Newspaper Page Text
Two White Men and Three Ne=
groes Said to be Killed.
COMMUNITY IN ARMS.
Burrell McLane is Killed and His Son
Seriously Wounded by Negro Em
ployees- on His Piantation at
Turner, Aiken County. A
Lynching is Feared.
The Augusta Herald says according
to numerous reports received in Au
gusta M.nday morning a race riot was
started-at Turner, S. C., a small set
tlement in Aiken county, Sunday night
in which a prominent farmer was kill
ed, his son seriously wounded and
three negroes either killed ur wounded.
The death and injury of the two white
men has been conirmed and the sheriff
of Aiken county wired to from Turner
to come at once and organize a posse.
The infortnation received from the
vicinity of Tarner-which has no tele
phone or telegraph connectiin-is that
J. B. McLane, better-known as Bar
rell McLane, the largest planter in
the little settlement, was shot to death
by Dave' Gardenheigh and his son,
both negroes, while one of Mr. Mc
Lane's sons was severely wounded hav
ing the whole back of one leg shot
away. A party of some 75 or 100 men
was formed and started in search of
the negroes, who made their escape,
with the determination to lynch
Telephone comiunication with the
office of Sheriff Rtinborn, of Aiken, is
to the effeft that serious trouble has
been reported there, but none of the
details given. Monday morning Sheriff
Rainborn received a telegram urging
him to come to Ellenton at once and
organize a posse to scour the country.
The sheriff left immediately for Au
gusta to take the 2:25 train from
there to Ellenton, the nearest station
The story, as gathered from various
-sources over the telephone, in the
vicinity of Turner, and from passeng
ers coming to Augusta on the morn
ing train, is that the negro Garden
heigh, who lives on the MoLane place,
had stolen a child from a negro wo
man living on a neigboring place and
was ordered by Mr. McLane to return
it, but did not do so. Sunday after
noon Mr. McLne went to the negro
and ordered him to take the child
back or he would have it taken away
from the negro.
At this point the information ob
tainable is rather meagre, but to the
effect that there were words between
the employer and the negro employe
and later in the afternoon Mr. Mc
Lane and his son-which one of -e
three sons cannot be learned-went
the house of the negro to see that the
order had been carried out. They
found several other negroes at the
place. It seems that an altercation
was started by the negroes, when
Gardenheigh and his s:yn rushed upon
Mr. McLane and his son, both of them
firing a load of shot into the elder
Mr. MELine, killing him instantly.
The younger McLane was then !!red
upon, the calf of his leg being shot
away. but who fired the shot is not
known. From reports It appears that
the two white men fired upon the
negroes, killing one cf them and
wounding three others, but it appears
that the elder Gardenheigh made hi,
escape with some of his companions
and it is for them that the party of
white people are ssarching with the
determination of carrying out a
It appears from the report received
in Aiken that excitement is running
- high throughout the community and
further trouble is feared from the
negroes. Coroner 0 vens, of Ai d
called at The Herald office Mondia3
afternoon to get some information
bearing on the riot. He said the only
information Sheriff Raeinborn has is a
telegram asking that the sheriff and
coroner come at once to Turner,
stating that Burrell McLane had been
.killed in a riot and the whole white
community is in arms. Mr. Owens
says Sheriff Raiborn is taking a po3se
of half a dozen men from Aiken wit:
A DIFFERF3T STORY.
A dispatch from Aiken puts a new
phase on the affair near Ellenton Sun
day. The coroner's inquest over the
body of Burrell McClaine, who was
shot by Dave Gardenhier, brought out
the fact-that Mc~laine went armed
and without warrant to the negro's
house and demanded to be given the
child in dispute. Gardenhier refused
the demand and McClaine shot into
the house. The rnegro returned the
fire, killed McClaine and injured
others. It is expected that Garden
hier will surrender to the sheriff of
Death or an Editor.
Beriah Wilkins, owner and publish-.
er of the Washington Post and former- 1
ly representative In .congress from s
Ohio, died suddenly Wednesday of f
heart failure at his residence in Wash.
ington, D. C. Since he suffered a r
stroke of paralysis two years ag~ i:
while on a visit to New York, Mr. n
Wilkins had given his entire atten- t
tion to the recovery of his health. e
He had not been confined to his bed~
for some months and no immediate e
anticipation of his serious condition t
- Insects Kill Little Boy. y
At Atlanta, Ga , a mosquito bite' a
received several weeks ago, has result.
ed in the death of little Robert Lamar 'i
Gaissert, one-year-eld son of R. L.
Gaissert, who resides at Knott's cross- h
ing, on the East Point road. The in- 0
sect bit the child upon the tender
flesh of the left cheek. At first only
a small spot, such as usually appear-s -
in such cases, was visible upon the b
child's face. After a short time, how
ever, the place became inflamed and h
began to swell finally developing into
a running sore. Thougb every effort ri
was made to heal the peculiar ati-t
tion, each of the remedies failed to
bring about the desired result.
Murdered Two Girls. n
A double murder and suicide occur
ed about a mile from Hisboro. Ohio, a
Sunday night at tue home of Edward a
Dines, a farmer in that county. Dines's a
daughiter Madge, 14 years of age, and t~
a young woman named Nettie Hart, cl
who was staying with her, were shot ir
and killed by David Bad' in, a farm. T
hand, who then commeitted suicide. lie j
killed the girls with a revolver belong- '
ing to his employer and used Dines's
shotgun to kill himsef. Ia
PICKS TEi COTTON.
Messrs Jaudon and Bond Have a New
Patents Have been Secured and a
Working Model Made Which
Does all that is Claimed
The News and Courier says after
eight months' of experimentation, al
teration and investigation, Messrs J.
2. Jaudon and S. L. Bond, of Charles
ton, have perfected and patented a cot
ton picker which, they believe, will
make the picking of cotton by hand, a
thing of the past. The machine has
just recently been completed, and after
securing the patent papers from the
Government uffices, the picker has been
exhibited to a number of friends, most
of whom believe that Messrs Jaudon
and Bond have a good thing.
