Newspaper Page Text
Revelations in the Trials That
CHICAGO IN THE LEAD.
Mabel Cooley, Aged Twelve, Witnesses
for Mother Against Father, Who
Drove Wife to Bank at Point
of levolver. Judge Hears
Case of Giddy Things.
The Washington Post says fiction
never produced anything to equal the
revelation of the Chicago Divorce
Courts, and moralists and churchmen
would find it bard to deny the justice
and benefit of divorce in some of the
cases. Here is a lot that came up in
just one day:
Mabel Cooley, the twelve-year-old
darghter of Mrs. Clauda M. Ccoley, of
South Chicago, whose husband, A. J.
Cooley, was arrested for threatning to
shoot her, told a story which resulted
in the granting of a divorce to her
The little girl took the stand after
her mother had testified to long years
of cruelty, "kept in the background
and lived down for the children's
sake," until fear of her life overcame
her. Mabel plainly was frightened
by the unusual scene and the sharp
questions of the lawyers. She said in
her lisping little voice:
"I remember when mamma was
choaked by papa a long time ago.
He wanted her to go to town and she
did not want to. He hit her ard she
was sick a long time."
".Do you remember what tock place
on the night of February 27 last?"
CHILD TELLS OF ATTACK.
"Oh, yes," answered the child,
"Papa had gone to lodge and we sat
up waiting for him. I went to sleep,
and when I woke up papa was strik
ing mamma. He hit her twice in the
face and her face bled."
"That will do," said Judge Frost
The woman testified that she mar
ried Cooley, a farmer, in 1892. There
were four children, the oldest being
Mabel. The first incident or cruelty
she told of was in 1899, when he
threw a glass at her, which shivered
against the wall, flew back and cut
Again in 1900 she testified, her
husband drove her out into the snow
with a revolver because she refused to
go to town with him. Of the last in
cident, on February 27, wife and
daughter told the same story.
- Neighbors testified, saying that
they had remonstrated often with the
man over his treatment of his wife,
and his only excuse was:
"How could 1 help it?"
"Is he a man of violent temper?'
asked Judge Frcst.
"Well," said the witness, a neigh
boring farmer, "he is the kind of a
man who would put out the eyes of
his cattle if they did anything he did
This clinched the case. Mrs. Cooley
at present is teaching school and re
siding with her mother. The couple
separated two months ago.
''GIDDY THIIse" VERsUS "CAD."
Mrs. Stella Brennan, in applying for
a divorce from James J. Brennan,.
ciaimed that her husband had thrown
"mystic powder" at her on the street
to induce her to return to him after
their separation. Judge Kavannaugh
decided she was a. "f rivilous person"
and her husband a "cad." As for the
"mystic powder," this was ascribed
to her early reading of Anderson's
The ill-assorted couple were married
last June. Brennan was a widower,
with four children. His girl wife tes
tified that these children were the
fist canse of the trouble.
"I did not like them," she said.
Jaufes threw kerosene all over me one
night, and on another occasion hit me
with a wet towel." This was the oc
casion of her leaving him. She ran
away to Kalamazoo, Mich., and was
taken back by her husband. She left
again a few weeks later.
"I met James at State and Madison
streets one night," she said, "and he
Induced me to no home by throwir g
mystic powder at me. I could not
see it, but I knew he did it. I felt
strange and my will power was para
"She can have a divorce without
alimony," said the Judge. "The girl
Is a giddy thing and the husband Is a
cad. She should have had more sense
than to marry a man with four chil
dren. It takes a long-headed girl to
HEUSBAND HIs OWN LAWYER.
The unique sfeature of a husband
pleading his own case was witnessed
in Juoge Frost's Court room.
The suit was that of Mrs. Mary
against August Schemmer. The wo
man tcok the stand with a three
months old baby In her arms, a baby
that laughed and crowed t-o the dis
traction of lawyers and Judge, bliss
fully ignorant of the fact that it was
losing its father..
Mrs. Schemmer's main grounds for
divorce appeared to be that her hus
band, a motorman, had threatened
onde to hit her with a picture, and on
another occasion had pushed her over
"I was afraid of him," she reiterat
ed constantly. "When he was sober
he was a perfectly elegant husband,
but when he was drunk he was a
Just as her case appeared to be won,
t.he "perfectly elegant husband" ap
peared in the Court in person. See
ing how things were go-ing, he stopped
"I would like to ask this woman a
few questions,' he said. The woman's
lawyer demurred to this, and Judge
"ELEGANT" ALSO "IPERTINENT."
"This is not a question of law, but
of facts," said the husband. When
given permission to ask questions, he
"Who was in the house the day I
came home for my things?'
The woman did not answer.
"Did 1 not order a certain man out
of the house and say I'objected to the
company you kept?" Ihis wife re
torted angrily that she would not an
swer any such impertinent 'questions.
The lawyers objected again, and
"I do not object to this divorce at,
all. I am perfectly willra to have it
granted. I am a yoor man, however,
and I cannot afford to pay alimony'
ma attoneyv's fees.
"l will waive all that," said Mrs
"Well," said Judge Frost, "as yo,
seem to have it settled, I will let it go
USED WORDS, NOT A HATCHET.
A surprisingly large hatchet of de
szrted wives appeared in the vari.us
Court rooms. The ca.se of Mrs. Matil
da Collius, seeking a divorce from
Thomas J. Collins, is typical. She
said she had been deserted after three
months. She was asked the reason
"I do not know," she said, "I was
a good wife. He just left me."
"Did he drink?"
"Ycs: sometimes he came home
"How did you express your disap
proval of this?" asked Judge Heard.
"By a hatchet?
"O, no; I just talked."
"call the next case," said the Judge.
DIVORCE AFTER 37 YEARs.
