisan that abou t two
to two and one-half as much cotton
was leftI behind by the macnine as by
the he nd pickers. I estimate -the
amount of trash as, perhaps, d auble
that left by a careful picker, but I
eard .ne man say that he had had
hands :o get as uuh trash as the
machin e. I think this trash wiould
all be r*am ved by the gin. It is too
early to judge as to the wearing qual
ities of the machine. The weight of
the machine, except for the eogine
and whe~els, is slight.
"The cost of operation is surnmed
up in the statemnent that four boys
can do the pics ing and one mar can
guide the machine. I think the labor
could bE had at $2 per day, or, ai the
most, 5:: 50 pex day. The cost cf the
gasoline would )e slight. I found that
the macaine me red almost exactly 333
feet per hour, i ncluding the timE lost
in' turniog and -emoving cotton frem
the receptacles. As it picks one entire
row unexer the :nachi?ne and two half
rows ('qual to two entire rows alto
area covered in one hour was nearly
one-fifth of an acne. It is possible for
the mac!ine to be uperated faster
than it was when I inspected it. Dur
ing the test sEveral counte showed
that each boy was gatherirg more
than 100 bAls per minute, or about 1
pound of seed cotton for each boy per
minute, or 60 pt-unds per hour, or 240
pounds <f seed cotton per hour for
the mact ire. Tals is estimating that
it would require 100 bolls to make a
pound, 1 ut there are many varieties
70 or 75 bolls of which will give a
The e tpartment of agriculture, of
ccurse, hi.s no interet in the matter,
beyond its general desire to do every
thing in its power to aid the farmers
of the country.
k ive Men slain.
At Pottsville, Pa., Saturday, five
men were killed and thirteen injured
in an accident on N). 2, slope of No.
1 collery, of the Lyttle operation, by
a fall of top rock while a gunboat load
ed with eighteen men on their way to
work was going down the shaft. Three
of the killed were foreigners, wbile
the other two were Americans. The
bodies were not brought to the sur
face until noon.
Henry B. Moore.
Two of the inj ured were removed to
the Pottsville hospital and although
they are badly crushed about the body
and legs, thEir injuries are not thought
to be fatal. The others were cut and
bruised and suffered from other minor
The trip preceeding the one on
which the accident occurred the "gun
boat" knocked down some timbers on
the east track. The car containing
the men struck the disarranged props
and tore others from the top of the
shaft, causing a fall of rock. The
greater part of the rock fell on the
forward end of the car, crushing the
life out of the five men seated there.
Several men jumped from the "gun
boat" when they heard the timbers
giving away and escaped almost cer
M!chael Degan, who was but slight
ly inj ired, was found lying by the side
of his brother, Dtniel, who was killed.
He said that his brother did not die
for several minutes after the fall oc
curred and that he sp.jke to him and
was answered, while both were weight
ed down with tons of rck.
Tue Wages o Sin.
A terrible tragedy was enacted I
few days ago in the office of a magis
trate at Jacksonville, Fla. Here is the
awful story as conveyed Wy an Asso.
ciated Press dispatch: Mrs Joseph H.
Freeman lies mortally wounded, hei
daughter, Miss May Brown, is dead
and City Detective W. B. Cahoon Is
seriously wounded as a result of a
shooting affray in the court room of
L L. Earris, justice of the peace,
Wednesday morning. Mrs. Freemat
had brought actio n againsc Owen E
Loadholatz, charging him with ruin
ing her daughter. The parties, of the
case had gone to the court room p: e
pared for trouble. According to wit
nesses of the tragedy, Mrs. F'reemaz
attracted Loadholdtz's attention bi
callirg his name and fired at him.
His reply was prompt and deadly. E
fired five times an'd every shot took
effect Mrs. Freeman was shot fout
times in ;he breast and her'daughter,
who had iired once, was shot in the
mouth ar.d instantly killed. Detec
tive Cabc an, who was attempting tc
disarth Ltdholdtz, was shot in the
back, evi-lently by one of the women.
Loadhold tzwas arrested and is in jail.
