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WAR TIME iJALE
A Confederate Soldier's Escape
from Prison and Death,
WHEN THE CIVIL WAR
Was Gning On. as Told by His Daugh
ter in the Coniederate Veteran Mag
azine. He Was Under Sen
tence of Death. but Gave
Sherman the Slip.
The following interesting sketch
from the diary of the late Capt. M.
A. Miller of how he made his escape
from "Irving Blcck" prison at Mem
phis is furnished by his daughter,
Mrs. Wm. R. Vawter of Richmond.
Va. "I have one man urder senterce
of death for smuggling arms across
the lines, and I hope Mr Lincoln wili
approve it." The above is a quotation
from a letter of Gen. W. T, Sherman
to his brother John after the capture
of Memphis, Tenn. And herewith is
a sketch of how that "one man,
Capt. Matthews Amos Miller. made
his escape from prison. Capt. Miller,
was assistant city engineer of Mem
phis at the commencement of the war:
A number of the engineers and ar
chitects formed a company of sappers
and miners of which we were the oft
cers and some of our best mechanic;
the privates. This company threw
up the first works of fortificati ns on
the Mississippi river, beginning four
miles from Memphis, then at Fort
Pillow Island No. 10, 'New Madrid
and Columbus. At the latter place
*e had our first infantry fight.
Memphis was captured by Gen. Sher
man in June, 1862. At that time I
was home on sick leave, having, just
passed through a serious spell of ty
phoid fever. It was true, as stated
in Gen. Sherman's letter to his broth
er John, that the mercenary spirit of
his people enabled us t> buy anything
we wanted for gold or cotton.
When Sherman irst took possession
of Memphis he issued an order de
claring gold, medicine and salt. con
traband, and as such prohibited their
sale to our people. But his orders
were practically reversed, and we got
anything we wanted. So greedy were
they for money that they actually
sold us arms. The people with whom
we dealt were mostly camp followers
and merchants. Finding that arms
could be easily procured in this way,
and knowing our people needed them
badly, I determined to get a quantity
of them. I represented no one but
myself, and all that I purchas d were
paid for by me out of my own funds
I was the means of equipping the best
part of two companies of cavalry be
fore my operations were discr-vered by
thd enemy. It was rather diffcult to
get the arms to the southern soldiers
after I bought them, for in addition
to the gunboats, the river was closely
patrolled by picket bouats. My plan
was to put. my goods mostly sabers
and pistols, on board a skiff and carry
them over to the Arkansas side, where
the cavalry would get them.
For a month I was steadily supply
ing our soldiers with arms and .met
with no serious diffculty. But o)ne
afterncon, in the latter part of July.
my good luck deserted me. I was
carrying over two boxes of offcers'
swords, and was in the middle of the
river, when a picket boat, that I did
not see when I started out, ran upon
me,. I at once knew that danger was
ahead, and, jumping on the gunwales
of my boat, Itried to sink it; but it
was too heavy and would not "dip,"
The officer in charge of the picket
boat arrested me, and the skiffmnan
also, and took us with the two boxes
to a gunboat nearby. - Here the boxes
were opened, and as soon as the nature
of their contents was disclosed I was
at once carried to the military prison
in the "Irving Block," in the centre
of the city.
In two or three days there was a
court martial. The evidence was, of
course, conclusive, and I could make
no defence. What the verdict was I
did not learn, as it was not pronounc
ed; and it was not -until some five
weeks afterward that I became aware
of it. I was first made aware of the
seriousness of my position in a sensa
tional way. Late one afternoon in
July. 1862, a friend, a Miss Gibson,
who had been calling on me, after
glancing around cautiously turned and
whispered to me: "Captain, you are
under sentence of death, and are to be
shot at an early day. Take my ad
vice; get away from here before they
put shackles on your ankles and
wrists, for then you can do nothing."
My idea is that the offier in charge
had no authority to carry such a ver
dict into execution without the ap
proval of the president, pending
which I was kept in ignorance.
Later, the same day on which I was
told I was to die (I think it must have
been about August 13) Gen. Sherman
came into my cell, accomnpanied by
two members of his staff, whose name
I did not know. I knew the general
as soon as I saw him. He sat there
some 10 or 15 minutes talking to me.
He was very polite, but still his man
ner was positive. In the first part of
his conversation he said that I was
probably aware that the sentence of
court martial was death. I told him
I had no way of knowing, as that was
the first offcial notification of it that
I had received. As we talked on Gen.
Sherman told me that in the discharge
of his offcial duty it would be neces
sary for him to have the sentence of
the court executed, which he propos
ed to do on the Friday foliowing.
This was Moniday.
Although I knew the sentence had
been passed, it did not impress itself
on my mind as something that was
actually going to happen. Looikiug
Gen. Sherman straight in the face I
laughed, not boisterously, but in a
manner that -suggested incredulity.
The general did not resent my beba
vior, remaining perfectly silent and
courteous. One of bis staff oflizers, a,
major, spoke up curtly; saying, "Sir,
do you know whom you are address.
ng?" I replied in language quite
forcible, with the inquiry as to what
he had to do with it. Scon after the
offcers left I put my wits toi work to
arrange for an esca.pe. I had any
number of friends in the city who
were trying to help me escape. Sev
eral plans were suggested; one was
that 1 should get on the roof of the
prison, then go down through an al
joining building. It was arranged
that one night all the gas was tobe
cut off from that portion of the city,
ut the scheme failed. My wife
brought me a strong rope with which
to "scale" the walls, but I was too
closely guarded to use it (several of
the other "bo,s" did get away on it,
and I still have the rope in my poises
sion). Another night the guard on
duty was drugged, but that plan
After considerable work, I finally
succeeded in bitting on a successful
scheme. In the prison chere were, be
sides the regular guards, what were
known as "supernumeraries," whose
business it was to accompany prison
ers to varicus places in the city. I
had gotten on quite friendly terms
with one of them, a Canadian named
Redmond, who belonged to an Ohio
regiment. He did not know of my
sentence. I told him that my child
was sick, an-d I wanted him to go to
my house with me so I could see the
little one, as it was not expected to
live. This was true. The man re
plied that he, too had a wife and
children, and if they were sick he cer
tainly would like to see them, so
granted my requEst. I had sent word
to my family that I would be home
and they must make arrangements
for me to get away. It was quite easy
for me to get a message home. As
the prison fare was unfit to eat, some
of my friends always brought me my
meals; so when I got my breakfast
next morning I sent the message.