The machine is a one man affair.
One laborer, not necessarily a very in
telligent laborer either, can operate
the machine. There are no complica
ted ccgs, delicate machanism or tiny
bolts and wheels to snap at the first
heavy strain-in fact, the remarkable
sixoplicity of construction and ease of
:4reration are two of the most striking
featurcs of the picker.
There have been cotton pickers and
cotton pickers, but most of them were
huge, cumtersome affairs, requiring
many men to operate and costing a
small fortune. For some of them, cot
ton had to grow in very precise and
straight rows and others not only
picked the cotton which was open, but
snapped off green bolls and all and
mashed the whole into a mince pie.
The Jaudon-Bond machine is differ
ent. In appearance it reminds one
strongly of a rapid fire gun. The sim
plicity of the thing strikes one at first
glance. The picker is mounted on
three wheels, like a tricycle, and the
two larger wheels are close together
so that they can easily be pushed be
tween rows of cotton without injury
to growing plants. Between the two
wheels is suspended a sack, and over
the mouth of the sack opens a long
At the end of this cylinder, are
two short cylinders, fitted with teeth,
and as one turns a crank, these two
cylinders revolve, catching the fibre
of the cotton and depositing it in the
long cylinder, whence it is carried to
the sack by a narrow belt. The opera
tion of the crank runs the two picking
cylinders and the conveying belt.
There is nothing to get out of order
or to mystify the operator, and tiny.
delicate wheels and complicated joints
and cranks are conspicuous by their
M-ssrs. Jaudon and Bond are confi
dent that they hav at last solved the
cotton picking problem and while they
are aware of the fact that hundreds of
other inventors have failed to perfect
a satisfactory machine, they are eager
ly awaiting the cotton season, so that
the mtchine can be given a practical
test, and are convinced that It will d)
Planters have become somewhat
wary of cotton picking machines, and,
in the language of the street, all of
them are from Missouri and have to
be shown. If the machine will do the
work of five or six men, at the ex
pense ot one, the Charleston men have
a gcod thing. If the machine will
pick five or six bunddred pounds per
day, they will have little trouble in
selling the machines.
Mr. Jaudon said Siturday that he
had received a number of letters and
irquiries relative to the machine, but
does not seem anxious to dispose of it.
A number of farmers and planters
tiave seen the machine and have ex
amined it when in operatlou, and al]
agree that it is a gocd thing.
THE YXLLOW PERTL.
We Are Face to Face With It, Says
One of Roosevelt's Cabinet.
Notwithstanding the opinion ex
pressed by some newspapers and peo
pie that no- sane man would enter
tain for a moment the thought that
the suscess of Japan in the present
war with Russia would prove a menace
to the other nations of the world,
many more or less sane people are en
tertaining that very -thought at this
particular time. The Baltimore Sun
says a member of President Roose-I
vlt's cabinet made the significant re-1
mark that "we are face to face with
ihe yellow peril," when he had finish
ad reading the full reports of the vic
tory of the Japanese fleet over the
Tne Sun went on to say that "while
.t is not thought for an instant that
shere is any immediate danger of war
>r difficulties of any kind between the
Jnited States and Japan because of
she latter's undoubted prestige in the
'ar East, from the trend of the talk
among prominent members of the ad- '
ninistration It was evident that the
dea expressed so cegently by the 8
at mber of the cabinet exist in many 9
ainds, and in military circles it is "
ow recognized that hereafter the ~
nited States will have to take Japan ~
eriously into account as a competitor 0
ar the supremacy of the Pacific ocean, d
rhich has been sometimes facetiously i
eferred to as an American lake. Ja ~
an has now a much more powerful ~
aval force on the Pacific and, it is
hought, could easily take the Philip- ~
ine Islands from this country."
The people who are talking this
-ay may not be sane, but they are
ilking good, hard sense, all the same.
'hich will be proven in the next ten ~
ears or earlier. Another paper says E
famous Ameican admiral In talkiog ei
>a newspaper correspondent last ~
eek in Washington na-ade the remark 01
ist before many years America woulc W.
asve to fight Japan, as her succes
ler Russia would completely "turn ON
ae heads of the staid, conservative 4
tp and he will go a good many seep
irther than otherwise would have
sen the case." i
The old admiral further said that
i was "afraid that the ambitions ol i
ie Japanese will spread at aseriously
.pid rate and that they may ner',
ke some steps in China that will no
eet with the good opinion of th
st of the world, which will then be
n to open its eyes to the fact that it
ts been placing its sympathy with a
ighty wary lot of people." This ol'
!miral may not be sane, but he talki
powerful lot of hard, common sense.
time will show. We believe that it
e United States and Japan wil >r
'.h just as scon as Japan recovers ju
'm the war she is now fighting -0;
aey are an ambitious and conceitet n
ople, and they will not be satisfied ri
~til they try conclusions with the ir
aited States -or Eogland.-Orange- if
OUt W NAVY.
What the United States Might Do in
a Naval Fight.
A Formidable Array of Sea Fighters.
The Building of More ShiDs
It is almost impossible to estimate
the strength of the new navy of the
United State6 now compared with
what it was only few >ears back, and
while Admiral Togo's sweeping vic
tory is fresh in the mind of tne people
or the world, it is interesting to see
what would probably be the result of
a naval fight by this country today.
The advocates of a new and strong
navy will indeed be glad to run over
the list and see the number and
strength of first-class battleships, ar
mored cruisers, torpedo boats, torpedo
boat destro)ers, etc., on the active
list In active commission, and ready
at a moment's notice to do battle with
the great powers of the world. All of
our nival force is divided into three
fleets at this time-toe North Atlan
tic fleet, under- Admiral Robley, D
Evans, the Pacific and the Asiatic
fleet. The North Atlantic fleet be
ing possibly the strongest of the three,
contains more first-class battleships
and armored cruisers than the other
two, yet neither of the other two are
considered weak by any means, con
taining many of the smaller and
swifter sea-going craft of the navy.