Joseph B r n brother of the girl wh
was kille, , arrived on the scene imme
diately after the shooting and wai
locked up for a time by order of Jus
tice Farris to prevent further trouble,
but was soon after released.
Reward For A Itascal.
Notwithstanding the fact that sc
many people have been victimized b3
rascals pretending to be representing
periodicals for which they take sub
scriptions at quite a reduced ratebut
always payable in advance-a sharpe1
got in his work here recently and se
cured the names of many subscribers
to The Saturday Evening Post, pub
lished by the Curtis company of Phil
adelphia. This Is a standard family
and fireside paper, and it requires lit
tle solicitaticn to get subscriptions.
One of those victimized here wrote tc
the company, and Wednesday received
ed the following answer: "The mar
who secured your subscription is ar
imposter, for whose arrest we have of~
fered a reward of $25. He has no an.
thority whatever to act for us, and
we are doing everything in our powei
to secure his apprehension. If you can
in any way In the future cooperate with
us in securing his conviction we will
be glad to tutn over to you the reward
of 325.-The State.
A Missing Bridegroom. -
A dispatch from Florence to The
State says last Thursday morning a
man named Dave Ballenberger came
there from R isemary, Georgetown
county, and registered with his wife
at Berry's hotel. Ballenberger bought
from Mrs. Boucheit the next day t44
worth of clothing and gave in payment
a check on the Georgetown bank. Mrs.
Bouchelt found out that Mr. Ballen
berger had no money in the George
town bank, and he was made to re
turn the goods, and Mr. Berry, hear
ing of this asised them to leave their
boarding place. Ballenberger has not
been heard of since. His wife was left
there in the city at the mercy of those
who would help her. The city council's
attention being called to the matter,
gave her money to pay her way back
to Georgetown, her home. The son
of the missing man was there Thurs
day looking for him, but so far has
heard notning of him. Ballenberger
is said to be a very goad man by those
who know him, and has lived near
Georgetown for a number of years.
He had been married married there
and was on his hridal trip when he
came to Florence.
A dispatch frm Charleston says
there is so me uneasiness among the
numerous Republican of~ceholders
in Charlesson and elsewhere in South
Carolina on aceout of the latest or
der of President Roosevelt notifying
the officeholders that they can not re
tain their federal commissions if they
occupy political 9ositions. Many of
ficeholders are afrected, chiefly State
Chairman Deas, whom many mem
bers of his party have been trying to
depose fo: some time. Collectors
Crum of Charleston, Small of B~au
fort arnd other c.,lcials are affected.
District A atorney Capers' position as
refeee and adviser to the president
and memb its of t le national commit
tee comnes in a different class and he
will not be involved in the operation
of the civi service regulations which
are about to be applied in South Car
T3KN O SXTY JIARS
In Prison MXnJor Carrington of Geor
gia for Stealing.
Major Frank De L. Carrirgton, who
has been given the remarkable sen
tence of sixty years and five days by a
co:.rt la Manila, is a native of Geor
gia, and was appointed to tl e military
academy from Georgia on ;he 1st of
September, 1874. He h;:s served
throughout his service as an. cfflier it
the First infantry, with the exe:ptior,
of the period of the Spanish war, wher
he was lieutenant colonel of the 8t
He was assigned for duty in com
mand of the battalion of Filipinc
scouts at the St. L uis eroosirion
After reaching St. Lo.uis charges wert
filed against him, and he was received
from duty there and c rdered baAk tc
the Philippines for trial. M~ajor Car
rington was entrusted with certain
funds to be expended in the cellecti D
of certain positions of the Philippine
exhibit. While on a transport en route
to this country with his scouts an
auditor discoverkd the alleged short
age. AR stated in the dispAtches,
Major Carringion made practically nc
defense, his attorneys contenting
themselves with raising the question 01
jurisdiction and other techmcal points,
and the result was his conviction or
five different counts, for each of which
he was sentenced to twelve years and
The trial was not by court martial,
but was ander the civil law of the is
lands, which is built o the old Spanis'l
law. Tae heavy sentence is said by
officials of the insular bureau to be it
keeping with the policy of the island
courts to be particularly hard upot
Americans convicted of crime, foz
moral effect upon the Filipinos. AE
Major Carrington is now 50 years old
the chances for his living out a sen
tence of sixty years cannot be said tA
be particularly good, even in the sal
ubrions surroundings in which Bilibic
prison Is situated.
