Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIX. MANNLNG, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1905. NO. 44
THE LIQUOR LAW
Attacked at a Farmers' Meeting
by John L. McLaurin.
The President of the Souih Carolina
Southern Gotton Association Object
ed to Politics Being Brought in
a Farmers Rally. Several
Fine Speeches Made.
Tuesday of last week was cotton
growers' day in Dillon. The 500
sturdy sons of the soil who gathered
there to hear the distinguished gen
tlemen who had been invited to make
addresses before the etunty conven
tion and exchange ideas on the cul
ture of cotton and other crOps pecu
liar to the South, representing every
section of the old Swamp Fox County,
but the bulk.of the crowd came from
the upper end of the county, or what
is known in local parlance as "new
county territory." The gatherir g
was unique in that the crowd assem
bled at the big school auditorium and
was composed of men of every walk
in life-bankers, merchants, farmers,
manufacturers, and professional men
-with here and there a politician.
The committee on entertainment
had selected well and it seldom falls
to the lot of a town as small of Dillon
to have such a galaxy of distinguished
orators within its borders in a single
day. There was Ex Senator Me
Laurin and Col. Knox Livingstone, of
Bennettsville; the Hon. F. H Hyatt
and Col. Y. H. Weston, of Columbia;
the Hon. Richard I Manning and the
Hon. E D. Smith, of Sumter; R, P.
Hamer, of Hamer, and Congressman
J. E. Ellerbe, of Seller's. Esch of
these gentlemen came with something
to tell and they told it so well that
those who listened went away bene
fitied. Tne addresses were remarka
ble for their force and logic and depth
and breadth of thought and the
audience showed its appreciation for
each individual effort by frc quent
cutbursts of applause. County
chairman Stackbouse presided and the
meeting was opened with a very elo
quent and touching prayer by the
Rev. J. D. Croul.
HAMER AND MANNING SPEAK.
The iirst speaker introduced was
the Hon. . P. Hamer, who felt high
ly complimented in being asked by
his home people to speak on such an
important subject. Mr. Hamer said
that this is distinctively a commercial
age ard every class of people was or
ganized except the farmer and par.
ticularly the "ctton totr" He held
that thorough organ'zition would
enable the strong to help the weak
and that there should be a fixei price
at which to sell cotton, that is, a
price for those with obligations and a
price for those in urgent need of mon
ey. Mr. Hamer strongly advcca.ted
the ware house system and pointed
out that with the c~operation of the
cotton and oil mills, ware houses
could be successfully and economically
run. Mr. Hamer is a practical man
and his talk being along practical
lines was well received. His remarks
were greeted with prolonged applause.
The Hon. R. L. Manning, who was
next introduced, urged the necessity
of thorough organization among the
farmers. Mr. Manning's speech was
spirited and at times eloquent. His
earnestness appealed to the audience
and he was fre q1i ntly interrupted
with applause. He believed in the
bonded ware house and urged the
farmer to hold his cotton and borrow
money whenever the price was so low
that it did not pay him to sell. Mr.
Manning made a good impression on
his audience and at the conclusion of
his remarks was followed by the Hon.
John L. McLaurin. Just here a gen-|
uine sensation was sprung, which|
created a furor in the au4ience.
THE DISPENSAEY INTEODUOCED.
Mr. McLaurin had been speaking
but a few minutes and had paused
after an eloquent and touching de
scription of the horrors of the recon
struction period. when a young man
walked rapidly across the front of the
stage andi banded him the following
"Senator: At cur committee meet
ing yesterday we decided we were all
of one accord on the cotton q'iestion,
having read much on the subject and
having many able speakers who will
follow you here today. For that
reason we dicded that we would re
mind you that the burning question
of the hour with us is. and will be for
the immediate future, dispensary or
no dispensary, and if you have no
serious objections would like to hear
your views on the subject. What do
you think of the dispensary law as it
is written on the statue books of this
State, as it has been, is, and probably
will be, as long as it is a law executed
by those in authority.'
"W. T. Bethea,
"Won. Mt. Hamer,
"E. L. Moore,
"E. R. Earner."
As Mr. McLaurin read the note a
half amused smile played over his
features. Then turning to the audi
ece, with a dramatic wave of his
and, he said that his record in the
Senate was evidence sufficient that he
had~ never been afraid to express his
views on any q aestion, and although
e had co'me lhere prepared to talk
ab~ut cotton he would at the request
of the committee state his views on
the most corrupt institution that ever
cursed a State. This announcement
was greeted with shouts of applause.
Instantly the doorways and wir
dows became crowded and men leaned
forward in their seats to catch every
word that fell from his lips. Although
a delightful~ breezC was sweeping the
vast auditorium the Ex Senator di
vested himself of his collar and tie,
which he q letly laid on the table
beside him. Twice the chairman
called time on him but the last time
e was told that his time was up.
uMesr Weston and Hyatt sprang tC
theIr feet simultaneously and gener
ously offered him five minutes eac' of
'their tire. His arraignment of Till
man and the dispensary was severe
and occasionally s)me staunch sup.