When I had been home a few min
utes, Mrs. Miller asked me if 1 would
not like to take a bath and change
my linen. She had prepared a bath in
the adjoining room. The guard took
his position at the door. The room
into which I went, after taking off my
hat coat, vest and boots, had a second
door, which Redmond could not see
from where be was standing. In the
meantime the young woman who was
nursing my child attracted the guard's
attention by showing him some hand
some pictures in a book. I was not
idle, and quickly stepped into a second
suit of clothes which my wife had pro
vided in the room in which I was bath
ing, or supposed to be bathing, for in
reality my wife was splashing the wa
ter while I was getting away. I left
the house at once. To do this I had
to jump out of a window, and to
my consternation landed right in the
middle of a company of federal caval
ry that was camped in a lot near my
house. Luckily, they took no notice
of me, and a vicious bulldog, which
came up ab.>ut that time gave me a
good excuse for breaking into a run.
I crossed the street in a hurry, acd
at a bound cleared a six-fcot fencer
which effectually hid me from view.
A. carriage was in waitirg for me in
front of my house, but in such a posi
tion as to be in plain view of the
guard. While I was crcssirg the
street I signaled the driver, an inti
mate friend of mine, who was acting
in that capacity, and by the time I
reached the alley on the other side of
the high fence he was there waiting
for me. I shall always think that
jump over the fence saved my life.
Once in the carriage, I was rapidly
driven a short distance outside of the
city, where I stopped at the house of
Judge Woodruff. I wanted to keep
on that night. There were three lines
of pickets to be passed and the judge
advised me to wait until morning,
which I did. Toe next morning my
host put a pair of navy sixes in my
hands, with these I made my way
safely south. It was a cas3 of life
and death, and I would have fought a
regiment. I rejoined the Confederates
under Gen. Hulmes. Subsequently 1
was transferred to Gen. E. Kirby
Smith's oommand, where 1 remained
until the close of the war.
Mr. Redmond was still interested
in tbe pictures, but finally said to
Mrs. Miller who had just returned to
the room, "Mrs. Miller you had bet
ter call your husband " She replied.
"He is not there.'' Mr. Redmond
said, "I did not think that of you."
My wife said, ''He is niy husband."
Mr. Redmond thought a moment, then
looking up, said, "I don't blame you.
My wife would have done the same
Redmond was suspected of having
been instrumental In aiding me to
escape; but it-was never proved against
him, for no one noticed when we went
out or paid any attention to Redmond
when he returned. The cxset hour
of my escape was not known, and the
guards were chat ged so often that it
could not be found out who was on
duty at the time. When my escape
was discovered, I had been gone sev
eral hours. The strange part of the
affair was that when Redmond was
tried one of the witnesses swore that
he saw him return with me.
At tthe time of my escape the news
papers stated that, having had access
to the city engineer's cff ee which Gen.
Sherman was using, 1 had carried off
plans of all the works around the city.
On the strength of this, a reward of
2,000 was offered for my capture.
This statement was not, however,
true; for although I was at liberty to
go in and out of the engineer's otfice
at will, I did not carry off any plans
with me. I was able, through mem
ory, to give Gen. Forrest some infor
mation as to the location of the ene
my's works, which proved of great
service to him in making his raid into
I learned after the war was over
that by the intercession of Mr. Mc
Pherson (who had been a college atnate
of mine) and some of my relatives and
prominent friends in the north, Presi
dent Lincoln was prevailed upon to
pardon me. The papers, though, were
not received until after the day upon
which I was to have been executed,
so it was lucky for me that I did not
wait for them.
A Fatal Fight.
A dispatch from Houston, Texas,
says Edward Calhoun was shot and
killed on board an incoming San An
tonia and Afansas Pass train at Wallis
Wednesday by W. T. Eldiridge of San
Antonio, Texas formerly vice presi
dent and general, manager of the Cane
Belt railroad. Calhoun is a brother- in
law of Capt. Win. Donovant, whou was
killed by Eidridge about three years
ago on a passenger train on the same
road, Eldridge was recently acquitred
of murdering Capt Donovant. The
tragedy grew out of the murder of
Donovant and subst quent attempts
made upon the life of E'.dridge. Eid
ridge was shot through the lungs by
an unknown party but recovered. Dis
sension over the control of the Can-:
Belt railroad in which Eldridge and
'onovant were jointly interested re
sulted in the killing of Donova-:t, sinlc
which time a feud~ Is said to have ex
isted between relatives of the deceas
ed and E'dridge. All of the parties are
Mfurder and Suicide.
At Richmond, Va., mentally un
balanced by ill health, Frederick W.
Hill machinist, killed his wife early
Wednesday morning and then com
mitted suicide. making orphans of
the eight children of the couple. Hill
used a revolver, and before ending his
c wn lifs attemnpted to shoot his twelve
ear-ol sn. The boywa un nninred.I
Jury Sets the Men Free Who Were
Held for Murder of Bookhard.
The Famous Eatawville Case Which
Has Attracted Much Atten
tion Ended Friday.
