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A CHILD VIOTIM
Of a Very Astonishing Cold Blood
ed Tragedy in Richmond.
HOW A SICKLY BOY,
Only Six Years of Age, Was Tortured
and Finally Beaten to Death by
His Mother, Who Herself Had
Been Tenderly Reared
At Richmond, Va., for beating to
death her sickly little boy, a child
barely six years old, a mother who
had been tenderly reared in a luxuri
ous home, and who comes of one of
the best families of Virginia and New
York, has been condemned to spend
five years in the penitentiary. When
the verdict was rendered the Public
Peosecutor fainted and fell to the
floor; he had striven for and expected
the death penalty.
Beside the accused woman during
the prcgress of the trial sat a man
who has more than a national reputa
tion for wise, self denying and affec
tionate care of unfortunate children
-Dr. Wisner R. Townsend, of the
Orthopedic Hospital in New York
He is the brother of the woman who
beat her own unfortunate child to
death, Mrs. EAelle Townsend Smith.
She appeared in court a physical wreck
and doubtless the great surgeon whose
whole professional career had marked
a disposition so completely the reverse
of that manifested by his sister, at
tributed her cruel acts to a physical
breakdown that had affected her
Not so the witnesses for the pro
secution, however-those motherly
neightors who had beard the child's
screams, who had seen him pushed
into ice cold water in February, seen
his naked dead body lying on the
floor of his mother's house covered
The facts brought out in the trial
made up a tale of a mother's cruelty
to an alling child that is almost in
credible. This mother. always veiled
except when obliged to bare her face
for identitication, listened for the
most part with stoical immobility.
The Coroner, an artist of no mean
ability, illustrated the wounds and
bruises upon the dead child's body by
means of startlingly lifelike, life-sized
colored portraits. It was a ghastly
and pathetic exhibit that caused
murmurs of horror all through the
court room-but the mother never
stirred nor even bowed her head.
GHASTLY AND PATHETIC EMBITS.
Her life since the birth of the boy
bad been in surroundings very differ
ent from those of her girlhood. She
bad run away from her home in New
York to marry a poor man, and he had
steadily grown less pr~sperous. As
indicated by the defence, she had be
come morbid over an ailment of her
little son, which he constantly aggra
vated by his own acts, and on account
of which the mothers of other chil
dren would not allow them to associate
with him. These acts of the child
his mother sought to correct by pun
Ishment instead of through the Cffices
of a competent physician-and im
possible task; and so finally she beat
him to death.
When the child's death was discov
ered the husband was- away from
borne. Although he is under arrest it
does not yet appear that he shared in
the acts of cruelty that ended in mur
der. The lamentable story is best
told in the testimony of witnesses
who -were first on the scene of the
crime. Mrs. Lucy Byrnes, a motherly
appearing, middle-aged woman, a near
neighbor, told of her visit to the
Smith Shome on the evening of the
day of the boy's death.
"I was upstairs undressing one of
my grand children when I heard that
some one was dying at the Smith
"Mrs. Crostick and I went to the
house and knocked at the door. Mrs.
Smith opened it and we walked in.
She said nothing to us, but turned
and went to the body of the child,
which was lying near the sofa, covered
with a quilt up to its neck. She pick
ed it up and threw it on the sofa as if
it were a dog, She wanted to know
if is was dead. The body was still
warm. Mrs. Crostick told her it was
-dead, aft-er we had felt the heart.
There were three bruises over the
little heart and bruises all over the
little bowes. The back was brown
from beatings. There was a cut over
the eye and the back of the head was
bleeding from another. One of its
little fingers looked as if it had been
cracked with something. The mother
didn't show any sympathy. Poor
little fellow I"
THEEW THE DEAD CHILD ON A SOFA.
"Did Mrs. Smith say anything
about the child having been sick?"
"She said it had been sick for two
-or three days, and nothing would stay
on its stomach."
"Did she offer that information of
"Mrs. Crostick first asked her If it
bad deen sick, and when she said that
it had been, Mrs. Crostick replied
that she knew nothing about it or
would have tried to have done some
thing for the child."
"Was there anything said about
whipping the child?"
"Yes; Mrs. Crostick asked her what
the bruises were -iolng on the body,
and Mrs. Smith replied that she had
whipped it that night, and had a
right to whip her own child because
it had been disobedient. She said
that she had undressed it for bed and
bad then whipped it."
"Did Mrs. Crostick ask Mrs. Smith
If she knew that the child was sick
when she whipped it that night?''
"Of course she knew."
"Was there anything said about the
child being whipped the mornirg of
"Yes; Mrs. Crostick asked her if
the child had been whipped that
morning and she said no, that she had
whipped it that night. Mrs. Crostick
then asked what was all the disturb
ance about in the house that morning
and Mrs. Smith replied that there had
been no disturbance."
"Did she say what she whipped the
"Yes; a razor strop."
"Was there any razor strop near
the body ?"
"Did ycu see any strop that night?"
"No; but she got is for the officer
when she went into the back room. I
did not see it all."
"The offier asked for it."
"Were there any other neighbors
here that night ?"
"Yes, but she shut the door in their
aces. She didn't want them In the
iouse and I guess she didn't want us
"Did Mrs. Smith say anything
lbout not wanting the neighbors to
see the body?"
"Sbe didn't want them to see it,
and kept saying, 'Cover it up.'"
"When was that?"
"A fter the coroner had gone to get
"What was the reason she gave for
beating the child?"