Dorter of the institution wouid
arise and q iietly walk out of the hall.
Mr. McLaurin argued strongly that
the people could not hope to escape
from the dispensary through legisla.
tive action and that therefore the
policy should be to vote it out by
counties. The prot st of the election
in Pickens county, he declared, was
merely a ruse of politicians to prevent
the effect that the prohibition victory
there would otherwise have in coun
ties where elections are pending. The
Er Senator was unsparing in his ar
raignment of Senator Tillman's course
and at times he showed considerable
feeling in his references to the chief
The speech has been the talk of the
day in Dillon. While Mr. McLaurin
in his speech made no statement of
his personal political plans and did
not c.mmit himself in any way, there
are many who believe that he expect,
to be active and aggressive in the
fight against the dispensary and in
favor of prohibition by counties.
They say that this will inevitably
place Mr. McLaurin in the fLrefront,
as representing the sharpest antagon
:sm to the Tillman dispensary idea
and that he will naturally make his
firht by becoming a candidate for the
Unicea States Senate in 1906.
At the conclusion of his speech Mr.
cLaurin was loudly chee.ed and sev
eral gentlemen sprang upon the
rostrum and grasped his hand. It
was clear that he had the audienoe
with him, although there was a large
;prinklirg of strong dispensary advo
ates in the crowd.
THREE MORE SPEECHES.
The next speaker was Mr. F H.
Weston, of Columbia, who discussed
;he Cotton Growers' Association from
;he banker's p->int of view. Mr.
Weston is a strong and vigorous
peaker and easily-held the attention
f the audience. He advocated the
uilding of bonded ware houses and
old the farmers that they would have
io difficulty in borrowing almtst up to
he limit on their cotton if it was
properly housed. He referred elo
uently to the period :f reconstruc
,on and pointed out the independence
f the Southerner of today. He was
:requently interrupted with applause
wd loudly cheered at the conclusioa
)f his talk.
Mr. F. H. Hyatt caught the audi
mee with a series of original anec
lotes. He begged pardon for branch
g c ff on good reads, but just coud 2't
alk before such an audience without
elling his hearers of the manifold
dvantages of good roads. He advised
anters to make their farms attrac
ive and keep the boys at home and
wound up with a strong argument for
he diversification of crops.
Congressman J. E. Ellerbe was in
iroduced and briefly reviewed the
work of the Association thus far. He
,aid he felt that a great deal had been
recomplished, but that the work had
)niy begun. He referred to the re
:ent rise In the price of cotton as an
ndication thac the South had at last
saught the ear of Wall street specu
ators. If so much had been accom
lished in such a short time the pos
ibilties of success could not be exag
gerated. Mr. Ellerbe was received
with prolonged applause.
PREsIDENT' sMITH'S CONDEMNATION.
Several speakers followed McLaurin
efore Mr. E. D. Smith, president of
he Scuth Carolina division of the
Southern Cotton association, and the
ast speaker, was introduced. Another
sensation was at once sprung. Ad-1
rancing to that part of the stage:
where Mr. MrcLaurin was seated,1
Eesident Smith made fiery denuncia
iion and condemnation of the effort1
o inject politics at the meetings held.
2nder the auspices of the Southern
Jotton Association. He informed the
audience and the committee that they
were met here not to discu's politics,
tough he did not question their right
to grant any privileges they might
:are to indulge. "Oae thing only has
salled us together today, the benefit
of Southern farmers, and as your
president I do not intend that this
purpose shall be side tracked even
for the miserable, damnable dispen
Just here a curious phase of "meet
ings" was evidenced. It was clear,
while Mr. McLaurin was speaking,
that the splendily representative au
dience was entirely in sympathy with
him. There was no mistaking the
loud, ringing applause tha~t constant
ly interrupted him and the great In
terest manifested in all he had to say.
It was equally clear and unmistakable
as to the d.rret purpose of Mr. Smiths
remarks and for whom they were In
tended, and this same audience gave
him loud and lone continued cheering
A GOOD SPEAKER.
Col. Norment, who reported the
meeting for Tihe State says Mr. Smith
is a remarkable speaker and he could
be hea:d in every community in South
Carolina with great benefit. Lack of
space prevents anything like even a
synopsis of this fine speech which was
listened to with the closest attention
for about one hour. He gave so-ne
interesting details concerning his
work, of Its disccuragements and its
successes and sho wd some dangers
threatening the association. He went
into the depths of his subj -ct, show
ing the great pricciples involved and
gave figures showing that the work
"had put more money into the pock
ets of Southern farmers" than idle
critics would ever understand. Three
strong points in closing were empha
sized amid the undivided attention of
the undiminished audience. Those
were, first, that cotton was the cur
rency of the south: second, that there
was no substitute for this greatest
prouct of the world and that the
limited area foir its crowth was con
fined to the south, and thirdly,
iis combination gave us a great
monopoly. Mr. Smith made a telling
speech and he must have been grati
fied at the reteption given him.