Rotation of Crops.
Let not our farmers be dishearten.
ed about the price of cotton, says Mr
Charles Petty in the Pr, -gressive farm
er. This was a great country beforf
any cotton was made. It cotton neve:
gets to 12 cents again, we have thE
land, the climate and the facilities fo
making It a most prosperous and pro
gressive section of the union. Th
first step in improving the soil Is 2
wise rotation of crops. This is t N
season of the year to plan for that
There can be no ratotion witbou
small grain. This is not a clover sac
tion. Alfalfa may do well, but it wil
not be planted generally. Our farm
eis will sti.k to cotton, corp, smal
grain, peas, and in some sections t
tobacco. We consider tlz's a wis, rc
tation: Corn, with pet s planted o
s wn fi sj year; small grains followe
with peas sown broadcast or plnte
thick and cultivated the sec.ond year
cotton the third year. That will brin
back to corn again. Du-ing ths three
year period each lot of land s iould b
sub s -iled'onee or twice. It would b
better to do i every year. Such a rc
tation 'wi improve poor land an
keep up better land to a high s -ate C
production. The farmers who hav
L.een following this plan ses eral year
generally have something 1.0 s all th
year round, and if they are holdi -ir
few bales of cotto.1, they ares not s'ted
ding many tears
Boodle in Court.
At Butler, Mo., while C'srles Ke]
ly, ex-member of the St. Louis hous
of delegates, was testifying Friday I:
the t-rial of Charles Kcatz, there wa
a great stir at the door of the cour
room caused by the entrance of fly
detectives and the local express agen
with the package containing the $60,
000 boodle fund. One detective car
ried a shotgun. Tne money was pro
duced while the lawyers and detec
tives crowded about. Tne notes wer
taken out and c-unted before the jury
Kratz, 'the defendant, suddenly be
came pale and it was necessary to ad
sist him to Judge Danton's privat
room, he lost consciousness. The tria
was delayed for more than a half hou
before Kratz again entered th~e room
He trembled noticebaly as he walktet
to his accustomed seat.
At Georgetown on Monday night c
last week a sailor, Arthur L. Hare b,
name, a, mere boy of 22 ~years, corn
mitted suicide with chloroform oi
board the schooner Edgar C. Ross l
Winyab bay. From appearances
young Hare belongs to people o
means and refinement. He was wel
dressed and Dossessed an excellen
wardrobe. .He was the pet and lif
of the c:ew. Letters containing en
dearing terms in excellent composi
tion and handwriting were found 0]
his person from his father in Toronto
Canada, and his sweetheart, a Mis
Bertha Hayes of Chicago.
Fool Killer Needed.
In taking leave of Johns Hopkin
to become regius professor of medi
clne at Oxford, Dr. William O3ler de
livered an address in which he de
laed that men over 40 years of agi
are not worth much in the world and
that men over 60 are practically use
less and might as well be chloroform
ed. Dr. Osler may change his opin
Ion when he reaches his three scor'
Will Fight It Out.
The Czar has decid~d that he wil
fight It out with Japan if it takes al
summer and there is much logic in hi,
cententon that a withdrawal from
the war at this time, when RumIa':
resources are far from being exhaust
d and the military situation is by rn
means hopeless., would give the ene
mies of the government real grount
for complaint of a betrayal of thi
Made to Order.
A French newspaper asserts tha1
the trade in "artiiicial" mummies Ii
Egypt amounta every y ear to morn
than $200,000. Most of th-e up-to
"mummy factories" are in .Baly, bui
there are also a great number of then
in Germany, France and En..-land.