The trial of the five white men
charged with the murder of Keitt
Bookard at Eutawville was commenc
ed in the court of general sessions at
Orangeburg on last Wednesday and
ended Friday afternoon in an acquit
tal. The men accused of the crime
were J. H. Palmer, S. A. Eadons, An
drew Martin, Benny Martin and Pen
ny Martin. The followirg gentlemen
composd the jury: D. N. Smitb, fore
man; W. C. Brickle, G. B. Holman,
R. P. Baldwin, R. S. Willingham, E.
Grady, George R binson, C. M. Dick
son, Henry Sandel, G. T. Ayers, W.
J. Whetsell and R. H. Riley. Mr. J.
H. Gaskins was drawn on the jury,
but was taken sick and was excused.
The State and the defence exercised
great care in the selection of the jury.
There were many challenges on both
sides. The prosecution offered three
objections and the defense objected to
six of the regular panel. When the
name of A. S. Salley was ca.lled and
Judge Dantzler was catechising the
juror as to whether or not he ws in
any way interested in or connected
with the cate, Mr. Salley stated that
a friend had expressed the wish that
Mr. Salley would be drawn on the
jury so that he could vote to acquit
the defendants. Solicitor Hildebrand
smilingly accepted the juror, but the
When the regular panel had been
exhausted there were 10 jurors; the
State had offE red three objections and
the defense six. When the extra
panel of 12 jurors was called and as
sembled after about an hour, no juror
was obtained, the State had used one
of its two remaining challenges and
the defense four. Another extra panel
of 12 jurors was summoned, and from
this panel the jury was completed as
After the jury was drawn the tak
ing of testimony was commenced.
The State put up Magistrate Wiggins
and others to identify the body found
with the weight tied to it as that of
W. E. Jackson, a white man, who
conducts a store at Eutawville stated,
that among others in his store the
afternoon of July 11th were: H. C.
1l 2.ars, Andrew Martin, Benny
Martin, Adger Butler. John Palmer,
S. A. Eidons and others. They had
some packages which were left in the
store, among other things two bottles
of whiskey. He gave them permis
sion to take a drink in there.
T. S. Gelzer, a prominent merchant,
who served on the coroner's iury
stated that J. H. Palmer was on the
coroner's jury the night they went
down to the river, but did not serve
on the jury subsequently.
E. P. Winter, another merchant
and member of the jury, declared
that Palmer had been a member of
the jury the first night, but was not
Solicitor Hildebrand wanted to
brlr g out a declaration -made' by Pal
mer when the foreman of the coron
er's jury called for a private confer
ence of the jurors. The statement of
Palmer was admitted. He had said
that the jury must excuse him a min
ute as it was more than he could bear.
Peter Giobes, colored, was working
for S. A. Eadons at the time of the
Eutawville affhir. At 6 o'clock the
m:orning after the disappearance Mr.
Eidons was not up. The buggy was
out in front of the buggy house.
Tntere was a lantern, a piece of cotton
rope a foot and a half long, and a
hatchet. He stated on cross-examina
tion that Mr. Eadons was alwaya up
except when sick. At that time Bad
ons had a carbuncle, had had it for
THE HORRIBLE CRIME DESCRIBED.
Henry C. Edwards was then sworn.
The principal witness is a youth of
22, small and pale in appearance,
with sharp features but a not unat
tractive eye. He gave his evidence
in a labored manner as if he feared
that he is despised and was cautious
against being trapped.
Is a native of Orangeburg, 22 years
of age andi an orphan. Worked near
Eutawville last year for Andrew Mar
tin, a defendant, for six months. The
week bcfore July 11th he went fish
ng with the defendants, Lewis Mar
tin, Eugene Washington and Keitt
Bookard. Coming back in the wagon
he and Keitt Bookard got into a dis
pute. The negro cursed him, he
cursed back. He said he was unable
to defend himself against the negro
and the other white men were not
disposed to help him. That night
sitti~g on the piazza Andrew Martin
started the talk about having a war
rant sworn out for Keitt Bookard.
They kept on after him Sunday to
have the negro arrested because he
should not talk that way. The next
day Andrew Martin went with him to
Eutawville and had the warrant
sworn out for the arres;. of Keitt. Af
ter the trial they sent him to get
some whiskey, a quart and a pint,
some of which they drank up in Jack
son's store. The men there com
menced to talk about "putting the
negro away." The men in the crowd
were: Palmer, Ezions, Piney Mar
tin, Adger Butler, Penny Martin,
Andrew Martin and Benny Martin.
He went home early in the night
and was in bed when "Old Man"
Lewis Martin came to his window.
(Conversation not admitted ) Wit
ness then got up at 12 o'clock at
nighti and rode his mule to E itaw
yille. There he met in front of Cau
sey's rare Benny and 1'nny Martin,
about 100 feet from the public well
They said they were going for buggy.
e moved on over to the well and
there was j ined by Eadons and Pal
mer, who were talking about putting
the negro out of the way. In a few.
minutes Benny and Penny Martin
came with the buggy. Eadons said
lets get away from here. Benny got
out and picked up a piece of iron like
the grate bar placed in evidence, and
put it in the buggy and Eidons and
Pauer went to the guard house.
Benny and Penny went toward the
rod and told him to follow, which he
did. When they passed Eadons house
they were joined by Andrew, Martin,
who came out of the house and got in
the buggy with Benny and Penny.
Tecy were jai-.ed down the road by
Palmer and Eidons, who had the ne
gr~ with them in the buggy. Keitt
was handcuffed. Wnen they had
pr.ceeded to a point near the river,
about a quarter of a mile, they
stopped and E udons and Palmer and
Penny took a drink. Benny stood by
the buggy in which the negro was.
When they arrived at the river bank,
Eadons said, "We have arrived at the
ier Jord~an onr time haoe."~ l The
negro began to beg and said he would
work all his life for Eadons for noth
ing if he would let him off this time.
Keitt was made to get out of the
buggy, and Benny and Penny tied
him to the grate bar. Pa.lmer had
gone up the bank a little ways and
soon came back with a boat. Benny
got into the boat. Eadons threw
Keitt across the bow, face downward,
and Palmer made a fl!rt with the
boat when he had got out in the
stream about 25 yards. The second
time that Palmer flirted the boat wit
ness turned his back and heard a
splash. He then got on his mule and
went back to Lewis Martin's.