In the af ternoon the speakers were
carried to the handsome rooms of the
Commercial club where "things" were
done up in style. Champagne, fine
cigars and camaraderie made pleas
ant moments go rapidly by and gave
finishing touches to a hospitable
welcome to a fine town and to a fine
A HOT TIMF.
Thousands Slept in the Parks of New
York Last Week.
The Heat Was so Iatense That the
People Had to Desert Their
Homes to Get Air.
While it was pretty hot through
out South Carolina last week we did
not suffer here as the pe ple did in
New York and other large cities of
the North. There were hundreds of
deaths from the heat in all of the
larger cities, and there would have
been more had not the people deserted
their homes and took to the public
parks. Here is a New York picture: t
"Cme and sleep on the garss in the 1
parks," was the invitation Manhat- I
tan sent out Wednesday uight, and
the people respordad by thousands,
says The New York Sun of Wednes a
day. From the little triangle south d
of Cooper Union to the slopes of River
side park and in all the down-town 1
small parks the grass, the benches and
the band stands were populous. The
"Keep off the grass" signs were called a
"They won't be put out again this
summer, either, if I can help it," said t
Park Commissioner Pallas. He sent a
letter to Police Commissioner Me
Adoo in the afternoon offering the
parks within his jurisdiction in the 1
orougbs of Manhattan, and Rich- 1
mond to the weary and overheated.
amnd this order from Commissioner
HeAdoo was read in all the station
"By direction of Park Commissioner
Pallas you will permit the public to
walk, sleep and lounge on the grass
)r benches in all the parks within
rour precincts, day and night during
he hot spell, if they so desire."
It did not take long for the news to e
et about. By 9 o'clock p. m., Mul
>erry Bend park, in the Italian quar
,er, looked like the beach at Coney n
sland on a hot day. There were
ver two thousand women and chil
iren there, with a fair percentage of
en. The sleepers took to the grass f
mtil there wasn't an available spot. 9
rhen they filled up the band stand.
Everybody in the park wore as lit
e clothing as the law allowed. A
iirt and a pair of trousera iufficed for
he men, while most of the c'ildren
dept under the stars in their birthday t
ress. There were over 5.000 who
,ought relief at the William H. Sew
rd pa.rk, at Est Broadway and Jet
erson street. Oaty the benches at
Lutery park were overcrowded. Few r.
*ught comfort on the grass. a
The permission appealed mightily e
o dwellers along the North river. In
D Witt Clinton park early in the
wvening were at least 4,000 persons, h
nost of them women and children.
L large numb-r of them had made
Lrrangements to spend the night cut e
f doors and had bro'ight pillows and
lankets. Coverings were unanimous
y voted to be unnecessary b
On the bank sloping down to ther
iver from Riverside drive space was
t a premium in the early evening.
here was a breeze off the river and
eather conditions were quite coin
~ortable. It was not observable that
nany intended to spend the night ~
~here. the bank being too steer in
nost places to insure tranquil rest.
Severtheless, in the lata evening the
ank was quise as crowded as earlier. r
Those who went into Central parka
to keep cool were surprised when the
olice failed to turn them out at mid
ight. They hadn't yet heard of the
ew order. Many of them, upon learn
ng that they might stay there allb
night if they chose, we.-tt home and c
ot pillows. Through the side streets
eading to the park entrances could be I
-een many Bohemians and Italians!r
!rom the Easst Side making for the
park with pillows tucked under their1
In some spots whole families were a
stretched out on the grass side by
side. The favorite spots seemed to be
places where there was an incline or
mbankment. Many who are nightly
omeless and generally sleep in areas.
nd on doorsteps went into the park
when the police found them in theirr
sual. haunts and told them of the
Morningside and Mount Morris
parks, in Harlem, were both crowded
At Jefferson park, 112th street and 1
E ast river, Harlem, Italians were cele- 1
brating the fete of Our Lady of Mount
Carrel and hundreds of them slept in
the park after the celebration was
In the three Tenderloin parks the 1
men d sarted the benches for the
grass, but the few women sleepers
stuck to the benches. In Madison
square, where there were more women
than both the others, the men kept
to the west side of the park, giving1
up the east side to the women and not
disturbing them in the least.
In the big parks in the Bronx, es
pecially Pelham bay and Bronx parks,
hundreds of people have been sleeping
under the trees nightly. In Pelham
bay park last night a large part of
the Italian ppuation of Williams
bridge, learning of the new order,
took bed clothing, pillows and, in
some cases, cots, and slept beneath
the trees. There was a similar condi
tion in Bronx park. The only inter
ference from the police came when the
sleeperscamped too close to the b::tan
ical gardens or the zoo.
Seaside park, Coney Island, was a
large dormitory. Thousands of people
came from the city with the intentIon
of sleeping on the beach. Between five
thousand and ten thousand of them,
according to an estimate of Capt. Doo
ley, did so.