"Because it was discbedient."
"Did she say why the child was
"She said it had been undressed for
bed and had been whipped."
"You say she showed no sympa
"She did not, she didn't seem at all
sory to me."
Mrs. Turner, who readily admittt d
her friendship for Mrs. Smith and the
intimacy which existed between the
two families, gave very damaging
"Did ycu ever see Mrs. Smith hit
little R alph with a mallet?"
"Yes, when she was teaching him
and he could not remember."
"How hard did she hit him?"
"With all her strength."
INTO A TUB OF FREEZMNG WATER
"Did you ever know her to tie the
"Yes, she tied him and threw him
on a sofa and went to Richmond for
two or three hours."
"DId you ever see any burns .on
"Yes, on his band."
"Did you see Mrs. Em'th.treat him
badly during the wintei?''
"Yes, I saw her throw him into a
tub of water in February.
"I was on my back porch and I saw
her come out and push him head first
into a tub of water. It was very cold
and he was in his little night shirt.
He was all trembling. He ruhed out
of his back door as though some one
was behind him. He was 'sniffing' as
though he wanted to cry and was
"What kind of a tub was it?"
"A large zinc tu.-:nder a spo-t
to catch rain water." .
"Were you called on the night of
'Yes; she called me twice. She
asked me to come. I asked her what
was the matter. She said Ralph wa&
dead. I said I was too nervcus, but 1
would get word to the neighbors and
send some one to her. My husband
was ill and I could not leave him."
"Have you seen her whip him more
than once with a razar strop in ycu,
"Yes; a lot of times."
"How many times have you seen
her whip him with a stick?"
"Lots of times."
"Have you ever seen her use this
(A long, round stick)
"Did you ever see her strike him
with the ,quaare stick?"
Coroner Broadnax testified that the
child had died of traamnatic shoc
the result of the last severe beating it
had received while weakened by illnese
As the witnesses gave their testimony
Dr. Broadnax's colored portraits of
the child's naked body, showing every
cut and bruise, were before thelr eyes
and those of the jury. What made
this exhibit all the more ghastly was
that the doctor artist had given a life
like representation of the dead face
and the curls of fisxen hair.
THE JUEY SAYS GUILTY.
To sit in the presence of the se exhi
bits telling of her daughter's inhuman
cruelty was a fearful ordeal for Mrs.
Townsend, the prisoner's aged moth
er, who, with her son, Dr. Townsend,
sat near and gave what comfort they
could to the unfortunate woman.
Once mother and daughter fell to
weeping in each othei's arms, but the
audiencs gained the impression that
the daughter's grief was more on her
mother's account than on that of her
When, finally, the case was given
to the jury, both the public prosecutor
and the chief attorney for the defence
were hysterical from nervous strain.
The prisoner looked as though in dan
ger of going to pieces suddienly. She
b ad not been called upon to testify.
The defence relied upon the testimony
of witness who declared that Mrs.
Smith had been rendered frantic by
her failures to correct her child's dis
cbedience, and that she was, moreover,
afficted with an ailment which ren
ders women irresponsible for their ac
The jury was out only a short time.
This is the verdict they returned:
"We, the jury, fiad the prisoner
guilty of voluntary manslaughter and
fix her term of imprisonment at five
years in the penitentiary."
At these words the prisoner collap
sed and fell to the floor. The public
prosecutor fainted at the same mo
ment. The court room was in great
disorder, but a strange and affecting
spectacle restored silence. Dr. Town
send. having applied restoratives to
his sister, immediately gave his at
tetion to the stricken public prose
cusor-the man who had done his ut
most to send a member of his family
to the gallows.
Dr. Townsend's manly attitude
throughout the trial exalted him in
the minds of every one in attendance.
There is yet to follow the trial of
the dead child's father, but in the
minds of those familiar with the evi
dence the sole responsibility for the
cruel slaughter of this sickly boy of
six years rests upon the mother, who
herself enjoyed the happiest of child -
Excursioni Boat Riot.
A dispatch from Norfolk, Va., says
one man is dead and four are seriously
injured as the result of a riot on the
steamer Endeavorer while the boat
was carrying a negro excursion down
the Nansemond river Tuesday night.
Clarence Wright threw a toy snake on
James H. Kitchen and the latter, be
coming incensed, shot Wright. Win.
Wright, the dead man's brother, took
a hand with a knife and severely out
Kitching, being shot in return. Other
negroes received knife and bullet
wounds. Capt. McHorney arrested
Kitchen and was having a difficult
time preventing the excursionists from
lynching the prisoner until the negro
rew lined up on his side.
Three boys were killed and a num
ber of others were severely in jured by
he collapse of a two story cottage at
Thirtysecond and Fox street, Chica
o, Ill. The building was being torn
:lown and the boys were gathering
wood for use at their homes when the
rash came. James White, a pm
iceman, was badly bruised while res
CA USES GREAT LOSS.
Worm,, Bugs and Flies Destroy Seven
Hundred Million Dollars
Worth of Products of Different kinds
on the Farms of the United
States Each Year.
According to a careful estimate
made in the year book just published
by the department of agriculture, a
loss of $700,000,000 is cc-asioned to
American farmers every year by in
sects. The losses on all the plant pro
ducts of the soil, both in their grow
ing and in their stored states, exceed
the entire expenditure of the national
government, incluling the pension roll
and the maintenance of the army and
navy. Enormous as is the total value
of the farm products in this country,
it would be very much greater were it
not for the devastating work of the in
jurious insects. The lessening or pre
vention of this loss is the problem the
entomologists of the agricultural de
partment are attempting to solve.