He stayed at Lewis Martin's until
Monday following when be went to
Charleston, having been sent at Lewis
Martin's suggestion. Lewis Martin
gave him money to go and took him
to Pregnalls in a wagon. Lewis Mar
tin gave him $15 in part payment of
cotton crop. Stayed in Charleston
from Monday to Thursday, came up to
Ridgeville and stayed with his aunt
until the next day when Mr. Pin:
Martin came and took him to Augusta
at Mr. Lewis Martin's suggesion. Pink
Martin carried him to his son's in
Augusta. Pink Martin's son got work
for E Iwards at Bugg's sawmill at Dun
barton, Barnwell county. There he
stayed until the 14th of October. He
went by the name of Allen at Dun
barton. at the suiggstion of Lewis and
Pink Martin. In October he came to
Orangeburg to see his cousin, J. R. Mc.
Cants. After seeing his relatives he
made a statement to Mr. Dimaio.
At Jackson's store, when they were
talking about putting Keitt away,
some wanted to hang him; Palmer was
one who wanted to put him in the
river. E idons and the others wanted
to hang him to a limb. They talked
about half an hour. He left Eutaw
ville to go home between 7 and 8
o'clock. Piney Martin and Adger But
ler were with him. He and Benny
Martin occupied the same room. Benny
Martin did not come home until after
the negro was put in the water.
The solicitor then led the witness
over the whole story, which was told
without any conflict of evidence. The
course taken as described by the wit.
ness was the same as that described
by Isaiah Ellis. It was a rather dark
night at the river. Nobody had a lan
tern that he saw. He got on his mule
then and rode home. Lewis Martin
gave him the money to go to Charles
ton. and put him on the train. He met
Andrew Martin in Charleston. Andrew
told him that Lewis Martin told him
to come to Ridgeville. Lewis Martin
also came to ubarleston. Mackey Mar
tin is the name of the brother in Au
gusta. He stayed there Friday night
and until noon Saturday. He paid his
railroad fare out of the $15 Andrew
owed him for his work on the farm and
had not paid him. He stated that the
reason he had come to make a state
ment to the solicitor was that he
wanted to clear his concience.
The crcss examination was conduct
E d in a very skillful manner by Mr.
Wolfe, who was unable to break the
witness down. This cross examination
waq the feature of the trial up to this
time. Mr. Wolfe endeavored by a mul
titude of questions to show that E:
wards gave himself up through fear of
the detectives and that ever since he
has been putty in the hands of Mr.
Dimalo. Tnis was a strong play, as
there is so much resentment here
against the Piakerton man. Mr. Wolfe
made the witness report the vile lan
guage applied to E-dwards by Keitt
Bookhard and he asked when he would
ever be a man. (The offensive lan
guage is such as to make the jury
think rather unkindly of a white man
to whom itn would be applied by a negrc
"i hout resentment.) On another point
Mr. Wolfe worked hard to make wit
ness declare what was the' measure
of force used by Lewis Martin to make
him get up out of bed to take part
in a lynching instead of running away
to his (E iwards') uncle who lived three
miles from Lewis Martin. As none
of his boys had gone home from Eu
tawville, how did Lewis Martin know
of the plot, asked Mr. Wolfe. Witness
denied having any conversation with
Lewis Martin between Sunday and
the night of the lynching when Lewis
Martin came to his window.
THE DEFENSE BEGINS.
The defence then introduced their
witnesses. Among the number was
Lewis Martin. He is a very large man,
white haired, 61 years of age. He has
two sons under indictment, L. Andrew
Martin and Ben F. Martin. Penny P.
Martin is a nephew and S. A. Eadons
is a relativ-e by marriage. Witness has
lived near Eutawville all of his life.
H. C. Edwards has been living around
there for about four ybars. He was
working for L. Andrew Martin, who
had a position with Kaliuski on
Young's island and was at home then
on a visit.
He declared to be "utterly false"
Edwards' statement to being called in
the night. He stated that Edwards
came to him during the day Monday
and asked about the wording of the
warrant. (Eiwards had stated that he
had not talked with Lewis Martin
He went to Charleston to see his son
Andrew and saw Ed wards but did not
advise Edwards to leave there and
chanare his name. He explained his
interest in getting. Edwards to leave
E itawville because Edwards lived in
the house with Benny and he was
afraid from threats he had heard that
the negroes in trying to hurt Edwards
might do something to Benny. S'j he
moved Benny up to his own house and
sent Edwards away, as the latter was
an orphan and his mother in the asy
lum, the old man declared naively. He
paid Edwards $15 on his crop but the
crop did not bring that much. He told
on cross-examination that he went to
Charleston to see his son Andrew on
private business, although Andrew
had been at home just the week be
fore. D:.nid saying to Dr. Gilmore at
Holly Hill that somebody's neck would
Mrs. Carrie E. Eadons, wife of one
of the defendants and aunt of two
others, was next sworn. She remem
bred the 11th of last July because of
te disappearance of Keitt Bookhard,
whom Mr. Eadons had arrested that
afternoun. Andrew Martin came to
supper with Eadons. The latter carried
supper to the prisoner. Eadons went
to bed in the room in which she was
sleeping. Her daughter, Mrs. Coleman,
wa in the same room with a sick baby.
FE cdons was suff :rlieg with a carbuncle
and while giving m-dicine to the baby
she poulticed E Ldon's neck several
times. At 3 o'clock she woke him so
tuat he could go to Moncks Corner
with the prisoner.
He was not out of the house all
night except to get up at 3 o'clock.
He went to the guard house in a bug
y and was gone about half an hour.
He had gone to Moncks Corner lots of
times and always left at 3 a. in., for
it is a 60 mile drive.