John Mulvey, sixty-ive years old,
and a retired iron manufacturer, ap
plied to Judge Frost for a divorce from
Valenda J. Mulvey, sixty-two years
old. He accused his wife of habitual
"We were married in 1868," said
the husband. "We were bappy for a
number of years, until Mrs. Mulvey
c-ntracted the liquor habit."
A settlement was effected whereby
Mrs. Mulvey is to receive $45 a month
Salimcny. The Mulveys have lived at
'33 Wabash avenue.
"She was too fast for me and I was
too slow for her," was the consise
way in which William Green, 533
West Superior street, told Judge
Heard of his troubles with Mrs. Eva
line Green. "She left me a week
after our marriage five years ago,"
continued Green, "and never returned.
I am tired of waiting for her."
Thirty-three Young Men Given Their
Diplomas This Year.
Col. J. E. Norment, writing to The
State says the fifty-first annual com
mencement exercises of Wofford col
lege mark an event which links the
vital, moving present to all the tradi.
tions of an honored, useful past. For
more than a half century the uplift
i'ng work of this noble institution has
sent forth its own meaning, its own
influences. "Length of days is in her
righbt hand and in her left hand are
riches and honor"-the wealth be
ing more in what has been done than
is usually included in other considera
The graduates Tuesday morning,
thirty-three in number, composed the
second largest class in the history of
the college and Mr. B. C. Robertson,
Jr., aged 16 years, has the distinction
of being the youngest student who
ever graduated from Wofford.
The auditorium was again filled to
overflowing, prominent Carolinians
from all portions of the State being
present in numbers and with these
was a tine contribution of local repre
sentative men. And as Wofford stu
dents do throng to similar exercises at
Converse, even so also do the fair mai
dens gather themselves-and others
togetber when Wofford sends forth its
President Snyder headed the pro
cession to the stage, which was soon
filled with the class of '05, the
faculty and others, and the exer
cises began by singing the hymn which
has here been sung for years, the gen
tlemen "raising the tune" Tuesday
morning having performed this office
regularly for thirty-nine years. After
prayer by the Rev. Dr. T. H. Law,
President Snyder arose amid expec
tant silence for the first words Dr.
Snyder said he was not responsible for
the request which had been sent to
him, which request was something
about the ladies hats! There was soft
rustling heard at once, hats came off
and white hands were busy fastening
waving, stray tresses.
Then came the first event of this
crowning day of the year when Presi
dent Snyder anncunced the first of
the senior speakers. These young
gentlemen and their subjects were an
nounrced in the following order:
A. D. Betts, "Turning Points in
History;" J. P. Kilgo, "A Political
Idealist;" M. K. Meadors, "A Friend
of Conservative Freedom;" R. C. Cli
ver, "Greek Literature and Modern
Life;" G. J. Patterson, "Modern
Knighthood;" W. D. Roberts, "Self
Knowledge;" J. G-. Stabler, "Glimpse
of the Future;" C. P. Wufford, "The
Double Mission of the South's;" M, A.
Cnnally, "Class Prophet;" J. Mv.
Ariail, "Ave At que Vale."
At the conclusion of those addresses
President Snyder conferred the de
grees upon the graduates as named
L. Q Crum and J. E. Edwards, A.
M.; D. C. Anderson, J. M. Ariail, A.
D. Betts, J. W. Boyd, M. W. Brab
am, J. B. Cantey, W. B. Carnes, V.
Cleveland, M. A. Connally, L. A.
Duncar,. E. C. Dye, W. L. Glaze, Jr.,
J. H. Hamell, Jas. Kilgo, R 0 Law
ton, L. A. Manning, M. K. Meadors,
R. C. Oliver, G. P. Patterson, C. C.
Robbins, H. W. R->bbins, H. C. Rob
ertson, J. A. Rland, W. D. Roberts,
W. H. Smlth, J. G. Stabler, J. P.
Stockman, F. P. Tatum, L. P. Walker,
'Jr., C. P. Wo:fford, all A. B. gradu
ates. A certificate was then awarded
Ito Mr. E. F. Brigman, and President
Snyder next addressed the graduates.
A Remarkable Mother.
Mrs. Edith Gillespie mother of 15
pairs of twins, is dead. This most
notable mother passed away recently
at the ranch of her son, John Gilles
pie, 10 miles south of Denver. Mrs.
Gillespie, after giving bWrth to one of
the most marvellous families on re
cord, lived to reach the age of 84 and
to see her many children scattered far
and wide over the country. This re
markable mother came from a long
lived family and was 1 of 20 children
herself. Many children seemed, it is
said, only the natural course of events
to her and her 15 pairs of twins were
not considered at all remarkable by
mther anid father. It is said that if
her children, grandchildren and great
grand- children couli be gathered to
zeter a good sized village could easi
ly be populated.
Edward Roberts, one of the oldest
ad most skillful shoplifters in San
Francisco, when detected stealing
goods in H. S. Crocker & Co.'s station
ary store, took poison and died before
the hospital was reached. Roberts was
seen slipping a package of twelve
pacs of playing. cards into a parcel
that he carried under his arm.
Killed Her Children.
At Ttcumari, N. M., Mrs. George
Cambell. becoming suddenly insane,
killed her five children and herself
with a ritlle, after she had chased her
husband from their home on a ranch
SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE
Sends Ont Forty-two Graduates From
Her Walls This Year.
Forty-two young men and women,
with the diplomas of the South Caro
ilna College, went forth into the world
Thursday. Thousands of graduates
have been sent forth from this histor
ic old College to serve their State and
do honor to their alma mater and
themselves. The young men and wo
men who bore away the diplomas of
this College have opportunities that
come to but few. They go forth int)
the world confident of their qualifica
tions, their training and manho^d
They go into Carolina blessed with
glorious peace and prosperity, and
truly few have such opportunities as
Tae degrees were conferred by Pres
ident Sloan upon the following grad
GRADUATES, SESSIOS 1904 1905.