A considerable item of loss properly
chargeable to insects is the annual ex
denditure devoted to their control.
This amounts to a considerable per
centage of the value of the crop in
the case of orchard fruits, truck crop,
and such field crops as cotton and to
bacco. In the case of cereals, protec
tion is chiefly secured by farm prac
tices, such as rotation of crops, vari
ations in the time of planting, etc. It
is shown that $8,000,000 is expended
'or sprayirg apple trees, allowing a
-cost of only five cents per tree.
The estimate then goes on to speak
of the actual damage to the crops
every year. Tae annual farm value of
the-corn crop has exceeded $1,000,000,
000, but the amount would be consid
erably greater were it not for insect
pests. The work of several of these is
obscu:e and many farmers are entire
ly ignorant of the existence even of
some of the worst enemits of this
crop. Amor g the latter is the corn
root worm, which feeds on the roots
of young corn and causcs an annual
damage of $20,000,000. The next most
important insect pest of this cereal is
tie boll or ear worm, which attacks
from 90 to 100 per cent. of the ears of
sweet corn throughout the country,
and in the South practically an equal
percentage of the ears of field corn, a
shown by actual counts in the field.
The corn crop of 1904 was damaged
by it at least $20,000,000. The de
predations of the chinch bug are also
important, though its injury Is more
marked where corn is grown in the
neighborhood of wheat for in such
ases tho migration of the buZ from
wheat to corn may retult in the total
destruction of considerable areas o:
cern. The loss from the chinch bue
will in a year foot up to $20,000,00C
more. With minor insects the total
ir.ss to the corn crop every year is $80,
Wheat suffers most from insect de
predations. The Hessian fly, the
chinch bug, and the g-a'n plant lousE
work an annual havoc amounting to %
per cent. of the crep. The Hessiar
dy is distinctly a wheat pest, Inflicting
a damage in Indiana and Illinois alont
ast year of $24000,000. Twent- pe
cent, of the planted area of Michigar
was abandoned on account of it, and
the loss in the United States during
a single season has been estimated at
$100,000,000. Last year the loss was
$40,000,000. From all pests, the wheal
crop suffers an annual damage oj
The principal insect depredationm
on cotton are the cotton boll weevil,
the boll worm and the leaf worm. To
gether they cost the planters of the
South $40,000,000 every year. The or
chard and small fruits suffer heavily
from insect pests, there being sever
al hundred which feed on the apple,
for instance. The Important pests are
the woolly aphis, injuring the roots,
the truck and limb borers, the leae
worms, canker worms and tent cater
pillars and the various pests, including
the San Jose scale. Injuring the fruit
are the codling moth, the curcullo and
the apple maggot. By all of them the
productiveness of the fruit crop Is less
ened 17 per cent. a year. The total
loss to apples alone reaches an aver
age of 35 per cent. every year.
The loss to the farm forests is
large. The leaf defiliators, the black
locusts and other insscts, Inflict a
damage of $10,000,000. Another $100,
000,000 is lost through Insects in stor
ed products. Domestic or household
insect pests do much damage, such as
mosquitoes, fies, moths, roaches and
ants. The white ant in Washington
alone causes losses of thousands of
dollars yearly, and Is much more de
structive in southern districts. The
total loss from these household pests
every year amounts to $50,0CO,000.
And then there is the loss to commu
nities by diseases inflicted by insects,
such as malaria and yellow fever,
caused by mosquitoes; typhoid fever,
caused by house flies, according to
Dr. Howard, and Texas fever. It is
considered that the total of $700,000,
000 loss is a low estimate.
CHIN!SE DOCTOR STIAJGLED
With His Own Quieue While Making
a Call in a Lodging House.
Strangled to death by his own queue,
the body of Lin Moon Chuck, a Chi
nese doctor, who has been living at
904 Dupon street for the past year,
was found lying in the entrance to
the kitchen of a Chinese lodging house
at No. 844 Washington street, San
It Is supposed that he was decoyed
tc that quarter on a fictitious call to
attend an ill person, and then robbed.
He was known to carry money as well
as two gold bracelets, .a gold watch
and a diamond ring. All of his jew
elry was missing; only a fan, a bunch
of keys and five cents were found up
on his person. No clew has yet been
found that will lead to the discovery
of his murderers.
Two weeks ago noticas were posted
in the house at 904 Dupont street
where the doctor lived, notifying the
husbands and wives to look out for
the doctor, as he was known to be a
"lady killer," which is considered a
most serious crime among the Chinese,
and that a year ago he was run out of
Portland, Ore., by the Chinese there.
He was found lying face downward
and with his feet In the entrance with
one foot propped against the casing,
indicating that his body had been
carried or dragged to the entrance and
then thrown into the little room citre
lessly. Wound tightly around his
neck was his queue and tied in a hard
knot. It had sunk deep Into the
neck, and death is supposed to have
been caused only by strangling, as his
body gave evidence of no other means.
The queue had not been severed from
Advices received at St. Petersburg
say that antiSemitic riots have occur
red in the Bessarabia district. Eight
Tews and two Christians are reported
DISPENSARY AND CRUROL
Senator Latimer Protests Against the
Two Being Mixed.
The Anderson Mail says the dispen
sary issue caused quited a lively epi
sode in the Greenville District Con
ference of the Methodist Church at
Belton on Thursday afternoon.