Admiral Evan's flest consists of the
following compliment: Flag stip Kear
sarge, twenty two guns; Alabama and
Illinois, eighteen guns each; Ken
tucky, twenty two guns; Maine,
twenty guns; Massachusetts, sixteen
guns; Missouri, twenty guns; Iowa,
eighteen guns; gun boat Scorpion,
eight guns; cruiser Brooklyn, twenty
guns; Des Moines, ten guns; protected
cruiser Cleveland, ten guns; Oympia,
fourteen guns; Texas, second-class
battleship, eight guns; monitors Flor
ida, Arkansas and Nevada, six guns
each; protected cruiser Newark; gun
boats Bancroft and Castino; convert
ed cruiser Dixie; protected cruisers
Chattano ga and Detroit; gun boat
Newport; protected cruisers Tacoma,
DesMoines, Galveston, Aberanda, col
lier Caesar; coal supply ship Co'ga;
Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Colora
do and Maryland, all armored cruis
ers; Minneapolis and Columbia, pro
tected cruisers; cruiser Hartford; con
verted cruiser Prairie; gun boat To
peka; converted cruiser Yankee; tor
pedo boat desLzoye:s, twelve; two sub
marines; eighteen torpedo boats in
reserve: one submarine in reserve.
This strength represents the North
Atlantic fleet alone, now under com
mand of Admiral Evans.
There are now in ccmmission, and
ready for service at any moment when
the department may call for them,
the following ships: Three ships of
the class of the Alabama, 11,525 tons.
18 guns main gun battery; three of
tha Oegon class, 10,228 tons, 16
guns, main gun battery; one of the
class of the Iowa, 11,340 tons, 18
guns main battery; two of the Kar
sarge class, 11,525 tons, 22 guns main
battery; three of the class of the
Maine, 11,500 tons, 20 guns; one sec
ond class battleship, Texas, 6,350
tons, eight guns, main battery; ar
mored cruisers; Brooklyn, 9.215 tons,
20 guns main battery; New York
8,200 tons, 18 guns main battery; two
of the West Virginia class, 13,680
tons, 18 guns main battery; two of
the Pennsylvania, 13,780 tons, 18
guns main battery. There are also
two monitors of the class of the Mo
riadnock; 4.500 tonns, six guns; one of
the Puritan, 6,000 tons, ten guns;
tabree of the Amphitrite, 3 990 tons,
eight guns; four of the Florida class,
3,214 tons, six guns. Besides these
shere are four torpedo boat destroyefr
>f the Decatur class basides numerous
>ther destroyers andi torpedo boats.
There are now under construction,
!orty-three ships of which twelve are.
irst-class battle ships, ten are armor
ad cruisers, three protected cruisers,
:ihe othiors being gun boats, colliers
Lnd torpedo boats. With this formid
ible array of sea fighters it can be
;een that the United States at the
,resent time is pretty well able to
:ake care of itself, should occasion
irise for her to show her progress or.
,he high seas of the world. Besides
~his It is not improba~ble that since
we have made so much progress along
his line during recent years thca;
iow nothing will stcp this country
rom standing second to no country in
he world In naval equipment.
An Obliging Edhior.
In course of the conference held in:
Washington lass year by the Amerin
an newspaper humorists, some one
old the following, declaring thaT:
~Viliam Allen White was the hero oJ
he story. One day there strolled intl
Vhite's sanctum a man who was evi
ently a politician. He edged confi
entially towards White and, slipping
memorandum written by himsel;
nlier the eyes of the editor, said;
"Say, old man, I'd take it to bz aI
neat favor if you'd just manage tc
ut in the paper that I'm in towr.
'ith my wife, stopping at the Blank
otel. You might work in something I
i to my being an eminent Kansan, a
Swords to that effect. Personally, 12
an't care a hang about this sort of 3
:af; hut-well, you know what the
omen are. And I'll take one hun- c
~ed copies of the paper." e
And the eminent Kansan laid before
ie editor a five dollar note. Then p
took his departure. The next t]
orning, to his intense amazement p
id disgust he reads in White's pa- a
rn: "Mr. Richard Dash requests us p
'say that he with his wife, is stop b:
ng at the Blank hotel; that he is an o:
ainent Kansan; that he himself et
,res nothing for newspaper notoriety c:
it that a society note would be some- ti
2at gratifying to Mrs. Dash. He ai
ds that he will take one hundred st
pies of the paper for distribution ss
tong his friends."
Falle 200 Feet And Lives.
A fail of 200 feet from a precipice N
the mountains at Central, Col., was 1E
e fate of Mrs. George Sheldon Smil a
Wednesday, but she still lives and ca
is said she will recover, although at
rerely bruised and cut. Mrs. Smillie, -tvu
io is an artist, formerly of Kenosha, gi
Is., is here with her husband, a New 4(
3k painter, on their honeymoon, w:
iey were married in Kenosha on
Coast LiDe Was Fined. t
[n the United States district court elf
Charleston Wednesday a consent wi
ler was taken before jadge Brawley, pl
!ging the Atlantic Coast Line rail- Oc
Ld guilty of violating the acts of an
agress, in using box cars, not pro- In
led with the prescribed safety coup- art
g appliance on three counts. A fine th
$100, the minimum penalty, was th
asedr in ach cae. te:
WIN VIHOP COLLJ WEI.
Address to Graduates Delivered by
Hon. Martin F. Ansel.
An Excellent Year's Work Complet
ed at the Girls' Industrial Col
lege at Rock Hill.