Andrew Martin slept at her house
that night. He was up until nearly
12 o'clock playing games in the parlor
and +.hen went to bed and slept in the
front room adjoining her room. An
drew was to go to Monck's Corner
with Eadons and she rapped on his
door to wake him up. When Eadons
came back from the guard house he
took off his shoes and coat and laid
down across the bed. Andrew Mar
tin went back to her house in com
pany with Mr. Jeff D. Wiggins and
Mr. Coleman to get her statement as
to Eadons' whereabouts the night of
the 11th. She had not seen any writ
ten statement. Mrs. Eadons has a
good face and her evidence made a
Mrs. L. A. Coleman, daughter of
Mrs. Eadons, corroborated the testi
mony of her mother as to the time her
father was called and his return to
the house. N o other buggies passed
there that night. If there had been
anypzssing she would have beard it.
Miss Maud Owens of Manning was
at Mr. E Ldons' the night of July 11th.
She also corroborated the testimony
of Mrs. Eadons. She is a neice of Mr.
Eadons. Between 2 and 3 o'clock
she went out to get peach leaves with
which Mrs. E.dons was to make a
poultice. Mr. Eadons was in the bed
Mrs. J. H. Palmer, wife of one of
the defendants, tVstified that her
husband, who was town marshal came
in that night about 7 o'clock and
went out again on duty. He came in
between 9 and 10 oclock and did not
leave the house until Eadons came
for him about 3 o'clock, for she heard
the clock strike. She testified that
he was gone not half an hour. She
said that after Palmer's arrest Dima
io had come to her house and had
said that he wanted to say something
in her husband's behalf, but she de
clined to say anything to him. She
had been married just one year to the
day that her husband was arrested.
On cross examination she denied
having berated Mr. Palmer in Weath
erford's store for being out so late at
night and that he had replied that he
had been tishing. She stated that
her mother was at her home on that
day and she did .not leave the house.
She said it was customary for Palmer
to go with Eidons to the guard house
when the latter had a prisoner in
there to be taken to the county jail.
Mrs. Luella Martin, wife of Penny
Martin, was next sworn. She swore
that she was living at Eutawyille and
her husband was at home all night
after having come in at 8 o'clocb
f or his supper. She went to bed
about 12 o'clock. Her mother slept
in the adjoining room. Her husband
could not have gone out that night,
for she was awake nearly all night.
Her husband has been away five
months andt she has had to depend
upon her father for support.
Mrs. Katherine Martin, mother o
Mrs. Luella Martin, corroberated the
testimony of her daughter as to Pen
ny Martin's whereabouts. She is a
sister of Lewti Martin.
Mrs. S. C. Marin lives about five
miles from ERawville. She is the
wife of Piney Martin, who was at
home plowing all day until late in the
afternoon, when he went to Eu.naw
vIlle. Came home that night about
8 o'clock. Bannie Martin and H. C.
Edwards spent the night at her
house. They came together at 1
o'clockr. The two stayed in bachelor's
quarters just across a little branch,
and stayed at her house almost as
often as they did at their home. Ben
ny Martin was drinking a little, just
enough to make him sleep good. El
wards wa& horribly drunk and she
could hear him vomiting in the ad
joining room. They had breakfast a
little aftor sunrise and Edwards conid
eat nothing, drank a cup of coffee,
Piney Martin corroborated the testi
mony of his wife.
C. H. McCants of Charleston, a
first cousin of Edwards, said that they
have always been friends. He and
L. A. R >ok met E lwards at the cor
ner of Line and King streets. He
swore that Edwards had told himz
tihat he knew nothing about how
Kett Bockard came to his death.
This was a direct contradiction of Ed.
ward's testimony, the first and only
contradiction. L. A. Rook was call
ed to verify Mc~ant's story but Rock
did not answer.
After the testimony was concluded
speeches were made for the defence
by Messrs. Baysor, Dennis, Wolfe and
Haynes and by Solicitor Hildebrand
for the State.
Tne charge to the jury was then
delibered by Judge Dantzler. He ap
pealed for the jurors to rise above any
prejudice and to arrive at a verdict
upon the evidence. His charge was
that of a high-minded man and con
scientious jurist, and made a marked
impression. A little after five o'clock
the jury, after being out sixteen min
utes, returned a verdict of not guilty
and the defendants were discharged.
STABBED TO DEATH.
A Prosperous Sumter County Farmer
.Killed by His Tenant.
A dispatch from Sumter to The
State says Colclough Stokes, negro,
cut and stabbed Capt. David D. Wells
of Tindall more than 20 times Eriday
about 1 o'clock. Capt. Wells died from
his wounds. The negro used a dull,
hawk bill, one-bladed barlow knife.
The first cut began at the right temple
and went down to the throat. The
next began on the left side of the
throat and went around nearly to the
right ear, severing the gutteral and
and jugular vein; then down the scalp
of the head from the back. T wo bad
slashes were made on the left hand.
The victim rell on his face and the
negro jumped on the dying man's
back and plunged the knife more than
three times into his back, six times
in a space no larger than a man's
hand into his lungs, at the same time
severing three ribs from the back
bone. The negro and his wife occupied
onebalf of Capt. Wells' dwelling, it
being a double pen house, divided by
a hallway. This is where the fight be
Stokes. it is said, had a bad reputa
tion. He was under indictment for
disposing of property under lien, and
Capt Wells went on his bond and took
him int o his employ. The negroe's wife
kept house and cooked for -Capt.
Tne dispute arose abaut some do
mestic trouble and, it is said, Capt.
Wells threatened to withdraw his bond
and turn the negro over to the county.
Then the fight began.
The negro was captured this side of
Tn-ial by Magistrate Ingram and a
posse. He claimed that he was on his
way to Sumter to surrender. He is
nw in jail. Capt. Wells was about
45 years of age and unmarried. He was
a very thrifty and prosperous farmer,
owning a large number of acres of
land. He was worth about 825,000.