While the preachers were making
their report a member of the com
mittee on temperance would ask each
preacher how his church stood on the
dispensary question. The dispensary
was rapped good and hard, until Rev.
Mr. Henry of Pendleton stated that
his members were divided on the ques
tion. One of the members of the coun
ty board of control is a member of Mr.
Henry's church. Mr. Henry was asked
to what extent the division of senti
ment prevailed, and he cut the thing
off short as he could and sat down.
Next came Rev. Mr. Blackman of
Piedmont. He knocked the dispensary
vigorously. He said that but two mem
bers of his church were in fav.,r of
the dispensary, but that they were
going to move away. He was asked if
he was not glad of it and did not say
Senator Latimer, who was present,
althought not a member of the confer
ence, rose and asked the privilege of
the floor. He said he could not sit still
and see himself and others ruled out
of the Methodist church simply be
cause of a political issue. He said he
nad preached and practiced temper
ance all his life, but he thought the
discussion then going on was entirely
out of place in a church confereice.
He said he would wipe the whole whis
key business out of the State if he had
the power, and he was not taking the
stump for the dispensary, but he
thought it the place of ministers of
the gospel to preach the gospel and
not drag political matters into the
church. He said he had never voted
for the sale of liquor, bit he did not
propose to see, without protesting,
people ruled out of the church because
they were exercising their own judg
ment in a pilitical matter, and that
the whole dispensary question was oul
of place in the district conference.
Rev. Mr. Harmon of Greer then got
a turn at it and lambasted the dispen
sary some and attacked Senator Lati
mer's position. Mr. Latimer rose tc
defend himself, and Mr. Harmon said
he must have been hit or he would
not protest so quickly. Mr. Harmor
went on to say that he would prefer a
blind tiger to a two-eyed tiger in the
shape of the dispensary.
Mr. Latimer retorted that if Mr.
Harmon preferred lawlessness to obed
ience to law he cculd not argue the
question with him. This closed the in
cident of the day, but it was the chial
topic of conversation outside after the
Friday morning, Rev. Mr. Creech,
in his report, anticipated the questior
that he thought would be asked anc
z ated that the member of his church
es were divided on the subject. Somi
one else remarked on the subj!ct, and
-then some cne else remarked on th
question; whereupon Bishop Duncar
asked: "Who dragged this dispensar:
question into the conferenee, anyhow?
The preachers took the hint and the
dispensary was not mentioned agair
during the conference sessions.
Senator Latimer said afterward that
he wanted his positions understood ii
the matter. The question, he said, is
before the peopie for them to vote up
on as they conscientiously believe best.
There is more or less polities in the
present movement, and many good so
ber men are Euspicious of it, anda
church conference was not the place
for it to be discussed, he said. He
stated that he was taking no part ix
the matter, except so far as his duty
as a private citlzm went and he was
taking no active part either for o:
against the dispensary in the present
discussion before the people. He was
merely protesting against its being
brcught into the church conference.
Hard on John Pickett.
Several years ago John Pickett, a
messenger boy of the Western Urnion
Telegraph Comyany, was run over by
a passenger train at St. Matthew's andc
lost his arm. The suit that followed
attracted a great deal of local inter
est. In the first suit John Pickett
obtained a verdict for 38,800 against
the Southern Railway. An appeal was
taken and the Supreme Court sent the
case back for a new trial, the chief
ground for the reversal of the verdict
being thatb the verdict indicated that
punitive damages had been included.
A second trial was held. Messrs. Mel
ton and Belser and Nelson & Nelson
represented young Pickett, and for
mer Judge Benet was chief counsel
for the Southern Railway. A verdict
for $10,000 was the result of the sec
ond trial, and young Pickett and his
counsel were happy. Judge Benet
then made a motion for a new trial,
and gave eight reasons to Judge Ern
est Gary why a new trail should be
granted. Saturday morning Judge
Gary set aside the verdict and gave
the following in writing as his rea
sons: "Tnis is a motion for a new
trial upon the minutes of the Court
and the grounds upon which it was
heard are hereto appended. I have
given the subject no little thought,
and my conclusion Is that same should
be granted on the second ground, viz:
Because the preponderance of the
testimony shows that the plaintiff's
own negligence contributed to his in
jury as a proximate cause thereof. A
new trial is therefore ordered."
The Unloaded Gun.
A special to the Augusta Chronicle
from Logansville, Ga., says taking an
old and long unused gun and playful
ly pointing it at his baby brother,
Homer Sword ble w the little fellow's
head off Tuesday morning. Sword
placed so'me shells in the gun and
forgot to take them out. In a spirit
of mischief the older boy, who was
just ten years of age, took aim at his
six months old brother and pulled the
tigger. Both parents were out of
the house and on their return found
the little fellow literally shot to
pieces and his'brother, who had caus
ed the deed, frantic with grief.
Most men like women in qnite plain
simple clothes. I suppose, on the
whole, says a writer in the London
world, more corquests have been
made by girls in simple white frocks
than have even been made by those
in elaboraate confections; and a
garden hat well managed, however old
it may be, or better still,the sunbonnet
which is said to be coming back to
favor, can be made a most dangerous
Lynched by a Mob.
Will Harris, a negro, was taken
from a train near Black Bayou, Miss.,
and lynched for killing a white man
WXATHXR AND CUPS.
Cotton Has Made Rapid Growth
General Improvement in Corn.