Hundreds of others, learning that
the park grass was available for beds,
preferred it. A large number of the
sleepers were women, and nearly all
brought shawls, quilts or capes on
which to rest their heads. Capt. Doo
ley had extra men patrolinig the beach
and park as a protection against p'c'.
Ipockets. At midnight trains from the
Icity were still coming in packed to the
Idoors and the number of sleepers was
On the American Gunboat Ben=
nington Exploded Friday.
apt. Lucien Young, in Command. Was
Ashore at the Time. The Vessel is
Almost a Complete Loss, and
it Was Necessary to
Thirty-nine members of the crew
f the United States gunboat Benning
mn were killed and nearly 100 sailors
ere in jured, some fatally, at 10 o'clock
?riday rorencon by a boiier explosion
;hat disabled the vessel, in San Diego
iarbor, Cal. Fif seen sailors are miss
rg. There werb more than 250 men
.board the war ship when the acci
lent occured and many men were
iuried or forced to jump into the sea
>y the terrific explosion, which lifted
art of the deck and compelled the
ieaching of the ship.
Tae Bennington at the time of the
,cident was lying in the stream, just
ff the Commercial wharf, at H street.
!he war ship had received orders frcm
he navy department at Washirgtou
o sail Friday morning for Port Hart
ord to meet the monitor Wyoming
,nd convey the monitor to Mare Is
mid navy yard, San Francisco. Steam
ras up and everything was in readi
ess for the departure of the Ben
ington, when the starboard forward
oiler exploded with a deafening roar.
.ae explosion was terrific People
tanding on shore saw a huge cloud of
team rise above the Bennington.
:olumns of water were forced high
3to the air.
A dezen or fifteen men were blown
verboard by the force of the terrific
xplosion. Capt. Wentworth, who
ras looking at the Bennington when
e disaster occurred, says he saw hu
ian bodies hurled over a hundred feet
pward! The air was clouded with
noke, which enveloped the ship.
7hen the haze cleared away only a
w men ccu'd be seen on the decks,
hile a number were noundering in
ie water. A boat was lowered from
ae vessel's side and most of the men
i the water were picked up and taken
Oa board the Bennington were pre
ted terrible scenes. The force of
ae explosion had torn a great hole in
ae starboard side of the ship and the
ssel was already commencing to list.
. section of the upper (leck was car
ed away from stem to stern. Blood
ad wreckage were distributed over the
tire ship, the after cabin and that
srt of the ship adjacent to the ex
loded boiler resembling a charnel
The shock of the explosion penetrat
I every section of the ship, blood and
.hes being found as far as the stern
rthe captain's cabin. Great damage
as cone in all parts of the vessel. The
oiler which exploded it is stated, was
~garded as unsafe. Commander Young
iated that during a recent return
-om Honolulu the steam pressure was
ept reduced in that particular one.
At the time of the accident C.)m
iander L.?elen Young and Surgeon F.
Peck were on shore. The two of
cers, as soon as they learned of the
isaster, hurried to the water front.
ommaoder Young. as soon as he
ached the ship, gave orders that the
ir tight compartments be closed .to
revent the listing ship fromt sinking
rid that the magazines be flboded
>avert farther explosions. He then
ached the ship at high tide.
The ferryboat Romona, which was
rossing the bay at the time of the
cident, changed its course and hur
led to the aid of the stricken war
nip. The Government launch Gen.
)e Russey, and a large number of other
Luches and water craft which were
bout at the time, also rushed to the
ssistance of the Bennington.
By the time the Simona reached
he Bennington many of the sailors of
he Benningtoni, who had jamped into
e bay to esc'.p3 the Ec),lding steam,
ad been rescued by sms~ll craft. The
emoval of the munded from the
hip was conducted in perfect order.
he crews of the Dc R asey and the
ther boats aided in picking up the
vounded sailors and transferring them
o shore. The bodies of many of the
en taken from the wrecked interior
f the ship were mutilated almost be
ond rec ignition. The faces of many
were covered with blood and ashes.
some of the bodies may never be iden
Temporary qu ters ashore were ar
aged for the wounded and sixty
itizens volunteered and hurried in
aunches to the relief of those on the
hip. Some of the volunteers were
mable to stand the sickening sight
which met their gaze on the Benning
~on. As fast as the wounded cuid
e removed they were hurried in am
ulances, carriages, wagons and autc -
nobiles to hospitals. For a long time
he hot steam prevented access to the
pace between decks where most of
he dead bodies lay, and it was not
ntil late in the af ternoon that the
ast were removed from the boiler
ooms. Several bodies were so tightly
wedged in by a bulkhead that the
woodwork bad to be hewed away to
When the explosion occurred, the
angineer was inspecting the b'ilers.
He was not seriously injured. Otticers
.nd men wao were able to assist in
the rescue acted in a brave and col
ected manner. Pumps were manned
to ceen the water from the upper
compartments, the magazine was
tlooded and men fought their way
through the steam into the darkened
hold. Many slightly injured sailors
remained in the ship and assisted in
rescung the more severely injured.