Tum~ St. Paul Daily Globe has sus
pended publication. The Globe was
a "democratic" organ that almtst in
variably supported republican poli
TAGS NOT USER
Many ot Them Bought and Scatter
in the 'ars.
That Is the Charge Made in Many
Letters to the Secrecary of the
A dispatch from Atlanta says addi
tional letters received by the South
ern Cotton association show that the
fertilizer tags, the sale of which has
been reported in large quantities of
late, are being scattered over the
country by putting them In Zars in
which fertilizers are shipped and by
placing two, three, four and five tags
on each sack of fertflizer. These
letters are from people who are ac
quainted with the situation and who
have seen these things with their
own eyes. This wholesale distribu
tion of tags is not cor fined to any one
section or State, but extends through
out the whole cotton growing belt.
The following are some of the letters:
W. P. Gaffney, LaGrange, Ga.: I
notice that much has been said re
garding guano tags that have been
sold. Did you ever stop to think that
the tags may have been sold, but not
the guano? I have been investiga
ting Troup county and find more
guano on hand than last year by sev
eral thousand tons. LaGrange Is
heavily overstocked as I heard several
parties who know say ChIpley has not
sold to date more than 25 to 30 per
cent. of last Iear. West Point and
Hogansville are way behind last year.
This probably explains the guano
question-that tags have been sold,
but not the actual guano. I know
my section around Troup factory has
reduced both acreage and guano and
am loath to believe that every section
of the county and State will not dc
.Tohn G. Key, Welsh, Ala.: Cotton
acreage here (Chambers county) un
doubtedly reduced about 20 per cent.
and fertilizers under cotton reduced
30 per cent. More corn planted and
more fertilizer used under it than
heretofore. It is also a notorious fact
that %housands of unused tags are In
fertilizer cars in bundles, 'bis in ad
dition t> those on the sacks. One
small dealer.says he has half a bushel.
Two other dealers whom I have heard
upon this matter make the same re
ports. There is fraud or collusiot
W. H. King, Weston, Ga.: You will
please find enclcsed fertilizer tags that
were sent here loose in car. You will
notice that they have not been sepa
rated or broken loose. These tags are
extra ones, besides all the bagi baing
properly tagged. Other people are
naving cars shipped in same condi.
tion. Seems that lots of tags ari
being used besides those that are re
G. W. Everette, Lumpkin, Ga.
The big increase in the sales of guant
tags may be accounted for in a ver.
different manner, and an unexpectec
one, as well as unusual. There have
been several cars received here it
which there were several hundreds o:
tags other than those attached to thi
sacks--some In bundles of 50s, somi
in boxes and many scattered abou1
loose in the car. This to me Is some
thing new and startling. There Is n<
use to read between the lines to find
cause. There is something dead uj
G. H. Laramore, Leesburg, Ga.
Mr. Jordan, I think that the guant
tags that are claimed to have beer
sold ought to be looked Into. Mr.
Tomp McDonald, at Su'uter City Ga.
found 25,000 tags mn one of his sack:
of guano. The same is reported lx
DeSoto, Ga., in my home town,
What is more shameful than thai
every effort Is made to keep the pooi
farmer down? If it can't he donE
honestly they .will dc It anyway.
F. W. Traylore, White Oak, S. C.
Tne reduction in the cotton acreage
is far greater in the, country than thE
man sitting on a dry goods box In
town Is aware. Now, as to commer
cial manure: In this section there
has been less bought and less used In
the cotton crop of 1905. Lots of guanc
has been and will be used until corn
planting and working Is over.
G. C. Williams, Empire. Ga.: Now,
Mr. Jordan, ab ut the tags: Mr.
Horsford said there were 390 or 400 to
come to Empire loose in a car and had
never been on a sack; and It was said
that one half peck of them came to
Dubois In a car and some came to
Yonker, four and one half miles from
F. B. Doyle, Bowersville, Ga.: A
very large number of tags can he ac~
counted for on account of unsold
guano now In hands of dealers, and
most of it will remain unsold for this
season. The sales for April this year
will be lighter than any year which I
have been In the business. It Is no
exaggeration to say that there are not
less than 7000 tons of guano between
Toccoa and Elberta now stored In
warehouses that will not be sold this
season. I know of three loaded cars
right here at Bowersville that dealers
are trying to get tbe company to take
back. I have sold 20 per cent. less
than last year, and believe that this
has not been exceeded by any other
dealer. The sales of guano here are
less than last year, it don't matter
wha't the bear crowd say, and there Is
gong to be more carried over than
H. Y. Brooke, Luverne, Ala.: T. W.
Shows, Luverne, Ala , Informed me
that all the cars he has received con
taned a number of loose tags in ad
dition to those on the sacks. L. C.
Williams, Sr., of Luverne. Ala.,
bought a carload of fertilizer, every
sack of which contained two tags. G.I
W. Bowen, of Mo~orefield, Ala., writes
me that a carload of fertilizer came to
his place with sIx tags to the sack.
At Union Springs, Mr. J. M. B 1ls
showed me 150 tags that were picked
up loose in a car of fertilizers, and he
aded that he had a bushel b aket of
them In his office which came In the
same manner. These cases come from
different portions of the State and
lead me to believe tbat the pra cice is
general. Last in Marca the Virgin
ia-Carolina Cnemical company pur
chased 55,000 tags; this year they pur
chased 150,000 tags for Alabama. Last
year they could not get their stuff
hauled by the railroads, this year
they buy nearly three times as many
tags. How is that for trying to rob
S. H. Christopher, Buena Vista,
Ga.: A gentleman told me that some
where in his travels he had noticed a
large number of loose tags scattered
promiscuously on the floor of cars. I
was talking to a representative of the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical company
a few days ago, and he says the on
put from that concern In Georgia will
fall far short of last season. My in
dividual guano bill will be about 1-3
less than last seasdn, and nine out of
te farers 'wil tell you that they
have made a cut both as to cotton
acreage and guano.