Following is the weather-crop re
port for the past week as compiled by
Section Director Bauer:
The week ending Monday, July
24th, had a mean temperature about
2 degrees per day above normal. The
extremes were a maximum of 100 de
grees at Birc kville and Florenes on
the 20th, and a minimum of 67 de
grees at Charleston on the 19th and
at Greenville on the 20th. It was
somewhat cooler at the close of the
close of the week. The sunshine was
was normal, or slightly above, and
was highly beneficial. There were a
few local high winds, but no serious
damage was done.
There was practically no rain over
the eastern half of the state; in the
central counties there were numerous
Iccal showers, some of which were
heavy; there were also scattered,
light showers over the western ccun
ties. What rain fell was highly bene
tical, as it occurred in localities that
needed it. Over the greater portlio
of the central and southern counties
the ground has becme very dry ani
rain is needed. Where the rainfall
wes heavy last week, zrops did excep
tionally well, but where it was light
fast week and none fell this wee",
crops suffered and generally deteri
orated, cotton by wilting under the
nigh temperature, and ru.sting, turn
ing yellow and shedding; corn by fir
Ing and wilting. Cultivation made
fair progress and over a large portion
of the state crops have been laid by
although this work will not be com
pleted for several weeks.
Cotton continued to make rapid
growth generally and has too large a
weed and too little fruit over the
greater portion, while a number of re
ports indicate that growth has stop
ped, and that the plants are blooming
to the top. There are fewer reports
of damage from insects, and more cf
rust and shedding and of plants turn
ing yellow. Cotton Is beginning to
open in lower Barnwell county.
There is a general Lnprovement in
both old and late corn, although the
former is too nearly ripe to be greatly
benefited by the recent rains. Fol
ner pulling has begun. Some old corn
"fired" to the ears. Bottom lands
that were fiscded are recovering slow
ly. The heat and insects havs injured
growing tobcc; selecting and curing
are active. Peas for forage are prom
ising. Rice is bcginning to head ir
the Colleton district; June rice being
cultivated in the Georgetown district.
Pastures excellent. Peaches are fair
ly plentiful, but many are rotting on
the trees. LeConte pears are ripen
ing. Sweet potatoes and cane are
ROMANCE IN WOMAN'S LIFB.
Refusing Wealth, A Countess Fled
With a Peasant Gardener.
In the .funeral of Anotonia Aliano
an Italian woman who died in Denve
recently, was enacted the last chaptei
of a romance as remarkable as it wa
Istartling. The woman, it ce 4e oul
at the funeral, was a countess of thi
old Borgia line, which has given Ital3
popes and princes. She deserted he]
palace, married her gardener, whc
niad fallen in love with her, and fled
to America to live in peace and pcver
Ity with the peasant for love's sake.
Her elopement came as the result o1
an e~ort of her family to marry he:
to a rich merchant.
Anotonia Borgia was born in Nap
les and educated in a Neapolitan con
vent. Her family had long lost the
wealth for which it was famous in
mediaeval times. PavErty had forced
them to abandon their ancestra]
home in Naples and move to a Einal
town on the outskirts, but they neve:
forgot their noble blood and refused
to associate with the peasants about
them. When Anotonia was sixteen
a well-to-do merchant in Naples made
an offer for her hand and was at once
accepted by her family. Anotonia
had no voice in the matter.
She, however, had already plighted
her troth to Pietro Aliana, a poni
gardener, who lived near them.
Pietro was an industrious ycung man
and had saved some money, and when
the day of his pretty sweetheart's
wedding with the merchant was im
minent the two skipped away to Nap
les one evening and took passage for
America. From New York they
came to Denver, where Aliano had
many friends. He has amassed
somethinz of a fortune from a large
market garden on Clear creek. He
resides at No. 3638 Bell street. His
wife~was fifty years old.
WILL INT-ER EST MANY.
The Affairs of the Independent Cot,.
ton Oil Mill Company.
In tbe United States district Court
at Charleston on Tuesday of last week
was filed the schedule of assets and
liabilities of the Independent Cotton
Oil Company, of Darlington. The
News and Courier says the senedule is
a very voluminous document, consist
ing of more than a hundred closely
At the close of the schedule Is a
summary of the assets and liabilities,
Wages, etc......... .$. 1,775 08
Secured claims..-....-.....97.500 00
Unsecured claims... .....694533 25
Total.. ........ .....8763,808 -33
Real estate.... .. ....$..521,185 40
Cash on hand.... .. ...... 337 61.
Bills and nates...... .. ...787 03
Stock in trade.... .. .... 40,270 95
Furniture and fixtures. 1,741 35
Live stock....... ......1,025 00
Vehicles.... ............265 00
Personal property.... ...17,553 86
Debts due on open acct 90,093 04
Stock in other corprations 4,050 00
Unearned fire insurance
premiums .... .. ..... .. 5,330 69
Deposits in banks....... 27,109 98
Total... ..........8709718 94
The Cr.rolina Savings Bank, under
the head of secured claims, holds notes
to the amount of about $50,000.
There Is also a note with the People's
National Bank, of Charleston, for
85,000; one with the Bank of Charles
ton for $150,000. A number of notes,
aggregating about 867.000, are enter
ed, the holders of which are unknown.
Th ecreditors of the company will
meet at Darlington and elect a trus
tee in bankruptcy, and it is probable
that more transactions of the compa
y will be brought to light.