Jno. T. Hunt, who conducts a res
taurant in Columbia, was shbot anc
prehaps fatally wounded on Tuesda3
night week by Charley Walkar. Somu
time ago Walker was arre ;ted anc
Hunt went on his bond. W .lker not
appearing for trial the bond was for
feited and Hunt had to pay it-an
this was the origin of the. trou'ole
Gov. Hock, of Ka'nsas, he. signed
the bill providing for seper te high
schools for whites and blacks at Kan
sas City, Kansas. The wb tes da
manded seperate schools, as a result
of the stabbing of a white puil by a
FUND3 POURIit 1W.
The Oil and Fertillzr Vills tre Con
The Columbia State says the appea'
of the South Carolina~Cottou associa
tion has met with prompt responses,
and checks are now coming into the
office of the treasurer, Mr. F H. Hy
att. "You can't run an orga.nizition
on wind," said Mr. Hyatt Friday. So
after a cnsultati n with Mr. E D
Smith and Mr. F. H. W- ston he
wired a great many of the cotton
seed oil mills and textile mills in the
State. It was 6 o'clock in the after
noon before the telegraph office had
encluded sending oft the messages
and even before the last bad been
.nt the responses began to arrive.
F sllowing are some of the answers
from repre' entative pe'ple:
"Am pleased to be ab!e to assist
Fou.'"-Lewis W. Parker.
"Draw on me personally for amount
isked for P.ess the good work."
G. F. Pirrott, manager of the Lee
C ,unty Manufacturing company.
"Will contribute $25 toward the
>rganization as requested.''-Leroy
"You may draw on me for $100 as
contributicn to the Southern Cotton
association."-Frank E Taylor, Ash
,poo Fertilizir company of Charles
"We take great pleas are in contrib
uting $100 to Southern Cotton associ
ation work.-Etiwan Firtilizar com
"We gladly contribute $100 for
your cause."-Reed Fertilizer com
"The Independent Ctton 01 com
oany (,f Darlington) will cheersully
make contribution dsired"--B. K dth
"We will entribute 1150 to help
the Southorn Cotton association."
indeson Pcesphate and Oil company.
'We will contribute with pleasre
to the Sou'hern Cvtton association
Check mailei today f r amount re
quested. "-F rt Motte Oil mill.
"We are mailing you our check for
$1."-Hartsville Oil mill.
"Will send you our check for $10."
-Clinton Oil and Manufacturing com
"Draw od us for $100."-The W.
G MacMurphy campany, Char eston
"Make dreft on us for $10."-Ker
shaw 0.1 mills.
"Draw on us for $10."-Frmers'
Cotton Oil company of Brunson.
In addition to these werz. several
telegrams saying that certain mill
man agers were no' at their offices
when the messages were received, but
that the appeal of the Cotton G:ow
ers' association would receive favora
ble consideration upon the return of
the parties in charge 'of the respec
- tive properties.
I Mr. W. S. Boyster, in the absnen
of the resident manager of the F S
-yster plant gave a check for $50,
r which may be inzreased at a later
I , The Taylor manufacturiigcompany
of Columbia sa' sribed $25, and the
South Carolina Cotton Oil company,
through Mr. H. E Wels,. gave $100
SMr. Wel's gave addit.o ial ass stance
to' the cfficers of the South Carolina
Cotton ass ici tlon as did Mr. Chils o
Ipher Fitz~imat s vice president of the
S -outihern Cotton Oil company, which
ehas been asked to contribute from its
N ew York offi:es 8400 as the quota
Sfrom its mills in this Sate.
Value of the miltia.
We agree with The State that it is
a great mistake to decry the tseful
ne. s of the militia. The national con
stitution Its If assur~s rs that a well
regu'ated mili'is is "neems try to the
s teurity of a free State." In South
Carolina it is peculiirly neersstry.
Tnere are sectiot s, in the outlying por
tio: s of the State wrhere the militia Is
the sole power for lawful retraint. If
there is isorder of any sort, it is to
the lccal militia company that the
State must look for preservation of
the lives andi property of her cit:zmns.
Ia those setions without this securi
ty is has not been an unprecedented
event for the city soldiery to be called
to their assistance. The members of
these organiz ttions are no "tin sol
diers." They are, In large, serious and
patriotic men who are doing the duty
in those spais ly peopled localities for
which pclicemen are paid salaries in
the more populous centers. Any legis
lator wishing to discredit the militia
man had first better make sure that
fhe is himself as :.s.ful and patri-tic a
A Great TanneL.