The tenth annual commencement
exercises of Winthrop college closed
Tuesday night of last week, and this
close marked an occasion which must
have awakened the pride of all con
cerned. "The flower of our civiliza
tion" is an of -quoted expression, carry
ing with it, however, that intangible
quality which must of necessity leave
much to the innate, delicate apprecia
tion of beautiful things. Tuesday
night, fully aypreciated and carrying
w 'h them into another world the
tenderest hopes of loved ones, were rare
young flowers of oar civilizition, blos
oming into sweet and culhivated wo
manhood. The graduating class with
forty-five m3-mbers, the large body of
trustees and Mr. M. F. Ansel, who was
to deliver the annual address, were all
seated upon the stage. The imposing
scene was made complete by the pres
ence of tne chief executive of the
State, Gov. Heyward, who had been
invited to present the diplomas and
certificates to the graduates.
Promptly at the appointed hour the
exercises began, with opening prayer
by Rev. A. S. Rogers of the Rock Hill
A. R P. church. This was followed
by a fine chorus, under the direction
of Mh s Lilian Ryder, who sang the
solo parts with fine effect, with Miss
Adeline McArthur pianist. The large
stage was crowded with graduates and
members of the faculty and full at
tendance of trustees.
Before a house filled to overflowing
President Johnson introduced, in
words of appropriate appreciation, the
Hon. M. F. Ansel, to whom fell the
honor of delivering the annual address
Mr. Ansel bad a warm greeting and a
most inspiring audience. There were
hundreds before him, the majority of
whom were of "that other great half
of the world" known as women. They
were present in graceful and bewil
dering profusion. Mr. Ansel spoke at
length to his interested hearers, ear
nestly and forcible of Winthrop, of
worth and of woman.
The event of the occasion to many
was the presentation of diplomas and
certificates to about four dozen young
ladies. This pleasing task had been
assigned to Gov. Heyward, who has
had many evidences of partial consid
eration given him by the fair student,
of Winthrop. These fair maidens and
the audience joined in warm and cor
dial greeting to Gov. Heyward, sucb
greeting as proved the sincerity of the
friendly regard of which the governor
has more than onc been the pleased
and appreciative recipient.
Gov. Heyward was natural and for
cible in his address to the graduates
in presenting their diplomas. He was
brief, but it is not saying too much to
add that he was fully equal to the
delicate duty in his felicitous words of
commendation and counsel of hope and
of good wishes.
Below will be found the names of
the young ladles who graduated this
year, with the degree of A. B. and a
life license to teach:
Normal L atin course: Misses Lees
Browne, Fielding Cattingham. Clara
H. Covington, Dora James Epps, Jose
phine Fewell, Minnie Lee Carrington,
Margaret Gibson, Hannah Mobley,
Gertrude Reeder, Neva Rogers, Ozie
Ssnders, Belva Saunders, Mary M. Tew
and Louise A. Wilson.
Normal course with music: Misses
F'rancenia C. Brennen, Euizabeth Bron
<on, Elizabeth Coleman, Lucy Earle.
Henrietta Aye, Julia E. Harvey, Sadie
E. Kendrick, Pearl Koger, Nellie
Thompson, Ruth Thompson, Evelyn
?'omkins and Claire Wiogo.
-Normal scientific course: Misses
Harriet Godfrey, Sarah ELizabeth Har
er, E. Della Johnson, -Carrie M. Pe
gues, Mary E. Thomas, Clara Ellen
Normal kindergarten course: Missel
H. Eleanor DesPjrtes, Anine Laurie
Harrall and Lillian McKeown.
Normal course with expression. Miss
Following are those who have fin
isbed cut the three years' normal
course and who will receive diplomas
giving them the degree of licentiat
cof instruction and a life license to
beach in this State:
Three year normal course. Missee
Niary E. Herbert, Miriam W. Jordan.
Sadie Oliver, Maude Stribling and
Those who have finished the four
rear literary course with the degree
>f A. B., but not with a life license 0!
:each. Four year general inerar3
:ourse Misses Madge A. Craig, Min
ile Green. Mary T. Humbert and Hel
Following are those receiving cir
5ificates: Stenography and typewrit
ng. 'Misses Jennie Adams, Virginia
sarmore Gambreil, Lula Byard Hays
7an Buren McFadden, Ila May Me
.ieod, Mar,.arette Lee Poag, Mariamn
ireorge Rhame, Annie Leitner Sourley
)arrie Belle Simril and Ada White.
>iano: Misses Anna Estelle Campbell.
Eittie Haile Kirkpatrick, Metta Olste
and Irene Whisnant. Expression: Mis
fan Eleanor Blakeney. Dressmaking:
Uisses Mamie Suggs and Susie Mills.
Then came another sweet Winthroi.
herus, a perfect close to such exercis
At the conclusion of this part of the
rogramme, another feature, not on
he programme, caused a general sus
ension of everything else. This was E
sort of u aofficial, but most heartfelt,
resentaton of certificates of remem
rance wid of affection and this sort
Sdiploma for practice in the higher
>urt i' one righly appreciated by thet
iolcest class of graduates. Flowers e.
ed with white, pink and blue ribbon
ad interesting packages, large andt
nail, went up, boirne in profusion by
feet messengers to sweet recipients.
Railroad Killed Three- i
The spreading of the rails on the di
rrolk & Western at Bedford City, R
r. Va., Wednesday afternoon under bi
double-headed coal ladien train. s
.used the death of a colored fireman -o
id the injury of two white men and er
to colorad tiamps. The two en 01
nes and 17 loaded cars went over a H
-foot embankment and are a total w]
reck. _______ _N.
Killed by Lightning. W
Mr. Bcyd McRae was'struck and in- T
antly killed by lightning during the Li
retrict storm Wednesday afternoon, th
aile under a shelter on his father's cu
antation in Brittons Neck Marion ria
unty. He, with his brother and en
other young man, had been at work
the field, and when the storm del
ose took refuge in a tenant house, me
e others going inside the house and Su
e- decase hstaying under the shel
Dr Henry N. Enyder Addresses the
Forty- even Graduates.