Rtefuseed to Mix.
Fifteen white girls sewing matress
es in Pittsburg went on strike be
cause a negro girl was brought in to
the cIlize of the factory to work a-s a
stenographer and typewriter. They
resented the idea of the light work
beng done in dark color.
He Declares 7 hat a Powerful Organi
z rtion is A gainst Him.
Ae Asserts that Every Time His Ac
curacy Das Been Questioned It
Has Been Sustained.
The resignation of John Hyde,
statistician and chief of the bureau of
statistic of the department of agricul
ture, was handed to Secretary Wilson
Tuesday of last week and promptly
accepted. Willett N. Hays, the as
sistant secretary of agriculture, has
been placed in charge of the bureau
temporally and will continue to act
pending the investigation of the cot
ton scandal and until a competent
statisticia: is found.
The following is the text of Mr.
H5 dc's letter of resignation and Sec
retary Wilson's reply thereto:
Washington, D. C., July 18, 1905.
Dear Mr. Secretary: During the last
four years, or since I succeeded in
making the crop reports of the de
partment reasonably acourate and cor
respondingly valuable to the agricul
tural and commercial interests of the
country, my administration of the of
fice I have the honor to hold has been
constantly under fire from one side of
Dhe market or the other. Five time it
has been investigated and on every oc
casion I have been vindicated. In Jan
uary, 1903, I was awarded $2,500 dam
ages in a libel suit against a promi
nent firm of cotton brokers by a jary
of their own friends and fellow citi
rens. These results have been very
gratifying to me, but I have the
ighest medical authority for the
statement that the continued fight
upon me has already considerably
shortened my life. At the present time
it is an accepted fact that a powerful
)rganjiza~ton is bent upon bringing
ibout my retirement, by one m- ans
>r another. Now, I do not think the
position I hold is worth the fight nec
)ssary to its cetention, and the or
;anization in question is welcome to
whatever satisfaction it can derive
rom my withdrawal from the unequal
truggle. If any of my friends think
hat I ought not to retire under fire.
[ would have them remember that
here is never a time when I am not
ander fire. I have the honor there
'ore to tender you herewith my res
gnation of my appointment as statis
ician and chief of the bureau of stat
stics of this department.
With much appreciation of the un
form courtesy and kindness you have
;hown me and r-f the many tokens of
.onfidence I have received from you,
Most respectfully, yours,
MR. WILSON'S REPLY.
r. John Hyde,
3tatisticlan, Department of Agricul
Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your
resignation as statistician of this de
partment. In accepting it, I cheerfully
estify to the ability with which you
2ave discharged the heavy and diffI
sult duties of the oce since you were
irst appointed. The accuracy of your
reports has been recognized by the
public generally, and I am glad to be
ible to testify, with regard to the
sharges made against the Integrity of
Ghe bureau of statistics that no facts
2ave been brought to my attention im
plicating you in any way. I am fa
niliar with your devotion to your
work and with the uctiring efforts
rcu have made to render the bureau of
Ghe highest service to the growers,
nanufactures and cnsumers of farm
products in cur ccuaitry, and I regret
at falling health should compel you
to bring your work to an end.
Very truly, yours,
Mr. Hyde said that be felt he had
east c-if an immense burden from
his shoulders. He had fully Intended
to resign some time d aring the com
ing autumn, he said, and therefore he
had only advanced his resignation by
a, few weeks. Mr. Hyde spoke of how
congenial the work had baen to him,
nowithstanding Its laborious charac
ter, and expressed regret at having to
part "from the etficient clerical force
in the bureau of statistics." "Their
loyalty and their personal regard for
myself," he said "of wikich I had evi
dence today, Is extremely touching. I
shall have very few recollections of
my eight years work that will not be
highly gratifying to me as long as 1
live. Tne secretary has always been
extremely kind to me as I stated in
my letter of resignation."
As regards the investigation now
being conducted by the district attor
ney, Mr. Hyde said that he had cal
culated to assist in every possible way
in getting to the bottom of the case,
and that even now he was out of offiee
he would, if called upon, be only too
happy to contribute In any way his
aid in the investigation.
Afcer Sixty Years.
T. M. Fields, sixty-two years old,
of Bloomburg, Pa., has just discover
ed that his brother Abraham, who T.
M Fields had believed died before he
was born, is alive and well at Fort
Dodge, Kansas, at the age of eighty
one years. The knowledge came in a
letter from Abranam Fields to the
postmaster asking if there were any
Fieldes besides himself alive. He ran
away from home in 1841 to go west,
his family never heard of him again.
It was supposed he had been killed by
Indians. T wo years later T. M.
Fields was born. The old man in
his declining years decided to write
and see if any of the family survived,
and his brother will now go west and
Hard to Play On.
The experiences of George B. Cor
telyou, chairman of the republican
national committee, during the recent
campaign were many and varied.