Hon. 0. B. Stevens, In an inter
view on April 27Lh, says: 'If we are
to judge by the sale of tags, it seems
that the farmers have not decreased
their purchases of commercial fertili
zers. Reports, however, come to this
office to the effect that a considerable
amount of the fertilizers shipped out
have not yet been sold, and may be
left on the hands of the agents. We
-re also informed by letter from many
sources and conversations with per
sons representing every section of the
State that a much greater percentage
of fertilizers than ever before is being
applied to crops other than cotton,
and that the farmers are standing by
their pledge to reduce the cotton acre
CONVICTED OF CONSPIRACY.
Tried to Break Up a Picnic at Laurel
The whsle time of the Court of
General Sessions was occupied on
Monday with the trial of A. B. Ama
ker, J. B. Amaker, Cleveland Hooker,
William Jamison and James McLeod
charged with conspiracy. The three
first named defendants are white meri
and the other two are negroes. Thi
case has excited corsiderable interest,
and the verdict of 'uilty, which wa
reached late Monday afternoon, will
be generally approved by all who are
at all familiar with the circumstance.
leading up to the arrest and convio
tion of the defendants.
On the Saturday before Easter Sun
day there was a neighborhood picnic
at Laurel Bay, alanding on the Nortl
Edisto River, a few miles above thih
city. Early In the afternoon it h
charged that the defendants went t<
the picnic grounds and Intentionall3
created a disturl.ance that broke u;
the picnic party. There was a fight,
a pistol and a knife were drawn, ac
cording to the testimony, and on
young man was knocked senseless witt
a boat paddle. It is claimed that th
three white men carried the negroea
to the picnic for trouble, and wher
the negroes had gotten in a row' on
of the white men drew his pistol an(
demanded that he be not interferec
The charge upon which the eefend
ants were tried and convicted wa
criminal conspiracy. A large numbe
of witnesses were examined on boti
sides. The defendants were ably de
fended by, Gen. Jas. F. Iziar anc
Messrs Wolfe & Berry, of the Orange
burg bar, and fjrmer State Senato
W. H Snarpe, of the Lexington bar
In the indictment that was passe<
upon by the grand .jury B Lee J ffcoa
was named as one of the defendants
but, upon a showing made by Han
Abial Lathrop, who represented Jeff
coat, that his client had nothing.to di
with the row at Laurel Bay, Solicito
Hildebrand consented to a nolle prose
qui being entered as to Jeffcoat befor
the trial was entered into.
The case was ably handled on bot]
'sides. Solicitor Hildebrand Is said
by those who heard him, to have mad
one of the best speeches ever heard 11
the courthouse here in a simf~ar case
The lawyers- for the defence also mad'
able speeches, and when the jury re
aired it was a sheer gusss as to wha1
the verdict would be-The jury wh'c1
was composed of good men, after be
ing out a short time returned a ver
dict of guiltyas toall five of the de
fendants. The verdict seemed to be
great surprise to the defendants ani
their lawyers, as they hoped for ai
acquittal or a mistrial. A motion wa
made for a new trial, arguments beini
made by Messrs Wolfe and Sharpe fo:
the motion. Solicitor Hildebrand di<
not think a reply necessary and mad<
none. He was right, becanSe Judgi
Dantzler promptly refused the mo
tion, and ordered Sheriff Dukes t4
commit the defendants to jail pendini
-A. B. Amaker, J. B. Amaker an
Cleveland Hooker, the three whit4
men, had never been in jail as the'
were out on bond, but William Jami
son and James McLeod, the negro de
fendants, have been in jail ever sinc4
they were arrested, but as soon as
Judge Daintzler refused the new trial
they were all locked up in jail. JudgE
Dantzler was requested to sentencE
the defendants at once, but he de
clined to do so, saying he wished tc
give some thoughti to the matter 01
their punishment. He said, however,
teat the crime for which these nienhbac
been convicted was one that deserved
severe punishment, and that he was
disposed to make an example of them.
On Tuesday afternoon the prisoners
were brought into court and sen
tenced as follows: A. B. Amaker, J.
B. Amaker, Cleveland Hooker, white
defendants, two years at hard laboi
in the penitentiary, William Jamison
and James McLeod, colored, 18 months
in the penitentiary at hard labor.-Or
angeburg Times and Democrat.
Two Killed in Wreck.
A dispatch from Union to The
State says late Wednesday afternoon as
the passenger train on the Lockhart
railroad was rounding a sharp curve
about one and one-half miles from
Lockhart, going at a moderate rate of
speed, the tracks spread and the en
gine and tender were completely over
turned. The terrible ahock of the ac
cident was In but a short time suc
ceeded in those who were uninjured by
the desire to rescue and relieve those
under the wreck.
Their search soon showed that the
casualties were: Killed.
B. T. Hollaman, fireman, of Gor
gla, died instantly.
Richard H. Wilburn, aged 18, a pas
senger, caught under the engine and
scalded so terribly that he died within
injured: Ed ward McChesney, engi
neer, hurt internially, may die.
Mrs. J. H. Wilburn, the mother of
the young man who was killed, is at
Union under a physician's care for a
week and the terrible news Wednesday
night completely prn'etrated her.
Misus Fitz Strack it kRich.
M:ss Francis Fitz, who left Boeton,
Mass , five years ago and went with a
party to Alaska sent out by a New
York send-cate, has returned to her
home In Medford with a fortune esti
mated at over $500,000. She ha
been United States deputy recorder,
owner of a newspaper, keeper of an
Insane woman, land stairer, hind
owner, mine owner, and is now at the
head of a big mining company
State Equitable Policy.