Bachelors of Arts-Aiken, William
David, Jr., Charlotte, N. C ; Black
burn, Mary Ethel, Columbia, S. C.;
Boyle, William Lodson, Sumtei, S.
C.; Clarkson, William Anderson,
Wateree, S. C.; Croft, Edward Stock
ton, Aiken, S. C.; Croft, Laurence
Eiward, Aiken, S. C.; Donald, Helen
Stanley, Columbia, S. C.; Everett,
John Fonville, Bennettsville, S. C.;
Fendley, William Elbert, Maynard,
S. C.; Flinn, Nell Crawford, Colum
bia, S. C.: Gasque, Herbert William,
Marion, S. C.: Hinds, Albert Clifton,
Kingstree, S. C ; Hollis, Laurence
Peter, Chester, S. C.; I'Anson, Donald
son Tiller, Columbia, S. C.; Lyles,
Joseph Berry, Columbia, S. C.; McKis
sick. James Rion, Greenwood, S. C.;
Muller, William Henry, Miley, S. C.;
Potts, Frank Glenn, Pleasant Valley,
S. C ; Reed, Samuel Macon, Calum
bia, S. C ; Scott, Walter Marvin,
Chandler, S. C.; Wannamaker, Wil
liam Haynesworth, Cheraw, S. C.;
Wertz, Wilbur Schumpert, Johnson,
Bachelors of Science-Barron, Jacob
Thomas, Jr. Columbia, S. C.; Foster,
Ralph Kelsey, Lancaster, S. C.; Saar
borcugh, Charles Robert, Conway, S.
C.; Wilcox, John Whitfield, Darling
ton, S. C.
Bachelors cf Laws-Baker, D. Gor
don, Marion S. C.; Belber, James Ed
win, Summerton, S. C.; Bigby, Fred
erick Charles, Columbia, S. C.; Breed
in. John K.bb, Manning S. C.: Brails
ford, James Monchrief, Summerton,
S. C.; Carter, Jesse Francis, Lodge, S
C., Craig, Edwa-,d Lyles, Blackstock,
S. C. Hoghes, E 1dings Tho'cas, Cope,
S. C.; I'Anson, Donaldson Tiller, Co
lumbia, S. C.; O'Bryan, Samuel Oliver,
Heineman, S C ; R'eb, Marion, Co
lumbia, S. C.; Robinson, William
Pressly, Lancaster, S. C.; Vaughan.
George Wells, Columbia, S. C ; Wil
liams, John Frederick, Springfield, S.
C.; Wise, John Mahon, Chester, S. C ;
Woods, John McSwain, Sardinia, S.
President Sloan bade the young
graduates God speed. The main idea
of his brief talk to them was that there
were no short cuts to fame or success.
Awards Diplomas to a Class of
Twenty-Six This Year.
The forty-ninth session of Newberry
College closed on last Thursday. This
has been the most prosperous year in
the history of the College, the enrol
ment of new students has increased
and the graduating class, numbering
26, shows thc interest taken by the
Lutheran Church in the education of
its young men and young women.
T wenty young men and six young
ladies are the statistics of the graduat
ing class, 26 in all. These graduates
are going out in the world to represent
the old College as the last offspring of
a noble mother, their reputation and
the reputation of their alma mater is
in their keep'ng to do evil or gocd by,
for the College is judged by the repre
sentatives it gives to the world.
Tney leave the College with music
in their ears and flowers scattered in
their steps, they leave it with the best
wishes of their friends and class mates,
they will be watched to to see if they
use their talents to the best advan
tage and their success will be the suc
cess of their college.
The exercises Thursday closed the
commencement proper, and the day
has been given entirely so the gradua
At 10 o'clock the Opara House was
packed with visitors to hear the seniors
speak. The following young men
J. C. Hipp, Newberry, "Thyself,
E. H Olney, of Charleston, "The
W. E. Pugh, of Prosperity, "Co
W. E. Derrick, of Chapin, "Shall
WE Trust the Trust?"
J. W. Orner, of Leesville, "The
Minister and the Man."
J. H. Zaigler. of Oranpeburg, "The
R W. Frick, of Chapin, "The Na
tional Crisis "
'J. E. Hipp, of Newberry, "Ich
The board of trustees conferred the
degree of D. D. on the Rev. J. H.
Wilson, of Salisbury, N. 0., and the
honorary degree of master of arts was
conferred on the Rev. W. C. Schaef
fer, Jr., now in Germany, and Prof.
H. A. McCullough. of North Carolina.
Diplomas were delivered to the fol
lowing young men and young ladies:
Master of Arts-W. B. Seabrook.
Rtchelor of Arts--A B. Caughman,
F. W. Chapman, W. E. Derrick, R.
W. Prick, J. W. Palmer, J, E Hlpp,
J. C. Hipp, J. C. Lybrand. J. W.
Oxner, W. E. Pugh, H. Y. Paysinger,
S. F. Stoudenmire, A. F. Swygert,
D. H. Taylor, J. H. Z:igler and T.
Bachelor of Science-S. B. Bowers,
J. L. Amick, Hattie E. Hipp, T. W.
Holloway, Leona 0. Johnson, Louisei
Jones, E. H. Olney, W. P. Roof, Jr.,
and Lucy Suber.
Bachelor of Philosophy-M:ss Mar
After the delivery of diplomas Dr.
S'herer spcke to the graduates and
rouched feelingly on the relations
while in College. He admonished<
hem to be faithful, to be faithful to
hemselves and to the world. With
these few timely remarks the exercises]
were closed with prayer.