Former State Senator William EF.
k and his wife were fatally burn
d Thursday by a natural gas ezplos
ion in their home at Sommerset,
In a Cavs Beveals Crimes of the
The mysterious disappearance of
John Barington, a Cincinnati army
beef contractor, reported missing for
forty-five years, recently came to light'
in tearing down a two-story log hotel,
a resting place for travelers between
Chicago and Lafayette, which was
built by John Steele In 1834, on the
bank of the Kankake River, at Grape
Island Ford, Indiana.
John Barington departed from No
mence, Ill., on the morning of Oato
ber 16, 1861, ridirg horseback over
land into Indiana, carrying $10,000 in
gold to purchase beeves for the Federal
army. He arrived that night at the
bome of John Steele. From that
night he was never again sren. Ten
dai s latcr his horse was found wander.
Ing on the prairies, with saddle, bridle
and empty saddle bags. The general
opinion was that Barirgton had been
fMlowed by Cincinnati thieves, who
MuTd-red him and secreted his body
'n tue swamps.
St:eele's wife and daughter disap
peared in May, 1862, and he circulated
a report that they were dissatisfied
with their home at Grape Island and
had returned to Yorkshire, England.
In January of the same year a traveler
who stayed at Steele's home was never
again seen, and settlers in that section
tbecame suspicious of Steele's actions
from the remark of Harley Jo n on,
a hunter and trapper, who stated that
on the night John Barington arrived
at Steele's home be was passing by at
midnight and saw two men coming
down the out:.ide stairway carrying
between them a heavy bundle.
He aiso heard moans, but supposed
they came from a deer probably killed
by these men. A vigilance commit
tee went to Steele's home and demand
ed admission. They were refused.
They battered dow-n the door, placed
a rope around S':eele's neck and
threatened to hang him if he did not
reveal what he knew of the disappear
ance of Barington and of his wife and
daughter. Undaunted, Steele told the
committee tr proceed with their
hanging. A vigorous search was in
stituted by the mob around the prem
isea, but nothing incriminating was
Next day Steele disappeared. Later
on his Indiana property was sold un
der mortgage fore::losure. Thirty
years t feer Steele left Indiana he died
In Carson City, Nov. His Indiana
house remained untenanted. Be
lated farmers said it was haunted
One week ago the house was torn
down, and In removing the stone cellar
wall a subterranean cave was found
containing five crumbling skulls of
human beings. Two of the skulls
were those of the female sex. In a
decayed coat was found an under
cipherable envelope with the word,
written and blurred, "Bringto," which
may have belonged to John Barington.
1Steele murdered his wife and daugh
ter to conceal his crimes, and who
the two other men were remains a
SOME VERY BAD BOOKS.
Shortages R ported in Many of the
Countics of the State.
Saluda county Is the ntxt to order
an investigation of its county finances.
It is not belilsved that there Is any
thing particuarly wrong In the admin
istration but that there has been
some poor bookkeeping that resultt d
in a tangled condition of affairs. In
Clarendon county the same condition
exists and the grand jury has orderEd
the incst careful investigation of the
finances of that county. Tnie condi
tion of affairs throughout the state
which has called for so many investi
gations in the finances of the various
counties has resulted in many of the
members of the legislature studying
the situation for a remedy. As was
stated the only thing that can be
done under the present law Is to stir
up the varicus grand juries and make
them investigate the various of~ces
in order that the culcials may be more
In his last report the comntrolier
general called attention to the many
counties that needed Investigation,
either on acco;unt of bad bookkeeping
or shortages. There were nine alto
gether as follows:
In Abbeville eunty it was necessary
to employ an expert at a cost of $900
to straigaten out the books.
In Barnwell county there was a
shortage which finaly rtsuited In a
settlenent -oih the bonding companiy
for over $11,000.
In Greenwsoc d county an expert
fixed matters at a cost of $600 to the
In Greenville county the recent de
velopement cf graft justified the last
report cf the comtroller general.
A shorts;ge of over $4,000 in Horry
county is no w in the ccurts,
A balance -of over $3,200 due by
the treasurer of Laurens county has
never beene paid and the grand jury
has taken no action.
In R~c'iland county there is an in
vestigation now going on.
In Williamsburg county a shortage
of several tho.usand has been settled,
although this was due to bad book
In addition to this there are two or
three other counties now under inves
Died F'or His Mother. -
At Brooklyn, N. Y., in a heroic
efort to save his mother and sister,
who with a score of others were for a
time in great peril from fire Nathan
Newman, 20 years of age, Tuesday
lost his life In a burning tenement
house. Newman got out in safety
but was unable to find his mother and
sister. He went back into the burn
ing building, found the women and
assisted them through an opening to
the raof. When he tried to follow
them however, the ladder was sur
rounded by flames. He made a rush
through the fire but was overcome
just as he reached the top and fell
back Into the burning building.
Ram Horn Blasts.
Men who intend to be good to
morrow always die today.
The fragrance of a life depends on
the fullness of its love.
Life is all song when one liva; in
harmony with the infinite.
The heart gains no rest thro ;gh
the gold cross carried on tne br ast.
The Sunday face that looks I k lye
will not wash out the sinus of the
Scientists are still searching the
whole field of geological atd paleon
ological discoveries to find fthe con
ectIng man! and beast. - Up to the
present time there is only one autho- I
ritative declaration concerning man's I
riin, anr1 that is in Genesis.
A Song Of Motherhood.
Sew, sew, sew! For there's many a
rent to mend;
TherL's a stitch to take and a dress
For where do her labors end?