With keen relish lhe tells of one that
came under his notice. A country
club about to give a parade was debat
ing as to the number of transparencies
to be had in line. It was about
settled that twelve would be the proper
number, when an old fellow with his
troasers tucked In his boots arose and
said, "I guss two will be about right.
T.in't at all likely more'n two will
1ranw how to play on 'em."
Members of Spartanburg Cotton
Association Snub McLauri".
NO CANDIDATE ASKED
To Speak at the Association Meeting,
and the President Says If McLaurin,
Who Had Been Invited by Out
siders; Apoeared, Meeting
Would be Called off.
A special dispatch to The Greenville
News says the Spartanburg county
3otton growers recently made appoint
ments for several special meetings in
the county. The daze at -Cherokee
Springs is July 29. These meetirgs
were intended to increase the mem
ership of the association and to arouse
a more general interc si in the move
ment. It was expected that they
would be farmers meetings with no
itrings to them. President E. L.
krcher of the Cotton Growerb' Associ
Ltion was notified Friday that some of
ihe citizirs of Cherokee desired Col.
Tohn L. McLaurin to make the address
)a the 29th inst.
It is .,aid tnat recently McLaurin
2pon learning of the meeting of the
!armers, at Cnerokee Springs wrote to
i friend in that section informing him
)f his willingness to address the farm
-rs on that day. The curly-headed or
Ltor did not indicate that his speech
was to be of a politicAl nature but
hen President Archer of the county
issociation was informed of the for
nor Senator's offer he promptly told
;he recipient of the letter that owing
o a previous action of the committee
in invitation he could not allow Mr.
EcL.urin to speak at the meeting
which was called by order of the as
iociation. Mr. Archer feels that in
leclining the ex Senator's proposition
ie is but carrying out the agreement
mntered into by the officers and mem
>ers of the association when it was or
;anized. He therefore declined to ex
end an invitation to Mr. McLaurin.
It appears that some time ago when
wrrangements were being made for
ihe Cherokee meeting several names
)f available speakers were suggested
)y members of the invitation commit
ee and all were duly considered. It
s said that both Senator Tillman and
x-Senator McLaurin were among the
>rominent ones mentioned and were
ejected because not only was politics
o be avowed tu' even the semblance
President Archer made the follow
ng statement Saturday: "These
neetings were appointed for farmers.
[f the people at Cherokee desire Col.
dcLaurin to address them on any sub
ect they have a right to invite him.
3ut if he is to be there on the 29 th
n-t. the farmers' meeting will be call
id off. When the committee met to
onsider the appointments, the names:
>f Col. McLaurin and Senator Tillman!
ere mentioned. It was decided that
shey would not be Invited, as no real
>r probable candidates were desired at
ihese meetings, which are to be held
ay farmers for farmers, and noti3e is
iereby served on candidates for office,
mnd vote seekers, that they are not
xpected to speak at these meetings
[have no objection to politicians hay
ng their own meetings and airing
aheir grievances or boasting of their
reat achievements, but they will not
>e Invited to speak at the farmers'
BROWN REB3NT2D IT.
le Assailed a Recent Editorial in
the Barnwell Sentinel.
The State says news has come to
Jolumbia, via Camp Fuller, to the ef
tet that Mr. Clarence L. Brown and
Er. G. Marshall Moore engaged in- an
atercation in Barnwell Monday. The
aforesid altercation was a bloodless
affair, and it is hoped that It will end
with the meeting Monday.
Mr. Brown is the dispensary inspec
tor who suffered the misfortune to
lose $2,030 recently. Mr. Moore Is
the superintendent of the schools at
Barnwell and is also editor of the
Barnwell Sentinel, the paper which
was owned by Mr. Brown before he
sold it to Mr. Moore. In the edito
rial columns of this paper there ap
peared a paragraph commenting upnm
M~r. Brown's misfortune in a way
which was distasteful to the inspec
tor, and he demanded a retracticn.
The affair happened in the principal
business part of town. Mr. Brown,
pointing to the objectionable para
graph, expressed his opinion in re
gard thereto with a great deal of force
s it is related.
The witness who reports the affair
says that Brown, af ter making a state
ment to the effect that Moore had his
band in his pocket, drew is revolver
with an invitation to M-jore to do the
same thing. A Mr. Moody ran up
about this time and separated them.
Brown put up a cash toad for $15 and
forfeited his revolver to the town of
Barnwell. The Barnwell Sentinel is the
weekiy paper which attracted some at
tention a few months ago by attacting
. H. Evans, chairman of the dispen
sari board, and the editor in turn was
threatened with a libel suit. It is said
that on account of Mr. Moore's posi
tive stand on public questions he is
having trouble to be reelected superin
terdent of the schools. Tnere has been
a deadlock in the board for 30 days.
Str-onger Than Ever.
General Batjanoff, commander of
the Third Russian Manchurian army
recently declared that the Japanese
wre~ unable to advance, both on ac
count of the strengthening of Rus
sian positions and because they have
not fully recovered from their own
loss at the battle of Muken. "Never
during the whole war" he said "has
the Russian army been so strong in
evry respect as at present. The Jap.
anese know this and therefoxs they
wish for pace.