He Is All Right.
An exzhange asks: "What has be
:ome of the boy in patches?" Why
less your sjul, he is out on the farm
hoppings clods 16 hours a day. He
will come to town after a while to run
the banks and scores, and be the suc- 1
e:sful lawyers and preachers ana phy-1
icians. Don't worry about the boy in
patches. Its the slick-looking, store
lothed, nicely groomed lad you want
:o inquire about. He's the fellow
tbat's going to drop through a crackC
.n the sidewalk, out of sight one ofI
rhe Best for. Growing Cuban Tobacco
in the Country
booking for Some of the Same Sort
in Texas-Statement by
The National department of agri
eulture has issued an interesting bul
letin announcing the result of its ex
periments in Texas with Cuban tobac
cr: seed. A large part of this report
deals with Orangeburg clay and soil,
and great effort has been made in Tex
as, wherever possible, to find this soil,
the kind that the department has
found in Orangeburg county, near St.
The report says: "The soil in the
Texas areas is believed to be derived
from the thorough weathering of Ter
tiary clays, and in some localities the
clays are underlain at a depth of
e:ghjt to twenty feet by a low grade of
glauconite material, indiciting that
the ultimate origin of the type may
have been green sand of Eocene age.
The iron concretions found in the soil,
it is thought, have been gradually
built by oxidation, and leaching of
iron in the soil, which acts as a ce
ment between the grains of sand. Oc
casionaly, though rarely, the concre
tions have the irregular form of iron
crust, and such fragments sometimes
weigh several pounds. The presence
of these concretions is one indication
of the adaptation of the soil to the
production of a cigar leaf of fine
The Orangeburg fine sandy loam,
in addition to its special adaptation as
a tobzczo soil, is well adapted to gen
eral farming. It combines marked fer
tility with a fine friable texture, and
is easily kept in good tilth. The re
port then gives a table showing the
results of mechanical analyses of sam
ples of the soil and subsoil of this
type taken from the locality of the
experimental field in the Macogdoches
The coaracter and relative propor
tions of the principal plant focd con
stituents in this soil are also set out in
a table giving the iesult of a chemical
analysis by the water extract method.
Continuing the report says: "Orange.
burg clay differs from the Orange
burg fine sandy loam mainly in hav
ing a much shallower covering of
lighter soil over the red clay sub-soil,
the latter often lying within reach of
the plough, even with the shallow
ploughig practiced In this part of the
country. A typical description gives
the following profile; soil from five to
nine - inches deep, a dark red color;
and ranging in texture from a heavy
sandy loam, to a clay loam, sub-soil,
a stiff dark red clay, generally reach
ing to a considerable depths, thougn
generally underlain by greansand marl
at three feet. On the surface and mix
ed with the soil, and sub soil, are
found varying proportions of iron con
cretions, and fragments of weathered
greensand marl. A few limeston frag
ments are found in the sub-soil.
"The surface characteristics of the
soil vary considerably. Tne large
areas form high, evenly rolling land,
while the smaller areas which occur
as narrow strips, are usually more
rolling, and in places even hilly and
broken. The surface drainage is for
the most part excellent, except for a
few slight depressions found in the
gently rolling areas, where artificial
drainage would be very benEficial.
"The Orangeburg clay, like the fine
sandy loan, is a residual soil derived
through the weathering of greensand
marl of Ecene age. The marl is lo
cally called "shell rock" and outcrops
in many places in all the typical areas
of the soil mn Texas. and in cuts a
graduation from the unweathered un
derlying formation to the most thor
oughly weathered surface soil may be
readily traced. In some places an al
most complete weathering has taken
place to a depth of several feet. The
greensand is rich in lime, phosphoric
acid, and potassium, and has some
value for use locally as a fertilizer.
"At the beginning of the year 19C4
the bureau had ascertaiced through
two years experiments already detail
ed, the. types of soil upon which the
tobacco nearly approaching the Cuban
leaf in all its qualities, could be sac
cessfully produced. The experiments
were then contim-.ed through the sea
son of 1904 on the soils of the Orange
burg clay and the Orangeburg fine
sandy loam to further study their
adaptation to tiller tobacco and to see
if by diff:;rent methods of fertilization
and cultivation, a still better leaf
could be grown."
In closing, the report says that the
result of the work done during the
year 1903, and the sales of tobacco
grown in Texas, according to the de
partment's methods, have proved, al
most without exception, to have been
entirely satisfactory. It further says
that a gc-od domestic filler can be
grown on the 0:angeburg soils in east
Texas, and at this time about one
hundred and tifty acres are being
grown there. The industry looks ex
ceedingly bright at this time in east
Gets Ten Thousand.
In the Unoited States Court at Char
leson on We-in-sday a sealed verdict
was opened awarding Sol Blank $10,
000 for the compound fracture of his
left leg which may yet have to be am
putated, having been _hurt in the
head-on collision of twb trains of the
Southern railway at Newmarket,
Tenn, last summer. The suit was for
850,000. The verdict seems to have
been satisfactory, for the counsel
Ihanked '.ae jury and no motion of ap
peal was made in either case The
Southern railway, admitted its respon
sibility, but took the position that the
sum sued for was out of all reason In
hat the physical condition of Mr.
Blank was largely to be blamed for
he slow progress which has been
lade in the treatment and that the
iompany should not be made to pay
or this drawback.
Philadelphia Biters Bitten.
Accord~ng to the straries which come
rom Philadelphia many of the ninety
r more members of the city council
~ho voted for the gas lease steal ex
eted to make several thousand dol
ars apiece as a result of the expected
-ise in the stock of the United Gas
[mprovement Company. But when
he scheme failed the shares fell in
alue from 125 below par and the re
ult has been to wipe out the margins
which the corrupt councilmen had
aid in order to secure their privileges.