Sew, sew, sew! For a rent in a dress
Then it's needle and thread and an
And see how the needle ties!
Brush, brush, brush! For there's many
a boy to clean,
And start to school with a slate and
With a breakfast to get between.
Comb, comb, comb! In the minute she
has to spare,
For what is so wild-unreconciled
As the wastes of a youngster's hair?
Sweep, sweep, sweep! Oh, follow the
As with towel bound her forehead
She goes from room to room.
Dust, dust, dust! As down on the
knees she kneels,
For there's much to do in the hour
Or intervals 'twixt meals.
Bake, bake, bake! For the cookies jar
But yesterday, in some curious way
Is empty again, oh, my!
Stir, stir, stir! In a froth of yellow
For well she knows how the story
Of a small boy's appetite.
Scrub, scrub, scrub! For the floor that
was ,pick and span,
Alas, alack! has a muddy track
Where some thoughtless yonngstei
Splash, splash! splash! For the dishes
of thrice a day
Are piled up high to wash and dry
And put on their shelves away.
Patch, patch, patch! And oh for 2
That would rot tear, or rip-or weal
In the course of an afternoon!
Patch, patch, patch! And see how th(
For a mother knows how the fabric
Where the seat of trouble lies.
Toil, toil, toil! For when do her labor,
With a dress to make and a cake t(
And dresses and hose to mend?
Stew, stew, stew! Fret and worry an
And who of us knows of the fret
In the days when she mothered us?
Will Be Held at Clemson College Sec
ond Week in August.
The State institute for farmers wil
be held at Clemson college nex
morth. The excrcises will begin 01
Tae- diy, the 8th, and will conclud
on Friday, the 11th. The programm
Tuesday, August 8th-8 p. m., ad
dress of welcome and preliminary ex
ercises, address by Senator B. R. Till
man on "Raising Hogs."
Wednesday, August 9th-10 a. m.
addsess by Prof. W. J. Spillman
United States d.partment of agricul
ture, subject, "Diversification Farm
ing in the South;" 2 p. m , experiene
meetIng; 8 p. i., address by 3. A
Everett. Indianapolis, Ind , subj ct
"How to Solve all Farmers' Prob
Thursday, August 10th-10 a. m.
address by Dr. S. 3. Summers, sub
ject, "Farming in South Carolina a
an Opening for Young Men who wi]
Use Brains and are Not Afraid c
Wo~rk;" 2 p. mn., experience meeting
8 p. mn., address by John A. Hamil
ton, farmers' institute specialist
Uni'ed States department of A gricul
ture, subject, "The New Agricul
Friday, August 11th-10 a. mn., ad
dress by Mf. V. Richards,. irdustria
agent Southern railway, subject
"Farmers' Interest in Immigration.'
Miss Catherine Mulligan of Win
throp college will give a course In dc
mestic science during the institute.
N~ot-Ample provision will b
made by the authorities of the collega
to assist the visitors in examining thi
college, station and all the interes.
belonging to the Clemson Agri1tu
ral callege. Lcdging will be furnish
ed free to the capacity of the institu
tion. Those who attend will appl;
for tickets at the entrance to the bar
racks, where names will be registered
and a bed furnished if possible. Mea
tckets can be secured for 25 centi
To Take Drudgery Out of Your Oc
Take pleasure in it.
Never feel about it.
Put your heart In It.
Work with a purpose.
Do it with your might.
Go to the bottom of it.
Do one thing at a time.
Be larger than your task.
Prepare for it thoroughly.
Make it a means of character build
Do it cheerfully, even if it is 2ot
Make it a stepping-stone to some
Enrdeavor to do It better than it has
ever been done before.
Make perfection your aim and be
satisfied with nothing less.
Do not try to do It with a part of
yourself -the weaker part.
Keep yourself in condition to do it
as well as itcan be done.
Believe in its worth and diguity, on
matter bow humble it may be.
Recognize that work is the thing
that dignities and ennobles life.
Accept the disagreeable part of It
as cheerfully as the agreeable.
See how much you can put into it
Instead of how much you can take of
Remember that it is only through
your work that yoa can grow to your
Train the eye, the ear, the hands,
tae mind-all the faculties-in the
faithful doing of It.
Rember that work well done Is the
tiig1 est testimonial of character you
L.. Use it as a tool to develop the strong
oints of your character and to elimni
rate the weak ones.
Remember that every vocation has
oe advantages and disadvantages
lot found in any other.
Rgard .t as a sacred task given 3 on
so make you a batter citizan, and to
ielp the world along.
Rember that every neglected or
orly done piece of work sZta.!.s itself
n:iceably on your character.
Rf use to be discouraged if the
tandard you have reached does not
atisfy you; that Is a proof that are an
artie not an artisan.-The Master
POISONZD BY TOADSTOOLS
Four Who Ate Them by E.stake Die11
Near Landisvile, N. J.
Toadsto'ls mixed with mushroo-ms
and eaten at a birthday party has
caused the death of four of the six
members of the family of Jos -ph
Franzor, a farmner, who resides near
Landisville, N. J. The dead are
Joseph FraDzor, aged thirty-eight
years; his wife, aged thirty and t .o
daughters aged seven and two years.
Tne remaining members of the f .m.
ily, two b ,ys, aged five and four years,
owe their lives to the fact that they
did not partake of the poisonous mix.