Shippsd To China And Results In,
Number Of Deaths
Will Not Only hurt Trade in That
Commodity But in Others
The Washington correspondent of
the Columbia Record says a report just
received in the United States shows
that American flour shipping interests
in China are likely to receive a heavy
blow soon, unless something is done
to correct a report that American flour
men are senaing poisoned flour there.
The business of shipping flour to some
sections of China, especially to Amoy
and Changchau, is enormous. Last
year it amounted to $353,502, and the
year previous to $285.294. Not long
SiLC a certain shipment of flour was
sent from Hong Kong, and out of that
shipment somewhere between thirty
and forty people have died as a result
of having eaten a poisonous mixture.
All sorts of rumors have been spread
broadcast, and anti foreign agitation
has received a great impetus.
This shipment, which was sent from
Hong Kong to Amoy, was consigned
to native importers and was distribut
ed in the ordinary course of basiness,
and to all appearances was not differ
ent from many shipments which had
been made before. The first trouble
came at a Chinese restaurant where a
man who was eating a meal became
suddenly ill and In a few moments
died. The keeper of the restaurant,
being accused of having adulterated
the flour with poison, agreed to eat
some of the bread m order to show
that there was nothing the matter
with it. In the course of a few hours he
also was dead. His wife and daughters
also died from eating bread from the
The story spread rapidly, and wher
ever the flour had been shipped the
Chinese died like so many dogs. In
Changchau, a city of 1,000,000 inhab
itants, the result has been to almost
stop the r(ceipts of foreign flour from
any port. Hundreds of small store
keepers and bakers have small stocks
of goods on hansd which they are un
able to sell on ac3ount of the fact that
the people are afraid to buy Imported
bread and flour. The loss to these
little merchants, while considerable,
amounts, as a matter of fact, to noth
ing in comparison to the enormous
loss of profits which will accrue from
loss of business which has taken many
years to build up. Unless the present
trouble can be done away with, there
will be a permanent loss, for Chinese
consumers will again become accis
tomed to purely native food, and the
ground gained there by Americans af.
ter many years of effort and labor will
be entirely lost.
There is no explanation of the
trouble, but it is probable that Chin
ese merchants made an effort to smLug
gle in morphia in sacks of flour and
that the packages of poison were
broken, and the flour was thus affect.
ed. The duty on morphia is very high,
while that on flour is only 5 ver cent.
ad valorem. Whatever the truth about
this matter my be, there is no doubt
of the fact, as stated, that American
interests in the flour shipping busi
ness will be materially affected unless
Fell Three Thousand Feet.
Daniel Maloney, who made numer
ous succesful ascensions with Prof.
Montgomery's aeroplane, Tuesday fell
3,000 feet to his death at Santa Clara
Col. Maloney made an ascension from
the grounds of the Santa Clara Col
lege. About 2.000 persons watched
with interest the machine as it shot
upward from the college garden, at
tached to a huge balloon. At a height
of 4,000 feet Maloney cut loose from
the balloon and began maneuvering
the aeroplane. He sailed gracefully
about, then essayed a deep dip. Sud
denly the machine swerved, hesitated,
and then turned over. It righted it
self, sank down aconsiderable distance,
and turned over again. Maloney was
clinging desperately to his seat, and
was evidertly endeavoring to regain
control of the aeroplane, but all his
efforts were in vain., Again the aerop
lane turned in the air, the wings came
together, and the man and the machine
plunged straight downward, while the
horrified spectators gazed helplessly.
Killed by Live Wire.
Samuel James, a white carpenter,
40 years of age, unmarried, was killed
Wednesday by coming in constt
with a live wire at the Charleston
navy yard. James was employed by
the New York Continental Jewell
Filtration company on the dry dock.
He was on a scaffolding when he came
in contact with the wire. The wire
burnt him around the neck, causing
death instantly. The inquest was
held Thursday James was a Dative
of Baltimore. He has been residing
in Charleston and working at the navy
yard for some time.
Burned in hotel.
At Wabash, Minn., six persons were.
burned to death in a fire which de
stroyed the Depot Hotel Wednesday
morning. The dead are: Mrs.A.
Hoffman and baby; Robert Johnson,
expressman; Gertrude Stetsher, E
becca Herman, James Hunt. There
may be other bodies in the ruins
The fire was caused by the explosion
of a gas tank used for Illuminating.
Mrs. Hoffman was owner of the Hotel.
Sne and her baby and the other vic
tims were burned to death In their
At Memphis Tenn., Toots Taylor.
M. Miles and Major Mills, three negrc
murderers were hanged Friday. Tayloi
and Mills ascended the scaffold togeth
er and when their bodies had been re
moved Milles was executed. Tayloi
murdered Rob Gaines in August, 1904
Wife murder was the crime whici
cost Miles his life. Mills murderet
A New Swindle.