President of Wefford College Talked
on "The Chivalry of Democracy"
to Clemson Students.
The correspondent of The State says
proud fathers, happy mothers and
professors alike Tuesday of last week
witnessed the fruits of their labors,
when diplomas were awarded to the
40 graduates of the class of 1905 of
Clemson college. Weather conditions
were almost ideal and not in recent
years has there been so large a crowd
at commencement. In fact the num
ber of visitors was so large that it was
almost impossible for all to secure ac
commodations. E3.ch year the atten
dance upan commencement grows lar
ger, and it was said by many that the
crowd this year ExceEdzd all others.
It was an inspiring scene as the grad
uating class marched into the audito
rium and took their places on the
front row of seats. They were fol
lowed by the faculty, headed by Presi
dent Meli, with Dr. H. N. Snyder
the orator of the day. tha board of
trustees bringing up the rear, taking
their places on the platform. The
closing day's exercises of commence
ment were opened with prayer by
Rev. B. R. Turnipseed, pastor of the
Methodist church of Aiken, one of
the first graduates of Clemson college
and the first to enter the ministry.
The programme was interspersed with
music by tht college orchestra.
President Mell Introduc: d Arthur
Jackson Speer of Abbeville, the first
of the three class orstors, who spoke
on "Revolutionary Rusia." He was
followed by Robert Fleming Gooding
of Fairfield, whose subject was "Ar
bitration." Toen came Lester Ern
est Boykin, who discussea "Tne Law
of Trial by Impeachment." These
addresses showed much thought and
preparation and were well delivered,
as was evidenced by the generous ap
plause of the audience. Briefly, Dr.
Mell introduced Dr. H. N. Snyder,
president of Wofford college, who
said he was pleased to come to "the
lair of the Eiger."
In speaking to the graduating class
Dr. Snyder discussed -The Chivalry
of a Democracy," mentioning Wil
liam H. Bsldwin as a good example.
He began with the knight errant of
ancient times and came on down to
the present day, saying the knight
errant of the new age is the "worker."
As an illustration of what honesty.
common sense and integrity will ac
cumpiish, the speaker thrilled his au
ditors with the story of the life of
Abraham Lincoln. He told how the
young backwoodsman, sitting before
the firelight of his log cabin home,
was to be seen reading his books and
figuring and building the foundation
for one of the greatest minds of his
age; how, when he wanted to go to
the State legislature, his friends, said,
"Weil we will vote for him because he
is honest," and he was elected. Serv
ing his district faithfully, he sought a
seat in congress. But he did not go
about making speeches on the tariff
and other questions which he knew
nothing of and his constituents less.
One day as he passed a neigubring
farm he saw men catting grass buL
they were not making much headway.
Grasping the implement of one of
rnem he said, "xFollbw me and I will
show you.how to cut grass." And he
wielded the great knife as only one
with such strong arms could. When
election day came the voters said,
"Well, we will vote for the man who
can do something, who does things,"
and he was elected to congress. Then
came the black clouds of war and the
people again looked about for an hon
est man to lead them. They decided
it was Abraham Lincoln and he was
elected. This humble backwcodsman
*of humble birth rose from the lowliest
position to the highest in the gift of
man-president of the United States.
The speaker closed his magnificent
-iddress with these words of admoni
tion: "May 'Duty' be the motto of
he class of 1905 of Clemson college."
President Mell announced that seven
members of the gr:tduating class were
absent, having been granted permis
lion to leave college to accept posi
Gions. As these had completed their
regular course they would be given
He then called the members of the
slass in the sectiors in which they
tad graduated to the platform to re
meive their diplomas.
Maj. Augustine T. Smythe of
)narleston, a member of the board of
trustees, after a short speech, handed
acti one his certificate, as follows:
Electrical section: J. C. L. Cald
yell, E B. Dibble, T. K. Elliott, R.
~. Gaoding, C. P. Josey, F. W. Lsachi
e;tte, C. E. Lathtrop, B. F. Lee, R.
.,. Link, C. H. Newman, J. C. Rich
,rdson, C. C. Schirmer, J. R. S. Siau, -i
.Sorentrue, A. J. Speer, D. B. Swy- i
Agricultural section: H. W. Birre, f
.E. Boykin, C. J. Lemmon, E. R. t
Civil Eection: C. P. Ballenger, H. s
7. Crouch, M. L. Murphy, J. G. e
arks, L. P. Slattery, W. H. Taylor, at
V. HI. Wise, F. C. Wyse. a
Textile section: W. S. Beaty, J. t
rodie, F. E. Cope, A. A. Ga.ndy, M. a
The following were absent, having t:
ready accepted positi 'ns: R. P. a
vans, J. C. Goggans, B. 0. Kennedy, p
W. Ruff, W. S. Weston, E. E Por- fi
~r, J. M. Jenkins, appointed foreman p
tperiment station. ii
Not until they had been called iop'n el
e stage did the winner of the trus- si
es' medal know of his fortune. This m
~ize is contested for by one reprne w
ntative of each of' the literary socie- ti
es, the speeches being made T aes si
-y The presentation was made by ax
cv. Mr. Turnipseed, who made a at
'ief speech to the three contestants bf
they stood upon the stage in the lii
eatest suspense, in which the audi
ce shared. Finally concluding, he in
iced the medal in the hand of David m
agh Hill of the Palmetto scclety, m.
iose subject was, "Is Not War a tb
hessity?" The other contestants an
re: Allison Perkins DcBose and ize
iomas Ervin Stokes. p
With the announcement that C. J. fie
mmon of the senior class had won foi
c medal for the best essay on agri- we
tture-which, however, had not ar- th
ed-the session of 1905 came to an est
'eboard of trustees Wednesday sa
~ided to change the date of comn- Ri
ncement exercises fronm the first J a
nday to the second Sunday in June, ha
formerly, the present date conflict- jrec
,wuith Winthop com mencement. ha,
THE UA i1T OFICERS
Appointed by the Commandant of
Clemson College Last Week.