L'hus instead of making money outr.of
ihe transaction they have been severe
A Luc~:-y Girl.
Joh'n P. IHunt of New York city,
~ged 19, killed himself with a pistol
i Wednesday because his sweetheart
'ef used to marry him unless he would
GAGGED AID ROVBBD.
By Burglars Who Succeeded in Mak
ing Good Their Escape.
Gagged, chloroformed and robbed
early Wednesday evening in his own
room at his boarding house, and this
without the knowledge sf the other
people in the house, is the remarkable
incident that befell Reuben M. Sparks,
24 years old, a stanographer of the N.
C , and St. L., railroad, who resides
at 88 South Pryor street. The robbery
was done Wednesday night and two
men who done it made their escape.
When Sparks recovered consciousness
an hour later and reported the matter,
it was discovered that a pocketbook
had also been taken from a room down
stairs. The police are now investigat
ing the affair.
According to SparkQ, he went to his
room about 9 o'clock to retire. When
he entered he heard a noise but thought
it was his roommate. He spoke and
received a reply, and still thinking
that it was his roommate, walked far
ther into the room. Suddenly he was
seized in front and behind by two men,
who took him to the bed, threw him
on it, and gaged him with a towel. He
lost consciousness then, and did not
awake until 10 o'ckck.
"When I first entered the room and
started to undress, and heard the men
in there in the dark," said Sparks, "I
thought it was a practical joke being
played on me by some of the fellows
in the house. When they clutched my
throat, though, I knew it was no joke.
I wanted to give the alarm then, but
they held me so close 1 could'nt. They
bore me to the bed, ramed a cloth into
my mouth, and spread a towel over
my face. I knew no more until Mrs.
Steele, mother of Miss Steele, came
into the room and lossened the towel.
She had heard my loud breathing.
"The cloth had nothing on it, but
the towel was covered with some dark
substance, with a sickening odor.
This nauseated me and I was sick
from the effects of it at midnight."
According to Sparks, the robbery
must have been committed by some
one familiar with the hcuse. He says
that a friend of his, a collector, was
at the house earlier in the day. At
dinner the friend handed him a roll of
bills containing about $80. This he
lourished before the other boarders,
but latter returned t' to his friend.
He says also that early in the even
ing a negro was seen in the rear of the
house. He thinks that this negro
might have given a tip to the robbers.
When the excitement had quieted
down, It was discovered that Miss
Mabel Morgan, a niece of Miss Steele,
who conducts the house, had lost a
pocketbook from her room. It is pos
sible that the theives went on to
Sparks' room, and being caught there,
robbed him also. They escaped by a
When seen Thursday, Miss Steele
declared that at 9 o'clrck a boarder in
the house told her that he heard a
noise in Sparks' room. She listened
and also heard a noise; it sounded like
someone was being strangled. She
thought, though, that it was next
door, especially as she could get n>
response from anybody in the room.
She then returned downstairs and
knew nothing more about the matter
until Sparks' loud breathing attracted
her mothers attention.-Atlanta
Killed By Train.
A horrible tragedy was enacted at
North at six o'clock on Monday after
noon when Capt. J. Dempsey Jones,
one of the wealthiest and most respect
ed citizens of the county, was run over
and instantly killed by a train on the
Seaboard Air Line Railway. The acci
dent happened near the depot in the
presence of a numnber cf the friends of
Capt, Joaes, who were at the depot to
meet the train. They were powerless
to prevent the horrible tragedy, and
had to stand there and see the life
crushed out of their friend by the
It seems that Capt. Jones, who was
qite an aged man, being at the time
of his death seventy-nine years of age,
attempted to walk across the track in
front of an approaching passenger
train, which he either did, not see or
miscalculated the distance it was from
him, when the train ran into him and
crushed him to death instantly. Capt.
Jones was quite feeble, and it is doubt
ful if he ever did know what struck
him. As soon as possible he was pick
ed up and given attention, but it
availed nothing. When it became
known the accident cast a deep gloom
over the entire community of North,
as the kindly old gentleman was great
ly beloved by all. The !train was in
charge of Conductor Bate and Eugi
neer PAteat, who regretted the sad
tragedy as much as any one else.
The Spartanburg Journal hInts at
another phase of the yellow peril as
follows: "The sympathies of the
American people have been almost
unanimously with the Japanese in
their war with Russia, but we are go
ing to find that the Japanese when
they are successful are going to give
us a lot of trouble. They have already
closed the Laio Tung peninsula, which
they captured from the Russians, anid
they levy what is known as a likin tax
on all imports. This includes cotton
goods from our southern mills and will
embarrass our export trade, if kept up
and extended, as It is likely to be.
The Japanese are an ambitious, enter
prising, aggressive and efficient peo
ple and if they want to keep our goods
out of China in order to exploit that
country themselves, won't that make
trouble?" This is only the beginning
Just wait a little while, and we shall
see. In a few years from now the Jap
anese will sell all the cotton goods
that China uses. She will do it by in
fluencing the Chinese to put a duty on
American goods and admit Japanese
goods in free on some sort of a reci
procity treaty. They will pay us in good
measure for all the sympathy we are
lavishing on them.
Fell Four Stories.
At New York Col. A. Clausen, a
produce exchange broker was instant
ly killed Tuesdlay by falling or jump~
ig from a window In his apartments
~n the fourth floor at 113 West Sev
enty-sixth street. Mrs. Claussen, who
was in the room at the time, said her
husband was asleep when he fell, ha r
ing rushed fromn bed suffering from a
nightmare. So far as is known there
was no reason for suicide.
He Was Insane.