The Columbia R ecord says a young
white man named Spann was arrester
by Policeman Forde Thursday charget
with swir~dling. Tue alleged schemi
was to place a Mexican dollar witt
four American dollars and ask that 2
5 t.2 be given for It. It is salt
tat seera victims were cangrht.
At Hard Labor in the Peniten.
tiary for Attempted Assault
ON A LITTLE GIRL
At New Sumter About Ten Days Ago. It
Took the Jury Nine Minutes to De
cide the Fate of the Fiend
Who Deserves to be Hung
for the Crime.
A special dispatch from Sumter to
The State says the jary declared Jesse
Nelson guilty of assault with intent
to ravish after nine minutes' deliter
ation, on Thursday afternoon.
Judge B 0. Purdy sentenced Melson
to 30 years at hard labor in the South
Carolina penitentiary. The sentence
to begin at the, expiration of his sen
tence to the Clarendon county chain
gang, which will be July 6, 1910.
The case was called Thursday morn
ing. The court appointed Mr. L.- D.
Jennings to defend the prisoner. Maj.
Marion Moise assisted Soliciter Wil
son. The State had only a few wit
nesses. Very little time was consum
ed in examining them. The young
lady and her liotle sister were very j
positive in their Identification of the
prisoner. They told the story of the
crime In a clear, convincing manner.
There was no hesitation. These were:
the only eye witnesses. The young '
lady Is not yet 16 years of age and her
sister but 10.
Toe ground rail of the
was the search for a negro of Nelson's
general appearance-the clothing
worn, cap, etc., when captured, the
exact description given by the- young
lady immediately after the assault
Supervisor 0 vens told of his escape
from the Clarendon county chaingi -'
Nelson was the irst witness for-tba
defense. He retold the story that he
never left the railroad between there
and Mayesville, except to get water at
the Betts mill. He denied the attack
on the young lady and said he bad
never seen her until c.rried before her
Jun Taylor was sent for so that.the.
jury might see the difference between
Mr. Jennings certainly did his duty.,
He reviewed-the testimony carefully.
He wanted the right man punished to
the amit of the law, but ask the jury
to be sure and convict the right one.
He spoke earnestly and forcefully. The
negro received a high class service
Solicitor Wilson laid bare the facts.
He spoke of the proud record of old
Sumter county. The citizens are'law
abiding. He mentioned two or three
lorrible crimes, aggravating In the
extreme, but the majesty of the law
was upheld and the outlaws punished.
Maj. Marion Molse's speech was very
aloquent. The court house was pack
3d when he began to speak and close
attention was paid to his argument.
.Tudge Purdy's charge to the jury
was short and explicit.
The jury retired at6l13 and at6.22
reached a verdict of guilty.
Before passing sentence the judge
said he knew the by's father and
miother, and they were good old dark
es.;The beginning of Nelson's trouble,
ike all other boys, was when he won
dared away from home, getting from
cinder parental Influence. He had no
doubt of the prisoner's guilt. If he had
tie would set aside the verdict as would
be his duty, though many people at
New Sumter were his warm personal
frriends. As a judge he must rise above
the opinions and feelings of his fellow
man. He held up the terrible punish
mont the boy must receive and said
thisshould serve as awarning to white
and black that to do right was the
Dnly safe course In life. He bad sen
tenced to life Imprisonment the other
day a black man for the same crime
against one of his own race in the up
country. He then sentenced the boy
to 30 years in the penitentiary.
Nelson is about 19. He was sentenc
ed at on July 8, 1904, by Judge Ald
rich to six years on the chaingang for
assault and battery on an old coloredl
Poisoning Suspected. -
Suspecting murder, the police are
investigating the sudden death at his
home in Mannington, W. Va., of J.
N. Payton. He, his wife and a man
whose name has not been disclosed,
3,re said to have been drinkring on Sun
day night, and Mrs. Payton announced
her husband's sudden demise Tuesday
morning, attributing It to the drink
ing of wood alcohol, to which he Is un
derstood to have been addicted. The
autopsy is reported to have revealed
the effects of other poisons, however.
A chemical analysis of the stomach of
the dead man will be made. .Three of
Payton's near relatives by marriage
.tre said to have met mysterious
deaths from poison.
The Widow's Mire.
A woman in one of the small Penn
sylvania towns recently put two post
ige stamps In the contribution box at
aer church, as she could not affard to
give any money. The stamps looked
interesting to theO minister, so he took
Ghem to a dealer and sold them for
$1,000. Later, says an exchange, the.
two stamps were sold toea Russian no
bleman for $5,000.
He Ougbt wo Kn~ow.
Senator Plato of New York has
:elebrated hIs 72 dirthday and he de
3ares that as he looks back over his
oollltcal career he Is convinced that
t has not been worth while and If he
2ad to do It over again he should
nodel his career along ouha~ lines,
But he won't say what changes he
would make In the record.
About A Man.
Kate Newell stabbed and killed
Rattle Greer at Starr, Anderson coun
sy, on Sanday night-both colored.
They were on their way home from
whanch andl quarrallrd about a man_