Headquarters Corps of Cadets,
Clemsn College, S. C., June 5, '05.
General Order No. 18.
Par. 2. The following appoint
ment of cadet offizers, for the session
of 1905 1906 to rank ir the order,
staff and line, in the order in which
their names are read, are hereby an
Staff -Cadet captain and adjatant,
F. F. Barton; cadet captain and quar
termaster, 0. L. i.errick; cadet cap.
tain hospital corps detachment, A. G
Ellison; cadet first lieutenant and bat
talicn adiutant, C. B. Abell; cadet
irst lieutenant and battalion adju
tant, D. H- Hill: cadet first liteuten
ant and chief musician, W. R. Smith.
Line-Captains: E. H. Jones, F.
E. Stokes, J. E. Jobson, M. A. Sav
age, W. P. White,'I. W Bull, L. R.
Hoyt. W. A. Sanders. First lieu
tenants: J. M. Moss, T. B. Jacobs,
S. L. Johnson, C. A. Grainger, H. W.
Schumpert, W. J. Latimer, S. P.
Harper, J. A. Gelzer. Second lieu
tenants: L. G. Southard, J. C.
Boesch, J. H. McClain, D. G. Adams,
A. R. McAliley, J. V. Phiilligs. P. H.
Adams, D. F. Cherry, J. C. Summers.
Par. 3. The following appoint
ments of cadet non commissioned offm
cers for the session ot 1905 1906, to
rank in the staff and.companies in the
order in which they are named:
S-aff-Regimental sergeant major,
F. M Stephson; regimental quarter
master sergeant, F. M. Furtick: color
sorgeant, J. W. McLendon; battalion
sergeant major, S. R. Perrin; battal.
lion sergeant major, L. W. Perrin;
drum maj r, A. S. Heyward.
A company: First sergeant, W. P.
Sloan; sergants' H. P. Lykes. H. W.
Moore, E. P. Plenge, L. E. Dew.
Corporals, D. L. Tindal, D. N. Harris,
J. D. Goldsmith. J. Crider.
B company: First sergeant,' C. E.
Jones; sergeants, R. R. Talbert, B. D.
Carter, M. M. Piatt, P. Qiattlebaum.
Corporals, K. E. Stello, C. F. Cannon,
J. C. Littlej..hn, J. L. B'yd.
C company: First sergeant, D. S.
Hollis; sergeants; E. A. Crawford, A
M. Klugh, P. L. Howie, A. V. Hooks.
Corporals, C. A. McLandon, W. M.
Lunn, F. P. Caugbman. W. H. Rumif.
D company: First sergeaot, E D.
McCurcheon; sergeants, H. C. Crum,
G. R. Jones. C. W Wannamaker, J.
J. Brown. Corporals, W. C. Erwin,
W. L. Easterling, H. C. Wilburn, W.
E company: First sergeant, J. B
Bailey; sergeants, J. M Bryan J. W
Hicklin, R. A. Reid, E. M. Kaminer.
Corp-rals, R. E. Blake, T. S. Allen.
S. 0. Blease, W. C. Camp.
F company: First sergeant, J. W.
Keels; sergeants. R. A. Etsterling, D.
M. Fraser, S L L-bby, W. L. S:on~e.
Coroorals, E H. Wyman, E. H
Shuler, C. C. Jounson, G. W. Speer.
G company: First sergzaot, H. Ste
vens; sergeants, C. W. Bnsch, P. W
Spencer, T. D Eison, A. V. Betbea.
Corpura's, T. P. Kennedy, R. B. Da
Pre, W P. Gee.
H company: First sergeant, W. A.
L atimer; scrgeavts. M. H Banks, A.
B. Taylor, M A. Woods, W. A Keen
an. Corporale, H. B. Ellis, C. L.
M-'ore, J. S. Wessmnger, B. B. Ezdll.
By order of
CArr. "LAY, Commarndant.
A CHEAP REPUfATION.
Japan le Hardly Deserving of Her
Spurs by hussia's Defeat.
In the estimation of some news.
papers the Japanese are the greatest
paople on the face of the earth. Tais
absurd op1iun is based on the fact
that they have whipped the Russians
in several naval battles and in seve
ral land battks. The Russians may
have been a great people once, but
that day has departed, and Japan is
making a reputation at Russia's ex
pense at a very small cost. As we viewa
the events that have happened since
the war began they reveal to us more
the decadence of Russia than the pro
gress of Japan. The Russians have
lundered in everything they have at
tempted since the war began. In the
first place they were not at all prepar
d for war either at home or the Far
East. Just prevIcus to and since the
war began they have shown great lack
f common sence in the management
f the navy and the army.
When the first cowardly attack was
nade by the Japanese on the Russians
t Port Arthur the Russians had a
ine fleet of war vessels in the Eastern
aters, and they would have done good
ervice had they been properly manned
nd intelligently used. Instead of this
eing done, the fleet was devided up
nd stationed at different places, and
what was a powerful fleet whe. tnited,
ecame an easv prey to the enemy in
s fragmentary condition. The lack
f .intelligent direction of the fleet and
~rmy in the Far Ea.st in the firstlfewa
reeks of the war has caused all of Rus
a's later disasters, because these
lunders destroyed the morale of the,
ank and tile of the army' and navy
~his blunder in the disposition and
anagement of the fleet at the open- e
g of the war, has been followed up
y other blunders of the leaders of ,
e army and navy until now the
ghting men have no confidence inb
Tbose who are in position to know
y that Russia's army and naval
anagemenr, is notoriously corrupt s
id incompetent. Milli. ns of dollars
propriated by the gerrment for
e purchase of guns. ammunition, f
d supplies for the army and navy 5
Lve been worst than thrown away in
e purchase of inferior goods that
e of no service, and the difference Inn
ice of these inferior goods and the
st class goods the government ap
opriated the money to buy went t
to the pocke'.s of the thieving gcv ,
'nrent otficials who purc'hased the cr
pplies. Instead of entrusting the -T
nagement of her affairs to men
1o have brains, Russia has pushed to
e front and entrusted withleader
p a lot of so called noblemen, who to
noted only for their incompetency, :fr<
d whose chief aim in life seems to K.
to rob the government and live A.
s of ease and debaunrery. wi
f we judge them by their record on
the past we are compelled to ad- Ii:
t that the Russian soldiers and sea- in
n are brave men, but it seems that
y lack discipline and lead:rship,
d consequently are easily demoral.