John Johnson, a Swedish youth,
was taken Into custody in Washington
on Wednesday for annoying Miss Alice
Roosevelt, the president's daughter,
with proposals of marriage. He was
Seven People Shot.
Seven persons were shot at a wild
west show at Inman, Kas., when a
Cherokee Indian during a war dance
fired a charge from a shot gun into
the crowd. It was supposed that a
blan hell was in the gun.
R~APID PISS OF EDWARD 20K.
Gets the Biggest Salary of Any Edi
tor in the Unitcd States.
The ancestors of Edward K. Bok,
the editor of the Ladies' Hcme Jcur
nal and the Saturday Iv-ening Postof
Philadelphia, were aristceratic Dutch
men for a long time. The great
grandfather of Edward was oblef ad
miral of Holland's navy, and his grand
father was chief justice o. Holland's
supreme court. His father was a
a minist2r to William III., whose
daughter, Wilhelmina, is now queen
of The Netherlands. But the B.ks
lost their money, and William, the
minister, came to America with his
wife and two boys. Edward Bok left
school when a lad, and wert to
work. He tells this story of his strug
"We were extremely poor, and I
used to gather wood in the vacant
lot.- for our fire. I helped my mother
wash dishes and do other household
duties. But the first money I earned
was in selling water. Prsons in New
York then went to Coney Island in
street cars which ran through Bruok
lyn, I carried a bucket of ice water
on my arm and when the cars strpped
I sold it to the passengers for a
penny a glass. Then I put a lemen in
my bucket and got two cents a glass.
I added a little more sugar and lemon
juice and raised the prize to three
cents. That is where I learnzd that
the public will always pay the best
price for the best thing. I so'd more
three-cent lemonade than one-cent
water and made more mcney.
"In winter, when no one went to
Coney Island, I carried a newspaper
route on Saturdays and worked in a
bakery, cleaning windcws, waiting on
the counter, and running erranis, for
fifty cents a week. W.aen I was
thirteen years old I left school forever,
going to the Western Union Telegraph
Company as an cffice boy. At night
I studied stenography. 1 got into
Henry Ward Beecher's church and in
to one of its literary societies. We
printed a little paper for the society,
and I took it up and developed it into
the Brooklyn Magazine. My brother
helped me. We published Mr. Beech
er's sermons .in full, and then made
arrangements for the sermons of Dr.
Taimage. Curiously enough, some of
the best writers of the day became our
"I was nineteen years old, and in
the meantime had been employed by
the telegraph company as a stenogra
pher. , A man conspicuous in the
Standard Oil company wanted to buy
our magazine for his son, and, as it
was not profitable, we sold it. This
man told me that magazines and oil
could be carried along on the sam-.
trade principles-that the methods
employed to produce a gallon of refin.
ed oil would print and sell a single
copy of a magazine. I told him if
that was his belief he would lose a lot
of money. I left the telegraph com
pany and went to Henry Holt and
Company, the publishers, also as a
stenographer. Heav..n alone knows
what else I did in my own time. I
started a syndicate and supplied news.
papers with high-class matter of in
terEst to the female sex, obtainiog
what I called forty articles by forty
famous women. Some of the women
were.foreigners. I kept out of cook
ery and needlework. Mo man should
attempt to meddle with such things.
I might say that 1 am the father of
the woman's page in the newspapers,
but I am not proaud of the relation
ship. I am not proud of the relation
detest it now that it has grown up.
"From Holt's, I went to Charles
Scribner's Sons, with whom I re
mained until I was employed by Mr.
Curtis. I became adrertising mana
ger at Scribner's and undertook to de
velop t'he Book Buyei-, one of their
magazines. While thus employed I
was persuaded to go to Philadelphia
and the Ladies' Home Journal.
"When a boy I learned the secret of
success, as I have told you-work like
the devil. To this I now adid, and
for the delight of it. Young men in
this establishment come to me and
each one asks: 'What are my
chances?' And I reply: 'You are
making your inquiry at the wrong
place. It's, up to you, no.t t: me;
make yourself invaluable and your fu
ture will take care of i;.self.' "-N. Y.
Row in a Georgia Town.
A tragedy occurred at Chipley, Ga.,
at noon Thursday in which Dr. John
C. Hardy, a prominent physician of
that town, was killed. Mayor S. A.
Goodman was slightly wounded and
Marshal White had two bullet holes
shot through his clothing. Dr. Hardy
had publicly horse-whipped an aged
citizen during the morning, and he
later appeared at the mayor's omce,
where he and the mayor became in
volved in a difficulty concerning the
amount of fine that was to be imposed
upon him. Marshal White was present.
Dr. Hardy opened fireon the mayor
and the marshal. The marshal re
turned the fire. Dr. Hardy was shot
twice, once in the hea'i and once in
the stomach, dying instantly. Mayor
Goodman was shot in the arm by Dr.
Cauaht at Iast.
George G. Glenn, former cashier at
Plladelphia for the Postal Telegraph
company, was arrested Tuesday night
on the arrival of the steamer Talia
hassee, at Savannah, from Boston.
He is wanted in Philadelphia for forg
ing the name of a Postal etmcial to a
paper on which It is allege d he seoured
9000. He was last seen mn Pnila
delphia on April 28 last. On being
arrested, Glenn attempted to shoot
himself, but the otlicers prevented
him from doing so. Glenn will be
held for requisition.
Three persons were killed and 29
injured in the wreck of an eastbound
passnger train on the bouthern rail
way at Golden Gate, Ill., Tuesday of
last week. The train was a "Cotton
Special," carrying Confederate veter
rans to the reunion at Louisville, Ky.