A dispatch from Geneva, Switzer
land, stys the boring of the Simplon
tunnel, 1uw ith is thirteen mik s long,
we s comnpleaed Friday morning. The
accomp is iment of the engineering
feat was celebrated ina a fitting man
ner. Tne work on the tunnel, wbi ih
is the longest In the world, began live
years ago. The tunnel begirs at
B izue, Switzerland, and ends at ILela,
Italy. It rur s through the heart of
ahe Alis. The work has been most
d ficult, owing to ths fact that the
bore pass d through some of the high
st mounttins of the Alps.
-A dispatch from Indianapolis, Indi
ana, says a bill was introduced In the
Legislature of that State to prevent
whites from marrying persons having
more than one-eight Filipino blood.
"ne bill grew out of a situation at
Bloomington, where Filipino students
are attending the State university and
are fl rting with white girls. Parents
of these girls are fearful of marriages
and' have requested the passage of the
Killed His Uncle.
Tucsday evening about dark B. B.
Chavis shot and killed his uncle, Mor
gan Chavis, near the John SmIth
place, in Jefferson county Ga. There
were no eye- witnesses to the shooting.
It is thought that both of the men
were drinking to some extent. B. B.
Chavis claims he did the killing In
self-defense. Both parties concerned
moved from South Carolina to this
Don't Like Them.
A man named Nick Britton, near
'Alcolu, ficed on an automobile con
tanng Judge Benet and Lawyer P.
A. Wilcox. He protested against auto
mobiles traveling the road. B. A.
Jenkins of Sumter the driver of the
machine, dismounted and argued and
bluffed Britton into allowing the auto
mobile and its party to pass without
further molestation. Britton will pro
bably be nrosecuted.
I Killed Himself.
Col. Charle; S. Arnal, one of the
best known Insurance men in ther
south and distinguished citizen of
Atlanta, con~mitted suicide Thurs
Iday at his residence by shooting. No
reason is known for the act. He rep
resents a~ Hartford, Conn., company.
The rem-:.ins will be sent to Staun
ton, Va. Capt. Arnal's former home,
A WPR LANDLORD.
,k Good Example for Owners of Cot.
ton Lands to Follow.
The Atlant'I Jlurnal says "of th
aundreds of letters, dealng with the
totton situati~n, which iave been re
xeived by The Joirnal within the last
few weeks, few have pleased us
well as the following:
3arnesvlLe. Ga., Feb. 15, 1905.
"Editor Atlants Journal:
"I have seei many letters of eg
estion and alv!ce with refereree to
holding cotton and reducing acreage.
MXost of them are good, put Ivre
sume to offer a suggsAtio whicinI
taave adopted myself, and which I
cmmend to every landl rd In the
cotton growing states. Knowingbe
absolute ne:ecsity of holding all -0d
tononhaadfo:9 to 10 cents and re
ducing acreage from 25 to 35 par cent
and knowing that th3 average tenen
cannot reduce acreage so log as he
has to pay two biles t> the plow ran
in addition to his guano an-so
account, and probably mule ren
which must all be paid with citton,
called in my tenants - about-n days
ago and said to them that another:s
big crop of cotton would mean a pr>C
of -5 cents next fall. I told thein
that I am heartily in favor (f
plying with the reque .t made by.the
New Orleans convention to. reduse
acreage, and that- in order to enabi&
them to do so I proposed to entthe
ce'tton rent -Jst one-halI, and alle n
them to pay me one bale per m n
stead of two and the value of
other bale in corn, oats, peas ,hayor00
potatoes at the market price.
quired that they reduce their coito
acreage 33 per cent. and sow the il
land in oat; and in peas immed
after cutting oats. . My
heartily and readily accepted
propositon, and took out tot r
farms six bushels of Appleratst
'hi plow to be sown as soon ast
weather peruits. Iconfidentlally
lieve that If every landlord-w11 o
the same he will get more moveyo ,
the one bale than he would tbeC*
two bales under the old plan; and'
the same time makelis tenants mo
prosperous and happy. This
pursued indefiaitely will Imprve
lands and setrde the question of oveD.