Emil H. Neumer, a clerk employed,
by the Equitable Life Assurance so
iety, and Thomas Lobley, Jr., have
been arrested charged with compli
ity with Samuel Lobley, who was
aken into custody at Spragueville,
Penn., a few days ago, charged with
fraudulently obtaining a $27,000 loan
n a policy which is alleged to have
heen stolen from the societys vaults.
WBATHEE AND CROPS.
Complete Review of the Crop Situs
tion in South Carolina.
Section Director Bauer Wednesday
issued his weather and crop report as
The temperiture during the week
ending Morday, May 8th, was much
above normal, aild the daily maximum
ranged generally above 80 degrees
during the last half of the week; the
night t:nperatures were also slightly
above normal. Th1e precipitation was
heavy, lin many places excessive, and
damaged lands by erosion and flood
ing. Farm-work was impracticable
during the greater part of the week,
as the lands were too wet to plow,
plant or cultivate. The prevailing
high temperature and copious rainfll
caused crops of all kinds to grow rap
idly, and were particularly favorable
on small grain and truck crops, and
for transplanting. Many felds have
become foul with grass and weeds and
stand in urgent need of work, this be
ing especially true of early planted
corn and cotton; though much early
corn has received its first cultivation.
Corn has good stands as a rule, but
bud and cut wcrms are thinning>
stands on low lands; some corn is trin
ing yellow from too much rain.
Cotton planting is not finished In
the western parts, though Practically
finished in the central and eastern
counties, except on bottom or low
lands that have been too wet recently
to plant. Stands vary greatly, being
generally good for that planted since
the April killing frost, and very poor
for the early plantings, much of which
is being replanted. Some being re
planted on account of cut worms, and
some on account of being too foul to
rid of grass and wee/s. Some cotton.
has been chopped.
Tobacco transplanting Is about fin
ished, aud is doing well generally,
though grasshappers and cut worms
have damaged stands locally.
There has been a marked improve- -
ment in oats, which is quite promi.
ing. Wheat Is not doirg so well on
account of the Hessian fly and sodhe
rast. Truck crops and gardens have
improved rapidly, though melons are
still poor. The weather was favorable
for rice. Peaches are dropping In the
eastern and southern counties, with"
enough left to make a good cropIn
k the western counties the fruit pros-..
- pects are very poor; apple and per.
I trees are blighting badly. Pastures
are fine. The shipftents of beans
r peas and strawberries are heavy.
California To'mato Story.
Throughout the winter months,
when easterners were crouchin abut
their fires and shivering, and nature
growths were either asleep or fro e:
stiff with the cold, F. J. Batcs, of
Pasedena, Cal., was in his garden
climbing an 18 foot ladder to gather
his various crops of tomatoes. He:
has three plants which have readhed
a length of 30 feet. The seeds wer
planted in May, and three months
from thattimethey bad climbed to
the top of a 20Ofoot trellis. When
they reached this remarkable heighk
-they waved their flower tanneld.
heads wonderingly, then turned.
around and grew backward until they
have attained a length of 30 feet.
-They have had no especial care or
cultivation, andlbavejlad. no protec
tion from the weather, yet,~in spite7
of every disadvantage, they have
kept on growing and fraiting. in the.
most astonishing fashion. T he
trunks of these vines are one and a
quarter inches in diameter. The fo
liagelis thick and luxuriant, and air
all times blossoms, green fruit and
ripe fruit can be seen on the. vines.
Enormous q antities of tomaenoe
have been picked from thesesthree
plants. The fruit Is of unusual siza
and has an extraordinary fine flavor
A Drunken Engineer.
A dispatch from St. Matthews to
The State says on Tuesday nightrof
last week -several residents of thatT
town boarded the Sduthern's traIt
from Charleston to Columbia at 0:
angeburg and It was not long before
it became evident that something was
wrong, by the lurching and sudden
jarring movements of the train. Oa -
reaching St. Matthews the enginee-r
was found to be almnst helplessly
drunk. The conductor, Capt. Murray,
who was In charge of the train, had
the engineer removed to the baggage
car and wired to the authorities for an
engineer to carry the train to Colum
bia. An engineer was sent from
Branchville to take the train on and
meanwhile the many basngr ad
a tires->me wait. Among the passen
gers were several, prominent men.
This of course, is a very serious mnaa
ter and the penalty under the rules of
the railroad is Instant dismissal for
the offending engineer. A pathetic
feature of the case Is that the engt
neer in question is said to be one of
oldest in the service and has made an
The Largest Book and Map.
The largest book inr the world Is in
the British museum. It is an atlas
measuring 5 feet 10 inches by 3 feet
2 inches and weighing close upon two
hundred weight. The largest map In
the world Is the ordinance survey map.
of E ;g and, whic'i convers over 108,
000 sneets. In its preparation It 0ost
.?200,000 a year for twenty years.
Iue scale varies from ten feet to one
tenth of an inch to the mile. Taie
details are so minute that maps hav
ing a scale of twenty-five inches
"snow every hedge, fence. wall, build
ing and even every Isolated tree in
the country. The plans indicate n >b
only the exact shape of every build
ing, but every porch, area, doorstep,
lamp post, railway and fire olug."
Horde of tmmzgrane.
On twenty-two steamships arriving
in New York last week from Great
Biitain and the continent Is the big
gest crowd of emigrants ever sche~d
uled to enter during such a period of
time. The horde numbers nearig
F2.5 000. Figures for the past week
were close to 22,000, showing that the
rush has kept up for a longer period
than ever before, and It Is likely th,.t
the total Immigration for the spring
has far exceeded any previous year.
It Was ".Bibcuic Morning."
The cadet mess ball of the Virginia
Military institute was destroyed by
fire at 4 o'clock Thursday morning.
The building was a large stone stru3
ture, used as a dining hail and for of
flee purposes by the authorities of the
institute. Nothing was saved from
the building, which was completeiy'
gutted by the fiames. It Is part'y
covered by Insurance. The only re
great expressed by the cadets ovemr
'their loss was that the hail burned
donm on "Miacn t morning."