While running at a speed of 50 miles
an hour, the engine struck a spread
rail on a trestle 2(0 feet high and the
engine and four coaches were over
turned and fell to the bottom of the
ravine. The ergine turned complete
A Good Sho.wir; .
It is stated that the farmers who
compose 50 per cenTff the country's
population, only commit two per cent.
of the crimes. This is prima facie
evidence that it is easier todeal justly
and mercifully with men and to waik
humbly before God in the Dure atmos
phere of the country than in the con
Pinniged to kHis Death.
While being hauled up from a well
at Glendale, S. C., Tuesday afternoon
J. W. Arnold, a young white man,
fell from the box and his body shot
:ownward a distance of nearly forty
feet. His head struck a rock, break
ngr his neckr and he dierd instantly.
Three Persons Dr6wned and Two
Narrowly Escape Death.
The Driver of One Auto Passes Another
Auto, Which Was Standing at a
Bridge, the Draw of Which
Was Open, and Plunges
Into the River.
At Chicago three persons were
drowned and two others narrowly es
caped a like fate Saturday night, when
an automobile in which the five were
ridirg, plunged into the Chicago
river through the op'n draw of the
Rush street bridge. The drowned:
Jerome G. Kurtzman, Chicago, man
ager for a chemical company.
Mrs. Jerome G. Kurtzman.
W. A. Hartley, manager f ir an au
W. H. Hoops, Jr., manager for an
Mrs. Jerome Runyon, New York
Both Mrs. Runyon and Mr. Hoops
were unconsclous for half an hour af
ter being taken from the river, but are
expected to recover.
The accident occurred at the north
end of the bridge where there is an
upward slope of 200 feet towards the
edge of the draw. This slope is so
-teep that it has not bsen thought
necei siry to stretch chains acrcss the
roadway, as is done at a number of
other bridges, where the approach is
on a level.
The occupants of the automabile,
which dashed into the river, were
coming south in Rush street close be
hind another machine, the chauffeur
of which, seeing that the draw was
open, slackened speed and was coming
to a stop about 50 feet from the edge
of the draw.
Hoops, who was driving the rear
machine, thinking to pass ahead,
pulled cut to one side. Patting on
extra power, Hoops' machine shot to
ward the open draw at 20 miles an
hcur. When close to the open draw,
Hoops realized his danger, and throw
ing all his weight on the steering
wheel, attempted to turn the machine
to the left. The machine was toc
close to the draw, however.
Toe automobile turned slightly and
for a fraction of a second hung on the
brink. The tire of the front wheel
ripped off, the hub broke, and the
machine dropped i:.to the river 30 feet
oelow. As the machine slipped along
the edge of the .draw, the women in
the automobile screamed, and all of
the occupants rose to their feet, but
had no time in which to make any
mncve before they were flung into the
river, and after them plunged thE
Hoops and Mrs. Runyon fell clear
of the machine and were taken un
conscious from the river by sailors
who were on a wharf near the bridge.
Mrs. Runyon was ta~ken to the Lex
ington hotel in a hysterical condition.
Neither Kurtzmnan, his wife, nor
Hartley rose to the surface, and It is
thought that they were pinned down
by the machine.
Stand by Your Town.
The Rt ck Hill Ecord says some
people claim the right to try and dis
courage everything that goes to help
build up their home town. Tais is all
wrong and all should make up their
minds to the fact that If there is any
chance to toom business boom it
Don't put on a long face and look as
though you had a sour stomach. Hold
up your head, smile and look for bet
ter things. Hide your little hammer
and try to speak well of others, no
matter, now how small you really
know yourself to be. When a
stranger drops In jolly him and tei
him this is the greatest little town on
earth-as it is. Don't discourage
him by speaking Ill of your neighbors.
Lead him to believe that he has at
last struck a place where "white" peo
ple live. Don't kncck. Hold your
self along by becoming popular, and
push your friends with you. It's dead
easy. Be a good fellow. and soon
you'll have a procession of followers.
Na man ever helped himself by knock
iog other people down in business or
c-aract r. No man ever got rich by
trying to make others believe he was
the only man in town who knew any
thing. You can't climb the ladder of
success by treading on other peoples'
corns. When a man comes to town
he hears the character of nearly every
ore traduced, he is nearly always sus
picious of the traducer, and will gen
erally keep away from the man who
knows all the bad things of the town,
for I0 islikely a case of taking a thief
to catch a thief.
Thought He Was Free.
Harvey Smith, Johb Collier and
Will Jackson, colored, were hangt d at
Decatur Ala., Friday. Smith and
Collier murdered Miss Belle Blood
worth, a young woman of Decatur.
Jackson killed a policeman who was
trying to arrest him. The three men
were hanged together, but when the
drop fell the knot slipped off Smith's
neck and he dropped to the ground
crying out '"Thank God, I am free;
yes I am free." He was picked up In
a semi-conscious condition and hanged
a second time, the rope drawing so
tight that it cut deep Into his flesh.
Smith was practically unconscious the
drop fell the second time and had to
e helped up on the scaffold as the
rope was adjusted. Both Smith and
Collier protested their Innocense to
the last, while Jackson claimed he
killed Officer Steel in self defense.
Babies Choked Station.
Sixty-one infants, former Inmates of
the New York Foundling Asylum,
thronged union station at St. Louis,
Mo., and congested traffic for a time
Friday, keeping a corps of nurses busy.
Oae baby, Joseph Brown, aged 3 years,
fell fram a car window just before|
reaching St. Louis and was instantly
killed. At union station five babies
succeeded in crawling under waiting
trains, but were rescued from their
perilous positions. The infants are
being taken to Texas, where they will
be distributed into homes for adop
Colored Woman Killed.
A colored woman, whose name
could not be learned was killed at
Greers Frnday evening by No. 40, the
illfated passenger train that was
wrecked near King's Mountain that I
THE BOUTR'S GERRAy-8.