.d. On no other ground can the sal
r showiLog made by the Russian a
t in the late battle be accounted tro
.With so large a fleet of modern be
r vessels it is hard to account for Tt
small damage done to the Japan- gis
except cu the theory that the Rus
s were either sc Lred to death or in
.ate of panic, The condition of the
ssians soon became evident to the Fri
s, and they pressed on, and soon cil.
i the Russians fleeing in every di. mg
ion. Such a catastrophe could not s
mn in a el disciptinnd and pro- sO
perly led fleet. It is only posible when
the men who compose the rank and file
of.i fleet has lost all confidence in their
commanders. T'hat such was the con
dition of the Rusian floet when it
met the Jap-inese fleet we verily be
lieve.-Orangeburg Times and Demo
GOT IN THE B !LL ROOM.
The Ludricrous Mistake of a Man
and His Wife.
A man and his wife arrived at a
darv6 quite late in tha evening, only
for the husband to find that in slip
ping on the icy pavement he had cut
one knee of his trousers. The dress
ing rooms were entirely empty, and
the good wife suggested;
"Here, come into the ladies' dress
ing room. No one is in there and I
will pin it up and make it do for the
But examination showed that the
cut was too large, and no pinning up
would answer the purpcs-.
"I have a needle, black thread,"
suggested the maid attendant. "If
the gentleman dcesn't mind I will
stand at the door and see that no one
The trcusers were hastily taken oa
and an overcoat made to serve asif
roba. 'The wife sewed quickly but in
the middle of the task loud voices
were heard arguing with the maid;
"We must come in; a lady is sick.
Quick, let us in.'
The husband blanched; the maid
looked appealingly, the wife glanced
hurriedly around the room.
"Here, quick," she said to her hus
band, grabbing the knob of a door,
"get into the closet for a moment."
And opening a door she pushed her
husband tbrorgh and slammed it. In
another moment a terrified hammer
ing was beard on the other side of the
"Quick, Alitce," came a voice, let
me bak. Q aick,
"But the women are here," said his
"Oh hang the women," said the
voice. "11;m in the ballroom."
THE COTTON ACREAGE.
The Government Estimate Chaileng
ed by the Cotton Association.
The government's report on the
acreage of cotton planted In the South
shows a decease of 11 4 -per cent.
from last year. Tue Southern Cotton
Assoziation's estimate, publisbed a
few days ago, showed a reduction of
18.40 cent. from last season's acreage.
This great discrepancy, says the
Coarl ston Po't, amounting to Inore
than 2,60,000 acres, caused a sharp
break in the market. It has also
stirred the Southern Cotton Associa
tion to demand a comparison of fig
ures with the government bureau and
ill dcuttless lead to some very warm
denunciations of the government on
the charge of bearing the market.
such as followed the publication last
year of the government's crop esti
mate. Now we hope If there Is any
thing of this sor t that it will be tern
pered with son e reason. Despite the
protest made -last year against the
government's crop estimate, the event
provd that the large figures predicted
were not only justified, but were ac
tually below the prospects of that
period and were fairly smothered In
the ultimate returts. -The govern
ment might have created a false
market, to the advantage of the cot
ton planters, by publishing a lower
estimate than It put out, but it can
scarcely be claimed by thie most ex
treme agrarian that It is a function
of government to make false reports
for the benefit of the farmers. It is
possible that the government is right
rand tbe Cotton Association wrong in
the estimates of the acreage planted
this year and this possibility should
at least be borne In mind in. the con
troversy that is to be joined over the
The Beason Why.
The Bamberg Herald says: "The
daily papers of the State seem to be
prosperous. The Charleston News and
ourier and the Columbia State are at
present installing fine new presses,
m.d the Charleston Evening Post has
wnounce d that a new and up-to-date
nachine is now being erected for that
newspaper. The Post expects to install
ts new press about the first of Sep.
ember. Evidently this wave of pros
>erity which has struck the . dailies,
nissd the weeklies." The- wave of
>rosperity would have missed the
lallies too if they were managed OD
he same non-business principles that
he weeklies are run on. Most of the
eeklies in the State are run on slip
lad business methods. They publish
11l sorts of notices free that daily
a pers get well paid foi publishing.
Lhis should be stopped. Tnen the
eeklies extend an unlimited crecit
o their subscribers. In fact about
be only way for a subscriber to get
if the books of some of -the
eeklies Is for him to die. This is
rong and should he stopped.
~et the weekly papers come down to 2
usiness methods, charging for ali -
stices that should be charged for.,
ch as obituaries, tributes of re
>ect, &3., and occasionally have a .
~ttement with its bubscribers. Ther,
~e wave of prosperisy will strike them
o. . These remarks are not Intended.
r the Bamberg Herald. We are satis
d that Brother Knight must appl1 tl
etty sound busmnbs principles in the
anagemuent of his piper, or be could
t giva the people of his county the
clent paper he does at the low tc
ice of suoscription he charges. But w
ey are appiicable to a great many p
~ekly paiper,, The Times and Demo- -t
t among the number. -Oangebury. ti
mies and Democrat. e
Two Children Drowned.
Wednesday at Waldon bridge on t
e 0:bhloca'nee river, seven miles
m Cairo, Ga., t wo children of Mr. t
P. Wlght, Echel, aged 10. and f
den, aged 12 years, were drowner: t
Jle in bathing. Toe family wer
an outing. Mfr. J. B. Wight's
le daughter came very near drown- w~
Sat the same time. on
in Open Revolt.