production forever. I will put c
ton above 10 cents and keep it.
it there indefinitely. Lanord
teants will have full barns and.
houses, fat mules, horses and ' .
and money in the bank. '
"Ycusatrul , -
"J. W. STA7F&oED"
This reveals a tbooughgrasp f
situation, a genuine willingness o
operate and a knowledge of hbwto4'
ec-o.erated with the planter. verj.
landlord in the cotion country,
paste a-copy of that lettereb
Fiaas'co bo R,tWarned.
A dispatch from Washington?..
The State says great interest
manifested among -southerners
in the senate's action ina
resolution for the return ofan the
06nTederate flags to the ates
which they belong
Here are the South Carolina faj
to be returned:
Fag, numb r of regiment unkuono
by Tcirty-ninna New York, at Antl
Flag, number of regimentunkaw,;
by E ghty-second Pennsylvaniaa -
Eleventh South Carolina, insced
"Port R.oya~l, Cedar Creek :Swft
Creek, Petersburg, June 24, Weldon .
Sixteenth South Carolina. by One.
Hundredth and Fifty-seventn Penn
sylvanma, at Five Forks.
Twenty-seventh South Carolina~b
Eigt teenth Massachusetts.
B ghth South Catroulna, captured by
Gen. Sheridan's forces.
S.;uth Carolina State flag, itr-'
Flag of Sumter's Flying artilleY>
by Ouster cavalry at Appomator
Sumnter Heavy 'artillery, by F~r~
New York Lincoln Volunteer cavar~
at Sailor's Creek.
No Mixing Ba~ces.
At Richmond, Ky., Barea oeg'
was fined $1,000 for violation o the
Day law, which prohbibts the'ca
tion of the white and colored ru4
While the law is general in Iomt?
was aimed directly at Berea nole '
which has for fifry yeais condatd&
school and college for the educt.tion of
all yout~h of good moral chi racter
When the law was passed the co~ee
authorities at once declared tbieir in
tetion to abide by its provisioni
pending a decision as to its constitu
tionality. In order to raise the ques
tion a technical violation of tne iet~
was committed and on such violation,
by consent, the colleg's as a corpora
tion was Indicated. Thes college de
murred to the indictment, and ihSL
questi.)n of constitutionality was
thus raised. Briefs were dield by both
sides, Thursday Judge Benton -over
ruled the demurrer and held the law
constitutional. TJhe conviction and
fine followed, as a matter of coursej
as the college made no defense as to
SKills a Soldier.
Thomas Harris, 27 years old of Bil.
more, N. C., a corporal in the Thirty
first company, coast artillery, sta
tioned ar, Fojrt Cawell, N. C., died.
Thursday as the result of a gnshot
wound pert rating the stomach and
ificted by Sergeant Lee Kye of the
same command, on Monday night.
Kye had been aslgned to special duty
in running down the Illicit sale of
Iquor on tee government reservation
and accosted Harris in the dark, com
mnding him to halt and consider
himself under arrest. Harris, It is
said, gave the sergeant an Insolent
command in return and started to
run when the sergaant fired. The re
mains were brought Thursday en
route to the yoaing man's former
home. Kye is ur:der arrest and Maj.
Rade, in commaad of the post, Is
conducting an investigation of the
affair. _ _ _ _
A Good i:esolucien.
Here Is a Fort Bend county farm
er's resolution for this year; "I have
tried to make a barrel of money each
year and let some other fellow furnish
my living. I started with a bank ac
count on the credit side and now I
have an account on the debit side.
Therefore be it resolved, that I will
make -my own bread and mesat this
year, furnish myself, and let the bar
rell o.' money go to thunder." It would
pay our farmers generally to adopt
the above resoluti':n.
Keejre vue Money.
The suit uf Johni R. Platt, the oc
togenarian mllilonaire, to recover
$685, .00 paid by him at various times
to thea negress, Hannah Elias, has
been dismissed, the New.York court
hold me. tat It Wr ai volinrarily.