Frarz -r wai a miner at Leadvime,
Colo. Last March he purchase a
fitty-acre fa-m near Landisville with
mcney provided by his wife's brother,
wbo Is at Leadville. Among the
things he raised was a small qu-m
tity of mushrcoms. Last Friday a
week the family decided to have a
birthday party in honor of the two.
year-o-d daughter. Mushrooms was
one of the dishes to be served, and
rfeA seven year-old daughter said s6he
knew where mushrooms could be
found in the woods near by. She
gathered some of the furgi, and the
mother, supposing shey were mrush
rooms, added them to the musbrms -
taken frcm their own soil. Only the
members of the family were vresnt,
and only four of the six ate mush
Daring the night the father, moth
er, and the two little girls became Ill.
The next morning a doctor was sent-..
'or and he diagnosed the cases as
that of hice.ughs. All four continued
to grow worse, and on Monday.,ther
owo children died. A few day later
the parents were br.u2ht to the Med
,co-Chirurgical ho'pital in that city,
where it was d'scovered that they
ware suffering from twa'stool poison.
Ing. ,The greatest interest was taken
12 the casts by tt e ho?.Dta1 p y icanr,
->ut, despite Etheir efLrta the aus'-and
died Sunday night and tne wife Mon.
day. Mrs. Franzor was unconscious
almost continually Irom the time she
became ill. Neiglbors at Landhvisile
have taken charge of the two orphans,
and will communicate with their uncle
Stonewall Jackson's Way,.
John Williamson Palmer was born
in Maryland April 4, 1825, was grada
&ted at the university of Maryland
in 1847, studied medicine In Balti
-more, was the first city physician of
San Franclsco, was surgeon of an East
India company steam-r during BUr.
:mese war, Confederate war correspond
! nt of tVe New York Tribane 1863-64.
The following ballad- was written at
Oakland, Md., Stpt. 17, 1862, while
the b,.ttle of Antietam was in prog
ress. He has written several poems,
collected folk songs, written atreatise
on cholera, and a book on the beau
ties and curiosities of engraving. He
livei in Baltimore.
General Jackson, the subject of this
ballad, was called "Stonewall' be
cause General Bie at the-battle of
Bull Run said, pAnting to Jackson,
" 'There stands Jackson like a stone -
-wall." e was graduated from West
,Point In 1846, and had for one of his
- classmates General McClellan. In the
Mexican war he became rellgi;ous,
,land had many long talks with the Ro
man Catho1!c archbishop of M.xico.
In 1849 hr was received into the Pro
I testant Episcopal church, ard at once
f began Christian labor among the ne'
;gross. He did not drink Intoxicating
- Eqaors, saying he was more afraid of
,the wine cup than he was or Feceral
bullets. According to his wido 7 his
-feelings were strongly for the Union,
hut at the same time was a firm states
- rights man. He was accidentally
1 killed by his own men at the battle of
O hancellorsvlle. As a soldier his
skill and daring hoth in offensive and
defensive warfare, can hardly be over
Come .stack arms, men! pile cn the
Stir up the camp-fire bright!
SNo growling if the canteen fails:
; We'll make a roaring night.
Here Shenandoah brawls along,
There burly Blue Ridge echoes strong$
To swell the Brigade's rousing soi g,
Of Stonewall Jackson's Way.
We see him now-the queer slouched
I Cocke'd o'er his eye askew;
The shrewd dry smile; the speech so
So calrp, so blunt, so true.
The "Blue-light .Elder" knows 'em
Says he, "That's Banks; he's fond of
Lord save his soul! we'll give him -"
That's Stonewall Jackson's'Way.
Silence! Ground arms! Kneel all!
Old Marster's going to pray.
Strangle the foot that dares to scoff:
Attention! it's his way.
Appealing from his native sod,
In forma pauperis to God,
"Lay bare Thine arm! Stretch forth_
Thy rod; _
Amen!"-That's Stonewall's Way.
He's in the saddle now. Fall in!
St eady! the whole Brigade.
Hill's at at the ford, cut off; we'll win -
His way out, ball and blade.
What matter if our shoes are worn?
What matter if our ft et are torn?
Quick-step! we're with him bdfore
That's Stonewall Jackson's Way.
The sun's bright lances rout the
Of morning; and-by Geoge!
Here's Longstreet, struggling in the
Hemmed in an ugly gorge.
Pope and his Dutchmnen!-whipped be
"Bayonets and grape!" hear Stonewall
Charge, Stuart! Pay of Ashby's score,
In Stonewall Jackson's way.
Ah, Maiden! wait and watch and
For news of Stonewall's band.
Ah, widow! read with eyes that burn,
That ring upon thy hand.
Ah, wife! sew on, pray on, hope on!
Thy life shall not be all forlorn.
The foe had ber ter ne'er been born,
That gets in Stone wall's way.
Garib~,!di's Funeral Directions,
It is generally known that Garibaldi
left directions in his will for the ore
mation of his body, and that through
the intermediary of L.e Italian gov
ernment his wishes were overruled.
Few, however, are probably aware of
the minutiae of detail into which
Garibaldi entered upon the subject,
or of the extent of self-consciousness
which is evident at every line of the
direction. "Facing the sea, you shall
erect a pyre two meters high, built
of acacia wood, myrtle and other
aromatic traes and plants growing at
Caprera. Oa this lay a sheet of Iron
on which shall be placed my body,
dressed in the red shirt. A handful of
the ashes place near the coffins of
my daughters, Rosa and Anits." The
rest were to be blown away by the
wind as seeds of liberty for other
parts of the world