What An English Army Ofieer Has I
to Say About Them.
The latest contribution of British
military writers to the literature of
our civil war is a work entitled "The
Crisis of the Confederacy," by Capt.
Cecil Battine of the Fifteenth King's
Hussars. The book presents an esti
mate of the military abilities of the
commanding c ficers of the two armies
and this feature of the work is par
ticularly interesting and very gratify
ing to the people of the South. In a
review of the work The Army and
Navy Journal gives the following sum
mary of Capt. Battine's conclusions
upon this subject:
"Capt. Battine's estimates of the
Leaders of the opposing armies In the
civil war will interest even where .
they fail to convince the studious
reader. He.maintains, for example,
that if in 1862 the North could have
exchanged generals with the South,
the Federal victory could not have been
long delayed. He declares that the
Federal cfficer who moat distinguish
ed himself both at Gettysburg and in
the Wilderness battle of May 5, 1864,
"OL Grant he says. 'No great man
in history surpased him In simple
ness of purpose and freedom from
sham and pretense of all sorts. He
wam wise, modett and brave. That
he was not a great master of tactical
science must be admitted, but remem
bering how little incentive he had re
ceived to think out its problems until
he was of mature age and had been
for six years a civilian, It was not to
be expected that he would shine in the
field which of all others requires many
years of long and fruitful study. As
a strategist he was inferior to none of
the Ameriem generals. His grim de
termination to persevere In spite of a
holocaust of victims has been de
nounced as heartless disregard of hu
man life, but his chivalry to the van
quished and his tender regard for the
sick and wounded show higa in a very
"Capt. Battine holds that McClel
Ian was relieved of command 'with
out any particular pretext,' that his
successor, Burnside, while not lacking
In bravery, had shown at Antietam
'how little capacity he had for the'
most difficult task of controlling a
great army in the field,' that Meade,
thorgh 'unlike the conventional type
of a great warrior,' in that he had
'more the appearance of an engineer
than of a troop leader,' possessed valu
able qualities as a chief, was perscn
ally brave and had the moral courage
which is so often lacking to men who
never fear for their own safety.
"For Lee, Capt. Battine has the
highest admiration, and says of him:
'In the tact and diplomatic skill with
which he softened the jealousies of
his people and tightened the combina
tion of the different States, he is only
to be compared to the great Duke of
Marlborough. In the boldness and.
sagacity of his strategy and in the
affectionate devotion he inspired in
his troops he resembled lNapoleon
himself. As leader of an army he had
one great fault; he was too modestt
too lacking in the stern self-assertion.
which compels obedience and exacts
the utmost efforts of subordinates.
Such as he was, chivalrcus, brave and
conscientious to a fault, he will re
main the most attractive personality ~
among Am.rican heroes and one of
the most famous of the world's great.
generals.' - As for Stonewall Jackson,
Capt. Battine heartily accepts the
high and almost extravagant estimate
placed upon that remarkable soldier
by another British writer, Lieut. Col.
G F. R. Henderson, whose 'Stonewall
Jackson and the American Civil'War'
is recognized in England as a master
piece of military biography."
The Charleston Post says whatever
judgments may be held in this con.
try upon the relative merits of the
soldiers of that mighty struggle
which rent the republic, it is clear
enough, from the writings of such
students as Lord Wolseley, Col. Hen
derson and Capt. Battine that impar
tial and critical history will award to
the leaders of the Confederate armies
a renown that even we of the South.
will admit to be fair recognition of
their glorious achievements.
The fellow Peril.
The Columbia ecord says "If the
Chinese do carry out their reported -
intention of boycottlrg American
goods, the cotton mill industry for on
will be up against a yellow peril that
really means something. Reports con
tlnue to be printed of the progress of
this movement amongst the Chinese
and their determination to make It ef
fective unless some concessions are.
made in our exclusion laws." The
Record goes on to say that "some in a
position to know think they see the
fine hand of former Minister Wn in
the boycott. When he was in this
country he bitterly resented the treat-.
ment given his countrymen of wealth,
education and intelligence, but with
all his suavity, good nature and popu
laity he was not able to have the ex.
clusion methods relaxed in the least.
He quickly 'caught on' to American
ways and methods of thooght and ac
tion and, perhaps, It was here that he
learned the use of the boycott and is
trying to put them in effect. -The
Record thinks that this country could
well modify the severity with which
the exclusion law is enforced without
flooding the country with Chinese cool
es to compete with home laborers,
and that unless something Is done in
that direction an Imminent peril
threatens the cotton manufacters'
foreign trade. This is where the fine
work of the Japanese will be brought
Into play. It is their purpose after
they get through with the Bulisian
war to make themselves master of the
orient c ammercially as well as politi
cally, and in doing so It will matter
little to them whether they tread on
the toes of an enemy or a friend.
England will, of course, urge on this
movement on the part of Japan and
China, as she is well aware that her
treaty with Japan will protect her In
any discrimination China may mak
against the United States. We predict
that in less than ten years from the
close of the present war Japan and
the United States will be at war. Mark
E agineer Canble Dead.
Engineeer Cauble, who was scalded
in the wreck of passenger train No.
40 near King's Mountain Thursday
night, died Friday morning as a re
salt of the injuries he received. A
telegram was at once sent to Mr s
Cauble, the wife of the engineer, wh
lives at Greenville notifying her "
the death of her hushbind.
Drowned in Wine Tank.
At Cagliari, Sardina,- four men lost
their lives Friday while attempting to
descend into a huge wine reservoir
olding fifty thousand gallons of wine.
Two of them were asphyxiated by
fumes and the other two while attemp
ting to rescue them fell In and were