[he Russian army In Manchuria is
d to be in a bad state. According to a
ispatch from St. Petersburg the by
ops are in open revolt and cannotle
epended upon to do much fighting viz
e news of Rojestvensky's defeat is
en as the reas~n.
Marriage of a King.
he crown prince of Germany, fig
derick William, and Princess Ce- thi
aof Mecklenburg-Schwermn were ho'
ried in Berlin on Tuesday. It is ri
i to be a genuine love match-as wi]
n oyanl marriages a not.
COLLEX ; GRADUATES.
Words of Advice toDePlomaed Youmg
Men and Women.
The colleges of this country will
this month and next turn out their
graduates. These graduates will go
forth into the world armed with their
diplomas to do and to dare. . The av
erage college boy is inclined to the
belef that his diploma represents to
him the sum total of human knowl
edge and experience, and in this he
makes the misrake of his life. Edu
cation is a necessary thing for every
human being. In fact, man io attain
the highest state in this life is com
pelled to have an education. But
mark you be Is not compelled to have
a college diploma. Some of the most
higbly educated people in this coun
try are not college graduates. They
hold diplomas from the college of
experience. - Tae college graduate
should recognize that his diploma
means that he has been prepared to
larn. His mind has been trained to
tink, and it has been the idea of
thse who have had him in charge
through the diffrent stages of his
education to prepare him to use his
own mind and to think out propost
tions for himself.
A diploma, therefore, means that a
man has been preparcd te do his own
thinking, to learn from the experi
ence of others that which will be us
ful to him in his daily life. He will
be able to commune with the great
men of the world in all ages. An
education which does not train a boy
to do his own thinking and to apply
what he has learned is a failure. Of
ten in life we have seen people hold
ing degrees from some of the best uni
versities in the land who were wholly
impracticable. In the race of life
they were swiftly passed by men who
never saw the inside of a college. So
often has this been the case that men
who have risen by their own exertions,
with only the help of a limited educa
tion, have been constrained to look on
all cfllege training with contempt.
This is an erroneous b3sis from
which to reason. To where there is
one man who has risen to eminevce,
on an education given himself, there
have been ten who starting under the
same conditions have fallen back utter
and ingnoble failures. An education
is only valuable as it is applied by the
one who receives it. It it makes a
man an impracticable dreamer, unable
to cope with the stern realities of life,
then manif-stly it has done him no
good; but in judging whether higher
education has been wasted on an indi
vidual it is absolutely essential to
know the individual. It is possible
that he would have been what he Is
whether or not he had received-the
training of an institution of higher
The world today is hunting for men
who know how to apply their knowl.
edge. Applied knowledge brings a
high price in the market, hence we
see the drift towards a mixed educa
ion, part literary and part industrial,
which is coming more and more into
favor. An education that does not
teach a man the lesson of self reliance
and of competency is an education
that has fallen short of its high aims.
Of course a boy who receives his di
pioma thinks that he is going to do
great things when he gets out in the
world, hugging the delusion to his
soul that tne diploma in itself imparts
to him certain qualifications, of which
in reality he may be lacking. Fiuca
tion has been the Achimedian lever
which has raised the world to its pres
ent level, but all this education has
not been secured within the walls of
a college. Many whose educational
opportunities, as we consider them,
have been limited, are more truly edu
cated than those who have- been
through somne celebrated college.
Afther all, It Is a question of the indi
The Truth at Last.
In making a report of the losses sus
tained by the Japanese navy since
April, 1904, the head of the Japanese
naval department makes the following
"The necessity for secrecy no longer
existing, the navy department con
arms the reports of the loss of the Ja
panese battleship Yashima off Port
Arthur in May, 1934, and announces
other naval losses neretefore withheld.
Uinder the above paragraph the
names of several Japanese war ships
are giv.?n that have been lost since
May, 1904. Up to the present the Jap
anese denied that these ships had been
lost, but they now admit that "the
necessity for secrecy no longer existing
the navy department confirms the re
ports of the loss of the yapanese battle
ship Yashima off Port Arthur in May,
L904, and announces other naval losses
aeretofore withheld." .They sup
pressed the truth a year about the bat- -
:leship Yashima, and they will do the
same thing about the losses they eus
:ained in the late naval battle, all of
rhich goes to confirm the opinion
ye have expressed before that they
tre a race of prevaricators.-Orange
>urg Times and Democrat.
TnE Columbia Ercord says: "The
ananese government, holding that
ecrecy is no longer necessary, ac
mowledges the loss of a battleship
nd several other warships, all of
rhich happened last year. From
his one might be inclined to believe
bat T ago had not given to the world,
t least, the true extent of the dam
ge he suffered recently." We have
o idea but that the Japanese are
oncealin~g the lcsses they sustained
i the late battle. They have mis
presented their loses before and
mere is no reason wvhy they should be
tore frank about the late battle.
Tooo, in announcing his great vic
ry over the Russian fleet says: "That
e gained a success beyond our ex
~ctations is due to the brilliant vir
ie of your majeasty and to the protec
n of the spiri ts of your imperial an
store, and not to the action of any
mran being." Togo has been rep
sented as being a member of one of
e Christian churches, but we would
fer from what he say s in his report
at he is a believer in the faith of his
thers, who worships the bones of
Tooo, in r'ne of his reports, says he
is em-.bled to win the great battle
acer unt of the very exccellent vir
e of the mikado If a mikado, with
e variagated moral character that
C present one has, possesses such
nderful power as is ascrnbed to him
Tcgo on account of his "very excel
t virtue," the power of a really
tuous mikado would be something
['aE Southern Cotton Growers' As
lation has confidence enough in its
tres on the cotton crop to challenge
government to a show down. -We
e the Government will comply
h tie request and that the matter
I be crrected at once If any mis
-e has been made.